Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 49
Filter
1.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(5): 439-445, May 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949344

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of capsiate treatment on hepatic hyperplasia in partially hepatectomized rats. Methods: The animals were divided into a Capsiate group (CPH), a Capsiate Post-Partial Hepatectomy group (CPPH) and a Partial Hepatectomy Control group (PH). CPH and CPPH animals received 60 mg/kg/day Capsiate for 30 days. Next, the rats underwent partial hepatectomy. CPPH animals continued to receive treatment for 48 h after partial hepatectomy. Liver tissue and intracardiac blood samples were obtained 24 or 48 h after PH. Results: Capsiate treatment interfered with hepatic parameters, reducing the number of mitoses and apoptosis and increasing blood ALT and alkaline phosphatase concentrations. Conclusion: Capsiate treatment preceding hepatic surgery may compromise the initial period of postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Capsaicin/analogs & derivatives , Hepatectomy , Liver/enzymology , Aspartate Aminotransferases/metabolism , Capsaicin/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis/drug effects , Alanine Transaminase/metabolism , Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Liver/drug effects , Liver/pathology , Liver Regeneration/drug effects , Mitosis/drug effects
2.
Clinics ; 73(supl.1): e813s, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974953

ABSTRACT

Cell cycle control genes are frequently mutated in cancer cells, which usually display higher rates of proliferation than normal cells. Dysregulated mitosis leads to genomic instability, which contributes to tumor progression and aggressiveness. Many drugs that disrupt mitosis have been studied because they induce cell cycle arrest and tumor cell death. These antitumor compounds are referred to as antimitotics. Vinca alkaloids and taxanes are natural products that target microtubules and inhibit mitosis, and their derivatives are among the most commonly used drugs in cancer therapy worldwide. However, severe adverse effects such as neuropathies are frequently observed during treatment with microtubule-targeting agents. Many efforts have been directed at developing improved antimitotics with increased specificity and decreased likelihood of inducing side effects. These new drugs generally target specific components of mitotic regulation that are mainly or exclusively expressed during cell division, such as kinases, motor proteins and multiprotein complexes. Such small molecules are now in preclinical studies and clinical trials, and many are products or derivatives from natural sources. In this review, we focused on the most promising targets for the development of antimitotics and discussed the advantages and disadvantages of these targets. We also highlighted the novel natural antimitotic agents under investigation by our research group, including combretastatins, withanolides and pterocarpans, which show the potential to circumvent the main issues in antimitotic therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Products/chemistry , Antimitotic Agents/chemistry , Drug Development/methods , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry , Biological Products/pharmacology , Antimitotic Agents/pharmacology , Mitosis/drug effects , Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
3.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(2): 1251-1258, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886681

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Tricyclazole is currently one of the fungicides recommended for the treatment of diseases in irrigated rice. However, there is relatively little information on its cytotoxic and genotoxic potential. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of rice crop water after apllication of the tricyclazole fungicide through the Allium cepa L. test. The rice crop water samplings were collected before and 1, 15 and 30 days after application of the fungicide in rice plant shoots. The Allium cepa roots were placed in contact with the rice crop water to check for possible chromosomal abnormalities and mitotic index of the bioindicators meristematic cells. The data obtained by the Allium cepa test indicates that the application of the tricyclazole fungicide leads to an increase in the genotoxic activity in the rice crop water, through the appearance of chromosomal abnormalities, without, however, causing significant effects on the mitotic index. The major chromosomal alterations observed were anaphasic and telophasic bridges and laggard chromosomes.


Subject(s)
Oryza/drug effects , Onions/drug effects , Fungicides, Industrial , Oryza/genetics , Water Pollutants, Chemical/toxicity , DNA Damage , Chromosome Aberrations/chemically induced , Crops, Agricultural , Crops, Agricultural/genetics , Agricultural Irrigation , Mitosis/drug effects , Mitotic Index , Mutagenicity Tests/methods
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(6): 493-501, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748227

ABSTRACT

Apolipoprotein E (APOE=gene, apoE=protein) is a known factor regulating the inflammatory response that may have regenerative effects during tissue recovery from injury. We investigated whether apoE deficiency reduces the healing effect of alanyl-glutamine (Ala-Gln) treatment, a recognized gut-trophic nutrient, during tissue recovery after 5-FU-induced intestinal mucositis. APOE-knockout (APOE-/-) and wild-type (APOE+/+) C57BL6J male and female mice (N=86) were given either Ala-Gln (100 mM) or phosphate buffered saline (PBS) by gavage 3 days before and 5 days after a 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) challenge (450 mg/kg, via intraperitoneal injection). Mouse body weight was monitored daily. The 5-FU cytotoxic effect was evaluated by leukometry. Intestinal villus height, villus/crypt ratio, and villin expression were monitored to assess recovery of the intestinal absorptive surface area. Crypt length, mitotic, apoptotic, and necrotic crypt indexes, and quantitative real-time PCR for insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) intestinal mRNA transcripts were used to evaluate intestinal epithelial cell turnover. 5-FU challenge caused significant weight loss and leukopenia (P<0.001) in both mouse strains, which was not improved by Ala-Gln. Villus blunting, crypt hyperplasia, and reduced villus/crypt ratio (P<0.05) were found in all 5-FU-challenged mice but not in PBS controls. Ala-Gln improved villus/crypt ratio, crypt length and mitotic index in all challenged mice, compared with PBS controls. Ala-Gln improved villus height only in APOE-/- mice. Crypt cell apoptosis and necrotic scores were increased in all mice challenged by 5-FU, compared with untreated controls. Those scores were significantly lower in Ala-Gln-treated APOE+/+ mice than in controls. Bcl-2 and IGF-1 mRNA transcripts were reduced only in the APOE-/--challenged mice. Altogether our findings suggest APOE-independent Ala-Gln regenerative effects after 5-FU challenge.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic/adverse effects , Apolipoproteins E/deficiency , Dipeptides/pharmacology , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Mucositis/drug therapy , Apoptosis/drug effects , Body Weight , Dipeptides/therapeutic use , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/analysis , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Leukocyte Count , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Mitosis/drug effects , Mucositis/chemically induced , Mucositis/pathology , Random Allocation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86397

ABSTRACT

In the present study, 13 clinical cases of canine mammary adenocarcinoma were evaluated in order to understand the effect of Tarantula cubensis extract (TCE) on tumor tissue. Punch biopsies were taken from the tumors before treatment with TCE. Subcutaneous injections of TCE were administered three times at weekly intervals (3 mL per dog). Between days 7 and 10 after the third injection, the tumor masses were extirpated by complete unilateral mastectomy. Pre- and post-treatment tumor tissues were immunohistochemically assessed. The expression of B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) was found to be higher in pre-treatment compared to post-treatment tissues (p 0.05). The apoptotic index was determined to be low before treatment and increased during treatment. These results suggest that TCE may be effective for controlling the local growth of canine mammary adenocarcinoma by regulating apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Animals , Apoptosis/drug effects , Dog Diseases/drug therapy , Dogs , Female , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/drug therapy , Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental/drug therapy , Mitosis/drug effects , Spiders/chemistry
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(9): 603-607, 09/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722129

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare controlled liver regeneration in rats submitted to 60% hepatic resection having L-arginine supplemented diet, based on weight changes of the regenerated liver, laboratory parameters of liver function and pathological findings. METHODS: Thirty-six rats were divided into two groups, control and L- arginine. The first received standard chow and saline solution by gavage. The second had supplementation with L- arginine. Animals were killed on postoperative period at 24h, 72h and seven days. For analysis of liver regeneration was used Kwon formula for weight, laboratory tests and mitosis. RESULTS: Weight, showed no benefit with L- arginine supplementation; however, intergroup comparison in the first 24h observed positive effect on supplementation (p=0.008). Alkaline phosphatase was increased in arginine group (p<0.04). The number of mitoses showed no difference between the two groups; however, in the first 24 hours, the supplemented group had higher number of mitoses within the groups (p=0.03). CONCLUSION: Supplementation with L-arginine did not show benefits in liver regeneration; however, supplemented group in the first 24 hours showed benefits over 72 hours and seven days of the evaluation by weight gain and number of mitosis. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Arginine/pharmacology , Dietary Supplements , Liver Regeneration/drug effects , Hepatectomy , Liver Regeneration/physiology , Liver/drug effects , Liver/pathology , Liver/physiology , Mitosis/drug effects , Mitosis/physiology , Organ Size , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(6): 361-369, June 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-626253

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To analyse histopathological alterations characterized by the mitotic index in the mucosa of the large intestine in Wistar rats submitted to jejunoileal bypass operation after continued administration of sodium nitrite and vitamin C to different groups. METHODS: Eighty male Wistar rats were employed and separated into 12 groups. In the control group (20 rats): five animals ingested only water; five animals received vitamin C; five animals received sodium nitrite and five received sodium nitrite + vitamin C. In the sham group (20 rats), the animals were anesthetized and underwent midline laparotomy and only intestinal manipulation was performed: five animals ingested only water; five animals received vitamin C; five animals received sodium nitrite and five received sodium nitrite + vitamin C. In the operated group 40 rats underwent a jejunoileal bypass surgery: ten animals ingested only water; ten animals received vitamin C; ten animals received sodium nitrite and ten received sodium nitrite + vitamin C. The mean weight of the animals was measured weekly. The large intestine was subdivided into cecum (S1), ascending colon (S2), transverse colon (S3), descending colon (S4) and rectum (S5) for histopathological analysis and mitotic counts. The statistical analysis was used to compare the mitotic indices. The level of significance was 5%. RESULTS: The mean of all the segments indicates that the sodium nitrite+vitamin C group obtained the lowest mitotic index compared to the other treatments in the control group. The segments S1 and S2 showed a statistical difference with the vitamin C treatment: a higher mitotic index and better preservation of the mucosa in the operated group. In the sham group the main statistical difference occurred only in the sodium nitrite+vitamin C group between the means of the segments. CONCLUSIONS: The comparison of all the colonic segments of the various groups revealed a lower mitotic index in the animals treated with sodium nitrite+vitamin C. In addition, it was found that vitamin C did not present a statistically significant inhibiting effect on the preservation of the mucosa and the mitotic index.


OBJETIVO: Analisar as alterações histopatológicas caracterizada pelo índice mitótico na mucosa do intestino grosso em ratos Wistar submetidos a operação de bypass jejunoileal após a administração continuada de nitrito de sódio e vitamina C para diferentes grupos. MÉTODOS: Oitenta ratos Wistar foram utilizados e separados em 12 grupos. No grupo controle (20 ratos): cinco animais ingeriram apenas água; cinco animais receberam vitamina C, cinco animais receberam nitrito de sódio e cinco receberam nitrito de sódio + vitamina C. No grupo sham (20 ratos), os animais foram anestesiados e submetidos a laparotomia mediana e só a manipulação intestinal foi realizada: cinco animais ingeriram apenas água; cinco animais receberam vitamina C, cinco animais receberam nitrito de sódio e cinco receberam nitrito de sódio + vitamina C. No grupo operado 40 ratos foram submetidos a uma cirurgia de bypass jejunoileal: dez animais ingeridos apenas água; dez animais receberam vitamina C, dez animais receberam nitrito de sódio e dez nitrito de sódio + vitamina C. O peso médio dos animais foi medido semanalmente. O intestino grosso foi subdividido em ceco (S1), cólon ascendente (S2), cólon transverso (S3), cólon descendente (S4) e reto (S5) para análise histopatológica e contagem das mitoses. A análise estatística foi utilizado para comparar os índices mitóticos. O nível de significância foi de 5%. RESULTADOS: A média de todos os segmentos indica que o grupo que ingeriu nitrito de sódio + vitamina C obteve o menor índice mitótico em relação aos demais tratamentos no grupo controle. Os segmentos S1 e S2 mostraram uma diferença estatística com a vitamina C de tratamento: um maior índice mitótico e melhor preservação da mucosa no grupo operado. No grupo sham a principal diferença estatística ocorreu apenas no grupo que ingeriu nitrito de sódio + vitamina C entre as médias dos segmentos. CONCLUSÕES: A comparação de todos os segmentos do colon dos vários grupos revelaram um menor índice de mitose nos animais tratados com nitrito de sódio + vitamina C. Além disso, a vitamina C não apresentou efeito inibidor, estatísticamente significativo, na preservação da mucosa e do índice de mitoses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ascorbic Acid/pharmacology , Food Preservatives/pharmacology , Intestine, Large/pathology , Jejunoileal Bypass/adverse effects , Mitosis/drug effects , Sodium Nitrite/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Intestine, Large/drug effects , Mitotic Index , Mitosis/physiology , Rats, Wistar
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 71(2): 487-490, maio 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-592585

ABSTRACT

Treatment of human breast epithelial cells MCF-10F with 17-β-estradiol has been reported to result in E2-transformed cells which have given rise to highly invasive C5 cells that in turn generate tumors in SCID mice. From these tumors, various cell lines, among which C5-A6-T6 and C5-A8-T8, were obtained. Although different phases of the tumorigenesis process in this model have been studied in molecular biology and image analysis assays, no cytological data on apoptotic ratios and mitotic abnormalities have been established to accompany the various steps leading to 17-β-estradiol-treated MCF-10F cells to tumorigenesis. Here we detected that the apoptotic ratio decreases with the transformation and tumorigenesis progress, except for the tumor cell line C5-A8-T8, probably on account of its more intense proliferation rate and a more rapid culture medium consumption. Increased frequency of mitotic abnormalities contributed by triple- and tetrapolar metaphases, and by lagging chromosomes and chromosome bridges observed at the anaphase found by transformation and tumorigenesis progress. However, no difference was found under these terms when the C5-A6-T6 and C5-A8-T8 tumor cell lines were compared to each other. Present findings are in agreement with the nuclear instability and enrichment of dysregulated genes in the apoptotic process promoted by transformation and tumorigenesis in 17-β-estradiol-treated MCF-10F cells.


O tratamento das células epiteliais mamárias humanas MCF-10F com 17-β-estradiol tem sido relatado como resultando nas células transformadas E2, que deram origem às células C5, altamente invasivas, e que geraram tumores em camundongos SCID. A partir desses tumores foram originadas em cultura células tumorais, dentre as quais C5-A6-T6 e C5-A8-T8. Embora diversas fases do processo tumorigênico neste modelo tenham sido estudadas por ensaios de biologia molecular e análise de imagem, não foram ainda estimados dados citológicos referentes a índices apoptóticos e anomalias mitóticas que acompanhassem os vários passos que levam as células CF-10F tratadas com 17-β-estradiol à tumorigênese. Neste trabalho detectamos que o índice apoptótico decresce com a transformação e o avanço da tumorigênese, exceto na linhagem celular tumoral C5-A8-T8, provavelmente por causa de sua velocidade de proliferação mais intensa, que poderia levá-la a um consumo mais rápido do meio de cultura presente e à morte celular. Um aumento na frequência de anomalias mitóticas contribuídas por metáfases tripolares e tetrapolares e por pontes cromossômicas e cromossomos desgarrados, identificáveis na anáfase, foi observado com a transformação e o progresso da tumorigênese. Contudo não foram detectadas diferenças nesses parâmetros quando se compararam as linhagens tumorais C5-A6-T6 e C5-A8-T8 entre si. Os presentes achados estão de acordo com a instabilidade nuclear e o enriquecimento em desregulação de genes que atuam no processo apoptótico, promovidos pela transformação e tumorigênese nas células MCF-10F tratadas com 17-β-estradiol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Apoptosis/drug effects , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Epithelial Cells/drug effects , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Estradiol/pharmacology , Mitosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Transformed , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
9.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2009 Feb; 47(2): 136-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-60959

ABSTRACT

Effect of abscisic acid (ABA) and polyamines (PAs) [putrescine (Put), spermidine (Spd) and spermine (Spm)] on mitosis in root tips of A. cepa was studied. Treatment with ABA (0.1 to 100 microM) for 24 hr suppressed the mitosis, measured as mitotic index (MI), in a concentration-dependent manner with approx. 50% suppression at 10 microM of ABA. Treatment with different PAs (1 to 100 microM) had differential mitosis suppression effect. Spm was most inhibitory followed by Spd and Put, respectively. The higher concentrations of PAs (1 mM Put; 0.1 and 1 mM Spd or Spm) caused cell distortion. Remarkably, a 24 hr pretreatment of root tips with PAs prior to ABA (100 microM) treatment resulted in a general concentration-dependent reversal of ABA-induced suppression of MI. Catalase (CAT) activity in the root tips, an indicator of redox metabolism, increased due to ABA treatment in a concentration-dependent manner, remained unaltered in response to Put and declined due to Spd and Spm (> or = 0.1 mM). However, all PAs, irrespective of their individual effects, generally antagonized the ABA-dependent increase in CAT activity. Data indicate the possibility of ABA-PA interaction in the regulation of mitosis.


Subject(s)
Abscisic Acid/pharmacology , Catalase/metabolism , Mitosis/drug effects , Onions/cytology , Onions/drug effects , Onions/enzymology , Plant Roots/cytology , Plant Roots/drug effects , Plant Roots/enzymology , Polyamines/antagonists & inhibitors
10.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2009 Feb; 46(1): 45-52
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-27529

ABSTRACT

Tuftsin, a naturally occurring tetrapeptide with a sequence Thr-Lys-Pro-Arg was evaluated for its in vivo protective effect against cyclophosphamide-induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in Swiss albino mice. The anticancer drug cyclophosphamide (CP) was administered intra-peritonially to induce mutagenic effect. The drug treatment caused significant increase in chromosomal aberrations, formation of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MNPCE's), as well as oxidative stress and decrease in lipid peroxidation in liver of the animals. The pretreatment with tuftsin abolished such effects in dose-dependent manner and also increased mitotic index in the experimental animals. Results of the present study validated chemo-preventive properties of tuftsin against CP-induced chromosomal mutations and cellular injury of liver by oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Chromosome Aberrations/chemically induced , Chromosome Aberrations/drug effects , Cyclophosphamide , DNA Damage/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Erythrocytes/drug effects , Erythrocytes/pathology , Female , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Liposomes , Liver/drug effects , Liver/physiopathology , Mice , Micronucleus Tests , Mitosis/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Random Allocation , Tuftsin/administration & dosage
11.
J Biosci ; 2008 Mar; 33(1): 55-62
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-111221

ABSTRACT

According to the method used in our laboratory,our group synthesized (DIPP-Trp)2-Lys-OCH 3. It inhibited the proliferation of K562 and HeLa cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner with an IC 50 of 15.12 and 42.23 microM, respectively. (DIPP-Trp) 2-Lys-OCH3 induced a dose-dependent increase of the G2/M cell population in K562 cells, and S cell population in HeLa cells;the sub-G0 population increased dramatically in both cell lines as seen by PI staining experiments using a FACS Calibur Flow cytometer (BeckmanCoulter,USA). Phosphatidylserine could signi?cantly translocate to the surface of the membrane in (DIPP-Trp)2-Lys-OCH3-treated K562 and HeLa cells.The increase of an early apoptotic population was observed in a dose-dependent manner by both annexin-FITC and PI staining.It was concluded that (DIPP-Trp) 2-Lys-OCH3 not only induced cells to enter into apoptosis,but also affected the progress of the cell cycle.It may have arrested the K562 and HeLa cells in the G 2/M,S phases,respectively.The apoptotic pathway was pulsed at this point,resulting in the treated cells entering into programmed cell death.(DIPP- Trp)-Lys-OCH is a potential anticancer drug that intervenes in the signalling pathway.


Subject(s)
Annexins/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate/metabolism , Fluorescent Dyes/metabolism , G2 Phase/drug effects , HeLa Cells , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , K562 Cells , Mitosis/drug effects , Molecular Structure , Oligopeptides/chemical synthesis , Phosphopeptides/chemical synthesis , S Phase/drug effects , Tetrazolium Salts/analysis , Thiazoles/analysis , Time Factors
12.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-37654

ABSTRACT

Piperine is a major pungent substance and active component of black pepper (Piper nigrum Linn.) and long pepper (Piper longum Linn.). Both plants are used worldwide as household spices and condiments. They are also used as important ingredients in folklore medicine in many Asian countries. Therefore, it is of interest to study antimutagenic effects of piperine. In this study, its influence on chromosomes was investigated in rat bone marrow cells. Male Wistar rats were orally administered piperine at the doses of 100, 400 and 800 mg/kg body weight for 24 hours then challenged with cyclophosphamide at a dose of 50 mg/kg body weight by intraperitoneal injection. Twenty-four hours thereafter, all animals were sacrificed and bone marrow samples were collected for chromosomal analysis. The results demonstrated that piperine at a dose of 100 mg/kg body weight gave a statistically significant reduction in cyclophosphamide-induced chromosomal aberrations. In conclusion, piperine may have antimutagenic potential. The underlying molecular mechanisms now require attention.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids/pharmacology , Animals , Antimutagenic Agents/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating/toxicity , Benzodioxoles/pharmacology , Bone Marrow/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Chromosome Aberrations/drug effects , Cyclophosphamide/toxicity , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Male , Mitosis/drug effects , Mitotic Index , Piper nigrum/chemistry , Piperidines/pharmacology , Polyunsaturated Alkamides/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Wistar
13.
Genet. mol. res. (Online) ; 6(1): 50-58, 2007. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-456750

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of the steroidal plant hormone, 24-epibrassinolide (BL), on the mitotic index and growth of onion (Allium cepa) root tips. The classical Allium test was used to gather and quantify data on the rate of root growth, the stages of mitosis, and the number of mitoses in control and BL-treated groups of onions. Low doses of BL (0.005 ppm) nearly doubled the mean root length and the number of mitoses over that of controls. Intermediate doses of BL (0.05 ppm) also produced mean root lengths and number of mitoses that were significantly greater than those of the controls. The highest dose of BL (0.5 ppm) produced mean root lengths and number of mitoses that were less than control values, but the differences were not statistically significant. Examination of longitudinally sectioned root tips produced relatively similar results. This study confirms the suppositions of previous authors who have claimed that exogenously applied BL can increase the number of mitoses in plants, but failed to show cytogenetic data. This is the first report detailing the effects of BL on chromosomes and the cell cycle.


Subject(s)
Cholestanols/pharmacology , Mitosis/drug effects , Onions/growth & development , Plant Growth Regulators/pharmacology , Plant Roots/growth & development , Steroids, Heterocyclic/pharmacology , Mitotic Index , Onions/drug effects , Plant Roots/drug effects
14.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2006 Jul-Sep; 2(3): 126-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-111488

ABSTRACT

The nucleus of a mammalian cell undergoes profound reorganization when the cell enters mitosis and a number of proteins involved at various levels of the cell cycle have been characterized. The presence of mitotic-specific proteins has been reported and their roles are important in understanding the mechanics of cell division. The ability of antibodies to recognize mitotic protein antigens and further inhibit mitosis is potentially valuable in their role as therapeutic and diagnostic agents in cancer therapy. In this study, we have aimed to analyze proteins isolated from mitotic cells of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and their significant role in inhibiting mitosis. The proteins extracted from mitotic cells were processed and antibodies produced. It was observed that the secondary response that yielded an antiserum of 1:8 titer was predominantly IgG. The antiserum was effective in inhibiting mitosis in CHO cells in culture in a dose-dependent manner. Although inhibition of mitosis was apparent by cell proliferation studies, there was no apparent effect of the antiserum on other cell morphology and culture characteristics. The unique molecular structure of the antibody by which it bivalently binds to a broad array of antigenic epitopes serves as the foundation of its utility. These antibodies, being polyclonal in nature, are targeted against a whole range of proteins; and their multiple epitopes involved in process of cell division might hence mediate recognition or inhibition of function of such proteins in a wholesome manner and thus accomplish inhibition of mitotic progression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies/pharmacology , CHO Cells , Cell Cycle Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Cricetinae , Cricetulus , Mitosis/drug effects , Rabbits
15.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 100(3): 325-330, May 2005. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-411033

ABSTRACT

Genotoxic effects of benznidazole were studied by the induction of homozygosis of genes previously present in heterozygous. UT448//A757 diploid strain was used in the benznidazole's recombinagenesis test. Although toxic effects on growth of colonies were not observed, 75 and 100 æM benznidazole induced an increasing of mitotic recombination events in diploid strain. Results were related to the induction of chromosomal breaks by the antiparasitic drug.


Subject(s)
Aspergillus nidulans/drug effects , Diploidy , Mutagens/toxicity , Nitroimidazoles/toxicity , Aspergillus nidulans/cytology , Aspergillus nidulans/genetics , Homozygote , Mutagenicity Tests , Mitosis/drug effects , Mitosis/genetics
16.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2001 May; 39(5): 469-75
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-57380

ABSTRACT

Activity of endogenous auxins and growth inhibitors, gibberellins and cytokinins was observed in the extracts of seedlings of Pisum sativum under NaCl stress. After 6 days of germination, when Pisum sativum seedlings were subjected to low concentration of NaCl (50 mM) or boron (10 ppm) increased the endogenous growth regulating substances. Higher concentration of NaCl (150 mM) decreased endogenous level of growth regulators, length of the root and shoot, and fresh and dry weights of seedlings, whereas boron increased the parameters except endogenous growth regulators. Mitotic index and some abnormalities were observed in the treated plants. SDS-PAGE banding pattern of Pisum sativum seedlings extracted in tris-glycine and tris-HCl showed that lower concentration of NaCl increased the number of protein bands, while the higher concentration decreased these protein bands. Combination of boron and NaCl (150 mM) caused an increase in total number of protein bands compared with the total number of bands recorded by using NaCl (150 mM) alone.


Subject(s)
Boron/pharmacology , Mitosis/drug effects , Peas/drug effects , Plant Growth Regulators/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Plants/drug effects , Sodium Chloride/toxicity , Water-Electrolyte Balance/drug effects
17.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2000 Jul; 38(7): 669-74
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-56834

ABSTRACT

Intestinal protection in mice against radiation injury by WR-2721 (300 mg/kg body wt, i.p., 30 min before irradiation) was studied after whole body gamma irradiation (0.5, 1.5, 3.0, 4.5, or 6.0 Gy). Crypt survival and induction of apoptosis, and abnormal mitoses in crypt cells in the jejunum were studied on day 1, 3 and 7 after irradiation. Irradiation produced a significant decrease in crypt survival, whereas apoptosis and abnormal mitoses showed a significant increase from sham-treated control animals. Maximum changes in all the parameters were observed on day 1 after irradiation and the effect increased linearly with radiation dose. There was recovery at later intervals, which was inversely related to radiation dose. WR-2721 pre-treatment resulted in a significant increase in the number of surviving crypts, whereas the number of apoptotic cells in the crypts showed a significant decrease from respective irradiated controls on day 1 after exposure. The recovery was also faster in WR-2721 pre- treated animals. It is concluded that WR-2721 protects against gastrointestinal death by reducing radiation induced cell death, thereby maintaining a higher number of stem cells in the proliferating compartment.


Subject(s)
Amifostine/pharmacology , Animals , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Death/drug effects , Jejunum/drug effects , Male , Mice , Mitosis/drug effects , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/pathology , Radiation-Protective Agents/pharmacology
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-75098

ABSTRACT

Experimental data suggest that Resveratrol, a compound found in grapes and other fruits may influence cell proliferation and apoptosis. The aim of our experiments was to study the effect of Resveratrol on tumor cell cultures and an endothelial cell culture in order to examine the effect of various doses of this compound on active cell death and cell proliferation. Human tumor (HT-29, SW-620, HT-1080) and endothelial (HUV-EC-C) cells were treated with various doses of (0.1 to 100.0 microg/ml) Resveratrol in vitro. Cell number, apoptotic and mitotic index was measured 24, 48 and 72 h after treatment. Low doses (0.1-1.0 microg/ml) of Resveratrol enhance cell proliferation, higher doses (10.0-100.0 microg/ml) induce apoptosis and decrease mitotic activity, which is reflected in changes of cell number. Resveratrol influences dose dependently the proliferative and apoptotic activity of human tumor and endothelial cells. The possible role of formaldehyde in the mechanism of action of Resveratrol is discussed.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Endothelium/drug effects , Endothelium/cytology , Humans , Mitosis/drug effects , Stilbenes/pharmacology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35387

ABSTRACT

Treatment with certain DNA-damaging agents induce a complex cellular response comprising pertubation of cell cycle progression and/or apoptosis on proliferating mammalian cells. Our studies were focused on the cellular effects of nickel (II) acetate, DNA-damaging agent, on Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Fragmented DNAs were examined by agarose gel electrophoresis and cell cycle was determined by DNA flow cytometry using propidium iodide fluorescence. Apparent DNA laddering was observed in cells treated with 240 microM nickel (II) and increased with a concentration-dependent manner. Treatment of nickel (II) acetate resulted in apoptosis which was accompanied by G2/M cell accumulation. Proportion of CHO cells in G2/M phase was also significantly increased in cells exposed to at least 480 microM nickel (II) from 57.7% of cells in the G0/G1 phase, 34.7% in the S phase, and 7.6% in the G2/M1 phase for 0 microM nickel (II), to 58.6%, 14.5%, and 26.9% for 640 microM nickel (II). These findings suggest that nickel (II) can modulate cellular response through some common effectors involving in both apoptotic and cell cycle regulatory pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis/drug effects , CHO Cells/drug effects , CHO Cells/cytology , Cell Cycle/drug effects , DNA Fragmentation/drug effects , Flow Cytometry , G2 Phase/drug effects , Cricetinae , Mitosis/drug effects , Nickel/pharmacology
20.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 57(3): 315-9, 1997. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-209647

ABSTRACT

En un trabajo anterior demonstramos que el plasma de retones adultos obtenido 36 horas post hepatectomía parcial, ejerce un efecto inhibitorio en la actividad mitótica de los enterocitos crípticos duodenales del ratón joven. En el presente trabajo se analiza la posibilidad de que dicho efecto se origine en algún factor del hígado regenerante. Para ello se estudia la acción del extracto de hígado de ratones adultos (90 días) obtenido 36 horas después de su hepatectomía parcial (70 por ciento), sobre la actividad mitótica de los enterocitos de ratones jóvenes, analizando 3 niveles celulares de las criptas duodenales. Se emplearon 36 ratones hembra de la cepa C3H/S de 27 días de edad la mitad de los cuales recibió, a las 16:00 horas, una inyección intraperitoneal de solución fisiológica, y restantes extracto hepático (0,01 ml/g). Lotes de 8 animales de cada grupo se sacrificaron a las 08:00/16, 12:00/20 y 16:00/24 (hora del día/horas post tratamiento) previa inyección de colchicina (2mug/g) 4 horas antes. Los resultados, expresados como metafases colchicínas por mil núcleos, demuenstran que la actividad mitótica, en los animales tratados con extracto, es significativamente menor con respecto a los testigos. El efecto inhibidor se manifesta en los niveles celulares de 1 a 4 y de 5 a 12 células de las criptas analizadas. En el nivel superior, de 13 a 20 células, no se aprecia ninguna modificación de la actividad proliferativa. Esta inhibición de la actividad mitótica de los enterocitos de las zonas basal y media de las criptas duodenales es probablemente debido a factores hepáticos difusibles.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Duodenum/cytology , Hepatectomy , In Vitro Techniques , Liver Extracts/pharmacology , Mitosis/drug effects , Mice, Inbred C3H
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL