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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4028, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1522038

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: sintetizar la evidencia disponible relacionada con el acceso y las prácticas de higiene menstrual en América Latina y el Caribe. Método: revisión de alcance de la literatura con protocolo de investigación registrado en el Open Science Framework, realizada en las bases de datos bibliográficas: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science y Portal Regional da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Los datos fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva simple y análisis temático. Resultados: se incluyeron 15 publicaciones, la mayoría de las cuales trataban sobre adolescentes en Brasil: 12 artículos, dos informes técnicos y una monografía de trabajo de conclusión de curso. Como temas recurrentes en las publicaciones se destacan: acceso a condiciones dignas para el manejo de la higiene menstrual; necesidad de acceso a información sobre el manejo de la higiene menstrual; y prácticas para el manejo de la higiene menstrual. Conclusión: adolescentes informan dificultades para acceder a baños, agua y materiales absorbentes, y falta de información sobre la salud menstrual, incluso en las escuelas, lo que lleva al ausentismo escolar. De esta manera, las lagunas en la literatura científica latinoamericana revelan desigualdades y diversidad en las experiencias menstruales interseccionadas por categorías como género, clase social y etnia.


Objective: to synthesize available evidence related to menstrual hygiene access and practices in Latin America and the Caribbean. Method: literature scoping review with research protocol registered in the Open Science Framework, carried out in the bibliographic databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Portal Regional da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Data were analyzed using simple descriptive statistics and thematic analysis. Results: 15 publications were included, the majority of which addressed adolescents in Brazil: 12 articles, two technical reports and a course conclusion monograph. As recurring themes in the publications, the following stand out: Access to dignified conditions for managing menstrual hygiene; Need for access to information on menstrual hygiene management; and Practices for managing menstrual hygiene. Conclusion: adolescents report difficulties in accessing toilets, water and absorbent materials, and lack of information about menstrual health, including in schools, leading to school absenteeism. Thus, gaps in the Latin American scientific literature reveal inequalities and diversity in menstrual experiences intersected by categories such as gender, social class and ethnicity


Objetivo: sintetizar evidências disponíveis relacionadas ao acesso e práticas de higiene menstrual na América Latina e Caribe. Método: revisão de escopo da literatura com protocolo de pesquisa registrado no Open Science Framework, realizada nas bases de dados bibliográficas: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science e Portal Regional da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva simples e análise temática. Resultados: foram incluídas 15 publicações, cuja maioria abordava adolescentes no Brasil: 12 artigos, dois relatórios técnicos e uma monografia de trabalho de conclusão de curso. Como temas recorrentes nas publicações, destacam-se: acesso a condições dignas para o manejo da higiene menstrual; necessidade de acesso à informação sobre manejo da higiene menstrual; e práticas para manejo da higiene menstrual. Conclusão: adolescentes relatam dificuldades de acesso a sanitários, água e materiais absorventes, e falta de informação sobre saúde menstrual, inclusive nas escolas, levando ao absenteísmo escolar. Assim, lacunas na literatura científica latino-americana revelam desigualdades e diversidade nas experiências menstruais interseccionadas por categorias como gênero, classe social e etnia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Hygiene , Cross-Sectional Studies , Menstrual Hygiene Products , Menstruation
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(11): 654-660, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529900

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the continuation rates of the 52-mg levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) during the first 5 years of use, reasons for its discontinuation, bleeding patterns, and new contraceptive choice after the 5th year, in adolescents and young women. Methods The present study was a 5-year prospective cohort conducted in a Family Planning Service of a tertiary hospital in Brazil. We selected 100 healthy women between 15 and 24 years old who used 52-mg LNG-IUS for contraception. The clinical follow-up of these women took place from June 2017 to December 2022. The study evaluated the continuation rates of the method, reasons for its discontinuation, bleeding patterns, and new contraceptive choice after the 5th year. Continuous data were reported as mean ± standard deviation (SD) and range (minimum-maximum). Categorical variables were described as percentages. Results The continuation rates of LNG-IUS were 89.1% (82/92), 82.9% (72/87), 75.3% (64/85), 70.5% (60/85), and 64.2% (54/84) in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th years of use, respectively. The main reason for discontinuation was acne (11/30). Amenorrhea rates were 50, 54.1, 39, 35.7, and 51.8% at 12, 24, 36, 48, and 60 months, respectively. All patients who completed the study and needed contraception after the 5th year opted for long-acting contraceptive methods (LARC). Conclusion The LNG-IUS showed high continuation rates in adolescents and young women in the first 5 years of use. Most patients who completed the study chose a LARC method after the 5th year.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar as taxas de continuação do sistema intrauterino liberador de levonorgestrel (SIU-LNG) 52 mg durante os primeiros 5 anos de uso, razões de sua descontinuação, padrões de sangramento e nova escolha contraceptiva após o 5° ano, em adolescentes e mulheres jovens. Métodos O estudo foi uma coorte prospectiva de 5 anos realizada em um Serviço de Planejamento Familiar de um hospital terciário no Brasil. Selecionamos 100 mulheres saudáveis entre 15 e 24 anos que usaram o SIU-LNG 52 mg para contracepção. O acompanhamento clínico dessas mulheres ocorreu de junho de 2017 a dezembro de 2022. O estudo avaliou as taxas de continuação do método, razões de sua descontinuação, padrões de sangramento e nova escolha contraceptiva após o 5° ano. Os dados contínuos foram relatados como média ± DP e intervalo (mínimo-máximo). As variáveis categóricas foram descritas como porcentagens. Resultados As taxas de continuação do SIU-LNG foram 89,1% (82/92), 82,9% (72/87), 75,3% (64/85), 70,5% (60/85) e 64,2% (54/84) no 1°, 2°, 3°, 4° e 5° anos de uso, respectivamente. O principal motivo de descontinuação foi a acne (11/30). As taxas de amenorreia foram de 50, 54,1, 39, 35,7 e 51,8% aos 12, 24, 36, 48 e 60 meses, respectivamente. Todas as pacientes que completaram o estudo e necessitaram de contracepção após o 5° ano optaram por métodos contraceptivos de longa duração (LARC). Conclusão O SIU-LNG apresentou altas taxas de continuação em adolescentes e mulheres jovens nos primeiros 5 anos de uso. A maioria das pacientes que completou o estudo escolheu um método LARC após o 5° ano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Levonorgestrel , Amenorrhea , Long-Acting Reversible Contraception , Menstruation
4.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e249513, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1431132

ABSTRACT

Este ensaio teórico-reflexivo tem como objetivo discutir sobre as contribuições dos estudos da criminologia e sua crítica para as diversas formas de aprisionamento feminino, e mais atualmente para o encarceramento em massa no sistema prisional, além de abrir espaço para o debate sobre as diferentes perspectivas feministas e as relações com os estudos criminológicos, sobretudo com os posicionamentos da chamada criminologia crítica. Reconhecem-se importantes avanços e conquistas feministas no debate sobre a estruturação masculinizada do direito penal e do seu fazer jurídico, mas também a manutenção de diversas formas de violência de gênero que configuram um sistema penal antropocêntrico, seletivo, racista e discriminatório. Indica-se a urgência de estudos interseccionais que considerem as particularidades e reinvindicações das mulheres no cárcere e suas formas de militância, sobretudo diante de população carcerária feminina composta majoritariamente por mulheres negras, pobres e periféricas. Faz-se visível a necessidade de uma análise dos fatores que atravessam o encarceramento feminino por uma ótica feminista plural, adequada às realidades que se estudam e atenta às múltiplas perspectivas que podem existir dentro do feminismo.(AU)


This theoretical-reflexive essay aims to discuss the contributions of criminological studies and their critique of the various forms of imprisonment of women, and more recently of mass incarceration in the prison system, in addition to opening space for the debate on the different feminist perspectives and their relations with criminological studies, especially with the positions of the so-called critical criminology. Important feminist advances and conquests are recognized in the debate about the masculinized structure of penal law and its legal practice, but also the maintenance of diverse forms of gender violence that configure an anthropocentric, selective, racist, and discriminatory penal system. It indicates the urgency of intersectional studies that consider the particularities and claims of women in prison and their forms of militancy, especially in the face of the female prison population composed mostly of black, poor, and peripheral women. The need for an analysis of the factors that cross women's imprisonment from a plural feminist perspective, adequate to the realities under study and attentive to the multiple perspectives that may exist within feminism, becomes visible.(AU)


Este ensayo teórico-reflexivo pretende discutir las aportaciones de los estudios criminológicos y su crítica a las distintas formas de encarcelamiento femenino, y más recientemente de encarcelamiento masivo en el sistema penitenciario, además de generar debate sobre las distintas perspectivas feministas y sus relaciones con los estudios criminológicos, especialmente con las posiciones de la Criminología Crítica. Se reconocen importantes avances y logros feministas en el debate sobre la estructuración masculinizada del derecho penal y su práctica jurídica, además del mantenimiento de diversas formas de violencia de género que configuran un sistema penal antropocéntrico, selectivo, racista y discriminatorio. Se necesitan estudios interseccionales que consideren las particularidades y reivindicaciones de las mujeres en prisión y sus formas de militancia, principalmente ante la población penitenciaria femenina compuesta mayoritariamente por mujeres negras, pobres y periféricas. Se hace evidente la necesidad de analizar los factores que inciden en el encarcelamiento femenino desde una perspectiva feminista plural, adecuada a las realidades que se estudian y atenta a las múltiples perspectivas que pueden existir dentro del feminismo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Prisons , Feminism , Criminology , Patient Escort Service , Prejudice , Sex Work , Psychology , Psychology, Social , Public Policy , Punishment , Quality of Life , Rape , Rejection, Psychology , Religion , Role , Safety , Sexual Behavior , Social Adjustment , Social Behavior , Social Change , Social Class , Social Problems , Socialization , Socioeconomic Factors , Sociology , Stereotyping , Taboo , Theft , Unemployment , Pregnancy , Poverty Areas , Child Rearing , Demography , Family Characteristics , Hygiene , Family Planning Policy , Witchcraft , Colonialism , Congresses as Topic , Sexuality , Knowledge , Statistics , Crime , Culture , Vandalism , Health Law , State , Government Regulation , Law Enforcement , Vulnerable Populations , Aggression , Racial Groups , Educational Status , Humanization of Assistance , Job Market , Menstrual Hygiene Products , Femininity , Ageism , Racism , Sexism , Social Discrimination , Drug Trafficking , Recidivism , Political Activism , Social Oppression , Sexual Vulnerability , Androcentrism , Freedom , Respect , Civil Society , Gender Role , Intersectional Framework , Citizenship , Family Structure , Correctional Facilities Personnel , Health Promotion , Homicide , Household Work , Human Rights , Malpractice , Menstruation , Morals , Mothers , Motivation
5.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 37: e52708, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1529646

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: investigar as repercussões da pobreza menstrual para as mulheres e pessoas que menstruam. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science e CINAHL. Foram incluídos artigos na íntegra, nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol e com recorte temporal de sete anos (2017-2023) para responder a pergunta norteadora: Quais são as repercussões da pobreza menstrual na vida das mulheres e pessoas que menstruam? A inclusão dos artigos foi feita por dois revisores independentes e com consenso por um terceiro. Resultados: foram incluídos 15 artigos e observou-se três principais repercussões da pobreza menstrual: absenteísmo escolar, aumento do risco de infecções do trato genital e repercussões emocionais. Conclusão: a pobreza menstrual traz repercussões negativas para as mulheres e pessoas que menstruam, comprometendo a saúde física, mental e a esfera social, motivo pelo qual o tema precisa ser amplamente visibilizado e combatido.


Objetivos: investigar las repercusiones de la pobreza menstrual para las mujeres y las personas que menstruan. Método: revisión integrativa de la literatura, realizada en las bases de datos MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science y CINAHL. Se incluyeron artículos en su totalidad, en los idiomas portugués, inglés y español y con recorte temporal de siete años (2017-2023) para responder a la pregunta orientadora: ¿Cuáles son las repercusiones de la pobreza menstrual en la vida de las mujeres y personas que menstruan? La inclusión de los artículos fue hecha por dos revisores independientes y con consenso por un tercero. Resultados: se incluyeron 15 artículos y se observaron tres principales repercusiones de la pobreza menstrual: absentismo escolar, aumento del riesgo de infecciones del tracto genital y repercusiones emocionales. Consideraciones finales: la pobreza menstrual trae repercusiones negativas para las mujeres y personas que menstruan, comprometiendo la salud física, mental y la esfera social, por lo que el tema necesita ser ampliamente visibilizado y combatido.


Objective: to investigate the repercussions of period poverty for women and people who menstruate. Method: an integrative review of the literature, performed in MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science and CINAHL databases. The sample included complete articles, in Portuguese, English and Spanish, and with a timeframe of seven years (2017-2023) to answer the guiding question: What are the repercussions of period poverty in the lives of women and people who menstruate? The inclusion of the articles was done by two independent reviewers and with consensus by a third party. Results: 15 articles were included and three main repercussions of period poverty were observed: school absenteeism, increased risk of genital tract infections and emotional repercussions. Final considerations: period poverty brings negative repercussions for women and people who menstruate, compromising physical, mental and social health, which is why the theme needs to be widely publicized and combated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Menstrual Hygiene Products , Social Determinants of Health , Menstruation , Poverty , Socioeconomic Factors , Reproductive Tract Infections
6.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 501-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985670

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the familial heritability of endometriosis and to compare the clinical characteristics of patients with or without a family history of endometriosis. Methods: From January 2020 to June 2022, 850 patients with endometriosis confirmed by laparotomy or laparoscopy in Peking University Third Hospital were included in this study. Clinical data were collected, family history was followed up, and the differences of clinical indicators between patients with and without family history of endometriosis were compared. Results: A total of 850 patients were enrolled, with an average age of (33.8±7.0) years old, 315 (37.1%, 315/850) patients in stage Ⅲ and 496 (58.4%, 496/850) patients in stage Ⅳ. There were 100 patients with family history of endometriosis, accounting for 11.8% (100/850). Most of the 113 relatives involved were mothers, daughters and sisters (76.1%, 86/113), 81.5% (22/27) of the second and third degree relatives were maternal relatives. The median ages of patients with and without family history of endometriosis were 30 and 33 years old respectively at the time of diagnosis. The unmarried rate of patients with family history was higher [42.0% (42/100) vs 26.3% (197/750)]. The percentage of dysmenorrhea patients with family history was higher [89.0% (89/100) vs 55.5% (416/750)]. The medians of dysmenorrhea score in patients with and without family history were 6 and 2, and the median durations of dysmenorrhea were 10 and 1 years. There were significant differences in age, marital status, percentage of dysmenorrhea, dysmenorrhea score and duration (all P<0.001). The median levels of serum cancer antigen (CA) 125 in patients with family history and patients without family history at the time of diagnosis were 57.5 and 46.9 kU/L respectively, with a statistically significant difference (P<0.05). However, there were no significant differences between the two groups in nationality, bady mass index, menarche age, menstrual cycle, menstrual period, menstrual volume, serum CA19-9 level, cyst location and size, stage, history of adverse pregnancy and childbirth, infertility, adenomyosis and deep infiltrating endometriosis (all P>0.05). By comparing the specific conditions of dysmenorrhea patients with and without family history of endometriosis, there were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of the age of onset of dysmenorrhea, duration of dysmenorrhea, primary and secondary dysmenorrhea, and progressive aggravation of dysmenorrhea (all P>0.05). The difference in the degree of dysmenorrhea in dysmenorrhea patients with family history of endometriosis was significant (P<0.001). Conclusions: The incidence of endometriosis has a familial tendency, and most of the involved relatives are the first degree relatives. Compared with patients without family history of endometriosis, endometriosis patients with family history are diagnosed at an earlier age, with higher percentage of dysmenorrhea, had more severe dysmenorrhea and higher serum CA125 level.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Adult , Endometriosis/complications , Dysmenorrhea/etiology , Menstruation , Menstrual Cycle , Adenomyosis/complications
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20458, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403699

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dysmenorrhea is a common condition among females that is characterized by painful cramps before or during menstruation. It is considered as a common gynecological complaint that affects the quality of women's life. The study evaluated prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its impact, associated risk factors, and the management strategies adopted by female university students in Taif city, Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 562 female students aged 18-30 years at the university level. The results showed a high prevalence rate of dysmenorrhea (79.4%) among the students. The most common risk factors were family history (87.4%) and length of menstruation (79%). Half (50.2%) of the respondents were absent at the university at least 1 day every month. The most widely used medications by the respondents were ibuprofen (42%) and paracetamol (40%), whereas only 3% used mefenamic acid, despite that they experienced complete pain relief with mefenamic acid. High prevalence rate of dysmenorrhea associated with risk factors such as family history and length of menstruation, was found among university students. However, pain and associated symptoms affect the quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Students/classification , Women , Cross-Sectional Studies/instrumentation , Dysmenorrhea/pathology , Menstruation/metabolism , Pain/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Saudi Arabia/ethnology , Universities , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data
8.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1359346

ABSTRACT

Background. Factors associated with menstrual hygiene management (MHM) and practices affect school absenteeism, with up to 7 million girls missing 25% of their given school year each month in South Africa (SA). Objective. To identify the most significant factors associated with MHM and practices affecting school absenteeism among adolescents in Johannesburg, SA. Methods. A secondary data analyses of a cross sectional study among 489 adolescent girls from 30 schools in Johannesburg, SA was conducted. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Logistical regression analysis was conducted for all variables affecting school absenteeism using STATA version 14. Results. Female adolescents who had pre-menarcheal training were more likely to attend school (odds ratio (OR) 1.96; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04 - 3.73; p= 0.038). Those who disposed of their absorbent materials by burning, throwing them by the roadside or on farmland were almost 2× more likely to be absent from school (OR 2.07; 95% CI 1.05 - 4.08; p= 0.038). Dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) was associated with higher likelihood of being absent from school (OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.29 - 5.29; p=0.008). Conclusion. This present study reveals that MHM and practices related to school absenteeism extend beyond the availability of sanitary materials. These findings can be used to create dialogue between various stakeholders about best practices for reducing school absenteeism related to MHM


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Absenteeism , Menstrual Hygiene Products , Menstruation , Schools , Adolescent
10.
African Health Sciences ; 22(1): 88-91, March 2022.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1400435

ABSTRACT

in the ten (10) regions of Ghana. The findings showed that most girls in Public Senior High Schools in Ghana had prior knowledge about menstruation from their mothers and sisters prior to menarche. It was revealed that majority of the girls mentioned hormones as the cause of menstruation, whilst others mentioned the uterus, bladder, vagina, and other parts of the female reproductive system. A few of them had no idea what causes menstruation. The findings again revealed that most girls use sanitary pads, while some use other materials during menstruation. Less than half of the sample of girls in this study were able to change their pads twice daily or more. About half of the girls cleansed their genital parts only when bathing during menstruation using soup and water mostly. Half of the schools used public tap/standpipe as their main source of water and the rest used other sources of water. Also, most schools have toilet facilities. Some useful recommendations are proffered with the aim of improving MHM in public high schools in Ghana


Subject(s)
Uterus , Vagina , Urinary Bladder , Fear , Hormones , Menstruation , Anxiety , Education, Primary and Secondary , Cisgender Persons , Ghana
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 137-142, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the differences in the factors associated with endometriosis between Chinese and British patients.@*METHODS@#This case-control study was conducted in 387 patients with endometriosis and 199 non-endometriosis patients admitted to John Radcliffe Hospital (Oxford, UK) and in 101 patients with endometriosis and 50 non-endometriosis patients admitted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine. The clinical data including height, weight, body mass index, marital status, employment, menstruation, fertility, and operation reasons were collected via a standardized WERF EPHect questionnaire.@*RESULTS@#Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that body mass index, surgery for dysmenorrhea, history of pregnancy, counts of previous surgeries for endometriosis and status of employment were all significantly associated with endometriosis in the UK (P < 0.05), while a history of dysmenorrhea was significantly correlated with endometriosis in Chinese patients (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dysmenorrhea may be the most important common factor associated with endometriosis in China and the UK, but the other factors contributing to endometriosis may differ between these two countries.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Case-Control Studies , Dysmenorrhea/complications , Endometriosis/complications , Menstruation , United Kingdom
12.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 29(2): 86-95, 01-abr-2021. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1355281

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el climaterio representa el inicio del cese de la menstruación y el final de la vida reproductiva de la mujer, e involucra procesos fisiológicos, endocrinos, psicosexuales, sociales y familiares. Objetivo: determinar la relación entre la calidad de vida en la etapa del climaterio y la funcionalidad familiar de las usuarias adscritas a una Unidad de Medicina Familiar (UMF) en Culiacán, Sinaloa. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y correlacional, que incluyó mujeres de 40 a 59 años que asisten a consulta en una UMF. Se utilizaron una cédula de datos personales, la Menopause Rating Scale (MRS-11) y la escala Adaptación, Participación, Gradiente de recurso personal, Afecto y Recursos familiares (APGAR-5) familiar. Los datos fueron analizados con el paquete estadístico SPSS. El estudio se apegó a lo dispuesto en la Ley General de Salud en materia de investigación. Resultados: el 42.6% presentó molestias moderadas, el 30.1% leves y el 21.3% graves. El 33% tiene familia funcional, el 29% disfunción familiar leve, el 20% moderada y el 18% severa. Se encontró asociación en la calidad de vida por grupo etario, somática, psicológica y urogenital (p = 0.01); el grupo de 50 a 60 años presentó molestias moderadas y graves. Las participantes tienen (OR=1.5, IC 95%, 1.02- 2.44, p=0.04) y (OR=1.5, IC 95%, 1.02 - 2.44, p=0.04) de disfunción familiar con dispareunia y líbido disminuida. Existe correlación negativa y significativa entre la calidad de vida y funcionalidad familiar (rs= -.349, p=0.01). Existe correlación negativa y significativa entre la calidad de vida y la funcionalidad familiar (rs = −0.349; p = 0.01). Conclusiones: las usuarias viven con molestias moderadas, el grupo de 50-59 vive con molestias psicológicas y urogenitales leves a moderadas, y existe correlación negativa y significativa entre la calidad de vida y la funcionalidad familiar.


Introduction: The climacteric represents the beginning of the cessation of menstruation and the end of reproductive life in women, it involves physiological, endocrine, psychosexual, social and family processes. Objective: To determine the relationship between the quality of life in the climacteric stage and the family functionality of the users assigned to a family medicine unit (FMU) in Culiacán, Sinaloa. Methods: Descriptive, observational, crosssectional, and correlational study, included women between 40 and 59 years old who attend a consultation in a FMU. A personal data card, the menopause rating scale (MRS-11) and family APGAR were used. The data were analyzed with the SPSS statistical package. The study adhered to the provisions of the general health law regarding research. Results: 42.6% presented moderate discomfort, 30.1% mild, 21.3% severe. 33% have a functional family, 29% mild family dysfunction, 20% moderate, 18% severe. An association was found in quality of life by age group, somatic, psychological and urogenital (p = 0.01); the group of 50 to 60 years presented moderate and severe discomfort.The participants had (OR = 1.5, 95% CI, 1.02-2.44, p = 0.04) and (OR = 1.5, 95% CI, 1.02 - 2.44, p = 0.04) of family dysfunction with dyspareunia and decreased libido.There is a negative and significant correlation between quality of life and family functionality (rs= −0.349; p = 0.01). Conclusions: The users live with moderate discomfort, the group of 50-59 lives with mild to moderate psychological and urogenital discomfort; there is a negative and significant correlation between quality of life and family functionality


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Climacteric , Women's Health , Family Practice , Women , Menstruation , Mexico
13.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e229745, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1346801

ABSTRACT

O término do ciclo fértil das mulheres está historicamente atrelado a sua capacidade reprodutiva, demarcando de maneira significativa o início do processo de envelhecimento. O climatério, momento de transição entre o período fértil e a menopausa (que é a última menstruação), é percebido em nossa sociedade como uma questão médica. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar como os hormônios, considerados produtos atuantes em dinâmicas humanas, agenciam modos de subjetivação entre mulheres que passam pela menopausa na nossa sociedade, que valoriza a produtividade e a juventude. Nesta pesquisa, inspirada na cartografia de controvérsias proposto por Bruno Latour, foram analisados sete vídeos disponibilizados no Youtube pela indústria farmacêutica Bayer que abordavam direta ou indiretamente a "reposição hormonal" para mulheres. Identificamos que as mudanças hormonais na velhice são compreendidas como um desequilíbrio, causador de calores, problemas de libido, osteoporose, problemas cardíacos, secura vaginal etc. Tais percepções levam à busca por soluções médicas, como a reposição hormonal, para que o corpo alcance novamente o equilíbrio perdido com o envelhecimento. Concluímos que os hormônios são prescritos pelos médicos com a promessa de as mulheres se manterem jovens e sexualmente atraentes para seus parceiros do sexo masculino dentro de uma perspectiva que reitera o machismo e a heteronormatividade na sociedade.(AU)


Historically, the end of women' fertile years is intrinsically associated with their reproductive capacity, marking the beginning of their aging process. In our society, the climacteric (transition period between fertility and menopause, consisting of the last menstruation) is perceived as a medical question. Thus, this article aimed to discuss how hormones, considered as active products in human dynamics, act as subjectivation modes among women who undergo menopause in a society such as ours, which values youth and productivity. Inspired by Bruno Latour's cartography of controversies, this research analyzed seven videos made available by the Bayer pharmaceutical company on YouTube, approaching "hormone replacement" for women either directly or indirectly. The results indicate that age-related hormonal changes are understood as an imbalance that triggers hot flashes, decreased libido, osteoporosis, heart diseases, and vaginal dryness. Such understanding drives the search for medical interventions aiming to regain the body balance lost with aging. Thus, doctors prescribe hormones under the guise of keeping women young and sexually attractive to their male partners, reiterating a logic of machismo and heteronormativity within our society.(AU)


El final del ciclo fértil femenino históricamente relacionado a la capacidad reproductiva marca de manera significativa el inicio del proceso de envejecimiento de las mujeres. El climatérico, momento de transición entre el período fértil a la menopausia caracterizado por la última menstruación, es percibido por nuestra sociedad como una cuestión médica. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar cómo las hormonas, consideradas como productos activos en la dinámica humana, actúan en los modos de subjetivación entre las mujeres, que atraviesan la menopausia, en una sociedad que valora la productividad y la juventud. En esta investigación, inspirada en la cartografía de controversias propuesta por Bruno Latour, se analizaron siete vídeos disponibles en YouTube por la industria farmacéutica de Bayer, los cuales plantean directa o indirectamente la terapia de "reemplazo hormonal" para las mujeres. Se identificó que los cambios hormonales en las personas mayores se entienden como un desequilibrio que provocaría calores, problemas en la libido, osteoporosis, problemas cardíacos, sequedad vaginal, etc. Tales hallazgos implican en la búsqueda de orientación médica para que el cuerpo alcance de nuevo el equilibrio perdido con el envejecimiento. Se concluye que las hormonas son prescriptas por médicos con la promesa de que las mujeres seguirán siendo jóvenes y sexualmente atractivas para su pareja masculina, dentro de una perspectiva que reitera el machismo y la heteronormatividad de nuestra sociedad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Women , Aging , Menopause , Hormones , Psychology , Sex , Health , Fertile Period , Fertility , Human Rights , Libido , Menstruation
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 279-282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the influence of regulating menstruation and promoting pregnancy acupuncture therapy on negative emotions in patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI).@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with POI were randomly divided into an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 30 cases in each group. The acupuncture group was treated with regulating menstruation and promoting pregnancy acupuncture therapy at Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Guanyuan (CV 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenshu (BL 23), Ciliao (BL 32), etc. once a day, 5 times a week for 3 months. The western medication group was treated by oral administration of climen. The drug was given 1 tablet a day for 21 days and was stopped for 1 week as a course. The treatment was required 3 consecutive courses. The self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) score, modified Kupperman index (KI) score, agitated and depressive symptom scores in KI and serum level of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) before and after treatment were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the SAS scores, KI scores and serum levels of FSH in the two groups and the scores of agitated and depressive symptom in the acupuncture group were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Regulating menstruation and promoting pregnancy acupuncture therapy can effectively improve the negative emotions of patients with POI and reduce serum level of FSH .


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Menstruation , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/therapy
15.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(4): 194-199, Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137820

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Changes in bleeding patterns could influence the decisions of healthcare professionals to change the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) before 7 years of use, the recommended period of extended use. We evaluated changes in the bleeding patterns of users of the 52 mg LNG-IUS at the end of use of the first (IUS-1) and during the second device (IUS-2) use. Methods We performed an audit of the medical records of all women who used two consecutive LNG-IUSs at the Family Planning clinic. We evaluated the sociodemographic/gynecological variables, the length of use, and the bleeding patterns reported in the reference periods of 90 days before removal of the IUS-1 and at the last return in use of IUS-2. We used the McNemar test to compare bleeding patterns. Statistical significance was established at p < 0.05. Results We evaluated 301 women aged (mean ± SD) 32 (±6.1) years, with lengths of use of 68.9 (±16.8) and 20.3 (±16.7) months for the IUS-1 and IUS-2, respectively. No pregnancies were reported. Bleeding patterns varied significantly among women who used the IUS-2 for ≥ 7 months to 6 years when compared the bleeding patterns reported in IUS-1 use. Eighty-nine out of 221 (40%) women maintained amenorrhea and infrequent bleeding; 66 (30%) evolved to bleeding patterns with light flow, and 66 (30%) maintained or evolved to heavy flow patterns (p = 0.012). No differences were observed among the 80 women with ≤ 6 months of use. Conclusion Changes in bleeding patterns occur during the use of LNG-IUS and should not be decisive for the early replacement of the device.


Resumo Objetivo Variações no padrão de sangramento podem afetar a decisão de troca do sistema intrauterino de levonorgestrel (SIU-LNG) antes do período de uso estendido recomendado de 7 anos. Nós avaliamos mudanças no padrão de sangramento de usuárias ao final do uso do primeiro SIU-LNG 52 mg (SIU-1) e durante o uso do segundo dispositivo (SIU-2). Métodos Revisamos os prontuários de todas as mulheres que inseriram consecutivamente o SIU-LNG no ambulatório de Planejamento Familiar. Foram avaliadas as variáveis sociodemográficas/ginecológicas, o tempo de uso, e os padrões de sangramento relatados nos períodos de referência de 90 dias antes da remoção do SIU-1 e no último retorno em uso do SIU-2. Usamos o teste de McNemar para comparar os padrões de sangramento. A significância estatística foi estabelecida em p < 0,05. Resultados Analisamos os dados de 301 mulheres com idade (média ± desvio padrão [DP]) de 32 (±6,1) anos e tempo de uso de 68,9 (±16,8) e 20,3 (±16,7) meses para o SIU-1 e SIU-2, respectivamente. Nenhuma gravidez foi relatada. Os padrões de sangramento variaram significativamente durante o uso do SIU-2 (≥ 7 meses a 6 anos) em relação ao padrão relatado no SIU-1. Oitenta e nove das 221 (40%) mulheres mantiveram amenorreia e sangramento infrequente; 66 (30%) evoluíram para padrões de sangramento com fluxo leve e 66 (30%) mantiveram ou evoluíram para padrões de fluxo intenso (p = 0,012). Não foram observadas diferenças entre as 80 mulheres que utilizavam o SIU-2 há ≤ 6 meses. Conclusão Mudanças nos padrões de sangramento ocorrem durante o uso do LNG-IUS e não devem ser decisivas para a troca precoce do dispositivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Levonorgestrel/administration & dosage , Levonorgestrel/adverse effects , Levonorgestrel/therapeutic use , Contraceptive Agents, Female/administration & dosage , Contraceptive Agents, Female/adverse effects , Contraceptive Agents, Female/therapeutic use , Affective Symptoms/epidemiology , Intrauterine Devices, Medicated/adverse effects , Intrauterine Devices, Medicated/statistics & numerical data , Menstruation/physiology , Retrospective Studies , Medical Audit
16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): e126-e134, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100203

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Se ha descrito que la menstruación se percibe como un evento natural pero molesto, con un impacto negativo en la vida diaria de la mujer. El objetivo del estudio fue identificar la percepción de la menstruación en adolescentes y los factores que podían influir sobre esta.Material y métodos. Estudio transversal observacional comparativo en adolescentes posmenárquicas con y sin enfermedades crónicas, en 2 hospitales pediátricos y 2 escuelas de nivel primario y secundario. Se recabaron los datos de edad, escolaridad, tipo de población, fecha de menarca y presencia de dismenorrea. Se aplicó un cuestionario previamente validado para evaluar la percepción sobre la menstruación.Resultados. Se incluyó un total de 346 adolescentes. Se encontró que la percepción más frecuente hacia la menstruación fue la negativa en un 65,6 % (n = 227), positiva en el 16 % (n = 55), sigilosa en el 13 % (n = 45) e indeterminada en el 5,4 % (n = 19). La presencia de enfermedad crónica demostró ser un factor protector de la percepción negativa de la menstruación (odds ratio 0,4 [intervalo de confianza del 95 %: 0,20-0,78], p = 0,007).Conclusiones. Más de la mitad de las adolescentes presentaron una actitud negativa hacia la menstruación, pero la presencia de una enfermedad crónica la mejoró


Introduction. It has been described that menstruation is perceived as a natural but cumbersome event, with a negative impact on women's daily life. The objective of this study was to identify the perception of menstruation among female adolescents and the factors that may affect it.Material and methods. Observational, cross-sectional, comparative study in postmenarcheal adolescents with and without chronic conditions in two children's hospitals and two primary and secondary schools. Age, education level, type of population, date of menarche, and presence of dysmenorrhea were recorded. A previously validated questionnaire was administered to assess the perception of menstruation. Results. A total of 346 female adolescents were included. The most common perception of menstruation was negative in 65.6 % (n = 227), positive in 16 % (n = 55), discreet in 13 % (n = 45), and indefinite in 5.4 % (n = 19). The presence of a chronic condition demonstrated to be a protective factor against a negative perception of menstruation (odds ratio: 0.4 [95 % confidence interval: 0.20-0.78], p = 0.007).Conclusions. More than half of female adolescents had a negative attitude toward menstruation, but the presence of a chronic condition improved it.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Perception , Chronic Disease , Menstruation/psychology , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Mexico
17.
Femina ; 48(2): 109-113, fev. 28, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052453

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência da dismenorreia e suas consequências em uma população universitária. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, transversal, com 207 mulheres entre 18 e 46 anos de idade, universitárias. Os sujeitos da pesquisa responderam a um questionário desenvolvido para esse estudo. Resultados: A prevalência global de dismenorreia, entre as universitárias, foi de 84,1%; dessas, 58,6% classificaram a dor em intensidade leve a moderada e 41,4%, em intensa. O absenteísmo escolar e a dificuldade para se concentrar nos estudos durante o período menstrual foram significativamente influenciados pela dismenorreia intensa. Entre as estudantes, 60,9% deixaram de fazer atividades físicas ou de lazer e 41% tinham dificuldade para se concentrar e estudar devido à dismenorreia. Conclusão: A dismenorreia tem uma elevada prevalência na população universitária, contribuindo para um aumento do absenteísmo escolar e para um prejuízo social. A maioria utiliza a automedicação e poucas procuram atendimento médico eletivo com a finalidade de resolver esse problema.(AU)


Objective: Evaluate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its consequences in a university population. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study with 207 female university students between 18 and 46 years. Data collection was performed through a specific questionnaire developed for this study. Results: The overall prevalence of dysmenorrhea among university was 84.1%, of which 58.6% classified the pain intensity as mild to moderate and 41.4% as severe. School absenteeism and a difficulty to concentrate on studies during the menstrual period were significantly influenced by the presence of severe dysmenorrhea, with 60.9% of students interrupting some physical or leisure activity, and 41% reporting that they had difficulty concentrating and studying due to the dysmenorrhea. Conclusion: Dysmenorrhea has a high prevalence in the university population, contributing to a significant increase in school absenteeism and impairing social life. Most students use self-medication and few seek elective medical care to resolve this problem.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Dysmenorrhea/psychology , Dysmenorrhea/epidemiology , Schools , Students/statistics & numerical data , Universities , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cost of Illness , Contraception/statistics & numerical data , Absenteeism , Menstrual Cycle , Menstruation
18.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 171-177, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811296

ABSTRACT

Dysmenorrhea is the most common gynecologic condition in women during the reproductive period. Severe dysmenorrhea pain affects their social activities, sleep, and quality of life. Nevertheless, the proportion of women with dysmenorrhea do not receive adequate medical counseling or pharmacological treatments. Primary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed clinically, and the secondary causes that can cause pelvic pain should be identified. The treatment of choice for primary dysmenorrhea is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). In order to maximize the therapeutic effect, it is necessary to ensure that the appropriate medication is administered in a proper way. NSAIDs can cause adverse effects, including gastrointestinal disorders. If side effects occur or are anticipated with NSAIDs, the use of hormonal contraceptives may be recommended when contraception is considered. In addition to these pharmacological treatments, heat, dietary, and behavioral therapies have been tried and reported to have some effects. However, further research is required for robust conclusions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Contraception , Contraceptive Agents , Counseling , Dysmenorrhea , Hot Temperature , Menstruation , Pelvic Pain , Quality of Life , Reproduction
19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 619-622, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826683

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effect of acupuncture at "thirteen acupoints for regulating menstruation and promoting pregnancy" on diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) and its influence on ovarian reserve function.@*METHODS@#A total of 32 patients with DOR were treated by acupuncture at "thirteen acupoints for regulating menstruation and promoting pregnancy". Acupoints group 1: Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Benshen (GB 13), Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Dahe (KI 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Taichong (LR 3); acupoints group 2: Baihui (GV 20), Shenshu (BL 23), Ciliao (BL 32). Acupoints group 1 and group 2 were alternately used, and acupoints group 1 was used for the first time. The needles were stayed for 30 min each time, once every 1 or 2 days, 3 times a week, 36 times (3 months) as a course of treatment. The treatment could be continued until the patient was pregnant or the patient given up acupuncture, and the acupuncture was uninterrupted during menstruation. The changes of modified Kupperman scale score, serum sex hormones, anti-müllerian hormones (AMH), ovarian peak systolic velocity (PSV), resistive index (RI) and antral follicle count (AFC) were compared before and after treatment, and the clinical effect and pregnancy rate were observed.@*RESULTS@#The total score of modified Kupperman scale after treatment was lower than that before treatment (<0.05); The total effective rate was 90.6% (29/32) and the pregnancy rate was 15.6% (5/32). After treatment, the levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), FSH/ luteinizing hormone (LH) were lower than before treatment, ovarian PSV was higher than before treatment, RI was lower than before treatment, and AFC was more than before treatment (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture at "thirteen acupoints for regulating menstruation and promoting pregnancy" can effectively improve the ovarian reserve function of DOR patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Infertility, Female , Therapeutics , Menstruation , Ovarian Reserve , Prospective Studies
20.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e40120, jan.-dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1024388

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a experiência de mulheres em relação à menstruação. Metodologia: estudo qualitativo baseado no método de análise de conteúdo temática. O cenário foi o campus de uma universidade pública no Rio de Janeiro. Participaram 23 mulheres entre 20 e 72 anos de idade. Os dados foram obtidos entre julho/2015 e julho/2016 através da entrevista semiestruturada. Resultados: foi identificada, como tema central/categoria, a questão da solidariedade entre mulheres quando o assunto é menstruação. Emergiram quatro sub-categorias: A conexão das mulheres com a menstruação; A experiência de menstruar afetando umas às outras; A influência e o suporte proveniente das mães e/ou de outras mulheres; e A transferência. Conclusão: a menstruação causa sentimentos ambíguos nas mulheres, resultando em predomínio de sentimentos negativos, como medo e sensação de vergonha. Ao mesmo tempo pode ser percebida como motivo de felicidade e tranquilidade. A solidariedade entre mulheres pode influenciar positivamente a percepção da mulher sobre a menstruação, sendo elemento de empoderamento.


Objective: to describe women's experience of menstruation. Methodology: this qualitative study was based on the thematic content analysis method. The setting was a public university campus in Rio de Janeiro. Twenty-three women from 20 to 72 years old participated. Data were obtained between July 2015 and July 2016 by semi-structured interview. Results: the central theme/category was identified as solidarity among women with regard to menstruation. Four subcategories emerged: women's connection with menstruation; one's experience of menstruating affects others; influence and support from mothers and/or other women; and transference. Conclusion: menstruation causes ambiguous feelings in women, with negative feelings, such as fear and a sense of shame, predominating. At the same time, it can be seen as a reason for happiness and tranquility. Solidarity among women is a factor of empowerment, and can influence women's perception of menstruation positively.


Objetivo: describir la experiencia de mujeres en relación con la menstruación. Metodología: estudio cualitativo basado en el método de análisis de contenido temático. El escenario fue el campus de una universidad pública en Río de Janeiro. Participaron 23 mujeres cuya edad estaba entre 20 y 72 años. Los datos se obtuvieron entre julio/2015 y julio/2016 a través de entrevista semiestructurada. Resultados: se identificó, como tema central/categoría, la solidaridad entre mujeres en relación con la menstruación. Surgieron cuatro subcategorías: la conexión de las mujeres con la menstruación; la experiencia de menstruar, afectando unas a las otras; la influencia y el apoyo de las madres y/o de otras mujeres; y la transferencia. Conclusión: la menstruación causa sentimientos ambiguos en las mujeres, resultando en predominio de sentimientos negativos, como el miedo y la sensación de vergüenza. Al mismo tiempo, podría percibirse como un motivo de felicidad y tranquilidad. La solidaridad entre mujeres puede influir positivamente en su percepción sobre la menstruación, siendo un elemento de empoderamiento


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Social Support , Women's Health , Menstruation/psychology , Obstetric Nursing , Solidarity , Menstruation , Menstruation Disturbances/psychology
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