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Int. j. morphol ; 29(3): 862-867, Sept. 2011. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-608672


Mentha piperita (Labiatae), commonly known as peppermint is a native Iranian herb which is used in folk medicine for various purposes. This study was carried out to reveal the teratogenic effect of Mentha piperita on mice fetuses. In this experimental study, pregnant Balb/c mice divided to four groups. Case group received 600 (treatment I) and 1200 (treatment II) mg/kg/day the hydroalcoholic extract of Mentha piperita during 6-15 of gestational days and one control group received normal saline during GD6-GD15 by gavages and other control group did not receive any matter during 6-15 of gestational days. Mice sacrificed at GD18 and embryos were collected. Macroscopic observation was done by stereomicroscope. 20 fetuses of each group were stained by Alizarin red-S and Alcian blue staining method. The Mean weight of fetuses decreased in treatment groups rather than control (P<0.05) but CRL there was no significant difference between treatments and controls groups. In the treatment I (600 mg/kg/day) and treatment II (1200 mg/kg/day), normal saline and control group, no gross congenital malformations were observed in fetuses. Treated fetuses also had no delayed bone ossification as determined by Alizarin red-S and Alcian blue staining method. This study showed that the hydroalcoholic extract of Mentha piperita (600 and 1200 mg/kg/day) has no teratogenic effect in mice fetuses if used continuously during embryonic period.

Mentha piperita (Labiatae), comúnmente conocida como menta, es una hierba nativa de Irán, que se utiliza en la medicina tradicional para diversos fines. Este estudio fue realizado para descubrir el efecto teratogénico de la Mentha piperita en fetos de ratones. Los ratones Balb/c preñadas fueron divididas en cuatro grupos. Los grupos recibieron 600 (tratamiento I) y 1200 (tratamiento II) mg/kg/día del extracto hidroalcohólico de Mentha piperita durante los días 6-15 de gestación (DG), mientras que un grupo control recibió solución salina normal durante los DG 6-15 vía oral y otro grupo control sano no recibió substancia durante los DG 6-15. Los ratones fueron sacrificados el DG 18, recolectando los fetos. Se realizó la observación macroscópica mediante un estereomicroscopio. 20 fetos de cada grupo se tiñeron por el método de rojo de alizarina-S y azul de Alcián. La media de peso de los fetos disminuyó más en los grupos de tratamientos que los controles (p <0,05), pero CRL no presentó diferencias significativas entre los tratamientos y los grupos control. En los fetos del grupos tratamiento I (600 mg/kg/día), tratamiento II (1200 mg/kg/día), solución salina normal y control no se observó ninguna malformación congénita grave. Los fetos tratados tampoco tuvieron osificación ósea retrasada según lo determinado por el método de rojo de alizarina-S y azul de Alcián. Este estudio mostró que el extracto hidroalcohólico de Mentha piperita (600 y 1200 mg/kg/día) no tiene efectos teratogénicos en fetos de ratones al ser utilizado continuamente durante el período embrionario.

Rats , Fetal Development , Mentha piperita/toxicity , Mentha piperita/ultrastructure , Teratogens/toxicity , Embryonic Development , Mice, Inbred BALB C/growth & development , Mice, Inbred BALB C/embryology
Arch. med. res ; 27(4): 573-7, 1996. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-200365


Hertwing's epithelial root sheath (HERS) cells were isolated and recombined with ectomesenchymal cells in vitro utilizing extracellular matrix components as substrate. After 14 days in culture, HERS cells were differnetiated and exhibited a stratified organization. These features resembled those observed in vivo as epithelial rests of Malassez. A mineralization process was also present in HERS cells, in which calcium salts were deposited. This mineralization was correlated with the strong immunoexpression of osteopontin by HERS. The results obtained add support to the possible role of HERS in the secretion of Hypocalcified material on the root during early cementogenesis

Mice , Animals , Tooth Calcification/physiology , Calcification, Physiologic/physiology , Dental Cementum/physiology , Dental Papilla/cytology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Epithelium , Mice, Inbred BALB C/growth & development