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1.
Oncología (Ecuador) ; 32(3): 334-342, 2 de diciembre del 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411158

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La glucosa es el combustible energético cerebral, esta relación es establecida de manera integral en la inmensa mayoría de revisiones, debido al ávido consumo -y casi exclusivo - glucósico por parte del tejido neuronal. En esta esfera, la hipoglucemia se traduce por defecto en un conjunto de síntomas neurológicos, resultado del estado neuroglucopénico. Cuando la caída de estos niveles glicémicos es pronunciada desencadena alteraciones del estado sensorial, pudiendo llegar al coma con daños irreversibles de sostenerse en el tiempo. Propósito de la revisión: El objetivo de la revisión es presentar un caso de hipoglucemia severa sin sintomatología neuroglucopénica. Recientes hallazgos: Al ausencia de sintomatología neurológica se da debido al consumo del lactato ­ tradicionalmente producto anaerobiótico ­ como una vía metabólica energética alternativa al consumo de glucosa. La hipoglucemia puede ser compensada a nivel neurológico con sistemas lanzadores de lactato en el tejido neuronal, este puede sustituir a la glucosa como sustrato energético del cerebro. Conclusiones: La hipoglicemia sin síntomas adrenérgicos o neuroglucopénicos es un tema vinculado a pacientes oncológicos, y propone al lactato como combustible del tejido nervioso adicional a la glucosa. Por otra parte, la asociación lactato = hipoperfusión, es otra entidad que debe ser revisada y reanalizada por todo lo que implica el lactato dentro de la vía fisiopatológica metabólica corporal.


Introduction: Glucose is the cerebral energy fuel; this relationship is fully established in most re-views due to neuronal tissue's avid and almost exclusive glucose consumption. In this sphere, hypoglycemia is translated by default into a set of neurological symptoms resulting from the neuroglycopenic state. When the drop in these glycemic levels is pronounced, it triggers alterations in the sensory state, being able to reach a coma with irreversible damage if sustained over time. Purpose of the review: The objective is to present a case of severe hypoglycemia without neu-roglycopenic symptoms. Recent findings: The absence of neurological symptoms is due to the consumption of lactate ­ traditionally an anaerobic product ­ as an alternative energy metabolic pathway to glucosa consumption. Hypoglycemia can be compensated at the neurological level with lactate launching systems in neuronal tissue, replacing glucose as the brain's energy substrate. Conclusions: Hypoglycemia without adrenergic or neuroglycopenic symptoms is an issue linked to cancer patients, and lactate is proposed as fuel for nervous tissue in addition to glucose. On the other hand, the lactate-hypoperfusion association is another entity that must be reviewed and reanalyzed for everything that lactate implies within the body's metabolic pathophysiological pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Lactic Acid , Hypoglycemia , Medical Oncology , Brain Diseases, Metabolic , Pyruvic Acid , Anaerobiosis
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 927-948, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399509

ABSTRACT

Cuidados paliativos são um conjunto de procedimentos ofertados ao paciente por uma equipe multidisciplinar com objetivo de garantir bem-estar, autonomia,conforto e alívio de sintomas decorrentes de doença ou tratamento quando a cura é impossibilitada. O câncer representa uma das doenças que possuem chances de evoluir o paciente ao estágio terminal, momento em que cuidados paliativos são indicados e necessários. Dentro da equipe responsável, o cirurgião-dentista atua na prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento de lesões expressas no sistema estomatognático que se manifestam estimuladas pelo câncer ou pelos tratamentos utilizados. O objetivo desta pesquisa é destacar a função do odontólogo dentro da equipe multidisciplinar paliativista para pacientes oncológicos. Trata-se de uma revisão bibliográfica sistemáticada literatura. Foram feitas buscas nas plataformas Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS) e Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) e após aplicação dos critérios de inclusão e exclusão foram selecionados 14 artigos. A literatura evidencia que alterações orais estão relacionadas com o curso da neoplasia ou seu tratamento; as lesões mais descritas foram: mucosite, xerostomia, candidíase, cárie, periodontite e osteorradionecrose. Isso faz com que o paciente sofra limitações em realizar atividades básicas, alterando negativamente a sua qualidade de vida. A complexidade da manifestação oral pode interromper o tratamento antineoplásico. As medidas de enfrentamento mais empregadas para a saúde bucal do paciente oncológico são a laserterapia, bochechos com clorexidina 0,12%, instrução de higiene oral, uso de anti-inflamatórios, analgésicos e antifúngicos. A atuação do odontólogo na equipe multidisciplinar oncológica paliativista é indispensável para o controle das manifestações orais.


Palliative care comprises a set of procedures offered by a multidisciplinary team to patients who cannot be cured, aiming to restore and ensure well-being, autonomy, independence, comfort and relief from symptoms resulting from illness or treatments. Cancer commonly leads the patient to the terminal stage, and at this stage palliative care is indicated and necessary. Composing the multidisciplinary team, the dentist works in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of injuries that arise in the stomatognathic system, which manifest themselves due to cancer or its treatments. The objective of this research was to highlight the work of the dentist in the multidisciplinary team of palliative care for cancer patients. This is a systematic bibliographic review of the literature, with an integrative character. Study searches were performed in the Virtual Health Library (VHL) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 14 articles were selected. Results showed that oral alterations are completely related to the development of the neoplasm or its treatment; the most described lesions were: mucositis, xerostomia, candidiasis, osteoradionecrosis, radiation caries and periodontitis. These injuries make the patient suffer limitations to perform basic activities, such as eating or communicating, negatively altering their quality of life. The complexity of the oral manifestation can determine the interruption of the anticancer treatment. The most used coping measures for the oral healthof cancer patients are: low- potency laser therapy, mouthwash with 0.12% chlorhexidine, instructionin oral hygiene and use of anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antifungal drugs. The role of dentists in the multidisciplinary palliative oncology team is essential for the control of oral lesions.


Los cuidados paliativos son un conjunto de procedimientos ofrecidos al paciente por un equipo multidisciplinar con el objetivo de garantizar el bienestar, la autonomía, el confort y el alivio de los síntomas derivados de la enfermedad o del tratamiento cuando la curación es imposible. El cáncer representa una de las enfermedades que tienen posibilidades de evolucionar al paciente hasta la fase terminal, momento en el que los cuidados paliativos son indicados y necesarios. Dentro del equipo responsable, el cirujano dentista actúa en la prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento de las lesiones expresadas en el sistema estomatognático que se manifiestan estimuladas por el cáncer o por los tratamientos utilizados. El objetivo de esta investigación es destacar la función del odontólogo dentro del equipo paliativo multidisciplinar para pacientes oncológicos. Se trata de una revisión bibliográfica sistemática. Se realizaron búsquedas en las plataformas Virtual Health Library (BVS) y Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) y tras aplicar los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, se seleccionaron 14 artículos. La literatura muestra que las alteraciones orales están relacionadas con el curso del cáncer o su tratamiento; las lesiones más comúnmente descritas fueron: mucositis, xerostomía, candidiasis, caries, periodontitis y osteorradionecrosis. Esto hace que el paciente sufra limitaciones para realizar actividades básicas, alterando negativamente su calidad de vida. La complejidad de la manifestación oral puede interrumpir el tratamiento antineoplásico. Las medidas de afrontamiento más utilizadas para la salud bucodental de los pacientes con cáncer son la terapia láser, los enjuagues bucales con clorhexidina al 0,12%, las instrucciones de higiene bucodental y el uso de fármacos antiinflamatorios, analgésicos y antifúngicos. La actuación del odontólogo en el equipo multidisciplinar de oncología paliativa es fundamental para el control de las manifestaciones orales.


Subject(s)
Palliative Care , Dentists , Medical Oncology/instrumentation , Patient Care Team/organization & administration , Radiotherapy/instrumentation , Stomatitis/complications , Stomatitis/diagnosis , Stomatognathic System , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mouth Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mouth Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Oral Medicine/instrumentation , Drug Therapy/instrumentation
3.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 13(n.esp1): 1-8, set. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1396809

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar as modificações no fluxo de atendimento aos pacientes oncológicos, perante a pandemia de COVID-19. Métodos: Trata-se de uma pesquisa documental em um ambulatório privado de Aracaju, sendo inclusas as orientações das bases disponibilizados pelo Ministério da Saúde, pelo Instituto Nacional de Câncer e pelo Departamento de Informática do SUS (DATASUS), referentes ao SubSistema de Informações Hospitalares (SIH), bem como os dados do Sistema de Informações Ambulatoriais do SUS (SIA-SUS), módulo de alta complexidade para atendimento oncológico (APAC/ONCO). Resultados: O fluxo dos pacientes na entrada do ambulatório inicia com a identificação dos sinais de síndrome gripal. Após a higienização das mãos e aferição da temperatura, há direcionamento a outro ambiente com a distancia mínima de um metro entre as pessoas, sobre uso indispensável de máscara. Caso o paciente seja suspeito, deve mantê-lo em área separada e priorizar o seu atendimento. Conclusão: Foram observadas as principais orientações que devem existir no fluxo de entrada ambulatorial aos pacientes oncológicos, devido à necessidade de reavaliação das prioridades de atendimento e de reorganização a logística de trabalho, com a pandemia do COVID-19. (AU)


Objective: To analyze changes in the flow of care for cancer patients, in the face of COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This is a documentary research in a private outpatient clinic in Aracaju, including the guidelines provided by the Ministry of Health, the National Cancer Institute and the SUS Computer Department (DATASUS), referring to the Hospital Information SubSystem. (SIH), as well as data from the SUS Outpatient Information System (SIA-SUS), a highly complex module for cancer care (APAC / ONCO). Results: The flow of patients at the entrance to the clinic begins with the identification of signs of flu syndrome. After hand hygiene and temperature measurement, there is a direction to another environment with a minimum distance of 1 meter between people, about the indispensable use of a mask. If the patient is suspicious, he must keep him in a separate area and prioritize his care. Conclusion: The main guidelines that should exist in the outpatient flow to cancer patients were observed, due to the need to reassess the priorities of care and reorganize work logistics, with the pandemic of COVID-19. (AU)


Objetivo: Analizar cambios en el flujo de atención al paciente oncológico, ante la pandemia COVID-19. Métodos: Se trata de una investigación documental en un ambulatorio privado de Aracaju, que incluye lineamientos de las bases de datos provistas por el Ministerio de Salud, el Instituto Nacional del Cáncer y el Departamento de Computación del SUS (DATASUS), referido al SubSistema de Información Hospitalaria. (SIH), así como datos del Sistema de Información Ambulatoria del SUS (SIA-SUS), un módulo de alta complejidad para la atención del cáncer (APAC / ONCO). Resultados: El flujo de pacientes a la entrada de la clínica comienza con la identificación de signos del síndrome gripal. Después de la higiene de las manos y la medición de la temperatura, hay una dirección a otro ambiente con una distancia mínima de 1 metro entre personas, sobre el uso indispensable de una máscara. Si el paciente sospecha, debe mantenerlo en un área separada y priorizar su atención. Conclusión: Se observaron las principales pautas que deben existir en el flujo ambulatorio a pacientes oncológicos, debido a la necesidad de reevaluar las prioridades de atención y reorganizar la logística del trabajo, con la pandemia de COVID-19. (AU)


Subject(s)
Medical Oncology , Drug Therapy , COVID-19
4.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 104-111, jul. 22, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1379917

ABSTRACT

Paciente femenina de 72 años. Mediante estudios de imagen (ultrasonido y tomografía), se le identificó lesión en parénquima hepático, anexo derecho, peritoneo y apéndice cecal, y mediante estudio histopatológico se determinó la presencia concomitante de carcinoma hepatocelular de células claras, tumor mucinoso limítrofe de bajo potencial maligno o borderline, pseudomixoma peritoneal y neoplasia mucinosa de bajo grado del apéndice cecal, respectivamente. Debido a que las neoplasias reportadas no guardan relación con el mismo órgano ni con el sistema, se considera que son neoplasias aparecidas al azar y de tipo sincrónico por ser diagnosticadas en el mismo espacio temporal. Se practicó laparotomía exploradora con exéresis de lesión anexial y de apéndice cecal. La lesión hepática recibió quimioembilización transarte rial por radiología intervencionista. Posterior a la intervención quirúrgica, la paciente presenta buen estado general. En seguimiento con resonancia magnética se cataloga con persistencia de lesión hepática ya tratada, por lo tanto, con enfermedad estable; se refiere a oncología clínica para valoración de quimioterapia en el manejo del pseudomixoma peritoneal. Dieciocho meses después de los diagnósticos iniciales, se documenta carcinoma basocelular y se cataloga como neoplasia metacrónica por la diferencia de tiempo entre los diagnósticos


A 72-year-old female patient with a one-year history of abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant, colicky, radiating to the back, accompanied by adynamia and weight loss. Abdominal distension and a painful mass on palpation in the right hypochondrium were evidenced. Imaging studies identified different lesions in the hepatic parenchyma, right adnexa, peritoneum and cecal appendix. The histopathological study described the presence of clear cell hepatocellular carcinoma, borderline mucinous tumor of low malignant potential or borderline, peritoneal pseudomyxoma and low-grade mucinous neoplasm of the cecal appendix respectively, as synchronous neoplasms. An exploratory laparotomy was performed with excision of the adnexal lesion and the cecal appendix. The hepatic lesion received transarterial chemoembilization by interventional radiology. Follow-up with conservative management by clinical oncology was indicated. The patient evolved with good general condition, in the follow-up with magnetic resonance imaging was classified with persistence of stable hepatic lesion. Eighteen months after the diagnosis of synchronous neoplasms, basal cell carcinoma was identified, due to the difference in the time of diagnosis this is considered a metachronous neoplasm


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Neoplasms , Ultrasonics , Tomography , El Salvador , Medical Oncology
5.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 38(2): e4624, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408335

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La muerte en niños y adolescentes por cáncer suele ser difícil de afrontar por los profesionales de salud. Si no cuentan con modos adecuados para transitar estos duelos, pueden generarse problemas psicológicos, emocionales y físicos, exponiéndose a Burnout. Objetivo: Develar las estrategias utilizadas por profesionales y técnicos de salud de hospitales públicos chilenos para afrontar la muerte de infantes con cáncer. Métodos: Investigación cualitativa fenomenológica, realizada en cinco hospitales públicos en Santiago de Chile, entre mayo-septiembre del 2017. Población de 37 profesionales y técnicos de salud que vivenciaron morir niños y adolescentes con cáncer. Se efectuaron entrevistas en profundidad, guiadas por la pregunta "¿Cómo ha afrontado usted la muerte de los pacientes en su unidad?" Las narrativas se transcribieron y analizaron según las etapas de Streubert, se triangularon los datos hasta alcanzar la saturación. Resultados: Las principales estrategias fueron participar de ritos de despedida ante la muerte, realizar actividades recreativas con miembros del equipo fuera de la jornada laboral, hacer cambios en la rutina de trabajo, separar aspectos personales y profesionales. Al percibir un bajo apoyo de la institución, propusieron facilitar la asistencia al funeral, desarrollar intervenciones formales de apoyo en duelo, realizar intervenciones de autocuidado e incorporar el tema de la muerte en las inducciones laborales. Conclusión: Los profesionales y técnicos cuentan con estrategias para afrontar sus duelos. Sin embargo, requieren de apoyo formal de la institución, junto con capacitación continua en la temática. Es fundamental que la institución se implique en esta problemática(AU)


Introduction: Cancer deaths among children and adolescents are often difficult for health professionals to cope with. If they do not have adequate ways to deal with this grief, psychological, emotional and physical problems may arise, exposing them to burnout or the so called burned-out worker syndrome. Objective: To reveal the strategies used by health professionals and technicians in Chilean public hospitals to cope with the death of children with cancer. Methods: Qualitative and phenomenological research carried out in five public hospitals in Santiago, Chile, between May and September 2017. The population was made up of 37 health professionals and technicians who experienced the death of children and adolescents with cancer. In-depth interviews were conducted, guided by the following question: How have you coped with the death of patients in your unit? The narratives were transcribed and analyzed according to the stages described by Streubert. In addition, the data were triangulated until saturation was reached. Results: The main strategies were to participate in farewell rites in the face of death, to carry out recreational activities with team members outside the workday, to make changes in the work routine, as well as to separate personal and professional aspects. When perceiving low support from the institution, they proposed facilitating attendance at the funeral, developing formal bereavement support interventions, carrying out self-care, and incorporating the matter of death into work inductions. Conclusion: Professionals and technicians have strategies to cope with their bereavement. However, they need formal support from the institution, together with continuous training on the matter. It is essential for the institution to become involved in this issue(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adaptation, Psychological , Attitude to Death , Child Mortality , Medical Oncology/methods , Health Strategies , Qualitative Research
6.
Licere (Online) ; 25(1): 171-199, mar.2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367555

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de uma pesquisa que tem como objetivo analisar as contribuições do lúdico para o processo de hospitalização das crianças com câncer. Durante a sua hospitalização, a criança é afetada em seu estado físico, psicológico ou emocional, porém isso pode ser amenizado através de atividades lúdicas. Metodologicamente, esta pesquisa foi desenvolvida na abordagem qualitativa com método da hermenêutica dialética, que envolveu crianças em tratamento no hospital de referência na cidade de Recife/PE. Nesse caso, a comunicação foi tratada através dos dados recolhidos em fontes bibliográficas, observações dos jogos através do diário de campo e das entrevistas semiestruturadas com as crianças com câncer e seus acompanhantes. Com isso, foi constatado que a ludicidade é um recurso terapêutico enriquecedor, que contribuiu para ao desenvolvimento das crianças com câncer.


This research aims to analyze playfulness's contributions to the hospitalization process of children with cancer. During hospitalization, a child is affected physically, psychologically, or emotionally; however, this can be alleviated through playful activities. Methodologically, this research was developed in a qualitative approach based on dialectic-hermeneutics, which involved children undergoing treatment at a reference hospital in the city of Recife/PE. In this case, communication was treated through data collected from bibliographic sources, observations of the games through field diaries, and semi-structured interviews of children with cancer and their caretakers. Thus, it has been found that playfulness is an enriching.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Complementary Therapies , Child, Hospitalized , Child Health , Hermeneutics , Games, Recreational/psychology , Medical Oncology
7.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 26(1): 31-38, ene.-mar. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407970

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La miasis puede ser considerada una enfermedad desatendida; corresponde a la infestación de larvas de dípteros en piel, heridas o cavidades naturales. La literatura para pacientes oncológicos con infestación es limitada para Colombia. Métodos: Se realizó una serie de casos de miasis en pacientes atendidos en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de 2008 a 2018; se obtuvieron datos de las historias clínicas con el fin de caracterizar variables sociodemográficas, oncológicas y tratamiento recibido. Resultados: Se encontraron 32 registros: 27 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión, mediana de edad 69 años, 74% fueron hombres, 48% procedían de área rural, 33,3% de áreas con alturas superiores a 2000 msnm, 70% presentaban cáncer de cabeza y cuello, seguidos por cáncer de mama 14%; 40% ECOG 2-3; 77% visualizaron larvas antes de consultar; ningún paciente presentó sepsis al momento de consultar, 29% presentaban secreción en zona infestada, 85% recibieron ivermectina y curaciones por parte de enfermería; 70% recibió antibióticos sistémicos, y 60% otros tratamientos además de la remoción mecánica e ivermectina, la mediana de leucocitos al ingreso fue de 10280 y de eosinófilos 110. Conclusión: Ésta es la primera serie de casos informada de miasis en pacientes oncológicos para América. Es más frecuente en pacientes con neoplasias en áreas expuestas, aunque se puede presentar en zonas no expuestas; la infestación por larvas tiende a no ser purulenta. Se deben hacer estudios sobre el uso de ivermectina, otros antibióticos y las implicaciones pronósticas de esta patología en los pacientes con cáncer avanzado.


Abstract Introduction: Myiasis can be considered a neglected disease; it corresponds to the infestation of dipteran larvae in skin, wounds, or natural cavities. Literature for oncological patients with this infestation is limited for Colombia. Methods: A case series of myiasis was carried out in patients treated at the National Cancer Institute of Colombia from 2008 to 2018. Data were obtained from medical records in order to characterize sociodemographic and oncological variables and the treatment received. Results: Thirty-two records were found, 27 of them met the inclusion criteria. Median age was 69 years, 74% were men, 48% came from rural areas, 33.3% from areas with altitudes greater than 2,000 meters above sea level, 70% had head and neck cancer, followed by breast cancer in 14%; 40% had ECOG 2-3, and 77% visualized larvae before consulting. No patient presented with sepsis at the time of consultation, 29% presented with discharge in the infested area, 85% received ivermectin and treatment by the nursing staff; 70% received systemic antibiotics, and 60% other treatments in addition to mechanical removal and ivermectin. Median of leukocytes at admission was 10,280, while median of eosinophils was 110. Conclusion: This is the first reported case series of myiasis in cancer patients for Latin America. It is more common in patients with neoplasms in exposed areas, although it can occur in unexposed areas too. Larval infestation tends not to be purulent. Further studies are needed on the use of ivermectin, other antibiotics, and the prognostic implications of this pathology in patients with advanced cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ivermectin , Neglected Diseases , Myiasis , Patients , Medical Records , Medical Oncology
8.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(1): 95-99, Jan-Abr. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362688

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: relatar a experiência na construção e aplicabilidade de um termo de assentimento livre esclarecido em uma pesquisa com crianças pré-escolares e escolares hospitalizadas para tratamento oncológico. Material e método: trata-se de um relato de experiência sobre a construção e aplicabilidade de um Termo de Assentimento Livre e Esclarecido lúdico para realização de um estudo sobre perfil nutricional e educação alimentar e nutricional de crianças em tratamento oncológico de um hospital público infantil em Santa Catarina-Brasil. Resultados: a construção e aplicabilidade do Termo de Assentimento Livre Esclarecido permitiu melhor compreensão da criança anterior à realização da pesquisa referente às etapas e fases da coleta dos dados do estudo, assim como os riscos e benefícios do mesmo. Foi possível à criança esclarecer suas dúvidas e participar ativamente do estudo. Foram convidadas para participar do estudo 13 crianças de ambos os sexos entre 5 ­ 12 anos de idade que estavam internadas no ambulatório de oncologia. Considerações Finais: adoção do Termo de Assentimento Livre Esclarecido Lúdico construído mostrou-se efetivo ao alcance do objetivo de sua utilização no contexto ético em pesquisa e avançou no sentido de despertar sobre potencialidade para além da pesquisa e, também, como recurso fundamental para o assentimento das crianças em situações específicas no processo de adoecimento e internação, possibilitando o exercício de direito e compreensão do que está sendo realizado durante seu tratamento.


Objective: report the experience in the construction and applicability of an informed term of consent in a survey of children hospitalized for cancer treatment. Material and method: experience report on the construction and applicability of a free and informed term of consent for conducting a study on the nutritional profile and food and nutrition education of children and adolescents undergoing cancer treatment at a public hospital in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Results: the construction and applicability of the informed term of consent allowed a better understanding of the child prior to conducting the research regarding the steps and phases of data collection, as well as its risks and benefits. It was possible for the child to clarify their doubts and actively participate in the study. Thirteen children of both sexes, aged between 5 - 12 years, hospitalized and in the oncology outpatient clinic, were invited to participate. Final considerations: adoption of the playful free and informed term of consent proved to be effective in reaching the objective of its use in the ethical research context and it has advanced in the sense of raising awareness of the potentiality beyond research, and also as a fundamental resource for the consent of children in specific situations in the illness and hospitalization process, enabling them to exercise their rights and understand what is happening during their treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Child, Institutionalized/education , Ethics, Research/education , Child Nutrition , Informed Consent By Minors , Medical Oncology , Play and Playthings/psychology , Food and Nutrition Education , Hospitalization
9.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(285): 7235-7250, fev.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1371980

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar pesquisas que adotaram como objeto os benefícios do programa navegação de pacientes e a assistência de enfermagem. Método: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa utilizando a estratégia PICO (Paciente, Intervenção, Comparação e Desfecho). Bases de dados selecionadas: LILACS, Medline, IBECS, BDENF e SCIELO, entre 2015 e 2020. Descritores de busca: Enfermagem; Navegação de pacientes; Oncologia; Assistência. Resultados: Foram analisados 11 artigos, nos quais pode-se verificar que os benefícios relativos à inserção do programa de navegação de pacientes e da enfermagem dentro dos serviços de oncologia foram: reestruturação de ambos buscando a padronização e diretrizes; agilidade no tratamento; além do empoderamento da família/cliente no seguimento dos processos/tratamentos. Conclusões: No Brasil, há poucos estudos relacionados a implementação do programa de navegação a da assistência em enfermagem na oncologia. Porém, a literatura existente trouxe como promissores os benefícios ao cliente/família e à instituição, além da agilidade nos processos inerentes ao tratamento(AU)


Objective: to analyze research that adopted the benefits of the patient navigation program and nursing care as their object. Method: This is an integrative review using the PICO strategy (Patient, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome). Selected databases: LILACS, Medline, IBECS, BDENF and SCIELO, between 2015 and 2020. Search descriptors: Nursing; Patient navigation; Oncology; Assistance. Results: 11 articles were analyzed, in which it can be verified that the benefits related to the insertion of the navigation program for patients and nursing within the oncology services were: restructuring of both seeking standardization and guidelines; agility in treatment; in addition to the empowerment of the family/client in following the processes/treatments. Conclusions: In Brazil, there are few studies related to the implementation of the navigation program and nursing care in oncology. However, the existing literature brought as promising benefits to the client/family and the institution, in addition to the agility in the processes inherent to the treatment(AU)


Objetivo: analizar las investigaciones que adoptaron como objeto los beneficios del programa de navegación del paciente y los cuidados de enfermería. Método: Se trata de una revisión integradora que utiliza la estrategia PICO (Paciente, Intervención, Comparación y Resultado). Bases de datos seleccionadas: LILACS, Medline, IBECS, BDENF y SCIELO, entre 2015 y 2020. Descriptores de búsqueda: Enfermería; Navegación del paciente; Oncología; Asistencia. Resultados: Se analizaron 11 artículos, en los cuales se puede constatar que los beneficios relacionados con la inserción del programa de navegación para pacientes y enfermería dentro de los servicios de oncología fueron: reestructuración de ambos buscando estandarización y lineamientos; agilidad en el tratamiento; además del empoderamiento de la familia / cliente en el seguimiento de los procesos / tratamientos. Conclusiones: En Brasil, existen pocos estudios relacionados con la implementación del programa de navegación y cuidados de enfermería en oncología. Sin embargo, la literatura existente trajo como beneficios prometedores para el cliente / familia y la institución, además de la agilidad en los procesos inherentes al tratamiento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing , Universal Access to Health Care Services , Patient Navigation , Medical Oncology
10.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-7, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1410462

ABSTRACT

Analisar a correlação entre hipotermia intraoperatória e ocorrência de infecção de sítio cirúrgico em pacientes oncológicos. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva com dados extraídos do prontuário eletrônico de 79 pacientes entre 2014 e 2015. Todos os preceitos éticos foram cumpridos. Resultados: De 79 pacientes, 18 (22,79%) desenvolveram infecção de sítio cirúrgico, sendo 12 (66,66%) durante a internação e 6 (33,33%) após a alta. A infecção do sítio cirúrgico apresentou correlação significativa com diabetes mellitus, transfusão intraoperatória, tipo de cirurgia proposta, tempo de permanência em Unidade de Internação ou de Terapia Intensiva, reabordagem cirúrgica e readmissão hospitalar. Verificou-se que cada episódio de hipotermia menor ou igual a 35,5°C aumentou a chance de infecção do sítio cirúrgico em 6,2%.


To analyze the correlation between intraoperative hypothermia and the occurrence of surgical site infection in patients with cancer. Method: Retrospective cohort study with data extracted from the electronic medical records of 79 patients between 2014 and 2015. All ethical precepts were complied with. Results: Of 79 patients, 18 (22.79%) developed surgical site infection, 12 (66.66%) during hospitalization and 6 (33.33%) after hospital discharge. Surgical site infection was significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus, intraoperative transfusion, type of surgery proposed, length of stay in an Inpatient or Intensive Care Unit, surgical re-approach and hospital readmission. Each episode of hypothermia lower than or equal to 35.5 °C increased the chance of surgical site infection by 6.2%.


: Analizar la correlación entre la hipotermia intraoperatoria y la ocurrencia de infección del sitio quirúrgico en pacientes oncológicos. Método: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con datos extraídos de la historia clínica electrónica de 79 pacientes entre 2014 y 2015. Se cumplieron todos los preceptos éticos. Resultados: De 79 pacientes, 18 (22,79%) desarrollaron infección del sitio quirúrgico, 12 (66,66%) durante la hospitalización y 6 (33,33%) después del alta. La infección del sitio quirúrgico se correlacionó significativamente con la diabetes mellitus, la transfusión intraoperatoria, el tipo de cirugía propuesta, la estancia hospitalaria o en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, la reintervención quirúrgica y el reingreso hospitalario. Se encontró que cada episodio de hipotermia menor o igual a 35,5°C aumentó la probabilidad de infección del sitio quirúrgico en un 6,2%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Hypothermia , Medical Oncology , General Surgery , Cohort Studies , Infections
11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 457-490, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939490

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the most common malignancy with the highest incidence and mortality in China, which poses a major public health problem. To further standardize the prevention and treatment of lung cancer, improve the prognosis of patients, and provide professional evidence-based medical recommendations to medical professionals across China, the Oncology Society of Chinese Medical Association organized experts from departments of pulmonary medicine, oncology, thoracic surgery, radiotherapy, imaging, and pathology, based on indications approved by China Food and Drug Administration, domestically available drugs, recommendations of international guidelines and current clinical practice in China, integrated the latest evidence-based medical evidence of pathology, genetic testing, immune molecular biomarker detection and treatment methods of lung cancer in recent years. After consensus meetings, the Chinese Medical Association guideline for clinical diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer in China was formulated, which provided recommendations to clinicians, and imaging, laboratory, and rehabilitation professionals.


Subject(s)
Asians , China/epidemiology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Medical Oncology , Prognosis
12.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 128-135, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935838

ABSTRACT

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a serious adverse event related to administration of antiresorptive or antiangiogenic medications. With the increasing usage of bone-modifying agents in cancer therapy, the incidence of MRONJ enhanced gradually, which affects the life quality of patients and interferes with cancer therapy. In 2019, Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC), International Society of Oral Oncology (ISOO) and American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) convened a multidisciplinary Expert Panel to evaluate the evidence and formulate recommendations on practices in the prevention and management of MRONJ in patients with cancer. The present article made an interpretation of Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaw: MASCC/ISOO/ASCO Clinical Practice Guideline so as to provide clinicians with diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for cancer patients with MRONJ.


Subject(s)
Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw/therapy , Bone Density Conservation Agents/adverse effects , Humans , Jaw , Medical Oncology , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Osteonecrosis/chemically induced , Quality of Life
13.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0288345, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374037

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Comparar os escores de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QVRS) de crianças e adolescentes hospitalizados com câncer que apresentaram e não apresentaram fadiga e correlacionar fadiga e QVRS. Método Estudo transversal realizado durante 48 meses no setor de onco-hematologia de hospital público localizado no interior paulista, com 63 crianças e adolescentes com câncer. Para mensurar a fadiga e a QVRS, os participantes preencheram, respectivamente, os instrumentos Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Escala Multidimensional do Cansaço e Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Inventário Pediátrico de Qualidade de Vida, versão acute, no módulo genérico e módulo câncer. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva, bivariada e multivariada. Resultados As médias dos escores total de fadiga (61,2±16,3) e QVRS (genérica: 61,5±20,5; câncer: 61,2±16,3) foram baixas, demonstrando que as crianças e os adolescentes com câncer se apresentam fadigados (p=0,000) e com baixa qualidade de vida (p=0,000). No modelo de regressão, a fadiga pôde ser explicada em 61,25% pelas variáveis funcionamento emocional (p=0,0110), funcionamento escolar (p=0,0004) e dificuldades cognitivas (p=0,0017). Participantes sem fadiga apresentaram melhor escore médio de QVRS quando comparado ao grupo com fadiga. Conclusão Crianças e adolescentes hospitalizados com câncer apresentam baixa qualidade de vida e altos níveis de fadiga. Ainda, é positiva a relação entre algumas dimensões da QVRS com a fadiga, indicando que, quanto pior for o funcionamento escolar e emocional e maiores forem as dificuldades cognitivas, maior também será a fadiga.


Resumen Objetivo Comparar las puntuaciones de calidad de vida relacionadas con la salud (CVRS) de niños y de adolescentes hospitalizados con cáncer que presentaron y que no presentaron fatiga y correlacionar la fatiga y la CVRS. Métodos Estudio transversal realizado durante 48 meses en el sector de oncohematología de un hospital público ubicado en el interior del estado de São Paulo, con 63 niños y adolescentes con cáncer. Para medir la fatiga y la CVRS, los participantes rellenaron, respectivamente, los instrumentos Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Escala Multidimensional del Cansacio y Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Cuestionario de Calidad de Vida Pediátrica, versión acute, en el módulo genérico y en el módulo cáncer. Los datos fueron analizados por medio de estadística descriptiva, bivariada y multivariada. Resultados Los promedios de las puntuaciones total de fatiga (61,2±16,3) y CVRS (genérica: 61,5±20,5; cáncer: 61,2±16,3) fueron bajas, demostrando que los niños y los adolescentes con cáncer se muestran fatigados (p=0,000) y con baja calidad de vida (p=0,000). En el modelo de regresión, se puede explicar la fatiga en el 61,25 % por las variables funcionamiento emocional (p=0,0110), funcionamiento escolar (p=0,0004) y dificultades cognitivas (p=0,0017). Participantes sin fatiga presentaron mejor puntuación promedio de CVRS al compararlos con el grupo sin fatiga. Conclusión Niños y adolescentes hospitalizados con cáncer presentan baja calidad de vida y altos niveles de fatiga. Aun así, es positiva la relación entre algunas dimensiones de la CVRS con la fatiga, indicando que, cuanto peor sea el funcionamiento escolar y emocional y mayores sean las dificultades cognitivas, mayor será también la fatiga.


Abstract Objective To compare the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) scores of children and adolescents hospitalized with cancer who had and did not have fatigue and to correlate fatigue and HRQoL. Method This is a cross-sectional study carried out for 48 months in the onco-hematology sector of a public hospital located in the interior of São Paulo, with 63 children and adolescents with cancer. To measure fatigue and HRQoL, participants completed the instruments Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Multidimensional Fatigue Scale and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory - acute version - in the generic module and cancer module. Data were analyzed using descriptive, bivariate and multivariate statistics. Results The means of the total fatigue scores (61.2±16.3) and HRQoL (generic: 61.5±20.5; cancer: 61.2±16.3) were low, demonstrating that children and adolescents with cancer are fatigued (p=0.000) and with low quality of life (p=0.000). In the regression model, fatigue could be explained in 61.25% by the variables emotional functioning (p=0.0110), school functioning (p=0.0004) and cognitive difficulties (p=0.0017). Participants without fatigue had better mean HRQoL score when compared to the group with fatigue. Conclusion Children and adolescents hospitalized with cancer have a low quality of life and high levels of fatigue. Furthermore, the relationship between some HRQoL dimensions and fatigue is positive, indicating that the worse the school and emotional functioning and the greater the cognitive difficulties, the greater the fatigue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Oncology Nursing , Pediatric Nursing , Pediatrics , Quality of Life , Fatigue , Medical Oncology , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies
14.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1395338

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Compreender o significado do conforto para o adolescente com câncer em tratamento quimioterápico. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, exploratório com abordagem qualitativa, desenvolvido com adolescentes portadores de câncer em tratamento quimioterápico. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de uma entrevista semiestruturada e os dados analisados através da análise de conteúdo. Resultados: Participaram do estudo 10 adolescentes, com idade entre 10 a 18 anos, tempo de internamento variando entre um a 15 dias, etnia branca e o setor de internamento predominaram na amostra com seis adolescentes. A análise de conteúdo revelou duas categorias: o conforto no cotidiano do adolescente com câncer em tratamento quimioterápico; o impacto no conforto do adolescente com câncer em tratamento quimioterápico. Conclusão: Os adolescentes apresentaram significados de conforto de forma positiva ao seu cotidiano referente a satisfação, bem-estar, apoio dos profissionais de saúde e da estrutura física da instituição; como desconfortos relacionaram ao desenvolvimento de sintomas, alterações funcionais, tempo de internamento e afastamento da rede de apoio de familiares e amigos. (AU)


Objective: To understand the meaning of comfort for adolescents with cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Methods: Descriptive, exploratory study with qualitative approach, developed with adolescents with cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Data collection was performed through a semi-structured interview and the data were analyzed through content analysis. Results: 10 male and female adolescents participated in the study, aged between 10 and 18 years, length of hospitalization ranging from one to 15 days, white ethnicity and infirmary hospitalization sector predominated in the sample of six adolescents. Content analysis revealed two categories: comfort in the daily life of adolescents with cancer undergoing chemotherapy; the impact on the comfort of adolescents with cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Conclusion: The adolescents presented meanings of comfort in a positive way to their daily life regarding satisfaction, well-being, support of health professionals and the physical structure of the institution; as discomforts related to the development of symptoms, functional alterations, time of hospitalization and removal from the support network of family and friends. (AU)


Objetivo: Entender el significado de la comodidad para los adolescentes con cáncer sometidos a quimioterapia. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo y exploratorio con enfoque cualitativo, desarrollado con adolescentes con cáncer sometidos a quimioterapia. La recopilación de datos se realizó a través de una entrevista semiestructurada y los datos fueron analizados a través del análisis de contenido. Resultados: En el estudio participaron 10 adolescentes, hombres y mujeres, de entre 10 y 18 años, con una duración de hospitalización que oscila entre uno y 15 días, predomina el sector de la etnicidad blanca y la hospitalización de enfermería en la muestra de seis adolescentes. El análisis de contenido reveló dos categorías: comodidad en la vida diaria de los adolescentes con cáncer sometidos a quimioterapia; el impacto en la comodidad de los adolescentes con cáncer sometidos a quimioterapia. Conclusion: Los adolescentes presentaron significados de consuelo de manera positiva a su vida diaria en cuanto a satisfacción, bienestar, apoyo a los profesionales de la salud y la estructura física de la institución; como molestias relacionadas con el desarrollo de síntomas, alteraciones funcionales, tiempo de hospitalización y expulsión de la red de apoyo de familiares y amigos. (AU)


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Oncology Nursing , Patient Comfort , Medical Oncology , Antineoplastic Agents
15.
Ethiop. j. health dev. (Online) ; 36(2): 1-10, 2022-06-07. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1380428

ABSTRACT

Breastcancerin females, which is consideredthe most dreadfuldisease in India andthe worldas compared toother gynaecological cancers,demands extensive care and proper medicationin order to control itsprogressive growth. In addition to the conventional care ofthe patients, Complementary andAlternative Medicine(CAM)is administeredin a controlled way through proper guidance and counselling in orderto attainimprovedphysical andmental health forthe patients.Objective: The aim of the study wasto assess the effectiveness of CAMcomprehensive nursing interventionsand their benefit forpatients who havebreast cancer and gynaecological tumours.Methods: Statistical data was used to map the adult womendiagnosed with breast and gynaecological cancer and who were set to start new chemotherapy treatments. A total of 450 patients from different states of East India were enrolled in the studyover a period of four years. The patients wereselectedbased on their preference for undergoing CAM.The research was conducted usingacross-sectionalanonymous self-administered questionnaireto examine women's perspectivestowards the use of CAM and itseffect on their mental andphysical health.Results:42%of the women preferred theuseofCAM astheir alternative treatment. Breast cancer patients disclosed that 48.1% of them had used CAM and 39% of women with gynaecological cancersstated that they had usedCAM. The results further indicated a less frequent deteriorationin the health of CAM users(38.4%) thantonon-users(55%). In terms of those who utilizedvitamins and nutritional diets,60% of the participants reported using a proper diet, including antioxidants, minerals, vitamins and herbs etc. 37% opted for spiritual healing through yoga, 26% utilized energy healing, 42.4% utilized acupuncture,72% preferred massagesand 23% of patients utilized chiropractic methods.The use of CAM was foundmainlyin the patients with proper education and awareness and those with a family history of cancer who were not receiving the necessary care from their previous primary physician.Conclusion:CAM still requiresextensive research in terms of its applications in dealing with patients and in orderto successfully launch programmes aimed at promoting its useworldwide andto eradicate all the other false notions about it.[Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2022; 36(2):000-000]Keywords: Breast Cancerand gynaecological tumours,Complementary And Alternative Medicine (CAM), Complementary Oncology,Quality Of Life, Nutritional Diet and Spiritual Healing, HRQL (Health-Related Quality Of Life).IntroductionCancer has been the primaryconcern in Indiafrom the onset,resulting in thousands of deaths due to the lack of adequatemedication and therapy.Breast cancer is considered to bea common invasive form of cancer which is responsible for the second highest mortality rate among the primaryfatal conditions of cancer-causing deaths in women. Under the National Cancer Registry Program,the breast, cervix, uteri,and oral cavity(7)are the most common cancer sitesin women. According to statistics, 50-60% of all cancers amongIndian women are commonly found inthe cervix uteri, breast, corpus uteri and ovaries,which are the main organs forcancer invasion. The percentage of women who experience these types of cancer is increases, with more women becoming susceptible to breast cancer, in women up to 3-8% suffer fromovarian cancer,0.5-4.8%have cancer of the corpus uteri, 1-3% have vulva and/or gestational trophoblastic tumours and a staggering75,000 or more women have breast cancer. With the advancements of the disease through time,research programs were also improved in order to enable the improvement of existing measures and/or the development of new measures aimed at combating the diseas and decreasing mortality rates. Apart from the conventional chemotherapy technique,various other programs have been introduced andencorporated into treatment regimes in order to improve the lives of those who are affected by cancer.Complementary andAlternative Medicine (CAM) emphasizesthe methods and practices that are therapeutic and which help diagnose or curethe disease,these methods are intended tocomplement the conventional methods and can be used in place of mainstream medicine. Women with breast cancer and other gynaecological tumoursare increasingly inclined towards the use of CAM. With the increasing number of cancer reports in Indiaand the world,and with the principal amount leading to mortality, women with proper education and awareness are inclined to choosealternative methods rather than the old conventional ones. The side-effects resulting from the chemotherapy are immense and toxic,which is one of the reasons women are inclined to choose.Various research projects and cumulative studies have been conducted in order to review and discoverthe


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Medical Oncology , Medicine , Neoplasm, Residual , Diet
16.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(1)jan./fev./mar. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370558

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia acometem cerca de 70-80% dos pacientes com câncer. Assim, é importante a utilização de um instrumento para avaliar melhor esses sintomas, visando a um tratamento mais adequado. Objetivo: Traduzir e adaptar culturalmente a escala Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis para o contexto brasileiro. Método: Estudo correlacional do tipo survey, com tradução e adaptação cultural da escala segundo o protocolo da European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer ­ Quality of Life Group (EORTC-QLG). A amostra foi constituída por 160 pacientes em tratamento quimioterápico em uma clínica de oncologia. No processo de validação, realizaram-se análises de correlação multimétodos entre os itens da escala Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis e os escores das escalas visuais numéricas de náusea e vômito com nível de p<0,05. Resultados: O autor da escala autorizou a tradução. A escala Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis e as escalas numéricas apresentaram correlações significativas (p<0,01; p<0,05), sendo que os itens que apresentaram correlação mais forte das escalas numéricas foram os que se referiram à avaliação de náusea e vômito pós-quimioterapia. Já os itens destinados à avaliação desses sintomas no momento pré-quimioterapia e ao uso da medicação antiemética e sua eficácia apresentaram associações fracas com as escalas numéricas. Conclusão: A escala Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesisapresentou-se adequada para a avaliação de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia no contexto brasileiro


Introduction: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting affects nearly 70-80% of patients with cancer. To achieve a better treatment it is important to utilize an adequate instrument to assess these symptoms. Objective:To translate and culturally adapt the Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis Scale to the Brazilian context. Method: Survey and correlational study, with the translation and cultural adaptation of the scale according to the protocol of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer ­ Quality of Life Group (EORTC-QLG). The sample consisted of 160 patients undergoing chemotherapy treatment in an oncology clinic. In the validation process, multimethod correlation analyses were carried out among the items of the Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis Scale items and the scores of the numerical visual scales of nausea and vomits at the level of p<0.05. Results: The author of the scale approved the translation process. The Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis scale and the numerical scales presented significant correlations (p<0.01; p<0.05), considering that the items presenting stronger correlation with the numerical scales were those addressing post-chemotherapy assessment of nausea and vomit. On the other hand, the items for pre-chemotherapy assessment of these symptoms and use of the antiemetic drugs and their efficacy presented weak associations with the numerical scales. Conclusion: The Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis scale was adequate for the assessment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in the Brazilian context


Introducción: Las náuseas y vómitos inducidos por la quimioterapia afectan aproximadamente al 70-80% de los pacientes con cáncer. Por lo tanto, es importante utilizar un instrumento para evaluar mejor estos síntomas, con el objetivo de un tratamiento más adecuado. Objetivo: Traducir y adaptar culturalmente la escala de Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesisal contexto brasileño. Método: Estudio correlativo del tipo de encuesta, con la traducción y adaptación cultural de la escala según el protocolo de la European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer ­ Quality of Life Group (EORTC-QLG). La muestra consistió en 160 pacientes sometidos a quimioterapia en una clínica oncológica. En el proceso de validación, se realizaron análisis de correlación multimétodos entre los elementos de la escala de Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis y las puntuaciones de las escalas visuales numéricas de náuseas y vómitos con nivel de p<0,05. Resultados: El autor de la escala autorizó la traducción. La Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis y las escalas numéricas mostraron correlaciones significativas (p<0,01; p<0,05), y los elementos que presentaron una correlación más fuerte de las escalas numéricas fueron los que se refirieron a la evaluación de las náuseas y los vómitos después de la quimioterapia. Por otro lado, los elementos destinados a la evaluación de estos síntomas en el momento anterior a la quimioterapia y el uso de medicamentos antieméticos y su eficacia presentaron asociaciones débiles con escalas numéricas. Conclusión: La Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis fue adecuada para la evaluación de náuseas y vómitos inducidos por quimioterapia en el contexto brasileño


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vomiting , Validation Study , Drug Therapy , Medical Oncology , Nausea
17.
Rio de Janeiro; INCA; 2022. 572P p.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1400695

ABSTRACT

A longeva história do INCA encontra-se registrada em diversas publicações, sejam elas institucionais próprias ou como parte de trabalhos de autores ou de organizações externas que versam sobre a trajetória do controle do câncer no Brasil. Entretanto, a maior parte dessa memória está direcionada para as políticas de saúde pública, estratégias e ações de prevenção que marcaram a gênese e o desenvolvimento do INCA nos últimos 85 anos, período em que o Instituto exerceu papel fundamental e pioneiro no controle do câncer em nosso país


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Teaching , Cancer Care Facilities/history , Hospital Care , Medical Oncology/education
18.
urol. colomb. (Bogotá. En línea) ; 31(3): 116-120, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1412081

ABSTRACT

Introduction For low-risk prostate cancer (PCa), curative treatment with radical prostatectomy (RP) can be performed, reporting a biochemical relapse-free survival rate (bRFS) at 5 and 7 years of 90.1% and 88.3%, respectively. Prostatic specific antigen (PSA), pathological stage (pT), and positive margins (R1) are significant predictors of biochemical relapse (BR). Even though pelvic lymphadenectomy is not recommended during RP, in the literature, it is performed in 34% of these patients, finding 0.37% of positive lymph nodes (N1). In this study, we aim to evaluate the 10-year bRFS in patients with low-risk PCa who underwent RP and extended pelvic lymph node dissection (ePLND). Methodology All low-risk patients who underwent RP plus bilateral ePLND at the National Cancer Institute of Colombia between 2006 and 2019 were reviewed. Biochemical relapse was defined as 2 consecutive increasing levels of PSA > 0.2 ng/mL. A descriptive analysis was performed using the STATA 15 software (Stata Corp., College Station, TX, USA), and the Kaplan-Meier curves and uni and multivariate Cox proportional hazard models were used for the survival outcome analysis. The related regression coefficients were used for the hazard ratio (HR), and, for all comparisons, a two-sided p-value ˂ 0.05 was used to define statistical significance. Results Two hundred and two patients met the study criteria. The 10-year bRFS for the general population was 82.5%, statistically related to stage pT3 (p = 0.047), higher Gleason grade group (GG) (p ≤ 0.001), and R1 (p ≤ 0.001), but not with N1. A total of 3.9% of the patients had N1; of these, 75% had R1, 25% GG2, and 37% GG3. Among the N0 (non-lymph node metástasis in prostate cáncer) patients, 31% of the patients had R1, 41% GG2, and 13% GG3. Conclusions Our bRFS was 82.5% in low-risk patients who underwent RP and ePLND. With higher pT, GG, and presence of R1, the probability of BR increased. Those with pN1 (pathologicaly confirmed positive lymph nodes) were not associated with bRFS, with a pN1 detection rate of 3.9%. Details: In low-risk PCa, curative treatment with RP can be performed, reporting a bRFS rate at 5 and 7 years of 90.1% and 88.3%, respectively. Despite the fact that pelvic lymphadenectomy is not recommended during RP in clinical guidelines, in the literature, it is performed in 34% of these patients, finding 0.37% of N1. In this study, we report the 10-year bRFS in patients with low-risk PCa who underwent surgery.


Introducción En el cáncer de próstata (CaP) de bajo riesgo se puede realizar un tratamiento curativo mediante prostatectomía radical (PR), con una tasa de supervivencia libre de recaída bioquímica (SLRb) a 5 y 7 años del 90,1% y el 88,3%, respectivamente. El antígeno prostático específico (PSA), el estadio patológico (pT) y los márgenes positivos (R1) son predictores significativos de recaída bioquímica (BR). Aunque la linfadenectomía pélvica no está recomendada durante la PR, en la literatura se realiza en el 34% de estos pacientes, encontrándose un 0,37% de ganglios linfáticos positivos (N1). En este estudio, nuestro objetivo es evaluar la SLB a 10 años en pacientes con CaP de bajo riesgo sometidos a PR y disección ganglionar pélvica extendida (DGLPe). Metodología Se revisaron todos los pacientes de bajo riesgo sometidos a PR más ePLND bilateral en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Colombia entre 2006 y 2019. La recaída bioquímica se definió como 2 niveles crecientes consecutivos de PSA > 0,2 ng/mL. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo utilizando el software STATA 15 (Stata Corp., College Station, TX, USA), y se utilizaron las curvas de Kaplan-Meier y los modelos uni y multivariados de riesgos proporcionales de Cox para el análisis de resultados de supervivencia. Los coeficientes de regresión relacionados se utilizaron para la hazard ratio (HR), y, para todas las comparaciones, se utilizó un valor p de dos caras ˂ 0,05 para definir la significación estadística. Resultados Doscientos dos pacientes cumplieron los criterios del estudio. La bRFS a 10 años para la población general fue del 82,5%, estadísticamente relacionada con el estadio pT3 (p = 0,047), mayor grupo de grado Gleason (GG) (p ≤ 0,001), y R1 (p ≤ 0,001), pero no con N1. Un total del 3,9% de los pacientes tenían N1; de ellos, el 75% tenían R1, el 25% GG2, y el 37% GG3. Entre los pacientes N0 (metástasis no ganglionar en el cáncer de próstata), el 31% de los pacientes tenían R1, el 41% GG2 y el 13% GG3. Conclusiones Nuestra SSEb fue del 82,5% en los pacientes de bajo riesgo que se sometieron a RP y ePLND. A mayor pT, GG y presencia de R1, mayor probabilidad de RB. Aquellos con pN1 (ganglios linfáticos patológicamente confirmados como positivos) no se asociaron con la SSEb, con una tasa de detección de pN1 del 3,9%. Detalles: En el CaP de bajo riesgo se puede realizar tratamiento curativo con PR, reportando una tasa de SSEb a 5 y 7 años de 90,1% y 88,3%, respectivamente. A pesar de que la linfadenectomía pélvica no está recomendada durante la PR en las guías clínicas, en la literatura se realiza en el 34% de estos pacientes, encontrando un 0,37% de N1. En este estudio, reportamos la SLB a 10 años en pacientes con CaP de bajo riesgo sometidos a cirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatectomy , Biochemistry , Proportional Hazards Models , Medical Oncology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prostatic Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Probability , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Hazards , Lymphatic Metastasis
19.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 23: e71133, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355031

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida de pacientes oncológi-cos em tratamento quimioterápico. Métodos: estudo trans-versal realizado no setor de quimioterapia com 51 pacientes capazes de responder aos instrumentos de coleta de dados. Para as análises, adotaram-se os testes análise de variân-cia e t de Student. Resultados: o escore de saúde apontou moderada qualidade de vida e os sintomas náusea e vômi-to, diarreia e dispneia foram os mais presentes. Os escores da escala global de saúde tiveram diferenças entre as faixas etárias e presença de metástase; a diarreia e as dificuldades financeiras apresentaram diferenças com relação ao gênero; a dor foi mais citada por aqueles que não fizeram procedi-mento cirúrgico; a insônia e náuseas e vômitos tiveram rela-ção com o tempo de tratamento. Conclusão: participantesapresentaram escore global de saúde moderado e os prin-cipais níveis funcionais afetados pelo tratamento foram o social e o emocional. (AU)


Subject(s)
Quality of Life , Drug Therapy , Medical Oncology
20.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367515

ABSTRACT

Lesions that affect the oral cavity resulting from chemotherapy can lead to systemic impairment, increasing the length of hospital stay, impairing the patient's quality of life. Through a integrative review, this work aims to show the conduct and importance of dentists in promoting oral health and preventing an oral infectious focus. The search was performed in the Pubmed, Cochrone, SciElo and Virtual Health Library (VHL) databases, using the descriptors in English, oral care and Chemotherapy and Cancer treatment and dentistry, filtering only articles in English and published between 2006 and 2021. The search located six hundred and twenty articles, but only seven met the search criteria. One author used a mouthwash containing propolis where 65% of patients were cured on the seventh day after the onset of oral mucositis (OM) lesions. One author used cryotherapy with chamomile infusion, patients who underwent this approach did not pass grade I, being effective in reducing the occurrence of OM, and the other two authors proposed a protocol for oral cavity care. All authors obtained satisfactory results.(AU)


As lesões que acometem a cavidade oral decorrente ao tratamento quimioterápico podem levar a um comprometimento sistêmico aumentando o tempo de internação hospitalar, prejudicando a qualidade de vida do paciente. O foco principal do cirurgião-dentista é identificar e remover fontes de infecção na cavidade oral antes do início da quimioterapia, controlar as possíveis lesões durante o tratamento. Após o tratamento quimioterápico, o paciente retornará para os cuidados dentários gerais, proporcionando manutenção da saúde bucal e prevenção de complicações ao longo prazo do tratamento do câncer. Através de uma revisão integrativa o objetivo desse trabalho é mostrar a conduta e a importância do cirurgião-dentista para promover saúde bucal e prevenir um foco infeccioso oral. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados Pubmed, Cochrone, SciElo e Biblioteca virtual em saúde (BVS), foram utilizados os descritores em inglês, oral care and Chemotherapy and Cancer treatment and dentistry, filtrando somente os artigos na língua inglesa, estudos com seres humanos e os artigos publicados no intervalo de 2006-2021. A busca com os descritores citados encontrou seiscentos e vinte artigos, entretanto somente sete estavam dentro dos critérios da pesquisa. Um autor utilizou bochecho de própolis, outro crioterapia com infusão de camomila e os outros dois propuseram protocolo de cuidados com a cavidade oral. Todos os autores obtiveram resultados satisfatórios. (AU)


Subject(s)
Dentistry , Medical Oncology , Antineoplastic Agents
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