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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 150-158, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365739

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the techniques for the osteosynthesis of intertrochanteric fractures with dynamic hip screws (DHSs) through the Hardinge and minimally-invasive access routes of the hip, evaluating the operative time, the degree of pain in the immediate postoperative period, the hematimetric loss, and the functional aspects of active mobility. Methods A randomized, double-blinded clinical trial in which 66 patients with intertrochanteric fractures were submitted to osteosynthesis by DHS. The patients were divided into a test group, submitted to the minimally-invasive access, and a control group, in whom the surgery was performed through the Hardinge route. Results Patients submitted to the minimally-invasive treatment presented a lower degree of postoperative pain compared to the group treated by the Hardinge lateral route (p< 0.001), as well as lower hematimetric loss (p< 0.001), shorter operative time (p< 0.001), and improvement in immediate postoperative active mobility tests (p <0.05). Conclusion The study demonstrated the clinical superiority of the minimally-invasive access route parameters analyzed in relation to the Hardinge access for the fixation of intertrochanteric fractures when DHS is the choice osteosynthesis method. Level of evidence I.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar as técnicas de osteossíntese de fraturas intertrocantéricas com o parafuso dinâmico de quadril (dynamic hip screw, DHS, em inglês) pelas vias de acesso de Hardinge e minimamente invasiva do quadril, avaliando o tempo cirúrgico, o grau de dor no pós-operatório imediato, a perda hematimétrica, e os aspectos funcionais de mobilidade ativa. Métodos Estudo clínico randomizado e duplo-cego, em que 66 pacientes com fratura intertrocantérica foram submetidos a osteossíntese com DHS. Os pacientes foram divididos em um grupo teste, submetidos ao acesso minimamente invasivo, e um controle, em que a cirurgia foi realizada pela via de Hardinge. Resultados Os pacientes submetidos ao tratamento pela via minimamente invasiva apresentaram um grau de dor pós-operatória inferior em comparação ao grupo tratado pela via lateral de Hardinge (p< 0,001), assim como menor perda hematimétrica (p< 0,001), menor tempo operatório (p< 0,001), e melhora nos testes de mobilidade ativa pós-operatória imediata (p< 0,05). Conclusão O estudo demonstrou a superioridade clínica nos parâmetros analisados da via de acesso minimamente invasiva em relação ao acesso de Hardinge para a fixação de fraturas intertrocantéricas, quando o DHS for a opção de osteossíntese escolhida. Nível de evidência I.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain, Postoperative , Postoperative Period , Control Groups , Clinical Trial , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Hip Fractures
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 47-54, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365749

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To study the parameters related to the insertion path of cortical screws and to describe this technique. Methods Computed tomography (CT) scans of 30 patients, as well as the measurements from the L1 to the L5 vertebrae, were studied. A second observer evaluated ten randomly-selected exams. The parameters studied included the lateral angle (LA) and the screw diameter (SD) as axial variables, and the cranial angle (CA) and screw length (SL) as sagittal variables. Results We studied 15 male patients (mean age: 31.33 years) and 15 female patients (mean age: 32.01 years). The LA varied between 13.8° and 20.89°, with a tendency to increase in the proximal to distal direction. The CA varied from 17.5° to 24.9°, with a tendency to decrease in the caudal direction. The SD ranged from 2.3 mm to 7.2 mm, with a tendency to increase as we progressed from proximal to distal. The SL varied from 19 mm to 45 mm, with a tendency to decrease as we proceeded from proximal (L1) to distal (L5). No statistical difference was observed between the genders or in the interobserver agreement regarding the values studied when comparing the sides. Conclusion The path of insertion of the cortical screw shows a variation in different populations. Therefore, we recommend a preoperative imaging study to reduce the surgical risks related to the technique.


Resumo Objetivo Estudar os parâmetros anatômicos do trajeto de inserção do parafuso cortical e descrever sua técnica. Métodos Analisaram-se exames de tomografia computadorizada de 30 pacientes, e as medidas nas vértebras de L1 a L5 bilateralmente. Um segundo observador avaliou dez exames aleatoriamente. Os parâmetros incluíram o ângulo lateral (AL) e o diâmetro do parafuso (DP) como variáveis axiais, e o ângulo cranial (AC) e o comprimento do parafuso (CP) como variáveis sagitais. Resultados No total, havia 15 pacientes do sexo masculino (média de idade de 31,33 anos) e 15 do sexo feminino (média de idade de 32,01 anos). O AL variou de 13,8° a 20,89°, com uma tendência de aumento no sentido de proximal a distal. O AC variou de 17,5° a 24,9°, com tendência de diminuição no sentido caudal. O DP variou de 2,3 mm a 7,2 mm, havendo uma tendência ao aumento conforme avançamos de proximal a distal. O CP variou de 19 mm a 45 mm, havendo uma tendência de diminuição conforme avançamos de proximal (L1) a distal (L5). Não houve diferença estatística entre os sexos, nem diferenças na confiabilidade interobservador, quanto aos valores estudados quando comparados os lados. Conclusão A trajetória do parafuso de trajeto cortical apresenta variações em diferentes populações. Assim, recomendamos o estudo pré-operatório de imagens para reduzir os riscos cirúrgicos relacionados à técnica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Spine/anatomy & histology , Spine/surgery , Bone Screws , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
4.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(2): 330-337, 20220316. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362996

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El tumor de Wilms es la neoplasia abdominal más común en pacientes pediátricos. En la mayoría de los casos se presenta como una masa unilateral indolora en el abdomen. El objetivo de este artículo fue presentar el caso de una paciente de 4 años con tumor de Wilms unilateral derecho manejado con cirugía mínimamente invasiva en el Hospital Universitario del Valle. Métodos. Revisión de la historia clínica e imágenes de la paciente, descripción de la técnica quirúrgica y revisión de la literatura del manejo de tumor de Wilms unilateral. Caso clínico. Paciente femenina de 4 años quien consultó en abril de 2019 por un cuadro clínico de dolor abdominal y sensación de masa en flanco derecho. Se realizó ecografía abdominal donde se encontró imagen nodular heterogénea de contornos definidos en riñón derecho, con riñón izquierdo normal. Se hizo diagnóstico de tumor de Wilms unilateral y se llevó a cirugía mediante abordaje mínimamente invasivo, con buena evolución postoperatoria. Conclusión. La cirugía es el pilar del manejo, y la nefrectomía mediante abordaje laparoscópico para casos seleccionados, en manos entrenadas, tiene la suficiente eficacia, seguridad y cumplimiento de los principios quirúrgicos y oncológicos que provee la cirugía abierta.


Introduction. Wilms tumor is the most common abdominal neoplasm in pediatric patients. In most cases it presents as a painless unilateral mass in the abdomen. The objective of this article was to present the case of a 4-year-old patient with right unilateral Wilms tumor managed with minimally invasive surgery at the Hospital Universitario del Valle. Methods. Review of the patient's clinical history and images, description of the surgical technique and review of the literature on the management of unilateral Wilms tumor.Clinical case. A 4-year-old female patient who consulted on April 4, 2019 with a clinical presentation of abdominal pain and sensation of mass in the right flank. Abdominal ultrasound was performed where a heterogeneous nodular image of defined contours was found in the right kidney, with a normal left kidney. A diagnosis of unilateral Wilms tumor was made and surgery was carried out using a minimally invasive approach, with good postoperative evolution. Conclusion. Wilms tumor is the most common abdominal neoplasm in pediatric patients. The most common presentation is a painless palpable mass. Surgery is the mainstay of management, and nephrectomy using a laparoscopic approach for selected cases, in trained hands, has sufficient efficacy, safety, and compliance with surgical and oncological principles that open surgery provides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Wilms Tumor , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Kidney Neoplasms , Laparoscopy , Nephrectomy
5.
repert. med. cir ; 31(1): 11-19, 2022.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1363855

ABSTRACT

La neuroendoscopia es un procedimiento mínimamente invasivo que se desarrolló a principios del siglo pasado y tiene importancia en el campo de la neurocirugía, representa un método innovador ya que aporta una amplia visualización de las estructuras anatómicas con mínimo traumatismo del tejido nervioso, contribuyendo al diagnóstico y tratamiento de diversas afecciones intra y extracerebral. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica con el propósito de identificar, analizar y describir algunas patologías neuroquirúrgicas que se han tratado bajo neuroendoscopia, así como los aportes más relevantes en cirugía pediátrica y de columna, con el fin de exponer el impacto que ha tenido esta técnica en el desarrollo de la cirugía moderna.


Neuroendoscopy is a minimally-invasive procedure that was developed at the beginning of the last century and plays an important role in neurosurgery. It is an innovative method since it enables a broad visualization of the anatomical structures with minimal damage to the nervous tissue, contributing to the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of intra and extracerebral conditions. A bibliographic search was carried out to identify, analyze and describe some neurological pathologies that have been treated using neuroendoscopic surgery. The most relevant contributions to pediatric and spine surgery are also outlined to show the impact that this technique has had in the progress of modern surgery.


Subject(s)
Neurosurgical Procedures , Neuroendoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Neurosurgery
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 717-725, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357145

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objeticve To compare the range of motion (ROM), return-to-work time, visual analogue score (VAS), disability of the arm, shoulder, and hand (QuickDASH), and radiographic outcomes of two methods of definitive internal fixation in active patients with boxer's fractures, operated in the first week. Methods This was a prospective, randomized trial, in which 50 patients, with a mean age range of 18 to 40 years old, were randomized and treated to definitive intramedullary fixation using 2 headless screws (n = 20) or bouquet (2 or 3 Kirschner wires) (n = 20). The patients were assessed on return-to-work time, ROM, patient reported QuickDASH outcome, VAS, and radiographic evaluation at 6 months. Results At 6 months, there were no differences between the two groups in terms of ROM, postoperative pain (VAS), or QuickDASH score. The overall complication rate was 4.76% in the screw group, compared with 5% in the bouquet-fixation group. Conclusions In the treatment of the active patients with unstable boxer's fractures, headless screws and bouquet fixation proved to be a safe and reliable treatment. The outcomes were similar in both groups.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a amplitude de movimento (ADM), o tempo de retorno de trabalho, a pontuação na escala visual analógica (EVA), o escore no questionário abreviado incapacidade do braço, ombro e mão (QuickDASH, na sigla em inglês) e os resultados radiográficos de dois métodos de fixação interna definitiva em pacientes ativos com fraturas do boxer; operados na primeira semana. Métodos Este foi um ensaio prospectivo randomizado, no qual 50 pacientes, com idade mediana na faixa de 18 a 40 anos, foram randomizados e tratados com fixação intramedular definitiva utilizando 2 parafusos de compressão (n = 20) ou buquê (2 ou 3 fios de Kirschner) (n = 20). Os pacientes foram avaliados em relação ao tempo de retorno ao trabalho, à ADM, ao desfecho relatado pelo paciente no questionário QuickDASH, à EVA e à avaliação radiográfica aos 6 meses. Resultados Aos 6 meses, não houve diferenças entre os 2 grupos em termos de ADM, dor pós-operatória (EVA) ou escore no QuickDASH. A taxa global de complicações foi de 4,76% no grupo de fixação com parafusos, em comparação com 5% no grupo de fixação com a técnica do buquê. Conclusões Parafusos de compressão e fixação com buquês provaram ser tratamentos seguros e confiáveis para pacientes ativos com fraturas instáveis. Os resultados foram semelhantes nos dois grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Surveys and Questionnaires , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Amplitude , Metacarpal Bones , Fracture Fixation
7.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(7): 360-365, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358943

ABSTRACT

El cáncer de vesícula es la neoplasia maligna más frecuente del tracto biliar. Con un mal pronóstico, su enfoque terapéutico muchas veces se centra en el tratamiento paliativo debido a que los pacientes suelen recibir un diagnóstico en estadios avanzados de la neoplasia, en los cuales ya no son candidatos para tratamientos quirúrgicos curativos. Por esta razón se utilizan stents o drenajes vesiculares, a fin de reducir el principal síntoma que se presenta: la ictericia, con sus consecuencias, por obstrucción biliar maligna. Este artículo pretende hacer una revisión de la evidencia recolectada en los últimos 5 años (período 2016 - 2021) acerca de los diferentes abordajes mínimamente invasivos en el tratamiento paliativo del cáncer de vesícula, sus resultados clínicos, y las diferencias entre ellos.


Gallbladder cancer is the most common malignancy neoplasm of the bile ducts. With a poor prognosis, its therapeutic approach is often focused on palliative treatment because patients usually receive a diagnosis in advanced stages of the neoplasm, in which they are no longer candidates for curative surgical treatments. For this reason, stents or gallbladder drains are used in order to reduce the main symptom that occurs: jaundice, with its consequences, due to malignant biliary obstruction. This article aims to review the evidence collected in the last 5 years (period 2016 - 2021) about the different minimally invasive approaches in the palliative treatment of gallbladder cancer, their clinical results, and the differences between them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Epidemiologic Studies , Stents , Drainage/methods , Cholestasis/therapy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Early Detection of Cancer , Gallbladder Neoplasms/therapy
8.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(3): e1084, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352024

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar los resultados de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva en pacientes con estrabismos horizontales. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y prospectivo de una serie de 19 pacientes (16 ojos derechos, 17 izquierdos) atendidos en el Servicio de Oftalmología Pediátrica del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", en el periodo comprendido entre junio de 2018 y julio de 2019, a quienes se les realizó cirugía mínimamente invasiva de estrabismo y fueron seguidos por 6 meses. Se evaluaron las variables: tipo de desviación, agudeza visual, signos posoperatorios, ángulo de desviación pre- y posquirúrgico, éxito quirúrgico, fusión, estereopsis y complicaciones. Resultados: El 73,7 por ciento de los pacientes presentaba esotropías; la media de agudeza visual pre- y posoperatoria entre los dos ojos fue muy similar; el signo posoperatorio más frecuente fue la hiperemia conjuntival ligera (75 por ciento ojos derechos y 64,5 por ciento ojos izquierdos) a las 24 horas. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticas (p < 0,001) en el ángulo de desviación horizontal en dioptrías prismáticas, pre- y poscirugía, con el 84,2 por ciento de éxito quirúrgico. El 78,6 y el 80 por ciento de los pacientes con esotropía y exotropías alcanzaron fusión, pero solo lograron estereopsis el 28,5 y el 60 por ciento de ellos respectivamente. La frecuencia de complicaciones ocurrió en el 15,8 por ciento de los pacientes. Conclusiones: Se alcanzaron buenos resultados motores, así como aceptables en los sensoriales en pacientes operados de estrabismos horizontales por cirugía mínimamente invasiva(AU)


Objective: Determine the results of minimally invasive surgery in patients with horizontal strabismus. Methods: A prospective longitudinal descriptive study was conducted of a series of 19 patients (16 right eyes, 17 left eyes) attending the Pediatric Ophthalmology Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from June 2018 to July 2019. These patients underwent minimally invasive strabismus surgery and were followed up for six months. The variables considered were deviation type, visual acuity, postoperative signs, pre- and postoperative angle of deviation, surgical success, fusion, stereopsis and complications. Results: Of the patients studied, 73.7 percent presented esotropias; mean pre- and postoperative visual acuity was very similar in the two eyes; the most common postoperative sign was slight conjunctival hyperemia (75 percent right eyes and 64.5 percent left eyes) at 24 hours. Statistical differences (p < 0.001) were found in the horizontal angle of deviation in pre- and postoperative prism diopters, with 84.2 percent surgical success. 78.6 percent and 80 percent of the patients with esotropia and exotropia achieved fusion, but only 28.5 and 60 percent of them, respectively, achieved stereopsis. Complications occurred in 15.8 percent of the patients. Conclusions: Good motor results were obtained, as well as acceptable sensory results in patients undergoing minimally invasive horizontal strabismus surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Esotropia/etiology , Strabismus/etiology , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Depth Perception , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e924, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347392

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía laparoscópica tiene como avance importante el abordaje monopuerto, que está en constante perfeccionamiento y donde influye para su éxito el dispositivo de acceso del que se disponga. Estos procederes de cirugía laparoscópica por un puerto único se realizan con el uso de dispositivos monopuerto, a través de un guante quirúrgico, por endoscopia flexible o por múltiples trócares en una incisión, pero la primera opción facilita el trabajo y disminuye complicaciones. Objetivo: Actualizar la información existente sobre dispositivos monopuerto para tenerla en consideración a la hora de realizar el proceder. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre dispositivos monopuerto en la cirugía mínimamente invasiva desde marzo hasta abril del año 2020. Se revisaron artículos, libros especializados y citas bibliográficas de estudios elegidos de los cuales fueron seleccionados 25 para esta revisión. Desarrollo: Después de la revisión de 25 bibliografías citadas se detallaron las características de los principales dispositivos. Conclusiones: Existe una amplia gama de dispositivos monopuerto, cuya eficacia se evidencia en la bibliografía consultada, y que la revisión de este tema debe ser tomada en cuenta por los especialistas a la hora de realizar esta cirugía(AU)


Introduction: Laparoscopic surgery has as an important advance the single-port approach, which is in constant improvement and where the available access device influences its success. These procedures of laparoscopic surgery by a single port are performed with the use of single port devices, through a surgical glove, by flexible endoscopy or by multiple trocars in an incision, but the first option facilitates the work and reduces complications. Objective: Update the existing information on single-port devices to take it into consideration when carrying out the procedure. Methods: A bibliographic review on single port devices in minimally invasive surgery was carried out from March to April 2020. Articles, specialized books and bibliographic citations of selected studies were reviewed, of which 25 were selected for this review. Development: After reviewing 25 cited bibliographies, the characteristics of the main devices were detailed. Conclusions: There is a wide range of single-port devices, whose effectiveness is evidenced in the consulted bibliography, and that the review of this topic should be taken into account by specialists when performing this surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Instruments/adverse effects , Laparoscopy/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Bibliographies as Topic , Review Literature as Topic
10.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1187, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347390

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los cambios en la tecnología médica abarcan todas las especialidades y dentro de ellas, en la cirugía general. Las técnicas mínimamente invasivas han ocupado un papel cimero en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de enfermedades en la cavidad torácica. Objetivo: Describir el uso de las técnicas mínimamente invasivas en el diagnóstico de enfermedades intratorácicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, retrospectivo de corte transversal para evaluar el uso de técnicas mínimamente invasivas en el diagnóstico de las enfermedades intratorácicas en el Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" desde enero de 2017 hasta mayo de 2020. El universo estuvo compuesto por 104 pacientes con sospecha diagnóstica de enfermedades benignas o malignas del tórax. Resultados: La mayor parte de los pacientes con enfermedades benignas y malignas del tórax tenían una edad de 49 (±7,05) años, sin significación intersexo. La hipertensión arterial predominó como principal comorbilidad. La videotoracoscopia fue la técnica mínimamente invasiva más empleada y la sospecha de cáncer pulmonar y enfermedad pleural constituyeron las indicaciones más frecuentes que motivaron el proceder. El diagnóstico posoperatorio que predominó en la serie fue el cáncer pulmonar. Las técnicas mínimamente invasivas empleadas mostraron una alta validez. La mayoría de los pacientes egresaron vivos y sin complicaciones. Conclusiones: El uso de técnicas mínimamente invasivas en varias enfermedades intratorácicas son de vital importancia para definir diagnóstico y tratamiento(AU)


Introduction: Changes in medical technology cover all specialties and, within them, general surgery. Minimally invasive techniques have played a paramount role in the diagnosis and treatment of thoracic cavity diseases. Objective: To describe the use of minimally invasive techniques in the diagnosis of intrathoracic diseases. Methods: An observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out, from January 2017 to May 2020, in order to assess the use of minimally invasive techniques in the diagnosis of intrathoracic diseases at Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital. The universe was made up of 104 patients with suspected benign or malignant diseases of the chest. Results: Most of the patients with benign and malignant chest diseases were 49 (± 7.05) years old, without intersex significance. Arterial hypertension predominated as the main comorbidity. Videothoracoscopy was the most widely used minimally invasive technique, while suspicion of lung cancer and pleural disease were the most frequent indications that motivated the procedure. The postoperative diagnosis that predominated in the series was lung cancer. The minimally invasive techniques used showed high validity. Most of the patients were discharged alive and without complications. Conclusions: The use of minimally invasive techniques in various intrathoracic diseases are of vital importance to define diagnosis and treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pleural Diseases/etiology , Comorbidity , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Thoracic Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
11.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 169-173, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339744

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To present the preliminary results of the bipolar technique for the surgical treatment of neuromuscular spine deformities. Methods Five patients with neuromuscular scoliosis (cerebral palsy - 3 patients, spinal amyotrophy - 1 patient, and genetic syndrome - 1 patient) underwent surgical treatment using the bipolar technique and were evaluated 12 months after the operation. Results General care and the ability to sit improved in all patients. The main curve ranged from 64.7 to 84.1 degrees (mean 70.58 ± 7.1) in the preoperative period and from 2.6 to 50.3 degrees (mean 25.50 ± 16.0) in the postoperative period with 64% correction. Corrections of pelvic obliquity (85%), T4-T12 kyphosis (43%), the Pisa angle (69%) and the sacroclavicular angle (60%) were observed 12 months following surgery. Postoperative infection (2 patients) and pneumonia (1 patient) were the complications observed. Conclusion The bipolar technique presented good clinical and radiological results associated with low morbidity in the treatment of neuromuscular spine deformities. Level of evidence IV; Case series.


RESUMO Objetivo Apresentar os resultados preliminares da técnica bipolar no tratamento cirúrgico das deformidades neuromusculares da coluna vertebral. Métodos Cinco pacientes com escoliose neuromuscular (paralisia cerebral - três pacientes, amiotrofia espinhal - um paciente, e síndrome genética - um paciente) foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico por meio da técnica bipolar e avaliados 12 meses depois da cirurgia. Resultados Os cuidados gerais e a capacidade de sentar apresentaram melhora em todos os pacientes. A curva principal variou de 64,7 a 84,1 graus (média 70,58 ± 7,1) no pré-operatório e de 2,6 a 50,3 graus (média 25,50 ± 16,0) no pós-operatório, com correção de 64%. A correção da obliquidade pélvica (85%), de cifose T4-T12 (43%), do ângulo de Pisa (69%) e do ângulo sacro clavicular (60%) foi observada depois de 12 meses de pós-operatório. Infecção pós-operatória (dois pacientes) e pneumonia (um paciente) foram as complicações observadas. Conclusão A técnica bipolar apresentou bons resultados clínicos e radiológicos associados a pequena morbidade no tratamento de deformidades neuromusculares da coluna vertebral. Nível de evidência IV; Série de casos.


RESUMEN Objetivo Presentar los resultados preliminares de la técnica bipolar en el tratamiento quirúrgico de las deformidades neuromusculares de la columna. Métodos Cinco pacientes con escoliosis neuromuscular (parálisis cerebral - 3 pacientes, amiotrofia espinal - 1 paciente y síndrome genético - 1 paciente) fueron sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico mediante técnica bipolar y evaluados a los 12 meses de cirugía. Resultados Los cuidados generales y la capacidad de sentarse mejoraron en todos los pacientes. La curva principal osciló entre 64,7 y 84,1 grados (media 70,58 ± 7,1) en el preoperatorio y entre 2,6 y 50,3 grados (media 25,50 ± 16,0) en el postoperatorio con una corrección del 64%. La corrección de oblicuidad pélvica (85%), cifosis T4-T12 (43%), ángulo de Pisa (69%) y ángulo clavicular sacro (60%) se observó a los 12 meses del posoperatorio. Infección postoperatoria (2 pacientes) y neumonía (1 paciente) fueron las complicaciones observadas. Conclusión La técnica bipolar mostró buenos resultados clínicos y radiológicos asociados a la reducción de la morbilidad en el tratamiento de las deformidades neuromusculares de la columna. Nivel de evidencia IV; Serie de casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neuromuscular Diseases , Congenital Abnormalities , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
12.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 192-196, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339743

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To analyze the effect of lavender essential oil associated with massage on spinal pain levels in obese women. Methods The sample included 49 obese women, between 20 and 60 years of age, randomly assigned to three groups: control (n=15), intervention (n=19) and placebo (n=15). The intervention and placebo groups were submitted to eight 35-minute sessions, twice a week for one month, but the essential oil of Lavandula angustifolia was used only in the intervention group. A placebo was used for the placebo group and the control group received no intervention. Pain levels were measured before and after the intervention using the Visual Analog Scale. Results There was a significant decrease in total spinal pain (p=0.004), in the cervical region (p=0.003) and in the lumbar region (p=0.008) in the intervention group. Conclusion Lavender essential oil had a positive impact on the reduction of pain in the spine of obese women, as well as in the specific areas of the cervical and lumbar regions compared to the control and placebo groups. Level of evidence I; Randomized clinical trial.


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar o efeito do óleo essencial de lavanda associado à massagem nos níveis de dor na coluna em mulheres obesas. Métodos A amostra incluiu 49 mulheres obesas com idades entre 20 e 60 anos, randomizadas em três grupos: controle (n = 15), intervenção (n = 19) e placebo (n = 15). Os grupos intervenção e placebo foram submetidos a oito sessões com duração de 35 minutos, duas vezes por semana durante um mês, sendo que o óleo essencial de Lavandula angustifolia foi usado apenas no grupo intervenção. Um placebo foi usado para o grupo placebo e o grupo controle não recebeu intervenção. Os níveis de dor foram medidos antes e depois da intervenção pela Escala Visual Analógica. Resultados Houve diminuição significativa da dor total na coluna (p = 0,004), na região cervical (p = 0,003) e na região lombar (p = 0,008) no grupo intervenção. Conclusão O óleo essencial de lavanda teve impacto positivo na redução da dor na coluna de mulheres obesas, bem como em áreas específicas das regiões cervical e lombar em comparação com os grupos controle e placebo. Nível de evidência I; Ensaio clínico randomizado.


RESUMEN Objetivo Analizar el efecto del aceite esencial de lavanda asociado al masaje sobre los niveles de dolor espinal en mujeres obesas. Métodos La muestra incluyó a 49 mujeres obesas con edades de 20 a 60 años, distribuidas aleatoriamente en tres grupos: control (n = 15), intervención (n = 19) y placebo (n = 15). Los grupos intervención y placebo se sometieron a ocho sesiones con 35 minutos de duración, dos veces por semana durante un mes, utilizándose el aceite esencial de Lavandula angustifolia solo en el grupo intervención. Para el grupo placebo se utilizó un placebo y el grupo control no recibió ninguna intervención. Los niveles de dolor se midieron antes y después de la intervención, utilizando la Escala Visual Analógica. Resultados Hubo una disminución significativa del dolor total en la columna (p = 0,004), en la región cervical (p = 0,003) y en la región lumbar (p = 0,008) en el grupo intervención. Conclusión El aceite esencial de lavanda tuvo un impacto positivo en la reducción del dolor de columna vertebral en mujeres obesas, así como en las áreas específicas de las regiones cervical y lumbar en comparación con los grupos control y placebo. Nivel de evidencia I; Ensayo clínico aleatorizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Neuromuscular Diseases
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 504-512, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341174

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To present the clinical and radiographic results of hallux valgus surgical correction using four percutaneous techniques, chosen according to a predefined radiographic classification. Methods We prospectively evaluated 112 feet in 72 patients with hallux valgus operated over the course of 1 year. Percutaneous distal soft tissue release (DSTR) and the Akin procedure (DSTR-Akin) were performed in mild cases. In mild to moderate hallux valgus with distal metatarsal joint angle > 10°, we added the Reverdin-Isham (RI) osteotomy. In moderate cases with joint incongruity, we performed the percutaneous chevron (PCH). Finally, a Ludloff-like percutaneous proximal osteotomy fixed (PPOF) with a screw was proposed in severe cases with an intermetatarsal angle (IMA) > 17°. According to these criteria, 26 DSTRs-Akin, 36 PCHs, 35 RIs, and 15 PPOFs were performed. The mean follow-up was of 17.2 months (range: 12 to 36 months). The mean age at operation was 58.8 years (range: 17 to 83 years), and 89% of the patients were female. Results The mean preoperative hallux valgus angle (HVA) and the IMA decreased from 21° to 10.2° and from 11.2° to 10.3° respectively in the DSTR-Akin. In the RI, the mean HVA decreased from 26.6° to 13.7°, and the IMA, from 11.2° to 10.3°; in the PCH, the mean HVA decreased from 31° to 14.5°, and the IMA decreased 14.9° to 10.7°; as for the PPOF, the mean HVA decreased from 39.2° to 17.7°, and the IMA, from 11.8° to 6.8°. The average ankle and hindfoot score of the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) increased from 49.2 to 88.6. The rate of complications was of 11%. Conclusion Our treatment protocol does not differ much from the classic ones, with similar results as well. We have as advantages less aggression to soft tissues and better cosmetic results. Level of Evidence: level IV, prospective case series.


Resumo Objetivo Apresentar os resultados clínicos e radiográficos da correção cirúrgica de hálux valgo utilizando quatro técnicas percutâneas escolhidas de acordo com uma classificação radiográfica predefinida. Métodos Avaliamos prospectivamente 112 pés em 72 pacientes com hálux valgo operado em um período de um ano. A liberação de tecido mole distal (LTMD) percutâneo e o procedimento de Akin (LTMD-Akin) foram realizados em casos leves. Em hálux valgo de leve a moderado com ângulo distal da articulação do metatarso acima de 10°, adicionamos a osteotomia de Reverdin-Isham (RI). Em casos moderados com incongruência articular, realizamos o chevron percutâneo (CHP). Finalmente, uma osteotomia proximal percutânea fixada (OPPF) com um parafuso, semelhante à de Ludloff, foi proposta em casos graves com ângulo intermetatarsal (AIM) acima de 17°. De acordo com esses critérios, foram realizados 26 LTMDs-Akin, 36 CHPs, 35 RIs e 15 OPPFs. O seguimento médio foi de 17,2 meses (12 a 36 meses). A média de idade em operação foi de 58,8 anos (17 a 83 anos), e 89% dos pacientes eram do sexo feminino. Resultados A média do ângulo de hálux valgo (AHV) pré-operatório e o AIM diminuíram de 21° para 10,2°, e de 11,2° para 10,3°, respectivamente, em casos de LTMD-Akin. Em casos de RI, a média do AHV diminuiu de 26,6° para 13,7°, e o AIM, de 11,2° para 10,3°; em casos de CHP, o AHV médio diminuiu de 31° para 14,5°, o AIM diminuiu de 14,9° para 10,7°, e a OPPF, de 39,2° para 17,7°, e o AIM 11,8° para 6,8°. A média do escore de tornozelo e retropé da American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) aumentou de 49,2 para 88,6. A taxa de complicação foi de 11%. Conclusão Nosso protocolo de tratamento não difere muito dos clássicos, com resultados semelhantes. Temos como vantagem menos agressividade aos tecidos moles e melhores resultados cosméticos. Nível de evidência: nível IV, série de casos prospectivos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Metatarsal Bones/surgery , Hallux Valgus/surgery , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
14.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(4): e3293, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289613

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Como consecuencia del desarrollo del tratamiento médico de la úlcera péptica duodenal, el tratamiento quirúrgico ha disminuido notablemente. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio es describir la progresión del tratamiento de la úlcera péptica duodenal. Material y Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, de corte, desde finales del siglo XIX hasta la actualidad. Se utilizó el método histórico-lógico y un análisis deductivo-inductivo de múltiples fuentes bibliográficas. Desarrollo: A pesar de ser la úlcera una entidad clínica reconocida desde la antigüedad, los cirujanos la consideraron causada por el ácido, y todos los esfuerzos fueron concentrados en eliminar el ácido por medio de una operación. A partir de 1881, se comenzaron a conocer las complicaciones. En la década de los años 30 del pasado siglo, se tratan las complicaciones y también la enfermedad. Desde 1940, además, se conserva el funcionamiento digestivo y aparecen las tres formas básicas de vagotomía. En la década de 1970, se desarrollaron novedosas técnicas quirúrgicas, la endoscopía, la radiología intervencionista y la cirugía mínimamente invasiva. Sin embargo, el tratamiento médico llegó con los poderosos supresores del ácido y el descubrimiento del Helicobacter pylori. Nuevamente la cirugía ha quedado relegada a tratar las úlceras refractarias y las complicadas. Conclusiones: El tratamiento médico, por medio de la terapia anti-Helicobacter asociada a potentes inhibidores de la secreción gástrica ha conseguido su curación; sin embargo, la cirugía todavía tiene un importante papel en el tratamiento de la úlcera refractaria o complicada(AU)


Introduction: Surgical treatment of duodenal peptic ulcer has notably decreased as a consequence of the development of medical treatment. Objective: The objective of this study is to describe the advances in the treatment of duodenal peptic ulcer. Material and Methods: A descriptive study was conducted from the end of the 19th century to the present. The historical-logical method and a deductive-inductive analysis of multiple bibliographic sources were used. Development: Despite ulcer has been recognized as a clinical entity since ancient times, surgeons considered that it is caused by acid; therefore, all efforts were concentrated on removing the acid through an operation. From 1881 on, complications began to be treated. In the decade of the 30s of the last century, complications and the disease were treated. Since 1940, the digestive function has also been preserved and the three basic forms of vagotomy appeared. In the 1970s, novel surgical techniques such as endoscopy, interventional radiology, and minimally invasive surgery were developed. However, powerful acid suppressants as well as the discovery of Helicobacter pylori were taken into consideration for medical treatment. Once again, surgery was relegated to the treatment of refractory ulcers and complicated ulcers. Conclusions: Medical treatment with anti-Helicobacter therapy associated with potent inhibitors of gastric acid secretion has managed its healing; however, surgery still plays an important role in the treatment of refractory or complicated ulcer(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Peptic Ulcer , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Gastric Acid
15.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 637-646, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291218

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El pilar fundamental del tratamiento del cáncer colorrectal es la cirugía, situación que expone a los pacientes a la posible presentación de complicaciones, morbimortalidad, pobre calidad de vida, recurrencia tumoral o la muerte. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las variables clínicas y quirúrgicas que inciden en el riesgo de la aparición de complicaciones en los pacientes con cáncer colorrectal llevados a cirugía electiva entre los años 2016 y 2019. Métodos. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal y retrospectivo. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 18 años con cáncer colorrectal sometidos a cirugía electiva. Se realizó un análisis multivariado para determinar los factores que se relacionan con las complicaciones postquirúrgicas. Resultados. Se incluyeron 298 pacientes, 68 % mayores de 60 años, 52,3 % mujeres, 74,2 % presentaban comorbilidades y 48,3 % fueron diagnosticados en estadio III. El 48,3 % presentó complicaciones postoperatorias. De ellos, el 68,1 % no tenía tamización nutricional y el 61,8 % no tenía preparación del colon; un 55 % fueron cirugías del recto, 69,1 % de las cirugías fueron por vía laparoscópica y 71,8 % presentaron sangrado inferior a 500 ml. La mayoría de las complicaciones fueron clasificadas como Clavien-Dindo I-III. Discusión. Las características de los pacientes fueron similares a los presentados en otros estudios, aunque hubo mayor incidencia de íleo postoperatorio. El análisis multivariado mostró una mayor probabilidad de presentar una complicación en pacientes con diabetes mellitus, hipertensión arterial, falta de tamización nutricional o preparación de colon, cirugía de recto y el sangrado mayor a 500 ml


Introduction. The fundamental pillar of colorectal cancer treatment is surgery, a situation that exposes patients to the possible presentation of complications, morbidity and mortality, poor quality of life, tumor recurrence or death. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical and surgical variables that affect the risk of the appearance of complications in colorectal cancer patients taken to elective surgery between 2016 and 2019.Methods. Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional and retrospective study. Patients over the age of 18 with colorectal cancer undergoing elective surgery were included. A multivariate analysis was performed to determine the factors related to postsurgical complications. Results. We included 298 patients, 68% over 60 years of age, 52.3% women, 74.2% had comorbidities and 48.3% were diagnosed in stage III. 48.3% presented postoperative complications; of these, 68.1% had no nutritional screening, and 61.8% had no colon preparation; 55% were rectal cancer surgeries, 69.1% underwent laparoscopic surgeries, and 71.8% had bleeding less than 500 ml. Most complications were classified as Clavien Dindo I-III. Discussion. The characteristic of the patients was similar to those presented in other studies, even though we had more incidence of postoperative ileus. The multivariate analysis showed a higher probability of complications in patients with: diabetes, hypertension, lack of nutritional screening, bleeding over 500cc, lack of colon mechanical preparation and rectal cancer surgery.Patient characteristics were similar to those presented in other studies, although there was a higher incidence of postoperative ileus. The multivariate analysis showed a greater probability of presenting a complication in patients with diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, lack of nutritional screening, colon preparation, rectal cancer surgery, and bleeding greater than 500 ml


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Postoperative Complications , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
16.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(4): 712-718, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291267

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 30 años de edad, sometida a un procedimiento de manga gástrica por laparoscopia en marzo de 2014, quien presenta, al tercer y cuarto años del procedimiento inicial, dos episodios de hemoptisis masiva, con falla en la segunda terapia de embolización, por lo que requirió una lobectomía pulmonar inferior izquierda. Al segundo día de este postoperatorio presenta salida de material de nutrición por las sondas de tórax, estableciéndose el diagnóstico de fistula gastropleural. Debido a falla con el manejo conservador, fue sometida a una resección quirúrgica de la fístula por vía laparoscópica, con gastrectomía proximal y reconstrucción en Y de Roux. A propósito de nuestra experiencia con esta paciente, se discuten en este artículo las estrategias de manejo para una fístula gastropleural, propuestas en la literatura a la fecha


This is a clinical case of a 30-year-old patient, who underwent a laparoscopic gastric sleeve procedure in March 2014, who presented, at the third and fourth years of the initial procedure, two episodes of massive hemoptysis, with failure in the second embolization therapy, requiring a lower left pulmonary lobectomy. On the second day of this postoperative period, the nutrition material came out through the chest tubes, establishing the diagnosis of gastropleural fistula. Due to failure of conservative management, she underwent laparoscopic surgical resection of the fistula, with proximal gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y reconstruction. Regarding our experience with this patient, this article discusses the management strategies for a gastropleural fistula, proposed in the literature to date


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Bariatric Surgery , Pleura , Gastric Fistula , Laparoscopy , Gastrectomy
17.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 490-496, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341163

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Thepresentpaperaimedtoevaluatefunctionalandradiographicoutcomesfrom a group of patients with comminuted midshaft clavicle fracture who were surgically treated using a minimally invasive technique and followed-up for a minimum period of 12 months. Methods Longitudinal, observational study with 32 consecutive patients (31 males; mean age, 41 years old) with comminuted midshaft clavicle fracture who were surgically treated using the minimally invasive osteosynthesis technique with a 3.5mm reconstruction plate in the upper position. Patients were clinically and radiologically evaluated for a minimum follow-up period of 12 months. Results In 30 patients (93.72%), fracture consolidation occurred in an average time of 17 weeks (range, 12 to 24 weeks). The mean follow-up time was 21 months (range, 12 to 45 months). No implant break or pseudoarthrosis were recorded. There was no complaint of paresthesia around the surgical incisions. The surgically-treated shoulder presented lower passive elevation and longer clavicle length (p < 0.05) compared with the contralateral shoulder. Functional evaluation revealed an average Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score of 1.75, which is considered satisfactory. Age > 60 years old had a negative correlation with DASH score (p <0.05). Conclusion The minimally invasive osteosynthesis technique was satisfactory for the treatment of comminuted midshaft clavicle fracture, with a high consolidation rate and a low complication rate.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados funcionais e radiográficos do tratamento cirúrgico realizado em um grupo de pacientes com fratura multifragmentada da diáfise de clavícula, pela técnica minimamente invasiva, em seguimento mínimo de 12 meses. Métodos Estudo observacional longitudinal de 32 pacientes consecutivos (31 do sexo masculino, idade média 41 anos) com fratura multifragmentada da diáfise da clavícula tratados cirurgicamente pela técnica minimamente invasiva de osteossíntese com placa de reconstrução de 3,5 mm na posição superior, avaliados clínica e radiologicamente, com seguimento mínimo de 1 ano Resultados Resultados Trinta pacientes (93,72%) evoluíram com consolidação da fratura em tempo médio de 17 semanas (entre 12 e 24 semanas). O tempo de seguimento médio foi de 21 meses (variando de 12 a 45 meses). Não houve quebra de implantes ou pseudoartroses. Não houve queixa de parestesia na região das incisões cirúrgicas. O ombro tratado cirurgicamente apresentou menor elevação passiva e maior comprimento da clavícula (p< 0,05) em relação ao contralateral. Na avaliação funcional, encontramos um valor médio de Disfunções do Braço, Ombro e Mão (DASH, na sigla em inglês) = 1,75, sendo o mesmo considerado satisfatório. Idade >60 anos apresentou correlação negativa com escore DASH (p< 0,05). Conclusão A técnica minimamente invasiva de osteossíntese mostrou-se satisfatória para o tratamento da fratura multifragmentada da diáfise da clavícula, com elevada taxa de consolidação e baixo índice de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Clavicle , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Fractures, Bone
18.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(5): 252-257, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1359182

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La colecistitis aguda es una patología quirúrgica común. Su resolución ideal es a través de la colecistectomía. En ocasiones, no es posible el abordaje quirúrgico, tomando protagonismo la colecistostomía percutánea. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar los resultados de la colecistostomía percutánea y de la colecistectomía quirúrgica en pacientes con colecistitis aguda. Material y Métodos: Se diseñó una revisión de trabajos clínicos que realizaron colecistostomías percutáneas y/o colecistectomías quirúrgicas en pacientes críticos con colecistitis aguda litiásica y/o alitiásica. Resultados: La búsqueda bibliográfica arrojó 12 artículos, de los cuáles se excluyeron 8 y se analizaron 4. De los artículos revisados, se reunieron 11374 pacientes con colecistitis (litiásica: 84,6% vs. alitiásica: 15,4%) analizando sus datos epidemiológicos. En el 21,4% de los casos se realizó colecistostomía percutánea y en el 78,6% colecistectomía quirúrgica. La morbilidad y mortalidad de los procedimientos percutáneos fue 11% y 9,8%, mientras que la de los procedimientos quirúrgicos fue 17,2% y 5,4%, respectivamente. El promedio de días de hospitalización fue 15.3 y 15.5, respectivamente. Conclusión: La colecistostomía percutánea presentó menor morbilidad, aunque reportó una mayor mortalidad. No hubo diferencias con respecto a la estadía hospitalaria. Los procedimientos percutáneos fueron menos costosos.


Introduction: Acute cholecystitis is a common surgical pathology. Its ideal resolution is through cholecystectomy. On occasions, a surgical approach is not possible, with percutaneous cholecystostomy taking center stage. The objective of this work was to analyze the results of percutaneous cholecystostomy and surgical cholecystectomy in patients with acute cholecystitis. Methods: A review of clinical studies that performed percutaneous cholecystostomies and / or surgical cholecystectomies in critically ill patients with acute lithiasic and / or alithiasic cholecystitis was designed. Results: The bibliographic search yielded 12 articles, of which 8 were excluded and 4 were analyzed. Of the articles reviewed, 11,374 patients with cholecystitis (lithiasic: 84.6% vs. alithiasic: 15.4%) were collected, analyzing their data epidemiological. Percutaneous cholecystostomy was performed in 21.4% of the cases and surgical cholecystectomy in 78.6%. The morbidity and mortality of percutaneous procedures was 11% and 9.8%, while that of surgical procedures was 17.2% and 5.4%, respectively. The average days of hospitalization were 15.3 and 15.5, respectively. Conclusion: Percutaneous cholecystostomy presented lower morbidity, although it reported higher mortality. There were no differences regarding hospital stay. Percutaneous procedures were less expensive.


Subject(s)
Comparative Study , Cholecystectomy , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Cholecystitis, Acute/surgery
19.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 399-402, May-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288665

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tillaux fractures are fractures of the lateral margin of the distal tibia, usually reported in children between 12 and 14 years old. As intraarticular fractures, they require anatomic reduction and fixation to avoid posttraumatic complications. Since the injury mechanism is external rotation of the foot on the leg, these injuries are commonly associated with other fractures or ligamentous lesions. Currently, arthroscopy is being increasingly used to assist and improve surgical treatment of ankle fractures. The authors describe a 12-month follow-up of a rare case of a missed Tillaux fracture associated with syndesmosis injury in a 76-year-old polytrauma patient, successfully treated by arthroscopically-assisted reduction and internal fixation.


Resumo As fraturas de Tillaux são fraturas da margem lateral da tíbia distal, geralmente relatadas em crianças entre 12 e 14 anos. Como fraturas intra-articulares, requerem redução e fixação anatômica para evitar complicações pós-traumáticas. Como o mecanismo de lesão é a rotação externa do pé na perna, essas lesões são comumente associadas a outras fraturas ou lesões ligamentares. Atualmente, a artroscopia está sendo cada vez mais utilizada para auxiliar e melhorar o tratamento cirúrgico das fraturas do tornozelo. Os autores descrevem um acompanhamento de 12 meses de um caso raro de uma fratura não percebida de Tillaux associada a lesão por sindesmose em um paciente de politrauma com 76 anos de idade, tratado com sucesso por redução e fixação interna assistida por artroscopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Tibial Fractures , Multiple Trauma , Ankle Injuries , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Intra-Articular Fractures , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Ankle , Ankle Fractures
20.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(2): 118-128, 20210000. tab, fig
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1361454

ABSTRACT

El estudio tuvo como objetivo comparar el grupo de hidrodisección de solución salina normal guiada por ultrasonido más esteroides y el grupo de hidrodisección de solución salina normal guiada por ultrasonido sola en pacientes con síndrome del túnel carpiano (STC), y determinar su relevancia clínica en relación con los resultados del tratamiento. Realizamos 60 hidrodisecciones guiadas por ecografía con solución salina normal con y sin inyecciones de corticosteroides en 51 pacientes con STC y evaluamos los resultados de la ecografía antes y después 21. Evers S, Thoreson AR, Smith J, Zhao C, Geske JR, Amadio PC. Ultrasound-guided hydrodissection decreases gliding resistance of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel. Muscle Nerve 2017 June 16. doi: 10.1002/mus.25723. 22. Smith J, Wisniewski S, J, Finnoff JT, Payne JM. Sonographically Guided Carpal Tunnel Injections. J Ultrasound Med 2008;27:1485-1490. 23. Trescott AME. Peripheral Nerve Entrapments: Clinical Diagnosis and Management. Switzerland: Springer International Publishing; 2016 24. Marshall S, Tardif G, Ashworth N. Local corticosteroid injection for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2002(4). 25. Atroshi I, Flondell M, Hofer M, Ranstam J. Methyprednisolone Injections for the Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: A randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. Ann Int Med 2013;159:309-317. 26. Peters-Veluthamaningal C, Winters JC, Groenier KH, Meyboom-de Jong B. Randomised controlled trial of local corticosteroid injections for carpal tunnel syndrome in general practice. BMC family practice 2010;11:54. 27. Wu YT, Ho TY, Chou YC, Ke MJ, Li TY, Tsai CK, et al. Six-month efficacy of perineural dextrose for carpal tunnel syndrome: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlledtrial. Mayo Clinic proceedings 2017;92:1179-1189. 28. Kirwan J. Is there a place for intra-articular hyaluronate in osteoarthritis of the knee? The Knee 2001;8:93-101. 29. Saltzman BM, Leroux T, Meyer MA, Basques BA, Chahal J, Bach BR, Jr., et al. The therapeutic effect of intra-articular normal saline injections for knee osteoarthritis: Ameta-analysis of evidence level 1 studies. The American journal of sports medicine 2017;45:2647-2653. 30. Padua L, Padua R, Aprile I, Pasqualetti P, Tonali P. Multiperspective follow-up of untreated carpal tunnel syndrome: a multicenter study. Neurology. 2001;56(11):1459­ 66 31. Ortiz-Corredor F, Enriquez F, Diaz-Ruiz J, Calambas N. Natural evolution of carpal tunnel syndrome in untreated patients. Clinical neurophysiology: official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 2008;119:1373-1378 32. Gordon T, Brushart TM, Chan KM. Augmenting nerve regeneration with electrical stimulation. Neurol Res 2008; 30:1012- 1022. 33. Aulisa L, Tamburrelli F, Padua R, Romanini E, Lo Monaco M, Padua L. Carpal tunnel syndrome: Indication for surgical treatment based on electrophysiologic study. J Hand Surg Am 1998; 23:687-691. 34. Peters-Veluthamaningal C, Winters JC, Groenier KH, Meyboom- de Jong B. Randomised controlled trial of local corticosteroid injections for carpal tunnel syndrome in general practice. BMC Fam Pract. 2010;11:54. 35. Girlanda P, Dattola R, Venuto C, Mangiapane R, Nicolosi C, Messina C. Local steroid treatment in idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome: short- and longterm efficacy. J Neurol. 1993; 240(3):187- 190. 36. Karadas¸ Ö, Tok F, Ulas¸ UH, Odabas¸i Z. The effectiveness of triamcinolone acetonide vs. procaine hydrochloride injection in the management of carpal tunnel syndrome: a double blind randomized clinical trial. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2011; 90(4):287-292. 128 LA PRENSA MÉDICA ARGENTINA Ultrasound-Guided hydrodissection for treatment of Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome V.107/Nº 2 de la inyección. Clasificamos estas inyecciones en dos grupos según la solución salina normal más corticosteroide (grupo de esteroides). solución salina normal (grupo de control) y también registramos datos clínicos que incluyen el sexo, la edad, el lado de la inyección, el peso corporal y la duración de las molestias relacionadas con el STC antes de la inyección. Los resultados se midieron mediante la escala analógica visual que se asignó para evaluar el resultado primario. Los resultados secundarios se evaluaron mediante el cuestionario del síndrome del túnel carpiano de Boston, el área transversal del nervio mediano y estudios electrofisiológicos. La evaluación se realizó antes de la inyección y 1, 3 y 6 meses después de la inyección, y se comparó el alivio de los síntomas de los pacientes que recibieron la inyección de solución salina normal y de esteroides. Comparamos las hidrodisecciones con la solución salina normal y las inyecciones de corticosteroides; los datos clínicos, la preinyección de CSA-MN en la entrada del túnel carpiano y las puntuaciones de BCTQ antes de la inyección no mostraron diferencias significativas entre los grupos (p> 0,05). Todos los pacientes (datos de 30 muñecas en cada grupo) completaron el estudio. En comparación con el grupo de control, en todos los momentos posteriores a la inyección, ambos grupos tuvieron una reducción significativa del dolor y la discapacidad, una mejoría en las medidas de respuesta electrofisiológica y una disminución del área transversal del nervio mediano. Nuestro estudio revela que la solución salina normal guiada por ecografía con y sin hidrodisección de corticosteroides tiene un efecto terapéutico en los pacientes con STC. Se demostró que la hidrodisección nerviosa es potencialmente beneficiosa para los pacientes con STC antes de la cirugía. La hidrodisección es un procedimiento simple y mínimamente invasivo que se puede realizar utilizando únicamente NS. Además, en comparación con la inyección a ciegas, la hidrodisección bajo guía ecográfica puede reducir las posibilidades de lesión nerviosa.


The study aimed to compare Ultrasound-Guided Normal saline plus steroid hydrodissection group and Ultrasound-Guided normal saline alone hydrodissection group in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), and to determine their clinical relevance in relation to treatment outcomes. We performed 60 US-guided hydrodissections Normal saline with and without corticosteroid injections in 51 patients with CTS and evaluated their pre- and post-injection US findings. We categorized these injections into two groups based on the normal saline plus corticosteroid (steroid group). normal saline (control group) and we also recorded clinical data including gender, age, side of injection, BW, and the duration of pre-injection CTS related discomfort. The outcomes were measured using the visual analog scale was assigned to assess the primary outcome. The secondary outcomes were assessed using the Boston Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Questionnaire, cross-sectional area of the median nerve, and electrophysiological studies. The assessment was performed prior to injection, and 1, 3, and 6 months' post-injection, and the symptom relief for the patients receiving normal saline and steroid injection were compared. We compared hydrodissections with normal saline and corticosteroid injections the clinical data, pre injection CSA-MN at the inlet of the carpal tunnel, and pre-injection BCTQ scores showed no significant intergroup differences (p > 0.05). All patients (data from 30 wrists in each group) completed the study. Compared both the control group, at all post-injection time points, both groups had a significant reduction in pain and disability, improvement on electrophysiological response measures, and decreased cross-sectional area of the median nerve. Our study reveals that ultrasound-guided Normal saline with and without corticosteroid hydrodissection has therapeutic effect in patients CTS. Nerve hydrodissection was shown to be potentially beneficial for CTS patients' pre-surgery. Hydrodissection is a simple, minimally invasive procedure that can be performed using only NS. In addition, compared to blind injection, hydrodissection under ultrasound guidance can lower the chances of nerve injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Steroids/therapeutic use , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/therapy , Ultrasonography , Treatment Outcome , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Dissection , Saline Solution/therapeutic use , Injections
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