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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 699-707, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878065

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Autophagy of alveolar macrophages is a crucial process in ischemia/reperfusion injury-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) are multipotent cells with the potential for repairing injured sites and regulating autophagy. This study was to investigate the influence of BM-MSCs on autophagy of macrophages in the oxygen-glucose deprivation/restoration (OGD/R) microenvironment and to explore the potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#We established a co-culture system of macrophages (RAW264.7) with BM-MSCs under OGD/R conditions in vitro. RAW264.7 cells were transfected with recombinant adenovirus (Ad-mCherry-GFP-LC3B) and autophagic status of RAW264.7 cells was observed under a fluorescence microscope. Autophagy-related proteins light chain 3 (LC3)-I, LC3-II, and p62 in RAW264.7 cells were detected by Western blotting. We used microarray expression analysis to identify the differently expressed genes between OGD/R treated macrophages and macrophages co-culture with BM-MSCs. We investigated the gene heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is downstream of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of LC3-II/LC3-I of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells was increased (1.27 ± 0.20 vs. 0.44 ± 0.08, t = 6.67, P  < 0.05), while the expression of p62 was decreased (0.77 ± 0.04 vs. 0.95 ± 0.10, t = 2.90, P  < 0.05), and PI3K (0.40 ± 0.06 vs. 0.63 ± 0.10, t = 3.42, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratio was also decreased (0.39 ± 0.02 vs. 0.58 ± 0.03, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). BM-MSCs reduced the LC3-II/LC3-I ratio of OGD/R treated RAW264.7 cells (0.68 ± 0.14 vs. 1.27 ± 0.20, t = 4.12, P  < 0.05), up-regulated p62 expression (1.10 ± 0.20 vs. 0.77 ± 0.04, t = 2.80, P  < 0.05), and up-regulated PI3K (0.54 ± 0.05 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, t = 3.11, P  < 0.05) and p-Akt/Akt ratios (0.52 ± 0.05 vs. 0.39 ± 0.02, t = 9.13, P  < 0.05). A whole-genome microarray assay screened the differentially expressed gene HO-1, which is downstream of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, and the alteration of HO-1 mRNA and protein expression was consistent with the data on PI3K/Akt pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggest the existence of the PI3K/Akt/HO-1 signaling pathway in RAW264.7 cells under OGD/R circumstances in vitro, revealing the mechanism underlying BM-MSC-mediated regulation of autophagy and enriching the understanding of potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of ALI.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Bone Marrow , Glucose , Heme Oxygenase-1/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Oxygen , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e8876, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089338

ABSTRACT

The immune stimulatory and anti-neoplastic functions of type I interferon have long been applied for the treatment of melanoma. However, the systemic application of high levels of this recombinant protein is often met with toxicity. An approach that provides localized, yet transient, production of type I interferon may overcome this limitation. We propose that the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as delivery vehicles for the production of interferon-β (IFNβ) may be beneficial when applied together with our cancer gene therapy approach. In our previous studies, we have shown that adenovirus-mediated gene therapy with IFNβ was especially effective in combination with p19Arf gene transfer, resulting in immunogenic cell death. Here we showed that MSCs derived from mouse adipose tissue were susceptible to transduction with adenovirus, expressed the transgene reliably, and yet were not especially sensitive to IFNβ production. MSCs used to produce IFNβ inhibited B16 mouse melanoma cells in a co-culture assay. Moreover, the presence of p19Arf in the B16 cells sensitizes them to the IFNβ produced by the MSCs. These data represent a critical demonstration of the use of MSCs as carriers of adenovirus encoding IFNβ and applied as an anti-cancer strategy in combination with p19Arf gene therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Melanoma, Experimental/therapy , Interferon-beta/metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/administration & dosage , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Transduction, Genetic , Melanoma, Experimental/metabolism , Genetic Therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Disease Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred C57BL
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180317, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-984571

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bone morphogenetic protein type 2 (BMP-2) and retinoic acid (RA) are osteoinductive factors that stimulate endogenous mechanisms of bone repair which can be applied on management of osseous defects in oral and maxillofacial fields. Objective Considering the different results of RA on osteogenesis and its possible use to substitute/potency BMP-2 effects, this study evaluated the outcomes of BMP-2, RA, and BMP-2+RA treatments on in vitro osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) and the signaling pathway(s) involved. Material and Methods ASCs were treated every other day with basic osteogenic medium (OM) alone or supplemented with BMP-2, RA, or BMP-2+RA. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was determined using the r-nitrophenol method. Extracellular matrix mineralization was evaluated using von Kossa staining and calcium quantification. Expression of osteonectin and osteocalcin mRNA were determined using qPCR. Smad1, Smad4, phosphorylated Smad1/5/8, BMP-4, and BMP-7 proteins expressions were analyzed using western blotting. Signaling pathway was evaluated using the IPA® software. Results RA promoted the highest ALP activity at days 7, 14, 21, and 28, in comparison to BMP-2 and BMP-2+RA. BMP-2+RA best stimulated phosphorylated Smad1/5/8 protein expression at day 7 and Smad4 expression at days 7, 14, 21, and 28. Osteocalcin and osteonectin mRNA expressions were best stimulated by BMP-2+RA at day 7. Matrix mineralization was most improved by BMP-2+RA at days 12 and 32. Additionally, BMP-2+RA promoted the highest BMP signaling pathway activation at days 7 and 14, and demonstrated more activation of differentiation of bone-forming cells than OM alone. Conclusions In summary, RA increased the effect of BMP-2 on osteogenic differentiation of human ASCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/drug effects , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Osteogenesis/physiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Osteocalcin/analysis , Osteocalcin/drug effects , Osteonectin/analysis , Osteonectin/drug effects , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Alkaline Phosphatase/adverse effects , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(3): 1049-1056, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954229

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal cells (MCs) exhibit great regenerative potential due to their intrinsic properties and ability to restore tissue function, either directly through transdifferentiation or indirectly through paracrine effects. This study aimed to evaluate morphometric and phenotypic changes in MCs grown with facial nerve-conditioned medium in the presence or absence of fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2). For quantitative phenotypic analysis, the expression of GFAP, OX-42, MAP-2, β-tubulin III, NeuN, and NF-200 was analyzed by immunocytochemistry. Cells cultured with facial nerve-conditioned medium in the presence of FGF-2 expressed GFAP, OX-42, MAP-2, β-tubulin III, NeuN, and NF-200. On average, the area and perimeter of GFAP-positive cells were higher in the group cultured with facial nerve-conditioned medium compared to the group cultured with conditioned medium and FGF-2 (p=0.0001). This study demonstrated the plasticity of MCs for neuronal and glial lineages and opens up new research perspectives in cell therapy and trans.differentiation.


Las células mesenquimales (CM) exhiben un gran potencial regenerativo debido a sus propiedades intrínsecas y la capacidad de restaurar la función del tejido, ya sea directamente, a través de la transdiferenciación, o indirectamente, a través de efectos parácrinos. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar los cambios morfométricos y fenotípicos en CM cultivadas con medio condicionado por nervio facial en presencia o ausencia de factor de crecimiento de fibroblastos 2 (FGF-2). Para el análisis fenotípico cuantitativo, se analizó la expresión de GFAP, OX-42, MAP-2, β-tubulina III, NeuN y NF-200 mediante inmunocitoquímica. Las células cultivadas con medio condicionado por el nervio facial en presencia de FGF-2 expresaban GFAP, OX-42, MAP-2, β-tubulina III, NeuN y NF-200. En promedio, el área y el perímetro de las células positivas para GFAP fueron mayores en el grupo cultivado con medio condicionado por el nervio facial en comparación con el grupo cultivado con medio acondicionado y FGF-2 (p = 0,0001). Este estudio demostró la plasticidad de CM para linajes neuronales y gliales y abre nuevas perspectivas de investigación en terapia celular y transdiferenciación.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Marrow , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/metabolism , Facial Nerve Injuries , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Phenotype , Immunohistochemistry , Cells, Cultured , Rats, Wistar , Cell Transdifferentiation
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(2): e6520, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889032

ABSTRACT

Multiple growth factors can be administered to mimic the natural process of bone healing in bone tissue engineering. We investigated the effects of sequential release of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) from polylactide-poly (ethylene glycol)-polylactide (PELA) microcapsule-based scaffolds on bone regeneration. To improve the double emulsion/solvent evaporation technique, VEGF was encapsulated in PELA microcapsules, to which BMP-2 was attached. The scaffold (BMP-2/PELA/VEGF) was then fused to these microcapsules using the dichloromethane vapor method. The bioactivity of the released BMP-2 and VEGF was then quantified in rat mesenchymal stem cells (rMSCs). Immunoblotting analysis showed that BMP-2/PELA/VEG promoted the differentiation of rMSCs into osteoblasts via the MAPK and Wnt pathways. Osteoblast differentiation was assessed through alkaline phosphatase expression. When compared with simple BMP-2 plus VEGF group and pure PELA group, osteoblast differentiation in BMP-2/PELA/VEGF group significantly increased. An MTT assay indicated that BMP-2-loaded PELA scaffolds had no adverse effects on cell activity. BMP-2/PELA/VEG promoted the differentiation of rMSCs into osteoblast via the ERK1/2 and Wnt pathways. Our findings indicate that the sequential release of BMP-2 and VEGF from PELA microcapsule-based scaffolds is a promising approach for the treatment of bone defects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Rats , Polyesters/pharmacology , Polyethylene Glycols/pharmacology , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors/metabolism , Tissue Scaffolds , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Time Factors , Bone Regeneration , Signal Transduction/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Models, Animal , Cell Proliferation , beta Catenin/physiology , Nanoparticles , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway/physiology
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 109(6): 579-589, Dec. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887981

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Diabetes mellitus is a severe chronic disease leading to systemic complications, including cardiovascular dysfunction. Previous cell therapy studies have obtained promising results with the use bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells derived from healthy animals (MSCc) in diabetes animal models. However, the ability of MSC derived from diabetic rats to improve functional cardiac parameters is still unknown. Objectives: To investigate whether bone-marrow-derived MSC from diabetic rats (MSCd) would contribute to recover metabolic and cardiac electrical properties in other diabetic rats. Methods: Diabetes was induced in Wistar rats with streptozotocin. MSCs were characterized by flow cytometry, morphological analysis, and immunohistochemistry. Cardiac electrical function was analyzed using recordings of ventricular action potential. Differences between variables were considered significant when p < 0.05. Results: In vitro properties of MSCc and MSCd were evaluated. Both cell types presented similar morphology, growth kinetics, and mesenchymal profile, and could differentiate into adipogenic and osteogenic lineages. However, in an assay for fibroblast colony-forming units (CFU-F), MSCd formed more colonies than MSCc when cultured in expansion medium with or without hydrocortisone (1 µM). In order to compare the therapeutic potential of the cells, the animals were divided into four experimental groups: nondiabetic (CTRL), diabetic (DM), diabetic treated with MSCc (DM + MSCc), and diabetic treated with MSCd (DM + MSCd). The treated groups received a single injection of MSC 4 weeks after the development of diabetes. MSCc and MSCd controlled hyperglycemia and body weight loss and improved cardiac electrical remodeling in diabetic rats. Conclusions: MSCd and MSCc have similar in vitro properties and therapeutic potential in a rat model of diabetes induced with streptozotocin.


Resumo Fundamentos: O diabetes mellitus é uma doença crônica grave que leva a complicações sistêmicas, como a disfunção cardiovascular. Estudos anteriores de terapia celular obtiveram resultados promissores com utilização de células estromais mesenquimais (CEM) derivadas de medula óssea de animais saudáveis (CEMc) em modelos de animais diabéticos. No entanto, a capacidade das CEM derivadas de ratos diabéticos em melhorar parâmetros cardíacos funcionais é ainda desconhecida. Objetivos: Investigar se CEM derivadas de medula óssea de ratos diabéticos (CEMd) poderiam contribuir para a recuperação metabólica e de propriedades elétricas cardíacas em outros ratos também com diabetes. Métodos: O diabetes foi induzido em ratos Wistar com estreptozotocina. As CEM foram caracterizadas por citometria de fluxo, análise morfológica e imunohistoquímica. A função elétrica cardíaca foi analisada através de registro do potencial de ação ventricular. As diferenças entre as variáveis foram consideradas significativas quando p < 0,05. Resultados: As propriedades in vitro das CEMc e CEMd foram avaliadas. Ambos os tipos celulares apresentaram morfologia, cinética de crescimento e perfil mesenquimal semelhante, e puderam ser diferenciadas em linhagens adipogênica e osteogênica. No entanto, em ensaios para unidades formadoras de colônias de fibroblastos (UFC-F), as CEMd formaram mais colônias em comparação às CEMc quando cultivadas em meio com ou sem hidrocortisona (1 µM). Para comparar o potencial terapêutico das células, os animais foram divididos em quatro grupos experimentais: não diabéticos (CTRL), diabéticos (DM), diabéticos tratados com CEMc (DM + CEMc) e diabéticos tratados com CEMd (DM + CEMd). Os grupos tratados receberam uma única injeção de CEM 4 semanas após o estabelecimento do diabetes. Ambas CEMc e CEMd controlaram a hiperglicemia e a perda de peso corporal e melhoraram o remodelamento elétrico cardíaco em ratos com diabetes. Conclusão: As CEMd e CEMc possuem propriedades in vitro e potencial terapêutico semelhante em um modelo de rato com diabetes induzido por estreptozotocina. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2017; 109(6):579-589)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/chemically induced , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Heart Diseases/etiology , Heart Diseases/therapy , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Rats, Wistar , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(1): 125-131, Jan.-Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839349

ABSTRACT

Abstract Small ruminant lentiviruses isolated from peripheral blood leukocytes and target organs can be propagated in vitro in fibroblasts derived from goat synovial membrane cells. These cells are obtained from tissues collected from embryos or fetuses and are necessary for the establishment of the fibroblast primary culture. A new alternative type of host cells, derived from goat umbilical cord, was isolated and characterized phenotypically with its main purpose being to obtain cell monolayers that could be used for the diagnosis and isolation of small ruminant lentiviruses in cell culture. To accomplish this goal, cells were isolated from umbilical cords; characterized phenotypically by flow cytometry analysis; differentiate into osteogenic, chondrogenic and adipogenic lineage; and submitted to viral challenge. The proliferation of goat umbilical cord cells was fast and cell monolayers formed after 15 days. These cells exhibited morphology, immunophenotype, growth characteristics, and lineage differentiation potential similar to mesenchymal stem cells of other origins. The goat umbilical cord derived cells stained positive for vimentin and CD90, but negative for cytokeratin, CD34 and CD105 markers. Syncytia and cell lysis were observed in cell monolayers infected by CAEV-Cork and MVV-K1514, showing that the cells are permissive to small ruminant lentivirus infection in vitro. These data demonstrate the proliferative competence of cells derived from goat umbilical cords and provide a sound basis for future research to standardize this cell lineage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Umbilical Cord/cytology , Lentivirus/physiology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/virology , Osteogenesis , Virus Replication , In Vitro Techniques , Goats , Biomarkers , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Immunophenotyping , Cell Culture Techniques , Chondrogenesis , Cytopathogenic Effect, Viral , Adipogenesis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/pathology
8.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2017; 19 (1): 146-158
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185801

ABSTRACT

Objective: We used sodium nitroprusside [SNP], a nitric oxide [NO] releasing molecule, to understand its effect on viability and proliferation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells [BM-MSCs]


Materials and Methods: This experimental study evaluated the viability and morphology of MSCs in the presence of SNP [100 to 2000 micro M] at 1, 5, and 15 hours. We chose the 100, 1000, and 2000 micro M concentrations of SNP for one hour exposure for further analyses. Cell proliferation was investigated by the colony forming assay and population doubling number [PDN]. Na[+], K[+], and Ca2[+] levels as well as activities of lactate dehydrogenase [LDH], alkaline phosphatase [ALP], aspartate transaminase [AST], and alanine transaminase [ALT] were measured


Results: The viability of MSCs dose-dependently reduced from 750 micro M at one hour and 250 micro M at 5 and 15 hours. The 100 micro M caused no change in viability, however we observed a reduction in the cytoplasmic area at 5 and 15 hours. This change was not observed at one hour. The one hour treatment with 100 micro M of SNP reduced the mean colony numbers but not the diameter when the cells were incubated for 7 and 14 days. In addition, one hour treatment with 100 micro M of SNP significantly reduced ALT, AST, and ALP activities whereas the activity of LDH increased when incubated for 24 hours. The same treatment caused an increase in Ca2[+] and reduction in Na+ content. The 1000 and 2000 micro M concentrations reduced all the factors except Ca2[+] and LDH which increased


Conclusion: The high dose of SNP, even for a short time, was toxic. The low dose was safe with respect to viability and proliferation, especially over a short time. However elevated LDH activity might increase anaerobic metabolism


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Cell Survival , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Lactate Dehydrogenases , Anaerobiosis
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(9): e5648, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888995

ABSTRACT

The association of bioactive molecules, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), with nanofibers facilitates their controlled release, which could contribute to cellular migration and differentiation in tissue regeneration. In this research, the influence of their incorporation on a polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA) scaffold produced by electrospinning on cell adhesion and viability and cytotoxicity was carried out in three groups: 1) PLGA/BSA/VEGF; 2) PLGA/BSA, and 3) PLGA. Morphology, fiber diameter, contact angle, loading efficiency and controlled release of VEGF of the biomaterials, among others, were measured. The nanofibers showed smooth surfaces without beads and with interconnected pores. PLGA/BSA/VEGF showed the smallest water contact angle and VEGF released for up to 160 h. An improvement in cell adhesion was observed for the PLGA/BSA/VEGF scaffolds compared to the other groups and the scaffolds were non-toxic for the cells. Therefore, the scaffolds were shown to be a good strategy for sustained delivery of VEGF and may be a useful tool for tissue engineering.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lactic Acid/administration & dosage , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Polyglycolic Acid/administration & dosage , Tissue Engineering/methods , Tissue Scaffolds , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/administration & dosage , Cell Adhesion/drug effects , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/enzymology , Nanofibers
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e17, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839523

ABSTRACT

Abstract Periodontitis develops as a result of a continuous interaction between host cells and subgingival pathogenic bacteria. The periodontium has a limited capacity for regeneration, probably due to changes in periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) phenotype. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lipopolysaccharides from Porphyromonas gingivalis (PgLPS) on mesenchymal phenotype and osteoblast/cementoblast (O/C) potential of PDLSCs. PDLSCs were assessed for Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) expression by immunostaining technique. After, cells were exposed to PgLPS, and the following assays were carried out: (i) cell metabolic activity using MTS; (ii) gene expression for IL-1β, TNF-α and OCT-4 by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR); (iii) flow cytometry for STRO-1 and CD105, and (iv) osteogenic differentiation. PDLSCs were positive for TLR2. PgLPS promoted cell proliferation, produced IL-1β and TNF-α, and did not affect the expression of stem cell markers, STRO-1, CD105 and OCT-4. Under osteogenic condition, PDLSCs exposed to PgLPS showed a similar potential to differentiate toward osteoblast/cementoblast phenotype compared to control group as revealed by mineralized matrix deposition and levels of transcripts for RUNX2, ALP and OCN. These results provide evidence that PgLPS induces pro-inflammatory cytokines, but does not change the mesenchymal phenotype and osteoblast/cementoblast differentiation potential of PDLSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Periodontal Ligament/cytology , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Porphyromonas gingivalis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/drug effects , Time Factors , Gene Expression , Osteocalcin/analysis , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Octamer Transcription Factor-3/analysis , Toll-Like Receptors/analysis , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 206-216, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126255

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) is a critical factor for vascular stabilization and endothelial survival via inhibition of endothelial permeability and leukocyte- endothelium interactions. Hence, we hypothesized that treatment with umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) carrying the Ang1 gene (UCMSCs-Ang1) might be a potential approach for acute lung injury (ALI) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: UCMSCs with or without transfection with the human Ang1 gene were delivered intravenously into rats one hour after intra-abdominal instillation of LPS to induce ALI. After the rats were sacrificed at 6 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours, 8 days, and 15 days post-injection of LPS, the serum, the lung tissues, and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were harvested for analysis, respectively. RESULTS: Administration of fluorescence microscope confirmed the increased presence of UCMSCs in the injured lungs. The evaluation of UCMSCs and UCMSCs-Ang1 actions revealed that Ang1 overexpression further decreased the levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, TGF-β1, and IL-6 and increased the expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in the injured lungs. This synergy caused a substantial decrease in lung airspace inflammation and vascular leakage, characterized by significant reductions in wet/dry ratio, differential neutrophil counts, myeloperoxidase activity, and BALF. The rats treated by UCMSCs-Ang1 showed improved survival and lower ALI scores. CONCLUSION: UCMSCs-Ang1 could improve both systemic inflammation and alveolar permeability in ALI. UC-derived MSCs-based Ang1 gene therapy may be developed as a potential novel strategy for the treatment of ALI.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury/chemically induced , Angiopoietin-1/genetics , Animals , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Cytokines/metabolism , Endotoxins , Genetic Therapy , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Leukocyte Count , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Neutrophils/metabolism , Rats , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Umbilical Cord/cytology
12.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 18(supl.2): 45-56, Out.-Dez. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776703

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivo: Comparar a prevalência de fumantes atuais de tabaco na população brasileira e nas unidades federativas, em adultos (≥ 18 anos), considerando dois inquéritos populacionais realizados em 2008 e 2013. Métodos: São comparadas as prevalências de fumantes atuais de tabaco no Brasil e nas unidades federativas analisando dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Amostra de Domicílios, de 2008, e da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde, de 2013. Foram calculados a variação percentual no período e o valor de p. Resultados: A prevalência de fumantes atual de tabaco reduziu -19% no período, saindo de 18,2% (2008) para 14,7% (2013). O declínio ocorreu em todas as regiões, área urbana e rural e na maioria dos estados. A redução foi de -17,5% para os homens e -20,7% para as mulheres, reduziu em todas as faixas de idade, sendo a maior redução entre 25 e 39 anos; também reduziu para todas as categorias de raça/cor, sendo as prevalências mais altas entre pretos e pardos. Declinou também em todas as faixas de escolaridade, sendo maior a redução nas faixas de menor escolaridade. Em 2013, as prevalências para população com menor escolaridade foram de 19,7% e de 8,7% para quem tem nível superior completo. Conclusão: Ocorreu uma redução média de cerca de 19% no consumo do tabaco no Brasil e nos estados brasileiros, em ambos o sexos, todas faixas de idade e raça/cor. O consumo do tabaco no país é um dos mais baixos do mundo e declinou de forma significativa, o que pode ser atribuído a políticas de controle, regulação e prevenção.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare current tobacco smoking prevalence in the Brazilian population and the federal states in adults (aged ≥ 18 years), using the National Household Survey 2008 and National Health Survey, 2013. Methods: Using data from two national surveys conducted in 2008 and 2013, the paper examines the current tobacco smoking prevalence in Brazil at the national level and at the federal state level. We calculated the percentage change for the period. Results: Overall, results show -19% reduction in current tobacco smoking prevalence from 18.5% (2008) to 14.7% (2013). Results also show a significant percentage decline in smoking prevalence across geographic regions and demographic characteristics including gender, race, age and education levels. The decline occurred in all regions, urban and rural areas, and in most states. The reduction was -17.5% for men and -20.7% for women, having occurred in all age groups, with the greatest reduction in the group from 25 to 39 years of age; in all categories of race/color, a higher prevalence was found among the blacks and browns. It also declined in all the levels of schooling, with a higher reduction in lower education levels. In 2013, the prevalence for people with less education was 19.7% and 8.7% for those with college degrees. Conclusion: There was an average reduction of about 19% in tobacco consumption in Brazil and the Brazilian states in both sexes, all ages, and race color. Tobacco consumption in the country is one of the lowest in the world and has declined significantly, which can be attributed to the control policies, regulation, and prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Collagen/administration & dosage , Drug Compounding , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Cells, Cultured , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Signal Transduction , /metabolism
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66446

ABSTRACT

Canine mesenchymal cells (MSCs) derived from Wharton's jelly were co-cultured, then supplemented or not supplemented with platelet rich plasma (PRP) and demineralized bone matrix (DBM) to verify osteogenic differentiation. Osteoblastic differentiation followed by mineralized bone matrix production was found to be significantly higher (p < 0.05) when MSCs were associated with PRP/DBM in culture after 14-21-days of induction. Osteopontin and osteocalcin gene expression were significantly superior (p < 0.05) under the same culture conditions after 21 days of observation. In conclusion, addition of PRP to DBM co-cultured with MSCs successfully induced osteogenesis in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Demineralization Technique/veterinary , Bone Matrix/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques/veterinary , Dogs , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Osteogenesis , Platelet-Rich Plasma/metabolism , Umbilical Cord/metabolism
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 47(10): 886-894, 10/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722168

ABSTRACT

Administration or expression of growth factors, as well as implantation of autologous bone marrow cells, promote in vivo angiogenesis. This study investigated the angiogenic potential of combining both approaches through the allogenic transplantation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) expressing human basic fibroblast growth factor (hbFGF). After establishing a hind limb ischemia model in Sprague Dawley rats, the animals were randomly divided into four treatment groups: MSCs expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP-MSC), MSCs expressing hbFGF (hbFGF-MSC), MSC controls, and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) controls. After 2 weeks, MSC survival and differentiation, hbFGF and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression, and microvessel density of ischemic muscles were determined. Stable hbFGF expression was observed in the hbFGF-MSC group after 2 weeks. More hbFGF-MSCs than GFP-MSCs survived and differentiated into vascular endothelial cells (P<0.001); however, their differentiation rates were similar. Moreover, allogenic transplantation of hbFGF-MSCs increased VEGF expression (P=0.008) and microvessel density (P<0.001). Transplantation of hbFGF-expressing MSCs promoted angiogenesis in an in vivo hind limb ischemia model by increasing the survival of transplanted cells that subsequently differentiated into vascular endothelial cells. This study showed the therapeutic potential of combining cell-based therapy with gene therapy to treat ischemic disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Extremities/blood supply , /metabolism , Gene Expression , Ischemia/physiopathology , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Neovascularization, Physiologic/physiology , Antigens, Surface/analysis , Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Disease Models, Animal , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Ischemia/therapy , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Muscle, Skeletal/blood supply , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transplantation, Homologous , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/metabolism
15.
Biol. Res ; 47: 1-7, 2014. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950768

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acetylcholine (ACh) is known to be a key neurotransmitter in the central and peripheral nervous systems, which is also produced in a variety of non-neuronal tissues and cell. The existence of ACh in maxilla in vivo and potential regulation role for osteogenesis need further study. RESULTS: Components of the cholinergic system (ACh, esterase, choline acetyltransferase, high-affinity choline uptake, n- and mAChRs) were determined in maxilla of rat in vivo, by means of Real-Time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Results showed RNA for CarAT, carnitine/acylcarnitine translocase member 20 (Slc25a20), VAChT, OCTN2, OCT1, OCT3, organic cation transporter member 4 (Slc22a4), AChE, BChE, nAChR subunits α1, α2, α3, α5, α7, α10, ß1, ß2, ß4, γ and mAChR subunits M1, M2, M3, M4, M5 were detected in rat's maxilla. RNA of VAChT, AChE, nAChR subunits α2, ß1, ß4 and mAChR subunits M4 had abundant expression (2(-ΔCt) > 0.03). Immunohistochemical staining was conducted for ACh, VAChT, nAChRα7 and AChE. ACh was expressed in mesenchymal cells, chondroblast, bone and cartilage matrix and bone marrow cells, The VAChT expression was very extensively while ACh receptor α7 was strongly expressed in newly formed bone matrix of endochondral and bone marrow ossification, AchE was found only in mesenchymal stem cells, cartilage and bone marrow cells. CONCLUSIONS: ACh might exert its effect on the endochondral and bone marrow ossification, and bone matrix mineralization in maxilla.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Marrow/physiology , Acetylcholine/metabolism , Cartilage/physiology , Cholinergic Agents/metabolism , Maxilla/metabolism , Osteogenesis/physiology , Bone Matrix/metabolism , Calcification, Physiologic/physiology , Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Carnitine Acyltransferases/genetics , Carnitine Acyltransferases/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation/physiology , Receptors, Nicotinic/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Organic Cation Transport Proteins/genetics , Organic Cation Transport Proteins/metabolism , Vesicular Acetylcholine Transport Proteins/genetics , Vesicular Acetylcholine Transport Proteins/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Maxilla/cytology
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103504

ABSTRACT

Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been reported to be beneficial for the treatment of liver fibrosis. Here, we investigated the use of genetically engineered MSCs that overexpress hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) as a means to improve their therapeutic effect in liver fibrosis. Liver fibrosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of dimethylnitrosamine. HGF-secreting MSCs (MSCs/HGF) were prepared by transducing MSCs with an adenovirus carrying HGF-encoding cDNA. MSCs or MSCs/HGF were injected directly into the spleen of fibrotic rats. Tissue fibrosis was assessed by histological analysis 12 days after stem cell injection. Although treatment with MSCs reduced fibrosis, treatment with MSCs/HGF produced a more significant reduction and was associated with elevated HGF levels in the portal vein. Collagen levels in the liver extract were decreased after MSC/HGF therapy, suggesting recovery from fibrosis. Furthermore, liver function was improved in animals receiving MSCs/HGF, indicating that MSC/HGF therapy resulted not only in reduction of liver fibrosis but also in improvement of hepatocyte function. Assessment of cell and biochemical parameters revealed that mRNA levels of the fibrogenic cytokines PDGF-bb and TGF-beta1 were significantly decreased after MSC/HGF therapy. Subsequent to the decrease in collagen, expression of matrix metalloprotease-9 (MMP-9), MMP-13, MMP-14 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator was augmented following MSC/HGF, whereas tissue inhibitor of metalloprotease-1 (TIMP-1) expression was reduced. In conclusion, therapy with MSCs/HGF resulted in an improved therapeutic effect compared with MSCs alone, probably because of the anti-fibrotic activity of HGF. Thus, MSC/HGF represents a promising approach toward a cell therapy for liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Engineering , Cells, Cultured , Genetic Engineering , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/analysis , Humans , Liver/metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Up-Regulation
17.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Jul; 51(7): 502-509
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147620

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are multipotent cells that can be derived from many different organs and tissues. While there are many ways to label and track cells each with strengths and weakness, the green fluorescent protein (GFP) is a reporter gene commonly employed. In the present study, caprine MSC were collected from bone marrow and cells were characterised with MSC specific markers. Passage 10 (P10) MSC cells were transfected using plasmid vector containing GFP as reporter gene with different concentrations of DNA and lipofectamine. Six different concentrations of DNA and lipofectamine as 1 µg DNA: 2 µL lipofectamine, 1 µg DNA: 2.5 µL lipofectamine, 1.2 µg DNA: 2.2 µL lipofectamine, 1.2 µg DNA: 2.5 µL lipofectamine, 1.5 µg DNA: 2.5 µL lipofectamine, 1.5 µg DNA: 3 µL lipofectamine were used. After 24 h and 48 h of transfection, caprine MSC were observed under florescent microscope. Highest transfection rate indicating green flourecscent MSC were found when the cells were transfected with 1.2 µg DNA: 2.2 µL lipofectamine and 1.5 µg DNA: 2.5 µL lipofectamine than other combinations. These cells have been propagated beyond 4th passage maintaining GFP expression. The results indicated that stable GFP positive MSC cells can be generated using the above protocol. These cells are being used for transplantation studies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers/analysis , Cells, Cultured , Genetic Vectors , Goats , Green Fluorescent Proteins/genetics , Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism , Karyotyping , Lipids , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(10): 906-912, Oct. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-647750

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is an important transcription factor, which plays a critical role in the formation of solid tumor and its microenviroment. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the expression and function of HIF-1α in human leukemia bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and to identify the downstream targets of HIF-1α. HIF-1α expression was detected at both the RNA and protein levels using real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stromal cell-derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) were detected in stromal cells by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HIF-1α was blocked by constructing the lentiviral RNAi vector system and infecting the BMSCs. The Jurkat cell/BMSC co-cultured system was constructed by putting the two cells into the same suitable cultured media and conditions. Cell adhesion and secretion functions of stromal cells were evaluated after transfection with the lentiviral RNAi vector of HIF-1α. Increased HIF-1α mRNA and protein was detected in the nucleus of the acute myeloblastic and acute lymphoblastic leukemia compared with normal BMSCs. The lentiviral RANi vector for HIF-1α was successfully constructed and was applied to block the expression of HIF-1α. When HIF-1α of BMSCs was blocked, the expression of VEGF and SDF-1 secreted by stromal cells were decreased. When HIF-1α was blocked, the co-cultured Jurkat cell’s adhesion and migration functions were also decreased. Taken together, these results suggest that HIF-1α acts as an important transcription factor and can significantly affect the secretion and adhesion functions of leukemia BMSCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Leukemia, T-Cell/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Cell Adhesion , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Jurkat Cells , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192552

ABSTRACT

Human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) expanded in vitro exhibit not only a tendency to lose their proliferative potential, homing ability and telomere length but also genetic or epigenetic modifications, resulting in senescence. We compared differential methylation patterns of genes and miRNAs between early-passage [passage 5 (P5)] and late-passage (P15) cells and estimated the relationship between senescence and DNA methylation patterns. When we examined hypermethylated genes (methylation peak > or = 2) at P5 or P15, 2,739 genes, including those related to fructose and mannose metabolism and calcium signaling pathways, and 2,587 genes, including those related to DNA replication, cell cycle and the PPAR signaling pathway, were hypermethylated at P5 and P15, respectively. There was common hypermethylation of 1,205 genes at both P5 and P15. In addition, genes that were hypermethylated at P5 (CPEB1, GMPPA, CDKN1A, TBX2, SMAD9 and MCM2) showed lower mRNA expression than did those hypermethylated at P15, whereas genes that were hypermethylated at P15 (MAML2, FEN1 and CDK4) showed lower mRNA expression than did those that were hypermethylated at P5, demonstrating that hypermethylation at DNA promoter regions inhibited gene expression and that hypomethylation increased gene expression. In the case of hypermethylation on miRNA, 27 miRNAs were hypermethylated at P5, whereas 44 miRNAs were hypermethylated at P15. These results show that hypermethylation increases at genes related to DNA replication, cell cycle and adipogenic differentiation due to long-term culture, which may in part affect MSC senescence.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells/metabolism , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , MicroRNAs , Molecular Sequence Annotation , Primary Cell Culture , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Reproducibility of Results , Signal Transduction , Telomere Shortening
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 999-1007, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30289

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study examined a rapid isolation method decreasing the time and cost of the clinical application of adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aliquots (10 g) of the lipoaspirates were stored at 4degrees C without supplying oxygen or nutrients. At the indicated time points, the yield of mononuclear cells was evaluated and the stem cell population was counted by colony forming unit-fibroblast assays. Cell surface markers, stem cell-related transcription factors, and differentiation potentials of ASCs were analyzed. RESULTS: When the lipoaspirates were stored at 4degrees C, the total yield of mononuclear cells decreased, but the stem cell population was enriched. These ASCs expressed CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105, and HLA-ABC but not CD14, CD31, CD34, CD45, CD117, CD133, and HLA-DR. The number of ASCs increased 1x1014 fold for 120 days. ASCs differentiated into osteoblasts, adipocytes, muscle cells, or neuronal cells. CONCLUSION: ASCs isolated from lipoaspirates and stored for 24 hours at 4degrees C have similar properties to ASCs isolated from fresh lipoaspirates. Our results suggest that ASCs can be isolated with high frequency by optimal storage at 4degrees C for 24 hours, and those ASCs are highly proliferative and multipotent, similar to ASCs isolated from fresh lipoaspirates. These ASCs can be useful for clinical application because they are time- and cost-efficient, and these cells maintain their stemness for a long time, like ASCs isolated from fresh lipoaspirates.


Subject(s)
5'-Nucleotidase/metabolism , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Adult , Antigens, CD/metabolism , Hyaluronan Receptors/metabolism , Thy-1 Antigens/metabolism , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Cells, Cultured , Female , Humans , Immunoblotting , Immunohistochemistry , Immunophenotyping , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/metabolism , Muscle Development/genetics , Osteogenesis/genetics , Receptors, Cell Surface/metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Stem Cells/cytology , Young Adult
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