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Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e201157, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403735


Abstract Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the intestine, demonstrating an increasing incidence every year. TongXieYaoFang (TXYF) has been used widely in China as a complementary therapy to relieve the symptoms of IBD for hundreds of years. In the present research, a network pharmacology-based approach was used to systematically explore the intrinsic mechanisms of TXYF in IBD at the molecular level. Network pharmacology-based methods, which mainly included database mining, screening of bioactive compounds, target prediction, collection of IBD-related targets, gene enrichment analysis, network construction, and molecular docking, were employed in the present study. Network analysis revealed a total of 108 potential targets derived from 22 component compounds of TXYF, among which 34 targets were common with the IBD-related targets. In the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, 10 key targets were identified. The gene enrichment analysis suggested that anti-inflammatory processes, such as NF-kappa B signaling pathway and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, could be the core processes involved in the action of TXYF in IBD. Molecular docking results revealed that three compounds present in TXYF exhibited strong binding affinity for PTGS2. The present study provides novel insights into the molecular mechanisms and network approaches of TXYF action in IBD from a systemic perspective. The potential targets and pathways identified in the present study would assist in further research on the clinical application of TXYF in IBD therapy.

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/pathology , Intestines/abnormalities , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , NF-kappa B , Toll-Like Receptors , Network Pharmacology/instrumentation
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 477-487, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950048


Traditional Chinese medicine, as a complementary and alternative medicine, has been practiced for thousands of years in China and possesses remarkable clinical efficacy. Thus, systematic analysis and examination of the mechanistic links between Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) and the complex human body can benefit contemporary understandings by carrying out qualitative and quantitative analysis. With increasing attention, the approach of network pharmacology has begun to unveil the mystery of CHM by constructing the heterogeneous network relationship of "herb-compound-target-pathway," which corresponds to the holistic mechanisms of CHM. By integrating computational techniques into network pharmacology, the efficiency and accuracy of active compound screening and target fishing have been improved at an unprecedented pace. This review dissects the core innovations to the network pharmacology approach that were developed in the years since 2015 and highlights how this tool has been applied to understanding the coronavirus disease 2019 and refining the clinical use of CHM to combat it.

Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Network Pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Treatment Outcome , COVID-19 Drug Treatment
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 524-533, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950043


OBJECTIVE@#Appraisal of treatment outcomes in integrative medicine is a challenge due to a gap between the concepts of Western medicine (WM) disease and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome. This study presents an approach for the appraisal of integrative medicine that is based on targeted metabolomics. We use non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with spleen deficiency syndrome as a test case.@*METHODS@#A patient-reported outcome (PRO) scale was developed based on literature review, Delphi consensus survey, and reliability and validity test, to quantitatively evaluate spleen deficiency syndrome. Then, a metabonomic foundation for the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with spleen deficiency syndrome was identified via a longitudinal interventional trial and targeted metabolomics. Finally, an integrated appraisal model was established by identifying metabolites that responded in the treatment of WM disease and TCM syndrome as positive outcomes and using other aspects of the metabonomic foundation as independent variables.@*RESULTS@#Ten symptoms and signs were included in the spleen deficiency PRO scale. The internal reliability, content validity, discriminative validity and structural validity of the scale were all qualified. Based on treatment responses to treatments for WM disease (homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance) or TCM syndrome (spleen deficiency PRO scale score) from a previous randomized controlled trial, two cohorts comprised of 30 participants each were established for targeted metabolomics detection. Twenty-five metabolites were found to be involved in successful treatment outcomes to both WM and TCM, following quantitative comparison and multivariate analysis. Finally, the model of the integrated appraisal system was exploratively established using binary logistic regression; it included 9 core metabolites and had the prediction probability of 83.3%.@*CONCLUSION@#This study presented a new and comprehensive research route for integrative appraisal of treatment outcomes for WM disease and TCM syndrome. Critical research techniques used in this research included the development of a TCM syndrome assessment tool, a longitudinal interventional trial with verified TCM treatment, identification of homogeneous metabolites, and statistical modeling.

Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Integrative Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/therapy , Reproducibility of Results , Spleen , Syndrome , Treatment Outcome , Clinical Trials as Topic
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 736-744, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-950017


Effective therapy options for pneumoconiosis are lacking. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) presents a favorable prospect in the treatment of pneumoconiosis. A pilot study on TCM syndrome differentiation can evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of TCM and lay a foundation for further clinical research. A double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial was conducted for 24 weeks, in which 96 patients with pneumoconiosis were randomly divided into the control and treatment groups. Symptomatic treatment was conducted for the two groups. The treatment group was treated with TCM syndrome differentiation, and the control group was treated with placebo. The primary outcomes were the six-minute walking distance (6MWD) and the St. George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) score. The secondary outcomes were the modified British Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale (mMRC), Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Assessment Test (CAT), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and pulmonary function. Only 83 patients from the 96 patients with pneumoconiosis finished the study. For the primary outcome, compared with the control groups, the treatment group showed a significantly increased 6MWD (407.90 m vs. 499.51 m; 95% confidence interval (CI) 47.25 to 135.97; P < 0.001) and improved SGRQ total score (44.48 vs. 25.67; 95% CI -27.87 to -9.74; P < 0.001). The treatment group also significantly improved compared with the control group on mMRC score (1.4 vs. 0.74; 95% CI -1.08 to -0.23; P =0.003), CAT score (18.40 vs. 14.65; 95% CI -7.07 to -0.43; P =0.027), and the total symptom score (7.90 vs. 5.14; 95% CI -4.40 to -1.12; P < 0.001). No serious adverse events occurred. This study showed that TCM syndrome differentiation and treatment had a favorable impact on the exercise endurance and quality of life of patients with pneumoconiosis.

Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Quality of Life , Pilot Projects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/drug therapy , Pneumoconiosis/drug therapy , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Syndrome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939913


TCM formulae are the important guidances for clinical application of traditional Chinese medicines, which follow the principles of diagnosis and treatment in TCM. Elucidating the bio-active components of TCM formulae is the key to the modernization and internationalization of traditional Chinese medicines. With the rapid development of modern instruments and technology, many new theories, methods and strategies are emerging, which upgrade the research of TCM formulae into a higher level. Only when the medicinal efficacy, bio-active components, function mechanism of TCM formulae are understood, we can guarantee TCM safety and quality control. In this paper, we summarized the latest modern research thoughts and methods on bio-active components of TCM formulae including formula decomposition study, serum pharmacology and serum pharmacochemistry, association analysis, biochromatography, network pharmacology, metabolomics and proteomics, so as to provide reference for the research and development of TCM in the future.

Biological Products , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Metabolomics , Proteomics
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 402-415, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939899


BACKGROUND@#Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is becoming a popular complementary approach in pediatric oncology. However, few or no meta-analyses have focused on clinical studies of the use of TCM in pediatric oncology.@*OBJECTIVE@#We explored the patterns of TCM use and its efficacy in children with cancer, using a systematic review, meta-analysis and data mining study.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#We conducted a search of five English (Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Embase, PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and and four Chinese databases (Wanfang Data, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodicals Database) for clinical studies published before October 2021, using keywords related to "pediatric," "cancer," and "TCM."@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#We included studies which were randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or observational clinical studies, focused on patients aged < 19 years old who had been diagnosed with cancer, and included at least one group of subjects receiving TCM treatment.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#The methodological quality of RCTs and observational studies was assessed using the six-item Jadad scale and the Effective Public Healthcare Panacea Project Quality Assessment Tool, respectively. Meta-analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy of combining TCM with chemotherapy. Study outcomes included the treatment response rate and occurrence of cancer-related symptoms. Association rule mining (ARM) was used to investigate the associations among medicinal herbs and patient symptoms.@*RESULTS@#The 54 studies included in this analysis were comprised of RCTs (63.0%) and observational studies (37.0%). Most RCTs focused on hematological malignancies (41.2%). The study outcomes included chemotherapy-induced toxicities (76.5%), infection rate (35.3%), and response, survival or relapse rate (23.5%). The methodological quality of most of the RCTs (82.4%) and observational studies (80.0%) was rated as "moderate." In studies of leukemia patients, adding TCM to conventional treatment significantly improved the clinical response rate (odds ratio [OR] = 2.55; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.49-4.36), lowered infection rate (OR = 0.23; 95% CI = 0.13-0.40), and reduced nausea and vomiting (OR = 0.13; 95% CI = 0.08-0.23). ARM showed that Radix Astragali, the most commonly used medicinal herb (58.0%), was associated with treating myelosuppression, gastrointestinal complications, and infection.@*CONCLUSION@#There is growing evidence that TCM is an effective adjuvant therapy for children with cancer. We proposed a checklist to improve the quality of TCM trials in pediatric oncology. Future work will examine the use of ARM techniques on real-world data to evaluate the efficacy of medicinal herbs and drug-herb interactions in children receiving TCM as a part of integrated cancer therapy.

Adult , Child , China , Combined Modality Therapy , Complementary Therapies , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Observational Studies as Topic , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Young Adult
Acta cir. bras ; 37(2): e370205, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1374067


Purpose: To explore the potential immunomodulatory effects of total extract and different polar parts from Blaps rynchopetera Fairmaire. Methods: Phagocytic activity was evaluated by neutral red assay, and the effect of the immune function was investigated by normal and immunocompromised mice models. Results: In vitro, total extract, as well as chloroform, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water fractions could individually enhance the phagocytic ability of mouse peritoneal macrophages; in addition, chloroform and ethyl acetate fractions had an increasing tendency when combined stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In vivo, ethyl acetate fraction (EAF) could enhance the immune organ index, increase the serum hemolysin level and peripheral blood immune cells of immunocompromised mice, while for normal mice, the effect was inconspicuous. Conclusions: Blaps rynchopetera extracts had noteworthy immunomodulatory effect, especially for individuals with immune disorders.

Animals , Mice , Coleoptera/chemistry , Immunocompromised Host , Immunologic Factors/analysis , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Macrophages
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 184-190, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153063


Concern with antimicrobial resistance in animal production systems increases the interest toward integrative therapies. The objective of the present report was to report an integrative approach to a goat undergoing rumenotomy. A goat with ruminal acidosis underwent rumenotomy, corrective rumen suture, moxibustion, and treatment of the surgical wound (TFO) with sugar. In the first twenty days, acupuncture was performed on ST36, indirect moxibustion on Sp6 and CV8, and TFO with antibiotic ointment and sugar. The wound contracted 2cm, there was gradual return of ruminal dynamics, and moderate pain. Acupuncture continued from D21 to D50 on Yin tang, BL13, BL20, BL23, and BL22. Although there was drainage of ruminal fluid, the wound contracted 4cm during this period, pain was absent, and ruminal dynamics normal. During the last thirty days, the acupuncture technique surround the dragon was used and BL13 point needled, with complete closure of the wound. The TFO from D21 was performed solely with sugar. During treatment, there was modulation of the inflammatory response, with formation of granulation tissue and neovascularization. On D84, fibrinogen was 100mg/dL. The authors conclude that the use of sugar, acupuncture, and moxibustion contributed to return of normal ruminal motility, wound contraction, and complete tissue reepithelization.(AU)

A preocupação com a resistência antimicrobiana nos sistemas de produção animal aumenta o interesse pelas terapias integrativas. Objetiva-se relatar a abordagem integrativa ao paciente caprino submetido à ruminotomia. Uma cabra com acidose ruminal foi submetida à ruminotomia, ruminorrafia, moxabustão, acupuntura e tratamento da ferida operatória (TFO) com açúcar. Nos primeiros vinte dias realizou-se acupuntura em ST36, moxa indireta em Sp6 e CV8, TFO com pomada antibiótica e açúcar. A ferida contraiu 2cm, houve retorno gradual da dinâmica ruminal e dor moderada. A acupuntura continuou de D21 a D50 em Yin tang, BL13, BL20, BL23 e BL22. Apesar da ferida drenar fluido ruminal teve contração de 4cm nesse período, ausência de dor e retorno fisiológico da dinâmica ruminal. Nos últimos trinta dias foi realizada a técnica de acupuntura cercar o dragão e punturou-se o ponto BL13, com fechamento completo da ferida. O TFO a partir do D21 foi realizado somente com açúcar. Durante tratamento houve modulação da resposta inflamatória com formação de tecido de granulação e neoangiogênesse, o D84 revelou fibrinogênio 100mg/dL. Conclui-se que a utilização do açúcar, acupuntura e moxabustão contribuíram para o retorno fisiológico da motilidade ruminal, contração da ferida e completa reepitelização tecidual.(AU)

Animals , Rumen/surgery , Acidosis/veterinary , Ruminants , Goats , Surgical Wound/therapy , Rumen/diagnostic imaging , Acupuncture Therapy/veterinary , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Moxibustion/veterinary
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 1205-1210, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1253510


Objective: To synthesize the evidence in the literature on the applicability of the Ryodoraku system in the energy diagnosis based on the precepts of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Method: integrative review, carried out by independent reviewers in databases. Results: we found 324 studies. After exclusion, eight were analyzed, with a predominance of descriptive studies. There was agreement about the 24 points selected for the application of Ryodoraku; however, there is disagreement as to their location. Conclusions: Ryodoraku still does not present consistent evidence on its use, limiting the evaluation of its applicability

Objetivo: Sintetizar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre a aplicabilidade do sistema Ryodoraku no diagnóstico energético baseado nos preceitos da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa. Método: revisão integrativa, realizada por revisores independentes em bases de dados. Resultados: encontrou-se 324 estudos. Após exclusões, oito foram analisados, com predomínio de estudos descritivos. Houve concordância acerca dos 24 pontos selecionados para a aplicação do Ryodoraku; entretanto, há divergência quanto à localização dos mesmos. Conclusões: o Ryodoraku ainda não apresenta evidências consistentes sobre sua utilização, limitando a avaliação de sua aplicabilidade.

Objetivo: Sintetizar las evidencias de la literatura sobre la aplicabilidad del sistema Ryodoraku en el diagnóstico energético basado en los preceptos de la Medicina Tradicional China. Método: revisión integrativa, realizada por revisores independientes en bases de datos. Resultados: se han encontrado 324 estudios. Después de exclusiones, ocho fueron analizados, con predominio de estudios descriptivos. Hubo concordancia sobre los 24 puntos seleccionados para la aplicación del Ryodoraku; sin embargo, hay divergencia en cuanto a la localización de los mismos. Conclusión: el Ryodoraku todavía no presenta evidencias consistentes sobre su utilización, limitando la evaluación de su aplicabilidad

Humans , Male , Female , Acupuncture Points/classification , Electrodiagnosis/methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Electric Conductivity/therapeutic use
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880988


OBJECTIVE@#Traditional Chinese medicine plays a significant role in the treatment of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Tanreqing Capsule (TRQC) was used in the treatment of COVID-19 patients in the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of TRQC in the treatment of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 82 patients who had laboratory-confirmed mild and moderate COVID-19; patients were treated with TRQC in one designated hospital. The treatment and control groups consisted of 25 and 57 cases, respectively. The treatment group was given TRQC orally three times a day, three pills each time, in addition to conventional Western medicine treatments which were also administered to the control group. The clinical efficacy indicators, such as the negative conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid, and the improvement in the level of immune indicators such as T-cell subsets (CD3, CD4 and CD45) were monitored.@*RESULTS@#COVID-19 patients in the treatment group, compared to the control group, had a shorter negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid (4 vs. 9 days, P = 0.047) and a shorter interval of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid (0 vs. 2 days, P = 0.042). The level of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Significant reductions in the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid and the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid were identified in the treatment group as compared to the control group, illustrating the potential therapeutic benefits of using TRQC as a complement to conventional medicine in patients with mild and moderate COVID-19. The underlying mechanism may be related to the improved levels of the immune indicator CD3

Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/pathology , Capsules , DNA, Viral/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Feces/virology , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília;Instituto de Saúde de São Paulo; ago. 3, 2020. 22 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, MTYCI, PIE | ID: biblio-1118200


As práticas corporais da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa (MTC) envolvem movimento ou manipulação corporal, atitude mental e respiração com intuito de equilibrar o Qi ou energia vital. As práticas da MTC são recomendadas para promoção, manutenção e recuperação da saúde, bem como prevenção de agravos e doenças. As práticas corporais da MTC, no Brasil, incluem acupuntura,lian gong, chi gong (qigong,chi kung); tui-naetai chi chuan. Estas práticas foram incorporadas no SUS mediante Portaria no 971, de 03 de maio de 2006. Qual é a eficácia/efetividade e a segurança das práticas corporais da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa (MTC), exceto acupuntura, no tratamento da obesidade em adultos e/ou idosos? As buscas foram realizadas inicialmente por revisões sistemáticas, mas nenhuma atendeu aos critérios de elegibilidade. Novas buscas foram realizadas em seis bases de dados sem restrição de ano de publicação, para identificar ensaios clínicos randomizados(ECR). Desta forma, foram incluídos ensaios clínicos randomizados em inglês, português e espanhol que avaliaram os efeitos das práticas MTC no tratamento de obesidade na população adulta e idosa. A avaliação da qualidade metodológica foi realizada por meio da ferramenta de risco de viés da Cochrane, feita por uma pesquisadora e revisada por outra. Nesta revisão rápida, produzida em três dias, foram utilizados atalhos metodológicos, de maneira que apenas o processo de seleção foi realizado em duplicidade e de forma independente. A acupuntura, embora faça parte das práticas da MTC, não foi incluída porque está sendo analisada separadamente em outras revisões realizadas por esta mesma equipe. De 1.435 publicações recuperadas nas bases de dados, foram incluídos três ensaios clínicos randomizados que atenderam aos critérios de elegibilidade. A avaliação metodológica dos ECR demonstrou risco de viés, de forma que os resultados devem ser interpretados com cautela. Os estudos mostraram não haver diferença nos resultados entre Taichi e a maioria dos comparadores, com relação aos desfechos IMC, circunferência da cintura, peso corporal, massa corporal, gordura corporal e sensação de fome. O único estudo sobre Qigong não apresentou resultados favoráveis quanto a sua eficácia na redução do peso corporal. Um estudo relatou não ter identificado eventos adversos com a prática de Taichi. Embora existam alguns resultados favoráveis a prática de Taichi, é pequena a evidência de eficácia e segurança da prática no tratamento da obesidade em adultos e idosos. Devido à escassez de evidências não é possível afirmar os reais benefícios do uso dessas tecnologias para o tratamento da obesidade.

Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Treatment Outcome , Tai Ji/methods , Qigong/methods , Obesity Management , Complementary Therapies/methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods
Brasília; Fiocruz Brasília;Instituto de Saúde de São Paulo; ago. 4, 2020. 13 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, MTYCI, PIE | ID: biblio-1118201


As práticas corporais da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa (MTC) envolvem movimento ou manipulação corporal, atitude mental e respiração com intuito de equilibrar a energia vital-Qi. As práticas da MTC são recomendadas para promoção, manutenção e recuperação da saúde, bem como prevenção de agravos e doenças. As práticas corporais da MTC, no Brasil, incluem acupuntura, lian gong, chi gong(qigong,chi kung);tui-na e tai chi chuan. Estas práticas foram incorporadas no SUS mediante Portaria no 971,de 03 de maio de 2006.PerguntaQualéa eficácia/efetividade e a segurança das práticas corporais da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa(MTC), exceto acupuntura, na cessação do tabagismo em adultos e/ou idosos? As buscas por revisão sistemática foram realizadas em cinco bases de dados sem restrição de ano de publicação, publicados em inglês, português e espanhol. A busca foi por estudos que avaliassem o efeito das práticas corporais na cessação do tabagismo em adultos e idosos. Uma busca adicional por ensaios clínicos randomizados foi realizada em seis bases de dados, respeitando os mesmos critérios de elegibilidade. A acupuntura, embora faça parte das práticas da MTC, não foi incluída porque estás endo analisada separadamente em outras revisões realizadas por esta mesma equipe. De 111 revisões sistemáticas e 1.525 ensaios clínicos recuperados nas bases de dados, nenhum estudo atendeu aos critérios de elegibilidade. Devido à falta de evidências não é possível tecer considerações sobre a eficácia e segurança das práticas de MTC no controle do tabagismo na população adulta.

Humans , Adult , Aged , Tobacco Use Disorder/prevention & control , Smoking Cessation , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Treatment Outcome
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881040


As a representative drug for the treatment of severe community-acquired pneumonia and sepsis, Xuebijing (XBJ) injection is also one of the recommended drugs for the prevention and treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), but its treatment mechanism for COVID-19 is still unclear. Therefore, this study aims to explore the potential mechanism of XBJ injection in the treatment of COVID-19 employing network pharmacology and molecular docking methods. The corresponding target genes of 45 main active ingredients in XBJ injection and COVID-19 were obtained by using multiple database retrieval and literature mining. 102 overlapping targets of them were screened as the core targets for analysis. Then built the PPI network, TCM-compound-target-disease, and disease-target-pathway networks with the help of Cytoscape 3.6.1 software. After that, utilized DAVID to perform gene ontology (GO) function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis to predict the action mechanism of overlapping targets. Finally, by applying molecular docking technology, all compounds were docked with COVID-19 3 CL protease(3CLpro), spike protein (S protein), and angiotensin-converting enzyme II (ACE2). The results indicated that quercetin, luteolin, apigenin and other compounds in XBJ injection could affect TNF, MAPK1, IL6 and other overlapping targets. Meanwhile, anhydrosafflor yellow B (AHSYB), salvianolic acid B (SAB), and rutin could combine with COVID-19 crucial proteins, and then played the role of anti-inflammatory, antiviral and immune response to treat COVID-19. This study revealed the multiple active components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways of XBJ injection in the treatment of COVID-19, which provided a new perspective for the study of the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the treatment of COVID-19.

Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/metabolism , Biological Availability , COVID-19/virology , Coronavirus 3C Proteases/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Molecular Docking Simulation/methods , Protein Interaction Mapping/methods , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/metabolism
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2019. 132 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1418410


Dentre as doenças raras, a Fibrose Cística (FC) é a mais frequente no Brasil e é reconhecida como a mais importante doença hereditária. Diferentes estudos apontam para a presença de dor e ansiedade neste grupo de pacientes e correlacionam com pior adesão, menor função pulmonar e menor qualidade de vida. A assistência do enfermeiro ao paciente e suas famílias deve ser estabelecida na perspectiva do cuidado integral, e primar pela busca de resultados favoráveis dos aspectos físicos e biopsicossociais. O uso da Acupuntura associado ao tratamento convencional, pode agir neste intento. Entende-se a acupuntura realizada pelo enfermeiro como uma tecnologia aplicada ao cuidado de enfermagem que se opera em atos e que pode ter seu processo de avaliação norteado através das respostas aos diagnósticos de enfermagem, defendida como possibilidade terapêutica. Objetivo geral: avaliar as respostas dos Diagnósticos de Enfermagem Dor e Ansiedade à intervenção com acupuntura associada ao tratamento convencional de adolescentes com Fibrose Cística. Objetivos específicos: analisar a evolução dos Diagnósticos de Enfermagem, Dor e Ansiedade, identificados em adolescentes com Fibrose Cística durante tratamento com acupuntura; avaliar a evolução dos parâmetros de acompanhamento clínico de padrão respiratório observados em adolescentes com Fibrose Cística durante o tratamento; e relacionar o diagnóstico energético à luz da Medicina Tradicional Chinesa com os Diagnósticos de Enfermagem sob análise nesses adolescentes. Método. Estudo quase-experimental, comparativo, do tipo antes-depois, com abordagem quantitativa, realizado em ambulatório especializado de Pediatria, com 13 adolescentes com diagnóstico de FC, após aplicação de cálculo de amostra aleatória simples, poder do teste (1-ß) de 80% e nível de significância (α) de 5%. Foram utilizados instrumentos já validados para a captação dos dados: consulta de enfermagem; escala visual analógica da dor; escala hospitalar de ansiedade e depressão; padrão respiratório e prontuário dos participantes. As medições foram registradas em uma planilha de Excel®. Para o estímulo dos pontos após estabelecido o diagnóstico, foi utilizada a técnica de laser-acupuntura com equipamento infravermelho, duração de aproximadamente 30 (trinta) minutos cada entre o preparo do participante e o procedimento. O tratamento foi individualizado, de intervenção única. Para realização das análises foi utilizado pacote estatístico Action, disposto sob a plataforma do R. A descrição dos dados foi apresentada na forma de frequência observada, porcentagem, valor mínimo e máximo, medidas de tendência central e de variabilidade. Resultados. Dos participantes, 38,5 % possuem baixo peso e 23% na faixa considerada pré-obesidade; 30,8% possuem 1o ano do ensino médio; 46,1% são evangélicos, com renda familiar inferior a dois salários mínimos. No referente às doenças associadas, um participante (7,7%) relatou diabetes e um (7,7%) doença celíaca e epilepsia. O tempo de diagnóstico variou de menos de um ano a doze anos de idade. O DE 'falta de adesão' foi identificado em 100% dos participantes em algum momento da avaliação, seguido da ansiedade (84,6%), campo energético perturbado (69,3%), dor (69,3%), atividade de recreação deficiente (61,5%) e insônia (53,8%). Os resultados pré e pós intervenção revelaram que, para a escala de ansiedade, o escore após a realização da LA foi menor em média (4.5; DP ± 2.8) do que antes da realização da mesma (6.8; DP ± 3.5); a frequência respiratória foi menor em mediana (20 irpm) após a realização da LA do que antes de sua realização da mesma (22 irpm); a média da frequência cardíaca reduziu (75.69 bpm; DP ± 10.20 irpm) após a aplicação da LA. Já a saturação do O 2 aumentou em média (97.77; DP ± 1.42) após a aplicação e a dor se manteve constante antes da aplicação e nos 3 momentos posteriores; apenas 15,4% participantes referiram dor no momento da avaliação que, apesar de sua relevância clínica, foi um n inexpressivo para avalição estatística.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Nursing Diagnosis , Cystic Fibrosis/diagnosis , Acupuncture , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Anxiety/diagnosis , Pain/diagnosis , Pediatric Nursing , Quality of Life , Respiration , Critical Pathways , Acupuncture/methods , Depression/psychology , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 34(3): e1395, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1099051


RESUMEN Introducción: La cefalea es uno de los trastornos más comunes del sistema nervioso en todo el mundo, frecuentemente es signo de otras enfermedades. Mientras la medicina occidental trata los síntomas con medicamentos, los médicos alternativos tratan la causa con acupuntura para proporcionar alivio duradero. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de la acupuntura con microsistema de cara como tratamiento de pacientes con cefalea migrañosa. Métodos: Estudio cuasiexperimental de tipo casos-controles con 100 pacientes que asistieron a la Clínica del Dolor del Hospital "Dr. Ambrosio Grillo Portuondo", en Santiago de Cuba, con diagnóstico de cefalea migrañosa, desde enero de 2014 a noviembre de 2015. Al grupo estudio se aplicó acupuntura con microsistema de cara; al grupo control, medicamentos. La información se obtuvo de las historias clínicas, el dolor se valoró con la escala analógica visual del dolor. Se aplicó Ji cuadrado de homogeneidad para la identificar diferencias significativas entre las proporciones de efectividad de uno y otro tratamiento, con un nivel de significación (α;= 0,05). Resultados: Predominó el sexo femenino (70,00 por ciento), el grupo etareo 18-39 años, de ellos 40 en el grupo estudio (80,00 por ciento), 43 en el control (86,00 por ciento). En el grupo estudio el 82,00 por ciento de los pacientes quedó sin dolor desde la primera sesión del tratamiento, el 18,00 por ciento con dolor disminuido. Al final del tratamiento el 98,00 por ciento del grupo estudio quedó sin dolor contra el 96,00 por ciento del grupo control. Conclusión: La acupuntura con microsistema de cara es un método alternativo efectivo en el tratamiento de la cefalea migrañosa(AU)

ABSTRACT Introduction: Headache is one of the most common nervous system disorders worldwide. It is frequently a sign of other diseases. While Western medicine treats symptoms with medications, alternative practitioners treat the cause with acupuncture to provide long-lasting relief. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture with a facial microsystem as a treatment for patients with migraine headache. Methods: Quasiexperimental case-control study with 100 patients who attended the Pain Clinic at Dr. Ambrosio Grillo Portuondo Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, with a diagnosis of migraine headache, from January 2014 to November 2015. The study group was applied acupuncture with a facial microsystem. The control group was treated with medicines. The information was obtained from the medical records. The pain was assessed using the Visual Analogue Scale. Chi-square test of homogeneity was applied in order to identify significant differences between the proportions of effectiveness of one treatment and another, with a level of significance α =0.05. Results: There was predominance of the female sex (70.00 percent), age group 18-39 years, among them 40 in the study group (80.00 percent) and 43 in the control group (86.00 percent). In the study group, 82.00 percent of patients remained without pain from the first session of treatment and 18.00 percent with pain decreased. At the end of the treatment, 98.00 percent of the study group remained without pain in opposition to 96.00 percent of the control group. Conclusion: Acupuncture with a facial microsystem is an effective alternative method in the treatment of migraine headache(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Pain Clinics , Evaluation of the Efficacy-Effectiveness of Interventions , Migraine Disorders/diagnosis , Acupuncture Analgesia/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods
Bogota; s.n; 2018. 1-51 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, MTYCI | ID: biblio-1140543


El dolor postquirúrgico ha sido tema de discusión mundial, debido a la prevalencia del mismo a pesar de los múltiples tratamientos conven cionales y no convencionales utilizados. Estudios han demostrado porcentajes tan altos de prevalencia de dolor postoperatorio como el 75% en los estados Unidos (Apfelbaum, Chen, Mehta, and Gan, 2003) , 68% en Canadá (Rocchi, Chung, and Forte, 2002) , en Co lombi a del 79.5% (Cadavid, Mendoza, Gómez, and Berrío, 2009) . En esta monografía nos referiremos al manejo del d olor postoperatorio con recursos analgésicos clásicos y con acupuntura, los síndromes con que este se relaciona en l a Medicina Tradicional China, r evisaremos estudios y publicaciones que analizan la eficacia de este método terapéutico ancestral en el manejo integral del dolor posterior a la artroplastia de rodilla. Observaremos la respuesta al dolor postquirúrgico en cirugías con acupuntura bas ándonos en la escala visual análoga.

Humans , Pain, Postoperative , Acupuncture , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Complementary Therapies , Pain Management , Analgesics
Rev. medica electron ; 39(3): 460-470, may.-jun. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902186


Introducción: la hiperplasia benigna de la próstata se define como una entidad histopatológica caracterizada por un crecimiento fibromioadenoso de la glándula prostática. Según la Medicina Tradicional China se clasifica bajo categorías diferentes, dependiendo de cada paciente y de sus síntomas clínicos principales. Objetivo: establecer el comportamiento de esta enfermedad según la Medicina Tradicional China. Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, en pacientes con diagnóstico de hiperplasia benigna de próstata atendidos en el Servicio de Referencia Provincial de Medicina Natural y Tradicional "Dr. Mario E. Dihigo" de Matanzas, en el período correspondiente a febrero 2013 agosto de 2014. El universo lo conformaron los pacientes diagnosticados con la patología y que asistieron a consulta de Medicina Natural y Tradicional. La muestra fueron los 100 pacientes dispuestos a participar en la investigación que firmaron voluntariamente el consentimiento informado y se les realizó historia clínica. Resultados: la deficiencia de Yin en riñón e hígado y la humedad-calor en Jiao inferior fueron los diagnósticos que prevalecieron en la investigación. Conclusiones: la realización del diagnóstico tradicional chino posibilita indicar un tratamiento individualizado a los pacientes al tratar la causa que lo origina (AU).

Introduction: the prostate benign hyperplasia is defined as a histopathologic entity characterized by the prostate gland fibromioadenomatous growth. According to the Traditional Chinese Medicine it is classified in different categories, depending on each patient and his/her main clinical symptoms. Objective: to establish this disease behavior according to the Traditional Chinese Medicine. Materials and methods: an observational, descriptive study was carried out in patients diagnosed with prostate benign hyperplasia attended at the Provincial Reference Service of Natural and Traditional Medicine "Dr. Mario E. Dihigo" of Matanzas, in the period from February 2013 to August 2014. The universe was formed by the patients diagnosed with that pathology who assisted to the consultation of Natural and Traditional Medicine. The 100 patients who were ready to participate and voluntarily gave their informed consent were the sample; medical records were written. Results: Yin deficiency in kidney and liver, and humidity-warm in lower Jiao were the diagnoses that prevailed in the research. Conclusions: to make the traditional Chinese diagnosis allos to indicate an individualized treatment to the patients while treating the originating cause (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Prostatic Hyperplasia/epidemiology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Patients , Prostatic Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Prostatic Hyperplasia/pathology , Observational Studies as Topic
Clinics ; 72(4): 254-257, Apr. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840069


OBJECTIVES: The Meridian Energy Analysis Device is currently a popular tool in the scientific research of meridian electrophysiology. In this field, it is generally believed that measuring the electrical conductivity of meridians provides information about the balance of bioenergy or Qi-blood in the body. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed database based on some original articles from 1956 to 2014 and the authoŕs clinical experience. In this short communication, we provide clinical examples of Meridian Energy Analysis Device application, especially in the field of traditional Chinese medicine, discuss the reliability of the measurements, and put the values obtained into context by considering items of considerable variability and by estimating sample size. CONCLUSION: The Meridian Energy Analysis Device is making a valuable contribution to the diagnosis of Qi-blood dysfunction. It can be assessed from short-term and long-term meridian bioenergy recordings. It is one of the few methods that allow outpatient traditional Chinese medicine diagnosis, monitoring the progress, therapeutic effect and evaluation of patient prognosis. The holistic approaches underlying the practice of traditional Chinese medicine and new trends in modern medicine toward the use of objective instruments require in-depth knowledge of the mechanisms of meridian energy, and the Meridian Energy Analysis Device can feasibly be used for understanding and interpreting traditional Chinese medicine theory, especially in view of its expansion in Western countries.

Humans , Meridians , Qi , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/instrumentation , Blood , Acupuncture Points , Reproducibility of Results , Sample Size , Electric Conductivity/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods
Rev. medica electron ; 39(1): 4-14, ene.-feb. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-845384


Introducción: la cefalea es toda sensación dolorosa que tiene lugar en la parte superior de la cabeza, desde el reborde orbitario hasta la nuca. Constituye la primera causa de acudir al neurólogo y uno de los motivos más frecuentes en consultas de Medicina Interna. La cefalea tipo tensión es frecuente en la práctica diaria y la más invalidante desde los puntos de vistas físico, social, económico y psicológico. Objetivo: mostrar la actuación de Enfermería en el alivio de la migraña y describir la efectividad de la digitopuntura en pacientes con cefalea migrañosa, del Policlínico Contreras, primer trimestre de 2014. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. El grupo de estudio, 120 pacientes que acudieron a la consulta de Medicina Natural y Tradicional. Resultados: la edad de mayor incidencia 25-34 años, con 47.4 %. Prevaleció el sexo femenino, en un 70 %; la duración del dolor mostró un 43.3 % de afectación. Transcurrió entre las 4 y 8 horas, y siempre tuvo relación con el estrés, en 44.2 %; en un 69.2 % existió relación del dolor con la ingestión de alimentos. Se alivió con el sueño el 61.7 %, y el 52,5 % alcanzaron estado evolutivo excelente. Conclusiones: la aplicación de la digitopuntura a pacientes con cefalea migrañosa contribuyó a que los casos estudiados evolucionaran satisfactoriamente, expresando alivio del dolor. El tratamiento demostró efectividad y contribuyó a la disminución de drogas utilizadas en esta entidad, disminución de gastos económicos que implica el consumo de las mismas; lograr reincorporar a la vida laboral y social en un menor tiempo al paciente (AU).

Introduction: cephalalgia is any painful sensation occurring in the superior part of the head, from the orbital ridge to the nape. It is the first cause of visiting a neurologist and one of the most frequent causes of Internal Medicine consultations. The tension-kind cephalalgia is frequent in daily practice and the most invaliding one from the physical, social, economic and psychological point of view. Aim: to show Nursery behavior in migraine alleviation and to describe the digitopuncture effectiveness in patients with migrainous cephalalgia from Contreras Policlinic in the first trimester of 2014. Materials and methods: observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study. The studied group was 120 patients assisting the consultation of Natural and Traditional Medicine. Outcomes: the 25-34 age group was the one that showed higher incidence, with 47.4 %. The female sex prevailed with 70 %; pain lasting had 44.3 % of affectation. It lasted between 4 and 8 hours, always related to stress in 44.2 %. There it was a relation between pain and food intake in 69.2 %. 61.7 % of the cases were lessened with sleep, and 52.5 % achieved an excellent evolving status. Conclusions: Acupuncture application to patients with migrainous cephalalgia contributed to the satisfactory evolution of the studied cases: The patients expressed pain relieve. The treatment showed effectiveness and facilitated the decrease of drug usage in this entity, also diminishing the economic expenses its use implies; the patients reincorporated to social and working life in a shorter time period (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Acupuncture/methods , Migraine Disorders/diagnosis , Migraine Disorders/nursing , Migraine Disorders/rehabilitation , Nursing Care/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study , Psychological Distress , Massage/nursing , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods
Rev. bras. enferm ; 70(1): 198-209, jan.-fev. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-843600


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar, na literatura, artigos que avaliaram a efetividade ou eficácia de intervenções não farmacológicas para melhorar a qualidade de vida de pessoas com insuficiência cardíaca. Método: revisão integrativa de literatura realizada nas bases de dados Lilacs, MedLine e SciELO, incluindo ensaios clínicos randomizados ou não randomizados e estudos quase-experimentais publicados entre 2003 e 2014, em português, inglês e espanhol. Resultados: foram incluídos 23 estudos. As categorias de intervenções não farmacológicas que melhoraram a qualidade de vida de pessoas com insuficiência cardíaca foram: Monitoramento remoto da saúde, Orientação sobre práticas de saúde, Acompanhamento de atividade física e Práticas de Medicina Tradicional Chinesa. Conclusão: estes resultados podem direcionar a seleção de intervenções a serem implementadas por profissionais de saúde que cuidam de pessoas com insuficiência cardíaca. Futuras revisões sistemáticas com metanálise são necessárias para identificar as intervenções mais eficazes para melhorar a qualidade de vida desses indivíduos.

RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar, en la literatura, artículos que evaluaron la efectividad o eficacia de intervenciones no farmacológicas para mejorar la calidad de vida de personas con insuficiencia cardíaca. Método: revisión integrativa de literatura realizada en las bases de datos Lilacs, MedLine y SciELO, incluyendo ensayos clínicos aleatorios o no aleatorios y estudios casi experimentales publicados entre 2003 y 2014, en portugués, inglés y español. Resultados: fueron incluidos 23 estudios. Las categorías de intervenciones no farmacológicas que mejoraron la calidad de vida de personas con insuficiencia cardiaca fueron: Monitoreo remoto de la salud, Orientación sobre prácticas de la salud, Acompañamiento de actividad física y Prácticas de Medicina China Tradicional. Conclusión: estos resultados pueden direccionar la selección de intervenciones a ser implantadas por profesionales de la salud que tratan de personas con insuficiencia cardiaca. Futuras revisiones sistemáticas con meta-análisis son necesarias para identificar las intervenciones más eficaces para mejorar la calidad de vida de estos individuos.

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify articles that assessed the effectiveness or efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions to improve quality of life of people with heart failure in the literature. Method: an integrative literature review was performed in Lilacs, MedLine and SciELO databases, including randomized or nonrandomized clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies published between 2003 and 2014, in Portuguese, English or Spanish. Results: twenty-three studies were included. The categories of nonpharmacological interventions that improved quality of life of people with heart failure were: Remote health monitoring, Instructions on health practices, Physical activity follow-up and Traditional Chinese Medicine practices. Conclusion: these results can guide the selection of interventions to be implemented by health professionals that treat people with heart failure. Future systematic reviews with meta-analyses are needed in order to identify the most effective interventions for improving these individuals’ quality of life.

Humans , Quality of Life , Heart Failure/complications , Heart Failure/therapy , Patient Education as Topic/standards , Remote Sensing Technology/methods , Remote Sensing Technology/standards , Heart Failure/psychology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods