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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879151

ABSTRACT

The paclitaxel-loaded and folic acid-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nano-micelles(PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs) were prepared by the emulsion solvent evaporation method, and the parameters of paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were optimized with the particle size and PDI as evaluation indexes. The morphology of the nano-micelles was observed by transmission electron microscopy(TEM), and the stability, drug loading and encapsulation efficiency were systematically investigated. In vitro experiments were performed to study the cytotoxic effects of nano-micelles, apoptosis, and cellular uptake. Under the optimal parameters, the nano-micelles showed the particle size of(125.3±1.2) nm, the PDI of 0.086±0.026, the zeta potential of(-20.0±3.8) mV, the drug loading of 7.2%±0.75%, and the encapsulation efficiency of 50.7%±1.0%. The nano-micelles were in regular spherical shape as observed by TEM. The blank FA-PLGA-NMs exhibited almost no inhibitory effect on the proliferation and growth of tumor cells, while the drug-loaded nano-micelles and free PTX exhibited significant inhibitory effects. The IC_(50) of PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs and PTX was 0.56 μg·mL~(-1) and 0.66 μg·mL~(-1), respectively. The paclitaxel-loaded nano-micelles were potent in inhibiting cell migration as assessed by the scratch assay. PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs had good pro-apoptotic effect on cervical cancer HeLa cells and significantly promoted the uptake of HeLa cells. The results of in vitro experiments suggested that PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs could target and treat cervical cancer HeLa cells. Therefore, as nanodrug carriers, PTX@FA-PLGA-NMs with anti-cancer activity are a promising nano-system for improving the-rapeutic effects on tumors.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Carriers , Female , Folic Acid , Glycolates , HeLa Cells , Humans , Micelles , Paclitaxel , Particle Size , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
2.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(6): 2238-2246, 01-11-2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1148295

ABSTRACT

Lentinus crinitus is a medicinal basidiomycete, little studied regarding the basic cultivation conditions, which is used in bioremediation and consumed by native Indians from the Brazilian Amazon. Also, it produces a fungal secondary metabolite panepoxydone that has been described as an essential regulator of the inflammatory and immune response. This study aimed to evaluate basic conditions of temperature, pH, and nitrogen concentration and source in the cultivation of L. crinitus mycelial biomass. In order to evaluate fungal growth temperature, 2% malt extract agar (MEA) medium, pH 5.5, was utilized from 19 to 40 °C. For pH, MEA had pH adjusted from 2 to 11 and cultivated at 28 °C. Urea or soybean meal was added to MEA to obtain final concentration from 0.5 and 16 g/L of nitrogen, pH of 5.5, cultivated at 28 °C. The best temperature growth varies from 31 to 34 ºC and the optimal one is 32.7º C, and the best pH ranges from 4.5 to 6.5 and the optimal one is 6.1. Protein or non-protein nitrogen concentration is inversely proportional to the mycelial biomass growth. Nitrogen concentrations of 2.0 g/L soybean meal and urea inhibit mycelial biomass growth in 11% and 12%, respectively, but high concentrations of 16.0 g/L nitrogen inhibit the growth in 46% and 95%, respectively. The fungus is robust and grows under extreme conditions of temperature and pH, but smaller adaptation with increasing nitrogen concentrations in the cultivation medium, mainly non-protein nitrogen.


Lentinus crinitus é um basidiomiceto medicinal consumido por índios nativos da Amazônia brasileira. Este fungo tem sido estudado quanto ao potencial de biorremediação de metais, mas ainda carece de estudos sobre às condições básicas de crescimento. L. crinitus produz panepoxidona - um metabólito secundário fúngico - descrito como regulador da resposta inflamatória e imune em células animais. Este trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar as condições básicas de temperatura, pH e concentração e fonte de nitrogênio para o crescimento micelial de L. crinitus. O fungo foi crescido em meio agar extrato de malte a 2% (MEA), pH 5,5 e mantido entre 19 e 40 °C. Para a avaliação de pH o MEA teve o pH ajustado de 2 a 11 e o crescimento foi realizado a 28 °C. As fontes de nitrogênio estudadas foram a uréia e o farelo de soja adicionado ao MEA para obter entre 0,5 a 16 g/L de nitrogênio, pH de 5,5, cultivado a 28 ° C. A melhor faixa temperatura para o crescimento micelial foi de 31 a 34 ºC com ótimo a 32,7 º C; a melhor faixa de pH de 4,5 a 6,5 e com ótimo de 6,1. A concentração de nitrogênio proteico ou não proteico é inversamente proporcional ao crescimento do fungo. Concentrações de nitrogênio de 2,0 g/L reduzem o crescimento da biomassa micelial em 11% e 12%, respectivamente e meios com nitrogênio de 16,0 g/L reduzem o crescimento em 46% e 95%, respectivamente. O fungo é robusto e cresce sob condições extremas de temperatura e pH, mas menor adaptação em meios com alta concentração de nitrogênio, principalmente não proteico.


Subject(s)
Biomass , Lentinula , Axenic Culture , Micelles , Urea
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828486

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To design and synthesize folate-modified pH-responsive chitosan-based nanomicelles and investigate the anti-tumor activity of the drug-loaded micelles.@*METHODS@#CHI-DMA was obtained by reductive amination reaction of aldehyde-based chitosan and hydrophilic amine compounds, and CHI-DMA-LA was obtained by condensation reaction with lauric acid; FA-CHI-DMA-LA was obtained after modification with folic acid (FA). The drug-loaded nanomicelles FA-CHI-DMA-LA/DOX were assembled by solvent change method. The physicochemical properties of polymers were characterized by hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance and transmission electron microscope. The particle size and surface potential were determined by dynamic light scattering method. Folic acid access rate, doxorubicin (DOX) loading rate and entrapped efficiency were measured by UV-vis spectrophotometer. The drug release properties of DOX-loaded micelles were monitored by fluorescence spectrophotometer at different pHs (7.4, 6.5, 5.0). The cytotoxicity against human oral cancer KB cells was detected by MTT assay. Fluorescence microscope and flow cytometry were applied to investigate the phagocytosis of DOX-loaded micelles on KB cells.@*RESULTS@#FA-CHI-DMA-LA was synthesized. The particle sizes of FA-CHI-DMA-LA-1 and FA-CHI-DMA-LA-2 micelles which used for the subsequent experiments were (73±14) nm and (106±15) nm, zeta potential were (15.59±1.98) mV and (21.20±2.35) mV, respectively. The drug loading rates of drug-loaded micelles FA-CHI-DMA-LA-1/DOX and FA-CHI-DMA-LA-2/DOX are (4.08±1.12)%and (4.12±0.44)%, respectively. drug release is pH-responsive, with cumulative release of DOX up to 37%and 36%at pH 5.0, which is about 1.5 times higher than that of pH 7.4. For FA-CHI-DMA-LA micelles with 1.25 to 125 μg/mL concentration, the survival rate of KB cells is more than 70%after incubation for 24 hours. The cell uptake of FA-CHI-DMA-LA/DOX micelles was enhanced compared to CHI-DMA-LA/DOX, and the cell uptake was higher in incubation without FA medium than that with FA. Compared with free DOX or CHI-DMA-LA/DOX, FA-CHI-DMA-LA/DOX nanomicelles showed higher cyctoxicity to KB cells, especially the FA-CHI-DMA-LA-2/DOX nanomicelles, the cell survival rate was about 17% after incubation for 24 hours.@*CONCLUSIONS@#FA-modified chitosan-based nanomicelle with good biocompatibility was successfully prepared, which exhibits tumor microenvironmental pH responsive drug release and tumor targeting.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chitosan , Doxorubicin , Drug Carriers , Folic Acid , Humans , Micelles , Nanostructures , Polymers
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828005

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to prepare evodiamine-glycyrrhizic acid(EVO-GL) micelles to enhance the anti-hepatic fibrosis activity of evodiamine. Firstly, EVO-GL micelles were prepared with use of thin film dispersion method. With particle size, encapsulation efficiency, loading capacity of micelles and the solubility of evodiamine as the indexes, the effect of different factors on micelles was observed to screen the optimal preparation methods and process. Then the pharmaceutical properties and the therapeutic effects of EVO-GL micelles prepared by optimal process were evaluated on CCl_4-induced hepatic fibrosis. The results showed that the micelles prepared by the thin film dispersion method had an even size, with an average particle size of(130.80±12.40)nm, Zeta potential of(-41.61±3.12) mV, encapsulation efficiency of 91.23%±1.22%, drug loading of 8.42%±0.71%, high storage stability at 4 ℃ in 3 months, and slow in vitro release. Experimental results in the treatment of CCl_4-induced hepatic fibrosis in rats showed that EVO-GL micelles had a synergistic anti-hepatic fibrosis effect, which significantly reduced the liver function index of hepatic fibrosis rats. In conclusion, the EVO-GL micelles prepared with glycyrrhizic acid as a carrier would have a potential application prospect for the treatment of hepatic fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Carriers , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Liver Cirrhosis , Micelles , Particle Size , Quinazolines , Rats , Solubility
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878786

ABSTRACT

Orthogonal experiments were used to optimize the process parameters of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles; the particle size, electric potential and morphology under the electron microscope were systematically detected for the curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles; and the stability and in vitro release of the curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles were investigated. With DID fluorescent dye as the fluorescent probe, flow cytometry was used to study the uptake of nanomicelles by breast cancer cells, and laser confocal microscopy was used to study the mitochondrial targeting and lysosomal escape functions of nanomicelles. Under the same dosage conditions, the effect of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles on promoting the apoptosis of breast cancer cells was evaluated. The optimal particle size of curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelle was(17.3±0.3) nm, and the Zeta potential was(14.6±2.6) mV in orthogonal test. Under such conditions, the micelle appeared as regular spheres under the transmission electron microscope. Fluorescence test results showed that TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles can promote drug uptake by tumor cells, escape from lysosomal phagocytosis, and target the mitochondria. The cell survival rate and Hoechst staining positive test results showed that curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles had a good effect on promoting apoptosis of breast cancer cells. The curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL micelles can significantly reduce the mitochondrial membrane potential of breast cancer cells, increase the release of cytochrome C, significantly increase the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and reduce the expression of anti-apoptotic Bax protein. These test results were significantly better than those of curcumin PEG-PCL nanomicelles and curcumin, with statistically significant differences. The results revealed that curcumin TPP-PEG-PCL nanomicelles can well target breast cancer cell mitochondria and escape from the lysosomal capture, thereby enhancing the drug's role in promoting tumor cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Curcumin/pharmacology , Humans , Lysosomes , Micelles , Mitochondria , Phosphatidylethanolamines , Polyethylene Glycols
6.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 38: 40-48, Mar. 2019. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051342

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The use of agro-industrial wastes to produce high value-added biomolecules such as biosurfactants is a promising approach for lowering the total costs of production. This study aimed to produce biosurfactants using Rhizopus arrhizus UCP 1607, with crude glycerol (CG) and corn steep liquor (CSL) as substrates. In addition, the biomolecule was characterized, and its efficiency in removing petroderivatives from marine soil was investigated. RESULTS: A 22 factorial design was applied, and the best condition for producing the biosurfactant was determined in assay 4 (3% CG and 5% CSL). The biosurfactant reduced the surface tension of water from 72 to 28.8 mN/m and produced a yield of 1.74 g/L. The preliminary biochemical characterization showed that the biosurfactant consisted of proteins (38.0%), carbohydrates (35.4%), and lipids (5.5%). The compounds presented an anionic character, nontoxicity, and great stability for all conditions tested. The biomolecule displayed great ability in dispersing hydrophobic substrates in water, thereby resulting in 53.4 cm2 ODA. The best efficiency of the biosurfactant in removing the pollutant diesel oil from marine soil was 79.4%. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the ability of R. arrhizus UCP1607 to produce a low-cost biosurfactant characterized as a glycoprotein and its potential use in the bioremediation of the hydrophobic diesel oil pollutant in marine soil


Subject(s)
Rhizopus/metabolism , Surface-Active Agents/metabolism , Gasoline , Soil , Surface-Active Agents/toxicity , Surface Tension , Biodegradation, Environmental , Marine Environment , Zea mays , Agribusiness , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Glycerol , Industrial Waste , Micelles , Mucorales/metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773101

ABSTRACT

PUE@PEG-PLGA micelles has excellent characteristics such as small particle size, high drug loading and slow drug release. The results of TEM electron microscopy showed that PUE@PEG-PLGA micelles had obvious core-shell structure. The critical micelle concentration(CMC) of PEG-PLGA micelles determined by pyrene assay was about 4.8 mg·L~(-1). Laser confocal experiments showed that PEG-PLGA micelles can enhance the cellular uptake of coumarin-6 and aggregate around the mitochondria; quantitative results of extracellular drug residues also indirectly confirmed that PEG-PLGA micelles can promote cellular uptake of the drug. Acute ischemic myocardial model rats were prepared by coronary artery ligation, and then the model rats were randomly divided into six groups: Sham operation group, model group, puerarin(PUE) group, as well as low-, mid-, and high-dose PUE@PEG-PLGA micelles groups. Drugs were given by iv administration 5 min after the ligation. The ST segment changes in the electrocardiogram were monitored; serum creatine kinase(CK), lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), and malondialdehyde(MDA) levels were detected and myocardial infarct size was also measured. Both PUE and PUE@PEG-PLGA micelles can reduce the elevated ST segment, reduce serum CK, LDH, AST and MDA levels, and reduce myocardial infarct size. The efficacy of PUE@PEG-PLGA medium and high dose groups was significantly better than that in the PUE group, and the efficacy in PUE@PEG-PLGA low dose group was basically equivalent to that in the PUE group. PUE@PEG-PLGA micelles can greatly improve the cardiomyocytes uptake of PUE, enhance the anti-acute myocardial ischemia effect of drugs, and reduce its dosage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , Micelles , Myocardial Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Polyesters , Polyethylene Glycols , Random Allocation , Rats
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773100

ABSTRACT

Docetaxel-loaded nanomicelles were prepared in this study to improve the solubility and tumor targeting effect of docetaxel(DTX),and further evaluate their anticancer effects in vitro. PBAE-DTX nanomicelles were prepared by film-hydration method with amphiphilic block copolymer polyethyleneglycol methoxy-polylactide(PELA) and pH sensitive triblock copolymer polyethyleneglycol methoxy-polylactide-poly-β-aminoester(PBAE) were used respectively to prepare PELA-DTX nanomicelles and PBAE-DTX nanomicelles. The nanomicelles were characterized by physicochemical properties and the activity of mice Lewis lung cancer cells was studied. The results of particle size measurement showed that the blank micelles and drug-loaded micelles had similar particle sizes, ranging from 10 to 100 nm. The particle size of PBAE micelles was changed under weak acidic conditions, with good pH response. The encapsulation efficiency of the above two types of DTX-loaded nanomicelles determined by HPLC was(93.8±1.70)% and(87.2±4.10)%, and the drug loading amount was(5.3±0.10)% and(4.9±0.05)%,respectively. Furthermore,the DTX micelles also showed significant inhibitory effects on Lewis lung cancer cells by MTT assay, and pH-sensitive PBAE-DTX showed better cytotoxicity. The results of flow cytometry indicated that,the apoptosis rate of lung cancer Lewis cells was(20.72±1.47)%,(29.71±2.38)%,and(40.91±1.90)%(P<0.05) at 48 h after treatment in DTX,PELA-DTX,and PBAE-DTX groups. The results showed that different docetaxel preparations could promote the apoptosis of Lewis cells, and PBAE-DTX had stronger apoptotic-promoting effect. The pH-sensitive DTX-loaded micelles are promising candidates in developing stimuli triggered drug delivery systems in acidic tumor micro-environments with improved inhibitory effects of tumor growth on Lewis lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Docetaxel , Pharmacology , Drug Carriers , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Mice , Micelles , Nanoparticles , Particle Size , Taxoids
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776420

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to prepare andrographolide (AP)-loaded glycyrrhizic acid (GA) micelles (AP-GA)-PMs to enhance the solubility and anti-tumor effect of andrographolide. Firstly, andrographolide (AP) was used as the model drug and glycyrrhizic acid (GA) as carriers to prepare (AP-GA)-PMs. Then the preparation methods and the ratios of drug and carrier were screened and optimized based on particle size, encapsulation efficiency (EE) and loading capacity of micelles. Finally, the pharmaceutical characters and the inhibition rate on HepG2 cells were evaluated on the (AP-GA)-PMs prepared by optimal process. The results showed that the prepared micelles under the optimal process had a nanosize of (127.11±1.38) nm, zeta potential of (-24.01±0.55) mV, the entrapment efficiency rate of (92.01±4.02)% , the drug loading rate of (51.44±1.24)% and high storage stability at 4 °C in 30 d, with slow but highly stable release. Moreover, (AP-GA)-PMs with the IC₅₀ value of 19.25 mg·L⁻¹ had a more synergistic and better anti-tumor effect in comparison with AP (IC₅₀=122.40 mg·L⁻¹) on HepG2 cells (P<0.01). In conclusion, the (AP-GA)-PMs prepared with glycyrrhizic acid as a carrier had a small particle size, large drug loading capacity, and high stability, and could significantly improve the anti-tumor effects of AP.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Diterpenes , Pharmacology , Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Chemistry , Micelles , Particle Size , Polymers
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773594

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic application of deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT) is limited due to its poor water solubility and stability. In the present study, the micelles assembled by the amphiphilic block copolymers (mPEG-PDLLA) were constructed to improve the solubility and safety of DPT for their in vitro and in vivo application. The central composite design was utilized to develop the optimal formulation composed of 1221.41 mg mPEG-PDLLA, the weight ratio of 1 : 4 (mPEG-PDLLA : DPT), 30 mL hydration volume and the hydration temperature at 40 °C. The results showed that the micelles exhibited uniformly spherical shape with the diameter of 20 nm. The drug-loading and entrapment efficiency of deoxypodophyllotoxin-polymeric micelles (DPT-PM) were about (20 ± 2.84)% and (98 ± 0.79)%, respectively, indicating that the mathematical models predicted well for the results. Compared to the free DPT, the cytotoxicity showed that blank micelles possessed great safety for Hela cells. In addition, the DPT loaded micelle formulation achieved stronger cytotoxicity at the concentration of 1 × 10 mol·L, which showed significant difference from free DPT (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the micelles were highly promising nano-carriers for the anti-tumor therapy with DPT.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Toxicity , Cell Survival , Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Drug Design , HeLa Cells , Humans , Micelles , Particle Size , Podophyllotoxin , Chemistry , Toxicity , Polyesters , Chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols , Chemistry , Solubility , Surface Properties
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812383

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic application of deoxypodophyllotoxin (DPT) is limited due to its poor water solubility and stability. In the present study, the micelles assembled by the amphiphilic block copolymers (mPEG-PDLLA) were constructed to improve the solubility and safety of DPT for their in vitro and in vivo application. The central composite design was utilized to develop the optimal formulation composed of 1221.41 mg mPEG-PDLLA, the weight ratio of 1 : 4 (mPEG-PDLLA : DPT), 30 mL hydration volume and the hydration temperature at 40 °C. The results showed that the micelles exhibited uniformly spherical shape with the diameter of 20 nm. The drug-loading and entrapment efficiency of deoxypodophyllotoxin-polymeric micelles (DPT-PM) were about (20 ± 2.84)% and (98 ± 0.79)%, respectively, indicating that the mathematical models predicted well for the results. Compared to the free DPT, the cytotoxicity showed that blank micelles possessed great safety for Hela cells. In addition, the DPT loaded micelle formulation achieved stronger cytotoxicity at the concentration of 1 × 10 mol·L, which showed significant difference from free DPT (P < 0.05). In conclusion, the micelles were highly promising nano-carriers for the anti-tumor therapy with DPT.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Toxicity , Cell Survival , Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Drug Design , HeLa Cells , Humans , Micelles , Particle Size , Podophyllotoxin , Chemistry , Toxicity , Polyesters , Chemistry , Polyethylene Glycols , Chemistry , Solubility , Surface Properties
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(5): 1319-1325, set.-out. 2017. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-879228

ABSTRACT

The present study attempted to identify individual milk proteins and other milk components that are associated with casein micelle size (CMS) and dry matter cheese yield (DMCY) using factor analysis. Here, we used 140 bulk tank milk samples from different farms. Milk composition was determined using a Fourier transform infrared equipament. The individual milk proteins were (αS-casein, ß-casein, κ-casein, ß-lactoglobulin and α-lactoalbumin) measured by their electrophoretic profile. The CMS was estimated by photon correlation spectroscopy, and the DMCY was determined using reduced laboratory-scale cheese production. Factor analysis partitioned the milk components into three groups that, taken together, explain 68.3% of the total variance. The first factor was defined as "CMS", while the second as "DMCY" factor, based on their high loadings. The CMS was positively correlated with protein, casein, non-fat solids and αS-casein and negatively associated with κ-casein and ß-lactoglubulin. DMCY was positively correlated with fat, protein, casein, total solids and negatively correlated with αs-casein. These results indicate that the variation of individual milk proteins may be an important aspect correlated to milk quality and cheese production.(AU)


O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a associação das frações proteicas individuais e de outros componentes do leite com o tamanho das micelas de caseína (TMC) e a produção de matéria seca de queijo (MSQ) utilizando-se análise fatorial. Foram coletadas 140 amostras de leite de tanque provenientes de diferentes fazendas. A determinação da composição do leite foi determinada por espectroscopia no infravermelho com transformação de Fourier. As proteínas individuais (αS-caseína, ß-caseína, κ-caseína, ß-lactoglobulina e α-lactalbumina) foram quantificadas pelo perfil eletroforético. O tamanho médio das micelas de caseína foi analisado pelo princípio de espectroscopia de correlação de fótons e pela produção MSQ a partir do modelo de coagulação do leite em escala reduzida. A análise fatorial delimitou as variáveis em três fatores, que, juntos, responderam por 68,3% da variação total dos dados. No primeiro fator foram observadas as associações mais fortes com o TMC, enquanto no segundo fator as correlações foram mais significativas com a MSQ. O TMC foi associado positivamente com o conteúdo de proteína, caseína, sólidos desengordurados e αS-caseína, e negativamente com κ-caseína e ß-lactoglubulina. MSQ foi associada positivamente com o teor gordura, proteína e caseína total, sólidos totais, e negativamente com o teor de αs-caseína. Esses resultados indicam que a variação quantitativa das proteínas do leite pode ser determinante da qualidade do leite na produção de queijo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Caseins/analysis , Cheese/analysis , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Micelles , Milk/chemistry , Proteins/analysis , Food Composition , Lactalbumin , Lactoglobulins
13.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 27: 49-54, May. 2017. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010292

ABSTRACT

Background: Surfactants are one of the most important raw materials used in various industrial fields as emulsifiers, corrosion inhibitors, foaming agents, detergent products, and so on. However, commercial surfactant production is costly, and its demand is steadily increasing. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of typical strains of Bacillus sp. to produce biosurfactants through fermentation. It also included the investigation of the effect of initial glucose concentration and the carbon to nitrogen ratio. Results: The biosurfactant yield was in the range of 1­2.46 g/L at initial glucose concentrations of 10­70 g/L. The optimum fermentation condition was achieved at a carbon to nitrogen ratio of 12.4, with a decrease in surface tension of up to 27 mN/m. Conclusions: For further development and industrial applications, the modified Gompertz equation is proposed to predict the cell mass and biosurfactant production as a goodness of fit was obtained with this model. The modified Gompertz equation was also extended to enable the excellent prediction of the surface tension.


Subject(s)
Surface-Active Agents/metabolism , Bacillus subtilis/metabolism , Surface-Active Agents/chemistry , Surface Tension , Bacillus subtilis/physiology , Carbon/analysis , Kinetics , Fermentation , Glucose/analysis , Micelles , Nitrogen/analysis
14.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2017; 30 (6): 2301-2309
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189744

ABSTRACT

Nanomedicines are a recent development to face medical and pharmaceutical challenges because nanoparticles have unique properties. They are very small in size and are easy to handle. One more advantage is that they are not harmful for the human body. Poorly soluble drugs have serious problems with their delivery and dosage forms. Formulation strategies by means of nanocarrier systems, such as polymeric micelles, can resolve the trouble. Micelles from PEG-diacyllipids, e.g. PEG-PE, are of special attention. On the other hand, the layer-by-layer [LbL] technique can be useful to set up stable nanocolloids of low solubility. In some cases, the use of nanopreparations is the only way to fulfill medical requirements. Thus, for the blood group CT imaging, one has to prepare long-circulating contrast-loaded nanoparticles. In other cases, poor stability of potential drugs creates a problem, such as with siRNA, and the use of nanocarriers may present a solution e.g. Polymeric micelles having a hydrophobic derivative of siRNA. We will discuss the preparation, properties, and anti-cancer activity of drug-loaded PEG-PE micelles and LbL nanoparticles and other [approaches] for making "undeliverable" substances deliverable. Injectable, implantable, topical delivery of active compounds, oral drug delivery system and many other methods have been improved by nanotechnology


Subject(s)
Micelles , Pharmaceutical Research , Aerosols , Nevirapine , Drug Delivery Systems
15.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2016; 29 (2): 521-527
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-176385

ABSTRACT

Micellization is the most important property of surface agents. It plays an important role in the manufacture of pharmaceutical products. The surfactants have many applications in industry, agriculture, mining and oil recovery with functional properties as wetting, foaming and emulsifier in pharmaceutical and cosmetic products. The micellization parameters of surfactants help the manufacture of pharmaceutical products to be appropriate and stable. Therefore, in this study, Polyoxyethylene lauryl ether [C[12]E[23]], Polyoxyethylene [10] cetyl ether [C[16]E[10]] and Polyoxyethylene [20] cetyl ether [C[16]E[20]] were chosen as the nonionic surfactants to examine the effect of temperature variation [10-80[degree]C] on the Critical Micelle Concentration [CMC]. The measurement of surface tension was done by a Du Nöuys ring method. The value of CMC was obtained from the surface tension vs. surfactant concentration curve. Since the temperature was increased, the CMC initially decreased and then increased for each surfactant because the formation of the hydrogen bond is harder in the high temperatures. The surface tension gamma CMC for all three surfactant solutions decreased monotonically as the temperature increased. delta G[degree]m, delta H[degree]m and delta S[degree]m as the thermodynamic parameters of micellization, were also estimated and analyzed. The delta G[degree]m was decreased [10-80[degree]C] if the temperature was increased. The entropy and enthalpy correlation of micellization showed a significant linearity. For C[12]E[23], C[16]E[20] and C[16]E[10], the compensation temperature [Tc] was obtained 309.5, 313.2 and 314.4 K, respectively. The calculated thermodynamic parameters showed that the entropy influenced on the micellization process at lower temperature, but it affected by enthalpy when temperature was increased


Subject(s)
Polyethylene Glycols , Thermodynamics , Temperature , Micelles , Surface Tension
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337398

ABSTRACT

Polymeric micelles have exhibited attractive properties as drug carriers, such as high stability in vivo and good biocompatibility, and been successfully used to dissolve various drugs of poor aqueous solubilities. In this study, we developed a new type of polymeric micelles with mannose-mediated targeting and pH-responsive drug release properties for anticancer drug delivery. The polymeric micelles were prepared from an amphiphilic polymer, poly (glycidyl methacrylate)-g-mannose (PGMA-Mannose). An anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX), was encapsulated into the micelles during the micellization, and could be released rapidly under acidic condition. The specificity of cellular uptake of the micelles by two different cell lines was studied using confocal laser scanning microscopy and the MTT assay. DOX-loaded micelles were efficiently trapped by mannose-receptor-overexpressing cancer cells MDA-MB-231, whereas mannose- receptor-poor cells HEK293 showed much lower endocytosis towards the micelles under the same conditions. Thus, DOX-loaded micelles displayed higher cytotoxicity to MDA-MB-231 cancer cells as compared with free DOX. The present study demonstrates that PGMA-Mannose micelles are a promising targeted drug delivery system for cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Doxorubicin , Pharmacology , Drug Delivery Systems , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Lectins, C-Type , Metabolism , Mannose , Chemistry , Mannose-Binding Lectins , Metabolism , Micelles , Receptors, Cell Surface , Metabolism
17.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 86(4): 279-282, ago. 2015. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-764085

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La rabdomiólisis es una enfermedad poco frecuente en pediatría. El objetivo es presentar un paciente en el que se desarrolló secundario a una deshidratación hipernatrémica grave tras una diarrea aguda. Caso clínico: Lactante de 11 meses que consultó por fiebre, vómitos, diarrea y anuria. Presentó convulsión tónico-clónica autolimitada. Ingresó en mal estado general, severamente deshidratado, con escasa reactividad. En las pruebas complementarias destacó acidosis metabólica grave, hipernatremia e insuficiencia renal prerrenal. Al tercer día apreció leve hipotonía axial y elevación de creatín fosfokinasa 75.076 UI/l, interpretado como rabdomiólisis. Se inició hiperhidratación y alcalinización sistémica, con buena respuesta clínica y bioquímica, siendo dado de alta sin secuelas motoras. Conclusiones: La hipernatremia grave está descrita como causa rara de rabdomiólisis e insuficiencia renal. En pacientes críticos es importante un alto índice de sospecha de rabdomiólisis y determinación seriada de la creatín fosfokinasa para su detección y tratamiento precoz.


Introduction: Rhabdomyolysis is a rare paediatric condition. The case is presented of a patient in whom this developed secondary to severe hypernatraemic dehydration following acute diarrhoea. Case report: Infant 11 months of age who presented with vomiting, fever, diarrhoea and anuria for 15 hours. Parents reported adequate preparation of artificial formula and oral rehydration solution. He was admitted with malaise, severe dehydration signs and symptoms, cyanosis, and low reactivity. The laboratory tests highlighted severe metabolic acidosis, hypernatraemia and pre-renal kidney failure (Sodium [Na] plasma 181 mEq/L, urine density> 1030). He was managed in Intensive Care Unit with gradual clinical and renal function improvement. On the third day, slight axial hypotonia and elevated cell lysis enzymes (creatine phosphokinase 75,076 IU/L) were observed, interpreted as rhabdomyolysis. He was treated with intravenous rehydration up to 1.5 times the basal requirements, and he showed a good clinical and biochemical response, being discharged 12 days after admission without motor sequelae. Conclusions: Severe hypernatraemia is described as a rare cause of rhabdomyolysis and renal failure. In critically ill patients, it is important to have a high index of suspicion for rhabdomyolysis and performing serial determinations of creatine phosphokinase for early detection and treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Rabbits , Cytosine/analogs & derivatives , Delayed-Action Preparations/administration & dosage , Delayed-Action Preparations/chemistry , Organophosphonates/administration & dosage , Organophosphonates/chemistry , Vitreous Body/drug effects , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Antiviral Agents/chemistry , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical/methods , Cytosine/administration & dosage , Cytosine/chemistry , Drug Delivery Systems/methods , Half-Life , Herpes Simplex/drug therapy , Herpesvirus 1, Human/drug effects , Intravitreal Injections/methods , Micelles , Prodrugs/administration & dosage , Prodrugs/chemistry , Retina/drug effects , Retina/virology , Vitreous Body/virology
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1038-1044, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257029

ABSTRACT

In this study, we explored the feasibility of biotin-mediated modified polymeric micelles for pancreatic cancer targeted photodynamic therapy. Poly (ethylene glycol)-distearoyl phosphatidyl ethanolamine (mPEG2000-DSPE) served as the drug-loaded material, biotin-poly(ethylene glycol)-distearoyl phosphatidyl ethanolamine (Biotin-PEG3400-DSPE) as the functional material and the polymeric micelles were prepared by a thin-film hydration method. The targeting capability of micelles was investigated by cell uptake assay in vitro and fluorescence imaging in vivo and the amounts of Biotin-PEG-DSPE were optimized accordingly. Hypocrellin B (HB), a novel photosensitizer was then encapsulated in biotinylated polymeric micelles and the anti-tumor efficacy was evaluated systemically in vitro and in vivo. The results showed that micelles with 5 mol % Biotin-PEG-DSPE demonstrated the best targeting capability than those with 20 mol % or 0.5 mol % of corresponding materials. This formulation has a small particle size [mean diameter of (36.74 ± 2.16) nm] with a homogeneous distribution and high encapsulation efficiency (80.06 ± 0.19) %. The following pharmacodynamics assays showed that the biotinylated micelles significantly enhanced the cytotoxicity of HB against tumor cells in vitro and inhibited tumor growth in vivo, suggesting a promising potential of this formulation for treatment of pancreatic cancer, especially those poorly permeable, or insensitive to radiotherapy and chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Biotin , Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Humans , Micelles , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Photochemotherapy
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1045-1051, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257028

ABSTRACT

The objectives of this study are to prepare resveratrol loaded mixed micelles composed of poloxamer 403 and poloxamer 407, and optimize the formulation in order to achieve higher drug solubility and sustained drug release. Firstly, a thin-film hydration method was utilized to prepare the micelles. By using drug-loading, encapsulation yield and particle size of the micelles as criteria, influence of three variables, namely poloxamer 407 mass fraction, amount of water and feeding of resveratrol, on the quality of the micelles was optimized with a central composite design method. Steady fluorescence measurement was carried out to evaluate the critical micelle concentration of the carriers. Micelle stability upon dilution with simulated gastric fluid and simulated intestinal fluid was investigated. The in vitro release of resveratrol from the mixed micelles was monitored by dialysis method. It was observed that the particle size of the optimized micelle formulation was 24 nm, with drug-loading 11.78%, and encapsulation yield 82.51%. The mixed micelles increased the solubility of resveratrol for about 197 times. Moreover, the mixed micelles had a low critical micelle concentration of 0.05 mg · mL(-1) in water and no apparent changes in particle size and drug content were observed upon micelles dilution, indicating improved kinetic stability. Resveratrol was released from the micelles in a controlled manner for over 20 h, and the release process can be well described by Higuchi equation. Therefore, resveratrol-loaded poloxamer 403/407 mixed micelles could improve the solubility of resveratrol significantly and sustained drug release behavior can be achieved.


Subject(s)
Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Fluorescence , Kinetics , Micelles , Particle Size , Poloxamer , Chemistry , Solubility , Stilbenes , Chemistry , Water
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1240-1245, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320095

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the paclitaxel loaded by hydrazone bonds in poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(caprolactone) micelles (mPEG-PCL-PTX) on proliferation and apoptosis of human lung cancer A549 cells and its possible mechanisms of anti-tumor activity. The cell proliferation was measured with MTT assay. Flow cytometry were used to analyze the cell cycle. The cell apoptosis was analyzed using Hoechst/P staining. The expression levels of apoptotic genes expression in the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The mPEG-PCL-PTX could inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells and promote the apoptosis. The Bax, caspase-3 protein expression were increased while Bcl-2 protein expression was decreased in A549 cells. Results showed that the polymer containing hydrazone bond is non-toxic in vitro, the mPEG-PCL-PTX micelles can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of A549 cells. Key words: paclitaxel; micelle; A549 cell; proliferation; cell cycle; apoptosis


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Micelles , Paclitaxel , Pharmacology , Polyesters , Polyethylene Glycols , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
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