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1.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 46(3): 879-883, July-Sept. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-755800

ABSTRACT

Studies investigating rickettsial infections in ticks parasitizing wild animals in the Northeast region of Brazil have been confined to the detection of Rickettsia amblyommii in immature stages of Amblyomma longirostre collected from birds in the state of Bahia, and in immatures and females of Amblyomma auriculariumcollected from the striped hog-nosed skunk (Conepatus semistriatus) and armadillos (Euphractus sexcinctus) in the state of Pernambuco. The current study extends the distribution of R. amblyommii (strain Aranha), which was detected in A. longirostre collected from the thin-spined porcupine Chaetomys subspinosus and the hairy dwarf porcupine Coendou insidiosus. In addition, we report the first detection of Rickettsia bellii in adults of A. longirostre collected from C. insidiosus in the state of Bahia.

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Subject(s)
Animals , Ixodidae/microbiology , Rickettsia Infections/microbiology , Rickettsia/genetics , Rickettsia/isolation & purification , Tick Infestations/microbiology , Animals, Wild , Armadillos , Base Sequence , Birds , Brazil , Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Citrate (si)-Synthase/genetics , DNA, Bacterial , Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Mephitidae , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Typing , Porcupines , Periplasmic Proteins/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Serine Endopeptidases/genetics
2.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(7): 887-898, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728796

ABSTRACT

The role played by different mammal species in the maintenance of Trypanosoma cruzi is not constant and varies in time and place. This study aimed to characterise the importance of domestic, wild and peridomestic hosts in the transmission of T. cruzi in Tauá, state of Ceará, Caatinga area, Brazil, with an emphasis on those environments colonised by Triatoma brasiliensis. Direct parasitological examinations were performed on insects and mammals, serologic tests were performed on household and outdoor mammals and multiplex polymerase chain reaction was used on wild mammals. Cytochrome b was used as a food source for wild insects. The serum prevalence in dogs was 38% (20/53), while in pigs it was 6% (2/34). The percentages of the most abundantly infected wild animals were as follows: Thrichomys laurentius 74% (83/112) and Kerodon rupestris 10% (11/112). Of the 749 triatomines collected in the household research, 49.3% (369/749) were positive for T. brasiliensis, while 6.8% were infected with T. cruzi (25/369). In captured animals, T. brasiliensis shares a natural environment with T. laurentius, K. rupestris, Didelphis albiventris, Monodelphis domestica, Galea spixii, Wiedomys pyrrhorhinos, Conepatus semistriatus and Mus musculus. In animals identified via their food source, T. brasiliensis shares a natural environment with G. spixii, K. rupestris, Capra hircus, Gallus gallus, Tropidurus oreadicus and Tupinambis merianae. The high prevalence of T. cruzi in household and peridomiciliar animals reinforces the narrow relationship between the enzootic cycle and humans in environments with T. brasiliensis and characterises it as ubiquitous.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Dogs , Mice , Chagas Disease/transmission , Disease Reservoirs/parasitology , Insect Vectors/physiology , Triatoma/parasitology , Trypanosoma cruzi/physiology , Animal Distribution , Brazil , Chagas Disease/blood , Chickens/parasitology , Didelphis/parasitology , Ecosystem , Family Characteristics , Goats/parasitology , Host-Parasite Interactions , Lizards/parasitology , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mephitidae/parasitology , Monodelphis/parasitology , Rural Population , Rodentia/parasitology , Swine/parasitology , Triatoma/classification
3.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 109(7): 899-904, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728808

ABSTRACT

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Brazil is transmitted by the phlebotomine Lutzomyia longipalpis and in some midwestern regions by Lutzomyia cruzi. Studies of the phlebotomine fauna, feeding habits and natural infection rate by Leishmania contribute to increased understanding of the epidemiological chain of leishmaniases and their vectorial capacity. Collections were performed in Jaciara, state of Mato Grosso from 2010-2013, during which time 2,011 phlebotomines (23 species) were captured (68.70% Lu. cruzi and 20.52% Lutzomyia whitmani). Lu. cruzi females were identified by observing the shapes of the cibarium (a portion of the mouthpart) and spermatheca, from which samples were obtained for polymerase chain reaction to determine the rates of natural infection. Engorged phlebotomines were assessed to identify the blood-meal host by ELISA. A moderate correlation was discovered between the number of Lu. cruzi and the temperature and the minimum rate of infection was 6.10%. Twenty-two females were reactive to the antisera of bird (28%), dog (3.30%) and skunk (1.60%). We conclude that Lu. cruzi and Lu. whitmani have adapted to the urban environment in this region and that Lu. cruzi is the most likely vector of VL in Jaciara. Moreover, maintenance of Leishmania in the environment is likely aided by the presence of birds and domestic and synanthropic animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Humans , DNA, Protozoan/isolation & purification , Insect Vectors/parasitology , Leishmania/genetics , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/transmission , Psychodidae/classification , Biodiversity , Brazil , Birds/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Feeding Behavior/physiology , Grassland , Immune Sera , Insect Vectors/pathogenicity , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/parasitology , Mephitidae/blood , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Psychodidae/parasitology , Psychodidae/pathogenicity , Rodentia/blood , Weather
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 26(3): 635-637, Sept. 2008. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-556724

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study is to describe the cranial and caudal mesenteric arteries in 10 opossuns after Neoprene latex injection. The cranial mesenteric artery arises from the abdominal aorta, caudally to the celiac trunk, originating the caudal duodenal pancreatic artery, middle and right colic, jejunal and ileocecocolic arteries. The caudal mesenteric artery arises from the aorta, cranially to the external iliac arteries, originating the cranial rectal and left colic arteries.


El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las arterias mesentéricas craneal y caudal de 10 zorrillos después de la inyección de látex Neoprene. La arteria mesentérica craneal tiene origen en la aorta abdominal, caudalmente al tronco celíaco y da origen a las arterias: pacreáticoduodenal caudal, cólica media derecha, yeyunales e ileocecocólica. La arteria mesentérica caudal con origen en la aorta, cranealmente a las arterias ilíacas externas, da origen a las arterias rectal craneal y cólica izquierda.


Subject(s)
Adult , Mesenteric Arteries/anatomy & histology , Mesenteric Arteries , Mesenteric Arteries/embryology , Mephitidae/anatomy & histology , Mephitidae/embryology , Aorta, Abdominal/anatomy & histology , Aorta, Abdominal , Aorta/anatomy & histology , Aorta , Dissection/methods , Dissection/veterinary , Injections, Intra-Arterial/methods , Injections, Intra-Arterial/veterinary
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