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1.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 726-731, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the genetic characteristics, clinical characteristics, and prognosis of children with primary dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 44 children who were diagnosed with DCM in Hebei Children's Hospital from July 2018 to February 2023. According to the genetic testing results, they were divided into two groups: gene mutation-positive group (n=17) and gene mutation-negative group (n=27). The two groups were compared in terms of clinical data at initial diagnosis and follow-up data.@*RESULTS@#Among the 44 children with DCM, there were 21 boys (48%) and 23 girls (52%). Respiratory symptoms including cough and shortness of breath were the most common symptom at initial diagnosis (34%, 15/44). The detection rate of gene mutations was 39% (17/44). There were no significant differences between the two groups in clinical characteristics, proportion of children with cardiac function grade Ⅲ or Ⅳ, brain natriuretic peptide levels, left ventricular ejection fraction, and left ventricular fractional shortening at initial diagnosis (P>0.05). The median follow-up time was 23 months, and 9 children (20%) died, including 8 children from the gene mutation-positive group, among whom 3 had TTN gene mutation, 2 had LMNA gene mutation, 2 had TAZ gene mutation, and 1 had ATAD3A gene mutation. The gene mutation-positive group had a significantly higher mortality rate than the gene mutation-negative group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is no correlation between the severity of DCM at initial diagnosis and gene mutations in children. However, children with gene mutations may have a poorer prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Stroke Volume , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Phenotype , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/diagnosis , Mutation , ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics
2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 738-743, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009942

ABSTRACT

An 11-day-old female neonate was admitted for cough with mouth foaming and feeding difficulties. The laboratory results indicated hyperlactatemia, elevated markers of myocardial injury and inflammation, and high levels of acylcarnitine octanoylcarnitine and decanoylcarnitine in tandem mass spectrometry. Ultrasonography and MRI suggested cardiac insufficiency and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Whole exome sequencing showed that both the proband and her elderly sister had a compound heterozygous variant of c.1492dup (p.T498Nfs*13) and c.1376T>C (p.F459S) in the ATAD3A gene, inherited from their father and mother, respectively. The diagnosis of Harel-Yoon syndrome was confirmed. The proband and her sister were born with clinical manifestations of metabolic acidosis, hyperlactatemia, feeding difficulties, elevated markers of myocardial injury as well as cardiac insufficiency, and both died in early infancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Female , Aged , Mutation , Hyperlactatemia , ATPases Associated with Diverse Cellular Activities/chemistry , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1019-1027, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression of different transcripts of lactamase β(LACTB) gene in leukemic cell lines.@*METHODS@#NCBI website and DNAstar software were used to detect the Bioinformatics analysis of LACTB. The expression of different transcripts of LACTB gene in leukemic cell lines (THP-1, HL60, K562, U937, Jurkat and Raji) was detected by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), DNA and clone sequencing; the expression of different transcripts of LACTB gene in leukemic cell lines was detected by Quantitative Real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#There were a variety of splicing isomers in LACTB, and it could produce a variety of protein isomers with conserved N-terminal and different C-terminal, moreover, there were many splice isoforms of LACTB in leukemia cell lines, and there were different expression patterns in different cell lines, including XR1, V1, V2 and V3. The expression of total LACTB showed high in HL60 cells, while low in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The V1 was high expression in U937 cells but low in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). V2 was high expression in HL60 cells but lowly in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The expression of V3 was low in THP-1 cells, which was significantly different as compared with that in normal bone marrow (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The reaserch found that there are many splice isomers of LACTB in leukemic cell lines, and there are different expression patterns in different cell lines.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alternative Splicing , HL-60 Cells , Leukemia/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , RNA Splicing , U937 Cells , beta-Lactamases/genetics
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1025-1034, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921307

ABSTRACT

Cells selectively scavenge redundant or damaged mitochondria by mitophagy, which is an important mechanism of mitochondrial quality control. Recent studies have shown that mitophagy is mainly regulated by autophagy-related genes (Atgs) in yeast cells, while mitochondrial membrane associated proteins such as PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1), NIX/BNIP3L, BNIP3, FUN14 domain containing 1 (FUNDC1), FKBP8/FKBP38, Bcl-2-like protein 13 (Bcl2L13), nucleotide binding domain and leucine-rich-repeat-containing proteins X1 (NLRX1), prohibitin 2 (PHB2) and lipids such as cardiolipin (CL) are the key mitophagic receptors in mammalian cells, which can selectively recognize damaged mitochondria, recruit them into isolation membranes by binding to microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) or γ-aminobutyric acid receptor-associated protein (GABARAP), and then fuse with lysosomes to eliminate the trapped mitochondria. This article reviews recent research progress of mitophagy-related receptor proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Autophagy , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Mitochondria , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Mitophagy , Prohibitins
5.
Oman Medical Journal. 2017; 32 (1): 66-68
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185728

ABSTRACT

Mutations in the C19 or f12 gene are known to cause mitochondrial membrane protein associated neurodegeneration [MPAN], which is a neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation [NBIA] type 4 disorder. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a genetically confirmed case of MPAN from Oman. A novel homozygous deletion of exon 2 of the C19 or f12 gene was confirmed on the proband, a seven-year old girl, who presented with gait instability. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed iron deposition on the basal ganglia. This report highlights the importance of genetic testing of such a clinically and genetically heterogeneous condition among a population with a high consanguinity rate. To overcome the diagnostic difficulty, implementation of a cost-effective approach to perform cascade screening of carriers at risk is needed as well as programs to address risky consanguineous marriages


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Brain/pathology , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Consanguinity , Sequence Deletion
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(11): e6389, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888946

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to observe the infection of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) to human umbilical vein endothelial cells, and its effect on the expression of single-stranded DNA-binding protein (SSBP1) and on lipid metabolism in endothelial cells. We screened the differential expression of mRNAs after HCMV infection by suppression subtractive hybridization and the expression levels of SSBP1 mRNA and protein after HCMV infection by real-time PCR and western blot. After verification of successful infection by indirect immunofluorescent staining and RT-PCR, we found a differential expression of lipid metabolism-related genes including LDLR, SCARB, CETP, HMGCR, ApoB and LPL induced by HCMV infection. The expression levels of SSBP1 mRNA and protein after HCMV infection were significantly down-regulated. Furthermore, we found that upregulation of SSBP1 inhibited the expression of atherosclerosis-associated LDLR, SCARB, HMGCR, CETP as well as the accumulation of lipids in the cells. The results showed that the inhibition of SSBP1 by HCMV infection promotes lipid accumulation in the cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytomegalovirus Infections/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/virology , Lipid Metabolism/physiology , Mitochondrial Proteins/metabolism , Atherosclerosis/metabolism , Atherosclerosis/virology , Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins/metabolism , Cholesterol/analysis , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Down-Regulation , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Receptors, LDL/metabolism , Scavenger Receptors, Class B/metabolism , Time Factors
7.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(6): e5758, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839304

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the role of mitofusin 2 (MFN2) gene polymorphisms in the risk and prognosis of acute liver failure (ALF). A total of 298 blood samples were collected from 138 ALF patients (case group) and 160 healthy participants (control group). Coagulation function, glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT), glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), total bilirubin (TB), blood ammonia and lactic acid (LA) were measured. The predictive evaluation of MFN2 gene polymorphisms in the risk and prognosis of ALF patients was estimated using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, haplotype analysis, binary logistic regression analysis and Cox regression analysis. Higher levels of GPT, GOT, TB, blood ammonia and LA were observed in ALF patients with the GG genotype of rs873457 or the TT genotype of rs4846085 than in those with the CC genotype of these two SNPs. The GTACAGC and GTGTGGC haplotypes were a protective factor and a risk factor for ALF, respectively. Blood ammonia and LA levels were independent risk factors and the CC genotype of rs873457 and the CC genotype of rs4846085 were protective factors for ALF. ALF patients with the GG genotype of rs873457 or the TT genotype of rs4846085 had a lower survival rate than those with other genotypes of these two SNPs. The rs4846085 and rs873457 polymorphisms were both independent factors affecting the prognosis of ALF patients. MFN2 gene polymorphisms (rs873457, rs2336384, rs1474868, rs4846085 and rs2236055) may be associated with ALF and the rs873457 and rs4846085 polymorphisms are correlated with the risk and prognosis of ALF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , Liver Failure, Acute/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Ammonia/blood , Asian People/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Gene Frequency/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Genotype , Hepatitis A/genetics , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lactic Acid/blood , Liver Failure, Acute/blood , Risk Factors , Survival Analysis
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 1099-1107, abr. 2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744885

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um estudo sobre o uso do ensino a distância (EaD) como uma estratégia de ensino na educação permanente em saúde (EPS), que teve como objetivo identificar e analisar os limites e possibilidades do uso da EaD na EPS. Estudo de revisão integrativa. O resultado aponta que a EaD é uma estratégia inovadora possível e potencial para a EPS, facilitando o desenvolvimento da aprendizagem dentro ou fora da instituição de saúde, porém é evidente a escassez de pesquisas na área. As limitações para a realização dos programas estão relacionadas à variável tempo, preparação para lidar com as tecnologias e importância do tutor como facilitador da aprendizagem. Conclui-se que o uso da EaD tem tido uma importante contribuição para o desenvolvimento dos recursos humanos em saúde, seja no processo de formação e/ou no processo contínuo de conhecimento.


This is a study on the use of distance learning (EaD, in Portuguese) as a teaching strategy in continuing health education (EPS, in Portuguese), which aimed to identify and analyze the limits and posibilities of using EaD in the EPS. Integrative Review Study. The result shows that EaD is an innovative, possible and potential strategy for EPS, facilitating the development of learning within or outside the health institution, although is evident the lack of research in the area. The limitations for the implementation of the programs are related to the time variable, preparation for dealing with the technologies and the importance of the tutor as a facilitator of learning. It concludes that the use of EaD has an important contribution to the development of human resources in health, is in the process of training and/or in the continuous knowledge process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs/genetics , Black People/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Cation Transport Proteins/genetics , Cell Line, Transformed , Cell Line, Tumor , Ethnicity , Europe , White People/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , HapMap Project , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Nigeria , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Phenotype , Regression Analysis , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
9.
J. bras. pneumol ; 41(2): 167-174, Mar-Apr/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-745920

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of intermittent hypoxia-a model of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA)-on pancreatic expression of uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2), as well as on glycemic and lipid profiles, in C57BL mice. Methods: For 8 h/day over a 35-day period, male C57BL mice were exposed to intermittent hypoxia (hypoxia group) or to a sham procedure (normoxia group). The intermittent hypoxia condition involved exposing mice to an atmosphere of 92% N and 8% CO2 for 30 s, progressively reducing the fraction of inspired oxygen to 8 ± 1%, after which they were exposed to room air for 30 s and the cycle was repeated (480 cycles over the 8-h experimental period). Pancreases were dissected to isolate the islets. Real-time PCR was performed with TaqMan assays. Results: Expression of UCP2 mRNA in pancreatic islets was 20% higher in the normoxia group than in the hypoxia group (p = 0.11). Fasting serum insulin was higher in the hypoxia group than in the normoxia group (p = 0.01). The homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance indicated that, in comparison with the control mice, the mice exposed to intermittent hypoxia showed 15% lower insulin resistance (p = 0.09) and 21% higher pancreatic β-cell function (p = 0.01). Immunohistochemical staining of the islets showed no significant differences between the two groups in terms of the area or intensity of α- and β-cell staining for insulin and glucagon. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first report of the effect of intermittent hypoxia on UCP2 expression. Our findings suggest that UCP2 regulates insulin production in OSA. Further study of the role that UCP2 plays in the glycemic control of OSA patients is warranted. .


Objetivo: Investigar o efeito da hipóxia intermitente com um modelo de apneia obstrutiva do sono (AOS) sobre a expressão de uncoupling protein-2 (UCP2), assim como sobre perfis glicêmicos e lipídicos, em camundongos C57BL. Métodos: Camundongos C57BL machos foram expostos a hipóxia intermitente ou hipóxia simulada (grupo controle) 8 h/dia durante 35 dias. A condição de hipóxia intermitente envolveu a exposição dos camundongos a uma atmosfera de 92% de N e 8% de CO2 por 30 s, com redução progressiva de fração de O2 inspirado até 8 ± 1%, seguida por exposição a ar ambiente por 30 s e repetições do ciclo (480 ciclos no período experimental de 8 h). Os pâncreas foram dissecados para isolar as ilhotas. Foi realizada PCR em tempo real utilizando o método TaqMan. Resultados: A expressão do mRNA da UCP2 nas ilhotas pancreáticas foi 20% maior no grupo controle que no grupo hipóxia (p = 0,11). A insulina sérica de jejum foi maior no grupo hipóxia do que no grupo controle (p = 0,01). O modelo de avaliação da homeostase de resistência à insulina indicou que, em comparação com os camundongos controle, aqueles expostos à hipóxia intermitente apresentaram 15% menor resistência à insulina (p = 0,09) e 21% maior função das células beta (p = 0,01). A coloração das ilhotas pancreáticas por imuno-histoquímica não mostrou diferenças significativas entre os grupos em termos da área ou da intensidade das células alfa e beta, marcadas por insulina e glucagon. Conclusões: Segundo nosso conhecimento, esta é a primeira descrição do efeito da hipóxia intermitente sobre a expressão da UCP2. Nossos achados sugerem que UCP2 regula a produção de insulina na AOS. Futuras investigações sobre o papel da UCP2 no controle glicêmico em pacientes com AOS são justificadas. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Hypoxia/metabolism , Ion Channels/metabolism , Islets of Langerhans/metabolism , Mitochondrial Proteins/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/metabolism , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Disease Models, Animal , Insulin Resistance , Ion Channels/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/physiopathology
10.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 34(4): 546-555, oct.-dic. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730938

ABSTRACT

Introduction : Obesity results from interaction between genetic and environmental risk factors. Objective: To evaluate the effect of three gene variants and environmental factors on obesity and overweight in young people aged 10 to 18 years in a Colombian population. Materials and methods: A total of 424 subjects were selected and separated into three groups for a cross-sectional study; 100 obese and 112 overweight subjects were matched with 212 normal-weight controls. Associations were evaluated between excess weight and three genetic polymorphisms ( UCP3- rs1800849, FTO -rs17817449, and CAPN10 -rs3842570), as well as the family history, the time spent watching television and playing video games, and the diet. Results: A family history of obesity, the time spent watching television and playing video games, the lack of breastfeeding, a low consumption of cereals, legumes, fruits, vegetables, and a high consumption of fast foods were characteristics typically found in obese individuals compared to controls. A significant association between genotype I/I (SNP19 of CAPN10 ) and excess weight was found even with an active lifestyle. In addition, significant associations between the C/C genotype of the UCP3 gene and the G/G and T/T genotypes of the FTO gene and excess weight were found only in young sedentary individuals. Conclusions: In this population, inadequate diet and sedentary lifestyle increased the risk of excess weight. Genotype I/I of SNP19 in CAPN10 was significantly associated with excess weight. In contrast, FTO and UCP3 variants exhibited effects only in sedentary environments.


Introducción. La obesidad resulta de la interacción entre factores de riesgo genéticos y ambientales. Objetivo. Evaluar el efecto de tres variantes genéticas y factores ambientales en el exceso de peso en jóvenes de 10 a 18 años de Medellín, Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio transversal en 424 jóvenes divididos en tres grupos: 100 obesos, 112 jóvenes con sobrepeso, y, pareados con ellos, 212 jóvenes con peso adecuado, que conformaron el grupo de control. Se evaluó la asociación entre tres polimorfismos genéticos ( UCP3 -rs1800849, FTO -rs17817449 y CAPN10 -rs3842570) y el exceso de peso, así como su interacción con antecedentes familiares de enfermedad, el tiempo dedicado a ver televisión y a jugar videojuegos y el consumo de alimentos. Resultados. Los antecedentes familiares de obesidad, la dedicación de más de dos horas al día a ver televisión y jugar videojuegos, la falta de lactancia materna, el bajo consumo de cereales, legumbres, frutas y verduras y el gran consumo de comidas rápidas fueron más frecuentes entre los obesos que en los controles. Se observó una asociación significativa entre el genotipo I/I (SNP19 del CAPN10 ) y el exceso de peso, incluso en los jóvenes que llevaban una vida activa. Además, se encontró una asociación significativa entre los genotipos C/C del UCP3 y G/G y T/T del FTO y el exceso de peso, pero solo en los jóvenes sedentarios. Conclusiones. En esta población, la alimentación inadecuada y el sedentarismo aumentaron el riesgo de exceso de peso. El genotipo I/I de SNP19 del CAPN10 se asoció significativamente con el exceso de peso. Algunas variantes del FTO y el UCP3 mostraron tener efecto solo en jóvenes sedentarios.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Calpain/genetics , Gene-Environment Interaction , Overweight/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Anthropometry , Adiposity/genetics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Calpain/physiology , Colombia/epidemiology , Diet , Dietary Fiber , Fast Foods/adverse effects , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Ion Channels/genetics , Leisure Activities , Motor Activity , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Obesity/epidemiology , Obesity/genetics , Overweight/epidemiology , Proteins/genetics , Sedentary Behavior , Surveys and Questionnaires , Television , Video Games
11.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(5): 451-456, Sep-Oct/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731051

ABSTRACT

Osteoblastoma is a benign neoplasia and is uncommon in the jaws. In some cases, this lesion presents extremely aggressive local characteristics and is termed aggressive osteoblastoma. Because the clinical, radiographic and histopathologic characteristics are similar to those of a variety of benign and malignant tumors, it poses a diagnostic dilemma. This report presents a case of an aggressive osteoblastoma in the mandible and discusses the differential diagnosis of this lesion. A 13-year-old white male sought the Stomatology Clinic at the State University of Paraíba, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil, complaining of asymptomatic swelling on the left side of his face. Cone-beam computerized tomography showed a multilocular, hypodense bone lesion, located in the body of the left mandible and lower third of the ascending ramus. The initial diagnostic hypothesis was juvenile ossifying fibroma or osteosarcoma. After histopathologic examination, the final diagnosis was aggressive osteoblastoma. Surgical resection with a safety margin was performed. There was no evidence of recurrence after a follow-up period of 4 years.


O osteoblastoma é uma neoplasia benigna e incomum nos maxilares. Em alguns casos esta lesão apresenta características locais extremamente agressivas, sendo denominada osteoblastoma agressivo. Devido às características clínicas, radiográficas e histopatológicas serem similares a uma variedade de tumores benignos e malignos, o seu diagnóstico é um dilema. Este relato apresenta o caso de um osteoblastoma agressivo na mandíbula e discute o diagnóstico diferencial desta lesão. Paciente, branco, 13 anos de idade, foi atendido na Clínica de Estomatologia da Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, Campina Grande, PB, Brasil, queixando-se de aumento de volume assintomático do lado esquerdo de sua face. A tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico revelou uma lesão óssea hipodensa multilocular, localizada no corpo do lado esquerdo da mandíbula e no terço inferior do ramo ascendente da mandíbula. A hipótese diagnóstica foi de fibroma ossificante juvenil e osteosarcoma. Após exame histopatológico, o diagnóstico final foi osteoblastoma agressivo. Foi realizada ressecção cirúrgica com margem de segurança. Não houve sinais de recorrência após 4 anos de acompanhamento.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis/physiology , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Mitochondrial Proteins/metabolism , Antibodies/metabolism , Antibodies/pharmacology , /metabolism , B-Lymphocytes/physiology , Caspase 9 , Cells, Cultured , Carrier Proteins/genetics , Caspases/metabolism , Enzyme Activation , Embryo, Mammalian/physiology , Gene Targeting , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Mice, Knockout , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Survival Rate , Stem Cells/cytology , Stem Cells/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes/physiology
12.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e123-2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37644

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrial morphology is dynamically regulated by forming small, fragmented units or interconnected networks, and this is a pivotal process that is used to maintain mitochondrial homeostasis. Although dysregulation of mitochondrial dynamics is related to the pathogenesis of several human diseases, its molecular mechanism is not fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrate the potential role of miR-27 in the regulation of mitochondrial dynamics. Mitochondrial fission factor (MFF) mRNA is a direct target of miR-27, whose ectopic expression decreases MFF expression through binding to its 3'-untranslated region. Expression of miR-27 results in the elongation of mitochondria as well as an increased mitochondrial membrane potential and mitochondrial ATP level. Our results suggest that miR-27 is a novel regulator affecting morphological mitochondrial changes by targeting MFF.


Subject(s)
Humans , 3' Untranslated Regions , Cell Line , Gene Expression Regulation , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Membrane Proteins/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mitochondria/genetics , Mitochondrial Dynamics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Protein Biosynthesis , RNA, Messenger/genetics
13.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 57(8): 603-611, Nov. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696899

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in five genes - leptin, leptin receptor (LEPR), adiponectin (APM1), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) and uncoupling protein 1 - with anthropometric, metabolic, and dietary parameters in a Southern Brazilian cohort of 325 children followed up from birth to 4 years old. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SNPs were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction-based procedures, and their association with phenotypes was evaluated by t-test, analysis of variance, and general linear models. RESULTS: LEPR223Arg allele (rs1137101) was associated with higher daily energy intake at 4 years of age (P = 0.002; Pcorrected = 0.024). PPARG 12Ala-carriers (rs1801282) presented higher glucose levels than Pro/Pro homozygotes (P = 0.007; Pcorrected = 0.042). CONCLUSIONS: Two of the six studied SNPs presented consistent associations, showing that it is already possible to detect the influences of genetic variants on susceptibility to overweight in 4-year-old children.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar a associação de polimorfismos de nucleotídeo único (SNPs) em cinco genes: leptina, receptor da leptina (LEPR), adiponectina (APM1), receptor ativado por proliferadores de peroxissomas gama (PPARG) e proteína desacopladora 1 com parâmetros antropométricos, metabólicos e dietéticos em uma coorte sul-brasileira composta por 325 crianças acompanhadas desde o nascimento até os 4 anos. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Os SNPs foram analisados por meio da reação em cadeia da polimerase e sua associação com os fenótipos foi avaliada utilizando teste T, análise de variância e análise fatorial. RESULTADOS: O alelo LEPR223Arg (rs1137101) foi associado a uma maior ingestão energética diária aos 4 anos (P = 0,002; Pcorrigido = 0,024). Os portadores do alelo PPARG12Ala (rs1801282) apresentaram maior glicemia em relação aos homozigotos Pro/Pro (P = 0,007; Pcorrigido = 0,042). CONCLUSÕES: Dois dos seis SNPs estudados apresentaram associações consistentes, mostrando que aos 4 anos de idade já é possível detectar as influências de variantes genéticas sobre a suscetibilidade ao excesso de peso.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Adiponectin/genetics , Energy Intake , Ion Channels/genetics , Leptin/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , PPAR gamma/genetics , Receptors, Leptin/genetics , Body Weights and Measures , Brazil , Blood Glucose/analysis , Cholesterol/blood , Feeding Behavior , Linear Models , Obesity/genetics , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Triglycerides/blood
14.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 471-473, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14631

ABSTRACT

Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense has been reported in Korea as Diphyllobothrium latum because of their close morphologic resemblance. We have identified a human case of D. nihonkaiense infection using the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene sequence analysis. On 18 February 2012, a patient who had consumed raw fish a month earlier visited our outpatient clinic with a long tapeworm parasite excreted in the feces. The body of the segmented worm was 2 m long and divided into the scolex (head) and proglottids. It was morphologically close to D. nihonkaiense and D. latum. The cox1 gene analysis showed 99.4% (340/342 bp) homology with D. nihonkaiense but only 91.8% (314/342 bp) homology with D. latum. The present study suggested that the Diphyllobothrium spp. infection in Korea should be analyzed with specific DNA sequence for an accurate species identification.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Cyclooxygenase 1/genetics , Diphyllobothriasis/parasitology , Diphyllobothrium/enzymology , Helminth Proteins/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 603-608, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193945

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Mitofusin2 gene (Mfn2, also named Hyperplasia suppressive gene, HSG) is very important in the origin and development of hypertension. However, the mechanism of Mfn2/HSG expression regulation was not uncovered. This study was designed to explore the association of a novel 5'-uncoding region (UCR) -1248 A>G variation of HSG/Mfn2 gene and hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 472 healthy, normotensive subjects [normotension (NT) group], 454 prehypertensive subjects [prehypertension (PH) group] and 978 hypertensive patients [essential hypertension (EH) group] were screened for an association study between 5'-UCR -1248 A>G of Mfn2/HSG and hypertension by polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing after venous blood was drawn and DNA was extracted. RESULTS: When comparing the A and G frequency in EH, PH and NT groups, in total, NT group significantly had higher A frequency than in PH group [odds ratio (OR)=1.605, confidence interval (CI) 95%=1.063-2.242, p=0.025] and EH group (OR=5.395, CI 95%=3.783-7.695, pG variation was significantly related with blood pressure level (B=-1.271, Wald=40.914, CI 95%=-1.660 - -0.881, pG variation of Mfn2/HSG gene was a novel variation and may be associated with hypertension in Chinese.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Genetic Association Studies , Genotype , Hypertension/genetics , Logistic Models , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Sequence Analysis, DNA
16.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 56(4): 215-225, June 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640695

ABSTRACT

It is well established that genetic factors play an important role in the development of both type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and obesity, and that genetically susceptible subjects can develop these metabolic diseases after being exposed to environmental risk factors. Therefore, great efforts have been made to identify genes associated with DM2 and/or obesity. Uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) is mainly expressed in brown adipose tissue, and acts in thermogenesis, regulation of energy expenditure, and protection against oxidative stress. All these mechanisms are associated with the pathogenesis of DM2 and obesity. Hence, UCP1 is a candidate gene for the development of these disorders. Indeed, several studies have reported that polymorphisms -3826A/G, -1766A/G and -112A/C in the promoter region, Ala64Thr in exon 2 and Met299Leu in exon 5 of UCP1 gene are possibly associated with obesity and/or DM2. However, results are still controversial in different populations. Thus, the aim of this study was to review the role of UCP1 in the development of these metabolic diseases.


Está bem estabelecido que fatores genéticos têm papel importante no desenvolvimento do diabetes melito tipo 2 (DM2) e obesidade e que indivíduos suscetíveis geneticamente podem desenvolver essas doenças metabólicas após exposição a fatores de risco ambientais. Assim, grandes esforços têm sido feitos para a identificação de genes associados ao DM2 e/ou à obesidade. A proteína desacopladora 1 (UCP1) é principalmente expressa no tecido adiposo marrom e atua na termogênese, regulação do gasto energético e proteção contra o estresse oxidativo, mecanismos associados tanto à patogênese do DM2 como à obesidade. Portanto, UCP1 é um gene candidato para o desenvolvimento dessas doenças. De fato, diversos estudos relataram que os polimorfismos -3826A/G, -1766A/G e -112A/C na região promotora, Ala64Thr no éxon 2 e Met299Leu no éxon 5 do gene UCP1 estão possivelmente associados à obesidade e/ou ao DM2. Entretanto, os resultados são ainda controversos em diferentes populações. Então, o objetivo deste estudo foi revisar o papel da UCP1 no desenvolvimento dessas doenças metabólicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , /genetics , Ion Channels/physiology , Mitochondrial Proteins/physiology , Obesity/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Ion Channels/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
17.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 55(4): 239-248, June 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-593115

ABSTRACT

It is well established that genetic factors play an important role in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and its chronic complications, and that genetically susceptible subjects can develop the disease after being exposed to environmental risk factors. Therefore, great efforts have been made to identify genes associated with DM2. Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) is expressed in several tissues, and acts in the protection against oxidative stress; in the negative regulation of insulin secretion by beta cells, and in fatty acid metabolism. All these mechanisms are associated with DM2 pathogenesis and its chronic complications. Therefore, UCP2 is a candidate gene for the development of these disorders. Indeed, several studies have reported that three common polymorphisms in UCP2 gene are possibly associated with DM2 and/or obesity. Only a few studies investigated these polymorphisms in relation to chronic complications of diabetes, with inconclusive results.


Está bem estabelecido que fatores genéticos têm papel importante no desenvolvimento do diabetes melito tipo 2 (DM2) bem como de suas complicações crônicas e que indivíduos geneticamente suscetíveis podem desenvolver essa doença após exposição a fatores de risco ambientais. Assim, grandes esforços têm sido feitos para a identificação de genes associados ao DM2. A proteína desacopladora 2 (UCP2) é expressa em diversos tecidos e atua na proteção contra o estresse oxidativo, na regulação negativa da secreção de insulina pelas células-beta e no metabolismo dos ácidos graxos, mecanismos associados tanto à patogênese do DM2 como a suas complicações crônicas. Portanto, o gene UCP2 é um gene candidato para o desenvolvimento dessas doenças. De fato, diversos estudos têm relatado que três polimorfismos comuns no gene UCP2 estão possivelmente associados ao DM2 e/ou à obesidade. Apenas poucos estudos investigaram esses polimorfismos em relação às complicações crônicas do diabetes, obtendo resultados pouco conclusivos.


Subject(s)
Humans , /genetics , Ion Channels/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , /complications , Mitochondrial Diseases/metabolism
18.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 369-375, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151032

ABSTRACT

Diphyllobothrium nihonkaiense was first described by Yamane in 1986 but the taxonomical features have been obscure due to lack of critical morphologic criteria in its larval and adult stages. In Korea, this tapeworm had long been known as Diphyllobothrium latum. In this study, we observed 62 specimens collected from Korean residents and analyzed them by morphological features and nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial cox1 gene as well as the ITS1 region. Adult tapeworms were examined after carmine or trichrome stain. Longitudinal sections of the gravid proglottids showed an obtuse angle of about 150 degree between the cirrus sac and seminal vesicle. This angle is known as a major differential point compared with that of D. latum. Nucleotide sequence differences between D. latum and the specimens from Koreans represented 17.3% in mitochondrial DNA cox1 gene. Sequence divergence of ITS1 among 4 Korean isolates was 0.3% and similarity was 99.7% with D. nihonkaiense and D. klebanovskii. All of the Korean specimens analyzed in this study were identified as being D. nihonkaiense (n = 62). We propose its Korean name as "Dong-hae-gin-chon-chung" which means 'long tapeworm of the East Sea' for this newly analyzed diphyllobothriid tapeworm in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Animal Structures/anatomy & histology , Cluster Analysis , Cyclooxygenase 1/genetics , DNA, Helminth/chemistry , DNA, Intergenic/chemistry , DNA, Ribosomal/chemistry , Diphyllobothriasis/parasitology , Diphyllobothrium/anatomy & histology , Helminth Proteins/genetics , Korea , Microscopy , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Phylogeny , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology
19.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 185-9, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634645

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate the effect of mitofusin-2 gene (mfn2) on proliferation and chemotherapy sensitivity of human breast carcinoma cell line MCF-7 in vitro, pEGFPmfn2 plasmid carrying full length of mitofusin-2 gene was transfected, by using sofast, into MCF-7 cells. Mitofusin-2 gene expression in MCF-7 cells transfected by sofast after 48 h was detected by PCR and Western blotting, and the stable expression of GFP protein in MCF-7 cells by Western blot analysis. The proliferation of MCF-7 cells was assayed by MTT and cell counting. By using PI method, the effects of mfn2 on the cell cycle distribution of MCF-7 were measured. Annexin-V/PI double labeling method was employed to detect the changes in apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutics before and after transfection. The results showed that the MCF-7 cells transfected with mfn2 gene could stably and highly express GFP protein. MTT assay revealed that after transfection of mfn2 cDNA, the proliferation of MCF-7 cells was significantly inhibited. DNA histogram showed that cells arrested in S phase, and the percentage of S phase cells was 42.7, 17.2 and 19.6 in mfn2 cDNA transfection group, blank plasmid transfection group and blank control group, respectively (P<0.05). The apoptosis ratio of the cells transfected with mfn2 gene was increased from 3.56% to 15.95%, that of the cells treated with camptothecin (CAMP) followed by mfn2 gene transfection was 69.6%, and that in blank plasmid transfection group and blank control group was 31.0% and 23.4% respectively (P<0.05). It was suggested that transfection of mfn2 gene could significantly inhibit the proliferation of MCF-7 cells and promote their sensitivity to CAMP with a synergic effect.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Camptothecin/pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Green Fluorescent Proteins/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/biosynthesis , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/biosynthesis , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Transfection
20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 776-780, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37043

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have provided some clues with regard to the relationship existing between uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) and blood pressure in animal experiments. In an attempt to determine the genetic polymorphisms that are associated with blood pressure in humans, we have analyzed genetic polymorphisms in UCP1 gene. In this study, we assessed the association between UCP1 genotypes and systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), in a population comprised of 832 Korean female subjects, using a general linear model, which was adjusted for age and body mass index (BMI). Among 4 genetic polymorphisms and the haplotypes constructed from them, haplotype3 of UCP1, UCP1-ht3[GAGA], evidenced significant associations with SBP (p=0.005) and DBP (p=0.013). However, this haplotype was not significantly associated with obesity phenotypes, including BMI or fat mass (p>0.05), thereby suggesting that its association with blood pressure was independent of obesity phenotypes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Alleles , Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Genotype , Haplotypes , Ion Channels/genetics , Korea , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Models, Genetic , Obesity/genetics , Phenotype , Polymorphism, Genetic
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