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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1496-1507, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134467

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: En la enfermedad hepática crónica el trasplante ortotópico es la única alternativa terapéutica actual pero es limitada por falta de donantes. Ensayos con células madre adultas en daño hepático agudo evidencian promisorios resultados. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar en ratas con daño hepático crónico la efectividad de la infusión de células madre adiposas humanas (CMAd-h). Ratas con fibrosis hepática inducida por tioacetamida fueron agrupadas en: grupo I control que no recibió tioacetamida ni células madre, grupo II recibió tioacetamida y suero fisiológico i.v., grupo III recibió tioacetamida y células madre adiposas 1 x 106/kg i.v. vía vena de la cola. La regeneración hepática histológica se evaluó por el index METAVIR, mientras las Macrophagocytus stellatus, células estrelladas a- SMA+ y células colágeno I+ por inmunohistoquímica; el daño funcional se evaluó por los niveles sanguíneos de los analitos Aspartato Aminotransferasa (AST), Alanina Aminotransferasa (ALT), Fosfatasa Alcalina (ALP), úrea y nitrógeno ureico (BUN) y hemograma. Los resultados muestran atenuación del daño estructural hepático evidenciado por disminución de los nódulos, del grado de lesión histológica en el score Metavir, y disminución de Macrophagocytus stellatus, células a-SMA+ y células colágeno tipo I+; funcionalmente hay reducción moderada de AST, ALT, urea, BUN y disminución moderada de células blancas pero efecto favorable sobre el volumen corpuscular media y la hemoglobina corpuscular media. Ocho semanas después de la infusión hay escasa población de CMAd-h en el hígado. En conclusión la infusión intravenosa de CMAd-h en ratas disminuye el daño funcional y estructural de la fibrosis hepática con escasa persistencia de CMAd-h en el parénquima hepático. A nuestro conocimiento este es el primer trabajo que evalúa el efecto de las CMAd-h en el modelo daño hepático crónico murino y la persistencia de las células trasplantadas.


SUMMARY: In chronic liver disease, orthotopic transplantation is the only current therapeutic alternative but it is limited due to lack of donors. Trials with adult stem cells in acute liver damage show promising results. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness of human adipose stem cell (h-ASC) infusion in rats with chronic liver damage. Rats with thioacetamide- induced liver fibrosis were grouped into: group I control that did not receive thioacetamide and h-ASC, group II received thioacetamide and saline i.v., group III received thioacetamide and h-ASC 1 x 106/ kg i.v. via tail vein. Histological liver regeneration was evaluated by METAVIR index, while Macrophagocytus stellatus (Kupffer cells), stellate cells a-SMA+ and collagen I+ cells by immunohistochemistry; functional damage was evaluated by blood levels of the analytes Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Urea and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and hemogram. The results show attenuation of structural liver damage evidenced by decreased nodules, degree of histologic injury on Metavir score, and decreased Macrophagocytus stellatus, a-SMA+ cells and type I+ collagen cells; functionally there is moderate reduction of AST, ALT, urea, BUN and moderate decrease of white cells but favorable effect on mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin. Eight weeks after infusion there is a small population of h-ASC in the liver. In conclusion, intravenous infusion of h-ASC in rats reduces functional and structural damage of hepatic fibrosis with low persistence of h- ASC in the liver parenchyma. To our knowledge this is the first work that evaluates the effect of h-SC in the model of chronic murine liver damage and the persistence of transplanted cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/therapy , Aspartate Aminotransferases/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Treatment Outcome , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy/methods , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/pathology
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(supl.2): 2-6, mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125097

ABSTRACT

Los trastornos heredados del metabolismo son enfermedades graves de la infancia que cursan con un gran deterioro cognitivo y del desarrollo psicomotor. La fisiopatología del progresivo deterioro del sistema nervioso suele estar asociada a una severa neuroinflamación y desmielinización, y como consecuencia, neurodegeneración. Por el momento no tienen cura y precisan de actitudes terapéuticas precoces y agresivas, que conllevan altas tasas de mortalidad y, muy frecuentemente, escasos grados de mejoría funcional y supervivencia. El trasplante de médula ósea y de células mesenquimales de médula ósea son terapias de elección y experimentales que consiguen mejorar el curso de estas enfermedades mediante diferentes mecanismos de acción: remplazo de enzima deficiente, intercambio de membranas y regulación del proceso inflamatorio.


Inherited metabolism disorders are serious childhood diseases that lead to significant cognitive impairment and regression of psychomotor development. The pathophysiology of the neural progressive deterioration is usually associated with severe neuroinflammation and demyelination, and as a consequence, neurodegeneration. At the moment they have no adequate treatment and require early and aggressive therapeutic approaches, which entail high mortality rates and, very frequently, low degrees of functional improvement and survival. Bone marrow transplantation and bone marrow mesenchymal cells grafts are therapeutic and experimental therapies that improve the course of these diseases through different mechanisms of action: enzyme replacement, membrane exchange and regulation of the inflammatory process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow Transplantation/methods , Lysosomal Storage Diseases/therapy , Peroxisomal Disorders/therapy , Lysosomal Storage Diseases/physiopathology , Peroxisomal Disorders/physiopathology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(supl.1): s45-s54, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057110

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is highly prevalent today. It has a multifactorial aetiology and affects people of all ages, genders and ethnicities. Its treatment is essentially supportive of renal function substitution, so new treatment alternatives such as mesenchymal stem cell therapy (MSCs) should be investigated. METHODS: This review encompasses our understanding of the main mechanisms of action of MSCs in preclinical models of AKI by renal pedicle clamping ischemia-reperfusion, chemotherapy (cisplatin) and kidney transplantation in small and large animals, as well as outcomes in patients with AKI due to ischemia and kidney transplantation. RESULTS: Cellular therapy with MSCs has benefits in preclinical studies of AKI through various mechanisms, such as anti-inflammatory, antiapoptotic, oxidative anti-stress, antifibrotic, immunomodulatory and proangiogenic. In humans, MSC therapy is safe and effective. However, the challenges of MSC cell therapy include investigating protocols about the optimal dose of these cells, the route and frequency of appropriate administration, and the design of further biodistribution studies over a long follow-up period. In addition, a better understanding of molecular signalling and cellular interactions in the microenvironment of each organ and tissue is needed in order to define the best time to administer MSCs. Another challenge would be to mitigate the heterogeneity of the profile of cultured MSCs through preconditioning approaches. CONCLUSIONS: Cellular therapy with MSCs is very promising and should be part of the treatment of AKI patients in combination with other approaches already available, helping to accelerate recovery and/or slow the progression to chronic kidney disease. Randomized, multicentre controlled studies are needed to develop robust protocols that validate population-based cell therapy with MSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/trends , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Kidney/physiopathology , Tissue Distribution , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods
4.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(6): 355-363, nov.-dez. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057917

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Verificar a presença das células-tronco mesenquimais (MSC) na área próxima ao nervo óptico de coelhos previamente lesado com álcool absoluto. Métodos: Os 12 coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia foram distribuídos em 2 lotes. Após sedação, cada olho do animal recebeu uma injeção retrobulbar de 1 ml de álcool absoluto em um dos olhos e de 1 ml de solução fisiológica 0,9% (SF) no olho contralateral. Após 15 dias deste procedimento inicial todos os olhos dos animais pertencentes ao lote A, receberam via retrobulbar, uma solução contendo MSC de tecido adiposo humano e previamente marcadas com Qdots,. Todos os olhos dos animais do lote B receberam solução PBS. Resultados: Após 15 dias desta última aplicação os animais foram sacrificados e as lâminas foram analisadas. A presença das MSC foi observada em 100% dos olhos dos animais do lote A. Conclusão: Os resultados sugerem que a marcação prévia das MSC com Qdots permitiu o acompanhamento das mesmas na região aplicada e em áreas mais internas do nervo óptico. A permanência de MSC após 15 dias de aplicação ao redor do nervo óptico sugere a viabilidade e possível participação das mesmas no processo de regeneração do tecido lesado. Nas condições deste estudo, a via de aplicação retrobulbar permitiu a mobilização das células tronco do local de aplicação até áreas centrais dos nervos ópticos nos animais do lote A, sugerindo que esta poderá ser uma via de acesso eficaz para as MSC no processo de regeneração de neuropatias ópticas.


Abstract Obtective: To verify the presence of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in the area close to the optic nerve of previously injured with absolute alcohol. Methods: Twelve New Zealand breed rabbits were divided into two groups, and after sedation, each eye of the animal received a retrobulbar injection of 1 ml of absolute ethanol in one eye, and 1 ml of physiological solution 0.9 % (PS) in the contralateral eye. After 15 days all eyes of animals belonging to group A, received via retrobulbar a solution containing MSCs from human adipose tissue (AT) and previously marked with Qdots, while all eyes of animals from group B received solution containing PBS. Results: The presence of MSC was observed in 100% of the eyes of the animals of group A and the more central areas near and into the optic nerve. Conclusion: The results suggest that the appointment of MSC with Qdots allowed their follow-up applied in the region and in the inner areas of the optic nerve. The MSC permanence after 15 days of application around the optic nerve suggests the feasibility and possible involvement of the same during the damaged tissue regeneration process. Under the conditions of this study, the route of retrobulbar application and the presence of the stem cells to the central areas of the optic nerves in animals of group A, suggests that this might be an effective approach for MSCs in regeneration process of optic neuropathies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Optic Nerve Diseases/therapy , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Adipocytes , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Nerve Regeneration , Optic Nerve/cytology , Semiconductors , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Optic Nerve Diseases/chemically induced , Double-Blind Method , Quantum Dots , Injections, Intraocular
6.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(1): 32-37, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973879

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the ability of human immature dental pulp stem cells, which are mesenchymal stem cells of neural crest origin, to differentiate into the corneal epithelium for purposes of corneal transplantation and tissue engineering when cultured on de-epithelized amniotic membranes. Methods: We compared the immunophenotypes (ABCG2, K3/12, and vimentin) of cells grown on amniotic membranes or plastic surfaces under serum-free conditions or in culture media containing serum or serum replacement components. Results: Immature dental pulp stem cells grown on amniotic membranes under basal conditions are able to maintain their undifferentiated state. Our data also suggest that the culture medium used in the present work can modulate the expression of immature dental pulp stem cell markers, thus inducing epithelial differentiation of these cells in vitro. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the amniotic membrane is a good choice for the growth and transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells, particularly immature dental pulp stem cells, in clinical ocular surface reconstruction.


RESUMO Objetivos: Avaliar a capacidade das células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite que são células-tronco mesenquimais de origem da crista neural, de se diferenciarem no epitélio corneano para fins de transplante de córnea e engenharia de tecidos quando cultivadas em membrana amnióticas desepitelizadas. Métodos: Foram comparamos so imunofenótipo (ABCG2, CK3/12 e vimentina) de células cultivadas em membranas amnióticas ou em superfícies plásticas sob condições livres de soro ou em meios de cultura contendo soro ou componentes de substituição de soro. Resultados: Células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite cultivadas sobre membrana amniótica em condições basais são capazes de manter seu estado indiferenciado. Nossos dados também sugerem que o meio de cultura utilizado no presente trabalho pode modular a expressão de marcadores de células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite, induzindo a diferenciação epitelial destas células in vitro. Conclusão: Nossos resultados sugerem que a membrana amniótica é uma boa escolha para o crescimento e transplante de células-tronco mesenquimais, particularmente as células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite, na reconstrução da superfície ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epithelium, Corneal/transplantation , Dental Pulp/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Tissue Scaffolds , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Amnion , Time Factors , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Corneal Diseases/surgery , Cell Proliferation
7.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(4): e1465, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054591

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Crohn's disease is a pathological condition that has different options of treatment, but there are patients who need other therapeutic approach, such as the use of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Aim: Systematic literature review to determine the different ways of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells administration in humans with luminal refractory and perianal fistulizing Crohn's disease. Methods: It was conducted a search for articles (from 2008 to 2018) on PubMed and ScienceDirect databases using the keywords Crohn's disease, fistulizing Crohn's disease, luminal Crohn's disease and transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells or mesenchymal stem cells or stromal cells. Thirteen publications were selected for analysis. Results: Only one study referred to the luminal Crohn´s disease. The number of cells administered was variable, occurring mainly through subcutaneous adipose tissue by liposuction. It could be highlighted the autologous transplant with exclusive infusion of mesenchymal stem cells. The procedures involved in pre-transplant were mainly curettage, setons placement and stitching with absorbable suture, and conducting tests and drug treatment for luminal Crohn´s disease. During transplant, the injection of mesenchymal stem cells across the fistula path during the transplant was mainly on the intestinal tract wall. Conclusion: Although the use of mesenchymal stem cells is promising, the transplant on the luminal region should be more investigated. The injection of mesenchymal stem cells, exclusively, is more explored when compared to treatment with other products. The preparation of the fistulizing tract and the location of cell transplantation involve standardized health care in most studies.


RESUMO Racional: Há diferentes opções de tratamento para a doença de Crohn, porém, em alguns casos, há a necessidade de outras abordagens terapêuticas, como o uso de células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo. Objetivo: Revisar sistematicamente a literatura para determinar as diferentes formas de administração das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo em seres humanos com doença de Crohn refratária luminal e fistulizante perianal. Método: Buscaram-se artigos publicados entre 2008 e 2018 nas bases de dados PubMed e ScienceDirect, pelos descritores: Crohn's disease, fistulizing Crohns disease, luminal Crohns disease e transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells ou mesenchymal stem cell ou stromal cells. Treze artigos foram selecionados. Resultados: Somente um trabalho se referiu à doença luminal. A quantidade de células administradas foi variável, obtendo-se principalmente do tecido adiposo subcutâneo por lipoaspiração. Destacou-se o transplante autólogo com a infusão exclusiva de células-tronco mesenquimais. Os procedimentos realizados no pré-transplante foram principalmente o de curetagem, colocação de setons e suturas com fio absorvível, e de exames e tratamento medicamentoso para a doença luminal. No transplante, ocorreu a injeção das células por todo o trajeto fistuloso, principalmente nas paredes do trato. Conclusão: Embora o uso de células-tronco mesenquimais seja promissor, o transplante na região luminal deve ser mais investigado. A injeção exclusiva de células-tronco mesenquimais é mais explorada quando comparada ao tratamento conjunto com outros produtos. A forma de preparo do trato fistuloso e o local de transplante envolvem cuidados médicos padronizados na maioria dos estudos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Crohn Disease/therapy , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Rectal Fistula/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Crohn Disease/complications , Adipose Tissue/transplantation , Rectal Fistula/etiology
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(3): e7879, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984038

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) transplantation has attracted attention for the treatment of liver cirrhosis and end-stage liver diseases. Therefore, in this study, we evaluated the effect of different methods of BMSCs transplantation in the treatment of liver cirrhosis in rats. Seventy-two male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 7 groups: 10 were used to extract BMSCs, 10 were used as normal group, and the remaining 52 rats were randomly divided into five groups for testing: control group, BMSCs group, BMSCs+granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) group, and BMSCs+Jisheng Shenqi decoction (JSSQ) group. After the end of the intervention course, liver tissue sections of rats were subjected to hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and Masson staining, and pathological grades were scored. Liver function [aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), albumin (ALB)] and hepatic fibrosis markers [hyaluronidase (HA), laminin (LN), type III procollagen (PCIII), type IV collagen (CIV)] were measured. BMSCs+JSSQ group had the best effect of reducing ALT and increasing ALB after intervention therapy (P<0.05). The reducing pathological scores and LN, PCIII, CIV of BMSCs+G-CSF group and BMSCs+JSSQ group after intervention therapy were significant, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The effect of JSSQ on improving stem cell transplantation in rats with liver cirrhosis was confirmed. JSSQ combined with BMSCs could significantly improve liver function and liver pathology scores of rats with liver cirrhosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/surgery , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental/pathology
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180103, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1002400

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to evaluate the inflammatory effect and bone formation in sterile surgical failures after implantation of a collagen sponge with mesenchymal stem cells from human dental pulp (hDPSCs) and Aloe vera. Material and Methods Rattus norvegicus (n=75) were divided into five experimental groups according to treatment: G1) control (blood clot); G2) Hemospon®; G3) Hemospon® in a culture medium enriched with 8% Aloe vera; G4) Hemospon® in a culture medium containing hDPSCs and G5) Hemospon® in a culture medium enriched with 8% Aloe vera and hDPSCs. On days 7, 15 and 30, the animals were euthanized, and the tibia was dissected for histological, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence analyses. The results were analyzed using nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test and Dunn's post-test. Results On days 7 and 15, the groups with Aloe vera had less average acute inflammatory infiltrate compared to the control group and the group with Hemospon® (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference was found between the groups regarding bone formation at the three experimental points in time. Osteopontin expression corroborated the intensity of bone formation. Fluorescence microscopy revealed positive labeling with Q-Tracker® in hDPSCs before transplantation and tissue repair. Conclusion The results suggest that the combination of Hemospon®, Aloe vera and hDPSCs is a form of clinical treatment for the repair of non-critical bone defects that reduces the inflammatory cascade's effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Aloe/chemistry , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Osteogenesis/physiology , Tibia/drug effects , Tibia/physiology , Tibia/pathology , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Hemostatics/pharmacology , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cell Survival/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Collagen/pharmacology , Treatment Outcome , Osteopontin/analysis , Flow Cytometry , Microscopy, Fluorescence
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 1016-1026, Nov. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973481

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate renal repair in rats who had renal infarction induced by the obstruction of blood flow in the renal artery and were treated with transplantation of adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cell Methods: 16-week-old Wistar rats (n=72) were used, submitted to celiotomy and had of the renal artery and vein clipped for 24 hours. The animals were randomly assigned to 10 experimental homogeneous groups, corresponding to the treatments with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) or adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADSC), duration of application (24 or 48 hours), and site of transplantation (lateral vein of the tail or intrarenal). After the treatments were performed, at 8 and 31 days, four animals in each group were subjected to left nephrectomy for histological studies. Results: Histologically, a higher amount of cell debris and tubules devoid of the epithelium and a higher degree of necrosis were observed in the groups treated with PBS, as opposed to a low degree of necrosis and higher tubular vascularization in the groups treated with ADSC, particularly in the group treated with intrarenal ADSC 48 hours after injury. Conclusion: The transplantation of ADSC positively contributed to the replacement of necrotic tissue by renal tubular cells, vascularization of the renal parenchyma, and restoration of the organ function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Reperfusion Injury/surgery , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Acute Kidney Injury/surgery , Kidney/blood supply , Rats, Inbred Lew , Renal Artery Obstruction/surgery , Time Factors , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Kidney/pathology , Necrosis
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(3): 231-237, Mar. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886271

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of rotator cuff muscle regeneration in sheep and establish an experimental model for the use of autologous stem cells as a treatment option for tendon injuries. Methods: Infrared muscle tenotomies and Penrose drain implantation were performed on 12 shoulders of six clinically healthy adult sheep. After 60 days, the tendons were submitted to tissue repair, drainage removal, and divided into two groups according to the use of autologous stromal stem cells for treatment. Muscle regeneration was performed by biopsy on days 14 and 34 after repair. Results: The treatment group with cell therapy showed neovascularization and expressive regeneration. Complete regeneration of the muscle pattern did not occur in any sample although some muscle gain was obtained in the group 1 samples at 34 days after repair and introduction of stem cells. Fatty infiltration of these samples from group 1 at 34 days was less intense than that in samples from group 2 at 34 days after repair without the introduction of autologous precursor cells. Conclusion: The sheep proved to be a good experimental model to assist in the development of research on muscle regeneration and the autologous manipulation of stem cells as a therapeutic option.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Regeneration/physiology , Rotator Cuff/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Sheep , Disease Models, Animal
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e83, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974444

ABSTRACT

Abstract Distraction osteogenesis (DO) relies on the recruitment and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) to the target site, where they differentiate into osteoblasts to promote bone formation. Nevertheless, MSC recruitment appears to be slow and limits bone formation in DO defects. Thus, this systematic review aims to evaluate the ability of locally applied MSC to enhance bone formation in DO preclinical models. Databases were searched for quantitative pre-clinical controlled studies that evaluated the effect of local administration of MSC on DO bone formation. Eligible studies were identified and data regarding study characteristics, outcome measures and quality were extracted. Nine studies met the inclusion criteria. Autogenous and xenogenous MSC were used to promote DO bone formation. These included bone marrow-derived MSC, adipose tissue-derived MSC and MSC derived from human exfoliated deciduous teeth. Meta-analysis was not possible due to heterogeneities in study designs. Local MSC implantation was not associated with adverse effects. In 4 out of the 5 studies, locally delivered undifferentiated bone-marrow MSC had a positive effect on DO bone formation. Few studies evaluated the therapeutic effects of MSC from other sources. The adjunct use of biologically active molecules or forced expression of key genes involved in osteogenesis further boosted the ability of bone-marrow MSC to promote DO bone formation. While risk of bias and heterogeneity limited the strength of this systematic review, our results suggest that the use of MSC is safe and may provide beneficial effects on DO bone formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Osteogenesis/physiology , Osteogenesis, Distraction/methods , Models, Animal , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Bias , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 58(3): 100-105, dic. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-910075

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento de las lesiones osteocondrales de gran tamaño y profundidad resultan un desafío debido a que las técnicas habituales (microfractura o transplante osteocondral autólogo), son insuficientes para cubrir el defecto; eso es particularmente importante en pacientes jóvenes, pues se debe intentar técnicas que generen la menor comorbilidad posible. Presentamos un caso de un paciente de 18 años con una lesión osteocondral de 6 cm2 por 14 mm de profundidad, tratado mediante autoinjerto óseo, concentrado de médula ósea y matriz colágena, con resultados satisfactorios tanto en lo funcional como en lo imagenológico. Esa técnica presenta la ventaja de realizarse en un tiempo y con una fuente de células troncales mesenquimáticas (Médula ósea), validada en la literatura y altamente reproducible.


The treatment of large osteochondral defects represent a challenge, because the common techniques used (micro fracture or osteochondral autologous transplantation) are insufficient to cover the defect; this is particularly important in young patients where we expect the least comorbidity. We report a case of an 18-year-old patient with an ostechondral injury of 6 cm2 and 14 mm deep, treated with bone autograft, bone marrow concentrate and a matrix of collagen with satisfactory functional and images results. This technique has the advantage to be performed in one single time and with a source of mesenchymal stem cells (bone marrow) validated in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Bone Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Osteochondritis/surgery , Collagen/therapeutic use , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(12): 1026-1035, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886192

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of allogeneic mesenchymal stem-cells and autologous mononuclear cells to promote sensorimotor recovery and tissue rescue. Methods: Female rabbits were submitted to the epidural balloon inflation method and the intravenous cells administrations were made after 8 hours or seven days after injury induction. Sensorimotor evaluation of the hindlimbs was performed, and the euthanasia was made thirty days after the treatment. Spinal cords were stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Results: Both therapies given 8 hours after the injury promoted the sensorimotor recovery after a week. Only the group treated after a week with mononuclear cells showed no significant recovery at post-injury day 14. In the days 21 and 28, all treatments promoted significant recovery. Histopathological analysis showed no difference among the experimental groups. Our results showed that both bone marrow-derived cell types promoted significant sensorimotor recovery after injury, and the treatment made at least a week after injury is efficient. Conclusion: The possibilities of therapy with bone marrow-derived cells are large, increasing the therapeutic arsenal for the treatment of spinal cord injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries/surgery , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/transplantation , Bone Marrow Transplantation/methods , Recovery of Function , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Spinal Cord Injuries/physiopathology , Spinal Cord Injuries/pathology , Time Factors , Transplantation, Autologous , Transplantation, Homologous , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Disease Models, Animal , Neural Pathways
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(7): 515-522, July 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886219

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of mesenchymal stem cells on liver regeneration in rats following a 70% hepatectomy. Methods: Forty rats were subjected to 70% hepatectomy and then ~106 mesenchymal stem cells (test group), or saline solution (control group), were infused into their livers via the portal vein. Each treatment group was divided into early and late subgroups (euthanized 3 d and 5 d following the operation, respectively). Group comparisons of Albumin, aminotransaminases (AST, ALT), and Alcaline Phosphatase (AP) levels, proliferative index (ki-67+ straining), and mitotic cell counts were conducted. Results: No significant differences in liver regeneration rate, number of mitoses, proliferative index, or serum levels of albumin, AST, or AP were observed. ALT levels were higher in the test group than in the control group (p<.05). Conclusions: Mesenchymal stem-cell therapy did not improve liver regeneration rate 3 d or 5 d after 70% hepatectomy in rats. Likewise, the therapy appeared not to affect liver function, proliferative index, or number of mitoses significantly.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Regeneration , Time Factors , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal , Cell Proliferation , Injections, Intravenous
16.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 32(3): 375-387, jul.-set. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-844885

ABSTRACT

Introducción : Existe un creciente interés científico en el potencial terapéutico de las células madre mesenquimales derivadas de tejido adiposo ( ADSCs, en inglés). Estas células son abundantes en el tejido adiposo, son de fácil obtención y con un alto potencial de diferenciación hacia linajes celulares especializados incluyendo adipocitos, osteocitos, condrocitos, miocitos, cardiomiocitos, tenocitos, vasos sanguíneos y neuronas. Este trabajo se desarrolló con el objetivo de implementar en el laboratorio un procedimiento para aislar y cultivar ADSCs, con características que corresponden a las informadas para este linaje celular. Método: los precursores de células adiposas humanas se obtuvieron de tejido subcutáneo abdominal. Las células se separaron enzimáticamente del tejido y se decantaron por centrifugación, luego de cultivadas, se caracterizaron en su capacidad de diferenciación y por su marcadores fenotípicos. Resultados: Las ADSCs aisladas se replicaron en estas condiciones de cultivo y mantuvieron un fenotipo estable durante todo el período de estudio. Se comprobó su potencial adipogénico y osteogénico in vitro, como corresponde a las células madre mesenquimales. El estudio por citometría de flujo mostró que estas células expresan CD73, CD90 y CD105 y son negativas para los marcadores de linaje hematopoyético CD34 y CD45.En los ensayos de inhibición in vitro, las ADSCs demostraron su capacidad para inhibir la proliferación de células T humanas. Conclusiones : La caracterización fenotípica y funcional de las ADSCs obtenidas a partir del tejido adiposo abdominal demuestra que es posible la obtención mediante cultivo in vitro de células mesenquimales humanas sin inducir diferenciación espontánea, manteniendo su integridad funcional y altos niveles de proliferación, lo que sienta las bases para el inicio de ensayos preclínicos y su uso futuro en la terapia celular en nuestro país(AU)


Introduction : There is growing scientific interest in the therapeutic potential of stem cells derived from adipose tissue (ADSCs). These cells are abundant in adipose tissue, are readily available and have a high potential fordifferentiation into specialized cell lineages including adipocytes, osteocytes, chondrocytes, myocytes, cardiomyocytes, tenocyte, endothelial cells and neurons. The aim of this work was to isolate, cultivate andcharacterize ADSCs. Methods : human adipose precursor cells were obtained from abdominal subcutaneous tissue. Cells were enzymatically separated from the tissue and decanted by centrifugation, cultured and finally analyzed. Results : The ADSCs were able to replicate in our culture conditions. The cells maintained their phenotype in different passages throughout the study period, confirming its feasibility for in vitro culture. Also the ADSCs were induced to adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation, verifying its potential as mesenchymal stem cells in vitro. The flow cytometric study showed that these cells expressed CD73, CD90 and CD105 (markers of mesenchymal cells) and they were negative for CD34 and CD45 (hematopoieticcell markers). The ADSCs were able to inhibit in vitro the proliferation of T cells. Conclusions : It is possible to obtain ADSCs by in vitro cultivation without adipogenic induction, maintaining its functional integrity and high proliferation; this cell could be an important tool for the cellular therapy in our country(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Abdominal Fat/transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Flow Cytometry/methods
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(6): e5273, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951687

ABSTRACT

The present study tested the hypotheses that i) transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) enhances differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) towards the cardiomyogenic phenotype and ii) intramyocardial implantation of the TGF-β1-treated MSCs improves cardiac function in heart failure rats. MSCs were treated with different concentrations of TGF-β1 for 72 h, and then morphological characteristics, surface antigens and mRNA expression of several transcription factors were assessed. Intramyocardial implantation of these TGF-β1-treated MSCs to infarcted heart was also investigated. MSCs were initially spindle-shaped with irregular processes. On day 28 after TGF-β1 treatment, MSCs showed fusiform shape, orientating parallel with one another, and were connected with adjoining cells forming myotube-like structures. Immunofluorescence revealed the expression of cardiomyocyte-specific proteins, α-sarcomeric actin and troponin T, in these cells. The mRNA expression of GATA4 and Nkx2.5 genes was slightly increased on day 7, enhanced on day 14 and decreased on day 28 while α-MHC gene was not expressed on day 7, but expressed slightly on day 14 and enhanced on day 28. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the induced cells had myofilaments, z line-like substances, desmosomes, and gap junctions, in contrast with control cells. Furthermore, intramyocardial implantation of TGF-β1-treated MSCs to infarcted heart reduced scar area and increased the number of muscle cells. This structure regeneration was concomitant with the improvement of cardiac function, evidenced by decreased left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, increased left ventricular systolic pressure and increased maximal positive pressure development rate. Taken together, these results indicate that intramyocardial implantation of differentiated MSCs enhanced by TGF-β1 improved cardiac function in heart failure rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Bone Marrow Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Heart Failure/surgery , Time Factors , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Cell Differentiation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Myosin Heavy Chains/analysis , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , GATA4 Transcription Factor/analysis , Homeobox Protein Nkx-2.5/analysis
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 30(3): 380-385, July-Sept. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-756523

ABSTRACT

AbstractPulmonary hypertension is a devastating and refractory disease and there is no cure for this disease. Recently, microRNAs and mesenchymal stem cells emerged as novel methods to treat pulmonary hypertension. More than 20 kinds of microRNAs may participate in the process of pulmonary hypertension. It seems microRNAs or mesenchymal stem cells can ameliorate some symptoms of pulmonary hypertension in animals and even improve heart and lung function during pulmonary hypertension. Nevertheless, the relationship between mesenchymal stem cells, microRNAs and pulmonary hypertension is not clear. And the mechanisms underlying their function still need to be investigated. In this study we review the recent findings in mesenchymal stem cells - and microRNAs-based pulmonary hypertension treatment, focusing on the potential role of microRNAs regulated mesenchymal stem cells in pulmonary hypertension and the role of exosomes between mesenchymal stem cells and pulmonary hypertension.


ResumoA hipertensão pulmonar é uma doença devastadora e refratária, para a qual não existe cura. Recentemente, microRNAs e células-tronco mesenquimais emergiram como novos métodos para tratar a hipertensão pulmonar. Mais de 20 tipos de microRNAs podem participar no processo de hipertensão pulmonar. Ao que parece, microRNAs ou células-tronco mesenquimais podem atenuar alguns sintomas de hipertensão pulmonar em animais de e até mesmo melhorar a função cardíaca e do pulmão durante a hipertensão pulmonar. No entanto, a relação entre células-tronco mesenquimais, microRNAs e hipertensão pulmonar não é clara. E os mecanismos subjacentes a sua função ainda precisam ser investigados. Neste estudo, revisamos as descobertas recentes no tratamento da hipertensão pulmonar baseado em células-tronco mesenquimais e microRNAs, enfocando o papel potencial dos microRNAs para regular as células-tronco mesenquimais na hipertensão pulmonar e o papel dos exossomos entre células-tronco mesenquimais e hipertensão pulmonar.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/physiology , MicroRNAs/therapeutic use , Exosomes/physiology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/physiopathology , Lung/physiopathology
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 75(2): 96-105, ago. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-757890

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las células madres son células no especializadas capaces de transformarse en células con funciones específicas actuando como sistema de reparación. Las células madres mesenquimáticas (CMM) son las más utilizadas actualmente. La fibrosis cordal altera la estructura de las cuerdas vocales afectando seriamente su función, no existiendo hoy una terapia que pueda manejar exitosamente esta condición. Objetivo: Evaluar la acción de la inyección intraoperatoria e intralesional de CMM autólogas en el proceso de reparación de lesiones cicatriciales crónicas en cuerdas vocales en pacientes con fracaso previo a terapias habituales. Material y método: Estudio piloto prospectivo de 3 casos. Se realizó punción de cresta ilíaca para extracción de CMM de médula ósea, que se concentran y expanden. En una segunda etapa se realiza resección de fibrosis cordal bajo laringoscopía directa e inyección intralesional del concentrado de CMM. Se realizó seguimiento videoestroboscópico. Resultados: No hubo complicaciones en sitio de punción de cresta ilíaca ni en laringe tras la inyección. Se observó retorno de la vibración cordal en los 3 pacientes, con mejoría vocal importante en 2 de ellos. Conclusión: La inyección intralesional de CMM aparece como una alternativa promisoria en el manejo de la fibrosis cordal con molestias mínimas para el paciente, requiriendo de mayores estudios.


Introduction: Stem cells are unspecialized cells in the body capable of developing into specialized cells with specific functions workingas a repair system. Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are the most currently used. Scarred vocal folds cause severe voice problems. Nowadays there is no therapy that can successfully treat this condition. Aim: Evaluate the results of intraoperative and intralesional injection of autologous MSCs in the repair and healing process of chronic scarred vocal folds in patients with prior failure to usual therapies. Material and method: Prospective pilot study that includes three patients. MSCs were isolated and expanded from bone marrow taken from the Iliac crest of the patients. In a second stage, fibrosis resection was performed under direct laryngoscopy, and MSCs were injected intralesionally. Patients were followed up using videostroboscopy. Results: There were no complications after iliac crest puncture or laryngeal injection. Vocal fold vibration appeared in all 3 patients, with significant improvement in voice quality in two of them. Conclusions: Local injection of mesenchymal stromal cells appears to be a promising alternative in management of scarred vocal fold with minimal discomfort for the patient. Further studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cicatrix/surgery , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Vocal Cords/surgery , Wound Healing/physiology , Follow-Up Studies , Injections, Intralesional , Laryngoscopy/methods , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(8): 529-536, Aug. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-757991

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the reconstruction of corpus cavernosum segments when seeded with mesenchymal stem cells and when stem cells are infused intravenously.METHODS: Sixteen New Zealand rabbits were submitted to reconstruction of the corpus cavernosum and distributed in Group A - decellularized matrices, Group B - decellularized matrices seeded with mesenchymal stem cells Group C - decellularized matrices submitted to intravenous infusion of mesenchymal stem cells. The mesenchymal stem cells were obtained by bone marrow aspiration. The venous filling aspect of the distal end of the corpus cavernosum was evaluated and the specimens were submitted to histological analisis and to immunohistochemistry. Cavernosometry was done in one animal of each groupRESULTS: Three animals on B and three animals on C presented full filling of distal end of the corpus cavernosum. No animals in A presented filling of the distal end of corpus cavernosum. At cavernosometry the animal on B attained 50 cmH2O, on C 110 cmH2O and on A 20 cmH2O. Trabeculae forming cavernous sinuses were found in groups B and C.CONCLUSION: The reconstruction of corpus cavernosum using descellularized matrices and mesenchymal stem cells, either by intravenous injection or directly seeded is possible, with growth of corpus cavernosum-like tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Penis/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Cells, Cultured , Collagen , Immunohistochemistry , Injections, Intravenous , Medical Illustration , Postoperative Period , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
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