Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 349
Filter
1.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 12(1): 152-167, abr. 4, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1516525

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare treatment with membrane associated with bone grafting and treatment exclusively with membrane in the approach of Class II furcation defects in mandibular molars. Materials and Methods: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses statement was followed. Searches were conducted in five databases (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Ovid, and Lilacs), in Septem-ber 2021, without restriction regarding publication year or language. Studies comparing membranes associated with bone grafting and membranes exclusively in the treatment of Class II furcation lesions were included. Cross-sectional, case-control studies, and reviews were excluded. Study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment (MINORS) were performed by two review authors. The certainty of the evidence (GRADE) was evaluated and meta-analysis was performed. Mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were provided. Results: Four hundred eighty-six references were iden-tified and four studies were included. Greater reduction in probing depth [MD = 0.32 (CI = 0.09, 0.56)] and greater clinical attachment level gain [MD = 0.41 (CI = 0.24, 0.57)] were observed when membrane and bone grafting were used. The risk of bias of included studies was low. Conclusions: This present systematic review and meta-analysis demonstrated that treatment of Class II furcation defects in mandibular molars using membrane and bone grafing is significantly more efficacious than treatment with the exclusive use of membrane.


Objetivo: El objetivo de la presente revisión sistemática y metanálisis fue comparar el tratamiento con membrana asociado a injerto óseo y el tratamiento exclusivamente con membrana en el abordaje de lesiones de furca grado II en molares mandibulares. Materiales y Métodos: Se siguió la declaración de elementos de informe preferidos para revisiones sistemáticas y metanálisis (PRISMA). Las búsquedas se realizaron en cinco bases de datos (PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Ovid y Lilacs), en septiembre de 2021, sin restricción de año de publicación o idioma. Se incluyeron estudios que compararon membranas asociadas con injertos óseos y membranas exclusivamente en el tratamiento de lesiones de furca de grado II. Se excluyeron los estudios transversales, de casos y controles y las revisiones. Dos revisores realizaron la selección de estudios, la extracción de datos y la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo (MINORS). Se evaluó la certeza de la evidencia (GRADE) y se realizó un metanálisis. Se proporcionaron la diferencia de medias (DM) y el intervalo de confianza (IC) del 95%. Resultados: Se identificaron 486 referencias y se incluyeron cuatro estudios. Se observó una mayor reducción en la profundidad de sondaje [DM = 0,32 (IC = 0,09, 0,56)] y una mayor ganancia en el nivel de inserción clínica [DM = 0,41 (IC= 0,24, 0,57)] cuando se utilizaron injertos de membrana y hueso. El riesgo de sesgo de los estudios incluidos fue bajo. Conclusión: La presente revisión sistemática y metanálisis demostró que el tratamiento de los defectos de furca de grado II en molares mandibulares utilizando membrana e injertos de hueso es significativamente más eficaz que el tratamiento con el uso exclusivo de membrana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Transplantation/methods , Furcation Defects/therapy , Periodontitis , Guided Tissue Regeneration , Membranes, Artificial
2.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 38(90): 51-59, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554090

ABSTRACT

La realización de un nuevo tratamiento luego de un fracaso con implantes dentarios representa un gran desafío para el profesional especialistas en implan-tología, así como para el paciente que debe someter-se a un nuevo procedimiento para rehabilitarse. En estos casos, el diagnóstico y la planificación exhaus-tiva previa nos permiten optimizar el tiempo y los re-cursos, arribando al resultado esperado de forma eficiente. En este reporte de caso se presenta la re-habilitación de una paciente que acude a la consulta con un fracaso implantario previo y con alta deman-da estética. Se diseñó una guía quirúrgica de preci-sión para la colocación de un implante Straumann®Bone Level Tapered 3,3 NC ­ Narrow CrossFit® ø 3,3 mm 8 mm junto a la regeneración ósea guiada para compensar la deficiencia de los tejidos circundantes. La rehabilitación protésica consistió en una corona cemento atornillada en disilicato de litio. En el control al año pudo valorarse la estabilidad de la rehabilita-ción protésica, así como de los tejidos circundantes y el contorno estético junto al perfil de emergencia mimético logrado al final del tratamiento (AU)


Carrying out a new treatment after a failure with dental implants represents a great challenge for the implantology specialist professional, as well as for the patient who must undergo a new procedure to rehabilitate. In these cases, the diagnosis and prior exhaustive planning allow us to optimize time and resources, arriving at the expected result efficiently. This case report presents the rehabilitation of a patient who comes to the clinic with a previous implant failure and with high aesthetic demand. A precision surgical guide was designed for the placement of a Straumann® Bone Level Tapered 3.3 NC ­ Narrow CrossFit® ø 3.3 mm 8 mm implant together with guided bone regeneration to compensate for the deficiency of the surrounding tissues. The prosthetic rehabilitation consisted of a screw-retained cement crown in lithium disilicate. In the one-year control, the stability of the prosthetic rehabilitation, as well as the surrounding tissues and the aesthetic contour, together with the mimetic emergence profile achieved at the end of the treatment, could be assessed (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Patient Care Planning , Bone Regeneration , Guided Tissue Regeneration, Periodontal/methods , Dental Restoration Failure , Surgery, Computer-Assisted/methods , Dental Implantation, Endosseous/adverse effects , Follow-Up Studies , Silicates , Crowns , Dental Implant-Abutment Design , Membranes, Artificial
3.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 38(88): 9-13, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1551596

ABSTRACT

Se presentó a la Cátedra de Endodoncia de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires un paciente masculino de 62 años de edad que al examen clínico presentaba una fístula vestibular en la zona de la pieza 1.2 y dolor a la percusión. Al examen radiográ-fico se identificó una lesión apical extensa abarcando las piezas dentarias 1.2 y 1.1 endodónticamente trata-das con alteración severa de la anatomía del espacio endodóntico, así como la presencia de postes metáli-cos que no respetaban el eje del canal radicular. Ante el análisis tomográfico se observó una perforación de la pieza 1.2 y una lesión periapical extensa afectando ambas corticales (vestibular y palatina). Se decidió un abordaje microquirúrgico con técnicas de regenera-ción ósea guiada (ROG) y se realizaron los controles clínico-tomográficos a los 6, 12 y 24 meses. Por otro lado, se evaluó con micromografía de rayos X la ana-tomía de los ápices radiculares resecados. La lesión extirpada fue analizada histológicamente (AU)


A 62-year-old male patient attended the Endodontics department of the Buenos Aires University. He was examined clinically and a vestibular fistula in 1.2 area and pain under percussion were found. Radiographic examination identified an extended periapical lesion compromising teeth 1.2 and 1.1 with endodontic treatment severely altering the root canal anatomy, as well as metallic cast posts that did not preserve root canal axis. Regarding the tomographic analysis, a vestibular root perforation was observed (1.2), and both, vestibular and palatal corticals, were affected. We decided to perform a surgical approach with guided bone regeneration techniques (GBR). Clinical-CBCT controls were done at 6, 12 and 24 months. Furthermore, the anatomy of the resected root apex-es was evaluated with X ray microtomography. The removed lesion was histologically analyzed (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Periapical Periodontitis/surgery , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Membranes, Artificial
4.
Rev. ADM ; 79(1): 54-58, ene.-feb. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362610

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La hiperplasia gingival es una condición benigna caracterizada por el aumento de volumen de la encía. Algunos fármacos, factores genéticos, aparatología y placa dentobacteriana son factores que pueden inducir esta condición. Objetivo: Devolver la anatomía a la encía brindando una mejor estética y permitiendo una óptima higiene oral. Material y métodos: Paciente masculino de 20 años de edad con antecedentes de fenitoína presenta aumento de volumen en la encía. Resultados: Se obtuvieron resultados estéticos y funcionales satisfactorios con el tratamiento quirúrgico y el uso de membrana de celulosa oxidada. Conclusión: En el manejo de la hiperplasia gingival es importante el enfoque no quirúrgico como control de placa dentobacteriana y medidas de higiene del mismo paciente (AU)


Introduction: Gingival hyperplasia is a benign condition characterized for the grown on the gingival volume. Some drugs, genetic, orthodontic and dental plaque are some factors that can induce this condition. Objective: To return the gingival anatomy, providing a better aesthetic allowing also good oral hygiene. Material and methods: A male 20 years of age with medical history of phenytoin display grown on the gingival volume. Results: Aesthetic and functional results were achieved with the surgical treatment and the oxidized cellulose membrane. Conclusion: In the gingival hyperplasia management is important de non-surgical approach, as dental plaque control and oral hygiene of the patient (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Phenytoin/adverse effects , Cellulose, Oxidized , Gingival Hypertrophy/chemically induced , Gingivectomy , Esthetics, Dental , Membranes, Artificial , Mexico
5.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(3): 410-416, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340128

ABSTRACT

Abstract In the past decade, a new class of hemodialysis (HD) membranes (high retention onset class) became available for clinical use. The high cutoff (HCO) and the medium cutoff (MCO) membranes have wider pores and more uniformity in pore size, allowing an increased clearance of uremic toxins. Owing to the mechanism of backfiltration/internal filtration, middle molecules are dragged by the convective forces, and no substitution solution is needed. The HCO dialyzer is applied in septic patients with acute kidney injury requiring continuous kidney replacement therapy. The immune response is modulated thanks to the removal of inflammatory mediators. Another current application for the HCO dialyzer is in hematology, for patients on HD secondary to myeloma-kidney, since free light chains are more efficiently removed with the HCO membrane, reducing their deleterious effect on the renal tubules. In its turn, the MCO dialyzer is used for maintenance HD patients. A myriad of clinical trials published in the last three years consistently demonstrates the ability of this membrane to remove uremic toxins more efficiently than the high-flux membrane, an evolutionary disruption in the HD standard of care. Safety concerns regarding albumin loss as well as blood contamination from pyrogens in the dialysate have been overcome. In this update article, we explore the rise of new dialysis membranes in the light of the scientific evidence that supports their use in clinical practice.


Resumo Na última década, uma nova classe de membranas de hemodiálise (HD) (classe de início de alta retenção) tornou-se disponível para uso clínico. As membranas de ponto de corte alto (HCO) e ponto de corte médio (MCO) têm poros mais largos e maior uniformidade no tamanho dos poros, permitindo uma maior depuração de toxinas urêmicas. Devido ao mecanismo de retrofiltração/filtração interna, as moléculas médias são arrastadas pelas forças convectivas, não sendo necessária uma solução de substituição. O dialisador de HCO é aplicado em pacientes sépticos com lesão renal aguda que requerem terapia renal substitutiva contínua. A resposta imunológica é modulada graças à remoção de mediadores inflamatórios. Outra aplicação atual para o dialisador de HCO é em hematologia, para pacientes em HD secundária ao rim do mieloma, uma vez que as cadeias leves livres são removidas mais eficientemente com a membrana de HCO, reduzindo seu efeito deletério sobre os túbulos renais. Por sua vez, o dialisador de MCO é utilizado para pacientes em HD de manutenção. Uma miríade de ensaios clínicos publicados nos últimos três anos demonstra consistentemente a capacidade desta membrana de remover toxinas urêmicas de forma mais eficiente do que a membrana de alto fluxo, uma ruptura evolutiva no padrão de cuidado em HD. As preocupações de segurança em relação à perda de albumina, bem como a contaminação do sangue por pirogênios no dialisato foram superadas. Neste artigo de atualização, exploramos o surgimento de novas membranas de diálise à luz das evidências científicas que apoiam seu uso na prática clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Disruptive Technology , Dialysis Solutions , Renal Dialysis , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Membranes, Artificial
6.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 8(1)2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, DIGIUSAC, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1352956

ABSTRACT

Polymeric membrane technologies demand the synthesis of new polymers to enhance their equilibrium, thermal, and transport properties. Therefore, the focus of this investigation was the evaluation of the equilibrium and thermal properties of a sulfonated fluoroblock copolymer blend membrane composed of sulfonated poly(styre-ne-isobutylene-styrene) (SIBS SO3H) and a novel sulfonated fluoroblock copolymer composed of poly(4-fluo-rostyrene) (P4FS), poly(styrene) (PS) and poly(isobutylene) (PIB). The fluoroblock copolymer was synthesized using Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization (ATRP) and cationic polymerization. First, the molecular weight and the thermal stability of the block copolymer were determined using Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) and Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA). Second, the chemical composition was monitored utilizing Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The molecular weight of P4FS-b-PS was Mn ~ 36,100; this value increased 8% after the cationic polymerization. The equilibrium properties of the membrane were evaluated using the water uptake and Ion-Exchange Capacity. The degradation behavior and the thermal transitions were determined using TGA and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), respectively. This newly membrane exhibited water uptake higher than 608% related to the improvement of 36% in the ion-exchange capacity and the increment of 25.31% and 25.24% in the energy required to produce the thermal transitions induced by the addition of the sulfonated fluoroblock copolymer.


La tecnología de membranas poliméricas requiere de la síntesis de nuevos polímeros que mejoren sus propiedades de equilibrio, térmicas y de transporte. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo determinar las pro-piedades de equilibrio y térmicas de una membrana compuesta de poli(estireno-isobutileno-estireno) sulfonado (SIBS SO3H) y un fluoropolímero en bloque sulfonado compuesto de poli(4-fluorostireno) (P4FS), poli(estireno) (PS) y poli(isobutileno) (PIB). El fluoropolímero en bloque se sintetizó utilizando la técnica de polimerización radical por transferencia atómica (ATRP por sus siglas en inglés) y polimerización catiónica. El peso molecular y la estabilidad térmica del fluoropolímero en bloque fueron determinadas por medio de Cromatografía de Permeación en Gel (GPC) y un análisis termogravimétrico (TGA). La composición química se monitorizó utilizando espectroscopía infrarroja por transformada de Fourier (FTIR) y espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética Nuclear (RMN). El peso molecular de P4FS-b-PS fue Mn ~ 36,100; este valor aumentó un 8% después de la polimerización catiónica. Las propiedades de equilibrio de la membrana fueron evaluadas por medio de la absorción de agua y la capacidad de intercambio iónico. El comportamiento de degradación y las transiciones térmicas se determinaron utilizando TGA y Calorimetría Diferencial de Barrido (DSC). Esta nueva membrana exhibió una absorción de agua mayor del 608% relacionada con la mejora del 36% en la capacidad de intercambio iónico y el incremento en 25.31% y 25.24% en la energía requerida para producir las transiciones termales inducidas por la adición del fluoropolímero sulfonado en bloque.


Subject(s)
Polymers/chemistry , Membranes, Artificial , Polymers/chemical synthesis , Polystyrenes/chemistry , Polymerization , Absorption, Physicochemical , Ion Exchange , Molecular Weight
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 364-370, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942188

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of two barrier membranes [multilaminated small intestinal submucosa (mSIS) and bioresorable collagen membrane (Bio-Gide)] combined with deproteinized bovine bone mineral Bio-Oss on guided bone regeneration through a canine extraction sockets model.@*METHODS@#The distal roots of 18 premolars of the Beagle' s bilateral maxillary and mandibular were removed, and 18 extraction sockets were obtained. They were randomly divided into 3 groups, and the following procedures were performed on the sockets: (1) filled with Bio-Oss and covered by mSIS (mSIS group), (2) filled with Bio-Oss and covered by Bio-Gide (BG group), (3) natural healing (blank control group). Micro-computed tomograph (Micro-CT) was performed 4 and 12 weeks after surgery to eva-luate the new bone regeneration in the sockets of each group.@*RESULTS@#The postoperative healing was uneventful in all the animals, and no complications were observed through the whole study period. Micro-CT analysis showed that the new bone fraction in the mSIS group and the BG group was significantly higher than that in the blank control group at the end of 4 weeks and 12 weeks (P < 0.05), and more new bone fraction was observed in the mSIS group than in the BG group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The new bone fraction of coronal third part of the socket in the mSIS group and BG group at the end of 4 weeks were significantly higher than that of the middle and apical third part of each group (P < 0.05). The values of bone mineral density were similar at 4 weeks in all the groups (P>0.05), but were significantly higher than that in the control group at the end of 12 weeks (P < 0.05). The bone morphometric analysis showed that the trabecular number and trabecular spacing were significantly better in the mSIS group and the BG group than in the control group at the end of 4 weeks and 12 weeks (P < 0.05), while the value in the mSIS group was slightly higher than in the BG group, but the difference was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The difference in trabecular thickness between all the groups was not statistically significant (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#mSIS membrane as a barrier membrane combined with deproteinized bovine bone mineral can enhance new bone formation in canine extraction sockets, similar to Bio-Gide collagen membrane.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dogs , Bone Regeneration , Bone Substitutes , Membranes, Artificial , Minerals , Tooth Extraction , Tooth Socket/surgery , X-Ray Microtomography
8.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 316-320, nov.-dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151346

ABSTRACT

Se entiende por agrandamiento gingival el incremento en masa y volumen del tejido gingival. Se considera una condición benigna de la cavidad oral, por lo general de manejo rutinario, que logra regularse con medidas simples de control del biofilm microbiano. El agrandamiento gingival puede ser producido por diversas condiciones clínicas, hereditarias, deficiente higiene oral o fármacos. La epilepsia afecta a 1% de la población mundial y requiere el uso de fármacos antiepilépticos o anticonvulsivantes para lograr su control, dentro de éstos la fenitoína actúa como un bloqueador selectivo de los canales de sodio sensibles al voltaje y constituye uno de los fármacos más empleados por su capacidad en el control de crisis focales y generalizadas. La fenitoína se ha relacionado con los agrandamientos gingivales como uno de sus efectos adversos, los cuales se incluyen dentro de las enfermedades por fármaco inducidas en la cavidad oral. El objetivo de este artículo es brindar la información necesaria sobre el manejo correcto de pacientes con agrandamiento gingival producido por fenitoínas y a la vez poder conocer las consecuencias de estos fármacos en la cavidad oral (AU)


Gingival enlargement means the increase in mass and volumen of the gingival tissue. It is considered a benign condition of the oral cavity, usually of routine management, wich can be regulated with simple measures of biofilm control. The gingival enlargement can be produced by diverse clinical conditions, hereditary deficient oral higiene or drugs. Epilepsy affects 1% of the world population and requires the use of antiepileptic or anticonvulsant drugs to achieve its control, within these phenytoin acts as selective blocker or voltage ­ sensitive sodium channels and is one of the most used grugs for its ability to control focal and generalized crises. Phenytoin has been linked to gingival enlargement as one of its adverse effects which is included within the drug diseases induced in the oral cavity. The objective of this article is to provide the necessary information on the correct managment of patients with gingival enlargemen produced by phenytoins and at the same time to know the consequences of these drugs in the oral cavity (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Phenytoin/adverse effects , Gingival Overgrowth/chemically induced , Gingival Hyperplasia/chemically induced , Schools, Dental , Electrosurgery/methods , Gingival Hyperplasia/surgery , Gingivectomy/methods , Membranes, Artificial , Mexico , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 19(3): 441-448, dez 5, 2020. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357945

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a evolução das técnicas de reconstrução alveolar e dos biomateriais na regeneração óssea guiada (ROG), vêm trazendo consigo o desenvolvimento de novas membranas com diferentes características e propriedades. Objetivo: este trabalho tem como objetivo reunir dados das membranas utilizadas em procedimentos de ROG, presentes no mercado nacional, para facilitar ao clínico a escolha de um biomaterial que seja adequado ao procedimento planejado e com um desempenho favorável para a regeneração. Metodologia: foram incluídas 30 membranas para ROG registradas e regulamentadas pela Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA). As empresas fabricantes foram contatadas para fornecer as informações dos seus respectivos produtos. Resultados: 30 membranas foram encontradas e tabuladas. Após a análise das informações obtidas pelos fabricantes, as mesmas foram classificadas nos seguintes itens: nome, empresa fabricante, origem, tempo de bioreabsorção, possibilidade de exposição ao meio bucal, diâmetro dos orifícios e apresentação. Discussão: as propriedades e características específicas de cada membrana podem determinar diferentes resultados, sendo importante para o profissional conhecer essas diferenças para selecionar os materiais mais indicados aos procedimentos de ROG de acordo com os objetivos de cada caso. Dessa forma, os resultados podem ser previsíveis e atender da melhor forma possível as expectativas do tratamento com embasamento científico. Conclusão: o presente estudo tabulou 30 membranas quanto as suas principais características, visando orientar os profissionais da saúde na seleção da membrana mais adequada para alcançar seus objetivos no tratamento da ROG.


Introduction: the evolution of alveolar reconstruction techniques and biomaterials in guided bone regeneration (GBR), have brought with it the development of new membranes with different characteristics and properties. Objective: this study aims to gather data from the membranes used for ROG procedures present in the national market, to facilitate the clinician to choose a biomaterial that is suitable for the planned procedure and with a favorable performance for regeneration. Metodology: 30 membranes were included, registered and regulated by ANVISA. The manufacturing companies were contacted to provide information on their respective products. Results: 30 membranes were found and tabulated after analyzing the information obtained by the manufacturers, they were classified in the following items: name, manufacturer company, origin, time of resorption, possibility of exposure to the oral environment, diameter of the holes and presentation. Discussion: the specific properties and characteristics of each membrane can determine different results and, therefore, it is important for the professional to know these differences in order to select the most suitable materials for the GBR procedures according to the objectives of each case. In this way, the results can be predictable and best meet the expectations of the treatment with a correct scientific basis. Conclusion: the present study tabulated 30 membranes as to their main characteristics, aiming to guide health professionals in the selection of the most appropriate membrane to achieve their goals in the treatment of GBR.


Subject(s)
Bone Regeneration , Guided Tissue Regeneration , Membranes, Artificial , Review
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(3): e202000302, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130624

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the healing potential of the electrospinning membranes of Poly (Lactic Acid) (PLA) associated with Sedum dendroideum extract in burn injuries in rats. Methods: Seventy-five rats were submitted to burn injury on their back skin: (C) untreated; (F) with daily topical application of S. dendroideum extract; (M) with electrospinning membranes of PLA; (MF10) with electrospinning membranes of PLA with 10% S. dendroideum extract; (MF25) with electrospinning membranes of PLA with 25% S. dendroideum extract. Tissue samples were taken after 2, 6 and 14 days of the burn injury and were subjected to histomorfometric analysis of quantification of fibroblasts, collagen fibers, blood vessels, and inflammatory infiltrate Results: The histomorphometric analysis showed an increase in the number of fibroblasts, collagen fibers and blood vessels in the burns treated with membranes of PLA, associated or not with the 10% and 25% extract. The extract of S. dendroideum promoted the increase of collagen fibers. Conclusion: The electrospinning PLA membrane, isolated or associated with the S. dendrodeum extract, favored the healing of burn injuries in this experimental model, with an increase of fibroblasts, collagen fibers, and blood vessels. S. dendroideum isolated only stimulated the collagenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Polyesters/administration & dosage , Wound Healing/drug effects , Burns/therapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Sedum/chemistry , Membranes, Artificial , Rats, Wistar , Combined Modality Therapy , Disease Models, Animal
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 106-112, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008444

ABSTRACT

To explore the permeation mechanism of micro-molecule medicinal ingredients of water extract of tradition Chinese medicine(TCM) in membrane separation process. With phenolic acid components as the model solute, five phenolic acids with similar molecular weight and structure, namely gallic acid, protocatechuate acid, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3-hydroxybenzoic acid and salicylic acid, were selected in the PES membrane separation experiments. With the relative flux and the transmission rate as indexes, the scanning electron microscopy(SEM) and the electrochemical impedance spectroscopy(EIS) were used to analyze the permeation mechanism of different phenolic acid components. The results showed phenolic acids with similar molecular weight had different permeation behaviors, with decreased relative flux and increased solute permeation with the increase of solute concentration. According to the permeation behavior analyzed by the molecular structure of solute, the transmission rate of phenolic acids increased with the increase of the number of hydroxyl, and the order of substituent positions of phenolic acids based on the permeation rate as follows: para-substituted > meta-substitution > ortho-substitution. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy reflected the role of charge repulsion in the membrane process; that is to say, the greater the resistance is, the less the solute permeation is. Therefore, the permeation phenomenon of the phenolic acid components in the PES membrane is not only the result of simple sieving mechanisms, but also has the effects of steric hindrance and charge repulsion during the membrane process.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/analysis , Hydroxybenzoates/isolation & purification , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Membranes, Artificial , Molecular Structure , Molecular Weight
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 564-569, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the biodegradation properties of multi-laminated small intestinal submucosa (mSIS) through in vitro and in vivo experiments, comparing with Bio-Gide, the most widely used collagen membrane in guided bone regeneration (GBR) technique, for the purpose of providing basis to investigate whether mSIS meets the requirements of GBR in dental clinics.@*METHODS@#The degradation properties were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. In vitro degradation was performed using prepared collagenase solution. Morphology of mSIS and Bio-Gide in degradation solution were observed and the degradation rate was calculated at different time points. In in vivo experiments, nine New Zealand rabbits were used for subcutaneous implantation and were divided into three groups according to observation intervals. Six unconnected subcutaneous pouches were made on the back of each animal and were embedded with mSIS and Bio-Gide respectively. At the end of weeks 4, 8, and 12 after operation, gross observation and HE staining were used to evaluate the degree of degradation and histocompatibility.@*RESULTS@#In vitro degradation experiments showed that mSIS membrane was completely degraded at the end of 12 days, while Bio-Gide was degraded at the end of 7 days. Besides, mSIS maintained its shape for longer time in the degradation solution than Bio-Gide, indicating that mSIS possessed longer degradation time, and had better ability to maintain space than Bio-Gide. In vivo biodegradation indicated that after 4 weeks of implantation, mSIS remained intact. Microscopic observation showed that collagen fibers were continuous with a few inflammatory cells that infiltrated around the membrane. Bio-Gide was basically intact and partially adhered with the surrounding tissues. HE staining showed that collagen fibers were partly fused with surrounding tissues with a small amount of inflammatory cells that infiltrated as well. Eight weeks after operation, mSIS was still intact, and was partly integrated with connective tissues, whereas Bio-Gide membrane was mostly broken and only a few residual fibers could be found under microscope. Only a small amount of mSIS debris could be observed 12 weeks after surgery, and Bio-Gide could hardly be found by naked eye and microscopic observation at the same time.@*CONCLUSION@#In vitro degradation time of mSIS is longer than that of Bio-Gide, and the space-maintenance ability of mSIS is better. The in vivo biodegradation time of subcutaneous implantation of mSIS is about 12 weeks and Bio-Gide is about 8 weeks, both of which possess good biocompatibility.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Biocompatible Materials/metabolism , Bone Regeneration , Connective Tissue , Intestinal Mucosa , Intestine, Small , Membranes, Artificial
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(11): 1405-1412, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057075

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: to identify, through an integrative review, national studies published over the last ten years highlighting products and therapies used in burns. METHODS: integrative research with studies published in the last ten years. Including clinical studies describing the use of the already established or innovative therapies in burns and the results obtained, published in national journals in the last ten years. Excluding articles published before 2007 and those that did not present results regarding the use of products in burns. RESULTS: ten articles that met the inclusion criteria were selected. Collagenase, 1% silver sulfadiazine, and porous cellulose membrane were some of the therapies cited. CONCLUSION: the casuistry was low; however, the good results obtained with porous cellulose membrane and silver nanocrystalline dressing are highlighted, since they were used in a larger number of patients in the studies evaluated.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Identificar, por meio de revisão integrativa, estudos nacionais publicados nos últimos dez anos que destaquem produtos e terapêuticas utilizados nas queimaduras. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa integrativa com estudos publicados nos últimos dez anos. Incluídos os estudos clínicos que descreveram a utilização de terapias já consagradas ou inovadoras em queimaduras e os resultados obtidos e publicados em periódicos nacionais nos últimos dez anos. Excluídos os artigos publicados antes de 2007 e os que não apresentaram resultados quanto ao uso de produtos nas queimaduras. RESULTADOS: Selecionados dez artigos que atenderam aos critérios de inclusão, sendo colagenase, sulfadiazina de prata 1% e membrana celulósica porosa algumas das terapias descritas. CONCLUSÕES: A casuística foi baixa, porém, ressaltam-se os bons resultados obtidos com a membrana celulósica porosa e o curativo com prata nanocristalina, em virtude de terem sido utilizados em um maior número de pacientes nos estudos avaliados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Silver Sulfadiazine/administration & dosage , Bandages , Burns/therapy , Collagenases/administration & dosage , Debridement , Membranes, Artificial
15.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 343-354, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010465

ABSTRACT

Rice stripe virus (RSV) causes dramatic losses in rice production worldwide. In this study, two monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) 16E6 and 11C1 against RSV and a colloidal gold-based immunochromatographic strip were developed for specific, sensitive, and rapid detection of RSV in rice plant and planthopper samples. The MAb 16E6 was conjugated with colloidal gold and the MAb 11C1 was coated on the test line of the nitrocellulose membrane of the test strip. The specificity of the test strip was confirmed by a positive reaction to RSV-infected rice plants and small brown planthopper (SBPH), and negative reactions to five other rice viruses, healthy rice plants, four other vectors of five rice viruses, and non-viruliferous SBPH. Sensitivity analyses showed that the test strip could detect the virus in RSV-infected rice plant tissue crude extracts diluted to 1:20 480 (w/v, g/mL), and in individual viruliferous SBPH homogenate diluted to 1:2560 (individual SPBH/μL). The validity of the developed strip was further confirmed by tests using field-collected rice and SBPH samples. This newly developed test strip is a low-cost, fast, and easy-to-use tool for on-site detection of RSV infection during field epidemiological studies and paddy field surveys, and thus can benefit decision-making for RSV management in the field.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal/chemistry , China , Chromatography, Affinity/methods , Collodion/chemistry , Colloids/chemistry , Gold Colloid/chemistry , Materials Testing , Membranes, Artificial , Oryza/virology , Plant Diseases/virology , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Species Specificity , Tenuivirus/isolation & purification
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4060-4066, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008327

ABSTRACT

The molecular weight of the effective components of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) is usually less than 1 000.However, " noneffective common macromolecules"( starch,pectin and other macromolecules commonly present in the water extract of TCM) generally have no physiological activity,which restricts the overall advantages of membrane technology to obtain small molecular pharmacodynamic substances,and such macromolecules are the main influence factor of membrane fouling. Therefore,in order to obtain the total pharmacological efficacy of TCM,based on the molecular structure analysis of noneffective common macromolecules,aimed at the key scientific problems in correlation between the molecular structure of noneffective common macromolecules and the pore structure of membrane material,and by referring to the material science theory and molecular simulation method,the correlations between noneffective common macromolecules' molecular structure-solution environment-membrane antagonism were investigated. Multidisciplinary approaches could be integrated to: ① optimize the spatial form of membrane surface and improve the membrane's antifouling ability; ② accurately control the pore structure and the size distribution of membranes,aimed at the innovative preparation technology of special membrane used for TCM; ③ adjust solution environment based on the analysis of molecular structure,and establish the pretreatment method based on the optimization of solution environment. Furthermore,the technical bottleneck on how to obtain the pharmacodynamic micromolecules effectively might be solved,and the theory and technology about TCM pharmaceutical engineering could be developed based on the concept of multivariate and integration.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical/methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Membranes, Artificial , Molecular Structure , Research Design
17.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2257-2268, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781640

ABSTRACT

Membrane creates the functions of protection, supporting, dispersion and separation. More functions can be designed by modifying membrane surface and grafting/loading selective ligands or catalysts on the membrane, thus membrane technology has been widely applied in biological detection, and its application approaches becomes diverse. Rational design of functional membranes can meet the demands in different steps of biological detection process, including sample pretreatment, preparation, response and sensing. This review summarized the functionalization methods of filtration membranes, applications of membrane technology in sample preparation and detection process, as well as the research on the integration of functional membranes. By revisiting the research progress on functional membrane design, preparation and applications for biological detection, it is expected to take better advantage of membrane materials structure and performance for constructing efficient and stable detection platform, which is more "adapted" to the detection environment.


Subject(s)
Membranes, Artificial
18.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 325-329, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772652

ABSTRACT

Guided bone regeneration (GBR) is an important technique to solve bone defect problems. In this technique, GBR barrier membranes play an irreplaceable role. GBR membranes can act as a barrier protecting fibroblasts from bone defects and promote osteoblast adhesion and proliferation, leading to bone regeneration. GBR barrier membranes should be enhanced because of the disadvantages of collagen membranes, which are extensively applied to the field of GBR. Therefore, various efforts have been devoted to modifying the antibacterial and osteogenic properties of GBR barrier membranes and developing novel materials. This article reviews the research advancements on the modification of GBR barrier membranes and discover future directions for the development of GBR barrier membranes to provide a reference for bone tissue engi-neering and repair.


Subject(s)
Bone Regeneration , Collagen , Membranes, Artificial , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis
19.
Rev. ADM ; 75(5): 273-277, sept.-oct. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-980008

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Actualmente el uso de adhesivos tisulares como el cianoacrilato ha sido beneficioso en el área odontológica, reduciendo el tiempo del acto quirúrgico, disminuyendo el tiempo de cicatrización y la cicatriz postoperatoria, así también el dolor postoperatorio. Objetivo: El objetivo de este artículo es reportar diversas aplicaciones del cianoacrilato en tratamientos quirúrgicos periodontales, como recontorneo estético, gingivectomía, colgajo posicionado apical y preservación alveolar. Materiales y métodos/Presentación de casos: Los protocolos de tratamiento utilizados fueron los tradicionales para cada caso en particular más la adición de tres capas de cianoacrilato, con lapso de aplicación de 30 segundos entre cada capa. Conclusión: Los resultados clínicos de los casos presentados muestran una eficacia en la cicatrización al utilizar cianoacrilato, sin embargo, no sustituye los métodos tradicionales de los protocolos de cada tratamiento (AU)


Introduction: Currently, the use of tissue adhesives such as cyanoacrylate has been beneficial in the dental area, reducing the time of the surgical act, decreasing the time of healing and the postoperative scar, as well as the postoperative pain. Objective: The objective of this article is to report various applications of cyanoacrylate in periodontal surgical treatments, such as aesthetic crown lengthening, gingivectomy, apically positioned flap, and alveolar preservation. Materials and methods/Case presentation: The treatment protocols were the traditional ones for each particular case plus the addition of three layers of cyanoacrylate, with application time of 30 seconds between each layer. Conclusion: The clinical results of the presented cases show an efficacy in the cicatrization when using cyanoacrylate adhesives, nevertheless it does not substitute the traditional methods of the protocols of each treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Surgical Flaps , Cyanoacrylates , Esthetics, Dental , Alveolar Process , Gingivectomy , Smiling , Wound Healing , Membranes, Artificial , Microsurgery
20.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 34: 59-66, july. 2018. graf, tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047365

ABSTRACT

Background: The use of novel materials as an artificial extracellular matrix for stem cell growth is a current strategy of increasing interest for regenerative medicine. Here, we prepare thermal-remolded membrane scaffolds from poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) grafted with 2-amino-ethyl methacrylate hydrochloride. However, it is unclear whether these membranes are useful for tissue engineering. Results: The mechanical properties, tribology, and morphology of the dense membranes were assessed. The results show that tensile strain at break and roughness of the compressed membrane decrease with increasing graft degree. Moreover, graft copolymer membranes showed lower resistance to scratching, greater degree of swelling and higher brittleness than un-grafted P(3HB) films. Thus, it effectively supports the growth of dermal fibroblast, as demonstrated by epifluorescence microscopy. Conclusions: It is concluded that the developed membrane can be properly used in is the restoration of skin tissue. How to cite: González-Torres M, Sánchez-Sánchez R, Solís-Rosales SG, et al. Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) graft copolymer dense membranes for human mesenchymal stem cell growth.


Subject(s)
Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Membranes, Artificial , Temperature , Regenerative Medicine , Growth
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL