Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 3.529
Filter
1.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 825-830, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514291

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The cerebellum is a crucial area of the hindbrain that plays an essential role in balancing, excitement control, and subtle and accurate functions. Studies have shown that long-term use of D-galactose in mice, as with the symptoms of aging, causes morphological and functional disorders in the brain. This study was performed to evaluate the changes in the cerebellum cortex tissue and the measurement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cerebellum following the induction of aging in mice by D-galactose. Accordingly, subjects were randomly assigned into two groups: Normal saline group and Aging group (D-galactose). To create an aging model, D- galactose, and saline solution (sodium chloride 0.9 %) were used. After completing the preparation and passage of the tissue, the cerebellum specimens were cut in 5 microns thickness and then stained with hematoxylin-eosin stain and finally examined under a Nikon microscope. Quantitative variables were analyzed by SPSS software using T-test. In the observations of cerebellum tissue samples, in the aged induced group by D-galactose, the most changes were observed in the Neuron purkinjense (Purkinje cells) layer. In the observations of the cerebellum tissue samples of aging group induced by D-galactose, the most changes were observed in the Neuron purkinjense, and the arrangement and placement of these cells were disorientated. The nucleus positioning was not central, and the Neuron purkinjense induced by aging were seen in different morphological forms. Necrosis, Chromatolysis, and Pyknosis were found. Based on the results, D-galactose (induction of aging) causes pathological changes in the cerebellar cortex, especially in the Neuron purkinjense layer.


El cerebelo es un área crucial del rombencéfalo que desempeña un papel esencial en el equilibrio, el control de la excitación y las funciones sutiles y precisas. Los estudios han demostrado que el uso a largo plazo de D-galactosa en ratones, al igual que con los síntomas del envejecimiento, provoca trastornos morfológicos y funcionales en el cerebro. Este estudio se realizó para evaluar los cambios en el tejido de la corteza del cerebelo y la medición de especies reactivas de oxígeno (ROS) en el cerebelo luego de la inducción del envejecimiento en ratones por D-galactosa. En consecuencia, los sujetos fueron asignados aleatoriamente a dos grupos: grupo de solución salina normal y grupo de envejecimiento (D-galactosa). Para crear un modelo de envejecimiento, se utilizaron D-galactosa y solución salina (cloruro de sodio al 0,9 %). Después de completar la preparación y el paso del tejido, las muestras de cerebelo se cortaron en un grosor de 5 µm y luego se tiñeron con tinción de hematoxilina-eosina y finalmente se examinaron bajo un microscopio Nikon. Las variables cuantitativas se analizaron mediante el software SPSS utilizando la prueba T. En las observaciones de muestras de tejido de cerebelo, en el grupo envejecido inducido por D-galactosa, la mayoría de los cambios se observaron en la capa de neuronas purkinjenses (células de Purkinje). En las observaciones de las muestras de tejido del cerebelo del grupo de envejecimiento inducidas por D-galactosa, la mayoría de los cambios se observaron en las neuronas purkinjenses, y la disposición y ubicación de estas células estaban desorientadas. El posicionamiento del núcleo no era central y las neuronas purkinjenses inducidas por el envejecimiento se observaban en diferentes formas morfológicas. Se encontró necrosis, cromatólisis y picnosis. Según los resultados, la D-galactosa (inducción del envejecimiento) provoca cambios patológicos en la corteza cerebelosa, especialmente en la capa de neuronas purkinjenses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Aging , Cerebellum/pathology , Galactose/administration & dosage , Purkinje Cells , Cerebellum/cytology , Reactive Oxygen Species , Models, Animal , Mice, Inbred BALB C
2.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 280-286, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971526

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes in percentage of GATA3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and mouse models.@*METHODS@#The nasal mucosa specimens were obtained from 6 AR patients and 6 control patients for detection of nasal mucosal inflammation. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) were collected from 12 AP patients and 12 control patients to determine the percentages of Treg cells and GATA3+ Treg cells. In a C57BL/6 mouse model of AR, the AR symptom score, peripheral blood OVA-sIgE level, and nasal mucosal inflammation were assessed, and the spleen of mice was collected for detecting the percentages of Treg cells and GATA3+ Treg cells and the expressions of Th2 cytokines.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control patients, AR patients showed significantly increased eosinophil infiltration and goblet cell proliferation in the nasal mucosa (P < 0.01) and decreased percentages of Treg cells and GATA3+ Treg cells (P < 0.05). The mouse models of AR also had more obvious allergic symptoms, significantly increased OVA-sIgE level in peripheral blood, eosinophil infiltration and goblet cell hyperplasia (P < 0.01), markedly lowered percentages of Treg cells and GATA3+ Treg cells in the spleen (P < 0.01), and increased expressions of IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10 (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of GATA3+ Treg cells is decreased in AR patients and mouse models. GATA3+ Treg cells possibly participate in Th2 cell immune response, both of which are involved in the occurrence and progression of AR, suggesting the potential of GATA3+ Treg cells as a new therapeutic target for AR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , GATA3 Transcription Factor , Inflammation , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nasal Mucosa/metabolism , Ovalbumin , Rhinitis, Allergic/therapy , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th2 Cells/metabolism
3.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1-14, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971365

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Ozone is widely applied to treat allergic skin diseases such as eczema, atopic dermatitis, and contact dermatitis. However, the specific mechanism remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the effects of ozonated oil on treating 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and the underling mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Besides the blank control (Ctrl) group, all other mice were treated with DNCB to establish an ACD-like mouse model and were randomized into following groups: a model group, a basal oil group, an ozonated oil group, a FcεRI-overexpressed plasmid (FcεRI-OE) group, and a FcεRI empty plasmid (FcεRI-NC) group. The basal oil group and the ozonated oil group were treated with basal oil and ozonated oil, respectively. The FcεRI-OE group and the FcεRI-NC group were intradermally injected 25 µg FcεRI overexpression plasmid and 25 µg FcεRI empty plasmid when treating with ozonated oil, respectively. We recorded skin lesions daily and used reflectance confocal microscope (RCM) to evaluate thickness and inflammatory changes of skin lesions. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, real-time PCR, RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), and immunohistochemistry were performed to detct and analyze the skin lesions.@*RESULTS@#Ozonated oil significantly alleviated DNCB-induced ACD-like dermatitis and reduced the expressions of IFN-γ, IL-17A, IL-1β, TNF-α, and other related inflammatory factors (all P<0.05). RNA-seq analysis revealed that ozonated oil significantly inhibited the activation of the DNCB-induced FcεRI/Syk signaling pathway, confirmed by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry (all P<0.05). Compared with the ozonated oil group and the FcεRI-NC group, the mRNA expression levels of IFN-γ, IL-17A, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, and other inflammatory genes in the FcεRI-OE group were significantly increased (all P<0.05), and the mRNA and protein expression levels of FcεRI and Syk were significantly elevated in the FcεRI-OE group as well (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ozonated oil significantly improves ACD-like dermatitis and alleviated DNCB-induced ACD-like dermatitis via inhibiting the FcεRI/Syk signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dinitrochlorobenzene/metabolism , Skin/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Dermatitis, Allergic Contact/pathology , Dermatitis, Atopic/chemically induced , Signal Transduction , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Mice, Inbred BALB C
4.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 39: e39030, 2023. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425196

ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress due to obesity plays a detrimental role in the testicular microenvironment and sperm parameters. We explored the impact of a hypercaloric diet in male BALB/c mice as a condition to trigger damage to the spermatogenic process and the antioxidant effect of Aspalathus linearis as well. We used a hypercaloric diet in animals divided into 3 groups: Control, Hypercaloric diet control (HC) and Hypercaloric diet and Rooibos infusion (HCR). Morphometric parameters, enzyme dosages, cell viability, and tubular histopathology were evaluated. Body weight increased in HCR animals at weeks 3, 4, and 8. We found a reduction in seminiferous epithelium height, with an increase in the tubular diameter of the HCR group. Catalase levels were lower in HC and HCR, while carbonyl protein was decreased in HC. We estimate that it induces oxidative stress (OS) capable of affecting the seminiferous epithelium and that the infusion of A. linearis does not demonstrate a potential benefit in cell preservation.


Subject(s)
Reproduction , Oxidative Stress , Diet, High-Fat , Mice, Inbred BALB C
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1248-1253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of the SIRT1/NF-κB pathway in mediating the effect of puerarin against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI).@*METHODS@#Fifteen BALB/C mice were randomized into control group, LPS group and puerarin treatment group, and in the latter two groups, the mice were given an intraperitoneal injection of LPS (5 mg/kg), followed by daily injection of normal saline for 3 days or injection of puerarin (25 mg/kg) given 1 h later and then on a daily basis for 3 days. On day 5 after modeling, the kidney tissues were taken for histological observation and detection of cell apoptosis. The renal function indexes including urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (Scr) and kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) and the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) were measured, and the expressions of SIRT1 and NF-κB-p65(acetyl K310) in the renal tissues were detected.@*RESULTS@#Intraperitoneal injection of LPS caused obvious glomerular capillary dilatation, hyperemia, renal interstitial edema, and renal tubular epithelial cell swelling and deformation in the mice. The mouse models of LPS-induced AKI also showed significantly increased renal tubular injury score and renal cell apoptosis (P < 0.01) with increased serum levels of BUN, Scr, KIM-1, TNF-α and IL-1β (P < 0.01), enhanced renal expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β and NF-κB p65(acetyl K310) (P < 0.01) and lowered renal expression of SIRT1 (P < 0.05). Treatment with puerarin effectively alleviated LPS-induced renal interstitial edema and renal tubular epithelial cell shedding, lowered renal tubular injury score (P < 0.01) and renal cell apoptosis rate (P < 0.01), and decreased serum levels of BUN, Scr, KIM, TNF-α and IL-1β (P < 0.01). Puerarin treatment significantly reduced TNF-α, IL-1β and NF-κB p65 (acetyl K310) expression in the renal tissue (P < 0.05) and increased SIRT1 expression by 17% (P < 0.05) in the mouse models.@*CONCLUSION@#Puerarin can effectively alleviate LPS-induced AKI in mice possibly by modulating the SIRT1/NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NF-kappa B , Lipopolysaccharides , Sirtuin 1 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Acute Kidney Injury , Disease Models, Animal , Edema
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 241-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971131

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of recombinant human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) on hematopoietic reconstruction in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) model.@*METHODS@#The C57BL/6 mice were employed as the donors, and BALB/c mice as recipients. The bone marrow mononuclear cells of the donor mice were extracted and pretreated, which then were injected with 5×106 per mouse through the tail vein of the recipient to establish an allo-HSCT model. The implantation of hematopoietic stem cells in the recipient mice was detected by flow cytometry on the 28th day after transplantation. Next, the successfully modeled recipient mice were randomly divided into experimental group and control group. The rhTPO was injected into mice in the experimental group on the first day after transplantation, while the saline was injected into mice in the control group. Both groups were injected for 14 consecutive days. The peripheral blood and bone marrow hematopoiesis of the two groups were observed on day 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 after transplantation.@*RESULTS@#The expression rate of H-2Kb in the bone marrow of recipient mice was 43.85% (>20%) on the 28th day after transplantation, which indicated that the recipient mice were successfully chimerized. Meanwhile, counts of PLTs on the day 3, 7, 14, and 21 after transplantation in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group with statistical significances (P<0.05). In addition, hematopoietic function of bone marrow was suppressed in both groups on day 1, 3 and 7 after transplantation, but hematopoietic bone marrow hyperplasia was better in the experimental group than in the control group. On day 14 and 21 after transplantation, the hematopoietic function of bone marrow in the two groups was recovered, and the experimental group showed more obvious than the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#rhTPO can effectively stimulate the production of PLTs and facilitate the recovery of white blood cells and hemoglobin after allo-HSCT, and promote hematopoietic recovery and reconstitution of bone marrow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Thrombopoietin , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Bone Marrow , Recombinant Proteins , Mice, Inbred BALB C
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 262-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970373

ABSTRACT

In order to increase the ability of oil-emulsion adjuvant to stimulate cellular immunity, chitosan hydrochloride with positive charge was selected to stabilize oil-in-water emulsion (CHE). In this paper, model antigen ovalbumin was selected to prepare vaccines with emulsion adjuvant, commercial adjuvant or no adjuvant. The emulsion was characterized by measuring the particle size, electric potential and antigen adsorption rate. BALB/c mice were immunized by intramuscular injection. Serum antibody levels, the numbers of IL-4-secreting cells in splenocytes, cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response, and the expression of central memory T cells were measured to evaluate the immunostimulatory effect. The results showed that chitosan hydrochloride can effectively stabilize the emulsion. The emulsion size is about 600 nm, and the antigen adsorption rate is more than 90%. After immunization, CHE could increase serum antibodies levels and increase IL-4 secretion. Expression of CTL surface activation molecules was also increased to stimulate CTL response further and to increase the CD44+CD62L+ in T cells proportion. CHE as adjuvant can stimulate humoral and cellular immunity more efficiently, and is expected to extend the duration of protection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Chitosan , Interleukin-4 , Emulsions , Immunization , Adjuvants, Immunologic/pharmacology , Antigens , Mice, Inbred BALB C
8.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 517-525, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982310

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effects of total glucosides of paeony (TGP) on psoriasis based on the immunomodulatory effect of dermal mesenchymal stem cells (DMSCs).@*METHODS@#A total of 30 male BALB/c mice were divided into 6 groups (n=5 in each) by a random number table method, including control, psoriasis model (model, 5% imiquimod cream 42 mg/d), low-, medium- and high-dose TGP (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg, L, M-, and H-TGP, respectively), and positive control group (2.5 mg/kg acitretin). After 14 days of continuous administration, the skin's histopathological changes, apoptosis, secretion of inflammatory cytokines, and proportion of regulatory T cells (Treg) and T helper cell 17 (Th17) were evaluated using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling staining, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. DMSCs were further isolated from the skin tissues of normal and psoriatic mice, and the cell morphology, phenotype, and cycle were observed. Furthermore, TGP was used to treat psoriatic DMSCs to analyze the effects on the DMSCs immune regulation.@*RESULTS@#TGP alleviated skin pathological injury, reduced epidermis layer thickness, inhibited apoptosis, and regulated the secretion of inflammatory cytokines and the proportion of Treg and Th17 in the skin tissues of psoriatic mice (P<0.05 or P<0.01). There was no significant difference in cell morphology and phenotype between control and psoriatic DMSCs (P>0.05), however, more psoriatic DMSCs remained in G0/G1 phase compared with the normal DMSCs (P<0.01). TGP treatment of psoriatic DMSCs significantly increased cell viability, decreased apoptosis, relieved inflammatory response, and inhibited the expression of toll-like receptor 4 and P65 (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#TGP may exert a good therapeutic effect on psoriasis by regulating the immune imbalance of DMSCs.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Psoriasis/drug therapy , Cytokines , Glucosides/therapeutic use , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Paeonia
9.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 544-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981897

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare specific mouse monoclonal antibody (mAb) against human adenovirus type 55 Hexon protein (HAdV55 Hexon). Methods The Hexon genes of HAdV55, 3, 4, 7, 16 and 21 were chemically synthesized as templates for PCR amplification. The prokaryotic expression plasmids pET28a-HAdV55 Hexon and eukaryotic expression plasmids pCAGGS-HAdV3, 4, 7, 16, 21 and 55 Hexon were constructed respectively. The pET28a-HAdV55 Hexon plasmid was transformed into E. coli competent cell BL21 (DE3) and was induced by IPTG. After the purified inclusion body was denatured and renatured, Hexon55 protein was purified by tangential flow filtration system. pCAGGS-HAdV55 Hexon was used to immunize BALB/c mice by cupping, and HAdV55 Hexon protein was used to booster immunization. The anti-HAdV55 Hexon mAb was prepared by hybridoma technique and the titer and subclass were determined. The specificity of antibody was identified by Western blot using HEK293T cells transfected with pCAGGS-HAdV55 Hexon and by immunofluorescence assay (IFA) using BHK cells transfected with pCAGGS-HAdV55 Hexon. Both clones with high titer were selected, and the cross-reactivity of pCAGGS-HAdV3, 4, 7, 16, 21 and 55 Hexon transfected cells were analyzed by Western blot analysis and IFA. Results PET28a-HAdV55 Hexon and pCAGGS-HAdV55 Hexon, 3, 4, 7, 16 and 21 expression plasmids were successfully constructed. BL21 transformed with pET28a-HAdV55 Hexon was induced by IPTG. The HAdV55 Hexon protein was mainly expressed in the form of inclusion body. After denaturation and renaturation, the purified HAdV55 Hexon protein was obtained by ultrafiltration. Six hybridoma cell lines secreting HAdV55 Hexon mAb were obtained. The antibody subclass analysis showed that 2 strains were IgG2a subtypes and 4 strains were IgG2b. Two specific HAdV55 Hexon antibodies with high titer were obtained, and there was no cross-reactivity with HAdV3, 4, 7, 16, 21 Hexon. Conclusion The specific mice mAb against HAdV55 Hexon provides an experimental basis for establishing its antigen detection method.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Humans , Adenoviruses, Human/genetics , Escherichia coli/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Isopropyl Thiogalactoside , Blotting, Western , Immunoglobulin G , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibody Specificity , Mice, Inbred BALB C
10.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 391-396, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981878

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the preventive therapeutic effect and possible mechanism of single chain variable fragments chimeric protein (SD) of ovalbumin epitopes internalizing receptor DEC-205 antibody on food allergy in mice. Methods Mice were randomly divided to five groups (control, PBS, scFv DEC 100 μg, SD 50 μg, SD 100 μg) and treated for 24 hours before OVA administration. After challenge, the serum level of OVA-specific IgE, IgG1, IgG2a and IL-4 were detected by ELISA. Infiltration of eosinophils and mast cells in the jejunum was observed by HE staining and toluidine blue staining respectively. The bone marrow of tibia and femur was isolated and cultured to obtain immature dendritic cells(BMDCs), which were further treated with LPS (10 ng/mL), TSLP (50 ng/mL), scFv DEC protein (1000 ng/mL) and SD protein (10,100,1000)ng/mL for 24 hours, and the IL-10 level of supernatant was assayed by ELISA. Results Compared with PBS group, the number of SD-treated mice with diarrhea was markedly reduced. The difference in rectal temperature and the levels of serum OVA-specific IgE, IgG1, IgG2a and IL-4 decreased significantly after prophylactic administration of SD; The number of eosinophils and mast cells in jejunum also decreased significantly while the IL-10 level in the supernatant of BMDCs increased significantly after SD intervention. Conclusion SD mitigates experimental FA response by fosters the immune tolerance property of dendritic cells.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Ovalbumin , Interleukin-10 , Single-Chain Antibodies/genetics , Immunoglobulin E , Epitopes/therapeutic use , Interleukin-4 , Food Hypersensitivity/prevention & control , Immunoglobulin G , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/genetics , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Disease Models, Animal
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3612-3622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981492

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the effect of Bletilla striata polysaccharide(BSP) on endogenous metabolites in serum of tumor-bearing mice treated with 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) by untargeted metabolomics techniques and explore the mechanism of BSP in alleviating the toxic and side effects induced by 5-FU. Male BALB/C mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a 5-FU group, and a 5-FU + BSP group, with eight mice in each group. Mouse colon cancer cells(CT26) were transplanted into the mice except for those in the normal group to construct the tumor-bearing mouse model by subcutaneous injection, and 5-FU chemotherapy and BSP treatment were carried out from the second day of modeling. The changes in body weight, diarrhea, and white blood cell count in the peripheral blood were recorded. The mice were sacrificed and sampled when the tumor weight of mice in the model group reached approximately 1 g. TUNEL staining was used to detect the cell apoptosis in the small intestine of each group. The proportions of hematopoietic stem cells and myeloid progenitor cells in bone marrow were measured by flow cytometry. Five serum samples were selected randomly from each group for untargeted metabolomics analysis. The results showed that BSP was not effective in inhibiting colon cancer in mice, but diarrhea, leukopenia, and weight loss caused by 5-FU chemotherapy were significantly improved after BSP intervention. In addition, apoptotic cells decreased in the small intestinal tissues and the percentages of hematopoietic stem cells and myeloid progenitor cells in bone marrow were significantly higher after BSP treatment. Metabolomics results showed that the toxic and side effects of 5-FU resulted in significant decrease in 29 metabolites and significant increase in 22 metabolites in mouse serum. Among them, 19 disordered metabolites showed a return to normal levels in the 5-FU+BSP group. The results of pathway enrichment indicated that metabolic pathways mainly involved pyrimidine metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and steroid hormone biosynthesis. Therefore, BSP may ameliorate the toxic and side effects of 5-FU in the intestinal tract and bone marrow presumably by regulating nucleotide synthesis, inflammatory damage, and hormone production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Diarrhea , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Hormones , Metabolomics , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Polysaccharides/pharmacology
12.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e22718, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505853

ABSTRACT

Abstract Our aim was to evaluate the effects of cisplatin and dexamethasone alone and combined on gastric contractility and histomorphometry of BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. BALB/c and C57BL/6 male mice (8-week-old) were randomly separated into: Control; Cisplatin (7.5 mg/Kg); Dexamethasone (2.0 mg/Kg); and Dexamethasone plus Cisplatin (2.0 mg/Kg of dexamethasone 1-hour prior to 7.5 mg/Kg of cisplatin). Drugs were administered intraperitoneally for three days. Body weight and food intake were evaluated on 2nd day. Alternating Current Biosusceptometry technique was employed to measure gastric contractions on 3rd day. Afterward, mice were killed for gastric histomorphometric analysis. Cisplatin decreased food intake and caused bradygastria in BALB/c mice; however, the amplitude of gastric contractions decreased in both BALB/c and C57BL/6. Dexamethasone and cisplatin combined restored the gastric frequency and food intake only in BALB/c, but drug combination reduced the gastric amplitude of contractions in both strains. Dexamethasone alone increased gastric mucosa thickness in C57BL/6 and decreased muscular thickness in BALB/c. In conclusion, the mouse strains presented differences in acute effects of cisplatin and dexamethasone alone and combined on gastric function. This reinforces the importance of choosing the appropriate mouse strain for studying the acute effects of drugs on the gastrointestinal tract.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Gastrointestinal Tract/abnormalities , Gastric Mucosa/drug effects , Stomach/abnormalities , Dexamethasone/adverse effects , Cisplatin/agonists , Mice, Inbred BALB C/classification
13.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e251219, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345535

ABSTRACT

Abstract The most common form of psycho-social dysfunction is anxiety with depression being related closely without any age bar. They are present with combined state of sadness, confusion, stress, fear etc. Glyoxalase system contains enzyme named glyoxalase 1 (GLO1).It is a metabolic pathway which detoxifies alpha-oxo-aldehydes, particularly methylglyoxal (MG). Methylglyoxal is mainly made by the breakdown of the glycolytic intermediates, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphates and dihydroxyacetone phosphate. Glyoxylase-1 expression is also related with anxiety behavior. A casual role or GLO-1 in anxiety behavior by using viral vectors for over expression in the anterior cingulate cortex was found and it was found that local GLO-1 over expression increased anxiety behavior. The present study deals with the molecular mechanism of protective activity of eugenol against anxiolytic disorder. A pre-clinical animal study was performed on 42 BALB/c mice. Animals were given stress through conventional restrain model. The mRNA expression of GLO-1 was analyzed by real time RT-PCR. Moreover, the GLO-1 protein expression was also examined by immunohistochemistry in whole brain and mean density was calculated. The mRNA and protein expressions were found to be increased in animals given anxiety as compared to the normal control. Whereas, the expressions were decreased in the animals treated with eugenol and its liposome-based nanocarriers in a dose dependent manner. However, the results were better in animals treated with nanocarriers as compared to the compound alone. It is concluded that the eugenol and its liposome-based nanocarriers exert anxiolytic activity by down-regulating GLO-1 protein expression in mice.


Resumo A forma mais comum de disfunção psicossocial é a ansiedade intimamente relacionada com a depressão, sem qualquer barreira de idade. Elas estão presentes em um estado combinado de tristeza, confusão, estresse, medo etc. O sistema de glioxalase contém uma enzima chamada glioxalase 1 (GLO1). É uma via metabólica que desintoxica alfa-oxo-aldeídos, particularmente metilglioxal (MG). O metilglioxal é produzido principalmente pela quebra dos intermediários glicolíticos, gliceraldeído-3-fosfatos e fosfato de diidroxiacetona. A expressão da glioxalase 1 também está relacionada ao comportamento de ansiedade. Um papel casual ou GLO1 no comportamento de ansiedade usando vetores virais para superexpressão no córtex cingulado anterior foi encontrado e descobriu-se que a superexpressão local de GLO1 aumentava o comportamento de ansiedade. O presente estudo trata do mecanismo molecular da atividade protetora do eugenol contra o transtorno ansiolítico. Um estudo pré-clínico em animais foi realizado em 42 camundongos BALB / c. Os animais foram submetidos ao estresse por meio do modelo de contenção convencional. A expressão de mRNA de GLO1 foi analisada por RT-PCR em tempo real. Além disso, a expressão da proteína GLO1 também foi examinada por imuno-histoquímica em todo o cérebro e a densidade média foi calculada. Verificou-se que as expressões de mRNA e proteínas estavam aumentadas em animais que receberam ansiedade em comparação com o controle normal. Considerando que as expressões foram diminuídas nos animais tratados com eugenol e seus nanocarreadores baseados em lipossomas de forma dependente da dose. No entanto, os resultados foram melhores em animais tratados com nanocarreadores em comparação com o composto sozinho. Conclui-se que o eugenol e seus nanocarreadores baseados em lipossomas exercem atividade ansiolítica por regulação negativa da expressão da proteína GLO1 em camundongos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Eugenol/therapeutic use , Eugenol/pharmacology , Lactoylglutathione Lyase/antagonists & inhibitors , Anxiety/drug therapy , Liposomes , Mice, Inbred BALB C
14.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(4): 394-402, dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423715

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el estrés crónico afecta el equilibrio inmunológico alterando los niveles séricos de interleuquina-6 (IL-6) e interferón gama (INF-γ), dicha alteración afecta al sistema nervioso y al comportamiento humano. La masticación adecuada disminuiría dichos efectos. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar el efecto del estrés crónico y de la masticación sobre los niveles séricos de IL-6 e INF-γ. Métodos: experimento donde se emplearon 64 ratones Balb/c de 8 semanas de edad. Se dividieron en 4 tratamientos: Grupo NE: Masticación normal + estrés, Grupo N: masticación normal sin estrés, Grupo DE: Masticación deficiente + estrés, Grupo D: masticación deficiente sin estrés. Mediante test de ELISA se midió IL-6 e IFN-γ alfinal de la 4ta y de la 8va semana de tratamiento. Resultados: tanto la IL-6 como el IFN-γ fueron mayores en el grupo DE (p<0,05) al final de la 4ta semana. Al evaluarlos al término de la 8va semana se observó que en el grupo NE se incrementó la IL-6 respecto al resto de grupos (p<0,0001), y en el grupo DE fue donde se encontró mayor cantidad de IFN-γ (p<0,0001). Conclusión: el estrés crónico y la masticación deficiente incrementan los niveles séricos de IL-6 e IFN-γ. En cambio, la adecuada masticación disminuye el nivel de tales citoquinas al final de la cuarta semana de tratamiento.


Introduction: chronic stress affects the immune balance by altering the serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and gamma interferon (INF-γ), this alteration affects the nervous system and human behavior. Appropriate chewing would lessen these effects. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of chewing and chronic stress over serum levels of IL-6 and INF-γ. Methods: experiment in which 64 Balb/C mice of 8 weeks of age were used, they were divided into 4 treatments: Group NE: Normal chewing + stress, Group N: normal chewing without stress, Group DE: Chewing poor + stress, Group D: poor chewing without stress. IL-6 and IFN-γ were measured by ELISA after 4 and 8 weeks of treatment. Results: both IL-6 and IFN-γ were higher in the DE group (p < 0,05) at the end of fourth week of treatment. When evaluating the animals at the end of the eighth week of treatment, it was observed that in the NE group, the IL-6 was increased with respect to the rest (p < 0,0001) and the DE group showed more IFN-γ (p < 0,0001). Conclusion: stress and poor chewing increase serum IL-6 and IFN-γ. In contrast, appropriate chewing decreases the effects of stress on the increase of such cytokines at the end of the fourth week of treatment in animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Stress, Psychological , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interferon-gamma/analysis , Mastication , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Chronic Disease , Mice, Inbred BALB C
15.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 40-45, maio 05,2022. fig
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370563

ABSTRACT

Introduction: dengue is a most common mosquito-borne viral disease in the Americas and tropical countries. Objective: in this work, mice were hyperimmunized with DENV 4 antigen to produce monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Methodology: DENV 4 (GenBank KC806069) was inoculated in C6/36 cell monolayers cultivated in Leibovitz's 15 medium supplemented with 5% fetal bovine serum and incubated at 28 oC. The virus stock was submitted to concentration and ultracentrifugation and stored at -80 oC until use (VC DENV 4). Balb/c mice were injected intraperitoneally with 50µg of DENV-4 and successive intraperitoneal injections of 25 µg of VCDENV 4 with Freund's incomplete adjuvant were performed. The spleen cells were fused to SP2/0 myeloma cells with PEG 1540 and distributed in 96-well microplates with Iscove's modified medium with Hipoxantina­Aminopterina­Timidina. Hybridoma screening by indirect ELISA showed positive results for six mAbs, and their characterization was performed by Western blotting and Indirect Immunofluorescence (IFI) techniques. Results: the six mAbs showed strong recognition of prM (24/29 kDa), and minor reaction to E protein (66 kDa), E/E protein dimer (105 kDa), and NS1 (49 kDa) protein in two mAbs. The use of mAbs anti-prM as a diagnostic tool using IFI has been demonstrated to detect DENV-4 antigen in infected cells or tissues. Conclusion: DENV 4 generate mAbs with strong reactivity to prM with potential use to confirm the presence of DENV 4 antigen in tissues or infected cells.


Introdução: a dengue é uma doença viral transmitida por mosquitos comumente das Américas e países tropicais. Objetivo: neste trabalho, camundongos foram hiperimunizados com antígeno DENV 4 para produzir anticorpos monoclonais (mAbs). Metodologia: DENV 4 (GenBank KC806069) foi inoculado em monocamadas de células C6 / 36 cultivadas em meio Leibovitz 15 suplementado com 5% de soro fetal bovino e incubadas a 28oC. O estoque viral foi submetido à concentração, ultracentrifugação e armazenado a -80 oC (VC DENV 4). Camundongos Balb / c foram injetados intraperitonealmente com 50 µg de VC DENV-4 e injeções intraperitoneais sucessivas de 25 µg de antigeno com adjuvante incompleto de Freund. As células do baço foram misturadas a células SP2/0 com PEG 1540 e distribuídas em microplacas de 96 poços com meio Iscove Modificado em presença de Hipoxantina ­ Aminopterina ­ Timidina. A triagem de hibridomas por ELISA indireto apresentou resultados positivos para seis mAbs, e sua caracterização foi realizada por técnicas de Western blotting e Imunofluorescência Indireta (IFI). Resultados: os seis mAbs mostraram forte reconhecimento de prM (24/29 kDa) e reação menor à proteína E (66 kDa), dímero de proteína E / E (105 kDa) e proteína NS1 (49 kDa) em dois mAbs. O uso de mAbs anti-prM como uma ferramenta de diagnóstico utilizando IFI demonstrou eficacia em detectar o antígeno DENV-4 em células ou tecidos infectados. Conclusão: o mAbs produzidos para DENV 4 demonstraram uma forte reatividade contra prM, e poderiam ser uma ferramenta de uso potencial no diagnóstico de DENV 4 .


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Dengue/immunology , Dengue Virus/immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal/biosynthesis , Antigens, Viral/administration & dosage , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Mice, Inbred BALB C
16.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 443-457, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939910

ABSTRACT

Antibiotic exposure-induced dysbiosis of the intestinal flora increases the risk of developing allergic rhinitis. Hence, regulating the balance of intestinal flora may be useful for preventing and treating allergic rhinitis. However, the underlying mechanism is unclear. Dendrobium nobile (Shihu) exhibits anti-inflammatory and immune activities. Hence, in this study, we investigated the mechanism via which Shihu may improve allergic rhinitis. Mouse models of allergic rhinitis with intestinal flora dysbiosis (Model-D, antibiotics induce intestinal flora dysbiosis with ovalbumin-induced allergy) and normal intestinal flora with allergic rhinitis (Model-N, ovalbumin-induced allergy) were established. The effect of Shihu on intestinal flora and inflammation caused during allergic rhinitis were analyzed. Allergic symptoms, infiltration of hematoxylin and eosin in the lungs and nose, and the release of various factors [interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IFN-γ, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-17] in the lungs were evaluated. The results indicate that intestinal flora dysbiosis exacerbated lung and nose inflammation in allergic rhinitis. However, treatment with the Shihu extract effectively reversed these symptoms. Besides, the Shihu extract inhibited the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and increased the level of Forkhead box protein in the lungs. Additionally, the Shihu extract reversed intestinal flora dysbiosis at the phylum and genus levels and improved regulator T cell differentiation. Furthermore, in the Model-D group, the Shihu extract inhibited the decrease in the diversity and abundance of the intestinal flora. Screening was performed to determine which intestinal flora was positively correlated with Treg differentiation using Spearman's correlation analysis. In conclusion, we showed that Shihu extract restored the balance in intestinal flora and ameliorated inflammation in the lungs of allergic rhinitis mice and predicted a therapeutic new approach using Traditional Chinese Medicine to improve allergic rhinitis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cytokines/metabolism , Dendrobium , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Dysbiosis/drug therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Inflammation/drug therapy , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Ovalbumin , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Pneumonia , Rhinitis, Allergic/metabolism
17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 376-384, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939892

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease that is prone to recurrence, and the proinflammatory factor, cysteine-rich protein 61 (Cyr61), is important in its pathophysiology. Long-term clinical practice has shown that Sancao Formula (SC), a Chinese herbal compound, is effective in the treatment of psoriasis, but the precise mechanism remains unknown. In this study, we investigate the mechanism by which SC extract alleviates imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis.@*METHODS@#The expression of Cyr61 in psoriatic lesions and normal healthy skin was detected using immunohistochemical analysis to investigate the biological role of Cyr61 in models of psoriatic inflammation. A psoriatic mouse model was established by topical application of IMQ, and the effect of topical application of SC extract was evaluated using the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) score, hematoxylin-eosin staining, and histopathological features of the skin. Next, a HaCaT cell inflammation model was established using interferon-γ (IFN-γ), and the effect of SC extract on the mRNA and protein levels of Cyr61 and intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) was confirmed using Western blot and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analyses.@*RESULTS@#Immunohistochemical staining showed that the expression of Cyr61 in psoriatic lesions was higher than that in normal skin samples (78.26% vs 41.18%, P < 0.05), and the number of Cyr61-positive cells in psoriatic lesions was also significantly higher than in normal skin (18.66 ± 2.51 vs 4.33 ± 1.52, P < 0.05). Treatment in mice with IMQ-induced psoriasis showed that SC extract could significantly improve the inflammatory phenotype, PASI score (10.875 ± 0.744 vs 3.875 ± 0.582, P < 0.05), and pathological features compared with those in IMQ model group; SC treatment was also associated with decreased levels of Cyr61 and ICAM-1. In the IFN-γ-induced inflammatory cell model, the mRNA and protein levels of Cyr61 and ICAM-1 were upregulated, while the SC extract downregulated the levels of Cyr61 and ICAM-1.@*CONCLUSION@#The results provide a theoretical basis for the involvement of Cyr61 in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, and suggest that SC should be used to target Cyr61 for the prevention of psoriasis recurrence.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , China , Cysteine-Rich Protein 61/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Imiquimod/adverse effects , Inflammation/drug therapy , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics , Interferon-gamma , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Psoriasis/pathology , RNA, Messenger/therapeutic use
18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 719-724, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939799

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the anti-inflammatory potential of Ampelopsis japonica on contact dermatitis (CD).@*METHODS@#A total of 38 Balb/c mice were divided into 5 groups by using a random number table: normal mice (n=6), CD model mice (n=8), CD mice treated with 3 or 30 mg/kg of the ethanol extract of A. japonica (EEAJ, n=8) and 7.5 mg/kg dexamethasone treated CD mice (DEX, n=8). CD was induced using topical application of 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene in mice. EEAJ and DEX were topically applied to the shaved skin of each mouse for 6 days, and the effects of EEAJ and DEX on skin lesions and color, histopathological abnormalities such as epidermal hyperplasia and immune cell infiltration, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) production were investigated. The effects on changes in body weights and spleen/body weight ratio were also investigated.@*RESULTS@#EEAJ at 30 mg/kg significantly prevented scaling, erythema and enlargement of skin weight compared to using carbon dioxide. EEAJ also prevented epithelial hyperplasia and immune cell infiltrations induced by repeated application of DNFB (P<0.01). In addition, EEAJ significantly lowered levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and MCP-1 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). The anti-inflammatory effects of EEAJ were similar to those of DEX.@*CONCLUSION@#A. japonica may be a new therapeutic agent with the potential to reduce or replace corticosteroids and its mechanisms are closely related to regulation of TNF-α production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Ampelopsis , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Cytokines , Dermatitis, Contact/pathology , Dinitrofluorobenzene/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Interleukin-6 , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
19.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 612-619, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939792

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the therapeutic effects of acupoint autohemotherapy (A-AHT) on 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (DNCB)-induced atopic dermatitis (AD) in mice focusing on regulating T helper 1/T helper 2 (Th1/Th2) immune responses.@*METHODS@#Thirty BALB/c mice were divided into 5 groups by a random number table, including normal control (NC), AD model (AD), A-AHT, sham A-AHT (sA-AHT), and acupoint injection of normal saline (A-NS) groups, 6 mice per group. Mice were challenged by DNCB for the establishment of experimental AD model. On the 8th day, except for the NC and AD groups, the mice in the other groups received management once every other day for a total of 28 days. For the A-AHT and sA-AHT groups, 0.05 mL of autologous whole blood (AWB) was injected into bilateral Zusanli (ST 36) and Quchi (LI 11) and sham-acupoints (5 mm lateral to ST 36 and LI 11), respectively. The A-NS group was administrated with 0.05 mL of normal saline by acupoint injection into ST 36 and LI 11. Dermatitis severity for dorsal skin of mice was determined using the Severity Scoring of Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) every week. The total immunoglobulin E (IgE), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) cytokine levels in serum were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Spleen Th1/Th2 expression were analyzed via flow cytometry and immunohistochemical assay was used to detect T-box expressed in T cell (T-bet) and GATA-binding protein 3 (GATA3) expressions in skin lesions of mice.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the AD group, both A-AHT and sA-AHT reduced the SCORAD index and serum IgE level (P<0.05 or P<0.01); A-AHT, sA-AHT and A-NS down-regulated serum IL-4 level and upregulated IFN-γ/IL-4 ratio (P<0.05 or P<0.01); A-AHT regulated the Th1/Th2 shift specifically and increased the related transcription factors such as T-bet expression and T-bet/GATA3 ratio (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#A-AHT showed significant effectiveness on the AD model mice, through regulating Th1/Th2 immune responses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acupuncture Points , Dermatitis, Atopic/therapy , Dinitrobenzenes , Dinitrochlorobenzene , Immunoglobulin E , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-4 , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Saline Solution
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 167-175, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927924

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma(AR-CR) is a combination commonly used in the clinical treatment of tumors. Based on the T helper 17(Th17)/regulatory T cell(Treg) balance, the present study explored the possible mechanism of AR-CR combined with 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) on the tumor growth of orthotopic xenograft model mice of colorectal carcinoma. Ninety male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into nine groups, i.e., a blank group, a model group, a 5-FU group, high-, medium-, and low-dose AR-CR(2∶1) groups, and high-, medium-, and low-dose AR-CR+5-FU groups, with 10 mice in each group. The orthotopic xenograft model of CT26.WT colorectal carcinoma was induced in mice except those in the blank group. Twenty-four hours after the ope-ration, mice in the blank group and the model group received normal saline by gavage(10 mL·kg~(-1), once per day), and those in the 5-FU group received 5-FU by intraperitoneal injection(25 mg·kg~(-1), once every other day). Mice in the AR-CR groups received AR and CR decoctions by gavage(12, 6, and 3 g·kg~(-1), once a day) and those in the combination groups received AR and CR decoctions and 5-FU(doses and administration methods were the same as above). After intervention for three weeks, all mice were sacrificed and tumor tissues were collected. The tumor mass was weighed and the average tumor weight was calculated. The changing trend of Th17/Treg(%) in the CD4~+T lymphocytes of the spleen tissues of the mice in each group was detected. The mRNA expression in the blood and protein expression in the tumor tissues of transforming growth factor-β(TGF-β), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interferon-γ(IFN-γ), Smad4, N-cadherin, matrix metalloproteinase-7(MMP-7) were detected. The experimental results revealed that compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed reduced tumor mass(P<0.01), decreased CD4~+IL-17~+ in the spleen tissues to varying degrees(P<0.001), and increased proportion of CD4~+Foxp3~+(P<0.001 or P<0.05), indicating that Th17/Treg maintained dynamic balance, and the effect of the combination groups was predominant. Additionally, the mRNA expression in the blood and protein expression in the tumor tissues of TGF-β, TNF-α, IFN-γ, Smad4, N-cadherin, and MMP-7 declined to varying degrees in a dose-dependent manner(P<0.01 or P<0.001). The AR-CR combined with 5-FU can inhibit the tumor growth of orthotopic xenograft model mice of CT26.WT colorectal carcinoma. The mechanism may be related to maintenance of Th17/Treg dynamic balance in the body and down-regulation of TGF-β, TNF-α, IFN-γ, Smad4, N-cadherin, and MMP-7 expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Heterografts , Mice, Inbred BALB C , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL