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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of serum metabolites in patients with multiple myeloma (MM) by metabonomics, and explore the potential biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis, and progression of MM.@*METHODS@#Serum samples were collected from 26 patients with MM and 50 healthy controls. The data detected by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) was input into SIMCA-14.0 software for multivariate statistical analysis. Principal component analysis (PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to analyze the changes of metabolites.@*RESULTS@#The metabolic change of uric acid and trans-vaccenic acid in serum samples of MM patients was 9.39 times and 2.77 times of these in healthy people, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of healthy people, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Uric acid and trans-vaccenic acid are expected to be important metabolic indicators for the diagnosis, prognosis, and efficacy evaluation of MM, thus providing some clues for the pathogenesis of MM.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Chromatography, Liquid , Discriminant Analysis , Humans , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Multiple Myeloma
2.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 111 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283724

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A cidade de Limeira-SP contempla um relevante polo produtivo de joias e bijuterias, bem como um cenário de flexibilização do trabalho, por meio da informalidade e terceirização. Os trabalhadores, assim como a população podem ser expostos a diversos elementos, dentre eles, a elementos potencialmente tóxicos (EPT), como o Arsênio (As), Chumbo (Pb), Mercúrio (Hg), Cádmio (Cd), Níquel (Ni), Zinco (Zn), Cromo (Cr), Cobre (Cu) e Estanho (Sn). Esses EPTs podem ser identificados e quantificados no organismo humano, por meio da análise metabolômica, a qual quantifica os metabólitos relacionados ao metabolismo humano. Objetivo: Descrever o perfil de saúde de trabalhadoras e perfil metabolômico por HPLC-MS de soldadoras inseridas no arranjo produtivo local, informal e domiciliar da produção de joias e bijuterias na cidade de Limeira, SP, e identificar as doenças associadas aos metabólitos encontrados. Metodologia: Este estudo de delineamento transversal incluiu 129 participantes, sendo divididas em dois grupos, denominado "Exposto" (n=72) e "Controle" (n=57). A partir da amostra inicial, foi selecionada uma sub amostra de 15 participantes de cada grupo, "Exposto" e "Controle", para o desenvolvimento da análise metabolômica untargeted no plasma. Todas as participantes responderam questionários de doenças referidas, adaptados do Inquérito Domiciliar sobre Comportamentos de Risco e Morbidade Referida de Agravos não Transmissíveis para coletar informações sobre saúde, hábitos de vida e informações gestacionais. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas para análise de metais e uma subamostra foi selecionada para análise metabolômica untargeted por HPLC-MS. Testes exatos de Fischer foram aplicados aos dados de doenças autorreferidas e consumo de grupos alimentares (p<0,05), bem como teste de comparação de médias para as concentrações de EPT. Para os dados cromatográficos foram aplicados a análise multivariada pelos métodos de análise de Componentes Principais (PCA) e a análise discriminante por mínimos quadrados e parciais (PLS-DA). Resultados: Ao analisar todas as mulheres do estudo, foi encontrada uma diferença estatisticamente significante das doenças respiratórias (p=0,04) para o grupo Exposto, enquanto as mulheres do grupo Controle referiram mais frequentemente tosse seca (p=0,02) e diabetes gestacional (p=0,02). A análise das condições socioeconômicas mostrou que as mulheres de ambos os grupos têm remuneração abaixo do salário-mínimo da época da coleta (2017), embora as mulheres do grupo Exposto apresentem maior remuneração. Para o grupo de soldadoras foi identificada uma maior concentração de Pb no sangue (mediana Exposto= 13,8 µg L-1; mediana Controle=8,3 chumbo µg L-1; p= 0,02; U=58). Conclusão: O total de pessoas do sexo feminino do grupo Exposto referiu doenças respiratórias, enquanto a análise estatística realizada para as amostras metabolômicas não foi capaz de mostrar qualquer padrão de diferenciação entre os grupos de mulheres soldadoras e não soldadoras.


Introduction: The city of Limeira-SP includes a relevant production chain for jewelry and fashions jewelry, as well as a homebase work scenario, through informality and outsourcing. Workers as well as the population can be exposed to various elements, including potentially toxic elements (PTE), such as Arsenic (As), Lead (Pb), Mercury (Hg), Cadmium (Cd), Nickel (Ni), Zinc (Zn), Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu) and Tin (Sn). These PTEs can be identified and quantified in the human body, through metabolomic analysis, which quantifies metabolites related to human metabolism. Objective: To describe the health profile of female workers and the metabolic profile by HPLC-MS of welders inserted in the local, informal and household production arrangement for the production of jewelry and fashion jewelry in the city of Limeira, SP, and to identify the diseases associated with the metabolites found. Method: This cross- sectional study included 129 participants, being divided into two groups, called "Exposed" (n = 72) and "Control" (n = 57). From the initial sample, a sub-sample of 15 participants from each group, "Exposed" and "Control", was selected for the development of untargeted metabolomic analysis in plasma. All participants answered questionnaires on referred diseases, adapted from the Household Survey on Risk Behaviors and Referred Morbidity of Non- Communicable Diseases to collect information on health, lifestyle and gestational information. Blood samples were collected for metals analysis and a subsample was selected for untargeted metabolomic analysis by HPLC-MS. Fischer's exact tests were applied to data on self-reported diseases and consumption of food groups (p <0.05), as well as a means comparison test for PTE concentrations. For the chromatographic data, multivariate analysis using the Principal Component analysis methods (PCA) and the discriminant analysis by least squares and partials (PLS-DA) were applied. Results: When analyzing all the women in the study, a statistically significant difference was found in respiratory diseases (p = 0.04) for the Exposed group, while women in the Control group reported more frequently dry cough (p = 0.02) and gestational diabetes (p = 0.02). The analysis of socioeconomic conditions showed that women in both groups have remuneration below the minimum wage at the time of collection (2017), although women in the Exposed group have higher remuneration. For the welders' group, a higher concentration of Pb in the blood was identified (median Exposed = 13.8; median Control = 8.3; p = 0.02; U = 58). Conclusion: The total number of females in the Exposed group reported respiratory diseases, while the statistical analysis performed for the metabolomic samples was not able to show any pattern of differentiation between the groups of welder and non-welder women.


Subject(s)
Plasma , Chronic Disease , Occupational Exposure , Occupational Health , Metabolomics , Jewelry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879096

ABSTRACT

Prunella vulgaris(PV) is an edible and traditional medicinal herb which has a wide range application in fighting inflammation and oxidative stress, and protecting liver. Now it has been used to treat various types of liver diseases and has significant clinical efficacy. This study aims to investigate the effects of PV on ethanol-induced oxidative stress injury in rats and its metabolic mechanism. The rats were divided into control group, model group, PV group, and VC group. The liver protection of PV was identified by measuring pharmacological indexes such as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. The metabolic mechanism of long-term ethanol exposure and the metabolic regulation mechanism of PV treatment were studied by LS-MS metabonomics. The pharmacological investigation indicated that ethanol could significantly decrease the contents of SOD, GSH-Px, CAT and other antioxidant enzymes in liver and increase the content of MDA. At the same time, PV could significantly reduce the contents of inflammatory factors(TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β) and liver function markers(ALT, AST, ALP) in serum. What's more, long-term ethanol exposure could significantly cause liver injury, while PV could protect liver. Metabolomics based on multiple statistical analyses showed that long-term ethanol exposure could cause significant metabolic disorder, and fatty acids, phospholipids, carnitines and sterols were the main biomarkers. Meanwhile, pathway analysis and enrichment analysis showed that the β oxidation of branched fatty acids was the main influencing pathway. Also, PV could improve metabolic disorder of liver injury induced by ethanol, and amino acids, fatty acids, and phospholi-pids were the main biomarkers in PV treatment. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that PV mainly regulated metabolic disorder of ethanol-induced liver injury through phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthetic pathways. This study could provide a new perspective on the hepatoprotective effect of natural medicines, such as PV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/metabolism , Ethanol/toxicity , Liver/metabolism , Metabolomics , Oxidative Stress , Prunella , Rats
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878894

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to understand the pharmacodynamic effect of Valeriana jatamansi extract in diarrhea predominant irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-D) rat model induced by maternal separation combined with three kinds of stress, and observe the changes of endogenous metabolites in feces after intervention to find potential biomarkers and related metabolic pathways. The animal model of IBS-D was established by maternal separation combined with restraint, ice swimming and tail clamping. The therapeutic effect of each dose group of V. jatamansi extract was evaluated in terms of abdominal withdrawal reflex pressure threshold, fecal water content and immobility time of forced swimming test. In addition, rat feces were collected for detection of metabolic profiles of small molecular metabolites with UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS platform, so as to find the biomarkers of differential metabolism with multivariate statistical analysis methods such as principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogon partial least squares discrimination analysis(OPLS-DA). The results showed that as compared with the normal group, the threshold of abdominal withdrawal reflex pressure was decreased, the fecal water content was increased, and the immobility time of forced swimming test was prolonged in the model group. The results of fecal metabonomics showed that the levels of 39 metabolites were down-regulated and those of 37 metabolites were up-re-gulated. Further analysis showed that these metabolites were related to bile acid metabolism, unsaturated fatty acid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, ceramide metabolism and other metabolic pathways. This study proved that the extract of V. jatamansi had definite pharmacodynamic effect on IBS-D model rats, and the mechanism was discussed from the perspective of fecal metabonomics.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Diarrhea , Feces , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Maternal Deprivation , Metabolomics , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Valerian
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878876

ABSTRACT

The effect of Shouhui Tongbian Capsules(SHTB) on the endogenous metabolites of colon tissue in mice with slow transit constipation was analyzed by metabolomics methods to explore its mechanism in the treatment of constipation. ICR mice were randomly divided into normal group, model group and SHTB group according to the body weight. The mice were given diphenoxylate to establish the slow transit constipation model. Mouse carbon ink pushing rate, first defecation time and the number of defecation particles in 12 h were observed. The mouse colon tissue was separated and the mucous cells were detected by Periodic acid Schiff and Alcian blue(AB-PAS) staining. Ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization orbitrap tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-ESI-Orbitrap-MS/MS) technology was used to characterize the differences in tissue metabolism to screen out the potential different metabolites and possible metabolic pathways in colon tissue. The results indicated that SHTB could significantly shorten the first defecation time and the number of defecations, and increase the number of intestinal peristalsis and mucous cells in the colonic mucosa compared to the model mice. Metabolomics results showed that, compared with the normal group, a total of 17 potential biomarkers, including L-kynurenine, N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine, L-formylkynurenine, N6-acetyl-L-lysine, L-phenylalanine, phenylacetaldehyde, xanthoxin, thymidine, glycyl-L-leucine, cystathionine,(R)-1-aminopropan-2-ol, deoxycytidine, gamma-glutamyl-gamma-aminobutyraldehyde, D-galactose, L-arginine, L-proline and pyruvate, were found and identified in colon tissue. Treated with SHTB, these metabolic differences tended to return to normal levels. Therefore, it could be made a conclusion that the therapeutic effect of SHTB on chronic transit constipation may be related to regulating phenylalanine metabolism, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, arginine and proline metabolism, cysteine and methionine metabolism, tyrosine metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, pyruvate metabolism, glycolysis, pyrimidine metabolism, tricarboxylic acid cycle and galactose metabolism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Capsules , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Constipation/drug therapy , Metabolomics , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 846-859, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878600

ABSTRACT

Microbial oils are potential resources of fuels and food oils in the future. In recent years, with the rapid development of systems biology technology, understanding the physiological metabolism and lipid accumulation characteristics of oleaginous microorganisms from a global perspective has become a research focus. As an important tool for systems biology research, omics technology has been widely used to reveal the mechanism of high-efficiency production of oils by oleaginous microorganisms. This provides a basis for rational genetic modification and fermentation process control of oleaginous microorganisms. In this article, we summarize the application of omics technology in oleaginous microorganisms, introduced the commonly used sample pre-processing and data analysis methods for omics analysis of oleaginous microorganisms, reviewe the researches for revealing the mechanism of efficient lipid production by oleaginous microorganisms based on omics technologies including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics (modification) and metabolomics (lipidomics), as well as mathematical models based on omics data. The future development and application of omics technology for microbial oil production are also proposed.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Lipids , Metabolomics , Proteomics , Technology
7.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(3): 311-315, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131677

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are the primary inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), and its pathogenesis is related to genetic and environmental factors. Currently, the diagnosis of IBD results in a multidisciplinary approach with significant disadvantages, such as its invasive nature, time spent, and the fact that 10% of patients remain without diagnostic classification. However, new methodologies of analysis have emerged that allowed the expansion of knowledge about IBD, as the metabolomics, the study of metabolites. The presence and prevalence of such metabolites may prove to be useful as biomarkers in the diagnosis of IBD. OBJECTIVE: Analyze fecal samples for metabolic analysis in the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), providing differentiation between Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. METHODS: This is an observational study with 21 patients diagnosed with IBD (ulcerative colitis 11 and Crohn's disease 10) and 15 healthy controls, all with the consent and clarification. The fecal extracts of all patients are submitted to a high-resolution Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Hydrogen (1H-NMR) spectroscopy combined with multivariate and univariate pattern recognition techniques. Through the metabolomics of fecal extracts, gives us a characterization of employing a noninvasive approach. RESULTS: We identify some metabolites, such as lactate, succinate, alanine, and tyrosine, in the Crohn's disease fecal samples, and leucine, alanine, and tyrosine in the ulcerative colitis fecal samples. All the amino acids presented positive covariance for disease correlation. CONCLUSION: The results showed different metabolic profiles between IBD patients and healthy volunteers based on 1H-NMR analysis of fecal extracts. Moreover, the approach discriminated patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. The metabolomics analysis is promising as a novel diagnostic technique for further IBD recognition and surveillance. New studies are necessary to validate these findings.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença de Crohn e retocolite ulcerativa são as principais doenças inflamatórias intestinais (DII), e sua patogênese está relacionada a fatores genéticos e ambientais. Atualmente, o diagnóstico de DII resulta em uma abordagem multidisciplinar e apresenta desvantagens significativas, como sua natureza invasiva, tempo gasto e o fato de 10% dos pacientes permanecerem sem classificação diagnóstica. No entanto, surgiram novas metodologias de análise que permitiram ampliar o conhecimento sobre a DII, como a metabolômica, o estudo dos metabólitos. A presença e a prevalência desses metabólitos podem ser úteis como biomarcadores no diagnóstico da DII. OBJETIVO: Avaliar as amostras fecais por análise metabolômica no diagnóstico de DII, diferenciando os perfis metabólicos entre doença de Crohn e retocolite ulcerativa. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional com 36 indivíduos (doença de Crohn 11, retocolite ulcerativa 10 e 15 controles saudáveis), todos com consentimento esclarecido. Os extratos fecais de todos os pacientes são submetidos a uma espectroscopia de alta resolução por ressonância magnética nuclear de hidrogênio (1H-RMN) combinada com técnicas de reconhecimento de padrões multivariados e univariados. Por meio da metabolômica utilizando extratos fecais, foi possível obter uma caracterização adequada das doenças inflamatórias intestinais através de uma abordagem não invasiva. RESULTADOS: Foi possível identificar os seguintes metabólitos nos pacientes com doen­ça de Crohn: lactato, succinato, alanina e tirosina e, no grupo retocolite ulcerativa encontrou-se leucina, alanina e tirosina. Todos os aminoácidos apresentaram covariância positiva para a doença. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados demonstraram diferentes perfis metabólicos entre pacientes com DII e voluntários saudáveis, com base na análise por 1H-RMN dos extratos fecais. Além disso, pacientes com doença de Crohn e retocolite ulcerativa também podem ser discriminados usando essa abordagem. A análise metabolômica é promissora como uma nova técnica não invasiva de diagnóstico para melhor reconhecimento das DII. Novos estudos são necessários para validar esses achados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Metabolomics , Feces
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 5-10, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088955

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of the present study was to measure the free carnitine and acylcarnitine levels in pterygium tissue and normal conjunctival tissue at the metabolomics level using tandem mass spectrometry. Methods: In this prospective, clinical randomized study, pterygium tissues and normal conjunctival tissues taken during pterygium excision with autograft were compared regarding their free carnitine and acylcarnitine profiles. After tissue homogenization, carnitine levels were measured using tandem mass spectrometry. The data were statistically analyzed with the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: Pterygium and normal conjunctival tissue samples from a single eye of 29 patients (16 females, 13 males; mean age, 54.75 ± 11.25 years [range, 21-78 years]) were evaluated. While the free carnitine (C0) level was significantly high in the pterygium tissue (p<0.001), acylcarnitine levels were significantly high in some esterized derivatives (C2, C5, C5:1, C5DC, C16:1, C18, methylglutarylcarnitine) (p<0.05). No statistically significant difference was determined for the other esterized derivatives (p>0.05). Conclusion: That the carnitine levels in pterygium tissue were higher suggests that acceleration of cell metabolism developed secondary to chronic inflammation and the premalignant characteristics of pterygium tissue. High carnitine levels may also effectively suppress the apoptosis process. The data reported in our study indicate that further, more extensive studies of the carnitine profile could help clarify the pathogenesis of pterygium.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi medir os níveis de carnitina livre e acil-carnitina a nível metabolómico com espectrometria de massa em tandem no tecido do pterígio e no tecido conjuntivo normal. Método: Neste estudo prospetivo, clínico e aleatório, os tecidos de pterígio e os tecidos normais de conjuntiva, retirados durante a cirurgia de pterígio com autoenxerto, foram comparados em relação ao perfil de carnitina livre e de acil-carnitina. Após a homogeneização dos tecidos, os níveis de carnitina foram medidos por espectrometria de massa em tandem. A análise estatística dos dados foi realizada com o teste dos postos sinalizados de Wilcoxon. Resultados: A avaliação foi feita através de amostras de tecido pterígio e de conjuntiva normal de um único olho de 29 pacientes (16 mulheres, 13 homens). A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 54,75 ± 11,25 anos (faixa dos 21 aos 78 anos). Enquanto o nível de carnitina livre (C0) foi significativamente elevado no tecido pterígio (p<0,001), os níveis de acil-carnitina foram significativamente elevados em alguns derivados esterificados (C2, C5, C5: 1, C5DC, C16:1, C18, metilglutaril carnitina) (p<0,05). Não foi determinada uma diferença estatisticamen te significante noutros derivados esterificados (p>0,05). Conclusão: Os níveis mais elevados de carnitina no tecido do pterígio sugerem que a aceleração do metabolismo celular se tenha tornado secundária com o efeito da inflamação crónica e o caráter pré-maligno do tecido do pterígio. Os níveis elevados de carnitina também podem ser eficazes na supressão do processo de apoptose. Os dados obtidos no estudo indicam que estudos mais extensivos do perfil da carnitina contribuiriam para o esclarecimento da patogénese do pterígio.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Pterygium/metabolism , Carnitine/analysis , Carnitine/analogs & derivatives , Conjunctiva/abnormalities , Pterygium/surgery , Carnitine/metabolism , Prospective Studies , Conjunctiva/surgery , Conjunctiva/metabolism , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785338

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The roles of gut microbiota on the natural course of atopic dermatitis (AD) are not yet fully understood. We investigated whether the composition and function of gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) at 6 months of age could affect the natural course of AD up to 24 months in early childhood.METHODS: Fecal samples from 132 infants were analyzed using pyrosequencing, including 84 healthy controls, 22 transient AD and 26 persistent AD subjects from the Cohort for Childhood Origin of Asthma and Allergic Diseases (COCOA) birth cohort. The functional profile of the gut microbiome was analyzed by whole-metagenome sequencing. SCFAs were measured using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.RESULTS: Low levels of Streptococcus and high amounts of Akkermansia were evident in transient AD cases, and low Clostridium, Akkermansia and high Streptococcus were found in children with persistent AD. The relative abundance of Streptococcus positively correlated with scoring of AD (SCORAD) score, whereas that of Clostridium negatively correlated with SCORAD score. The persistent AD group showed decreased gut microbial functional genes related to oxidative phosphorylation compared with healthy controls. Butyrate and valerate levels were lower in transient AD infants compared with healthy and persistent AD infants.CONCLUSIONS: Compositions, functions and metabolites of the early gut microbiome are related to natural courses of AD in infants.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Butyrates , Child , Clostridium , Cohort Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Infant , Metabolomics , Metagenome , Oxidative Phosphorylation , Parturition , Streptococcus
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828391

ABSTRACT

This study is to explore the effect of Qingfei Paidu Decoction(QPD) on the host metabolism and gut microbiome of rats with metabolomics and 16 S rDNA sequencing. Based on 16 S rDNA sequencing of gut microbiome and metabolomics(GC-MS and LC-MS/MS), we systematically studied the serum metabolites profile and gut microbiota composition of rats treated with QPD for continued 5 days by oral gavage. A total of 23 and 43 differential metabolites were identified based on QPD with GC-MS and LC-MS/MS, respectively. The involved metabolic pathways of these differential metabolites included glycerophospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, TCA cycle and pyruvate metabolism. Meanwhile, we found that QPD significantly regulated the composition of gut microbiota in rats, such as enriched Romboutsia, Turicibacter, and Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, and decreased norank_f_Lachnospiraceae. Our current study indicated that short-term intervention of QPD could significantly regulate the host metabolism and gut microbiota composition of rats dose-dependently, suggesting that the clinical efficacy of QPD may be related with the regulation on host metabolism and gut microbiome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria , Classification , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Metabolomics , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828076

ABSTRACT

Aceria pallida is one of the most common pests in the main production areas of Lycium barbarum in China. The mite mainly feeds on foliage, leading to local tissue deformation and formation of massive galls, which seriously affects the growth and yield of L. barbarum. However, little is known about the influence of galling organisms on plant primary and secondary metabolism. In order to compare the metabolites differences between healthy and the mite infested leaves of wolfberry, and provide a scientific basis for the development and utilization of the galled leaves, L. barbarum seedlings were infested with A. pallida artificially in the laboratory, the metabolites of L. barbarum leaves were determined by LC-MS/MS. Our results showed that the leaves were rich in amino acids and flavonoid compounds. A total of 204 compounds from 16 classes were detected in L. barbarum leaves based on LC-MS/MS. The primary metabolites are mainly amino acids, and the secondary metabolites are mainly organic acids and flavonoids. The content of the metabolite in the leaves of L. barbarum was significantly affected by the mite, 30 metabolites such as flavonoids and phenylpropanoids were significantly changed, 21 metabolites were up-regulated and 9 metabolites were down-regulated significantly. There were 8 compounds which has pharmacological and biological activity, such as eriodictyol, isorhamnetin-3-O-neohesperidoside and scopoletin up-regulated significantly. Based on the above findings, we suggest that the galled leaves of L.barbarum have a potential to be developed in the future.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Lycium , Metabolomics , Plant Leaves , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828054

ABSTRACT

With the continuous development of Chinese medicine, traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has been widely used in the treatment of diseases and health care. At the same time, the toxic and side effects of TCM have been gradually concerned. The liver, as an important place for drug metabolism, is a major target organ for drug toxicity. Clinical reports on liver injury caused by TCM are common, and the problem of liver toxicity of TCM has become an important reason to limit the internationalization of TCM. Metabono-mics is a newly booming subject to study the metabolic pathway of biological system. It shows integrity and systematicness in the study of hepatotoxicity of TCM, which provides a new technical method for finding the early biomarkers of liver injury of TCM and exploring the mechanism of hepatotoxicity of TCM. In this paper, the methods of metabonomics in the study of hepatotoxicity of TCM, as well as the research progress of hepatotoxicity monomer, extract and attenuation of hepatotoxic TCM based on metabonomics were reviewed in order to provide reference for the further study of hepatotoxicity of TCM.


Subject(s)
Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Metabolomics
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827963

ABSTRACT

Proton nuclear magnetic resonance(~1H-NMR) is used to investigate the effect of Renshenjian Decoction on serum and urine metabolism of type 2 diabetic rats with insulin resistance induced by high-sugar and high-fat diet combined with low-dose streptozotocin(STZ). After the successful establishment of the insulin resistance model of type 2 diabetes, administration for 35 days, the serum and urine of rats were taken. Once the ~1H-NMR data have been collected and processed, PCA and OPLS-DA were used to analyze them. The results show that: compared with the blank group, the contents of methionine, taurine, α-glucose and β-glucose in the serum of the model group increased significantly(P<0.001), while the contents of 3-hydroxybutyric acid, lactic acid and unsaturated fatty acids decreased significantly(P<0.01). In the model group, the contents of trimethylamine oxide, glycine, α-glucose, β-glucose, taurine and phosphocholine in urine increased significantly(P<0.05), while the contents of creatine, lactic acid, acetic acid and citric acid decreased significantly(P<0.05). Compared with the model group, the contents of 3-hydroxybutyric acid and unsaturated fatty acids in serum of rats in the treatment group increased significantly(P<0.05), while the contents of taurine, α-glucose and β-glucose decreased significantly(P<0.01). In the treatment group, the contents of lactic acid, taurine and creatine in urine increased significantly(P<0.05), while the contents of trimethylamine oxide, glycine, α-glucose, β-glucose and phosphocholine decreased significantly(P<0.01). The results show that Renshenjian Decoction can regulate metabolic disorder and promote the metabolic phenotype to return to the normal range. It displayed therapeutic effect on type 2 diabetic rats with insulin resistance and provided a certain scientific basis for the biological basic research of Renshenjian Decoction by improving insulin resistance in diabetes mellitus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Glucose , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Metabolomics , Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878792

ABSTRACT

Based on GC-MS metabolomics and biochemical index analysis, the mechanism of bone mass loss in osteoporosis and the evaluation of anti-osteoporosis in Eucommiae Cortex were studied. The OVX rats model was established by bilateral ovariectomized. The routine indexes such as BMC, BMD, BGP and TRAP5 b were determined. The GC-MS technique was used to analyze the metabolism profile of serum samples between the control group, model group and medicine group, and multiple statistical analysis methods including principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares-linear discriminant analysis(PLS-LDA) and subwindow rearrangement analysis(SPA) were used to screen and identify biomarkers. Five metabolites were selected as potential biomarkers, glycine, lysine, tryptophan, docosahexaenoic acid and glucose. Except for the significant increase of tryptophan in serum of OVX rats, the other four metabolites were significantly decreased. Moreover, the five biomarkers of the medicine group had a trend of returning to rats in control group. The significantly altered metabolite levels indicated that Eucommiae Cortex may relieve the symptoms of osteoporosis by regulating amino acid metabolism and oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Bone Density , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Rats
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2976-2986, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877924

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is considered a systemic disease associated with metabolic abnormalities, and it is important to understand the mechanisms by which metabolism affects pathophysiological processes both holistically and systematically. Metabolites are closely related to disease phenotypes, especially in systemic diseases under multifactorial modulation. The emergence of metabolomics has provided information regarding metabolite changes in lesions and circulation and deepened our understanding of the association between metabolic reprogramming and psoriasis. Metabolomics has great potential for the development of effective biomarkers for clinical diagnosis, therapeutic monitoring, prediction of the efficacy of psoriasis management, and further discovery of new metabolism-based therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Humans , Metabolomics , Phenotype , Psoriasis
16.
Univ. salud ; 21(3): 191-197, Sep.-Dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1043539

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La metabolómica permite estudiar la resistencia a insulina (RI), un factor de riesgo de pre-diabetes y diabetes. Quantose IR TM es el único test que mide la RI mediante la abrazadera hiperinsulinémica euglicémica. Objetivo: Se comprobó la eficacia de un test metabolómico en la detección de marcadores de RI en población infantil. Materiales ymétodos: Once niños, de edad 8,54±3,53 años y con factores de riesgo de diabetes, fueron reclutados del Hospital El Escorial. Se estableció como criterio diagnóstico para la prediabetes el estándar de la Asociación Americana de Diabetes (ADA) (HbA1C 5,7-6,4% y glucosa basal 100-125mg/dl). Se compararon las analíticas de sangre con la prueba de Quantose IR TM , estudiando el perfil del metaboloma relacionado con la RI (ácido alfa-hidroxibutírico, ácido oleico, linoleo-glicerofosfocolina e insulina). Su análisis generó una puntuación Quantose © (escala 0-100), siendo >63 RI. Resultados: Ningún sujeto cumplió el criterio de la ADA para prediabetes: HbA1C fue 5,3±0,18 % y glucosa 86,6±5,6 mg/dl. Por el contrario, 10 sujetos cumplieron criterios del test Quantose IR TM para la RI (score: 78,09 ± 9,24 (>63)). Conclusiones: El test Quantose IR TM mide el porcentaje de hemoglobina unida a glucosa dentro de los glóbulos rojos. Permite prever el riesgo de diabetes, y tomar medidas preventivas.


Abstract Introduction: Metabolomics enables the study of insulin resistance (IR), a risk factor for pre-diabetes and diabetes. Quantose IRTM is the only test that measures IR using the euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp. Objective: The effectiveness of a metabolomic test for the detection of RI markers in a child population was verified. Materials and methods: Eleven children aged 8.54 ± 3.53 years with diabetes risk factors were recruited from the El Escorial Hospital. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) Standards (5,7-6,4% HbA1C and 100-125 mg/dl basal glucose) were established as diagnostic criteria for prediabetes. Blood tests were compared to the Quantose IRTM assay studying the metabolomic profile related to IR (alpha-hydroxybutyric acid, oleic acid, linoleo-glycerophosphocoline and insulin). This analysis generated a Quantose © score of IR > 63. Results: None of the subjects met the ADA criteria for prediabetes: HbA1C=5,3±0,18 and glucose=86,6± 5,6 mg/dl. On the contrary, 10 subjects met the Quantose IRTM test criterion for IR (score: 78,09 ± 9,24 (>63)). Conclusions: The Quantose IRTM test measures the percentage of glucose bound hemoglobin within red blood cells. This assay makes it possible to predict diabetes risk and take preventive measures.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Child , Insulin Resistance , Diabetes Mellitus , Child , Metabolomics
17.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(5): 120-124, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054911

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Current evidence suggests that upregulation of polyamines system plays a role both in cognitive deficit and synaptic loss observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Objective The aim of this study was to determine the plasmatic concentration of polyamines in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and AD patients in comparison with healthy controls (HC). Methods Plasmatic polyamines were quantified using the AbsoluteIDQ® p180 and liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS-MS). Results The study group comprised 34 AD patients, 20 MCI and 25 HC. All individuals were followed for 4 years. During this period 8 amnestic MCI patients (40% of the MCI sample at baseline) converted to AD. Spermidine level was lower in both patient groups (AD; MCI) compared to HC (p = 0.007). Plasma levels of spermine were higher in the MCI group (p < 0.001), but decreased in the sub-sample of MCI patients who converted to AD (p = 0.043). No statistically significant differences were found in ornithine and putrescine levels (p = 0.056 and p = 0.126, respectively). Discussion Our results suggest dynamic changes in the expression of polyamines in the MCI-AD continuum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Polyamines/blood , Spermine/blood , Alzheimer Disease/physiopathology , Cognitive Dysfunction/physiopathology , Ornithine/blood , Polyamines/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Putrescine/blood , Spermidine/blood , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Metabolomics/methods , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis
18.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 238-247, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786398

ABSTRACT

The butanol extract of Asparagus cochinchinensis roots fermented with Weissella cibaria (BAW) effectively prevents inflammation and remodeling of airway in the ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma model. To characterize biomarkers that can predict the anti-asthmatic effects induced by BAW treatment, we measured the alteration of endogenous metabolites in the serum of OVA-induced asthma mice after administration of low concentration BAW (BAWLo, 250 mg/kg) and high concentration BAW (BAWHi, 500 mg/kg) using ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance (¹H-NMR) spectral data. The number of immune cells and serum concentration of IgE as well as thickness of the respiratory epithelium and infiltration of inflammatory cells in the airway significantly recovered in the OVA+BAW treated group as compared to the OVA+Vehicle treated group. In the metabolic profile analysis, the pattern recognition showed completely separate clustering of serum analysis parameters between the OVA+Vehicle and OVA+BAW treated groups. Of the total endogenous metabolites, 19 metabolites were upregulated or downregulated in the OVA+Vehicle treated group as compared to the Control treated group. However, only 4 amino acids (alanine, glycine, methionine and tryptophan) were significantly recovered after BAWLo and BAWHi treatment. This study provides the first results pertaining to metabolic changes in the asthma model mice treated with OVA+BAW. Additionally, these findings show that 4 metabolites can be used as one of biomarkers to predict the anti-asthmatic effects.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Animals , Asthma , Biomarkers , Fermentation , Glycine , Immunoglobulin E , Inflammation , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Methionine , Mice , Ovalbumin , Respiratory Mucosa , Therapeutic Uses , Weissella
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the diagnostic value of the serum metabolites identified by high-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS) for hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).@*METHODS@#A total of 126 patients admitted to Tianjin Third Central Hospital were enrolled, including 27 patients with HBV-related hepatitis with negative viral DNA (DNA-N), 24 with HBV-related hepatitis with positive viral DNA, 24 with HBV-related liver cirrhosis, 27 with HBV-related HCC undergoing surgeries or radiofrequency ablation, and 24 with HBV-related HCC receiving interventional therapy, with 25 healthy volunteers as the normal control group. Serum samples were collected from all the subjects for HPLC/MS analysis, and the data were pretreated to establish an orthogonal partial least- squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model. The differential serum metabolites were preliminarily screened by comparisons between the HBV groups and the control group, and the characteristic metabolites were identified according to the results of non-parametric test. The potential clinical values of these characteristic metabolites were evaluated using receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 25 characteristic metabolites were identified in the HBV- infected patients, including 9 lysophosphatidylcholines, 2 fatty acids, 17α-estradiol, sphinganine, 5-methylcytidine, vitamin K2, lysophosphatidic acid, glycocholic acid and 8 metabolites with few reports. The patients with HBV- related HCC showed 22 differential serum metabolites compared with the control group, 4 differential metabolites compared with patients with HBV-related liver cirrhosis; 10 differential metabolites were identified in patients with HBV-related HCC receiving interventional therapy compared with those receiving surgical resection or radiofrequency ablation. From the normal control group to HBV-related HCC treated by interventional therapy, many metabolites underwent variations following a similar pattern.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We identified 25 characteristic metabolites in patients with HBV-related HCC, and these metabolites may have potential clinical values in the diagnosis of HBV-related HCC. The continuous change of some of these metabolites may indicate the possibility of tumorigenesis, and some may also have indications for the choice of surgical approach.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Blood , Diagnosis , Virology , Case-Control Studies , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , DNA, Viral , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Virology , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Virology , Liver Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , Virology , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolome , Metabolomics , ROC Curve
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1955-1973, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771740

ABSTRACT

In industrial biotechnology, microbial cell factories utilize renewable resources to produce energy, materials and chemicals. Industrial biotechnology plays an increasingly important role in solving the resource, energy and environmental problems. Systems biology has shed new light on industrial biotechnology, deepening our understanding of industrial microbial cell factories and their bioprocess from "Black-box" to "White-box". Systems-wide profiling of genome, transcriptome, proteome, metabolome, and fluxome has proven valuable to better unveil network operation and regulation on the genome scale. System biology has been successfully applied to create microbial cell factories for numerous products and derive attractive industrial processes, which has constantly expedited the development of industrial biotechnology. This review focused on the recent advance and applications of omics and trans-omics in industrial biotechnology, including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, fluxomics and genome scale modeling, and so on. Furthermore, this review also discussed the potential and promise of systems biology in industrial biotechnology.


Subject(s)
Biotechnology , Genomics , Industrial Microbiology , Metabolic Engineering , Metabolomics , Systems Biology
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