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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 216-224, feb. 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528818

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Senile osteoporosis is mainly caused by reduced osteoblast differentiation and has become the leading cause of fractures in the elderly worldwide. Natural organics are emerging as a potential option for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. This study was designed to study the effect of resveratrol on osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in osteoporosis mice. A mouse model of osteoporosis was established by subcutaneous injection of dexamethasone and treated with resveratrol administered by gavage. In vivo and in vitro, we used western blot to detect protein expression, and evaluated osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs by detecting the expression of osteogenic differentiation related proteins, calcium deposition, ALP activity and osteocalcin content. Resveratrol treatment significantly increased the body weight of mice, the level of serum Ca2+, 25(OH)D and osteocalcin, ration of bone weight, bone volume/total volume, trabecular thickness, trabecular number, trabecular spacing and cortical thickness in osteoporosis mice. In BMSCs of osteoporosis mice, resveratrol treatment significantly increased the expression of Runx2, osterix (OSX) and osteocalcin (OCN) protein, the level of calcium deposition, ALP activity and osteocalcin content. In addition, resveratrol treatment also significantly increased the expression of SIRT1, p-PI3K / PI3K and p-AKT / AKT in BMSCs of osteoporosis mice. In vitro, resveratrol increased the expression of SIRT1, p-PI3K / PI3K and p-AKT / AKT, Runx2, OSX and OCN protein, the level of calcium deposition, ALP activity and osteocalcin content in BMSCs in a concentration-dependent manner, while SIRT1 knockdown significantly reversed the effect of resveratrol. Resveratrol can attenuate osteoporosis by promoting osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of SIRT1/PI3K/AKT pathway.


La osteoporosis senil es causada principalmente por una diferenciación reducida de osteoblastos y se ha convertido en la principal causa de fracturas en las personas mayores en todo el mundo. Los productos orgánicos naturales están surgiendo como una opción potencial para la prevención y el tratamiento de la osteoporosis. Este estudio fue diseñado para estudiar el efecto del resveratrol en la diferenciación osteogénica de las células madre mesenquimales de la médula ósea (BMSC) en ratones con osteoporosis. Se estableció un modelo de osteoporosis en ratones mediante inyección subcutánea de dexametasona y se trató con resveratrol administrado por sonda. In vivo e in vitro, utilizamos Western blot para detectar la expresión de proteínas y evaluamos la diferenciación osteogénica de BMSC detectando la expresión de proteínas relacionadas con la diferenciación osteogénica, la deposición de calcio, la actividad de ALP y el contenido de osteocalcina. El tratamiento con resveratrol aumentó significativamente el peso corporal de los ratones, el nivel sérico de Ca2+, 25(OH)D y osteocalcina, la proporción de peso óseo, el volumen óseo/ volumen total, el espesor trabecular, el número trabecular, el espaciado trabecular y el espesor cortical en ratones con osteoporosis. En BMSC de ratones con osteoporosis, el tratamiento con resveratrol aumentó significativamente la expresión de las proteínas Runx2, osterix (OSX) y osteocalcina (OCN), el nivel de deposición de calcio, la actividad de ALP y el contenido de osteocalcina. Además, el tratamiento con resveratrol también aumentó significativamente la expresión de SIRT1, p-PI3K/PI3K y p-AKT/AKT en BMSC de ratones con osteoporosis. In vitro, el resveratrol aumentó la expresión de las proteínas SIRT1, p-PI3K/PI3K y p- AKT/AKT, Runx2, OSX y OCN, el nivel de deposición de calcio, la actividad de ALP y el contenido de osteocalcina en BMSC de manera dependiente de la concentración, mientras que La caída de SIRT1 revirtió significativamente el efecto del resveratrol. El resveratrol puede atenuar la osteoporosis al promover la diferenciación osteogénica de las células madre mesenquimales de la médula ósea, y el mecanismo puede estar relacionado con la regulación de la vía SIRT1/PI3K/AKT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Resveratrol/administration & dosage , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Disease Models, Animal , Sirtuin 1 , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Resveratrol/pharmacology , Mice, Inbred C57BL
2.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220128, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1535006

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the effects of cobalt chloride (CoCl2) as a hypoxia mimicking agent on human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) expression of HIF-1α and mTOR for use in regenerative dentistry. Material and Methods: Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were isolated and then cultured. The characteristics of stemness were screened and confirmed by flow cytometry. The experiment was conducted on hypoxia (H) and normoxia (N) groups. Each group was divided and incubated into 24-, 48-, and 72-hours observations. Hypoxic treatment was performed using 100 µM CoCl2 on 5th passage cells in a conventional incubator (37°C; 5CO2). Then, immunofluorescence of HIF-1α and mTOR was done. Data was analyzed statistically using One-way ANOVA and Tukey's HSD. Results: Significant differences were found between normoxic and hypoxic groups on HIF-1α (p=0.015) and mTOR (p=0.000) expressions. The highest HIF-1α expression was found at 48 hours in the hypoxia group, while for mTOR at 24 hours in the hypoxia group. Conclusion: Hypoxia using cobalt chloride was able to increase human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells expression of HIF-1α and mTOR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Umbilical Cord/cytology , Chlorides/chemistry , Cobalt/chemistry , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Hypoxia/pathology , Analysis of Variance , Flow Cytometry
3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 423-431, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929071

ABSTRACT

As a group of nonspecific inflammatory diseases affecting the intestine, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exhibits the characteristics of chronic recurring inflammation, and was proven to be increasing in incidence (Kaplan, 2015). IBD induced by genetic background, environmental changes, immune functions, microbial composition, and toxin exposures (Sasson et al., 2021) primarily includes ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) with complicated clinical symptoms featured by abdominal pain, diarrhea, and even blood in stools (Fan et al., 2021; Huang et al., 2021). UC is mainly limited to the rectum and the colon, while CD usually impacts the terminal ileum and colon in a discontinuous manner (Ordás et al., 2012; Panés and Rimola, 2017). In recent years, many studies have suggested the lack of effective measures in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD, prompting an urgent need for new strategies to understand the mechanisms of and offer promising therapies for IBD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chronic Disease , Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Diarrhea , Homeodomain Proteins , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding , Recurrence , Umbilical Cord/cytology
4.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 24-24, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929152

ABSTRACT

Aging of craniofacial skeleton significantly impairs the repair and regeneration of trauma-induced bony defects, and complicates dental treatment outcomes. Age-related alveolar bone loss could be attributed to decreased progenitor pool through senescence, imbalance in bone metabolism and bone-fat ratio. Mesenchymal stem cells isolated from oral bones (OMSCs) have distinct lineage propensities and characteristics compared to MSCs from long bones, and are more suited for craniofacial regeneration. However, the effect of epigenetic modifications regulating OMSC differentiation and senescence in aging has not yet been investigated. In this study, we found that the histone demethylase KDM4B plays an essential role in regulating the osteogenesis of OMSCs and oral bone aging. Loss of KDM4B in OMSCs leads to inhibition of osteogenesis. Moreover, KDM4B loss promoted adipogenesis and OMSC senescence which further impairs bone-fat balance in the mandible. Together, our data suggest that KDM4B may underpin the molecular mechanisms of OMSC fate determination and alveolar bone homeostasis in skeletal aging, and present as a promising therapeutic target for addressing craniofacial skeletal defects associated with age-related deteriorations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aging , Cell Differentiation , Facial Bones/physiology , Jumonji Domain-Containing Histone Demethylases/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 117-122, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879535

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the mRNA level of cell proliferation-related genes Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 in placenta mesenchymal stem cells (PA-MSCs), umbilical cord mensenchymals (UC-MSCs) and dental pulp mesenchymal stem cells (DP-MSCs).@*METHODS@#The morphology of various passages of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs were observed by microscopy. Proliferation and promoting ability of the three cell lines were detected with the MTT method. Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) was used to determine the mRNA levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3.@*RESULTS@#The morphology of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs was different from that of PA-MSCs. Proliferation ability and promoting ability of the PA-MSCs was superior to that of UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs. In PA-MSCs, expression level of Twist1 and TGF-β3 was the highest and FGF2 was the lowest. SIRT1 was highly expressed in UC-MSCs. With the cell subcultured, different expression levels of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2, TGF-β3 was observed in PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs.@*CONCLUSION@#Up-regulated expression of the Twist1, SIRT1 and TGF-β3 genes can promote proliferation of PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs, whilst TGF-β3 may inhibit these. The regulatory effect of Twist1, SIRT1, FGF2 and TGF-β3 genes on PA-MSCs, UC-MSCs and DP-MSCs are different.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp/cytology , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Placenta/cytology , Sirtuin 1/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta3/genetics , Twist-Related Protein 1/genetics , Umbilical Cord/cytology
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9944, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142581

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to inhibit adipogenic differentiation by transfecting two growth factors, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-BB) and bone morphogenic protein 2 (BMP-2), into modified rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) and then compounded with platelet-rich plasma (PRP). To achieve rBMSCs, the osteoporosis model of rats was established, and then the rBMSCs from the rats were isolated and identified. Co-transfection of rBMSCs with PDGF-BB-GFP and BMP-2 and detection of PDGF-BB/BMP-2 expression in transfected BMSCs was assessed by qRT-PCR and western blot, respectively. Moreover, the effect of the two growth factors transfection of rBMSCs on adipogenic differentiation was evaluated by oil red O staining and western blot, respectively. Finally, construction of the two growth factors transfection of rBMSCs compounded with PRP and detection of adipogenic differentiation were assessed by oil red O staining, CCK-8, and western blot, respectively. In vitro studies revealed that the two growth factors transfection of rBMSCs compounded with PRP promoted cell viability and inhibited adipogenic differentiation and could be promising for inhibiting adipogenic differentiation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cell Differentiation , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/genetics , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Becaplermin/genetics , Transfection , Cells, Cultured
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1412-1420, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134457

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Mesenchymal stem cells are characterized by in vitro high proliferation and multilineage potential maintenance. This study aimed to isolate and characterize equine YS mesenchymal stem cells and compare these with amniotic membranes. The yolk sac (YS) and amniotic membranes (AM) were obtained from 20 pregnant mares with gestational age around 30 days. Cells were cultured in α-MEM supplemented with 15 % FBS, 1 % antibiotic solution, 1 % L-glutamine and 1 % nonessential amino acids. To cell characterization we used cytogenetic analysis, fibroblast colony-forming unit assays, cell growth curves, immunophenotyping, flow cytometry, differentiation assays and teratoma formation. Results: Both cell sources presented fibroblastoid and epithelioid-like format. The YS cells have lower colony formation potential then AM ones, 3 versus 8 colonies per 103 plated cells. However, YS cells grew progressively while AM cells showed steady. Both, the YS and amnion cells immunolabeled for Oct-4, Nanog, SSEA-3, cytokeratin 18, PCNA, and vimentin. In addition, presented mesenchymal, hematopoietic, endothelial and pluripotency markers in flow cytometry. Discussion: Both cell sources presented high plasticity and differed into osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic lineages, and no tumor formation in nude mice was observed. The results suggest that horse YS may be useful for cell therapy such as amnion-derived cells.


RESUMEN: Las células madre mesenquimales se caracterizan por una alta proliferación in vitro y un mantenimiento potencial de múltiples líneas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo aislar y caracterizar las células madre mesenquimales del saco vitelino equinas y compararlas con las membranas amnióticas. Se obtuvo el saco vitelino (SV) y las membranas amnióticas (MA) de 20 yeguas preñadas con edad gestacional de aproximadamente 30 días. Las células se cultivaron en α -MEM suplementado con 15 % de FBS, 1 % de solución antibiótica, 1 % de L-glutamina y 1 % de aminoácidos no esenciales. Para la caracterización celular utilizamos análisis citogenéticos, ensayos de unidades de colonias de fibroblastos, curvas de crecimiento celular, inmunofenotipaje, citometría de flujo, ensayos de diferenciación y formación de teratomas. Ambas fuentes celulares presentaron formato fibroblastoideo y epitelioide. Las células SV tienen un potencial de formación de colonias más bajo que las de MA, 3 versus 8 colonias por 103 células en placa. Sin embargo, las células SV crecieron progresivamente mientras que las células MA se mostraron estables. Tanto las células YS como las células amnios están inmunomarcadas para Oct-4, Nanog, SSEA-3, citoqueratina 18, PCNA y vimentina. Además, presentó marcadores mesenquimales, hematopoyéticos, endoteliales y pluripotenciales en citometría de flujo. Ambas fuentes celulares presentaron alta plasticidad y diferían en linajes osteogénicos, adipogénicos y condrogénicos, y no se observó formación de tumores en ratones. Los resultados sugieren que el SV de caballo puede ser útil para la terapia celular, como las células derivadas de amnios.


Subject(s)
Animals , Yolk Sac/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Horses , Yolk Sac/embryology , In Vitro Techniques , Cells, Cultured , Immunophenotyping , Regenerative Medicine , Embryonic Development , Flow Cytometry , Amnion
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 755-765, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878674

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the therapeutic effect of SPK1 gene transfected adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells(ADMSC)on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis mice and the effect on T helper cell 17(Th17)/regulatory T(Treg) cells balance. Methods EAE was induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 in mice.Totally 44 mice were randomly divided into four groups:normal control group(NC group),model group(EAE group),ADMSC group,and ADMSC-SPK1 group.Forty days after injection,the pathological changes of brain and spinal cord,Th17/Treg-related inflammatory markers in brain tissue,expressions of interleukin-17A(IL-17A)and forkhead box protein p3(Foxp3)in brain and spinal cord tissue,and flow cytometric results of spleen immune cells were detected. Results Forty days after the injection,serious inflammatory cell infiltration and demyelination occurred in the brain and spinal cord of EAE group,whereas demyelination and axonal injury were improved in ADMSC group and ADMSC-SPK1 group.Compared with EAE group,the ADMSC group and ADMSC-SPK1 group had significantly improved levels of IL-17A(


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Cytokines , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/therapy , Interleukin-17 , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/cytology , Th17 Cells/cytology , Transfection
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2151-2161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878474

ABSTRACT

Kidney is one of the most important organs of the body and the mammalian kidney development is essential for kidney unit formation. The key process of kidney development is metanephric development, where mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) plays a crucial role. Here we investigated the biological function of PPP3CA in metanephric mesenchyme (MM) cells. qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to detect PPP3CA and MET makers expression in mK3, mK4 cells respectively at mRNA and protein level. Subsequently, PPP3CA was stably knocked down via lentivirus infection in mK4 cells. Flow cytometry, EdU/CCK-8 assay, wound healing assay were conducted to clarify the regulation of PPP3CA on cell apoptosis, proliferation and migration respectively. PPP3CA was expressed higher in epithelial-like mK4 cells than mesenchyme-like mK3 cells. Thus, PPP3CA was silenced in mK4 cells and PPP3CA deficiency promoted E-cadherin expression, cell apoptosis. Moreover, PPP3CA knock down attenuated cell proliferation and cell migration in mK4 cell. The underlying mechanism was associated with the dephosphorylation of PPP3CA on ERK1/2. Taken together, our results indicated that PPP3CA mediated MET process and cell behaviors of MM cells, providing new foundation for analyzing potential regulator in kidney development process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Apoptosis/genetics , Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Gene Silencing , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mesoderm
10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1979-1991, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878459

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has spread widely on a large scale in the whole world at present, seriously endangering human health. There are still no effective and specific drugs, so it is urgent to find safe and effective therapeutic methods. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have many biological functions of powerful immunomodulation and tissue repair and regeneration. As a stem cell therapy, it has the potential to reduce the tissue injury and mortality in severe patients infected with novel coronavirus. At present, many research institutions in China and abroad have started a number of clinical research projects about MSCs in the treatment of COVID-19. In addition, those projects have initially confirmed the safety and effectiveness of this therapy. Therefore, this research field has been proved to have a very good clinical therapy prospect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , China , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1970-1978, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878458

ABSTRACT

At present, SARS-CoV-2 is raging, and novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) has caused more than 35 million confirmed patients and more than 500 000 cases death, which seriously endanger human health, socioeconomic development, as well as global medical and public health systems. COVID-19 is highly contagious, has a long incubation period, and causes many death cases due to lack of effective specific treatment. Mesenchymal stem cells have powerful anti-inflammatory and immunoregulatory functions, and can effectively reduce the cytokine storm caused by coronavirus in patients, and improve the pulmonary fibrosis of patients, promote the repair of damaged lung tissue, and reduce the mortality. Currently, a number of related clinical trials of mesenchymal stem cell treatment of COVID-19 have been conducted, and have confirmed the safety and efficacy, suggesting a good clinical application prospect. While progress has been made in mesenchymal stem cell therapy for COVID-19, we should also catch sight of the problems and challenges faced by mesenchymal stem cell clinical trials under severe epidemic situation, including clinical trials design, stem cell quality management, and ethics in treatment. Only by paying attention to these can we guarantee the safe and effective development of mesenchymal stem cell clinical trials in the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Clinical Trials as Topic , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
12.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 42: e50260, fev. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1460927

ABSTRACT

Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells have been expanded in vitro for cellular therapy in numerous clinical settings without standardized culture conditions or quality-control schemes. The in vitro expansion is necessary to obtain sufficient cells for clinical applications. However, the expansion may induce genetic and functional abnormalities which may affect the safety and functionality of MSC, especially the chromosomal stability. This study aimed to investigate the protein profile of umbilical cord-derived MSC with normal and inverted karyotypes after expansion in the laboratory. Mass spectrometry analysis was performed and the Bradford method, Scaffold software, String and Cytoscape databases were employed to measure and characterize the protein content of umbilical cord-derived MSC. Networks of protein interactions, hub and bottleneck proteins were identified by proteomics and systems biology approaches. We found that proteins related to cellular stress were super expressed in inverted karyotype cells. Moreover, a high expression of Serpine 1, RHOA, and CTSB was found in these cells, which are proteins related to cancer. The albumin and ubiquitin proteins have been associated with a positive prognosis in cancer and cellular stress, and were up- and down-regulated in normal karyotype cells, respectively. The results suggests that the paracentric inversion inv(3)(p25p13) induced some type of cellular stress and genetic instability in human mesenchymal stem cells. These analyses showed the importance of carrying out studies related to the genetic instability of human mesenchymal stem cells using the protein expression profile as a parameter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Karyotype , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Proteome/analysis , Proteome/genetics
13.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180501, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132211

ABSTRACT

Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells and osteoblasts play important roles in bone formation. Achatina fulica mucus presented the property of osteoinduction. This study aimed to examine the effects of A. fulica mucus on human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) and human fetal osteoblastic cell line (HFOB) differentiation. The integrated effects of A. fulica mucus and polycaprolactone (PCL) on the differentiation of hMSCs were tested. The cell viability of hMSCs treated with A. fulica mucus was investigated by the MTT assay. The cell mineralization was observed by Alizarin Red S staining, the gene expression was investigated using RT-PCR, and the PI3K activation was studied using flow cytometry. The results indicated that A. fulica mucus induced osteogenic differentiation in hMSCs and HFOBs by upregulation of the osteogenic markers; osteopontin (OPN) and osteocalcin (OCN). The results of the Alizarin Red S staining indicated that A. fulica mucus supported mineralization in both hMSCs and HFOBs. The hMSCs cultured on PCL supplemented with A. fulica mucus showed significantly increased RUNX2 and OPN expressions. A. fulica mucus was observed to increase PI3K activation in hMSCs. The findings of this study suggested that A. fulica mucus and biomaterials could be applied together for use in bone regeneration in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Osteogenesis/physiology , Bone Regeneration , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mollusca/chemistry , Mucus/chemistry , Toxicity Tests , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry
14.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20200082, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132241

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fluorescent nanodiamond (FND) has been used for long-term cell labeling and in vivo cell tracking because they have good at photostability and biocompatibility. In this study, we evaluate the effect of fluorescent nanodiamond labeling on in vitro culture and differentiation of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) into hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs). For hepatic differentiation of hUCMSCs, cells were induced with human hepatocyte growth factor, nicotinamide and Dexamethasone. FND was supplied in two experimental groups with 20 μg/mL and 100 μg/mL in 2 hours. The cell was assessed for FND uptake by laser scan microscopy and flow cytometry methods. The effect of FND on hUCMSCs was evaluated by the cell viability and growth assays as well as the differentiation throughout of morphology alterations or gene expression of anfa-fetoprotein, albumin, and hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α. The results showed that the labeling of hUCMSCs is efficient and easy and there was significant cellular uptake of FND. We did not observe any negative impacts of FND to the cell viability and growth. FND can be utilized for the long-term labeling and tracking of hUCSCs and HLCs in vivo studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Umbilical Cord/cytology , Cell Differentiation , Hepatocytes/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Cell Survival , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
15.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190260, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132251

ABSTRACT

Abstract Creating experimental models for obtaining stem cells from adipose tissue is necessary to elucidate their peculiar features. Objective: This study proposed a reliable reproducible and consistent experimental model for obtaining mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue. Material and Method: Lines of New Zealand rabbits, Wistar rats and CaviaPorcellus guinea pigs (4 animals per species) were used. Fatty tissue mesenchymal stem cells were removed from dorsal, epididymal and inguinal regions. Percentage viable cells and percentage cells expanded and submitted to chondrogenic differentiation were compared by animal species and collection site. Results: Chondrogenic differentiation occurred in a similar manner across all samples, independently of animal species or collection site. Among samples assessed, the inguinal region of rats yielded the highest percentage of viable and expanded cells. Conclusion: A reliable, reproducible and consistent model for obtaining mesenchymal stem cells was produced. Of the several variables analysed, the best results were obtained from the inguinal region of the rat.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Rats , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Rats, Wistar , Models, Animal
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(6): 355-363, nov.-dez. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057917

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Verificar a presença das células-tronco mesenquimais (MSC) na área próxima ao nervo óptico de coelhos previamente lesado com álcool absoluto. Métodos: Os 12 coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia foram distribuídos em 2 lotes. Após sedação, cada olho do animal recebeu uma injeção retrobulbar de 1 ml de álcool absoluto em um dos olhos e de 1 ml de solução fisiológica 0,9% (SF) no olho contralateral. Após 15 dias deste procedimento inicial todos os olhos dos animais pertencentes ao lote A, receberam via retrobulbar, uma solução contendo MSC de tecido adiposo humano e previamente marcadas com Qdots,. Todos os olhos dos animais do lote B receberam solução PBS. Resultados: Após 15 dias desta última aplicação os animais foram sacrificados e as lâminas foram analisadas. A presença das MSC foi observada em 100% dos olhos dos animais do lote A. Conclusão: Os resultados sugerem que a marcação prévia das MSC com Qdots permitiu o acompanhamento das mesmas na região aplicada e em áreas mais internas do nervo óptico. A permanência de MSC após 15 dias de aplicação ao redor do nervo óptico sugere a viabilidade e possível participação das mesmas no processo de regeneração do tecido lesado. Nas condições deste estudo, a via de aplicação retrobulbar permitiu a mobilização das células tronco do local de aplicação até áreas centrais dos nervos ópticos nos animais do lote A, sugerindo que esta poderá ser uma via de acesso eficaz para as MSC no processo de regeneração de neuropatias ópticas.


Abstract Obtective: To verify the presence of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in the area close to the optic nerve of previously injured with absolute alcohol. Methods: Twelve New Zealand breed rabbits were divided into two groups, and after sedation, each eye of the animal received a retrobulbar injection of 1 ml of absolute ethanol in one eye, and 1 ml of physiological solution 0.9 % (PS) in the contralateral eye. After 15 days all eyes of animals belonging to group A, received via retrobulbar a solution containing MSCs from human adipose tissue (AT) and previously marked with Qdots, while all eyes of animals from group B received solution containing PBS. Results: The presence of MSC was observed in 100% of the eyes of the animals of group A and the more central areas near and into the optic nerve. Conclusion: The results suggest that the appointment of MSC with Qdots allowed their follow-up applied in the region and in the inner areas of the optic nerve. The MSC permanence after 15 days of application around the optic nerve suggests the feasibility and possible involvement of the same during the damaged tissue regeneration process. Under the conditions of this study, the route of retrobulbar application and the presence of the stem cells to the central areas of the optic nerves in animals of group A, suggests that this might be an effective approach for MSCs in regeneration process of optic neuropathies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rabbits , Optic Nerve Diseases/therapy , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Adipocytes , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Nerve Regeneration , Optic Nerve/cytology , Semiconductors , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Optic Nerve Diseases/chemically induced , Double-Blind Method , Quantum Dots , Injections, Intraocular
18.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(1): 32-37, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973879

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the ability of human immature dental pulp stem cells, which are mesenchymal stem cells of neural crest origin, to differentiate into the corneal epithelium for purposes of corneal transplantation and tissue engineering when cultured on de-epithelized amniotic membranes. Methods: We compared the immunophenotypes (ABCG2, K3/12, and vimentin) of cells grown on amniotic membranes or plastic surfaces under serum-free conditions or in culture media containing serum or serum replacement components. Results: Immature dental pulp stem cells grown on amniotic membranes under basal conditions are able to maintain their undifferentiated state. Our data also suggest that the culture medium used in the present work can modulate the expression of immature dental pulp stem cell markers, thus inducing epithelial differentiation of these cells in vitro. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the amniotic membrane is a good choice for the growth and transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells, particularly immature dental pulp stem cells, in clinical ocular surface reconstruction.


RESUMO Objetivos: Avaliar a capacidade das células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite que são células-tronco mesenquimais de origem da crista neural, de se diferenciarem no epitélio corneano para fins de transplante de córnea e engenharia de tecidos quando cultivadas em membrana amnióticas desepitelizadas. Métodos: Foram comparamos so imunofenótipo (ABCG2, CK3/12 e vimentina) de células cultivadas em membranas amnióticas ou em superfícies plásticas sob condições livres de soro ou em meios de cultura contendo soro ou componentes de substituição de soro. Resultados: Células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite cultivadas sobre membrana amniótica em condições basais são capazes de manter seu estado indiferenciado. Nossos dados também sugerem que o meio de cultura utilizado no presente trabalho pode modular a expressão de marcadores de células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite, induzindo a diferenciação epitelial destas células in vitro. Conclusão: Nossos resultados sugerem que a membrana amniótica é uma boa escolha para o crescimento e transplante de células-tronco mesenquimais, particularmente as células-tronco imaturas da polpa do dente de leite, na reconstrução da superfície ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epithelium, Corneal/transplantation , Dental Pulp/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Tissue Scaffolds , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Amnion , Time Factors , Cells, Cultured , Reproducibility of Results , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Corneal Diseases/surgery , Cell Proliferation
19.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 219-237, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010453

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) play an important role in cancer development and progression. However, the mechanism by which they enhance the chemoresistance of ovarian cancer is unknown.@*METHODS@#Conditioned media of BM-MSCs (BM-MSC-CM) were analyzed using a technique based on microRNA arrays. The most highly expressed microRNAs were selected for testing their effects on glycolysis and chemoresistance in SKOV3 and COC1 ovarian cancer cells. The targeted gene and related signaling pathway were investigated using in silico analysis and in vitro cancer cell models. Kaplan-Merier survival analysis was performed on a population of 59 patients enrolled to analyze the clinical significance of microRNA findings in the prognosis of ovarian cancer.@*RESULTS@#MiR-1180 was the most abundant microRNA detected in BM-MSC-CM, which simultaneously induces glycolysis and chemoresistance (against cisplatin) in ovarian cancer cells. The secreted frizzled-related protein 1 (SFRP1) gene was identified as a major target of miR-1180. The overexpression of miR-1180 led to the activation of Wnt signaling and its downstream components, namely Wnt5a, β-catenin, c-Myc, and CyclinD1, which are responsible for glycolysis-induced chemoresistance. The miR-1180 level was inversely correlated with SFRP1 mRNA expression in ovarian cancer tissue. The overexpressed miR-1180 was associated with a poor prognosis for the long-term (96-month) survival of ovarian cancer patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#BM-MSCs enhance the chemoresistance of ovarian cancer by releasing miR-1180. The released miR-1180 activates the Wnt signaling pathway in cancer cells by targeting SFRP1. The enhanced Wnt signaling upregulates the glycolytic level (i.e. Warburg effect), which reinforces the chemoresistance property of ovarian cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Adenosine Triphosphate/chemistry , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Flow Cytometry , Follow-Up Studies , Glycolysis , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Multivariate Analysis , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Up-Regulation , Wnt Signaling Pathway
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(8): e8318, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011603

ABSTRACT

Currently, there is great clinical need for suitable synthetic grafts that can be used in vascular diseases. Synthetic grafts have been successfully used in medium and large arteries, however, their use in small diameter vessels is limited and presents a high failure rate. In this context, the aim of this study was to develop tissue engineering scaffolds, using poly(trimethylene carbonate-co-L-lactide) (PTMCLLA), for application as small diameter vascular grafts. For this, copolymers with varying trimethylene carbonate/lactide ratios - 20/80, 30/70, and 40/60 - were submitted to electrospinning and the resulting scaffolds were evaluated in terms of their physicochemical and biological properties. The scaffolds produced with PTMCLLA 20/80, 30/70, and 40/60 showed smooth fibers with an average diameter of 771±273, 606±242, and 697±232 nm, respectively. When the degradation ratio was evaluated, the three scaffold groups had a similar molecular weight (Mw) on the final day of analysis. PTMCLLA 30/70 and 40/60 scaffolds exhibited greater flexibility than the PTMCLLA 20/80. However, the PTMCLLA 40/60 scaffolds showed a large wrinkling and their biological properties were not evaluated. The PTMCLLA 30/70 scaffolds supported the adhesion and growth of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), endothelial progenitor cells, and smooth muscle cells (SMCs). In addition, they provided a spreading of MSCs and SMCs. Given the results, the electrospun scaffolds produced with PTMCLLA 30/70 copolymer can be considered promising candidates for future applications in vascular tissue engineering.


Subject(s)
Humans , Polyesters/chemistry , Blood Vessel Prosthesis , Dioxanes/chemistry , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Materials Testing , Cells, Cultured/cytology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/cytology , Cell Proliferation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Endothelial Progenitor Cells/cytology
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