Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 179
Filter
1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1522-1527, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922289

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of cell division cycle protein 37 (Cdc37) in multiple myeloma (MM) and its effect on MM cell proliferation.@*METHODS@#The expression of Cdc37 mRNA in CD138@*RESULTS@#Cdc37 was highly expressed in newly diagnosed CD138@*CONCLUSION@#Cdc37 is highly expressed in newly diagnosed MM patients. Inhibition of Cdc37 results in decreased proliferation activity and G


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Cycle Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Chaperonins , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Multiple Myeloma
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1429-1435, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the in vivo traceable acute myeloid leukemia mice model with Luciferase-Expressing KG1a Cells.@*METHODS@#KG1a cells with stable luciferase gene expression (called as KG1a-Luc cells) were constructed by lentivirus transfection, then sifted out by puromycin. Eighteen male NOD-SCID-IL2rg@*RESULTS@#KG1a cells expressing luciferase stably were successfully obtained. The tumor luminescence wildly spread at day 17 captured by in vivo imaging. The KG1a-Luc tumor cells could be detected in the peripheral blood of the mice, with the average percentage of (16.27±6.66)%. The morphology and pathology result showed that KG1a-Luc cells infiltrate was detected in bone marrow, spleens and livers. The survival time of the KG1a-Luc mice was notably shorter as compared with those in the control group, the median survival time was 30.5 days (95%CI: 0.008-0.260).@*CONCLUSION@#The acute myeloid leukemia NOD-SCID-IL2rg


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin Receptor Common gamma Subunit , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Luciferases/genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of tripterine on adhesion molecules and cell biological characteristics in mice with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) tumor.@*METHODS@#Eighteen SCID beige mice were caudal vein injected with NB4 cell lines (5×10@*RESULTS@#The neutrophil decrased and promyelocytes, NB4 cells, B lymphocytes and white blood cells increased in tumor-bearing group as compared with control group (P<0.05), and the expressions of serum P-selectin (P-selectin), soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1, sVCAM-1) and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1, sICAM-1) all increased (P<0.05). The cell cycle showed that the proportion of G@*CONCLUSION@#Tripterine may not only inhibit the expression of sVCAM-1 and sICAM-1 proteins in APL tumor-bearing mice and reduce the adhesion of tumor cells, but also block tumor cells at G


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Cycle , Cell Division , Humans , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute/drug therapy , Mice , Mice, SCID , Triterpenes , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880764

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the antitumor effect of ponatinib on the growth of cholangiocarcinoma xenograft derived from a clinical patient in a mouse model expressing FGFR2-CCDC6 fusion protein.@*METHODS@#Lung metastatic tumor tissue was collected from a patient with advanced intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and implanted subcutaneously a NOD/SCID/ Il2rg-knockout (NSG) mouse. The tumor tissues were harvested and transplanted in nude mice to establish mouse models bearing patient-derived xenograft (PDX) of cholangiocarcinoma expressing FGFR2-CCDC6 fusion protein. The PDX mouse models were divided into 4 groups for treatment with citrate buffer (control group), intragastric administration of 20 mg/kg ponatinib dissolved in citrate buffer (ponatinib group), weekly intraperitoneal injections of 50 mg/kg gemcitabine and 2.5 mg/ kg cisplatin (gemcitabine group), or ponatinib combined with gemcitabine and cisplatin at the same doses (10 mice in each group, and 9 mice were evaluated in ponatinib group). The expressions of p-FGFR, p-FRS2, p-AKT, p-ERK, CD31, and Ki-67 in the xenografts were evaluated with immunohistochemistry, and cell apoptosis was analyzed with cleaved caspase-3 (CC3) staining and TUNEL staining. Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of FGFR2, p-FGFR, AKT, p-AKT, ERK, p-ERK, FRS2 and p-FRS2 in the tumor tissues.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the control group, the mice in ponatinib group showed a significantly reduced tumor volume (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ponatinib can regulate FGFR signaling to inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumor cells in mice bearing patient-derived cholangiocarcinoma xenograft with FGFR2 fusion. FGFR inhibitor can serve as a treatment option for patients with cholangiocarcinoma with FGFR2 fusion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile Duct Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cholangiocarcinoma/genetics , Cytoskeletal Proteins , Heterografts , Humans , Imidazoles , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, Nude , Mice, SCID , Pyridazines , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 2 , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826376

ABSTRACT

To obtain ultrasound and thermal tomography images of breast cancer during its growth and to assess the value of thermal tomography in detecting breast cancer. Breast cancer models were established with NOD/SCID mice and SD rats. These animal models were examined by thermal tomography,plain ultrasound,and contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Tumor tissues were stained with CD34 to explore the relationship between tumor heat production and vascular pathology. Thermal tomography detected breast cancer 2-4 days earlier than ultrasound. The expression of CD34 in tumor tissues was increased,along with thickened,increased,and irregular blood vessels. Thermal tomography can detect early breast cancer and is a promising tool for screening breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Early Diagnosis , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Neoplasms, Experimental , Diagnostic Imaging , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tomography , Ultrasonography, Mammary
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 29-36, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983752

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Diseases caused by melanized fungi include mycetoma, chromoblastomycosis and phaeohyphomycosis. This broad clinical spectrum depends on the dynamic interactions between etiologic agent and host. The immune status of the host influences on the development of the disease, as, an exemple. phaeohyphomicosis is more frequently observed in immunocompromised patients. Objectives: Examine the histological inflammatory response induced by Fonsecaea pedrosoi in several different strains of mice (BALB/c, C57BL/6, Nude and SCID, and reconstituted Nude). Methods: Fonsecaea pedrosoi was cultivated on agar gel and a fragment of this gel was implanted subcutaneously in the abdominal region of female adult mice. After infection has been obtained, tissue fragment was studied histopathologically. Results: There were significant changes across the strains, with the nodular lesion more persistent in Nude and SCID mice, whereas in immunocompetent mice the lesion progressed to ulceration and healing. The histopathological analysis showed a significant acute inflammatory reaction which consisted mainly of neutrophils in the initial phase that was subsequently followed by a tuberculoid type granuloma in immunocompetent mice. Study limitations: There is no a suitable animal model for chromoblastomycosis. Conclusions: The neutrophilic infiltration had an important role in the containment of infection to prevent fungal spreading, including in immunodeficient mice. The fungal elimination was dependent on T lymphocytes. The re-exposure of C57BL/6 mice to Fonsecaea pedrosoi caused a delay in resolving the infection, and appearance of muriform cells, which may indicate that re-exposure to fungi, might lead to chronicity of infection.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Ascomycota , Dermatomycoses/immunology , Immunocompetence , Inflammation/immunology , Inflammation/microbiology , Species Specificity , Time Factors , Blood Cell Count , Chronic Disease , Chromoblastomycosis/immunology , Chromoblastomycosis/pathology , Mice, SCID , Dermatomycoses/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Inflammation/pathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Nude , Neutrophils
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1522-1529, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the tumorigenicity of several multiple myeloma (MM) cell lines transplanted in mice without γ-ray irradiation and to construct the MM disease model to facilitate in vivo experiments.@*METHODS@#NOD/SCID or NSG mice were subcutaneously or caudally transplanted with MM cell lines (LP-1, OPM2, RPMI 8226 and MOLP8), or cell lines with luciferase (RPMI-Luc-Puro, RPMI-Luc-mCherry and MOLP8-Luc-Puro). Tumor growth was observed by measuring the tumor size with a caliper. CD138 tumor cells in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. The free light chain in mouse serum was detected by immunofixation electrophoresis. Tumor type was identified by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#Twenty one NOD/SCID mice were subcutaneously transplanted with LP-1 cells or OPM2 cells respectively, and no tumors formed till 7 weeks after transplantation. Fifteen NOD/SCID mice subcutaneously transplanted with RPMI 8226 cells showed tumor formation one week later. As of 7 weeks, the rate of tumorigenesis was 80% (12/15). Serum λ light chain was detected and no CD138 tumor cells were detected in peripheral blood. Two NOD/SCID mice each were subcutaneously transplanted with RPMI-Luc-Puro, RPMI-Luc-mcherry and MOLP8-Luc-Puro cells respectively. No tumor signal was detected through IVIS in RPMI-Luc-mcherry cells-transplanted mice. There was tumor signal at 1 week in RPMI-Luc-Puro and MOLP8-Luc-Puro cells-transplanted mice, the former disappeared at 2 weeks and the latter persisted more than 3 weeks. NSG mice subcutaneously transplanted with both cells persistently displayed the tumor signal. Neither NOD/SCID nor NSG mice transplanted with RPMI 8226, RPMI-Luc-Puro, RPMI-Luc-mcherry or MOLP8-Luc-Puro cells through tail vein developed the tumor signal. Only one NSG mice transplanted with MOLP8-Luc-Puro cells appeared transient tumor signal.@*CONCLUSION@#Unirradiated mice transplanted with MM cell lines tended to develop local tumor, and failed to develop disseminated tumor. The tumorigenicity of different cell lines is quite different and the vector transfection can reduce the tumorigenic ability. NSG mice with more severe immunodeficiency are more suitable for tumor growth.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinogenesis , Cell Line , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Multiple Myeloma
8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 216-224, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775435

ABSTRACT

Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is the main cause of brain tumor-related death among children. Until now, there is still a lack of effective therapy with prolonged overall survival for this disease. A typical strategy for preclinical cancer research is to find out the molecular differences between tumor tissue and para-tumor normal tissue, in order to identify potential therapeutic targets. Unfortunately, it is impossible to obtain normal tissue for DIPG because of the vital functions of the pons. Here we report the human fetal hindbrain-derived neural progenitor cells (pontine progenitor cells, PPCs) as normal control cells for DIPG. The PPCs not only harbored similar cell biological and molecular signatures as DIPG glioma stem cells, but also had the potential to be immortalized by the DIPG-specific mutation H3K27M in vitro. These findings provide researchers with a candidate normal control and a potential medicine carrier for preclinical research on DIPG.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Stem Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cellular Senescence , Female , Glioma , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Histones , Genetics , Humans , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Neoplasm Transplantation , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Neural Stem Cells , Metabolism , Pathology , Pons , Embryology , Metabolism , Pathology , Primary Cell Culture
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772338

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is characterized by poor differentiation, high malignancy and rapid growth fast, short double time, early and extensive metastatic malignancy. In clinical, chemotherapy is the main treatment method, while resistance to multiple chemotherapy drugs in six to nine months has been a major clinical challenge in SCLC treatment. Therefore, It has important clinical value to building SCLC aninimal model which is similar to patients with SCLC. Animal model of xenotransplantation (PDX) from the patients with small cell lung cancer can well retain the characteristics of primary tumor and is an ideal preclinical animal model. The study is aimed to establish SCLC PDX animal model and induce the chemoresistance model to help to study the mechanism of chemoresistance and individual treatment.@*METHODS@#Fresh surgical excision or puncture specimens from SCLC patients were transplanted into B-NSGTM mice subcutaneous tissues with severe immunodeficiency in one hour after operation the B-NSGTM mice subcutaneous in 1 hour, and inject chemotherapy drugs intraperitoneally after its tumor growed to 400 mm³ with EP which is cisplatin 8 mg/kg eight days and etoposide 5 mg/kg every two days until 8 cycles. Measure the tumor volum and mice weights regularly, then re-engrafted the largest tumor and continue chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#Nine cases were conducted for B-NSG mice modeling. Three of nine cases could be engrafted to new B-NSG mice at least two generation. The SCLC PDX animal models have been established successfully. After adopting chemotherapy drugs, the chemoresistance PDX models have been established. High homogeneity was found between xenograft tumor and patient's tumor in histopathology, immunohistochemical phenotype (Syn, CD56, Ki67).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The SCLC PDX animal model and the chemoresistance PDX animal model have been successfully constructed, the success rate is 33%, which provides a platform for the clinical research, seeking for biological markers and choosing individual treatment methods of SCLC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Pharmacology , Cisplatin , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Etoposide , Female , Humans , Interleukin Receptor Common gamma Subunit , Genetics , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, Knockout , Mice, SCID , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Transplantation, Heterologous , Methods , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1616-1620, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Quercetin on cell cycle and adhesive molecules of NOD.SCID mice with acule B lymphocytic leuaemia(B-ALL).@*METHODS@#5×10 Nalm-6(B-ALL cell line) cells were injected into the tail vein of 48 NOD/SCID mice to establish the NOD/SCID mice with B-ALL. After 15 day, the NOD/SCID mice with B-ALL were randomly divided into 3 groups: salive group as control (injection with saline of 0.2 ml/mouse), cyclophos-phamid group (injection with cyclophosphamide of 100µg/kg) and quercetin group(injection with quercetin of 3 mg/kg). After treatment for 21 d, the perecntage of Nalm-6 cells in G1, G2, M and S phases was detected by flow cytonetry; the B lymphocytes Nalm-6 cells, neutrophils and WBC in while blood were counted before and after treatment; the expression of intercellalar. Adhesion molecole-1(FCAIU-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1) and P-selectin was detected by double autibody soundwich method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with level before treatment, the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and P-selectin decreased after treatment with guercetin, The hemogram showed that the peripheral blood nentrophil level obviously increased, while the levels of B lymphocytes, Nalm-6 cells and WBC count decreased obviously after treatment with guercetin. The cell proliferatim rario in G0/G1 phase decreased, yet the cell proliferation ratio in S and G2/M phases increased after treatment with guercetin.@*CONCLUSION@#The guercetin can decrease the intercellular adhesion through inhibition of ICAM-1 expression, and arrests Nalm-6 cells in S and G2/M phases. The guercetin has obviously inhibitory effect on B-ALL cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Leukemia, B-Cell , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Quercetin , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1174-1184, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688148

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>The incidence of cancer, diabetes, and autoimmune diseases has been increasing. Furthermore, there are more and more patients with solid organ transplants. The survival rate of these immunocompromised individuals is extremely low when they are severely hit-on. In this study, we established cardiac arrest cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) model in severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice, analyzed the expression and activation of mitochondrial autophagy and NLRP3 inflammasome/caspase-1, and explored mitochondrial repair and inflammatory injury in immunodeficiency individual during systemic ischemia-reperfusion injury.</p><p><b>Methods</b>A potassium chloride-induced cardiac arrest model was established in C57BL/6 and nonobese diabetic/SCID (NOD/SCID) mice. One hundred male C57BL/6 mice and 100 male NOD/SCID mice were randomly divided into five groups (control, 2 h post-CPR, 12 h post-CPR, 24 h post-CPR, and 48 h post-CPR). A temporal dynamic view of alveolar epithelial cells, macrophages, and neutrophils from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was obtained using Giemsa staining. Spatial characterization of phenotypic analysis of macrophages in the lung interstitial tissue was analyzed by flow cytometry. The morphological changes of mitochondria 48 h after CPR were studied by transmission electron microscopy and quantified according to the Flameng grading system. Western blotting analysis was used to detect the expression and activation of the markers of mitochondrial autophagy, NLRP3 inflammasome, and caspase-1.</p><p><b>Results</b>(1) In NOD/SCID mice, macrophages were disintegrated in BALF, and many alveolar epithelial cells were shed at 48 h after resuscitation. Compared with C57BL/6 mice, the ratio of macrophages/total cells peaked at 12 h and was significantly higher in NOD/SCID mice (31.17 ± 4.13 vs. 49.69 ± 2.43, t = 14.46, P = 0.001). After 24 h, the results showed a downward trend. Furthermore, a large number of macrophages were disintegrated in the BALF. (2) Mitochondrial autophagy was present in both C57BL/6 and NOD/SCID mice after CPR, but it began late in the NOD/SCID mice. Compared with C57BL/6 mice, phos-ULK1 (Ser) expression was significantly lower at 2 h and 12 h after CPR (2 h after CPR: 1.88 ± 0.36 vs. 1.12 ± 0.11, t = -1.36, P < 0.01 and 12 h after CPR: 1.52 ± 0.16 vs. 1.05 ± 0.12, t = -0.33, P < 0.01), whereas phos-ULK1 (Ser) expression was significantly higher at 2 h and 12 h after CPR in NOD/SCID mice (2 h after CPR: 1.28 ± 0.12 vs. 1.69 ± 0.14, t = 1.7, P < 0.01 and 12 h after CPR: 1.33 ± 0.10 vs. 1.94 ± 0.13, t = 2.75, P < 0.01). (3) Furthermore, NLRP3 inflammasome/caspase-1 activation in the pulmonary tissues occurred early and for only a short time in C57BL/6 mice, but this phenomenon was sustained in NOD/SCID mice. The expression of the NLRP3 inflammasome increased modestly in the C57 mice, but the increase was higher in the NOD/SCID mice than in the C57BL/6 mice, especially at 12, 24, 48 h after CPR (48 h after CPR: 1.46 ± 0.13 vs. 2.97 ± 0.19, t = 5.34, P = 0.001). The expression of caspase-1-20 generally followed the same pattern as the NLRP3 inflammasome.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>There is a regulatory relationship between the NLRP3 inflammasome and mitochondrial autophagy after CPR in the healthy mice. This regulatory relationship was disturbed in the NOD/SCID mice because the signals for mitochondrial autophagy occurred late, and NLRP3 inflammasome- and caspase-1-dependent cell injury was sustained.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Physiology , Heart Arrest , Metabolism , Inflammasomes , Metabolism , Lung , Metabolism , Macrophages , Metabolism , Physiology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Mitochondria , Metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Metabolism
12.
Immune Network ; : e31-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716248

ABSTRACT

Allogeneic natural killer (NK) cell therapy is a potential therapeutic approach for a variety of solid tumors. We established an expansion method for large-scale production of highly purified and functionally active NK cells, as well as a freezing medium for the expanded NK cells. In the present study, we assessed the effect of cryopreservation on the expanded NK cells in regards to viability, phenotype, and anti-tumor activity. NK cells were enormously expanded (about 15,000-fold expansion) with high viability and purity by stimulating CD³⁺ T cell-depleted peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) with irradiated autologous PBMCs in the presence of IL-2 and OKT3 for 3 weeks. Cell viability was slightly reduced after freezing and thawing, but cytotoxicity and cytokine secretion were not significantly different. In a xenograft mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma cells, cryopreserved NK cells had slightly lower anti-tumor efficacy than freshly expanded NK cells, but this was overcome by a 2-fold increased dose of cryopreserved NK cells. In vivo antibody-dependent cell cytotoxicity (ADCC) activity of cryopreserved NK cells was also demonstrated in a SCID mouse model injected with Raji cells with rituximab co-administration. Therefore, we demonstrated that expanded/frozen NK cells maintain viability, phenotype, and anti-tumor activity immediately after thawing, indicating that expanded/frozen NK cells can provide ‘ready-to-use’ cell therapy for cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Survival , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Cryopreservation , Freezing , Heterografts , Humans , Interleukin-2 , Killer Cells, Natural , Methods , Mice , Mice, SCID , Muromonab-CD3 , Phenotype , Rituximab
13.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 121-129, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756967

ABSTRACT

Novel biologics that redirect cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) to kill tumor cells bearing a tumor associated antigen hold great promise in the clinic. However, the ability to safely and potently target CD3 on CTL toward tumor associated antigens (TAA) expressed on tumor cells remains a challenge of both technology and biology. Herein we describe the use of a Half DVD-Ig format that can redirect CTL to kill tumor cells. Notably, Half DVD-Ig molecules that are monovalent for each specificity demonstrated reduced non-specific CTL activation and conditional CTL activation upon binding to TAA compared to intact tetravalent DVD-Ig molecules that are bivalent for each specificity, while maintaining good drug like properties and appropriate PK properties.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Bispecific , Allergy and Immunology , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Allergy and Immunology , Pharmacokinetics , CD3 Complex , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cytotoxicity, Immunologic , ErbB Receptors , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Lymphocyte Activation , Allergy and Immunology , Mice, SCID , Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology
14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 157-163, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812793

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of muskolibanum combination on the proliferation and differentiation of prostate stem cells.@*METHODS@#We cultured prostate epithelial cells and urogenital sinus mesenchymal (UGSM) cells from 7-10 d old C57BL/6 mice and 16-18 d old pregnant C57BL/6 mice, transplanted the mixed suspension of the two types of cells under the kidney envelope of SCIDCB.17 male mice, and harvested the transplants 30 days later. We randomly divided the SCIDCB.17 mice into four groups to be treated intragastrically with musk (n = 8), olibanum (n = 8), musk+olibanum (n = 7), and normal saline (blank control, n = 8)) respectively, all for 14 days. Then we collected the kidney tissue for observation of the morphology of the glandular tubes and differentiation of different subsets of stem cells by HE staining and determination of the expressions and distribution of P63, CD133, CD117 and Sca1 by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#A system was successfully established for the isolation and mixed culture of Sca1 Lin+ CD49f+ (LSC) cells of prostate stem cells and UGSM cells of the mouse embryonic prostate. Immunohistochemistry showed positive expressions of P63, CD133, Sca1, and CD117 in the prostatic acinar epithelia and proved the presence of prostatic acinar epithelial structure in the transplants. Compared with the blank control group, the expressions of CD133, Sca1 and CD117 were significantly increased in the musk, olibanum, and musk+olibanum groups (P< 0.05), higher in the musk+olibanum than in the musk or olibanum group (P< 0.05), and their protein expressions were even more elevated in the musk+olibanum group (P< 0.01), with statistically significant difference from the olibanum group (P< 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The combination of musk and olibanum can improve the proliferation and differentiation of prostate stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Drug Therapy, Combination , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated , Pharmacology , Female , Frankincense , Pharmacology , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, SCID , Pregnancy , Prostate , Cell Biology , Random Allocation , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Receptors, Cholinergic , Stem Cells , Cell Biology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272478

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of oxygen concentration and reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the biological characteristics of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) and to analyzed the relationship among the oxygen concentration, ROS and the biological characteristics of mouse HSC through simulation of oxygen environment experienced by PB HSC during transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The detection of reactive oxygen species (ROS), in vitro amplification, directional differentiation (BFU-E, CFU-GM, CFU-Mix), homing of adhesion molecules (CXCR4, CD44, VLA4, VLA5, P-selectin), migration rate, CFU-S of NOD/SCID mice irradiated with sublethal dose were performed to study the effect of oxgen concentration and reactive oxygen species on the biological characteristics of mouse BM-HSC and the relationship among them.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The oxygen concentrations lower than normal oxygen concentration (especially hypoxic oxygen environment) could reduce ROS level and amplify more Lin(-) c-kit(+) Sca-1(+) BM HSC, which was more helpful to the growth of various colonies (BFU-E, CFU-GM, CFU-Mix) and to maintain the migratory ability of HSC, thus promoting CFU-S growth significantly after the transplantation of HSC in NOD/SCID mice irradiated by a sublethal dose. BM HSC exposed to oxygen environments of normal, inconstant oxygen level and strenuously thanging of oxygen concentration could result in higher level of ROS, at the same time, the above-mentioned features and functional indicators were relatively lower.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The ROS levels of BM HSC in PB HSCT are closely related to the concentrations and stability of oxygen surrounding the cells. High oxygen concentration results in an high level of ROS, which is not helpful to maintain the biological characteristics of BM HSC. Before transplantation and in vitro amplification, the application of antioxidancs and constant oxygen level environments may be beneficial for transplantation of BMMSC.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Culture Media , Chemistry , Erythroid Precursor Cells , Cell Biology , Granulocyte-Macrophage Progenitor Cells , Cell Biology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Oxygen , Chemistry , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
16.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 722-734, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757383

ABSTRACT

Programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is a RNA-binding protein that acts as a tumor suppressor in many cancer types, including colorectal cancer (CRC). During CRC carcinogenesis, PDCD4 protein levels remarkably decrease, but the underlying molecular mechanism for decreased PDCD4 expression is not fully understood. In this study, we performed bioinformatics analysis to identify miRNAs that potentially target PDCD4. We demonstrated miR-181b as a direct regulator of PDCD4. We further showed that activation of IL6/STAT3 signaling pathway increased miR-181b expression and consequently resulted in downregulation of PDCD4 in CRC cells. In addition, we investigated the biological effects of PDCD4 inhibition by miR-181b both in vitro and in vivo and found that miR-181b could promote cell proliferation and migration and suppress apoptosis in CRC cells and accelerate tumor growth in xenograft mice, potentially through targeting PDCD4. Taken together, this study highlights an oncomiR role for miR-181b in regulating PDCD4 in CRC and suggests that miR-181b may be a novel molecular therapeutic target for CRC.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Caco-2 Cells , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Heterografts , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Nude , Mice, SCID , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Transplantation , RNA, Neoplasm , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2460-2468, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307391

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Perineural invasion (PNI) is a histopathological characteristic of pancreatic cancer (PanCa). The aim of this study was to observe the treatment effect of continuous low-dose-rate (CLDR) irradiation to PNI and assess the PNI-related pain relief caused by iodine-125 ( 125 I) seed implantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The in vitro PNI model established by co-culture with dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and cancer cells was interfered under 2 and 4 Gy of 125 I seeds CLDR irradiation. The orthotopic models of PNI were established, and 125 I seeds were implanted in tumor. The PNI-related molecules were analyzed. In 30 patients with panCa, the pain relief was assessed using a visual analog scale (VAS). Pain intensity was measured before and 1 week, 2 weeks, and 1, 3, and 6 months after 125 I seed implantation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The co-culture of DRG and PanCa cells could promote the growth of PanCa cells and DRG neurites. In co-culture groups, the increased number of DRG neurites and pancreatic cells in radiation group was significantly less. In orthotopic models, the PNI-positive rate in radiation and control group was 3/11 and 7/11; meanwhile, the degrees of PNI between radiation and control groups was significant difference (P < 0.05). At week 2, the mean VAS pain score in patients decreased by 50% and significantly improved than the score at baseline (P < 0.05). The pain scores were lower in all patients, and the pain-relieving effect was retained about 3 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The CLDR irradiation could inhibit PNI of PanCa with the value of further study. The CLDR irradiation could do great favor in preventing local recurrence and alleviating pain.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Radiation Effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Coculture Techniques , Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation , Ganglia, Spinal , Cell Biology , Humans , Iodine Radioisotopes , Therapeutic Uses , Mice , Mice, SCID , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Radiotherapy , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Radiotherapy , Rats
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323567

ABSTRACT

The patient-derived tumor xenografts (PDX) model is an animal model established by directly engrafting fresh tumor tissue of patients into immunodeficiency mice after surgery or biopsy, which plays an important role in the study of tumor biology. However, the transformation of PDX into lymphoma limits the application of this model. The characters of this transformation include that epithelial tumors origin, predorminance of B-cell lymphomas, lost of architectural feature of primary tumor, absence of epithelial tumor markers, and CD45 and CD20 expression. That were characteristics of human B lymphocytes, and possible infection of Epstein-Barr virus(EBV). The biology of primary tumor, EBV infection, inflammation infiltration in primary tumors and the host immune status are the main related factors in this transformation. Therefore, selective xenograft by the detection of EBV infection and inflammation infiltration in primary tumors may be effective methods to prevent lymphomagenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , B-Lymphocytes , Disease Models, Animal , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Heterografts , Humans , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Mice , Mice, SCID , Neoplasms , Transplantation, Heterologous
20.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-9, 2015. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950823

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Theoretically human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have the capacity to self-renew and differentiate into all human cell types. Therefore, the greatest promise of hESCs-based therapy is to replace the damaged tissues of patients suffering from traumatic or degenerative diseases by the exact same type of cells derived from hESCs. Allo-graft immune rejection is one of the obstacles for hESCs-based clinical applications. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA) II leads to CD4+ T cells-mediated allograft rejection. Hence, we focus on optimizing hESCs for clinic application through gene modification. RESULTS: Transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) were used to target MHC class II transactivator (CIITA) in hESCs efficiently. CIITA(-/-)hESCs did not show any difference in the differentiation potential and self-renewal capacity. Dendritic cells (DCs) derived from CIITA(-/-)hESCs expressed CD83 and CD86 but without the constitutive HLA II. Fibroblasts derived from CIITA(-/-)hESCs were powerless in IFN-γ inducible expression of HLA II. CONCLUSION: We generated HLA II defected hESCs via deleting CIITA, a master regulator of constitutive and IFN-γ inducible expression of HLA II genes. CIITA(-/-)hESCs can differentiate into tissue cells with non-HLA II expression. It's promising that CIITA(-/-)hESCs-derived cells could be used in cell therapy (e.g., T cells and DCs) and escape the attack of receptors' CD4+ T cells, which are the main effector cells of cellular immunity in allograft.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics , Cell Differentiation/genetics , Gene Deletion , Deoxyribonucleases/metabolism , Human Embryonic Stem Cells/metabolism , Teratoma , Dendritic Cells/metabolism , Immunoglobulins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Tumor Cells, Cultured , Histocompatibility Antigens Class II/genetics , Antigens, CD/metabolism , Interferon-gamma/metabolism , Mice, SCID , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Deoxyribonucleases/classification , B7-2 Antigen/metabolism , Embryoid Bodies/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Karyotype , Fibroblasts/metabolism , Cell Self Renewal , Antigen-Presenting Cells/metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL