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1.
Cad. psicol. soc. trab ; 24(2): 169-184, jul.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1356009

ABSTRACT

Este artigo visa a apresentar uma pesquisa-intervenção voltada para a compreensão da relação entre família e trabalho, em uma unidade mineradora situada no Norte do Brasil. Adotam-se aqui olhares críticos da psicologia sobre o trabalho. Embora não estivessem previstos originalmente, os dados aqui relatados emergiram do campo, derivados do projeto de pesquisa-intervenção contratado pela empresa, que buscava investigar as variáveis psicossociais que diretamente afetam o trabalho de Operadores de retroescavadeira. A necessidade de buscar maior aproximação dos sujeitos de pesquisa motivou a realização de uma intervenção junto às suas famílias. Essa intervenção foi feita a partir de técnicas grupais, como rodas de conversa e visitas domiciliares, seguida pela análise das percepções dos familiares sobre o trabalho dos Operadores e sobre a relação desses com a empresa. Os resultados destacam a importância do conceito de território para compreender os processos de subjetivação das famílias; os vínculos sociais como fator psicossocial protetivo; a imbricada articulação entre o processo de gestão do trabalho e a política de benefícios sociais. Concluímos destacando a importância dos vínculos familiares para a compreensão real da atividade dos Operadores, e reafirmando a noção de centralidade do trabalho, na conformação do território.


This article aims to present an intervention research focused on understanding the relationship between family and work in a mining unit located in Northern Brazil. Psychology's critical views on work are adopted here. Although not originally foreseen, the data reported here emerged from the field, derived from the intervention research project contracted by the company, which sought to investigate the psychosocial variables that directly affect the work of backhoe operators. The need to get closer to the research subjects motivated the realization of an intervention with their families. This intervention was carried out using group techniques, such as conversation circles and home visits, followed by an analysis of family members' perceptions about the operators' work and their relationship with the company. The results highlight the importance of the concept of territory to understand the subjectivation processes of families; social bonds as a protective psychosocial factor; the imbricated articulation between the work management process and the social benefits policy. We conclude by highlighting the importance of family ties for the real understanding of the operators' activity, and reaffirming the notion of the centrality of work in the shaping of the territory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Family Relations/psychology , Miners/psychology , Psychosocial Intervention , Occupational Health , Qualitative Research , Psychosocial Support Systems , Group Processes
2.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 47(1): 13-18, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088744

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background A coalmine disaster has occurred in Turkey on 13 May 2014, which caused the death of 301 miners. Objective This study aimed to determine the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and the risk factors for PTSD among mine workers, 2 years after the coalmining disaster. Methods This was a cross-sectional survey conducted between June 2016 and July 2016 among mine workers who were the employees of either the mine where the accident occurred or three other mines in the same area. Sociodemographic data form and PTSD Symptom-Scale Self-Report (PSS-SR) were used to collect data. Results 672 mine workers participated in the study. At the time of the accident, 23.7% (n = 159) of them were in the mine where the accident occurred. The mean score on total PSS-SR was 4.27 (SD: ±4.49). Eighteen (2.7%) participants screened positive for PTSD. Logistic regression analysis revealed the significant risk factors for PTSD are: being single/divorced/widowed, having a chronic disease, having a family history of psychiatric illness and previously experiencing traumatic events more than one. Discussion Coalmining workers have considerably high prevalence rate of PTSD symptoms after a coalmining disaster. Assessing PTSD and associated risks is important for preventive mental health services.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology , Accidents, Occupational , Coal Mining , Miners/psychology , Primary Health Care , Signs and Symptoms , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/prevention & control , Turkey , Occupational Risks , Mental Health , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Occupational Health
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811428

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the indirect effect of calcium-enriched mixture (CEM) cement and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), as 2 calcium silicate-based hydraulic cements, on human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) through different dentin thicknesses.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-chamber setups were designed to simulate indirect pulp capping (IPC). Human molars were sectioned to obtain 0.1-, 0.3-, and 0.5-mm-thick dentin discs, which were placed between the 2 chambers to simulate an IPC procedure. Then, MTA and CEM were applied on one side of the discs, while hDPSCs were cultured on the other side. After 2 weeks of incubation, the cells were removed, and cell proliferation, morphology, and attachment to the discs were evaluated under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDXA) spectroscopy was performed for elemental analysis. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was assessed quantitatively. The data were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests.RESULTS: SEM micrographs revealed elongated cells, collagen fibers, and calcified nucleations in all samples. EDXA verified that the calcified nucleations consisted of calcium phosphate. The largest calcifications were seen in the 0.1-mm-thick dentin subgroups. There was no significant difference in ALP activity across the CEM subgroups; however, ALP activity was significantly lower in the 0.1-mm-thick dentin subgroup than in the other MTA subgroups (p < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: The employed capping biomaterials exerted biological activity on hDPSCs, as shown by cell proliferation, morphology, and attachment and calcific precipitations, through 0.1- to 0.5-mm-thick layers of dentin. In IPC, the bioactivity of these endodontic biomaterials is probably beneficial.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Biocompatible Materials , Calcium , Cell Proliferation , Collagen , Dental Pulp Capping , Dental Pulp , Dentin , Endodontics , Humans , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Miners , Molar , Pemetrexed , Spectrum Analysis , Stem Cells
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811189

ABSTRACT

Chronic Kidney disease (CKD) disturbs mineral homeostasis leading to mineral and bone disorders (MBD). Serum calcium and phosphate (Pi) remain normal until the late stages of CKD at the expense of elevate fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23), a phosphaturic hormone, followed by reduced 1,25-dihydroxy-vitamin D (1,25[OH]2D) and finally elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH). Pi retention is thought to be the initial cause of CKD-MBD. The management of MBD is a huge clinical challenge because the effectiveness of current therapeutic regimens to prevent and treat MBD is limited. An intermittent regimen of PTH, when administered at the early stages of CKD, through its phosphaturic action, could prevent FGF-23 increases, the drop of 1,25(OH)2D, and the development of renal osteodystrophy, including secondary hyperparathyroidism (HPT) and its catabolic effects on the skeleton. Even in more advanced stages of CKD that have not progressed to tertiary HPT, could be beneficial. Therapeutic effects could be achieved in vascular calcification as well. Limited experimental/clinical data support the effectiveness of PTH in CKD-MBD. Its safety, has been established only when it is used for the treatment of osteoporosis, including patients with CKD. The proposed intermittent PTH administration is biologically plausible but its effectiveness and safety has to be critically assessed in long term prospective studies in patients with CKD-MBD.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Fibroblasts , Homeostasis , Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary , Miners , Osteoporosis , Parathyroid Hormone , Prospective Studies , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral and Bone Disorder , Skeleton , Therapeutic Uses , Vascular Calcification
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811185

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Adequate suppression of bone turnover rate is important to decrease fracture risk without mineralization defect due to oversuppression. This study was performed to determine reference intervals (RIs) for 2 bone turnover markers, serum C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (CTX) and osteocalcin, in Korean women.METHODS: A total of 461 Korean women (287 premenopausal and 174 postmenopausal) without any disease or drug history affecting bone metabolism was included. Serum CTX and osteocalcin were measured after overnight fasting. Bone mineral density (BMD) was measured at the 1st to 4th lumbar vertebra using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Subjects with normal spinal BMD (T-score ≥−1.0) were included in this study.RESULTS: After stable concentrations were maintained, both CTX and osteocalcin were abruptly increased in 50 to 59 years, and then decreased with increasing age. Median levels and interquartile range of serum CTX and osteocalcin in all subjects were 0.322 (0.212–0.461) ng/mL and 15.68 (11.38–19.91) ng/mL. RIs for serum CTX and osteocalcin in all subjects were 0.115 to 0.861 ng/mL and 6.46 to 36.76 ng/mL. Those were higher in postmenopausal women (CTX, 0.124–1.020 ng/mL, osteocalcin, 5.42–41.57 ng/mL) than in premenopausal women (CTX, 0.101–0.632 ng/mL, osteocalcin, 6.73–24.27 ng/mL). If we use target reference levels as lower half of premenopausal 30 to 45 years in patients with antiresorptive drugs, those were 0.101 to 0.251 ng/mL and 6.40 to 13.36 ng/mL.CONCLUSIONS: We established RIs for serum CTX and osteocalcin in healthy Korean women with normal lumbar spine BMD. Premenopausal RIs for serum CTX and osteocalcin would be useful to monitor patients with low bone mass using osteoporosis drugs.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Biomarkers , Bone Density , Bone Density Conservation Agents , Bone Remodeling , Collagen Type I , Fasting , Female , Humans , Metabolism , Miners , Osteocalcin , Osteoporosis , Reference Values , Spine
9.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200043, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135250

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND The number of malaria cases in Roraima nearly tripled from 2016 to 2018. The capital, Boa Vista, considered a low-risk area for malaria transmission, reported an increasing number of autochthonous and imported cases. OBJECTIVES This study describes a spatial analysis on malaria cases in an urban region of Boa Vista, which sought to identify the autochthonous and imported cases and associated them with Anopheles habitats and the potential risk of local transmission. METHODS In a cross-sectional study at the Polyclinic Cosme e Silva, 520 individuals were interviewed and diagnosed with malaria by microscopic examination. Using a global positional system, the locations of malaria cases by type and origin and the breeding sites of anopheline vectors were mapped and the risk of malaria transmission was evaluated by spatial point pattern analysis. FINDINGS Malaria was detected in 57.5% of the individuals and there was a disproportionate number of imported cases (90.6%) linked to Brazilian coming from gold mining sites in Venezuela and Guyana. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The increase in imported malaria cases circulating in the west region of Boa Vista, where there are positive breeding sites for the main vectors, may represent a potential condition for increased autochthonous malaria transmission in this space.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Plasmodium/isolation & purification , Travel , Miners/statistics & numerical data , Mosquito Vectors/parasitology , Malaria/diagnosis , Malaria/transmission , Anopheles/parasitology , Plasmodium/classification , Urban Population , Venezuela , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Geographic Information Systems , Spatial Analysis , Gold , Guyana , Malaria/parasitology , Malaria/epidemiology , Anopheles/classification , Middle Aged
10.
Occup. health South. Afr. (Online) ; 18(26): 145-152, 2020.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1268092

ABSTRACT

Background: Current initiatives in southern Africa to medically assess former migrant miners for silicosis and tuberculosis, including statutory and lawsuit derived compensation programmes, require burden of disease information. nObjective: To use clinical information collected on ex-miners examined at the Occupational Health Service Centre (OHSC) in Lesotho, operated under the Tuberculosis in Mining Sector in Southern Africa (TIMS) project, to measure the burden of lung disease and respiratory impairment. Methods: Demographic, occupational and medical history information, chest radiology, spirometry, GeneXpert testing for tuberculosis, and pulse oximetry outcomes were analysed, and descriptive summary measures calculated, in a group of ex-miners examined in 2017 and 2018. Results: The study sample comprised 2 758 Basotho former underground miners, with median age of 62 years and median length of service of 28 years. Among ex-gold miners (n = 2 678), disease prevalence was high: radiological tuberculosis (consistent with previous or current disease) 60.9%, silicosis 42.5%, HIV 30.7%, silicotuberculosis 25.7%, and current active tuberculosis 6.8%. Of those with tuberculosis diagnosed microbiologically, 6.7% had no radiological evidence of tuberculosis and 54.1% did not report cough. Conclusion: The findings have public health and compensation implications. There are large numbers of ex-miners with potentially compensable disease under both the statutory system and a settlement trust set up following litigation. This overlaps with a tuberculosis-HIV co-epidemic which requires screening and treatment for tuberculosis and HIV, and managing a considerable disability and care burden on families and the Lesotho health system. Coordinated planning and substantial resources are needed for these programmes to do justice to their mandates


Subject(s)
Global Burden of Disease , Lesotho , Lung Diseases , Miners , Occupational Diseases , Silicosis , Tuberculosis
11.
Occup. health South. Afr. (Online) ; 26(1): 12-14, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1268162

ABSTRACT

Background: Occupational noise-induced hearing loss (ONIHL) is one of the most common occupational health diseases affecting miners in South Africa. Accurate and appropriate medical data are essential for making valid diagnoses. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe the electronic records of a South African platinum mine's audiometry medical surveillance system and their role in early diagnosis of ONIHL. Ear-related conditions of affected miners, occupations, and noise levels were concurrently reviewed, and the characteristics of miners with and without ONIHL were described. Methods: This was an analysis of secondary data from the electronic audiometry and employee occupational records of 305 platinum mine workers for the period 2014 to 2017. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. Results: Although the audiometry records contained appropriate and relevant data, including annual hearing screening percentage loss of hearing (PLH) shifts, there was evidence of inaccurate and insufficient recording of risk factors for hearing loss in the medical surveillance records. The records indicated that the miners in some occupations were exposed to dangerously high noise levels, exceeding 85 dB(A). Miners as young as 21 years of age were diagnosed with ONIHL. Conclusion: The insufficient and inaccurate data captured in the miners' records has important implications for the mine's efficient implementation of hearing conservation programme (HCP) elements aimed at mitigating ONIHL. The hazardous noise levels recorded call for increased attempts to meet noise level regulations, while the presence of conditions such as pseudohypacusis highlights the need for exploration of more reliable assessment measures


Subject(s)
Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Miners , Occupational Health/complications , Platinum Compounds , South Africa
12.
Rev. salud pública ; 21(3): e481048, mayo-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115863

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo Determinar el impacto percibido en la salud de los mineros artesanales del municipio de Quinchía (Colombia) por el uso de mercurio y cianuro en el proceso de amalgamiento de oro. Métodos Investigación cuantitativa, descriptiva, en una muestra de 28 mineros activos expuestos a cianuro y mercurio. Se caracterizó el proceso de amalgamiento de oro, se realizó una encuesta de percepción de síntomas y se efectuaron exámenes de laboratorio para detectar la concentración de mercurio y cianuro en la sangre. Resultados El 50% de los mineros llevan en el oficio entre 21 y 30 años, con una exposición de 2,6 horas/día al mercurio y cianuro. El 33% de los mineros presentan niveles de concentración de mercurio en la sangre entre 4 y 4,9 microgramos por litro (μg/L) y refieren síntomas en los sistemas nervioso y digestivo. Los resultados de cianuro en la sangre fueron negativos. Conclusiones Las concentraciones de mercurio en la sangre se asocian con el tiempo en el oficio, horas de exposición al mercurio y percepción de síntomas. Los resultados de cianuro en la sangre no son coincidentes con los síntomas referidos por los mineros. Pese a que, se reconoce la toxicidad de estas sustancias químicas, aún se emplean métodos tradicionales y prohibidos sin tener en cuenta los protocolos de seguridad y el uso de elementos de protección adecuados. Los mineros constantemente están expuestos a procedimientos que implican riesgos para la salud; refieren síntomas no diagnosticados y que podrían afectar el organismo a largo plazo. No se adoptan medidas de prevención y promoción.(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective Determine the Perceived Impact on the Artisanal Miner's Health from Quinchía's Municipality (Colombia) by the Use of Cyanide and Mercury in the Amalgamation Process of Gold. Methods Quantitative, descriptive research in a sample of 28 active miners exposed to cyanide and mercury. The process of gold amalgamation was characterized, a survey of symptom perception was carried out and laboratory tests were carried out to detect the concentration of mercury and cyanide in blood. Results 50% of the miners are in the trade between 21 and 30 years, with an exposure of 2.6 hours/day to mercury and cyanide. 33% of miners have levels of mercury concentration in blood between 4-4.9 micrograms per liter (μg/L), as well as refer to symptoms in the nervous and digestive systems. The results of cyanide in blood are negative. Conclusions Blood mercury concentrations are associated with time in the trade, hours of exposure to mercury and perception of symptoms. The results of cyanide in blood are not coincident with the symptoms reported by the miners. Although the toxicity of these chemical substances is recognized, traditional and prohibited methods are still used without taking into account safety protocols and the use of appropriate protection elements. Miners are constantly exposed to procedures that involve health risks, refer undiagnosed symptoms and that could affect the organism in the long term. Prevention and promotion measures are not adopted.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Exposure , Cyanides/adverse effects , Miners , Mercury/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Colombia
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766601

ABSTRACT

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive material classified as a carcinogen by the World Health Organization, and is known to be the factor with the second-greatest impact on lung cancer after smoking. An association between radon and lung cancer has consistently been reported in epidemiological studies on mine workers and residents of homes with indoor radon exposure. However, associations between radon and other diseases, such as leukemia and thyroid cancer, have yet to be confirmed due to a lack of consistent research findings and biological relevance. Such associations are unlikely because there is a very low likelihood that organs other than the lungs are exposed to radon upon inhalation due to the short half-life of radon and its progeny and the low permeability of alpha rays. In spring 2018, the radon bed mattress incident occurred, leading to a spike of concern and interest among the public regarding the health effects of radiation exposure. This paper presents a description of radon exposure and its health effects based on the current literature and provides practical information based on health consultations experienced following the 2018 radon mattress incident.


Subject(s)
Alpha Particles , Epidemiologic Studies , Half-Life , Inhalation , Leukemia , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Miners , Permeability , Radiation Exposure , Radon , Referral and Consultation , Smoke , Smoking , Thyroid Neoplasms , World Health Organization
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766421

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Many international journals have published studies on the results of distal femoral fractures in elderly people, but only a few studies have been conducted on the Korean population. The aim of this study was to determine the factors that are associated with the outcomes and prognosis of fixation of distal femur fractures using the minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) technique in elderly patients (age≥60) and to determine the risk factors related witht he occurrence of nonunion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective study. From January 2008 to June 2018, distal femur fracture (AO/OTA 33) patients who underwent surgical treatment (MIPO) were analyzed. A total of 52 patients were included in the study after removing 121 patients that met with the exclusion criteria. Medical records, including surgical records, were reviewed to evaluate the patients' underlying disease, bone mineral density, the number of days delayed from surgery, complications and mortality. In addition, follow-up radiographs were used to determine bone union, delayed union and nonunion. RESULTS: The average time to achieve bone union was 19.95 weeks, the rate of nonunion was 20.0% (10/50) and the overall mortality was 3.8% (2/52). There were no significant differences in the clinical and radiological results of those patients with or without periprosthetic fracture. On the univariate analysis, which compared the union group vs. the nonunion group, no factors were identified as significant risk factors for nonunion. On the multiple logistic regression analysis, medical history of cancer was identified as a significant risk factor for nonunion (p=0.045). CONCLUSION: The rate of nonunion is high in the Korean population of elderly people suffering from distal femur fracture, but the mortality rate appears to be low. A medical history of cancer is a significant risk factor for nonunion. Further prospective studies are required to determine other associated factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Diseases , Femoral Fractures , Femur , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Logistic Models , Medical Records , Miners , Mortality , Periprosthetic Fractures , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766418

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recent literature has noted incidences of subtrochanteric atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) in patients who have taken long-term bisphosphonates (BPs). Most cases of subtrochanteric AFFs have been treated with intramedullary nailing and cases of delayed union have been reported. On the other hand, there is no data available on the complications associated with endosteal thickening or cortical thickening. This study evaluated the results of surgical treatment according to the endosteal thickening of the lateral cortex in subtrochanteric AFFs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Investigation was performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Jeju National University Hospital. The study consisted of patients with subtrochanteric AFFs, defined by the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) major criteria, who underwent intramedullary nailing from March 2012 to October 2014. The cases were categorized into two groups based on the presence of endosteal thickening. The evaluation included the demographic data, radiographic data of initial reduction state, and duration of BPs. RESULTS: The demographic data and duration of BPs were similar in the two groups. On the other hand, varus reduction (Group I: 12.5% vs. Group II: 78.9%; p=0.001), delayed union (Group I: 0% vs. Group II: 70.0%; p=0.003), nonunion (Group I: 0% vs. Group II: 47.4%; p=0.017), and union time (Group I: 5.5 months vs. Group II: 8.3 months; p<0.001) were significantly different in the two groups. CONCLUSION: Endosteal thickening of the lateral cortex in subtrochanteric AFFs was identified as an independent factor that decides the reduction of the fracture and nonunion. The endosteal thickening should be removed to obtain anatomical alignment for successful surgical results.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Diphosphonates , Femoral Fractures , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fractures, Stress , Hand , Humans , Incidence , Miners
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766114

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of dehydrated human amnion/chorion membrane (dHACM) to repair perforated sinus membranes in rabbits. METHODS: Bilateral surgical windows (7.5-mm diameter) were prepared on the nasal bones of 14 rabbits. Standardized circular perforations (5-mm diameter) were made in the sinus membrane by manipulating implant twist drills. The perforated sinus membranes were repaired using dHACM or a resorbable collagen membrane (CM). The negative control (NC) group did not undergo perforated sinus membrane repair, while the positive control (PC) group underwent sinus augmentation without perforations. The same amount of deproteinized porcine bone mineral was grafted in all 4 groups. After 6 weeks, micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and histomorphometric evaluations were conducted. RESULTS: The micro-CT analysis revealed that the total augmented volume was not significantly different among the groups. In the dHACM group, newly formed bone filled the augmented area with remaining biomaterials; however, non-ciliated flat epithelium and inflammatory cells were observed on the healed sinus membrane. Histometric analysis showed that the percentage of newly formed bone area in the dHACM group did not differ significantly from that in the CM group. The dHACM group showed a significantly higher percentage of newly formed bone area than the NC group, but there was no significant difference between the dHACM and PC groups. CONCLUSIONS: dHACM could be a feasible solution for repairing sinus membrane perforations that occur during sinus floor augmentation.


Subject(s)
Amnion , Biocompatible Materials , Chorion , Collagen , Epithelium , Humans , Membranes , Miners , Nasal Bone , Rabbits , Sinus Floor Augmentation , Transplants
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766096

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic changes and the survival rate after periodontal surgery using deproteinized bovine bone mineral (DBBM) with 10% collagen or DBBM with a collagen membrane in endo-periodontal lesions. METHODS: A total of 52 cases (41 patients) with at least 5 years of follow-up were included in this study. After scaling and root planing with or without endodontic treatment, periodontal regenerative procedures with DBBM with 10% collagen alone or DBBM with a collagen membrane were performed, yielding the DBBM + 10% collagen and DBBM + collagen membrane groups, respectively. Changes in clinical parameters including the plaque index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth, gingival recession, relative clinical attachment level, mobility, and radiographic bone gains were evaluated immediately before periodontal surgical procedures and at a 12-month follow-up. RESULTS: At the 12-month follow-up after regenerative procedures, improvements in clinical parameters and radiographic bone gains were observed in both treatment groups. The DBBM + 10% collagen group showed greater probing pocket depth reduction (4.52±1.06 mm) than the DBBM + collagen membrane group (4.04±0.82 mm). However, there were no significant differences between the groups. Additionally, the radiographic bone gain in the DBBM + 10% collagen group (5.15±1.54 mm) was comparable to that of the DBBM + collagen membrane group (5.35±1.84 mm). The 5-year survival rate of the teeth with endo-periodontal lesions after periodontal regenerative procedures was 92.31%. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that regenerative procedures using DBBM with 10% collagen alone improved the clinical attachment level and radiographic bone level in endo-periodontal lesions. Successful maintenance of the results after regenerative procedures in endo-periodontal lesions can be obtained by repeated oral hygiene education within strict supportive periodontal treatment.


Subject(s)
Collagen , Education , Follow-Up Studies , Gingival Recession , Guided Tissue Regeneration , Hemorrhage , Membranes , Miners , Oral Hygiene , Periapical Periodontitis , Periodontitis , Retrospective Studies , Root Planing , Survival Rate , Tooth
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766094

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the enhancement of osteogenic potential of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) bone substitute coated with Escherichia coli-derived recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (ErhBMP-2) and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG). METHODS: The cell viability, differentiation, and mineralization of osteoblasts was tested with ErhBMP-2-/EGCG solution. Coated BCP surfaces were also investigated. Standardized, 6-mm diameter defects were created bilaterally on the maxillary sinus of 10 male New Zealand white rabbits. After removal of the bony windows and elevation of sinus membranes, ErhBMP-2-/EGCG-coated BCP was applied on one defect in the test group. BCP was applied on the other defect to form the control group. The animals were sacrificed at 4 or 8 weeks after surgery. Histologic and histometric analyses of the augmented graft and surrounding tissue were performed. RESULTS: The 4-week and 8-week test groups showed more new bone (%) than the corresponding control groups (P<0.05). The 8-week test group showed more new bone (%) than the 4-week test group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ErhBMP-2-/EGCG-coated BCP was effective as a bone graft material, showing enhanced osteogenic potential and minimal side effects in a rabbit sinus augmentation model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Substitutes , Calcium , Cell Survival , Escherichia , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Male , Maxillary Sinus , Membranes , Miners , Osteoblasts , Rabbits , Transplants
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766089

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated differences in bone healing and remodeling among 3 implants with different surfaces: sandblasting and large-grit acid etching (SLA; IS-III Active®), SLA with hydroxyapatite nanocoating (IS-III Bioactive®), and SLA stored in sodium chloride solution (SLActive®). METHODS: The mandibular second, third, and fourth premolars of 9 dogs were extracted. After 4 weeks, 9 dogs with edentulous alveolar ridges underwent surgical placement of 3 implants bilaterally and were allowed to heal for 2, 4, or 12 weeks. Histologic and histomorphometric analyses were performed on 54 stained slides based on the following parameters: vertical marginal bone loss at the buccal and lingual aspects of the implant (b-MBL and l-MBL, respectively), mineralized bone-to-implant contact (mBIC), osteoid-to-implant contact (OIC), total bone-to-implant contact (tBIC), mineralized bone area fraction occupied (mBAFO), osteoid area fraction occupied (OAFO), and total bone area fraction occupied (tBAFO) in the threads of the region of interest. Two-way analysis of variance (3 types of implant surface×3 healing time periods) and additional analyses for simple effects were performed. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were observed across the implant surfaces for OIC, mBIC, tBIC, OAFO, and tBAFO. Statistically significant differences were observed over time for l-MBL, mBIC, tBIC, mBAFO, and tBAFO. In addition, an interaction effect between the implant surface and the healing time period was observed for mBIC, tBIC, and mBAFO. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that implant surface wettability facilitates bone healing dynamics, which could be attributed to the improvement of early osseointegration. In addition, osteoblasts might become more activated with the use of HA-coated surface implants than with hydrophobic surface implants in the remodeling phase.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bicuspid , Bone Remodeling , Bone-Implant Interface , Dogs , Durapatite , Miners , Osseointegration , Osteoblasts , Sodium Chloride , Wettability
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of osteoporosis (OP) and osteoporotic vertebral fracture (OVF) in people with Parkinson’s disease (PD) in Korea and its association with socioeconomic status. METHODS: Using Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service-National Inpatient Sample (HIRA-NIS) data from 2009 to 2013, we estimated the annual prevalence of PD, OP, and OVF and investigated its association with socioeconomic status using data from National Health Insurance (NHI) beneficiaries and Medical Aid (MA) recipients. This study was supported by research funding from Korean Society for Bone and Mineral Research 2015. There were no study-specific biases related to conflicts of interest. RESULTS: The number of PD patients in the HIRA-NIS increased each year from 2009 to 2013. Among patients with PD, the standardized prevalence rates of OP and OVF increased from 2009 to 2013; from 23.2 to 27.8 and from 2.8 to 4.2, respectively. Among patients with PD with OP, the prevalence of OVF were 12.2% and 15.1% in 2009 and 2013, respectively. The standardized prevalence rates of PD with OP and PD with OVF were significantly higher in MA recipients than in NHI beneficiaries. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of PD both with OP and with OVF increased and the prevalence was higher in MA recipients than in NHI beneficiaries. These findings may suggest that age over 65 years, female and low income may be a significant factor related to PD occurring with OP and OVF.


Subject(s)
Bias , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Financial Management , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Inpatients , Insurance, Health , Korea , Miners , National Health Programs , Osteoporosis , Parkinson Disease , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Social Class
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