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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e244675, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339348

ABSTRACT

Abstract Several species of thymus have therapeutic properties, so they are used in traditional medicine. In this work was carried out to synthesize Thymus vulgalis silver nanoparticles (TSNPS) and evaluate antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of TSNPS and T. vulgalis essential oil extract (TEOE). The essential oils analyzed by GC-MS and were characterized. Major compounds of phenol, 2 methyl 5 (1 methylethyle) (CAS), thymol and 1,2 Benzene dicarboxylic acid, 3 nitro (CAS) (48.75%, 32.42% and 8.12%, respectively) were detected. Results demonstrated that the TSNPS gave a highest DPPH radical scavenging activity, it was obtained 97.2 at 1000 ug/ml. TSNPS, Thymus + Hexane (T+H), Thymus + Ethanol (T+E) gave the greatest antimicrobial activity than amoxicillin (AM) and ciprofloxacin (CIP). In conclusion: The essential oil of thymus (Vulgaris) and thymus (Vulgaris) silver nanoparticles can be a good source of natural preservatives as an antioxidant and antimicrobial agents for increasing the shelf life of foodstuffs.


Resumo Diversas espécies de timo possuem propriedades terapêuticas, por isso são utilizadas na medicina tradicional. Neste trabalho foi realizado para sintetizar nanopartículas de prata Thymus vulgalis (TSNPS) e avaliar as atividades antioxidante e antimicrobiana de TSNPS e extrato de óleo essencial de T. vulgalis (TEOE). Os óleos essenciais analisados por GC-MS e foram caracterizados. Os principais compostos de fenol, 2 metil 5 (1 metiletilo) (CAS), timol e ácido 1,2 Benzenodicarboxílico, 3 nitro (CAS) (48,75%, 32,42% e 8,12%, respectivamente) foram detectados. Os resultados demonstraram que o TSNPS deu uma maior atividade de eliminação do radical DPPH , foi obtido 97,2 a 1000 ug / ml. TSNPS, Timo + Hexano (T + H), Timo + Etanol (T + E) deu a maior atividade antimicrobiana do que amoxicilina (AM) e ciprofloxacina (CIP). Em conclusão: O óleo essencial de nanopartículas de prata do timo (Vulgaris) e do timo (Vulgaris) pode ser uma boa fonte de conservantes naturais como agentes antioxidantes e antimicrobianos para aumentar a vida útil de alimentos.


Subject(s)
Oils, Volatile/pharmacology , Thymus Plant , Metal Nanoparticles , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Silver , Antioxidants/pharmacology
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e242301, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285599

ABSTRACT

Abstract Green synthesis of ‏silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) is an ecofriendly, cost-effective and promising approach for discovery of novel therapeutics. The aim of the current work was to biogenic synthesize, characterize AgNPs using seed extracts of three economically important varieties of date palm (Iklas, Irziz and Shishi), and assess their anti-pathogenic bacterial activities. AgNPs were synthesised then characterised using electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared analyses. The bactericidal activities of AgNPs against five different bacterial pathogens, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae, were determined in vitro. In particular, changes in membrane integrity of virulent bacterial strains in response to AgNPs were investigated. Results of lactate dehydrogenase, alkaline phosphatase activity assays, and measurement of membrane potential revealed that the cytotoxic effects of the AgNPs were mainly centred on the plasma membrane of bacterial cells, leading to loss of its integrity and eventually cell death. In conclusion, green synthesis of AgNPs is an efficient, cost-effective and promising strategy to combat virulent antibiotic-resistant strains.


Resumo A síntese verde de nanopartículas de prata (AgNPs) é uma abordagem ecologicamente correta, econômica e promissora para a descoberta de novas terapêuticas. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi sintetizar biogênica, caracterizar AgNPs usando extratos de sementes de três variedades economicamente importantes de tamareira (Iklas, Irziz e Shishi) e avaliar suas atividades bacterianas antipatogênicas. AgNPs foram sintetizados e caracterizados usando microscopia eletrônica e análise de infravermelho por transformada de Fourier. As atividades bactericidas de AgNPs contra cinco diferentes patógenos bacterianos, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus aureus resistente à meticilina e Streptococcus pneumoniae, foram determinadas in vitro. Em particular, foram investigadas alterações na integridade da membrana de cepas bacterianas virulentas em resposta a AgNPs. Os resultados da lactato desidrogenase, dos ensaios da atividade da fosfatase alcalina e da medição do potencial de membrana revelaram que os efeitos citotóxicos dos AgNPs estavam principalmente centrados na membrana plasmática das células bacterianas, levando à perda de sua integridade e, eventualmente, à morte celular. A síntese verde de AgNPs é uma estratégia eficiente, econômica e promissora para combater cepas virulentas resistentes a antibióticos.


Subject(s)
Metal Nanoparticles , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Phoeniceae , Silver , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
3.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e232434, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153465

ABSTRACT

Abstract Many pathogenic strains have acquired multidrug-resistant patterns in recent a year, which poses a major public health concern. The growing need for effective antimicrobial agents as novel therapies against multidrug-resistant pathogens has drawn scientist attention toward nanotechnology. Silver nanoparticles are considered capable of killing multidrug-resistant isolates due to their oligo-dynamic effect on microorganisms. In this research study NPs were synthesized using the gram-positive bacteria Lactobacillus bulgaricus and its activity against selected pathogenic strains. Lactobacillus bulgaricus pure cultures were isolated from raw milk and grown in "De Man, Rogasa, and Sharp" broth for synthesis of nanoparticles. Lactobacillus bulgaricus culture was centrifuged and Cell- free supernatant of it was employed with aqueous silvery ions and evaluated their antibacterial activities against bacterial strains i.e. Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Salmonella typhi using agar well diffusion assay. Antibiotic profiling against selected pathogenic strains were also conducted using disc diffusion method. The synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles were monitored primarily by the conversion of the pale-yellow color of the mixture into a dark-brown color and via ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy and Scanning electron microscopy respectively. The result showed that that AgNPs with size (30.65-100 nm) obtained from Lactobacillus bulgaricus were found to exhibit antibacterial activities against selected bacterial strains. Taken together, these findings suggest that Lactobacillus bulgaricus has great potential for the production of AgNPs with antibacterial activities and highly effective in comparison to tested antibiotics.


Resumo Muitas cepas patogênicas adquiriram padrões multirresistentes nos últimos anos, o que representa um grande problema de saúde pública. A crescente necessidade de agentes antimicrobianos eficazes como novas terapias contra patógenos multirresistentes atraiu a atenção dos cientistas para a nanotecnologia. As nanopartículas de prata são consideradas capazes de matar isolados multirresistentes por causa de seu efeito oligodinâmico em microrganismos. Neste estudo de pesquisa, as NPs foram sintetizadas usando a bactéria Gram-positiva Lactobacillus bulgaricus e sua atividade contra cepas patogênicas selecionadas. Culturas puras de Lactobacillus bulgaricus foram isoladas do leite cru e cultivadas em caldo "De Man, Rogasa e Sharp" para síntese de nanopartículas. A cultura de Lactobacillus bulgaricus foi centrifugada, e o sobrenadante livre de células foi empregado com íons prateados aquosos, avaliando-se suas atividades antibacterianas contra cepas bacterianas, isto é, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis e Salmonella typhi usando ensaio de difusão em poço de ágar. O perfil de antibióticos contra cepas patogênicas selecionadas também foi conduzido usando o método de difusão em disco. A síntese e a caracterização das nanopartículas de prata foram monitoradas principalmente pela conversão da cor amarelo-pálida da mistura em uma cor marrom-escura e por espectroscopia de absorção visível e ultravioleta e por microscopia eletrônica de varredura, respectivamente. O resultado mostrou que AgNPs com tamanho de 30,65-100 nm, obtidas de Lactobacillus bulgaricus, exibiram atividades antibacterianas contra cepas bacterianas selecionadas. Tomados em conjunto, esses achados sugerem que o Lactobacillus bulgaricus tem um grande potencial para a produção de AgNPs com atividades antibacterianas e altamente eficazes em comparação aos antibióticos testados.


Subject(s)
Lactobacillus delbrueckii , Metal Nanoparticles , Anti-Infective Agents , Silver/pharmacology , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(3): 1-9, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1373077

ABSTRACT

Objective: Thermally activated acrylic resins (RAATs) are widely used in dentures as a base material due to their good dimensional stability and biocompatibility. However, their low thermal conductivity is a disadvantage, as it affects acceptance when using dental prostheses. Thus, the objective of this work was to measure the conduction heat in RAATs with and without incorporation of silica and silver nanoparticles (NP) and rigid reline (RR). Material and Methods: For this, samples were made and divided into 10 groups (n = 6). The first five groups were 2-mm-thick samples: G1 (RAAT control), G2 (RAAT + RR control), G3 (RAAT and NP + RR), G4 (RAAT + RR and NP), and G5 (RAAT and RR modified by NP). In the other five groups, 8-mm-thick samples were made: G6 (RAAT control), G7 (RAAT + RR control), G8 (RAAT and NP + RR), G9 (RAAT + RR and NP), and G10 (RAAT and RR modified by NP). The heat that cross the surface of the specimens was quantified using a wireless device. The data were submitted to two-factor ANOVA statistical analysis and Tukey ́s test with a 5% significance level. Results: After measuring the temperature variation as a function of time, it can be observed that there was a statistically significant difference for thermal conduction between the control groups and those modified with NP. Conclusion: Thus, it was possible to conclude that the NP improved the heat conduction in RAAT and in the RR because the nanoparticles have a higher thermal conductivity. (AU)


Objetivo: As resinas acrílicas termicamente ativadas (RAATs) são amplamente utilizada em próteses dentárias como material de base, pois possuem uma boa estabilidade dimensional e biocompatibilidade. Porém, como desvantagem, possuem baixa condutividade térmica, o que prejudica a aceitação do uso de próteses dentárias. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi medir a condução de calor em RAAT com e sem incorporação de nanopartículas de sílica e prata (NP) e reembasador rígido (RR). Material e Métodos: Para isso, foram confeccionadas amostras que foram divididas em 10 grupos (n=6). Os primeiros cinco grupos eram amostras de 2 mm de espessura: G1 (RAAT controle), G2 (RAAT + RR controle), G3 (RAAT e NP + RR), G4 (RAAT + RR e NP) e G5 (RAAT e RR modificados por NP). E nos outros cinco grupos foram feitas amostras com espessura de 8 mm: G6 (RAAT controle), G7 (RAAT + RR controle), G8 (RAAT e NP + RR), G9 (RAAT + RR e NP) e G10 (RAAT e RR modificados por NP). O calor percorrido pela superfície dos corpos ­ de prova foi quantificado por meio de um dispositivo sem fio. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística ANOVA dois fatores e teste de Tukey com 5% de significância. Resultados: Após medir a variação da temperatura em função do tempo, pode-se observar que houve diferença estatisticamente significante para a condução térmica entre os grupos controle e os modificados com NP. Conclusão: Assim, foi possível concluir que a NP melhorou a condução de calor na RAAT e no RR, pois as nanopartículas apresentam maior condutividade térmica. (AU)


Subject(s)
Thermal Conductivity , Acrylic Resins , Nanoparticles , Metal Nanoparticles
5.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 37(1): e37107, mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1289844

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Una proporción importante de infecciones en el pie diabético consisten en onicomicosis y tinea pedis, problema común en el pie, amenazante de la viabilidad del tejido que puede provocar infecciones bacterianas secundarias. Requieren períodos prolongados de tratamiento antimicótico con alta tasas de recaídas y reinfección. Diversos estudios han mostrado la seguridad y eficacia de las nanopartículas de plata (NP Ag) como agente antimicrobiano. Realizamos un estudio donde se evaluó el tratamiento con NP Ag en dermatomicosis del pie de pacientes diabéticos. Método: estudio piloto, abierto, prospectivo, randomizado y controlado en pacientes que asisten a una policlínica de pie diabético. Dieciocho pacientes cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión conformándose dos grupos homogéneos. Ambos grupos recibieron tratamiento estándar que consistió en antimicótico tópico y desbastado mecánico. El grupo intervención utilizó un textil (medias) confeccionadas con hilos con NP Ag. Se realizó control clínico y microbiológico hasta las 12 semanas. Se evaluó el porcentaje de remisión y el tiempo hasta alcanzar el mismo. Resultados: predominó la onicomicosis y el germen Trichophyton rubrum. En el grupo intervención se logró un mayor porcentaje de remisión de lesiones y en un tiempo menor que el grupo control. Conclusiones: el uso de medias confeccionadas con hilos de NP Ag se asoció con una mayor probabilidad de curación completa en un período de 12 semanas a pesar de que el número de pacientes no permitió llegar al nivel de significación estadística, pudiendo contribuir a la prevención de infecciones o úlceras suplementarias en el pie diabético.


Summary: Onychomycosis and tinea pedis represent a significant proportion of infections in the diabetic foot, a common foot problem, and they constitute a threat to the viability of tissues that may provoke secondary bacterial infections. To combat them, antifungal treatments are required for long periods of time, the rates of relapse and reinfection being high. Several studies have proved the safety and effectiveness of silver nano particles (NP Ag) as an antimicrobial agent. A study was conducted to assess nanoparticle agents for foot dermatomycosis in diabetic patients. Method: pilot, open, prospective randomized and controlled study in patients who are assisted in a diabetic foot policlinic. 18 patients complied with the inclusion criteria and two homogeneous groups were formed. Both groups received standard treatment consisting in topic antifungal and mechanical roughing. The intervention groups used a textile (stockings) made with silver nanoparticle threads. Clinical and microbiological control was made during 12 weeks, also assessing the remission percentage and the time it took to achieve it. Resultados: onychomycosis and trichophyton rubrum prevailed. The intervention group showed a greater percentage of remission of lesions in a period of time that was shorter than that of the control group. Conclusions: the use of stockings made with NP Ag threads was associated with a greater probability of complete healing, in a 12-week period, despite the fact that the number of patients was not statistically significant. This could contribute to the prevention of supplementary infections or ulcers in the diabetic foot.


Resumo: Uma proporção significativa de infecções do pé diabético consiste em onicomicose e Tinea pedis, um problema comum nos pés que ameaça a viabilidade do tecido e pode causar infecções bacterianas secundárias. Requerem períodos prolongados de tratamento antifúngico com altas taxas de recidiva e reinfecção. Vários estudos têm demonstrado a segurança e a eficácia das nanopartículas de prata (NP Ag) como agente antimicrobiano. Realizamos um estudo onde o tratamento com NP Ag foi avaliado na dermatomicose do pé de pacientes diabéticos. Método: estudo piloto, aberto, prospectivo, randomizado e controlado em pacientes atendidos em uma policlínica de pé diabético. Dezoito pacientes preencheram os critérios de inclusão, formando dois grupos homogêneos. Ambos os grupos receberam tratamento padrão que consiste em antifúngico tópico e moagem mecânica. O grupo intervenção utilizou um tecido (meias) confeccionado com fios NP Ag. O controle clínico e microbiológico foi realizado até 12 semanas. A porcentagem de remissão e o tempo para alcançá-la foram avaliados. Resultados: predominaram a onicomicose e o germe Trichophyton rubrum. No grupo intervenção, obteve-se maior percentual de remissão das lesões e em menor tempo que o grupo controle. Conclusões: o uso de meias confeccionadas com fios NP Ag esteve associado a uma maior probabilidade de cura completa, no período de 12 semanas, apesar do número de pacientes não permitir atingir o nível de significância estatística, podendo contribuir para a prevenção de infecções ou úlceras adicionais no pé diabético.


Subject(s)
Silver/therapeutic use , Onychomycosis/therapy , Diabetic Foot , Metal Nanoparticles/therapeutic use
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3323-3333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921428

ABSTRACT

Vibrio splendidus is an opportunistic pathogen in aquaculture. It can infect a variety of aquaculture animals and has caused huge losses to the aquaculture industry. In this study, a novel and efficient method for detecting V. splendidus was developed by combining the exonuclease Ⅲ amplification strategy with a nucleic acid test strip developed based on gold nanoparticles-labeled DNA probe. The results could be directly visualized by naked eyes, and this system overcame the difficulty in preparation of the monoclonal antibody used in conventional immunostrip. Upon optimization of experimental conditions, the detection limit of the strip was 5 ng/mL for the synthetic oligonucleotide DNA fragment and 10 ng/mL for the actual genomic DNA sample of V. splendidus. This test strip was more sensitive compared with the PCR method and was specific for the detection of V. splendidus. The rapid preparation of nucleic acid strip and the efficient detection of V. splendidus open a new way for the prevention and control of aquatic diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA Probes , Gold , Metal Nanoparticles , Vibrio/genetics
7.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3416, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1289771

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze evidence concerning the feasibility of antimicrobial-impregnated fabrics in preventing and controlling microbial transmission in health services. Method: an integrative review using the following databases: MEDLINE (via PubMed), Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), regardless of language and date of publication. Seven studies were included in the analysis to verify the types of fabrics and substances used to impregnate the fabrics, applicability in health services, and decrease in microbial load. Results: silver nanoparticles and copper oxide are the main antimicrobial substances used to impregnate the fabrics. The patients' use of these fabrics, such as in bed and bath linens and clothing, was more effective in reducing antimicrobial load than in health workers' uniforms. Conclusion: the use of these antimicrobial-impregnated textiles, especially by patients, is a viable alternative to prevent and control microbial transmission in health services. Implementing these fabrics in health workers' uniforms requires further studies, however, to verify its effectiveness in decreasing microbial load in clinical practice.


Objetivo: analisar as evidências existentes sobre a viabilidade de utilizar têxteis impregnados com substâncias antimicrobianas na prevenção e no controle da transmissão microbiana em serviços de saúde. Método: revisão integrativa, utilizando as bases de dados MEDLINE (via PubMed), Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus e Literatura Latino-Americana em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), sem restrição de idioma e período de publicação. Após a busca na literatura científica, foram selecionados sete estudos para análise quanto ao tipo de têxtil e substância utilizada para a impregnação, a aplicabilidade no serviço de saúde e a redução da carga microbiana. Resultados: nanopartículas de prata e óxido de cobre foram as principais substâncias antimicrobianas utilizadas para a impregnação de têxteis. A utilização desses têxteis pelos pacientes, como roupas de hotelaria e vestuário, mostrou maior eficácia na redução da carga microbiana em comparação ao uso como uniforme por profissionais de saúde. Conclusão: a utilização de têxteis impregnados com substâncias antimicrobianas, sobretudo pelos pacientes, pode ser considerada uma alternativa viável na prevenção e no controle da transmissão microbiana nos serviços de saúde. Todavia, a implementação destes têxteis, como uniforme para profissionais de saúde, ainda necessita de maiores investigações quanto à redução da carga microbiana na prática clínica.


Objetivo: analizar las evidencias existentes sobre la viabilidad de utilizar textiles impregnados con sustancias antimicrobianas en la prevención y control de la transmisión microbiana en servicios sanitarios. Método: revisión integradora, utilizando las bases de dados MEDLINE (vía PubMed), Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Scopus y Literatura Latino-Americana em Ciências da Saúde (LILACS), sin restricción de idioma y período de publicación. Después de la búsqueda en la literatura científica, fueron seleccionados siete estudios para análisis en cuanto al tipo de textil y sustancia utilizada para impregnación, aplicabilidad en el servicio sanitario y reducción de la carga microbiana. Resultados: nanopartículas de plata y óxido de cobre fueron las principales sustancias antimicrobianas utilizadas para la impregnación de textiles. La utilización de esos textiles por los pacientes, como ropa de hotel y ropa, demostró mayor eficacia en la reducción de la carga microbiana en comparación al uso como uniforme por profesionales sanitarios. Conclusión: la utilización de textiles impregnados con sustancias antimicrobianas, sobre todo por los pacientes, puede ser considerada una alternativa viable en la prevención y control de la transmisión microbiana en los servicios sanitarios. Sin embargo, la implementación de estos textiles como uniforme para profesionales de la salud todavía necesita de mayores investigaciones en cuanto a la reducción de la carga microbiana en la práctica clínica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Protective Clothing , Silver , Textiles , Caribbean Region , Containment of Biohazards , Metal Nanoparticles , Health Services , Anti-Infective Agents
8.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353991

ABSTRACT

Se conoce como enfermedad de Gibbus al colapso de la porción anterior de uno o más cuerpos vertebrales que provoca una cifosis segmentaria de ángulo agudo. En general, este tipo de deformidades son producto de infecciones tuberculosas. Uno de los principales problemas que trae apareado esta deformidad es la compresión medular. En el caso presentado, el paciente sufrió esta enfermedad como consecuencia de una infección no tuberculosa, con cifosis angular pososteomielitis, tratado con doble vía de abordaje, utilizando implantes recubiertos con nanopartículas de plata. Los resultados clínico-radiológicos fueron muy satisfactorios. Este caso presenta la conjugación de dos temas poco frecuentes en la medicina actual; por un lado, un tipo de deformidad de la columna que, rara vez, se debe a una infección no tuberculosa y, por otro lado, el implante utilizado, recubierto con nanopartículas de plata que, pese a las controversias, ofrece una nueva posibilidad de tratamiento para pacientes con un riesgo aumentado de infección asociada a implantes, y resulta de interés que sea reconocido por los cirujanos ortopedistas, puesto que existe evidencia suficiente para afirmar su capacidad para reducir la formación de biopelículas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Gibbus disease is the collapse of the anterior portion of one or more vertebral bodies that results in acute angle segmental kyphosis. Generally, these types of deformities are caused by tuberculosis infections. One of the main problems associated with this deformity is spinal compression. In this case, the patient presented this condition as a consequence of a non-tuberculous infection, with angular kyphosis after osteomyelitis, treated with a double approach, using implants coated with silver nanoparticles. We obtained very satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes. This case presents the intersection of two rare topics in current medicine; on the one hand, a type of spinal deformity that rarely occurs as a consequence of a non-tuberculous infection. On the other hand, the implant used, coated with silver nanoparticles. Although there are still controversies in the literature, this implant offers a new possibility of treatment for patients who are at increased risk of implant-related infection, and it is of interest for orthopedic surgeons, since there is sufficient evidence to support its ability to reduce the formation of biofilms. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Tuberculosis, Spinal , Metal Nanoparticles , Kyphosis
9.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e687, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156457

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar las propiedades antimicrobianas de la incorporación de nanopartículas de óxido de zinc y cobre en un adhesivo de grabado y lavado total sobre Streptococcus mutans en pacientes con restauraciones de resina compuesta confeccionadas con adhesivo cargado. Métodos: Este estudio clínico randomizado, participaron 25 pacientes, de ambos sexos, pertenecientes al posgrado de Ortodoncia de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Chile, en los cuales se confirmó presencia de Streptococcus mutans en saliva. Se confeccionaron restauraciones de resina compuesta oclusales, en premolares superiores con indicación de exodoncia por el tratamiento de ortodoncia, con adhesivo cargado (cuya composición es 5 / 0.2 por ciento ZnO y Cu respectivamente) y control (sin presencia de nanopartículas en su composición), según el listado de aleatorización. Se tomaron muestras microbiológicas en tres tiempos con la Técnica de la cubeta (antes, 1 semana y 4 semanas posterior a la confección de las restauraciones). Se obtuvieron, aislaron e identificaron colonias de Streptococcus mutans a partir de las muestras obtenidas. Los datos fueron analizados por el test de Mann Whittney. Resultados: El promedio del recuento de UFC (unidades formadoras de colonias) de Streptococcus mutans en el grupo experimental fue mayor posterior a la confección de las restauraciones de resina compuesta.Los resultados de la identificación molecular por PCR demuestran la presencia de Streptococcus mutans en 20 de 25 muestras. Conclusiones: No existen diferencias en el recuento de Streptococcus mutans antes y después de la aplicación del adhesivo sobre las restauraciones de resina compuesta(AU)


Objective: Determine the antimicrobial properties of the incorporation of copper and zinc oxide nanoparticles into a total rinse and etch adhesive against Streptococcus mutans in patients with composite resin restorations made with loaded adhesive. Methods: A randomized clinical study was conducted of 25 patients of both sexes from the orthodontics graduate course taught at the Dental School of the University of Chile, in whom the presence of Streptococcus mutans was confirmed in saliva. Occlusal composite resin restorations were performed in upper premolars with exodontia indicated as part of the orthodontic treatment, using loaded adhesive (composition 5 / 0.2 percent ZnO and Cu, respectively) and control (without nanoparticles in its composition), according to the randomization list. Microbiological samples were taken at three moments applying the tray technique (before, 1 week after and 4 weeks after the restorations). Streptococcus mutans were obtained, isolated and identified from the samples taken. Data analysis was based on the Mann-Whitney test. Results: Mean Streptococcus mutans CFU count in the experimental group was higher after the composite resin restorations were made. Results of PCR molecular identification show the presence of Streptococcus mutans in 20 of 25 samples. Conclusions: No differences were found in the Streptococcus mutans count before and after application of the adhesive over the composite resin restorations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Streptococcus mutans/growth & development , Colony Count, Microbial , Dental Cements/therapeutic use , Metal Nanoparticles/therapeutic use , Surgery, Oral/methods , Epidemiology, Experimental
10.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e683, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156456

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar las propiedades antimicrobianas de la incorporación de nanopartículas de óxido de zinc y cobre en un adhesivo de grabado y lavado total sobre Streptococcus mutans en pacientes con restauraciones de resina compuesta confeccionadas con adhesivo cargado. Métodos: Estudio experimental, randomizado, la muestra estuvo conformada por 25 pacientes, de ambos sexos, pertenecientes al posgrado de Ortodoncia de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Chile, en los cuales se confirmó presencia de Streptococcus mutans en saliva. Se confeccionaron restauraciones de resina compuesta oclusales, en premolares superiores con indicación de exodoncia por el tratamiento de ortodoncia, con adhesivo cargado (cuya composición fue 5/0,2 por ciento ZnO y Cu, respectivamente) y control (sin presencia de nanopartículas en su composición), según el listado de aleatorización. Se tomaron muestras microbiológicas en tres tiempos con la técnica de la cubeta (antes, 1 semana y 4 semanas posterior a la confección de las restauraciones). Se obtuvieron, aislaron e identificaron colonias de Streptococcus mutans a partir de las muestras obtenidas. Se usó el test de Mann-Whitney mediante el paquete estadístico SPSS v.21 Resultados: El promedio del recuento de UFC de Streptococcus mutans en el grupo experimental fue mayor posterior a la confección de las restauraciones de resina compuesta. Los resultados de la identificación molecular por PCR demuestran la presencia de Streptococcus mutans en 20 de 25 muestras. Conclusiones: No existen diferencias en el recuento de Streptococcus mutans antes y después de la aplicación del adhesivo sobre las restauraciones de resina compuesta(AU)


Objective: To determine the antimicrobial properties of the incorporation of zinc and copper oxide nanoparticles in an etching and total wash adhesive on Streptococcus mutans in patients with composite resin restorations made with loaded adhesive. Methods: Experimental and randomized trial, the sample were 25 patients, of both sexes, belonging to the FOUCH Orthodontic postgraduate program, in whom the presence of Streptococcus mutans in saliva was confirmed. Occlusal composite resin restorations were made in upper premolars with indication of extraction by orthodontic treatment, with loaded adhesive (whose composition is 5 / 0.2% ZnO and Cu respectively) and control (without the presence of nanoparticles in their composition), according to the scrambling listing. Microbiological samples were taken in three stages with the cuvette technique (before, 1 week and 4 weeks after the restoration was made). Colonies of Streptococcus mutans were obtained, isolated and identified from the samples obtained. The statistical analysis used the SPSS v.21 software, the data was analyzed by Mann Whitney test Results: The average CFU count of Streptococcus mutans in the experimental group (adhesive modified with zinc oxide and copper nanoparticles) was higher after the fabrication of composite resin restorations. The results of molecular identification by PCR demonstrate the presence of Streptococcus mutans in 20 of 25 samples. Conclusions: There are no differences in the count of Streptococcus mutans before and after the application of the adhesive on the composite resin restorations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Streptococcus mutans/growth & development , Colony Count, Microbial/methods , Dental Cements/therapeutic use , Metal Nanoparticles/standards
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 485-492, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132341

ABSTRACT

Abstract Green chemistry has been applied in different areas due to the growing demands for renewable processes and one of them is nanotechnology. The aim of this study was to characterize a formulation containing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) produced by a green synthesis and to evaluate its antimicrobial activity. The formulation will be used as an intracanal dressing exploiting the AgNPs' antimicrobial properties, which are crucial to prevent infections and bacterial reinfections that can compromise endodontic treatments. In the green synthesis, silver nitrate was employed as the precursor salt, maltose as a reducing agent, and gelatin as a stabilizing agent. The formulation was prepared mixing 50 % of a liquid containing the AgNPs and 50 % of hydroxyethylcellulose gel at 1.5 % with proper evaluation of the process inherent parameters. Techniques such as molecular absorption spectrometry and dynamic light scattering were used in characterization step. The antimicrobial activity of the AgNPs against Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Enterococcus faecalis NCTC 775, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175 was verified according to National Comittee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) by determining minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC). The obtained results indicated the formulation containing AgNPs produced by a green synthesis was properly characterized by the selected techniques. Furthermore, the formulation assessment proved that it is suitable for the proposal as well as it has potential to be used as an intracanal dressing since presented antimicrobial activity against all bacterial strains evaluated.


Resumo A química verde tem sido aplicada em diferentes áreas devido à crescente demanda por processos renováveis e uma delas é a nanotecnologia. O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar uma formulação contendo nanopartículas de prata (AgNPs) produzidas por meio de síntese verde e avaliar sua atividade antimicrobiana. A formulação será usada como curativo intracanal explorando as propriedades antimicrobianas das AgNPs que são cruciais para prevenir infecções e reinfecções bacterianas que podem comprometer os tratamentos endodônticos. Na síntese verde, nitrato de prata foi empregado como sal precursor, maltose como agente redutor e gelatina como agente estabilizador. A formulação foi preparada misturando-se 50% do líquido contendo as AgNPs e 50% de gel de hidroxietilcelulose a 1,5% com avaliação adequada dos parâmetros inerentes ao processo. Técnicas como espectrometria de absorção molecular e espalhamento dinâmico de luz foram usadas na etapa de caracterização. A atividade antimicrobiana das AgNPs contra Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, Enterococcus faecalis NCTC 775, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 e Streptococcus mutans ATCC 25175 foi verificada de acordo com o National Comittee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS), determinando-se a concentração inibitória mínima (MIC) e a concentração bactericida mínima (MBC). Os resultados obtidos indicaram que a formulação contendo AgNPs produzidas por meio de síntese verde foi devidamente caracterizada pelas técnicas selecionadas. Além disso, a avaliação da formulação provou que ela é adequada para a proposta, bem como tem potencial para ser utilizada como curativo intracanal já que apresentou atividade antimicrobiana contra todas as cepas bacterianas avaliadas.


Subject(s)
Metal Nanoparticles , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology , Silver/pharmacology , Bandages , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
12.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(4): 409-416, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132311

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was conducted to evaluate whether antibacterial pretreatment irrigation with silver nanoparticles (SNPs) and silver diamine fluoride (SDF) has any effect on bond strength of fiber posts cemented with three types of resin cements in root canal space. Fifty-four endodontically treated maxillary central incisor roots were prepared for fiber post (FRC Postec Plus NO.3, Ivoclar Vivadent) cementation and divided into nine groups in terms of three cement types and two pretreatments with silver antibacterial agents. The cements were as follows: an etch-and-rinse cement (ER, Excite DSC/Variolink N), a self-etch cement (SE, ED Primer/Panavia F2.0), and a self-adhesive cement (SA, Panavia SA Luting Plus). For each cement, the control group was with no treatment and two experimental groups were with SNPs and SDF treatments that were used after acid-etching for ER cement and after EDTA treatment for SE and SA cements. After fiber post cementation, each bonded root was horizontally sectioned into 1-mm thickness microslices to create two slices for each root region (apical, middle and coronal) and underwent push-out bond strength (PBS) test. Data in MPa were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (p=0.05). The interaction of the pretreatment type and cement type was significant (p<0.001). SNPs and SDF significantly increased PBS with ER cement (p≤0.04). This positive effect was also marginally significant for SDF with SE cement (p=0.049). For SA cement, SNPs showed a significant positive effect, but SDF had a significant adverse effect on PBS (p<0.001). The effect of pretreatment with silver antibacterial agents prior to adhesive cementation of fiber posts depends on the resin cement used. Contrary to SNPs with beneficial or no significant effect on bonding for all cements, SDF exhibited a deleterious effect with self-adhesive cement.


Resumo Este estudo foi conduzido para avaliar se a irrigação de pré-tratamento antibacteriano com nanopartículas de prata (SNPs) e fluoreto de diamina de prata (SDF) tem algum efeito na resistência de união de pinos de fibra cimentados com três tipos de cimentos resinosos no espaço do canal radicular. Cinquenta e quatro raízes de incisivos centrais superiores tratadas endodonticamente foram preparadas para cimentação de pino de fibra (FRC Postec Plus NO.3, Ivoclar Vivadent) e divididas em nove grupos em termos de três tipos de cimento e dois pré-tratamentos com agentes antibacterianos de prata. Os cimentos foram os seguintes: um cimento etch-and-rinse (ER, Excite DSC / Variolink N), um cimento autocondicionante (SE, ED Primer / Panavia F2.0) e um cimento autoadesivo (SA, Panavia SA Luting Plus). Para cada cimento, o grupo controle foi sem tratamento e dois grupos experimentais foram com SNPs e SDF tratamentos que foram usados após o condicionamento ácido para o cimento ER e após o tratamento com EDTA para os cimentos SE e SA. Após a cimentação do pilar de fibra, cada raiz ligada foi seccionada horizontalmente em microclimas de 1 mm de espessura para criar duas fatias para cada região da raiz (apical, média e coronal) e submetida ao teste de resistência de união por push-out (PBS). Os dados em MPa foram analisados ​​com ANOVA de dois fatores e teste de Tukey (p = 0,05). A interação do tipo de pré-tratamento e tipo de cimento foi significativa (p<0,001). SNPs e SDF aumentaram significativamente o PBS com cimento ER (p≤0,04). Este efeito positivo também foi marginalmente significativo para SDF com cimento SE (p = 0,049). Para o cimento SA, os SNPs mostraram um efeito positivo significativo, mas o SDF teve um efeito adverso significativo no PBS (p <0,001). O efeito do pré-tratamento com agentes antibacterianos de prata antes da cimentação adesiva dos pinos de fibra depende do cimento resinoso utilizado. Ao contrário dos SNPs com efeito benéfico ou nenhum efeito significativo na adesão para todos os cimentos, o SDF exibiu um efeito deletério com o cimento autoadesivo.


Subject(s)
Post and Core Technique , Dental Bonding , Metal Nanoparticles , Silver , Dentin , Anti-Bacterial Agents
13.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190339, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132187

ABSTRACT

Abstract Conventional orthodontic treatment with the use of stainless steel may be detrimental to oral health by promoting demineralizing lesions appearance and increasing adhesion and formation of bacterial biofilm, inducing the development of cavities. An alternative that has been researched to reduce the side effects of orthodontic treatment is the coating of materials with antimicrobial nanoparticles. Nanometric- sized particles increase their surface area and contact with the microbial membrane, consequently intensifying their bacteriostatic and bactericidal effect. In this work, hydrothermal synthesis, a "green" process was used to attach silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) to the surface of two different brands of orthodontic wires. The coated materials were analyzed for their physicochemical properties by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), which showed the distribution of AgNPs along the wires without modifying their properties. In the microbiological test, one of the brands showed a statistically significant difference in microbial adhesion and biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans. Results lead to the conclusion that antimicrobial orthodontic wires coated with silver nanoparticles through hydrothermal synthesis is a promising material for the improvement of orthodontic treatment.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Wires , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Metal Nanoparticles , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Silver , Bacterial Adhesion , Calorimetry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Plaque
14.
Biol. Res ; 53: 26, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There Is an emerging field to put Into practice new strategies for developing molecules with antimicrobial properties. In this line, several metals and metalloids are currently being used for these purposes, although their cellular effect(s) or target(s) in a particular organism are still unknown. Here we aimed to investigate and analyze Au3+ toxicity through a combination of biochemical and molecular approaches. RESULTS: We found that Au3+ triggers a major oxidative unbalance in Escherichia coli, characterized by decreased intracellular thiol levels, increased superoxide concentration, as well as by an augmented production of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase. Because ROS production is, in some cases, associated with metal reduction and the concomitant generation of gold-containing nanostructures (AuNS), this possibility was evaluated in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Au3+ is toxic for E. coli because it triggers an unbalance of the bacterium's oxidative status. This was demonstrated by using oxidative stress dyes and antioxidant chemicals as well as gene reporters, RSH concentrations and AuNS generation.


Subject(s)
Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Metal Nanoparticles/toxicity , Gold/toxicity
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(5): e8457, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098118

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate whether the conjugation of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) to 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) could enhance the anti-tumor efficiency of photodynamic therapy (PDT) in epidermoid carcinoma cells. The mRNA and protein expression levels were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and western blot, respectively. Cell viability, apoptosis, invasion, and migration were determined by MTT assay, flow cytometry, transwell invasion assay, and migration assay, respectively. Singlet oxygen generation was detected by the singlet oxygen sensor green reagent assay. Our results showed that PDT with 5-ALA and GNPs-conjugated 5-ALA (5-ALA-GNPs) significantly suppressed cell viability, increased cell apoptosis and singlet oxygen generation in both HaCat and A431 cells, and PDT with 5-ALA and 5-ALA-GNPs had more profound effects in A431 cells than that in HaCat cells. More importantly, 5-ALA-GNPs treatment potentiated the effects of PDT on cell viability, cell apoptosis, and singlet oxygen generation in A431 cells compared to 5-ALA treatment. Further in vitro assays showed that PDT with 5-ALA-GNPs significantly decreased expression of STAT3 and Bcl-2 and increased expression of Bax in A431 cells compared with PDT with 5-ALA. In addition, 5-ALA-GNPs treatment enhanced the inhibitory effects of PDT on cell invasion and migration and Wnt/β-catenin signaling activities in A431 cells compared to 5-ALA treatment. In conclusion, our results suggested that GNPs conjugated to 5-ALA significantly enhanced the anti-tumor efficacy of PDT in A431 cells, which may represent a better strategy to improve the outcomes of patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Metal Nanoparticles/administration & dosage , Levulinic Acids/pharmacology , Photochemotherapy , RNA, Neoplasm , Cell Survival/drug effects , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-12, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1116334

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a resistência ao desgaste de dentes em acrílico para próteses contendo nanopartículas de dióxido de silício (nano-SiO2 ) e dióxido de alumínio (nanoAl2 O3 ). Material e Métodos: O material em polimetilmetacrilato (PMMA) foi utilizado para fabricar 84 amostras (n=10) contendo nano-SiO2 e nano-Al2 O3 nas concentrações 0,1% em peso, 0,3% em peso e 0,5% em peso de pó acrílico. Uma máquina de teste de desgaste de dois corpos e um microscópio digital foram usados para medir as mudanças na perda de peso e rugosidade da superfície, respectivamente. Testes de ANOVA a um fator e testes de comparações múltiplas de Tukey foram utilizados para análise dos dados (α = 0,05). Resultados: O material modificado com nano-SiO2 demonstrou um aumento significativo na perda de peso em comparação com o material acrílico artificial convencional (p ˂ 0,05) enquanto o material modificado com nano-Al2 O3 demonstrou aumento não significativo na perda de peso, exceto no subgrupo 0,5% (p < 0,05). Não há diferenças significativas em relação à alteração da rugosidade após a simulação de desgaste entre todos os grupos testados (p > 0,05). Conclusão: As nanopartículas de nano-Al2 O3 exibem menos efeito negativo que o nanoSiO2 , podendo ser usado com cautela, se necessário. (AU)


Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the wear resistance of acrylic denture teeth containing silicon dioxide (nano-SiO2 ) and aluminum dioxide (nano-Al2 O3 ) nanoparticles. Material and Methods: Poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture tooth material was used to denture tooth material was used to fabricate 84 specimens (n=10) containing nano-SiO2 and nano-Al2 O3 in concentrations 0.1wt%, 0.3wt%, and 0.5wt% of acrylic powder. A two-body wear testing machine and digital microscope were used to measure the changes in weight loss and surface roughness respectively. One-way ANOVA and pair-wise Tukey's post-hoc tests were used for data analysis (α = 0.05). Results: Nano-SiO2 modified teeth material demonstrated a significant increase in weight loss in comparison conventional artificial acrylic teeth material (p ˂ 0.05) while nanoAl2 O3 modified teeth material demonstrated non-significant increase in weight loss except for 0.5% subgroup (p ˂ 0.05). There is no significant differences regarding roughness change after wear simulation among all tested groups (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Nano-Al2 O3 nanoparticles exhibit less negative effect than nano-SiO2 so; it could be used with caution if necessary. (AU)


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Metal Nanoparticles , Tooth Wear
17.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(3): 1-9, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1104426

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy of agitation of chlorohexidine (CHX) and Silver nanoparticles "AgNps" with 810nm diode laser or sonic endoactivator compared to side ­vented needle on infected root canals with Enterococcus "E" Faecalis biofilms. Material and Methods: Sixty-five extracted human premolars with single oval canals were instrumented by protaper system up to F3. Biofilms of E. faecalis were generated based on a previously established protocol. Two teeth were used to check the biofilm formation, then the remaining Teeth were randomly divided into three equal experimental groups according to agitation techniques used: group 1 (810 nm diode laser with 1 watt) , group 2 (sonic endoactivator) and group 3 (Side vented needle). Each group was further divided into three equal subgroups according to the irrigant solution into; subgroup A: chlorohexidine, subgroup B: silver nanoparticles and subgroup C: distilled water: Confocal laser scanning microscopy "CLSM" was used to assess bacterial viability. Data were analyzed by appropriate statistical analyses with P = 0.05. Results: Regarding the activation method, all groups had a significantly high percentage of dead bacteria (P < 0.05). However, Laser was significantly the highest and Endoactivator the least (P < = 0.001). Diode laser agitation of AgNps irrigant showed the highest reduction percentage of bacteria (78.1%) with a significant difference with both CHX and water irrigation, Conclusion: Under the condition of the present study; results reinforced that laser activation is a useful adjunct, 810 nm diode laser agitation of AgNps or chlorhexidine was more effective in disinfection of oval root canals than endoactivator and side vented needle techniques. (AU)


Objetivo: Avaliar a eficácia da agitação de clorohexidina (CHX) e nanopartículas de prata (AgNps) , com laser de diodo de 810 nm ou endoativador sônico, em comparação à agulha de ventilação lateral, em canais radiculares infectados com biofilmes de Enterococcus "E"; Faecalis. Material e Métodos: Sessenta e cinco pré-molares humanos com um único canal oval, extraídos, foram instrumentados pelo sistema protaper até F3. Os biofilmes de E. faecalis foram gerados com base em um protocolo previamente estabelecido. Foram utilizados dois dentes para verificar a formação do biofilme, e os dentes restantes foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos experimentais iguais, de acordo com as técnicas de agitação utilizadas: grupo 1 (laser de diodo 810 nm com 1 watt), grupo 2 (endoativador sônico) e grupo 3 (Agulha com ventilação lateral). Cada grupo foi dividido em três subgrupos iguais, de acordo com a solução irrigante; subgrupo A: clorohexidina, subgrupo B: nanopartículas de prata e subgrupo C: água destilada: A microscopia confocal de varredura a laser foi usada para avaliar a viabilidade bacteriana. Os dados foram analisados por análises estatísticas apropriadas com P = 0,05. Resultados: Em relação ao método de ativação, todos osgrupos apresentaram percentual significativamente alto de bactérias mortas (P < 0.05). No entanto, para o laser foi significativamente o mais alto e, para oendoativador, o menos alto (P < = 0.001). A agitação com laser de diodo doirrigante AgNps apresentou a maior porcentagem de redução de bactérias (78,1%), com diferença significativa tanto para irrigação com CHX quanto comágua. Conclusão: Sob as condições do presente estudo; os resultadosreforçaram que a ativação a laser é um complemento útil, a agitação por laserde diodo de 810 nm de AgNps ou clorexidina foi mais eficaz na desinfecção dos canais radiculares ovais do que as técnicas de endoativador e agulha com ventilação lateral. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Enterococcus faecalis , Dental Pulp Cavity , Metal Nanoparticles , Lasers, Semiconductor
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(11): e9974, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132490

ABSTRACT

Moyamoya disease (MMD) is currently thought to involve endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). We investigated whether superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) can be used to label EPCs. Mononuclear cells from 10 moyamoya disease patients were isolated, and cluster of differentiation 133 (CD133) positive cells sorted by magnetic-activated cell sorting were cultured in vitro. The positive rates of CD133, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-2, and cluster of differentiation 34 (CD34) were detected by flow cytometry. The cells were co-cultured with fluorescence labeled Dil-acetylated-low-density lipoprotein (Dil-ac-LDL) and Ulex europaeus agglutinin-1 (UEA-1) to observe the endocytosis of Dil-ac-LDL and binding to UEA-1. Prussian blue staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the endocytosis of different SPIO concentrations in EPCs, and CCK-8 was used to detect proliferation of cells transfected with different concentrations of SPIO. T2 weighted imaging (T2WI) signals from magnetic resonance imaging after SPIO endocytosis were compared. Positive rates of CD133, VEGFR-2, and CD34 on sorted mononuclear cells were 68.2±3.8, 57.5±4.2, and 36.8±6.5%, respectively. The double-positive expression rate of CD34 and VEGFR-2 was 19.6±4.7%, and 83.1±10.4% of cells, which showed the uptake of Dil-ac-LDL and binding with UEA-1. The labeling efficiencies of SPIO at concentrations of 25 and 50 μg/mL were higher than for 12.5 μg/mL. The proliferation of cells was not influenced by SPIO concentrations of 12.5 and 25 μg/mL. After labeling, the T2WI of EPCs was reduced. The concentration of 25 μg/mL SPIO had high labeling efficiency detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without decreased EPCs viability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Magnetite Nanoparticles , Endothelial Progenitor Cells , Moyamoya Disease/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ferric Compounds , Cells, Cultured , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Metal Nanoparticles
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 30(6): 607-616, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055448

ABSTRACT

Abstract Diamond-like carbon (DLC) film is a biocompatible hard coating material that can prevent the leaching of metal ions. This study evaluates the structural characteristics of DLC, with and without silver nanoparticles, deposited by plasma (PECVD) on titanium alloy (Ti-6Al-4V) and bone formation in contact with DLC films. Sixty Ti-6Al-4V samples were used divided in: uncoated, coated with DLC and coated with DLC-Ag. After structural characterization, samples were fixed bilaterally at the rabbit's mandible. After 15 and 90 days, samples were characterized again and bone formation in the area was analyzed by histomorphometry. Statistical analysis was performed by two-way ANOVA. Both the DLC and DLC-Ag films were firmly adhered and showed a high electrical resistance without significant changes in the Raman spectrum after in vivo integration. After 15 days, there were immature bone trabeculae in the interface and partially covering the surface. After 90 days, mature bone filled the interface and coved the surface. There was no statistically significant difference among the three groups in both periods. In conclusion, osseointegration with DLC, DLC-Ag and uncoated Ti-6Al-4V is similar. However, DLC and DLC-Ag coverings have the advantage of electrical insulation and can presumably control bacterial activity and ion leaching.


Resumo O filme de carbono semelhante a diamante (DLC) é um material de revestimento duro e biocompatível que pode impedir a corrosão com liberação de íons metálicos. Este estudo avaliou as características estruturais do filme de DLC, com e sem nanopartículas de prata (Ag), depositadas por plasma (PECVD) em liga de titânio (Ti-6Al-4V) e formação óssea em contato com filmes de DLC. Foram utilizadas 60 amostras de Ti-6Al-4V divididas em: não recobertas, recobertas com DLC e recobertas com DLC-Ag. Após caracterização estrutural, amostras foram fixadas bilateralmente na mandíbula de coelhos. Após 15 e 90 dias, as amostras foram novamente caracterizadas e a formação óssea na área foi analisada por histomorfometria. A análise estatística foi realizada por ANOVA dois fatores. Ambos os filmes DLC e DLC-Ag foram firmemente aderidos e mostraram uma alta resistência elétrica sem alterações significativas no espectro Raman após a osseointegração in vivo. Após 15 dias, havia trabéculas ósseas imaturas na interface e cobrindo parcialmente a superfície. Após 90 dias, o osso maduro preencheu a interface e a superfície. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os três grupos nos dois períodos. Em conclusão, a osseointegração com DLC, DLC-Ag e Ti-6Al-4V não revestido é similar. No entanto, os revestimentos DLC e DLC-Ag têm a vantagem do isolamento elétrico e podem presumivelmente controlar a atividade bacteriana e a corrosão com liberação de íons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Alloys , Metal Nanoparticles , Silver , Surface Properties , Titanium , Materials Testing , Carbon , Diamond
20.
Rev. ADM ; 76(4): 194-200, jul.-ago 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023068

ABSTRACT

La gutapercha es químicamente un polímero a base de isopreno, impermeable, no poroso y radiopaco entre otras características, empleado desde el siglo XIX; sin embargo manifiesta algunos inconvenientes propios del material, lo cual ha dado lugar al nacimiento de otros materiales para mejorar sus propiedades. Recientemente se ha desarrollado y caracterizado un material novedoso a base de fibra óptica recubierta por nano partículas de plata (FONP), propuesto como un material alternativo para la obturación de conductos radiculares. En el presente estudio se seleccionaron 24 dientes para conformar cuatro grupos experimentales comparativos entre la obturación con fibra óptica y con gutapercha, ambos con el sellador AH Plus. Las raíces fueron obturadas en grupos de diez y almacenadas en solución salina a 37 oC. La filtración apical se midió desde el extremo apical de la interfaz del material hasta la extensión más coronal del tinte observado microscópicamente. Se empleó la herramienta de LAS EZ V3.0 (Leica Microsystems, Switzerland), los datos se tabularon y se analizaron. Resultados: Las mediciones de microfiltración a nivel apical e intraconductos manifestaron diferencias en favor de la gutapercha, donde los grupos experimentales manifestaron una filtración promedio correspondiente a 0.872 mm en el grupo de Gutapercha/AH-PLUS y de 2.390 mm con técnica lateral utilizando FONP/AH-PLUS, aun así se evidenció que las propiedades de sellado de la fibra óptica con nanopartículas fueron suficientes para considerarlo como un material de obturación de conductos radiculares dentales como posible sustituto de la gutapercha (AU)


Gutta-percha is chemically an Isoprene-based polymer, impervious, non-porous and radiopaque, among other characteristics, used since the 19th century, it manifests some disadvantages inherent to the material, which has led to the birth of new materials with improved properties. Recently, a novel material based on optical fiber covered by silver nanoparticles (FONP) has been developed, characterized and proposed as an alternative material for root canal obturation. In the present study, 24 teeth were selected and divided into four comparative experimental groups for obturation with fiber optics and gutta-percha, both with the AH Plus sealer. The roots were sealed in groups of ten and stored in saline at 37 oC. Apical filtration test was performed from the apical end of the material interface to the most coronal extension of the dye observed microscopically. The LAS EZ V3.0 tool was used to make the measurements and the data was tabulated and analyzed. Results: Measurements of microfiltration at the apical and intracanal level showed differences in favor of gutta-percha, where the experimental groups showed an average filtration of 0.872 mm in the Gutapercha/AH-PLUS group and 2.390 mm using FONP/AH-PLUS, even so, it was evidenced that the sealing properties of the optical fiber with nanoparticles are sufficient to consider this material as a proper filling material for dental root canals as a substitute for gutta-percha (AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Filling Materials , Optical Fibers , Gutta-Percha , In Vitro Techniques , Pilot Projects , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Silver Compounds , Dental Leakage , Metal Nanoparticles
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