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1.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 72(3): e516, sept.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156536

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento de las infecciones por Klebsiella pneumoniae productora de carbapenemasa tipo KPC es complicado debido a las escasas opciones terapéuticas existentes, lo cual obliga a optimizar los esquemas terapéuticos disponibles. Objetivo: Determinar la concordancia de la tarjeta AST-N272 del Sistema Vitek 2 Compact y las tiras M.I.C.ETM Evaluator con la dilución en agar para la determinación de la concentración mínima inhibitoria del meropenem en Klebsiella pneumoniae productora de carbapenemasa tipo KPC. Métodos: Se estudiaron 53 aislados de K. pneumoniae bla KPC positivas no clonales, provenientes de hisopados rectales recolectados en diferentes unidades hospitalarias de Guayaquil, Ecuador, entre enero a junio de 2016. Se determinó la concentración mínima inhibitoria de meropenem por dilución en agar (método de referencia), así como por el sistema Vitek 2 Compact (AST-N272) y las tiras M.I.C.ETM. Se determinó la CMI 50, CMI 90 y la concordancia esencial. Resultados: El rango de la CMI de meropenem de los aislados estudiados fue de 1 a ≥ 32 µg/mL, con una CMI50= 4 µg/mL y una CMI90= ≥ 32 µg/mL. El 86,79 por ciento (n= 46) de los aislados tuvo una CMI≤ 8 µg/mL. Se observó un 94,33 por ciento de concordancia esencial con las tiras M.I.C.ETM, mientras que la tarjeta AST-N272 mostró una concordancia esencial inferior al 50 por ciento. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren posibles implicaciones en el tratataminto del paciente, pues reduce opciones terapéuticas en contextos de difícil manejo. Además, resaltan la necesidad de la confirmación de la resistencia a carbapenémicos mediante el método de Kirby Bawer en aquellos laboratorios que tienen métodos automatizados para estudios de susceptibilidad(AU)


Introduction: The treatment for KPC carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae infections is complicated, due to the scant therapeutic options available, which forces us to optimize the therapies at hand. Objective: Determine the agreement between the AST-N272 card of the Vitek 2 Compact system and the M.I.C.E.TM Evaluator strips, and the agar dilution method for determination of the minimum inhibitory meropenem concentration in KPC carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae. Methods: A study was conducted of 53 positive non-clonal K. pneumoniae bla KPC isolates from rectal swabs collected at several hospitals in Guayaquil, Ecuador, from January to June 2016. Minimum inhibitory meropenem concentration was determined by agar dilution (reference method), the Vitek 2 Compact system (AST-N272) and M.I.C.E.TM strips. Determination was made of MIC 50, MIC 90 and essential agreement. Results: The meropenem MIC range for the isolates studied was 1 to ≥ 32 µg/ml, with MIC50= 4 µg/ml and MIC90= ≥ 32 µg/ml. In 86.79 percent (n= 46) of the isolates MIC was ≤ 8 µg/ml. Essential agreement was 94.33 percent with the M.I.C.E.TM strips and under 50 percent with the AST-N272 card. Conclusions: The results obtained suggest potential implications for the treatment of patients, since therapeutic options are reduced in difficult management contexts. They also highlight the need for confirmation of carbapenem resistance by the Kirby-Bauer procedure in laboratories equipped with automated methods for susceptibility studies(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests/methods , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/drug therapy , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Klebsiella pneumoniae , Ecuador
2.
Brasília; s.n; 11 ago. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117979

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 5 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Interferon-alpha/therapeutic use , Tacrolimus/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Neutralizing/therapeutic use , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Folic Acid/therapeutic use , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use
3.
Brasília; s.n; 17 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117678

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 14 artigos e 13 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Ganciclovir/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Adrenergic beta-1 Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Linezolid/therapeutic use , Darunavir/therapeutic use , Cobicistat/therapeutic use , Interferon beta-1a/therapeutic use , Adalimumab/therapeutic use , Abatacept/therapeutic use , Etanercept/therapeutic use , Cefepime/therapeutic use , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
5.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 25-28, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102210

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la zigomicosis es una infección fúngica poco frecuente, con alta tasa de mortalidad y de mal pronóstico. Afecta principalmente a pacientes inmunocomprometidos. La asociación con el síndrome hemofagocítico es extremadamente inusual, más aún en pacientes inmunocompetentes, con pocos ejemplos registrados en la literatura. Caso clínico: se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino inmunocompetente de 40 años con diagnóstico de mucormicosis y síndrome hemofagocítico que evoluciona desfavorablemente, con fallo multiorgánico, a pesar de los esfuerzos médicos. Conclusión: la asociación de mucormicosis con síndrome hemofagocítico en un paciente inmunocompetente es extremadamente rara; existen pocos casos informados en Latinoamérica. Debemos tener presente esta asociación, ya que requiere un tratamiento agresivo y soporte vital avanzado. (AU)


Introduction: zygomycosis is a rare fungal infection that carries with high mortality rates. This poor prognosis, rapidly progressive infection mainly affects immunocompromised patients. The association with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is extremely unusual, even more in immunocompetent patients, with few cases reported. Case: we present the case of an immunocompetent male patient who was diagnosed with zygomycosis and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Despite medical efforts he developed multiorganic failure. Conclusion: the association of mucormycosis with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in an immunocompetent patient is exceptional with few cases reported in Latin America. We must always suspect this association considering they require aggressive treatment and advanced life support. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Zygomycosis/diagnosis , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/diagnosis , Pancytopenia/blood , Psychomotor Agitation , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Norepinephrine/administration & dosage , Norepinephrine/therapeutic use , Amphotericin B/therapeutic use , Exophthalmos/diagnostic imaging , Immunocompromised Host/immunology , Colistin/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination/administration & dosage , Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination/therapeutic use , Zygomycosis/etiology , Zygomycosis/mortality , Zygomycosis/epidemiology , Delirium , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/etiology , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/mortality , Fever , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Immunocompetence/immunology , Jaundice , Mucormycosis/complications , Multiple Organ Failure/diagnosis
6.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 31(1): 28-30, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102177

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El término ''síndrome antifosfolipídico'' (SAF) describe la asociación de los anticuerpos antifosfolipídicos (AAF) con un cuadro clínico de hipercoagulabilidad caracterizado por trombosis a repetición y abortos recurrentes. Objetivo: Presentar un caso de celulitis severa de periné en paciente con SAF y tratamiento con hidroxicloroquina. Caso clínico: Paciente de 39 años con embarazo de término con SAF tratado con hidroxicloroquina y anticoagulación que desarrolló una infección severa de partes blandas del periné que fue tratado con interrupción del embarazo, drenaje agresivo del periné y tratamiento antibiótico extenso con buena evolución. Conclusión: La asociación del tratamiento con hidroxicloroquina, embarazo y una complicación séptica es incierta. El tratamiento con inmunosupresión no es estándar y podría haber favorecido el mal pronóstico del cuadro clínico. (AU)


Objetive: To present a case of severe perineal cellulitis in a pregnant patient with Antiphospholipid syndrome treated wiht hidroxicloroquine. Case report: A 39 years old female pregnant patient with AFS treated with hidroxicloroquine and heparin developed severe perineal infection with systemic impairment. Final treatment included aggressive perineal drainage in multiple sessions, pregnancy delivered and systemic treatment with wide spectrum antibiotics and general measures. Discusion and Conclusion: Treatment with hidroxicloroquine, pregnancy and septic complication is infrequent. This approach is not standard and it could favored worst prognostic of the general syndrome. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Cellulitis/surgery , Cellulitis/drug therapy , Antiphospholipid Syndrome/drug therapy , Fournier Gangrene/surgery , Fournier Gangrene/drug therapy , Perineum/surgery , Perineum/injuries , Clindamycin/therapeutic use , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/adverse effects , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
7.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(4): 237-245, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039229

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Recent studies suggest that sustained use of generic antibiotics may be associated with clinical failure and emergence of antibacterial resistance. The present study was designed to determine the clinical outcome between the use of generic meropenem (GM) and brand-name meropenem (BNM). Additionally, this study evaluated the economic impact of GM and BNM to determine if the former represents a cost-effective alternative to the latter. Methods: Patients treated between January 2011 and May 2014 received GM while patients treated between June 2014 and March 2017 received BNM. Mortality was compared between groups. Total infection cost was defined by the cost of antimicrobial consumption, length of stay, and laboratory and imaging exams until infection resolution. Findings: A total of 168 patients were included; survival rate for the 68 patients treated with GM was 38% compared to 59% in the patients treated with BNM. Multivariate analysis showed that the variables most strongly-associated with mortality were cardiovascular disease (OR 18.18, 95% CI 1.25-262.3, p = 0.033) and treatment with generic meropenem (OR 18.45, 95% CI 1.45-232.32, p = 0.024). On the other hand, total infection cost did not show a significant difference between groups (BNM $10,771 vs. GM $11,343; p = 0.91). Interpretation: The present study suggests that patients treated with GM have a risk of death 18 times higher compared to those treated with BNM. Furthermore, economic analysis shows that GM is not more cost effective than BNM. Summary: More studies measuring clinical outcomes are needed to confirm the clinical equivalence of brand-name versus generic antibiotics, not only for meropenem but also for other molecules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Drugs, Generic/economics , Drugs, Generic/therapeutic use , Meropenem/economics , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Intensive Care Units/economics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/economics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Logistic Models , Survival Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/mortality , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Sex Distribution , Colombia , Age Distribution , Tertiary Care Centers/statistics & numerical data
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 75(4): 322-324, July-Aug. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794863

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT We describe an unusual case of Nocardia spp scleritis in a health girl resistant to topical fourth-generation fluoroquinolones. Clinically, there was only partial response of the scleritis to initial therapy. Treatment was changed to meropenem intravenously and topical amikacin. Following several weeks of antibiotic treatment, the patient's infection resolved but her vision was reduced to no light perception. Nocardia asteroides must be considered as a possible agent in cases of necrotizing scleritis in patients without a clear source. Antibiotic sensitivity testing has a definitive role in view of the resistance to these new medications.


RESUMO Nós descrevemos um raro caso de esclerite por Nocardia spp em uma criança sadia resistente a utilização tópica de fluorquinolona de quarta-geração. Clinicamente, a paciente apresentou apenas uma resposta parcial do quadro de esclerite a terapêutica inicial. O tratamento foi então modificado para meropenem intravenoso e amicacina tópica. Após várias semanas de tratamento com antibiótico, o quadro infeccioso regrediu porém a visao da pacientes evoluiu para perda da percepção luminosa. Em casos de esclerite necrotizante em pacientes sem fatores de risco aparente é necessário considerer a Nocardia Asteroides como possível agente causador. Os testes de sensibilidade medicamentosa apresentam importância significativa em virtude do aparecimento de resistência aos novos medicamentos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Uveitis/microbiology , Scleritis/microbiology , Fluoroquinolones/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Nocardia asteroides/isolation & purification , Nocardia Infections/drug therapy , Oxacillin/therapeutic use , Sulfamethoxazole/therapeutic use , Trimethoprim/therapeutic use , Uveitis/diagnosis , Uveitis/drug therapy , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Amikacin/therapeutic use , Ciprofloxacin/therapeutic use , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Eye Infections , Scleritis/diagnosis , Scleritis/drug therapy , Slit Lamp , Moxifloxacin/therapeutic use , Meropenem/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Nocardia Infections/diagnosis
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