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3.
Rev. Méd. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 59(6)01-dic-2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357666

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el linfoma con células en anillo de sello es una entidad poco frecuente y simuladora de neoplasias epiteliales, sarcomas y condiciones reactivas de histiocitos. Representa una variante morfológica de distintos linfomas no Hodgkin, por lo que su diagnóstico puede representar un desafío y debe ser considerado al realizar estudios complementarios. Objetivo: mostrar un caso con una morfología muy poco frecuente y recalcar la importancia de conocer esta entidad para no cometer errores en su diagnóstico. Caso clínico: se documenta el caso de un hombre de 67 años que desarrolló crecimientos ganglionares en axila derecha, cuello, ingle derecha, y región submandibular, con aparente afección en pulmones y bazo, que fue diagnosticado como linfoma B difuso de células grandes con morfología en anillo de sello, originado en el centro germinal. Se realizó estudio de microscopía electrónica de transmisión para una mejor caracterización de la morfología. Desafortunadamente el paciente no regresó a consulta de seguimiento, por lo que no inició tratamiento, falleció a los 6 meses posteriores al diagnóstico. Conclusiones: el linfoma con fenotipo en anillo de sello es poco frecuente, y puede presentarse en cualquier tipo de linfomas no Hodgkin; sin embargo, esta morfología es más comúnmente asociada a carcinomas y, en menor frecuencia, a sarcomas, melanomas o histiocitos reactivos, por lo que el considerar esta entidad junto con el uso adecuado de estudios complementarios es de gran importancia para su adecuado diagnóstico.


Background: Signet-ring cell lymphoma is a rare entity that simulates epithelial neoplasms, sarcomas and reactive histiocytes conditions. It represents a morphological variant of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, its diagnosis can represent a challenge, therefore it should be considered in complementary studies. Objective: The aim of this work is to show a case with a very rare morphology and to emphasize the importance of awareness this entity and avoid mistakes in its diagnosis. Clinical case: We present a case of a 67-year-old man, who developed lymph node growths in the right armpit, neck, right groin, and submandibular region, with apparent involvement of the lungs and spleen; was diagnosed as diffuse large B cell lymphoma with signet-ring morphology, originated in the germinal center. Transmission electron microscopy study was carried out for a more precise characterization of the morphology. Unfortunately, the patient did not return for a follow-up consultation, so he did not start treatment and died 6 months after diagnosis. Conclusions: Lymphoma with the signet-ring phenotype is rare, and can occur in any type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma; however, this morphology is more commonly associated with carcinomas and, less frequently, with sarcomas, melanomas or reactive histiocytes conditions, therefore should be considered this entity together with the appropriate use of complementary studies for proper diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell , Lymph Nodes , Melanoma , Mexico
4.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353076

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Averiguar a efetividade da utilização da cirurgia de MOHS no manejo de tumores cutâneos tipo não melanoma em comparação a outros métodos de terapia. Métodos: O estudo consiste em uma revisão sistemática, cuja coleta de artigos ocorreu nas bases de dados MEDLINE, PubMed Central (PMC), LILACS e SciELO, utilizando os termos "Cirurgia de MOHS", "Câncer de pele", "Ensaio clínico", excluindo "melanoma". Resultados: Do total de 132 artigos identificados, foram considerados elegíveis 11. A análise dos artigos demonstrou que a CMM, comparada a outros métodos, apresentou resultados estéticos melhores, além de menor grau de complicações em tumores recorrentes e um custo/benefício variável com o país onde foi feita operação. A CMM também apresentou menores índices de recorrência em todos os estudos. Conclusão: No geral, a cirurgia de MOHS se mostrou um método terapêutico promissor. No entanto, existem ainda poucos estudos comparativos sobre a eficácia da CMM e os que existem se concentram em poucas regiões do mundo. (AU)


Objective: Evaluating the effectiveness of using MOHS surgery in the management of non-melanoma skin tumors compared to other therapy methods. Methods: The study consists of a systematic review, whose search for articles was performed using databases MEDLINE, PubMed Central (PMC), LILACS and SciELO, using the terms "MOHS surgery", "Skin cancer", "Clinical trial", excluding "melanoma". Results: from a total of 132 identified articles, 11 were considered eligible. The analysis of the articles showed that MMS, compared to other methods, presented better cosmetic results, in addition to a lower grade of complications in recurrent tumors and a variable cost/benefit according to the country where the surgery was performed. MMS also had lower recurrence rates in all studies. Conclusion:Overall, MOHS surgery has shown promising therapeutic results. However, there are still few comparative studies on the effectiveness of MMS and those that exist are concentrated in a few regions of the world. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Recurrence , Skin Neoplasms , Effectiveness , Mohs Surgery , Costs and Cost Analysis , Melanoma
5.
MedUNAB ; 24(3): 353-358, 202112.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353586

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El compromiso tumoral metastásico del melanoma al tracto genitourinario es frecuente, pero, la metástasis a vejiga es rara, constituye menos del 2% de los casos. Sin embargo, en autopsias realizadas a pacientes con melanoma se ha encontrado metástasis en la vejiga en entre un 18% y un 37% de los casos, lo que la convierte en la segunda en incidencia posterior al adenocarcinoma gástrico. La media de supervivencia suele ser entre 6 - 7.5 meses. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el caso de un melanoma metastásico a vejiga, entidad poco frecuente y poco diagnosticada por ser la mayoría de las veces asintomática. Presentación del caso. Paciente femenina de 62 años, con antecedente de melanoma al nivel del primer artejo del pie, con manejo quirúrgico y farmacológico. Consultó por hematuria. La cistoscopia evidenció una lesión única sólida, eritematosa, con necrosis y fácil sangrado y se indicó realizar resección transuretral (RTU). La patología demostró compromiso por melanoma ulcerado metastásico. Se inició manejo de segunda línea (Pembrolizumab) y presentó progresión a miembros superiores y recaída a nivel vesical. La paciente falleció un año después. Discusión. Las metástasis de melanoma al tracto genitourinario son frecuentes, pero las metástasis vesicales aisladas son raras. El tratamiento suele ser RTU de la lesión, cistectomía, quimioterapia y radioterapia. La RTU es curativa para las lesiones restringidas al epitelio, aunque la cistectomía radical suele ser la terapia de elección ante un paciente con un tumor localizado. El Pembrolizumab ha demostrado aumentar la supervivencia. El pronóstico depende del tamaño y profundidad de la invasión. Conclusiones. El compromiso vesical metastásico es poco frecuente y diagnosticado, puede estar presente en pacientes con melanoma, síntomas irritativos urinarios no específicos y hematuria. Suele ser de mal pronóstico, y requiere de manejo quirúrgico asociado a manejo sistémico.


Introduction. Metastatic tumor compromise of melanoma to the genitourinary tract is frequent, but metastasis to the bladder is rare, representing less than 2% of cases. However, autopsies performed on patients with melanoma have found metastases in the bladder in 18-37% of cases, making it the second incidence after gastric adenocarcinoma. The median survival is usually 6 to 7.5 months. The objective of this work is to present the case of a metastatic melanoma to the bladder, a rare and underdiagnosed condition because most of the time it is asymptomatic. Case Presentation. 62-year-old female patient, with a history of melanoma at the level of the first toe, with surgical and pharmacological management. The reason for consultation was hematuria. Cystoscopy revealed a single solid, erythematous lesion with necrosis and easy bleeding, and a transurethral resection (TUR) was indicated. The pathology found compromise for metastatic ulcerated melanoma. Second-line treatment (Pembrolizumab) was started and presented progression to the upper limbs and relapse at the bladder level. The patient died a year later. Discussion. Melanoma metastases to the genitourinary tract are common, but isolated bladder metastases are rare. Treatment is usually TUR of the lesion, cystectomy, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. TUR is curative for lesions restricted to the epithelium, although radical cystectomy is usually the therapy of choice in patients with a localized tumor. Pembrolizumab has been shown to increase survival. The prognosis depends on the size and depth of the invasion. Conclusions. Metastatic bladder compromise is rare and underdiagnosed, it may be present in patients with melanoma, non-specific urinary irritative symptoms, and hematuria. It tends to have a poor prognosis, and requires surgical management associated with systemic management.


Introdução. O comprometimento do tumor metastático do melanoma no trato geniturinário é comum, mas a metástase na bexiga é rara, constituindo menos de 2% dos casos. Entretanto, em autópsias realizadas em pacientes com melanoma, foi encontrada metástase na bexiga entre 18% e 37% dos casos, o que a torna a segunda em incidência após o adenocarcinoma gástrico. A média de sobrevivência é geralmente entre 6 - 7,5 meses. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o caso de um melanoma metastático na bexiga, uma entidade pouco frequente e subdiagnosticada, pois na maioria das vezes é assintomática. Apresentação do caso. Paciente do sexo feminino, 62 anos, com antecedentes de melanoma no nível do hálux, com manejo cirúrgico e farmacológico. Ela consultou por hematúria. A cistoscopia revelou uma única lesão sólida, eritematosa com necrose e sangramento fácil, e foi indicada uma ressecção transuretral (RTU). A patologia mostrou comprometimento de melanoma ulceroso metastático. O tratamento de segunda linha (Pembrolizumab) foi iniciado e a patologia avançou para os membros superiores e uma recaída no nível da bexiga. A paciente morreu um ano depois. Discussão. As metástases de melanoma para o trato geniturinário são frequentes, mas as metástases vesicais isoladas são raras. O tratamento é geralmente RTU da lesão, cistectomia, quimioterapia e radioterapia. A RTU é curativa para lesões restritas ao epitélio, embora a cistectomia radical seja geralmente a terapia de escolha para um paciente com um tumor localizado. O Pembrolizumab demonstrou aumentar a sobrevivência. O prognóstico depende do tamanho e da profundidade da invasão. Conclusões. O comprometimento vesical metastático é raro e subdiagnosticado, pode estar presente em pacientes com melanoma, sintomas irritantes urinários não específicos e hematúria. Geralmente tem um prognóstico negativo e requer manejo cirúrgico em associação com manejo sistêmico.


Subject(s)
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urology , Hematuria , Melanoma , Neoplasm Metastasis
7.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 717-720, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355637

ABSTRACT

Abstract Large defects in plantar surface secondary to acral melanoma excision can be difficult to repair with local flaps, and skin grafts in weight-bearing surfaces often suffer necrosis causing prolonged disability. Acellular dermal matrices represent an easy alternative to cover deep wounds or those with bone or tendon exposure. Despite their high cost and the requirement of two surgical procedures, this alternative may offer excellent functional and aesthetic results in acral defects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Acellular Dermis , Melanoma/surgery , Surgical Flaps , Skin Transplantation
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 693-699, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355635

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: There are conflicting data regarding the prognostic value of the lymphatic basin drainage pattern in melanoma patients and the evidence is scant in the setting of negative sentinel lymph node biopsy. Objective: To investigate whether the pattern of lymphatic basin drainage influences the risk of nodal disease in patients with melanoma of the trunk and negative sentinel lymph node biopsy. Methods: A case series of patients with trunk melanoma and negative sentinel lymph node biopsy was retrospectively evaluated. Clinicopathological features, the pattern of lymphatic drainage and nodal, metastatic, and overall recurrence-free survival were reviewed. Results: Of the 135 patients included, multiple lymphatic basin drainage was identified in 61 (45.2%). Ten of the 74 (13.5%) patients with single drainage developed nodal recurrence, compared with 2 of the 61 (3.6%) patients with multiple drainages (p = 0.04). Nodal recurrence-free survival was significantly longer in the group with multiple drainages than in the group with single drainage (175.6 vs. 138.7 months; p = 0.04). In multivariate analysis, single drainage was associated with a higher risk of nodal recurrence (HR = 4.54; p = 0.05). No significant differences in metastatic and overall recurrence-free survival were found between groups. Study limitations: Retrospective analysis, single-center study, small sample, detailed histopathologic information not always present. Conclusions: In patients with trunk melanoma and negative sentinel lymph node biopsy, multiple lymphatic basin drainage may be an independent risk factor for nodal disease recurrence. This factor may help to identify patients with negative sentinel lymph node biopsy with a higher risk of nodal recurrence.


Subject(s)
Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(5): 565-568, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345123

ABSTRACT

Abstract The paper presents a case of lentigo maligna melanoma of the scalp in an elderly patient treated for the nodular part with surgery and the residual melanoma in situ with 5% Imiquimod and subsequently with 3.75% Imiquimod (each concentration for 4 months, 5 times per week), with complete regression of the lesion. 3.75% Imiquimod, which is already used for the treatment of actinic keratosis, could be a useful weapon with the same effectiveness and fewer side effects compared to 5% Imiquimod.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/drug therapy , Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle/drug therapy , Melanoma/drug therapy , Scalp , Imiquimod , Aminoquinolines/therapeutic use
11.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 827-833, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285282

ABSTRACT

This report describes clinical, ultrasonographic and anatomopathological findings in a case of metastatic melanoma in an adult Saanen goat. Clinically, the goat had apathy, an intra-abdominal palpable firm structure, and exophytic keratinized areas on the skin of the udder. Ultrasound revealed non-encapsulated oval structures, with heterogeneous echogenicity and marked central and peripheral vascularization, and hypoechoic hepatic multifocal to coalescent areas. In the udder, there were non-encapsulated oval structures with heterogeneous echogenicity and hyperechoic center surrounded by hypoechogenic tissue. Grossly, there were black multifocal to coalescent areas in the liver, as well as black nodules in mammary and mesenteric lymph nodes, uterus, spleen, and myocardium. Microscopically, multifocal melanocytic neoplastic proliferation was observed in the dermis and junction of the udder epidermis. Most of the neoplastic cells had cytoplasmic granules of melanin. In the liver there were areas of neoplastic tissue compressing the adjacent parenchyma, with central foci of necrosis, mild desmoplasia, and multifocal infiltration of malignant cells into the adjacent tissues. Similar findings were observed in the mammary and mesenteric lymph nodes, uterus, spleen, and myocardium, which characterized metastatic melanoma. Ultrasonography played a key role for establishing the diagnosis of a metastatic melanoma and helped establish a proper clinical management protocol.(AU)


Este relato descreve os achados clínicos, ultrassonográficos e anatomopatológicos em um caso de melanoma metastático em uma cabra Saanen adulta. Clinicamente, a cabra apresentava apatia, estrutura firme palpável intra-abdominal e áreas exofíticas queratinizadas na pele do úbere. A ultrassonografia revelou estruturas ovais não encapsuladas, com ecogenicidade heterogênea e marcada vascularização central e periférica, além de áreas hepáticas multifocais a coalescentes hipoecoicas. No úbere, havia estruturas ovais não encapsuladas, com ecogenicidade heterogênea e centro hiperecogênico circundado por tecido hipoecogênico. Macroscopicamente, havia áreas pretas multifocais a coalescentes no fígado, bem como nódulos pretos nos linfonodos mamários e mesentéricos, no útero, no baço e no miocárdio; microscopicamente, proliferação neoplásica melanocítica multifocal foi observada na derme e na junção da epiderme do úbere. A maioria das células neoplásicas apresentava grânulos citoplasmáticos de melanina. No fígado, havia áreas de tecido neoplásico comprimindo o parênquima adjacente, com focos centrais de necrose, desmoplasia leve e infiltração multifocal de células malignas nos tecidos adjacentes. Achados semelhantes foram observados nos nódulos linfáticos mamários e mesentéricos, no útero, no baço e no miocárdio, que caracterizaram o melanoma metastático. A ultrassonografia desempenhou um papel fundamental para estipular o diagnóstico de um melanoma metastático e ajudou a estabelecer um protocolo de manejo clínico adequado.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Goats , Melanoma/pathology , Melanoma/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnostic imaging
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 451-453, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285104

ABSTRACT

Abstract Melanoma in childhood is rare and its diagnosis is more difficult than in adults, as it often presents histologic features overlapping with the Spitz nevus. The authors report the case of a 17-year old boy who was first diagnosed with Spitz nevus, however, the final diagnosis made after the excision of the tumor arising in the scar was changed to melanoma. The case in this present study emphasizes the importance of the differential diagnosis of skin tumors in young patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Nevus, Epithelioid and Spindle Cell/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Melanoma/diagnosis , Cicatrix , Diagnosis, Differential , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 472-476, July-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285093

ABSTRACT

Abstract Total body mapping comprises photographic documentation of the entire body surface followed by digital dermatoscopy of selected melanocytic lesions, aiming to compare their evolution over time and identify new lesions. As this is an exam based on comparative analysis of serial dermoscopic body images, standardization of the technique for performing total body mapping is essential. Prepared by specialists from the Brazilian Society of Dermatology, using the modified Delphi method, this article provides recommendations for carrying out total body mapping in Brazil, regarding its indications, technical aspects, and the issuing of the report.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Dermatology , Melanoma/diagnosis , Nevus, Pigmented/diagnosis , Brazil , Follow-Up Studies , Dermoscopy , Diagnosis, Differential
14.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 637-640, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346517

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las neoplasias cardíacas son entidades poco frecuentes en la práctica clínica cardiológica y dentro de éstas, la afectación metastásica es 20 a 40 veces más frecuente que la forma primaria, corres pondiendo al 95% de todos los tumores cardíacos; no obstante, debido a las características clínicas y oncológicas del tumor primario, los tumores cardíacos metastásicos son habitualmente subdiagnosticados. En este trabajo se presentan dos casos de pacientes con carcinoma anaplásico de tiroides, una mujer de 69 años con metástasis en ventrículo derecho y un varón de 61 años con metástasis en aurícula derecha. Ambos pacientes fallecieron durante la internación y a uno de ellos se le realizó autopsia.


Abstract Cardiac neoplasms are rare entities in the clinical practice. Cardiac metastatic involvement is 20 to 40 times more frequent than the primary form, representing 95% of all cardiac tumors; however, they are frequently underdiagnosed because of their clinical and oncologic features. In this report, we present two cases of cardiac metastasis from primary anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: a 69-years-old woman with right ventricular metastasis and a 61-years-old man with right atrial metastasis. Both patients died during their hospitalization and one of them underwent an autopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Neoplasms , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Carcinoma, Anaplastic , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Melanoma
15.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1126, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280368

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El nevo melanocítico congénito es una lesión pigmentada melanocítica, que está generalmente presente en el momento del nacimiento. La dermatoscopia es una técnica útil en el diagnóstico de los nevos. Objetivo: Examinar las características clínicas y dermatoscópicas de pacientes pediátricos con nevos melanocíticos congénitos. Métodos: Investigación de tipo descriptivo transversal. La población incluyó 340 pacientes pediátricos que asistieron a la consulta de dermatoscopia del Hospital Pediátrico Universitario "José Luis Miranda", Santa Clara, entre abril 2016- abril de 2017. La muestra quedó constituida por 128 pacientes con diagnóstico de nevos melanocíticos congénitos. Los datos obtenidos se analizaron a través del paquete estadístico SPSS 21.0. Se emplearon los métodos de la estadística descriptiva. Resultados: El cambio clínico más frecuente fue el crecimiento en 76 (47,8 por ciento) nevos. La localización más comprometida fue en los miembros superiores con 28 (17,6 por ciento) nevos. Existió una relación estadísticamente significativa (p< 0,05) entre el tamaño de los nevos y la localización en zonas fotoexpuestas con la presencia de cambios clínicos. El patrón en empedrado (27,7 por ciento) fue el más frecuente; sin embargo, el patrón globular (24,5 por ciento) se observó en todas las localizaciones. Ninguno de los nevos detectados empeoró hacia el melanoma maligno. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los nevos melanocíticos congénitos en este trabajo aparecieron desde el nacimiento. La presencia de cambios clínicos fue más evidente en las regiones fotoexpuestas. No se observó ningún nevo con estructuras o patrones dermatoscópicos relacionados con malignidad(AU)


Introduction: Congenital melanocytic nevi is a melanocytic pigmented lesion, which is usually present at birth. Dermatoscopy is a useful technique in the diagnosis of nevi. Objective: To examine the clinical and dermatoscopic characteristics of pediatric patients with congenital melanocytic nevi. Methods: Cross-sectional descriptive type research. The data obtained were analyzed through the SPSS 21.0 statistical package. The methods of descriptive statistics were used. Results: The most common clinical change was growth, in 76 (47.8 percent) nevi. The most compromised location was in the upper members with 28 (17.6 percent) nevi. There was a statistically significant relation (p< 0.05) among the size of the nevi and the location in photoexposed areas with the presence of clinical changes. The cobbled pattern (27.7 percent) was the most common; however, the globular pattern (24.5 percent) was observed in all locations. None of the detected nevi worsen towards malignant melanoma. Conclusions: Most congenital melanocytic nevi are shown from birth. The presence of clinical changes was most evident in photoexposed regions. No nevi was observed with dermatoscopic structures or patterns related to malignancy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Referral and Consultation , Growth , Melanoma , Nevus, Pigmented
16.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(2): e1402, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280357

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El melanoma maligno es un tumor de etiología multifactorial, cuando afecta al sistema respiratorio su origen es casi siempre metastásico, y como tumor primario es muy infrecuente, constituye el 0,07 por ciento de los tumores pulmonares malignos. Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico con diagnóstico de melanoma maligno primario de pulmón. Presentación del caso: Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 64 años de edad, exfumadora, sin antecedentes de melanoma, que presenta tos seca asociada a disnea, los esfuerzos físicos y dolor torácico. Además de astenia y pérdida de peso. Se le realizó biopsia pulmonar mediante broncoscopia y se le diagnosticó melanoma. Conclusiones: El melanoma primario pulmonar es uno de los más raros del tipo de melanoma visceral, es una entidad neumológica infrecuente y el diagnóstico preciso requiere una investigación detallada y el cumplimiento de criterios clínicos y anatomopatológicos específicos(AU)


Introduction: Malignant melanoma is a tumor of multifactorial etiology, when it affects the respiratory system its origin is almost always metastatic, and as a primary tumor it is very infrequent, it constitutes 0.07 por ciento of malignant lung tumors. Objective: To report a clinical case with a diagnosis of primary malignant melanoma of the lung. Case report: We report the case of a 64-year-old woman, former smoker, with no history of melanoma, who had dry cough associated with dyspnea with physical exertion and chest pain. In addition to asthenia and weight loss, she had a lung biopsy by bronchoscopy and was diagnosed with melanoma. Conclusions: Primary pulmonary melanoma is one of the rarest of the visceral melanoma type, this is an infrequent pneumological entity and the precise diagnosis requires detailed investigation and the fulfillment of specific clinical and pathological criteria(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Bronchoscopy/methods , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Melanoma/diagnosis
17.
Rev. Assoc. Méd. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 65(2): 01022105, Abr. - Jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1367817

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Introdução: A mama é um sítio comum de tumores primário e apenas 1 a 3% são metastáticos. O acometimento em mama por melanoma geralmente relaciona-se a metástases em outros órgãos como pulmão e ovário, com alta probabilidade de desfechos desfavoráveis.Caso: R.D.P, 72 anos, masculino, procedente de Jaguaruna-SC, hipertenso, obeso, ex-tabagista. Paciente realizou ressecção de melanoma com ausência de anatomopatológico (AP) e seguimento em 2014. Em 2016 novas lesões recidivaram próximas à cicatriz com o AP de melanoma cutâneo metastático e melanoma cutâneo nodular ulcerado e apresentava Melanoma T2N2c recidivado com lesões satélites. Em 2017 apresentou lesões em parede abdominal com exérese de tumor de partes moles e lesões abdominais com linfadenectomia axilar esquerda. Exames de Tomografia Computadorizada de 2017 evidenciaram linfonodomegalias axilares à esquerda, dois nódulos pulmonares e linfonodomegalia em região inguinal direita. Foi tratado com Nivolumabe e Ipilimumab com boa resposta e desaparecimento de lesões pulmonares. Em 2019, retorna com queixa de mastalgia e nodulação circunscrita bem delimitada, levemente endurecida e móvel de 1,5cm em quadrante inferior lateral, ao exame de mamas. Ao exame de imagem evidenciou imagem nodular sólida hipoecogênica. Realizado segmentectomia em mama direita e reconstru- ção com retalho glandular e seguimento ambulatorial.Conclusões: O caso apresentado de melanoma cutâneo com metástase mamária em paciente masculino apresentou difícil seguimento e prognóstico desfavorável. O uso de Ipilimumab em associação com Nivolumab é indicado para o tratamento do melanoma irressecável ou metastático em adultos e apresentou melhora significativa na redução dos linfonodos.A realização de segmentectomia em mama seguida de reconstrução também foram importantes para melhor desfecho do caso. PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Neoplasias da mama, melanoma,metástase neoplásica


ABSTRACT Introduction: The breast is a common site of primary tumors and only 1-3% are metastatic. Breast involvement by melanoma is usually related to metastases in other organs such as lung and ovary, with a high probability of unfavorable outcomes. Case: R.D.P., 72 years old, male, coming from Jaguaruna-SC, hypertensive, obese, ex-smoker. The patient underwent resection of melanoma with no anatomopathological (AP) examination and follow-up in 2014. In 2016, new lesions recurred near the scar with the AP of metastatic cutaneous melanoma and ulcerated nodular cutaneous melanoma and had recurrent T2N2c Melanoma with satellite lesions. In 2017 he presented lesions in the abdominal wall, with excision of a soft tissue tumor and abdominal lesions with left axillary lymphadenectomy. CT scans in 2017 showed axillary lymph node enlargement on the left, two pulmonary nodules and lymph node enlargement in the right inguinal region. He was treated with Nivolumab and Ipilimumab with good response and disappearance of lung lesions. In 2019 he returns with complaints of mastalgia and a well-defined circumscribed nodulation, slightly indurated and mobile, of 1.5 cm in the lower lateral quadrant, on breast examination. Imaging showed a solid hypoechoic nodular pattern. A segmentectomy was performed in the right breast and reconstruction with a glandular flap and outpatient follow-up. Conclusions: This case of cutaneous melanoma with breast metastasis in a male patient presented difficult follow-up and a poor prognosis. The use of Ipilimumab in combination with Nivolumab is indicated for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic melanoma in adults and showed a significant improvement in lymph node reduction. The performance of segmentectomy in the breast followed by reconstruction was also important for a better outcome of the case. KEYWORDS: Breast neoplasms, melanoma, neoplastic metastasis


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Melanoma , Neoplasm Metastasis
18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 263-277, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285080

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mohs micrographic surgery is a specialized form of skin cancer surgery that has the highest cure rates for several cutaneous malignancies. Certain skin cancers can have small extensions or "roots" that may be missed if an excised tumor is serially cross-sectioned in a "bread-loaf" fashion, commonly performed on excision specimens. The method of Mohs micrographic surgery is unique in that the dermatologist (Mohs surgeon) acts as both surgeon and pathologist, from the preoperative considerations until the reconstruction. Since Dr. Mohs's initial work in the 1930s, the practice of Mohs micrographic surgery has become increasingly widespread among the dermatologic surgery community worldwide and is considered the treatment of choice for many common and uncommon cutaneous neoplasms. Mohs micrographic surgery spares the maximal amount of normal tissue and is a safe procedure with very few complications, most of them managed by Mohs surgeons in their offices. Mohs micrographic surgery is the standard of care for high risks basal cell carcinomas and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and is commonly and increasingly used for melanoma and other rare tumors with superior cure rates. This review better familiarizes the dermatologists with the technique, explains the difference between Mohs micrographic surgery and wide local excision, and discusses its main indications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Mohs Surgery
19.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(2): 234-239, abr.-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339262

ABSTRACT

Resumen | La pigmentación exógena por nitrato de plata es una enfermedad poco frecuente, cuyas manifestaciones clínicas pueden aparecer años después del contacto, lo que en ocasiones dificulta su diagnóstico. Se caracteriza por la presencia de máculas o placas azul-grisáceas en la piel o las mucosas de la zona de contacto que, en ocasiones, son muy similares a las lesiones melanocíticas y al melanoma, sus principales diagnósticos diferenciales. Se reporta el caso de un paciente de Medellín, Colombia, con antecedentes familiares de melanoma y presencia de estas lesiones en todo el cuerpo.


Abstract | Exogenous pigmentation by silver nitrate is a rare disease whose clinical manifestations appear even years after the contact, making its diagnosis difficult on occasions. It is characterized by the presence of blue-gray macules or plaques on the skin or mucosa in the contact area, sometimes very similar to melanocytic lesions and melanoma, which constitute the main differential diagnosis. We report the case of a male patient from Medellín, Colombia, with a family history of melanoma and the presence of these lesions throughout his body.


Subject(s)
Silver Nitrate , Argyria , Case Reports , Colombia , Melanoma
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(5): e536-e539, oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1292788

ABSTRACT

El melanoma es la forma más grave de cáncer de piel. La morbimortalidad es variable, ya que se relaciona con las medidas de prevención implementadas, la detección temprana y el acceso al tratamiento temprano. La incidencia ha aumentado en los últimos años a pesar de la mayor concientización con respecto a la exposición a la luz solar y la utilización de cremas protectoras. A su vez, el rango etario se ha ampliado, y esta enfermedad afecta a individuos cada vez más jóvenes. Se estima que del 1 % al 4 % de todos los casos de melanoma ocurren en menores de 20 años.Se presentan dos casos pediátricos, con evolución prolongada y diagnóstico inicial erróneo. Es fundamental para el pediatra general, primer contacto del paciente con el sistema de salud, conocer las características de estas lesiones. Un alto índice de sospecha permitiría la derivación al especialista de forma temprana.


Melanoma is the most serious skin cancer. Morbimortality is variable as it is related to the preventive measures, early detection, and access to early treatment. The incidence has increased in recent years, despite the raise in awareness of avoiding sun exposure and the use of sunscreen. What is more, the disease age range has expanded, affecting increasingly younger individuals. It is estimated that 1 to 4 % of all melanoma cases occurred in people younger than twenty years old.We present two pediatric cases with prolonged evolution and wrong initial diagnosis. Since the general pediatrician is the patient's first contact with the health system, it is extremely important to know the characteristics of these lesions. A high index of suspicion would allow an early referral to the specialist.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Melanoma/drug therapy , Melanoma/therapy , Skin Diseases/diagnosis , Skin Diseases/drug therapy , Sunscreening Agents/therapeutic use , Incidence
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