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Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 427-431, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980740


OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking on menstrual migraine (MM) of qi stagnation and blood stasis, and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 102 cases of MM with qi stagnation and blood stasis were randomly divided into an observation group (51 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (51 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking. The bloodletting was performed at vein at upper 1/3 of the dorsalis near the ear helix; the auricular point sticking was performed at Pizhixia (AT4), Neifenmi (CO18), Jiaogan (AH6a), Nie (AT2), Zhen (AT3), Shenmen (TF4) and Yidan (CO11). The auricular points of both ears were alternate used. From 7 days before the onset of menstruation, bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein was given once every 7 days, 3 times were taken as a course of treatment, and 1 course of treatment was given; the auricular point sticking was given once every 3 days, and 6 times of treatment were given. The patients in the control group were treated with oral administration of flunarizine hydrochloride capsules. From 7 days before the onset of menstruation, flunarizine hydrochloride was given 2 capsules per time, once a day for 3 weeks. The menstrual headache index and visual analogue scale (VAS) score of the two groups were observed before treatment, one menstrual cycle into treatment and the first and the second menstrual cycle after treatment; the migraine-specific quality of life questionnaire (MSQ) score and the serum levels of estradiol (E2) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were compared before treatment and one menstrual cycle into treatment; the clinical efficacy was evaluated at one menstrual cycle into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the menstrual headache index and VAS scores were reduced at one menstrual cycle into treatment and the first and second menstrual cycle after treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the MSQ scores and the serum levels of E2 and 5-HT in the two groups were increased at one menstrual cycle into treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 95.8% (46/48) in the observation group, which was higher than 73.5% (36/49) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking could relieve headache intensity, improve the quality of life in patients with MM of qi stagnation and blood stasis, which may be achieved by raising the serum levels of E2 and 5-HT to improve the level of hormone in the body.

Female , Humans , Acupuncture, Ear , Bloodletting , Serotonin , Capsules , Flunarizine , Qi , Quality of Life , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Headache/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Points
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 60(2): 167-175, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388431


RESUMEN: La migraña es una cefalea primaria frecuente y debilitante. Los pacientes con crisis de migraña agudas y severas usualmente deben consultar por servicios de guardia, y el tratamiento convencional para el ataque de migraña incluye diversos fármacos como antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, triptanes, ergotamina, antidopaminérgicos, entre otros. Los corticoesteroides han sido ampliamente prescriptos, tanto como monoterapia o como en tratamiento coadyuvante a otros fármacos abortivos, para la crisis de migraña en los servicios de emergencia. Diferentes estudios han sido llevados a cabo con el objetivo de evaluar la efectividad de estos para abortar la crisis aguda de migraña y para evitar su recurrencia. En la presente revisión, realizamos una evaluación crítica sobre la bibliografía publicada en relación a la utilidad de los corticoesteroides en al abordaje de la crisis de migraña. En conclusión, estos podrían ser considerados como una opción razonable como tratamiento coadyuvante en las crisis de migraña resistentes, recurrentes o prolongadas (status migrañoso).

ABSTRACT Migraine is a frequent and debilitating primary headache. People with acute severe migraine attack often present to the emergency department, and standard treatment for the migraine attack generally includes the use of several drugs such as are nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs, triptans, ergotamine, antidopaminergic agents, among others. Steroids have been widely prescribed, either as monotherapy or as add-on treatment, to manage migraine attacks in the emergency setting. Several clinical studies have been conducted to assess the efficacy of corticosteroids in aborting acute migraine attacks and avoiding their recurrence. In this review, we make a critical appraisal of the published literature about corticosteroids treatment for the migraine attack. Overall, they could be considered as an adjunctive therapy for resistant, recurrent o prolonged (migraine status) migraine attacks.

Humans , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Headache/drug therapy
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1501-1508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928080


This study systematically sorted out the existing studies about Tianshu Capsules in the treatment of migraine(syndrome of blood stasis blocking collaterals, syndrome of ascendant hyperactivity of liver Yang), and conducted comprehensive clinical evaluation through "6+1" dimensions of safety, effectiveness, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility, and characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) to embody the advantages and characteristics and clarify the precise clinical position of Tianshu Capsules. The value of each dimension was calculated via health technology assessment, the multi-criteria decision analysis(MCDA) mo-del and CSC v2.0 software. The results were graded into four levels of A, B, C, or D from high to low. According to the available studies, Tianshu Capsules had low and controllable risks, with the safety rated as A. The drug has obvious clinical significance in the treatment of migraine(syndrome of blood stasis blocking collaterals, syndrome of ascendant hyperactivity of liver Yang), with the effectiveness rated as A. It has clear economic results, with the economy rated as B. The clinical innovation, service system innovation, and industrial innovation are all good, and thus the innovation of Tianshu Capsules is grade A. The drug can meet clinical medication demand of medical care and patients, and thus its suitability is grade A. In view of the reasonable drug price, affordability, and availability, the accessibility is grade A. The prescription originated from the Daxiong Pills recorded in the classic Comprehensive Recording of Sage-like Benefit. In clinical trials, 4 675 patients have used Tianshu Capsules, which indicates rich experience in human administration, and the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine is grade B. The statutory drug information complies with national stan-dards, and the non-statutory information is standard and accurate. Based on the comprehensive evaluation results of various dimensions of evidence, the clinical value of Tianshu Capsules in the treatment of migraine(syndrome of blood stasis blocking collaterals and syndrome of ascendant hyperactivity of liver Yang) is class A. According to the Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Management Guidelines of Drugs(trial version 2021) issued by the National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, we recommend that Tianshu Capsules treating migraine can be transformed into relevant policy results for clinical medication management according to procedures.

Humans , Capsules , Liver , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Syndrome
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(10): 886-890, Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345326


ABSTRACT Background: Botulinum toxin Type A (BoNTA) is a successful treatment for chronic migraine prophylaxis. Objective: We aimed to evaluate the monthly change of effectiveness of BoNTA treatment. Methods: A total of 80 patients (70 females and 10 males) with chronic migraine were included. In our study protocol, we applied to 155 U across 31 fixed-sites and if the patient had pain, 40 U dose injections were applied across 8 specific head/neck muscle areas. Headache days and analgesic intake were noted before the BoNTA injection and during the interviews at the first, second, and third months after the BoNTA injection. Results: The mean age was 37.59 ± 7.60 and 87.5% of the patients were female. The mean number of headache days/month before BoNTA was 18.95±2.69, decreasing to 10.55±3.15 days/month in the first month (p<0.001), 9.31±2.43 days/month in the second month (p<0.001), and increased to 11.97±3.27 days/month in the third month (p<0.001). The mean analgesic intake before BoNTA was 11.48±4.68 tablets/month, while it decreased to 6.53±2.72 tablets/month in the first month (p<0.001) and 5.40±2.46 tablets/month in the second month (p<0.001). In the third month, it was 5.85±2.59 tablets/month (p<0.001). There was a significant increase in pain medication use from the second to the third month (p<0.001). Conclusion: In our study, there was a significant reduction in analgesic intake and headache days in the first and second months after BoNTA injection, and an increase was observed in the third month.

RESUMO Antecedentes: A toxina botulínica Tipo A (BoNTA) é um tratamento de sucesso para a profilaxia da migrânea crônica. Objetivo: Nosso objetivo foi avaliar a mudança mensal da eficácia do tratamento com BoNTA. Métodos: Um total de 80 pacientes (70 mulheres e 10 homens) com migrânea crônica foi incluído. Em nosso protocolo de estudo, aplicamos 155 U em 31 locais fixos e, se o paciente sentisse dor, injeções de dose de 40 U foram aplicadas em 8 áreas musculares específicas da cabeça/pescoço. Dias de cefaleia e ingestão de analgésicos foram anotados antes da injeção de BoNTA e durante as entrevistas no primeiro, segundo e terceiro meses após a injeção de BoNTA. Resultados: A média de idade foi 37,59±7,60 e 87,5% dos pacientes eram do sexo feminino. O número médio de cefaleias dias/mês antes da BoNTA foi de 18,95±2,69 dias/mês, diminuindo para 10,55±3,15 dias/mês no primeiro mês (p<0,001), 9,31±2,43 dias/mês no segundo mês (p<0,001), e aumentou para 11,97±3,27 dias/mês no terceiro mês (p<0,001). A ingestão média de analgésicos antes da BoNTA foi de 11,48±4,68 comprimidos/mês, enquanto diminuiu para 6,53±2,72 comprimidos/mês no primeiro mês (p<0,001) e 5,40±2,46 comprimidos/mês no segundo mês (p<0,001). No terceiro mês, era de 5,85±2,59 comprimidos/mês (p<0,001). Quando comparados o segundo e o terceiro mês, observou-se aumento significativo do uso de analgésicos do segundo para o terceiro mês (p<0,001). Conclusão: Em nosso estudo, houve redução significativa da ingestão de analgésicos e dos dias de cefaleia no primeiro e segundo meses após a injeção de BoNTA, e aumento no terceiro mês.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Botulinum Toxins, Type A , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Neuromuscular Agents , Treatment Outcome , Analgesics , Middle Aged
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 427-431, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346480


Resumen La migraña es un trastorno muy prevalente que afecta a alrededor del 15% de los sujetos adultos. Es clasificada por la Organización Mundial de la Saludentre los primeros puestos como causa de discapacidad. Los tratamientos preventivos habituales hasta ahora derivan de otras indicaciones y por serendipia se utilizan en prevención de migraña: betabloqueantes, drogas antiepilépticas, antidepresivos tricíclicos, bloquean tes de canales de calcio, toxina botulínica. Todas ellas han mostrado eficacia similar al 50% en reducir el número de episodios migrañosos pese a efectos secundarios indeseados. Durante los últimos años, se ha evaluado la eficacia y seguridad de los anticuerpos monoclonales (AM) que actúan sobre la vía del péptido relacionado con el gen de la calcitonina (CGRP) en migraña. Dicho péptido es relevante en la activación del dolor en territorio meníngeoy es mediado por terminales nerviosas trigeminales una vez activado el proceso migrañoso. Su dosaje en crisis migrañosas ha sido elevado en diversos estudios y su neutralización/bloqueo, redunda en alivio del dolor. Los anticuerpos monoclonales erenumab, galcanezumab, fremanezumab, eptinezumab aprobados en el mercado EE.UU./Europa desde 2018 y tras varios trabajos de Fase III y abiertos de extensión, mostraron clara seguridad yeficacia y están presentes en nuestro medio desde mediados de 2019. Desarrollamos la racionalidad e indicaciones de uso de los mismos.

Abstract Migraine is a very prevalent disorder that is estimated to affect about 10-15% of adult subjects. Ac cording to the World Health Organization migraine is one of the first causes of disability. Traditional preventive treatments discovered by serendipity include Beta blockers, antinconvulsants drugs, calcium channel blockers, tricyclic antidepressants and onabotulinum A and offer about 50% efficacy after controlled placebo trials and real life use. Because of lack of adherence and adverse events, there is a loss of beneficial sustain on these treat ments. Recently, the efficacy and safety of monoclonal antibodies (MA) that act on the peptide pathway related to the calcitonin gene (CGRP) has been evaluated in migraine, being the first specific tailored treatment on one of the multiple targets on migraine. This family of drugs: erenumab, galcanezumab, fremanezumab, eptinezumab, finished Fase III, extensions trials and many of them are in the market approved since 2018.Since 2019 are available in Argentina. We will describe the rationale for the prescription of this family of new drugs for migraine.

Humans , Adult , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/therapeutic use , Migraine Disorders/prevention & control , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Argentina , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(6): 483-488, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285363


Abstract Background: Migraine is a prevalent neurological disease that leads to severe headaches. Moreover, it is the commonest among the primary headaches that cause medication overuse headache (MOH). The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is one of the structures most associated with medication overuse. Objective: To determine microstructural changes in the OFC among migraine patients who developed MOH, through the diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) technique. Methods: Fifty-eight patients who had been diagnosed with migraine based on the Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-III-B) were included in the study. Patients were sub-classified into two groups, with and without MOH, based on the MOH criteria of ICHD-III-B. DTI was applied to each patient. The OFC fractional anisotropy (FA), and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the two groups were compared. Results: The mean age of all the patients was 35.98±7.92 years (range: 18-65), and 84.5% (n=49) of them were female. The two groups, with MOH (n=25) and without (n=33), were alike in terms of age, gender, family history, migraine with or without aura and duration of illness. It was found that there was a significant difference in FA values of the left OFC between the two groups (0.32±0.01 versus 0.29±0.01; p=0.04). Conclusions: An association was found between MOH and changes to OFC microstructure. Determination of neuropathology and factors associated with medication overuse among migraine patients is crucial in terms of identifying the at-risk patient population and improving proper treatment strategies specific to these patients.

RESUMO Introdução: A migrânea é uma doença neurológica prevalente que causa fortes dores de cabeça. Além disso, é a mais comum entre as cefaleias primárias que causam cefaleia por uso excessivo de medicamentos (CUEM). O córtex orbitofrontal (OF) é uma das estruturas mais associadas ao uso excessivo de medicamentos. Objetivo: Determinar alterações microestruturais no córtex OF em pacientes com migrânea que desenvolveram CUEM, por meio da técnica de imagem por tensor de difusão (ITD). Métodos: Cinquenta e oito pacientes com diagnóstico de migrânea, com base na Classificação das Cefaleias (ICHD-III-B), foram incluídos no estudo. Os pacientes foram subclassificados em dois grupos, com e sem CUEM, com base nos critérios de CUEM da ICHD-III-B. A ITD foi aplicada a cada paciente. Os valores de anisotropia fracionada OFC (AF) e coeficiente de difusão aparente (CDA) dos dois grupos foram comparados. Resultados: A média de idade de todos os pacientes foi de 35,98±7,92 anos (variação: 18‒65), sendo 84,5% (n=49) do sexo feminino. Os dois grupos, com CUEM (n=25) e sem (n=33), são semelhantes em termos de idade, sexo, história familiar, migrânea com ou sem aura e duração da doença. Verificou-se que houve diferença significativa nos valores de AF do córtex OF esquerdo entre os dois grupos (0,32±0,01 versus 0,29±0,01; p=0,04). Conclusões: Foi encontrada associação entre o CUEM e as alterações na microestrutura do córtex OF. A determinação da neuropatologia e dos fatores associados ao uso excessivo de medicamentos entre pacientes com migrânea é crucial para identificar a população de pacientes em risco e melhorar as estratégias de tratamento adequadas específicas para esses pacientes.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Headache Disorders, Secondary/diagnostic imaging , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Migraine Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Prefrontal Cortex , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Prescription Drug Overuse , Middle Aged
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(12): 778-782, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142370


ABSTRACT Background: Migraine is one of the most common disorders in neurological clinical practice and is part of the group of primary headaches. It often affects individuals in the age group of 25-55 years, when people are at their peak of economic productivity. Many patients ultimately overuse analgesics. Overuse is defined by the use of analgesics for at least 15 times a month - within a minimal three-month period. Impulsivity and migraine cause losses in the lives of individuals suffering from them, as they can compromise these individuals' social, emotional, and professional spheres. Regarding the professional sphere, it results in economic losses compared with the overall population. Objective: To investigate the presence of impulsive behavior in patients with migraine and with medication-overuse migraine. Methods: Cross-sectional study on 210 female and male patients; 140 were diagnosed with migraine according to criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders and were subdivided into two groups (70 patients each). One of these groups was composed of medication-overuse patients; the control group was composed of non-migraine patients (70 patients). All patients were evaluated with the Barratt Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11). Results: The group of migraine patients accounted for the highest impulsivity level, followed by the control group and, finally, by the medication-overuse group. However, these differences did not attain statistical significance. Conclusions: It was not possible to establish a clear connection between migraine and impulsive behavior. Association was higher among migraineurs without medication overuse.

RESUMO Introdução: A enxaqueca é uma das condições mais comuns na prática clínica neurológica, enquadrando-se no grupo das cefaleias primárias. Sua prevalência é maior na faixa etária de 25 a 55 anos, coincidindo com o pico da produtividade econômica. Muitos pacientes recorrem ao uso abusivo de analgésicos. O uso excessivo desses medicamentos é definido pela sua utilização por pelo menos 15 vezes ao mês, por um período de no mínimo três meses. A impulsividade e a enxaqueca causam prejuízos na vida dos indivíduos afetados, podendo comprometer os âmbitos social, emocional e profissional, resultando em um prejuízo monetário a esse grupo, em relação à população em geral. Objetivo: Investigar a presença de comportamento impulsivo em pacientes com enxaqueca com abuso de analgésico. Métodos: Estudo de corte transversal com 210 pacientes, homens e mulheres, sendo 140 com diagnóstico de enxaqueca segundo os critérios da Classificação Internacional das Cefaleias (IHCD-3), subdivididos em dois grupos de 70 pacientes cada, um composto por pacientes em uso excessivo de medicamentos, e um grupo controle composto por indivíduos sem enxaqueca. Todos os pacientes foram avaliados com a Escala de Impulsividade de Barratt - BIS 11. Resultados: O grupo com enxaqueca apresentou maior impulsividade, seguido do grupo controle e, por fim, o grupo com enxaqueca com abuso de medicamentos. No entanto, essas diferenças não atingiram significância estatística. Conclusão: Não foi possível encontrar relação direta entre a enxaqueca e comportamentos impulsivos. No entanto, esta relação foi maior entre os pacientes com enxaqueca sem abuso de analgésico.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Headache Disorders, Secondary/epidemiology , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Migraine Disorders/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prescription Drug Overuse , Analgesics/adverse effects , Impulsive Behavior
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 645-654, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008550


A sensitive and specific ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method was deve-loped for analysis of rutaecarpine(Ru), evodiamine(Ev), rutaevine(Rv), limonin(Li), ginsendside Rb_1(Rb_1), ginsendside Re(Re) in rat plasma and brain tissues of nitroglycerin-induced migraine rats. Male healthy Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats were orally given multiple dose of optimized(OS) and un-optimized Wuzhuyu Decoction(UNOS), and their blood samples and brainstem were collected at different time points after injection of nitroglycerin(10 mg·kg~(-1)) into the frontal region. The drug concentrations of the 6 analytes in plasma and brainstem were determined by UPLC-MS/MS method. Subsequently, the main pharmacokinetics parameters of plasma were calculated by using Phoenix WinNolin 5.2.1 software. The methodological test showed that all of analytes in both plasma and brainstem homogenate exhibited a good linearity within the concentration range(r>0.994 7). The intra-day and inter-day accuracy, precision, matrix effect, stability of the investigated components meet the requirements for biopharmaceutical analysis. The developed method was successfully applied in pharmacokinetic studies on abovementioned ingredients in rat plasma and brain stem. The plasma pharmacokinetic parameters of active ingredients in two different Wuzhuyu Decoction group were compared, it was found that Rb_1 had higher t_(1/2), T_(max), C_(max), AUC_(0-24 h) and AUC_(0-∞ )in OS group. Meanwhile, Ev had higher t_(1/2) and T_(max) but lower C_(max), AUC_(0-24 h) and AUC_(0-∞), Ru has higher t_(1/2 )but lower C_(max), AUC_(0-24 h) and AUC_(0-∞ )in OS group. The brain tissue distribution of each component were compared between the two groups, the component with higher content in OS, such as Ru at 30 min and 2 h after administration, Ev at 30 min, Rb_1 at 30 min and Rb_1 at 2 h after administration have lower brain tissue distribution than those in UNOS group, while the component with higher content in UNOS, such as Rv at 30 min, 2 h and 12 h after administration had higher brain tissue distribution than those in OS group.

Animals , Male , Rats , Administration, Oral , Brain/drug effects , Brain Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Nitroglycerin , Plasma/chemistry , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5093-5102, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878797


To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Yangxue Qingnao Granules alone or combined with calcium channel blocker in treatment of migraine. In this study, four Chinese databases(CNKI, VIP, WanFang, CBM), three English databases(Cochrane Library, EMbase, Medline) and clinical trials registration center( were retrieved. The retrieval time was from the establishment of each database to January 8, 2020. According to the set inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria,the randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Yangxue Qingnao Granules alone or combined with calcium channel blocker was selected. The "Cochrane bias risk assessment" tool was used to evaluate the quality of the included studies. RevMan 5.3 was used to conduct Meta-analysis of the included studies and grade system was used to evaluate the evidence quality of the outcome indicators. A total of 583 documents were retrieved and finally included in 23 studies, with a total sample size of 2 308 cases, 1 171 cases in the treatment group and 1 137 cases in the control group. The overall quality of the research included was not high. Meta-analysis showed that,(1)in terms of effective rate, Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with calcium channel blocker was better than calcium channel blocker(RR=1.24, 95%CI[1.17, 1.32], P<0.000 01), and there was no significant difference between Yangxue Qingnao Granules and calcium channel blocker(RR=1.36, 95%CI[0.91, 2.03], P=0.14).(2)In terms of reducing headache frequency, when the unit of headache frequency was times per month, Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with calcium channel blocker was better than calcium channel blocker(MD=-1.39, 95%CI[-1.83,-0.95], P<0.000 01), when the unit of headache frequency was times daily, Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with calcium channel blocker was better than calcium channel blocker(MD=-2.08, 95%CI[-2.34,-1.82], P<0.000 01).(3)In terms of headache intensity, when headache intensity was scored by pain intensity, Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with calcium channel blocker was better than calcium channel blocker(MD=-0.70, 95%CI[-0.81,-0.59], P<0.000 01), when headache intensity was scored by VAS score, Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with calcium channel blocker was better than calcium channel blocker(MD=-1.59, 95%CI[-2.13,-1.06], P<0.000 01).(4)In terms of reducing headache duration, Yangxue Qingnao Granules combined with calcium channel blocker was better than calcium channel blocker(SMD=-3.13, 95%CI[-4.12,-2.15], P<0.000 01). GRADE system showed that the evidence level of the above outcome indicators was low and extremely low. Twelve cases of adverse reactions were reported, all of which were mild. The results showed that the combination of Yang-xue Qingnao Granules can improve the effective rate, reduce the headache frequency, the headache intensity and the headache duration, and had good safety and low incidence of adverse reactions compared with the single calcium channel blocker. However, there was no difference in the effective rate between Yangxue Qingnao Granules alone and calcium channel blocker. In view of the low quality of this study, which affects the reliability of the conclusion, it is necessary to use the conclusion of this study carefully, and more high-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to further verify in the future.

Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Reproducibility of Results
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5068-5082, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878795


To systemically assess the clinical efficacy of oral Chinese patent medicine for migraine by using network Meta-analysis. Four Chinese databases(CNKI, VIP, WanFang, CBM), three English databases(Medline, EMbase, Cochrane Library) and were systematically and comprehensively retrieved from the establishment of each database to April 24, 2020. Rando-mized controlled trial(RCT) on oral Chinese patent medicine combined with Flunarizine for migraine were screened out according to inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria. Literature screening and data extraction were conducted independently by 2 researchers. The included studies were evaluated with the Cochrane bias risk assessment tool. Data analysis was conducted by using Stata 16.0 software. Finally, a total of 52 RCTs were included, involving 11 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis showed that in terms of headache frequency, the order of efficacy was: Flunarizine combined with Tongtian Oral Liquid>combined with Zhengtian Pills>combined with Toutongning Capsules>combined with Yangxue Qingnao Granules>combined with Tianshu Capsules>combined with Xuefu Zhuyu Capsules>combined with Danzhen Toutong Capsules>combined with Chuanxiong Qingnao Granules>combined with Songling Xuemaikang Capsules. In terms of headache intensity, the order of efficacy was: Flunarizine combined with Tongtian Oral Liquid>combined with Zhengtian Pills>combined with Danzhen Toutong Capsules>combined with Tianshu Capsules>combined with Toutongning Capsules>combined with Chuanxiong Qingnao Granules>combined with Yuntongding Capsules>combined with Yang-xue Qingnao Granules>combined with Danqi Soft Capsules. In terms of headache lasting time, the order of efficacy was: Flunarizine combined with Tongtian Oral Liquid>combined with Yangxue Qingnao Granules>combined with Toutongning Capsules>combined with Zhengtian Pills>combined with Danzhen Toutong Capsules>combined with Tianshu Capsules>combined with Xuefu Zhuyu Capsules>combined with Yuntongding Capsules>combined with Chuanxiong Qingnao Granules>combined with Songling Xuemaikang Capsules. The results showed that oral Chinese patent medicines combined with Flunarizine were effective in improving the clinical efficacy for migraine. Due to the differences in the number and quality of studies included in studies of different Chinese patent medicines, and the lack of direct comparison of Chinese patent medicines, the results of the above order of Chinese patent medicines need to be demonstrated in future multi-center, large-sample, and double-blind randomized trial.

Humans , Asian People , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(6): 578-584, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058322


Resumen La migraña afecta a un porcentaje importante de la población y los síntomas pueden interferir con calidad de vida de manera importante. A pesar de los avances en el manejo médico, existe una proporción de pacientes que no responden adecuadamente a la intervención farmacológica. En los últimos años, se han planteado nuevos enfoques en el tratamiento de la migraña. Éstos se basan en la teoría que ramas sensoriales extracraneales del trigémino y de los nervios espinales cervicales pueden irritarse, atraparse o comprimirse en algún punto a lo largo de su trayecto, generándose una cascada de eventos fisiológicos que finalmente resulta en la migraña. Se ha demostrado que la inyección diagnóstica y terapéutica de toxina botulínica y la descompresión quirúrgica de estos puntos gatillos reducen o eliminan las migrañas en pacientes que no responden adecuadamente a la intervención farmacológica y siguen sintomáticos. La evidencia que respalda la eficacia y seguridad de la descompresión quirúrgica de los puntos de gatillos periféricos se está acumulando rápidamente, y la tasa de éxito general de la cirugía se acerca a 90%. Este trabajo revisa la evidencia clínica y pretende proporcionar un artículo sobre el estado actual de la técnica en el tratamiento quirúrgico de las migrañas.

Migraine headaches affect a significant percentage of the population and the symptoms can interfere with quality of life in an important way. Despite advances in medical management, there is a proportion of patients who do not respond adequately to the pharmacological intervention. In recent years, new approaches have been proposed in the treatment of migraine. These are based on the theory that extracranial sensory branches of the trigeminal and cervical spinal nerves can become irritated, trapped or compressed at some point along their path, generating a cascade of physiological events that ultimately results in migraine. It has been shown that the diagnostic and therapeutic injection of botulinum toxin and the surgical decompression of these trigger points reduce or eliminate migraines in patients who do not respond adequately to the pharmacological intervention and remain symptomatic. The evidence supporting the efficacy and safety of surgical decompression of peripheral trigger points is rapidly accumulating, and the overall success rate of surgery approaches 90%. This paper reviews the clinical evidence and aims to provide an article on the current state of the art in the surgical treatment of migraines.

Humans , Decompression, Surgical/methods , Migraine Disorders/surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Neurosurgical Procedures/methods , Trigger Points/surgery , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(9): 617-621, Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038747


ABSTRACT Migraine adds to the burden of patients suffering from multiple sclerosis (MS). The ID-migraine is a useful tool for screening migraine, and the Migraine Disability Assessment questionnaire can evaluate disease burden. The aim of the present study was to assess the presence and burden of migraine in patients with MS. Methods: Patients diagnosed with MS attending specialized MS units were invited to answer an online survey if they also experienced headache. Results: The study included 746 complete responses from patients with MS and headache. There were 625 women and 121 men, and 69% of all the patients were aged between 20 and 40 years. Migraine was identified in 404 patients (54.1%) and a moderate-to-high burden of disease was observed in 68.3% of the patients. Conclusion: Migraine is a frequent and disabling type of primary headache reported by patients with MS.

RESUMO Enxaqueca piora o sofrimento do paciente que tem esclerose múltipla (EM). ID-migraine é uma ferramenta útil para seleção de pacientes com enxaqueca e Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) é um questionário que avalia o impacto da doença. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a presença e impacto de enxaqueca em pacientes com EM. Métodos: Pacientes diagnosticados com EM e tratados em clínicas especializadas foram convidados a responder um questionário online se também apresentassem cefaleia. Resultados: O estudo incluiu 746 participantes com cefaleia e EM que preencheram completamente as respostas. Foram 625 mulheres e 121 homens, sendo 69% dos pacientes com idade entre 20 e 40 anos. Enxaqueca foi identificada em 404 pacientes (54,1%) e moderado a grave impacto da doença foi observado em 68,3% dos casos. Conclusão: Enxaqueca é uma cefaleia primária frequente e incapacitante relatada por pacientes com EM.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Headache/epidemiology , Migraine Disorders/epidemiology , Multiple Sclerosis/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Sex Distribution , Disability Evaluation , Headache/drug therapy , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(2): 115-121, Feb. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983889


ABSTRACT Migraine is a burdensome disorder. Current treatments are far from ideal. Recent knowledge has been indicating targets whose antagonism may improve efficacy. It is particularly true with the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and the monoclonal antibodies anti-CGRP can interfere with this pathway and decrease the frequency of migraine attacks. Erenumab, fremanezumab and galcanezumab have recently been approved and eptinezumab is likely to be, soon. Although efficacy figures were not spectacular, tolerability and potential higher adherence were noteworthy. However, caution must be exercised. The time frame after the studies was limited to three years and dose administration was restricted to three-monthly doses. The CGRP is present throughout the human body and migraine is a life-long disease, often requiring treatment for decades. It is not known whether this favorable profile can be maintained or will be safe in pregnant women or adolescents. In addition, there were deaths during the studies, which may have happened without a clear relationship. New treatments are welcome, but caution is warranted.

RESUMO A migrânea é incapacitante. Os tratamentos atuais apresentam resultados abaixo do desejado. O conhecimento atual indica alvos nos quais o bloqueio pode melhorar a eficácia do tratamento. Isso é mais claro com o peptídeo relacionado ao gene da calcitonina (CGRP) e anticorpos monoclonais contra este peptídeo ou seu receptor interferem com a fisiopatologia migranosa e reduzem a frequência da cefaleia. Erenumab, fremanezumab e galcanezumab já foram aprovados. Eptinezumab o será em breve. Embora a eficácia não tenho sido espetacular, a boa tolerabilidade e melhor adesão foram notáveis. No entanto, cautela deve ser empregada. Os estudos se limitaram a observar os pacientes por até três anos e com três doses mensais seguidas. Existe CGRP em todo o organismo e a migrânea é uma doença crônica, não raro requerendo tratamento por décadas. Não se sabe se a tolerabilidade favorável manter-se-á por anos ou em grávidas e adolescentes. Também houve mortes durante os estudos, mesmo sem ligação comprovada. Novos tratamentos são bem-vindos, mas cautela é necessária neste momento.

Humans , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/therapeutic use , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Placebo Effect , Treatment Outcome
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(5): 416-422, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782032


ABSTRACT Approximately 1% of the general population suffers from vestibular migraine. Despite the recently published diagnostic criteria, it is still underdiagnosed condition. The exact neural mechanisms of vestibular migraine are still unclear, but the variability of symptoms and clinical findings both during and between attacks suggests an important interaction between trigeminal and vestibular systems. Vestibular migraine often begins several years after typical migraine and has a variable clinical presentation. In vestibular migraine patients, the neurological and neurotological examination is mostly normal and the diagnosis will be based in the patient clinical history. Treatment trials that specialize on vestibular migraine are scarce and therapeutic recommendations are based on migraine guidelines. Controlled studies on the efficacy of pharmacologic interventions in the treatment of vestibular migraine should be performed.

RESUMO Cerca de 1% da população apresentam o diagnóstico de migrânea vestibular. Apesar dos critérios diagnósticos terem sido publicados recentemente, ainda é uma condição subdiagnosticada. Os mecanismos neurais exatos da migrânea vestibular ainda não estão claros, mas a variabilidade dos sintomas e achados clínicos durante e entre os ataques sugere uma interação importante entre os sistemas trigeminal e vestibular. A migrânea vestibular geralmente começa alguns anos após a migrânea típica e tem apresentação clínica variável. Em pacientes com migrânea vestibular, o exame neurológico e otoneurológico são geralmente normais e o diagnóstico é baseado na história clínica do paciente. Estudos sobre tratamento da migrânea vestibular são escassos e recomendações terapêuticas são baseadas em diretrizes do tratamento da migrânea. Estudos controlados sobre a eficácia das intervenções farmacológicas para o tratamento da migrânea vestibular devem ser realizados.

Humans , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Migraine Disorders/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/complications , Vestibular Diseases/physiopathology , Vestibular Diseases/drug therapy , Vertigo/complications , Neurotransmitter Agents/therapeutic use , Diagnosis, Differential , Dizziness/complications , Migraine Disorders/complications , Migraine Disorders/physiopathology , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(3): 262-271, Mar. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777130


ABSTRACT In this article, a group of experts in headache management of the Brazilian Headache Society developed through a consensus strategic measurements to treat a migraine attack in both the child and the adult. Particular emphasis was laid on the treatment of migraine in women, including at pregnancy, lactation and perimenstrual period.

RESUMO Neste artigo um grupo de especialistas no tratamento de cefaleia da Sociedade Brasileira de Cefaleia através de um consenso elaborou medidas estratérgicas para tratar uma crise de migrânea tanto na criança como no adulto. Uma enfase particular foi dada no tratamento da migranea na mulher, incluindo gravidez, lactação e período perimenstrual.

Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adult , Consensus , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Pregnancy Complications/drug therapy , Brazil , Migraine Disorders/etiology
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 73(7): 586-592, 07/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-752379


Objective : To evaluate the use of analgesics in headache diagnosed in Outpatients Headache Clinic (ACEF), as well as his involvement in the activities of the patients. Method : 145 patients with headache seen at ACEF during the period August/July 2009/2010 underwent a questionnaire and interview with neurologist responsible for the final diagnosis according to ICHD-II. Results : Relationship Women:Men 7:1. 1) Prevalence: Migraine without aura (52.4%), migraine with aura (12.4%), chronic migraine (15.2%) and medication overuse headache (MOH) (20%). 2) Analgesic drugs used: Compounds with Dipyrone (37%), Dipyrone (23%), Paracetamol (16%) compound with Paracetamol (6%), triptans (6%) and non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (12%). There was a significant decrease in the duration of pain and less interference in the activities of the headache patients after the use of analgesics. Conclusion : Prevalence of MOH has been increasing in population level and specialized services. New studies emphasizing the MOH are needed to assist in the improvement of their diagnostic and therapeutic approach. .

Objetivo : Avaliar a utilização de analgésicos nas cefaleias diagnosticadas no Ambulatório de Cefaleias (ACEF), bem como a sua intervenção nas atividades dos pacientes. Método : 145 pacientes com cefaleia atendidos no ACEF durante o período entre Agosto/2009 a Julho/2010 foram submetidos a um questionário e à entrevista com médico neurologista responsável pelo diagnóstico final, segundo a ICHD-II. Resultados : Relação Mulheres:Homens de 7:1. 1) Prevalência: Migrânea sem aura (52,4%), migrânea com aura (12,4%), migrânea crônica (15,2%) e CEM (20%). 2) Analgésicos utilizados: Compostos com Dipirona (37%), Dipirona (23%), Paracetamol (16%), compostos com Paracetamol (6%), triptanos (6%) e drogas antiinflamatórias esteroidais (12%). Houve uma diminuição significativa da duração da dor e menor interferência da cefaleia nas atividades dos pacientes após o uso dos analgésicos. Conclusão : Prevalência da cefaleia por uso excessivo de medicamento (CEM) vem aumentando em nível populacional e em serviços especializados. Novos estudos enfatizando a CEM são necessários para auxiliar na melhora da sua abordagem diagnóstica e terapêutica. .

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Analgesics/therapeutic use , Headache Disorders, Secondary/epidemiology , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Migraine Disorders/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Leisure Activities , Pain Measurement , Pain Clinics/statistics & numerical data , Quality of Life , Self Medication , Sex Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires , Time Factors , Work
Rev. bras. neurol ; 50(1): 15-17, jan.-mar. 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-712079


A migrânea acomete cerca de 6% a 7% dos homens e 18% a 20% das mulheres, principalmente entre 25 e 55 anos de idade, e é responsável por enorme impacto na atividade produtiva. O topirama-to é um das drogas antiepilépticas aprovadas pela Food and Drug Administration (FDA), sendo usado para a prevenção da migrânea. É uma droga segura, mas não isenta de efeitos adversos. Embora alterações oftalmológicas causadas pelo uso dessa medicação não sejam comuns, aqui é relatado um caso de uma paciente que, ao procurar profilaxia para as crises de migrânea, apresentou efeito adverso ocular, o qual, se não fosse reconhecido em tempo hábil, causaria efeitos maiores e mais danosos à paciente.

Migraine affects approximately 6% and 7% of men and 18% and 20% of women mainly between 25 and 55 years old, responsible for its enormous impact on productive activity. Topiramate is one of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved antiepileptic drugs used for migraine prevention. It is a safe drug but not without side effects. Although ophthalmologic changes caused by this medication are not common, here is reported a case of a patient looking for pro-phylaxis of migraine attacks exhibited an ocular adverse effect, and if not recognized in due time, larger and more harmful effects could be inflicted to the patient.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vision Disorders/diagnosis , Ocular Hypertension/chemically induced , Migraine Disorders/complications , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Anticonvulsants/adverse effects , Myopia/chemically induced , Vision Disorders/chemically induced , Acute Disease , Topiramate/adverse effects , Anticonvulsants/therapeutic use