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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2148-2156, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, ilus, mapas
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142290

ABSTRACT

Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar a epidemiologia da presença de ácaros hematófagos em granjas de postura no estado de Minas Gerais. Foi utilizado um banco de dados secundário, com informações de 402 galpões de 42 propriedades comerciais. As variáveis utilizadas para compor o modelo de correspondência foram selecionadas por meio do teste qui-quadrado (P≤0,05). Foi construído um índice para a presença de ácaros hematófagos, considerando alguns fatores de risco. Além disso, um estudo da análise espacial foi realizado para avaliar a presença de ácaros hematófagos em Minas Gerais. Observou-se a presença de ácaros hematófagos em 48% dos galpões, sendo a de O. sylviarum de 45,5%, O. bursa de 17,4% e D. gallinae de 2,7%. Houve associação entre o índice de risco com os intervalos de remoção de fezes e com a presença ou a ausência de aves sinantrópicas. Verificou-se que granjas mais tecnificadas não utilizam acaricida em seus galpões. A presença de ácaros hematófagos foi observada na mesorregião Sul/Sudoeste de Minas Gerais e entre as mesorregiões Oeste de Minas e Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. Esses resultados fornecem conhecimento sobre a epidemiologia desses ectoparasitos e podem contribuir na tomada de decisões, reduzindo os riscos de possíveis infestações em aves de postura.(AU)


This study aimed to characterize the epidemiology of the presence of hematophagous mites in posture farms in the state of Minas Gerais. Was used a secondary database with information from 402 chicken houses in 42 commercial properties. The variables used to compose the correspondence model were selected through chi-square tests (P≤0.05). A risk index was built to the presence of hematophagous mites considering some risk factors. Additionally, a study of the spatial analysis was done to evaluate the presence of hematophagous mites in Minas Gerais. Was observed the presence of hematophagous mites in 48% of chicken houses, the presence of O. sylviarum was 45.5%, O. bursa 17.4% and D. gallinae 2.7%. There was an association between the risk index with the intervals for the removal of manure and the presence or absence of synanthropic birds. It was verified that more technified farms do not use acaricide in their chicken houses. The presence of hematophagous mites was observed in the Messoregions South/Southwest of Minas Gerais and between the West and Metropolitan Mesoregion of Belo Horizonte. These results provide knowledge about the epidemiology of these ectoparasites and may contribute to decision making by reducing the risks of possible infestations in poultry.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Chickens , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Mites , Poultry/parasitology , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Assessment
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(6): 807-810, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887111

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Background: Demodex mites are acari that reside in the pilosebaceous unit of the skin and have been associated with skin disorders. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Demodex folliculorum (D. folliculorum) mites in polycystic ovary syndrome patients as well as to examine the relationship between Demodex infestation and the presence of acne and oily or dry skin types in polycystic ovary syndrome patients. Methods: 41 polycystic ovary syndrome patients and 47 non-polycystic ovary syndrome control subjects were enrolled in the study. polycystic ovary syndrome was diagnosed according to the revised 2003 ESHRE/ASRM polycystic ovary syndrome Consensus Workshop Group diagnostic criteria. Microscopic examination of D. folliculorum mites was carried out by standardized skin surface biopsy. The result was considered positive when there were more than 5 mites per cm2. Results: D. folliculorum was positive in 53.7% of the polycystic ovary syndrome patients and 31.9% of the non-polycystic ovary syndrome group (p=0.052). Demodex positivity was significantly associated with acne (p=0.003) and oily skin (p=0.005) in the polycystic ovary syndrome patients but not in the controls. Study limitation: Our study is limited by the relatively small number of subjects and the observational nature of the study design. Conclusion: Demodex mites might have a role in acne pathogenesis in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Anti-Demodex treatment may increase the response to treatment of acne. Further studies are indicated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/parasitology , Acne Vulgaris/parasitology , Mite Infestations/complications , Mites/pathogenicity , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/epidemiology , Skin/parasitology , Skin/pathology , Turkey/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Acne Vulgaris/epidemiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Mite Infestations/epidemiology
3.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 25(1): 18-23, Jan.-Mar. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777533

ABSTRACT

Abstract A first survey of mite species that ectoparasitize bats in the states of Ceará and Mato Grosso was conducted. The specimens of bats and their mites were collected in areas of the Caatinga and Pantanal biomes. A total of 450 spinturnicids representing two genera and ten species was collected from 15 bat species in the Private Reserve of the Natural Patrimony Serra das Almas, Ceará State, Northeast Brazil and 138 spinturnicids represented by two genera and four species were found in seven bats species collected in Private Reserve of the Natural Patrimony Sesc Pantanal, Mato Grosso State, Central-Western Brazil. The occurrence of Cameronieta genus and the species Mesoperiglischrus natali as well as four new associations (Periglischrus iheringi - Chiroderma vizottoi; P. micronycteridis - Micronycteris sanborni; P. paracutisternus – Trachops cirrhosus; Spinturnix americanus - Myotis riparius) are registered for the first time in Brazil.


Resumo Ácaros ectoparasitos de morcegos são reportados pela primeira vez para os Estados do Ceará e Mato Grosso. Os espécimes de morcegos com seus ectoparasitos foram coletados em áreas dos biomas Caatinga e Pantanal. Foi coletado o total de 450 espinturnicídeos representados por dois gêneros e dez espécies sobre 15 espécies de morcegos na Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Serra das Almas, Ceará, Nordeste Brasileiro e em sete espécies de morcegos coletadas na Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural Sesc Pantanal, Mato Grosso, Centro-Oeste Brasileiro foram encontrados 138 espinturnicídeos representados por dois gêneros e quatro espécies. A ocorrência do gênero Cameronieta e da espécie Mesoperiglischrus natali, além de quatro novas associações (P. iheringi - Chiroderma vizottoi; Periglischrus micronycteridis - Micronycteris sanborni; P. paracutisternus – Trachops cirrhosus; Spinturnix americanus - Myotis riparius) são registradas pela primeira vez no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chiroptera/parasitology , Mite Infestations/veterinary , Mites/classification , Brazil , Ecosystem , Wetlands , Mite Infestations/epidemiology
4.
Braz. j. biol ; 75(4): 1027-1029, Nov. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768186

ABSTRACT

Abstract During the period 2010-2012, eighty individuals of Calidris fuscicollis (Vieillot, 1819) were collected on the southern coast of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, with the objective of determining the presence of feather mites. Of the 80 birds examined, 32.5% were infested by mites, identified as Avenzoaria calidridis (Oudemans, 1904) (Avenzoariidae) (31.25%), Montchadskiana securicata (Megnin & Trouessart 1884) (Pterolichidae) (22.5%) and Alloptes limosae (Dubinin, 1951) (Alloptidae) (6.25%). This is the first report of feather mites on Calidris fuscicollis in Brazil.


Resumo Durante o período de 2010-2012, oitenta espécimes de Calidris fuscicollis (Vieillot, 1819) foram coletados na costa sul do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, com o objetivo de determinar a presença de ácaros de pena. Das 80 aves examinadas, 32,5% estavam infestadas por ácaros, os quais foram identificados como Avenzoaria calidridis (Oudemans, 1904) (Avenzoariidae) (31,25%), Montchadskiana securicata (Megnin & Trouessart 1884) (Pterolichidae) (22,5%) e Alloptes limosae (Dubinin, 1951) (Alloptidae) (6,25%). Este é o primeiro relato de ácaros de pena em Calidris fuscicollis no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bird Diseases/epidemiology , Charadriiformes , Mite Infestations/veterinary , Mites/physiology , Animal Migration , Bird Diseases/parasitology , Brazil/epidemiology , Feathers/parasitology , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/parasitology , Mites/classification , Seasons
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 75(3): 726-735, Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761588

ABSTRACT

AbstractThe present study reports associations between feather mites (Astigmata) and birds in an Atlantic Forest fragment in Rio Grande do Norte state, in Brazil. In the laboratory, mites were collected through visual examination of freshly killed birds. Overall, 172 individuals from 38 bird species were examined, between October 2011 and July 2012. The prevalence of feather mites was 80.8%, corresponding to 139 infested individuals distributed into 30 species and 15 families of hosts. Fifteen feather mite taxa could be identified to the species level, sixteen to the genus level and three to the subfamily level, distributed into the families Analgidae, Proctophyllodidae, Psoroptoididae, Pteronyssidae, Xolalgidae, Trouessartiidae, Falculiferidae and Gabuciniidae. Hitherto unknown associations between feather mites and birds were recorded for eleven taxa identified to the species level, and nine taxa were recorded for the first time in Brazil. The number of new geographic records, as well as the hitherto unknown mite-host associations, supports the high estimates of diversity for feather mites of Brazil and show the need for research to increase knowledge of plumicole mites in the Neotropical region.


ResumoO presente estudo reporta associações entre ácaros (Astigmata) e aves em um fragmento de Mata Atlântica no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. Em laboratório, ácaros foram coletados através de examinação visual de aves recentemente mortas. No total, 172 indivíduos de 38 espécies de aves foram examinados entre Outubro de 2011 e Julho de 2012. A prevalência de ácaros na comunidade de aves foi de 80,8%, correspondendo a 139 indivíduos infestados distribuídos em 30 espécies e 15 famílias de hospedeiros. Quinze táxons de ácaros de pena foram identificados em nível de espécie, dezesseis em nível de gênero e três em nível de subfamília, distribuídos nas famílias Analgidae, Proctophyllodidae, Psoroptoididae, Pteronyssidae, Xolalgidae, Trouessartiidae, Falculiferidae and Gabuciniidae. Associações ainda não conhecidas entre ácaros e aves foram registradas para onze táxons identificados em nível específico, e nove táxons foram registrados pela primeira vez no Brasil. O número de novos registros geográficos, assim como as associações ácaro-hospedeiro até então desconhecidas, suportam as altas estimativas de diversidade de ácaros de pena e apontam a necessidade de mais pesquisas que ampliem o conhecimento dos ácaros plumícolas da região Neotropical.


Subject(s)
Animals , Birds , Bird Diseases/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/veterinary , Mites/physiology , Animal Distribution , Biodiversity , Bird Diseases/parasitology , Brazil/epidemiology , Forests , Feathers/parasitology , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/parasitology , Mites/classification , Prevalence
6.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 24(2): 198-203, Apr-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-750749

ABSTRACT

Aspects related to the epidemiology of Megninia ginglymura were studied, in order to determine predisposing factors for the ocurrence in layer chicken houses of commercial farms in the State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. An observational, cross-sectional, analytical survey was conducted for identifying major risks or protection factors for infestations. Four hundred thirty-one houses located in forty-three farms were visited in 2012. Regarding the farms, 17 (39.53%) had chickens infested by M. ginglymura and 1 (2.32%) presented Megninia cubitalis. The epidemiological aspects of the occurrence of M. ginglymura were investigated using multiple logistic regression models. The chicken house organization was an important protection factor involved in the occurrence of M. ginglymura (odds ratio [OR] = 0.85). The presence of subsistence breedings of poultry within the premises or at the proximity of a farm was characterized as a risk factor for the occurrence of infestations (OR = 3.92). The use of mineral oil (OR = 0.16) was considered protective against new infestations. Some regions of the state were characterized by a higher risk for mite infestation than others.


Aspectos relacionados à epidemiologia de infestações pelo ácaro Megninia ginglymura foram estudados com o objetivo de determinar os principais fatores para a ocorrência desse ectoparasito em galinhas poedeiras de granjas comerciais no Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil. Um estudo observacional, analítico e seccional foi realizado para verificar os principais fatores de risco ou proteção para as infestações. Quatrocentos e trinta e um galpões distribuídos em quarenta e três granjas foram visitados, no ano de 2012. Em relação às granjas, 17 (39,53%) possuíam aves infestadas por M. ginglymura e uma (2,32%) apresentou galinhas infestadas por Megninia cubitalis. Os aspectos epidemiológicos para a ocorrência de M. ginglymura foram investigados, utilizando-se modelos de regressão logística múltipla. A organização dos galpões nas granjas foi verificada como um importante fator de proteção envolvido na epidemiologia dessa espécie (Razão de Chances=0,85). A presença de criações de galinhas de subsistência dentro das instalações das granjas ou nas proximidades (Razão de Chances =3,92) foi caracterizada como um fator de risco para a ocorrência de infestações. O uso de óleo mineral foi considerado um fator de proteção contra infestações por M. ginglymura. Algumas regiões do Estado de Minas Gerais foram caracterizadas como de maior risco do que outras para infestações por esse ácaro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Poultry Diseases/epidemiology , Chickens , Mite Infestations/veterinary , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mite Infestations/epidemiology
7.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 24(1): 59-65, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744666

ABSTRACT

To determine the prevalence and seasonal variation of Psoroptes ovis (Delafond, 1858) mange in goats in the semiarid region of Paraíba, 541 crossbred goats of both sexes and different ages were examined between June 1999 and May 2001 and between August 2011 and December 2012, by washing their ear canals. The monthly prevalence of the infestation varied between 66.66% and 100% without significant differences (p = 0.10) among months and years. The intensity of infestation was higher between 2011–2012 (p < 0.05), with an annual rainfall of 123 mm, than between 1999-2000, which had an annual rainfall of 614.9 mm. By the Spearman test there was a negative correlation between the relative humidity and the rainfall of the intensity of the P. ovis infestation. It is concluded that parasitism by P. ovis occurs at a similar prevalence rate during the entire year but increases during dry years.


Com o objetivo de avaliar a prevalência e a flutuação sazonal da sarna por Psoroptes ovis (Delafond, 1858) em caprinos, na mesorregião do sertão paraibano, foram examinados, mediante lavagem dos condutos auditivos, 541 caprinos sem raça definida, de ambos os sexos e várias idades, nos períodos compreendidos entre junho de 1999 e maio de 2001 e entre agosto de 2011 e dezembro de 2012. A prevalência de P. ovis nos caprinos variou de 66,66% a 100%, não apresentando diferença estatística significativa (p = 0,10) entre os meses e entre os anos em que foi realizado o estudo. A intensidade de infestação foi maior no ano de 2011–2012 (p < 0,05) em comparação com o ano de 1999-2000. Pelo teste de Spermann (r2), observou-se uma correlação negativa entre a umidade relativa e a precipitação pluvial com a intensidade de infestação por P. ovis. Conclui-se que o parasitismo em caprinos, na mesorregião do sertão paraibano, ocorre durante todo o ano, mas aumenta nos meses secos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Goat Diseases/epidemiology , Psoroptidae , Mite Infestations/veterinary , Seasons , Brazil , Goats , Prevalence , Climate , Mite Infestations/epidemiology
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146178

ABSTRACT

In February 2010, dermatitis characterized by scale and self-trauma due to puritis was recognized in a group of 22 four-toed hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris Wagner, 1841) from a local pet shop in Gwangju, Korea. Microscopic examinations of skin scraping samples showed numerous mites of all developmental stages. Morphologically, pedicels of adult mites were short and unjointed. Tarsal caruncles were bell-shaped on all legs of males while they were absent on legs III and IV of females. Three long setae on the third pair of legs in both sexes were present. Adult males had posterior end of the abdomen with trilobate projection on each side, each lobe with a long seta. Based on these features, the mites were identified as Caparinia tripilis. This is the first report of caparinic mite infestation in hedgehogs from Korea. Identification keys for the family Psoroptidae and the genus Caparinia are provided.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Outbreaks , Female , Hedgehogs/parasitology , Male , Microscopy , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Mites/anatomy & histology , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Skin/parasitology , Skin Diseases, Parasitic/epidemiology
9.
Rev. salud pública ; 13(6): 990-997, dic. 2011. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-625663

ABSTRACT

Objetivos Determinar la prevalencia de infección por Demodex folliculorum en pacientes que asisten a consulta general de oftalmología, y su asociación con blefaritis. Métodos Estudio descriptivo de prevalencia. En forma aleatoria se seleccionaron 128 sujetos que asistieron al Centro Oftalmológico Virgilio Galvis y se determinó la presencia de Demodex folliculorum en 4 pestañas de cada uno. Resultados La prevalencia de infección por Demodex folliculorum fue 42,1 % (n= 54). Se diagnosticó blefaritis en el 38,3 % de los pacientes (n=49) y el 63,2 % de ellos (n=31) fueron positivos para D. folliculorum. En el grupo sin blefaritis (n=79) solo el 29,2 % de los individuos tenían el ácaro (n=23) (p=0.0003). Además se encontró una mayor cantidad de parásitos en los pacientes con blefaritis (índice de carga parasitaria 12,7 vs 5,1 (p=0.0001). El 25 % (n=32) de los participantes presentaban descamación en forma de cilindros y en estos el 96,9 % tenían el ácaro (n= 31), mientras que en los sujetos que no tenían cilindros (n=96) el ácaro estuvo presente solo en el 24 % (n=23). Conclusiones El Demodex folliculorum es un parásito que se encuentra en personas sin lesiones oculares, pero que es más frecuente y presenta una mayor carga parasitaria en pacientes con blefaritis. Nuestros resultados sugieren la necesidad de investigar la presencia de Demodex folliculorum en todo paciente con blefaritis y especialmente en los casos en que se observe presencia de descamación en forma de cilindros en las pestañas.


Objectives Determining Demodex folliculorum infection prevalence in patients attending general ophthalmological consultation and such infection's association with blepharitis. Methods This was a descriptive study of such prevalence. 128 subjects who attended the Virgilio Galvis Eye Centre were randomly selected and the presence of D. folliculorum was determined in 4 eyelashes taken from each of them. Results D. folliculorum infection prevalence was 42.1 % (n=54); blepharitis was diagnosed in 38.3 % of the patients (n=49) and 63.2 % of them (n=31) were positive for D. folliculorum. Only 29.2 % of the individuals in the group without blepharitis (n=79) had mites (n=23) (p=0.0003). A higher number of parasites was found in patients with blepharitis (12.7 parasitic load index cf 5.1; p=0.0001); 25 % (n=32) of the participants had scaling in the form of cylinders and 96.9 % of these had the mites (n=31), whereas the mite was only present in 24 % (n=23) of subjects who had no cylinder-type scaling (n=96). Conclusions Demodex folliculorum is a parasite found in people without ocular lesions; however, it is more frequent and has a higher parasite burden in patients with blepharitis. Our results suggested the need for investigating the presence of D. folliculorum in all patients suffering from blepharitis, especially in cases where cylinder-type scaling has been observed in their eyelashes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blepharitis/parasitology , Eyelashes/parasitology , Hair Follicle/parasitology , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Mites/pathogenicity , Ambulatory Care Facilities/statistics & numerical data , Blepharitis/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Colombia/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/parasitology , Ophthalmology , Prevalence , Sampling Studies
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 74(6): 422-424, nov.-dez. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-613442

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare the prevalence of Demodex folliculorum on the eyelashes of patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and healthy voluntaries. METHODS: Type 2 diabetic patients with proliferative retinopathy and age- and gender-matched healthy voluntaries (group control) underwent a slit lamp examination which three eyelashes containing cylindrical dandruff were removed from each lid by fine forceps. The lashes were dyed with fluorescein and the presence of Demodex folliculorum was verified by direct visualization under a light microscope. The mites were recognized based on its morphology and peculiar movement. The results were expressed in "positive" when at least one mite on one lash was found and "negative" when no mite was identified. The Chi-square test was used for comparing mites' presence in both groups. RESULTS: Forty-two patients were included in each group. The age ranged from 50 to 60 years old, with a mean of 56.4 ± 5.2 years. The male:female ratio was 0.6:1. There was no statistically significant difference with regard to age and gender in both groups (p>0.05). Demodex folliculorum was significantly more prevalent in diabetic patients (54.8 percent) than in control patients (38.1 percent) (p=0.048). CONCLUSION: Demodex folliculorum was more prevalent in diabetic patients than in healthy voluntaries, independently of gender and age.


OBJETIVO: Comparar a prevalência de Demodex folliculorum nos cílios de pacientes com retinopatia diabética proliferativa e voluntários normais. MÉTODOS: Pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 apresentando retinopatia proliferativa e voluntários normais com mesma distribuição de sexo e idade (grupo controle) foram submetidos a exame em lâmpada de fenda. Três cílios com secreção "em colarete" foram removidos de cada pálpebra com pinça delicada. Os cílios foram corados com fluoresceína e a presença de Demodex folliculorum foi verificada por visualização direta através de microscópio de luz. As larvas foram reconhecidas baseadas em sua morfologia e movimentos peculiares. Os resultados foram expressos em "positivo" quando foi encontrada pelo menos uma larva em um cílio e "negativo" quando nenhuma larva foi encontrada. O teste de Chi quadrado foi utilizado para comparar a presença das larvas nos dois grupos. RESULTADOS: Quarenta e dois pacientes foram incluídos em cada grupo. A idade variou de 50 a 60 anos com média de 56,4 ± 5,2 anos. A relação masculino:feminino foi de 0,6:1. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante com relação ao sexo e idade entre os dois grupos (p>0,05). Demodex folliculorum foi significantemente mais prevalente em pacientes com diabetes (54,8 por cento) que no grupo controle (38,1 por cento) (p=0,048). CONCLUSÃO: Demodex foliculorum foi mais prevalente em pacientes diabéticos que em voluntários normais, independentemente do sexo e da idade.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Blepharitis/parasitology , /parasitology , Eye Infections, Parasitic/diagnosis , Eyelashes/parasitology , Mite Infestations/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Eye Infections, Parasitic/epidemiology , Fluorescent Dyes , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sex Factors
11.
Rev. biol. trop ; 59(3): 1257-1264, Sept. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-638158

ABSTRACT

Raptorial birds harbor a variety of ectoparasites and the mayority of them are host specific. The aim of this study was to identify the ectoparasites of captive birds of prey from Mexico, as well as to verify their impact in the health of infested birds. Raptorial birds were confiscated and kept in captivity at the Centro de Investigación y Conservación de Vida Silvestre (CIVS) in Los Reyes La Paz, Mexico State. Seventy-four birds of prey (66 Falconiformes and eigth Strigiformes) of 15 species were examined for the presence of ectoparasites. We examined both juvenile and adult birds from both sexes. The overall prevalence was 16.2%; 66.7% of raptors were infested with a single type of external parasite. Lice were the most prevalent ectoparasites (91.7%), followed by feather mites and fleas (8.3%). Degeeriella fulva (72.7%), Craspedorrhynchus sp. (45.4%) and Strigiphilus aitkeni (9.1%) (Ischnocera, Philopteridae) were recovered from wings, head and neck regions of red-tailed hawk (Buteo jamaicensis), Swainson’s hawk (B. swainsoni), Harris’s hawk (Parabuteo unicinctus) and Barn owl (Tyto alba). Low lice infestation level was observed. Nymphs and females of feather mites Kramerella sp. (Pterolichoidea, Kramerellidae) were recovered solely from Barn owl (T. alba); while one Caracara (Caracara cheriway) was infested by the sticktight flea Echidnophaga gallinacea (Siphonaptera, Pulicidae). No clinical signs were observed in any infested bird. Probably the periodic use of organophosphorates was responsible of the low prevalence and lice infestation levels. The diversity of external parasites illustrates the importance of detailed revision of incoming and long-term captive raptors as part of responsible captive management. Five new hosts and geographic records are presented. Rev. Biol. Trop. 59 (3): 1257-1264. Epub 2011 September 01.


Las aves rapaces albergan una gran variedad de ectoparásitos y la mayoría de ellos son específicos de acogida. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los ectoparásitos de aves de presa en cautiverio en México y verificar su impacto en la salud de las aves. Se estudiaron 74 rapaces (66 Falconiformes y ocho Strigiformes) de 15 especies, juveniles y adultos de ambos sexos que fueron confiscadas y mantenidas en el Centro de Investigación y Conservación de Vida Silvestre (CIVS) en Los Reyes La Paz (20º22’ N, 98º59’ W), estado de México. La prevalencia fue de 16.2%; 66.7% de las rapaces estaban infestadas por un único tipo de ectoparásito. Los piojos fueron los más prevalentes (91.7%), seguidos por los ácaros y las pulgas (8.3%). Los piojos Degeeriela fulva (72.7%), Craspedorhynchus sp. (45.4%) y Strigiphilus aitkeni (9.1%) fueron extraídos de las alas, cabeza y cuello de aguililla cola-roja (Buteo jamaicensis), aguililla migratoria (B. swainsoni), aguililla de Harris (Parabuteo unicinctus) y lechuza de campanario (Tyto alba). El ácaro Kramerella sp. fue extaído de T. alba; mientras que un Caracara (Caracara cheriway) estaba infestado por la pulga Echidnophaga gallinacea. No se observaron signos clínicos en ninguna de las aves infestadas. Probablemente el uso periódico de organofosforatos fue el responsable de la baja prevalencia y de los niveles de ingesta de piojos. La diversidad de ectoparásitos identificados ilustra la importancia de una detallada revisión de las rapaces en cautiverio. Cinco nuevos hospederos y registros geográficos son presentados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Ectoparasitic Infestations/veterinary , Falconiformes/parasitology , Flea Infestations/veterinary , Lice Infestations/veterinary , Mite Infestations/veterinary , Ectoparasitic Infestations/epidemiology , Ectoparasitic Infestations/parasitology , Flea Infestations/epidemiology , Lice Infestations/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/epidemiology
12.
Assiut University Bulletin For Environmental Researches. 2011; 14 (1): 9-22
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-110744

ABSTRACT

The present study was conducted on 280 Egyptian buffaloes [Bithalis bubalus] during the period from June 2008 to July 2009. These animals belong to different villages in Assiut Governorate, Upper Egypt. The age of these animals ranged from less than one year to above eight years old. Examination of diseased animals revealed that they suffered from itching, loss of patches of hair in different regions of the body with appearance of scales on the skin. The more common sites of infestation were the head, neck and the base of the tall. In this study skin scrapings were examined microscopically revealed that Sarcoptic spp. and psoroptic spp. were identified from Egyptian buffaloes in Upper Egypt in percentage of 11.78%and 8.57%, respectively, with overall percentage of 20.35%. infestation by Sarcoptic mange mites [57.89%] was recorded to be the most frequent in the examined cases, followed by Psoroptes spp. mites [42.10%]. Statistical analysis of some ecological parameters reveled that there is a significant relationship between prevalence of mange mite Infesting buffaloes and season, age, housing management as well as regular or irregular using acaricides. Moreover, this study included using different methods of clinical therapeutic trails. The infested buffaloes with mange mites were classified into four groups. The first one received two doses of Ivermectin [Ivomec, Merial], 10 days apart at dose rate of 200 micro g/kg subcutaneously. The second group received two doses of doramectin [Dectomax, Pfizer, Egypt] a, 10 days apart at dose rate of 200 micro/kg subcutaneously. The third group received two doses of Ivermectin [Ivomec, Merial], 10 days apart at dose rate of 200 micro g/kg subcutaneously, Adjunct to this drug, Deltamethrin [Butox-50, Intervet] was applied to the surrounding environment [bedding material, wall, fomites, etc....] twice at a 10 days interval, All cases were isolated in a separate place during treatment period. The fourth group received two doses of doramectin [Dectomax, Pfizer, Egypt] a, 10 days apart at dose rate of 200 micro g/kg subcutaneously, Adjunct to this drug, Deltamethrin [Butox-50, Intervet] was applied to the surrounding environment twice at a 10 days interval. We found that administration of Ivermectin or doramectin adjunct with treatment of animal environment Is the best protocol for eradication and prevention of mange mite from Infested buffaloes with mange mite and Its environment


Subject(s)
Buffaloes , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/therapy , Ivermectin , Antiparasitic Agents , Ivermectin/analogs & derivatives , Treatment Outcome
13.
Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. 2010; 40 (2): 425-437
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-113063

ABSTRACT

A preliminary survey of domestic rodent species and their ectoparasites tick, mite and lice was carried out in ten centers of Menoufia [Quesna, Shebeen El-Kom, Berka El-Saabe, El-Bagour, El-Shohada, Tala, Menoff, Searth El-Lian, Ashmon and El-Sadat] Governorate. Frequency of rodent species and ectoparasites indices [tick, mite and lice] were recorded in spring [2009]. The main species of rodent was Norway rat, Rattus norvegicus the grey-bellied rat, Rattus rattus alexandrinus the white-bellied rat, Rattus rattus frugivorus and the house mouse, Mus musculus. The common tick species attacking rodents were: Rhipicephalus sp. and Hyalomma sp. The common mite species attacking rodents were: Dermanyssus sangineus, Orithonysus bacoti, Haemolaelaps glasgowi, Laelaps nutalli, Radfordia sp. and Myobia sp. The only common lice species was Polyplax spinulosa. The fur mites Radfordia sp. and Myobia sp. were recorded at Quesna, Searth El-Lian and El-Sadat centers on R. norvegicus for the first time at Menoufia Governorate


Subject(s)
Insecta , Lice Infestations/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Tick Infestations/epidemiology
14.
Assiut University Bulletin for Environmental Researches. 2010; 13 (1): 35-44
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-97543

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted throughout whole year of 2009 on lantana hedges bordering farms at cultivated land and newly reclaimed area in Assiut Governorate. The survey revealed the presence of four insect species [Aphis nasturtii Kaltenbach Bemisia tabaci [Gennadius]; Empoasca decipiens Paoli; Scolothrips Iongicornis Priesner], and two mite species [Tetranychus urticae Koch and Amblyseius sp.] on lantana leaves in the two studied areas. Additionally, eleven soil mite species belonging to ten families [Caloglyphus sp. Acaridae; Euphthiracarus sp. Euphthiracaridae; Galumna sp. Galumnidae; Sterroppia sp., Oppiella sp. Oppiidae; Ololaelaps bregetovae Laelapidae; Lasioseius quinisetosus Ascidae; Parasitus sp. Parasitidae; Acaropsella notchi Cheyletidae; Pediculochelus sp. Pediculochelidae and Spinibdeila sp. Bdellidae] were recorded. The population density of A. nasturtii, B. tabaci E. decipiens and Amblyseius sp, was more abundant at newly reclaimed area, while T. urticae and S. longicornis were more abundant at cultivated land. Also, the newly reclaimed area harbored higher numbers of soil mites than that of cultivated land. The Cryptostigmata species exhibited the higher number followed by Astigmata and Mesostigmata, while low numbers of the Prostigmata were recorded in the cultivated land and newly reclaimed area


Subject(s)
Insecta , Plant Leaves/parasitology , Soil/analysis , Insecta , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Aphids/parasitology , Acaridae/parasitology
15.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 61(6): 1471-1473, dez. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-537281

ABSTRACT

The rate of infestation of Varroa destructor was investigated in 128 swarms of bees, distributed in three distinct apiaries: with (two) and without (one) superposition of the visualized feeding areas, identified by geoprocessing analysis. A higher infestation rate was observed where superposition in the feeding areas was observed (averages 11.0% and 9.3%) in contrast with the swarms in the apiary where there were no common feeding areas (3.3%). This suggests that superposition of visualized feeding areas is associated with the varroatosis occurrence and that it favors the enhancement of the mite infestation rate in the beehives.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bees/parasitology , Mites/parasitology , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Rates, Ratios and Proportions/methods , Topography/analysis
16.
Rev. biol. trop ; 57(1/2): 353-360, March-June 2009. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-637723

ABSTRACT

Parasites have been investigated for some New World primates; however, very little is known about ectoparasites and specifically fur mites. In this study, Alouatta palliata, Cebus capucinus, Saimiri oerstedii, and Ateles geoffroyi monkeys from different areas of Costa Rica were searched for fur mites. A total of 276 monkeys were evaluated, and 51 of them were positive for mites of the family Atopomelidae. Listrocarpus alouattae was identified on 22.3% of A. palliata; Listrocarpus capucinus on 12.8% of C. capucinus; and Listrocarpus costaricensis on 36.8% of S. oerstedii; No fur mites were found on A. geoffroyi. Sex was not considered a determinant of mite infestation, but prevalence was significantly higher in the Central Volcanic Mountain Range Conservation Area for L. alouattae (p=0.01) and in the Central Pacific Conservation Area for L. capucinus (p=0.002). These primate fur mites are highly host-specific. Differences in the geographical distribution may be due to monkey behavior and history, as well as to environmental conditions. Rev. Biol. Trop. 57 (1-2): 353-360. Epub 2009 June 30.


Muy poco se conoce sobre los ectoparásitos, específicamente de los ácaros del pelo, de primates del Nuevo Mundo. En este estudio se buscaron ácaros del pelo en monos Alouatta palliata, Cebus capucinus, Saimiri oerstedii y Ateles geoffroyi provenientes de diferentes áreas de Costa Rica. Se evaluaron 276 monos en total y 51 de ellos se encontraron positivos por ácaros de la familia Atopomelidae. Se identificó Listrocarpus alouattae en el 22.3% de los A. palliata, Listrocarpus capucinus en el 12.8% de los C. capucinus y Listrocarpus costaricensis en el 36.8% de los S. oerstedii. El sexo no fue un determinante de la infestación por ácaros, pero la prevalencia de L. alouattae fue significativamente mayor en el Área de Conservación Cordillera Volcánica Central (p=0.01) y la de L. capucinus fue mayor en el Área de Conservación Pacífico Central (p=0.002). Estos ácaros del pelo de primates son altamente específicos en relación con su hospedero. Las diferencias en la distribución geográfica podrían deberse al comportamiento e historia de los monos, así como a las condiciones ambientales.


Subject(s)
Animals , Acari/classification , Mite Infestations/veterinary , Monkey Diseases/epidemiology , Platyrrhini/parasitology , Costa Rica/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Monkey Diseases/parasitology , Prevalence , Platyrrhini/classification
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 28(8): 375-378, ago. 2008. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-492858

ABSTRACT

The objective was to evaluate the factors associated with the prevalence of Otodectes cynotis infestations in dogs assisted at the Dermatology Service of the Veterinary Hospital, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro. A total of 250 dogs were examined through direct smear of ear samples using a stereoscopic microscope, for the parasitological diagnostic. All dog owners were interviewed and data regarding the animals and their environments were individually recorded. Mite infestation was observed in 15 animals, with a prevalence of 6 percent. The variables were tested regarding their association with the mites, using the χ2 test and, when appropriate, the Fisher exact test. There were no evidences that age (p = 0,20), sex (p = 0,31), breed (p = 0,50), shape of ear (p = 0,66), type (p = 0,19) and length of hair (p = 0,14) and contact with other animals (p = 0,06) could act as potential risk factors for O. cynotis infestation. However, living environment (p = 0,03) and frequency of environmental cleaning (p = 0,005) may facilitate the infestation. The occurrence of pruritus was associated to the presence of mites (p<0,001), suggesting to be an effect of the parasitism.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os fatores associados à prevalência da infestação por Otodectes cynotis em cães atendidos no Setor de Dermatologia do Hospital Veterinário de Pequenos Animais, Universidade Federal Rural do Rio de Janeiro. Foram atendidos 250 cães, sendo o diagnóstico feito através de visualização do ácaro, presente no cerumem coletado e examinado sob microscopia esterioscópica. Todos os proprietários dos cães foram entrevistados para preenchimento de fichas individuais com dados dos animais e do ambiente em que estes viviam. A infestação por O. cynotis foi observada em 15 animais, sendo a prevalência de 6 por cento. A associação entre as variáveis e a presença dos ácaros foi testada através do χ2 e quando pertinente pelo teste de Fisher exato. Não houve evidências que permitissem concluir que a idade (p = 0,20), o sexo (p = 0,31), a raça (p = 0,50), o formato das orelhas (p = 0,66), o tipo (p = 0,19) e comprimento da pelagem (p = 0,14) e, o convívio com outros animais (p = 0,06) poderiam atuar como possíveis fatores de risco para a infestação. Entretanto, o ambiente em que viviam os animais (p = 0,03) e a freqüência de limpeza (p = 0,005) parecem propiciar a infestação. A ocorrência de prurido esteve associada à presença dos ácaros (p<0,001), sugerindo ser um efeito do parasitismo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Risk Factors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163946

ABSTRACT

Mites in the genus Chorioptes cause a mild form of skin disease in both domestic and wild ruminants. In July 2006, dermatitis characterized by alopecia, marked lichenification, accumulation of crust, and fissuring was recognized in 14 out of 200 Holstein dairy cattle raised in the cattle farm of the National Institute of Animal Science in Cheonan, Republic of Korea. Skin lesions were distributed mainly over the tail base, and sacral and perineal regions. Microscopic examinations of skin scraping samples from severely affected areas revealed numerous mites of all developmental stages. Morphologically, pedicels of the mites were short and unjointed. The tarsal suckers occurred on the pedicels of all the legs in the male worm and on the first, second, and fourth pair of legs in the adult female worm. A single long seta at the tarsus of legs III and the length of legs II being about twice as long as legs IV in adult male mites were observed. Arising anterior to the inner-most spatulate seta was a short seta with an average of 26.4 +/- 5.8 micrometer in length. Also, the length of setae #4 on the opisthosomal lobes was relatively short. Based on these observations, the mites were identified as Choriptes texanus. Although the chorioptic mange may not influence the mortality rate in the affected farm, reports indicate that a decline in milk production can be observed. This is the first report of chorioptic infestation in a cattle farm from Korea.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cattle Diseases/epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks/veterinary , Female , Korea/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Psoroptidae/anatomy & histology
19.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 16(3): 159-162, jul.-set. 2007. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-618351

ABSTRACT

Este estudo foi realizado com o objetivo de investigar a infestação por Lynxacarus radovskyi em gatos provenientes da Região Metropolitana de Recife, estado de Pernambuco, Brasil, durante o período de maio a dezembro de 2003. Foram coletadas amostras de pêlo de gatos de ambos os sexos e idades variadas, e submetidas a exame microscópico. Os resultados mostraram que 75,84 por cento (254/335) dos animais estavam infestados com L radovskyi, não havendo, porém, diferença estatisticamente significativa entre a presença do ácaro e o sexo, a raça e a idade. Os resultados indicam que o ácaro L. radovskyi está disseminado na população felina estudada.


This study was performed with the aim of to investigate the infestation by the cat fur-mite Lynxacarus radovskyi in cats from Recife Metropolitan Region, State of Pernambuco, Brazil, during the period of May through December of 2003. Hair samples were taken from cats of both sexes and different ages and submitted to microscopical examination. The results showed that 75.84 percent (254/335) of cats were infested with L. radovskyi, but statistically significant differences were not observed among the presence of mite and sex, race and age. The results indicate that the mite L. radovskyi is endemic in this population.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Cat Diseases/epidemiology , Cats/parasitology , Mite Infestations/veterinary , Brazil , Mite Infestations/epidemiology
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 59(2): 536-538, abr. 2007. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-455775

ABSTRACT

For the first time, it was identified a mite in a three-year-old male ostrich that had lost feathers and showed skin irritation. The animal belonged to a flock of 50 birds, located in Baixada Fluminense, in Rio de Janeiro State. After they were fixed in 70 percent alcohol, clarifyed in lactophenol and mounted in Canada balsam, the mites were identified in the laboratory. They belonged to the Pterolichidae family and Struthioperolichus sculpturatus species (Hirst). The ostrich was treated by ivermectin in dose of 200µg/kg of body weight, with recovery and disappearance of the clinical symptoms. The occurrence of mite infestation by the described species in ostrich should be monitored by professionals and farmers, as they cause fall of feathers and economic losses.


Subject(s)
Feathers , Mite Infestations/economics , Mite Infestations/epidemiology , Mite Infestations/mortality , Struthioniformes
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