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1.
Rev. ABENO ; 21(1): 1043, dez. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1371247

ABSTRACT

O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi analisar a percepção dosestudantesde graduação do último ano do Curso de Odontologia da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo (FOUSP) em relação ao processo de mentoring. A amostra foi de 122 estudantes que estavam matriculados na disciplina de Gestão e Planejamento daFOUSP, os quais foram divididos em grupos de 8 integrantese, durante o semestre, as reuniões de tutoria eram realizadas pelos pós-graduandos, para debater questões pessoais e profissionais. Ao final do semestre os estudantes responderam a um questionário sobreoprocesso dementoringrealizado e a respeito de pontos positivos e negativos da disciplina. O treinamento dos tutores foi realizado no semestre anterior, juntamente com um estudo piloto com 20 graduandos. Foi realizada uma análise de correspondência para a avaliação da disciplina com o mentoringe uma análisequantitativa textual por meio do softwareIramuteq para avaliação das respostas da questão aberta. Dos estudantes incluídos, 96,7% participaram da pesquisa.Quanto àavaliação da disciplina, 55,1% dos respondentes aconsideraram boa e 33,9%como ótima. Em relação ao processo de mentoring, 62,7% consideraram ótimo e 32,2% bom. Quando questionados quais eram os pontos positivos da disciplina, 48,3% dos estudantes destacaram a tutoria. Ao verificar a coocorrência e conectividade das palavras, foi constatada uma forte relação entre os termos reunião, grupo, aluno e futuro. Diante disso, é possível concluir que a percepção do aluno de graduação é positiva em relação ao processo de mentoring, no qual além de ser um processo de instrução, serve também de apoio para o aluno do último ano (AU).


This study aimed to analyze the perception of graduate students in the last year of the Dentistry Course at the University of São Paulo School of Dentistry (FOUSP) ofthe mentoring process implemented in the discipline of Management and Planning. The sample comprised 122 students enrolled in the Management and Planning discipline at FOUSP. During mentoring, students were divided into groups of eight members, and tutoring meetings were held by post-graduate students to discuss personal and professional issues. At the end of the semester, students answered a questionnaire about the mentoring process and the positive and negative aspects of the discipline. Tutors were trained in the previous semesteralongsidea pilot study with 20 graduate students. A correspondence analysis was conducted to evaluate the discipline, and a quantitative textual analysis using the Iramuteq software was used to assess the responsesto the open questions. Approximately 97% of the students participated in the survey. The majority rated the discipline as good (55.1%) and excellent (33.9%). Regarding the mentoring process, 62.7% considered the activities excellent and 32.2% good. When asked about the strengths of the discipline, 48.3% of students highlighted tutoring. When verifying the co-occurrence and connectivity of the words, a strong relationship was found between the terms "meeting," "group," "student," and "future." Thus, graduate students' perception ofthe mentoring processis positive, which in addition to being aninstructional process,also serves as support for the final year at the university (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Social Perception , Students, Dental/psychology , Mentors/education , Education, Dental/methods , Mentoring/methods , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data
2.
Educ. med. super ; 35(3): e2248, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1339819

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La educación y la práctica médica constituyen un par dialéctico, del cual emerge el tutor como figura protagónica de los procesos formativos, con conocimientos, habilidades y experiencia para guiar al educando hacia su desarrollo integral. Objetivo: Caracterizar la preparación del tutor en el proceso de formación del residente de Medicina General Integral en el municipio Habana Vieja durante enero-junio de 2019. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación pedagógica en el área del posgrado, de tipo descriptivo. El universo y la muestra estuvieron constituidos por 75 médicos que ejercían la tutoría de formación en residentes de la especialidad de Medicina General Integral. Se aplicaron métodos teóricos y empíricos. Para obtener la información, se efectuó un análisis documental y se aplicó una encuesta, previo consentimiento informado. Resultados: El 42,7 por ciento de los tutores poseía experiencia como tutor y se encontraba en la agrupación entre 1-3 años; el 54,7 por ciento tenía entre 5-10 años como especialistas. La mayor representación (65,3 por ciento) no ostentaba categoría docente ni científica. La maestría de educación médica superior fue la actividad formativa de mayor representación (15,9 por ciento). El 86,6 por ciento refirió no formar parte de investigaciones; y el 53,3 por ciento, no haber participado en eventos científicos. Solo el 24 por ciento de tutores puntualizó haber realizado publicaciones en revistas de alto impacto. Conclusiones: Existen insuficiencias en la preparación del tutor, por lo que se hace necesario implementar estrategias, como la creación de la comisión de trabajo tutorial a nivel del departamento docente(AU)


Introduction: Medical education and practice make up a dialectical pair, from which tutors emerge as leading actors of training processes, with knowledge, skills and experience to guide learners towards their comprehensive development. Objective: To characterize tutor training in the process of formation of the Family Medicine resident in La Habana Vieja Municipality in the period from January to June 2019. Methods: A descriptive pedagogical research was carried out in the postgraduate area. The universe and the sample consisted of 75 physicians who provided tutorship for training Family Medicine residents. Theoretical and empirical methods were applied. To obtain the information, a documental analysis was carried out and a survey was applied, with prior informed consent. Results: 42.7 percent of the participants had experience as tutors and were in the group between one and three years, while 54.7 percent had been specialists for five to ten years. The highest representation group (65.3 percent) did not hold a teaching or scientific rank. The master's degree in higher medical education was the training activity with the highest representation (15.9 percent). 86.6 percent expressed that they were not carrying out any research, while 53.3 percent have not participated in scientific events. Only 24 percent of the tutors specified that they have published in high-impact journals. Conclusions: There are shortcomings in tutor training, a reason why it is necessary to implement strategies, such as the creation of a tutorial work commission at the level of the teaching department(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Teaching/education , Mentors/education , General Practitioners/education
4.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 37(1): e1335, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280313

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La docencia universitaria reviste gran complejidad. En la carrera de Medicina el proceso formativo es dirigido a la enseñanza de competencias profesionales y a la adquisición de valores necesarios para el perfil de salida del profesional de la salud. Se propuso como objetivo caracterizar la profesionalización docente del tutor en el proceso de formación del médico general durante el año 2018. Métodos: Se realizó estudio descriptivo transversal sobre los tutores de pregrado del Municipio de Sagua la Grande. Se encuestaron 13 especialistas en Medicina General Integral y 12 residentes de 2do año. Variables: categoría profesional y docente, grado académico, experiencia como tutor, años de graduado como especialista, tiempo desarrollado como tutor y participación en actividades metodológicas. Resultados: De los 25 consultorios acreditados para la docencia en pregrado, 13 fueron cubiertos por especialista de primer grado en Medicina General Integral y 12 por residentes de 2do año, solo 5 especialistas categorizados. El 61,54 por ciento mostró más de 5 años de experiencia en la asistencia y la docencia, pero con poca preparación metodológica. Conclusiones: En Sagua, la tutoría en pregrado recayó en residentes y especialistas de primer grado en Medicina General Integral, la mayoría sin categoría docente. La preparación profesional, profesoral e investigativa del claustro fue insuficiente. Se evidenció la responsabilidad de la dirección de las unidades docentes asistenciales en garantizar que los consultorios acreditados para la docencia sean cubiertos por residentes en formación o especialistas de Medicina General Integral con categoría docente, como garantía de la calidad del proceso formativo(AU)


Introduction: University teaching is characterized by its high complexity. In the medical major, the training process is aimed at teaching professional skills and acquiring the values necessary for the working profile of the health professional. Objective: To characterize the teaching professionalization of the tutor in the general practitioner´s training process during 2018. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out about undergraduate tutors from Sagua la Grande Municipality. Thirteen specialists in Family Medicine and twelve second-year residents were surveyed. The variables studied were professional and teaching category, academic degree, tutor experience, years of graduate as a specialist, time spent as a tutor, and participation in methodological activities. Results: Of the 25 family medical offices accredited for undergraduate teaching, thirteen were attended by a first-degree specialist in Family Medicine and 12 were under second-year residents; of which there were only five categorized specialists. 61.54 percent showed more than five years of experience in care and teaching, but with little methodological preparation. Conclusions: In Sagua, undergraduate tutoring corresponded to first-degree residents and specialists in Family Medicine, the majority without teaching category. The professional, teaching and research training of the faculty was insufficient. The responsibility of the management of the teaching care units was evidenced in guaranteeing that the accredited teaching family medical offices are run by residents in training or specialists in Family Medicine with teaching category, as a guarantee of the quality of the training process(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Schools, Medical , Mentors/education , Educational Personnel , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
6.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 39-42, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102378

ABSTRACT

Un equipo investigador liderado por el primer autor de este artículo propuso traducir al español, adaptar transculturalmente y validar un cuestionario para evaluar la competencia de quienes ejercen mentoría en investigación. Dado que no se trataba de una investigación clínica, en un principio, el equipo investigador le restó importancia a la deliberación ética, asumiendo que este tipo de investigación podría estar exceptuada de ser evaluada por un Comité Independiente de Ética. Sin embargo, luego de revisar la bibliografía especializada y de varias sesiones de discusión con expertos en ética de la investigación, la opinión del equipo fue cambiando. Este artículo pretende compartir esta experiencia deliberativa con todo equipo involucrado en investigaciones en educación. (AU)


A research team led by the first author of this article proposed to translate into Spanish, adapt cross-culturally and validate a questionnaire to assess the competence of those who do research mentoring. Since it was not a clinical investigation, initially, the research team downplayed ethical deliberation, assuming that this type of research could be exempted from being evaluated by an Independent Ethics Committee. However, after reviewing the specialized literature and several discussion sessions with experts in research ethics, the opinion of the team changed. This article aims to share this deliberative experience with any team involved in education research. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Mentors/education , Ethics, Research/education , Education/ethics , Social Values , Translations , Surveys and Questionnaires , Communication Barriers , Confidentiality/ethics , Cultural Factors , Consent Forms , Projects , Scientific Communication and Diffusion , Research Report , Informed Consent/ethics
7.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(2): 55-59, jun. 2019. graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047950

ABSTRACT

En vista de la transformación que se está produciendo en la educación universitaria en general y en la educación para profesionales de la salud en particular, el Instituto Universitario del Hospital Italiano plantea un cambio curricular para la carrera de Medicina. Esto implica, una forma de cambio sociocultural profunda, que afecta los distintos aspectos de la vida institucional. Se propone dejar atrás, el "sistema flexneriano" de enseñanza, proponiendo el sistema Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas (ABP), sumado a talleres y laboratorios donde el conocimiento y las habilidades se irán adquiriendo con diferente grado de complejidad en forma espiralada. El Laboratorio de Práctica Profesional (LPP) es el espacio y el ambiente educacional donde ocurre la máxima integración, trabajando sobre todos los conocimientos necesarios para llevar adelante la actividad profesional correspondiente. En el primer módulo, el enfoque fue guiado, fundamentalmente, hacia lo comunicacional persiguiendo como objetivo que el alumno desarrolle habilidades que le permitan establecer una adecuada relación médico-paciente-familia, así como vínculos adecuados con el equipo de trabajo y la comunidad . Se evaluó el taller en sí mismo y a los tutores mediante encuestas a los estudiantes, y estos últimos a su vez fueron evaluados periódicamente por los tutores y al final del módulo con un examen escrito y un examen tipo evaluación clínica objetiva estructurada. Por lo trabajado creemos que el LPP, como estrategia de enseñanza, contribuye a la formación de habilidades complejas; el resultado de las evaluaciones y el feedback rsultan indispensables para establecer un plan de mejoras. (AU)


In view of the transformation that is taking place in university education in general and in education for health professionals in particular, it is that the University Institute of the Italian Hospital proposes a curricular change for the Medicine career. This implies a socio-cultural change that affects the different aspects of institutional life. It is proposed to leave behind the "Flexnerian system", proposing a system based on: Problem Based Learning, in addition to workshops and laboratories where knowledge and skills will be acquired with a different degree of complexity in spiral form. The Professional Practice Laboratory is the space and educational environment where maximum integration occurs, working on all the necessary knowledge to carry out the corresponding professional activity. In the first module the focus was guided, fundamentally, to the communicational pursuing as objective: that the student develops skills that allow him to establish an adequate doctor-patient-family relationship, as well as adequate links, with the work team and the community. The evaluation was carried out to workshop itself and to the tutors through students' quiz. The students were periodically evaluated by the tutors and at the end of the module with a written exam and a structured Objective Clinical Evaluation type test. For what we have worked to this moment, we believe that: The laboratory of professional practice, as a teaching strategy, contributes to the formation of complex skills; being the result of the evaluations and the feedback, fundamental to establish an improvement plan. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Competency-Based Education/methods , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Education, Medical/methods , Education, Medical, Undergraduate/methods , Physician-Patient Relations , Teaching/education , Universities/trends , Mentors/education , Cultural Characteristics , Educational Measurement/methods , Professional Training , Social Skills , Formative Feedback , Teacher Training/trends , Hospitals, University/trends
8.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 22(1): e002004, abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015041

ABSTRACT

En este artículo, los autores explican el origen y el uso actual del término mentoría y describen algunos marcos teóricosque ayudan a comprender los procesos y la repercusión de la mentoría en investigación: el del aprendizaje cognitivo, eldel aprendizaje no formal, el del aprendizaje sociocultural en el contexto de comunidades de práctica, el de la mentoríacomo una forma de acumulación de capital social, el de la mentoría como un medio para el desarrollo de la identidadcomo científico, y las miradas desde la teoría social y cognitiva de la carrera.(AU)


In this article, the authors explain the origin and the current use of the term mentoring and describe some theoreticalframeworks that help to understand the processes and impact of mentoring in research: cognitive learning, non-formallearning, sociocultural learning in the context of communities of practice, mentoring as a form of social capital accumulation,mentoring as a way to develope the identity as a scientist, and the views from the social and cognitive theory of the career.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mentors/education , Social Learning , Interdisciplinary Placement/methods , Social Capital/education , Mentors/classification , Cognition , Problem-Based Learning/methods , Social Capital/methods , Social Capital/trends , Learning/classification
9.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 22(4): e002007, 2019. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052728

ABSTRACT

En esta segunda entrega de EVIDENCIA describiremos: 1) las diferentes conceptualizaciones de mentoría propuestas por Chopra (mentor tradicional, el coach, el espónsor y el conector); 2) la evidencia con la que contamos respecto de la utilidad de la mentoría (en general y en las ciencias de la salud en particular); 3) las características de una buena mentoría y diferentes perfiles de malas mentorías. (AU)


In this second article in EVIDENCE we will describe: 1) the different mentoring conceptualizations proposed by Chopra(traditional mentor, coach, sponsor and connector); 2) the evidence we have regarding the usefulness of mentoring (ingeneral and in health sciences); 3) the characteristics of a good mentoring and different profiles of bad mentoring. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Mentors/statistics & numerical data , Health Sciences/education , Research/education , Mentors/classification , Mentors/education , Mentors/psychology , Educational Measurement , Professional Training
10.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(5): 1669-1679, set.-oct. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-978694

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La formación del profesional de enfermería en Cuba, de acuerdo con los requerimientos que el Nuevo Modelo Pedagógico demanda, se requiere de la participación del tutor. Figura que necesita de un sistema integral de superación que incluya la preparación metodológica, pedagógica, psicológica, económica, política e ideológica y en técnicas de dirección, que los prepare para alcanzar un liderazgo y realizar con éxito las funciones inherentes a su cargo para que desempeñen con eficacia y excelencia en su labor. El objetivo de este artículo es reflexionar sobre el papel de la superación profesional para el mejoramiento del desempeño del tutor en la carrera de Enfermería. La superación profesional del tutor en la carrera de Enfermería debe estar direccionada a la actualización y perfeccionamiento sistemático que favorezca una formación integral de los recursos humanos y el mejoramiento de su desempeño profesional (AU).


ABSTRACT The training of the nursing professional in Cuba, in accordance with the requirements that the New Pedagogical Model demands, requires the participation of the tutor. It needs a comprehensive system of improvement that includes methodological, pedagogical, psychological, economic, political and ideological preparation and leadership techniques that prepare them to achieve leadership and successfully carry out the functions inherent to their position to perform with efficiency and excellence in its work. The objective of this article is to reflect on the role of the professional improvement for the improvement of the performance of the tutor in the nursing career. The professional improvement of the tutor in the career of Nursing should be directed to the updating and systematic improvement that favors an integral training of the human resources and the improvement of their professional performance (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mentors/education , Education, Nursing/methods , Teaching/education , Education, Nursing, Continuing/methods , Faculty, Nursing/education , Work Performance
11.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 38(3): 110-114, sept. 2018. graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022821

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La educación en residencias médicas, tiene como objetivo el desarrollo de competencias. Para que esto ocurra los tutores deben reflexionar sobre su propia actividad docente. El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer qué piensan los residentes del Servicio de Obstetricia del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires (HIBA) respecto de la supervisión que reciben. Material y métodos. Se realizó un cuestionario abierto no estandarizado sobre aspectos relevantes de la supervisión de los residentes. Las preguntas se enfocaron en la supervisión en general que reciben. Resultados. Se analizaron 14 cuestionarios. La supervisión en general, (11/14) fue considerada "adecuada", (refiriéndose a la posibilidad de consulta, supervisión constante en cirugías y buen clima de aprendizaje). Observaron falencias en la supervisión en guardia (5/14). Perciben un buen equilibrio entre autonomía alcanzada y la posibilidad de consulta. Sobre las devoluciones, todos consideran que deben ser oportunas (cercanas a la situación que está siendo evaluada), y destacan que no siempre es así (6/14). Las evaluaciones formativas son consideradas suficientes para valorar el desempeño de los residentes (8/14). La mayoría (9/14) proponen actividades de simulación y talleres de casos clínicos y temas básicos de obstetricia (5/14). Comentarios. La realización de este cuestionario permitió conocer la opinión de los residentes sobre aspectos relevantes de la enseñanza clínica y de la supervisión que reciben. Los resultados muestran que la supervisión en general ha sido considerada como positiva y que existe un buen clima de aprendizaje. (AU)


Introduction. The ultimate goal of medical education during residency is skill development. In order for this to occur, tutors must often reflect on their own teaching activity and experiences. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the residents of the Obstetrics Department of the Hospital Italiano of Buenos Aires (HIBA) perceive the supervision they receive from their elder staff. Materials and Methods. We developed an open non-standardized questionnaire detailing relevant aspects of resident supervision. The questions were specifically oriented towards the global aspects of the supervision process. Results. Fourteen questionnaires were analyzed. In general, 11 out of 14 described their supervision as "adequate" in terms of availability of advisory and consultation opportunities, constant supervision during surgical procedures and an encouraging learning environment. Several weaknesses were observed regarding supervision during active call duty (5/14). In general, a favorable balance is noted between resident autonomy and senior availability for consult. With regards to feedback, they all concur in saying that timing is key (ideally feedback should be offered in close proximity to the activity that is being supervised) and point out that this is not always the case (6/14). Formative assessments are globally considered adequate for resident evaluation (8/14). Most surveys suggest use of simulation activities and clinical case workshops regarding basic obstetric practice scenarios (9/14). Comments. The development of this questionnaire has given us great insight towards our residents' thoughts regarding clinical teaching and supervision. Results show that supervision is in general regarded as a positive experience and the learning environment is perceived as pleasant and nurturing. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Evaluation/statistics & numerical data , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Education, Medical/statistics & numerical data , Educational Measurement/statistics & numerical data , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Mentors/education , Surveys and Questionnaires , Professional Autonomy , Education, Medical/organization & administration , Health Postgraduate Programs , Faculty, Medical/psychology , Faculty, Medical/trends , Internship and Residency/organization & administration , Learning
12.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(3): 839-848, may.-jun. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1103408

ABSTRACT

El tutor constituye el eje fundamental de la formación de los estudiantes de las Ciencias Médicas este no es cualquier trabajador o especialista; debe ser un experto en su área de competencia laboral, además de un educador y un gran comunicador capaz de motivar y de ejercer una influencia positiva sobre los educandos. En las esferas cognitivas como afectivas con su dedicación y formación dependen en gran parte de la adquisición de los conocimientos, habilidades y responsabilidades necesarios para ejercer eficazmente el rol que les corresponde y el grado de satisfacción de los estudiantes dentro del proceso educativo. Se plantea que la enseñanza tutelar constituye un pilar esencial en la formación del médico, del enfermero y el tecnólogo, pues le permite al educando lograr un mayor grado de independencia, creatividad y sentido de responsabilidad (AU).


The tutor is a main factor in training Medical Sciences students; he is not any worker or specialist: he should be an expert in his area of occupational competence, besides being an educator and a great communicator able of motivating and positively influencing the students in. Their dedication and training mostly depend on the acquisition of knowledge, skills and abilities to efficaciously play the role they have to play, and to reach the students´ satisfaction level in the teaching process. It is assumed that tutored teaching is an essential pillar in training physicians, nurses and technologists, because it allows the teacher to achieve a higher level of independence, creativity and sense of responsibility (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Students , Mentors/education , Health Sciences/education , Professional Training , Professional Competence , Societies , Cuba/ethnology , Universities , Education, Public Health Professional , Students, Public Health , Education , Education, Professional , Learning
14.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 22(supl.2): 1635-1646, 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-975813

ABSTRACT

Resumo Nosso artigo, fundamentado na Pesquisa Apreciativa, apresenta e discute as melhores práticas de um grupo de preceptores de um programa de residência multiprofissional em Saúde. As melhores práticas identificadas são: a consulta multiprofissional, o acolhimento dos residentes e as ações integradas entre as diferentes ênfases da residência. Além dessas, identificaram-se as estratégias para desenvolver as práticas nos cenários de saúde que seguem os pressupostos da educação interprofissional, já que promovem a reflexão de diferentes atores do processo na construção de práticas que buscam maior atenção à saúde dos usuários do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS).(AU)


Resumen Nuestro artículo, fundamentado en la investigación apreciativa, presenta y discute las mejores prácticas de un grupo de preceptores de un Programa de Residencia Multiprofesional en Salud. las mejores prácticas identificadas son: la consulta multiprofesional, la acogida de los residentes y las acciones integradas entre los diferentes énfasis de la residencia. Además de esas, se identificaron las estrategias para desarrollar las prácticas en los escenarios de Salud que siguen los supuestos de la educación interprofesional, puesto que promueven la reflexión de diferentes actores del proceso en la construcción de prácticas que buscan una mejor atención de la salud de los usuarios del Sistema Brasileño de Salud (SUS).(AU)


ABSTRACT In this article, based on Appreciative Inquiry, we present and discuss the best practices of a group of preceptors from a multiprofessional health residency program in Brazil. The best practices we identified are the multiprofessional consultation, the reception given to residents, and the integrated actions among different majors of the residency. In addition, we identified their strategies to develop the practices in health settings. The practices follow the presuppositions of interprofessional education, as they promote the reflection of different actors on the construction of practices that aim at the provision of better healthcare for users of the Brazilian National Health System (SUS).(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Mentors/education , Health Education , Education, Continuing , Internship and Residency , Interprofessional Relations
16.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 33(3): e721, jul.-set. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138913

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN 15. Introducción: dentro de la demanda en la formación de recursos humanos en Enfermería, juega un papel crucial el tutor. Este es un miembro del personal docente que se encarga de prestar apoyo, guía y orientación al estudiante. Objetivo: valorar la labor desempeñada por el tutor en la formación del futuro profesional. Métodos: estudio descriptivo en 200 estudiantes de quinto año de la carrera de Licenciatura en Enfermería en Santiago de Cuba durante el curso escolar 2012- 2013. Se analizaron las variables: Acompañamiento del tutor, Relación Tutor tutelado, Influencia en la reafirmación vocacional, Relación familia tutor y satisfacción. La información obtenida se procesó mediante el sistema SPSS, versión 11.5 utilizándose el porcentaje como medida de resumen. Resultados: el 50,00 por ciento de los estudiantes llegaron al quinto año de la carrera con el mismo tutor. El 80,00 por ciento refirió buenas relaciones con su tutor y el 79,50 por ciento, recibir influencia vocacional del tutor. El 52,50 por ciento de los estudiantes afirmó que existía vinculación entre su familia y su tutor. El 82,50 por ciento de los educandos consideró buena la relación con sus tutores. Conclusiones: el acompañamiento del tutor con su tutorado debe ser toda la carrera, se debe seguir trabajando sobre la influencia vocacional del tutor con el estudiante, y la relación con la familia. La mayoría de los estudiantes involucrados en el estudio estaban satisfechos con la labor desempeñada por sus tutores(AU)


ABSTRACT 23. Introduction: Within the demand in the training of human resources in Nursing plays a crucial role the tutor. This is a staff member who is responsible for providing support, guidance and guidance to the student. Objective: to evaluate the work done by the tutor in the formation of the future professional. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out on 200 fifth-year students of the Nursing Degree course in Santiago de Cuba during the school year 2012-2013. The following variables were analyzed: Tutor accompaniment, Guardian tutor relationship, Influence on vocational reaffirmation, Family relationship Tutor and satisfaction. The information obtained was processed using the SPSS system, version 11.5 using the percentage as a summary measure. Results: 50.00 percent of the students reached the fifth year of the race with the same tutor. The 80.00 percent refer good relations with their tutor, 79.50 percent referred to receive vocational influence of the tutor. 52.50 percent of the students stated that there was a link between their family and their guardian. 82.50 percent of the students considered the relationship with their tutors to be good. Conclusion: the tutor's accompaniment with his tutor must be the whole career, should continue to work on the vocational influence of the tutor with the student, and the relationship with the family. The majority of the students involved in the study were satisfied with the work performed by their tutors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Mentors/education , Education, Nursing, Graduate/methods , Family Relations , Educational Personnel/education , Personal Satisfaction , Epidemiology, Descriptive
17.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 16(3): 427-438, may.-jun. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-901736

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El contexto actual en el que se desarrolla la educación médica superior nos reta a elevar continuamente la preparación pedagógica de nuestros profesores/tutores, quienes afrontan la enseñanza tutelar en sus consultorios médicos de familia donde se incorporan estudiantes a partir del primer año de la carrera de Medicina. Objetivo: Caracterizar el control de la enseñanza tutelar en la disciplina Medicina General Integral durante los cursos 2012-2013, 2013-2014 y 2014-2015 en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Comandante Manuel Fajardo. Material y Métodos: Se realizó estudio observacional, descriptivo, cuanticualitativo, retrospectivo de la disciplina Medicina General Integral en tres cursos escolares. El dato primario se obtuvo de información documental aportada por el departamento docente, relacionada con los controles a las actividades docentes de educación en el trabajo. Se calcularon frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Se aplicó Técnica de Ranqueo, Campo de fuerzas y se elaboró el árbol de problemas. Resultados: El curso 2012-2013 se caracterizó por el de menos controles realizados y mayor porciento de cumplimiento con 86,3 por ciento. En la evaluación del control predomina la evaluación de Bien en el curso 2012-2013 y Excelente en 2013-2014 y 2014-2015. En 57,1 por ciento de los controles no existe pirámide docente y donde está, predomina la presencia de estudiantes de dos años académicos. Conclusiones: En el curso 2012- 2013 se realizó menor número de controles con un mayor porcentaje de cumplimiento. Predominó la evaluación Bien en el curso 2012- 2013 y Excelente en los otros cursos, mientras que prevaleció la ausencia de pirámide docente. Se definió como problema central la deficiente preparación pedagógica de profesores/tutores(AU)


Introduction: The current context in which the superior medical education is developed challenges us to continuously raise the pedagogic preparation of our professors/tutors who have to confront the tutelary teaching in their medical family clinics where the students incorporate starting from the first year of the Medicine career. Objective: To characterize the control of the tutelary teaching in the Integral General Medicine discipline during the courses 2012-2013, 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 in the Faculty of Medical Sciences Comandante Manuel Fajardo. Material and Methods: It was carried out an observational, descriptive, retrospective, quantitative and qualitative study of the Integral General Medicine discipline in three school courses. The primary fact was obtained from documental information provided by the teaching department, related with the controls to the teaching activities of education at work. Absolute and relative frequencies were calculated. Ranking and Field of forces techniques were applied and the tree of problems was elaborated. Results: The course 2012-2013 was characterized by being the one where less controls carried out and it had the bigger execution percent with 86, 3 percent. In the control the evaluation prevails of well in the course 2012-2013 and Excellent in 2013-2014 and 2014-2015. In the 57, 1 percent of the controls the educational pyramid doesn't exist and where it does, prevails the presence of two academic years students. Conclusions: In the course 2012 - 2013 were carried out a smaller number of controls with a bigger execution percentage. The evaluation of well prevailed in the course 2012 - 2013 and the evaluation of Excellent prevailed in the other courses, while the absence of educational pyramid prevailed. It was defined as central problem the deficient pedagogic preparation of professors/tutors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Mentors/education , General Practice/education , Teaching/standards , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study
18.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(3): 650-660, may.-jun. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1121293

ABSTRACT

La Educación en el Trabajo, la forma de enseñanza más importante en el ciclo clínico, desarrolla no solo el conocimiento científico, sino el método clínico y habilidades, hábitos propios de la profesión, donde se inserta la adquisición de valores que demanda la formación del profesional en la sociedad cubana. Dentro de esta forma de organización de la enseñanza, se ubica el pase de visita docente asistencial, el cual constituye una actividad exclusiva de la Educación Médica Superior que tiene como requisito el logro de los objetivos docentes y asistenciales, a través de su objetivo general consistente en reafirmar la formación ideológica del educando en su concepción humanista y política, y un objetivo específico en el estudio de cada paciente. El profesor, como máximo responsable, debe tener un profundo rigor y nivel científico e ideológico (AU).


Education at work, the most important teaching form in the clinical cycle, develops not only the scientific knowledge, but also the clinical method and skills, habits that are proper of the profession, where the acquisition of values demanded by the professional´s training in Cuban society is inserted. The teaching care ward round is among this organizational form of teaching, being an activity that is exclusive of the Medical Education. It has the aim of reaching the teaching and health care objectives through its general objective that is reaffirming the student´s ideological formation in its humanistic and politic formation, and a specific objective in each patient´s study. The teacher, like the maximum responsible, should have a deep thoroughness and high scientific and ideological level (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Education, Medical/methods , Teaching Rounds/methods , Teaching/education , Teaching/standards , Work/standards , Mentors/education , Education, Medical/standards , Teaching Rounds/standards , Teaching Rounds/ethics
19.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(2): 280-290, mar.-abr. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-845415

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la educación en el trabajo en la especialidad de Medicina General Integral constituye la principal forma de organización de la enseñanza, donde los tutores desempeñan un papel fundamental. Objetivo: caracterizar la educación en el trabajo en la especialidad de Medicina General Integral. Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio pedagógico, y en su ejecución se emplearon métodos teóricos como: la revisión bibliográfica y documental, que abarcó las principales temáticas: el plan de estudio de la especialidad de Medicina General Integral, el perfil profesional y recursos para el aprendizaje. Resultados: se expusieron los resultados del análisis documental efectuado a partir de: la formación del profesional, educación en el trabajo, así como los valores y la ética médica. Conclusiones: la educación en el trabajo constituye el principal artífice de los procesos de formación profesional, educación en el trabajo propiamente dicho, así como valores y ética médica (AU).


Introduction: the education in the work in the specialty of General Medicine constitutes the main form of organization of the teaching, where the tutors play a fundamental part. Objective: to characterize the education in the work in the specialty of Integral General Medicine. Materials and Methods: a pedagogic study was carried out, and in their execution theoretical methods were used as: the bibliographical and documental revision that embraced the main ones thematic: the plan of study of the specialty of General Medicine, the professional profile and resources for the learning. Results: the results of the documental analysis were exposed made starting from: the professional's formation, education in the work, as well as the values and the medical ethics. Conclusions: the education in the work the main author of the processes of professional formation, education in the properly this work constitutes, as well as you value and medical ethics (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Teaching/education , Teaching/standards , Work/standards , Mentors/education , Education, Medical/methods , Education, Medical/standards , General Practice/education , General Practice/methods , General Practice/ethics , Review Literature as Topic , Education, Professional/methods , Ethics, Medical/education , Professional Training
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