Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.381
Filter
2.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(8): 705-715, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339228

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Meningiomas are the most frequent primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Their geographical and ethnic characteristics need to be known, in order to enable rational treatment. Objective: To investigate clinical and epidemiological aspects in a series of patients with meningiomas. Methods: Retrospective analysis on the demographic profile, location and histopathology of 993 patients with meningiomas (768 operated and 225 not operated). Results: Meningiomas represented 43.8% of the primary CNS tumors; 6.8% were multiple tumors (14.7% with neurofibromatosis 2) and 0.6% were radiation-induced tumors. The mean ages were 53.0 and 63.9 years for operated and non-operated patients and the female/male ratios were 3.2:1 and 6.3:1. Diagnosis was made later among females. The peak incidences were in the 6th and 7th decades respectively for operated and non-operated patients. The incidence was low at early ages and higher among patients aged 70+ years. The meningiomas were intracranial in 96.5% and most were WHO grade I (88.9%) and transitional. In the spinal canal (3.5%), they occurred mainly in the dorsal region (all grade I; mostly transitional). The racial distribution was 1.0% in Asian-Brazilians, 87% in Caucasians and 12% in African-Brazilians. 83.4% and 51.6% of the patients were estimated to be recurrence-free at 10 and 20 years, and the mortality rate was 3%. Conclusions: Most of the demographic data were similar to what has been observed in other western centers. Differences were higher incidence of meningiomas, female and older predominance in non-operated patients, predominance in Caucasian, and higher association with neurofibromatosis 2.


RESUMO Antecedentes: Meningiomas são os tumores mais frequentes do sistema nervoso central (SNC). Suas características étnicas e geográficas precisam ser conhecidas para o seu tratamento racional. Objetivo: Investigar aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos de uma série de pacientes com meningiomas. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva demográfica de 993 pacientes com meningiomas (768 operados e 225 tratados conservadoramente) Resultados: Meningiomas constituíram 43.8% dos tumores primários do SNC. 0.8% deles eram múltiplos (14,7% com neurofibromatose 2) e 0,6% eram radioinduzidos. A idade média e o índice mulheres/homens foram respectivamente 53,0 e 63,9 anos e 3.2:1 e 6.3:1 para pacientes operados e não operados. O diagnóstico foi mais tardio em mulheres. Ocorreram picos de incidências na 6ª e na 7ª décadas respectivamente para pacientes operados e não operados. A incidência foi menor na infância e maior após 70 anos. Meningiomas predominaram no crânio (96.5%), a maioria grau I da OMS, subtipo transicional. Do total, 3.5% ocorreram no canal raquídeo, principalmente na região torácica, todos grau I, a maioria transicional. Em relação à distribuição racial, 1.0% dos meningiomas ocorreu em amarelos, 87% em brancos e 12% em negros. As taxas de sobrevida sem recorrência foram 83.4% e 51.6% em 10 e 20 anos e a mortalidade operatória foi 3%. Conclusões: A maioria dos dados demográficos observados foi similar aos de outros centros ocidentais. As diferenças observadas foram maior incidência, predominância em mulheres e idosos nos pacientes não operados e em caucasianos, e maior associação com neurofibromatose 2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Neurofibromatosis 2 , Meningeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Meningioma/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
3.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(3): 844-854, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289822

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN En muchas ocasiones, los pacientes con tumores cerebrales tienen una variedad de síntomas psiquiátricos inespecíficos. Algunos de estos pueden constituir la primera o única manifestación del tumor, sin la presencia de ningún síntoma o signo neurológico. El diagnóstico ha de basarse en la anamnesis completa y en la exploración neurológica; la neuroimagen confirmará el diagnóstico clínico. Con el presente trabajo se describió la asociación inusual de hematoma subdural crónico y meningioma parasagital en un caso presentado. Se trató de un paciente de 68 años con antecedentes de esquizofrenia. Acudió a consulta con una hemiparesia izquierda. Se le realizó una tomografía axial computarizada de cráneo y arrojó un hematoma subdural crónico y un meningioma parasagital derecho. Se le aplicó tratamiento quirúrgico en dos tiempos operatorios. Su evolución posquirúrgica transcurrió sin complicaciones (AU).


ABSTRACT In many cases, patients with brain tumors have a variety of nonspecific psychiatric symptoms. Some of them can be the first or the only manifestation of the tumor, without presenting any neurological signs or symptoms. The diagnosis must be based on the complete anamnesis and on the neurological examination. The neuroimaging will confirm the clinical diagnosis. The unusual association of a chronic subdural hematoma and a parasagittal meningioma was described in a case presented in the current work. It dealt with a patient, aged 68 years with antecedents of schizophrenia. He assisted the consultation with left hemiparesis. A skull computed tomography showed a chronic subdural hematoma and a right parasagittal meningioma. He underwent a two-steps surgery. His post-surgery evolution ran without complications (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic/diagnosis , Meningioma/diagnosis , Paresis/diagnosis , Schizophrenia/pathology , Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic/surgery , Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic/therapy , Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic/epidemiology , Meningioma/surgery , Meningioma/therapy , Meningioma/epidemiology , Neoplasms/diagnosis
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1337708

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Cotard es una entidad rara en la cual el paciente manifiesta ideas delirantes acerca de que se encuentra sin vida o que sus órganos internos se encuentran en estado de descomposición, entre otras alteraciones psicopatológicas. Existen diferentes reportes sobre el síndrome en diversas culturas y poblaciones. Usualmente tiene presentaciones neuropsiquiátricas y se lo identifica acompañando entidades neurológicas, metabólicas, infecciosas, entre otras. A través de este reporte de caso, se presenta una paciente con lupus eritematoso sistémico, que desarrolló este tipo de ideas delirantes y durante su hospitalización se detectó un meningioma petroclival izquierdo. Finalmente, se llegó a la conclusión de que no se encontraba en actividad lúpica y que la ubicación del tumor no sería la causante de la alteración conductual. El Síndrome de Cotard es un trastorno neuropsiquiátrico poco común, que debe ser considerado ante la existencia de ideas delirantes de tipo nihilistas


Cotard's syndrome is a rare entity in which the patient manifests delusional ideas about being lifeless or that his/her internal organs are in a state of decomposition, among other psychopathological alterations. There are different reports in different cultures and populations about the syndrome. It usually has neuropsychiatric presentations and is identified by accompanying neurological, metabolic, and infectious entities, among others. In this case report, a female patient with systemic lupus erythematosus is presented, who developed this type of delusions and during her hospitalization a left petroclival meningioma was detected. Finally, it was concluded that she was not in lupus activity and that the location of the tumor was not the cause of the behavioral alteration. Cotard's syndrome is a rare neuropsychiatric disorder, which should be considered when there are nihilistic delusions


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Meningioma , Delirium
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887875

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the radiological features of idiopathic pediatric meningiomas and explore their relationships with pathological grading,misdiagnoses,and blood loss during surgery.Methods We retrospectively reviewed 29 cases of pathologically confirmed pediatric meningiomas with pre-operative magnetic resonance imaging in Beijing Tiantan Hospital from November 2014 to July 2018.We assessed the imaging features to explore their relationships with pathological grading,misdiagnoses,and blood loss during surgery. Results Among the 29 cases,7 intraparenchymal meningiomas,5 extraparenchymal meningiomas,4 ventricular meningiomas,and 1 transcranial meningioma were misdiagnosed.Tumor location was significantly associated with possibility of misdiagnoses(


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meningeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Meningioma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies
6.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021332, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345353

ABSTRACT

Background Predominantly intraosseous meningiomas are rare entities that include true primary intraosseous meningiomas (PIM), as well as meningiomas that may show extensive bone involvement, such as en plaque meningiomas. Different hypotheses have been proposed to decipher the origin of PIMs, such as ectopic arachnoid cap cell entrapment during birth or after trauma. Surgical resection is the treatment of choice of such lesions. Case presentation We present a case of a 65-year-old man with an enlarging mass in the parieto-occipital region that grew slowly and progressively over 13 years, following head trauma during a motor vehicle accident. One year prior to presentation, he started experiencing daily holocranial headaches and blurry vision. CT and MRI studies revealed a permeative midline calvarial lesion measuring 14 cm in greatest dimension with extensive periosteal reaction, extension into the subcutaneous soft tissues, subjacent dural thickening and intracranial extension with invasion of the superior sagittal sinus. The favored pre-operative clinical diagnosis was osteosarcoma. The abnormal calvarium was excised and histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a predominantly intraosseous calvarial meningioma, WHO grade I. Conclusions The present case highlights the importance of histopathologic diagnosis in guiding therapeutic decisions and reiterates the necessity of considering PIM or meningiomas with extensive intraosseous component in the differential diagnosis of calvarial masses, even when imaging suggests a neoplasm with aggressive behavior, such as osteosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Bone Neoplasms/complications , Meningioma/complications , Osteosarcoma/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Craniocerebral Trauma/complications
7.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021254, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153183

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor (IMT) is a rare pathologic entity that was first described in 1973. This lesion is most commonly found in the lungs, but other organs' involvement has also been reported. Intracranial location of Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor is rare, and the first case was reported in 1980. An intriguing fact about the intracranial IMT is its resemblance with meningioma on clinical presentation and neuroimaging. We came across a case of intracranial Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor (IIMT) in a 27-year-old male who presented with recurrent episodes of seizures and was diagnosed as meningioma on neuroimaging. The lesion did not subside with medical management and kept on progressing in size. The patient had to undergo surgery, and diagnosis of Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor was ascertained on histopathology. This 'surprise' diagnosis prompted us to review the literature on all cases of IIMTs reported to date to better understand the entity and its implications. In this review article, we present our observations regarding various studied parameters, including patient profile, clinical presentation, site of involvement, focality of the lesion, special associations, and lines of management of the 49 published cases of IIMTs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Brain Neoplasms , Myofibroblasts , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/pathology , Seizures , Rare Diseases , Meningeal Neoplasms , Meningioma/diagnosis
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 794-798, May-June, 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129180

ABSTRACT

Meningiomas são os principais tumores primários do sistema nervoso central (SNC) que afetam cães e gatos. Na maioria dos casos, são neoplasias benignas, geralmente expansivas, causando compressão do SNC, e raramente fazem metástase para outros órgãos. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo relatar a ocorrência de um meningioma microcístico com metástase pulmonar em um canino de 11 anos de idade, com sinais clínicos de andar cambaleante, compressão da cabeça contra objetos, agitação, salivação e agressividade. Na necropsia, foram observadas, no encéfalo, massas bem delimitadas pardo-avermelhadas, firmes, de aspecto granular, localizadas no córtex parietal e nos núcleos da base. Inúmeras micronodulações de aspecto semelhante foram observadas no pulmão. Histologicamente observaram-se nódulos formados por células neoplásicas fusiformes, com núcleos grandes e alongados e nucléolos evidentes, dispostas de forma frouxa, formando vacúolos e microcistos. À imuno-histoquímica, o meningioma apresentou marcação fortemente positiva para citoqueratina e negativa para vimentina. Por meio da histopatologia e da imuno-histoquímica, foi possível estabelecer a classificação histológica de meningioma microcístico, bem como diferenciá-lo de outras doenças que cursam com sinais nervosos.(AU)


Meningiomas are the main tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) affecting dogs and cats. In most of the cases they are benign neoplasms, usually expansive, causing compression of the CNS and rarely metastasize to other organs. We describe the occurrence of a microcystic meningioma with pulmonary metastasis in an 11 - year - old canine with clinical signs of staggering gait, head compression against objects, agitation, salivation and aggressiveness. At necropsy, well-defined, firm, granular-looking masses located in the parietal cortex and nuclei of the base were observed in the encephalon. Numerous micronodulations of similar appearance were observed in the lung. Histologically, nodules formed by spindle neoplastic cells with large, elongated nuclei and evident nuclei were loosely arranged, forming vacuoles and microcysts. Immunohistochemistry were strongly positive for cytokeratin and negative for vimentin. Through the histopathology and immunohistochemistry, it was possible to establish the histological classification of microcystic meningioma, as well as to differentiate from other diseases that present with nervous signals.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Lung/pathology , Meningioma/complications , Meningioma/veterinary , Neoplasm Metastasis , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/veterinary , Lung Neoplasms/veterinary
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826369

ABSTRACT

Fibrous meningioma is a common subtype of meningioma. Contrast-enhanced scan typically shows evident homogeneous enhancement,while ring enhancement has not been described. In this article,we report a case of fibrous meningioma with ring enhancement in cerebellopontine angle region.


Subject(s)
Cerebellopontine Angle , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meningeal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Meningioma , Diagnostic Imaging
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876110

ABSTRACT

@#Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by a mutation in the MEN1 gene. We present a 65-year-old man with MEN1 who has primary hyperparathyroidism, microprolactinoma, meningioma and gastrinoma. He had undergone parathyroidectomy followed by tumour excision of meningioma. The duodenal gastrinoma lesion was inoperable as it was close to the superior mesenteric artery with high surgery risk. Medical therapy with octreotide LAR had been initiated and showed good biochemical response as well as disease progression control. Chemoembolization was proposed if the duodenum lesion reduces in size on maintenance treatment with octreotide LAR. This case highlights the challenges in managing this rare condition and octreotide LAR has shown to be effective in controlling the disease progression in MEN1 with inoperable gastrinoma


Subject(s)
Meningioma , Octreotide , Gastrinoma
11.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(6): 1367-1381, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094136

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: los meningiomas constituyen la segunda causa de tumores cerebrales primarios, en el adulto. Representan hasta el 32 % del total de los mismos. Objetivo: describir el comportamiento del meningioma intracraneal en los pacientes investigados. Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio analítico, descriptivo, retrospectivo a los pacientes neurointervenidos con meningioma intracraneal, en el Servicio de Neurocirugía del Hospital Docente Universitario "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández", de la provincia Matanzas. En el período comprendido entre el 1ero de enero de 2017 al 1ero de enero del 2019. Los 15 pacientes intervenidos conformaron el universo de estudio. Resultados: la media poblacional fue de 55 años. Predominó el sexo femenino en un 73,3 %. La cefalea fue la manifestación clínica más frecuente, igualmente, que los meningiomas de la convexidad cerebral. En cuanto a la topografía, la media del tamaño de la lesión fue de 4,4 cm. La variedad meningotelial (40 %) fue la que predominó. El grado II de resección fue el que más se empleó. El edema cerebral postquirúrgico predominó en un 26,6 %. La puntuación de la escala de Karnofsky al egreso fue superior que al ingreso. Conclusiones: cuanto más precoz se realice el diagnóstico clínico y tratamiento quirúrgico en los pacientes portadores de meningioma, mejor será su calidad de vida al egreso (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: meningiomas are the second cause of primary brain tumors in adults, representing up to 32 % of the total. Objective: to describe the behavior of intracranial meningioma in the studied patients. Materials and methods: a retrospective, descriptive, analytical study was conducted on neurosurgery patients with intracranial meningioma in the Neurosurgery service of the University Teaching Hospital "Comandante Faustino Pérez Hernández" of the province of Matanzas, in the period from January 1st 2017 to January 1st, 2019. The 15 patients undergoing neurosurgery were the study universe. Results: the population mean was 55 years; female sex prevailed (73.3 %). Headache was the most frequent clinical manifestation as well as meningiomas of cerebral convexity in terms of topography. The average lesion size was 4.4 cm; the meningothelial variety (40 %) was the most commonly found; grade II resection was the most used one. Post-surgical cerebral edema (26.6%) predominated. Karnofsky scale score at discharge was higher than at admission. Conclusions: the earlier the clinical diagnosis and surgical treatment are performed in patients with meningioma the better will be their quality of life at discharge (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Brain Neoplasms/epidemiology , Meningioma/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Analytical Methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Meningioma/surgery , Meningioma/complications , Meningioma/diagnosis , Neurosurgery
12.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(4): 115-127, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099709

ABSTRACT

La neurofibromatosis (NF) comprende un grupo de enfermedades genéticas de herencia autosómica dominante, que se clasifican de la siguiente manera: neurofibromatosis tipo 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis tipo 2 (NF2) y schwannomatosis (también conocida como neurofibromatosis tipo 3). Esta última es una enfermedad muy infrecuente, con una prevalencia aproximada de 1/126 000 personas, por lo que solo profundizaremos las dos primeras. La NF1, también conocida como la enfermedad de Von Recklinghausen, es la más frecuente de las tres y afecta principalmente la piel y el sistema nervioso periférico. Se caracteriza por la presencia de máculas "café con leche", pecas axilares o inguinales, nódulos de Lisch (hamartomas en el iris) y neurofibromas (tumores de la vaina de nervios periféricos). Otras manifestaciones menos frecuentes, aunque de mayor gravedad, incluyen gliomas del nervio óptico, meningiomas, neurofibromas malignos, escoliosis y displasia de la tibia. Su diagnóstico se suele realizar al nacimiento o durante los primeros años de vida, y se estima que un 50% de quienes la padecen presenta dificultades cognitivas. No hay datos concluyentes sobre la mortalidad en los pacientes con NF1, aunque se sabe que la expectativa de vida es menor que en la población general. La NF2 tiene una prevalencia considerablemente menor que la NF1 y su inicio es más tardío, afectando principalmente a adultos jóvenes. La presentación clínica típica se caracteriza por acúfenos, hipoacusia y ataxia en contexto de la presencia de schwannomas vestibulares bilaterales. Otros hallazgos menos frecuentes incluyen schwannomas de nervios periféricos, meningiomas, ependimomas o astrocitomas. La esperanza de vida es de unos 36 años, con una supervivencia media desde el momento del diagnóstico de 15 años. (AU)


Neurofibromatosis (NF) includes a group of genetic diseases with an autosomal-dominant inheritance pattern, and they are classified as follows: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and Schwannomatosis (also known as neurofibromatosis type 3). This last one is a very rare disease, with an approximate prevalence of 1/126000, so we will only deepen in the first two. NF1, also known as von Recklinghausen disease, is the most frequent, and mainly affects the skin and peripheral nervous system. Its typical manifestations are the presence of café-au-lait macules, axillary or inguinal freckles, Lisch nodules (hamartomas in the iris) and neurofibromas (peripheral nerve sheath tumors). Less frequent manifestations, although more serious, include optic nerve gliomas, meningiomas, malignant neurofibromas, scoliosis and tibial dysplasia. The diagnosis is usually made at birth or during the first years of life, and approximately 50% of patients present cognitive difficulties. There is no conclusive data on mortality in patients with NF1, although it is known that life expectancy is lower than in general population. NF2 has a considerably lower prevalence than NF1, and its onset is later in life, mainly affecting young adults. Its typical clinical presentation is characterized by tinnitus, hearing loss and ataxia in the context in the presence of bilateral vestibular schwannomas. Less frequent findings include peripheral nerve schwannomas, meningiomas, ependymomas or astrocytomas. Life expectancy is about 36 years old, with a median survival from the moment of diagnosis of 15 years. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Adult , Young Adult , Neurofibromatosis 2/etiology , Neurofibromatosis 1/etiology , Neurofibromatoses/classification , Astrocytoma/physiopathology , Ataxia , Scoliosis/physiopathology , Tibia/abnormalities , Tinnitus , Bone Diseases, Developmental/physiopathology , Neuroma, Acoustic/complications , Life Expectancy , Neurofibromatosis 2/epidemiology , Neurofibromatosis 1/physiopathology , Neurofibromatosis 1/mortality , Neurofibromatosis 1/epidemiology , Neurofibromatoses/diagnosis , Optic Nerve Glioma/physiopathology , Ependymoma/physiopathology , Hearing Loss , Iris Diseases/physiopathology , Melanosis/physiopathology , Meningioma/physiopathology , Neurilemmoma/etiology , Neurilemmoma/physiopathology , Neurofibroma/physiopathology , Neurofibroma/pathology
13.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(3): 194-197, July-Sept. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1013889

ABSTRACT

Abstract We present the case of an adult with an extensive left frontal meningioma. He was scheduled for resection by craniotomy. During the surgery we used the density spectral array (DSA) and asymmetry obtained from Bispectral Index VISTA Monitoring System Bilateral. We observed a power increase in low frequency (0.1-1 Hz) and alpha bands (8-12 Hz) in the left hemisphere, where the meningioma was located. In this case, DSA was useful during and after the surgery because it provided information about the hemisphere with maximum brain activity and its subsequent normalization, which may reflect the effectiveness of the surgery.


Resumen Presentamos el caso de un paciente adulto con diagnóstico de un meningioma extenso a nivel frontal izquierdo, que fue programado para exéresis mediante craneotomía. Durante la cirugía se utilizó la Matriz de Densidad Espectral (MDE) y la asimetría obtenida del Sistema de Monitorización VISTATM del Índice Biespectral Bilateral (BVMS). Se observó un aumento de potencia en las bandas de baja frecuencia (0.1-1Hz) y en las bandas alfa (812 Hz) del hemisferio cerebral izquierdo, donde se encontraba el meningioma. En este caso la MDE demostró su utilidad durante y después de la cirugía, al proporcionar información sobre el hemisferio con registro de máxima actividad cerebral y su posterior normalización, reflejando así la efectividad de la cirugía.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Care , Craniotomy , Meningioma , Neurosurgical Procedures , Electroencephalography , Consciousness Monitors
14.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 33(3): 172-174, sep. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1177396

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los meningiomas de la región pineal son lesiones poco frecuentes, representando el 2 al 8% de los tumores localizados en esta área. Estos tumores son lesiones con comportamiento biológicamente benigno y potencialmente curables con la resección quirúrgica radical. A su vez representan un desafío quirúrgico debido a su profunda localización y la cercanía de estructuras anatómicas vitales. El abordaje supracerebeloso infratentorial, en posición semisentado (cuando las condiciones generales del paciente lo permiten), provee un corredor natural a la región pineal mediante la retracción cerebelosa gravitatoria. Objetivo: Presentación de la exéresis microquirúrgica completa de un meningioma de la región pineal. Descripción del caso: Paciente de 52 años que consulta por inestabilidad de la marcha y diplopía de 2 semanas de evolución. La resonancia magnética cerebral mostró una lesión expansiva, que realza con contraste, de 43 x 30 mm en la región pineal, con hidrocefalia obstructiva acompañante. Se realiza la exéresis microquirúrgica mediante abordaje supracerebeloso infratentorial con el paciente en posición semisentado. Resultado: Se realizó la exéresis completa de la lesión. La paciente cursó el primer día postoperatorio en Unidad de Terapia Intensiva y luego pasó a sala de internación general. Fue dada de alta al tercer día, sin déficit neurológico. La anatomía patológica de la lesión informó meningioma transicional (OMS grado I). El control imagenológico postquirúrgico mostró la resección de la lesión sin remanente tumoral. Conclusión: Los meningiomas de la región pineal presentan un desafío quirúrgico debido a la relación con estructuras anatómicas vitales. El abordaje supracerebeloso infratentorial ofrece un corredor anatómico natural mediante la retracción cerebelosa por la gravedad.


Background: Meningiomas of the pineal region are rare lesions representing 2 to 8% of the tumors located in this area. These tumors are lesions with biologically benign behavior and potentially curable by radical surgical resection. As well, they are a surgical challenge due to their deep location and the proximity to vital anatomical structures. The supracerebellar infratentorial approach, in a semisitting position (when the patient's general conditions allow it), provides a natural corridor to the pineal region through gravitational cerebellar retraction. Objetive: Presentation of a complete microsurgical resection of a meningioma of the pineal region. Case description: A 52-year-old patient who consulted due to gait instability and diplopia of 2 weeks of evolution. Brain magnetic resonance showed an expansive lesion, with contrast enhancement, 43 x 30 mm in the pineal region, with obstructive hydrocephalus. The microsurgical resection was performed by supracerebellar infratentorial approach with the patient in a semisitting position. Result: The complete microsurgical resection was achieved. The patient spent the first postoperative day in Intensive Care Unit, and then went to general room. He was discharged on the third postoperative day, without neurological deficit. The histopathology assessment of the lesion reported transitional meningioma (WHO grade I). Post-surgical imaging showed the resection of the lesion without remaining tumor. Conclusion: Meningiomas of the pineal region present a surgical challenge due to the relationship with vital anatomical structures. The supracerebellar infratentorial approach offers a natural anatomical corridor through cerebellar retraction by gravity.


Subject(s)
Meningioma , Brain , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Hydrocephalus , Neoplasms
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(4): 427-434, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019590

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: One of the main concerns in endoscopic endonasal approaches to the skull base has been the high incidence and morbidity associated with cerebrospinal fluid leaks. The introduction and routine use of vascularized flaps allowed a marked decrease in this complication followed by a great expansion in the indications and techniques used in endoscopic endonasal approaches, extending to defects from huge tumours and previously inaccessible areas of the skull base. Objective: Describe the technique of performing endoscopic double flap multi-layered reconstruction of the anterior skull base without craniotomy. Methods: Step by step description of the endoscopic double flap technique (nasoseptal and pericranial vascularized flaps and fascia lata free graft) as used and illustrated in two patients with an olfactory groove meningioma who underwent an endoscopic approach. Results: Both patients achieved a gross total resection: subsequent reconstruction of the anterior skull base was performed with the nasoseptal and pericranial flaps onlay and a fascia lata free graft inlay. Both patients showed an excellent recovery, no signs of cerebrospinal fluid leak, meningitis, flap necrosis, chronic meningeal or sinonasal inflammation or cerebral herniation having developed. Conclusion: This endoscopic double flap technique we have described is a viable, versatile and safe option for anterior skull base reconstructions, decreasing the incidence of complications in endoscopic endonasal approaches.


Resumo Introdução: Uma das principais preocupações em abordagens endoscópicas endonasais da base do crânio tem sido a alta incidência e morbidade associada a fístulas liquóricas. A introdução e o uso rotineiro de retalhos vascularizados permitiram uma acentuada redução dessa complicação, seguida por uma grande expansão nas indicações e técnicas utilizadas nas abordagens endoscópicas endonasais, incluindo grandes tumores e áreas anteriormente inacessíveis da base do crânio. Objetivo: Descrever a técnica cirúrgica realizando uma reconstrução endoscópica multicamadas da base anterior do crânio com duplo retalho, sem craniotomia. Método: Descrição passo a passo da técnica endoscópica com duplo retalho (retalhos vascularizados nasoseptal e pericraniano e enxerto livre de fascia lata), utilizados e ilustrados em dois pacientes com meningioma do sulco olfatório submetidos à cirurgia por via endoscópica endonasal. Resultados: Em ambos os pacientes procedeu-se ressecção total macroscópica seguido de reconstrução da base anterior do crânio com os retalhos nasoseptal e pericraniano onlay e enxerto livre de fáscia lata inlay. Os pacientes apresentaram uma excelente recuperação, sem sinais de fístula liquórica, meningite, necrose do retalho, inflamação meníngea crônica ou sinonasal ou hérnia cerebral. Conclusão: A técnica endoscópica de duplo retalho, como descrita, trata-se de uma opção viável, versátil e segura para as reconstruções da base anterior do crânio, diminuindo a incidência de complicações em abordagens cirúrgicas endoscópicas endonasais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Skull Base Neoplasms/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Endoscopy/methods , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Flaps , Cadaver , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea/surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Meningeal Neoplasms/surgery , Meningeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Meningioma/surgery , Meningioma/diagnostic imaging
16.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(2): 107-111, ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1008961

ABSTRACT

Los meningiomas de nervio óptico y de seno cavernoso son patologías poco frecuentes, y hasta el momento no ha habido ningún reporte de que se presenten ambos en un mismo paciente. Cabe resaltar que cuando llega un paciente a consulta diagnosticado con alguna patología, asumimos que este diagnóstico es adecuado y pertinente. Pero en nuestro caso, el paciente presentó signos y síntomas de etiología desconocida que hicieron que se re-evaluarán los diagnósticos oftalmológicos que traía la paciente, encontrando que había sido tratada por un diagnóstico que no le correspondía y a su vez este hallazgo nos ayudó a encontrar la verdadera causa(AU)


Optic nerve and cavernous sinus meningiomas are uncommon pathologies, and so far there have not been previously reported to occur in the same patient. It should be emphasized that when a patient arrives at a doctor's office diagnosed with pathology, we assume that this diagnosis is appropriate and pertinent. But in our case, the patient presented signs and symptoms of unknown etiology that led to a re-evaluation of the previous ophthalmological diagnoses that the patient brought, finding that she had been treated for a diagnosis that did not match with all her clinical sign and symptoms and this helped us to find the real cause(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cavernous Sinus/pathology , Optic Nerve Neoplasms/diagnosis , Meningioma/diagnosis , Optic Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Cavernous Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Eye Movement Measurements , Fundus Oculi
17.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 33(2): 65-72, jun. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1177662

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Describir la técnica de abordaje mínimamente invasiva para el tratamiento de tumores intradurales extramedulares en los diferentes segmentos espinales. Material y Métodos: Se detallan la planificación, posicionamiento, marcación, pasos técnicos del abordaje mínimamente invasivo, exéresis lesional y cierre de lesiones ID-EM a nivel cervical, dorsal, lumbar y sacro. Se proporcionan recomendaciones para descomplejizar maniobras quirúrgicas, acortar el tiempo operativo y evitar potenciales complicaciones. Conclusiones: El abordaje MISS es una opción segura y eficaz para el tratamiento quirúrgico de determinados tumores ID-EM.


Objective: To describe the technique of minimally invasive approach for the treatment of intradural extramedullary tumors in the different spinal segments. Material and Methods: The planning, positioning, skin marking, technical steps of the minimally invasive approach, lesion resection, and closure of ID-EM lesions at the cervical, dorsal, lumbar and sacral levels are detailed. Recommendations are provided to simplify surgical maneuvers, shorten operative time and avoid potential complications. Conclusions: The MIS approach is a safe and effective option for the surgical treatment of certain ID-EM tumors.


Subject(s)
Neoplasms , Meningioma , Neurilemmoma
18.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(2): e2018092, Abr.-Jun. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-999552

ABSTRACT

Fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a relatively rare osseous disease of unknown etiology, wherein the normal bone is replaced by collagen-rich tissue, comprising of fibroblasts and variably abundant immature woven bone. Clinically, it may involve a single bone or multiple bones. It commonly arises in the jaw bone, skull, rib, and proximal femur. Those arising in the skull and the jaw are together termed "craniofacial fibrous dysplasia." The differential diagnosis at this location includes meningioma and metastatic carcinoma. In this report, we highlight two diagnostically challenging cases presenting with orbital swelling and headache as the main complaints. Our first case was misinterpreted as meningioma on intraoperative squash smear, and paraffin sections revealed characteristic features of FD. The second case highlights the morphological feature of non-specific cystic degeneration occurring in FD. Radiographs in such cases show cystic swelling, which is indicative of a secondary aneurysmal bone cyst.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal/pathology , Fibrous Dysplasia, Monostotic/pathology , Meningeal Neoplasms , Meningioma/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
19.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(2): 537-545, mar.-abr. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1004286

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presentó un caso de una paciente de 70 años de edad, con antecedentes patológicos personales de hipertensión arterial controlada, además de un síndrome demencial instaurado hace 5 años aproximadamente. Con un diagnóstico presuntivo de una demencia tipo Alzheimer y sin estudios desde el punto de vista imagenológico. Se le realizaron diversos estudios que arrojaron una lesión extraaxial interpretada como un meningioma del tercio medio del ala del esfenoides. Se le aplicó una resección tumoral de la totalidad de la lesión, su evolución postquirúrgica fue satisfactoria.


ABSTRACT The case presented is the one of a female patient aged 70 years, with personal pathological antecedents of controlled arterial hypertension besides dementia syndrome for around five years, presumptively diagnosed as Alzheimer-kind dementia without imaging studies. She underwent several studies showing an extra axial lesion that was interpreted as meningioma of the medial third of the sphenoid wing. The tumor resection of the entire lesion was carried out; the post-surgery evaluation was satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Sphenoid Bone , Skull Base Neoplasms , Meningioma/surgery , Meningioma/diagnosis , Meningioma/diagnostic imaging , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Hypertension/drug therapy
20.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 33(1): 24-25, mar. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1177882

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los meningiomas constituyen aproximadamente el 10-15%1 de las neoplasias cerebrales, y el 7% de ellos presentan una inserción supraselar. Los meningiomas del tubérculo selar presentan adherencia en este, en el surco quiasmático o en el limbo esfenoidal2,3. Descripción del caso: Mujer de 45 años que consulta por cefalea y déficit severo de la visión del ojo izquierdo, constatado por campimetría visual. En RM se observa imagen extraaxial, en relación al tubérculo selar, con lateralización hacia la izquierda, ingresando al conducto óptico de ese lado. Se realizó abordaje pterional izquierdo, con acceso transsilviano a las cisternas óptica y carotídea izquierdas. Se individualiza la lesión color parduzca en el espacio interóptico, que desplaza hacia lateral y superior el nervio óptico izquierdo. Se retira duramadre que cubre el techo del conducto óptico y luego con fresa diamantada se descomprime4 el mismo de modo precoz, antes de la disección microquirúrgica del meningioma. Con aspirador ultrasónico se lleva a cabo el vaciamiento intratumoral, y luego separamos la capsula tumoral de la aracnoides y las estructuras neurales y vasculares. Luego de la exéresis completa de la lesión, se retira duramadre del tubérculo selar y se realiza fresado del mismo para evitar recurrencias en el sitio de implantación. Resultados: En RM postoperatoria se observa resección completa de la lesión; además la paciente refiere mejoría notoria de su visión que se constata en examen físico. Se confirma dicha mejoría en campimetría visual a los 3 meses postoperatorios. Conclusión: La descompresión precoz del conducto óptico en los meningiomas del tubérculo selar es una maniobra quirúrgica útil para prevenir una mayor lesión del nervio durante la extirpación del tumor; además permite resecar fragmentos intracanaliculares.


Introduction: Meningiomas constitute approximately 10-15%1 of the brain neoplasms and 7% of them present a suprasellar insertion. The meningiomas of the sellar tubercle present adherence in its, in the chiasmatic sulcus or sphenoid limbus2,3. Case description: A 45-year-old woman consulted for headache and severe vision deficit of the left eye, confirmed by visual field campimetry. In MRI an extraaxial image is observed, in relation to the sellar tubercle with lateralization to the left, entering the optic canal. A left pterional approach was performed, with transsylvian access to the left optic and carotid cisterns. The brownish lesion is individualized in the interoptic space, which displaces laterally and superiorly the optic nerve. The dura mater that covers the roof of the optic canal is removed at the beginning of the surgery, and then, with a diamond bur, the optic canal is decompressed4, before the microsurgical dissection of the meningioma. With an ultrasonic aspirator, the tumor debulking is carried out, and then the tumor capsule was separated from the arachnoid and the neural and vascular structures. Finally, the duramater of the tuberculum sellae was removed and the tubercle was drilled to avoid recurrences at the implantation site. Results: In a postoperative MRI, complete resection of the lesion was observed. The patient reported a noticeable improvement in her vision that was confirmed by a physical examination. Confirming this improvement in visual field campimetry was done 3 months postoperatively. Conclusion: Early decompression of the optic canal is essential to avoid further injury during tumor removal of a tuberculum sellae meningioma, as well as allowing the resection of intracanalicular fragments.


Subject(s)
Meningioma , Optic Nerve , Vision, Ocular , Visual Fields , Foraminotomy , Headache
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL