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1.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 54(2): 29-30, mayo-ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1119312

ABSTRACT

La prevalencia creciente del síndrome metabólico (SM) se asocia, entre otros factores, a cambios en el estilo de vida y al consumo de dietas inadecuadas. Diversos estudios indicaron que la ingesta de un exceso de fructosa o sacarosa puede generar SM


Subject(s)
Humans , Metabolic Syndrome , Sucrose , Diet , Hypothalamus
2.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(2): 241-250, May-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1114932

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Prematurity may be related to the early onset of obesity and metabolic syndrome in adolescence. Breastfeeding and feeding are crucial factors in the genesis of cardio metabolic riskOBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between the type of breastfeeding and eating habits with the blood pressure, lipid, glycemic and anthropometric profile of adolescents born prematurelyMETHODS: Cross-sectional study with 50 adolescents born prematurely in western Paraná, Brazil, aged 10 to 19 years. Data on birth, breastfeeding and feeding using the 24-hour Food Consumption Marker were evaluated. Weight, height, abdominal circumference (AC), blood pressure (BP) were verified; concentrations of glucose, total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) were measured by capillary puncture. Data analysis using descriptive statistics and analysis of varianceRESULTS: Out of total, 78% eat in front of screens and 52% do not take the main meals during the day. Regardless of the amount of meals a day, the lipid, glycemic and AC profiles did not show a statistically significant difference between the groups. There is a statistically significant association between BP and number of meals (p = 0.01), TC and breastfeeding (p = 0.03) and TG with consumption of sausages (p = 0.02) and products rich in carbohydrates (p = 0.01). Most of them (72%) consumed cow's milk before completing one year and only 30% received exclusive breastfeeding until six months of age. Related other values, 30% had high BP, 22% and 41% high TC and TG, respectively. Of the 30% overweight, 60% had high BP, 53% high TG, 33% high TC and 33% percentile AC ≥90CONCLUSION: Breastfeeding did not influence the metabolic profile, but it was evidenced as risk factors for adolescents to develop future cardiovascular problems due to prematurity, inadequate eating habits, overweight, alterations in abdominal circumference, blood pressure and lipid profile


INTRODUÇÃO: A prematuridade pode estar relacionada à instalação precoce de obesidade e síndrome metabólica na adolescência. O aleitamento e a alimentação são fatores cruciais na gênese do risco cardiometabólicoOBJETIVO: Analisar a relação do tipo de aleitamento e hábitos alimentares com o perfil pressórico, lipídico, glicêmico e antropométrico de adolescentes nascidos prematurosMÉTODO: Estudo transversal com 50 adolescentes nascidos prematuros no oeste do Paraná, com idades entre 10 e 19 anos. Avaliaram-se dados do nascimento, aleitamento e alimentação (Marcador de Consumo Alimentar de 24 horas). Verificou-se peso, altura, circunferência abdominal (CA), pressão arterial (PA); dosadas concentrações de glicose, colesterol total (CT) e triglicerídeos (TG) por punção capilar. Análise de dados por estatística descritiva e análise de variânciaRESULTADOS: 78% realizavam alimentação em frente a telas e 52% não realizavam todas as principais refeições do dia; independentemente da quantidade de refeições diárias, os perfis lipídico, glicêmico e CA não apresentaram diferença estatística significante entre os grupos. Observou-se associação estatisticamente significante entre PA e número de refeições (p=0,01), CT e aleitamento materno (p=0,03) e TG com consumo de embutidos (p=0,02) e produtos ricos em carboidratos (p=0,01). Para 72% foi ofertado leite de vaca antes de completar um ano e somente 30% receberam aleitamento materno exclusivo até os seis meses de idade. Na amostra, 30% apresentaram PA elevada, 22% e 41% CT e TG elevados, respectivamente. Dos 30% com excesso de peso, 60% apresentaram PA elevada, 53% TG, 33% CT elevado e 33% percentil CA ≥90CONCLUSÃO: O aleitamento não influenciou no perfil metabólico, porém se evidenciou como fatores de risco para os adolescentes desenvolverem problemas cardiovasculares futuros à prematuridade, hábitos alimentares inadequados, excesso de peso, CA e perfil pressórico e lipídico alterados


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Infant, Premature , Cardiovascular Diseases , Adolescent , Metabolic Syndrome , Adolescent Health , Adolescent Nutrition , Feeding Behavior
3.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 9(2): 227, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1103383

ABSTRACT

Evaluar los efectos de la terapia hormonal (TH) con Drospírenona (DRSP)/17 ß -estradiol (E2), sobre los parámetros del Síndrome Metabólico (SM) en pacientes postmenopáusicas. Métodos: Investigación comparativa y aplicada, con diseño cuasi experimental, de casos y controles a simple ciego, prospectivo y de campo; realizada en la Consulta de Ginecología. Hospital "Dr. Manuel Noriega Trigo". San Francisco, Estado Zulia. Venezuela. Participaron 120 mujeres separadas al azar para recibir la combinación DRSP/E2 (Grupo A) o un placebo (Grupo B). Se evaluaron los componentes del SM antes y posterior a 6 meses de haber recibido la TH. Resultados: Se encontró una alta prevalencia de SM en ambos grupos antes de recibir el tratamiento (53,3% y 48%; grupo A y B respectivamente). Posterior al tratamiento, DRSP/E2 al compararse con un placebo, redujo significativamente tanto la prevalencia del SM como el riesgo de padecerlo (21,7% versus 48,3%, OR [IC95%]= 0,29 [0,13-0,65]; p < 0.001), con reducción significativa (p< 0.001) de la hipertensión arterial, glicemia basal alterada, hipertrigliceridemia y obesidad central; además de una reducción significativa de los síntomas vasomotores, síntomas psicológicos e incontinencia urinaria (p< 0.001). En el grupo B la prevalencia del SM se mantuvo sin cambios, salvo para la glicemia basal alterada y los síntomas vasomotores y psicológicos que mostraron una reducción significativa (p< 0.001). Conclusión: DRSP/E2 (2mg/1 mg) demostró ser eficaz luego de 6 meses de tratamiento tanto para el control de los parámetros que definen al SM; con pocos y leves efectos indeseados(AU)


To assess the effects of hormone therapy (HT) with drospirenone (DRSP)/17 ß -estradiol (E2) on the parameters of the metabolic syndrome (MS) in postmenopausal patients. Methods: We performed a comparative and applied research, with quasiexperimental, case-control, single-blind, prospective and field design. The study was realized in the Gynecology consultation. Hospital "Dr. Manuel Noriega Trigo". San Francisco, Estado Zulia. Venezuela. 120 women were included, they were separated to receive either the combination DRSP/E2 (Group A) or placebo (Group B). We assess MS components before and ather 6 months of receiving HT. Results: We found a high prevalence in both groups before receiving treatment (53.3% and 48%, group A and B respectively). A ther treatment, DRSP/E2 when compared to placebo, significantly reduced both the prevalence of MS as the risk of setting it (21.7% versus 48.3%, OR [95%] = 0.29 [0.13-0.65] p <0.001), with a significant reduction (p <0.001) of hypertension, impaired fasting glucose, hypertriglyceridemia, central obesity; and a significant reduction in vasomotor symptoms, psychological symptoms and urinary incontinence (p <0.001). In group B the prevalence of MS was unchanged, except for impaired fasting glycemia and vasomotor and psychological symptoms showed a significant reduction (p <0.001). Conclusion: DRSP/E2 (2mg /1mg), proved to be effective a ther 6 months of treatment both for the control of the parameters that define the SM, with few and mild side effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Progestins/therapeutic use , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Estradiol/therapeutic use , Postmenopause , Endocrinology , Gynecology
4.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 23(261)fev.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1095578

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os padrões de simultaneidade da síndrome metabólica e os fatores sociodemográficos associados em quilombolas baianos. Métodos: Na amostra representativa de 850 adultos quilombolas, os componentes da síndrome metabólica foram definidos conforme o critério Joint Interim Statement. A razão entre a prevalência observada e a esperada determinaram as simultaneidades aumentadas. A regressão de Poisson com variância robusta testou as associações da maior simultaneidade e as variáveis sociodemográficas. Resultados: Metade das combinações da síndrome metabólica apresentaram prevalência observada maior que prevalência esperada. A hipertrigliceridemia foi o componente mais presente nas simultaneidades aumentadas. Após análise múltipla situação laboral e escolaridade permaneceram associadas (p<0,05) à maior simultaneidade. Conclusão: Ocorreu alta presença de simultaneidades aumentas em adultos quilombolas, tendo a hipertrigliceridemia como elemento mais recorrente. Além disso, a maior simultaneidade se associou trabalho remunerado e <5 anos de escolarização.(AU)


Objective: To analyze the simultaneity patterns of the metabolic syndrome and the associated sociodemographic factors in Bahian quilombolas. Methods: In the representative sample of 850 quilombola adults, the components of the metabolic syndrome were defined according to the Joint Interim Statement criterion. The ratio between observed and expected prevalence determined the increased simultaneities. Poisson regression with robust variance tested the associations of greatest simultaneity and sociodemographic variables. Results: Half of the metabolic syndrome combinations had higher prevalence than expected prevalence. Hypertriglyceridemia was the most common component in the increased simultaneities. After multiple analysis, employment status and education remained associated (p <0.05) with greater simultaneity. Conclusion: There was a high presence of increased simultaneities in quilombola adults, with hypertriglyceridemia as the most recurrent element. In addition, the highest simultaneity was associated with paid work and <5 years of schooling.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar los patrones de simultaneidad del síndrome metabólico y los factores sociodemográficos asociados en las quilombolas de Bahía. Métodos: En la muestra representativa de 850 adultos de quilombola, los componentes del síndrome metabólico se definieron de acuerdo con el criterio de la Declaración Interina Conjunta. La relación entre la prevalencia observada y la esperada determinó el aumento de las simultaneidades. La regresión de Poisson con varianza robusta probó las asociaciones de mayor simultaneidad y variables sociodemográficas. Resultados: La mitad de las combinaciones de síndrome metabólico tuvieron una prevalencia más alta que la esperada. La hipertrigliceridemia fue el componente más común en el aumento de las simultaneidades. Después de múltiples análisis, la situación laboral y la educación permanecieron asociadas (p <0.05) con una mayor simultaneidad. Conclusión: Hubo una alta presencia de simultaneidades aumentadas en adultos de quilombola, con hipertrigliceridemia como el elemento más recurrente. Además, la mayor simultaneidad se asoció con el trabajo remunerado y <5 años de escolaridad.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Surveys , Social Indicators , Metabolic Syndrome , African Continental Ancestry Group , Socioeconomic Factors , Dyslipidemias
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 61-68, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1056398

ABSTRACT

Fruit purees can be added to diet as alternative sources of bioactive compounds for the prevention and/or improvement of the complications of metabolic syndrome. In this work we evaluated the effect of the intake of low-fat diets enriched with fruit purees (guava-strawberry, guava-blackberry, guava-soursop, guava-passion fruit) on the body weight and biochemical markers in metabolic syndrome analogy (MSA)-induced rats. The rats (n=6 for each treatment) were induced with a high fat diet and were injected with streptozotocin, one dose every week for 4 consecutive weeks after fasting overnight, then healthy rats were fed with standard diet and MS rats were fed with standard diet plus each of the fruit puree, for 4 weeks. As novel findings, the diet enriched with fruit purees was associated with a reduction in body weight (~13-21 %) and a control in the metabolism of glucose by decreasing plasma glucose (~5963 %). Also, there was a reduction in the total cholesterol, triacylglycerols, low-density lipoproteins, and low enzymatic activities of alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and γ-glutamyl transferase, useful metabolites in the control of inflammatory processes in the liver. A notable improvement in the liver morphology was observed indicating that the treatments had a hepatoprotective effect. The diet enriched with guava-blackberry puree caused the best results on most biochemical markers of MS rats. Therefore, diets enriched with fruit purees can be an alternative for MS individuals for the control and improvement of the complications caused by this syndrome.


Los purés de frutas se pueden agregar a la dieta como fuentes alternativas de compuestos bioactivos para la prevención y / o mejora de las complicaciones del síndrome metabólico. En este trabajo evaluamos el efecto de la ingesta de dietas bajas en grasas, enriquecidas con purés de frutas (guayaba-fresa, guayaba-mora, guayaba-guanábana, guayaba-maracuyá) sobre el peso corporal y los marcadores bioquímicos en el síndrome metabólico (SM) inducido en ratas. Las ratas (n = 6 para cada tratamiento) fueron inducidas con una dieta alta en grasas y se les inyectó estreptozotocina, una dosis cada semana durante 4 semanas consecutivas después de ayunar durante la noche. Luego, las ratas sanas fueron alimentadas con una dieta estándar; y las ratas con SM fueron alimentadas con dieta estándar más cada uno de los purés de frutas, durante 4 semanas. Como hallazgos novedosos, la dieta enriquecida con purés de frutas se asoció con una reducción en el peso corporal (~ 13-21 %) y un control en el metabolismo de la glucosa al disminuir la glucosa en plasma (~ 59-63 %). Además, hubo una reducción en el colesterol total, triacilgliceroles, lipoproteínas de baja densidad, y bajas actividades enzimáticas de alanina aminotransferasa, fosfatasa alcalina y gama-glutamil transferasa, metabolitos útiles en el control de los procesos inflamatorios en el hígado. Se observó una mejora notable en la morfología del hígado, lo que indica que los tratamientos tuvieron un efecto hepatoprotector. La dieta enriquecida con puré de guayaba y mora causó los mejores resultados en la mayoría de los marcadores bioquímicos de las ratas con SM. Por lo tanto, las dietas enriquecidas con purés de frutas pueden ser una alternativa para las personas con SM, para el control y la mejora de las complicaciones causadas por este síndrome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Diet, Fat-Restricted , Metabolic Syndrome , Fruit , Liver/drug effects , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Body Weight/drug effects , Biomarkers , Albumins/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Alkaline Phosphatase/analysis , Hepatoprotector Drugs , Transaminases/analysis , Lipids/analysis , Liver/chemistry
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(1): 39-45, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1091655

ABSTRACT

Insulin deregulation (ID) is a central player in the pathophysiology of equine metabolic syndrome (EMS), which is associated with generalized and/or regional obesity. The objective of this experiment was to characterize the alterations in the hormonal profile in horses exposed to a hypercaloric diet. A total of nine Mangalarga Marchador adult horses with initial body condition score (BCS) of 2.9±1/9 (mean±SD) were submitted to a high calorie grain-rich diet for 5 months. The data was collected before the start of the experiment and every 15 days until the end of the experiment and glucose and insulin concentrations were measured in the plasma. Proxies G:I, RISQI, HOMA-IR and MIRG were calculated. The low-dose oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed and the total area under the glucose (GTA) and insulin (ITA) curves at three different timepoints (before inducing obesity, after 90 days and after 150 days) was used. Analysis of variance of the results was performed considering the time effects and the means were compared with repeated measures by the Tukey's test (P≤0.05). The ID was observed during the first 90 days of the experiment and was characterized as a decompensated ID, showing an increase of basal glucose and insulin plasma levels, changes in all proxies and a significant increase in GTA (P<0.001) and ITA (P<0.05). However, a clear compensation of the ID was evident after 150 days of experiment, which was supported by data from the insulin secretory response of ß cells of the pancreas that showed an increase in insulin plasma levels, after fasting or exposure to gastric glucose, with a concomitant decrease in fasting glucose and fructosamine levels, and a decrease of GTA and marked increase of ITA (P<0.0001) in the dynamic test. These findings confirm the occurrence of hyperinsulinemia associated with insulin deregulation in Mangalarga Marchador horses exposed to hypercaloric diets.(AU)


A desregulação insulínica (DI) é o ponto central dos mecanismos fisiopatológicos da síndrome metabólica equina (SME), que é associada à obesidade generalizada e/ou regional. O objetivo deste experimento foi caracterizar as alterações no perfil hormonal em equinos submetidos à dieta hipercalórica. Foram utilizados nove equinos Mangalarga Marchador adultos com escore corporal (EC) médio (±DP) inicial de 2,9±1 (escala de 1-9) submetidos à dieta hipercalórica atingindo um EC de 8,3±1 após cinco meses. Os dados foram coletados antes do início do experimento e com o intervalo de 15 dias até o final do experimento, os valores plasmáticos foram obtidos para mensuração das concentrações de glicose e insulina. Foram calculados os proxies G:I, RISQI, HOMA-IR e o MIRG. Foi realizado o teste de baixa dose de glicose oral (TBDGO) utilizando a área total sob a curva de glicose (ATG) e insulina (ATI) em três momentos, antes da indução a obesidade, após 90 e 150 dias. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise de variância considerando-se os efeitos de tempo e as médias comparadas com medidas repetidas pelo teste de Tukey, com o valor P≤0,05. A DI foi observada nos primeiros 90 dias de experimento, se caracterizando como um quadro de DI descompensada, apresentando um aumento dos níveis plasmáticos basais de glicose e insulina, pelas alterações em todos os proxies e com um aumento significativo da ATG (P<0,001) e ATI (P<0,05). Contudo, ficou evidente uma compensação do quadro de DI após 150 dias de experimento, sendo demonstrado pelos dados da resposta secretória insulínica das células ß do pâncreas, que se manifestaram pelo aumento dos níveis plasmáticos de insulina pós-jejum ou exposição à glicose gástrica com concomitante redução nos níveis de glicose e frutosamina pós-jejum e pela redução da ATG e pela marcada elevação de ATI (P<0,0001) no teste dinâmico. Tais achados comprovam a ocorrência de hiperinsulinemia associada à desregulação insulínica em equinos Mangalarga Marchador expostos a dietas à dieta hipercalórica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Insulin Resistance , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Metabolic Syndrome/veterinary , Diet/veterinary , Horses/metabolism , Hyperinsulinism/etiology , Hyperinsulinism/veterinary , Obesity/etiology , Weight Gain , Obesity/veterinary
7.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3295, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1101718

ABSTRACT

Objective: to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in a cohort of workers and to quantify its association with compliance with the Mediterranean diet follow-up. Method: a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on a cohort of 23,729 workers. Clinical data from annual medical examinations and the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener were used to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet. Results: 51.3% of the participants showed good adherence to the Mediterranean diet. The multivariate analysis showed an inverse and significant association between the follow-up of the Mediterranean diet and the prevalence of abdominal obesity (Odds Ratio = 0.64, 95% CI 0.56; 0.73), dyslipidemia (Odds Ratio = 0.55, 95% CI 0.42; 0.73), and metabolic syndrome (Odds Ratio = 0.76, 95% CI 0.67; 0.86). Conclusions: our results suggest that the Mediterranean diet is potentially effective in promoting cardiovascular health. Implementing the interventions promoting the Mediterranean diet in the working population seems justified.


Objetivo: determinar a prevalência de fatores de risco cardiovascular em uma coorte de trabalhadores e quantificar sua associação com o monitoramento da dieta mediterrânea. Método: estudo descritivo transversal, realizado em uma coorte de 23.729 trabalhadores. Dados clínicos dos exames médicos anuais e a Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener foram usados para avaliar a adesão à dieta mediterrânea. Resultados: 51,3% dos participantes apresentaram boa adesão à dieta mediterrânea. A análise multivariada mostrou associação inversa e significativa entre o acompanhamento da dieta mediterrânea e a prevalência de obesidade abdominal (Odds Ratio = 0,64, IC 95% 0,56, 0,73), dislipidemia (Odds Ratio = 0,55, IC 95% 0,42, 0,73) e de síndrome metabólica (Odds Ratio = 0,76, IC 95% 0,67, 0,86). Conclusões: nossos resultados sugerem que a dieta mediterrânea é potencialmente eficaz na promoção da saúde cardiovascular. A implementação de intervenções que promovem a dieta mediterrânea na população trabalhadora parece justificada.


Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia de factores de riesgo cardiovascular en una cohorte de trabajadores y cuantificar su asociación con el seguimiento de la dieta mediterránea. Método: se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo transversal sobre una cohorte de 23.729 trabajadores. Se utilizaron los datos clínicos procedentes de los exámenes médicos anuales y el Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener para evaluar la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea. Resultados: el 51,3% de los participantes presentó una buena adherencia a la dieta mediterránea. El análisis multivariante evidenció una asociación inversa y significativa entre el seguimiento de la dieta mediterránea y la prevalencia de obesidad abdominal (Odds Ratio = 0,64, IC 95% 0,56; 0,73), dislipidemia (Odds Ratio = 0,55, IC 95% 0,42; 0,73) y de síndrome metabólico (Odds Ratio = 0,76, IC 95% 0,67; 0,86). Conclusión: nuestros resultados sugieren que la dieta mediterránea es potencialmente eficaz en la promoción de la salud cardiovascular. Parece justificada la implementación de intervenciones que promuevan la dieta mediterránea en la población trabajadora.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases , Risk Factors , Occupational Health , Metabolic Syndrome , Diet, Mediterranean , Obesity, Abdominal , Occupational Health Nursing
8.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 54(1): 21-28, ene-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1103497

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la apnea obstructiva del sueño (AOS) es una patología de alta prevalencia asociada al sobrepeso y la obesidad. La relación entre el síndrome metabólico (SM) y la AOS no ha sido comunicada en nuestro medio. Materiales y métodos: estudio retrospectivo en adultos seleccionados para poligrafía respiratoria y evaluación metabólica clasificados según la presencia de SM. Resultados: incluimos 302 pacientes. La prevalencia de obesidad fue de 66,88% y de SM de 62,58%. El 19% presentó síntomas de somnolencia diurna y el 48,3% mostró cinco o más componentes del cuestionario STOP-BANG. Los pacientes con AOS fueron mayormente del sexo masculino, con mayor edad, peso corporal, circunferencia de cintura y cuello comparados con el grupo sin AOS (57 vs 49 años, p<0,001; 93,89 vs 85 kg, p<0,05; 108 vs 100 cm, p<0,001 respectivamente). Mostraron mayores valores de triglicéridos, presión arterial sistólica, obesidad e índice de desaturación (134 vs 99 mg/dl, p<0,001; 134 vs 128 mmHg, p<0,05; 69,2 vs 52,3%, p<0,05 y 14,6 vs 2 ev/h, p<0,001 respectivamente). La cantidad de componentes de STOP-BANG fue mayor en los pacientes con AOS (5 vs 3; p<0,001). Conclusiones: AOS y SM están frecuentemente relacionados y permanecen subdiagnosticados. La utilización de cuestionarios validados facilita la identificación de candidatos a estudios de sueño. Se necesitan implementar programas de gestión de hábitos saludables para prevenir las complicaciones de ambas patologías


Introduction: the obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a pathology of high prevalence associated with overweight and obesity. The relationship between metabolic syndrome (MS) and OSA has not been reported in our environment. Materials and methods: retrospective study in adults selected for respiratory polygraphy and metabolic evaluation classified according to the presence of MS. Results: we included 302 patients. The prevalence of obesity was 66.88% and MS 62.58%. 19% had symptoms of daytime sleepiness and 48.3% showed 5 or more components of the STOP-BANG questionnaire. Patients with OSA were mostly male, older, body weight, waist and neck circumference compared to the group without OSA (57 vs 49 years, p<0.001; 93.89 vs 85kg, p<0.05; 108 vs. 100 cm, p<0.001 respectively). They showed higher values of triglycerides, systolic blood pressure, obesity and desaturation index (134 vs 99 mg/dl, p<0.001; 134 vs 128 mmHg, p<0.05; 69.2 vs. 52.3%, p<0.05 and 14.6 vs 2 ev/h, p<0.001 respectively). The amount of STOP-BANG components was higher in patients with OSA (5 vs 3; p<0.001). Conclusions: AOS and MS are frequently related and remain underdiagnosed. The use of validated questionnaires facilitates the identification of candidates for sleep studies. It is necessary to implement healthy habits management programs to prevent complications of both pathologies


Subject(s)
Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Metabolic Syndrome , Obesity
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): S205-S242, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1051592

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad cardiovascular secundaria a aterosclerosis es la principal causa de morbimortalidad en la población adulta a nivel mundial. Aunque las manifestaciones clínicas de aterosclerosis (enfermedad coronaria, accidente cerebrovascular y arteriopatía periférica) son excepcionales en la población pediátrica, la presencia de factores de riesgo para enfermedad cardiovascular, así como la adquisición de hábitos que favorecen su desarrollo, se observan ya desde edades tempranas. En el presente documento, se elaboraron recomendaciones, con dos objetivos principales: prevenir la aparición de factores de riesgo para enfermedad cardiovascular (prevención primordial) y detectar y tratar los que favorecen el desarrollo de aterosclerosis clínica (prevención primaria). Si bien las recomendaciones están dirigidas a la población pediátrica, el objetivo del trabajo conjunto de la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría y la Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología es asegurar un abordaje integral y consensuado de la prevencion cardiovascular a lo largo de toda la vida, incluso, desde antes de la concepción.


Cardiovascular disease secondary to atherosclerosis is the leading cause of morbimortality in the adult population worldwide. Although clinical manifestations of atherosclerosis (coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral vascular disease) are extremely rare in the pediatric population, the presence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and the development of health-behavior patterns that promote them are observed since early childhood.In this document, recommendations were developed addressing two main goals: prevention of the risk factors development for cardiovascular disease (primordial prevention) and early detection and treatment of the risk factors to prevent clinical atherosclerosis (primary prevention). Even though the recommendations are addressed to the pediatric population, the aim of the collaborative work between the Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría and the Sociedad Argentina de Cardiología is to ensure a comprehensive and consensual approach of lifetime cardiovascular prevention beginning even before conception.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Primary Prevention/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Exercise , Tobacco Use Disorder/prevention & control , Risk Factors , Substance-Related Disorders/prevention & control , Alcohol-Related Disorders/prevention & control , Metabolic Syndrome , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Dyslipidemias/diagnosis , Dyslipidemias/drug therapy , Overweight/prevention & control , Sedentary Behavior , Diet, Food, and Nutrition , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/prevention & control , Hypertension/therapy , Medical History Taking , Obesity/prevention & control
10.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(11): 827-835, dic2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1049981

ABSTRACT

The metabolic syndrome (MetS) or insulin resistance syndrome is widespread and multi-factorial disorder. This article aims to assess and observe samples with the MetS to start efforts to take the proper treatments to minimize the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Additionally, we evaluate the association of Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori) Ab tests with MetS. To meet this goal, 350 reviewers of K1 Hospital are participated in this work for six months from October 2016 to March 2017. The patients (N=350) are divided into two groups, a group subjects with MetS (N=109), whereas the latter is without MetS (N=241). A venous blood sample is taken after 8 hours of fasting to measure fasting blood glucose, H. Pylori Ab test and other required biochemical assays. Additionally, blood pressure (BP), Body Mass Index (BMI) (i.e. weight and height), and waist circumference are measured. The assays revealed that the frequency of MetS is 31.1% as per the modified National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP: ATPIII) criteria. Furthermore, a statistically significant age (p=0.02) corresponded higher rate of MetS cases is larger than 40 years old (i.e. 69%). Moreover, BMI recorded as (27.6 ± 4.4 vs 31.4 ± 4.5, p <0.001), height (169 ± 8.4 vs 168.1 ± 8.5, p ≤ 0.11), weight (78.8 ± 12.3 vs 88.6 ± 13.2, p<0.01) and waist circumference (83.3 ± 16.1 vs 96.3 ± 11.6, p<0.001). Besides, BP showed positively correlation with systolic (120.3 ± 10.6 vs 130.6 ± 10.8, p<0.04) and diastolic (70.9 ± 0.9 vs 80.8 ± 10, p<0.01). The biochemical assays for employees with and without MetS are mean values of fasting Serum glucose (5.3 ± 1.4 vs 7.5 ± 3.2, p ≤ 0.001). The highest average total cholesterol recorded as (4.3 ± 1.3 vs 4.9 ± 1.3, p ≤ 0.001), serum triglyceride (2 ± 1.5 vs 2.8 ± 1.2, p ≤ 0.001) and lower HDL levels (1.2 ± 0.5 vs 0.8 ± 0.1, p ≤ 0.001). Accordingly, the results showed that H. Pylori infection is associated significantly with metabolic syndrome. In consequence, the outcome demonstrated high rates of obesity and overweight in MetS cases


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Case-Control Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/therapy , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Metabolic Syndrome/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/therapy
11.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 517-526, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040109

ABSTRACT

Patients with mental disorders are more susceptible to cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders compared to the general population. Objective: To evaluate cardiovascular risk and metabolic syndrome in individuals with mental disorders. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study, conducted at the Psychosocial Care Centers. Socioeconomic, clinical, biochemical and anthropometric data were collected using a standard form. Cardiovascular risk was assessed by the Framingham risk score. Metabolic syndrome (MS) was determined by the World Health- Organization (WHO), the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, and associations were evaluated by the chi-square test and Fisher's exact test, as well as Odds Ratio. The significance level adopted for all statistical tests was 5%. Results: The chance of individuals diagnosed with MS be at intermediate-to-high cardiovascular risk was greater (12.22, 8.01 and 6.23 times higher according to WHO, NCEP and IDF criteria, respectively) than those without MS. Conclusion: A high percentage of patients with mental disorders were at intermediate / high cardiovascular risk, and this was significantly associated with MS


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Metabolic Syndrome , Mental Disorders , World Health Organization , Body Mass Index , Mental Health , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus , Abdominal Circumference , Psychosocial Support Systems , Cholesterol, HDL
12.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(3): 332-337, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1041344

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the difference in the proportion of students with metabolic syndrome, diagnosed according to different criteria. Methods: The sample consisted of 241 students (136 boys and 105 girls) aged 10 to 14 years, from public and private schools in Paranavaí, Paraná. We used three distinct diagnostic criteria for metabolic syndrome, considering the presence of at least three of the following risk factors: increased waist circumference, hypertension, fasting hyperglycemia, low HDL-C, and elevated triglycerides. Results: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome found was 1.7% (confidence interval of 95% - 95%CI 0-3.3) for the IDF criterion; 3.3% (95%CI 1.0-5.6) for Cook; and 17.4% (95%CI 12.6-22.3) for Ferranti. Analyzing the criteria in pairs, the agreement between IDF and Cook was 97.5% (k=0.95); between IDF and Ferranti, 83.4% (k=0.67); and between Cook and Ferranti, 85.9% (k=0.72). Onlyone student (0.4%) was diagnosed with metabolic syndrome solely by the IDF criterion, while 34 (14.1%) were diagnosed exclusively by Ferranti. The comparison of the three criteria showed that Ferranti presented the highest proportion of metabolic syndrome (p<0.001), and Cook had a greater proportion than IDF (p<0.001). Conclusions: We found a significant difference in the proportion of metabolic syndrome in the three criteria. The choice of which criterion to use can compromise not only the percentage of metabolic syndrome prevalence but also interfere in strategies of intervention and prevention in children and adolescents with and without metabolic syndrome, respectively.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a diferença na proporção de escolares com síndrome metabólica diagnosticada segundo diferentes critérios. Métodos: Duzentos e quarenta e um escolares (136 meninos e 105meninas), com idade entre dez e 14 anos, das redes pública e privada de Paranavaí, Paraná. Foram utilizados três diferentes critérios para o diagnóstico da síndrome metabólica, considerando a presença de, ao menos, três dos seguintes fatores de risco: circunferência de cintura aumentada, hipertensão arterial, hiperglicemia em jejum, baixo nível de HDL-C e triglicerídeos elevado. Resultados: A prevalência de síndrome metabólica encontrada foi de 1,7% (intervalo de confiança de 95% - IC95% 0-3,3), para o critério de IDF; 3,3% (IC95% 1,0-5,6) em Cook; e 17,4% (IC95% 12,6-22,3) em Ferranti. Na verificação dos critérios em pares, a concordância entre IDF e Cook foi de 97,5% (k=0,95); entre IDF e Ferranti, 83,4% (k=0,67); e entre Cook e Ferranti, 85,9% (k=0,72). Em apenas um aluno (0,4%) a síndrome metabólica foi diagnosticada exclusivamente pelo critério de IDF, e em 34 alunos (14,1%), pelo critério de Ferranti. A comparação entre os três critérios mostrou que o de Ferranti apresentou maior proporção de síndrome metabólica que os demais (p<0,001), e o de Cook maior proporção em relação ao da IDF (p<0,001). Conclusões: Houve diferença significante na proporção de síndrome metabólica nos três critérios. A escolha do critério a ser utilizado pode comprometer não apenas o percentual de prevalência de síndrome metabólica, mas também atrapalhar as estratégias de prevenção e intervenção em crianças e adolescentes com e sem síndrome metabólica, respectivamente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Glycated Hemoglobin A/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Waist Circumference/physiology
13.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(4): 491-498, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013815

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La palta es un tipo de fruta tropical autóctona de Guatemala y México, caracterizada por su alto contenido de lípidos, principalmente por ácido oleico (>50% de lípidos totales) y rica en fitoquímicos como vitamina E, carotenoides, polifenoles y luteína, compuestos asociados a una fuerte actividad antioxidante. El consumo mundial de palta muestra un crecimiento exponencial, por lo que resulta relevante aumentar la investigación de este fruto no sólo de la pulpa, sino también de su semilla, e investigar el potencial impacto en la salud cardiovascular, cáncer y otras actividades antipatógenas. El objetivo de esta revisión fue sugerir con fundamento científico el consumo de este fruto, tanto de su pulpa como semilla, principalmente en la prevención y tratamiento de las enfermedades crónicas.


ABSTRACT Avocado is a type of tropical fruit native to Guatemala and Mexico. It is characterized by its high lipid, mainly oleic acid (> 50% of total lipids), content and rich in phytochemicals such as vitamin E, carotenoids, polyphenols and lutein, compounds associated with strong antioxidant activity. Worldwide avocado consumption shows an exponential growth, therefore it is important to investigate, not only the pulp, but also the seed, of this fruit and its potential impact on cardiovascular health, cancer and other antipathogenic activities. The objective of this review was to suggest with scientific support the consumption of this fruit, both of its pulp and seed, mainly in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated , Cardiovascular Diseases , Persea , Metabolic Syndrome , Neoplasms , Antioxidants
14.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 12(2): 241-251, maio/ago 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1015615

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a efetividade de uma estratégia nutricional em mulheres obesas com Síndrome Metabólica (SM). Estudo longitudinal caso-controle estruturado com dois grupos, sendo mulheres obesas com diagnóstico clínico de SM (Grupo Caso) e mulheres obesas sem diagnóstico de SM (Grupo Controle), em acompanhamento nutricional na Clínica Escola de Nutrição da Unicentro. A coleta de dados ocorreu em duas etapas, com intervalos de um mês, sendo realizadas medidas antropométricas, análise do consumo alimentar e exames bioquímicos. A estratégia nutricional utilizada foram orientações nutricionais e plano alimentar individualizado. Foram avaliadas 20 mulheres, cada grupo com número equivalente. Pacientes com SM apresentaram valores de CC e glicemia em jejum superiores ao grupo controle (p<0,005), ingestão de ácidos graxos acima do recomendado. A intervenção nutricional foi efetiva em pacientes com SM, demonstrando em curto prazo melhora da qualidade da alimentação e do perfil sérico glicêmico e lipídico, redução de medidas antropométricas.


The efficaciousness of nutritional strategy in obese females with metabolic syndrome (MS) is evaluated. Current case-controlled longitudinal study was structured on two groups, with obese women with a clinical diagnosis of MS (Case Group) and obese females without MS (Control Group), within the context of nutritional follow-up in the Clinical Nutritional School of the Unicentro. Data were collected in two stages, at a month´s interval, with anthropometric measurements, analysis of food consumption and biochemical tests. Nutritional strategy comprised nutritional supervision and personal food planning. Twenty females were assessed for each group. MS patients had CC and glycaemia rates higher than those of control group (p<0.005) and ingestion of fatty acids above that recommended. Nutritional intervention was effective in patients with MS and revealed that in a short time there was an improvement in food quality, in glycemic and lipid serum and in anthropometric measurements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anthropometry , Dyslipidemias , Nutritional Sciences , Obesity , Metabolic Syndrome
15.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(4): 392-399, ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013803

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Existe limitada evidencia de la asociación entre actividad física ocupacional y síndrome metabólico. Esto es importante ya que una gran parte del día cotidiano se gasta en el trabajo, el cual es mayormente sedentario. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la asociación entre niveles de actividad física ocupacional y la presencia de síndrome metabólico. Método: Análisis de datos secundarios usando información de un estudio poblacional en cinco estratos geográficos del Perú. La variable dependiente fue síndrome metabólico definido según consenso internacional; la exposición fue el auto-reporte de actividad física ocupacional (alto, moderado, bajo). Se usaron modelos de regresión de Poisson reportándose razones de prevalencia (RP) e intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC95%). Resultados principales: Datos de 4029 individuos fueron analizados, edad promedio 42,1 años (DE: 15,3) y 2013 (50,0%) fueron mujeres. Un total de 1011 (25,1%; IC95%: 23,8%-26,5%) sujetos presentaban síndrome metabólico. El modelo multivariable mostró asociación entre actividad física ocupacional y síndrome metabólico: comparado con los que reportaron altos niveles de actividad física, aquellos con actividad física moderada y baja tenían RP= 1,51 (IC95%: 1,25-1,81) y RP= 1,71 (IC95%: 1,42-2,06) veces más prevalencia de síndrome metabólico. La asociación fue más fuerte en los varones que en las mujeres (p= 0,001). Conclusiones: Nuestros hallazgos confirman la asociación entre niveles de actividad física ocupacional y la presencia de síndrome metabólico. Además 25% de la población de estudio cumplió con los criterios diagnósticos de síndrome metabólico.


ABSTRACT There is limited evidence about the association between work-related physical activity and metabolic syndrome. This is important as a great part of a usual day is related to work, and most of this is sedentary. The aim on this study was to assess the association between work-related physical activity and metabolic syndrome. Methods: A secondary analysis of data from a population-based study in five geographical strata in Peru. The outcome of interest was metabolic syndrome based on international consensus; exposure was the self-report of work-related physical activity (high, moderate, and low). Crude and adjusted Poisson regression models, with robust variance were used, from which prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were reported. Results: Data from 4029 individuals were analyzed, mean age 42.1 (SD: 15.3) years, and 2013 (50.0%) were females. A total of 1011 (25.1%; 95%CI: 23.8%-26.5%) subjects had metabolic syndrome. The multivariable model evidenced an association between work-related physical activity and metabolic syndrome: compared to those reporting high levels of physical activity, those with moderate and low physical activity had 1.51 (95%CI: 1.25-1.81) and 1.71 (95%CI: 1.42-2.06) greater prevalence of metabolic syndrome. The association was stronger among males than females (p= 0.001). Conclusions: Our results confirm the association between work-related physical activity and the presence of metabolic syndrome. In addition, 25% of the study population had metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Workplace , Metabolic Syndrome , Dyslipidemias , Arterial Pressure , Hyperglycemia , Motor Activity , Peru , Prevalence
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1187-1192, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038639

ABSTRACT

A dislipidemia é um achado comum, porém não determinante, na síndrome metabólica equina (SME). O objetivo do presente trabalho foi caracterizar a dislipidemia em animais obesos com risco de SME. Para isso, 18 éguas foram alocadas em grupos, de acordo com escore corporal (EC) de 1 a 9: no grupo ideal, animais com EC de 4,5 a 5,5 (n= 6), no grupo sobrepeso, com EC de 6 a 7 (n= 6) e no grupo obeso, animais com EC de 7,5 a 9 (n= 6). Coletaram-se amostras de sangue em jejum de concentrado para determinação de triglicerídeos, colesterol total, glicemia e concentração de insulina. Valores preditivos de sensibilidade à insulina (RISQI) e de secreção ß-pancreática (MIRG) foram calculados. O grupo obeso apresentou níveis maiores em relação aos outros grupos de triglicerídeos (P=0,001) e acima do ideal em concentrações de colesterol (P=0,012). Não foi observada diferença nas concentrações plasmáticas de glicose (P=0,53), de insulina (P=0,10) ou de RISQI (P=0,46). Houve diferença entre os grupos nos valores de MIRG (P=0,048), tendo o grupo obeso obtido resultados maiores quando comparado com o grupo ideal. O aumento do EC foi associado ao aumento das concentrações plasmáticas de colesterol e triglicerídeos, o que caracteriza um estado de dislipidemia e de elevação da secreção das células ß-pancreáticas.(AU)


Increased indicators of fat metabolites are found in Equine Metabolic Syndrome (EMS) subjects, although these parameters are not included in the EMS definition described in the literature and in its diagnosis. The objective of this study was to characterize dyslipidemia in obese insulin resistant mares. 18 mares were allocated in three groups according to body condition score (BCS) in a 1 to 9 scale. In the Ideal group there were animals with BCS 4.5 to 5.5 (n= 6), in the Overweight group, the BCS were 6 to 7 (n= 6), and in the Obese group (n= 6), BCS 7.5 to 9. Concentrate fasting blood samples were taken to determine triglycerides, total cholesterol, glucose, and insulin concentrations in plasma. Insulin sensitivity proxy (RISQI) and ß-pancreatic secretion proxy (MIRG) were calculated from glucose and insulin data. The Obese group had higher triglyceride levels (P= 0.001), compared to other groups, and higher total cholesterol compared to the Ideal Group (P= 0.012). No differences in plasma glucose (P= 0.53), insulin (P= 0.10) concentrations and insulin sensitivity (RISQI: P= 0.463) were seen among groups. The Obese Group had a higher ß-pancreatic secretion (MIRG: P= 0.048) compared to the Ideal Group. The increased BCS was related to the plasma fat metabolites a higher ß-pancreatic secretion.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Metabolic Syndrome/veterinary , Dyslipidemias/veterinary , Horses/blood , Obesity/veterinary , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose/analysis , Cholesterol/blood , Insulin/blood
17.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(4): 428-434, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040335

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: Given the importance of incorporating simple and low-cost tools into the pediatric clinical setting to provide screening for insulin resistance, the present study sought to investigate whether waist-to-height ratio is comparable to biochemical markers for the discrimination of insulin resistance in children and adolescents. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved students from nine public schools. In total, 296 children and adolescents of both sexes, aged 8 -14 years, composed the sample. Waist-to-height ratio, triglycerides/glucose index, and triglycerides-to-HDL-C ratio were determined according to standard protocols. Insulin resistance was defined as homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance with cut-off point ≥ 3.16. Results: Age, body mass index, frequency of overweight, waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, insulin, glucose, homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance, triglycerides, triglycerides/glucose index, and triglycerides-to-HDL-C were higher among insulin resistant boys and girls. Moderate correlation of all indicators (waist-to-height ratio, triglycerides/glucose index, and triglycerides-to-HDL-C ratio) with homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance was observed for both sexes. The areas under the receiver operational characteristic curves ware similar between waist-to-height ratio and biochemical markers. Conclusion: The indicators provided similar discriminatory power for insulin resistance. However, taking into account the cost-benefit ratio, we suggest that waist-to-height ratio may be a useful tool to provide screening for insulin resistance in pediatric populations.


Resumo Objetivo: Considerando a importância de incorporar ferramentas simples e de baixo custo no cenário clínico-pediátrico para a triagem de resistência à insulina, o presente estudo buscou investigar se a razão cintura/estatura é comparável a marcadores bioquímicos na discriminação de resistência à insulina em crianças e adolescentes. Métodos: Este estudo transversal envolveu estudantes de nove escolas públicas. No total, 296 crianças e adolescentes, de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 8 e 14 anos, compuseram a amostra. A razão cintura/estatura, o índice triglicerídeos/glicose e a razão triglicerídeos/HDL-C foram determinados de acordo com protocolos padrão. A resistência à insulina foi definida por meio do modelo de avaliação homeostática para resistência insulínica, com ponto de corte ≥ 3.16. Resultados: Idade, índice de massa corporal, frequência de excesso de peso, circunferência da cintura, razão cintura/estatura, insulina, glicemia, modelo de avaliação homeostática para resistência insulínica, triglicerídeos, índice triglicerídeos/glicose e razão triglicerídeos/HDL-C foram maiores entre meninos e meninas com resistência à insulina. Também foram observadas, em ambos os sexos, correlações moderadas de todos os indicadores (razão cintura/estatura, índice triglicerídeos/glicose e razão triglicerídeos/HDL-C) com o modelo de avaliação homeostática para resistência à insulina. As áreas sob as curvas ROC foram semelhantes entre a razão cintura/estatura e os marcadores bioquímicos. Conclusão: Os indicadores forneceram poder discriminatório similar para a resistência à insulina. No entanto, levando em conta o custo-benefício, sugerimos que a razão cintura/estatura pode ser uma ferramenta útil para a triagem de resistência à insulina em populações pediátricas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Blood Glucose/analysis , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Biomarkers/analysis , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Waist Circumference/physiology , Waist-Height Ratio , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Overweight/physiopathology , Overweight/blood , Lipoproteins, HDL/blood , Cholesterol, HDL/blood
18.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 940-958, jul.-ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: biblio-1094100

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El síndrome de ovario poliquístico se ha convertido en un problema de salud pública, siendo el más común de los desórdenes endocrinos en mujeres en edad reproductiva con estudios que reportan una prevalencia de hasta un 21%. El diagnóstico de esta entidad es importante debido a que representa riesgos metabólicos, cardiovasculares y afecta la capacidad reproductiva de estas pacientes. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de los principales artículos relacionados sobre el tema, resumiendo los aspectos fundamentales de este problema de salud.


ABSTRACT Polycystic ovary syndrome has become a public health problem, being the most common of the endocrine disorders in reproductive-age women, with studies reporting prevalence by 21 %. The diagnosis of this entity is important because it represents metabolic and cardiovascular risk, and affects the reproductive capacity of these patients. The authors carried out bibliographic review of the main articles related with the theme, summarizing the basic aspects of this health problem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/complications , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/etiology , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/physiopathology , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Preventive Health Services , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Disease Management , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Endocrine System Diseases/diagnosis , Disease Prevention , Reproductive Health , Healthy Lifestyle , Genitalia/physiopathology , Insulin Resistance , Ultrasonography , Hirsutism/diagnosis , Hypertension/diagnosis , Menstruation Disturbances/diagnosis , Obesity/diagnosis
19.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(3): 628-640, mayo.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1094072

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la prevalencia del síndrome metabólico, a nivel mundial, es muy elevada y continúa en aumento vertiginosamente en los últimos años. Por lo que se puede considerar una pandemia de la época contemporánea, se estima que el 25 % de la población adulta la padece. Objetivo: determinar la prevalencia del síndrome metabólico e identificar otras formas clínicas de enfermedad vascular ateroesclerótica, en gerontes hospitalizados en Servicios de Geriatría del Hospital Provincial Clínico Quirúrgico Docente "Celia Sánchez Manduley", Manzanillo, Granma; en el período comprendido entre junio 2015 a junio 2016. Materiales y métodos: se realizó estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal. Se incluyeron los 120 senescentes que ingresaron en los Servicios de Geriatría. Resultados: se estableció el diagnóstico de síndrome metabólico en 105 individuos de 120 sujetos estudiados. El grupo de 70-79 años de edad y el sexo masculino fueron los más afectados por la endocrinopatía. Las otras formas clínicas de enfermedad vascular ateroesclerótica que se identificaron en los senescentes estudiados, fueron: cardiopatía isquémica, enfermedad cerebrovascular y cardiopatía hipertensiva. Conclusiones: existe una alta prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en los adultos mayores estudiados.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome is very high around the world and is still vertiginously increasing in the last years. Therefore, it can be considered a pandemic of the current times. It is thought that 25 % of the adult population suffers it. Objective: to determine the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and to identify other clinical forms of the atherosclerotic vascular disease in elder people who entered the Service of Geriatrics of the Provincial Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital "Celia Sanchez Manduley", of Manzanillo, Granma, in the period from June 2015 to June 2016. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional, observational, descriptive study was carried out with the inclusion of the 120 elder people who the Service of Geriatrics. Results: 105 individuals of 129 studied were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. The 79-79 age group and male sex were the most affected by endocrinopathy. Other clinical forms of the arteriosclerotic vascular disease identified in the studied elder people were ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease and hypertensive heart disease. Conclusions: there is a high prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among the studied elder people.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aging , Cerebrovascular Disorders/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnosis , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Metabolic Syndrome/prevention & control , Metabolic Syndrome/therapy , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Geriatrics , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospital Care , Obesity, Abdominal/diagnosis , Early Medical Intervention , Observational Study , Hypertension/diagnosis
20.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 69(2): 99-106, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1053037

ABSTRACT

La obesidad infantil representa un factor importante en el desarrollo del síndrome metabólico (SM). En este sentido el factor neurotrófico derivado del cerebro (BDNF: Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor) interviene en el metabolismo energético así como en vías que controlan el peso corporal y desórdenes metabólicos. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si hay una correlación entre el BDNF con los marcadores que definen al síndrome metabólico en una población infantil de México. Se integraron al estudio 100 niños con un rango de edad de 5-13 años, se estratificaron en tres grupos, normo peso, sobrepeso y obesidad, a los cuales se les determinaron las variables antropométricas, percentil de la tensión arterial sistólica y diastólica, concentraciones séricas de glucosa, triglicéridos, colesterol de alta densidad (HDL) y BDNF. Se aplicó ANOVA y una correlación de Pearson. Los resultados muestran que la prevalencia de SM utilizando los criterios de Cook y Weiss fue del 14%, mientras que por la Federación Internacional de Diabetes (IDF) es del 11%. La circunferencia de cintura, triglicéridos, colesterol HDL, presión arterial sistólica/diastólica y glucosa, mostraron diferencias significativas entre los grupos estudiados (*p<0,001). El BDNF se correlacionó positivamente con la desviación estándar del índice de masa corporal de acuerdo con la edad (DE-IMCE) (p=0,01), el percentil del perímetro de la cintura (p=0,00), la presión arterial sistólica (p=0,01) y las concentraciones plasmáticas de glucosa (p=0,02). Estos datos muestran que existe una correlación entre el BDNF con la DE-IMCE, la circunferencia de la cintura, la presión arterial sistólica y glucosa(AU)


Childhood obesity represents an important factor in the development of metabolic syndrome (MS). In this sense, the brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in energy metabolism as well as in pathways that control body weight and metabolic disorders. The objective of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between BDNF with the markers that define the metabolic syndrome in a child population in Mexico. The study included 100 children with an age range of 5-13 years, stratified into three groups, normal weight, overweight and obesity, which were determined anthropometric variables, percentile of systolic and diastolic blood pressure, concentrations serum glucose, triglycerides, high density cholesterol (HDL) and BDNF. ANOVA and Pearson correlation were applied. The results show that the prevalence of MS using the Cook and Weiss criteria was 14%, while for the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) it is 11%. Waist circumference, triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, systolic/diastolic blood pressure and glucose showed significant differences between the groups studied (*p<0.001). The BDNF was positively correlated with the standard deviation of the body mass index according to age (DE-IMCE) (p=0.01), the percentile of the waist circumference (p=0.00), systolic blood pressure (p=0.01) and plasma glucose concentrations (p=0.02). These data show that there is a correlation between BDNF with DE-IMCE, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure and glucose(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Body Weights and Measures , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor/analysis , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Lipid Metabolism , Insulin/metabolism , Anthropometry , Pediatric Obesity , Noncommunicable Diseases
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