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3.
The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; : 244-248, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164242

ABSTRACT

The association of thymoma with pure red cell aplasia has been well documented, but amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia is not a recognized paraneoplastic syndrome complicating thymoma. We report a case of thymoma-complicated pure red cell aplasia and amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia in a 73-yr-old woman. Pure red cell aplasia was diagnosed seven months after the detection of thymoma. One year after the diagnosis of pure red cell aplasia and seven months after thymectomy, bone marrow aspiration and biopsy showed an absence of megakaryocytes, marked erythroid hypoplasia with normal myeloid series. A diagnosis of amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia and pure red cell aplasia was made. Oral steroid maintenance therapy resulted in recovery of platelet count. She has still transfusion-dependant anemia but platelet and neutrophil counts had been maintained in normal range for more than five months, until the last follow-up. We think that autoreactive T cells may induce a clinical autoimmune response even after eradication of thymoma, and aplastic anemia as a late complication following thymectomy was described in previous cases. This patient also has to be under a close observation because of the possibility to evolve into aplastic anemia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Bone Marrow/pathology , Imidazoles/therapeutic use , Megakaryocytes/pathology , Pregnadienetriols/therapeutic use , Red-Cell Aplasia, Pure/complications , Thrombocytopenia/diagnosis , Thymectomy/adverse effects , Thymoma/complications , Thymus Neoplasms/complications
4.
The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; : 122-125, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151631

ABSTRACT

Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm that involves primarily the megakaryocytic lineage. After many years, a few patients with ET may develop bone marrow (BM) fibrosis and rarely develop osteosclerosis. A 60-yr-old female was admitted due to severe left upper quadrant abdominal discomfort. She had been diagnosed as ET 19 yrs ago. On liver computed tomography severe splenomegaly was shown. Laboratory tests revealed WBC 24.3x10(9)/L, hemoglobin 13.4 g/dL, platelets 432x10(9)/L, lactate dehydrogenase 4,065 IU/L (reference range; 240-480). Blood smear demonstrated leukoerythroblastosis, teardrop cells, and giant and hypogranular platelets. BM study revealed inadequate aspirate due to dry tap. BM biopsy showed clusters of dysplastic megakaryocytes, grade 3 fibrosis, and severe osteosclerosis. Major/minor BCR-ABL1 rearrangement and JAK2 V617F mutation were not detected. Cytogenetic studies revealed normal karyotype. According to the 2008 WHO diagnostic criteria, the patient was diagnosed as having post-essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis with severe osteosclerosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Bone Marrow/pathology , Megakaryocytes/pathology , Osteosclerosis/complications , Primary Myelofibrosis/complications , Splenomegaly/etiology , Thrombocythemia, Essential/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Indian Pediatr ; 2007 Jul; 44(7): 541-3
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-15863

ABSTRACT

A 1 1/2-year-old boy presented with fever, anemia, petechial rash and hepatosplenomegaly. Bone marrow examination showed two morphologically distinct blasts (small and large) which were confirmed on immunophenotyping to be of T-lymphoid and megakaryocytic lineages respectively. Patient was refractory to therapy. This is a rare combination of bi-lineal leukemia in a child.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Fatal Outcome , Hepatomegaly/etiology , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/diagnosis , Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell/diagnosis , Male , Megakaryocytes/pathology , Splenomegaly/etiology , T-Lymphocytes/pathology
7.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2005 Jul; 48(3): 341-4
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-74043

ABSTRACT

In the course of Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), appearance of increased number of blasts may herald evolution of accelerated phase as well as onset of marrow fibrosis (MF) thereby necessitating the need to perform trephine biopsy for correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment. In the existing grading systems of MF, a comprehensive view has not been taken of the variability of density and area occupied by reticulin and collagen fibres. To overcome this shortcoming, we quantitated the reticulin and collagen content of marrow, its pattern of distribution and percentage area occupied by each type of fibres in every individual case. We performed 50 bone marrow (BM) trephine biopsies in patients of CML in order to assess the incidence and degree of MF. Various grades of MF were correlated with peripheral smear including blast count, bone marrow aspirate and LAP score of the case. A positive correlation was found between increasing grades of MF and number of megakaryocytes in the BM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biopsy , Bone Marrow/pathology , Bone Marrow Cells/pathology , Humans , Incidence , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/epidemiology , Megakaryocytes/pathology , Middle Aged , Primary Myelofibrosis/epidemiology
8.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2004 Apr; 47(2): 266-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-73007

ABSTRACT

Herein we are presenting the clinical, morphological and cytochemical characteristics of five cases of acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia (AML-M7) seen by us over a period of five years (Jan 1996-Dec 2000). Morphological assessment revealed marked polymorphism of blast cells and platelets both in the peripheral blood and bone marrow smears in all cases. Size of the blast cells ranged from very small to very large multinucleated cells, with variable chromatin pattern and number of nucleoli. More differentiated megakaryocytic cells showing cytoplasmic blebs, protrusions and platelet budding with bizarre platelet morphology were characteristic features suggesting the diagnosis. Cytochemical stains like myeloperoxidase, sudan black and PAS were positive in 5-15% of blast cell. Coagulation studies revealed a normal coagulation profile, whereas platelet studies showed marked impairment in aggregation of platelets with ADP and adrenalin with a normal PF-3 availability.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Marrow/pathology , Cell Differentiation , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/blood , Male , Megakaryocytes/pathology , Middle Aged , Platelet Aggregation , Staining and Labeling
9.
Indian J Cancer ; 1997 Dec; 34(4): 164-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-50084

ABSTRACT

Trephine biopsies of 101 chronic myelocytic leukaemia (CML) patients were analysed to study the relationship between initial and subsequent histological features vis-a-vis clinical behaviour of the disease. The patients with blast crisis at presentation were excluded. At diagnosis 62 (61.4%) patients revealed granulocytic-megakaryocytic (gran-meg) proliferation whereas granulocytic (gran) proliferation was found in 39 (38.6%) patients. Gran pattern at diagnosis was associated with shorter survival and early evolution into blast crisis (36.8%) in 12 months, although the difference in the total incidence of blast crisis between the two histological groups was not statistically significant. Myelofibrosis was detected in more number of cases on follow up (89.1%) as compared to the initial biopsies (80.2%). However myelofibrosis did not correlate with initial cellular composition, overall survival or the phase of CML (P > 0.05). Transition from one histological type to another was observed in 15 out of 60 (25%) cases while remaining in the chronic phase.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Needle , Blast Crisis/pathology , Cell Division , Granulocytes/pathology , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/pathology , Megakaryocytes/pathology , Primary Myelofibrosis/pathology , Prognosis
10.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 1997 Oct; 40(4): 527-30
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-74499

ABSTRACT

Acute myelofibrosis is a rare disorder. Five such cases have been diagnosed out of 3,149 Bone Marrow (B.M) Aspirations and Trephine Biopsies studied over a period of eight and a half years. Four out of five patients were males and the other female. Their age ranged from 14-71 years. Neither splenomegaly not red cell poikilocytosis (tear drop cells) were prominant features. B.M. trephine biopsy showed increase of atypical megakaryocytes/megakaryoblasts and marked fibrosis. There was rapid downhill clinical course of the disease in all cases.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Biopsy, Needle , Bone Marrow/pathology , Bone Marrow Cells/pathology , Female , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Megakaryocytes/pathology , Primary Myelofibrosis/pathology
12.
Acta méd. colomb ; 10(4): 177-180, jul.-ago. 1985. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-292748

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso de una mujer de raza blanca, de 30 años de edad, con anemia crónica de 3 años de evolución, refractaria a tratamiento médico y a esplenectomía. Los estudios citogenéticos demostraron una anomalía única, la delección parcial del brazo largo del cromosoma No. 5, defecto denominado "Síndrome del 5q-" descrito en aproximadamente 15 pacientes en la literatura mundial. Este síndrome aparentemente adquirido se caracteriza por anemia refractaria, moderada leucopenia, trombosistosis e hipolobulación de los megacariocitos. La anemia es resistente a los tratamientos conocidos y no evoluciona a leucemia aguda. La mayor parte de los pacientes fallecen por las complicaciones de la hemosiderosis producida por la gran cantidad de transfusiones que requieren para mantener una hemoglobina adecuada. La terapia quelante de hierro con desferroxamina, utilizando minibombas de infusión continua, es, hasta el momento, la única forma de prevenir la muerte por falla cardíaca en los pacientes dependientes de transfusiones. Este es el primer caso del "Síndrome del 5q-" informado en la literatura médica colombiana


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Thrombocytosis/complications , Thrombocytosis/diagnosis , Thrombocytosis/etiology , Thrombocytosis/epidemiology , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5/physiology , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5/genetics , Anemia, Refractory/complications , Anemia, Refractory/diagnosis , Anemia, Refractory/epidemiology , Megakaryocytes/physiology , Megakaryocytes/pathology , Chromosome Aberrations/diagnosis , Chromosome Aberrations/etiology , Deferoxamine/administration & dosage , Deferoxamine/therapeutic use , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/etiology , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy
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