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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(10): 871-878, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345317

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The cuneiform nucleus is located in the center of the circuit that mediates autonomic responses to stress. Hemorrhagic hypotension leads to chemoreceptor anoxia, which consequently results in the reduction of baroreceptor discharge and stimulation of the chemoreceptor. Objective: Using the single-unit recording technique, the neuronal activities of the cuneiform nucleus were investigated in hypotensive states induced by hemorrhage and administration of an anti-hypertensive drug (hydralazine). Methods: Thirty male rats were divided into the control, hemorrhage, and hydralazine groups. The femoral artery was cannulated for the recording of cardiovascular responses, including systolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate. Hydralazine was administered via tail vein. The single-unit recording was performed from the cuneiform nucleus. Results: The maximal systolic blood pressure and the mean arterial pressure significantly decreased and heart rate significantly increased after the application of hydralazine as well as the following hemorrhage compared to the control group. Hypotension significantly increased the firing rate of the cuneiform nucleus in both the hemorrhage and hydralazine groups compared to the control group. Conclusions: The present data indicate that the cuneiform nucleus activities following hypotension may play a crucial role in blood vessels and vasomotor tone.


RESUMO Antecedentes: O núcleo cuneiforme está localizado no centro do circuito que media as respostas autonômicas ao estresse. A hipotensão hemorrágica leva à anóxia dos quimiorreceptores, que, consequentemente, resulta na redução da descarga dos barorreceptores e estimulação do quimiorreceptor. Objetivo: Utilizando a técnica de registro em unidade única, as atividades neuronais do núcleo cuneiforme foram investigadas em estados de hipotensão induzida por hemorragia e administração de um anti-hipertensivo (hidralazina). Métodos: Trinta ratos machos foram divididos nos grupos controle, hemorragia e hidralazina. A artéria femoral foi canulada, para o registro de respostas cardiovasculares, incluindo pressão arterial sistólica, pressão arterial média e frequência cardíaca. A hidralazina foi administrada na veia da cauda. O registro de unidade única foi realizado a partir do núcleo cuneiforme. Resultados: A pressão arterial sistólica máxima e a pressão arterial média diminuíram significativamente, e a frequência cardíaca aumentou significativamente após a aplicação de hidralazina, bem como a hemorragia seguinte, em comparação com o grupo controle. A hipotensão aumentou significativamente a taxa de disparo da população do núcleo cuneiforme em ambos os grupos de hemorragia e hidralazina, em comparação com o grupo de controle. Conclusões: Os presentes dados indicam que as atividades do núcleo cuneiforme após hipotensão podem desempenhar um papel crucial nos vasos sanguíneos e no tônus vasomotor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Midbrain Reticular Formation , Hypotension , Blood Pressure , Hypovolemia , Heart Rate
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250362

ABSTRACT

Substantial evidence has suggested that deep brain stimulation of the cuneiform nucleus has become a remarkable treatment option for intractable pain, but the possible mechanism is poorly understood. Using a melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R)-green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter knockin mouse, we showed that a large number of MC4R-GFP-positive neurons were expressed in the cuneiform nucleus. Immunofluorescence revealed that approximately 40%-50% of MC4R-GFP-positive neurons expressed mu opioid receptors, indicating that they were opioidergic signaling. Our findings support the hypothesis that MC4R expression in the cuneiform nucleus is involved in the modulation of opioidergic signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Expression Regulation , Gene Knock-In Techniques , Genes, Reporter , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Microtomy , Midbrain Reticular Formation , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Neurons , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Receptor, Melanocortin, Type 4 , Genetics , Metabolism , Receptors, Opioid, mu , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
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