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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 505-511, abr. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440296

ABSTRACT

Las arterias sigmoideas son ramas de la arteria mesentérica inferior e irrigan al colon sigmoideo. Se originan del tronco de las arterias sigmoideas. Esta es la descripción más frecuente según los autores consultados. El objetivo fue analizar las variaciones en el origen y distribución de las arterias sigmoideas mediante disección. Se utilizaron 13 preparados cadavéricos formolizados al 10 %. Se disecó la cavidad abdominal para identificar a las arterias sigmoideas. Se evidenció su bifurcación paralela al colon sigmoideo. Se lo delimitó mediante reparos palpables. Patrón I: 4 casos (30,8 %). Variante de la arcada sigmoidea como rama colateral de la arteria mesentérica inferior. Tipo Ia: 1 caso (25 %). Sin asociaciones. Tipo Ib: 1 caso (25 %). Asociada al tronco sigmoideo. Tipo Ic: 2 casos (50 %). Asociada a arterias sigmoideas accesorias. Patrón II: 6 casos (46,2 %). Variante del tronco común entre arteria cólica izquierda y arterias destinadas al colon sigmoideo. Tipo IIa: 3 casos (50 %). Sin asociaciones. Tipo IIb: 2 casos (33,3 %). Asociado al tronco sigmoideo. Tipo IIc: 1 caso (16,7 %). Asociado a arterias sigmoideas accesorias. Patrón III: 3 casos (23 %). Variante clásica. Se definió por la ausencia del tronco común con la arteria cólica izquierda y de la arcada sigmoidea. Tipo IIIa: 2 casos (66,7 %). Un número variable de arterias sigmoideas nacen como ramas colaterales de la arteria mesentérica inferior, sin asociarse al tronco sigmoideo. Tipo IIIb: 1 caso (33,3 %). La arteria cólica izquierda emite como rama colateral la primera arteria sigmoidea y se asocia al tronco sigmoideo. 1. El patrón II es el prevalente en este trabajo (46,2 %). 2. La variante clásica no es la predominante en esta investigación (23 %). 3. La arcada sigmoidea tiene 53,8 % de incidencia.


SUMMARY: The sigmoid arteries are branches of the inferior mesenteric artery and supply the sigmoid colon. They originate from the trunk of the sigmoids. This is the most frequent description according to the consulted authors. The objective is to analyze the variations in the origin and distribution of the sigmoid arteries through dissection. 13 cadaveric preparations formalized at 10 % and instruments were used. The abdominal cavity was dissected to identify the sigmoid arteries. Its bifurcation parallel to the sigmoid colon is evident. It is delimited by palpable repairs. Pattern I: 4 cases (30.8 %). Variant of the sigmoid arcade as a collateral branch of the inferior mesenteric artery. Type Ia: 1 case (25 %). No associations. Type Ib: 1 case (25 %). Associated with the sigmoid trunk. Type Ic: 2 cases (50 %). Associated with accessory sigmoid arteries. Pattern II: 6 cases (46.2 %). Variant of the common trunk between the left colic artery and arteries destined for the sigmoid colon. Type IIa: 3 cases (50 %). No associations. Type IIb: 2 cases (33.3 %). Associated with the sigmoid trunk. Type IIc: 1 case (16.7 %). Associated with accessory sigmoid arteries. Pattern III: 3 cases (23 %). Classic variant. It was defined by the absence of the common trunk with the left colic artery and the sigmoid arcade. Type IIIa: 2 cases (66.7 %). A variable number of sigmoid arteries arise as collateral branches of the inferior mesenteric artery, without being associated with the sigmoid trunk. Type IIIb: 1 case (33.3 %). The left colic artery gives off the first sigmoid artery as a collateral branch and is associated with the sigmoid trunk. 1. Pattern II is the most prevalent in this study (46.2 %). 2. The classic variant is not the predominant one in this research (23 %). 3. The sigmoid arcade has a 53.8 % incidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Colon, Sigmoid/blood supply , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/anatomy & histology , Cadaver
2.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 300-304, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936079

ABSTRACT

Splenic flexure colon cancer occurs at a relatively lower rate than colon cancer of other sites. It is also associated with more advanced disease and higher rate of acute obstruction. The splenic flexure receives blood supply from both superior and inferior mesenteric arteries (SMA and IMA), and therefore has lymphatic drainage to both areas. The blood supply is also highly variable, causing difficulties in determining the main feeding vessels and the main direction of lymph drainage. Few studies with limited cases focused on this specific tumor site with respect to the patterns of lymph node spread, especially the main lymph node status and the value of its dissection. The lack of information limits the development of a consensus on the extent of surgical resection and lymphadenectomy. Adequate mobilization of the colon facilitates a sufficient length of bowel resection and the high ligation of feeding arteries from both SMA and IMA. Further evidence on the chnoice of procedures and the extent of lymph node dissection need multicenter collaboration, with the use of modern techniques, including CT 3D reconstruction of the colon and angiography, as well as intraoperative fluorescent real-time imaging of lymph nodes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon, Transverse/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/surgery
3.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 290-294, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936077

ABSTRACT

There are still controversies as to the location of ligating the inferior mesenteric artery and the central lymph node dissection during rectal cancer surgery. The reason is that the level of evidence in this area is low. Existing studies are mostly retrospective, analyses or small-sample randomized controlled trials. These results showed no significant differences between high-ligation and low-ligation, in terms of anastomotic leakage and other short-term postoperative complications. Low-ligation seems better for the recovery of postoperative genitourinary function. Due to the low rate of central lymph node metastasis and many other confounding factors that affect the survival rate, it is difficult to conclude the survival benefits of ligation site or central node dissection. It is necessary to carry out some targeted, well-designed, large-scale randomized controlled trials to explain the related issues of inferior mesenteric artery ligation site and extent of central lymphadenectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Ligation/methods , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/surgery , Mesentery , Rectal Neoplasms , Rectum/surgery , Retrospective Studies
4.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 735-740, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942951

ABSTRACT

Japanese Society for Cancer of the Colon and Rectum (JSCCR) guideline 2019 recommended that lymph node dissection for advanced rectal cancer should include the lymphatic adipose tissue at the root of the inferior mesenteric vessels, but the ligation site of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) was not determined, and the NCCN guideline did not indicate clearly whether to retain the left colonic artery (LCA). Controversy over whether to retain LCA is no more than whether it can reduce the incidence of anastomotic complications or postoperative functional damage without affecting the patients' oncological outcome. Focusing on the above problems, this paper reviews the latest research progress. In conclusion, it is believed that the advantages of retaining LCA are supported by most studies, which can improve the blood supply of the proximal anastomosis, and technically can achieve the same range of lymph node dissection as IMA high ligation. However, whether it affects the survival of patients, reduces the incidence of anastomotic leakage, and improves the quality of life of patients, more high-quality evidence-based medical evidence is still needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteries , Laparoscopy , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/surgery , Quality of Life , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 633-637, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942936

ABSTRACT

The concept of total mesorectal resection provides a quality control standard that can be followed for radical resection of rectal cancer, but some anatomical problems are still controversial. Compared with traditional open surgery, laparoscopic radical rectal surgery has better surgical vision, better neurological protection, better operating space. However, if the surgeon has insufficient understanding of the anatomy, collateral damage may occur, such as uncontrollable bleeding during the operation, postoperative urination and defecation dysfunction and so on. Based on the interpretation of the researches at home and abroad, combined with the clinical experience, we elucidate some associated issues, including anatomic variation of inferior mesenteric vessels, the controversy of inferior mesenteric artery ligation plane, the controversy of lymph node dissection in No. 253, the anatomical variation of middle rectal artery, and the anatomical controversy of lateral lymph node dissection in rectal cancer, in order to provide better cognitive process for the clinical front-line surgeons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Rectum
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 950-955, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922128

ABSTRACT

The preservation of left colonic artery (LCA) has been accepted by more and more surgeons in the radical resection of rectal cancer, but whether it can reduce anastomotic complications and affect the oncology efficacy remains controversial. This consensus elaborates the significance, anatomical structure, key points of operation techniques, indications and contraindications, and surgical approaches of LCA preservation. Each statement and recommendation was recognized by most experts in the field of colorectal surgery. The purpose of this consensus is to improve the cognitive level of Chinese colorectal surgeons on LCA preservation, so as to standardize the surgical strategies and methods of LCA preservation and furthermore practice, and promote it. The pending issues in this consensus need further high-quality clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomotic Leak , Arteries , China , Consensus , Laparoscopy , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery
7.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 254-260, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762710

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare high and low inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) ligation in a large number of patients, and investigate the short-term and long-term outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective study compared outcomes between high IMA ligation and low IMA ligation with dissection of lymph nodes (LNs) around the IMA origin. A total of 1,213 patients underwent elective low anterior resection with double-stapling anastomosis for stage I–III rectal cancer located ≥6 cm from the anal verge (835 patients underwent IMA ligation at the IMA origin; 378 patients underwent IMA ligation directly distal to the root of the left colic artery along with dissection of LNs around the IMA origin). RESULTS: There was no difference in anastomotic leakage rate between groups. The 2 groups did not significantly differ in intraoperative blood loss, perioperative complications, total number of harvested LNs, and metastatic IMA LNs. However, more metastatic LNs were harvested in the high-tie than in the low-tie group (1.3 ± 2.9 vs. 0.8 ± 1.9, P = 0.002), and the incidence of positive pathologic nodal status was higher in the high-tie group (37.9% vs. 28.6%, P = 0.001). The 5-year local recurrence-free and metastasis-free survival rates were similar between groups, as were the 5-year overall and cancer-specific survival rates. CONCLUSION: Low IMA ligation with dissection of LNs around the IMA origin showed no differences in anastomotic leakage rate compared with high IMA ligation, without affecting oncologic outcomes. High IMA ligation did not seem to increase the number of total harvested LNs, whereas the ratio of metastatic apical LNs were similar between groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomotic Leak , Arteries , Cohort Studies , Colic , Incidence , Ligation , Lymph Nodes , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Rectal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
8.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 74-82, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762688

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Colon perfusion status is one of the most important factors for the determination of postoperative anastomotic complications. Colonic hypoperfusion can be induced by inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) ligation in some patients. This study aimed to evaluate atherosclerotic risk assessment and vascular parameters of CT angiography as predictors of colonic hypoperfusion. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted at a tertiary referral hospital and included 46 rectosigmoid colon cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic anterior resection between August 2013 to July 2014. Atherosclerotic risk scores were assessed using the Framingham cardiovascular risk score system. The IMA length, branching pattern, atherosclerotic calcification, and intermesenteric artery and mesenteric vascular diameters were evaluated using CT angiography. Mesenteric marginal artery pressures were measured before and after IMA clamping. The mean arterial pressure (MAP) index was calculated by dividing the mesenteric marginal MAP into the systemic MAP to determine the mesenteric hypoperfusion status after IMA clamping. A critically low MAP index was defined as <0.4. RESULTS: Critically low MAP index (<0.4) was observed in 6 cases (13.0%) after IMA clamping. Atherosclerotic calcification of the IMA and superior mesenteric artery occurred in 11 (23.9%) and 5 patients (10.9%), respectively. Low MAP index was associated with high atherosclerotic risk score and short IMA length, rather than atherosclerotic calcification and other vascular parameters of the major mesenteric arteries. Multivariate analysis indicated that high atherosclerotic risk and short IMA length were independent predictors of critically low MAP index. CONCLUSION: Atherosclerotic risk assessment and IMA length were useful predictors of the mesenteric hypoperfusion status following IMA ligation during laparoscopic rectosigmoid colon surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Arterial Pressure , Arteries , Atherosclerosis , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Constriction , Ligation , Mesenteric Arteries , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Multivariate Analysis , Perfusion , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Tertiary Care Centers
9.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 167-173, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762321

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We assessed the oncologic and anastomotic benefits of low ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) with additional lymph node (LN) retrieval. METHODS: We performed a retrospective case-control study between January 2011 and July 2015. All patients underwent curative resection of a primary sigmoid or rectal tumor. We excluded patients with distant metastases at the time of diagnosis. The case group included patients who underwent high ligation of the IMA (high group, HG). The control group included patients who underwent low ligation of the IMA with low group with additional LN retrieval (LGAL). Controls were identified by matching patients based on age (±5 years), sex, tumor location, and final histopathological stage. Finally, each group included 97 patients. RESULTS: Clinical characteristics did not significantly differ between groups. The mean number of additional harvested LN was 2.19 (range, 0–11), and one patient in the LGAL had a metastatic LN among the additional harvested LN. The overall morbidity was 22.7% in the HG and 30% in the LGAL (P = 0.257). Anastomotic leakage occurred in 14 patients (14.4%) in the HG and 5 patients (5.2%) in the LGAL (P = 0.030). The mean disease-free survival time in the HG was longer than that in the LGAL (P = 0.008). The mean overall survival (OS) time was 70.4 ± 1.3 months. The mean OS was 63.7 ± 1.6 months in the HG and 69.1 ± 2.6 months in the LGAL (P = 0.386). CONCLUSION: Low ligation of the IMA with additional LN retrieval is technically safe. However, the oncologic effect was better after high ligation of IMA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomotic Leak , Case-Control Studies , Colon, Sigmoid , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Ligation , Lymph Nodes , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Neoplasm Metastasis , Rectal Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies
10.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 129-136, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762028

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Type II endoleaks (T2ELs) are the most common type of endoleaks observed after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, whether T2ELs should be treated remains debatable. In the present study, we aimed to describe the natural course of T2ELs and suggest the direction of their management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the data of 383 patients who underwent EVAR between 2007 and 2016. Data, including demographic and anatomical details, were collected, and patients with T2ELs were compared to those without them. Patients with T2ELs were categorized into subgroups according to changes in sac size and treatment requirement. RESULTS: We found patent lumbar artery count and lesser thickness of mural thrombi to be significant risk factors for T2ELs. Among the 383 patients, 85 (22.2%) patients were diagnosed with pure T2ELs. Among these 85 patients, the sac size increased in 29 (34.1%) patients, showed no significant change in 39 (45.9%) patients, and decreased in 17 (20.0%) patients. Fifteen (17.6%) patients, among 85 with initial pure T2ELs, showed spontaneous resolution. Five (5.9%) patients among 29, in whom the sac size increased, developed combined-type endoleaks. No sac ruptures were noted among the patients with T2ELs. CONCLUSION: T2ELs with sac expansion potentially contribute to other types of endoleaks. Therefore, periodic screening is important for these patients, particularly for those showing an increasing sac size. In addition, intervention should be considered when other types of endoleaks occur.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm , Aortic Aneurysm , Arteries , Endoleak , Endovascular Procedures , Mass Screening , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Risk Factors , Rupture
11.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e74-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764549

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Para-aortic lymphadenectomy was the cornerstone of gynecologic oncology surgery. In endometrial cancer, the quality of para-aortic lymphadenectomy had direct impact on survival of patient. The launch of robot assisted laparoscopy started in 2005 in France, and in 2008 a transperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy was described [1]. With the increase of robots, the robot assisted laparoscopy became more and more popular, hence the need of video tutorial to help less experienced surgeon in this surgical procedure [2]. METHODS: We proposed a description in 10 key steps, of a transperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy by robot assisted laparoscopy (Da Vinci® Si or Xi Robot Surgical System; Intuitive Surgical Inc., Sunnyvale, CA, USA), without other surgical procedure. RESULTS: The 10 steps are: Step 1: port placement and Da Vinci robot positioning Step 2: identification of the right ureter Step 3: identification of the left renal vein Step 4: latero-caval and aorto-caval lymph nodes dissection Step 5: identification of the left ureter Step 6: creation of peritoneal tent Step 7: identification of the inferior mesenteric artery Step 8: latero-aortal lymph nodes dissection Step 9: pre-sacral lymph nodes dissection Step 10: extraction of bags with specimen and surgical textile CONCLUSION: A standardization of transperitoneal para-aortic lymphadenectomy by robot-assisted laparoscopy is the basis of teaching and learning process. Also it increases the quality of surgery, and consequently decreases the risk of complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Endometrial Neoplasms , France , Laparoscopy , Learning , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Renal Veins , Textiles , Ureter
12.
Vascular Specialist International ; : 237-240, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786689

ABSTRACT

We presented a challenging case of a patient diagnosed with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), peripheral artery disease, and chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI). Herein, we describe the treatment in this high-risk patient diagnosed with CMI who also had critical limb ischemia and his AAA had rapidly expanded. First we performed angioplasty and celiac arterial stenting. Afterwards, we proceeded to perform balloon angioplasty of the iliac arteries and chimney endovascular aneurysm repair (Ch-EVAR) preserving the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). The patient was discharged three days later and his IMA remained patent eighteen months post-operation. A thorough pre-operative assessment is essential in such challenging cases. Minimally invasive procedures like endovascular therapy and the chimney technique extend the prognoses in high-risk patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm , Angioplasty , Angioplasty, Balloon , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Extremities , Iliac Artery , Ischemia , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Mesenteric Ischemia , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Prognosis , Stents
13.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 209-215, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713941

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is no standard consensus for the ligation level of the inferior mesenteric artery during radical resection of sigmoid colon cancer. Especially, there is little research about low ligation combined with D3 dissection. The study was performed to compare feasibility and oncologic safety between low ligation with D3 dissection to high ligation in intermediately advanced sigmoid colon cancer. METHODS: From January 2008 to December 2013, 134 patients who underwent radical surgery for cT3N0M0 sigmoid colon cancer were evaluated retrospectively. Clinicopathologic factors and oncologic outcomes of high ligation (HL, n = 51) and low ligation (LL, n = 83) groups were compared. RESULTS: The mean operative time was significantly shorter in LL, and there was no difference in complications, distal margin or number of retrieved lymph node. The tumor size was significantly larger in HL, but there was no difference in number of metastatic lymph node, pT or pN stage. There was no difference in overall survival, disease-free survival, or local and systemic recurrence. CONCLUSION: In cT3N0M0 sigmoid colon cancers, we suggest that low ligation with D3 dissection can be performed with feasibility and oncological safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon, Sigmoid , Colonic Neoplasms , Consensus , Disease-Free Survival , Feasibility Studies , Ligation , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Operative Time , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Sigmoid Neoplasms
14.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 673-677, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691334

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the application value of the clearance of No.253 lymph nodes with priority to fascial space and preserving left colic artery (LCA) in patients undergoing laparoscopic radical proctectomy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From August 2015 to August 2016, 97 consecutive middle-low rectal cancer patients underwent laparoscopic radical proctectomy using the clearance of No.253 lymph nodes with priority to fascial space and preserving LCA at Department of General Surgery, Tangdu Hospital. Among 97 patients, 45 were females , 52 were males, mean age was (64.3±5.5) years and mean BMI was (22.4±1.8) kg/m. Brief steps of this clearance: traditional medial approach was the commencement of the dissection at the membrane bridge line in front of iliac vascular bifurcation, then entering into the Toldt's space; superior rectal artery served as the top of the tent and the Toldt's space was extended as far as possible; blunt separation was developed caudally (reaching 2 cm below the sacral promontory), cephalad (reaching the lower part of the pancreas), left laterally (reaching Toldt's line), dextrally (reaching abdominal aorta); after giving priority to fascias space, from the root of inferior mesenteric artery, LCA was exposed and No.253 lymph nodes were dissected. This regimen was suitable for the rectal adenocarcinoma patients without distant metastasis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no tension in the intestine and mesenteria after anastomosis in all the 97 patients. One patient received LCA ligation during the clearance, because of thinner LCA resulting in bleeding. The other 96 cases completed the clearance and operation successfully. The mean No.253 lymphadenectomy time was 11-27(17.1±5.3) minutes. The mean number of harvested No.253 lymph node was 0-6(4±2). The No.253 lymph nodes of 6 patients were positive. No.253 regional mesentery was complete in 95 patients. The total harvested number of lymph node was 11-26(17.3±5.3). Six patients with positive lymph nodes aged from 68 to 72 years old and all of them underwent TME operation 6-8 weeks after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. The mean operative time was 89-189(125±35) minutes. The mean estimated blood loss was 10.5-38.6(22.4±10.5) ml. The first exhaust time was 3.0-6.0(5.6±2.1) days. The mean time to extracting the drainage tube was 3.0-5.0(4.5±2.5) days. Anastomotic fistula appeared in 1 case and hemorrhage appeared in 1 case, and these 2 cases were cured by conservative treatment. No perioperative death occurred. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.0-10.0(3.6±2.6) days.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clearance of No.253 lymph nodes with priority to fascial space and preserving LCA in laparoscopic radical proctectomy is safe and feasible.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , General Surgery , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery
15.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 259-266, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689676

ABSTRACT

Vessel identification and dissection are the key processes of laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME). Vascular injury will lead to complications such as prolonged operative time, intraoperative hemorrhage and ischemia of anastomotic stoma. Superior mesenteric artery (SMA), superior mesenteric vein(SMV), gastrointestinal trunk, left colic artery(LCA), sigmoid artery and marginal vessels in the mesentery have been found with possibility of heteromorphosis, which requires better operative techniques. Surgeons should recognize those vessel heteromorphosis carefully during operations and adjust strategies to avoid intraoperative hemorrhage. Preoperative abdominal computed tomography angiography(CTA) with three-dimensional reconstruction can find vessel heteromorphosis within surgical area before operation. Adequate dissection of veins instead of violent separation will decrease intraoperative bleeding and be helpful for dealing with the potential hemorrhage. When intraoperative hemorrhage occurs, surgeons need to control the bleeding by simple compression or vascular clips depending on the different situations. When the bleeding can not be stopped by laparoscopic operation, surgeons should turn to open surgery without hesitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colonic Neoplasms , General Surgery , Dissection , Hemorrhage , Laparoscopy , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Mesenteric Veins , Mesocolon , General Surgery
16.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 272-275, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689674

ABSTRACT

Controversy remains on how to manage left colic artery (LCA) when it comes to laparoscopic proctectomy. With regard to the level of detachment, a high tie of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) is meant as a ligation at the origin of aorta, while the low tie is the ligation of IMA below the initiation part of left colic artery which is left. Several key points of LCA preservation, including clinical value, oncologic safety and the difficulty of operation, have always been debated. Some scholars hold the point of view that the preservation of LCA will hamper the lymph nodes dissection around the inferior mesenteric artery, resulting in incorrect pathological staging and dismal outcome. Of note, low tie prolongs the duration of operation and increases the anastomotic tension. However, increasing research results have established its clinical values. The value for reducing the risk of anastomotic leakage and the effect on the lymph nodes dissection at the root of inferior mesenteric artery will be discussed based on previous studies and our clinical practice. We came up with a novel concept of "the lymph nodes in the triangular domain of inferior mesenteric artery which consists of abdominal aorta, inferior mesenteric vein(IMV)/LCA and IMA" instead of traditional No.235 lymph nodes. In our innovative approach of total mesorectal excision guided by vessel, a crack was made at the root of aorta and the dissection was performed along IMA, reaching the origin of LCA. The lymph nodes will be harvested as a whole. After achieving process standardization, vessel-oriented approach and left colic artery preservation makes this region susceptible to lymphadenectomy, protecting submesenteric plexus and guarantying the oncological safety without increasing operative difficulty.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy , Ligation , Lymph Node Excision , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , General Surgery , Rectal Neoplasms , General Surgery
17.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(1): f:52-l:55, Jan.-Mar. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841409

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this article we present a rare variant in which the large intestine was vascularized by the inferior mesenteric artery. It was encountered during macro and microscopic dissection of the cadaver of a 63-year-old woman at a university department of human anatomy. In this case, the ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colon and rectum were vascularized by the inferior mesenteric artery, whereas the small intestine, cecum and appendix were supplied by the superior mesenteric artery.


Resumo Neste artigo apresentamos uma variação rara em que o intestino grosso era vascularizado pela artéria mesentérica inferior. A variação foi descoberta durante a dissecção macro e microscópia de um cadáver do sexo feminino, 63 anos de idade, em um departamento universitário de anatomia humana. Neste caso, o cólon ascendente, transverso, descendente e sigmoide e também o reto eram vascularizados pela artéria mesentérica inferior, ao passo que o intestino delgado, ceco e apêndice eram vascularizados pela artéria mesentéria superior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Intestine, Large/anatomy & histology , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/anatomy & histology , Anatomy , Colon, Ascending/anatomy & histology , Dissection/methods , Intestine, Small/anatomy & histology , Mesenteric Artery, Superior/anatomy & histology
18.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 225-228, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-191587

ABSTRACT

Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) involving the inferior mesenteric artery and vein is very rare with only 33 cases described in the literature and may be of congenital or acquired (iatrogenic or traumatic) or idiopathic etiology. The pathophysiology of AVF that acts as a left-to-right shunt has accounted for clinical signs and symptoms associated with ischemic colitis, portal hypertension, and heart failure. A low incidence and nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms such as abdominal pain, thrill and mass, lower and upper gastrointestinal bleeding make it difficult to establish a diagnosis of inferior mesenteric AVF. Diagnosis of inferior mesenteric AVF is usually established by radiological or intraoperative examination. We report a case of idiopathic inferior mesenteric AVF causing ischemic colitis in a 56-year-old man that was diagnosed preoperatively by multidetector computed tomography and angiography and successfully treated by surgical resection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Abdominal Pain , Angiography , Arteriovenous Fistula , Colitis, Ischemic , Diagnosis , Heart Failure , Hemorrhage , Hypertension, Portal , Incidence , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Veins
19.
The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; : 105-109, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169847

ABSTRACT

Coronary arterial involvement in Takayasu arteritis (TA) is not uncommon. Herein, we describe a case of TA with celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery occlusion combined with coronary artery disease. Bilateral huge internal thoracic arteries (ITAs) and the inferior mesenteric artery provided the major visceral collateral circulation. After percutaneous intervention to the right coronary artery, off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting for the left coronary territory was done using a right ITA graft and its large side branch because of its relatively minor contribution to the visceral collateral circulation.


Subject(s)
Collateral Circulation , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Mammary Arteries , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Takayasu Arteritis , Transplants
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