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1.
Med. infant ; 29(1): 10-16, Marzo 2022. Tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1366813

ABSTRACT

El consentimiento informado es un proceso en el que un paciente libre y bien informado o sus representantes autorizan o no un procedimiento médico. Objetivos: El objetivo del estudio fue explorar el grado de satisfacción de padres de pacientes y profesionales con respecto al CI implementado en diferentes áreas del hospital. Métodos: Estudio observacional y descriptivo mediante encuesta anónima, a médicos y padres de pacientes atendidos en el hospital entre enero y julio de 2018. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 158 respuestas de profesionales y 139 de padres. Para el 50% de los padres el CI es un proceso para mejorar la calidad. El 81% de ellos consideró que recibió la información, la comprendieron y pudieron aclarar dudas. El 89% recibió la información del médico y el 59% en el lugar adecuado. De los profesionales, 57% consideró al CI como un proceso de información para mejorar la calidad. El 3% estimó que los padres comprenden la información siempre, el 66% consideró que el CI contiene la información suficiente y 13% le entregó una copia a la familia. Conclusiones: El grado de satisfacción de los padres en relación al CI es alto mientras que el de los profesionales es moderado. Hay que continuar trabajando en el proceso de comunicación entre ambos grupos (AU)


Informed consent is a process based on which a free and wellinformed patient or his/her representatives decide whether or not to authorize a medical procedure. Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the degree of satisfaction of parents of patients and professionals regarding the IC implemented in different areas of the hospital. Methods: Observational and descriptive study using an anonymous survey of physicians and parents of patients treated at the hospital between January and July 2018. Results: the survey was responded by 158 physicians and 139 parents. Overall, 50% of the parents considered that the IC is part of a quality improvement process; 81% of them found they received adequate information, understood it, and were able to clarify doubts. Eighty-nine percent received the information from the physician and 59% in the appropriate area. Of the professionals, 57% considered the IC to be an information process to improve quality; 3% felt that parents always understand the information; 66% felt that the IC contains sufficient information; and 13% gave the family a copy. Conclusions: A degree of satisfaction with the IC was found in parents while it was moderate among physicians. It is necessary to continue working on the communication process between both groups (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Parents , Surveys and Questionnaires , Patient Satisfaction , Communication , Hospitals, Pediatric , Informed Consent , Medical Staff , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
3.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(1): 1-12, mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151581

ABSTRACT

El personal de salud pública que se enfrenta a la COVID-19, está expuesto a múltiples riesgos entre ellos los trastornos psicológicos. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la presencia de síntomas asociados a ansiedad y depresión en personal de salud que trabaja con enfermos de la COVID-19. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en el que participaron 61 profesionales y técnicos de atención sanitaria, que trabajaban directamente con pacientes con COVID-19, a los cuales se les consultó acerca de la presencia de síntomas asociados a la depresión y ansiedad, sus principales preocupaciones y el tiempo de trabajo continuo para evitar la aparición de síntomas psicológicos. El 64,1% de los participantes relató nerviosismo y 59,2% cansancio, para el 90,16% la principal preocupación fue el fallecimiento del paciente y el 60,66% de los participantes indicó que el período ideal, de atención continua de pacientes COVID-19, para evitar la aparición de síntomas psicológicos era de 7 días. Nuestros resultados sugieren que es necesario elaborar estrategias de trabajo para disminuir la aparición de síntomas asociados al deterioro de la salud mental de los profesionales de la salud que atienden pacientes COVID-19


Public health personnel facing COVID-19 are exposed to multiple risks including psychological disorders. The goal of this study was to determine the presence of symptoms associated with anxiety and depression in health personnel working with COVID-19 patients. A descriptive cross-sectional study involving 61 health care professionals and technicians was conducted, working directly with COVID-19 patients, who were consulted about the presence of symptoms associated with depression and anxiety, their main concerns and ongoing working time to avoid the onset of psychological symptoms. 64.1% of participants reported nervousness and 59.2% tiredness, for 90.16% the main concern was the patient's death and 60.66% of participants indicated that the ideal period, of continuous care of COVID-19 patients, to prevent the onset of psychological symptoms was 7 days. Our results suggest that work strategies need to be developed to decrease the onset of symptoms associated with deteriorating mental health of health professionals caring for COVID-19 patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Personnel/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Medical Staff/psychology , Health Personnel/statistics & numerical data , Cuba , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute/psychology , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute/epidemiology , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Medical Staff/statistics & numerical data
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922421

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the current status of the cognition of neonatal pain assessment and analgesia management among medical staff in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).@*METHODS@#A self-made scale was developed according to "Expert consensus on neonatal pain assessment and analgesia management (2020 edition)" and was used to distribute questionnaires to the medical staff in the NICU from the member units of Jiangsu Province Medical Quality Control Centre of Neonatal Department to evaluate their levels of understanding the basic knowledge, assessment, and management of neonatal pain.@*RESULTS@#A total of 957 questionnaires (from 383 doctors and 574 nurses) were collected. Doctors and nurses had mean correct rates of 38% and 39% respectively in answering the questions on the basic knowledge of neonatal pain. They had median correct rates of 0% and 50% respectively in answering the questions on neonatal pain assessment, and mean correct rates of 73% and 68% respectively in answering on analgesia management. Compared with those who did not receive the training on neonatal pain, the medical staff who received such training had significantly higher correct rates in answering the questions on the basic knowledge of neonatal pain and neonatal pain assessment (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The medical staff in the NICU have insufficient cognition of neonatal pain, and thus it is necessary to carry out the special training on neonatal pain, focusing on the promotion and practical application of "Expert consensus on neonatal pain assessment and analgesia management (2020 edition)", in order to improve the level of neonatal pain assessment and analgesia management among medical staff in the NICU.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Cognition , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Medical Staff , Pain/drug therapy , Pain Measurement , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the psychological and behavior status of minor children of medical staff in Hubei province during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted through WeChat from March 13 to 15, 2020, which included a general data questionnaire and Conners parental assessment questionnaire (PSQ). The questionnaires received from outside of Hubei province were excluded through IP address, and the questionnaires with answer time 0.05) between children with parents as medical staff and those without. In 6-0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#s During COVID-19 epidemic period, the psychological and behavior status of minor children of Hubei medical staff with different ages shows differences with those without parents as medical staff, particularly in 6-<10 years and 10 to 16 year groups. It is necessary to pay attention to the psychological and behavioral status of children of medical staff in these age groups.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Betacoronavirus , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Coronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Medical Staff , Mental Health , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827376

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the insomnia status and relevant factors for the medical staff in the medical aid team for Hubei Province during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019.@*METHODS@#A convenient sampling survey was conducted among 1 056 medical staff in the national medical team of Hubei Province by using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and the Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy (RES).@*RESULTS@#The incidence from moderate to severe insomnia was 35.14%, and the total self-efficacy of emotion regulation was 3.60±0.91. Univariate analysis showed that the incidence of insomnia in female medical workers in Hubei Province was higher than that of male medical workers, which was increased with the elongation of work time and frequency. In addition, insomnia was associated with age, perceived ambient exposure and infection, and RES scores. Stepwise regression analysis showed that the occurrence of insomnia was mainly related to gender, perceived peripheral exposure, infection, and RES scores.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Insomnia is very common among medical workers in Hubei Province during the COVID-19 epidemic. Insomnia is related to the medical work status, the gender and their own emotional management and regulation in the epidemic area.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , China , Coronavirus Infections , Psychology , Emotional Regulation , Female , Humans , Male , Medical Staff , Psychology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Psychology , Sex Factors , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827374

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the psychological status of medical staff in the epidemic period of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and to analyze its influential factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 373 medical staff from Xiangya Hospital and the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were enrolled for this study. The General Sociological Data Questionnaire, Symptom Check-List 90 (SCL-90), and self-designed public opinion response questionnaire were used to assess general sociological data, mental health scores, and ability to respond to COVID-19 related public opinion information of medical staff. The mental health scores of medical staff with different general sociological data and public opinion information coping abilities were compared. Influential factors of mental health were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The average score of 10 factors in SCL-90 of 373 medical staff was less than 2 points. 14.21% medical staff had one or more factor scores more than two points, including 11.26% with terror symptoms, 7.77% with compulsive symptoms, and 5.63% with anxiety. The main sources of COVID-19 information for medical staff included WeChat, microblog, Jinri toutiao, TV and radio. 66.22% medical staff regularly verified information about COVID-19 through official websites or formal channels. A great deal of COVID-19 information in WeChat could make medical staff nervous (34.05%), anxious (30.29%), and insecure (29.22%). 68.63% medical staff sometimes were worried about getting infected because they knew information about COVID-19. Different departments of medical staff, getting cough or having a fever recently, and the degree of fear of infection had an impact on the SCL-90 score of medical staff, the differences were all statistically significant (all <0.05). Stepwise regression analysis showed that the impact of COVID-19 information on their life in WeChat, getting cough or having a fever recently, insomnia-early caused by COVID-19 information in WeChat, different departments, and the degree of fear of infection COVID-19 were the influential factors for the mental health of medical staff (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#During the epidemic of COVID-19, medical staff suffered from psychological problems to various degrees. It is necessary to establish a psychological assistance platform and guide the direction of public opinion correctly to promote the mental health of medical staff.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Betacoronavirus , China , Compulsive Behavior , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Psychology , Fear , Health Status , Humans , Medical Staff , Psychology , Mental Health , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology , Psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785344

ABSTRACT

The current document is based on a consensus reached by a panel of experts from the Chinese Society of Allergy and the Chinese Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Rhinology Group. Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) affects approximately 8% of Chinese adults. The inflammatory and remodeling mechanisms of CRS in the Chinese population differ from those observed in the populations of European descent. Recently, precision medicine has been used to treat inflammation by targeting key biomarkers that are involved in the process. However, there are no CRS guidelines or a consensus available from China that can be shared with the international academia. The guidelines presented in this paper cover the epidemiology, economic burden, genetics and epigenetics, mechanisms, phenotypes and endotypes, diagnosis and differential diagnosis, management, and the current status of CRS in China. These guidelines—with a focus on China—will improve the abilities of clinical and medical staff during the treatment of CRS. Additionally, they will help international agencies in improving the verification of CRS endotypes, mapping of eosinophilic shifts, the identification of suitable biomarkers for endotyping, and predicting responses to therapies. In conclusion, these guidelines will help select therapies, such as pharmacotherapy, surgical approaches and innovative biotherapeutics, which are tailored to each of the individual CRS endotypes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biomarkers , China , Consensus , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Therapy , Eosinophils , Epidemiology , Epigenomics , Genetics , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Inflammation , International Agencies , Medical Staff , Neck , Phenotype , Precision Medicine
11.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(12): 4569-4578, dez. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055760

ABSTRACT

Resumen Este artículo analiza, en el marco de una relocalización de asentamientos, la participación y las tácticas de los/as habitantes de Barrio Nuevo y médicos/as de un Centro de Salud de La Plata (Argentina) ante la crisis acontecida a partir de la aplicación de políticas de austeridad.El supuesto del que partimos es que la participación comunitaria y en el campo de la salud (entendida en un sentido holístico) posibilita identificar e incidir en los condicionantes sociales, como el derecho a la ciudad, para favorecer transformaciones de la situación de salud del territorio. Para ello, indagaremos la crisis, las políticas actuales y los modos de participación. En particular, desarrollaremos la experiencia de un Análisis de Situación de Salud (ASIS) en el barrio y analizaremos la relación entre derecho a la salud y derecho a la ciudad.Se empleó una metodología etnográfica. Se realizaron observaciones participantes, entrevistas en profundidad, un taller de salud y se participó en el ASIS.Concluimos que hay una relación dialéctica entre derecho a la ciudad y a la salud y ésta es una construcción colectiva. Toda participación barrial fortalece las intervenciones en salud. Ello es indispensable en contextos de crisis para luchar por derechos vulnerados.


Abstract The present paper analyzes, in the context of a settlements' relocation, the participation and tactics developed by the Barrio Nuevo inhabitants and doctors of a Health Centre in La Plata (Argentina), to face the crisis that is taking place in the country from the application of austerity policies. Our assumption is that community participation and in health issues (understood in a holistic sense) makes it possible to identify and intervene in social conditions, such as the right to the city, to produce changes in the health situation of the territory. For this, we will investigate the crisis, the current public policies and the modes of participation. Specifically, we will develop the experience of a Health Situation Analysis (ASIS) held in the territory and we will analyze the relationship between the right to health and the right to the city.The methodology used is ethnography. We carried out participant observations, in-depth interviews, a health workshop and participated in the ASIS.We conclude that there is a dialectical relationship between the right to the city and to health and this is a collective construction. All community participation strengthens health interventions. This is essential in crisis contexts to fight for violated rights.


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Care Rationing , Residence Characteristics , Community Health Centers , Community Participation/methods , Resource Allocation , Argentina , Population Dynamics , Cities , Qualitative Research , Right to Health , Health Policy , Medical Staff , National Health Programs/organization & administration
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766604

ABSTRACT

It is natural for all human beings to die; hence, death is an inevitable event. However, advances in medical technology are changing the meaning of natural death. These advanced treatments provide the capability to intervene at the time of death and to reshape the circumstances around natural death, by sustaining human life. However, it is extremely difficult to judge when treatment is futile for the patient's best interests. It is therefore recommended to make time to discuss the concept of medical futility during the course of caring for a critically ill patient. Despite the expectations and efforts of the patient, the patient's family, and medical staff, the patient will eventually, have a ‘hopeless’ medical condition. Most discussions about decision-making in end-of-life treatment have neen ethical debates focused on the patient's self-determination and best interest in the context of concepts such as euthanasia or death with dignity. However, such discussions are insufficient for resolving the wide variety of circumstances that occur in clinical settings. Instead, the various ethical dilemmas inherent to end-of-life care should be approached by educating medical teams, patients, and their families about how to recognize medical futility. Furthermore, it is important to optimize the balance between the rights of patients and the responsibility of physicians.


Subject(s)
Critical Illness , Euthanasia , Humans , Medical Futility , Medical Staff , Personal Autonomy , Right to Die , Withholding Treatment
13.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 443-450, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763476

ABSTRACT

A thorough disinfection and infection control process associated with gastrointestinal endoscopy is highly important for the health and safety of the examinee and the medical staff involved in the procedure. Endoscopic reprocessing and disinfection are two of the most important steps in quality control of endoscopy. In 2019, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy updated the Accreditation of Qualified Endoscopy Unit assessment items for these quality indicators. Assessment of disinfection and infection control comprises 28 mandatory items in the categories of disinfection education, pre-cleaning, cleaning, disinfection, rinsing, drying, reprocessing, storage, endoscopic accessories, water bottle and connectors, space/facilities, personal protective equipment, disinfection ledger, and regulations regarding infection control and disinfection. The updated Accreditation of Qualified Endoscopy Unit assessment items are useful for improving the quality of endoscopy by ensuring thorough inspection of endoscopic disinfection and infection control.


Subject(s)
Accreditation , Disinfection , Education , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Humans , Infection Control , Medical Staff , Personal Protective Equipment , Quality Control , Social Control, Formal , Water
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 694-699, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762090

ABSTRACT

Patient education is important for successful management of atopic dermatitis; however, due to limited time and resources, patient education remains insufficient. This study aimed to investigate the current state of education provided by Korean dermatologists, pediatric allergists, and allergists to patients with atopic dermatitis. A questionnaire survey consisting of items regarding educational programs for patients with atopic dermatitis was conducted via e-mail. In total, 153 participants responded to the questionnaires, and 26.8% indicated that they have had separate educational programs. The workforce involved in the educational program included nurses, residents or fellows, dieticians, pharmacists, and clinical psychologists. Most education protocols addressed the characteristics and natural course of atopic dermatitis and environmental management. Overall, 96.7% of the participants replied that an additional charge is needed for education; moreover, additional assistance from an academic society or association, in the form of medical staff, organized data, and advertisement, is required to develop and provide a well-structured educational program. A standardized education protocol will effectively provide appropriate education for patients with atopic dermatitis. Arrangement of education fees, covered by the National Health Insurance Service, will lead to the establishment of a structured educational program and participation of an additional medical workforce.


Subject(s)
Dermatitis, Atopic , Education , Electronic Mail , Fees and Charges , Humans , Korea , Medical Staff , National Health Programs , Nutritionists , Patient Education as Topic , Pharmacists , Psychology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762017

ABSTRACT

Mobile C-arm fluoroscopic X-ray systems are used for various diagnostic imaging and minimally invasive endovascular procedures. One of the greatest advantages of a mobile C-arm is its ability to move around the patient. The purpose of this study was to address the optimal setting of the mobile C-arm and the operating table, as well as the proper position of the operator and assistants for each procedure. In addition, methods to minimize radiation exposure to the operator and medical staff are described. Both the optimal setting and the proper position were classified by 5 types. These include the setting for aortic and inferior vena caval procedures (type I); left lower extremity (LE) intervention with an up-and-over technique (type II); right LE intervention with up-and-over technique, or bilateral LE vascular intervention with antegrade access (type III); arteriovenous fistula/graft intervention (type IV); and central vein catheterization (type V).


Subject(s)
Aorta , Catheterization , Catheters , Diagnostic Imaging , Endovascular Procedures , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Lower Extremity , Medical Staff , Operating Rooms , Operating Tables , Radiation Exposure , Veins
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760372

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify knowledge, awareness, and risk of occurrence of venous thromboembolism among pregnant women. METHODS: Subjects were 106 pregnant women treated as inpatients and outpatients at a women's health hospital in a metropolitan city February 19–March 22, 2018. Instruments consisted of questionnaires that included knowledge, awareness, and risk of occurrence of venous thromboembolism queries. Collected data were analyzed by t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: Mean score of subjects' knowledge of venous thromboembolism was 4.47 (0–15), mean score of subjects' awareness of venous thromboembolism was 66.98 (25–100), and mean score of subjects' risk factor of venous thromboembolism was 0.98 (0–44). CONCLUSIONS: Pregnant women's level of knowledge and awareness of prevention and risk factors on venous thromboembolism, is significantly low. To raise their awareness of risk symptoms and prevent occurrence of the disease, it is essential for nurses as well as medical staffs to: 1) provide an educational program on venous thromboembolism for patients; 2) assess and monitor pregnant women with a risk factor of venous thromboembolism; and 3) implement proper prophylaxis for patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Inpatients , Medical Staff , Outpatients , Pregnancy , Pregnant Women , Risk Factors , Venous Thromboembolism , Women's Health
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760191

ABSTRACT

Newborn infants, including premature infants, are high-risk patients susceptible to various microorganisms. Catheter-related bloodstream infections are the most common type of nosocomial infections in this population. Regular education and training of medical staffs are most important as a preventive strategy for central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). Bundle approaches and the use of checklists during the insertion and maintenance of central catheters are effective measures to reduce the incidence of CLABSIs. Chlorhexidine, commonly used as a skin disinfectant before catheter insertion and dressing replacement, is not approved for infants <2 months of age, but is usually used in many neonatal intensive care units due to the lack of alternatives. Chlorhexidine-impregnated dressing and bathing, recommended for adults, cannot be applied to newborns. Appropriate replacement intervals for dressing and administration sets are similar to those recommended for adults. Umbilical catheters should not be used longer than 5 days for the umbilical arterial catheter and 14 days for the umbilical venous catheter. It is most important to regularly educate, train and give feedback to the medical staffs about the various preventive measures required at each stage from before insertion to removal of the catheter. Continuous efforts are needed to develop effective and safe infection control strategies for neonates and young infants.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bacteremia , Bandages , Baths , Catheters , Central Venous Catheters , Checklist , Chlorhexidine , Cross Infection , Education , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Infection Control , Intensive Care Units , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Medical Staff , Skin
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740003

ABSTRACT

A dental bridge impacted in the esophagus of a 43-year-old man was successfully removed using endoscopy, without any further complications. It is of utmost importance that the medical staff carefully assess the patient's dental condition, provide clear documentation, and notify the patient appropriately to prevent dental prosthesis-related complications and claims. Anesthesiologists also need to be more cautious in the perioperative period, even after extubation, because this complication may not be completely avoidable.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anesthesia, General , Endoscopy , Esophagus , Foreign Bodies , Gastroscopy , Humans , Medical Staff , Perioperative Period
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739592

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate superiority of a night float (NF) system in comparison to a traditional night on-call (NO) system for surgical residents at a single institution in terms of efficacy, safety, and satisfaction. METHODS: A NF system was implemented from March to September 2017 and big data analysis from electronic medical records was performed for all patients admitted for surgery or contacted from the emergency room (ER). Parameters including vital signs, mortality, and morbidity rates, as well as promptness of response to ER calls, were compared against a comparable period (March to September 2016) during which a NO system was in effect. A survey was also performed for physicians and nurses who had experienced both systems. RESULTS: A total of 150,000 clinical data were analyzed. Under the NO and NF systems, a total of 3,900 and 3,726 patients were admitted for surgery. Mortality rates were similar but postoperative bleeding was significantly higher in the NO system (0.5% vs. 0.2%, P = 0.031). From the 1,462 and 1,354 patients under the NO and NF systems respectively, that required surgical consultation from the ER, the time to response was significantly shorter in the NF system (54.5 ± 70.7 minutes vs. 66.8 ± 83.8 minutes, P < 0.001). Both physicians (90.4%) and nurses (91.4%) agreed that the NF system was more beneficial. CONCLUSION: This is the first report of a NF system using big data analysis in Korea, and potential benefits of this new system were observed in both ward and ER patient management.


Subject(s)
Electronic Health Records , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hemorrhage , Humans , Internship and Residency , Korea , Medical Staff , Mortality , Statistics as Topic , Vital Signs
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786532

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the molecular epidemiology of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) outbreak at a newborn nursery and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).METHODS: During the outbreak, from August to September 2017, MRSA isolates collected from neonates and medical staff underwent genotyping and screened for virulence factors. Antibiotic susceptibilities were tested.RESULTS: During the study period, 41 neonates were admitted at the nursery (n=27) and NICU (n=14). Of these, 7 had MRSA infections (skin infection [n=6] and sepsis [n=1]) and 4 were colonized with MRSA. Associated medical staff (n=32) were screened; three were nasal MRSA carriers. Staphylococcal chromosomal cassette mec (SCCmec) type II, sequence type (ST) 89, spa type t375 was found to be the skin infection outbreak causing strain, with multi-drug resistance including low-level mupirocin resistance. SCCmec type IVa, ST 72, and a novel spa type designated t17879, was the cause of MRSA sepsis. Many different types of MRSA were colonized on the neonates; however, SCCmec type IVa, ST 72, spa type t664 was colonized in both neonates and a NICU nurse. All MRSA isolates from colonized infants were positive for the Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) toxin gene.CONCLUSIONS: The strain causing an outbreak of skin infections had multi-drug resistance. Also, MRSA colonized in the neonates were found to carry the PVL toxin gene. Because different strains are present during an outbreak, molecular epidemiologic studies are important to identify the outbreak strain and colonized strains which aid in effective control and prevention of future MRSA outbreaks.


Subject(s)
Colon , Disease Outbreaks , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Epidemiologic Studies , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Leukocidins , Medical Staff , Methicillin Resistance , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Molecular Epidemiology , Mupirocin , Nurseries, Infant , Sepsis , Skin , Virulence Factors
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