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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210178, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339878

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo conhecer as percepções e perspectivas dos profissionais da saúde para o desenvolvimento da Prevenção Quaternária na Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método Pesquisa Apreciativa, que aplicou as fases do "ciclo 4-D", na língua inglesa: discovery, dream, design e destiny. Este artigo analisa os resultados referentes à fase discovery (descoberta), de cujos dois encontros correspondentes participaram nove profissionais da Atenção Primária. Realizou-se análise de conteúdo, seguindo as etapas de pré-análise, exploração do material e tratamento dos dados. Resultados a Prevenção Quaternária representa uma potencialidade na inovação da atenção, com possibilidade de reduzir a medicalização social, que ocorre mediante a sobremedicalização, sobrediagnósticos e sobretratamentos. Como perspectivas, é apresentada a necessidade de conscientização da sociedade e dos profissionais sobre esses excessos e de (re) posicionamento da indústria, do mercado e da mídia sobre o significado de "estar saudável". Conclusão e implicações para prática é necessário atentar para a ética na prestação de cuidados quanto ao rastreio, diagnóstico e tratamento de doenças. A Prevenção Quaternária tem potencial para reverter um modelo hegemônico em relação ao cuidado de indivíduos e famílias ao fomentar a integralidade. A Enfermagem, como prestadora do cuidado, junto com a equipe multiprofissional, deve incorporar ações de Prevenção Quaternária em suas práticas.


Resumen Objetivo conocer las percepciones y perspectivas de los profesionales de la salud para el desarrollo de la Prevención Cuaternaria en Atención Primaria de Salud. Método Investigación Apreciativa, que aplicó las fases del "ciclo 4-D", en inglés: discovery, dream, design y destiny Este artículo analiza los resultados de la fase discovery (descubrimiento), en cuyos dos encuentros correspondientes participaron nueve profesionales de Atención Primaria. Se realizó análisis de contenido, siguiendo los pasos de pre-análisis, exploración de material y procesamiento de datos. Resultados la Prevención Cuaternaria representa un potencial en la innovación asistencial, con posibilidad de reducir la medicalización social, que se produce por sobremedicalización, sobrediagnóstico y sobretratamiento. Como perspectivas, se presenta la necesidad de concienciar a la sociedad y los profesionales sobre estos excesos y de (re) posicionar a la industria, el mercado y los medios de comunicación sobre el significado de "estar sano". Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica es necesario prestar atención a la ética en la prestación de cuidados en cuanto al cribado, diagnóstico y tratamiento de enfermedades. La Prevención Cuaternaria tiene el potencial de revertir un modelo hegemónico en relación al cuidado de las personas y familias al promover la integralidad. La Enfermería, como proveedora de cuidados, junto con el equipo multidisciplinario, deben incorporar las acciones de Prevención Cuaternaria en sus prácticas.


Abstract Objective to know the perceptions and perspectives of health professionals for the development of Quaternary Prevention in Primary Health Care. Method an Appreciative Research, which applied the phases of the "4-D cycle": discovery, dream, design and destiny. This article analyzes the results referring to the discovery phase (discovery), in which nine professionals from Primary Care participated in two corresponding meetings. Content analysis was performed, following the steps of pre-analysis, material exploration and data treatment. Results the Quaternary Prevention represents a potentiality in care innovation, with the possibility of reducing social medicalization, which occurs through over-medicalization, over-diagnosis and overtreatment. As perspectives, it is presented the need for society and professionals to be aware of these excesses and the (re) positioning of the industry, market and media about the meaning of "being healthy". Conclusion and implications for the practice it is necessary to pay attention to ethics in care provision regarding screening, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Quaternary Prevention has potential to revert a hegemonic model in relation to the care of individuals and families by promoting integrality. Nursing, as a care provider, together with the multi-professional team, must incorporate Quaternary Prevention actions in its practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Health Personnel , Medicalization , Quaternary Prevention , Complementary Therapies , Marketing of Health Services , Health Education , Qualitative Research , Education, Continuing , Health Manager , Medical Overuse , Medical History Taking
2.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(2): e602, dic. 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1358268

ABSTRACT

El proceso de docencia-aprendizaje de las disciplinas clínicas tiene entre sus desafíos la adquisición de habilidades del estudiante con el paciente. Las oportunidades de prácticas clínicas se han reducido. La menor cantidad de consultas pediátricas en el año 2020 durante la pandemia por Coronoavirus exacerbó este hecho. Objetivo: Comunicar la experiencia de simulación in situ y madre simulada realizada por docentes del Departamento de Emergencia Pediátrica del Centro Hospitalario Pereira Rossell, dirigida al entrenamiento de estudiantes de la Unidad Curricular Pediatría (Facultad de Medicina-UdelaR), en la realización de la anamnesis de un paciente con patología respiratoria. Metodología: estudio descriptivo. Madre simulada: docentes/residentes. Simulador: lactante-tecnología intermedia. Participantes del escenario: 2 estudiantes. Lugar: DEP-CHPR. Período: setiembre-diciembre 2020. Resultados: Participaron de la simulación 327 estudiantes, 255 contestaron el censo. Utilidad de la simulación: 53,2% muy útil/excelente, poco o nada útil 24,8%, no contesta 22%. Credibilidad: aceptable 38%, muy creíble/excelente 27,5%, 12,5% poco o nada creíble, 22% no contesta. Participación grupal en el debriefing 64,5%, participación parcial 11,4%, sin debriefing 2,1%, no contesta 22%.Discusión: De los 327 estudiantes que realizaron la simulación al menos 24,% la percibió como poco o nada útil. La falta de información previa, la participación en el escenario de 2 estudiantes por grupo y la poca interacción en el debriefing en algunos grupos pudo haber influído. Conclusiones: La experiencia comunicada generó nuevas oportunidades de docencia aprendizaje. Se identificaron aspectos metodológicos que pueden mejorarse.


The teaching-learning process in clinical disciplines includes amongst its challenges the acquisition of the student's skills with the patient. Opportunities for clinical practice have diminished. A smaller number of pediatric visits in 2020 during the Coronavirus pandemic increased this fact. Objective: to communicate the experience of in situ simulation and simulated mother carried out by the faculty of the Pediatric Emergency Department of the Pereira Rossell Hospital Center, address to students in the Pediatrics Curricular Unit (School of Medicine- UdelaR), in the case of an infant patient with respiratory pathology. Methods: Descriptive study. Simulated mother: faculty members/residents. Simulator: intermediate technology infant. Participants in the scenario: 2 students. Location: DPE.PRHC. Period: September- December 2020.Results: 327 students participated in the simulation, 255 answered the census. Usefulness of the simulation: 53.2% very useful / excellent, little or not at all useful 24.8%, no answer 22%. Credibility: acceptable 38%, very credible / excellent 27.5%, 12.5% ​​little or not at all credible, 22% do not answer. Group participation in the debriefing 64.5%, partial participation 11.4%, without debriefing 2.1%, no answer 22%. Discussion: Of the 327 students who carried out the simulation at least 24,8 % perceived it as little or not useful. The lack of previous information, the participation in the scenario of 2 students per group and the little interaction in the debriefing in some groups could have influenced. Conclusions: The communicated experience generated new teaching-learning opportunities. Methodological aspects that can be improved were identified.


O processo de ensino-aprendizagem de disciplinas clínicas tem entre seus desafios a aquisição de habilidades do aluno com o paciente. As oportunidades de estágio clínico foram reduzidas. O menor número de consultas pediátricas em 2020 durante a pandemia de Coronoavirus exacerbou esse fato. Objetivo: Comunicar a experiência de simulação in situ e simulação materna realizada pela docentes do Serviço de Urgência Pediátrica do Centro Hospitalar Pereira Rossell, com alunos da Unidade Curricular Pediatria (Faculdade de Medicina-UdelaR), na anamnese de paciente com doença respiratória. Metodologia: estudo descritivo. Mãe simulada: professores / residentes. Simulador: lactente de tecnologia intermédia. Participantes do cenário: 2 alunos. Local: DEP-CHPR. Período: setembro a dezembro de 2020. Resultados: 327 alunos participaram da simulação, 255 responderam a pesquisa. Utilidade da simulação: 53,2% muito útil / excelente, pouco ou nada útil 24,8%, sem resposta 22%. Credibilidade: aceitável 38%, muito credível / excelente 27,5%, 12,5% pouco ou nada credível, 22% não respondem. Participação do grupo no debriefing 64,5%, participação parcial 11,4%, sem debriefing 2,1%, sem resposta 22%. Discussão: Dos 327 alunos que realizaram a simulação, pelo menos 24,% a perceberam como pouco ou nada útil. A falta de informação prévia, a participação no cenário de 2 alunos por grupo e a pouca interação no debriefing em alguns grupos podem ter influenciado. Conclusões: A experiência comunicada gerou novas oportunidades de ensino-aprendizagem. Aspectos metodológicos que podem ser melhorados foram identificados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pediatrics/education , Students, Medical , High Fidelity Simulation Training , Medical History Taking , Retrospective Studies
3.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(3): e1503, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357309

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Hay escasos estudios realizados para valorar la asociación entre el nivel de conocimientos sobre la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 y las actitudes que tienen los pacientes para mejorar el control de su enfermedad. Objetivo: Determinar la asociación entre el nivel de conocimientos y las actitudes preventivas sobre las complicaciones crónicas en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Estudio transversal analítico en pacientes con diabetes tipo 2 de Chiclayo, Perú. Se indagó la asociación entre actitudes preventivas y nivel de conocimientos, además se exploró asociación con edad, sexo, nivel de instrucción, instrucción diabetológica previa, antecedentes familiares, hospitalizaciones previas, tiempo de enfermedad. Resultados: De 150 pacientes, el 60 por ciento fueron mujeres. El 40,0 por ciento presentó un nivel de conocimientos intermedio y un 84,7 por ciento reportaron actitudes preventivas favorables. Se encontró que los pacientes con nivel de conocimiento adecuado tenían 43 por ciento mayor frecuencia de presentar actitudes preventivas favorables (razón de prevalencia = 1,43). Los pacientes que tenían entre 7 a 15 años de enfermedad resultaron asociados positivamente a tener actitudes preventivas favorables (razón de prevalencia = 1,32). Conclusiones: Los pacientes diabéticos con conocimientos adecuados sobre su enfermedad tienen actitudes preventivas favorables frente a su padecimiento y sus complicaciones crónicas. Adicionalmente, los pacientes diagnosticados entre 7 - 15 años atrás tienen mejores actitudes preventivas(AU)


Introduction: There are few studies carried out to assess the association between the level of knowledge about type 2 diabetes mellitus and the attitudes that patients have to improve the control of their disease. Objective: To determine the association between the level of knowledge and preventive attitudes about chronic complications in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study in patients with type 2 diabetes in Chiclayo, Peru. The association between preventive attitudes and level of knowledge was investigated, as well as the association with age, sex, level of education, previous diabetic education, family history, previous hospitalizations, time of illness. Results: Of 150 patients, 60 percent were women. 40.0 percent presented an intermediate level of knowledge and 84.7 percent reported favorable preventive attitudes. It was found that patients with an adequate level of knowledge had a 43 percent higher frequency of presenting favorable preventive attitudes (Prevalence ratio = 1,43). Patients who had between 7 and 15 years of disease were positively associated with having favorable preventive attitudes (Prevalence ratio = 1,32). Conclusions: Diabetic patients with adequate knowledge about their disease have favorable preventive attitudes towards their condition and its chronic complications. In addition, patients diagnosed between 7 - 15 years ago have better preventive attitudes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Medical History Taking , Cross-Sectional Studies , Knowledge , Diabetes Complications/prevention & control
4.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(6): 318-328, 20210000. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359110

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: el síndrome de ovario poliquístico (SOP) es una afección endocrina común que se presenta en las mujeres y se asocia con problemas como irregularidades menstruales; hirsutismo; obesidad; resistencia a la insulina; acné; y vida posterior con diabetes mellitus y cáncer de útero. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar las características fenotípicas y los factores de riesgo del síndrome de ovario poliquístico en estudiantes de enfermería. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal (descriptivo) que incluyó una muestra de 400 mujeres de la Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad de Zagazig, Egipto. Se utilizaron para la recopilación de datos; hoja de cuestionario de entrevista estructurada, datos relacionados con medidas antropométricas, factores de riesgo sobre el SOP y lista de verificación observacional sobre las características fenotípicas de la PCO. Resultados: el 6% de las alumnas estudiadas tenía antecedentes familiares de PCO, casi la mitad de ellas consumía comida rápida, más de la mitad de las alumnas estudiadas tenía hirsutismo, más de una cuarta parte tenía acné, (14,5%) tenía irregularidades menstruales y una tercera parte. de ellos tenían un aumento de peso anormal continuo. Además, este estudio mostró que se encontró falta de conciencia entre la mayoría de las niñas sobre el SOP. Discusión: Por tanto, se podría concluir que los antecedentes familiares de SOP, la obesidad y los hábitos alimentarios de comida rápida se encuentran como factores predisponentes para el desarrollo de SOP. El riesgo de síndrome de ovario poliquístico aumenta con la presencia de uno o más factores predisponentes identificados. La mayoría de los factores probados como factores predisponentes en nuestro estudio están interrelacionados entre sí y son en su mayoría modificables. Aunque el SOP es un trastorno endocrino prevalente, había un conocimiento deficiente entre las estudiantes de la Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad de Zagazig. Conclusiones: El estudio recomendó un programa de detección del ministerio de salud para la detección temprana de los factores predisponentes del SOP, incluidos los estudiantes de secundaria y los estudiantes de facultades, a través de programas educativos y mensajes a través de la consejería, folletos, para aumentar la conciencia de los estudiantes sobre los síntomas del SOP. Investigar más sobre el tamaño de la muestra más grande para identificar cómo el problema es riesgoso y cómo abordarlo. Incluyendo el problema en redes sociales y canales saludables.


Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition that occurs in women and is associated with problems such as menstrual irregularities; hirsutism; obesity; insulin resistance; acne; and later life with diabetes mellitus and uterine cancer. The study aim was to assess phenotype characteristics and risk factors of polycystic ovarian syndrome among nursing students. Materials and Methods: Cross sectional study (descriptive) included a sample of 400 females from Faculty of Nursing, Zagazig University, Egypt. Were used for data collection; structured-interviewing questionnaire sheet, data related to anthropometric measures, risk factors about PCOS and observational check list about phenotype characteristics of PCO. Results: 6% of the studied student females had family history of PCO, nearly half of them had fast food, more than half of studied student females had hirsutism, more than one quarter had acne, (14.5%) had menstrual irregularity and one third of them had continuous abnormal weight gain. Also, this study showed that lack of awareness was found among majority of girls about PCOS. Discussion: Therefore, it could be concluded that, family history of PCOS, obesity and fast-food diet habits are found to be the predisposing factors for development of PCOS. The risk of PCOS increases with presence of one or more identified predisposing factors. Most of the factors tested as predisposing factors in our study are interlinked to each other and are mostly modifiable Although that PCOS is prevalent endocrine disorder, there was poor knowledge among student females in Faculty of Nursing Zagazig University. Conclusion: The study recommended screening program from ministry of health for early detection of predisposing factors of PCOS including the secondary school students and faculties students through educational programs and messages through the counseling, brochures, to increase students' awareness about PCOS symptoms. Further research on larger sample size to identify how the problem is risky and how to deal it. Including the problem in social media and healthy channels


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Phenotype , Preventive Health Services , Students, Nursing/statistics & numerical data , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Interviews as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Risk Factors , Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Early Diagnosis , Educational and Promotional Materials , Feeding Behavior , Medical History Taking , Menstruation Disturbances
6.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(2): e945, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347455

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Desde marzo de 2020 Cuba está siendo afectada por el SARS-CoV-2, coronavirus altamente infeccioso y causante de la COVID-19. La COVID-19 presenta un conjunto de síntomas asociados y la evolución de los pacientes puede estar influenciada por la presencia de ciertos antecedentes patológicos personales en el hospedero. Objetivo: Identificar mediante componentes principales el agrupamiento de variables clínicas en los pacientes con COVID-19 en la provincia de Santiago de Cuba. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. La población de estudio se conformó por los 49 casos confirmados con COVID-19 en la provincia de Santiago de Cuba desde el 20 de marzo hasta el 30 de abril del 2020. Se seleccionaron diez variables clínicas: nueve relacionadas con los síntomas y los antecedentes patológicos personales, y una con el estado fallecido. Se aplicó como técnica estadística el análisis de componentes principales. Resultados: Se obtuvo la representación de las variables en el plano de los dos primeros componentes principales. El primer componente estuvo asociado a los síntomas y el segundo componente a los antecedentes patológicos personales no asociados al aparato respiratorio. Esta representación reveló que en el primer y cuarto cuadrantes del plano se ubicaron las variables que llevaron a una evolución desfavorable de los casos, siendo notable para los que se ubican en el cuarto cuadrante. El segundo y tercer cuadrantes fueron indicadores de la evolución favorable, marcada en el segundo cuadrante. Conclusiones: El análisis de componentes principales agrupa las variables clínicas y corrobora que los antecedentes patológicos personales tienen el rol esencial en la evolución desfavorable de los pacientes con COVID-19(AU)


Introduction: Since March 2020, Cuba has been affected by SARS-CoV-2, a highly infectious coronavirus that causes COVID-19. In COVID-19 a set of associated symptoms is presented and its evolution can be influenced by the presence of certain personal pathological antecedents in the host. Objective: To identify through principal components the grouping of clinical variables in cases with COVID-19 in Santiago de Cuba province, Cuba. Methods: We conducted an observational, descriptive and transversal study. The study population consisted of the 49 confirmed cases with COVID-19 in the province of Santiago de Cuba. Ten clinical variables were selected: nine related to symptoms and personal pathological history, and one to the state "deceased". Principal component analysis was applied as a statistical technique. Results: Variables were represented at the level of the first two principal components. The first component was associated to symptoms and the second component to personal pathological antecedents not associated to the respiratory system. This representation revealed that variables leading to an unfavorable evolution of cases were located in the first and fourth quadrants of the plane, being remarkable for those located in the fourth quadrant. The second and third quadrants were indicators of the favorable evolution, being marked in the second quadrant. Conclusions: The principal component analysis groups the clinical variables and corroborates that personal pathological antecedents have an essential role in the unfavorable evolution of patients with COVID-19(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Principal Component Analysis/methods , COVID-19/prevention & control , Indicators and Reagents , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Medical History Taking/methods
7.
Aval. psicol ; 20(2): 201-208, abr.-jun. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1285437

ABSTRACT

Esse estudo teve como objetivo comparar o desempenho de memória operacional e memória episódica em estudantes do ensino público e privado. A amostra foi composta por 79 crianças, com idades entre 9 e 12 anos, divididos por gênero, idade e tipo de escola. A avaliação foi realizada individualmente por meio da CMS e Raven. Para a análise dos dados, foi utilizado o teste t de Student, com nível de significância adotado de 5%. Os resultados evidenciam melhor desempenho das crianças de escola pública nas tarefas de inteligência e memória visual, enquanto os estudantes de escola particular apresentaram melhor desempenho em memória verbal e visual, corroborando com estudos que apontam diferenças em tarefas cognitivas para crianças de níveis socioeconômicos diferentes. Esses resultados fomentam a importância de mais pesquisas na área, para compreensão e melhorias no desenvolvimento cognitivo das crianças e adolescentes brasileiros. (AU)


This study aimed to compare the performance of working memory and episodic memory in students from public and private schools. A sample consisted of 79 children, aged between 9 and 12 years; divided by gender, age and type of school. The assessment was carried out individually using the CMS and Raven's test. For the data analysis student's t-test was used, the level of significance adopted was 5%. The results showed better performance by the public school children in tasks of intelligence and visual memory, while the students from private schools showed better performance in verbal and visual memory, corroborating studies that highlight differences in cognitive tasks for children with different socioeconomic levels. These results demonstrate the importance of more research in the area, aiming to better understand and improve the cognitive development of Brazilian children and adolescents. (AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar el rendimiento de la memoria de trabajo y la memoria episódica en estudiantes de escuelas públicas y privadas. La muestra se compuso por 79 niños, con edades comprendidas entre 9 y 12 años; divididos por género, edad y tipo de escuela. La evaluación se realizó individualmente a través de la CMS y Raven. Se utilizó la prueba t de student para el análisis de datos, el nivel de significación adoptado fue del 5%. Los resultados evidenciaron un mejor rendimiento de los niños de las escuelas públicas en tareas de inteligencia y memoria visual, mientras que los estudiantes de la escuela privada mostraron un mejor rendimiento en la memoria verbal y visual, corroborando con estudios que señalan diferencias en las tareas cognitivas para niños de diferentes niveles socioeconómicos. Estos resultados alientan la importancia de una mayor investigación en el área, para comprender y mejorar el desarrollo cognitivo de los niños y adolescentes brasileños. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Cognition , Memory, Episodic , Memory, Short-Term , Socioeconomic Factors , Students/psychology , Statistical Analysis , Surveys and Questionnaires , Intelligence Tests , Medical History Taking
8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 257-268, June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287278

ABSTRACT

Resumen La transmisión vertical de la infección por Toxoplasma gondii ocurre cuando la madre se infecta por primera vez en el transcurso del embarazo. El diagnóstico de la infección materna y la del re cién nacido se logra con el conjunto de pruebas serológicas, hallazgos clínicos y ecográficos. El reconocimiento temprano de la infección materna permite un tratamiento que reduce la tasa de transmisión y el riesgo de daño en el producto de la concepción. El objetivo de este consenso de expertos fue revisar la literatura científica para actualizar las recomendaciones de práctica clínica respecto de la prevención, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de la toxoplasmosis congénita en nuestro país.


Abstract Mother-to-child transmission in Toxoplasma gondii infection occurs only when the infection is acquired for the first time during pregnancy. Diag nosis of maternal infection and the newborn is achieved by a combination of serological tests, clinical features and ultrasound images. An early diagnosis of maternal infection allows treatment that offers a reduction both in transmission rate and risk of congenital damage. The aim of this expert consensus was to review the scientific literature which would enable an update of the clinical practice guideline of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of congenital toxoplasmosis in our country.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmosis , Toxoplasmosis, Congenital/diagnosis , Toxoplasmosis, Congenital/prevention & control , Toxoplasmosis, Congenital/drug therapy , Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Consensus , Medical History Taking
9.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(2): e3509, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251801

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hipertensión arterial es una de las enfermedades crónicas causada por la interacción de los factores etiopatogénicos genéticos y ambientales. Objetivo: Determinar la existencia de agregación familiar en la hipertensión arterial. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional analítico de casos y controles, para determinar la agregación familiar de la hipertensión arterial. El universo estuvo constituido por todos los pacientes (257) con factores de riesgo de hipertensión arterial; la muestra quedó conformada por 60 pacientes distribuidos en 30 pacientes hipertensos (casos) y 30 pacientes sin el diagnostico (controles). La información recogida se procesó mediante la utilización del paquete estadístico Epinfo. Resultados: En el grupo casos, predominaron familiares de primer grado con antecedentes de hipertensión (43,9 por ciento) y para los controles, los familiares de grado 2 fueron los que representaron 44,1 por ciento. Los malos hábitos dietéticos se presentaron como el factor de riesgo de mayor frecuencia en ambos grupos con 28,7 por ciento y 47,5 por ciento, respectivamente. Para los pacientes con antecedentes familiares positivos (OR= 1,93, p= 0,008 IC 95 por ciento=1,18-3,16) tuvieron más riesgo de padecer hipertensión al igual que para el factor de riesgo obesidad (OR= 9,03, IC 95 por ciento= 2,80-29,1 p =0,0001). Conclusiones: Se determinó la existencia de agregación familiar para la hipertensión arterial, con mayor riesgo de padecer la enfermedad en las personas con historia familiar en primer grado positiva para la hipertensión y la presencia de obesidad(AU)


Introduction: Arterial hypertension is one of the chronic diseases caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental etiopathogenic factors. Objective: To determine the existence of family aggregation of arterial hypertension. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study of cases and controls was carried out to determine the family aggregation of arterial hypertension. The universe consisted of all (257) patients diagnosed with risk factors for high blood pressure; the sample was made up of 60 patients distributed in 30 hypertensive patients (cases) and 30 patients without diagnosis (controls). The information collected was processed using the Epi info statistical software. Results: In the group of cases, first-degree relatives with history of hypertension predominated (43.9 percent ). In the group of controls, second-degree relatives represented the 44.1 percent . Bad dietary habits were presented as the most frequent risk factor in both groups with 28.7 percent and 47.5 percent , respectively. Patients with positive family history (OR= 1.93, p = 0.008 95 percent CI = 1.18-3.16) and those suffering from obesity (OR = 9.03, 95 percent CI = 2.80-29.1 p = 0.0001) were at higher risk of developing hypertension. Conclusions: The existence of family aggregation of arterial hypertension was determined. People with first-degree positive family history of hypertension and presenting obesity were at higher risk of suffering from the disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Family , Hypertension/prevention & control , Medical History Taking/statistics & numerical data , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors
10.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 33-37, jan.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252851

ABSTRACT

Durante a formação dentária, distúrbios de desenvolvimento podem acontecer, causando anomalias de número, forma, tamanho, estrutura e posição, além de apresentarem anormalidade no padrão sequencial de irrupção. Uma boa anamnese, associada a palpação e exames de imagens são indispensáveis para um diagnóstico precoce e favorável destas alterações. Os exames de imagem determinarão a relação espacial destes dentes com as estruturas nobres adjacentes. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar a presença de supranumerário unilateral e impactação bilateral de caninos permanentes, ambas anomalias com proximidade da cavidade nasal e seio maxilar, ressaltando a importância do diagnóstico preciso através de exames clínico e de imagens, que direcionam o planejamento terapêutico específico para cada caso, bem como a associação multidisciplinar para obtenção de um resultado satisfatório do quadro e melhora da qualidade de vida do paciente(AU)


During dental formation, developmental disorders can occur, causing anomalies of number, shape, size and position, in addition to presenting abnormality in the sequential pattern of irruption. Anamnesis associated with palpation are indispensable for an early diagnosis of these alterations. Imaging exams will determine the spatial relationship between these teeth and the adjacent noble structures. The aim of this study was to report the presence of unilateral supernumerary and bilaterally impacted canines, both anomalies with proximity of nasal cavity and maxillary sinus, emphasizing the importance of accurate diagnosis through clinical and imaging exams, that direct the specific therapeutic planning for each case, as well as the multidisciplinary association to obtain satisfactory results and improve the life quality of patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth, Supernumerary , Tooth, Unerupted/therapy , Tooth, Unerupted/diagnostic imaging , Activator Appliances , Cuspid , Maxillary Sinus , Medical History Taking , Nasal Cavity
11.
Vive (El Alto) ; 4(10): 96-106, abr. 2021. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292922

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus constituye uno de los problemas de salud más importantes en el mundo por la alta carga de enfermedad en términos de discapacidad y mortalidad prematura que ocasiona, debido a su alta prevalencia e incidencia a nivel mundial se configura como una epidemia. OBJETIVO: determinar el riesgo para desarrollar diabetes mellitus tipo II en las personas de la Cuidad de Cuenca. MATERIALES Y METODOS: se realizó un estudio, descriptivo, correlacional, prospectivo, cuantitativo y de corte transversal, mediante la aplicación del test de FINDRISC, La muestra estuvo compuesta por 379 personas no diabéticas con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 65 años de edad. RESULTADOS: se determinó que las variables sexo, edad, el peso, la talla, el perímetro de cintura, el tiempo diario de actividad física y antecedentes familiares de DM1- 2 presentan una correlación significativa en el nivel 0,01 (bilateral) con el riesgo de desarrollar DM2 según la puntuación del test de FINDRISC. CONCLUSIÓN: los datos obtenidos sugieren la necesidad de programas de intervención multidisciplinar en las unidades de salud asociados a programas educativos, ingesta dietética adecuada y actividad física regular.


Diabetes mellitus is one of the most important health problems in the world due to the high burden of disease in terms of disability and premature mortality it causes, due to its high prevalence and incidence worldwide is configured as an epidemic. OBJECTIVE: to determine the risk of developing type II diabetes mellitus in people from the city of Cuenca. MATERIAL AND METHODS: descriptive, correlational, prospective, quantitative and cross-sectional study was carried out through the application of the FINDRISC test. The sample was composed of 379 non-diabetic persons between 18 and 65 years of age. RESULTS: it was determined that the variables sex, age, weight, height, waist circumference, daily physical activity time and family history of DM1- 2 presented a significant correlation at the 0.01 level (bilateral) with the risk of developing DM2 according to the FINDRISC test score. CONCLUSION: the data obtained suggest the need for multidisciplinary intervention programs in health units associated with educational programs, adequate dietary intake and regular physical activity.


A diabetes mellitus é um dos problemas de saúde mais importantes do mundo devido ao elevado peso da doença em termos de incapacidade e mortalidade prematura que provoca, devido à sua elevada prevalência e incidência a nível mundial é configurada como uma epidemia. OBJECTIVO: determinar o risco de desenvolvimento da diabetes mellitus tipo II nas pessoas da cidade de Cuenca. MATERIAIS E METODOS: Foi realizado um estudo descritivo, correlativo, prospectivo, quantitativo e transversal utilizando o teste FINDRISC. A amostra consistiu em 379 pessoas não diabéticas entre os 18 e os 65 anos de idade. RESULTADOS: Foi determinado que as variáveis sexo, idade, peso, altura, circunferência da cintura, tempo de atividade física diária e história familiar de DM1- 2 apresentaram uma correlação significativa ao nível 0,01 (bilateral) com o risco de desenvolvimento de DM2 de acordo com a pontuação do teste FINDRISC. CONCLUSÃO: os dados obtidos sugerem a necessidade de programas de intervenção multidisciplinar em unidades de saúde associados a programas educativos, ingestão alimentar adequada e actividade física regular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Public Health , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Exercise , Medical History Taking
12.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1357549

ABSTRACT

Os distúrbios do sono podem influenciar negativamente no manejo do paciente odontológico. Uma noite mal dormida pode afetar o humor do paciente. Os transtornos de sono potencializam a irritabilidade, podem diminuir o limiar de tolerância à dor, dificultando a adesão do paciente ao tratamento odontológico. Perguntas sobre qualidade do sono devem ser incluídas na anamnese e feitas como rotina antes de cada atendimento.


Sleep disturbances can negatively influence the management of dental patients. A bad night's sleep can affect the patient's mood. Sleep disorders potentiate irritability and may reduce the pain tolerance threshold, making it difficult for patients to adhere to dental treatment. Questions about sleep quality should be included in the anamnesis and routinely asked before each appointment.


Subject(s)
Pediatric Dentistry , Anxiety , Sleep , Sleep Wake Disorders , COVID-19 , Medical History Taking
13.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e801, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1367093

ABSTRACT

Se presentan, en un trabajo conjunto, las recomendaciones para la evaluación cardiovascular de personas menores de 35 años que realizan ejercicio y deportes. Se establecen pautas en cuanto a la valoración y la habilitación que tendrá dicha evaluación, quiénes estarán a cargo de su realización y cuáles son los componentes fundamentales de una correcta valoración cardiovascular. Se toman en cuenta los antecedentes familiares y personales, el examen físico exhaustivo y se considera conveniente la realización del electrocardiograma como parte integrante obligatorio. Se hacen referencia a otros estudios funcionales como opcionales, así como la posible derivación a los especialistas cuando se considere necesario.


Guidelines are established regarding the assessment and qualification that said evaluation will have, who will be in charge of carrying it out and what are the fundamental components of a correct cardiovascular evaluation. The family and personal history and an exhaustive physical examination are taken into account and the performance of the electrocardiogram is considered advisable as a mandatory integral part. Reference is made to other functional studies as optional as well as possible referral to specialists when deemed necessary.


Estabelecem-se as diretrizes quanto à avaliação e qualificação que terá essa avaliação, quem se encarregará de realizá-la e quais são os componentes fundamentais de uma correta avaliação cardiovascular. A história familiar e pessoal, o exame físico exaustivo são levados em consideração e a realização do electrocardiograma é considerada aconselhável como parte integrante obrigatória. É feita referência a outros estudos funcionais como opcional, bem como possível encaminhamento para especialistas quando considerado necessário.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Sports , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise , Physical Examination , Electrocardiography , Medical History Taking
14.
Revista Areté ; 21(1): 1-19, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354616

ABSTRACT

La posturografía permite evaluar la integración de los tres sistemas sensoriales que intervienen en el control postural y del equilibrio: el vestibular, el visual y el somatosensorial (Ronda, 2002). La presente investigación describe y analiza los resultados de la posturografía en niños entre seis y once años con pérdida auditiva quienes no han compensado su edad auditiva con respecto a su edad cronológica. Fueron evaluados dos grupos: el grupo control conformado por 32 niños con sensibilidad auditiva periférica normal y el grupo de estudio, conformado por 16 niños con pérdida auditiva, quienes usan amplificación auditiva y asisten a la Fundación CINDA para terapia auditiva con el fin de cerrar el GAP existente entre su edad cronológica y su edad auditiva. En la evaluación audiológica se aplicó anamnesis, revisión de historia clínica, audiometría tonal para la verificación de la sensibilidad auditiva periférica y posturografía, con un equipo de la marca NeuroCom, se realizaron las siguientes pruebas: Integración sensorial en balance-modificado (CTSIB), límites de estabilidad (LOS) y distribución de peso (WHT). En los resultados se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los dos grupos de estudio para las tres pruebas en distintas variables. Como conclusión se pudo determinar que existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo control y el grupo de estudio. La intervención con terapia ocupacional influenció positivamente los resultados en la posturografía, sobre todo en el grupo de 10 a 11 años. Se observaron diferencias sucesivas en los tres grupos de edad, indicando un componente de neuromaduración.


Posturography allows evaluating the integration of the three sensory systems involved in postural and balance control: vestibular, visual and somatosensory (Ronda, 2002). This research describes and analyzes the results of posturography in children between six and eleven years old with hearing loss who have not compensated their hearing age with respect to their chronological age. Two groups were evaluated: the control group made up of 32 children with normal peripheral hearing sensitivity and the study group, made up of 16 children with hearing loss, who use hearing amplification and attend the CINDA Foundation for hearing therapy in order to close the hearing loss. GAP between your chronological age and your hearing age. In the audiological evaluation, anamnesis, review of clinical history, tonal audiometry were applied to verify peripheral hearing sensitivity and posturography, with a NeuroCom brand equipment, the following tests were performed: Modified-balance sensory integration (CTSIB), stability limits (LOS) and weight distribution (WHT). In the results, statistically significant differences were found between the two study groups for the three tests in different variables. In conclusion, it was possible to determine that there are statistically significant differences between the control group and the study group. The occupational therapy intervention positively influenced the results in posturography, especially in the 10 to 11-year-old group. Successive differences were observed in the three age groups, indicating a neuromaturation component.


Subject(s)
Audiometry , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Research , Case-Control Studies , Medical Records , Sensitivity and Specificity , Equipment and Supplies , Control , Medical History Taking , Age Groups
15.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE001985, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349828

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Identificar o histórico familiar de primeiro grau de câncer gástrico em pacientes com sintomas dispépticos atendidos em um serviço público de endoscopia. Métodos Estudo transversal, realizado com pacientes dispépticos que tinham indicação para realizar o exame de endoscopia digestiva alta. A associação entre o histórico familiar de câncer gástrico e os resultados do exame endoscópico foi verificada por meio dos testes de Qui-quadrado ou Fisher, e medida seu efeito por meio da razão de chance e intervalo de confiança em analises uni e multivariadas. Utilizou-se regressão logística na análise dos dados. Resultados Observou-se que dos 751 pacientes dispépticos investigados, 44 (5,9%) possuíam histórico familiar de câncer gástrico, destes a maioria era do sexo feminino (70,5%), com idade maior ou igual a 45 anos (56,8%). Os pacientes com histórico familiar de câncer gástrico tinham maiores chances de não apresentarem diagnostico endoscópico de úlcera péptica (p=0,05; RC=2,33; IC=0,99-5,48). Além de maiores chances de alterações na mucosa gástrica (p=0,05; RC=1,06; IC=1,04-1,08) e infecção pela Helicobacter pylori (p=0,04; RC=1,79; IC=0,94-3,39) mesmo após ajustes nas análises. Conclusão A alteração endoscópica da mucosa gástrica e a infecção pela Helicobacter pylori em pacientes com sintomas dispépticos, mostraram associação independente com o histórico familiar de câncer gástrico. Diante disso, faz-se necessário a elaboração de protocolos de assistência à saúde para melhor investigação e vigilância dos familiares de câncer gástrico, bem como ações de educação em saúde para orientar os pacientes a respeito do rastreio e prevenção do câncer gástrico.


Resumen Objetivo Identificar los antecedentes familiares de primer grado de cáncer gástrico en pacientes con síntomas dispépticos atendidos en un servicio público de endoscopía. Métodos Estudio transversal llevado a cabo con pacientes dispépticos que habían sido derivados a realizar un estudio de endoscopía digestiva alta. La relación entre los antecedentes familiares de cáncer gástrico y los resultados del estudio endoscópico fue verificada mediante la prueba χ2 de Pearson o de Fisher, y su efecto fue medido a través de la razón de momios y del intervalo de confianza en análisis uni y multivariados. Se utilizó la regresión logística en el análisis de los datos. Resultados Se observó que de los 751 pacientes dispépticos investigados, 44 (5,9 %) tenían antecedentes familiares de cáncer gástrico, de los cuales la mayoría era de sexo femenino (70,5 %), de 45 años o más (56,8 %). Los pacientes con antecedentes familiares de cáncer gástrico tenían mayores chances de no presentar diagnóstico endoscópico de úlcera péptica (p=0,05; RC=2,33; IC=0,99-5,48). Además de mayores probabilidades de alteraciones en la mucosa gástrica (p=0,05; RC=1,06; IC=1,04-1,08) e infección por Helicobacter pylori (p=0,04; RC=1,79; IC=0,94-3,39), inclusive después de ajustes en los análisis. Conclusión La alteración endoscópica de la mucosa gástrica y la infección por Helicobacter pylori en pacientes con síntomas dispépticos mostraron relación independiente con los antecedentes familiares de cáncer gástrico. Ante este escenario, es necesaria la elaboración de protocolos de atención a la salud para una mejor investigación y observación de los familiares de cáncer gástrico, así como también acciones de educación en salud para orientar a los pacientes sobre la detección y prevención del cáncer gástrico.


Abstract Objective To identify first-degree relative history of gastric cancer in patients with dyspeptic symptoms receiving care at a public endoscopy service. Methods A cross-sectional study, performed with dyspeptic patients referred for an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The association between the family history of gastric cancer and the findings of the endoscopic examination was verified using the Chi-square or Fisher tests, and its effect was shown using odds ratio and confidence interval in univariate and multivariate analyses. Logistic regression was used to analyze the data. Results Among the 751 dyspeptic patients enrolled, 44 (5.9%) had a family history of gastric cancer, mostly females (70.5%) aged 45 years or older (56.8%). Patients with a family history of gastric cancer were more likely to have no endoscopic diagnosis of peptic ulcer (p=0.05; OR=2.33; CI=0.99-5.48). In addition, higher chances of gastric mucosal changes (p=0.05; RC=1.06; CI=1.04-1.08) and Helicobacter pylori infection (p=0.04; RC=1.79; CI=0.94-3.39) were found, even after adjusting the analyses. Conclusion The endoscopic gastric mucosal changes and Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with dyspeptic symptoms showed an independent association with family history of gastric cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to develop health care protocols for better investigation and surveillance of gastric cancer relatives, as well as health education actions to guide patients regarding screening and prevention of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms/prevention & control , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Dyspepsia/diagnosis , Medical History Taking , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 7(3): [41-54], 20201206.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281461

ABSTRACT

Profissionais da Odontologia estão constantemente expostos a vários microrganismos, incluindo o novo Coronavírus (SARS-CoV-2), que apresenta alto potencial de disseminação. Considerando que durante o atendimento odontológico são gerados aerossóis com a disseminação de gotículas de saliva (potencialmente contaminada pelo vírus), a contaminação dos profissionais e pacientes poderia ser aumentada mesmo tomando-se os cuidados de biossegurança necessários. Embora o risco de contaminação durante um atendimento odontológico ainda não tenha sido estimado, a padronização de condutas, previamente e durante o atendimento odontológico, é atitude necessária para minimizar a transmissão do SARS-CoV-2 entre profissionais e pacientes. O objetivo do presente trabalho é propor um modelo de inquérito administrativo e clínico, com fundamento clínico, ético e legal, para a tomada de decisão sobre atender (ou não) um paciente com necessidades odontológicas em tempos de pandemia de COVID-19. A identificação de pacientes sintomáticos utilizando instrumentos sistematizados para coleta de informações pode minimizar o risco de contaminação por profissionais ou pacientes e, além disso, estes instrumentos podem subsidiar o profissional contra alegações infundadas, por parte dos pacientes, em casos de não atendimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Coronavirus Infections , Forensic Dentistry , Medical History Taking
17.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(5): 800-808, oct. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144281

ABSTRACT

Los trastornos de la conducta alimentaria (TCA) han adquirido relevancia en la pediatría chilena. Su tratamiento debe ser realizado, de preferencia, por equipos multidisciplinarios especializados o con alto grado de capacitación en la problemática. Sin embargo, los pediatras generales tienen un rol fundamental tanto en la prevención como en la pesquisa temprana de estas patologías. El objetivo de esta publicación es proporcionarles recomendaciones prácticas sobre las intervenciones que pueden llevar a cabo durante la atención de adolescentes, para la prevención de los TCA, la pesquisa precoz y evaluación de quienes ya los presentan, y su derivación oportuna a tratamiento especializado.


Eating disorders (ED) have become relevant in Chilean pediatrics. Their treatment must be prefe rably carried out by multidisciplinary teams with specialty or a high degree of training in the pro blem. However, general pediatricians have a fundamental role both in the prevention and in the early detection of these pathologies. The purpose of this publication is to provide them with practical recommendations on interventions that can be carried out during adolescent care for the prevention of ED, the early detection and evaluation of those who already have them, and their timely referral to specialized treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Pediatrics/methods , Pediatrics/standards , Physician's Role/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/diagnosis , Feeding and Eating Disorders/etiology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/psychology , Feeding and Eating Disorders/therapy , Pediatricians/standards , Pediatricians/psychology , Patient Care Team , Physical Examination/methods , Physical Examination/standards , Physician-Patient Relations , Primary Prevention/methods , Primary Prevention/standards , Referral and Consultation , Chile , Risk Factors , Early Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Medical History Taking/methods , Medical History Taking/standards
18.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(6): 392-401, 20200000. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367214

ABSTRACT

Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition that occurs in women and is associated with problems such as menstrual irregularities; hirsutism; obesity; insulin resistance; acne; and later life with diabetes mellitus and uterine cancer. The study aim was to assess phenotype characteristics and risk factors of polycystic ovarian syndrome among nursing students. Cross sectional study (descriptive) included a sample of 400 females from Faculty of Nursing, Zagazig University, Egypt.Tools were used for data collection; structured-interviewing questionnaire sheet, data related to anthropometric measures, risk factors about PCOS and observational check list about phenotype characteristics of PCO. The results showed that, (6%) of the studied student females had family history of PCO, nearly half of them had fast food, more than half of studied student females had hirsutism, more than one quarter had acne, (14.5%) had menstrual irregularity and one third of them had continuous abnormal weight gain. Also, this study showed that lack of awareness were found among majority of girls about PCOS. Therefore, it could be concluded that, family history of PCOS, obesity and fast food diet habits are found to be the predisposing factors for development of PCOS. The risk of PCOS increases with presence of one or more identified predisposing factors. Most of the factors tested as predisposing factors in our study are interlinked to each other and are mostly modifiable Although that PCOS is prevalent endocrine disorder, there was poor knowledge among student females in Faculty of Nursing Zagazig University. The study recommended screening program from ministry of health for early detection of predisposing factors of PCOS including the secondary school students and faculties students through educational programs and messages through the counseling, brochures, to increase student's awareness about PCOS symptoms. Further research on larger sample size to identify how the problem is risky and how to deal it. Including the problem in social media and healthy channels. K


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/ethnology , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/pathology , Weight Gain/ethnology , Health Education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Interview , Fast Foods/adverse effects , Biological Variation, Population , Diagnostic Screening Programs , Medical History Taking
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(4): 470-475, Jul.-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138040

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the prevalence of family history of rotator cuff tear and the presence of tendinopathy in other joints in patients with rotator cuff tears and to compare them with paired controls. To estimate the odds ratio for rotator cuff tear for these two risk factors. Methods We performed a case-control study comparing patients submitted to treatment for rotator cuff tear with asymptomatic controls. All cases and controls were evaluated by imaging exams and matched by age (±2 years) and gender. We conducted an interview using a standardized questionnaire, and collected data on various risk factors. Results We evaluated 144 patients, 72 per group. Patients with rotator cuff tears reported a higher number of consanguineous relatives who underwent treatment for the same disease and tendon injuries in other joints compared to the controls (p= 0.005 and p= 0.045 respectively). Individuals with a family history of treatment for rotator cuff tear or with tendinopathies in other joints were more likely to present a rotator cuff tear, with odds ratios of 3.3 (95% confidence interval [95%CI] = 1.4-7.7) and 2.7 (95%CI = 1.1-6.9) respectively. Conclusions Patients with rotator cuff tear have a higher prevalence of family members with the same disease and tendinopathies or tendon injuries in other joints. The presence of consanguineous relatives with treatment for rotator cuff and tendinopathies in other joints are risk factors for the presence of rotator cuff tears.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar as prevalências de antecedente familiar de rotura do manguito e de tendinopatia em outras articulações em pacientes com rotura do manguito rotador e compará-las com controles pareados. Estimar a razão de chances de uma rotura do manguito rotador para estes dois fatores de risco. Métodos Realizamos um estudo de caso-controle comparando pacientes submetidos ao tratamento para rotura do manguito rotador com controles assintomáticos. Todos os casos e controles foram avaliados por exames de imagem e pareados por idade (±2 anos) e sexo. Realizamos uma entrevista utilizando um questionário padronizado, e coletamos dados referentes a vários fatores de risco. Resultados Avaliamos 144 pacientes, 72 por grupo. Os pacientes com rotura do manguito rotador relataram, em maior número, a presença de familiares consanguíneos que realizaram tratamento para a mesma doença e de lesões tendíneas em outras articulações em relação aos indivíduos controles (p= 0,005 e p= 0,045, respectivamente). Indivíduos com antecedente familiar de tratamento para rotura do manguito rotador ou com tendinopatias em outras articulações tiveram maior probabilidade de apresentar rotura do manguito rotador, com razões de chances de 3,3 (intervalo de confiança de 95% [IC95%] = 1,4-7,7) e 2,7 (IC95% = 1,1-6,9), respectivamente. Conclusões Os pacientes com rotura do manguito rotador têm maior prevalência de familiares com a mesma doença e de tendinopatias ou lesões tendíneas em outras articulações. A presença de familiares consanguíneos com tratamento para rotura do manguito rotador e tendinopatias em outras articulações são fatores de risco para presença de roturas do manguito rotador.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tendon Injuries , Case-Control Studies , Probability , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Rotator Cuff , Trust , Tendinopathy , Control , Gender Identity , Genetics , Medical History Taking
20.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(1): 68-77, ene.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1127005

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El cáncer colorrectal (CCR) es la neoplasia de mayor frecuencia en vías digestivas, constituyendo del 9 al 10% de todos los cánceres en el mundo. Se considera que es multicausal, pues abarca factores intrínsecos del huésped como mutaciones genéticas, hormonales y condiciones inmunológicas; además de factores externos como dietas poco saludables, consumo de alcohol, obesidad, sedentarismo, tabaquismo y la exposición ambiental a carcinógenos. Las manifestaciones clínicas son poco específicas, razón por la cual el diagnóstico está enfocado en grupos de riesgo relacionados con la edad e historia familiar demostrada. Objetivo: Identificar los factores genéticos y de estilos de vida predisponentes al desarrollo de CCR. Metodología: Se realizó una búsqueda de la bibliografía respectiva en las bases de datos ScienceDirect, Google académico, Redalyc, Scielo, Proquest publicada durante el período 2004- 2019, mediante las palabras clave: Colorrectal cancer, risk factors, epidemiology, mortality, mutation, incidence. Resultados: Se observaron factores genéticos predisponentes entre un 20% a 25% de las personas con CCR asociados principalmente con la mutación de gen APC. En relación al cáncer esporádico, se identifica hasta en un 80% de los casos, relacionado con el consumo no controlado de alimentos como carnes rojas, embutidos, café, además de hábitos como el consumo de cigarrillo y alcohol conjuntamente con el estrés y comorbilidades como la obesidad y la diabetes. Conclusión: La multicausalidad del CCR está centrada en factores tanto internos como externos siendo de relevancia el seguimiento para personas genéticamente predispuestas y la implementación de estilos de vida saludables que reduzcan la mortalidad por esta causa.


Abstract Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most frequent neoplasm in the digestive tract; it constitutes 9 of 10% of all cancer cases in the world. This type of cancer is considered multicausal since it is associated with intrinsic and extrinsic factors. Among the internal factors, there are genetic, hormonal mutations, and immunological conditions. On the other hand, the external factors are composed of unhealthy diets, alcohol consumption, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, smoking habits, and environmental exposure to carcinogens. The clinical symptoms are not very specific; that is why the diagnosis is focused on risk groups related to age and proven family medical history. Objective: To identify genetic factors and lifestyle factors related to the development of Colorectal cancer (CRC). Methodology: A literature search was carried out in databases such as ScienceDirect, Google Scholar, Redalyc, Scielo, Proquest, in a range of time between 2004 and 2019. The keywords: colorectal cancer, risk factors, epidemiology, mortality, mutation, and incidence were used as helpers for the search. Results: Predisposing genetic factors were observed in about 20% to 25% of people with CRC associated primarily with the APC gene mutation. In terms of sporadic cancer, the results showed that 80% of the cases were related to the uncontrolled consumption of red meat, sausages, and coffee. Additionally, smoking and alcoholic behaviors, stress, and comorbidities, such as obesity and diabetes, were also the cause of the development of this issue. Conclusion: CRC could be caused by internal and external factors. Based on this, the people with a genetic predisposition to this issue should monitor themselves frequently and implement a healthy lifestyle that reduces the probability of suffering from this type of cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinogens , Colorectal Neoplasms , Risk Factors , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Gastrointestinal Tract , Medical History Taking , Alcohol Drinking , Smoking , Epidemiology , Genes, APC , Aftercare , Sedentary Behavior , Alcoholics , Food , Healthy Lifestyle , Neoplasms , Obesity
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