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4.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 130-132, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155797

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aortic valve endocarditis can lead to secondary involvement of aorto-mitral curtain and the adjacent anterior mitral leaflet (AML). The secondary damage to AML is often caused by the infected jet of aortic regurgitation hitting the ventricular surface of the mitral leaflet, or by the pronounced bacterial vegetation that prolapses from the aortic valve into the left ventricular outflow tract. This is called 'kissing lesion'. We describe a patient with infective endocarditis of the aortic valve causing perforation of both noncoronary cusp of aortic valve and the AML, which is rare.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Endocarditis, Bacterial/surgery , Endocarditis, Bacterial/complications , Endocarditis, Bacterial/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve Insufficiency
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 994-998, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143997

ABSTRACT

Abstract We compared the mortality rates of two surgical techniques for correction of atrioventricular disjunction in 10 out of 720 patients who underwent mitral valve replacement from 2005 to 2012. In group I, the mitral annulus was fixed with bovine pericardial strips; in group II, a 'patch' of bovine pericardium was sutured and extended from the base of the lateral and medial papillary muscles, covered the posterior wall of the left ventricle, went through the posterior mitral annulus, and ended in the posterior wall of the left atrium adjacent to the mitral ring. The group II technique showed a lower mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Atrioventricular Node/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Papillary Muscles/surgery , Pericardium/transplantation , Tricuspid Valve , Cattle
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(6): 1201-1204, dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152930

ABSTRACT

Resumo Apresentamos o relato de caso de uma paciente com mixoma valvar mitral infectado e uma revisão da literatura sobre o assunto. Uma mulher de 33 anos apresentou histórico de febre e dispneia com evolução de alguns dias. Na hospitalização, ela apresentava uma síndrome semelhante ao lúpus, com hemoculturas positivas para Haemophilus spp . O ecocardiograma revelou uma massa gigante envolvendo ambos os folhetos mitrais associada à regurgitação grave, necessitando de troca valvar mitral biológica. A microscopia revelou mixoma infectado e a paciente recebeu alta assintomática após o término da antibioticoterapia. Ela apresentou bons resultados no seguimento. Este é o sexto caso de mixoma valvar mitral infectado relatado na literatura e o terceiro caso de mixoma cardíaco infectado pelo grupo HACEK. Devido à alta incidência de eventos embólicos, a antibioticoterapia precoce aliada à pronta intervenção cirúrgica são decisivos para a redução da morbimortalidade. O tempo para o diagnóstico foi muito mais breve do que o geralmente relatado em casos de endocardite por HACEK. A troca valvar foi a intervenção mais comum e todos os pacientes em relatos de caso anteriores apresentaram bons resultados no seguimento.


Abstract We present a case report of a patient with an infected mitral valve myxoma and a literature review on the subject. A 33-year-old female presented with a history of fever and dyspnea evolving over a few days. On admission, she had a lupus-like syndrome with positive blood cultures for Haemophilus species . Echocardiogram revealed a giant mass involving both mitral leaflets causing severe regurgitation, requiring biological mitral valve replacement. Microscopy showed an infected myxoma and the patient was discharged asymptomatic upon completion of antibiotics. She did well on follow-up. This is the sixth case of an infected mitral valve myxoma reported in the literature and the third case of a cardiac myxoma infected by the HACEK group. Exceedingly high incidence of embolic events makes prompt imaging, antibiotic therapy and surgery crucial for better outcomes. Time to diagnosis was much briefer than usually reported in other cases of HACEK endocarditis. Valve replacement was the most common surgical procedure and all patients from previous reports did well on follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Endocarditis/surgery , Endocarditis/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(3): 515-524, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131307

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A intervenção percutânea em pacientes com disfunção de prótese biológica mitral apresenta-se como uma alternativa ao tratamento cirúrgico convencional. Objetivo Relatar a primeira experiência brasileira de implante transcateter de bioprótese valve-in-valve mitral via transeptal (TMVIV-via transeptal). Métodos Foram incluídos pacientes portadores de disfunção de bioprótese cirúrgica submetidos ao TMVIV-transeptal em 12 hospitais brasileiros. Foram considerados estatisticamente significativos valores de p<0,05. Resultados Entre junho/2016 e fevereiro/2019, 17 pacientes foram submetidos ao TMVIV-via transeptal. A mediana de idade foi 77 anos (IIQ,70-82), a mediana do escore STS-PROM foi 8,7% (IIQ,7,2-17,8). Todos os pacientes tinham sintomas limitantes de insuficiência cardíaca (CF≥III), tendo 5 (29,4%) sido submetidos a mais de uma toracotomia prévia. Obteve-se sucesso do TMVIV-via transeptal em todos os pacientes. A avaliação ecocardiográfica demonstrou redução significativa do gradiente médio (pré-intervenção, 12±3,8 mmHg; pós-intervenção, 5,3±2,6 mmHg; p<0,001), assim como aumento da área valvar mitral (pré-intervenção, 1,06±0,59 cm2; pós-intervenção, 2,18±0,36 cm2; p<0,001) sustentados em 30 dias. Houve redução significativa e imediata da pressão sistólica de artéria pulmonar, com redução adicional em 30 dias (pré-intervenção, 68,9±16,4 mmHg; pós-intervenção, 57,7±16,5 mmHg; 30 dias, 50,9±18,7 mmHg; p<0,001). Durante o seguimento, com mediana de 162 dias (IIQ, 102-411), observou-se marcada melhora clínica (CF≤II) em 87,5%. Um paciente (5,9%) apresentou obstrução de via de saída de ventrículo esquerdo (VSVE), evoluindo para óbito logo após o procedimento, e outro morreu aos 161 dias de seguimento.Conclusão: A primeira experiência brasileira de TMVIV-transeptal demonstra a segurança e a efetividade dessa nova técnica. A obstrução da VSVE é uma complicação potencialmente fatal, reforçando a importância da seleção dos pacientes e do planejamento do procedimento. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Percutaneous intervention in patients with bioprosthetic mitral valve dysfunction is an alternative to conventional surgical treatment. Objectives To report the first Brazilian experience with transseptal transcatheter bioprosthetic mitral valve-in-valve implantation (transseptal-TMVIV). Methods Patients with surgical bioprosthetic dysfunction submitted to transseptal-TMVIV in 12 Brazilian hospitals were included. The significance level adopted was p<0.05. Results From June/2016 to February/2019, 17 patients underwent transseptal-TMVIV. Their median age was 77 years (IQR,70-82) and median Society of Thoracic Surgeons predicted risk of mortality (STS-PROM) score was 8.7% (IQR,7.2-17.8). All patients had limiting symptoms of heart failure (FC≥III) and 5 (29.4%) had undergone more than one previous thoracotomy. Transseptal-TMVIV was successful in all patients. Echocardiographic assessment showed a significant reduction in mean mitral valve gradient (pre-intervention, 12±3.8 mmHg; post-intervention, 5.3±2.6 mmHg; p<0.001), in addition to an increase in mitral valve area (pre-intervention, 1.06±0.59 cm2; post-intervention, 2.18±0.36 cm2; p<0.001) sustained for 30 days. There was a significant and immediate reduction in the pulmonary artery systolic pressure, with an additional reduction in 30 days (pre-intervention, 68.9±16.4 mmHg; post-intervention, 57.7±16.5 mmHg; 30 days, 50.9±18.7 mmHg; p<0.001). During follow-up (median, 162 days; IQR, 102-411), significant clinical improvement (FC≤II) was observed in 87.5% of the patients. One patient (5.9%) had left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction and died right after the procedure, and another died at 161 days of follow-up. Conclusion The first Brazilian experience with transseptal-TMVIV shows the safety and effectivity of the new technique. The LVOT obstruction is a potentially fatal complication, reinforcing the importance of patients' selection and of procedural planning. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Prosthesis Design , Brazil , Cardiac Catheterization , Treatment Outcome , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging
8.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 555-564, July-Aug. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137313

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To examine the current literature behind the evolution of mitral valve surgery techniques and their impact on patient outcomes. Methods: An electronic literature search among major databases was performed (PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane, and Google scholar). All the relevant articles were screened and identified to be included in this narrative review. The main outcomes were postoperative morbidity, length of in-hospital stay, and long-term mortality. Results: Minimally invasive and robot-assisted approach to mitral valve repair and replacements has shown great potential in improving surgical outcomes when compared against traditional midline sternotomy. Selected patients can benefit from percutaneous mitral valve surgery; however, more evidence is required to ascertain its long-term outcomes. Conclusion: Current evidence suggests that robotic and minimal invasive mitral valve surgeries are increasing in practice with satisfactory perioperative and mortality rates. However, long-term data is yet to be published to support current practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Treatment Outcome , Mitral Valve/surgery
9.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 231-235, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115547

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La disección de la aurícula izquierda es una complicación infrecuente, pero potencialmente fatal de la cirugía cardíaca. Es frecuentemente asociada a cirugías de la válvula mitral, tanto su reparación el reemplazo, con una incidencia de 0,16%. Sin embargo, otros procedimientos como intervenciones percutáneas también presentan este riesgo. Objetivos: Presentar la resolución quirúrgica de un caso de disección de aurícula izquierda y aportar a la casuística nacional. Materiales y Método: Registro clínico, imagenológico y fotográfico del episodio clínico. Resultados: Una paciente que fue sometida a ablación por radiofrecuencia por vía retrógrada, y cursa durante el periodo postintervencional con insuficiencia cardíaca y su estudio identifica una disección auricular. Se realiza reparación del anillo mitral, plastía del aparato subvalvular y parche de pericardio, la paciente presenta evolución clínica y ecográfica favorable. Discusión: El tratamiento de esta entidad debe analizarse caso a caso, ya que la etiología relacionada a procedimientos percutáneos es diferente a la causada por cirugía valvular mitral. Conclusión: La reparación de una disección auricular con parche es una buena alternativa de tratamiento en estos casos.


Introduction: Left atrial dissection is an infrequent but potentially fatal complication of cardiac surgery. It is frequently associated with mitral valve surgery, both its repair and replacement, with an incidence of 0.16%. However, other procedures such as percutaneous interventions can also be predisposing factors. Objectives: To report the surgical resolution of a left atrial dissection case and contribute to the national casuistry. Materials and Method: Clinical, imaging and photographic record of the clinical episode. Results: A patient who underwent retrograde radiofrequency ablation during the post-interventional period with heart failure and whose study identifies an atrial dissection. Mitral ring repair, subvalvular apparatus repair and pericardial patch was performed, the patient evolves with favorable clinical and sonographic evolution. Discussion: The treatment of this entity should be analyzed case by case, the etiology related to percutaneous procedures is different to that caused by mitral valve surgery and this should be considered when choosing a therapeutic option. Conclusion: Repairing an atrial dissection with a patch is a good alternative in these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Rare Diseases , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Mitral Valve/surgery
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880779

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the mid- and long-term outcomes of patients receiving mitral valve replacement through robotically assisted and conventional median sternotomy approach.@*METHODS@#The data of 47 patients who underwent da Vinci robotic mitral valve replacement in our hospital between January, 2007 and December, 2015 were collected retrospectively (robotic group). From a total of 286 patients undergoing mitral valve replacement through the median thoracotomy approach between March, 2002 and June, 2014, 47 patients were selected as the median sternotomy group for matching with the robotic group at a 1:1 ratio. The perioperative data and follow-up data of the patients were collected, and the quality of life (QOL) of the patients at 30 days and 6 months was evaluated using the Quality of Life Short Form Survey (SF-12). The time of returning to work postoperatively and the patients' satisfaction with the surgical incision were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients in both groups completed mitral valve replacement successfully, and no death occurred during the operation. In the robotic group, only one patient experienced postoperative complication (pleural effusion); in median sternotomy group, one patient received a secondary thoracotomy for management of bleeding resulting from excessive postoperative drainage, and one patient died of septic shock after the operation. The volume of postoperative drainage, postoperative monitoring time, ventilation time, and postoperative hospital stay were significantly smaller or shorter in the robotic group than in the thoracotomy group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Robotically assisted mitral valve replacement is safe and reliable. Compared with the median sternotomy approach, the robotic approach is less invasive and promotes faster postoperative recovery of the patients, who have better satisfaction with the quality of life and wound recovery.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , Mitral Valve/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Sternotomy , Thoracotomy , Treatment Outcome
11.
Clinics ; 75: e2428, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142784

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze mitral annulus (MA) dynamics using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients with degenerative mitral insufficiency who underwent mitral valve repair (MVR). METHODS: Mitral valve imaging was performed by CMR in twenty-nine patients with degenerative mitral insufficiency who underwent MVR between July 2014 and August 2016, with quadrangular resection of the posterior leaflet without ring annuloplasty. They were prospectively followed up from the preoperative period up to 2 years postoperatively. RESULTS: We observed a significant reduction in all measurements of the MA after surgery. The mean systolic circumference of the MA was reduced from 13.28±1.95 cm to 11.50±1.59 cm, and the diastolic circumference was reduced from 12.51±2.01 cm to 10.66±2.09 cm in the immediate postoperative period, measures that remained stable 2 years after MVR (p<0.001). The mean maximum area of the MA was significantly reduced from 14.34±4.03 to 10.45±3.17 cm2 when comparing the immediate postoperative period and the 2 year follow-up (p<0.001). The same occurred with the mean minimum area of the MA, which was reduced from 12.53±3.68 cm2 to 9.23±2.84 cm2 in the same period, and this reduction was greater in the antero-posterior diameter than in the mid-lateral diameter. The mobility of the MA was preserved after surgery, ranging between 19.6% and 25.7% at 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: We observed a significant reduction in the MA size after MVR, with preservation of the MA mobility at the 2-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Diastole , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve/diagnostic imaging
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 687-693, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057504

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the early operative outcomes and to compare the left ventricle and mitral valve functions after initial Takeuchi repair in patients with anomalous left coronary arising from pulmonary artery (ALCAPA). Methods: Fourteen patients (5 males, 9 females; mean age 4.3 years, ranging from 25 days to 34 years) who were operated for ALCAPA between 2007 and 2018 were included in this study. Data were evaluated retrospectively based on our medical records. Results: Hospital mortality rate was 7.1% (n=1). Thirteen surviving patients were kept in follow-up mean 4.3±3.05 years. When compared to preoperative measurements, both left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), (P=0.007) and mitral regurgitation (MR) (P=0.001) significantly improved before discharge. Moreover, LVEF values were improved in the late follow-up, considering early postoperative outcomes, and this alteration was significant (P=0.014). Nevertheless, alteration in the degree of MR among patients did not differ in the long-term follow-up (P=0.180). There was no late-term mortality or need for reoperation among patients. Conclusion: Although some centers prefer to direct implantation in ALCAPA, Takeuchi procedure can be accepted as a reliable method that provides satisfactory long-term results, considering that it aids to improve left ventricle ejection fraction and reduced mitral valve regurgitation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pulmonary Artery/abnormalities , Bland White Garland Syndrome/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/methods , Mitral Valve/surgery
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 659-666, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057493

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the changes of the mitral valve geometrics and the degrees of moderate mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) for aortic stenosis (AS). Methods: A retrospective analysis study of intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and postoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed in 49 patients diagnosed with pure AS combined with moderate MR, who underwent AVR from January 2013 to December 2017. TEE was used to evaluate the direct geometric changes of the mechanical effects on mitral annulus after AVR. TTE was used to evaluate the changes of MR after operation. All patients underwent TTE during the midterm follow-up. The mean follow-up time was 40.21 months. Results: All of the 49 patients had moderate MR. Anterolateral-posteromedial diameter, anterior-posterior diameter, and mitral annular area were significantly reduced after AVR, while no significant changes were found in the intraoperative left ventricular loading conditions before and after AVR. The degree of mitral valve regurgitation, left ventricular size, left atrial size, left ventricular end-diastolic volume, and left ventricular to aortic pressure gradient were significantly reduced before discharge, and midterm follow-up showed good results. Conclusion: This study supports the belief that aortic outflow tract obstruction and an actual mechanical compression of the anterior mitral annulus after AVR would cause reduction in MR. Ventricular remodeling would also cause reduction in MR with time going on. Patients with AS, especially young patients with moderate MR, were most likely to benefit from AVR in early time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aortic Valve/surgery , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Postoperative Period , Severity of Illness Index , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Retrospective Studies , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Heart Ventricles/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(10): 1303-1307, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058597

ABSTRACT

Background Robot-assisted minimally invasive heart surgery is an effective alternative when compared with classical approaches. It has a low mortality and postoperative complications and its long-term durability is comparable with conventional techniques. Aim: To report short- and long-term results with the use of a robot-assisted transthoracic approach. Patients and Methods: Review of patients undergoing heart surgery between 2015 and 2019 using a robot assisted minimally invasive technique in a single center. We analyzed demographic characteristics, surgical and early ultrasound results. Results: Thirteen procedures were reviewed, nine mitral valve repairs (MVR) in patients aged 61 ± 21 years (seven males) and four atrial septal defect (ASD) closures in patients aged from 24 to 52 years (three men). For MVR, the average extracorporeal circulation and myocardial ischemia times were 120 ± 20.9 and 89 ± 21 minutes, respectively. The median hospitalization was four days. Two cases of MVR had postoperative complications. There was no mortality. All cases showed improvement in their symptoms. Ultrasound findings showed no postoperative mitral insufficiency except in one case. Conclusions: We report very good results in both complex mitral repair and CIA closure, comparable to centers with high standards in minimally invasive robot-assisted heart surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Extracorporeal Circulation
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(4): 748-756, Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038574

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Mitral valve repair in paediatric patients with chronic rheumatic heart disease is superior to valve replacement and has been used with good results. Objective: To identify predictors of unfavourable outcomes in children and adolescents submitted to surgical mitral valvuloplasty secondary to rheumatic heart disease. Methods: Retrospective study of 54 patients under the age of 16 operated at a tertiary paediatric hospital between March 2011 and January 2017. The predictors of risk for unfavourable outcomes were: age, ejection fraction, degree of mitral insufficiency, degree of pulmonary hypertension, presence of tricuspid insufficiency, left chamber dilation, preoperative functional classification, duration of cardiopulmonary bypass, duration of anoxia, presence of atrial fibrillation, and duration of vasoactive drug use. The outcomes evaluated were: death, congestive heart failure, reoperation, residual mitral regurgitation, residual mitral stenosis, stroke, bleeding and valve replacement. For all analyzes a value of p < 0.05 was established as significant. Results: Of the patients evaluated, 29 (53.7%) were female, with an average of 10.5 ± 3.2 years. The functional classification of 13 patients (25%) was 4. There was no death in the sample studied. The average duration of extracorporeal circulation was 62.7±17.8 min, and anoxia 50 ± 15.7 min. The duration of use of vasoactive drug in the immediate postoperative period has an average of 1 day (interquartile interval 1-2 days). The logistic regression model was used to evaluate the predictive variables for each unfavourable outcome. The duration of use of vasoactive drug was the only independent predictor for the outcomes studied (p = 0.007). Residual mitral insufficiency was associated with reoperation (p = 0.044), whereas tricuspid insufficiency (p = 0.012) and pulmonary hypertension (p = 0.012) were associated with the presence of unfavourable outcomes. Conclusion: The duration of vasoactive drug use is an independent predictor for unfavourable outcomes in the immediate and late postoperative period, while residual mitral regurgitation was associated with reoperation, and both tricuspid regurgitation and pulmonary hypertension were associated with unfavourable outcomes.


Resumo Fundamento: A plastia da valva mitral, em pacientes pediátricos com cardiopatia reumática crônica, é superior à troca valvar e vem sendo utilizada com bons resultados. Objetivo: Identificar variáveis preditoras de desfecho desfavorável em crianças e adolescentes submetidos à valvoplastia mitral cirúrgica secundária à cardiopatia reumática. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo em 54 pacientes menores de 16 anos, operados em um hospital pediátrico terciário entre março de 2011 e janeiro de 2017. As variáveis preditoras de risco para desfecho desfavorável foram: idade, fração de ejeção, grau de insuficiência mitral, grau de hipertensão pulmonar, presença de insuficiência tricúspide, dilatação de câmaras esquerdas, classe funcional no pré-operatório, tempo de circulação extracorpórea, tempo de anóxia, presença de fibrilação atrial e tempo de uso de droga vasoativa. Os desfechos avaliados foram: morte, insuficiência cardíaca congestiva, reoperação, insuficiência mitral residual, estenose mitral residual, acidente vascular cerebral, sangramento e troca valvar. Para todas as análises foi estabelecido valor de p < 0,05 como significante. Resultados: Dos pacientes avaliados, 29 (53,7%) eram do sexo feminino, com média de idade de 10,5 ± 3,2 anos. A classe funcional de 13 pacientes (25%) foi 4. Não houve morte na amostra estudada. O tempo médio de circulação extracorpórea foi de 62,7 ± 17,8 minutos e de anóxia 50 ± 15,7 minutos. O tempo de uso de droga vasoativa no pós-operatório imediato teve mediana de 1 dia (intervalo interquartil 1-2 dias). O modelo de regressão logística foi utilizado para avaliar as variáveis preditoras para o desfecho desfavorável. O tempo de uso de droga vasoativa foi o único preditor independente para os desfechos estudados (p = 0,007). A insuficiência mitral residual foi associada à reoperação (p = 0,044), enquanto a insuficiência tricúspide (p = 0,012) e a hipertensão pulmonar (p = 0,012) se associaram à presença de desfechos desfavoráveis. Conclusão: O tempo de uso de droga vasoativa é um preditor independente para desfechos desfavoráveis no pós-operatório imediato e tardio, enquanto insuficiência mitral residual se associou à reoperação e tanto a insuficiência tricúspide quanto a hipertensão pulmonar foram associadas a desfechos desfavoráveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Rheumatic Heart Disease/surgery , Mitral Valve Annuloplasty/methods , Mitral Valve/surgery , Postoperative Period , Rheumatic Heart Disease/complications , Time Factors , Echoencephalography , Logistic Models , Chronic Disease , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Preoperative Period , Mitral Valve Annuloplasty/adverse effects
16.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 615-617, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042032

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a case of a 59-year-old female patient with vegetative native mitral valve endocarditis caused by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (SM). She had hemodialysis-dependent chronic renal failure, but no immunosuppressive disease. Echocardiography showed mobile vegetation on her native mitral valve. Right femoral artery embolectomy and mitral valve replacement were performed simultaneously. She awakened from anesthesia, but she passed away due to septic shock complications. To the best of our knowledge, this was the first case in whom native mitral valve endocarditis caused by SM was observed (despite of absence of any immunosuppressive event) and needed to undergo valve replacement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia , Endocarditis, Bacterial/surgery , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery , Shock, Septic/etiology , Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections/complications , Fatal Outcome , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Endocarditis, Bacterial/complications , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Heart Valve Diseases/complications , Heart Valve Diseases/microbiology
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 525-534, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042053

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the factors impacting on the conversion to sinus rhythm and on the postoperative rhythm findings in the six-month follow-up period of a mitral valve surgery combined with cryoablation Cox-Maze III procedure, in patients with atrial fibrillation. Methods: In this study, we evaluated 80 patients who underwent structural valve disease surgery in combination with cryoablation. Indications for the surgical procedures were determined in the patients according to the presence of rheumatic or non-rheumatic structural disorders in the mitral valve as evaluated by echocardiography. Cox-Maze III procedure and left atrial appendix closure were applied. Results: The results of receiver operating characteristics analysis indicated that the rate of conversion to the sinus rhythm was significantly higher in patients with left atrial diameters ≥ 45.5 mm and with ejection fraction (EF) ≥ 48.5%. However, the statistical differences disappeared in the sixth month. Thromboembolic (TE) events were seen only in three patients in the early period and no more TE events occurred in the six-month follow-up period. Conclusion: The EF and the preoperative left atrial diameter were determined to be the factors impacting on the conversion to sinus rhythm in patients who underwent mitral valve surgery in combination with cryoablation. Mitral valve surgery in combination with ablation for atrial fibrillation does not affect mortality and morbidity in the experienced health centers; however, it remains controversial whether it will provide additional health benefits to the patients compared to those who underwent only mitral valve surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Heart Rate/physiology , Mitral Valve/surgery , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Atrial Fibrillation/prevention & control , Time Factors , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography , Preoperative Period , Heart Atria/surgery , Mitral Valve/physiopathology
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 428-435, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020490

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze and summarize the clinical safety and feasibility of minimally invasive video-assisted mitral valve replacement via a right thoracic minimal incision in patients aged over 65 years. Methods: The clinical data of 45 patients over 65 years old who had mitral valve disease were analyzed retrospectively from January 2014 to January 2017 at Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University. The patients were divided into two groups; 20 patients in group A, who underwent minimally invasive video-assisted mitral valve replacement via a right thoracic minimal incision, and 25 patients in group B, who underwent conventional mitral valve replacement. We collected and analyzed their relevant clinical data. Results: The operation was completed successfully in both groups. Compared with group B, group A was clearly superior for postoperative analgesia time, postoperative hospital length of stay, thoracic drainage liquid, blood transfusion, and length of incision. There were no differences between the two groups in postoperative severe complications and mortality. More patients in group B had pulmonary infections and poor incision healing, while more patients in group A had postoperative pneumothorax and subcutaneous emphysema. Conclusion: In patients aged over 65 years, minimally invasive video-assisted mitral valve replacement with a small incision in the right chest had the same clinical safety and efficacy as the conventional method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Video-Assisted Surgery/methods , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Thoracotomy/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Wound
20.
Acta méd. colomb ; 44(2): 91-95, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1038139

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivos: determinar las condiciones preoperatorias e intraoperatorias que aumentan el riesgo de morbilidad y mortalidad en el posoperatorio inmediato en los pacientes con cambio de válvula mitral, en la Clínica MAC San Rafael en el periodo del 2014 al 2017. Material y métodos: se realizó un estudio de casos de tipo cuantitativo, observacional descriptivo, las variables cualitativas se presentaron en frecuencias absolutas, se realizó análisis univariado de los factores predictivos de complicaciones posoperatorias utilizando el riesgo relativo e intervalo de confianza a 95%. Para las variables cuantitativas continuas y discretas se utilizaron medidas de resumen y de tendencia central, como media, mediana, desviación estándar, rango, rango intercuartil. Resultados: en el presente estudio se reportaron 24 casos de pacientes intervenidos de cambio de válvula mitral, la edad media de los pacientes fue de 58.7 ± 15.43 años; no se hallaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los promedios de edad entre hombres y mujeres (p= 0.99). La hipertensión arterial es una variable estadísticamente significativa p=0.03 IC.17 (1.29-223.13), por cada paciente <50 años con hipertensión arterial hay 5.6 pacientes >50 años con la misma patología. Conclusiones: las variables preoperatorias como antecedentes de hipertensión arterial y una clase funcional NYHA III, son comunes en las complicaciones de los pacientes intervenidos sobre la válvula mitral. Además los pacientes que presentaron tiempos de clampeo y cirugía mayor que la media para otros estudios presentaron infección de sitio operatorio y septicemia. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44: 91-95).


Abstract Objectives: to determine the preoperative and intraoperative conditions that increase the risk of morbidity and mortality in the immediate postoperative period in patients with mitral valve change at the MAC San Rafael Clinic in the period from 2014 to 2017. Material and methods: a quantitative, observational descriptive case study was conducted, qualitative variables were presented in absolute frequencies, univariate analysis of predictors of postoperative complications was performed using relative risk and 95% confidence interval. For the continuous and discrete quantitative variables, summary measures and central tendency were used, such as mean, median, standard deviation, range, interquartile range. Results: in the present study, 24 cases of patients undergoing mitral valve replacement were reported, the mean age of the patients was 58.7 ± 15.43 years; no statistically significant differences were found in the average age between men and women (p = 0.99). Hypertension is a statistically significant variable p = 0.03 IC.17 (1.29-223.13), for each patient <50 years with arterial hyperten sion there are 5.6 patients> 50 years with the same pathology. Conclusions: preoperative variables such as history of arterial hypertension and a functional class NYHA III, are common in the complications of patients operated on the mitral valve. In addi tion, patients who presented clamping and surgery times greater than the average for other studies presented infection of the operative site and septicemia. (Acta Med Colomb 2019; 44: 91-95).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Mitral Valve/surgery , Patients , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Morbidity
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