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1.
Medicina (Ribeirao Preto, Online) ; 54(3)dez. 2021. Tabela
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352837

ABSTRACT

Modelo: Estudo caracteriza-se como transversal, qualitativo. Objetivo: Avaliar qualitativamente as preparações de cardápios oferecidos em hospitais no município de Uberaba - MG. Metodologia: A análise foi realizada pelo método "Avaliação Qualitativa de Preparações do Cardápio" dos almoços oferecidos em cinco Unidades de Alimentação e Nutrição hospitalares públicas ou particulares durante três semanas alternadas entre os meses de fevereiro a junho de 2018. Avaliou-se as ofertas de frutas, folhosos, repetições de cores, presença de alimentos sulfurados, doces, frituras, carnes gordurosas e frituras + doces na mesma refeição. Resultados: Os itens foram classificados como "ótimo" a baixa oferta de frituras (6,7%), carnes gordurosas (8,0%) e nenhuma oferta de doce + frituras no mesmo dia (0%), "bom" para oferta de folhosos (75%) e doces (22,7%), "regular" para repetição de cores (42.7%), "ruim" quanto aos alimentos sulfurados (56%) e "péssimos" quanto a oferta de frutas (9,3%). Conclusão: Os cardápios possuíam aspectos positivos como ausência de doce + fritura, baixa utilização de frituras e carnes gordurosas, boa oferta de folhosos e doces; os aspectos preocupantes relacionaram-se com a repetição de cores e negativos com a presença de alimentos sulfurados e ausência de frutas. (AU)


Study design: Cross-sectional, qualitative study. Objectives: To qualitatively evaluate the menu preparations offered at hospitals from the city of Uberaba - MG Methods: The analysis was conducted using the method "Qualitative evaluation of menu preparations" to evaluate lunch menus offered at 5 Food and Nutrition Units from public or private Hospitals for 3 weeks alternated between February and June 2018. The offer of fruits, leafy vegetables, sweets, fried food, fatty meats and fried food + sweets in the same meal were evaluated, as well as the color repetitions and the presence of sulphurated food. Results: Items rated as "Excellent" showed low offer of fried food (6.7%), fatty meats (8.0%) and no offer of sweet + fried food on the same day (0%); "Good" showed the offer of leafy vegetables (75%) and sweets (22.7%); "Regular" indicated color repetition (42.7%); "Bad" indicated sulphurated food (56%) and "Very bad" stood for fruit offer (9.3%). Conclusion: The menus had positive aspects such as the absence of sweet + fried food, low presence of fried food and fatty meats, good offer of leafy vegetables and sweets. The worrying aspects were associated with color repetition and the negative aspects were related to the presence of sulphurated food and absence of fruits. (AU)


Subject(s)
Candy , Diet , Meals , Food Service, Hospital , Fruit , Qualitative Evaluation of Menu Preparations , Menu Planning
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878702

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the nutritional literacy levels of the takeaway platform practitioners in Chengdu,the takeaway food nutrients,and the correlation between them.Methods We employed a multi-stage random sampling method to investigate the nutritional literacy levels of 100 takeaway platform restaurants in the main urban area of Chengdu and examined the nutritional components of hot set meals in each restaurant.A questionnaire survey was conducted on the nutritional literacy levels of chefs and food matching staff.The correlations of nutrient energy supply rationality with nutritional literacy level and set meal price were then analyzed.Results The total pass rate of nutrition knowledge of chefs/food matching staff was 61.0%.Only 2.0% of the set meals had reasonable total energy supply.The set meals with reasonable energy supply of available carbohydrate,protein,and fat accounted for 3.0%,62.0%,and 21.0%,and those with over energy supply accounted for 97.0%,26.0%,and 73.0%,respectively.The rest set meals provided insufficient energy.There was a positive correlation between the nutritional literacy level and the rationality of protein energy supply(r=0.414,P=0.003).Conclusions The nutritional literacy levels of chefs/food matching staff of takeaway food restaurants in Chengdu are moderate.The hot set meals on the takeaway platform have the problem of excess energy supply.The nutrition knowledge of chefs/food matching staff cannot effectively satisfy rational nutrition matching.The nutritional literacy levels of chefs/food matching staff showed no significant correlation with the rationality of nutrient energy supply.


Subject(s)
Fast Foods , Humans , Literacy , Meals , Nutrients , Restaurants
3.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(4): e00132020, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249429

ABSTRACT

Este estudo indagou como ampliar a análise da alimentação de crianças autistas, considerada inadequada pela seletividade alimentar ou pela dificuldade de interação nos momentos das refeições, atribuídas a alterações no processamento sensorial e a dificuldades sociais, comunicativas e cognitivas descritas no transtorno. A partir da perspectiva etnográfica, foi realizada observação participante, com registro em diários de campo, de oficinas culinárias com crianças/adolescentes autistas com vistas a analisar as relações que as crianças estabelecem com o alimento e os utensílios, com o espaço físico, entre elas e com adultos. Os registros foram analisados a partir da noção de experiência de Bondía e da Teoria Ator-Rede. Os dados produzidos mostraram singularidades na realização das tarefas de cozinhar e na aceitação das receitas. Algumas crianças não comeram os alimentos, mas cheiraram, lamberam e manipularam os ingredientes em momentos de experimentação, a partir da mediação dos profissionais, facilitadora da conexão das crianças com a comida e o comer. As interações estabelecidas com alimentos e utensílios apontam para a importância da comida e do cozinhar como mediadores da conexão das crianças com seus pares, com os adultos e com o mundo. Essa experiência rompeu com a valorização homogeneizadora das dificuldades de interação das crianças autistas e reforçou a comensalidade como ferramenta de construção de redes de cuidado. Pensar a alimentação dessas crianças em uma perspectiva ampliada é valorizar a subjetividade, a relação com o alimento e a interação entre pessoas nos momentos das refeições para além da compreensão biológica restrita aos nutrientes.


This study examined ways to expand the analysis of diet in autistic children, widely considered inadequate according to food selectivity and/or difficulty interacting at mealtimes, attributed to alterations in sensorial processing and social, communicative, and cognitive difficulties. From an ethnographic perspective, a participant observational study was performed with field diary records and cooking workshops with autistic children and adolescents, aimed at analyzing the relations established by the children with the food and utensils, physical space, and between each other and the adults. The records were analyzed based on Bondía's notion of experience and Actor-Network Theory. The resulting data showed singularities in performing cooking tasks and accepting recipes. Some children did not eat the foods, but smelled, licked, and handled the ingredients in moments of experimentation through mediation by the educators, facilitating connection by the children with food and eating. The interactions established with foods and utensils highlight the importance of food and eating as mediators of the connection between autistic children and their peers, with adults, and with the world. This experience broke with the homogenizing value assigned to autistic children's difficulties with interaction and reinforced commensality as a tool for building networks of care. To conceive eating for these children from an expanded perspective means to value subjectivity, the relationship to food, and interaction with others at mealtimes, far beyond the biological understanding of the nutrients.


Este estudio indagó como ampliar el análisis de la alimentación de niños autistas, considerada inadecuada por la selectividad alimentaria o por la dificultad de interacción en los momentos de las comidas, atribuidas a alteraciones en el procesamiento sensorial y dificultades sociales, comunicativas y cognitivas descritas en el trastorno. A partir de la perspectiva etnográfica, se realizó una observación participante, con registro en diarios de campo, de talleres culinarios con niños/adolescentes autistas, con el fin de analizar las relaciones que los niños establecen con el alimento y utensilios, con el espacio físico, entre ellos y con adultos. Los registros fueron analizados a partir de la noción de experiencia de Bondía y de la Teoría Actor Red. Los datos producidos mostraron singularidades en la realización de las tareas de cocinar y en la aceptación de las recetas. Algunos niños no comieron los alimentos, pero los olieron, lamieron y manipularon los ingredientes, en momentos de esta experiencia, a partir de la mediación de los educadores, facilitadora de la conexión de los niños con la comida y el comer. Las interacciones establecidas con alimentos y utensilios apuntan a la importancia de la comida y del cocinar como mediadores de la conexión de los niños con sus compañeros, con adultos, así como con el mundo. Esta experiencia rompió con la valoración homogeneizadora de las dificultades de interacción de los niños autistas y reforzó la comensalía como herramienta de construcción de redes de cuidado. Pensar la alimentación de estos niños desde una perspectiva ampliada es valorar la subjetividad, la relación con el alimento, la interacción entre personas en los momentos de las comidas, para ir más allá de la comprensión biológica restringida a los nutrientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Autistic Disorder , Brazil , Nutrients , Cooking , Feeding Behavior , Meals
5.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(5): 765-771, set. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138613

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Assess adherence to school food offered by the School Food Program (Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar - PNAE) and the associated factors among Brazilian adolescents. Methods: Cross-sectional study with data from the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents conducted in 2013-2014, with 58,707 adolescents aged 12 to 17 years-old who attended public schools. Logistic regression models were stratified by sex and the significance level of 5% was adopted for all analyses. Results: There was low adherence to school meals (17.2%). The chance of regular consumption of school meals was higher among male adolescents belonging to the medium (p<0.05) and the low (p<0.05) socioeconomic score categories. For females, the chance of regular consumption of food offered at school was higher among black-skinned, brown-skinned, indigenous-skinned or yellow-skinned adolescents (p<0.05), aged 16 and 17 (p<0.05), who worked (p<0.001) and belonged to the medium (p<0.05) and low (p<0.05) socioeconomic score categories. The regular purchase of food in school cafeterias reduced the chance of regular consumption of school meals for males (p<0.001) and females (p<0.001). Conclusions: Adherence to the food offered by the PNAE is far from ideal, and it is important to create public policies that encourage the consumption of school meals and improve adherence. In addition, the strengthening and drafting of regulations aimed at the sale of food in the interior and surrounding schools' areas is necessary.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la adherencia a la comida escolar ofrecida por el Programa Nacional de Alimentación Escolar y los factores asociados entre los adolescentes brasileños. Métodos: Estudio transversal con datos del Estudio de Riesgos Cardiovasculares en Adolescentes realizado en 2013-2014, con 58.707 adolescentes de 12 a 17 años que asistieron a escuelas públicas. Los modelos de regresión logística se realizaron estratificados por sexo, y se aplicó el nivel de significancia del 5% para todos los análisis. Resultados: Hubo baja adherencia a las comidas escolares (17,2%). La posibilidad de consumo regular de comidas escolares fue mayor entre los adolescentes varones pertenecientes a las categorías de puntaje socioeconómico medio (p<0,05) y bajo (p<0,05). Para las mujeres, la probabilidad de consumo regular de alimentos ofrecidos en la escuela fue mayor entre las adolescentes de piel negra, marrón, indígena o amarilla (p<0,05), de 16 y 17 años (p<0,05), quién trabaja (p<0,001) y pertenece a las categorías de puntaje socioeconómico medio (p<0,05) y bajo (p<0,05). La compra regular de alimentos en las cafeterías escolares redujo la posibilidad de consumo regular de comidas escolares para hombres (p<0,001) y mujeres (p<0,001). Conclusiones: La adhesión a los alimentos ofrecidos por el PNAE está lejos de ser ideal, y es importante crear políticas públicas que fomenten el consumo de comidas escolares, mejoren su adherencia, además de ayudar en el fortalecimiento y la redacción de regulaciones dirigidas a la venta de alimentos en el interior y las áreas de las escuelas circundantes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , School Feeding , Nutritional Sciences , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Schools , Adolescent , Meals
6.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(4): 552-560, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138589

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Propósito: La inexistencia de datos a nivel nacional y regional sobre el valor nutricional (VN) de la alimentación ofrecida en comedores comunitarios dirigidos por Organizaciones No Gubernamentales (ONG), que atienden población infantil de zonas urbano marginales, junto con el incremento en la prevalencia de exceso de peso reportada por el Ministerio de Educación Pública de Costa Rica (MEP) en el 2016, justifican el estudio del VN del almuerzo servido a niños(as), que participan en programas de alimentación complementaria en zonas urbano marginales de San José, Costa Rica. Método: Se analizaron mediante muestreo aleatorio 321 platos de almuerzo, durante 12 días en dos comedores. Se reconstruyeron recetas y se determinaron tamaños de porción mediante pesaje directo y se calculó el VN promedio por plato. Resultados: El valor energético fue cercano a la recomendación nutricional. Sin embargo, valores de proteína, grasa total, grasa insaturada, fibra dietética, calcio y potasio fueron inferiores a las recomendaciones y por el contrario, carbohidratos totales, azúcar agregada, grasa saturada y sodio fueron superiores a la recomendación nacional. Conclusión: No es suficiente ofrecer un aporte adecuado de energía. Los excesos y deficiencias de nutrientes reflejan un patrón alimentario obesogénico que suma vulnerabilidad a la condición de pobreza y pobreza extrema de la población infantil de zonas urbano-marginales.


ABSTRACT Purpose: The lack of data at a national and regional level regarding the nutritional value (NV) of the food offered in community feeding programs run by Non-Governmental Organizations, which serve the population of marginal urban areas (an important indicator of infant health), along with the increase in the prevalence of excess weight reported in 2016 by the Ministry of Public Education of Costa Rica, justifies the study of the NV of the lunch served to preschool and school-aged children, who participate in complementary feeding programs in marginal urban areas of San José, Costa Rica. Method: 321 meals served were analyzed over 12 days, in 2 food services. Recipes were reconstructed, and portion sizes were determined by direct weighing of food served and the average NV per dish was calculated. Results: The energy value of the lunch served was similar to the nutritional recommendation. However, for the values of protein, total fat, unsaturated fat, dietary fiber, calcium and potassium which were lower than the nutritional recommendation and on the contrary, the content of total carbohydrates, added sugar, saturated fat and sodium was excessive. Conclusion: It is not enough to offer minors an adequate energy amount. Nutrient excesses and deficiencies reflect an obesogenic food pattern, which adds vulnerability to the condition of poverty and extreme poverty of the child population of marginalized urban areas.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Minors , Meals , Food , Nutritive Value , Schools , Dietary Fats , Dietary Fiber , Sugars
7.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(1): 247-260, jan.-mar. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087316

ABSTRACT

Neste artigo, abordamos sentidos e significados dados à comida presentes na revista Saúde como um fator que interfere no consumo de alimentos. Partimos do pressuposto de haver na sociedade contemporânea uma hegemonia do discurso biomédico, disseminado e naturalizado pelo senso comum, que reproduz os interesses do mercado e influencia as escolhas alimentares. A revista desperta interesse justamente por se enquadrar no vasto rol de publicações populares que versam sobre dieta e saúde. Como parte da metodologia utilizada, selecionamos as publicações desde 2013 até 2016, o que corresponde a 36 revistas e constitui o corpus da análise. Com o objetivo de interpretar os aspectos simbólicos, socialmente construídos e expressos no material selecionado, foram identificadas as características mais marcantes e recorrentes nas capas das edições. Observou-se que a centralidade do discurso científico e biomédico está ligada à ideia de influenciar as práticas alimentares e enfatizar o risco de adoecer.


In this article we approach senses and meanings referring to food present in the Saúde magazine as a factor that interferes with food consumption. We start from the assumption that in contemporary society there is a hegemony of biomedical discourse, disseminated and naturalized by common sense, which reproduces the interests of the market and influences food choices. The magazine arouses interest precisely because it is one of the leading magazines in the vast list of Brazilian popular publications that deal with diet and health. As one of the methodological procedures used, we selected the publications from 2013 to 2016, corresponding to a analysis corpus composed of 36 magazines. In order to interpret the symbolic aspects, socially constructed and expressed in the selected material, the most striking and recurring characteristics were identified on the covers of the editions. It was observed that influencing eating practices and emphasizing the risk of becoming ill is the centrality of scientific and biomedical discourse.


En este artículo abordamos los sentidos y los significados atribuidos a los alimentos presentes en la revista Saúde como un factor que interfiere en el consumo de alimentos. Partimos del supuesto de que existe una hegemonía en el discurso biomédico en la sociedad contemporánea, difundido y naturalizado por el sentido común, que reproduce los intereses del mercado e influye en las elecciones de alimentos. La revista despierta interés precisamente porque se encuentra en la vasta lista de publicaciones populares brasileñas que se ocupan de la dieta y la salud. Uno de los procedimientos metodológicos utilizados ha sido la selección de las publicaciones de 2013 a 2016, correspondientes a 36 revistas que constituyeron el corpus de análisis. Para interpretar los aspectos simbólicos, socialmente construidos y expresados en el material seleccionado, se identificaron las características más llamativas y recurrentes en las portadas de las ediciones. Ha sido observado que la centralidad del discurso científico y biomédico tiene relación con la idea de influir en las prácticas de alimentación, enfatizando el riesgo de enfermarse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodicals as Topic , Eating , Diet , Educational and Promotional Materials , Food , Address , Cultural Characteristics , Feeding Behavior , Meals , Healthy Lifestyle
8.
Diaeta (B. Aires) ; 38(170): 16-25, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133698

ABSTRACT

Comparación de análisis cualitativo de comidas preferidas realizado en dos poblaciones de la patagonia argentina, enmarcado en el Proyecto de Investigación "Comida y Petróleo" de la Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Se interpretó la comida desde la función simbólica y nutritiva, estudiándola desde una mirada antropológica en las categorías cocina, reglas y comensales y, analizando su composición de acuerdo a los grupos de alimentos de las Guías alimentarias para la población argentina (GAPA). Los datos surgieron de relatos orales grabados de comidas en un Taller de Extensión Universitaria donde participaron 25 mujeres adultas, y de entrevistas semiestructuradas a 39 estudiantes de medicina, durante un seminario universitario. Se interrogó acerca de comidas preferidas: ingredientes, formas de elaboración, origen de la receta, momentos de preparación, consumo y comensales. Las mujeres realizaron relatos minuciosos, brindando información que permitió interpretar características biológicas de las comidas, aspectos culturales de la elección de alimentos, momentos de elaboración, preparación y consumo. En los universitarios, las narraciones fueron menos desarrolladas poniéndose en evidencia la falta de traspaso generacional de las recetas y un menor registro de elaboración y consumo. En ambos trabajos aparecen las emociones al recordar el acto de comer con otros. El origen de las comidas seleccionadas, en ambas poblaciones, fueron familiares de dos generaciones precedentes. Los grupos "legumbres, cereales, papa, pan y pastas" y "carnes y huevos" fueron los más representativos de las comidas relatadas. En relación al grupo "frutas y verduras", en los relatos de las mujeres tuvo una importante participación, mientras que en los estudiantes se registraron en menor medida, siendo las frutas alimentos inexistentes. Continuar trabajando en investigaciones cualitativas profundizaría el estudio de la alimentación desde una mirada cultural e incorporándolas en un pie de igualdad con estudios cuantitativos permitiría avanzar en acciones más integrales para la promoción de la salud de poblaciones.


Comparison of qualitative analysis of favorite meals carried out in two populations of patagonia argentina, framed within the Research Project "Food and Petroleum" of the Nacional del Comahue University. Meals were interpreted from a symbolic and nutritional function, studying them from an anthropological perspective in the categories kitchen, rules and diners, plus analyzing their composition according to the food groups of the Dietary Guidelines for the Argentine Population (GAPA). The data came from stories recorded in meals that took place in a University Extension Workshop, where 25 adult women participated, as well as semi- structured interviews to 39 medical students in a University Seminar. They were asked about preferred meals: ingredients, ways to prepare them, origin of the recipe, moments of preparation, consumption and diners. Women made detailed accounts, providing information that allowed the interpretation of biological characteristics of the meals, cultural aspects of the choice of food, moments of preparation, preparation and consumption. In the case of university students, the narrations were less developed, revealing the lack of generational transfer of the recipes and a lower record of preparation and consumption. In both works the emotions appear when remembering the act of eating with others. The origin of the selected meals, in both populations, belonged to relatives of two preceding generations. The groups "legumes, cereals, potatoes, bread and pasta" and "meats and eggs" were the most representative within the foods reported. In relation to the group "fruits and vegetables", in the stories of women they had an important participation, while in students they were recorded to a lesser extent, with fruits being almost non-existent foods. Continuing to work on qualitative research would deepen the study of food from a cultural perspective and incorporating it on an equal footing with quantitative studies would allow advancing in more comprehensive actions to promote health in populations.


Subject(s)
Diet , Cultural Characteristics , Meals , Food
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786076

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), which is the leading cause of death worldwide, is strongly affected by diet. Diet can affect CVD directly by modulating the composition of vascular plaques, and indirectly by affecting the rate of aging. This review summarizes research on the relationships of fasting, meal timing, and meal frequency with CVD incidence and progression. Relevant basic research studies, epidemiological studies, and clinical studies are highlighted. In particular, we discuss both intermittent and periodic fasting interventions with the potential to prevent and treat CVD.


Subject(s)
Aging , Blood Pressure , Caloric Restriction , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cause of Death , Diet , Epidemiologic Studies , Fasting , Incidence , Meals
12.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 33: e190217, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143836

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective In the literature, there is almost no data on the relationship between autistic children's nutritional problems and their mothers' demographic and nutritional characteristics. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate whether there was a relationship between maternal features and nutritional problems in autistic children. Methods This study was conducted with the participation of 58 autistic children (6-19 years) and their mothers. Descriptive data were obtained with a general questionnaire. For the evaluation of children's nutritional status, anthropometric measurements and 24-hour dietary recall were used. Also, the Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory and ORTO-15 questionnaires were used to evaluate the meal behavior of children and orthorexia tendency of mothers, respectively. Results No significant correlation was found between the Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory scores in children of mothers with high and low orthorexia tendency. There were also no statistically significant differences between the children of mothers with high and low educational level in terms of Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory scores. Only the dietary vitamin B6 intake was significantly higher in the children of mothers with high educational level. Maternal age was associated with the dietary energy and protein intake, unlike, maternal orthorexia tendency was not associated with the nutritional status and meal behavior of children. The abdominal pain experience in the last one month was found to be significantly higher in the children of employed mothers than children of unemployed mothers. Conclusion It is thought that the maternal characteristics are not effective on meal behavior in children and also maternal age and educational status have a very limited effect on the nutritional status of children.


RESUMO Objetivo Na literatura, quase não existem dados sobre a relação entre os problemas nutricionais de crianças autistas e as características demográficas e nutricionais de suas mães. Portanto, este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar se havia relação entre características maternas e problemas nutricionais em crianças autistas. Métodos Este estudo foi realizado com a participação de 58 crianças autistas (6-19 anos) e suas mães. Os dados descritivos foram obtidos em questionário geral. Para a avaliação do estado nutricional das crianças, medidas antropométricas e rec24h foram utilizados. Além disso, os questionários Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory e ORTO-15 foram utilizados para avaliar o comportamento alimentar das crianças e a tendência à ortorexia das mães, respectivamente. Resultados Não foi encontrada correlação significativa entre os escores do Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory nos filhos de mães com alta e baixa tendência à ortorexia. Também não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os filhos de mães com nível educacional alto e baixo em termos de pontuação no Brief Autism Mealtime Behavior Inventory. Somente a ingestão alimentar de vitamina B6 foi significativamente maior nos filhos de mães com alto nível educacional. A idade materna foi associada à ingestão energética e proteica, diferentemente da tendência à ortorexia materna, não associada ao estado nutricional e ao comportamento das refeições. A experiência de dor abdominal no último mês foi significativamente maior nos filhos de mães que trabalham do que nos filhos de mães que não trabalham. Conclusão Acredita-se que as características maternas não influenciam o comportamento alimentar das crianças e também que a idade e o estado educacional da mãe têm um efeito muito limitado no estado nutricional das crianças.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Autistic Disorder , Educational Status , Maternal Nutrition , Meals
13.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(7): e00127819, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124302

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Este estudo etnográfico buscou compreender o processo de produção do cuidado em alimentação e nutrição no âmbito da atenção primária à saúde, com base nas práticas de apoio matricial. O trabalho de campo foi realizado em duas unidades de saúde da família e seus respectivos territórios, junto à equipe do Núcleo Ampliado de Saúde da Família e Atenção Básica. Os dados foram analisados em interlocução com Deleuze e Guattari, Túlio Batista Franco e pesquisadores vinculados à Teoria Ator-Rede como Annemarie Mol e John Law. A investigação identificou que a produção do cuidado em alimentação e nutrição emerge de articulações entre múltiplos atores em redes dinâmicas e interligadas. As práticas de cuidado estão fortemente ligadas aos modos de inserção da alimentação no cotidiano de profissionais e usuários, expondo paradoxos nas relações de apoio mútuo e ampliação do acesso a alimentos nos territórios. Compondo a heterogeneidade material na mediação das interações, a comida destacava-se pela potência em provocar conexões. A comensalidade mobilizava subjetividades pelo uso de modos emocionais e sensoriais de conhecer, aprender e cuidar. Vivenciando tensões inerentes às relações entre micropolítica e macropolítica, as apoiadoras matriciais, em conjunto com os demais atores, coordenavam as redes para a produção do cuidado em alimentação e nutrição em um processo aberto, dinâmico, provisório, profuso e compartilhado. Tal compreensão pode contribuir para posicionamentos mais ativos e conscientes, que avançam no sentido da corresponsabilidade na luta pela implantação e execução de políticas públicas que oportunizem a garantia da Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional à população.


Abstract: This ethnographic study aimed to understand the production process in food and nutritional care in the setting of primary healthcare, based on inter-consultation support practices. Fieldwork was conducted in two family health units and their respective territories, together with the team from the Expanded Center for Family Health and Basic Care. References for the data analysis were Deleuze and Guattari, Túlio Batista Franco, and researchers associated with Actor-Network Theory such as Annemarie Mol and John Law. The study found that the production of food and nutritional care emerged from links between multiple actors in dynamic and interconnected networks. The practices of care proved to be strongly linked to food's modes of insertion in the daily routines of health professionals and users, revealing paradoxes in the relations of mutual support and expansion of access to food in the territories. Comprising the material heterogeneity in the mediation of interactions, food has an outstanding capacity to spawn connections. Sharing meals mobilized subjectivities through the use of emotional and sensory modes of knowing, learning, and providing care. Experiencing inherent tensions, the relations between micro and macro policy, inter-consultation supporters, together with the other actors, coordinated the networks for the production of food and nutritional care in an open, dynamic, provisional, profuse, and shared process. This understanding can contribute to more active and conscientious positions that move towards shared responsibility in the struggle for the implementation and execution of public policies that guarantee the population's food and nutritional security.


Resumen: Este estudio etnográfico tuvo como objetivo comprender el proceso de producción del cuidado en alimentación y nutrición en el ámbito de la atención primaria de la salud, a partir de las prácticas de apoyo matricial. El trabajo de campo se realizó en dos unidades de salud de la familia y sus respectivos territorios, junto al equipo del Núcleo Ampliado de Salud de la Familia y Atención Básica. Los datos se analizaron en interlocución con Deleuze y Guattari, Túlio Batista Franco e investigadores vinculados a la Teoría del Actor-Red como Annemarie Mol y John Law. La investigación identificó que la producción del cuidado en alimentación y nutrición emergía del entrelazamiento de múltiples actores en redes dinámicas e interrelacionadas. Las prácticas de cuidado se mostraron fuertemente vinculadas a los modos de inserción de la alimentación en el día a día de profesionales y usuarios, exponiendo paradojas en las relaciones de apoyo mutuo y ampliación del acceso a alimentos en los territorios. Componiendo la heterogeneidad material en la mediación de las interacciones, la comida se destacaba por la potencia en provocar conexiones. La comensalidad movilizaba subjetividades por el uso de modos emocionales y sensoriales de conocer, aprender y cuidar. Viviendo tensiones inherentes a las relaciones entre micropolítica y macropolítica, los apoyos matriciales, en conjunto con los demás actores, coordinaban las redes para la producción del cuidado en alimentación y nutrición en un proceso abierto, dinámico, provisional, profuso y compartido. Tal comprensión puede contribuir a posiciones más activas y conscientes, que avanzan en el sentido de la corresponsabilidad en la lucha por la implementación y ejecución de políticas públicas que tengan como oportunidad la garantía de la Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional para la población.


Subject(s)
Humans , Referral and Consultation , Meals , Primary Health Care , Brazil , Health Personnel
14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(8): e00104419, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124319

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O objetivo do trabalho foi analisar a associação da frequência de almoçar e jantar com os pais/responsáveis e obesidade em adolescentes brasileiros participantes do Estudo de Riscos Cardiovasculares em Adolescentes (ERICA). Estudo seccional, de base escolar, com adolescentes de 12 a 17 anos. A obesidade foi classificada pelo índice de massa corporal baseado nos critérios da Organização Mundial da Saúde, segundo idade e sexo. A associação entre obesidade e almoço e jantar com os pais/responsáveis (nunca, às vezes, quase todos os dias e todos os dias) foi investigada pela razão de prevalência bruta e ajustada para estratos de sexo e faixa etária. Foram avaliados 71.740 adolescentes. Desses, almoçavam e jantavam com os pais/responsáveis todos os dias ou quase todos os dias, respectivamente, cerca de 48% e 60% das meninas e 56% e 65% dos meninos. Os meninos que almoçavam e jantavam com os pais/responsáveis quase todos os dias e todos os dias apresentaram menor prevalência de obesidade. Na estratificação por faixa etária, apenas os meninos mais novos que afirmaram almoçar com os pais/responsáveis às vezes (RP = 0,64; IC95%: 0,46-0,89), quase todos os dias (RP = 0,50; IC95%: 0,37-0,69) e todos os dias (RP = 0,65; IC95%: 0,49-0,85) e jantar com os pais/responsáveis todos os dias (RP = 0,61; IC95%: 0,43-0,87) apresentaram menor prevalência de obesidade. Os achados reforçam a importância da promoção de comportamentos alimentares saudáveis no ambiente familiar como parte das estratégias de prevenção da obesidade em adolescentes.


Abstract: The study aimed to analyze the association between sharing lunch or supper with parents/guardians and obesity in Brazilian adolescents participating in the Study of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Adolescents (ERICA in Portuguese). This was a cross-sectional, school-based study with adolescents 12 to 17 years of age. Obesity was classified by body mass index based on World Health Organization criteria, according to age and sex. The association between obesity and sharing lunch and supper with parents/guardians (never, sometimes, almost every day, and every day) was analyzed according to crude and sex- and age-adjusted prevalence ratios. A total of 71,740 adolescents were assessed. Of these, 48% and 60% of girls and 56% and 65% of boys, respectively, shared lunch and supper every day or nearly every day. Boys who shared lunch and supper with their parents/guardians nearly every day and every day showed lower prevalence of obesity. Stratified by age bracket, only younger boys that ate lunch with their parents/guardians sometimes (PR = 0.64; 95%CI: 0.46-0.89), nearly every day (PR = 0.50; 95%CI: 0.37-0.69), and every day (PR = 0.65; 95%CI: 0.49-0.85) and supper with their parents/guardians every day (PR = 0.61; 95%CI: 0.43-0.87) showed lower prevalence of obesity. The findings highlight the importance of promoting healthy eating behaviors in the family setting as part of strategies to prevent obesity in adolescents.


Resumen: El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la asociación de la frecuencia de comer y cenar con los padres/tutores y la obesidad en adolescentes brasileños participantes del Estudio de Riesgos Cardiovasculares en Adolescentes (ERICA). Se trata de un estudio seccional, con base escolar, en adolescentes de 12 a 17 años. La obesidad fue clasificada por el índice de masa corporal, basado en los criterios de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, según edad y sexo. La asociación entre obesidad, comida y cena con los padres/tutores (nunca, a veces, casi todos los días y todos los días) se investigó por la razón de prevalencia bruta y ajustada para estratos de sexo y franja de edad. Se evaluaron a 71.740 adolescentes. De esos, comían y cenaban con los padres/responsables todos los días o casi todos los días, respectivamente, cerca de un 48% y un 60% de las niñas y un 56% y 65% de los niños. Los niños que comían y cenaban con los padres/responsables casi todos los días y todos los días presentaron menor prevalencia de obesidad. En la estratificación por franja de edad, solamente los niños más jóvenes que afirmaron comer con los padres/responsables a veces (RP = 0,64; IC95%: 0,46-0,89), casi todos los días (RP = 0,50; IC95%: 0,37-0,69) y todos los días (RP = 0,65; IC95%: 0,49-0,85) y cenar con los padres/responsables todos los días (RP = 0,61; IC95%: 0,43-0,87) presentaron menor prevalencia de obesidad. Los resultados refuerzan la importancia de la promoción de comportamientos alimentarios saludables en el ambiente familiar como parte de las estrategias de prevención de la obesidad en adolescentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Meals , Obesity/epidemiology , Parents , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Feeding Behavior
15.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 31: e3136, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134741

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study ivestigated the association between noise and impaired sleep quality in 150 physical education instructors, in bodybuilding gyms. Two questionnaires were applied: evaluation of subjective sleep quality and analysis of explanatory variables. Noise exposure was analyzed. For the data analysis, was used the technique of non-conditional logistic regression, to obtain the values of the adjusted odds ratios (OR) of the significant variables. Two proper adjustment models stood out. The first model presented the significant variables: incorrect performance of the meals (OR = 2.58, 95% CI 1.08 to 6.02); skin color - black ou brown (OR = 0.53, 95% CI 0.25 to 1.12) and exposure to noise level above or equal to 80 dB(A) (OR = 1.90; 95% CI 0.87 to 4.12). The second model presented the significant variables: incorrect performance of the meals (OR = 2.35, 95% CI 0.1 to 5.56); exposure level standardized above or equal to 80 dB(A) (OR = 2.03, 95% CI 0.92 to 4.47) and use 0of drugs for depression/anxiety (OR = 0.26; 95% CI 0.53 to 1.33). This research identified the variables that were significantly associated with impaired sleep quality, as exposure to noise, contributing to the adoption of preventive measures.


RESUMO Este estudo investigou a associação entre ruído e qualidade prejudicada do sono em 150 instrutores de educação física, em academias de musculação. Dois questionários foram aplicados: avaliação da qualidade subjetiva do sono e sobre variáveis explanatórias. A exposição ao ruído foi avaliada. Para a análise dos dados, utilizou-se a técnica de regressão logística não-condicional, para obter os valores das Razões de Chances (RC) das variáveis significativas. Dois modelos finais se destacaram. O primeiro apresentou as variáveis significativas: realização incorreta das refeições (RC = 2,58, IC 95% 1,08 a 6,02); cor da pele - preta ou parda (RC = 0,53; IC 95% 0,25 a 1,12) e exposição ao ruído acima ou igual a 80 dB(A) (RC = 1,90; IC95% 0,87 a 4,12). O segundo modelo apresentou as variáveis significativas: realização incorreta das refeições (RC = 2,35, IC 95% 0,1 a 5,56); nível de exposição padronizado acima ou igual a 80 dB (A) (RC = 2,03, IC 95% 0,92 a 4,47) e uso de medicamentos para depressão/ansiedade (RC = 0,26; IC95% 0,53 a 1,33). Esta pesquisa identificou as variáveis que se associaram significativamente com a qualidade do sono prejudicada, como a exposição ao ruído, contribuindo para a adoção de medidas preventivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sleep/drug effects , Noise/adverse effects , Anxiety/prevention & control , Physical Education and Training/statistics & numerical data , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Depression/prevention & control , Drug Utilization , Academies and Institutes/organization & administration , Faculty/education , Meals
16.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 26: e26052, 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135342

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo analisa as mudanças na alimentação e nas formas de sociabilidade no "novo" Estádio Mineirão pela perspectiva de 266 torcedores do Clube Atlético Mineiro. Ademais, apresenta uma breve análise do perfil do público que frequentou o Estádio do Mineirão entre 2013 e 2015, fruto de pesquisa de campo na qual foram aplicados questionários e feitas observações no ambiente das arquibancadas. Verificou-se, na fala torcedora, incômodos com as alterações na alimentação e nas experiências que compunham a totalidade do espetáculo. Quanto ao perfil dos torcedores, observou-se o alto grau de escolaridade e empregabilidade, além de residirem em locais com elevado Índice de Desenvolvimento Humano Municipal (IDHM). Esse cenário trouxe consigo novas percepções sobre aparência do equipamento urbano e higiene alimentar, evidenciando um espaço de disputas pela alimentação dentro e fora do estádio e outras mudanças na sociabilidade torcedora.


This article looks into changes in food and sociability habits at the "new" Mineirão Arena from the perspective of 266 Atlético Mineiro's fans. It used field research with questionnaires and observations made at the bleachers to provide a brief analysis of the profile of the audience that attended the Mineirão Stadium in 2013-2015. Fans' speech showed some discomfort with the changes in food and the social experiences that were part of whole football match spectacle. As for fans' profiles, a high degree of education and employability was observed, and they used to live in places with high Human Development Indices (HDI). This scenario provided new insights into the appearance of urban equipment and food hygiene, indicating a space of dispute on food both inside and outside the stadium, as well as other changes in fans' sociability.


Este artículo analiza los cambios en la alimentación y las formas de sociabilidad en el "nuevo" Estadio Mineirão, desde la perspectiva de 266 aficionados del Clube Atlético Mineiro. Además, presenta un breve análisis del perfil del público que asistió al Estadio Mineirão entre 2013 y 2015. Es el resultado de una investigación de campo donde se aplicaron cuestionarios y se hicieron observaciones en el ambiente de las gradas. Se observó, en el discurso de los aficionados, incomodidad con los cambios en la alimentación y en las experiencias que conformaron la totalidad del espectáculo. En cuanto al perfil de los aficionados, se observó un alto nivel de escolaridad y empleabilidad, además de que residen en locales con alto Índice de Desarrollo Humano Municipal. Este escenario trajo consigo nuevas percepciones sobre la apariencia del equipamiento urbano y la higiene de los alimentos, mostrando un espacio de disputas por la alimentación dentro y fuera del estadio y otros cambios en la sociabilidad de los aficionados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Soccer , Meals , Sports and Recreational Facilities , Leisure Activities , Research , Social Behavior
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Calcium (Ca) is an insufficiently consumed nutrient, whereas phosphorus (P) intake has exceeded the recommended intake level in Korea over the past decade. The purpose of this study was to analyze dietary Ca and P intakes and their contribution rate according to dish groups.METHODS: A 24-hour dietary recall survey of 640 healthy adults (aged 19–69 years) was undertaken twice in four Korean provinces. Dietary Ca and P intakes and their rates of contribution from 31 major dish groups were analyzed and compared by gender, age group, and region.RESULTS: The average Ca and P intakes of the subjects were 542.1 ± 222.2 mg/d and 1,068.3 ± 329.0 mg/d, respectively. The intakes of Ca and P as percentages of recommended nutrients intake (RNI%) were 71.7 ± 29.8% and 152.6 ± 47%, respectively, and the percentages under the estimated average requirement were 60.3% for Ca and 3.8% for P. The RNI% of Ca was not significantly different between males and females, but was significantly higher in subjects in the sixties age group than in other age groups and was significantly lower in the Korean capital than in other regions. The RNI% of P did not significantly differ by gender or age groups, but it was significantly higher in the capital than in Gyeong-sang. The five major dish groups contributing to Ca intake (contribution rate) were milks/dairy products 69.2 ± 109.2 mg/d (12.6%), soups 55.6 ± 69.6 mg/d (10.1%), stir-fried foods 53.1 ± 70.7 mg/d (9.7%), stews 43.4 ± 85.4 mg/d (7.9%), and kimchi 38.4 ± 31.8 mg/d (7.0%). The five major dish group contributing to P intake (contribution rate) were cooked rice 160.7 ± 107.1 mg/d (14.9%), stir-fried foods 88.5 ± 89.4 mg/d (8.2%), soups 76.7 ± 85.8 mg/d (7.1%), one-dish meals 63.3 ± 94.4 mg/d (5.9%), and stews 62.6 ± 89.3 mg/d (5.8%). The dish groups contributing to Ca and P intakes differed somewhat by gender, age group, and region.CONCLUSIONS: Programs to improve the nutritional status of Ca and P intakes should consider the differences in Ca and P contribution rates by dish groups as well as by gender, age group, and region.


Subject(s)
Adult , Calcium , Calcium, Dietary , Female , Humans , Korea , Male , Meals , Nutritional Status , Phosphorus
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811255

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study identified the relationship between dietary habits and health-related behaviors depending on the Big Five personality factors (extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness, neuroticism).METHODS: The NEO-II test was administered to 337 male and female college students in Seongnam City, Gyeonggi Province, and their dietary habits and health-related behaviors were surveyed.RESULTS: The male participants showed higher scores for extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness compared to that of their female counterparts, while the female participants showed higher scores for neuroticism. As for the results of multivariate logistic regression analysis, in the case of men, higher scores for extraversion were related to a lower intake of instant/fast foods and a higher intake of vegetables; higher agreeableness scores were related to a lower intake of fruit; and higher neuroticism scores were related to a heavy intake of high-cholesterol foods. It was found that higher openness scores were associated with a higher intake of burnt fish/meat and a lower intake of animal fat, while higher agreeableness scores were related to a lower intake of burnt fish/meat in women. Also, those subjects with higher openness and agreeableness scores were found to better consider the nutritional balance when having a meal. In the case of the male participants, higher openness scores were related to increased physical activity, while higher neuroticism scores were related to increased smoking and a lack of sleep. As for the women, those with higher extraversion scores smoked more, while those who recorded higher agreeableness scores were involved in more physical activities.CONCLUSION: Differences were observed in dietary habits and health-related behaviors between men and women depending on personality factors, and the analysis results of some dietary habits according to personality factors were inconsistent with those of the overseas studies. Therefore, to provide customized nutritional counseling when considering each individual's personality factors, more research results from domestic samples should be collected and accumulated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Counseling , Extraversion, Psychological , Female , Feeding Behavior , Fruit , Health Behavior , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Meals , Motor Activity , Smoke , Smoking , Vegetables
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811253

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to examine the snack meal management for infants and toddlers and the demand for snack products according to mothers' sustainable dietary style in the Jeonbuk area.METHODS: The participants were 359 mothers in the Jeonbuk area. The data was analyzed using factor analysis, cluster analysis, analysis of variance, and χ²-tests with SPSS v. 25.0. According to the sustainable dietary style, the situation of providing snacks at home, the purchasing behavior for snack products, and the satisfaction and, demand for snack products were investigated.RESULTS: Using the K-clustering method, the sustainable dietary style of the subjects was categorized into 3 clusters. Cluster 1 was the family health-seeking group, cluster 2 was the sustainable dietary trend group, and cluster 3 was the sustainability-interested group. The frequency of snack intakes according to the cluster groups showed a significant difference (p < 0.001). Fruits were the snack item most frequently consumed by all the cluster groups. Approximately 92.8% of mothers had purchased snack products, and 95.2% of the subjects were satisfied with them (p < 0.05). The main reason for satisfaction with the snack products in all the cluster groups was the various kinds of products with considering the growth stage of children. Clusters 2 and 3 required the development of snack products using organic food materials, while cluster 1 required the snack products to be supplemented with various nutrients.CONCLUSION: It is necessary to develop various snack products according to the sustainable dietary style and the needs of mothers so that these snacks can increase the satisfaction of mothers with the snack products and lead them to better snack purchasing behavior.


Subject(s)
Child , Food, Organic , Fruit , Humans , Infant , Meals , Methods , Mothers , Snacks
20.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(4): 469-476, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124024

ABSTRACT

El propósito de este estudio fue analizar los cambios post prandiales en el perfil lipídico en respuesta a una comida típica argentina. Se extrajo sangre a 33 mujeres voluntarias después de 12 h de ayuno (T0), 1 h después de un desayuno estandarizado (T1) y 1 h después de un almuerzo estandarizado (T2). Se midieron los niveles de: colesterol total, colesterol de lipoproteínas de alta densidad (C-HDL), colesterol de lipoproteínas de baja densidad (C-LDL) y triglicéridos. Los datos se analizaron utilizando la prueba t de Student pareada. Para cada analito se calculó la diferencia porcentual media (DM%) en T1 y T2 respecto de T0 y se comparó con el valor de referencia del cambio (VRC). Las DM% mayores al VRC se consideraron clínicamente significativas. En T1 y T2, los valores de C-HDL fueron más bajos que en T0, mientras que los valores de C-LDL en T1 fueron más bajos que en T0. Los niveles de triglicéridos fueron significativamente más altos en T1 que en T0. En todos los casos, la variabilidad fue estadísticamente significativa, aunque no clínicamente. En este estudio puede observarse que el perfil de lípidos en T1 y T2 no mostró diferencias clínicamente significativas con respecto a los valores basales.


The purpose of the present study was to analyze postprandial lipid profile changes in response to a typical Argentine meal. Blood was collected from 33 female volunteers after a 12 h fasting period (T0), 1 h after a standardized breakfast (T1) and 1 h after a standardized lunch (T2). The levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides were measured. Data were analyzed using paired Student's t-test. Mean difference % (MD %) was calculated for each analyte at T1 and T2 and was further compared with reference change value (RCV). MDs % higher than RCV were considered clinically significant. At T1 and T2, HDL-C values were lower than at T0, whereas LDL-C values at T1 were lower than at T0. Triglycerides levels were significantly higher at T1 than baseline values. In all cases, variability was statistically, though not clinically, significant. This study demonstrates that at T1 and T2 lipid profile showed no clinically significant differences with respect to basal values.


O objetivo do presente estudo foi analisar as alterações do perfil lipídico pós-prandial em resposta a uma refeição típica argentina. O sangue foi coletado de 33 mulheres voluntárias após um período de jejum de 12 horas (T0),1 h após um café da manhã padronizado (T1) e 1 h após um almoço padronizado (T2). Foram medidos os níveis de: colesterol total (CT), colesterol HDL (C-HDL), colesterol LDL (C-LDL) e triglicérides. Os dados foram analisados utilizando o teste t de Student pareado. A diferença média% (DM%) foi calculada para cada analito em T1 e T2 e foi comparada com o valor de mudança de referência (VRC). Os MDs% maiores que o VRC foram considerados clinicamente significativos. Em T1 e T2, os valores de C-HDL foram menores que em T0, enquanto os valores de C-LDL em T1 foram menores que em T0. Os níveis de triglicérides foram significativamente maiores em T1 do que os valores basais. Em todos os casos, a variabilidade foi estatisticamente, embora não clinicamente, significativa. Este estudo demonstra que no perfil lipídico em T1 e T2 não houve diferenças clinicamente significativas em relação aos valores basais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Triglycerides , Blood , Cholesterol , Fasting , Fasting/blood , Determination , Meals , Breakfast , Pre-Analytical Phase/statistics & numerical data , Lipids , Lipids/analysis , Lipoproteins , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL , Powders , Referral and Consultation , Coffee , Lunch , Lipoproteins, LDL
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