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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e255916, 2024. tab, graf, mapas
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364509

ABSTRACT

This study aims at reporting the indigenous knowledge of the medicinal flora from the inhabitants of surroundings of the World's largest artificial planted forest "Changa Manga", Pakistan. Data were collected by direct interviews and group meetings from 81 inhabitants including 32 local healers having information regarding the use of indigenous medicinal plants over a period of one year. Different statistical tools were applied to analyze the data including Frequency citation (FC), Relative frequency citation (RFC), Use Value, Factor of informants consensus and fidelity level. This study reported 73 plant species belonging to 37 plant families and 46 genera. The majority of plant species belong to compositae family. The most commonly used medicinal plants were P. hysterophorus L., P. dactylifera L., S. indicum L, P. harmala L., P. emblica L., and A. indica A.Juss. The greatest number of species was used to cure gastrointestinal disorders. The highest fidelity level (68.18%) was of E. helioscopia to cure gastrointestinal disorders. Maximum fresh uses (17) were reported by C. dactylon (L.) Pars. While the highest number of species reporting fresh uses in similar number was 13. In this study, five novel plants are being reported for the first time in Pakistan for their ethnomedicinal worth. Our data reflect unique usage of the medicinal plants in the study area. The statistical tools used in the study proved useful in pointing the most important and disease category specific plants. High use value plant and the new reported medicinal plants might prove an important source of the isolation of pharmacologically active compounds.


Este estudo tem como objetivo relatar o conhecimento indígena sobre a flora medicinal dos habitantes do entorno da maior floresta artificial plantada do mundo, a Changa Manga, no Paquistão. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevistas diretas e reuniões em grupo de 81 habitantes, incluindo 32 curandeiros locais, com informações sobre o uso de plantas medicinais indígenas durante o período de um ano. Diferentes ferramentas estatísticas foram aplicadas para analisar os dados, incluindo citação de frequência (FC), citação de frequência relativa (RFC), valor de uso, fator de consenso dos informantes e nível de fidelidade. Este estudo relatou 73 espécies de plantas pertencentes a 37 famílias de plantas e 46 gêneros. A maioria das espécies de plantas pertence à família Compositae. As plantas medicinais mais utilizadas foram P. hysterophorus L., P. dactylifera L., S. indicum L., P. harmala L., P. emblica L. e A. indica A. Juss. O maior número de espécies foi usado para curar distúrbios gastrointestinais. O maior nível de fidelidade (68,18%) foi de E. helioscopia para cura de distúrbios gastrointestinais. Os usos máximos em fresco (17) foram relatados por C. dactylon (L.) Pars. enquanto o maior número de espécies relatando usos frescos em número semelhante foi de 13. Neste estudo, cinco novas plantas estão sendo relatadas pela primeira vez no Paquistão por seu valor etnomedicinal. Nossos dados refletem o uso exclusivo das plantas medicinais na área de estudo. As ferramentas estatísticas utilizadas no estudo mostraram-se úteis para apontar as plantas mais importantes e específicas da categoria de doença. Plantas de alto valor de uso e as novas plantas medicinais relatadas podem ser uma importante fonte de isolamento de compostos farmacologicamente ativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Forests , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Indigenous Peoples , Medicine, Traditional , Pakistan
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250256, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355912

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ferns are often used by indigenous people in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. This study was designed to collect the ethnomedicinal and traditional knowledge of these locals about this group of vascular plants. Forty taxa belong to nineteen genera and ten families are used in the treatment of different diseases. The Pteridaceae was the most representative family with twelve taxa (30%), followed by Athyriaceae and Dryopteridaceae with six taxa each (30%), and Thelypteridaceae with five taxa (12.5%). Regarding the genera, Adiantum, Asplenium and Dryopteris ranked first with four taxa each (30%), followed by Aleuritopteris, Diplazium, Pteris and Equisetum with three taxa each (30%), followed by Athyrium, Oeosporangium, Polystichum and Pseudophegopteris with two taxa each (20%). These taxa were commonly used in the treatment of respiratory disorders i.e. asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, pneumonia; intestinal ulcer, stomach, urinary ailments and skin disorders by the methods of decoction and infusion. Traditional knowledge about ethnomedicinal plants is a valuable and essential source for the discovery of allopathic, herbal and homeopathic medicines.


Resumo As samambaias são frequentemente usadas pelos indígenas em Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Paquistão. Este estudo foi desenhado para coletar o conhecimento etnomedicinal e tradicional desses moradores sobre este grupo de plantas vasculares. Quarenta táxons pertencem a dezenove gêneros, e dez famílias são utilizadas no tratamento de diferentes doenças. Pteridaceae foi a família mais representativa com doze táxons (30%), seguida por Athyriaceae e Dryopteridaceae com seis táxons cada (30%), e Thelypteridaceae com cinco táxons (12,5%). Em relação aos gêneros, Adiantum, Asplenium e Dryopteris ficaram em primeiro lugar com quatro táxons cada (30%), seguidos por Aleuritopteris, Diplazium, Pteris e Equisetum com três táxons cada (30%), e Athyrium, Oeosporangium, Polystichum e Pseudophegopteris com dois táxons cada (20%). Estes táxons foram comumente usados ​​no tratamento de distúrbios respiratórios, isto é, asma, bronquite, enfisema, pneumonia; úlcera intestinal, estômago, doenças urinárias e doenças da pele pelos métodos de decocção e infusão. O conhecimento tradicional sobre plantas etnomedicinais é uma fonte valiosa e essencial para a descoberta de medicamentos alopáticos, fitoterápicos e homeopáticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plants, Medicinal , Ferns , Tracheophyta , Pakistan , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246803, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Traditional medicine is cheaper and easily available to local people, to care for most frequent diseases in the Northern parts of Pakistan. Our study aimed at inventorying medicine from local plants, documenting their uses, and assessing their market value in 2015-2018 during spring, summer, and winter seasons. A total of 15 trips were made, 5 in each season. Semi-structured interviews with 165 inhabitant's age range between 20-80 years were conducted, analyzed the data is analyzed using Relative frequency of citation(RFC), Use Value(UV), Fidelity Level(FL), Informants consensus factor(ICF), and Jaccard index(JI) to find the most frequent and well-known used species in the area. A total of 86 species belonging to 39 vascular plant families, 33 genera were documented as medicinally important. Family Asteraceae was observed as the dominant family among all the families with 10 species, the leaf was the most used parts and decoction 36% was the most preferred preparation type. Herb was the predominant life form (67%). The maximum UV (0.92) was demonstrated by J. adhatoda L. species, while A. sativum L. shows maximum RFC (0.58), the highest ICF value represented by diarrhea and dermatitis 0.92, and high FL value is recorded 100%. According to our collections, wild species were 45%, invasive species were 38% and cultivated 17% recorded, dicots species were recorded more 81%. Seven 7 medicinal species is being economically important and export to the local and international market of the world, whereas P. integrima L. species were the most exported species according to the local dealers. The investigated area is rural and the local people depend on the area's plants for their health needs, and other uses like a vegetable, fuelwood, fodder, etc. The current result of RFC, UV, ICF, FL, and JI shows that medicinal flora needs to be pharmacologically and phytochemically investigated to prove their efficacy. The documentation of medicinal knowledge is important to preserve this precious old knowledge before it is lost forever, due to technological and environmental changes in the world.


Resumo A medicina tradicional é mais barata e facilmente disponível à população local para cuidar das doenças mais frequentes nas áreas do norte do Paquistão. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo inventariar medicamentos de plantas locais, documentar seus usos e avaliar seu valor de mercado em 2015-2018 durante as temporadas de primavera, verão e inverno. Foram feitas 15 viagens, 5 em cada temporada. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 165 moradores na faixa etária de 20 a 80 anos, com dados analisados ​​por meio de frequência relativa de citação (RFC), valor de uso (UV), nível de fidelidade (FL), fator de consenso de informantes (CIF), e o índice de Jaccard (JI) para encontrar as espécies utilizadas mais frequentes e conhecidas na área. Um total de 86 espécies pertencentes a 39 famílias de plantas vasculares, 33 gêneros foram documentados como medicamente importantes. A família Asteraceae foi observada como a família dominante entre todas as famílias com 10 espécies, a folha foi a parte mais utilizada e a decocção 36% foi o tipo de preparação mais preferido. A erva foi a forma de vida predominante (67%). O UV máximo (0,92) foi demonstrado pelas espécies de J. adhatoda L., enquanto A. sativum L. mostra RFC máximo (0,58), o maior valor de ICF representado por diarreia e dermatite 0,92, e alto valor de FL é registrado 100%. De acordo com nossas coleções, as espécies selvagens foram 45%, as espécies invasoras 38% e as cultivadas 17% registradas, as espécies dicotiledôneas foram registradas mais 81%. Sete espécies medicinais estão sendo economicamente importantes e exportadas para o mercado local e internacional do mundo, enquanto as espécies de P. integrima L. foram as espécies mais exportadas de acordo com os comerciantes locais. A área investigada é rural e a população local depende das plantas da área para suas necessidades de saúde e outros usos como vegetal, lenha, forragem etc. O resultado atual de RFC, UV, ICF, FL e JI mostra que a flora medicinal precisa ser investigada farmacológica e fitoquimicamente para comprovar sua eficácia. A documentação do conhecimento medicinal é importante para preservar esse precioso conhecimento antigo antes que se perca para sempre, devido às mudanças tecnológicas e ambientais do mundo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Plants, Medicinal , Pakistan , Surveys and Questionnaires , Plant Leaves , Ethnobotany , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
5.
Rev. peru. med. exp. salud publica ; 39(3): 321-327, jul.-sep. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410009

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo . Analizar y determinar la actividad antifúngica in vitro del extracto etanólico de las hojas de Solanum hispidum Pers. Materiales y métodos . Se realizó el análisis fitoquímico preliminar cualitativo mediante reacciones de color y precipitación. Se investigó la actividad antifúngica in vitro frente a Candida albicans, Aspergillus brasilensis y Trichophyton mentagrophytes usando el método de difusión en pozo de agar y el ensayo de la concentración mínima inhibitoria (CMI). Resultados . El análisis fitoquímico preliminar cualitativo mostró la presencia de compuestos fenólicos, taninos, flavonoides, esteroides, alcaloides y saponinas. La actividad antifúngica in vitro fue demostrada para todos cultivos fúngicos con halos de inhibición entre 23 a 26 mm. Los valores de la CMI fueron de 125, 250 y 125 µg/mL para C. albicans, A. brasilensis y T. mentagrophytes, respectivamente. Conclusiones. El extracto etanólico de las hojas de Solanum hispidum Pers contiene importantes metabolitos secundarios y tiene moderada actividad antifúngica.


ABSTRACT Objective. To analyze and determine the in vitro antifungical activity of the ethanolic extract of the leaves of Solanum hispidum Pers. Materials and methods. We carried out a preliminary qualitative phytochemical analysis by color and precipitation reactions. We evaluated the in vitro antifungical activity against Candida albicans, Aspergillus brasilensis and Trichophyton mentagrophytes by using the agar well diffusion method and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) assay. Results. Preliminary qualitative phytochemical analysis showed the presence of phenolic compounds, tannins, flavonoids, steroids, alkaloids and saponins. In vitro antifungal activity was demonstrated for all fungal cultures with inhibition halos between 23 to 26 mm. The MIC values were 125, 250, and 125 μg/mL for C. albicans, A. brasilensis, and T. mentagrophytes, respectively. Conclusions. The ethanolic extract of the leaves of Solanum hispidum Pers. contains important secondary metabolites and has moderate antifungical activity.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Plant Extracts , Phytochemicals , Antifungal Agents , Plants, Medicinal , Solanaceae , Medicine, Traditional
6.
Más Vita ; 4(2): 280-292, jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392277

ABSTRACT

Las parteras tradicionales son mujeres que aprenden de forma generacional habilidades para atender un parto natural desde la medicina natural. Sin embargo, estas prácticas carecen de atención al momento de alguna complicación tanto para el bebé como para la Objetivo: validar los instrumentos cuantitativo y cualitativo que nos permitirán Identificar los saberes ancestrales y tradicionales en parteras de la parroquia cañar en periodo junio 2020, a junio 2021. Materiales y métodos: Investigación mixta: cuantitativa y cualitativa. De tipo de campo, de corte transversal de tipo evaluativo, de diseño no experimental. La población está constituida por 20 parteras de parroquia Cañar, con edades de 25 a 75 años. Resultados: El instrumento cualitativo arrojo un promedio de confiabilidad total de sus tres categorías de 89,8 lo que coloca en la categoría de muy confiable y en el instrumento cuantitativo se obtuvo un promedio de confiabilidad de 91,2 lo que señala que se encuentra ubicado dentro de la categoría de muy confiable. Conclusión: Los resultados evidencian que los instrumentos son aptos, confiables y válidos para medir la variable independiente, y su correlación con la variable dependiente, cumplimiento de la hipótesis general de esta investigación(AU)


Traditional midwives are women who learn, generationally, skills to attend a natural birth from natural medicine. However, these practices lack attention at the time of any complication for both the baby and the mother Objective: to validate the quantitative and qualitative instruments that will allow us to identify the ancestral and traditional knowledge in midwives of the Cañar parish in the period June 2020, to June 2021. Materials and methods: Mixed research: quantitative and qualitative. Field-type, cross-sectional, evaluative, non-experimental design. The population is made up of 20 midwives from the Cañar parish, aged between 25 and 75 years. Results: The qualitative instrument showed an average of total reliability of its three categories of 89.8, which places it in the category of very reliable and in the quantitative instrument an average reliability of 91.2 was obtained, which indicates that it is located in the very reliable category. Conclusion: The results show that the instruments are suitable, reliable and valid to measure the independent variable, and its correlation with the dependent variable, fulfilling the general hypothesis of this research(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pregnant Women , Medicine, Traditional , Midwifery , Pregnancy , Rural Areas , Surveys and Questionnaires , Culture
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(3): 158-166, junio 2022. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368135

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Existen estudios que dan cuenta del uso extendido de la medicina tradicional (MT) en diversos países. La formación del pediatra es escasa en este campo. Objetivo. Describir las características de la MT utilizada por los pacientes de un hospital pediátrico de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Población y métodos. Diseño cualitativo, basado en la teoría fundada. Entrevista a cuidadores de niños de 0 a 11 años. Resultados. Se entrevistaron 30 personas de diferentes colectividades, la gran mayoría mujeres amas de casa. Casi la totalidad refirió haber utilizado la MT. La fuente de recomendación más utilizada fue la familia. En general, el uso de la MT precede a la consulta a un médico del sistema de salud. Se acude a la MT por entidades definidas por la medicina convencional, pero también por otras propias, como pata de cabra, ojeo y empacho. Las prácticas terapéuticas incluyen la administración de preparados a base de plantas, infusiones, caldos, como también rituales conducidos por curanderos. Todos los usuarios refirieron una valoración positiva de la MT. Una gran parte de los entrevistados consideró importante que el médico conozca y pregunte sobre ella. Todos refirieron que su uso no fue abordado en consultas previas. Conclusiones. La MT se extiende como conocimiento y/o práctica en toda la población estudiada y forma parte de su vida cotidiana. Los métodos utilizados son muy diversos, así como las situaciones para las que se utiliza; las principales causas son de origen gastrointestinal y respiratoria. No es abordada en la consulta pediátrica, pero sus usuarios desearían que lo fuera.


Introduction. Several studies have reported on the widespread use of traditional medicine (TM) in different countries. Pediatricians receive scarce training in this field. Objective. To describe the characteristics of TM used by patients attending a children's hospital in the City of Buenos Aires. Population and methods. Qualitative design based on grounded theory. Interview with caregivers of children aged 0-11 years. Results. Thirty people from different communities were interviewed, mostly homemakers. Almost all referred having used TM. The most common source of recommendation was the family. In general, TM use precedes the visit to a physician in the health system. TM is used to manage conditions defined by conventional medicine, but also to treat folk illnesses such as Simeon's disease, evil eye, and indigestion. Therapeutic practices include plant-based preparations, infusions, broths, as well as other rituals performed by folk healers. All users had a positive opinion about TM. Most interviewees considered that physicians should know and ask about TM. All participants referred that its use had not been addressed in prior visits. Conclusions. TM spreads as knowledge and/ or practice across the studied population and is part of everyday life. TM methods vary greatly, as well as the conditions for which it is used; the main reasons for use included gastrointestinal and respiratory conditions. It is not addressed in pediatric visits, but users wish it was.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians , Medicine, Traditional , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Pediatricians , Hospitals, Pediatric
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 27(3): 989-998, mar. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364696

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo foi desenvolvido na interseção entre as ciências da saúde e a antropologia, com finalidade de compreender a importância da medicina tradicional afro-brasileira retratada nas casas de candomblé, explorando interações de seus membros com o sistema biomédico de saúde. A antropologia da saúde objetiva compreender o fenômeno da saúde como uma elaboração sociocultural, e partir disso desenvolve a noção de sistema cultural de saúde, operador teórico deste estudo. Esta proposta pode contribuir para superar os desafios enfrentados no campo da saúde coletiva, ao possibilitar diálogo entre sistemas culturais de saúde, favorecendo a criação de políticas mais eficazes. Este artigo, de inspiração etnográfica, foi desenvolvido a partir do levantamento bibliográfico específico, seguido de observações participantes e entrevistas com membros da comunidade Ilé Alákétu Asè Ifá Omo Oyá, localizada em São Paulo. A prática em saúde no candomblé consegue alcançar lacunas deixadas pela biomedicina, associando de forma não autoritária, colonialista ou excludente saberes de saúde distintos, considerando os processos simbólicos, culturais, subjetivos e espirituais envolvidos nos processos de adoecimento.


Abstract This study was developed at the intersection of health sciences and anthropology in order to understand the value of traditional Afro-Brazilian Medicine portrayed in houses of Candomblé exploring its member's interactions with the biomedical system of health. The anthropology of health aims to understand the phenomenon of health as a socio-cultural elaboration and from this, develops the notion of cultural health system, the theoretical operator of this study. This proposal can contribute to the challenges faced in the field of collective health by enabling dialogue between cultural health systems, supporting the creation of more effective policies. This ethnographic-inspired article was developed from a specific bibliographic survey, followed by participant observations and interviews with members of the community Ilé Alákétu Asè Ifá Omo Oyá, located in São Paulo. The health practice in candomblé manages to reach gaps left by biomedicine by associating itself in a non-authoritarian, colonialist or exclusive way taking into account the symbolic, cultural, subjective and spiritual processes involved in the processes of illness. This practice brings other possible ways of interpretation, treatment and cure for health problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Traditional , Anthropology, Cultural , Brazil
9.
Medwave ; 22(2): e.002096, mar.2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366382

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La población del Resguardo Indígena Muisca de Cota, Colombia, se encuentra en un proceso de fortalecimiento cultural. Ahora busca la recuperación de sus saberes ancestrales relacionados con la medicina tradicional. OBJETIVO: Explorar la ocurrencia de la medicina tradicional y factores asociados con su vigencia en el resguardo indígena Muisca de Cota, Colombia. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal participativo con los miembros del resguardo. Para este estudio se aplicó en abril de 2019 un instrumento de 44 preguntas a 471 madres de familia que tenían por lo menos un hijo mayor de diez años. A través de él se indagaron algunos factores demográficos, sociales y culturales. Además, se plantearon preguntas relacionadas con conocimiento, uso y práctica de medicina tradicional. Usamos el procedimiento de Mantel-Haenszel para establecer las asociaciones mediante el Odds ratio e intervalos de confianza del 95%. RESULTADOS: El 66,2% (312/471) de las madres conocía al menos tres casos de enfermedades tradicionales, el 56,8% (267/470) tenía y usaba plantas medicinales, el 15,8% (73/462) practicaba cuidados tradicionales de la gripa, la menstruación y el puerperio, y el 11,8% (54/458) reportó que han acudido a parteras, sobanderos y curanderos. El consumo de tres alimentos tradicionales, la tenencia de huertos y plantas tradicionales, tener la vivienda dentro del resguardo y padres nacidos en un municipio de influencia indígena, fueron los principales factores asociados con la prevalencia de la medicina tradicional (p < 0,05). CONCLUSIONES: El estudio mostró que la permanencia de la medicina tradicional está fuertemente asociada a la alimentación tradicional, a la vocación agrícola y a la tenencia y uso de plantas medicinales. Los resultados sugieren que la estrategia de recuperación de la medicina tradicional podría enfocarse en promover un mayor vínculo entre identidad indígena, territorio, alimentación y salud.


INTRODUCTION: The Muisca Indigenous people in Cota, Colombia, has committed to reviving and strengthening their traditional culture, including the ancestral knowledge associated with their traditional medicine. OBJECTIVE: To explore the occurrence of traditional medicine and factors associated with its use among the Muisca people in Cota, Colombia. METHODS: A participatory cross-sectional study applied a questionnaire to 471 Muisca mothers who had at least one child over 10 in April 2019. The 44 questions inquired demographic, social, and cultural factors of participants and their knowledge, use and practice of traditional medicine. We used the Mantel-Haenszel procedure to measure the associations using Odds Ratio and 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: 66.2% (312/471) of the mothers knew at least three cases of traditional diseases; 56.8% (267/470) had and used medicinal plants; 15.8% (73/462) had practiced traditional self-care for flu, menstruation and postpartum; and 11.8% (54/458) reported that they had gone to midwives, bonesetters and healers. Four factors had a significant association (p < 0.05) with traditional medicine: consumption of three traditional foods; having traditional gardens and plants; living within the reservation; and parents born in a municipality of indigenous influence. CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that the permanence of traditional medicine is strongly associated with traditional food, agricultural vocation and the possession and use of medicinal plants. The results suggest that the strategy for the recovery of traditional medicine could focus on promoting a stronger link between indigenous identity, territory, food and health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Plants, Medicinal , Medicine, Traditional , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Colombia
10.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(1): e54202, mar. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396608

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a voz é essencial para preservação e manutenção da cultura de grupos sociais. O povo Pankararu, vincula sua língua-mãe aos rituais religiosos. A principal forma de transmitir a tradição oral é através dos cantos nos rituais dos Praiás. Objetivo: resgatar o uso de voz pelos cantadores Pankararu no ritual dos Praiás, à luz do saber tradicional e científico. Método: estudo qualitativo, do tipo história de vida, autobiográfica, no qual foram acessadas memórias individuais e coletivas da comunidade Pankararu, considerando a caracterização do povo, do ambiente e o uso de voz nos rituais. Resultados: os cantadores utilizam a voz de maneira intensa e contínua, sem hidratação, e fumam cachimbo durante o ritual. O local onde cantam é um terreiro, espaço aberto, exposto às intempéries da natureza, com presença de poeira. Para cuidar da voz, baseiam-se no saber tradicional, apresentando uma visão distinta do conhecimento científico, no qual a voz representa sua cultura e identidade. Nesta perspectiva, hábitos descritos pela literatura como deletérios, são considerados saudáveis, demonstrando uma concepção singular de saúde. Conclusão: o conhecimento científico, paralelamente ao tradicional, poderá contribuir para estabelecimento de cuidados que visem à saúde vocal dos Pankararus.  Poderei oferecer ao meu povo, o qual apresenta demandas de saúde, conhecimentos científicos proporcionando uma melhor qualidade de voz e vida.


Introduction: The voice is essential for the preservation and maintenance of the culture of social groups. The Pankararu people link their mother language to religious rituals. The main way of transmitting the oral tradition is through singing in the rituals of Praiás. Objective: To rescue the use of voice by Pankararu singers in the Praiás ritual, considering the traditional and scientific knowledges. Method: Qualitative study, history life, autobiography design, which individual and collective memories of the Pankararu community were accessed, considering the characterization of the people, environment, and voice use in the rituals. Results: The singers use their voices intensely and continuously, without hydration, and smoking pipes during the ritual. The "terreiro" is the place where they sing, an open space, exposed to wuthering and dust. They are based on traditional knowledge for taking care of their voices, in a different view of scientific knowledge, in which voice represents their culture and identity. In this perspective, habits described in the literature as harmful are considered healthy, demonstrating a unique conception of health. Conclusion: Scientific knowledge, in parallel with the traditional one, can contribute to establish care aimed at the vocal health of the Pankararus. I will be able to offer to my people, who have health demands, scientific knowledge providing a better quality of voice and life.


Introducción: la voz es fundamental para la preservación y mantenimiento de la cultura de los grupos sociales. La gente de Pankararu, vincula su lengua materna a los rituales religiosos. La principal forma de transmitir la tradición oral es a través del canto en los rituales de Praiás. Objetivo: rescatar el uso de la voz de los cantantes de Pankararu en el ritual Praiás, a la luz de los conocimientos tradicionales y científicos. Método: estudio cualitativo, del tipo de historia de vida; Se accedió a las memorias individuales y colectivas de la comunidad Pankararu, considerando la caracterización de las personas, el entorno y el uso de la voz en los rituales. Resultados: los cantantes utilizan sus voces de forma intensa y continua, sin hidratarse, pipas de humo durante el ritual. El lugar donde canta el terreiro, un espacio abierto, expuesto a la intemperie de la naturaleza, con presencia de polvo. Para cuidar la voz, se basan en los conocimientos tradicionales, presentan una visión diferente del conocimiento científico, donde la voz representa la cultura y la identidad. En esta perspectiva, los hábitos descritos en la literatura como nocivos, se consideran saludables, demostrando una concepción única de la salud. Conclusión: El conocimiento científico, además del conocimiento tradicional, puede contribuir al establecimiento de cuidados dirigidos a la salud vocal de los Pankararus. Podré ofrecer a mi gente, que tiene demandas de salud, conocimientos científicos que brinden una mejor calidad de vida.


Subject(s)
Voice , Indigenous Culture , Medicine, Traditional , Autobiographies as Topic , Voice Quality/physiology , Health , Singing/physiology
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929215

ABSTRACT

Traditional medicine systems around the globe, like Unani, Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine, include a number of sugar-based formulations, which contain a large amount of saccharide-containing sweetener, such as honey, sucrose or jaggery. With pervasive lifestyle disorders throughout the world, there have been discussions to consider alternative sweetening agents. Here, from the perspective of Unani medicine, we discuss how the saccharide-based sweeteners may be an essential component of these traditional preparations, like electuaries, which may be deprived of their bioactivities without these saccharides. With contemporary researches, it is known that apart from their own therapeutic effects, saccharides also form deep eutectic solvents which help in enhancing the bioactivity of other ingredients present in crude drugs. In addition, they provide energy for fermentation which is essential for biotransformation of compounds. Interestingly, the sugars also increase the shelf-life of these compound drugs and act as natural preservatives. On the basis of this review, we strongly believe that saccharide-based sweeteners are an essential component of traditional medicines and not merely an excipient.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Ayurvedic , Medicine, Traditional , Medicine, Unani , Sugars , Sweetening Agents
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927423

ABSTRACT

By arranging Mr. LU Shan-zhong's papers and works, his academic contributions to acupuncture and moxibustion were summarized. It mainly includes standardizing the clinical diagnosis and treatment of acupuncture and moxibustion, and finding the fusion point of the western and traditional medicine; building the acupuncture and moxibustion education system, innovating acupuncture and moxibustion talent training programs; exploring the academic connotation of acupuncture and moxibustion, and promoting acupuncture and moxibustion therapy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture/education , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , China , Medicine, Traditional , Moxibustion , Schools
13.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e254291, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355847

ABSTRACT

Abstract Medicinal plants have long been prescribed in Thailand for centuries. Different constituents of extracts have been used for treating of various infectious diseases. However, there is even less information available regarding the use in fungal skin infection. In order to assess traditional Thai claims about the therapeutic potential, this study is focused on exploring the anti-dermatophyte property of the plants that are currently used as traditional medicines. The potential of four different plant species were selected for investigate in vitro anti-dermatophyte activity. Ethanolic extracts of Chromolaena odorata (L.), Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.), Eclipta prostrate (Linn.), and Acorus calamus (L.). were analysed for their total phenolic content as well as total flavonoid content and were then subjected to test of their anti-dermatophyte properties using agar well diffusion method. Qualitative flavonoids and phenolics analysis of the extracts showed their biologically active constituents. Among the species examined, the result indicated that most of the extracts demonstrated anti-dermatophyte activity. In particular, A. calamus showed the highest efficacy against test organisms. The experiment confirmed the chemical constituents and efficacy of some selected plants and provides a scientific confirmation of the use of Thai plants in traditional medicine for fungal skin infections.


Resumo As plantas medicinais são prescritas há muito tempo na Tailândia, há séculos. Diferentes constituintes de extratos têm sido usados para o tratamento de várias doenças infecciosas. No entanto, existem ainda menos informações disponíveis sobre o uso em infecções fúngicas da pele. A fim de avaliar as alegações tradicionais tailandesas sobre o potencial terapêutico, este estudo está focado em explorar a propriedade antidermatófita das plantas que são usadas atualmente como medicamentos tradicionais. O potencial de quatro espécies de plantas diferentes foi selecionado para investigar a atividade antidermatófita in vitro. Extratos etanólicos de Chromolaena odorata (L.), Ageratina adenophora (Spreng.), Eclipta prostrate (Linn.) e Acorus calamus (L.) foram analisados quanto ao seu conteúdo fenólico total, bem como ao conteúdo de flavonoides totais. E então submetidos ao teste de suas propriedades antidermatófitas usando o método de difusão em ágar bem. A análise qualitativa de flavonoides e fenólicos dos extratos mostrou seus constituintes biologicamente ativos. Entre as espécies examinadas, o resultado indicou que a maioria dos extratos demonstrou atividade antidermatófita. Em particular, A. calamus mostrou a maior eficácia contra organismos de teste. O experimento confirmou os constituintes químicos e a eficácia de algumas plantas selecionadas e fornece uma confirmação científica do uso de plantas tailandesas na medicina tradicional para infecções fúngicas da pele.


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal , Phenols/analysis , Thailand , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Medicine, Traditional
14.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20464, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403751

ABSTRACT

Abstract Papaveraceae is one of the prominent alkaloid-containing families, and plants of the genus Glaucium (Papaveraceae) are known for their bioactive alkaloids. Glaucium species have been used in traditional medicine in Turkey as an analgesic, narcotic, sedative, and antitussive. In this study, it was planned to evaluate the inhibitory activity of an alkaloidal extract of Glaucium corniculatum subsp. refractum on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) and prolyl oligopeptidase (POP), as well as exploring the chemical profile of the plant by using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS). The AChE, BuChE and POP inhibition activities of the alkaloidal extract of G. corniculatum subsp. refractum were determined spectrophotometrically. A rapid GC-MS method was used to identify alkaloids that could be responsible for these inhibition activities. In total, eleven alkaloids were identified in the alkaloid extract of the plant by GC-MS. Allocyptopine (52.92%) and protopine (25.38%) were found as the major constituents. The alkaloidal extract of G. corniculatum subsp. refractum showed potent AChE inhibitory activity (IC50:1.25 µg/mL) and BuChE inhibitory activity (IC50: 7.02 µg/mL). The extract also showed a remarkable inhibitory effect on POP with an IC50 value of 123.69 µg/mL. This study presents the first GC-MS investigation and POP inhibitory activity of G. corniculatum subsp. refractum.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholinesterase/adverse effects , Butyrylcholinesterase/adverse effects , Papaveraceae/metabolism , Plant Extracts/agonists , Alkaloids/analysis , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry/methods , Medicine, Traditional
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390032

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with the search for folk healers for the treatment of health problems among elderly living in the rural area of the city of Rio Grande-RS. METHODS Cross-sectional, p opulation-based study with random sampling, carried out in 2017. The outcome was analyzed in three categories (never used/used in the last 12 months/used for more than 12 months). Multinomial logistic regression was used to analyze theassociated factors. RESULTS A total of 1,030 elderly individuals were interviewed. The prevalence of demand for folk healers in the last 12 months and for more than 12 months was 9.5% and 15.8%, respectively. In the adjusted analysis, the characteristics associated with the use of a folk healer for more than 12 months were: being in the age group of 80 years or more and having back problems and arthrosis. Following the evangelical religion was identified as a protective factor for using this resource. On the other hand, the demand for blessing in the last year was related to the age group of 70-79 years, following spiritual religions, presence of disease in the last 12 months, back problems and arthrosis, and preference for the use of urgency and emergency services. Being female was associated only with the use for more than 12 months. CONCLUSION This study brings an original contribution to a topic poorly evaluated in epidemiological studies, because the knowledge of the frequency and determinants of the search for this type of popular therapy can be used to improve the quality and access to health services offered to the elderly population in rural areas.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Estimar a prevalência e os fatores associados à procura de benzedeiras para tratamento de problemas de saúde entre idosos residentes na área rural do município do Rio Grande-RS. MÉTODOS Estudo transversal, de base populacional com amostragem aleatória, realizado no ano de 2017. O desfecho foi analisado em três categorias (nunca usou/usou nos últimos 12 meses/usou há mais de 12 meses). Para análise dos fatores associados foi utilizada regressão logística multinomial. RESULTADOS Foram entrevistados 1.030 idosos. As prevalências da procura por benzedeira nos últimos 12 meses e há mais de 12 meses foram de 9,5% e 15,8%, respectivamente. Na análise ajustada, as características associadas à utilização de benzedeira há mais de 12 meses foram: estar na faixa etária de 80 anos ou mais e ter problemas de coluna e artrose. Seguir a religião evangélica foi identificado como fator de proteção para a utilização desse recurso. Já a procura por benzedeira no último ano esteve relacionada com a faixa etária dos 70-79 anos, seguir religiões espiritualistas, presença de doença nos últimos 12 meses, problemas na coluna e artrose e preferência por utilização de serviços de urgência e emergência. Sexo feminino permaneceu associado apenas à utilização há mais de 12 meses. CONCLUSÃO Este estudo traz uma contribuição original a um tema pouco avaliado em estudos epidemiológicos, pois o conhecimento da frequência e dos determinantes da busca por esse tipo de terapia popular, pode ser utilizado para melhorar a qualidade e o acesso aos serviços de saúde oferecidos à população idosa de áreas rurais.


Subject(s)
Complementary Therapies , Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Rural Health , Medicine, Traditional
16.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e239747, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249277

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oncideres females girdle tree branches of the Fabaceae family, interrupting the sap flow and turning the wood conditions ideal for their larvae development. The bark of Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville, a species native to the Brazilian Cerrado, is widely used in the traditional medicine. The objectives were to report, for the first time, Oncideres saga (Dalman), using S. adstringens as a host and to describe the pattern of branch girdling and oviposition distribution by this insect on these branches. The diameter at the base and the length of the girdled branches were measured and the number of incisions made by the O. saga females to oviposit, per branch section (basal, median and apical), counted. The emerged specimens were counted and the diameter of the exit holes measured. The average diameter at the base of the girdled branches was 2.5 ± 0.16 cm and the length was 90.6 ± 4.6 cm. The average number of incisions per branch was 37.7 ± 2.7. Damage by O. saga can reduce the growth and cause losses on S. adstringens, a tree with great extractivism potential.,


Resumo As fêmeas de Oncideres anelam galhos de árvores da família Fabaceae, interrompendo o fluxo de seiva, tornando a madeira ideal para o desenvolvimento de suas larvas. A casca de Stryphnodendron adstringens (Mart.) Coville uma espécie nativa do cerrado brasileiro, é amplamente utilizada na medicina tradicional. Os objetivos foram relatar, pela primeira vez, Oncideres saga (Dalman), usando S. adstringens como hospedeiro e descrever o padrão dos galhos anelados e a distribuição das posturas desse inseto. O diâmetro na base e o comprimento dos galhos anelados foram medidos e o número de incisões feitas pelas fêmeas por seção do galho (basal, mediana e apical) quantificados. Os espécimes emergidos foram contados e o diâmetro dos orifícios de emergência medidos. O diâmetro médio, dos galhos anelados, na base foi de 2,58 ± 0,16 cm e o comprimento de 90,6 ± 4,6 cm. O número médio de posturas por galho foi 37,7 ± 2,7. Danos por O. saga podem reduzir o crescimento e causar perdas em S. adstringens, árvore com grande potencial extrativista.


Subject(s)
Female , Fabaceae , Brazil , Plant Extracts , Medicine, Traditional
17.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e243811, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249262

ABSTRACT

Abstract An ethnobotanical study was conducted to document indigenous medicinal plants and their usage from knowledgeable and elderly persons in Razzar and Gadoon valley of Swabi and Allai and Tanawal valley of Hazara region of Pakistan during 2016-2019. Several systematic field visits and questionnaire surveys were carried out in selected sites of the study area to gather relevant information from the local community. Rapid assessment method was adopted for data collection by interviewing the local people having enough knowledge of medicinal plants use for treatment of different ailments. UV (UV) formula was applied to calculate the relative importance of medicinal plant species in each site of the study area. In the present study, 221 medicinal plants belonging to 105 families have been reported through 580 respondents (385 males, 138 females and 57 local health healer) from the Swabi and Hazara region. The main sources of herbal medicines were leaves (21%) followed by fruits (21%), seeds (17%), whole plants (14%), roots (9%), bark (9%), flowers (7%) and gum (2%). Mentha spicata L. and Berberis lycium Royle were reported with highest UV (UV) i.e. 0.92 and 0.68 in Razzar tehsil and Gadoon valley of Swabi, whereas Mentha longifolia L and Geranium wallichianum D were reported with highest UV i.e. (0.65) and (0.88) in Allai and Tanawal valley of Hazara region, respectively. It was concluded that Swabi and Hazara region is rich in medicinal plants species and associated traditional knowledge. Moreover, ethno-medicines have played significant role in the indigenous healthcare system of the study area. However, uprooting the entire plant for ethno-medicine is a big threat to conservation of medicinal plants diversity in the study area.


Resumo Um estudo etnobotânico foi realizado para documentar as plantas medicinais indígenas e seu uso por pessoas experientes e idosas em Razzar e Gadoon, no vale de Swabi e no vale Allai e Tanawal da região de Hazara, no Paquistão, durante 2016 a 2019. Várias visitas sistemáticas de campo e pesquisas por questionário foram realizadas em locais selecionados da área de estudo para coletar informações relevantes da comunidade local. O método de avaliação rápida foi adotado para a coleta de dados por meio de entrevistas com a população local, com conhecimento suficiente do uso de plantas medicinais para o tratamento de diferentes enfermidades. A fórmula UV (UV) foi aplicada para calcular a importância relativa das espécies de plantas medicinais em cada local da área de estudo. No presente estudo, 221 plantas medicinais pertencentes a 105 famílias foram relatadas por 580 entrevistados (385 homens, 138 mulheres e 57 curandeiros locais) da região de Swabi e Hazara. As principais fontes de medicamentos fitoterápicos foram folhas (21%), seguidas de frutas (21%), sementes (17%), plantas inteiras (14%), raízes (9%), cascas (9%), flores (7%) e goma (2%). Mentha spicata L. e Berberis lycium Royle foram relatados com maior UV (UV), ou seja, 0,92 e 0,68 em Razzar tehsil e vale Gadoon de Swabi, enquanto Mentha longifolia L. e Geranium wallichianum D. foram relatados com maior UV, isto é, 0,65 e 0,88 no vale Allai e Tanawal da região de Hazara, respectivamente. Concluiu-se que a região de Swabi e Hazara é rica em espécies de plantas medicinais e conhecimentos tradicionais associados. Além disso, etnomedicamentos têm desempenhado um papel significativo no sistema de saúde indígena da área de estudo. No entanto, arrancar a planta inteira para etnomedicina é uma grande ameaça à conservação da diversidade de plantas medicinais na área de estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Plants, Medicinal , Pakistan , Ethnobotany , Phytotherapy , Medicine, Traditional
19.
20.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 61(4): 548-555, dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392383

ABSTRACT

La cultura constituye un complejo dinámico de conocimientos, creencias, conductas aprendidas y transmitidas por generaciones, a través del lenguaje y la vida cotidiana. El concepto de cultura se relaciona con el proceso salud-enfermedad puesto que el bienestar social, espiritual, psicológico y biológico de individuos y comunidades es expresión del medio ambiente, estilo de vida, vivienda, alimentación, educación y acceso adecuado a bienes y servicios. En el campo de salud se identifican la medicina tradicional desarrollada por pueblos indígenas; la medicina popular basada en creencias de la familia y la comunidad y la medicina profesional, basada en el estudio científico. La medicina indígena se caracteriza por la atención holística del sujeto, asequibilidad y acceso en poblaciones donde los sistemas de salud oficiales no tienen presencia, no obstante, presenta bajo reconocimiento por parte de los gobiernos. Con el presente estudio se pretende reflexionar acerca de la importancia de fomentar la interculturalidad en salud con base en las necesidades, organización y visión del mundo de los pueblos indígenas a partir del enfoque intercultural. Se expone una panorámica que aborda con mirada actual, las particularidades de la interculturalidad y la multiculturalidad en el contexto pluricultural, que contribuye a un mejor entendimiento de la necesidad de redimensionamiento de los sistemas de salud a partir de los elementos que aporta el enfoque intercultural como modelo de franca concepción humanista, en contraposición con el modelo hegemónico de salud actual, que favorece las desigualdades en salud(AU)


Culture constitutes a dynamic complex of knowledge, beliefs, behaviors learned and transmitted through generations, through language and everyday life. The concept of culture is related to the health-disease process since the social, spiritual, psychological and biological well-being of individuals and communities is an expression of the environment, lifestyle, housing, food, education and adequate access to goods and services. In the field of health, traditional medicine developed by indigenous peoples is identified; folk medicine based on family and community beliefs; and professional medicine, based on scientific study. Indigenous medicine is characterized by the holistic care of the subject, affordability and access in populations where the official health systems do not have a presence, however, it is under recognition by governments. This study aims to reflect on the importance of promoting interculturality in health based on the needs, organization and worldview of indigenous peoples from the intercultural approach. A panorama is presented that addresses with a current perspective, the particularities of interculturality and multiculturalism in the multicultural context, which contributes to a better understanding of the need to resize health systems based on the elements provided by the intercultural approach such as model of frank humanist conception, in contrast to the current hegemonic model of health, which favors inequalities in health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Health of Indigenous Peoples , Cultural Competency , Health Services Needs and Demand , Medicine, Traditional , Health Systems , Health-Disease Process , Cultural Diversity , Health Equity , Worldview , Life Style
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