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1.
Medisan ; 25(4)2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1340214

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 36 años de edad, quien acudió a la consulta de Ortopedia y Traumatología del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, con un alambrón oxidado, encarnado en la cara palmar de la muñeca derecha, con parestesias en la zona de inervación del nervio mediano. La radiografía reveló que dentro de las estructuras de la muñeca había 10 cm del alambrón, con la porción distal doblada en forma de gancho, por lo cual se le realizó intervención quirúrgica de urgencia. Se utilizó anestesia regional, sedación e isquemia y se extrajo el cuerpo extraño en sentido contrario a la curvatura que presentaba. Luego de pasar el efecto anestésico persistían las parestesias en el pulpejo del índice, que desaparecieron completamente a los 4 meses del accidente. Se incorporó a sus labores habituales a los 2 meses de operado.


The case report of a 36 years patient is described. He went to the Orthopedics and Traumatology Service of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, with a rusty big wire, ingrowing in the right wrist palmar face, with paresthesias in the innervation area of the median nerve. The x-ray revealed that inside the wrist structures there was 10 cm of the big wire, with the distal portion bent in hook form, reason why an emergency surgical intervention was carried out. Regional anesthesia, sedation and ischemia were used and the strange body was removed in sense contrary to the bend that presented. After the anesthetic effect eased the paresthesias of the index finger tip persisted that disappeared completely 4 months after the accident. He went back to his usual works 2 months after the operation.


Subject(s)
Paresthesia/therapy , Foreign Bodies , Median Nerve/injuries , Accidents, Occupational , Median Nerve/surgery
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 318-322, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346465

ABSTRACT

Abstract Carpal tunnel syndrome is median nerve symptomatic compression at the level of the wrist, characterized by increased pressure within the carpal tunnel and decreased nerve function at the level. Carpal tunnel release decreases pressure in Guyon's canal, via open techniques, with symptom and two-point discrimination improvement in the ulnar nerve distribution. We hypothesize that endoscopic carpal tunnel release improves two-point discrimination in the ulnar nerve distribution as well. This study includes 143 patients who underwent endoscopic carpal tunnel release between April 2016 to June 2019 in a single, community-based teaching hospital. A comprehensive retrospective chart review was performed on patient demographics, preand post-operative two-point discrimination test results, and complications. The effects of sex, age, and diabetes mellitus in the ulnar and median nerve territories with two-point discrimination tests were analyzed. As well as the differences in two-point discrimination among patient's based on their smoking status. There were significant post operative improvements in both the median (7.7 vs 4.4 mm, p < 0.001) and ulnar (5.7 vs 4.1 mm, p < 0.001) nerve territories. Smoking status, sex, age and diabetes did not significantly affect two-point discrimination outcomes. In conclusion the endoscopic release of the transverse carpal ligament decompresses the carpal tunnel and Guyon's canal, demonstrating improvement in two-point discrimination in both the ulnar and median nerve distributions.


Resumen El síndrome de túnel carpiano es la compresión sintomática del nervio mediano al nivel de la muñeca. Se caracteriza por un aumento de presión dentro del túnel y una disminución de la función del nervio a ese nivel. La liberación del túnel carpiano descomprime el canal de Guyon, con mejoría sintomática y en la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos en la distribución del nervio cubital. Hipotetizamos que la liberación endoscópica mejora de la misma manera en la distribución del nervio cubital. Este trabajo incluye 143 pacientes que tuvieron liberación endoscópica del túnel carpiano entre abril del 2016 y junio del 2019 en un hospital Universitario de la comunidad. Se evaluaron retrospectivamente las historias clínicas para los datos demográficos, los resultados pre y post quirúrgicos en la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos y complicaciones. Se analizaron los efectos del sexo, edad, tabaco y diabetes en los resultados de la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos para los nervios cubital y mediano. Hubo mejoría significativa post quirúrgica en la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos para los nervios mediano (7.7 vs 4.4 mm, p < 0.001) y cubital (5.7 vs 4.1 mm, p < 0.001). Fumadores, sexo, edad, y diabetes no afectaron de forma significativa. Concluimos que la liberación endoscópica del ligamento transverso del carpo descomprime el túnel carpiano y el canal de Guyon con mejoría en la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos para los nervios cubital y mediano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Median Nerve , Ulnar Nerve , Wrist , Retrospective Studies
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 346-350, May-June 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288666

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aimed to determine the frequency of trigger finger (TF) onset after surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) using an open (OT) or an endoscopic technique (ET). As a secondary endpoint, the present study also compared paresthesia remission and residual pain rates in patients submitted to both techniques. Methods Trigger finger onset and remission rates of paresthesia and pain at the median nerve territory was verified prospectively in a series of adult patients submitted to an OT procedure (n = 34). These findings were compared with a retrospective cohort submitted to ET (n = 33) by the same surgical team. Patients were evaluated with a structured questionnaire in a return visit at least 6 months after surgery. Results Sixty-seven patients were evaluated. There was no difference regarding trigger finger onset (OT, 26.5% versus ET, 27.3%; p = 0.94) and pain (OT, 76.5% versus ET, 84.8%; p = 0.38). Patients submitted to OT had fewer paresthesia complaints compared with those operated using ET (OT, 5.9% versus ET, 24.2%; p = 0.03). Conclusions In our series, the surgical technique did not influence trigger finger onset and residual pain rates. Patients submitted to OT had less complaints of residual postoperative paresthesia.


Resumo Objetivo Determinar a frequência do aparecimento de dedo em gatilho (DG) no pós-operatório da síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC) em duas técnicas: aberta (TA) e endoscópica (TE). Como desfecho secundário, comparar as taxas de remissão da parestesia e dor residual entre as duas técnicas. Métodos De forma prospectiva, verificamos o aparecimento de dedo em gatilho e taxa de remissão da parestesia e dor no território do nervo mediano em série de pacientes adultos operados pela TA (n = 34). Comparamos com coorte retrospectiva operada pela TE (n = 33), pela mesma equipe de cirurgiões. A avaliação dos pacientes ocorreu por meio de questionário estruturado em consulta de retorno, com mínimo de 6 meses de pós-operatório. Resultados Sessenta e sete pacientes foram avaliados. Não houve diferença quanto ao aparecimento de dedo em gatilho (TA, 26,5% versus TE, 27,3%; p = 0,94) e dor (TA, 76,5% versus TE, 84.8%; p = 0,38). Os pacientes operados pela TA apresentaram menos queixas de parestesia do que os operados pela TE (TA 5,9% versus TE 24,2%; p = 0,03). Conclusões Em nossa série, a técnica cirúrgica não influenciou o aparecimento de dedos em gatilho e dor residual. Os pacientes operados pela técnica aberta apresentaram menos queixa de parestesia residual pós-operatória.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Paresthesia , Comparative Study , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Surveys and Questionnaires , Endoscopy , Trigger Finger Disorder , Median Nerve
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1555-1559, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134477

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: During routine dissection of a left upper limb of a 68-year-old male human cadaver, an unusual muscle was observed originating from the radius and flexor retinaculum, and continued in the hypothenar region with the muscle belly of the abductor digiti minimi. We checked that it was an accessory abductor digiti minimi (ADM). Its muscular belly was in close relation to the median and ulnar nerves. We review the literature regarding such muscle variations and discuss the potential for compression of the median and ulnar nerves. Although the accessory ADM is usually asymptomatic and only rarely results in nerve compression, it should be taken into account by surgeons when establishing a differential diagnosis in the compression neuropathies of the median and ulnar nerves. An ultrasound scanning can help establish the differential diagnosis.


RESUMEN: Durante la disección de rutina de un miembro superior izquierdo de un cadáver humano masculino de 68 años, se observó un músculo inusual que se originaba en el radio y el retináculo flexor del carpo, y continuuaba en la región hipotenar con el vientre muscular del abductor digiti minimi manus. Verificamos que se trataba del músculo abductor digiti minimi accessorius (ADMA). Su vientre muscular se encontraba en estrecha relación con los nervios mediano y ulnar. Revisamos la literatura sobre variaciones musculares y discutimos la potencial compresión de los nervios mediano y ulnar. Aunque el ADMA suele ser asintomático y rara vez produce compresión nerviosa, los cirujanos deben tenerlo en cuenta al establecer un diagnóstico diferencial en las neuropatías de compresión de los nervios mediano y ulnar. Una ecografía puede ayudar a establecer el diagnóstico diferencial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Muscle, Skeletal/abnormalities , Nerve Compression Syndromes/etiology , Ulnar Nerve , Cadaver , Risk Factors , Ulnar Nerve Compression Syndromes/etiology , Median Neuropathy/etiology , Median Nerve
5.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(4): 349-356, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1351410

ABSTRACT

NiResumen Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de la retinaculotomía endoscópica para tratar el síndrome del túnel carpiano mediante la técnica de doble portal de Chow, entre enero de 2006 y diciembre de 2015. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio de 179 pacientes (edad promedio 48.2 años [rango 32-68]), con 217 casos de síndrome del túnel carpiano idiopático y un seguimiento promedio de 97.9 meses. Los pacientes eran 145 mujeres (81%) (31 bilaterales) y 34 hombres (19%) (7 bilaterales) y fueron evaluados con la Symptom Severity Scale (SSS) y la Functional Status Scale (FSS) del Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ). Resultados: El puntaje medio de la SSS-BCTQ fue de 3,20 + 0,26 antes de la cirugía, mejoró a 1,30 + 0,12 a los 6 meses y se mantuvo en 1,25 + 0,11 a largo plazo. El puntaje medio de la FSS-BCTQ fue de 2,57 + 0,29 antes de la cirugía, mejoró a 1,28 + 0,18 a los 6 meses y se mantuvo en 1,20 + 0,09 a largo plazo. Hubo 7 casos (3,2%) de neuropraxia posquirúrgica transitoria. No hubo conversiones a técnica abierta. Conclusión: La liberación endoscópica del túnel carpiano con la técnica de Chow es un método quirúrgico eficaz y seguro para tratar el síndrome del túnel carpiano idiopático. Nivel de Evidencia; III


Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of endoscopic release of the transverse carpal ligament (TCL) in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) using the Chow dual-portal technique between January 2006 and December 2015. Materials and Methods: Study population consisted of 217 cases of idiopathic CTS, in 179 patients, 145 females (81%) (31 bilateral cases) and 34 males (19%) (7 bilateral cases), with an average age of 48.2 years (range, 32-68) and an average follow-up of 97.9 months. The symptom severity and functional evaluations were performed using the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire Symptoms Severity Scale (BCTQ-SSS) and the Functional Status Scale (BCTQ-FSS). Results: The average BCTQ-SSS was 3.20±0.26 in the preoperative period, which improved to 1.30±0.12 at the 6-month postoperative follow-up and remained at 1.25±0.11 in the long-term. The average BCTQ-FSS was 2.57±0.29 in the preoperative period, which improved to 1.28±0.12 at the 6-month postoperative follow-up and remained at 1.20±0.09 in the long-term. There were 7 cases (3.2%) of transient postoperative neurapraxia. No patient required to be converted to open technique. Conclusion: The endoscopic carpal tunnel release with Chow technique is an effective and safe surgical method for the treatment of idiopathic CTS. Level of Evidence; III


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Median Nerve , Nerve Crush
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1192-1196, oct. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134423

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La comunicación Ulnar-Mediano Palmar Profunda (CUMPP) es la conexión entre la rama profunda del nervio ulnar (NU) y la rama del nervio mediano (NM) que inerva a los músculos tenares como la cabeza superficial del flexor corto del pulgar. Son escasos los trabajos que se ocupan de esta rama comunicante, y su prevalencia es reportada con una amplia variabilidad, en un rango del 16-77 %. Este estudio no probabilístico, descriptivo, transversal, evaluó la frecuencia y características morfológicas de la CUMPP en 106 manos de especímenes cadavéricos frescos no reclamados, a quienes se les practicó necropsia en el Instituto de Medicina Legal de Bucaramanga (Colombia). Se observó rama comunicante CUMPP en 39 especímenes (50,2 %), de los cuales 12 (44,5 %) fueron bilate- rales, 15 (55,6 %) unilaterales, con predominio unilateral derecho para 9 casos (60 %), sobre el izquierdo de tan solo 6 casos (40 %). No se evidenciaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas con relación al lado de presentación (P=0,223). En 21 especímenes (54 %) se observó el tipo IV; mientras que el tipo I fue encontrado en 4 casos (10 %). El promedio de la longitud de la rama comunicante fue de 24,67 DE 6,46 mm; mientras que la distancia del punto proximal de la CUMPP al surco distal del carpo fue de 41,4 DE 2,6 mm. Nuestros hallazgos no son concordantes con lo reportado en la mayoría de estudios previos. Diversos factores como el tamaño de las muestras, las diferentes metodologías de medición y las expresiones fenotípicas de cada grupo de población evaluado, pueden explicar la variabilidad de la CUMPP.


SUMMARY: Deep Palmar Ulnar-Medium Communication (DPUMC) is the connection between the deep branch of the ulnar nerve (UN) and the median nerve (MN) branch, that innervates the thenar muscles as the superficial head of the short flexor of the thumb. Few studies dealing with this communicating branch, and its prevalence is reported with a wide variability in the range of 16-77 %. This non-probabilistic, descriptive, cross-sectional study; evaluated the frequency and morphological characteristics of DPUMC in 106 hands of fresh unclaimed cadaveric specimens, that underwent necropsy at the Institute of Legal Medicine of Bucaramanga (Colombia). DPUMC communicating branch was observed in 39 specimens (50.2 %), of which 12 (44.5 %) were bilateral, 15 (55.6 %) unilateral, with right unilateral predominance for 9 cases (60 %), on the left of only 6 cases (40 %). There were no statistically significant differences in relation to the presentation side (P = 0.223). In 21 specimens (54%), type IV was observed; while type I was found in 4 cases (10%). The average length of the communicating branch was 24.67 SD 6.46 mm; while the distance from the proximal point of the DPUMC to the distal carpal groove was 41.4 SD 2.6 mm. Our findings are not consistent with those reported in most previous studies. Various factors such as sample size, different measurement methodologies and phenotypic expressions of each population group evaluated can explain the variability of the DPUMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Ulnar Nerve/anatomy & histology , Hand/innervation , Median Nerve/anatomy & histology , Thumb , Cadaver , Cross-Sectional Studies
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(4): 1096-1105, Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124901

ABSTRACT

Los músculos lumbricales (ML) de la mano humana son claves en la propiocepción de la flexoextensión de los dedos. La descripción de su inervación indica que el nervio mediano (NM) inerva los dos ML laterales (L1 y L2) y el nervio ulnar (NU) los ML mediales (L3 y L4). Diversos autores han reportado una gran variabilidad de esta inervación, tanto en los nervios que entregan ramos para estos músculos, como también en la distribución de sus ramos y la presencia de troncos comunes. Por otra parte, el número de ramos que recibe cada ML y los puntos motores (Pm) de los mismos ha sido escasamente reportado. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar número, ubicación y Pm de los ramos destinados a los ML de la mano humana. Así mismo se estableció el patrón de inervación más frecuente. Para ello se utilizaron 24 manos formalizadas, pertenecientes al laboratorio de Anatomía, de la Universidad Andrés Bello, sede Viña del Mar, Chile. Se realizó una disección convencional por planos de profundidad. En todos los casos, el ramo del músculo L1 se originó del nervio digital palmar propio lateral del dedo índice, de la misma forma, en el 100 % el L2 fue inervado por un ramo del nervio digital palmar común del segundo espacio interóseo. En relación a los ML mediales en un 100 % ambos músculos fueron inervados por ramos del ramo profundo del NU (RPNM). En el caso del L3 en un 92 % se presentó un tronco común con el segundo músculo interóseo palmar, asimismo para L4 existió un tronco común con el tercer músculo interóseo palmar en un 79 %. En el 29 %, el L3 presentó una inervación dual. Considerando como referencia la línea biestiloidea, los Pm de los ramos del NM fue de 63,96 mm para L1; 67,91 mm para L2 y 68,69 mm para L3. Para los ramos provenientes del RPNU fue de 69,87 mm para L3 y 69, 21 mm para L4. Los resultados obtenidos aportan al conocimiento anatómico de la inervación de los músculos lumbricales y es de utilidad en procedimientos de neurocirugía que busquen la restauración de la funcionalidad de la mano.


The lumbrical muscles (LM) of the human hand are key in proprioception of flexion and finger extension. The description of its innervation indicates that the median nerve (MN) innervates the two lateral LMs (L1 and L2) and the ulnar nerve (UN) the medial LMs (L3 and L4). Various authors have reported a great variability of this innervation, both in which nerve delivers branches for these muscles, as well as in the distribution of their branches and the presence of common trunks. On the other hand, the number of branches that each LM receives and the motor points (Mp) of these have been scarcely reported. The aim of this study was to determine the number, location and Mp of the branches destined for the LM of the human hand. Likewise, the most frequent innervation pattern was established. For this, 24 formalized hands, belonging to the anatomy laboratory, of the Universidad Andrés Bello, Viña del Mar, Chile, were used. Conventional depth plane dissection was performed. In all cases, the branch of the L1 muscle originated from the palmar digital nerve proper to the index finger, in the same way, in 100 % the L2 was supplied with a branch of the common palmar digital nerve from the second interosseous space. In relation to the LM, in 100 % both muscles were innervated by branches of the deep branch of the UN (DBUN). In the case of L3, 92 % presented a common trunk with the second palmar interosseous muscle. Likewise, in 79 % of the cases, there was a common trunk between the L4 and the third palmar interosseous muscle. In 29 %, the L3 presented a dual innervation. The distance between of the Mp-BEstL was 63.96 mm for L1, 67.91 mm for L2 and 68.69 mm for L3. This distance was 69.87 mm for L3 and 69, 21 mm for L4. The results obtained contribute to the anatomical knowledge of the innervation of the lumbrical muscles and is useful in neurosurgery procedures that seek to restore the functionality of the hand.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Ulnar Nerve/anatomy & histology , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Hand/innervation , Median Nerve/anatomy & histology , Cadaver , Anatomic Variation
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(4): 224-229, Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098085

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The effects of vitamin D on the central and peripheral nervous system continue to be investigated today. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate pain and electrophysiologic response in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) who have undergone replacement therapy due to vitamin D deficiency. Methods: Fifty female patients diagnosed with mild and moderate CTS and accompanied by vitamin D deficiency were included in this study. Nerve conduction study (NCS) was performed before and after vitamin D replacement, and the patient's pain was evaluated with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Results: When NCS were compared before and after treatment, there was a statistically significant improvement in the median distal sensory onset latency (DSOL) and sensory conduction velocity (CV) and motor distal latencies (DML) values (p=0.001; p<0.001; p=0.001, respectively). At the same time, there was a decrease in the VAS values in patients (p<0.001). When the two groups were compared there was an improvement in DSOL and sensory CV in both groups, but in DML only in moderate CTS group. Conclusion: In this study, it was shown that mild and moderate CTS patients had an improvement in pain and electrophysiological parameters after vitamin D replacement. Replacing vitamin D in early stages of CTS may be beneficial.


Resumo Objetivo: Os efeitos da vitamina D no sistema nervoso central e periférico continuam sendo investigados atualmente. Neste estudo, objetivamos avaliar a dor e a resposta eletrofisiológica em pacientes com síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC) submetidos a terapia de reposição devido à deficiência de vitamina D. Métodos: Cinquenta pacientes do sexo feminino diagnosticadas com STC leve e moderada e acompanhadas de deficiência de vitamina D foram incluídas neste estudo. O estudo da condução nervosa (ECN) foi realizado antes e após a reposição da vitamina D, e a dor do paciente foi avaliada com a Escala Visual Analógica (EVA). Resultados: Quando a ECN foi comparada antes e após o tratamento, houve uma melhora estatisticamente significativa na latência mediana do início sensorial distal (DSOL) e nos valores de velocidade de condução sensorial (VC) e latência distal motora (LDM) (p=0,001; p<0,001; p=0,001, respectivamente). Ao mesmo tempo, houve uma diminuição dos valores da EVA nos pacientes (p<0,001). Quando os dois grupos foram comparados, houve uma melhora no DSOL e no VC sensorial em ambos, mas no LDM apenas no grupo STC moderado. Conclusão: Neste estudo, foi demonstrado que pacientes com STC leve e moderada apresentaram melhora da dor e parâmetros eletrofisiológicos após a reposição de vitamina D. A substituição da vitamina D nos estágios iniciais da STC pode ser benéfica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Vitamin D Deficiency , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Pain , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Median Nerve , Neural Conduction
9.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 31-37, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345082

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Actualmente, no existe un estándar de referencia aceptado universalmente para el diagnóstico del síndrome de túnel carpiano, por lo que se le considera una patología de «clase latente¼, es decir, que carece de alguna prueba diagnóstica que dé certeza absoluta de la presencia de la enfermedad. Métodos: Estudio prospectivo, observacional y analítico en el cual se evaluaron los tres métodos diagnósticos utilizados para el síndrome de túnel carpiano (examen clínico, ecografía y electromiografía). En él, se establecieron valores de normalidad para cada método diagnóstico. Resultados: Se evaluó un total de 50 personas (14 hombres y 36 mujeres). El examen clínico presentó correlación positiva y significativa con el diámetro del nervio mediano afectado (ecografía) (R = 0.694 y p = 0.032). Los valores del área bajo la curva (AUC, por sus siglas en inglés) para la velocidad de conducción del nervio mediano (VCNM), velocidad de conducción de nervio cubital (VCNC) y latencia distal motora (LDM) por electromiografía fueron de 0.60, 0.519 y < 0.50, respectivamente, lo cual determinó que el valor diagnóstico de las características por electromiografía es malo. Conclusión: Nuestro trabajo establece al examen clínico como una herramienta de buena calidad, siendo el método más sensible para el diagnóstico de síndrome de túnel carpiano. Si existiera la necesidad de realizar una confirmación diagnóstica, la ecografía mostró ser un estudio altamente satisfactorio, el cual genera menos estrés, dolor e invasión al paciente, disminuyendo, a su vez, el gasto de salud y agilizando el proceso.


Abstract: Introduction: Currently there is no universally accepted standard of reference for the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome so it is considered a «latent class¼ pathology, that is, it lacks any diagnostic tests that absolutely certain the presence of disease. Methods: Prospective, observational and analytical study evaluating the three diagnostic methods used for carpal tunnel syndrome (clinical examination, ultrasound and electromyography). Normality values were set for each diagnostic method. Results: 50 people (14 men and 36 women) were evaluated. The clinical examination showed a positive and significant correlation with the diameter of the affected median nerve (ecography) (R = 0.694, p = 0.032). The values of the under the curve area (UCA) for median nerve conduction speed (MNCS), cubital nerve conduction speed (CNCS), and distal latency (DL) by electromyography were 0.60, 0.519 and less than 0.50 respectively. This states that the diagnostic value of electromyography characteristics is bad. Conclusion: Our work establishes clinical examination as a good quality tool being the most sensitive method for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome. If there was a need for diagnostic confirmation, the ultrasound proved to be a highly satisfactory study generating less stress, pain and invasion to the patient, decreasing health expenditure and speeding up the process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Sensitivity and Specificity , Median Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Neural Conduction
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828213

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the safety of classic Acupotomy in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome.@*METHODS@#Twenty six adult specimens (15 males and 11 females), aged 60 to 95(82.54±6.94) years old, were selected from 10% formalin antiseptic fixation. There were 52 sides(two of them could not be tested). The study period was from November 2017 to May 2018. The specimens were collected from the body donation center of the school of basic medicine, Peking University. The operation of releasing the transverse carpal ligament on the human body specimen was simulated by the classic acupotomy, and the distance from the four points to the surrounding anatomical structure was measured to calculate the direct injury rate to the nerve and blood vessels, and the shortest distance between the acupotomy and the nerve and blood vessels was defined as ≥2 mm as safety.@*RESULTS@#In the experimental operation, the direct injury rate of nerve and blood vessel was 14% and 12% respectively. There was significant difference in the rate of direct nerve injury between the four injection points (0.05). Among the four points, there was a statistically significant difference in the safety of nerves(<0.05), and the safety of point 1 and point 3 of radial injection was higher than that of point 2 and point 4 of ulnar injection(<0.05). There was significant difference in the safety of blood vessels between the four points(<0.05), and the safety of radial point 1 was higher than that of ulnar point 2 and point 4 (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The safety of the classic Acupotomy for carpal tunnel syndrome is related to the location of the needle entry point, and the safety of theradial proximal end of the needle is the highest.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Female , Humans , Ligaments, Articular , Male , Median Nerve , Wounds and Injuries , Middle Aged , Needles , Wrist Joint
11.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(4): 427-433, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1057067

ABSTRACT

La compresión mecánica de un nervio periférico en dos sitios diferentes a lo largo de su trayecto se define como síndrome de doble compresión. Esta enfermedad se basa en la teoría de la mayor susceptibilidad que tendría un nervio a nivel distal cuando este también se encuentra comprimido, en forma asintomática, a nivel proximal, debido a una alteración en el flujo axonal. Si bien la descompresión del túnel carpiano es una cirugía con resultados previsibles, hay pacientes operados por síndrome del túnel carpiano que no mejoran después de una cirugía, como cabría esperar. Si se excluye de este análisis a las comorbilidades, como diabetes, casos avanzados con atrofia muscular o descompresiones insuficientes, muchos de estos fracasos terapéuticos podrían estar fundamentados por el escaso diagnóstico de un segundo sitio de compresión concomitante. No obstante, existe gran controversia alrededor del síndrome de doble compresión que involucra no solo a su existencia, sino también a su incidencia y fisiopatología. El objetivo de esta publicación es presentar una revisión bibliográfica crítica del síndrome de doble compresión centrada en el compromiso del nervio mediano tanto en la muñeca como en el codo.


Double crush syndrome is the mechanical compression of a peripheral nerve at two different sites and is based on the hypothesis that a nerve that has been compressed at a distal site is especially susceptible to also be compressed, asymptomatically, at a more proximal site. While carpal tunnel release is a surgical procedure with predictable results, some patients do not improve as expected after surgery. If comorbidities such as diabetes, advanced cases presenting with muscle atrophy or incomplete decompressions are excluded from the analysis, many of these treatment failures could be explained by a second concomitant compression site, which is often underdiagnosed. The very existence of double crush syndrome is highly questioned, but also its incidence and pathophysiology. The objective of our paper is to perform a critical review of the literature available on double crush syndrome involving mainly the median nerve in the wrist and the elbow.


Subject(s)
Arm , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Median Neuropathy , Median Nerve , Nerve Compression Syndromes
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 54(5): 564-571, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057924

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To define the anatomy pattern and the incidence of Riché-Cannieu anastomosis, that is, median and ulnar communication in the palmar aspect of the hand. Materials Methods A total of 80 anatomical dissections were performed on 60 hands of 30 cadavers from 1979 to 1982, and on 20 hands from 2012 to 2015. All of these procedures were performed at the Department of Anatomy of our institution. The incidence of Riché-Cannieu anastomosis and the innervation of the thenar muscles were studied. Results Riché-Cannieu anastomosis was identified in every dissected hand (100%). The extramuscular Riché-Cannieu anastomosis was recorded in 57 hands, and the intramuscular, in 19 hands. The association of extra- and intramuscular Riché-Cannieu anastomoses occurred in four hands. The ulnar component always originated from the deep branch. The anastomotic branch arising from the median nerve originated from the motor thenar branch (recurrent branch) of the median nerve in most of the observations. The median-ulnar double innervation only to the deep head of the flexor pollicis brevis was identified in 29 of 80 hands. The double innervation only of the superficial head of the flexor pollicis brevis was found in 13 hands. In 12 hands, the deep head of the flexor pollicis brevis was absent. The double innervation of the superficial and deep heads of the flexor pollicis brevis occurred in 14 hands. The oblique head of the adductor pollicis received double innervation in 12 hands. The deep head of the flexor pollicis brevis and the oblique head of adductor pollicis were doubly-innervated in nine hands. The transverse head of the adductor pollicis received double innervation in two hands. Double innervation of the deep head of the flexor pollicis brevis and the transverse head of the adductor pollicis were found in one hand. Conclusion According to the present study, Riché-Cannieu anastomosis should be considered a normal anatomical neural connection, not an anatomical variation. Knowledge of this anastomosis is essential because the presence of such neural communication may result in confusing clinical, surgical, and electromyographic findings in cases of median or ulnar damage or entrapment.


Resumo Objetivo Definir a anatomia e a incidência da anastomose de Riché-Cannieu, ou seja, a comunicação entre os nervos medianos e ulnar na palma da mão. Materiais e Métodos Foram dissecadas 60 mãos de 30 cadáveres frescos de adultos, entre 1979 a 1982, e 20 mãos entre 2011 e 2015, num total de 80 mãos, no Departamento de Anatomia da nossa instituição. A incidência da anastomose de Riché-Cannieu e a inervação dos músculos da região do tênar foram estudadas. Resultados A anastomose de Riché-Cannieu foi identificada em todas as mãos dissecadas (100%). A anastomose de Riché-Cannieu extramuscular foi registrada em 57 mãos, e a intramuscular, em 19, e a associação das anastomoses extra e intramuscular, em 4 mãos. O componente ulnar da anastomose de Riché-Cannieu foi sempre do seu ramo profundo. O ramo anastomótico oriundo do nervo originava-se do ramo recorrente do nervo mediano na maioria das observações. A dupla inervação mediano-ulnar apenas da cabeça profunda do músculo flexor curto do polegar foi identificada em 29 de 80 mãos. Observou-se dupla inervação apenas da cabeça superficial do músculo flexor curto do polegar em 13 mãos. Foi observada dupla inervação das cabeças superficial e profunda do flexor curto do polegar em 14 mãos. A cabeça oblíqua do adutor do polegar recebeu inervação dupla em 12 mãos. A cabeça profunda do músculo flexor curto do polegar e a cabeça oblíqua do adutor do polegar foram inervadas duplamente em nove mãos. A cabeça transversa do adutor do polegar recebeu inervação dupla em duas mãos. A inervação dupla da cabeça profunda do flexor curto do polegar e da cabeça transversa do adutor do polegar foi observada em uma mão. Conclusão De acordo com o presente estudo, a anastomose de Riché-Cannieu deve ser considerada uma conexão nervosa normal, e não uma variação anatômica. O conhecimento dessa anastomose é essencial, pois a presença dessa comunicação neural pode resultar em achados clínicos, cirúrgicos e eletromiográficos confusos em casos de lesões ou síndromes compressivas dos nervos mediano ou ulnar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ulnar Nerve , Hand/innervation , Median Nerve , Neural Conduction
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1192-1196, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012416

ABSTRACT

The ulnar and median nerves are widely distributed, innervating the muscles of the forearm and hand. In the latter, it also registers the sensitivity of a significant part of the skin. A series of communicating branches (CB) is described on the path of these nerves, including: 1) the Martin-Gruber communicating branch, 2) the Marinacci communicating branch, 3) the Riché-Cannieu communicating branch and 4) the Berrettini communicating branch. The aim of this study was to establish a correct denomination of these CB, using Latin and eliminating the use of eponyms. The exploratory study included books on anatomy and scientific articles that detailed the anatomical aspects of these CB. To these were added the terms that these branches presented in the various anatomical lists and terminologies. Each term proposal was done in Latin, using the corresponding gender, number and case. The CB between the median and ulnar nerves are described in anatomy texts as well as a plethora of publications. The prevalence rates of the CB range between 1.7 and 94 %; however, their inclusion in the anatomical terminologies has been limited. Based on the description of these branches and the presence of some of them in the existing terminologies, a proposal was prepared in line with the indications of the Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminologies (FIPAT): 1) Ramus comunicans cum nervo ulnari, 2) Ramus comunicans cum nervo mediano, 3) Ramus communicans cum ramo profundo nervi ulnaris y 4) Ramus communicans cum nervo digitali palmari communi. Considering that terminologies are dynamic linguistic corpora, it is important to analyze constantly the incorporation of new terms that are in harmony with the scientific findings. The incorporation of new structures must follow FIPAT guidelines and include the grammatical aspects of Latin.


Los nervios ulnar y mediano presentan una amplia distribución que permite inervar músculos del antebrazo y mano, en esta última, también registran la sensibilidad de un importante territorio cutáneo. En el recorrido de estos nervios se describen una serie de ramos comunicantes (RC), entre los cuales destacan: 1) Ramo comunicante de Martin-Gruber 2) Ramo comunicante de Marinacci 3) Ramo comunicante de Riché-Cannieu y 4) Ramo comunicante de Berretini. El propósito de este trabajo fue establecer una correcta denominación de estos RC, usando para ello el latín y eliminando el uso de epónimos. El estudio exploratorio incluyó libros de anatomía y artículos científicos que detallaran los aspectos anatómicos de estos RC. A lo anterior se sumaron los términos que estos ramos presentaron en las diversas nóminas y terminologías anatómicas. Cada propuesta de denominación se realizó en latín, utilizando el género, número y caso correspondiente. Los RC entre los nervios mediano y ulnar se encuentran descritos tanto en textos de anatomía como en un sinnúmero de publicaciones. Las tasas de prevalencia de los RC fluctúan entre 1,7 y 94 %; a pesar de ello; su inclusión en las terminologías anatómicas ha sido limitado. En base a la descripción de éstos ramos y la presencia de algunos de ellos en las terminologías existentes, se elaboró una propuesta alineada con las indicaciones del Programa Federativo Internacional de Terminología Anatómica (FIPAT): 1) Ramus comunicans cum nervo ulnari, 2) Ramus comunicans cum nervo mediano, 3) Ramus communicans cum ramo profundo nervi ulnaris y 4) Ramus communicans cum nervo digitali palmari communi. Considerando que las terminologías son cuerpos lingüísticos dinámicos, resulta importante analizar constantemente la incorporación de nuevos términos que se encuentren en sintonía con los hallazgos científicos. La incorporación de nuevas estructuras debe seguir los lineamientos de FIPAT y considerar los aspectos gramaticales del latín.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ulnar Nerve/anatomy & histology , Forearm/innervation , Median Nerve/anatomy & histology , Terminology as Topic
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(2): 626-631, June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002268

ABSTRACT

The objective of the study was to evaluate the anatomical characteristics and variations of the palmaris longus nerve branch and define the feasibility of transferring this branch to the posterior interosseous nerve without tension. Thirty arms from 15 adult male cadavers were dissected after preparation with 20 % glycerin and formaldehyde intra-arterial injection. The palmaris longus muscle (PL) received exclusive innervation of the median nerve in all limbs. In most it was the second muscle of the forearm to be innervated by the median nerve. In 5 limbs the PL muscle was absent. In 5 limbs we identified a branch without sharing branches with other muscles. In 4 limbs it shared origin with the pronator teres (PT), in 8 with the flexor carpi radialis (FCR), in 2 with flexor digitorum superficialis (FDS), in 4 shared branches for the PT and FCR and in two with PT, FCR, FDS. The mean length was (4.0 ± 1.2) and the thickness (1.4 ± 0.6). We investigated whether the branch for PL was long enough to be transferred to the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN). The branch diameter for PL corresponds to 46 % of the PIN. The PL muscle branch presented great variability. The PL branch could be transferred to the PIN proximally to the Froshe arcade without tension in all specimens even with full range of motion of the forearm. In 13 limbs was possible the tensionless transfer to PIN distal to the branches of the supinator muscle.


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las características anatómicas y las variaciones del ramo del músculo palmar largo y definir la posibilidad de transferir este ramo al nervio interóseo posterior sin tensión. Se disecaron 30 miembros superiores de 15 cadáveres de hombres adultos después de su preparación con 20 % de glicerina y formaldehído, inyectados por vía intraarterial. En todos los miembros el músculo palmar largo (PL) recibió inervación exclusiva del nervio mediano. En la mayoría de los casos, fue el segundo músculo del antebrazo inervado por el nervio mediano. En 5 miembros estaba ausente el músculo. En 5 miembros identificamos un ramo sin compartir ramos con otros músculos. En 4 miembros, compartió el origen con el músculo pronador redondo (PR), en 8 con el músculo flexor radial del carpo (FRC), en 2 con el músculo flexor superficial de los dedos (FCSD), en 4 ramos compartidos para el PR y FRC y en dos con PR, FRC, FCSD. La longitud media fue (4,0±1,2 cm) y el grosor (1,4±0,6 cm). Investigamos si el ramo del PL era lo suficientemente largo para ser transferido al nervio interóseo posterior (NIP). El diámetro del ramo para el PL corresponde al 46 % del NIP. El ramo del músculo PL presentó una gran variabilidad. El ramo del PL podría transferirse al NIP proximalmente a la «arcada de Frohse¼, sin tensión, en todas las muestras, incluso con el rango completo de movimiento del antebrazo. En 13 miembros fue posible la transferencia sin tensión al NIP distal a los ramos del músculo supinador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Anatomic Variation , Forearm/innervation , Median Nerve/anatomy & histology , Peripheral Nerves/anatomy & histology , Cadaver , Nerve Transfer
15.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(3): eAO4489, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012002

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To analyze the anatomical variations of the innervation of the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle and to determine if the branch of the median nerve that supply this muscle is connected to the branches to the extensor carpi radialis brevis and the pronator teres muscles, without tension, and how close to the target-muscles the transfer can be performed. Methods Fifty limbs of 25 cadavers were dissected to collect data on the anatomical variations of the branches to the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle. Results This muscle received innervation from the median nerve in the 50 limbs. In 22 it received one branch, and in 28 more than one. The proximal branch was identified in 22 limbs, and in 12 limbs it shared branches with other muscles. The distal branch was present in all, and originated from the median nerve as an isolated branch, or a common trunk with the anterior interosseous nerve in 3 limbs, and from a common trunk with the flexor carpi radialis muscle and anterior interosseous nerve in another. It originated distally to the anterior interosseous nerve at 38, in 5 on the same level, and in 3 proximal to the anterior interosseous nerve. In four limbs, innervation came from the anterior interosseous nerve, as well as from the median nerve. Accessory branches of the median nerve for the distal portion of the flexor digitorum superficialis muscle were present in eight limbs. Conclusion In 28 limbs with two or more branches, one of them could be connected to the branches to the extensor carpi radialis brevis and pronator teres muscles without tension, even during the pronation and supination movements of the forearm and flexion-extension of the elbow.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar as variações anatômicas da inervação do músculo flexor superficial dos dedos e determinar se o ramo do nervo mediano destinado a esse músculo pode ou não ser conectado aos ramos para os músculos extensor radial curto do carpo e pronador redondo sem tensão, e quão próximo dos músculos-alvo a transferência pode ser realizada. Métodos Foram dissecados 50 membros de 25 cadáveres para coletar dados sobre as variações anatômicas dos ramos para o músculo flexor superficial dos dedos. Resultados O referido músculo recebeu inervação do nervo mediano nos 50 membros. Em 22 recebeu um ramo, em 28 mais que um. O ramo proximal foi identificado em 22 membros e em 12 compartilhava ramos com outros músculos. O ramo distal estava presente em todos e desprendeu-se do nervo mediano como um ramo isolado ou de um tronco comum com o nervo interósseo anterior em 3 membros, e de um tronco comum com músculo flexor radial do carpo e nervo interósseo anterior em outro. Originou-se distalmente ao nervo interósseo anterior em 38, em 5 no mesmo nível e em 3 proximal ao nervo interósseo anterior. Em quatro recebeu inervação do nervo interósseo anterior, além daquela recebida pelo mediano. Ramos acessórios do nervo mediano para a porção distal do músculo flexor superficial dos dedos estavam presentes em oito membros. Conclusão Nos 28 membros em que existam 2 ou mais ramos, 1 desses poderia ser conectado aos ramos para o músculo extensor radial curto do carpo e pronador redondo sem tensão, mesmo durante os movimentos de pronossupinação do antebraço e flexão-extensão do cotovelo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wrist/innervation , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Denervation/methods , Fingers/innervation , Forearm/innervation , Median Nerve/anatomy & histology , Tendons , Cadaver , Muscle, Skeletal , Dissection , Fingers/surgery , Median Nerve/surgery
16.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 70-75, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811492

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of infrared thermography in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome by comparing with electrodiagnostic and ultrasonographic findings.METHOD: From January 2014 to October 2017, electrodiagnosis, ultrasound, and digital infrared thermal image (DITI) of unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome diagnosed in a single hospital were retrospectively analyzed. The subjects with bilateral symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome, peripheral vascular disease, diabetes, thyroid disease, fibromyalgia, rheumatic disease, systemic infection, inflammation, malignant tumor, and other musculoskeletal disorders such as finger osteoarthritis, peripheral neuropathy, cervical radiculopathy, and the previous history of surgery were excluded.RESULTS: Of 53 patients diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome, 11 were male and 42 were female. The visual analogue scale was 4.9 ± 1.9, and the duration of symptom was 11.8 ± 12.5 months. There was no statistically significant difference in the body surface temperature between the unaffected and affected sides. The severity of symptoms, electrodiagnostic findings, and cross-sectional area of the median nerve significantly correlates to each other. The temperature difference between the second fingers of the affected and unaffected sides showed a weak correlation with the amplitude of sensory nerve action potential and onset latency of compound muscle action potential, when there was no significant correlation with the other parameters.CONCLUSION: The difference in temperature on the surface of the body, which can be confirmed by DITI, is little diagnostic value when DITI is performed in unilateral carpal tunnel syndrome patients, especially when compared with ultrasonography.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Electrodiagnosis , Female , Fibromyalgia , Fingers , Humans , Inflammation , Male , Median Nerve , Methods , Osteoarthritis , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Radiculopathy , Retrospective Studies , Rheumatic Diseases , Thermography , Thyroid Diseases , Ultrasonography
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770080

ABSTRACT

Carpal tunnel syndrome is rare in children. When it does occur in children, the most common causes reported are mucopolysaccharidosis and mucolipidosis. The median artery is a transitory vessel that develops from the axillary artery in early embryonic life and does not normally survive until postfetal life. In a small percentage of individuals, however, it persists into adulthood and is frequently accompanied by a bifid median nerve. A persistent median artery can be a cause of carpal tunnel syndrome in adults, but it is extremely rare in children and adolescents. This paper reports a case of a carpal tunnel syndrome caused by a persistent median artery and bifid median nerve in a 13-year-old girl.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Arteries , Axillary Artery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Child , Female , Humans , Median Nerve , Mucolipidoses , Mucopolysaccharidoses
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770066

ABSTRACT

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) caused by pseudogout is an uncommon disease. The authors report a 65-year-old female who complained of sudden pain and neurological symptoms on her left hand. Surgical decompression was performed. In the histologic study, a calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposit was confirmed. Her pain and neurological symptoms were relieved. Because CTS caused by pseudogout is rare, it is difficult to differentiate it from other diseases. This paper reports an uncommon case of CTS caused by pseudogout.


Subject(s)
Aged , Calcium Pyrophosphate , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Chondrocalcinosis , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Hand , Humans , Median Nerve
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 542-550, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774801

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease involving both upper and lower motor neurons with no effective cure. Electrophysiological studies have found decremental responses during low-frequency repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) except for diffused neurogenic activities. However, the difference between ALS and generalized myasthenia gravis (GMG) in terms of waveform features is unclear. In the current study, we explored the variation trend of the amplitudes curve between ALS and GMG with low-frequency, positive RNS, and the possible mechanism is discussed preliminarily.@*METHODS@#A total of 85 ALS patients and 41 GMG patients were recruited. All patients were from Peking Union Medical College Hospital (PUMCH) between July 1, 2012 and February 28, 2015. RNS study included ulnar nerve, accessory nerve and facial nerve at 3 Hz and 5 Hz stimulation. The percentage reduction in the amplitude of the fourth or fifth wave from the first wave was calculated and compared with the normal values of our hospital. A 15% decrease in amplitude is defined as a decrease in amplitude.@*RESULTS@#The decremental response at low-frequency RNS showed the abnormal rate of RNS decline was 54.1% (46/85) in the ALS group, and the results of different nerves were 54.1% (46/85) of the accessory nerve, 8.2% (7/85) of the ulnar nerve and 0% (0/85) of the facial nerve stimulation, respectively. In the GMG group, the abnormal rate of RNS decline was 100% (41/41) at low-frequency RNS of accessory nerves. However, there was a significant difference between the 2 groups in the amplitude after the sixth wave.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both groups of patients are able to show a decreasing amplitude of low-frequency stimulation RNS, but the recovery trend after the sixth wave has significant variation. It implies the different pathogenesis of NMJ dysfunction of these 2 diseases.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Physiology , Adult , Aged , Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis , Therapeutics , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electromyography , Female , Humans , Male , Median Nerve , Physiology , Middle Aged , Motor Neurons , Physiology , Muscle, Skeletal , Physiology , Myasthenia Gravis , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies , Ulnar Nerve , Physiology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762804

ABSTRACT

Forearm fractures are common injuries in childhood. Median nerve entrapment is a rare complication of forearm fractures, but several cases have been reported in the literature. This case report discusses the diagnosis and management of median nerve entrapment in a 13-year-old male who presented acutely with a both-bone forearm fracture and numbness in the median nerve distribution. Following the delayed diagnosis, surgical exploration revealed complete nerve entrapment and a nerve graft was performed.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bony Callus , Delayed Diagnosis , Diagnosis , Forearm Injuries , Forearm , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Hypesthesia , Male , Median Nerve , Nerve Compression Syndromes , Transplants
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