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1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0056, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394863

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT It is part of the omic sciences to search for an understanding of how the cellular system of organisms works as well as studying their biological changes. As part of the omic sciences, we can highlight the genomics whose function is the study of genes, the transcriptomics that studies the changes in the transcripts, the proteomics responsible for understanding the changes that occur in proteins, and the metabolomics that studies all the metabolic changes that occur in a certain system when it is submitted to different types of stimuli. Metabolomics is the science that studies the endogenous and exogenous metabolites in biological systems, which aims to provide comparative quantitative or semi-quantitative information about all metabolites in the system. This review aims to describe the main applications of metabolomics science in ophthalmolog. We searched the literature on main applications of metabolomics science in ophthalmology, using the MEDLINE and LILACS databases, with the keywords "metabolomics" and "ophthalmology", from January 1, 2009, to April 5, 2021. We retrieved 216 references, of which 58 were considered eligible for intensive review and critical analysis. The study of the metabolome allows a better understanding of the metabolism of ocular tissues. The results are important to aid diagnosis and as predictors of the progression of many eye and systemic diseases.


RESUMO Faz parte das ciências ômicas buscar entender como funciona o sistema celular dos organismos e estudar suas alterações biológicas. Como parte das ciências ômicas, destacam-se a genômica, cuja função é o estudo dos genes; a transcriptômica, que estuda as mudanças nos transcritos; a proteômica, responsável por entender as mudanças que ocorrem nas proteínas, e a metabolômica, que estuda todo o metabolismo das alterações que ocorrem em um determinado sistema quando ele é submetido a diferentes tipos de estímulos. A metabolômica é a ciência que estuda os metabólitos endógenos e exógenos em sistemas biológicos, visando fornecer informações comparativas quantitativas ou semiquantitativas sobre todos os metabólitos do sistema. Esta revisão teve como objetivo descrever as principais aplicações da ciência metabolômica na oftalmologia. Trata-se de revisão narrativa desenvolvida por um grupo de pesquisa da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, em São Paulo (SP). Buscaram-se, na literatura, as principais aplicações da ciência metabolômica em oftalmologia, utilizando as bases de dados Medline® e Lilacs, com as palavras-chave "metabolomics" e "oftalmologia", de 1º de janeiro de 2009 a 5 de abril de 2021. Foram recuperadas 216 referências, das quais 58 foram consideradas elegíveis para revisão intensiva e análise crítica. O estudo do metaboloma permite um melhor entendimento do metabolismo dos tecidos oculares. Os resultados são importantes para auxiliar no diagnóstico e como preditores da progressão de muitas doenças oculares e sistêmicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Eye Diseases/metabolism , Metabolome/physiology , Retina/metabolism , Artificial Intelligence , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cornea/metabolism , Eye Diseases/diagnosis , Metabolomics/methods , Machine Learning
2.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-6, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370072

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo visa avaliar o perfil metabólico de pacientes que foram submetidos a TxC em um centro de referência do estado do Ceará. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal, quantitativo, em que se avaliaram 110 pacientes receptores de TxC no Hospital de Messejana de Fortaleza, no período de 2011 a 2018, por meio de uma ficha clínica. Resultados: observou-se que a maioria dos pacientes era do gênero masculino (76,5%), e a média de idade foi de 46,26 ± 12,73 anos. Entre os pacientes, observou-se que previamente à cirurgia, 42,5% tinham histórico familiar de doença cardíaca, 40,1% estavam com sobrepeso e 15% eram diabéticos. A classe de medicação mais utilizada para as doenças de bases foram os diuréticos, inibidores da enzima conversora da angiotensina e bloqueadores de receptores da angiotensina. A principal etiologia que levou à necessidade do TxC foi a miocardiopatia isquêmica. Conclusões: Nesta amostra, a doença de base com maior prevalência que levou ao transplante foi a miocardiopatia isquêmica. A maioria dos pacientes apresentou rejeição ao enxerto em algum momento do período estudado. Todos os pacientes que apresentaram descompensação glicêmica fizeram uso de insulina.


Objective: This study aims to assess the metabolic profile of patients who underwent HT at a referral center in the state of Ceará. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, quantitative study, in which 110 patients receiving HT were evaluated at the Hospital de Messejana in Fortaleza, from 2011 to 2018, through a clinical form. Results: It was observed that the majority of patients were male (76.5%) and the mean age was 46.26 ± 12.73 years. Among the patients, it was observed that prior to surgery, 42.5% had a family history of heart disease, 40.1% were overweight, and 15% were diabetic. The most used class of medication for underlying diseases were diuretics, angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, and angiotensin receptor blockers. The main etiology leading to the need for HT was ischemic cardiomyopathy. Conclusions: In this sample, the most prevalent underlying disease leading to transplantation was ischemic cardiomyopathy. Most patients presented graft rejection at some point during the study period. All patients who presented glycemic decompensation used insulin.


Subject(s)
Transplants , Transplant Recipients , Diuretics , Enzyme Inhibitors , Metabolome , Heart , Cardiomyopathies
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(1): e10253, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142570

ABSTRACT

During pregnancy, metabolic changes that develop in women may increase the risk of diseases and conditions that may also harm the life of the growing fetus. The aim of the present study was to identify and compare the metabolic profile (MP) during pregnancy in two birth cohorts in 2010 in the cities of Ribeirão Preto (RP) and São Luís (SL), Brazil. Pregnant women (1393 in RP and 1413 in SL) were studied; information was obtained through questionnaires in addition to anthropometric, biochemical, and blood pressure measurements. Data are presented as means and proportions. To compare the characteristics of pregnant women in both cities, chi-squared and Student's t-tests were applied, with 5% significance level. Ribeirão Preto presented higher mean values than SL for pre-gestational body mass index (24.5 vs 23 kg/m2, P<0.001), systolic (108.4 vs 102.8 mmHg, P<0.001) and diastolic (65.9 vs 61.8 mmHg, P<0.001) blood pressure, total cholesterol (226.3 vs 213.7 mg/dL, P<0.001) and fractions, and glycemia (84.5 vs 80.2 mg/dL, P<0.001), except for triglycerides (P=0.135). Women from RP also showed higher rates of pre-gestational overweight and obesity compared with SL (40.1 vs 25.8%). In the present study, pregnant women in RP had a worse gestational metabolic profile than those in SL, with higher pre-gestational excess weight, indicating that nutritional transition was more advanced in the more developed city.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy/metabolism , Metabolome , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Cohort Studies , Cities
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921995

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the metabolic profile and genetic variants for newborns with primary carnitine deficiency (PCD) from Guangxi, China.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2019, 400 575 newborns from the jurisdiction of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Newborn Screening Center were subjected to tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis. Newborns with positive results for PCD and their mothers were recalled for retesting. Those who were still positive were subjected to sequencing of the SLC22A5 gene.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-two newborns and 9 mothers were diagnosed with PCD, which gave a prevalence rate of 1/18 208. Sequencing of 18 newborns and 4 mothers have identified 14 types of SLC22A5 gene variants, with the common ones including c.51C>G (10/44, 22.7%), c.1195C>T (9/44, 20.5%) and c.1400C>G (7/44, 15.9%), The c.517delC(p.L173Cfs*3) and c.1031C>T(p.T344I) were unreported previously and predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PM2_supporting+PM3+PP4) and likely pathogenic (PM1+PM2_supporting+PM3+PP3+PP4) based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines.@*CONCLUSION@#c.51C>G, c.1195C>T and c.1400C>G are the most common variants underlying PCD in Guangxi.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Carnitine/deficiency , China , Humans , Hyperammonemia , Infant, Newborn , Metabolome , Muscular Diseases , Mutation , Solute Carrier Family 22 Member 5/genetics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887891

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain the metabolome profiles in liver and serum of mice during normal aging. Methods The liver and serum samples of ten 2-month-old mice and ten 18-month-old C57BL/6J mice under physiological conditions were collected.Metabolites were identified and quantified by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.The overall assessment,differential screening,and functional analysis were performed with the filtered high-quality data. Results In the negative-ion mode and positive-ion mode,242 and 399 metabolites were identified in the liver and 265 and 230 in serum,respectively.The difference of metabolome between young and old mice was moderate.The upregulated metabolites identified in aging liver were related to the metabolism of riboflavin,glucose,and arachidonic acid,while the downregulated ones were associated with the metabolism of pyrimidine,purine,glycerophospholipid,glutathione,and nicotinamide.Altered metabolites in serum during aging were involved in a variety of nucleic acid metabolism-related pathways,such as pyrimidine metabolism,purine metabolism,one carbon pool by folate,and amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism. Conclusions The metabolome profiles of mouse liver and serum both revealed dysregulated nucleic acid metabolism pathways during normal aging.This study provides metabolome data for further research on aging-associated mechanism and may support the discovery of intervention methods for aging.


Subject(s)
Aging , Animals , Liver , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2856-2869, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887848

ABSTRACT

The environmental gas concentration affects the storage period and quality of fruits and vegetables. High concentration CO₂ treating for a long time will cause damage to fruits, However, the specific molecular mechanism is unclear. To analyze the mechanism of CO₂ injury in apple, high-throughput sequencing technology of Illumina Hiseq 4000 and non-targeted metabolism technology were used to analyze the transcriptome sequencing and metabolomics analysis of browning flesh tissue of damage fruit and normal pulp tissue of the control group. A total of 6 332 differentially expressed genes were obtained, including 4 187 up-regulated genes and 2 145 down regulated genes. Functional analysis of the differentially expressed genes confirmed that the occurrence of CO₂ injury in apple was related to redox process, lipid metabolism, hormone signal transduction process and energy metabolism process. Twenty candidate browning genes were successfully screened, among which grxcr1 (md14g1137800) and gpx (md06g1081300) participated in the reactive oxygen species scavenging process, and pld1_ 2 (md15g1125000) and plcd (md07g1221900) participated in phospholipid acid synthesis and affected membrane metabolism. mdh1 (md05g1238800) participated in TCA cycle and affected energy metabolism. A total of 77 differential metabolites were obtained by metabolomic analysis, mainly organic acids, lipids, sugars and polyketones, including 35 metabolites related to browning. The metabolism of flavonoids was involved in the browning process of apple. Compared with the control tissue, the content of flavonoids such as catechin and quercetin decreased significantly in the damaged apple tissue, the antioxidant capacity of cells decreased, the redox state was unbalanced, and the cell structure was destroyed, resulting in browning. The results of this study further enrich the theoretical basis of CO₂ damage, and provide reference for the practical application of high concentration CO₂ preservation technology.


Subject(s)
Carbon Dioxide , Fruit , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Malus/genetics , Metabolome , Transcriptome
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922775

ABSTRACT

Oral mucositis (OM) caused by cancer therapy is the most common adverse reaction in the radiotherapy of head and neck tumors. In severe cases, it can lead to the interruption of treatment, which affects the control of the disease and the quality of life. Shuanghua Baihe Tablet (SBT) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, which is administerd to treat OM in China. It has been clinically effective for more than 30 years, but the underlying mechanism is not completely understood. With the development of multiple omics, it is possible to explore the mechanism of Chinese herbal compound prescriptions. Based on transcriptomics and metabolomics, we explored the underlying mechanism of SBT in the treatment of OM. An OM model of rats was established by 5-FU induction, and SBT was orally administered at dosages of 0.75 and 3 g·kg


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolome , Quality of Life , Rats , Stomatitis , Tablets , Transcriptome
8.
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(1): 31-37, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098338

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: It has been suggested that cystatin C levels are modified by obesity and inflammation. Furthermore, cystatin C has been associated with cardiovascular events and mortality outcomes. Aim: To study the association of cystatin C with the metabolic profile and cardiovascular disease of peritoneal dialysis patients. Methods: Data collected included clinical, laboratorial, and multifrequency bioimpedance assessment of 52 stable peritoneal dialysis patients. Minimal residual renal function was defined as > 2mL/min/1.73m2. Results: Serum cystatin C was not significantly associated with peritoneal or urinary cystatin C excretion. Negative correlation of cystatin C with normalized protein catabolic rate (rho -0.33, p = 0.02) and a trend towards positive correlation with relative body fat (rho 0.27, p = 0.05) were not independent from residual renal function. Cystatin C was not significantly associated with cardiovascular disease (p = 0.28), nor with glycated hemoglobin (p = 0.19) or c-reactive protein (p = 0.56). In the multivariate model, both age and diabetes were the strongest predictors of cardiovascular disease (odds ratio 1.09, p = 0.029 and odds ratio 29.95, p = 0.016, respectively), while relative body fat was negatively associated with cardiovascular disease (p = 0.038); neither cystatin C (p = 0.096) nor minimal residual renal function (p = 0.756) reached a significant association with cardiovascular disease. Conclusions: In this group of peritoneal dialysis patients, cystatin C did not correlate with the metabolic or inflammatory status, nor cardiovascular disease, after adjustment for residual renal function.


RESUMO Introdução: Tem sido sugerido que os níveis de cistatina C são modificados pela obesidade e inflamação. Além disso, a cistatina C tem sido associada a eventos cardiovasculares e desfechos de mortalidade. Objetivo: Estudar a associação da cistatina C com o perfil metabólico e doença cardiovascular de pacientes em diálise peritoneal. Métodos: Os dados coletados incluíram avaliação clínica, laboratorial e de bioimpedância múltipla de 52 pacientes estáveis em diálise peritoneal. A função renal residual mínima foi definida como > 2mL/min/1,73m2. Resultados: A cistatina C sérica não esteve significativamente associada à excreção peritoneal ou urinária. A correlação negativa da cistatina C com a taxa catabólica protéica normalizada (rho -0,33, p = 0,02) e uma tendência de correlação positiva com a gordura corporal relativa (rho 0,27, p = 0,05) não foram independentes da função renal residual. A cistatina C não se associou significativamente à doença cardiovascular (p = 0,28), nem com hemoglobina glicada (p = 0,19) ou proteína C reativa (p = 0,56). No modelo multivariado, idade e diabetes foram os mais fortes preditores de doença cardiovascular (razões de probabilidade 1,09, p = 0,029 e 29,95, p = 0,016, respectivamente) enquanto a gordura corporal relativa se associou negativamente à doença cardiovascular (p = 0,038). A cistatina C não se associou significativamente com doença cardiovascular (p = 0,096), tampouco a função residual mínima (p = 0,756). Conclusão: Neste grupo de pacientes em diálise peritoneal, a cistatina C não se correlacionou com o estado metabólico ou inflamatório, nem com doença cardiovascular, após ajuste para função renal residual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Peritoneal Dialysis , Cystatin C/blood , Metabolome , Glomerular Filtration Rate , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Risk , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828652

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the features of blood lipid metabolic profile in overweight/obese boys aged 9-12 years and the possible mechanism of overweight/obesity in children.@*METHODS@#According to body mass index (BMI), 72 boys, aged 9-12 years, were divided into a control group with 42 boys and an overweight/obesity group with 30 boys. Fasting venous blood samples were collected early in the morning. BMI, waist-hip ratio, body composition, and blood lipids were measured. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry technique was used to analyze the serum lipid compounds. A statistical analysis and visualization of the data were performed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the overweight/obesity group had significantly higher waist-hip ratio, body fat percentage, and triglyceride level (P<0.05) and a significantly lower level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P<0.05). The metabolomic analysis identified 150 differentially expressed lipid compounds between the two groups, mainly glycerolipids (40.7%), glycerophospholipids (24.7%), fatty acyls (10.7%), and sphingolipids (7.3%). The levels of most of glycerolipids were significantly upregulated in the overweight/obesity group, while those of most of glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids were downregulated in this group. Key lipids with differential expression were enriched into two KEGG metabolic pathways, i.e., ether lipid metabolism pathway and terpenoid backbone biosynthesis pathway (P<0.05), and might further affected the biosynthesis and metabolism of downstream coenzyme Q and other terpenoids (P=0.06).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Disordered lipid metabolic profile is observed in overweight/obese boys aged 9-12 years, with increases in most glycerolipids and reductions in glycerophospholipids and sphingolipids. Overweight/obese boys may have disorders in ether lipid metabolism and biosynthesis of terpenoid and even coenzyme Q.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Child , Humans , Lipids , Male , Metabolome , Overweight , Pediatric Obesity
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878293

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore potential serum biomarkers of children with Kashin-Beck Disease (KBD) and the metabolic pathways to which the biomarkers belong.@*Methods@#A two-stage metabolomic study was employed. The discovery cohort included 56 patients, 51 internal controls, and 50 external controls. The metabolites were determined by HPLC-(Q-TOF)-MS and confirmed by Human Metabolome Databases (HMDB) and Metlin databases. MetaboAnalyst 3.0 and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database were used to analyze the metabolic pathways of the candidate metabolites. The use of HPLC-(Q-TRAP)-MS enabled quantitative detection of the target metabolites which were chosen using the discovery study and verified in another independent verification cohort of 31 patients, 41 internal controls, and 50 external controls.@*Results@#Eight candidate metabolites were identified out in the discovery study, namely kynurenic acid, N-α-acetylarginine, 6-hydroxymelatonin, sphinganine, ceramide, sphingosine-1P, spermidine, and glycine. These metabolites exist in sphingolipid, glutathione, and tryptophan metabolic pathways. In the second-stage study, five candidate metabolites were validated, including kynurenic acid, N-α-acetylarginine, sphinganine, spermidine, and sphingosine-1P. Except for spermidine, all substances exhibited low expression in the case group compared with the external control group, and the difference in levels of sphinganine, spermidine, and sphingosine-1P was statistically significant.@*Conclusion@#The direction of change of levels of sphinganine, spermidine, and sphingosine-1P in the two-stage study cohorts was completely consistent, and the differences were statistically significant. Therefore, these substances can be used as potential biomarkers of KBD. Furthermore, these results raise the possibility that sphingolipid metabolic pathways may be closely related to KBD.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Biomarkers/blood , Child , China , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Kashin-Beck Disease/blood , Male , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Metabolome
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776885

ABSTRACT

Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT) is a famous Chinese medicinal decoction. Mechanism of DBT action is wide ranging and unclear. Exploring new ways of treatment with DBT is useful. Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats were randomly divided into 3 groups including control (NC, Saline), the DBT (at a dose of 8.10 g), and blood deficiency(BD) (Cyclophosphamide (APH)-andCyclophosphamide(CTX)-induced anaemia). A metabolomics approach using Liquid Chromatography-Quadrupole-Time-of-Flight/Mass Spectrometry (LC/Q-TOFMS) was developed to perform the plasma metabolic profiling analysis and differential metaboliteswerescreened according to the multivariate statistical analysiscomparing the NC and BD groups, andthe hub metabolites were outliers with high scores of the centrality indices. Anaemia disease-related protein target and compound of DBT databases were constructed. The TCMSP, ChemMapper and STITCH databases were used to predict the protein targets of DBT. Using the Cytoscape 3.2.1 to establish a phytochemical component-target protein interaction network and establish a component, protein and hub metabolite protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and merging the three PPI networks basing on BisoGenet. The gene enrichment analysis was used to analyse the relationship between proteins based on the relevant genetic similarity by ClueGO. The results shown DBT effectively treated anaemia in vivo. 11 metabolic pathways are involved in the therapeutic effect of DBT in vivo; S-adenosyl-l-methionine, glycine, l-cysteine, arachidonic acid (AA) and phosphatidylcholine(PC) were screened as hub metabolites in APH-and CTX-induced anaemia. A total of 288 targets were identified as major candidates for anaemia progression. The gene-set enrichment analysis revealed that the targets are involved in iron ion binding, haemopoiesis, reactive oxygen species production, inflammation and apoptosis. The results also showed that these targets were associated with iron ion binding, haemopoiesis, ROS production, apoptosis, inflammation and related signalling pathways. DBT can promote iron ion binding and haemopoiesis activities, restrain inflammation, production of reactive oxygen, block apoptosis, and contribute significantly to the DBT treat anaemia.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Blood , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Cyclophosphamide , Toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Genetics , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719461

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We undertook this study to investigate the discriminant metabolites in urine from patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and from healthy individuals. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 148 RA patients, 41 SLE patients and 104 healthy participants. The urinary metabolomic profiles were assessed using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The relationships between discriminant metabolites and clinical variables were assessed. Collagen-induced arthritis was induced in mice to determine if a choline-rich diet reduces arthritis progression. RESULTS: The urinary metabolic fingerprint of patients with established RA differs from that of healthy controls and SLE patients. Markers of altered gut microbiota (trimethylamine-N-oxide, TMAO), and oxidative stress (dimethylamine) were upregulated in patients with RA. In contrast, markers of mitochondrial dysfunction (citrate and succinate) and metabolic waste products (p-cresol sulfate, p-CS) were downregulated in patients with RA. TMAO and dimethylamine were negatively associated with serum inflammatory markers in RA patients. In particular, patients with lower p-CS levels exhibited a more rapid radiographic progression over two years than did those with higher p-CS levels. The in vivo functional study demonstrated that mice fed with 1% choline, a source of TMAO experienced a less severe form of collagen-induced arthritis than did those fed a control diet. CONCLUSION: Patients with RA showed a distinct urinary metabolomics pattern. Urinary metabolites can reflect a pattern indicative of inflammation and accelerated radiographic progression of RA. A choline-rich diet reduces experimentally-induced arthritis. This finding suggests that the interaction between diet and the intestinal microbiota contributes to the RA phenotype.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis , Arthritis, Experimental , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Choline , Dermatoglyphics , Diet , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Inflammation , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Mice , Oxidative Stress , Phenotype , Spectrum Analysis , Waste Products
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760166

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pancreatic cancer (PC) patients have poor prognoses because this cancer is typically diagnosed at an advanced stage and the therapeutic options are limited. We examined the potential of metabolic profiling for early diagnosis and identification of potential therapeutic targets. METHODS: Ten patients and 10 healthy volunteer controls older than 20 years of age were enrolled between May and December 2015. The patients were confirmed to have pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cytologically or histologically. Blood plasma samples were derivatized and analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Untargeted GC-MS data were analyzed using statistical methods, including Wilcoxon rank-sum test and principal component analyses. RESULTS: L-lysine was 1.36-fold higher in patients than in healthy controls (p<0.05). L-leucine was 0.63-fold lower (p<0.01) and palmitic acid was 0.93-fold lower (p<0.5) in patients than in controls. Orthogonal partial least squared-discriminant analysis revealed significant differences between the patients and controls. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the metabolic profiles of patients with PC are distinct from those of the healthy population. Further studies are required to develop methods for early diagnosis and identify therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Early Diagnosis , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Korea , Leucine , Lysine , Metabolome , Palmitic Acid , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Plasma , Principal Component Analysis , Prognosis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774089

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the features of serum metabolites in preterm infants based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), and to find differentially expressed metabolites in the serum of preterm infants.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from 19 preterm infants and 20 full-term infants before feeding. GC-MS was used to measure metabolic profiles, and the metabolic features of 397 serum metabolites in preterm infants were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There was a significant difference in serum metabolic features between the preterm and full-term infants before feeding. There were significant differences between the full-term and preterm infants in the levels of metabolites such as O-phosphonothreonine, digicitrin, tannic acid, and fructose-1,6-diphosphate (P<0.01), suggesting that the above differentially expressed metabolites were highly differentiated between the preterm and full-term infants. Most differentially expressed metabolites were involved in the metabolic pathways such as ABC transporters, β-alanine and pyrimidines and were correlated with some clinical parameters (albumin and total bilirubin) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a significant difference in serum metabolites between preterm and full-term infants before feeding. Metabolomics plays an important role in improving metabolic disorders and exploring metabolism-related diseases in preterm infants.


Subject(s)
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Metabolome , Metabolomics
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773116

ABSTRACT

In this paper,ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOFMS) technique was used to study the effects of steamed notoginseng on endogenous markers in plasma of rats with hemolytic anemia induced by N-acetyl phenyl hydrazine( APH). The aim was to find out the potential biomarkers and possible blood enriching mechanism of steamed notoginseng on hemolytic anemia rats. In the experiment,steamed notoginseng medicine pair( steamed notoginseng-ginseng)and compound medicines( Sanqi Yangxue Capsules) were used respectively to intervene in APH-induced hemolytic anemia model rats.Then blood routine indexes such as red blood cells( RBC),hemoglobin( Hb) and related organ indexes were determined. As compared with the blank group,the RBC and Hb levels in the model group were substantially decreased( P< 0. 01),while the liver and spleen organ indexes were increased( P< 0. 05). The results of blood routine and organ index demonstrated that the blood deficiency model was successfully established. Steamed notoginseng can significantly increase the RBC level of rats( P<0. 01),and the related indicators of each drug group had a trend of returning to normal levels,verifying the blood enriching effect of steamed notoginseng. The UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technique,principal component analysis( PCA) and partial least squares-discrimination analysis( PLS-DA) were used to analyze the metabolic profiles between the normal group and the model group. Twenty-six potential biomarkers for hemolytic anemia were screened in plasma. Nine metabolites such as retinol,L-valine,and arachidonic acid were down-regulated in the blood deficiency rats,and 17 metabolites such as protoporphyrin Ⅸ and niacinamide were up-regulated. The metabolic level of biomarkers could be changed to a normal state after rats were given with steamed notoginseng,drug pairs,and compound prescriptions. It can be speculated that steamed notoginseng may play a role of blood tonifying by improving biosynthesis of valine,leucine and isoleucine,as well as metabolic pathways such as retinol metabolism and arachidonic acid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic , Drug Therapy , Animals , Biomarkers , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Rats , Steam
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773086

ABSTRACT

In this study, gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry(GC-MS) was used to analyze the changes of 12 kinds of cancer cells treated by curcumin. The related differential metabolites were screened and the metabolic pathways were analyzed to explore the anti-tumor mechanism of curcumin. Methyl thiazol tetrazolium(MTT) assay was used to detect the 50% inhibiting concentration(IC_(50)) of curcumin on 12 human tumor cells. After treatment with curcumin for 48 h, the cells were collected and analyzed by GC-MS, followed by pathway analysis and multivariate data analysis including principal component analysis(PCA), orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) and One-way analysis of variance(ANOVA),etc. Overall, 34 metabolites showed significant concentration changes after intervention for 48 h, mainly involving multiple metabolic pathways, including lysine degradation, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, primary bile acid biosynthesis, lysine biosynthesis. In this study, the anti-tumor mechanisms of curcumin interfering with energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, microtubule system, protein synthesis and oxidative stress response of tumor cells were analyzed from the perspective of metabolism, providing a new reference for further tumor pharmacology study.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Humans , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Principal Component Analysis
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764942

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The left internal thoracic artery (LITA) has been used as the first conduit of choice in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) because of excellent long-term patency and outcomes. However, no studies have examined substances other than nitric oxide that could be beneficial for the bypass conduit, native coronary artery or ischemic myocardium. This study was conducted to evaluate differences in metabolic profiles between the LITA and ascending aorta using gas chromatography-time of flight-mass spectrometry (GC-TOF-MS). METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent CABG using the LITA were prospectively enrolled. Plasma samples were collected simultaneously from the LITA and ascending aorta. GC-TOF-MS based untargeted metabolomic analyses were performed and a 2-step volcano plot analysis was used to identify distinguishable markers from two plasma metabolome profiles. Semi-quantitative and quantitative analyses were performed using GC-TOF-MS and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively, after selecting target metabolites based on the metabolite set enrichment analysis. RESULTS: Initial volcano plot analysis demonstrated 5 possible markers among 851 peaks detected. The final analysis demonstrated that the L-cysteine peak was significantly higher in the LITA than in the ascending aorta (fold change = 1.86). The concentrations of intermediate metabolites such as L-cysteine, L-methionine and L-cystine in the ‘cysteine and methionine metabolism pathway' were significantly higher in the LITA than in the ascending aorta (2.0-, 1.4- and 1.2-fold, respectively). Quantitative analysis showed that the concentration of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) was significantly higher in the LITA. CONCLUSION: The plasma metabolome profiles of the LITA and ascending aorta were different, particularly higher plasma concentrations of L-cysteine and H2S in the LITA.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Chromatography, Gas , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Vessels , Cysteine , Cystine , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Hydrogen Sulfide , Mammary Arteries , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolism , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Methionine , Myocardium , Nitric Oxide , Plasma , Prospective Studies , Spectrum Analysis
19.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 376-389, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763767

ABSTRACT

Despite significant advances in neuroscience research over the past several decades, the exact cause of AD has not yet fully understood. The metabolic hypothesis as well as the amyloid and tau hypotheses have been proposed to be associated with AD pathogenesis. In order to identify metabolome signatures from the postmortem brains of sporadic AD patients and control subjects, we performed ultra performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometer (UPLC-LTQ–Orbitrap-MS). Not only our study identified new metabolome signatures but also verified previously known metabolome profiles in the brain. Statistical modeling of the analytical data and validation of the structural assignments discovered metabolic biomarkers associated with the AD pathogenesis. Interestingly, hypotaurin, myo-inositol and oxo-proline levels were markedly elevated in AD while lutamate and N-acetyl-aspartate were decreased in the postmortem brain tissue of AD patients. In addition, neurosteroid level such as cortisol was significantly increased in AD. Together, our data indicate that impaired amino acid metabolism is associated with AD pathogenesis and the altered amino acid signatures can be useful diagnostic biomarkers of AD. Thus, modulation of amino acid metabolism may be a possible therapeutic approach to treat AD.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid , Biomarkers , Brain , Chromatography, Liquid , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Metabolism , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Models, Statistical , Neurosciences
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763669

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Metabolome
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