Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 8.837
Filter
1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210203, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339876

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo analisar as características individuais, clínicas e os fatores associados à mortalidade de pacientes com COVID-19, em hospital público do estado do Paraná, Brasil. Métodos estudo seccional, retrospectivo, documental (n= 86), com pacientes adultos internados, de março a junho de 2020. Resultados a mortalidade foi de 12,8%, o grupo de maior risco foi de idosos com comorbidades, especialmente, cardiovasculares. A chance de óbito foi 58 vezes maior em idosos, comparada aos adultos, e oito vezes maior naqueles com comorbidades, comparadas aos hígidos. A maioria dos pacientes apresentou sintomatologia respiratória, febre e mialgia. Tratamento à base de antibióticos, anticoagulantes e antivirais, associado ao suporte ventilatório. As principais complicações foram hipóxia, insuficiência renal aguda e infecção secundária. Conclusão e implicações para a prática idosos com comorbidades cardiovasculares que necessitaram de cuidados intensivos apresentaram maior chance de óbito. Os resultados de um dos centros de referência na pandemia possibilitam discutir medidas epidemiológicas adotadas, com ênfase em conceitos restritivos nos primeiros meses.


RESUMEN Objetivo analizar las características individuales, clínicas y los factores asociados a la mortalidad en pacientes con COVID-19 en un hospital público del estado de Paraná. Métodos estudio transversal, retrospectivo, documental (n = 86), con pacientes adultos hospitalizados, de marzo a junio de 2020. Resultados la mortalidad fue del 12,8%, grupo de mayor riesgo para los ancianos con comorbilidades, especialmente enfermedades cardiovasculares. La probabilidad de muerte fue 58 veces mayor en los ancianos en comparación con los adultos y ocho veces mayor en aquellos con comorbilidades en comparación con los sanos. La mayoría de los pacientes presentaban síntomas respiratorios, fiebre y mialgia. Tratamiento a base de antibióticos, anticoagulantes y antivirales, asociado al soporte ventilatorio. Las principales complicaciones fueron hipoxia, insuficiencia renal aguda e infección secundaria. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica los ancianos con comorbilidades cardiovasculares que requirieron cuidados intensivos tenían una mayor probabilidad de muerte. Los resultados de uno de los centros de referencia pandémica permiten discutir las medidas epidemiológicas adoptadas, con énfasis en conceptos restrictivos en los primeros meses.


ABSTRACT Objective to analyze the individual and clinical characteristics and the factors associated with mortality in patients with COVID-19, in a public hospital in the state of Paraná, Brazil. Methods a cross-sectional, retrospective, documentary study (n= 86), with adult inpatients, from March to June 2020. Results mortality was 12.8%, the highest risk group was the elderly with comorbidities, especially cardiovascular ones. The chance of death was 58 times higher in the elderly compared to adults, and eight times higher in those with comorbidities compared to the healthy ones. Most patients presented with respiratory symptoms, fever, and myalgia. Treatment was based on antibiotics, anticoagulants and antivirals, associated with ventilatory support. The main complications were hypoxia, acute renal failure, and secondary infection. Conclusion and implications for practice elderly people with cardiovascular comorbidities who required intensive care had a higher chance of death. The results from one of the reference centers in the pandemic make it possible to discuss epidemiological measures adopted, with emphasis on restrictive concepts in the first months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Death , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/mortality , Respiration, Artificial , Cardiovascular Diseases , Comorbidity , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
2.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e219638, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254752

ABSTRACT

Diagnosis of oral and oropharyngeal cancer in advanced stages may be associated with social nature factors, access to health care, education, occupation, and behavioral/ cultural factors. Aim: To determine the factors related to high clinical-staging in patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma in the oral and oropharyngeal region in a Cancer Center in Brazil between 2009 and 2015. Methods: It is an epidemiological, retrospective, and exploratory study. Patients diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma had their medical records analyzed. The variables considered were sociodemographic, lifestyle, and disease characteristics. Descriptive and exploratory tests (Pearson's, chi-square test and, Student's t-test) were realized. Results: We analyzed 365 patient records, among which 289 (79.17%) were male, and 73 (20.0%) were female. Age ranged from 16 to 101 years, with a mean of 61.13. Regarding education, 157 (43.01%) studied < 8 years, 103 (28.21%) were illiterate and 102 (27.94%) studied > 8 years. 305 (83.56%) patients live in urban areas. There was an association between high clinical-staging and low educational level. For high clinical-staging, symptomatology, tobacco, and alcohol intake as well. Conclusion: Patients with low educational levels tend to report the disease later, and their diagnostics occurred in advanced stages. Thus, specific public health policies for this population, including access to dental care to recognize the clinical signs and early diagnosis, are necessary


Subject(s)
Socioeconomic Factors , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Medical Records
3.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 280-282, sept.-oct. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348306

ABSTRACT

El expediente clínico es considerado un documento de importancia médica y legal en donde se integran los datos necesarios para registrar el diagnóstico y los tratamientos realizados en cada paciente. Uno de los elementos más importantes dentro del expediente clínico son las notas de evolución, documentos con los que el odontólogo informa sobre el estado general del paciente y los tratamientos realizados cita tras cita. Existen legislaciones específicas en México que orientan al estomatólogo sobre los componentes mínimos necesarios que una nota de evolución debe tener; sin embargo, una de las omisiones más comunes de los odontólogos es que, por desconocimiento, no se dé la debida importancia a la elaboración de una adecuada nota de evolución, aumentando el riesgo de problemas legales. El objetivo del presente artículo es analizar la importancia de las notas de evolución dentro del expediente clínico, destacando su importancia clínica y legal (AU)


The clinical file is considered a document of medical and legal importance where the data necessary to record the diagnosis and the treatments performed on each patient are integrated. One of the most important elements within the clinical records are the medical charts, documents through which de dentist reports on the general condition of the patient and the treatments performed appointment after appointment. There are specific laws in Mexico that guide the stomatologist on the minimum necessary components that a medical chart must have, however, one of the most common omissions of dentist is that, due to ignorance, due importance is not given to the preparation of an adequate medical chart, increasing the risk of legal problems. The aim of this article is to analyze the importance of the evolution charts within the clinical records, highlighting their clinical and legal importance (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Records , Medical Records , Forensic Dentistry , Health-Disease Process , Dental Care/legislation & jurisprudence , Legislation, Dental , Mexico
4.
Femina ; 49(8): 488-493, 20210831. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342419

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Calcular taxa de parto vaginal e cesárea em pacientes com uma cesárea anterior e gestação a termo, bem como fatores associados à recorrência de cesaria- na. Métodos: Estudo caso-controle, por meio de dados de prontuário de gestantes a termo com uma cesárea prévia admitidas para parto na Maternidade Darcy Vargas do município de Joinville (SC), em 2019. Resultados: Foram analisadas 788 pacientes, das quais 331 (42,00%) tiveram parto normal (PN) e 457 (58,00%), cesárea (CS). O grupo PN foi composto por mulheres mais velhas (29; 28) e com mais gestações que o grupo CS, possuindo pelo menos um parto normal prévio (171; 57; p < 0,001). Como fator de risco para recorrência de cesárea, destacou-se a presença de colo desfavorável no momento do parto (47; 356; p < 0,001). Internação por trabalho de parto (284; 92; p < 0,001) e ruptura prematura de membranas (RUPREME) (33; 79; p = 0,030) estão entre os fatores de proteção para ocorrência de uma nova cesariana. Conclusão: A taxa de parto vaginal pós-cesariana (VBAC) foi de 42% e a de parto cesáreo foi de 58%, condi- zente com valores de referência mundiais. O fato de ter um ou mais partos normais anteriores e internar-se em trabalho de parto ou com RUPREME foi fator protetor contra a repetição da cesárea, enquanto o colo desfavorável no momento da inter- nação foi fator de risco. Há grande divergência na literatura, sendo necessários mais estudos para elaborar estratégias que auxiliem profissionais e pacientes a decidirem pela melhor via de parto após cesariana anterior.(AU)


Objective: To calculate the rate of vaginal and cesarean delivery in patients with pre- vious cesarean section and pregnancy to term, as well as factors associated with recur- rent abdominal delivery. Methods: Case-control study, by medical records of pregnant women to term with a previous cesarean section admitted for delivery at Maternity Dar- cy Vargas in the city of Joinville (SC) in 2019. Results: 788 patients, of which 331 (42,00%) had a normal delivery (PN) and 457 (58,00%) cesarean section (CS). The PN group was composed of older women (29;28), and who had more pregnancies than the CS group, having at least 1 previous vaginal birth (171; 57; p < 0,001). As a risk factor for cesarean recurrence, the presence of an unfavorable cervix at the time of delivery was highlighted (47; 356; p < 0,001). Hospitalization for labor (284; 92; p < 0,001) and premature rupture of membranes (33; 79; p = 0,030) are among the protective factors for the occurrence of a new cesarean section. Conclusion: The post-cesarean vaginal birth (VBAC) rate was 42% and the cesarean delivery rate was 58%, consistent with world reference values. The fact of having one or more previous normal bir- ths, hospitalization in labor or with premature rupture of fetal membranes were protective factors against the repetition of cesarean section, while the unfavorable cervix at the time of hospitalization was a risk factor. There is divergence in litera- ture, therefore more studies are needed to develop strategies that help professionals and patients to decide on the best way of delivery after a previous cesarean section.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Cesarean Section, Repeat/statistics & numerical data , Natural Childbirth/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Medical Records , Risk Factors , Rates, Ratios and Proportions
5.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(279): 6101-6114, ago.-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1343595

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar o método de registro da enfermagem realizado no prontuário do paciente admitido na Sala de Recuperação Pós-Anestésica de um Hospital Geral no extremo Norte do Brasil. Método: Estudo descritivo, do tipo documental com abordagem quantitativa. Resultados: Dos 24 prontuários analisados, 91,66% apresentavam ficha de sistematização da assistência preenchida de forma parcial e 8,33% não continham a ficha ou anotação dos parâmetros vitais. Com identificação legal e ética 91,67% dos prontuários e 87,5% utilizavam apenas abreviaturas reconhecidas. 41,67% dos registros estavam ilegíveis e 91,67% apresentavam linhas em branco. Conclusão: O instrumento de registros em prontuário utilizado no centro cirúrgico pelos Enfermeiros se mostrou limitado e incompleto, não atendendo ao guia Cofen para registro pós-operatório ou às recomendações da SOBECC e da Associação Brasileira de Enfermeiros de Centro Cirúrgico/Recuperação Anestésica, evidenciando fragilidade na assistência de enfermagem prestada.(AU)


Objective: to analyze the method of nursing registration performed in the medical record of patients admitted to the Post-Anesthetic Recovery Room of a General Hospital in the far North of Brazil. Method: Descriptive study, documentary type with a quantitative approach. Results: Of the 24 medical records analyzed, 91.66% had a care systematization form partially filled in and 8.33% did not contain the form or note of vital parameters. With legal and ethical identification, 91.67% of the medical records and 87.5% used only recognized abbreviations. 41.67% of the records were illegible and 91.67% had blank lines. Conclusion: The medical record instrument used in the operating room by nurses proved to be limited and incomplete, not complying with the Cofen guide for postoperative registration or with the recommendations of SOBECC and the Brazilian Association of Surgical/Anesthetic Recovery Nurses, showing fragility in the nursing care provided.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar el método de registro de enfermería realizado en la historia clínica de los pacientes ingresados en la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica de un Hospital General del extremo norte de Brasil. Método: Estudio descriptivo, tipo documental con enfoque cuantitativo. Resultados: De las 24 historias clínicas analizadas, el 91,66% tenía formulario de sistematización de la atención parcialmente cumplimentado y el 8,33% no contenía el formulario o nota de parámetros vitales. Con identificación legal y ética, el 91,67% de las historias clínicas y el 87,5% utilizaron solo abreviaturas reconocidas. El 41,67% de los registros eran ilegibles y el 91,67% tenía líneas en blanco. Conclusión: El instrumento de historia clínica utilizado en el quirófano por enfermeras resultó ser limitado e incompleto, no cumpliendo con la guía Cofen para el registro posoperatorio o con las recomendaciones de la SOBECC y la Asociación Brasileña de Enfermeras de Recuperación Quirúrgica / Anestésica, mostrando fragilidad en atención de enfermería proporcionada.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Nursing Records , Nursing Care/methods , Medical Records , Forms and Records Control
6.
Rev. SOBECC ; 26(2): 84-90, 30-06-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283355

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Elencar os materiais de maior impacto financeiro no centro cirúrgico e estimar a perda de receita que representaram para a instituição. Método: Pesquisa retrospectiva e quantitativa, com coleta em banco de dados e planilhas do centro cirúrgico e garantia da receita dos anos de 2015 e 2018 de uma instituição privada de extra porte de São Paulo. Resultados: Os materiais que causaram maior impacto financeiro foram: Sevorane®, Plasma Lyte®, manta térmica, sensor de monitor bispectral, máscara de anestesia, caneta para bisturi, perneira Sequel® e placa para bisturi. Representaram perda financeira de R$ 342.473,00 em 2015, quando ainda não havia a prática de auditoria in loco, comparada ao valor de R$ 114.157,00, em 2018, após ação de conferências em sala operatória. Conclusão: Houve benefício financeiro alcançado com a prática da auditoria in loco, com declínio de 66,6% na quantidade de materiais e medicamentos excluídos pela auditoria em razão da elevação da qualidade das anotações em prontuário.


Objective: To list the materials of greatest financial impact in the operating room and to estimate the loss of revenue they represented for the institution. Method: Retrospective and quantitative research, with collection in the database and spreadsheets of the surgical center and revenue guarantee for the years 2015 and 2018 of a private and large institution in São Paulo. Results: The materials that had the greatest financial impact were: Sevorane®, Plasma Lyte®, thermal blanket, bispectral monitor sensor, anesthesia mask, eletric scalpel pen, Sequel® leg protector, and electrosurgical plate. They represented a financial loss of BRL 342,473.00 in 2015, when there was still no on-site audit practice, compared with the amount of BRL 114,157.00, in 2018, after implementing checking initiatives in the operating room. Conclusion: There was a financial benefit achieved with the practice of on-site audit, with a 66.6% decline in the amount of materials and medicines excluded by the audit due to the enhancement in the quality of the notes found in medical records.


Objetivo: Enumerar los materiales con mayor impacto financiero en el Centro Quirúrgico y estimar la pérdida de ingresos que representaron para la institución. Método: Investigación retrospectiva y cuantitativa, con recolección en la base de datos y hojas de cálculo del Centro Quirúrgico y garantía de los ingresos para los años 2015 y 2018, de una institución privada extra grande de São Paulo. Resultados: Los materiales que causaron mayor impacto económico fueron: Sevorane®, Plasma Lyte®, Manta térmica, Sensor monitor biespectral, Máscara de anestesia, Pluma para bisturí, Perneira Sequel® y Placa para bisturí. Representaron una pérdida económica de R$ 342.473,00 en 2015, cuando aún no existía la práctica de auditoría in situ, frente al valor de R$ 114.157, en 2018, tras la acción de conferencias en el quirófano. Conclusión: Se logró un beneficio económico con la práctica de la auditoría in situ, con una disminución del 66,6% en la cantidad de materiales y medicamentos excluidos por la auditoría, debido al aumento en la calidad de las notas en las historias clínicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Organization and Administration , Surgicenters , Costs and Cost Analysis , Research , Medical Records , Organizations
7.
Rev. cuba. inform. méd ; 13(1): e417, ene.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251734

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los sistemas de información en los servicios de salud han contribuido en los procesos de automatización de historiales clínicos, desempeñando un papel importante en la atención médica. El objetivo de esta revisión ha sido identificar la importancia de los sistemas de información para la automatización de historiales clínicos y las herramientas usadas para su implementación. Se revisaron artículos de revistas indexadas en base de datos bibligráficas como: IEEE Digital Library, ScienceDirect, Scielo, Google Scholar con la finalidad de tener una mejor clasificación de información que aportara al desarrollo del contenido estudiado. Se identificó que los sistemas de información mejoran la comunicación médico-paciente, aceleran procesos de atención médica, reducen costos y tiempo. Los sistemas de información son importantes para la automatización de historiales clínicas, garantizado mejoras en el proceso de atención al paciente en los establecimientos de salud.


ABSTRACT Information systems in health services have contributed to the automation of medical records, playing an important role in medical care. The objective of this review was to identify the importance of information systems for the automation of medical records and the tools used for their implementation. Articles from journals indexed in bibliographic databases such as: IEEE Digital Library, ScienceDirect, Scielo, Google Scholar have been reviewed in order to have a better classification of information that contributes to the improvement of our interest topic. It has been identified that these information systems increase doctor-patient communication, speed up medical care processes, reduce costs and time. Information systems are important for the automation of medical records, guaranteeing advances in the patient care process in health establishments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medical Records , Health Information Systems , Health Information Systems/standards
8.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 107-118, maio 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282976

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Os tumores de cabeça e pescoço têm expressiva incidência e mortalidade, assim comoalta letalidade, e constituem um relevante problema de saúde pública, particularmente nos países em desenvolvimento. Dentre as neoplasias malignas diagnosticadas no mundo, aproximadamente 10% estão localizadas na boca, sendo esse o sexto tipo de câncer mais incidente. Objetivo:Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes diagnosticados com câncer de boca e faringe da Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer do município de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte,Brasil,entre janeiro 2013 e junho de 2018.Metodologia:Estudo transversal, fundamentado na análise retrospectiva e descritiva de prontuários médicos.Resultados:Dos221 prontuáriosanalisados, a cor branca (56,6%) e o gênero masculino (70,6%) foram os mais prevalentes, com média de idade entre 55 e65 anos. A maioria (61,9%) apresentava ensino fundamental incompleto, sendo residentes de área urbana (59,6%) com histórico de uso de tabaco (64,6%) e/ou bebidas alcoólicas (53,9%). Osítio mais prevalente de câncer em boca foi a base da língua (12,7%).Conclusões:Conhecer o perfil dos pacientes com câncer de boca e orofaringe é um importante passo para melhor traçar e direcionar ações de saúde pública visando tanto àprevenção quanto o diagnóstico precoce (AU).


Introduction:Head and neck tumors have a significant incidence and mortality, as well as high lethality, and are a relevant public health problem, particularly in developing countries. Among the malignant neoplasms diagnosed in the world, approximately 10% are located in the mouth, this being the sixth most frequent type of cancer. Objective:To evaluate the epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with oral and pharyngeal cancer of the Mossoroense League of Studies and Cancer Fighting in the municipality of Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil,between January 2013 and June 2018.Methodology:Cross-sectional study, based on retrospective and descriptive analysis of medical records.Results:Of the 221 records analyzed, white (56.6%) and male (70.6%) were the most prevalent, with a mean age between 55 and 65 years. Most (61.9%) had incomplete primary education, being residents of an urban area (59.6%) with a history of tobacco use (64.6%) and / or alcoholic beverages (53.9%).The most prevalent site of cancer in the mouth was the base of the tongue (12.7%). Conclusions:Knowing the profile of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer is an important step to better outline and direct public health actions aimed at both prevention and early diagnosis (AU).


Introducción: Los tumores de cabeza y cuello tienen una expresiva incidencia y mortalidad, así como alta letalidad, y constituyen un relevante problema de salud pública, especialmente en los países en desarrollo. Entre las neoplasias malignas diagnosticadas en el mundo,aproximadamente el 10% están localizadas en la boca, siendo este el sexto tipo de cáncer más común.Objetivo: Evaluar el perfil epidemiológico de pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer de boca y faringe de la Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer del municipio de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil,entre enero de 2013 y junio de 2018.Metodologia: Estudio transversal, basado en el análisis retrospectivo y descriptivo de los registros médicos.Resultados: De los 221 registros analizados, blancos (56,6%) y varones (70,6%) han sido los más prevalentes, con una media de edad entre 55 y 65 años. La mayoría (61,9%) presentaba educación primaria incompleta, siendo residentes de área urbana (59,6%) con antecedentes de uso de tabaco (64,6%) y/o bebidas alcohólicas (53,9%). El sitio más prevalente de cáncer en boca fuelabase de la lengua (12,7%). Conclusiones: Conocer el perfil de los pacientes con cáncer de boca y orofaringe es un importante paso para mejor delinear y dirigir acciones de salud pública objetivando tanto la prevención como el diagnóstico precoz (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Early Diagnosis , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Qualitative Research
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 88-106, maio 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282971

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Estudos retrospectivos sobre trauma facial são importantes para quantificar sua demanda para os serviços de saúde, além de contribuir parao planejamento de ações de educação e prevenção. Objetivo:Este estudo teve por objetivo traçar o perfil epidemiológico do trauma facial em um hospital regional do interior da Bahia. Metodologia:Realizou-se um estudo descritivo, transversal, por meio de análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de pacientes vítimas de trauma facial, atendidos no Hospital Geral Prado Valadares, em Jequié-Bahia,Brasil,durante o período de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2014.A análise estatística foi descritiva, sendo calculada em proporções e frequências absolutas e relativas.Para a comparação entre as variáveis foi realizado o teste do Qui-quadrado ou teste exato de Fisher.Resultados:Foram analisados 499 prontuários e observou-se que o sexo masculino (81,6%) e a etnia parda (50,3%) foram os mais acometidos pelo trauma facial. A faixa etária de maior prevalência foi de 25 a 34 anos (25,5%).O principal fator etiológico foi o acidente por motocicleta (30,1%) e houve elevada prevalência de traumatismo cranioencefálico (33,5%).Conclusões:No período estudado, verificou-se que indivíduos do sexo masculinoeadultos jovens foram os mais acometidos pelo trauma facial. Os traumas relacionados aos acidentes de motocicletae quedaforam os mais prevalentes (AU).


Introduction:Retrospective studies on facial trauma are important to quantify their demand for health services, in addition to contributing to the planning of education and prevention actions. Objective:This study aimed to trace the epidemiological profile of the facial trauma at a regional hospital in the interior of Bahia. Methodology:A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out through the retrospective analysis of medical records of patients who were victims of facial trauma, attended at the Prado Valadares General Hospital, Jequié-Bahia, Brazil, during the period from January 2012 to December 2014. The statistical analysis was descriptive, being calculated in absolute and relative proportionsand frequencies. The Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test were used to compare the variables.Results:499 medical records were analyzed and it was observed that males (81.6%) and mixed race (50.3%) were the most affected by facial trauma. The most prevalent age group was 25 to 34 years old (25.5%). The main etiological factor was the motorcycle accident (30.1%) and there was a high prevalence of traumatic brain injury (33.5%). Conclusions:During the study period, it was found that male individuals and young adults were the most affected by facial trauma. Traumas related to motorcycle accidents and falls were the most prevalent (AU).


Introducción: Los estudios retrospectivos sobre trauma facial son importantes para cuantificar su demanda de servicios de salud, además de contribuir a la planificación de acciones de educación y prevención. Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo rastrear el perfil epidemiológico del trauma facial en un hospital regional del interior de Bahía. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal, mediante un análisis retrospectivo de las historias clínicas de pacientes con trauma facial atendidos en el HospitalGeral Prado Valadares, en Jequié-Bahia, Brasil, desde enero de 2012 a diciembre de 2014. El análisis estadístico fue descriptivo, siendo calculado en proporciones y frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Para comparar las variables se utilizó la prueba de Chi-cuadrado o la prueba exacta de Fisher. Resultados:se analizaron 499 historias clínicas y se observó que los hombres (81,6%) y mestizos (50,3%) fueron los más afectados por el traumatismo facial. Elgrupo de edad más prevalente fue el de 25 a 34 años (25,5%). El principal factor etiológico fue el accidente de motocicleta (30,1%) y hubo una alta prevalencia de traumatismo craneoencefálico (33,5%). Conclusiones: Durante el período de estudio, se encontró que los hombres y los adultos jóvenes fueron los más afectados por el trauma facial. Los traumatismos relacionados con accidentes de motocicleta y caídas fueron los más prevalentes (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Violence/prevention & control , Accidental Falls/prevention & control , Brazil/epidemiology , Accidents, Traffic/prevention & control , Facial Injuries/diagnosis , Chi-Square Distribution , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Brain Injuries, Traumatic , Health Services
10.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(1): e1282, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251749

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los niños también son susceptibles a la infección por SARS-CoV-2, pero sus manifestaciones clínicas son leves y la evolución en la mayoría de los casos es satisfactoria. Objetivo: Caracterizar clínica-epidemiológicamente a pacientes pediátricos infectados con el nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV‐2. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo en los primeros 77 pacientes menores de 18 años confirmados con COVID 19 e ingresados en las salas de pediatría del hospital "Dr. Luis Díaz Soto" en el período comprendido entre el 13 de marzo al 30 junio 2020. De las historias clínicas se tomaron los datos de las variables edad y sexo, comorbilidades, fuente de infección y lugar de exposición, presencia de síntomas y tiempo de aparición después del contacto y periodo en que se inició la mejoría. Resultados: Hubo discreto predominio del sexo femenino (54,5 por ciento) y los adolescentes (51,8 por ciento) más vulnerables a la infección. Se refirieron comorbilidades en 23 casos (22,8 por ciento) y el asma fue la más frecuente (10-13 por ciento). Se precisó la fuente de infección en 74 (96,1 por ciento) y 58 (75,3 por ciento) estaban asintomáticos al diagnóstico. Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron los respiratorios (tos 7-36,8 por ciento, rinorrea 5-26,3 por ciento y estornudos 4- 21,0 por ciento), le siguió la cefalea con 4 (21.0 por ciento); solo 3 presentaron fiebre (15,8 por ciento) y otros 3 anosmia-disgeusia (15,8 por ciento). La evolución fue favorable en 100,0 % de los pacientes y la mayoría estaba asintomática al 7mo. día. Conclusiones: La infección por SARS-CoV-2 se presentó sin distinción significativa de sexo, preferentemente en adolescentes, con manifestaciones leves de la enfermedad y evolución satisfactoria. No hubo fallecidos(AU)


Introduction: Children are also vulnerable to Sars-CoV-2 infections, but their clinical manifestations are slight and the evolution in most of the cases is satisfactory. Objective: Characterize in a clinical-epidemiological way pediatric patients infected with the new SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study in the first 77 patients under 18 years confirmed with COVID-19 and admitted in the pediatric service of "Dr. Luis Díaz Soto" Hospital, in the period from March 13th to June 30th, 2020. From the clinical records were taken data of variables like age and sex, comorbidities, source of infection and place of exposure, presence of symptoms and time of onset after the contact, and period in which started an improvement of the disease. Results: There was a discreet predominance of female sex (54.5 percent) and the adolescents (51.8 percent) being more vulnerable to the infection. Comorbidities were noticed in 23 cases (22.8 percent) and asthma was the most frequent (10-13 percent). It was specified the source of infection in 74 patients (96.1 percent) and 58 patients (75.3 percent) were asymptomatic during the diagnosis. The most frequent symptoms were: respiratory ones (cough: 7-36.8 percent; rhinorrhoea: 5-26.3 percent; and sneezing: 4-21,0 percent); followed by cephalalgia with 4 (21,0 percent); just 3 patients presented fever (15.8 percent) and other 3 presented anosmia-dysgeusia (15.8 percent).The evolution was favorable in 100.0 percent of the patients and most of them were asymptomatic at the seventh day. Conclusions: The infection by SARS-CoV-2 was present with significative distinction of sex, more commonly in adolescents with slight manifestations of the disease and satisfactory evolution. There were no deaths(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Pediatrics , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Diagnosis , Betacoronavirus , Infections
11.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 37(1): e1249, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251713

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Con el protocolo LPM-TOA para tratamiento de la leucemia promielocítica, se han obtenido excelentes resultados, ya que se logra sobrevida global prolongada y posible curación de los enfermos. En la inducción se utilizan dos drogas cardiotóxicas: las antraciclinas y el trióxido de arsénico y en la consolidación los enfermos reciben una dosis elevada de arsénico. Objetivo: Evaluar la toxicidad cardíaca tardía en pacientes con leucemia promielocítica tratados según el protocolo LPM-TOA. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo, prospectivo y longitudinal que incluyó 20 pacientes tratados con protocolo LPM-TOA, seguidos en consulta entre enero y julio 2019. Los pacientes tenían más de dos años de haber recibido las drogas cardiotóxicas. Se revisaron las historias clínicas y se determinó la fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda y la deformidad longitudinal global, mediante ecocardiograma. Resultados: Se presentaron hombres y mujeres con igual frecuencia, edad promedio 41,5 ± 11,0 años. Durante la inducción, en menos de la mitad de los enfermos se suspendió el arsénico por elevación del segmento QT corregido; en la mayoría solo se suspendió por uno o dos días. La mayor parte de los pacientes tuvo la fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda con valores entre 61 y 70 por ciento y la deformidad longitudinal global fue - 24 - 22 por ciento Conclusiones: En los pacientes estudiados, el tiempo de haber recibido el trióxido de arsénico y la dosis recibida, no influyó en la función cardíaca(AU)


Introduction: The PML-ATO protocol for the treatment of promyelocytic leukemia has obtained excellent results, achieving high overall survival rates and the possible healing of patients. Two cardiotoxic drugs are used in the induction process: anthracyclines and arsenic trioxide, whereas during consolidation patients receive a high dose of arsenic. Objective: Evaluate the late cardiotoxicity in patients with promyelocytic leukemia treated by the PML-ATO protocol. Methods: An observational prospective longitudinal descriptive study was conducted of 20 patients treated with the PML-ATO protocol and followed-up in outpatient consultation from January to July 2019. More than two years had elapsed since the patients received the cardiotoxic drugs. A review was carried out of the patients' medical records and echocardiographic determination was made of left ventricular ejection fraction and overall longitudinal deformity. Results: Men and women presented the same frequency; mean age was 41.5 ± 11.0 years. During induction, arsenic was suspended in less than half the patients due to corrected QT elevation. In most it was only suspended for one or two days. Most patients had left ventricular ejection fraction values between 61 percent and 70 percent, whereas overall longitudinal deformity was - 24 percent - 22 percent. Conclusions: In the patients studied, cardiac function was not affected by the time elapsed since arsenic trioxide administration or the dose received(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/mortality , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/therapy , Anthracyclines , Arsenic Trioxide/therapeutic use , Medical Records , Survival Rate , Cardiotoxicity/drug therapy
12.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 18-23, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251517

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: describir las características sociodemográficas e histopatológicas en pacientes con diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma gástrico en la Clínica Oncológica Aurora, durante el período 2014-2017 en la ciudad de Pasto, Colombia. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo en una cohorte de 54 pacientes con diagnóstico de cáncer gástrico sometidos a gastrectomía durante los años 2014 a 2017. La información sociodemográfica se obtuvo a través de la historia clínica. El sistema de Sydney y la clasificación de Lauren se usaron para determinar las características histopatológicas. Resultados: la mayoría de los tumores se presentó en hombres mayores de 50 años (relación hombre mujer de 2,6:1). La ubicación predominante fue la región antropilórica. El histotipo tumoral más frecuente fue el intestinal (80%). La prevalencia de Helicobacter pylori en pacientes fue del 24,07% y fue mayor en el histotipo intestinal. La metaplasia intestinal fue la lesión premaligna más prevalente en todos los histotipos tumorales. Conclusiones: en el presente estudio se encontró que la edad mayor a 50 años y el sexo masculino son condiciones asociadas con el cáncer gástrico; hallazgo ya demostrado en estudios previos. Es perentorio avanzar en el mejoramiento de las condiciones de salud pública, control de la infección por H. pylori y tamizaje temprano de lesiones premalignas, pues son factores determinantes en la carcinogénesis de pacientes con carcinomas no cardiales e histotipos intestinales ubicados en la región antrocorporal. Aunque no se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los histotipos tumorales, el adenocarcinoma de tipo intestinal ubicado en la región antropilórica fue el diagnóstico más frecuente.


Abstract Objective: To describe the sociodemographic and histopathological characteristics of patients diagnosed with gastric adenocarcinoma at the Clínica Oncológica Aurora between 2014 and 2017 in the city of Pasto, Colombia. Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out in a cohort of 54 patients diagnosed with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy between 2014 and 2017. Sociodemographic information was taken from the medical records of the patients. The Sydney system and Lauren classification were used to determine histopathological characteristics. Results: Most tumors were found in men older than 50 years (with a male:female ratio of 2.6:1). The predominant location was the antropyloric region. The most frequent tumor histotype was intestinal (80%). The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in patients was 24.07 % and it was most commonly found in the intestinal histotype. Intestinal metaplasia was the most prevalent premalignant lesion in all tumor histotypes. Conclusions: The present study found that the age of 50 and the male sex are conditions associated with gastric cancer. This finding has already been demonstrated in previous studies. Progress in improving public health conditions, controlling H. pylori infection, and early screening of premalignant lesions is imperative, as they are determining factors of carcinogenesis in patients with non-cardia carcinomas and intestinal histotypes located in the anthrocorporal region. Although no significant differences were found among tumor histotypes, intestinal adenocarcinoma in the antropyloric region was the most frequent diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomach Neoplasms , Mass Screening , Medical Records , Prevalence , Helicobacter pylori , Diagnosis , Information , Gastrectomy
13.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(1): 58-64, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251522

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la elastografía en tiempo real, 2D-SWE (Supersonic), es una prueba no invasiva que se utiliza para determinar la elasticidad del hígado y, de esa forma, calcular el grado de fibrosis hepática. En Colombia, la prueba se introdujo en 2016 y no existen hasta el momento estudios del comportamiento de la prueba en todos los pacientes hepáticos, solo se han publicado en pacientes sanos y cirróticos. Objetivo: analizar la experiencia de la aplicación de la elastografía en tiempo real, en sujetos atendidos en el centro de enfermedades hepáticas y digestivas de Bogotá, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de una cohorte de sujetos atendidos entre marzo de 2016 y julio de 2017. Se realizó una historia clínica completa y una prueba de elastografía en tiempo real (Supersonic). Resultados: se incluyeron 654 sujetos, con una mediana de edad de 55 años (rango intercuartílico [RIC]: 45-64). La mediana de valores de fibrosis expresada en kilopascales (kPs) fue de 8,3, con un promedio de 5 mediciones. Se observó una diferencia significativa en el grado de fibrosis entre los grupos de edad y en relación con el diagnóstico final, donde se evidenció una mayor fibrosis en el grupo de enfermedades colestásicas (autoinmune, colangitis biliar primaria [CBP] y superposición autoinmune-CBP). La tasa global de fracaso fue menor al 1%. Conclusiones: es la primera descripción del comportamiento de la prueba a nivel nacional. Los valores de rigidez hepática observados en los diferentes estadios demuestran la utilidad de la prueba para la determinación de la fibrosis hepática en pacientes con diferentes patologías.


Abstract Introduction: Real-time two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) (Supersonic Imagine SA), is a non-invasive test used to determine liver elasticity and calculate the degree of liver fibrosis. In Colombia, this test was introduced in 2016 and, to date, no study has tested its behavior in all liver patients, only in healthy and cirrhotic patients. Objective: To analyze the experience of real-time elastography implementation in subjects treated at the Centro de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas in Bogotá, Colombia. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study of a cohort of subjects treated between March 2016 and July 2017. A complete medical report and a real-time elastography (Supersonic) test were performed. Results: 654 subjects were included, with a median age of 55 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 45-64). The median fibrosis values expressed in kilopascals (kPs) were 8.3, with an average of 5 measurements. There was a significant difference in the degree of fibrosis between the age groups and in relation to the final diagnosis, where there was a greater fibrosis in the cholestatic disease group (autoimmune, primary biliary cholangitis [PBC], and overlap). The overall failure rate was less than 1%. Conclusions: This is the first description of this test behavior in the country. Hepatic stiffness values observed in the different stages demonstrate the usefulness of the test to establish the degree of liver fibrosis in patients with multiple diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Fibrosis , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Liver , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Medical Records , Elasticity , Research Report , Methods
14.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 29(105): 42-48, 2021 mar. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348946

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La pandemia de COVID-19 representa un desafío para la salud mundial y continúa en investigación. Objetivo: Describir las características epidemiológicas, demográficas, clínicas y la mortalidad por todas las causas de pacientes internados con COVID-19 en un establecimiento de salud privado de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo, de corte transversal y descriptivo entre el 3 de marzo y el 8 de julio de 2020. Se incluyeron pacientes adultos con diagnóstico confirmado de COVID-19 por RT-PCR de hisopado nasofaríngeo internados en sala general y unidad de terapia intensiva (UTI) del Sanatorio San José. Se analizaron las características epidemiológicas, demográficas (edad, sexo, ocupación, procedencia, residencia), clínicas y mortalidad por todas las causas. Las variables continuas fueron descriptas con mediana y rango intercuartilo (RIC) y las variables categóricas con número y porcentaje. Se utilizó el programa STATA v 13.0.Resultados: Se incluyeron 118 pacientes. La mediana de edad fue de 50 años, 51% varones. Las comorbilidades más prevalentes fueron hipertensión arterial 31,4%, enfermedad neurológica crónica 27,1%, enfermedad cardiovascular 14,4% y diabetes 13,6%. Los signos y síntomas más frecuentes: fiebre 68,6% y tos 51,7%. Según la severidad inicial: 33,9% neumonía moderada y 27,1% grave. El 75% de las tomografías de tórax reveló vidrio esmerilado; linfopenia presentó el 30%. No se detectó coinfección viral. La mortalidad por todas las causas fue del 20%, y del 57% en UTI con ventilación mecánica. Conclusiones: Nuestro trabajo describe las características y mortalidad de pacientes internados con COVID-19. Es necesario aumentar la evidencia para desarrollar modelos de predicción clínica relacionados con COVID-19.Palabras clave: infecciones por coronavirus, pandemias, epidemiología, COVID-19.


ntroduction: The COVID-19 pandemic represents a global health challenge and continues to be investigated.Objective: To describe the epidemiological, demographic, clinical characteristics and all-cause mortality of patients hospitalized with COVID-19, in a private health care facility in Buenos Aires city.Materials and methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional, and descriptive study was conducted between March 3 and July 8, 2020. Adult patients with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 by nasopharyngeal swab RT-PCR, admitted to the general ward and intensive care unit (ICU) at the San José Sanatorium were included. Epidemiological, demographic (age, sex, occupation, origin, residence), clinical characteristics, and all-cause mortality were analyzed. Continuous variables were described with median and interquartile range (IQR) and categorical variables with number and percentage. The STATA v 13.0 program was used. Results: 118 patients were included. The median age was 50 years, 51% were men. The most prevalent comorbidities: arterial hypertension 31.4%, chronic neurological disease 27.1%, cardiovascular disease 14.4% and diabetes 13.6%. The most frequent signs and symptoms: fever 68.6% and cough 51.7%. According to the initial severity: 33.9% moderate pneumonia and 27.1% severe. Ground glass was reported in 75% of chest scans; lymphopenia presented 30%. Viral coinfection was not detected. Mortality from all causes was 20%, and 57% in ICU with mechanical ventilation.Conclusions: Our work describes the characteristics and mortality of hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Increased evidence is needed to develop clinical predictive models related to COVID-19


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Profile , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Retrospective Studies , COVID-19/diagnosis , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy
15.
Acta méd. colomb ; 46(1): 20-26, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1278151

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: en una unidad de electrofisiología de un hospital de tercer nivel de Manizales, Caldas, se han atendido pacientes en la cuarta edad; sin embargo, existe poca claridad en la literatura sobre las conductas terapéuticas en este grupo etario. Presentamos nuestra experiencia de atención e intervención en pacientes mayores de 80 años entre el 20 de septiembre de 2017 y 7 de octubre de 2019. Métodos: estudio tipo cohorte longitudinal, se recogió información con base en revisión de historias clínicas. Se realizaron seguimientos telefónicos al tercer y sexto mes del procedimiento. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 80 años intervenidos de cualquier procedimiento en la sala de electrofisiología. Se excluyeron los pacientes sin información sobre los datos de seguimiento. Resultados: se recogieron datos de 75 pacientes llevados a procedimiento. El 62.7% de los pacientes fueron hombres, las edades oscilaron entre 80 y 95 años. 32.7%, de pacientes con diagnóstico de disfunción sinusal. La comorbilidad más prevalente fue hipertensión arterial (92%). El procedimiento más realizado fue el implante de marcapaso bicameral. La mediana del tiempo de estancia hospitalaria fue de 1 día. EL 70% de los pacientes tuvieron riesgo medio o bajo según la escala CHA2DS2VASc. En el lapso de seis meses se encontró una incidencia acumulada de complicaciones de 4%, con 8% de reconsultas y una mortalidad de 1.3%. Conclusiones: las complicaciones posquirúrgicas, la necesidad y duración de la hospitalización, la tasa de reconsulta y la mortalidad asociada a los procedimientos en este grupo de edad son similares a las observadas en estudios con población menor de 80 años.


Abstract Introduction: fourth age patients have been cared for in the electrophysiology unit of a tertiary care hospital in Manizales, Caldas; however, there is little clarity in the literature regarding therapeutic conduct in this age group. We present our experience of care and intervention in patients over the age of 80 between September 20, 2017 and October 7, 2019. Methods: a longitudinal cohort study in which data was collected from a chart review. Telephone follow up was performed three and six months after the procedure. Patients over the age of 80 who had undergone any procedure in the electrophysiology lab were included. Patients without follow up information were excluded. Results: data were collected on 75 patients undergoing a procedure: 62.7% of the patients were men, ages ranged from 80 to 95, and 32.7% of the patients had a diagnosis of sinus dysfunction. The most prevalent comorbidity was arterial hypertension (92%). The most frequently performed procedure was dual chamber pacemaker implantation. The median hospital stay was one day. Seventy percent of the patients had a medium or low risk according to the CHA2DS2-VASc scale. Over a six-month period, a 4% cumulative incidence of complications was found, with 8% reconsultation and 1.3% mortality. Conclusions: postsurgical complications, the need for and length of hospitalization, the rate of reconsultation and the mortality associated with procedures in this age group are similar to those seen in studies of populations under 80 years old.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Aged, 80 and over , Pacemaker, Artificial , Patients , Sick Sinus Syndrome , Therapeutic Approaches , Medical Records , Cardiac Electrophysiology
16.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e850, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289527

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Valorar la efectividad del vídeojuego en educandos que padecen ambliopía funcional. Métodos: Se confeccionó la historia clínica de cada paciente, la cual incluyó la revisión oftalmológica completa, la evaluación de la agudeza visual con la prueba adecuada a cada edad, y se evaluó la presencia de supresión mediante la prueba de filtro rojo y las luces de Worth. Cada prueba se realizó de forma individual según el tipo y la severidad de la ambliopía, y se le indicó la refracción correspondiente. Los pacientes se dividieron en dos grupos: al grupo A se le aplicó la terapia tradicional de la ambliopía, y al grupo B se le siguió la misma pauta que un tratamiento tradicional de ambliopía, pero con la introducción de vídeojuegos. Resultados: Se observó en el grupo A un predominio de los pacientes con agudeza visual inicial entre 0,2 - 0,4 (50 %), la cual se incrementó en dos líneas o más en el (55 %); sin embargo, en el grupo B la agudeza inicial entre 0,2 - 0,4 fue de 56,5 %. Los resultados sensoriales seis meses posteriores al tratamiento, según cada grupo de estudio, mostraron en el grupo B una reducción de la supresión en el 91,3 %, y en el grupo A de un 75 %. Conclusión: La terapia visual combinada con vídeojuego es efectiva; mejora la agudeza visual; elimina y reduce la supresión, por lo que constituye una herramienta que complementa la terapia visual tradicional de la ambliopía.


ABSTRACT Objective: Assess the effectiveness of videogames for students suffering from functional amblyopia. Methods: A clinical record was developed for each patient, which included complete ophthalmological examination, visual acuity evaluation with the suitable test for each age, and determination of the presence of suppression by the red filter test and the Worth lights test. Each test was conducted individually according to the type and severity of amblyopia, and the corresponding refraction was indicated. The patients were divided into two groups: Group A received traditional amblyopia therapy, whereas Group B underwent traditional amblyopia treatment combined with the incorporation of videogames. Results: Group A showed a predominance of patients with initial visual acuity between 0.2 - 0.4 (50%), which increased two lines or more in 55%. However, in Group B initial visual acuity ranged between 0.2 - 0.4 in 56.5%. Six months after treatment, sensory results were 91.3% suppression reduction in Group B and 75% in Group A. Conclusion: Visual therapy proved effective when combined with videogames: visual acuity improved and suppression was reduced. It is thus a suitable tool to complement the traditional visual therapy for amblyopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Amblyopia/diagnosis , Medical Records , Video Games/adverse effects , Visual Acuity
17.
Femina ; 49(2): 102-108, 20210228. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224066

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo teve como principal objetivo estimar a prevalência de sífilis gestacional e fatores associados à infecção em uma Maternidade no Sul do Brasil no ano de 2018. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo descritivo, transversal, retrospectivo, no qual foram avaliados os testes rápidos para sífilis de todas as gestantes internadas para atenção ao parto ou ao abortamento na Maternidade Carmela Dutra no ano de 2018. Nos casos confirmados de sífilis, foram obtidos dados epidemiológicos, adequação do tratamento, coinfecção pelo HIV e resultados gestacionais. Resultados: Entre os prontuários analisados, 161 (3,6%) foram considerados casos de sífilis materna. A média de idade das gestantes foi de 27,98 (±6,65), 54 (33,5%) eram primigestas, 114 (70,8%) se declararam brancas, 125 (77,5%) estavam em uma união estável e 85 (52,7%) tinham escolaridade até o ensino médio. Quanto ao tratamento, 71 (44%) trataram de maneira adequada e 90 (56%), de maneira inadequada, e 44 (27,3%) delas realizaram o diagnóstico apenas no momento da internação hospitalar. Entre as pacientes que realizaram tratamento inadequado de sífilis, 28 (53,4%) apresentaram títulos iguais ou superiores a 1:8. Entre as pacientes que realizaram teste rápido para HIV na internação, 5 (3,7%) apresentaram coinfecção com a doença. Com relação ao tratamento dos parceiros no pré-natal, 11,8% não realizaram nenhum tipo de tratamento, porém em 66 (41%) prontuários não constava essa informação. Com relação ao desfecho neonatal, 5 (7,4%) pacientes com tratamento inadequado para sífilis tiveram parto prematuro, 5 (7,4%) recém- -nascidos foram de baixo peso e 22 (24,5%) pacientes apresentaram abortamento da gestação. Conclusão: A alta taxa de tratamentos inadequados sugere falhas na assistência pré-natal e indica serem necessárias novas estratégias para reduzir a transmissão de sífilis na gestação.(AU)


Objective: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of maternal syphilis and factors associated with the infection in Carmela Dutra Maternity in 2018. Methods: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study. All of the syphilis rapid- tests on pregnant women admitted for childbirth or miscarriage assistance at Carmela Dutra Maternity in 2018 were avaluated. In the cases of confirmed syphilis infection, the variables were epidemiological data, adequacy of treatment, HIV coinfection and gestational outcomes. Results: Out of all the medical records analyzed, 161 (3.6%) were considered maternal syphilis (MS). The average age of the pregnant women was 27.98 (± 6.65), 54 (33.5%) were primigestae, 114 (70.8%) declared themselves white, 125 (77.5%) were in a stable relationship and 85 (52.7%) had a high school education. Regarding treatment, 71 (44%) were treated adequately and 90 (56%) inadequately. Forty-four (27.3%) were diagnosed only at the time of hospitalization. Amongst patients who had inadequate syphilis treatment, 28 (53.4%) had titers equal to or greater than 1:8. Amongst patients who underwent rapid HIV testing during hospitalization, 5 (3.7%) had HIV coinfection. Regarding the partners treatment during prenatal, 11.8% did not receive any treatment, but 66 (41%) of the medical records did not contain this information. Regarding neonatal outcome, 5 (7.4%) of patients with inadequate treatment for syphilis had premature birth, 5 (7.4%) of newborns were underweight and 22 (24.5%) had miscarriages. Conclusion: The high rate of inadequate treatment suggests failure in prenatal care and indicates that new strategies are necessary to reduce syphilis transmission during pregnancy.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/epidemiology , Penicillins/therapeutic use , Prenatal Care/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Syphilis/drug therapy , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(spe): e20210125, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1337759

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar o perfil clínico-epidemiológico de crianças e adolescentes hospitalizadas na clínica médica de um hospital pediátrico, referente aos períodos não pandêmico e pandêmico por COVID-19. Método: Trata-se de estudo comparativo de natureza quantitativa, com delineamento transversal. A coleta de dados foi realizada em 219 prontuários do Serviço de Arquivo Médico e Estatística de um complexo pediátrico, no município de João Pessoa-PB. Quanto à análise dos dados, utilizou-se a estatística descritiva e testes estatísticos para comparar os grupos. Resultados: O perfil das crianças e dos adolescentes hospitalizados teve predominância do sexo masculino, e de lactentes para o período não pandêmico e pandêmico, igualmente. A mãe foi a principal responsável e acompanhante da criança. As variáveis, natureza do benefício social, diagnóstico segundo especialidade médica e tempo de internação apresentaram diferenças estatísticas significativas entre os períodos não pandêmico e pandêmico por COVID-19. Conclusão: Os dados encontrados apontam que não ocorreram mudanças expressivas no perfil sociodemográfico de crianças internadas. A pandemia por COVID-19 resultou em maior mudança no perfil clínico das internações. Implicações para a prática: Conhecer o perfil das crianças e adolescentes em processo de hospitalização, em um período pandêmico por COVID-19, auxiliará na elaboração de fluxos assistenciais e estratégias que atendam às reais demandas com propriedade


Objective: Analyze the epidemiological clinical profile of children and adolescents hospitalized in the medical clinic of a pediatric hospital in a non-pandemic and pandemic period by COVID-19. Method: This is a comparative study of quantitative nature, with cross-sectional design. Data collection was performed in 219 medical records of the Medical Archives and Statistics Service of a pediatric complex in the municipality of João Pessoa-PB. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and statistical tests were used to compare the groups. Results: The profile of hospitalized children and adolescents was predominantly male and infant for the nonpandemic and pandemic period, equally. The mother was the main caregiver and companion of the child. The variables, nature of the social benefit, diagnosis according to medical specialty and length of stay, showed a statistically significant difference between the non-pandemic and pandemic periods by COVID-19. Conclusion: The data found indicate that there were no significant changes in the sociodemographic profile of hospitalized children. The pandemic due to COVID-19, resulted in greater change in the clinical profile of hospitalizations. Implications for the practice: Knowing the profile of children and adolescents in the hospitalization process in a pandemic period for COVID-19 can help in the development of care flows and strategies that can meet the real demands properly


Objetivo: Analizar el perfil clínico epidemiológico de niños y adolescentes hospitalizados en la clínica médica de un hospital pediátrico en un período no pandémico y pandémico por COVID-19. Método: Se trata de un estudio comparativo de naturaleza cuantitativa, con delineamento transversal. La colecta de datos fue realizada a través de 219 historias clínicas del Servicio de Archivo Médico y Estadística de un complejo pediátrico en el municipio de João Pessoa-PB. Para análisis de los datos, se utilizó la estadística descriptiva y tests estadísticos para comparar los grupos. Resultados: El perfil de los niños y de los adolescentes hospitalizados tuvo predominancia, de igual forma, del sexo masculino y de lactantes para el período no pandémico y pandémico. La madre fue la principal responsable y acompañante del niño. Las variables, naturaleza del beneficio social, diagnóstico según especialidad médica y tiempo de internación, presentaron diferencia estadística significativa entre el período no pandémico y pandémico por COVID-19. Conclusión: Los datos encontrados apuntan que no ocurrieron cambios significativos en el perfil sociodemográfico de niños internados. La pandemia por COVID-19 resultó en un mayor cambio en el perfil clínico de las internaciones. Implicaciones para la práctica: conocer el perfil de los niños y adolescentes en proceso de hospitalización en un período pandémico por COVID-19 podrá ayudar en la elaboración de flujos asistenciales y estrategias que puedan atender las reales demandas con propiedad


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Health Profile , Child, Hospitalized/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Pneumonia , Socioeconomic Factors , Urinary Tract Infections , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dengue , Diagnosis , Medical Chaperones , Financing, Government , Hand Hygiene , Social Programs , Physical Distancing , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Mothers
19.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(1): e20200166, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1133825

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar registros dos cartões de pré-natal de puérperas atendidas em maternidades públicas e privadas. Método Estudo transversal que analisou fotos de 394 cartões de pré-natal de mulheres que participaram da pesquisa Nascer em Belo Horizonte. Os registros foram avaliados quanto ao preenchimento, legibilidade e completude das informações sociodemográficas, clínicas, obstétricas e exames laboratoriais. Resultados Evidenciou-se que 88,5% dos cartões não apresentaram registro do nome da unidade básica de referência, 76,9%, da maternidade de referência e 82,4%, da instituição de realização do pré-natal. A avaliação do edema, o uso de sulfato ferroso e ácido fólico não foram registrados em 55%, 91,1% e 92,6% dos cartões, respectivamente. A ausência de registros no gráfico de peso foi identificada em 86,8% dos cartões, e no de altura uterina, 79,7%. Conclusão e implicações para a prática Existem grandes lacunas no registro do processo de cuidado pré-natal nos cartões e cadernetas, o que pode comprometer a qualidade da assistência e o acompanhamento das gestantes. Os achados apontam para a necessidade da educação permanente em serviço direcionada aos profissionais de saúde, como os enfermeiros, quanto à importância da realização e registro das ações preconizadas no cuidado pré-natal.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar registros de las tarjetas de prenatal de puérperas atendidas en maternidades públicas y privadas. Métodos Estudio transversal, con fotos de 394 tarjetas de prenatal, provenientes de la investigación Nascer em Belo Horizonte (Nacer en Belo Horizonte), que analizó registros en cuanto al llenado, legibilidad y completitud de las informaciones sociodemográficas, clínicas, obstétricas y exámenes de laboratorio. Resultados El 88,5% de las tarjetas no tuvieron registro del nombre de la unidad básica de referencia, el 76,9%, de la maternidad de referencia y el 82,4%, de la institución de realización del prenatal. Evaluación del edema, uso de sulfato ferroso y ácido fólico no se registraron en el 55%, 91,1% y 92,6% de las tarjetas, respectivamente. La ausencia de registros en el gráfico de peso fue identificada en el 86,8% de las tarjetas, y en el 79,7% de altura uterina. Conclusión Existen grandes lagunas en el registro del proceso de asistencia prenatal, pudiendo comprometer la calidad de la asistencia y el acompañamiento de las gestantes. Implicaciones para la práctica Se necesita educación permanente dirigida a profesionales de la salud, como enfermeras, sobre la importancia de llevar a cabo y registrar las acciones recomendadas en la atención prenatal.


Abstract Objective To evaluate the antenatal care (ANC) home-based records of puerperal women attended in public and private maternity hospitals. Methods Cross-sectional study that analyzed photographs of 394 ANC home-based records of women who participated in the research Nascer em Belo Horizonte (Born in Belo Horizonte, in free translation). Records were assessed regarding completeness, legibility and completeness of sociodemographic, clinical, obstetric and laboratory data. Results 88.5% of the cards had no record of the name of the primary care unit of reference, 76.9% of the maternity of reference and 82.4% of the ANC institution. Evaluation of edema, use of ferrous sulfate and folic acid were not registered in 55%, 91.1% and 92.6% of the cards, respectively. The absence of records in the weight chart was identified in 86.8% of the cards, and in the uterine height chart, 79.7%. Conclusions and implications for practice There are large gaps in the registration of the ANC process in the home-based records, which may compromise the quality of care and follow-up of pregnant women. The findings point to the need for permanent education in service directed to health professionals, such as nurses, regarding the importance of carrying out and registering the actions recommended in ANC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Care , Quality of Health Care , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Critical Pathways/statistics & numerical data
20.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE03193, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1278068

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Identificar a prevalência da síndrome cardiorrenal (SCR) em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) crônica descompensada e sua associação com os dados sociodemográficos, clínicos, achados admissionais, mortalidade e tempo de hospitalização. Método: Estudo transversal, com abordagem quantitativa. A amostra foi constituída por 379 prontuários de pacientes adultos com o diagnóstico médico de IC crônica descompensada, admitidos em hospital público no estado de São Paulo, ao longo de 2015. A coleta de dados ocorreu em 2016. A disfunção renal foi considerada em pacientes com diagnóstico prévio de doença renal crônica (DRC) pela taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) < 89 mL/min/1.73 m2. Testes com valor de p menor ou igual a 0,05 foram estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: A prevalência da SCR foi de 54,1%, sendo 24,8% do tipo 1 e 29,3% do tipo 2. Os principais fatores associados à SCR foram: maior média de idade, mulheres, IC de etiologia isquêmica, menor fração de ejeção, portadores de diabetes mellitus, doença arterial coronariana, uso de estimuladores cardíacos artificiais, hipotireoidismo e doença de Chagas, bem como o perfil hemodinâmico de descompensação da IC nos tipos C e L. Destacam-se, ainda, inapetência, sonolência, estertores na ausculta respiratória, alteração na perfusão tissular, redução do débito urinário, com aumento dos níveis séricos de potássio, ureia e creatinina na avaliação clínica inicial. Os pacientes com disfunção renal apresentaram maior mortalidade, sem diferença significativa quanto ao tempo de hospitalização. Conclusão: Houve alta prevalência da SCR em pacientes com IC crônica descompensada, associada à maior mortalidade e diversos indicadores clínicos.


Resumen Objetivo: Identificar la prevalencia del síndrome cardiorrenal (SCR) en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) crónica descompensada y su relación con los datos sociodemográficos, clínicos y descubiertos en la admisión, la mortalidad y el tiempo de hospitalización. Métodos: Estudio transversal, con enfoque cuantitativo. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 379 historias clínicas de pacientes adultos con diagnóstico médico de IC crónica descompensada, ingresados en hospital público en el estado de São Paulo, durante 2015. La recolección de datos se realizó en 2016. La disfunción renal fue considerada en pacientes con diagnóstico previo de enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) por el índice de filtración glomerular (IFG) < 89 mL/min/1.73 m2. Pruebas con un valor de p menor o igual a 0,05 fueron estadísticamente significativos. Resultados: La prevalencia del SCR fue del 54,1 %, del cual el 24,8 % fue de tipo 1 y el 29,3 % de tipo 2. Los principales factores asociados al SCR fueron: mayor promedio de edad, mujeres, IC de etiología isquémica, menor fracción de eyección, portadores de diabetes mellitus, enfermedad arterial coronaria, uso de estimuladores cardíacos artificiales, hipotiroidismo y enfermedad de Chagas, así como también el perfil hemodinámico de descompensación de la IC en el tipo C y L. Además, se destacan la inapetencia, somnolencia, estertores en la auscultación pulmonar, alteración en la perfusión tisular, reducción del flujo urinario, con aumento del nivel en sangre de potasio, urea y creatinina en la evaluación clínica inicial. Los pacientes con disfunción renal presentaron mayor mortalidad, sin diferencia significativa con relación al tiempo de hospitalización. Conclusión: Se observó una alta prevalencia del SCR en pacientes con IC crónica descompensada, relacionada con una mayor mortalidad y diversos indicadores clínicos.


Abstract Objective: to identify cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) prevalence in patients with decompensated chronic heart failure (HF) and its association with sociodemographic and clinical data, admission findings, mortality and length of hospital stay. Methods: a cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach. The sample consisted of 379 medical records of adult patients with a medical diagnosis of decompensated chronic HF admitted to a public hospital in the state of São Paulo, throughout 2015. Data collection occurred in 2016. Kidney failure was considered in patients with a previous diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) by glomerular filtration rate (GFR) <89 mL/min/1.73 m2. Tests with a p value less than or equal to 0.05 were statistically significant. Results: CRS prevalence was 54.1%, with 24.8% being type 1 and 29.3% being type 2. The main factors associated with CRS were: higher mean age; women; HF of ischemic etiology; lower ejection fraction; people with diabetes mellitus; coronary artery disease; artificial cardiac stimulator use; hypothyroidism and Chagas disease; hemodynamic profile of HF decompensation in types C and L. Also noteworthy are inappetence, drowsiness, rales on respiratory auscultation, alteration in tissue perfusion, decreased urine output, with increased serum levels of potassium, urea and creatinine in the initial clinical assessment. Patients with kidney failure had higher mortality, with no significant difference in length of hospital stay. Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of CRS in patients with decompensated chronic HF, associated with higher mortality and several clinical indicators.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Medical Records , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Acute Kidney Injury/complications , Cardio-Renal Syndrome , Heart Failure/etiology , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Nursing Care
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL