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1.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 4-4, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010116

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Menopausal disorders include obscure symptomatology that greatly reduce work productivity among female workers. Quantifying the impact of menopause-related symptoms on work productivity is very difficult because no such guidelines exist to date. We aimed to develop a scale of overall health status for working women in the perimenopausal period.@*METHODS@#In September, 2021, we conducted an Internet web survey which included 3,645 female workers aged 45-56 years in perimenopausal period. We asked the participants to answer 76 items relevant to menopausal symptomatology, that were created for this study and performed exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses for the scale development. Cronbach's alpha, receiver operating characteristic analysis, and logistic regression analysis were used to verify the developed scale.@*RESULTS@#Approximately 85% participants did not have menstruation or disrupted cycles. Explanatory factor analysis using the maximum likelihood method and Promax rotation identified 21 items with a four-factor structure: psychological symptoms (8 items, α = 0.96); physiological symptoms (6 items, alpha = 0.87); sleep difficulty (4 items, alpha = 0.92); human relationship (3 items, alpha = 0.92). Confirmatory factor analyses found excellent model fit for the four-factor model (RMSR = 0.079; TLI = 0.929; CFI = 0.938). Criterion and concurrent validity were confirmed with high correlation coefficients between each of the four factors, previously validated menopausal symptom questionnaire, and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory scales, respectively (all ps < 0.0001). The developed scale was able to predict absenteeism with 78% sensitivity, 58% specificity, and an AUC of 0.727 (95%CI: 0.696-0.757). Higher scores of each factor as well as total score of the scale were more likely to be associated with work absence experience due to menopause-related symptoms even after adjusting for Copenhagen Burnout Inventory subscales (all ps < 0.0001).@*CONCLUSION@#We found that the developed scale has high validity and reliability and could be a significant indicator of absenteeism for working women in perimenopausal period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Perimenopause , Reproducibility of Results , Menopause/psychology , Workplace , Surveys and Questionnaires , Psychometrics
2.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 32(1): e1365, dic. 26, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531724

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el uso de cuestionarios electrónicos se ha convertido en algo común, sin embargo, depende de diversos factores (como la edad y las habilidades digitales), por lo que es necesario determinar la confiabilidad de estos instrumentos para su aplicación. Objetivo: determinar la concordancia y reproducibilidad de los cuestionarios Calidad de vida breve de la OMS (WHOQoL-B) y Actitudes autoevaluadas hacia la vejez (AAV) en formato electrónico para su aplicación vía remota a mujeres de edad madura y adulta mayor. Metodología: se realizó un estudio instrumental con el método test-retest con 35 mujeres (40-69 años). Se transfirieron ambos cuestionarios a un formulario de Google y se enviaron vía WhatsAppen dos ocasiones, con una diferencia mayor a 15 días entre la aplicación. Se calcularon los parámetros de confiabilidad por estabilidad temporal y concordancia estadística. Resultados: el WHOQoL-B obtuvo a y CCI = 0.880 y r = 0.785 en la calificación total; para sus dimensiones a > 0.740 y r > 0.590. La calificación total del AAV mostró a y CCI = 0.708 y r = 0.552 y sus dimensiones a > 0.710 y r de 0.295 a 0.508. Conclusiones: los cuestionarios WHOQoL-B y AAV en formato electrónico pueden ser utilizados para aplicación vía remota, aunque el AAV es menos consistente...(AU)


Abstract Introduction: The electronic tests have been used on a regular basis, although their use depends on several factors such as age and digital ability, therefore it is necessary to determine the confidence of these instruments for their application. Objective: To determine the agreement and reproducibility of the WHO Quality of Life-Bref (WHOQoL-B) and the Self-Assessed Attitudes Towards Old Age (SATO) questionnaires in electronic format for application in middle-aged and older women. Methods: An instrumental study with a test-retest method was carried out with 35 women (40-69 years). Both questionnaires were transferred to a Google form and sent to the women by WhatsApp twice with a difference of more than 15 days between applications. We calculate the confidence by temporal stability and the statistical agreement. Results: For the WHOQoL-B, an a and ICC= 0.880, and r = 0.785 were obtained in the total rating; for their dimensions the result for a was > 0.740, and r > 0.590. The total rating of SATO shows an a and ICC= 0.708, and r = 0.552; for their dimensions, the a was > 0.710, and r from 0.295 to 0.508. Conclusions: The electronic tests WHOQoL and SATO can be used for remote application, although SATO is less consistent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Perception , Aging , Menopause , Indicators of Quality of Life , Telemedicine
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(12): 796-807, Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529907

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Menopause causes several changes in the body that may affect the response to COVID-19. We aimed to investigate the possible association between menopausal status and incidence and outcomes in COVID-19 patients. Methods Combinations of keywordsCOVID-19, menopause, and estrogen were used to search the PubMed, Embase, Web-of-Science, and Scopus databases for articles reporting the incidence and outcomes of COVID-19 (discharge, length-of-admission, intensive care, or mortality) in premenopausal women, available through December 29, 2022. Data from studies comparing the incidence of COVID-19 infection with the age-matched male population were pooled and meta-analyzed using a random-effects model. Results Overall, 1,564 studies were retrieved, of which 12 were finally included in the systematic review to compare disease outcomes, and 6 were meta-analyzed for the incidence of COVID-19 in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. All studies reported better COVID-19-associated outcomes in premenopausal women compared with postmenopausal women. After adjusting for confounding factors, three studies found better outcomes in postmenopausal women, and two found no association between menopausal status and COVID-19 outcomes. Our meta-analysis found a higher incidence of COVID-19 infection among premenopausal women than postmenopausal women, when compared with age-matched men (odds ratio = 1.270; 95% confidence interval: 1.086-1.486; p= 0.003). Conclusion The incidence of COVID-19 was significantly higher in premenopausal women than in postmenopausal women when compared with age-matched men. Although premenopausal women may have more favorable COVID-19-associated outcomes, the presumed preventive effect of estrogens on the incidence and related outcomes of COVID-19 in premenopausal women cannot be proven at present. Further longitudinal studies comparing pre- and post-menopausal women are required to provide further insight into this matter.


Resumo Objetivo A menopausa causa diversas alterações no corpo que podem afetar a resposta ao COVID-19. Nosso objetivo foi investigar a possível associação entre o status da menopausa e a incidência e os resultados em pacientes com COVID-19. Métodos Combinações de palavras-chave COVID-19, menopausa e estrogênio foram usadas para pesquisar os bancos de dados PubMed, Embase, Web-of-Science e Scopus para artigos relatando a incidência e os resultados do COVID-19 (alta, tempo de internação, tratamento intensivo cuidados ou mortalidade) em mulheres na pré-menopausa, disponível até 29 de dezembro de 2022. Dados de estudos comparando a incidência de infecção por COVID-19 com a população masculina da mesma idade foram agrupados e meta-analisados usando um modelo de efeitos aleatórios. Resultados No geral, 1.564 estudos foram recuperados, dos quais 12 foram finalmente incluídos na revisão sistemática para comparar os resultados da doença e 6 foram meta-analisados para a incidência de COVID-19 em mulheres na pré e pós-menopausa. Todos os estudos relataram melhores resultados associados ao COVID-19 em mulheres na pré-menopausa em comparação com mulheres na pós-menopausa. Após o ajuste para fatores de confusão, três estudos encontraram melhores resultados em mulheres na pós-menopausa e dois não encontraram associação entre o status da menopausa e os resultados do COVID-19. Nossa meta-análise encontrou uma maior incidência de infecção por COVID-19 entre mulheres na pré-menopausa do que mulheres na pós-menopausa, quando comparadas com homens da mesma idade (odds ratio = 1,270; intervalo de confiança de 95%: 1,086-1,486; p = 0,003). Conclusão A incidência de COVID-19 foi significativamente maior em mulheres na pré-menopausa do que em mulheres na pós-menopausa quando comparadas com homens da mesma idade. Embora as mulheres na pré-menopausa possam ter resultados mais favoráveis associados ao COVID-19, o efeito preventivo presumido dos estrogênios na incidência e nos resultados relacionados ao COVID-19 em mulheres na pré-menopausa não pode ser comprovado no momento. Mas estudos longitudinais comparando mulheres pré e pós-menopausa são necessários para fornecer mais informações sobre este assunto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Climacteric , Menopause , Estrogens , COVID-19
4.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 9(3): 33630, 26 dez. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1524443

ABSTRACT

Introdução:A menopausa é uma fase transitória entre o período reprodutivo para o período não fértil na vida da mulher, sendo dividido em três períodos: pré-menopausa, perimenopausa e pós-menopausa, podendo durar de 12 meses a 03 anos. Anutrição e a alimentação possuem um importante papel durante esse período, visando evitar ou minimizar problemas como: osteoporose, constipação, desidratação, hipertensão, ansiedade, diminuição da libido, depressão, alterações no sono, dores nas articulações e ganho de peso. Objetivo:Descrever os possíveis benefícios relacionados à nutrição durante o climatérioMetodologia:Revisão da literatura que utilizou as bases de dados Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), National Library of Medicine (PubMed) e Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), por meio dos Descritores em Ciência da Saúde (DeCS) "Diet", "Climacteric" combinados com o operador booleano AND. Nossa pesquisa considerou estudos originais publicados nos últimos cinco anos, tanto de acesso livre quanto restrito, sem restrição de idioma. Excluímos revisões, duplicatas e artigos não relacionados ao tema. Encontramos um total de 122 artigos com os descritores utilizados e selecionamos 19 para a amostra desta revisão. Resultados:Observou-se uma perda de peso significativa entreas mulheres no climatério, assim como ondas de calor em decorrência dos sintomas da menopausa. A compulsão alimentar dos grupos randomizados mostrou-se baixa bem como a pressão arterial. Pode-se constatar, ainda, que o IMC dessas mulheres apresentou declínio e os sintomas relacionados à depressão igualmente registraram uma redução. Conclusões:A intervenção nutricional no climatério resultou em benefícios significativos, incluindo perda de peso, redução dos sintomas da menopausa, melhora da saúde cardiovascular, diminuição do IMC e alívio dos sintomas relacionados à depressão. Esses resultados destacam a importância da nutrição como uma abordagem eficaz para melhorar a qualidade de vida das mulheres nessa fase de transição (AU).


Introduction:Menopause is a transitional phase between the reproductive and the non-fertile periods of women, divided into pre-menopause, perimenopause and post-menopause, lasting from 12 months to 3 years. Nutritionand diet play a relevant role, aiming to avoid or minimize problems such as osteoporosis, constipation, dehydration, hypertension, anxiety, decreased libido, depression, changes in the sleep cycle, joint pain, and weight gain. Objective:Describing the possible benefits related to nutrition during menopause. Methodology:AThis paper presents a literature review that used the Virtual Health Library (VHL), National Library of Medicine (PubMed) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo) databases, through the Health Science Descriptors (DeCS) "Diet", "Climacteric" combined with the Boolean operator AND. The research considered original studies published in the last five years, both of open and restricted access, without restrictions for languages. Reviews, duplicates and articles unrelated to the topic were excluded. A total of 122 articles were found using these descriptors, and 19 were selected for the sample of this review. Results:Significant weight loss was observed among climacteric women, as well as hot flashes due to menopausal vasomotor symptoms. Binge eating in the randomized groups was low, as was blood pressure. It was also observed that the BMI of these women showed a decline and symptoms related to depression were also reduced. Conclusions:A nutritional intervention during menopause resulted in significant benefits, including weight loss, reduced symptoms, improved cardiovascular health, decreased BMI, and relief of symptoms related to depression. The importance of nutrition is highlighted as an effective approach to improve the quality of life of women in this transition phase (AU).


Introducción: La menopausia es una fase transitoria entre el período reproductivo y el período no fértil en la vida de la mujer, siendo dividido en tres fases: premenopausia, perimenopausia y posmenopausia, pudiendo durar de 12 meses a 03 años. La nutrición y la alimentación tienen un importante papel durante este período, buscando evitar o minimizar problemas como: osteoporosis, estreñimiento, deshidratación, hipertensión, ansiedad, disminución de la libido, depresión, cambios en el sueño, dolor en las articulaciones y aumento de peso. Objetivo: Describir los posibles beneficios relacionados con la nutrición durante el climaterioMetodología: Revisión de la literatura que utilizó las bases de datos Biblioteca Virtual en Salud (BVS), National Library of Medicine (PubMed) y Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), por medio de los descriptores en Ciencia de la Salud (DeCS) "Diet", "Climacteric" combinados con el operador booleano AND. Nuestra investigación consideró estudios originales publicados en los últimos cinco años, tanto de acceso libre como restringido, sin limitación de idiomas. Excluimos revisiones, duplicados y artículos no relacionados con el tema. Encontramos un total de 122 artículos con los descriptores utilizados y seleccionamos 19 para la muestra de esta revisión. Resultados: Se observó una pérdida de peso significativa entre las mujeres en el climaterio, al igual que una reducción de loscalores súbitos como consecuencia de los síntomas de la menopausia. La compulsión alimentaria de los grupos aleatorizados demostró ser baja, así como la presión arterial. Se puede constatar, además, que el IMC de esas mujeres presentó una disminución y los síntomas relacionados a la depresión igualmente registraron una reducción. Conclusiones: La intervención nutricional en el climaterio ocasionó beneficios significativos, incluyendo pérdida de peso, reducción de los síntomas de la menopausia, mejora de la salud cardiovascular, disminución del IMC y alivio de los síntomas relacionados con la depresión. Estos resultados resaltan la importancia de la nutrición como un enfoque efectivo para mejorar la calidad de vida de las mujeres en esta fase de transición (AU).


Subject(s)
Quality of Life/psychology , Climacteric , Menopause , Women's Health , Diet
5.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(6): 366-374, dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530035

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Caracterizar las disfunciones sexuales y estimar la prevalencia en un grupo de mujeres en transición a la menopausia, así como evaluar la frecuencia de la sintomatología climatérica. Método: Estudio de corte transversal, entre 2017 y 2020, que incluyó 411 mujeres en transición a la menopausia, residentes en el Quindío, con pareja estable y actividad sexual en las últimas 6 semanas. Se utilizó como instrumento el FSFI-6 (6-Item Female Sexual Function Index). Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 46,53 ± 2,87 años. La prevalencia de disfunciones sexuales fue del 38,92%, caracterizadas por dificultades con el deseo sexual (38,92%), seguido de dolor/dispareunia (35,52%). El promedio general en la puntuación del FSFI-6, en la totalidad de la población participante, fue de 22,29 ± 0,84 puntos; en la población afectada (< 19 puntos) fue de 15,78 ± 3,94. En los dominios, la puntuación más baja estuvo en el deseo (3,14 ± 0,56). La mediana de disfunciones sexuales por mujer fue de tres (23,84%). Conclusiones: más de un tercio de las mujeres del Quindío en transición a la menopausia presentan disfunciones sexuales; el trastorno más común fue el bajo deseo. Se deben hacer esfuerzos para aumentar la conciencia en los asuntos de salud sexual.


Objective: To characterize sexual dysfunctions and estimate the prevalence in a group of women in transition to menopause, as well as to evaluate the frequency of climacteric symptoms. Method: Cross-sectional study, between 2017 and 2020, included 411 women in transition to menopause, residents of Quindío, with a stable partner and sexual activity in the last 6 weeks. The FSFI-6 (6-Item Female Sexual Function Index) was used as an instrument. Results: The mean age was 46.53 ± 2.87 years. The prevalence of sexual dysfunctions was 38.92%, characterized by difficulties with sexual desire (38.92%), followed by pain/dyspareunia (35.52%). The general average, in the FSFI-6 score, in the entire participating population, was 22.29 ± 0.84 points; while in the affected population (< 19 points), it was 15.78 ± 3.94. In the domains, the lowest score was in desire (3.14 ± 0.56). The median number of sexual dysfunctions per woman was three (present in 23.84%). Conclusions: This study showed that more than one third of the women in Quindío, in transition to menopause, had sexual dysfunctions; the most common type of disorder was low desire. Efforts should be made to increase awareness about sexual health issues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/epidemiology , Menopause/physiology , Sexual Behavior/physiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sexual Health , Sociodemographic Factors
6.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(6): 382-388, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530037

ABSTRACT

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo examinar la relación entre la transición a la menopausia y los trastornos del estado de ánimo, específicamente la ansiedad y la depresión. Se llevó a cabo una revisión narrativa de la literatura relevante sobre la transición a la menopausia y los trastornos del estado de ánimo. Se revisaron estudios que se enfocaron en el impacto de los cambios hormonales durante la menopausia en el bienestar psicológico y se evaluaron diversas opciones de tratamiento para los trastornos del estado de ánimo. La disminución de los niveles hormonales de estrógenos y progesterona durante la menopausia puede llevar a diversos cambios psicológicos, como ansiedad y depresión. La terapia hormonal con estrógenos solo o en combinación con progesterona puede mejorar los síntomas depresivos en mujeres en la menopausia, pero este tratamiento no está exento de riesgos. Otros tratamientos no hormonales, como la terapia cognitivo-conductual, el ejercicio y una buena higiene del sueño, también pueden ser efectivos para manejar los trastornos del estado de ánimo. Se concluyó que existe una compleja interacción entre factores hormonales, biológicos y psicosociales para desarrollar intervenciones efectivas que mejoren el bienestar psicológico de las mujeres en la menopausia.


This study aimed to examine the relationship between menopause transition and mood disorders, specifically anxiety and depression. The authors conducted a narrative review of relevant literature on menopause transition and mood disorders. They reviewed studies that focused on the impact of hormonal changes during menopause on psychological well-being and evaluated various treatment options for mood disorders. The decline in estrogen and progesterone hormone levels during menopause can lead to various psychological changes, such as anxiety and depression. Hormonal therapy with estrogen alone or in combination with progesterone can improve depressive symptoms in menopausal women, but this treatment is not without risks. Other non-hormonal treatments, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy, exercise, and good sleep hygiene, can also be effective in managing mood disorders. The study highlights the need for recognition of the complex interplay between hormonal, biological, and psychosocial factors in developing effective interventions to improve the psychological well-being of menopausal women. Further research is needed to fully understand the potential relationship between menopause transition and mood disorders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Menopause/psychology , Mood Disorders/psychology , Mood Disorders/therapy , Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety/therapy , Cognitive Behavioral Therapy , Estrogen Replacement Therapy , Depression/psychology , Depression/therapy , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use
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