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2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 77(1): 57-59, Jan-Feb/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-715554

ABSTRACT

Here we describe the case of a 65-year-old Caucasian female who presented with an amelanotic malignant conjunctival melanoma and highlight the clinical and pathological features of this rare entity that displayed exclusive corneal invasive growth without evidence of conjunctival tumors other than primary acquired melanosis. Impression cytology aided in the initial diagnosis. The patient underwent surgical treatment. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry revealed an invasive amelanotic melanoma limited to the cornea and exhibiting S-100, Melan A, and HMB-45 positivity. The absence of pigmentation delayed early clinical detection and treatment. Awareness of this nonpigmented melanoma is important for early recognition and appropriate management.


Os autores descrevem o caso de uma mulher branca de 65 anos que apresentava um melanoma amelanótico maligno conjuntival e destacam as características clínicas e patológicas desta entidade rara com crescimento invasivo exclusivo na córnea sem evidência de tumores na conjuntiva além de melanose adquirida primária sem pigmento. A citologia de impressão auxiliou no diagnóstico inicial. A paciente foi submetida a tratamento cirúrgico. A histopatologia e a imuno-histoquímica revelaram um melanoma amelanótico invasivo limitado sobre a córnea exibindo positividade para proteína S-100, Melan A e HMB-45. A ausência de pigmentação retardou sua identificação clínica e seu tratamento precoce. O conhecimento deste melanoma não pigmentado é importante para o reconhecimento precoce e a conduta apropriada.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Conjunctival Neoplasms/pathology , Melanoma, Amelanotic/pathology , Conjunctival Neoplasms/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , MART-1 Antigen/analysis , Melanoma, Amelanotic/chemistry , Melanoma-Specific Antigens/analysis , /analysis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis
3.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 685-689, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304417

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype, histological diagnosis and prognosis of hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 25 cases of hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma were collected along with follow-up study of the patients. The pathological features were documented and immunohistochemical study of various markers was performed with an emphasis on diagnosis and differential diagnosis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma was more commonly found in young women without characteristic clinical symptoms. Its morphological features were characterized by marked cytological atypia, relatively rare mitotic figures; radial distribution of tumor cells around the thin-walled blood vessels or muscular vessels; and the presence of common multinucleated giant cells and large ganglion-like tumor cells. The tumor cells expressed both melanoma cell markers (HMB45, MART-1) and smooth muscle cell markers (SMA). Tumor cells expressed various other markers including ER 16% (4/25), PR 32% (8/25), TFE3 24% (6/25) and p53 60% (15/25).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Hepatic epithelioid angiomyolipoma has variable morphological features and characteristic immunohistochemical phenotype. The differential diagnoses include a variety of tumors. The biological behavior of the tumor tends to be benign.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Age Factors , Angiomyolipoma , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Diagnosis, Differential , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Giant Cells , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Immunophenotyping , Liver Neoplasms , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , MART-1 Antigen , Metabolism , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Muscle, Smooth , Metabolism , Prognosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 381-385, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233442

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype and genetic changes of perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms (PEComa).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 25 cases of PEComa located in various anatomic sites were selected for immunohistochemical staining (SP or EnVision method). TFE3 fluorescence in-situ hybridization was also performed to determine the TFE3 gene status.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The age of patient ranged from 21 to 61 years (mean = 43 years). The male-to-female ratio was 1: 1.3. Histologically, 22 cases represented conventional angiomyolipomas, composed of a mixture of adipose tissue, spindle element, epithelioid smooth muscle cells and abnormal thick-walled blood vessels in various proportions. Three cases involving lung, soft tissue and broad ligament had subtle but distinctive morphologic features. Nested or sheet-like architecture with epithelioid or spindle cells was observed. Immunohistochemical study showed that HMB 45, melan A, smooth muscle actin and cathepsin K were expressed in 80% (20/25), 88% (22/25), 88% (22/25) and 100% (25/25) of PEComa, respectively. Within positive cases, the average proportion of positive tumor cells was 36%, 41%, 35% and 90% respectively for HMB 45, melan A, smooth muscle actin and cathepsin K. TFE3 was negative in all of the 22 renal and hepatic PEComa studied, while it was positive in the 3 cases of extra-hepatorenal PEComa. None of the 25 cases exhibited evidence of TFE3 gene fusion or amplification.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Extra-hepatorenal PEComa have distinctive morphologic features and are associated with TFE3 overexpression. Cathepsin K immunostaining demonstrates high sensitivity and specificity in PEComa, better than other commonly employed immunomarkers. This marker is thus useful in diagnosis of PEComa and distinction with other neoplasms.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Actins , Metabolism , Angiomyolipoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Cathepsin K , Metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Kidney Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Liver Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , MART-1 Antigen , Metabolism , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 675-678, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288238

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features and differential diagnosis of cutaneous regressing/regressed melanoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Histopathologic evaluation and immunohistochemical study by EnVision method were performed in 8 cases of cutaneous regressing/regressed melanoma. The clinical presentation, treatment and follow-up data were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The age of the patients ranged from 40 to 69 years (mean 58 years). The male-to-female ratio was 3: 1. Tumors were located on the back (4 cases), sole of the foot (2 cases), ventral aspect of the toes (1 case), and the forearm (1 case). Clinically, 6 patients presented with progressive black mole of the skin, followed by subsequent focal hypopigmentation, even scarring. Two patients presented with multiple foci of dark-brown pigmentation. Microscopically, 3 cases were completely regressed malignant melanoma. Tumoral melanosis was found in 1 of 3 cases. The other 5 cases were melanoma with severe regression. The extent of regression ranged from 75% to 90%. The Breslow depth of the tumors ranged from 0.5 to 1.0 mm. Immunohistochemically, both metastatic and primary tumor cells were diffusely positive for S-100, HMB45 and Melan A, while melanophages were positive for CD68. Follow-up data were available in 8 patients, ranging from 8 to 27 months. Five patients were alive with no evidence of disease, 1 patient was alive with stable disease and 2 patients died of metastatic melanoma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Correlation between clinical presentation and pathologic features is important for diagnosis of cutaneous regressing/regressed melanoma. Thin melanoma with extensive regression ( ≥ 75%) should not been regarded as low metastatic risk and wide excision combined with sentinel lymph node biopsy is recommended.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic , Metabolism , Back , Pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Foot , Pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , MART-1 Antigen , Metabolism , Melanoma , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Melanosis , Pathology , S100 Proteins , Metabolism , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Skin Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Toes , Pathology , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 810-814, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288201

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical pathological features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of pigmented dermatofibrosarcoma protuberance (PDFSP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical history, histopathological features, immunohistochemical characteristics, treatment and prognosis were analyzed in seven cases of PDFSP. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to detect the expression of COL1A1/PDGFB fusion gene, and related literature was reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median age of the seven patients (4 females, 3 males) was 47 years with the tumors involving mostly the trunk (four cases). Histologically, PDFSP showed a cellular lesion composed of spindle cells arranged in short fascicles that form a distinct storiform pattern, and the pigmented bipolar or multipolar dendritic cells were present with tentacle like processes emanating from a nucleus containing zone. One case showed fibrosarcomatous change. The pigment was tinctorially similar to melanin. The spindle cells were positive for CD34 and vimentin, but negative for HMB45, Melan A, S-100, desmin, CD68 or α-SMA. HMB45, Melan A, S-100 and vimentin were expressed in the melanin containing cells in 4, 4, 5 and 7 cases, respectively. The labeling index of Ki-67 was 1%-8%. Among the 4 cases successfully examined by FISH, 3 showed t(17;22)(q21;q13) which suggested COL1A1/PDGFB fusion gene. Three patients were treated by wide local excision and four were treated by simple surgical excision. Two patients developed recurrences during the follow-up period of 12 to 123 months. Of those treated by wide local excision, none developed recurrence. No patient died in the follow-up period.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PDFSP is a rare pigmented variant of DFSP and an intermediate grade malignant tumor. The orgin of the tumor cells is still controversial. Surgical pathologists and dermatopathologists need to be aware of the prototypical histological appearance of PDFSP as there is a risk of misdiagonsing it as either pigmented tumors associated with neurocutaneous syndromes or a highly malignant melanocytic neoplasm.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Dermatofibrosarcoma , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Follow-Up Studies , Immunohistochemistry , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , MART-1 Antigen , Metabolism , Melanoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neurilemmoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Neurofibroma , Metabolism , Pathology , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Metabolism , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , S100 Proteins , Metabolism , Skin Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Vimentin , Metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 443-447, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303551

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic features and differential diagnosis of perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas) occurring in the urinary system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinicopathologic features of 21 cases of PEComa from September 2002 to September 2010 occurring in the urinary system were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemical study for HMB 45, S-100 protein, smooth muscle actin, desmin, Melan A and Ki-67 was carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Amongst the 21 cases studied, there were 5 males and 16 females. The age of patients ranged from 16 to 76 years (median = 51.3 years). Twenty cases occurred in the kidney and 1 in the bladder. The predominant histopathologic subtype of renal PEComas was classic type (10/20), followed by epithelioid type (5/20), smooth muscle type (3/20), inflammatory type (1/20) and sclerosing type (1/20). Immunohistochemical study showed that HMB 45 and smooth muscle actin were positive in 95.2% (20/21) and 80.9% (17/21) cases, respectively. Melan A, desmin and S-100 protein were expressed in 71.4% (15/21), 61.9% (13/21) and 33.3% (7/21) cases, respectively. The mean proliferative index was 1.29% (range = 0 to 5%). HMB 45 and Melan A were expressed in all of the 5 cases of epithelioid PEComas, whereas smooth muscle actin and desmin were only expressed in one of them. There was no significant difference between epithelioid PEComas and non-epithelioid PEComas in the expression of HMB 45, Melan A, smooth muscle actin and desmin. Positive staining for HMB 45 and smooth muscle actin was demonstrated in the case of bladder PEComa.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PEComas of the urinary system predominantly affect the kidney. Epithelioid renal PEComas and bladder PEComa are relatively rare and have unique pathologic features. It is necessary to distinguish PEComas from other malignant tumors. Immunohistochemical study for HMB 45, Melan A and smooth muscle actin is helpful for confirmation of diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Actins , Metabolism , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Desmin , Metabolism , Diagnosis, Differential , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Metabolism , Pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Kidney Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Leiomyosarcoma , Metabolism , Pathology , MART-1 Antigen , Metabolism , Melanoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , S100 Proteins , Metabolism , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology
8.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 847-853, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268984

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the impact of the biomarkers and the clinicopathological characteristics on the prognosis of malignant melanoma (MM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 127 MM cases were retrospective analyzed. The surgical specimens of MM were analyzed with immunohistochemistry for detecting HMB45, S-100 and vimentin expressions, and univariate and multivariate regression analysis was performed to analyze their correlation to the prognosis of the patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the 127 MM cases, the positivity rates of HMB45, S-100 and vimentin were 89.8%, 92.1% and 78.0%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the patients' age, ulcer, Clark classification, postoperative tumor margin, AJCC, treatment outcomes, and S-100 were significantly correlated to the prognosis, and multivariate analysis indicated that age, Clark classification, S-100, tumor margin and outcomes were the independent predictive factors for the prognosis of MM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>S-100, age, Clark classification, S-100, tumor margin and treatment outcomes were the independent prognostic factors for MM, and HMB45 and vimentin have no predictive value in the prognosis of MM.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Melanoma , Diagnosis , Mortality , Pathology , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , S100 Proteins , Metabolism , Skin Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , Survival Rate , Vimentin , Metabolism
9.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 156-162, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177722

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The main goal of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of reverse transcription-nested polymerase chain reaction (RT-nested PCR) in bronchial washing fluid with MAGE A1-6 common primers for the detection of lung cancers invisible by bronchoscopy. METHODS: To determine the expression of MAGE A1-6 gene in 189 lung cancers diagnosed by conventional fluoroscopy-guided lung biopsy and 89 cancer-free controls, RT-nested PCR was performed in bronchial washing specimens. We analyzed MAGE A1-6 RT-nested PCR data according to tumor histology, stage, size, and compared them with cytological data. RESULTS: 189 patients (111 cases in adenocarcinoma, 47 cases in squamous cell carcinoma, 22 cases in small cell lung carcinoma, and 9 cases in other cancers) and 89 benign patients were investigated. The expression of MAGE was performed by nested RT-PCR using common MAGE primer. Among 189 cancer patients, the expression rate of MAGE was 49.2%, and the positive predictive value was 89.4%. However, the expression rate of MAGE in patients with benign lesions was 12.4%. In peripheral lung cancer, the positive rate of MAGE expression was 57.4% in squamous cell carcinoma, 44.1% in adenocarcinoma and 59.1% in small cell lung cancer. Whereas the expression rate of bronchial washing cytology in peripheral lung cancer was 9.0% (p=0.011). CONCLUSION: MAGE RT-PCR in bronchial washing fluid gave us promising data for the detection of peripheral lung cancer. It could be a useful method for selecting diagnostic tools for peripheral lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Early Detection of Cancer , Gene Expression , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
10.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 242-248, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12464

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatic angiomyolipoma (AML) is a rare mesenchymal tumor of the liver and demonstrates a marked histologic diversity. HMB-45 is a promising immunomarker for this tumor and especially helpful to diagnosis of some AMLs with unusual morphology. The purpose of this study was to better define the variable histologic feature of hepatic AML. METHODS: Eight hepatic AMLs were examined, and all of that were resection specimens. The diagnosis was confirmed by the presence of HMB-45 positive cells. Median age was 41.5 years old, and mean size of tumor was 8.94 cm. RESULTS: Conventional mixed type was 5 cases which showed myomatous, angiomatous and lipomatous component, and 3 cases were myomatous predominant. Variable patterns including spider web cell morphology, solid sheet-like and trabecular pattern were identified on myomatous component and variable amount and patterns of inflammatory cell infiltration was identified. CONCLUSIONS: With only histologic features, it is difficult to distinguish hepatic AML from other hepatic tumor including hepatocellular carcinoma or inflammatory pseudotumor. A correct diagnosis of hepatic AML is possible by a close histologic examination with immunohistochemical stainings such as HMB-45 which is important to patient's prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiomyolipoma/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Melanoma-Specific Antigens/metabolism , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 377-381, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43463

ABSTRACT

Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is extremely rare, which originated from mesenchymal cells in the intestine, and composed of histologically and immunohistochemically distinctive perivascular epithelioid cells. We report here on a case of PEComa in the sigmoid colon. A 62-year-old woman presented with hematochzia 10 days ago. Her abdominal computed tomography scan showed a 5 cm sized intraluminal fungating heterogeneously enhanced, high density mass, which infiltrated pericolic tissue surrounding the sigmoid colon. Colonoscopy showed a purple colored polypoid mass with lobulating contour in the sigmoid colon. She underwent laparoscopic anterior resection. On the histologic examination, the tumor consisted of polygonal epithelioid cells with sheet-like growth of nests, which looked like alveolar tissues in lung. The tumor cells were strongly positive stained with human melanoma black-45 (HMB-45). Pathologic examination was compatible with PEComa. Sixteen months after surgery, she did well without tumor recurrence after surgery. We review the literatures concerning PEComa of the intestine focusing on endoscopic findings.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colonoscopy , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Melanoma-Specific Antigens/metabolism , Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 7-12, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757669

ABSTRACT

The melanoma antigen (MAGE) family proteins are well known as tumor-specific antigens and comprise more than 60 genes, which share a conserved MAGE homology domain (MHD). Type I MAGEs are highly expressed cancer antigens, and they play an important role in tumorigenesis and cancer cell survival. Recently, several MAGE proteins were identified to interact with RING domain proteins, including a sub-family of E3 ubiquitin ligases. The binding mode between MAGEs and RING proteins was investigated and one important structure of these MAGE-RING complexes was solved: the MAGE-G1-NSE1 complex. Structural and biochemical studies indicated that MAGE proteins could adjust the E3 ubiquitin ligase activity of its cognate RING partner both in vitro and in vivo. However, the underlying mechanism was not fully understood. Here, we review these exciting advances in the studies on MAGE family, suggest potential mechanisms by which MAGEs activate the E3 activity of their binding RING proteins and highlight the anticancer potential of this family proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Chemistry , Metabolism , Protein Binding , Protein Structure, Tertiary
13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 564-569, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320169

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prepare IL-2-anchored and tumor-derived exosomes vaccine, and investigate the antitumor efficiency of the special cytotoxic T-lymphocytes induced by Ex/GPI-IL-2.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>To construct pEGFP-N1-IL2gpi plasmid coding a fusion gene of a DNA oligo encoding GPI-anchor signal sequence attaching to human IL-2 cDNA. Then T24 cell lines stably expressing GPI-IL-2 proteins (T24/GPI-IL-2) were established. Ex/GPI-IL-2 were isolated and purified by ultrafiltration and sucrose gradient centrifugation, and the morphology and molecule markers were analyzed. The mixed lymphocyte reaction study and cytotoxic study were performed to determine the proliferative effect of T lymphocytes and the cytotoxicity induced by Ex/GPI-IL-2.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The pEGFP-N1-IL2gpi plasmid was successfully constructed, and cell lines stably expressing GPI-IL-2 fusion proteins were established. Ex/GPI-IL-2 were small vesicular and saucer-shaped in diameter of 30-90 nm, containing heat shock protein 70, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, MAGE-1 and GPI-IL-2. Ex/GPI-IL-2-pulsed could dendritic cells induce proliferation of T cells and cytotoxic immune response more efficiently (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>GPI-IL-2 gene-modified tumor cells can make the exosomes containing GPI-IL-2 with an increased anti-tumor effect. Our study provides a feasible approach for exosome-based tumor immunotherapy of bladder transitional cell tumors.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Cancer Vaccines , Allergy and Immunology , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Exosomes , Genetics , Metabolism , Glycosylphosphatidylinositols , Metabolism , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Metabolism , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism , Interleukin-2 , Metabolism , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Plasmids , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology , Transfection , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Pathology
14.
Tunisie Medicale [La]. 2011; 89 (2): 202-205
in French | IMEMR | ID: emr-146503

ABSTRACT

Clear cell tumor of the lung is a rare and very unusual benign pulmonary tumor. This tumor is called sugar tumor because of the abundance of glycogen on its cells. To report a case of sugar tumor and discuss clinical, evolutive features and diagnosis difficulties of this tumor. A case of 75 years old woman presenting as a round pulmonary opacity. Computed tomography [CT] scans showed in the left lower lobe a solitary pulmonary solid tumor with central calcifications. The patient underwent tumor resection. Pathologic examination, including immunohistochemical studies, revealed a benign clear cell tumor, so-called [sugar tumor]. It's the second case reported in Tunisia. This very rare tumor of the lung is characterized by some immunohistological features. Its evolution is favourable after surgery


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Lung Neoplasms , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Lung/pathology , Melanoma-Specific Antigens
15.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 528-530, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306395

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the treatment and prognosis of the patients with oral mucosal melanoma (OMM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinicopathological and follow-up data of patients with OMM in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center from January 1976 to December 2005 were analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifty-one cases were analyzed. The pathological lymph node metastasis rate was 61% (31/51) and the affected sites were confined to level I(b)-III (94%). The overall three year and five yearsurvival rates were 35% and 21% respectively. No significant difference of three year and five year survival rates were found between the group of incisional biopsy and the group of excisional biopsy. The prognosis was not affected by pigmentation. The survival rate of the patients receiving surgery combined with biotherapy or biochemotherapy was significantly higher than that of the patients treated by other modalities (P = 0.003).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In patients with OMM, lymph node metastasis was mostly confined to level I(b)-III. Incisional biopsy and pigmentation were not associated with an unfavorable prognosis. The prognosis of the patients with OMM was poor and the patients may get a better prognosis by receiving surgery combined with biotherapy or biochemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , BCG Vaccine , Therapeutic Uses , Combined Modality Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Interferon-gamma , Therapeutic Uses , Interleukin-2 , Therapeutic Uses , Lung Neoplasms , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis , Melanoma , Drug Therapy , Pathology , General Surgery , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Mouth Mucosa , Pathology , General Surgery , Mouth Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , S100 Proteins , Metabolism , Survival Rate
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 240-245, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261814

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicopathologic characteristics of perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa), not otherwise specified (NOS) and to evaluate the diagnostic criteria for malignancy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and pathologic features of 31 cases of PEComa-NOS were reviewed. The follow-up data available were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were a total of 24 females and 7 males. The age of the patients ranged from 13 to 66 years (mean = 40 years). The site of tumor occurrence included gynecologic organs (n = 12), intraabdominal/peritoneal soft tissue (n = 10), gastrointestinal tract (n = 4), thigh (n = 2), mediastinum (n = 1), left groin (n = 1) and urinary bladder (n = 1). None of the cases was associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Histologic examination showed that 23 cases (74%) were clear cell sugar tumor-like, 4 cases (13%) were clear cell myomelanocytic tumor-like and 4 cases (13%) were of mixed epithelioid-spindled morphology. According to the classification system proposed by Folpe et al, 19 cases (61%) were classified as malignant, 7 cases (23%) as PEComa of uncertain malignant potential and 5 cases (16%) as benign. The expression rates of HMB45, smooth muscle actin and desmin in tested cases were 100% (31/31), 67% (14/21) and 6/18, respectively. Follow-up data (1 to 56 months) were available in 23 cases (74%). Amongst the 16 cases of malignant PEComa, 7 patients were still alive with no evidence of disease, 6 patients were alive with unresectable or recurrent/metastatic disease and 3 patients died of the disease. The local recurrence and metastasis in those 16 cases were 6 cases and 5 cases, respectively. One of the 4 patients with PEComa of uncertain malignant potential died, while the remaining 3 patients and all of the patients with benign PEComa had an uneventful clinical course.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The classification system of PEComas proposed by Folpe et al. is reliable in routine practice. Correlation with the clinical and radiologic findings however is prudent when dealing with core biopsy specimens or sampling from exploration laparotomy. Owing to the histologic heterogeneity of this entity, thorough understanding of the morphologic spectrum is essential in arriving at a correct diagnosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Abdominal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Actins , Metabolism , Desmin , Metabolism , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Genital Neoplasms, Female , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Perivascular Epithelioid Cell Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Prognosis
17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 825-829, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295133

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the pathologic features and immunophenotype of 3 cases of melanotic epithelioid clear cell tumor of kidney.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>More than 2000 cases of renal tumors were retrospectively reviewed. Three cases of melanotic epithelioid clear cell tumor were identified. Immunohistochemical study was carried out using the paraffin-embedded tissue samples. Electron microscopy was also performed in 1 case.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Amongst the 3 cases studied, the male-to-female ratio is 1:2. Histologically, 2 cases showed a clear cell carcinoma-like pattern. Papillary structures covered by clear cells and eosinophilic cells were observed in 1 case. Immunohistochemical study showed that the tumor cells in all cases expressed HMB 45. Two of them were also positive for Melan A. The staining for epithelial markers and S-100 protein was negative. Melanosomes were not identified by ultrastructural examination.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Melanotic epithelioid clear cell tumor is a rarely seen neoplasm of kidney. There are some histologic overlaps with renal cell carcinoma, epithelioid angiomyolipoma and melanoma. Immunohistochemical study is useful in confirming the diagnosis. The tumor represents a morphologic variant of epithelioid angiomyolipoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Angiomyolipoma , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , Diagnosis, Differential , Epithelioid Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Kidney Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , General Surgery , MART-1 Antigen , Metabolism , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Metabolism , Retrospective Studies
18.
The Korean Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; : 70-75, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-82765

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The 3q29 microdeletion syndrome is a genomic disorder characterized by mental retardation, developmental delay, microcephaly, and slight facial dysmorphism. In most cases, the microdeletion spans a 1.6-Mb region between low-copy repeats (LCRs). We identified a novel 4.0- Mb deletion using oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) in monozygotic twin sisters. METHODS: G-banded chromosome analysis was performed in the twins and their parents. Highresolution oligonucleotide array CGH was performed using the human whole genome 244K CGH microarray (Agilent Technologies, USA) followed by validation using FISH, and the obtained results were analyzed using the genome database resources. RESULTS: G-banding revealed that the twins had de novo 46,XX,del(3)(q29) karyotype. Array CGH showed a 4.0-Mb interstitial deletion on 3q29, which contained 39 genes and no breakpoints flanked by LCRs. In addition to the typical characteristics of the 3q29 microdeletion syndrome, the twins had attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, strabismus, congenital heart defect, and gray hair. Besides the p21-activated protein kinase (PAK2) and discs large homolog 1 (DLG1) genes, which are known to play a critical role in mental retardation, the hairy and enhancer of split 1 (HES1) and antigen p97 (melanoma associated; MFI2) genes might be possible candidate genes associated with strabismus, congenital heart defect, and gray hair. CONCLUSIONS: The novel 4.0-Mb 3q29 microdeletion found in the twins suggested the occurrence of genomic rearrangement mediated by mechanisms other than nonallelic homologous recombination. Molecular genetic and functional studies are required to elucidate the contribution of each gene to a specific phenotype.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 , Comparative Genomic Hybridization/methods , Diseases in Twins/genetics , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Melanoma-Specific Antigens/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Syndrome , Twins , p21-Activated Kinases/genetics
19.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2009 Jul; 57(4): 318-320
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135971

ABSTRACT

Schwannoma, also referred to as neurilemmoma, is a benign tumor of peripheral nerve arising from Schwann cells that form the neural sheath. Schwannoma of ophthalmic interest is rare although it has been reported in relation with the orbit, and less frequently with the uveal tract and conjunctiva. Isolated eyelid schwannoma is extremely uncommon. Up until now, only eight cases have been reported in literature. Herein, we report two cases of eyelid schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm/metabolism , Eyelid Neoplasms/metabolism , Eyelid Neoplasms/pathology , Eyelid Neoplasms/surgery , Female , Humans , Immunochemistry , Male , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Neurilemmoma/metabolism , Neurilemmoma/pathology , Neurilemmoma/surgery , Rare Diseases , S100 Proteins/metabolism , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 611-614, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259355

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a sensitive and specific RT-PCR assay using the mRNA of MAGE-1 and MAGE-3 genes as specific tumor markers for the detection of the tumor cells in the peripheral blood of patients with gastric cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Peripheral blood was obtained from 40 patients with gastric cancer and from 20 healthy volunteers. The mRNA of MAGE-1 and MAGE-3 genes in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) was detected by RT-PCR. The expressions of MAGE-1 and MAGE-3 mRNA in the tumor tissues of these gastric cancer patients were also detected by RT-PCR. Meanwhile,CEA expression by nested RT-PCR in PBMC of 40 gastric cancer patients was also detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 40 gastric cancer patients, MAGE-1 and MAGE-3 mRNA were positive in 47.5% (19/40) and 25% (10/40) of PBMC respectively, and in 62.5% (25/40) and 30% (12/40) of gastric cancer tissues respectively. As a whole, in the PBMC of 40 gastric cancer patients, 25 (62.5%) samples were found to express at least one type of MAGE mRNA. In the patients whose tumors did not express MAGE-1 and/or MAGE-3 genes, the corresponding MAGE mRNA was also undetected in their PBMC. There was no expression of MAGE-1 or MAGE-3 gene in the PBMC from the 20 healthy donors. The positive rate of MAGE mRNA in PBMC was closely correlated with the tumor stage and lymph node metastasis (P <0.05). Positive rate of CEA gene expression was 32.5% (13/40) in the PBMC of 40 gastric cancer patients, 29 (72.5%)samples were detected to express at least one type of MAGE gene and CEA gene mRNA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MAGE-1, MAGE-3 and CEA mRNA are specifically detected with high percentage in the PBMC of gastric cancer patients by RT-PCR. They could be used as specific tumor markers for the detection of the circulating gastric cancer cells, and the detection results may be helpful to evaluate the prognosis of gastric cancer patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, Neoplasm , Blood , Genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor , Blood , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Blood , Melanoma-Specific Antigens , Neoplasm Proteins , Blood , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stomach Neoplasms , Blood , Genetics , Pathology
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