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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 43(2): 21-24, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1361989

ABSTRACT

Traumas na região da face são comuns devido a sua topografia e à grande exposição do local. As lesões na região maxilofacial são normalmente causadas devido a traumas por acidentes de trânsito, agressão física, acidentes cotidianos como queda da própria altura e de nível. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar um caso clínico de trauma facial com a presença de corpo estranho impactado na face, bem como o tratamento cirúrgico empregado. Paciente do sexo feminino, 17 anos, foi regulada para o Hospital Geral Cleristón Andrade com histórico de queda de cavalo, cursando com fragmento de madeira (galho de arbusto) tranfixado em região maxilofacial. A paciente foi encaminhada ao centro cirúrgico para a remoção do galho de arbusto transfixado. O procedimento foi rápido, e sua remoção se deu por meio do movimento contrário ao mecanismo de trauma. Lesão como esta possui aspectos singulares e devem ser avaliados multidisciplinarmente na emergência. A remoção desses objetos deve ser realizada de forma a preservar as estruturas dentro do possível, levando em consideração também os fatores estéticos e funcionais envolvidos(AU)


Traumas in the face region are common due to its topography and the great exposure of the place. Injuries in the maxillofacial region are usually caused due to trauma from traffic accidents, physical aggression, everyday accidents such as falling from height and level. The aim of this paper is to report a clinical case of facial trauma with the presence of a foreign body impacted on the face, as well as the surgical treatment used. A 17-year-old female patient was treated at the Cleristón Andrade General Hospital with a history of falling from a horse, taking a wood fragment (shrub branch) transfixed in the maxillofacial region. The patient was referred to the operating room for removal of the transfixed bush branch. The procedure was quick, and its removal took place through a movement contrary to the trauma mechanism. Injuries like this have unique aspects and must be evaluated multidisciplinary in an emergency. The removal of these objects must be carried out in order to preserve the structures as much as possible, also taking into account the aesthetic and functional factors involved(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Maxillofacial Injuries/therapy , Surgery, Oral , Facial Injuries , Maxillofacial Injuries
2.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 4(3): 108-103, jul. 29, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1282080

ABSTRACT

La intubación submentoniana es útil en procedimientos quirúrgicos en donde la intubación nasotraqueal está contraindicada y la intubación orotraqueal no es ideal debido a la fijación intermaxilar. Este informe describe dos pacientes masculinos que se presentaron al Hospital Nacional Rosales, en el servicio de Cirugía Maxilofacial de El Salvador, con historia de sufrir accidente de tránsito. El primer caso evidenció al examen radiológico fractura simple y desplazada de sínfisis mandibular, fractura simple huesos propios nasales y desviación del tabique nasal. El segundo caso es un paciente con fractura de sínfisis y doble cóndilo mandibular que presentaba imposibilidad a la apertura bucal. A través de la técnica del cirujano maxilofacial Hernández Altemir (España), el tubo endotraqueal atraviesa una incisión extraoral en la región submentoniana del suelo de la boca, para poder practicar reducción abierta de fracturas faciales, logrando adecuada oclusión, con mínimos cuidados posoperatorios y con una cicatriz estética. Al terminar la cirugía, la posición del tubo endotraqueal regresa a su posición original y el paciente evoluciona satisfactoriamente


Submental intubation is useful in surgical procedures where nasotracheal intubation is contraindicated and orotracheal intubation is not ideal due to intermaxillary fixation. This report describes two male patients who presented to the Rosales National Hospital, in the Maxillofacial Surgery service of El Salvador, with a history of suffering a traffic accident. The first case showed a simple and displaced fracture of the mandibular symphysis, simple nasal bone fracture and deviation of the nasal septum on radiological examination. The second case is a patient with a symphysis fracture and a double mandibular condyle that presented an inability to open the mouth. Through the technique of the maxillofacial surgeon Hernández Altemir (Spain), the endotracheal tube passes through an extraoral incision in the submental region of the floor of the mouth, in order to perform open reduction of facial fractures, achieving adequate occlusion, with minimal postoperative care and with an aesthetic scar. At the end of the surgery, the position of the endotracheal tube returns to its original position and the patient evolves satisfactorily


Subject(s)
Humans , Airway Management , Intubation , Maxillofacial Injuries
3.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(2): 7-13, abr.-maio 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1369084

ABSTRACT

A violência interpessoal tem se configurado como um grave problema social e de saúde pública, em que lesões na região bucomaxilofacial são importantes consequências. O objetivo desse estudo foi analisar o perfil das vítimas de violência interpessoal que tiveram lesões na região maxilofacial e foram atendidas no hospital da Restauração em Recife, Pernambuco-Brasil durante o ano de 2017. Foi realizada uma pesquisa retrospectiva e exploratória baseada nas informações contidas nos prontuários do hospital e em seguida foi utilizado o software Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) para análise das medidas descritivas. No período de um ano foram encontrados 455 prontuários, de forma que 87,9% corresponderam ao sexo masculino e 12,1% ao feminino. Do total, 34,9% tinham idade entre 20-29 anos e 43,3% foram vítimas de força corporal/espancamento. O tipo de trauma mais frequente foi fratura dos ossos maxilofaciais (45,3%). Outrossim, o dia e horário mais comum de atendimento foi o domingo (23,1%) no período noturno (58,2%). Homens jovens com traumas dos ossos maxilofaciais foi o principal perfil encontrado no estudo, sendo necessário o fortalecimento de políticas públicas a fim de evitar o aumento de casos nessa população... (AU)


Interpersonal violence has been configured as a serious social and public health problem in which injuries on the maxillofacial region are important consequences. This study aimed to analyze the profile of interpersonal violence victims who had maxillofacial injuries and were treated at Hospital Da Restauração in Recife, Pernambuco-Brazil during 2017. A retrospective and exploratory research was conducted based on information from the medical records of the hospital and then the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Software was used for descriptive measures analysis. In the period of one year, 455 medical records were found, in which 87,9% corresponded to male and 12,1% to female. Of the total, 34,9% were aged between 20-29 years old and 43,3% were victims of physical strength/beating. The most frequent type of trauma was fracture of the maxillofacial bones (45,3%). Otherwise, the most common day and time of treatment at the hospital was on Sundays (23,1%) and in the evening (58,2%). Young men with trauma on the maxillofacial bones was the main profile found in this study, requiring the strengthening of public policies to avoid the increase in cases in this population... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Violence , Mandible/surgery , Maxillofacial Injuries , Wounds and Injuries , Medical Records , Public Health , Fractures, Bone , Facial Injuries , Maxilla/surgery
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 20-27, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280773

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar y describir los requerimientos de atención quirúrgica bucomaxilofacial de urgencia en el Servicio de Urgencias Odontológicas y Orientación de Pacientes de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires durante el aislamiento social preventivo y obligatorio por la pandemia de COVID-19. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de análisis retrospectivo durante el período de aislamiento social preventivo y obligatorio inicial de 93 días, comprendido entre el 20 de marzo y el 20 de junio de 2020. Se evaluó la totalidad de historias clínicas de los pacientes que acudieron al Servicio de Urgencias Odontológicas y Orientación de Pacientes de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires y se caracterizó a aquellos que requerían distintos tipos de tratamiento quirúrgico bucal y maxilofacial. Resultados: Durante el período estudiado, se atendieron 4564 pacientes, de los cuales 1337 (29,3%) requirieron tratamientos quirúrgicos como terapéutica para la resolución de la urgencia. De estos, el 93,2% fueron exodoncias de piezas erupcionadas o retenidas; el 1,7%, biopsias quirúrgicas; el 2,4%, tratamientos agudos de infecciones que involucran espacios anatómicos vecinos; el 0,8%, resolución de traumatismos en los maxilares, y el 1,9%, tratamientos de complicaciones posquirúrgicas. Conclusión: Los resultados ponen de relieve la necesidad de disponer de servicios de guardia odontológica en el ámbito del AMBA que cuenten con recursos humanos calificados y entrenados para resolver urgencias de tipo quirúrgico


Aim: The objective of this study was to analyze and describe the requirements for the emergency care of oral and maxillofacial surgical treatment in the emergency dental department of the School of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires during the Preventive and Mandatory Social Isolation. Materials and methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a descriptive observational study during the initial period of 93 days of Preventive and Compulsory Social Isolation, from March 20, 2020 to June 20, 2020. All the medical records of the patients who attended the emergency dental department of the School of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires were evaluated and those who required different types of oral and maxillofacial surgical treatment were characterized. Results: A total of 4564 patients were attended during the period studied, of which 1337 (29.3%) required surgical treatment as a therapy for the resolution of their emergencies. Of these, 93.2% were exodontia of erupted or retained teeth, 1.7% surgical biopsies, 2.4% acute treatment of infections involving neighboring anatomical spaces, 0.8% resolution of maxillary alveolar trauma and 1.9% treatment of post-surgical complications. Conclusion: The results highlight the need to have dental emergency services in the AMBA area that have qualified and trained human resources to solve the surgical type emergencies that may arise (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Emergency Medical Services , COVID-19 , Health Services Needs and Demand , Argentina/epidemiology , Postoperative Complications , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction/statistics & numerical data , Biopsy , Clinical Protocols , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Tooth Injuries/epidemiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Observational Study , Focal Infection, Dental/epidemiology , Intraoperative Care , Maxillofacial Injuries/epidemiology
5.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(2): 145-151, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249346

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: Este artigo aborda a ocorrência de agravos à saúde em virtude de ferimentos na face por arma de fogo, entre os policiais militares, na Região Metropolitana do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, operados pela Clínica de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial do Hospital Central da Polícia Militar. Objetivo: Identificar o perfil dos pacientes operados em decorrência de ferimentos na face por arma de fogo, a distribuição anatômica das fraturas maxilofaciais, as sequelas e complicações encontradas, as especialidades em saúde envolvidas na reabilitação desses pacientes, além de discutir sobre as repercussões sociais, emocionais e relativas ao desempenho do trabalho entre esses sujeitos. Método: Foi feito um estudo epidemiológico retrospectivo a partir de dados secundários referentes aos policiais militares operados no Hospital Central da Polícia Militar em decorrência de ferimentos por arma de fogo em face, de junho de 2003 a dezembro de 2017. Resultado: Durante o período estudado foram feitas 778 cirurgias em centro cirúrgico pelo serviço de Clínica de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial no Hospital Central da Polícia Militar, 186 em decorrência de ferimentos por arma de fogo (23,9%). Todos os pacientes eram do sexo masculino e com média de 34,7 anos. A perda de segmento ósseo foi a sequela mais encontrada. O comprometimento estético facial e os relatos de insônia foram as repercussões tardias de impacto na saúde e no convívio social mais encontradas. Sobre as repercussões laborais do ferimento sofrido, o tempo médio de afastamento por licença de saúde para tratamento dos ferimentos maxilofaciais foi de 11,7 meses. Conclusão: O tratamento de pacientes vítimas de ferimentos por arma de fogo em face demanda múltiplas intervenções cirúrgicas e o envolvimento de diferentes especialidades da saúde para sua reabilitação. São necessários mais estudos que analisem qualitativamente o impacto desse tipo de traumatismo em face para a vida dos pacientes e seus desdobramentos sociais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Maxillofacial Injuries/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Face
6.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 44-48, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252443

ABSTRACT

Fraturas faciais geralmente resultam traumas, e podem ocorrer de forma isolada ou concomitante a outras lesões. O trauma na região facial resulta em danos não só em tecido ósseo, mas também em tecido mole e dentição, causando um prejuízo na função e na estética do paciente. Os acidentes automotores permanecem sendo uma das causas mais significativas de traumas faciais. As fraturas do terço médio da face incluem a maxila, zigoma e o complexo naso órbito etimoidal; podem ser classificadas em: fraturas Le Fort I, II ou III, fraturas do complexo zigomático maxilar, fraturas de arco zigomático ou fraturas naso órbito etimoidais. Elas podem ser unilaterais ou bilaterais, simétricas ou assimétricas. Este estudo objetiva-se em relatar o caso clínico de um paciente do sexo masculino, 31 anos, vítima de acidente automobilístico (carro/ anteparo). O paciente foi diagnosticado com fratura do tipo Le Fort II e nasal onde foi realizado o tratamento de redução e fixação interna rígida das fraturas de maxila e redução incruenta de fratura nasal, resultando em melhora da condição do paciente. As fraturas Le Fort são predominantemente causadas por colisões de alta energia. Portanto o tratamento é imprescindível para a devolução da função, estética e autoestima do paciente... (AU)


Facial fractures usually result from trauma, and may occur in isolation or concomitantly with other injuries. Trauma in the facial region results in damage not only to bone tissue but also to soft tissue and dental elements, which causes a loss in the patient's function and esthetics. Automotive accidents remain one of the most significant causes of facial trauma. Fractures of the middle third of the face include maxilla, zygoma and the nasoorbitoethmoid; may be classified as: Le Fort I, II or III fractures, maxillary zygomatic complex fractures, zygomatic arch fractures, or nasoorbitoethmoid. They can be unilateral or bilateral, symmetrical or asymmetric. The present study aims to report the clinical case of a 31 years, male patient, victim of an automobile accident (car/fixed shield). The patient was diagnosed with le Fort II and nasal fracture, where the treatment of reduction and rigid internal fixation of maxilla fractures and reduction of nasal fracture were performed, resulting in improvement of the patient's condiction. Le Fort fractures are predominantly caused by high energy collisions. Therefore the treatment is essential for the return of the function, aesthetics and increase of the patient's self-esteem... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteotomy, Le Fort , Fracture Fixation , Maxillary Fractures , Maxillofacial Injuries , Face/surgery
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180852

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the influence of oral and maxillofacial trauma on the development of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and to determine the efficiency of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) as a diagnostic tool for detecting PTSD in patients with Oral and Maxillofacial injuries. Material and Methods: PTSD was assessed one month postoperatively by the diagnostic instrument, IES-R, to arrive at a provisional diagnosis. A structured clinician-administered PTSD Scale then assessed the patients for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5th edition (CAPS-5) to establish a final diagnosis. The assessment of the severity of PTSD was done based on various types of oral and maxillofacial injuries. Results: The IES-R scale provisionally diagnosed 54 subjects with PTSD, out of which 42 were diagnosed to have PTSD by the CAPS-5 scale. Subjects with injuries involving the 'orbital complex,' those presenting with a perceptible scar in the maxillofacial region and with multiple avulsed/ luxated anterior teeth, showed a higher affinity to develop PTSD, and this was statistically significant. Conclusion: Higher levels of PTSD in patients with injuries to the maxillofacial region warrants correct diagnosis and detection, and hence the maxillofacial surgeon plays a vital role in this regard. The IES-R is a useful diagnostic tool to detect PTSD early.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/etiology , Early Diagnosis , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Maxillofacial Injuries/diagnosis , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , India/epidemiology
8.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-3, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381668

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Jaw fractures are one of the most common sites of maxillofacial injuries. The location of the jaw makes it very vulnerable to direct impacts. The purpose of treatment is to restore aesthetic function. Case Report: The purpose of this report is to present a case of comminuted mandible fracture in a young male patient, treated urgently due to the need for maintenance of the airways, where fracture osteosynthesis surgery was submitted. Conclusion: The initial assessment of these trauma patients should follow the Trauma Life Support protocol, and structural damage should be investigated. Introduction: Jaw fractures are one of the most common sites of maxillofacial injuries. The location of the jaw makes it very vulnerable to direct impacts. The purpose of treatment is to restore aesthetic function. Case Report: The purpose of this report is to present a case of comminuted mandible fracture in a young male patient, treated urgently due to the need for maintenance of the airways, where fracture osteosynthesis surgery was submitted. Conclusion: The initial assessment of these trauma patients should follow the Trauma Life Support protocol, and structural damage should be investigated


Introdução: As fraturas de mandíbula são um dos locais mais comuns de lesões maxilofaciais. A localização da mandíbula a torna muito vulnerável a impactos diretos. O objetivo do tratamento é restaurar a função estética. Relato de Caso: O objetivo deste relato é apresentar um caso de fratura cominutiva de mandíbula em paciente jovem do sexo masculino, atendido com urgência devido à necessidade de manutenção das vias aéreas, onde foi submetido cirurgia de osteossíntese da fratura. Conclusão: A avaliação inicial desses pacientes com trauma deve seguir o protocolo do Suporte de Vida no Trauma, e devem ser investigados danos estruturais.


Subject(s)
Fractures, Comminuted , Patients , Therapeutics , Intubation, Intratracheal , Jaw , Jaw Fractures , Mandible , Maxillofacial Injuries
9.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 595-604, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155768

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: In this study, we aimed to investigate the predictive value of different airway assessment tools, including parts of the Simplified Predictive Intubation Difficulty Score (SPIDS), the SPIDS itself and the Thyromental Height Test (TMHT), in intubations defined as difficult by the Intubation Difficulty Score (IDS) in a group of patients who have head and neck pathologies. Methods: One hundred fifty-three patients who underwent head and neck surgeries were included in the study. The Modified Mallampati Test (MMT) result, Thyromental Distance (TMD), Ratio of the Height/Thyromental Distance (RHTMD), TMHT, maximum range of head and neck motion and mouth opening were measured. The SPIDSs were calculated, and the IDSs were determined. Results: A total of 25.4% of the patients had difficult intubations. SPIDS scores >10 had 86.27% sensitivity, 71.57% specificity and 91.2% Negative Predictive Value (NPV). The results of the Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) analysis for the airway screening tests and SPIDS revealed that the SPIDS had the highest area under the curve; however, it was statistically similar to other tests, except for the MMT. Conclusions: The current study demonstrates the practical use of the SPIDS in predicting intubation difficulty in patients with head and neck pathologies. The performance of the SPIDS in predicting airway difficulty was found to be as efficient as those of the other tests evaluated in this study. The SPIDS may be considered a comprehensive, detailed tool for predicting airway difficulty.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Neste estudo, avaliamos o valor preditivo de diferentes ferramentas de avaliação das vias aéreas, incluindo componentes do Escore Simplificado Preditivo de Intubação Difícil (ESPID), o próprio ESPID e a Medida da Altura Tireomentoniana (MATM), em intubações definidas como difícies pelo Escore de Dificuldade de Intubação (EDI) em um grupo de pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Incluímos no estudo 153 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Coletamos os resultados do Teste de Mallampati Modificado (TMM), Distância Tireomentoniana (DTM), Razão Altura/Distância Tireomentoniana (RADTM), MATM, amplitude máxima de movimentação da cabeça e pescoço e da abertura da boca. Os ESPIDs foram calculados e os EDIs, determinados. Resultados: Observamos intubação difícil em 25,4% dos pacientes. Os escores de ESPID > 10 tiveram sensibilidade de 86,27%, especificidade de 71,57% e valor preditivo negativo de 91,2% (VPN). O resultado da análise da curva de operação do receptor (curva ROC) para os testes de avaliação das vias aéreas e ESPID mostrou que o ESPID tinha a maior área sob a curva; no entanto, foi estatisticamente semelhante a outros testes, exceto para o TMM. Conclusões: O presente estudo demonstra o uso prático do ESPID na previsão da dificuldade de intubação em pacientes com patologia de cabeça e pescoço. O desempenho do ESPID na predição de via aérea difícil mostrou-se tão eficiente quanto os demais testes avaliados neste estudo. O ESPID pode ser considerado ferramenta abrangente e detalhada para prever via aérea difícil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Intubation, Intratracheal/methods , Neck/surgery , Neck Dissection/statistics & numerical data , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Range of Motion, Articular , Sensitivity and Specificity , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Mandibular Advancement , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation , Laryngectomy/statistics & numerical data , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Middle Aged , Mouth/physiology , Neck/anatomy & histology
10.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(3): e2978, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126524

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La utilización de herramientas pronósticas que permitan valorar la gravedad del trauma, la supervivencia y mortalidad de los lesionados, permite la estratificación de los pacientes y la toma de decisiones acertadas para el tratamiento más efectivo en el área hospitalaria. Objetivo: Realizar una revisión bibliográfica sobre las herramientas pronósticas más utilizadas en la atención de urgencia para detectar la gravedad del trauma maxilofacial. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica desde octubre de 2018 hasta enero de 2019. Fueron examinados libros y artículos publicados en revistas de impacto, en idioma español, inglés y portugués, con atención prioritaria a aquellos que tuvieran cinco años o menos. Se consultaron las bases de datos MEDLINE, EBSCO, PubMed, SciELO, ClinicalKey, utilizando los descriptores: "Trauma Severity Indices", "Maxillofacial Injuries", "Traumatology", "Indexes". Se recuperaron dos libros y 50 artículos, aunque la revisión se circunscribió solamente a los 33 que mejor describían los elementos estudiados. Análisis e integración de la información: El puntaje Cooter David, el de gravedad de lesiones maxilofaciales, la escala de severidad de lesiones faciales, la de severidad de fracturas faciales y el modelo ZS, son los principales instrumentos utilizados en el pronóstico de gravedad existentes de la región facial. Conclusiones: Constan en la literatura escalas, índices y puntajes para pronosticar la gravedad del trauma maxilofacial en la urgencia, cada una exhibe ventajas que las convierte en una herramienta coadyuvante de la atención del trauma; sin embargo, poseen también desventajas que complejizan su aplicación en el medio hospitalario. Entre las herramientas más utilizadas está la escala de severidad de lesiones faciales; fácil de aplicar en los servicios de urgencia, pero con deficiencias a la hora de tratar los componentes de tejido blando y óseo. En Cuba hay escasas evidencias de la utilización de estos instrumentos en la especialidad de cirugía maxilofacial(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The usage of prognostic tools that allow assessing trauma severity, as well as injury survival and mortality, allows patient stratification and making right decisions for the most effective treatment in the hospital area. Objective: To carry out a bibliographic review about the prognostic tools most widely used in emergency care to identify maxillofacial trauma severity. Methods: A bibliographic review was carried out from October 2018 to January 2019. We examined books and articles published in high-impact magazines, in Spanish, English and Portuguese, with priority attention on those five years old or less. We consulted the MEDLINE, EBSCO, PubMed, SciELO, Clinical Key databases using the descriptors Trauma Severity Indices, Maxillofacial Injuries, Traumatology, and Indexes. Two books and 50 articles were retrieved, although the review was limited to only 33 which described best the elements studied. Information analysis and integration: The Cooter-David scoring system, the maxillofacial injury severity score, the facial injury severity scale, the facial fracture severity scale, and the ZS model are the main instruments used for existing severity forecast in the facial region. Conclusions: There literature includes scales, indexes and scoring systems for predicting the maxillofacial trauma severity in the emergency department, each one showing advantages that make them an adjunct tool for trauma care; however, they also have disadvantages that complicate their application in the hospital setting. The facial injury severity scale is among the most widely used tools, as far as it is easy to apply in the emergency services, but with deficiencies for treating soft tissue and bone components. In Cuba, there is little evidence about the use of these instruments in the specialty of maxillofacial surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Trauma Severity Indices , Emergency Medical Services/methods , Facial Injuries/therapy , Maxillofacial Injuries/etiology , Periodicals as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic , Survivorship
11.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2222, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126479

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Las lesiones faciales pueden afectar la capacidad del paciente para comer, hablar e interactuar. Objetivo: Caracterizar el trauma maxilofacial grave en el servicio de urgencia del Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García" y "Miguel Enríquez", La Habana, Cuba. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal multicéntrico en los servicios de urgencia del Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García" y Hospital "Miguel Enríquez" de marzo 2017 a marzo 2019. Se estudió el universo de pacientes con diagnóstico de trauma maxilofacial grave. Las variables cualitativas fueron sexo, etiología, ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas y lesiones, y la cuantitativa fue edad. Se confeccionó una planilla de recolección de datos y la información se introdujo en una base de datos. Se emplearon números enteros, porcentajes y tablas estadísticas. Se buscó la asociación entre variables. Resultados: El sexo masculino constituyó un 80,6 por ciento. El grupo de edad más representado fue el de 18-30 años (33,3 por ciento), seguido por el de 31-40 (25,0 por ciento). En el 41,7 por ciento de los pacientes el trauma estuvo relacionado con accidentes del tránsito, y en el 30,6 por ciento con violencia interpersonal. En el 51,9 por ciento de los pacientes se detectó aliento etílico, con mayoría de los atendidos en el Hospital "Miguel Enríquez". Predominaron las heridas mayores de 2 cm, seguidas por las de menos de esa longitud (61,1 por ciento y 32,4 por ciento, respectivamente) y la fractura mandibular (51,9 por ciento). Conclusiones: Hubo predominio del sexo masculino y grupo de edades de 18-30; como principal etiología estuvieron los accidentes de tránsito, seguidos de la violencia interpersonal; las lesiones de tejidos blandos más frecuentes fueron las heridas mayores de 2 cm y las de tejidos duros, las fracturas mandibulares. Hubo una asociación significativa de la ingestión de bebidas alcohólicas en los pacientes tratados en el Hospital "Miguel Enríquez"(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Facial injuries may affect patients' capacity to eat, speak and interact. Objective: Characterize severe maxillofacial trauma in the emergency departments of General Calixto García University Hospital and Miguel Enríquez Hospital in Havana, Cuba. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in the emergency departments of General Calixto García University Hospital and Miguel Enríquez Hospital from March 2017 to March 2019. The study universe was patients diagnosed with severe maxillofacial trauma. The qualitative variables were sex, etiology, consumption of alcoholic beverages and injuries, whereas the quantitative variable was age. A data collection form was developed and the information was stored in a database. Data were expressed in whole numbers, percentages and statistical tables. A search was performed for the relationship between the variables. Results: Male sex constituted 80.6 percent of the sample. The best represented age group was 18-30 years (33.3 percent), followed by 31-40 (25.0 percent). In 41.7 percent of the patients the trauma was related to traffic accidents, and in 30.6 percent to interpersonal violence. Alcohol breath was detected in 51.9 percent of the patients, among them most of those cared for at Miguel Enríquez Hospital. There was a predominance of wounds larger than 2 cm, followed by wounds under that length (61.1 percent and 32.4 percent, respectively) and mandibular fracture (51.9 percent). Conclusions: A predominance was found of the male sex and the 18-30 years age group; the main etiology was traffic accidents, followed by interpersonal violence; the most common soft tissue injuries were wounds larger than 2 cm, whereas the most common hard tissue injuries were mandibular fractures. A significant association was found with consumption of alcoholic beverages among the patients treated at Miguel Enríquez Hospital(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Data Collection/methods , Emergency Service, Hospital , Maxillofacial Injuries/diagnosis , Violence , Accidents, Traffic/prevention & control , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
12.
Niger. J. Dent. Res ; 5(2): 118-122, 2020. tab
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1266995

ABSTRACT

Objective: Armed conflicts often cause maxillofacial injuries that could be challenging to manage. These injuries are often disproportionate to the relationship between the maxillofacial region and the entire body. Between 1990 and 1997, Nigerian soldiers were involved in military operations during the Liberian Civil War as part of a subregional intervention force. The aim of this paper is to review some characteristics of the maxillofacial injuries sustained by Nigerian soldiers as seen at a tertiary referral hospital with a view to drawing lessons for future management of maxillofacial and other casualties in the West African subregion. Methods: Retrospective review of hospital records of patients evacuated from Liberia from 1991 to 1997 was undertaken. Data was collected on demographics, sites of injuries, treatment received and discharge details. Results: Sixty one patients were seen, all males, between age 21-53years, most (57.4%) were between 21-29years of age. There were more soft tissue and dentoalveolar injuries (60.6%) than facial bone fractures (39.4%). Soft tissue injuries were debrided with secondary suturing while most fractures were treated by closed reduction and immobilisation. Most patients (98.4%) were successfully treated while one patient died. Conclusion: Maxillofacial injuries sustained during the conflict were mostly of soft tissues and most were treated successfully, This study showed the need for the deployment of maxillofacial trauma registries during armed conflicts for proper documentation victims and for maxillofacial surgeons to be included in combat surgical teams to ensure prompt and adequate treatment of patients closer to the point of wounding


Subject(s)
Armed Conflicts , Liberia , Maxillofacial Injuries , Nigeria , Patients
13.
Niger. J. Dent. Res ; 5(2): 161-166, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1267001

ABSTRACT

Objective: The incidence of middle third facial fractures due to traffic crashes has increased tremendously. In developed countries, there is a gradual decline in traffic crashes as a result of effective compliance with road safety measures unlike in developing countries where the incidence is increasing due to non-compliance and ineffective enforcement of road safety laws, among other factors. The objective was to present the influence of positioning on the incidence and severity of Maxillofacial injuries in vehicles and motor bike crashes in a Nigerian tertiary health facility. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of the influence of position of the patient on the incidence of middle third facial fractures presenting at a tertiary institution. Data were analysed using SPSS version 17. Results: There were more male than female in the ratio of 2.3:8:1 (M:F) and the mean age was 23.2 ± 3.4. Road traffic crash was the major cause of middle third fracture with 231 cases. Pillion passengers and front passengers on both motorcycles and vehicles were the most vulnerable passengers. Conclusion: There is a strong association between patient positioning and middle third fractures


Subject(s)
Accidents, Traffic , Fractures, Bone , Maxillofacial Injuries , Nigeria , Patients
14.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 19: e209930, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1152206

ABSTRACT

Aim: Quantitative evaluation of prognostic correspondence between initial maxillofacial traumatic injury assessed by facial injury severity score and maxillofacial injury severity score, treatment cost and duration of hospitalization among Ukrainian patients. Methods: Design of present study was retrospective and based on the medical data of patients hospitalized with signs of maxillofacial trauma. Quantitative assessment of maxillofacial trauma was held with the use of facial injury severity score (FISS) and maxillofacial injury severity score (MFISS). Average treatment cost and hospitalization duration were used as coordinative criteria for economical treatment-related burden verification. Results: Levels of correlation between FISS, treatment charges and hospitalization duration were r=0.69 (р<0.05) and r=0.67 (р<0.05) respectively, while analogical correlations for MFISS were 0.74 (р<0.05) and 0.69 respectively (р<0.05). Statistical correspondence between FISS and MFISS scores among study sample reached r=0.71 (р<0.05). Cases with milder maxillofacial trauma types, characterized with initial lower levels of FISS and MFISS scores, demonstrated greater degree of FISS-to-MFISS inter-relation compare to cases with severe maxillofacial trauma. Conclusion:Even though FISS and MFISS scores both demonstrated reliable levels of correlation with hospitalization duration and cost of dental rehabilitation after maxillofacial trauma injury, but MFISS approach characterized by prognostically greater level of statistical relationship with economically related treatment derivates. Moreover, differentiation capabilities of MFISS is relative greater than FISS, since independent grading of separate functional disabilities becomes possible


Subject(s)
Treatment Outcome , Cost of Illness , Hospitalization , Maxillofacial Injuries
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135474

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To identify the prevalence of maxillofacial injuries resulting from interpersonal violence in Brazilian children and adolescents. Material and Methods: This is a retrospective study conducted at a Center of Forensic Medicine and Forensic Dentistry with a sample of 335 medical reports of victims aged up to 19 years. Variables involved sex and age group, perpetrator, occurrence of the event, characterization of injuries, presence of maxillofacial injuries, type of tissue involvement, and injuries in the oral cavity. Data were analyzed using descriptive, and the Chi-square was used for categorical data. Results: Most victims were female (60.3%) and aged 15-19 years (57.6%). Aggressions occurred at home (50.6%), in the evening (39.5%) and involved perpetrators known to the victim (91.5%). Most victims had multiple injuries (75.8%), involving up to three regions of the body (93.4%). Injuries with blunt objects were the most frequent (86.2%). The prevalence of maxillofacial injuries was 36.7%, with low involvement of the oral cavity (8.4%). A significant association between the presence of injuries on the face and variables "perpetrator" (p=0.015) and "number of injuries" (p=0.006) was observed. Conclusion: Female adolescents were the main victims of physical violence, with repercussions in different regions of the body. The prevalence of maxillofacial injuries was high, although with little involvement of oral cavity structures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Brazil/epidemiology , Domestic Violence/psychology , Forensic Dentistry , Forensic Medicine , Maxillofacial Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Multiple Trauma , Chi-Square Distribution , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies
16.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 530-536, dic. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058314

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El trauma maxilofacial (TMF) constituye un problema de relevancia en los centros hospitalarios de alta complejidad. Objetivo: Evidenciar y actualizar la epidemiología del trauma maxilofacial de resolución quirúrgica bajo anestesia general, en pabellón central tratado en el Hospital de Urgencia Asistencia Pública durante el período comprendido entre diciembre de 2014 a diciembre de 2017 y compararla con la realidad epidemiológica de otros centros hospitalarios de alta complejidad en Chile y en el extranjero. Materiales y Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en el que se analizaron los protocolos operatorios de los pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por trauma maxilofacial, en pabellón central, bajo anestesia general, en un período de 37 meses. Las variables analizadas fueron diagnóstico, edad, género, tercio facial y zona anatómica afectada. Resultados: Se realizaron 127 procedimientos quirúrgicos, para resolver 259 fracturas. La edad promedio de los pacientes intervenidos fue de 33 años, con predominio del género masculino (85,8%); el tercio inferior fue el más afectado (77,2%), específicamente en la zona parasinfisiaria mandibular (22,4%). Discusión: Los resultados expuestos concuerdan con estudios realizados internacionalmente, pero tiene discordancia en relación a la zona anatómica más afectada al comparalo con los otros centros que analizaron su epidemiología. Conclusión: Resulta necesario continuar la investigación epidemiológica de estas patologías y unificar criterios de diagnóstico y tratamiento para poder establecer políticas de prevención y tratamiento eficientes en relación a cada servicio y en conjunto a nivel de salud pública.


Introduction: Maxillofacial trauma (MFT) is a relevant problem in highly complex hospital centers. Aim: To show and update the epidemiology of the maxillofacial trauma of surgical resolution under general anesthesia, in a major operating room, treated in the Emergency Hospital Public Assistance during the period from December 2014 to December 2017 and to compare it with the epidemiological reality of other high complexity hospital centers in Chile and abroad. Materials and Method: A retrospective study was carried out and the surgical protocols of the patients operated for maxillofacial trauma, in a major operating room, under general anesthesia, in a period of 37 months, were analyzed. The variables considered were diagnosis, age, gender, facial third and affected anatomic area. Results: 127 surgical procedures were performed, for the resolution of 259 fractures. The average age of the operated patients was 33 years, with predominance of the male gender (85.8%), the lower third was the most affected (77.2%), specifically in the parasymphysis area (22.4%). Discussion: The exposed results agree with studies carried out internationally, but it has discordance in relation to the most affected anatomical area at national level comparing it with the other hospitals that analyzed its epidemiology. Conclusion: It is necessary to continue the epidemiological investigation of these pathologies and to unify diagnostic and treatment criteria in order to establish efficient prevention and treatment policies in relation to each service and jointly at the level of public health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Emergency Medicine/methods , Maxillofacial Injuries/surgery , Maxillofacial Injuries/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Emergency Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Emergency Service, Hospital
17.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 379-384, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056472

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las ocurrencias de lesiones en la región oro-maxilofacial adquieren importancia debido a su complicada anatomía y fisiología, pudiendo resultar en deformidades faciales, adquiriendo interés cuando son causadas por un tercero, pudiendo traer repercusiones legales. El objetivo fue realizar un estudio transversal con el fin de estimar frecuencia y tipificación de lesiones oro-maxilofaciales que requirieron peritaje forense en el Servicio Médico Legal de Curicó, Chile. Se recopilaron datos encriptados de 79 fichas de pacientes entre 17-88 años que realizaron su constatación de lesiones en Servicio Médico Legal de Curicó, Chile, en el lapsus de un año. La frecuencia de lesiones con peritaje forense en la región oro-maxilofacial fue de un 25,82 %, provocada principalmente por mecanismo físico. En su mayoría efectuados a individuos del sexo masculino, con un rango etario de entre 20 a 40 años. La violencia interpersonal fue observada como el agente causal más frecuente de lesiones, seguida por accidentes de tránsito. Los sujetos periciados por violencia intrafamiliar, fueron en su totalidad mujeres. Las lesiones más recurrentes fueron fractura y contusión, dentro de ellas encontramos a fractura nasal como la más frecuente, seguida de herida contusa, herida por instrumento cortante, fractura maxilar y por último fractura dental. De la totalidad de las lesiones en estudio solo un tercio estuvieron confinadas exclusivamente en el territorio oro-maxilofacial.


ABSTRACT: Occurrences of lesions in the oromaxillofacial region acquire importance due to their complicated anatomy and physiology, which may result in facial deformities, acquiring interest when caused by a third party, and may have legal repercussions. The objective was to carry out a crosssectional study in order to estimate the frequency and typing of oro-maxillofacial injuries that required forensic expertise in the Legal Medical Service of Curicó, Chile. Encrypted data was collected from 79 records of patients between 17-88 years who made their findings of injuries in the Medical Legal Service of Curicó, Chile, in the lapse of one year. The frequency of injuries with forensic expertise in the oro-maxillofacial region was 25.82 %, caused mainly by physical mechanism. Mostly made to individuals of the male sex, with an age range of between 20 to 40 years. Interpersonal violence was observed as the most frequent causal agent of injuries, followed by traffic accidents. The subjects trained by intrafamily violence were all women. The most recurrent injuries were fracture and contusion, within which we found a nasal fracture as the most frequent, followed by a contusive wound, a cutting instrument wound, a maxillary fracture and finally a dental fracture. Of the totality of the lesions under study, only one third were confined exclusively in the oro-maxillofacial territory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Forensic Dentistry/methods , Maxillofacial Injuries/complications , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Legal Services/statistics & numerical data
18.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Univ. Antioq ; 31(1): 102-111, July-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115194

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: the data on physical violence against women in Colombia are high, with the face being one of the most affected regions; however, data on injuries types is limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of maxillofacial lesions caused by physical violence in women who have reported such violence at a House of Justice in the metropolitan area of Bucaramanga (Colombia) from September 2013 to March 2015. Methods: a descriptive prevalence study was conducted in 258 expert reports filed on the aforementioned dates. Sociodemographic variables, lesion types and aggressor characteristics were analyzed; data was collected through an instrument created based on the parameters of the National Institute for Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences. Frequencies and proportions were calculated for qualitative variables, as well as measures of central tendency and dispersion for quantitative variables. The Chi2 test or Fisher's Exact test were used for bivariate analysis as needed. A p value lower than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: the women/men ratio was 2.8. The prevalence of maxillofacial injuries was 55.4% when considering 157 expert reports of women 18 years of age or older. In 81 reports (93.1%) the aggressor was known and in 47 cases (58%) the aggressor was the husband. Conclusions: the prevalence of maxillofacial injuries was 55.4%, with hematoma being the most common type of injuries as related in 49 reports (56.3%).


Resumen Introducción: en Colombia, las cifras sobre violencia física en mujeres son altas, y la cara es una de las regiones más afectadas; sin embargo, la información sobre el tipo de lesiones es limitada. El objetivo de este estudio consistió en determinar la prevalencia de las lesiones maxilofaciales ocasionadas por violencia física en mujeres que lo han denunciado en una Casa de Justicia del área metropolitana de Bucaramanga (Colombia) desde septiembre de 2013 a marzo de 2015. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo de prevalencia con 258 informes periciales diligenciados en las fechas mencionadas. Se analizaron variables sociodemográficas y características de las lesiones y del agresor; los datos se recolectaron a través de un instrumento creado con base en los parámetros del Instituto Nacional de Medicina Legal y Ciencias Forenses. Se calcularon frecuencias y proporciones para las variables cualitativas, y medidas de tendencia central y dispersión para las cuantitativas. Para el análisis bivariado, se utilizó la prueba Chi2 o la prueba exacta de Fisher según fuera apropiado. Un valor de p < 0,05 fue considerado como estadísticamente significativo. Resultados: la razón de feminidad fue de 2,8 mujeres por cada hombre. La prevalencia de lesiones maxilofaciales fue del 55,4% al tener en cuenta 157 informes periciales de mujeres de 18 años o mayores. En 81 (93,1%) informes, el agresor fue conocido y en 47 (58%) fue el esposo. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de lesiones maxilofaciales fue del 55,4%, siendo el hematoma el tipo de lesión más frecuente al estar registrado en 49 (56,3%) informes.


Subject(s)
Maxillofacial Injuries , Colombia , Domestic Violence
19.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(3): 350-356, set. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012435

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El odontólogo juega un papel relevante en la acreditación o constatación de lesiones, especialmente si cumple labores en servicios de urgencia. Esta primera evaluación es fundamental para que el perito en lesionología forense del Servicio Médico Legal (SML) se pronuncie posteriormente respecto del pronóstico médico legal de las lesiones, señalando el tiempo que demorarán en sanar o la incapacidad laboral que generan, además de vincularlas causalmente con los hechos delictivos investigados. Se presenta información actualizada sobre el proceso de constatación de lesiones, el informe de lesiones en la legislación chilena y la participación que le cabe al cirujano dentista. La preparación de un correcto informe médicolegal de lesiones es un acto médico que no se puede delegar a otro miembro del personal de salud que no sea el profesional médico tratante. Todo cirujano dentista debe tener la capacidad de generar un primer informe de lesiones apropiado a las exigencias legales y éticas que la sociedad exige. La ley expresa la posibilidad de citar a un juicio oral, en calidad de testigo, al profesional que haya confeccionado un informe médicolegal de lesiones (constatación de lesiones), con el propósito de dar testimonio de manera directa, explicando desde un punto de vista profesional lo registrado.


ABSTRACT: The general dentist plays a major role in ascertaining and verifying injuries, especially if he or she, works in an emergency department. The initial evaluation is fundamental for the forensic dentist in order to subsequently state a prognosis of the injuries sustained, indicating how long they will take to heal, and the disability related to time away from employment. Further, it is the forensic dentist´s responsibility to evaluate and relate cause of injuries with the criminal offenses being investigated. In this study, updated information about the process is presented of medical injury verification, the injuries report in the Chilean legislation, and the participation of the dentist. The correct preparation of a forensic report of injuries is a medical responsibility that cannot be delegated to another member of the healthcare staff. All dentists must have the ability to generate a first report of injuries, according to society's legal and ethical requirements. The law states that the professional who completes a forensic report of injuries, can be summoned to trial as a witness, with the purpose of providing direct testimony, and objectively explain what he/she observed in that specific case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forensic Dentistry/methods , Maxillofacial Injuries/etiology , Maxillofacial Injuries/epidemiology , Chile , Legislation
20.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(3): 1143-1152, mar. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-989620

ABSTRACT

Resumo Em países desenvolvidos, a violência é a principal causa de lesões bucomaxilofaciais (LBMF). No Brasil, há poucas evidências sobre tais lesões. Objetivou-se caracterizar as LBMF resultantes de agressão física em uma capital do nordeste brasileiro e analisar diferenças entre gêneros. Foram investigados 15.847 laudos do Instituto Médico Legal de São Luís/MA, ocorridos em 2012. Coletaram-se dados socioeconômicos, demográficos e características das LBMF. Utilizaram-se os testes Qui-quadrado e Exato de Fisher para avaliar diferenças entre gêneros. Dos casos periciados, 1977 eram LBMF. Vítimas do sexo feminino, com 20-59 anos de idade, cor parda, sem companheiro e empregadas foram mais afetadas. Lesões do tipo equimose, nas regiões bucinadora e labial, decorrentes do uso de instrumentos contundentes, ocasionando debilidade funcional permanente foram mais incidentes em mulheres (P < 0,05), ao passo que fratura dental, ferida contusa e perfurocontusa, decorrentes de instrumentos cortantes e perfurocontundentes, ocasionando deformidade permanente, incapacidade ocupacional e perigo de vida, em homens (P < 0,05). Conclui-se que a incidência de LBMF decorrente de agressão física é alta em São Luís, MA, e, embora as mulheres sejam mais acometidas, as LBMF em homens são mais severas.


Abstract In developed countries, violence is the main cause of oral maxillofacial (OMF) injuries. In Brazil, there are scant records of such lesions. The scope of this study was to detail the OMF injuries resulting from physical aggression in a capital of the Brazilian northeast and analyze gender differences. The Forensic Medicine Institute of São Luís, state of Maranhão, featured 15,847 reports, which occurred in 2012, and they were investigated. Socioeconomic, demographic data and OMF characteristics were analyzed. The Chi-square and Fisher's Exact tests were applied to assess gender differences. Of the cases examined, 1977 were OMF. Female victims, aged 20-59, dark-skinned, without a partner and maids were the most affected. Ecchymosis-type lesions, in the mouth and lip regions arising from the use of blunt instruments, causing permanent functional impairment, were the most prevalent in women (P < 0.05), whereas dental fracture and contusion arising from sharp instruments causing permanent deformity, occupational disability, and threat to life were detected in men (P < 0.05). The conclusion drawn is that the incidence of OMF due to physical aggression is high in São Luís, state of Maranhão, and although women are the most affected, the OMF in men are more severe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Violence/statistics & numerical data , Aggression , Fractures, Bone/epidemiology , Maxillofacial Injuries/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Trauma Severity Indices , Sex Factors , Incidence , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Contusions/etiology , Contusions/epidemiology , Disability Evaluation , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Maxillofacial Injuries/etiology , Middle Aged
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