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2.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-915729

ABSTRACT

A compressão do tronco celíaco pelo ligamento arqueado mediano do diafragma pode causar sintomas inespecíficos como dor abdominal, vômitos e emagrecimento. Existe uma associação comprovada entre estenoses ou oclusões do tronco celíaco e aneurismas da artéria pancreatoduodenal. Nas situações em que essa associação ocorre, a estratégia de tratamento deve ser individualizada. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente com aneurisma de artéria pancreatoduodenal associado à compressão do tronco celíaco pelo ligamento arqueado, manejados, respectivamente, por técnicas endovasculares e laparoscópicas


Compression of the celiac axis by the median arcuate ligament of the diaphragm can cause nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal pain, vomiting, and weight loss. There is a known association between stenosis or occlusion of the celiac trunk and aneurysms of the pancreaticoduodenal artery. Treatment strategies for patients who have this association should be selected on a case-by-case basis. We describe the case of a patient with pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm associated with compression of the celiac trunk by the arcuate ligament, which were managed with endovascular and laparoscopic techniques, respectively


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aneurysm/physiopathology , Aneurysm/therapy , Celiac Artery/diagnostic imaging , Diaphragm , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome/physiopathology , Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome/therapy , Constriction, Pathologic/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Mesenteric Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Pancreas/physiopathology , Stents , Ultrasonics/methods
3.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(5): 453-456, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978014

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La enfermedad multianeurismática es una entidad patológica poco conocida, la cual presenta diversas etiologías, por lo que su localización, morfología y formas de presentación varían de un caso a otro. Caso clínico: Mujer de 51 años dislipémica. Acude por epigastralgia. Se realiza TC abdominal con resultados de hematoma retroperitoneal y aneurisma en arteria pancreática duodenal. Se practica cirugía urgente para evacuación del hematoma sin encontrarse más hallazgos. Durante el ingreso presenta crisis hipertensivas y se realiza nuevo AngioTC donde se visualizan múltiples lesiones en distintas arterias viscerales con posibilidad diagnóstica de vasculitis. Se decide no intervención en el momento actual y estudio de filiación. Discusión: La enfermedad multianeurismática es una entidad poco común, cuya etiología se determina de acuerdo con su correlación clínica e histopatológica con diversas posibles causas; sin embargo, establecer un diagnóstico en donde el cuadro clínico coincida al 100%, es un desafío. Es muy frecuente la afectación de las arterias viscerales a diferencia de los aneurismas de origen ateroesclerótico. El tratamiento quirúrgico es seguro y deberá iniciarse en los segmentos que estén causando la sintomatología. El tratamiento endovascular es menos invasivo siendo la técnica de elección en pacientes con elevada comorbilidad y en los casos de cirugía complicada con rotura.


Introduction: Multiple artery aneurysms are a rare pathological condition which may be caused by different etiologies. Therefore, its location, morphology and clinical presentation may vary in a case to case basis. Case report: A 51-year-old woman, prior history of dyslipedemia presents with upper abdominal pain. Abdominal tomographic scans showed aneurysm of the pancreaticduodenal artery and retroperitoneal hematoma. Emergent surgical evacuation of the hematoma was performed, with no other findings. In the postoperative period, the patient suffers hypertensive crisis and a new tomographic scan is conducted observing multiple dilations in different visceral arteries. The patient is treated conservatively and is being studied for a possible vasculitis. Discussion: Multi-aneurysmatic artery disease is a very rare entity, its etiology is determined by clinical and histopathological correlation. Although establishing a diagnosis in which the clinical presentation completely corresponds, is a real challenge. Unlike degenerative aneurysms due to atherosclerosis, multi-aneurysmatic disease commonly involves visceral arteries. Open surgery is considered safe treatment option and should be established in the segments causing symptoms. Endovascular treatment is less invasive, being the technique of choice in patients with high comorbidity and in cases of complicated surgery with rupture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Splenic Artery/diagnostic imaging , Hepatic Artery/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Mesenteric Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Splenic Artery/pathology , Computed Tomography Angiography , Hepatic Artery/pathology , Mesenteric Arteries/pathology
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45038

ABSTRACT

The Dieulafoy lesion is a rare cause of severe gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Although it may occur anywhere in the gastrointestinal tract, the lesion is most commonly located in the stomach, and the small bowel is an extremely uncommon site. Since Dieulafoy lesion in the small bowel is difficult to access by endoscopy, it seems impossible to diagnose and treat by initial endoscopy unlike the lesions in stomach. We experienced a case of Dieulafoy lesion of jejunum with massive hemorrhage in 54-year-old male. Active jejunal bleeding was shown by computed tomography scan and mesenteric angiography. Partial resection of the jejunum was performed. Final pathologic finding revealed Dieulafoy lesion of the jejunum.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Humans , Jejunal Diseases/complications , Male , Mesenteric Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-65575

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the technical feasibility, success of hemostasis and complications of transcatheter embolization in the treatment of acute lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. METHODS: Retrospective review of 63 patients with acute lower GI bleed who had undergone transcatheter selective embolization of mesenteric arteries over a two-year period. Embolization was carried out only if the arteria recta leading to the bleed could be successfully catheterized (n=52). The lesions treated were located in the jejunum (n=13), ileum and ileo-cecal region (n=9), appendicular region (n=2) and colon (n=28). Embolization was performed with only polyvinyl alcohol particles (PVA) (250-500 microns) in 23 patients, only microcoils in 16 patients and both PVA particles and microcoils in 13 patients. Twenty-eight patients were evaluated for objective evidence of ischemia by colonoscopy (n=21) and/or histologic evidence in the surgical specimen (n=7); 23 patients were followed up clinically. RESULTS: Immediate hemostasis was achieved in 61 of 63 patients; of the remaining 2 patients, one underwent surgery whereas the other died during the procedure. Recurrent bleeding occurred in 9 patients - 6 were managed surgically and 3 medically. Endoscopic evaluation showed mucosal ischemia in 7 patients but they remained asymptomatic on follow up. Embolization was the sole modality of treatment in 41 patients (78.9%). CONCLUSION: Transcatheter superselective embolization is an effective and safe modality of treatment for acute lower GI bleeding.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Catheterization , Embolization, Therapeutic/adverse effects , Feasibility Studies , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/therapy , Humans , Intestinal Diseases/therapy , Male , Mesenteric Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Rectum/blood supply , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-40092

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS: Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is a serious condition with high mortality rate due to difficult and late diagnosis. Early and aggressive evaluation in high risk patients by mesenteric angiography is the key to the reduction in mortality rate. However; many physicians hesitated to perform it because of its availability, the risk of complications and high negative results. This study reviewed outcome of AMI in term of mortality rate, factors associated with mortality and the rate of angiography in high risk patients. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The clinical data of the patients who were diagnosed as AMI were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical outcome was recorded and the factors associated with mortality were analysed. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were enrolled into this study during 5 years. The mortality rate was 74.3%. There were 22 high risk patients for AMI. The rate of angiography performed in this group was 4.5% (1/22). The factors associated with mortality were age more than 60 years, patients with peritonitis, hypotension, arterial cause, time interval between admission and operation or treatment more than 24 hours, bowel gangrene >100 cms. However all these factors were not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The mortality rate of AMI is still high even at the tertiary hospital where the angiography is available 24 hours. To decrease the mortality rate, the physicians must have the high index of suspicion in high risk patients and do not hesitate to perform early mesenteric angiography.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angiography , Female , Humans , Ischemia/mortality , Male , Mesenteric Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion/mortality , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
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