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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-7, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1368112

ABSTRACT

Objective: Impacted tooth develops when the tooth fails to erupt into its anatomical functional position. The aim of this prospective study was to find out common clinical effects of impacted lower molar on adjacent tissues and to evaluate the relationship between signs and symptoms of impacted tooth as regards gender and age respectively. Material and Methods: Data for this study were obtained using a well-structured questionnaire at the Teem Dental Hospital Warri, Nigeria. The data included age, sex, and clinical features of patients with confirmed diagnosis of impacted lower third molar following clinical examination and radiographic investigation. Data were analysed and chi-square was employed. Results: A total of 131 patients were examined, 57 (44.5%) were males and 74 (56.5%) were females within the ages of 10-40 years. Patients within the ages of 21-25 years had the highest frequency (32.1%) of impacted lower third molar. It was observed that impacted tooth had a gender predilection towards females than males. Inflamed gingivae around lower 3rd molar 60(45.8%) and pain on the lower third molar 72(55.0%) were most predominantly associated with impacted third molar teeth. No significant association was observed between age (0.909) and gender (0.461) against symptoms of impacted tooth but significant association (0.001) between age and sign was observed. Conclusion: The most commonly associated effect of impacted third molar is inflammation of the adjacent gingivae alongside pain around the lower third molar. Prevalence of impacted molar tooth was gender based with age being a predilection factor in its signs of presentation. (AU)


Objetivo: O dente impactado se desenvolve quando o dente não consegue irromper em sua posição anatômica funcional. O objetivo deste estudo prospectivo foi identificar os efeitos clínicos comuns do molar inferior impactado nos tecidos adjacentes e avaliar a relação entre os sinais e sintomas do dente impactado em relação ao sexo e idade, respectivamente. Material e Métodos: Os dados para este estudo foram obtidos por meio de um questionário bem estruturado no Teem Dental Hospital Warri, Nigéria. Os dados incluíram idade, sexo e características clínicas de pacientes com diagnóstico confirmado de terceiro molar inferior impactado após exame clínico e investigação radiográfica. Os dados foram analisados e o teste qui-quadrado foi empregado. Resultados: Foram examinados 131 pacientes, 57 (44,5%) do sexo masculino e 74 (56,5%) do sexo feminino na faixa etária de 10 a 40 anos. Pacientes com idades entre 21 a 25 anos tiveram a maior frequência (32,1%) de terceiros molares inferiores impactados. Observou-se que o dente impactado teve uma predileção de gênero para o sexo feminino em relação ao masculino. Gengiva inflamada ao redor do 3º molar inferior 60 (45,8%) e dor no terceiro molar inferior 72 (55,0%) foram predominantemente associadas a terceiros molares impactados. Não foi observada associação significativa entre idade (0,909) e sexo (0,461) diante sintomas de dente impactado, mas foi observada associação significativa (0,001) entre idade e sinal. Conclusão: O efeito mais comumente associado ao terceiro molar impactado é a inflamação da gengiva adjacente associada à dor ao redor do terceiro molar inferior. A prevalência de dente molar impactado foi baseada no gênero, sendo a idade um fator de predileção em seus sinais de apresentação.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Pain , Tooth, Impacted , Gingiva , Molar, Third
2.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(1): 1-13, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1353764

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to provide evidence for comparing the effectiveness of three different routes of local administration of Dexamethasone on the postoperative pain, edema and trismus following surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar. Material and Methods: Forty-five patients underwent surgical removal of impacted lower third molars and were randomly allocated postoperatively into 3 groups: 8 mg of dexamethasone injected into the submucosa of the vestibule near the surgical site (group I), 8 mg of dexamethasone injected into the pterygomandibular space (group II) and 10 mg of dexamethasone powder applied to the extraction site, after bleeding control (group III). Facial swelling and maximal interincisal opening were measured at preoperatively. Pain was measured by the patient response to a visual analogue scale. Pain perception, Facial edema and trismus were evaluated for one week postoperatively. Results: There was no significant difference between the three groups concerning pain after 1, 2, 5, 7 days of follow up. However, group II showed less pain at 3 and 4 days. The difference between edema measurements was not significant in the three groups at 1, 5, 7 days, though in group I and II edema subsided from day 2. As for trismus, group I and III showed statistically significant lower maximum interincisal opening measurement than group II after two days. Conclusion: Local administration of Dexamethasone through three different routes is beneficial in decreasing postoperative sequelae following third molar surgery. Pterygomandibular space injection of Dexamethasone resulted in earlier resolution of pain, and less facial edema and trismus at the second postoperative day compared to the submucosal injection and transalveolar application. However, at one week the difference in measurements of the three variables between the groups was not significant. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi fornecer evidências para comparar a eficácia de três diferentes vias de administração local de dexametasona na dor pós-operatória, edema e trismo após a remoção cirúrgica do terceiro molar inferior impactado. Material e Métodos: Quarenta e cinco pacientes foram submetidos à remoção cirúrgica de terceiros molares inferiores impactados e distribuídos aleatoriamente no pós-operatório em 3 grupos: 8 mg de dexametasona injetados na submucosa vestíbular próximo ao local da cirurgia (grupo I), 8 mg de dexametasona injetados no espaço pterigomandibular (grupo II) e 10 mg de pó de dexametasona aplicados no local da extração, após o controle do sangramento (grupo III). Edema facial e abertura interincisal máxima foram medidos no pré-operatório. A dor foi medida pela resposta do paciente a uma escala visual analógica. Percepção de dor, edema facial e trismo foram avaliados por uma semana de pós-operatório. Resultados: Não houve diferença significativa entre os três grupos em relação à dor após 1, 2, 5, 7 dias de acompanhamento. No entanto, o grupoII mostrou menos dor em 3 e 4 dias. A diferença entre as medidas de edema não foi significativa nos três grupos em 1, 5, 7 dias, embora nos grupos I e II o edema cedeu a partir do dia 2. Quanto ao trismo, os grupos I e III apresentaram medida de abertura interincisal máxima inferior estatisticamente significativa do que o grupo II depois de dois dias. Conclusão: A administração local de dexametasona por três vias diferentes é benéfica na redução das sequelas pós-operatórias após a cirurgia do terceiro molar. A injeção de dexametasona no espaço pterigomandibular resultou na resolução mais precoce da dor e menos edema facial e trismo no segundo dia de pós-operatório em comparação com a injeção submucosa e a aplicação transalveolar. No entanto, em uma semana, a diferença nas medidas das três variáveis entre os grupos não foi significativa.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgery, Oral , Dexamethasone , Molar, Third
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(2): 1-8, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1367400

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this prospective study, with preliminary results, was to evaluate factors related with root migration after lower third molar coronectomy, especially radiographic bone density. Material and Methods:Twenty-two patients were submitted to 31 lower third molar coronectomies. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of all patients were performed preoperatively and at 7, 90 and 365 days postoperatively. Sociodemographic, clinical and radiographic data were collected. The root migration was analyzed by the distance from the tooth apex to the mandibular canal, and radiographic bone density above the remaining roots was obtained, both using the software Image J©.Results: After 1-year follow-up no patients showed paresthesia, symptoms or required reintervention, however all roots showed migration. The mean root migration was 2.66 mm at 90 days, and 3.37 mm at 365 days (p = 0.0007). The rate of migration was higher at the early postoperative period. The simple linear regression test between root migration and radiographic bone density was not significant (R=-0.173 and p=0.453; R=-0.045 and p=0.902; at 90 days and 365 days, respectively) as well as the analysis between root migration and other clinical and radiographic variables. Conclusion: It was possible to conclude, based on these preliminary results, that all roots showed migration during the follow-up period. The radiographic bone density increases and, consequently, the root migration rate diminishes within time, however none of the evaluated factors showed significant association with root migration. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo prospectivo, com resultados preliminaraes, foi avaliar os fatores relacionados com a migração das raízes após corocetomia de terceiros molares inferiores, especialmente a densidade óssea radiográfica. Material e Métodos: Vinte e dois pacientes foram submetidos à 31 coronectomias de terceiros molares inferiores. Avaliação clínica e radiográfica de todos os pacientes foi executada no momento pré-operatório e aos 7, 90 e 365 dias pós-operatórios. Dados sociodemográficos, clínicos and radiográficos foram coletados. A migração das raízes foi analisada pela distância do ápice radicular ao canal mandibular, e a densidade óssea radiográfica foi mensurada acima dos remanescentes radiculares, usando o software Image J©.Resultados: Após 1 ano de acompanhamento, nenhum paciente apresentou parestesia, sintomatologia ou necessitou reintervenção, porém todas as raízes migraram. A média da migração radicular foi de 2,66mm aos 90 dias e de 3,37mm aos 365 dias (p=0,0007). A taxa de migração foi maior no pós-operatório inicial. O teste de regressão linear simples entre migração das raízes e densidade óssea radiográfica não foi significante (R=-0,173 e p=0,453; R=-0,045 e p=0,902; aos 90 e 365 dias, respectivamanete), assim como a análise entre migration radicular e outras variáveis clínicas e radiográficas. Conclusão: Foi possível concluir, com base nesses resultados prelimiares, que todas as raízes apresetaram migração durante o período de acomapanhamento. A densidade óssea radiográfica aumentou e, consequentemente, a taxa de migration radicular dimininiui com o tempo, porém nenhum dos fatores avaliados mostrou associação significante com a migração das raízes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgery, Oral , Bone Density , Mandibular Nerve , Molar, Third
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e213981, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254747

ABSTRACT

Aim: To compare the microleakage of Cention N, a subgroup of composite resins with a resin-modified glass ionomer (RMGI) and a composite resin. Methods: Class V cavities were prepared on the buccal and lingual surfaces of 46 extracted human molars. The teeth were randomly assigned to four groups. Group A: Tetric N-Bond etch-and-rinse adhesive and Tetric N-Ceram nanohybrid composite resin, group B: Cention N without adhesive, group C: Cention N with adhesive, and group D: Fuji II LC RMGI. The teeth were thermocycled between 5°-55°C (×10,000). The teeth were coated with two layers of nail vanish except for 1 mm around the restoration margins, and immersed in 2% methylene blue (37°C, 24 h) before buccolingual sectioning to evaluate dye penetration under a stereomicroscope (×20). The data were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Wilcoxon tests (α=0.05). Results: Type of material and restoration margin had significant effects on the microleakage (p<0.05). Dentin margins showed a higher leakage score in all groups. Cention N and RMGI groups showed significant differences at the enamel margin (p=0.025, p=0.011), and for the latter group the scores were higher. No significant difference was found at the dentin margins between the materials except between Cention N with adhesive and RMGI (p=0.031). Conclusion: Microleakage was evident in all three restorative materials. Cention N groups showed similar microleakage scores to the composite resin and displayed lower microleakage scores compared with RMGI


Subject(s)
Composite Resins , Dental Leakage , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar, Third
6.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 95-99, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247757

ABSTRACT

Los dientes supernumerarios y la fusión dental son anomalías del desarrollo dental cuyas causas aún no se han dilucidado con certeza. El cuarto molar inferior, también denominado distomolar, es uno de los dientes supernumerarios con menor frecuencia de aparición clínica y su fusión con el tercer molar es una condición todavía menos común. A continuación, se reportan los casos clínicos de tres pacientes masculinos que presentaron fusión del tercer molar inferior derecho con un distomolar tratados mediante odontectomía (AU)


Supernumerary teeth and dental fusion are abnormalities of dental development whose causes have not yet been elucidated with certainty. The lower fourth molar, also called distomolar, is one of the supernumerary teeth with the least frequency of clinical appearance and its fusion with the third molar is an even less common condition. Next, the clinical cases of three male patients who presented fusion of the right lower third molar with a distomolar treated by odontectomy are reported (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Tooth, Supernumerary/epidemiology , Fused Teeth/epidemiology , Molar, Third , Osteotomy/methods , Dens in Dente/epidemiology , Fused Teeth/surgery , Fused Teeth/diagnostic imaging , Mexico
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880859

ABSTRACT

Considering the adverse effects of nonimpacted third molars (N-M3s) on the periodontal health of adjacent second molars (M2s), the removal of N-M3s may be beneficial to the periodontal health of their neighbors. This study aimed to investigate the clinical, immunological, and microbiological changes of the periodontal condition around M2s following removal of neighboring N-M3s across a 6-month period. Subjects with at least one quadrant containing an intact first molar (M1), M2, and N-M3 were screened and those who met the inclusion criteria and decided to receive N-M3 extraction were recruited in the following investigation. M2 periodontal condition was interrogated before M3 extraction (baseline) and at 3 and 6 months postoperatively. Improvements in clinical periodontal indexes of M2s in response to their adjacent N-M3 removal, along with changes in inflammatory biomarkers among gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and the composition of subgingival plaque collected from the distal sites of the M2s of the targeted quadrant were parallelly analyzed. Complete data of 26 tooth extraction patients across the follow-up period were successfully obtained and subsequently applied for statistical analysis. Compared to the baseline, the periodontal condition of M2s was significantly changed 6 months after N-M3 removal; specifically, the probing depth of M2s significantly reduced (P < 0.001), the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8 concentration involved in GCF significantly decreased (P = 0.025), and the abundance of the pathogenic genera unidentified Prevotellaceae and Streptococcus significantly decreased (P < 0.001 and P = 0.009, respectively). We concluded that N-M3 removal was associated with superior clinical indexes, decreased GCF inflammatory biomarkers, and reduced pathogenic microbiome distribution within the subgingival plaque. Although the retention or removal of N-M3s continues to be controversial, our findings provide additional evidence that medical decisions should be made as early as possible or at least before the neighboring teeth are irretrievably damaged.


Subject(s)
Humans , Molar/surgery , Molar, Third/surgery , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontal Index , Tooth Extraction
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to analyze the effectiveness of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) in mandibular third molar extraction and provide suggestions for alleviating postoperative complications.@*METHODS@#Pubmed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and SinoMed were searched electronically on February 2020. Randomized controlled trials focusing on PRF usage in mandibular third molar extraction were included. Reviewers assessed the risk of bias in the included literature and extracted data independently using the criteria recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 and STATA 13.0.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-one studies were included, comprising 991 patients who had mandibular third molar extraction. The topical application of PRF effectively reduced pain after extraction [MD=-12.06, 95%CI (-21.42, -2.71), @*CONCLUSIONS@#Limited clinical evidence indicates that applying PRF after mandibular third molar extraction could reduce pain, swelling, trismus and the occurrence of dry socket and promote soft tissue healing. However, the effect of PRF on bone healing requires further large-scale randomized controlled trials and unified measurement criteria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandible , Molar, Third/surgery , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921380

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This prospective study was performed to evaluate whether the distal-triangular flap was a practical alternative surgical approach for extracting mandibular third molars.@*METHODS@#Sixty participants with impacted mandibular third molars were randomly divided into three groups: group A, distal-triangular flap; group B, Szmyd flap; and group C, envelope flap. The impacted third molars were extracted by the corresponding flapping method. During a three-month follow-up observation after the extraction, the postoperative pain, swelling, mouth opening, and periodontal status were recorded and analyzed by ANOVA and chi-square tests.@*RESULTS@#The 60 participants had successful extraction and 3-month follow-up observation. No participant suffered from postoperative infections, lower lip disorder, or tongue sensory disorders. No statistical differences were found in the postoperative symptoms and signs of the three flap designs, such as postoperative pain, swelling, mouth opening, and periodontal status (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The distal-triangular flap was as safe and reliable as the Szmyd and envelope flaps but more advantageous because of its convenient operative field exposure and low requirement for the patient's mouth opening. Thus, the distal-triangular flap is one of the alternative flap options for extracting impacted mandibular third molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandible/surgery , Molar, Third/surgery , Prospective Studies , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted/surgery
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878456

ABSTRACT

With a case of mesial impaction of maxillary first and second molar, the mechanical analysis and clinical applications of a self-made helical spring for the uprighting treatment of mesial impacted molars was introduced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandible , Maxilla , Molar , Molar, Third , Tooth Movement Techniques , Tooth, Impacted
11.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180863

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect of pain and swelling related to third molars on patients' quality of life prior to third molar surgery. Material and Methods: The effects on quality of life with reference to oral health of 246 healthy patients seeking treatment of third molars were analyzed using the 14-item Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) questionnaire before surgery. The patients' sociodemographic characteristics, medical and dental history, reasons for third molar removal were recorded. Adverse effects of pain and swelling on oral health-related quality of life were recorded. Results: The mean age of the patients included in the study was 23.15 years, with maximum male patients and the mean OHIP-14 score of 8.01 ± 7.51. About 36.97% of patients reported that their chief complaint was pain/swelling due to third molar infection, and 27.9% of subjects reported one or more of the 14 OHIP items. The odds of reporting for age with ≥25 years was approximately 2 times greater than age with ≤25 years (OR=1.56, 95% CI: 1.01-2.57) and tooth loss due to traumatic history (OR=3.14, 95% CI: 2.12-6.54). Conclusion: Adverse influences on quality of life were seen in a significant number of patients seeking third molar removal. The probabilities increased by 3-fold for patients who had experienced pain or swelling than asymptomatic individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Surgery, Oral/instrumentation , Oral Health , Molar, Third/surgery , Logistic Models , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250445

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare and assess the primary and secondary closure techniques following extraction of impacted third molars for post-operative complications. Material and Methods: In total, 30 patients ranging between 18-30 years of age and of either sex who had bilaterally impacted mandibular third molars were randomly selected. Split mouth study method was used so that the participants served as their own control. Group 1 consisted of primary closure of left mandibular impacted third molars and Group 2 consisted of secondary closure of right mandibular impacted third molars. Basement evaluations were recorded for each patient along with subjective and objective evaluations for postoperative 7 days. Data analysis was carried out by SPSS 17.0 software using Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon matched-pairs test and t-test. A p-value ≤ 0.05 was assigned as statistically significant. Results: When compared to group 1, group 2 revealed statistically less pain and swelling following the secondary closure of wound from day 1 to 7. There was a significant improvement in mouth opening in Group 2 at day 1 (p=0.0005) and at day 7 (p=0.00001). Conclusion: Secondary wound closure after disimpaction of mandibular third molar results in better postoperative recovery than primary closure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Oral , Trismus/pathology , Wound Closure Techniques/instrumentation , Molar, Third/anatomy & histology , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Wound Healing , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Statistics, Nonparametric , Diagnosis, Oral , India
13.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-6, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337495

ABSTRACT

Objective: Wisdom teeth were the most common teeth affected among the rest of the teeth, these teeth need accurate evaluation and diagnosis, surgical removal of impacted wisdom needs time for incision, bone removal and suture, so the use of any instrument helps to reduce this time is essential. The objectives of this study were to estimate the time needed for the suture of oral flaps post-surgical removal of the lower wisdom teeth by using Negus knot pusher and compare it with the time used for stitching in conventional manual holding single stitching. Material and Methods: Data had been collected from thirty patients through history, clinical examination and radiographic assessment, followed by classical surgical removal performed on the same principles for all patients, at the suture level patients divided arbitrarily into two groups, control group 15 patients and 15 patients Negus pusher group, using Negus knot pusher, which is usually used to hold the stitch and stop bleeding post tonsillectomy operations by ligation, time elapsed for suturing with knot tying is calculated for both groups. Results: Among the 30 patients incorporated in the clinical study, control group mean was (1 minutes and 11 seconds and 70 milliseconds) while for the pusher group was (1 minutes and 32 seconds and 57 milliseconds), the comparison by means of T-test was not significant with the (0.424) value. Conclusion: the Negus pusher instrument can be used for the knotting stiches post wisdom teeth removal as an auxiliary tool and the time can be shortened by the use of a modified handling technique and more satisfaction for patients. (AU)


Objetivo: Os terceiros molares são os dentes mais afetados entre o resto dos dentes e necessitam de avaliação e diagnóstico precisos. A exodontia desses elementos impactados requer tempo para incisão, remoção óssea e sutura, portanto, é essencial o uso de instrumentos que ajudem a reduzir o tempo de procedimento. Os objetivos do presente estudo foram estimar o tempo necessário para a sutura de retalhos orais após a exodontia de terceiros molares inferiores utilizando o instrumental Empurrador de nó Negus (Negus Knot pusher) e compará-lo com o tempo necessário para a realização de sutura única convencional. Material e Métodos: Os dados foram coletados de 30 pacientes através da história, exame clínico e avaliação radiográfica, seguidos pela remoção cirúrgica clássica realizada através do mesmo princípio para todos os pacientes. Considerando o nível da sutura, os pacientes foram divididos arbitrariamente em dois grupos, grupo controle (n=15) e grupo Empurrador de nó Negus (n=15), o qual é geralmente utilizado para segurar o ponto e estancar o sangramento após cirurgia de tonsilectomia por ligadura. O tempo decorrido para sutura foi calculado para ambos os grupos. Resultados: Entre os 30 pacientes incluídos no estudo, a média do grupo controle foi de 1 minuto e 11 segundos e 70 milissegundos, enquanto para o grupo Empurrador de nó Negus foi de 1 minuto e 32 segundos e 57 milissegundos. A comparação intergrupo por meio do teste T não foi estatisticamente significativa (p=0,424). Conclusão: O instrumental Empurrador de nó Negus pode ser usado para sutura após a extração de terceiros molares como ferramenta auxiliar e o tempo pode ser reduzido pelo uso de uma técnica de manuseio modificada. Ademais, pode estar associado a maior satisfação dos pacientes. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgery, Oral , Sutures , Molar, Third
14.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-9, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1337590

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the complications that were associated with the surgical removal of third molars (M3s), and to assess the association of patient, anatomic, and surgical risk factors with the postoperative complications of surgically removed impacted M3s. Material and Methods: This study was a cohort prospective study conducted on patients, aged 17 and older, admitted to the oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic. All patients who needed 1 or more extractions were included and totalled 268 patients with 314 extracted teeth. Risk factors were divided into patient factors, anatomic factors and surgical factors. The postoperative complication variables mainly included: pain, alveolar osteitis, infection, bleeding, swelling, trismus. Statistical analysis used: Chi-square test was used for the bivariate analyses while Pearson correlation coefficient (1- tailed) test was used for the purpose of determining the association between the study variables. The significance of associations was considered statistically significant at p < 0.05. Results: Patients aged of 25 years and above experienced more complications, 39 (88.6%). With respect to gender, females experienced more complications, 29 (65.9%). Mandibular M3s had more complications than maxillary M3s, 34 (8.0%), followed by distoangular inclined M3s, 23 (52.3%), and last was full bony impaction, 13 (29.5%). Pain was the most frequent complication, 18 (40.9%), followed by alveolar osteitis 12 (27.3%). Conclusion: The results indicated that the most frequently complications were pain, infection, alveolar osteitis. These complications were associated with common risk factors such as age, gender, medical history, M3 angulation, impaction level, bone removal, tooth sectioning, and number of M3 removed per session. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar as complicações que estavam associadas à cirurgia de remoção dos terceiros molares (3Ms) e avaliar a associação dos fatores de risco do paciente, anatômicos e cirúrgicos com as complicações pós-operatórias dos 3Ms impactados removidos cirurgicamente. Material e Métodos: Esse estudo foi um estudo de coorte prospectivo realizado em pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 17 anos, admitidos na clínica de cirurgia oral e maxilofacial. Todos os pacientes que precisaram de uma ou mais extrações foram incluídos, totalizando 268 pacientes e 314 dentes extraídos. Os fatores de risco foram divididos em fatores do paciente, fatores anatômicos e fatores cirúrgicos. As variáveis de complicações pós-operatórias incluíram principalmente: dor, osteíte alveolar, infecção, sangramento, edema, trismo. Análise estatística utilizada: o teste de Qui-quadrado foi utilizado para as análises bivariadas enquanto o teste do coeficiente de correlação de Pearson (unicaudal) foi usado para determinar a associação entre as variáveis do estudo. A significância das associações foi considerada estatisticamente significativa para p < 0,05. Resultados: Pacientes com 25 anos ou mais apresentaram mais complicações (39; 88,6%). Com relação ao gênero, o sexo feminino apresentou mais complicações (29; 65,9%). 3Ms mandibulares tiveram mais complicações do que 3Ms maxilares (34; 8,0%), seguidos por 3Ms com inclinação distoangulada (23; 52,3%) e, por último, com impactação óssea total (13; 29,5%). Dor foi a complicação mais frequente (18; 40,9%), seguida de osteíte alveolar (12; 12,3%). Conclusão: Os resultados indicaram que as complicações mais frequentes foram dor, infecção, osteíte alveolar. Essas complicações foram associadas a fatores de risco comuns, como idade, sexo, histórico médico, angulação do 3M, nível de impactação, remoção de osso, secção dentária e número de 3Ms removidos por sessão. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Postoperative Complications , Tooth Extraction , Molar, Third
15.
Clinics ; 76: e2780, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278921

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to systematically review the literature to assess the effect of preemptive intravenous ibuprofen on pain reduction after lower third molar surgery. Nine databases (PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, SciELO, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane, Open Gray, and Open Thesis) were used as sources of research, including "grey literature." The protocol was registered in PROSPERO. Only randomized clinical trials evaluating the effects of preemptive intravenous ibuprofen on pain during and immediately after the extraction of lower third molars were included, without restrictions of year and language. Two reviewers independently performed the study selection, data extraction, and assessment of the risk of bias. The "Joanna Briggs Institute for Randomized Controlled Trials" tool was used to assess the risk of bias. Each study was categorized according to the percentage of positive responses to the questions corresponding to the assessment instrument. The results were measured narratively/descriptively. The initial search resulted in 3,257 records, of which only three studies (n=150 participants) met the eligibility criteria and were included in the qualitative analysis. All studies were published in 2019. The risk of bias ranged from low to moderate. Two studies found significant pain reduction within 48 h after the procedure. In conclusion, the use of preemptive intravenous ibuprofen for extracting third molars reduces pain and analgesic consumption after the surgical procedure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ibuprofen/therapeutic use , Molar, Third/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
16.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e007, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132744

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate patient perception of surgical discomfort in third molar surgery and the association with clinical variables and polymorphisms associated with the FKBP5, SLC6A4, and COMT genes. This cross-sectional observational study was carried out on 196 participants aged between 18 and 64 years at the Federal University of Paraná in 11 months. The intensity of surgical discomfort was assessed using the QCirDental questionnaire. Data on surgical and individual procedures were also cataloged. The oral health related quality of life was assessed by the Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14). The DNA sample was obtained from cells of the oral mucosa. Five markers of the FKBP5, SLC6A4, and COMT genes were genotyped. The data were submitted to statistical analysis with a significance level of 5%. Women reported greater intensity of discomfort associated with third molar surgery compared to men (p = 0.001). In the recessive model, the AA genotype of the rs3800373 marker was associated with greater surgical discomfort (p = 0.026). Therefore, women and individuals of the AA genotype for the rs3800373 marker in the FKBP5 gene reported greater surgical discomfort associated with third molar surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Quality of Life , Molar, Third/surgery , Perception , Tooth Extraction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180858

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of unilateral loss of the lower first permanent molar (L6) on the position and development of the lower third molar (L8). Material and Methods: Fifty-four panoramic radiographs of subjects with unilateral loss of L6 were examined. The L8 on the side of the L6 loss was compared with the L8 in the hemiarch without L6 loss (contralateral). The effect of L6 loss on the positioning of L8 was examined in all the samples (n=54), whereas the effect on the development of the third molar was examined in 38 patients with L8 with incomplete root formation. The Signs statistical test was used to evaluate the comparison between loss and contralateral hemiarches. Results: In 20 (37%) of 54 subjects, the L8 was better positioned in the hemiarch with loss of the lower first molar (p<0.001) compared with the control side. In the remaining 34 subjects, no difference was found. When only the L8 considered as impacted on the control side was examined (n=30), the cases with better positioning on the side with L6 loss increased to 66.6% (p<0.001). Conclusion: The loss of lower first molars improves the position of the lower third molar during its active eruption, mainly when the lower third molar is impacted. However, L6 loss does not affect the root development of lower third molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Orthodontics/instrumentation , Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Tooth Loss/etiology , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Molar, Third/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Dentition, Permanent
18.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 260-265, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352621

ABSTRACT

Aim:To evaluate the impact of the recording of teeth whose clinical conditions rarely vary (anterior teeth and third molars) in inter-examiner agreement measurements. Methods:Clinical data from 56 schoolchildren, 12 years of age, previously collected by two examiners, according to the "Oral Health Surveys: basic methods" codes and criteria, were analyzed in the present study. The effects from including/excluding such teeth upon reproducibility were measured by general percentage agreement (GPA) and Kappa statistics (к) performances. Results: The exclusion of anterior teeth associated with the inclusion of third molars produced a decrease in GPA that was simultaneous to an increase in the weighted Kappa (nominal data) and simple (dichotomous data) values. The incorrect inclusion of third molars (GPA = 100%; к = + 1) in the reproducibility measurement artificially increased the inter-examiner Kappa values. Conclusion: The inclusion/exclusion of anterior teeth and third molars, seeking a more reliable agreement among examiners, can have a positive or negative impact on the measured reproducibility values. A clear warning about the impact of including third molars in the reproducibility measurement, in the 12 years old age group, should be performed in "Oral Health Surveys: basic methods" and similar manuals.


Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto do registro de dentes anteriores e terceiros molares, cujas condições clínicas pouco variam, sobre as mensurações de concordância inter-examinadores. Métodos: Dados clínicos de 56 escolares de 12 anos de idade, previamente coletados por 2 examinadores, segundo os códigos e critérios expressos no "Levantamentos em Saúde Bucal: métodos básicos" foram analisados neste estudo. Os efeitos da inclusão/exclusão destes dentes sobre a concordância inter-examinadores foram mensurados calculando-se a porcentagem geral de concordância (GPA) e estatística Kappa (к). Resultados:A inclusão de terceiros molares aumentou a GPA para dados dicotomizados ou não. A exclusão de dentes anteriores diminuiu a GPA para dados dicotomizados ou não. Quando associada à inclusão de terceiros molares, sob perfeita concordância (к = +1), os valores de Kappa foram artificialmente aumentados tanto para dados dicotomizados quanto não-dicotomizados. Conclusão: A inclusão/exclusão de dentes anteriores e/ou de terceiros molares, no sentido de se evidenciar melhor as discordâncias entre examinadores, podem impactar positiva ou negativamente sobre a fidedignidade da reprodutibilidade mensurada. Uma advertência clara sobre o impacto da inclusão dos dentes terceiros molares no cálculo da reprodutibilidade, para a faixa etária de 12 anos, deveria estar presente no "Levantamentos em Saúde Bucal: métodos básicos" e manuais semelhantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , DMF Index , Dental Caries , Incisor , Molar, Third , Oral Health , Reproducibility of Results , Dental Care for Children
19.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200932, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250188

ABSTRACT

Abstract Third molar removal surgery usually comes accompanied by postoperative discomfort, which could be influenced by the surgical approach chosen. This scoping systematic review aimed at compiling the available evidence focused on the influence of flap design, including envelope flap (EF), triangular flap (TF), and modified triangular flap (MTF), on postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus, as primary outcome measures, and any result mentioning healing promotion or delay, as secondary outcome measure, after mandibular third molar extraction surgery. An electronic search, complemented by a manual search, of articles published from 1999 to 2020 was conducted in the Medline (PubMed), EMBASE and Web of Science databases including human randomized controlled trials, prospective, and retrospective studies with at least 15 patients. The risk of bias of the included studies was assessed either with the Cochrane's Risk of Bias tool or with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. Every step of the review was performed independently and in duplicate. The initial electronic search recovered 2102 articles. After applying the inclusion criteria, 12 articles were included. For patient's perceived postoperative pain, TF and MTF frequently reported better results than EF. For swelling, the literature is divided, despite a trend favoring EF. For trismus, data showed that its occurrence is mostly associated with the duration of the surgery rather than with the chosen flap. For healing, the limited data is inconclusive. Finally, randomized studies showed a high risk of bias, whereas nonrandomized studies were mostly of good quality and low risk of bias. Although there was no clear consensus regarding the influence of different flap designs for third mandibular molar extraction on postoperative clinical morbidities; the surgeon's experience, estimated surgical difficulty, molar position and orientation, and surg ery duration should be considered when choosing among the different flap designs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth, Impacted/surgery , Trismus/etiology , Pain, Postoperative/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Edema , Mandible , Molar , Molar, Third/surgery
20.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250449

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence of third molar agenesis and associated characteristics. Material and Methods: A total of 2374 panoramic radiographs were retrieved from the radiological archives and evaluated in a computer monitor under optimum viewing conditions. The basic demographic data (age and sex) and the primary findings regarding the presence or absence of third molars in the maxillary and mandibular arches were recorded systematically in a specially designed proforma. Categorical variables were compared using the Chi-square test. Results: A total of 2000 panoramic radiographs were included in the study, of which 1004 were females (50.2%), and 996 were of males (49.8%). The incidence of third molar agenesis was 486 patients (24.3%). Maxillary third molar showed a higher prevalence of agenesis (28.8%) than mandibular third molars (16.4%). A total of 1514 patients (75.7%) had third molars in all four quadrants, and the remaining 486 patients (24.3%) had agenesis of third molar tooth in at least one of the quadrants. Single tooth agenesis was observed in 219 (11%) patients, two teeth agenesis in 172 (8.6%) patients, three teeth agenesis in 39 (2%) patients, and four teeth agenesis in 56 (2.8%) patients. Conclusion: The present study exhibited a maximum number of single tooth agenesis. It was also observed that maxillary third molar agenesis is more than the mandibular third molar and the right side is more than the left side. Agenesis of the third molar is more prevalent in males as compared to females.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Young Adult , Molar, Third/abnormalities , Chi-Square Distribution , India/epidemiology , Anodontia/etiology , Molar/abnormalities
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