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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 28-34, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528823

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This work investigated the morphology of the root canal system of the mandibular first molar in a Malaysian subpopulation. Using micro-computed tomography with an isotropic resolution of 22 µm, 140 mandibular first molars were scanned. MIMICS software was used for segmentation, 3-D reconstruction and analysis of the acquired images. The canal configuration was described using Vertucci [supported by the supplementary configurations proposed by Sert & Bayirli (2004)] and Ahmed et al. (2027), coding systems. The chi-square test was used to assess the association between qualitative variables. By non-considering intercanal communications, Vertucci types IV (17.1%) and I (76.4%) were the most frequently reported configurations in the mesial and distal roots, respectively. Of the reported configurations, 24.3% and 4.3% were non-classifiable by Vertucci system in the mesial and distal roots, respectively. Up to 63.6% and 9.3% of the reported configurations were non- classifiable, and type I was the most frequent when considering intercanal communications (7.1% and 76.4% in the mesial and distal roots, respectively). According to Ahmed et al., system, almost half of the sample had more than four digits (47.9%), followed by the 3-digits category (20.71%). In both systems, a significant association was found between the canal configuration and the root type (p<0.001). The mandibular first molar of this Malaysian subpopulation demonstrated a wide range of root canal morphology. When compared to the Vertucci system, the system developed by Ahmed et al., successfully classified all molars configurations despite their level of complexity. The complex canal anatomy of mandibular first molars in this subpopulation warrants special attention during root canal treatment procedures.


En este trabajo se investigó la morfología del sistema de conductos radiculares del primer molar mandibular en una subpoblación de Malasia. Utilizando tomografía microcomputada con una resolución isotrópica de 22 µm, se escanearon 140 primeros molares mandibulares. Se utilizó el software MIMICS para segmentar (enmascarar), reconstruir en 3D, visualizar y analizar las imágenes adquiridas. La configuración del canal se describió utilizando Vertucci respaldado por las configuraciones complementarias propuestas por Sert & Bayirli (2004)] y Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020), sistemas de codificación. Se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado para evaluar la asociación entre variables cualitativas. Sin considerar las comunicaciones intercanales, los tipos Vertucci IV (17,1%) y I (76,4%) fueron las configuraciones reportadas con mayor frecuencia en las raíces mesiales y distales, respectivamente. De las configuraciones reportadas, el 24,3 % y el 4,3 % fueron no clasificables por el sistema de Vertucci en las raíces mesial y distal, respectivamente. Hasta el 63,6 % y el 9,3 % de las configuraciones reportadas fueron no clasificables, siendo la tipo I la más frecuente al considerar las comunicaciones intercanales (7,1 % y 76,4 % en las raíces mesiales y distales, respectivamente). Según Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020) en el sistema, casi la mitad de la muestra tenía más de cuatro dígitos (47,9 %), seguido por la categoría de 3 dígitos (20,71 %). En ambos sistemas se encontró una asociación significativa entre la configuración del canal y el tipo de raíz (p<0,001). El primer molar mandibular de esta subpoblación de Malasia demostró una amplia gama morfológica del conducto radicular. En comparación con el sistema Vertucci, el sistema desarrollado por Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020) clasificaron con éxito todas las configuraciones de los molares a pesar de su nivel de complejidad. La compleja anatomía del canal de los primeros molares mandibulares en esta subpoblación merece una atención especial durante los procedimientos de tratamiento de conducto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , X-Ray Microtomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Malaysia , Molar/anatomy & histology
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1112-1117, ago. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514332

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue utilizar la Tomografía Computarizada de Haz Cónico (TCHC) para investigar la configuración anatómica, prevalencia y distribución del conducto mesiovestibular Dos (MV2) en molares superiores de una subpoblación chilena, considerando variables como la presencia del conducto MV2, la clasificación de Vertucci, el género y edad. Estudio observacional de corte transversal. La muestra consistió en Tomografías Computarizadas de Haz Cónico tomadas en la clínica odontológica de la Universidad Andrés Bello (Viña del Mar). Se calculó el tamaño muestral utilizando la fórmula de población conocida, lo que resultó en 262 tomografías. Los examinadores se calibraron utilizando el coeficiente Kappa de Cohen, para luego analizar las variables mediante un estudio imagenológico utilizando el software I-CAT Visión. Se analizaron 439 primeros y segundos molares superiores. La prevalencia del conducto MV2 en primeros molares fue del 63,74 %, mientras que, en segundos molares, fue del 20,04 %. La prevalencia en primeros molares fue mayor en hombres (73,86 %) que en mujeres (58,62 %), mientras que, en segundos molares, fue del 15,81 % en mujeres y del 28,41 % en hombres. En relación con la edad, en los primeros molares la diferencia fue significativa en el rango de 18 a 40 años (66,49 %). En cuanto al tipo de configuración según Vertucci (2005), el 70 % de los primeros molares presentó una configuración Tipo II, y un 23,65 % Tipo IV, con resultados similares en los segundos molares. El presente estudio demostró que los conductos MV2 son frecuentes en la población analizada, especialmente en los primeros molares, y que la configuración Tipo II es la más prevalente. Además, se observó una mayor prevalencia en hombres y en el rango de 18 a 40 años. Estos hallazgos proporcionan información relevante sobre la anatomía radicular en la población y pueden contribuir a mejorar los resultados de tratamiento.


SUMMARY: The aim of this study was to use Cone-beam Computed Tomography (TCHC) to investigate the anatomical configuration, prevalence, and distribution of the Second Mesiobuccal (MB2) canal in upper molars of a Chilean subpopulation, considering variables such as the presence of MB2 canal, Vertucci classification, gender, and age. Cross-sectional observational study. The sample consisted of TCHC scans taken at the dental clinic of Universidad Andrés Bello (Viña del Mar). The sample size was calculated using the formula for known population, resulting in 262 scans. The examiners were calibrated using Cohen's Kappa coefficient, then the variables were analyzed through an imaging study using I-CAT Vision software. 439 first and second upper molars were analyzed. The prevalence of MB2 canal in first molars was 63.74 %, while in second molars, it was 20.04 %. The prevalence in first molars was higher in males (73.86 %) than in females (58.62 %), while in second molars, it was 15.81 % in females and 28.41 % in males. Regarding age, in first molars the difference was significant between the age range of 18 to 40 years (66.49 %). Regarding the type of configuration according to Vertucci, 70 % of the first molars had Type II configuration, and 23.65 % had Type IV, with similar results in second molars. The present study demonstrated that MB2 canals are frequent in the analyzed population, especially in first molars, and Type II configuration is the most prevalent. Additionally, a higher prevalence was observed in males and in the age range of 18 to 40 years. These findings provide relevant information about root anatomy in the studied population and can contribute to improving treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Molar/anatomy & histology
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(4): 1089-1094, ago. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514362

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The mandibular first molar (MFM) commonly presents two roots with two canals in the mesial root and one or two canals in the distal root. However, morphological variations have been described in different populations, which must be considered when planning endodontic treatment. The aim of this study was to analyze the internal and external morphology of the MFM in a Chilean sub-population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images. An in vivo cross-sectional, descriptive, and observational study was conducted using CBCT exams from 351 right and left MFM. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics using the Chi- Square test for categorical variables, Fisher's exact test, the Mann-Whitney U non-parametric test for two independent samples, and the Wilcoxon non-parametric test for related samples. Of the total sample, 1 root was observed in 2.27 % of the cases, 2 roots in 93.73 %, and 3 roots in 4 %. In relation to the number of canals, 71.23 % of the MFM showed 3 root canals, 16.81 % 4 canals, 9.69 % 2 canals, and 2.28 % 1 canal. Of all the studied cases, 2.3 % had a C-shaped anatomy. In terms of morphology, using Zhang's classification, variant 3 was observed in 71.23 %, variant 4 in 12.82 %, variant 1 in 9.67 %, variant 6 in 4 %, and variant 8 in 2.28 %. In conclusion, the morphology of the MFM is variable in a Chilean sub-population, and these variations must be considered before and during endodontic therapy. CBCT proved to be an effective tool for the in vivo study of tooth morphology.


El primer molar mandibular (MFM) comúnmente presenta dos raíces con dos canales en la raíz mesial y uno o dos canales en la raíz distal. Sin embargo, se han descrito variaciones morfológicas en distintas poblaciones, las que se deben tener en consideración al momento de planificar el tratamiento endodóntico. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la morfología interna y externa del MFM en una sub población chilena mediante el uso de imágenes de tomografía computarizada Cone Beam (CBCT). Se realizó un estudio transversal, descriptivo y observacional in vivo empleando exámenes CBCT de 351 MFM tanto derechos como izquierdos. Los datos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva empleando la prueba Chi-Cuadrado para variables categóricas, el test exacto de Fisher, la prueba no paramétrica de U-Mann-Whitney para dos muestras independientes y la prueba no paramétrica de Wilcoxon para muestras relacionadas. Del total de la muestra se observó 1 raíz en un 2.27 % de los casos, 2 raíces en 93.73 % y 3 raíces en un 4 %. En relación al número de canales un 71.23 % de los MFM mostraron 3 canales radiculares, un 16.81 % 4 canales, un 9.69 % 2 canales y un 2.28 % 1 canal. Del total de los casos estudiados un 2.3 % se presentó anatomía en forma de C. En relación a la morfología, empleando la clasificación de Zhang, se observó en un 71.23 % la variante tipo 3, en un 12.82 % la variante tipo 4, en un 9.67 % la variante tipo 1, en un 4 % variante tipo 6 y en un 2,28 % variante tipo 8. En conclusión, la morfología del MFM es variable en una subpoblación chilena y estas variaciones deben ser consideradas antes y durante la terapia endodóntica. El CBCT demostró ser una herramienta eficaz para el estudio in vivo de la morfología dentaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Endodontics , Molar/anatomy & histology
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 775-784, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514312

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to evaluate the maxillary molar root canal morphology in individuals from the Shandong province, China, using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and classify it based on Ahmed et al. (2017) classification system to obtain a reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment. From December 2020 to June 2021, we screened CBCT data of 1,619 patients at the Jinan Stomatological Hospital who had been indicated for CBCT because of various oral abnormalities. The root and root canal morphologies of all teeth were statistically analyzed, and the root canal morphology was classified based on Ahmed et al. (2017) classification system. In the maxillary molars, three roots were the most common, accounting for 99.24 % and 74.61 % of all maxillary first and second molars, respectively. Two roots were the second most common, accounting for 0.66 % and 17.29 % of all maxillary first and second molars, respectively. Root morphology variation, e.g., fusion or furcation defect, was present in 22 (0.76 %) maxillary first molars and 765 (25.39 %) maxillary second molars, with the most common being mesiobuccal and distobuccal root fusion. Detection rates of a second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) in the maxillary first and second molars were 48.5 % and 26.5 %, respectively. Among age groups, the frequency of MB2 was the highest in the 15-24-year-old group and lowest in the 55-64-year-old group. Bilateral MB2 root canals were present in 64.8 % and 48.4 % of the maxillary first and second molars, respectively. Men and women accounted for 60.6 % and 67.8 % of the maxillary first molars, respectively, and 51.7 % and 45.6 % of the maxillary second molars, respectively. According to Ahmed et al. (2017) classification of root canal morphology, 18 and 22 root canal configurations were found in 1,453 right maxillary first molars and 1,444 left maxillary first molars, respectively. The right maxillary first molars showed three two-rooted, 14 three-rooted, and one four-rooted type. The left maxillary first molars showed two one-rooted, six two-rooted, and 14 three-rooted types. According to Ahmed et al. (2017) classification of root canal morphology, 43 and 45 root canal configurations were found in 1,507 right maxillary second molars and 1,506 left maxillary second molars, respectively. The right maxillary second molars showed 17 one-rooted, 16 two- rooted, eight three-rooted, and two four-rooted types. The left maxillary second molars showed 19 one-rooted, 13 two-rooted, 12 three- rooted, and one four-rooted type. This study showed that the maxillary molar root canal morphology is diverse in the Shandong province. Ahmed et al. (2017) classification system provides a clear description of the root canal morphology. CBCT can be used to study complex root and root canal morphologies.


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la morfología del conducto radicular del molar superior en individuos de la provincia de Shandong, China, utilizando tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) y clasificarla con base en el sistema de clasificación de Ahmed et al. (2017) para obtener una referencia para diagnóstico clínico y tratamiento. Desde diciembre de 2020 hasta junio de 2021, analizamos los datos de CBCT de 1619 pacientes en el Hospital Estomatológico de Jinan a quienes se les indicó CBCT debido a diversas anomalías orales. Las morfologías de la raíz y del conducto radicular de todos los dientes se analizaron estadísticamente, y la morfología del conducto radicular se clasificó según el sistema de clasificación de Ahmed et al. (2017). En los molares superiores, tres raíces fueron las más comunes, representando el 99,24 % y el 74,61 % de todos los primeros y segundos molares superiores, respectivamente. Dos raíces fueron las segundas más comunes, representando el 0,66 % y el 17,29 % de todos los primeros y segundos molares superiores, respectivamente. La variación de la morfología de la raíz, por ejemplo, fusión o defecto de furcación, estuvo presente en 22 (0,76 %) primeros molares superiores y 765 (25,39 %) segundos molares superiores, siendo la fusión radicular mesiovestibular y distovestibular la más común. Las tasas de detección de un segundo canal mesiovestibular (MB2) en los primeros y segundos molares superiores fueron del 48,5 % y 26,5 %, respectivamente. Entre los grupos de edad, la frecuencia de MB2 fue más alta en el grupo de 15 a 24 años y más baja en el grupo de 55 a 64 años. Los conductos radiculares MB2 bilaterales estaban presentes en el 64,8 % y el 48,4 % de los primeros y segundos molares superiores, respectivamente. En los hombres y en las mujeres representaron el 60,6 % y el 67,8 % de los primeros molares superiores, respectivamente, y el 51,7 % y el 45,6 % de los segundos molares superiores, respec- tivamente. Según la clasificación de la morfología del conducto radicular de Ahmed et al. (2017) se encontraron configuraciones de conducto radicular 18 y 22 en 1453 primeros molares superiores derechos y 1444 primeros molares superiores izquierdos, respectivamente. Los primeros molares superiores derechos mostraron tres tipos de dos raíces, 14 de tres raíces y uno de cuatro raíces. Los primeros molares superiores izquierdos mostraron dos tipos de una raíz, seis de dos raíces y 14 de tres raíces. Según la clasificación de la morfología del conducto radicular de Ahmed et al. (2017) se encontraron configuraciones de conducto radicular 43 y 45 en 1507 segundos molares superiores derechos y 1506 segundos molares superiores izquierdos, respectivamente. Los segundos molares superiores derechos mostraron 17 tipos de una raíz, 16 de dos raíces, ocho de tres raíces y dos de cuatro raíces. Los segundos molares superiores izquierdos mostraron 19 de una raíz, 13 de dos raíces, 12 de tres raíces y uno de cuatro raíces. Este estudio mostró que la morfología del conducto radicular del molar superior es diversa en la provincia de Shandong. El sistema de clasificación de Ahmed y colaboradores proporciona una descripción clara de la morfología del conducto radicular. CBCT se puede utilizar para estudiar morfologías complejas de raíces y conductos radiculares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Classification , Age Distribution , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Molar/anatomy & histology
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(2): 477-481, abr. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440335

ABSTRACT

Describir la morfología del sistema de canales radiculares del primer molar maxilar en una población chilena mediante exámenes de tomografía computarizada Cone-Beam (CBCT). Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en el cual se utilizaron los exámenes CBCT de pacientes que fueron atendidos en un Centro de Radiología Maxilofacial privado durante el período comprendido entre Enero y Diciembre del año 2018 en la ciudad de Temuco, Chile, los cuales fueron observados de manera independiente por dos investigadores previamente calibrados. Se observaron 199 exámenes CBCT. En la raíz mesiobucal,predominaron las morfologías tipo II, I y IV de Vertucci respectivamente, mientras que en la raíz distobucal y palatina predominó la morfología tipo I. El canal MB2 estuvo presente en el 62,3 % de los casos, con una prevalencia significativamente mayor en pacientes jóvenes. En la mayoría de los primeros molares maxilares de los habitantes de la ciudad de Temuco se observaron tres raíces separadas y la presencia de cuatro canales. Se determinó una alta frecuencia del canal MB2 en la raíz MB.


SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to describe the morphology of the root canal system of the maxillary first molar in a Chilean population through Cone-Beam computed tomography (CBCT) examinations. A descriptive observational study was carried out in which the CBCT examinations of patients who were treated in a private maxillofacial radiology center during the period between January and December 2018 in Temuco, Chile, were used which were observed independently by two previously calibrated researchers. In this analysis 199 CBCT exams were observed. In the mesiobuccal root, Type II, I and IV morphologies predominated respectively, while in the distobuccal and palatal root, Type I morphology predominated. The MB2 canal was present in 62.3 % of cases, with a higher prevalence in young patients. Three separate roots and the presence of four canals were observed in most of the maxillary first molars of the patients in Temuco. A high frequency of the MB2 canal was determined in the root MB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Chile , Age Distribution , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Maxilla , Molar/anatomy & histology
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1521296

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of crestal anesthesia compared to the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) in 6-9-year-old children undergoing tooth extraction. Material and Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 70 children who needed bilateral mandibular primary molar extractions. The Faces Pain Scale was used to determine the efficacy of the anesthetic technique. Demographic data, onset time of anesthesia, duration of anesthesia, and blood pressure were also recorded. The data were analyzed using SPSS 25 and analytical tests: t-test, chi-squared test, and one-way ANOVA. The level of significance was set at p<0.05. Results: The efficacy of the IANB was significantly higher than the crestal anesthesia (p<0.05). The duration of IANB anesthesia was significantly more than the crestal anesthesia (p<0.05). The two anesthetic techniques showed no significant differences in pediatric blood pressure as a determinant of the pain evoked in children during the injection (p>0.05). Conclusion: Crestal anesthesia proved an effective method to extract primary molars. However, further studies are necessary to confirm this.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Tooth Extraction , Child , Anesthesia, Dental/methods , Molar/anatomy & histology , Nerve Block , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Analysis of Variance
7.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 23: e210165, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1521292

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the reliability and the accuracy of Tooth Coronal Index (TCI) and Pulp/Tooth Ratio (PTR) methods in dental age estimation using digital panoramic radiography. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 237 dental panoramic images were collected. The two methods (TCI and PTR) were applied to all left mandibular first and second molars based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. In order to analyze the acquired data, statistical methods were used. The estimated ages derived by exclusive formula were compared to the chronological age, and the error ranges for each indicator were measured to determine their accuracy. Results: There were negative correlations between PTR in the first molar (r=-0.89) and in the second molar (r=-0.788), as well as TCI in the first molar (r=-0.587) and in the second molar (r=-.242). In this study, we found that the Pulp/Tooth Ratio (PTR) accuracy rate for mandibular first and second molar teeth was 79.21% and 62.09 %, respectively, although the Tooth Coronal Index (TCI) value for these teeth was 34.45% and 5.85%. Conclusion: Pulp/Tooth Ratio and Tooth Coronal Index are potential age estimation indices. Although PTR was the more accurate one in our study. The results also demonstrated that indices related to the first molar tooth could be used to estimate age with greater accuracy and validity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Age Determination by Teeth , Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Molar/anatomy & histology , Linear Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric
8.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(4): 1-10, jul. 21, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427045

ABSTRACT

Objetive: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, demographics, and root configuration of C-shaped canals of mandibular molars by means of cone beam computed tomography in the population of the Metropolitan Region, Chile. Material and Methods: 912 molars (456 first and 456 second molars) resulting from the analysis of 228 mandibular CT scans were evaluated. The root configuration was established by means of a panoramic reconstruction and axial tomographic sections, classifying the presence and type of canals through the analysis of five sections or cuts along the root. Data were statistically analyzed using a 5% confidence interval. Results: Of the 912 molars analyzed, 70 were classified as C-shaped canals (7.68%), corresponding to 58.33% of those molars that presented fused roots. 95.7% of this root canal configuration was observed in lower second molars, occurring more frequently in females (n=45, 64.29%). 45.65% of the cases that presented C-shaped canals were bilateral and the most frequent configuration was C3 (n=401, 66.63%) according to the Melton classification.Conclusion: The C-shaped canals of the mandibular molars in the studied population were observed mainly in second molars, showing a clear prevalence among females and a high percentage of bilaterality. The presence of fused roots significantly increases the possibility of finding this type of root configuration.


Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar, por medio de tomografía computarizada de haz cónico, la prevalencia, demografía y configuración radicular de los conductos en forma de C de molares inferiores en la población de la Región Metropolitana, Chile. Material y Métodos: 912 molares (456 primeros y 456 segundos molares) resultantes del análisis de 228 tomografías mandibulares fueron evaluados. Mediante una reconstrucción panorámica y cortes tomográficos axiales se estableció la configuración radicular, clasificando la presencia y tipo de conducto por medio del análisis de 5 cortes a lo largo de la raíz. Los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente con un intervalo de confianza del 5%. Resultados: De los 912 molares analizados, 70 fueron clasificados como conductos en forma de C (7.68%), correspondiendo al 58.33% de aquellos molares que presentaron raíces fusionadas. El 95.7% de esta configuración de conductos fue observada en segundos molares inferiores, presentándose con mayor frecuencia en mujeres (n=45, 64.29%). El 45.65% de los casos que presentaron conductos en C se manifestaron bilateralmente y la configuración más frecuente observada fue la C3 (n=401, 66.63%) según la clasificación de Melton. Conclusión: Los conductos en forma de C de los molares mandibulares en la población estudiada fueron observados principalmente en segundos molares, marcando una clara predilección por el sexo femenino y un alto porcentaje de bilateralidad. La presencia de raíces fusionadas aumenta significativamente la posibilidad de encontrar este tipo de configuración radicular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Molar/anatomy & histology , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1321-1327, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405275

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: temporary mandibular molars in panoramic radiographs of pediatric patients with unilateral posterior crossbite (UPCB). This cross-sectional and retrospective study analyzed 114 orthopantomograms of patients between 6 - 9 years of age with unilateral posterior crossbite diagnosis. The first and second mandibular molars were analyzed. Their root resorption stage was typified, and the root lengths were measured; to later compare the data obtained depending on the malocclusion side. 86.4 % of molars showed a linear resorption pattern, and atypical resorption prevalence in patients with UPCB was 13.5 %. The total length average of the first molars on the side of the malocclusion was 8.20 mm, while the contralateral exhibited a mean of 9.29 mm. Lastly, the second molars had a mean length of 11.12 mm in crossbite side and 12.30 mm in the normal occlusion side. UPCB could affect physiological resorption by observing a resorption alteration in those mandibular molars located on the malocclusion side.


RESUMEN: El trabajo de este estudio se realizó en molares mandibulares temporales en radiografías panorámicas de pacientes pediátricos con mordida cruzada posterior unilateral (MCPU). Este estudio transversal y retrospectivo analizó 114 ortopantomografías de pacientes entre 6 - 9 años de edad con diagnóstico de mordida cruzada posterior unilateral. Se analizaron los primeros y segundos molares mandibulares. Se tipificó su estado de reabsorción radicular y se midió la longitud de las raíces; para luego comparar los datos obtenidos según el lado de la maloclusión. El 86,4 % de los molares mostró un patrón de reabsorción lineal y la prevalencia de reabsorción atípica en pacientes con MCPU fue del 13,5 %. El promedio de longitud total de los primeros molares del lado de la maloclusión fue de 8,20 mm, mientras que el contralateral exhibió una media de 9,29 mm. Por último, los segundos molares tenían una longitud media de 11,12 mm en el lado de mordida cruzada y de 12,30 mm en el lado de oclusión normal. La MCPU podría afectar la reabsorción fisiológica al observar una alteración de la reabsorción en aquellos molares mandibulares ubicados en el lado de la maloclusión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Root Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Tooth, Deciduous/diagnostic imaging , Malocclusion/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Age and Sex Distribution , Molar/anatomy & histology , Molar/diagnostic imaging
10.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(2): 414-419, 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385606

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of this of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and morphology of radix entomolaris (RE) in the mandibular first molar (MFM) in a southern Chilean sub-population by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Two hundred ten CBCT images of MFM were analysed. To detect the presence of RE, the observation and measurements were standardised, advancing 1 mm to apical from the floor of the pulp chamber to the most apical zone of the tooth. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, with a value of P < 0.05 being statistically significant. The prevalence of a third root in the permanent MFM was 5.7 % (12/210). The incidence of RE was the same in male patients (2.9 %) as in female patients (2.9 %) (p=0.324). The occurrence of an RE in the left MFM was 7.3 % (3/41 patients) for male patients and 4.5 % (3/66) for female patients (p=0.398). The right MFM in male patients had an incidence of 8.1 % (3/37) and 4.5 % (3/66) for female patients (p=0.340). When the presence of an RE was compared between the left (5.6 %) and right side (5.8 %), no statistically significant differences were found (p=0.998). The frequency of bilateral three-rooted MFM was 71.43 % (5/7) and 28.57 % (2/7) were unilateral. The prevalence of RE in MFM in a southern Chilean sub-population was 5.7 %. The occurrence was bilateral in the majority of cases and no significant differences were observed by sex or side. The commonest type of RE was Type 1 (83.3 %). The use of CBCT can improve the endodontic treatment outcome.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la prevalencia y morfología de radix entomolaris (RE) en el primer mo- lar mandibular (MFM) en una subpoblación del sur de Chile mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT). Se analizaron doscientas diez imágenes CBCT de MFM. Para detectar la presencia de OD se estandarizó la observación y las medidas, avanzando 1 mm apical desde el suelo de la cámara pulpar hasta la zona más apical del diente. Los datos fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva, siendo estadísticamente significativo un valor de P < 0,05. La prevalencia de una tercera raíz en el MFM permanente fue de 5,7 % (12/210). La incidencia de ER fue la misma en pacientes masculinos (2,9 %) que en pacientes femeninas (2,9 %) (p=0,324). La aparición de un ER en el MFM izquier- do fue del 7,3 % (3/41 pacientes) para los pacientes masculinos y del 4,5 % (3/66) para las pacientes femeninas (p=0,398). El MFM derecho en pacientes masculinos tuvo una incidencia de 8,1 % (3/ 37) y 4,5 % (3/66) para pacientes femeninos (p=0,340). Cuando se comparó la presencia de un OD entre el lado izquierdo (5,6 %) y derecho (5,8 %), no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p=0,998). La frecuencia de MFM de tres raíces bilaterales fue 71,43 % (5/7) y 28,57 % (2/7) fueron unilaterales. La prevalencia de RE en MFM en una subpoblación del sur de Chile fue de 5,7 %. La presentación fue bilateral en la mayoría de los casos y no se observaron diferencias significativas por sexo o lado. El tipo de ER más frecuente fue el tipo 1 (83,3 %). El uso de CBCT puede mejorar el resultado del tratamiento endodóntico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Chile , Prevalence , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Mandible , Molar/anatomy & histology
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(2): 466-473, 2022. ilus, tab, mapas
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385627

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Descriptive observational cross-sectional study to determine the AOP of the second molars (55, 65, 75, 85) and the first permanent molars (16, 26, 36 and 46) in 459 study models corresponding to six ethnic groups in Colombia, Embera indigenous of Alto Baudó (Chocó), Caucasoid mestizos of Cali (Valle del Cauca), African descent of Cali (Valle del Cauca), Misak indigenous of Silvia (Cauca), Nasa indigenous of Morales (Cauca), and indigenous of Leticia (Amazonas). There were no significant differences of AOP among the six ethnic groups except when compared to the Amazon Indians with African descent of Cali, Embera indigenous and Nasa indigenous. There was no sexual dimorphism except tooth 65 for all ethnic groups. There was bilateral symmetry except between teeth 16 and 26. The distance matrix showed that Caucasoid mestizos of Cali were grouped with microdont populations, Amazon indigenous, Embera indigenous, Misak indigenous and Nasa indigenous, and African descendants of Cali were grouped with mesodont populations. The Embera and Amazon indigenous had the highest values of OAP associated with the relative isolation and less mestizaje. Overall, there was no sexual dimorphism or bilateral asymmetry. This study coincides with the different theories about reducing the size of the teeth as evolutionary characteristic of hominids.


RESUMEN: Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal en el que se determinó el APO de los segundos molars deciduos (55, 65, 75, 85) y de los primeros molares permanentes (16, 26, 36, 46) en 459 modelos de estudio correspondientes a seis grupos étnicos de Colombia: Indígenas embera del Alto Baudó (Chocó), mestizos caucasoides de Cali (Valle del Cauca), afrodescendientes de Cali (Valle del Cauca), indígenas misak de Silvia (Cauca), indígenas nasa de Morales (Cauca) e indígenas de Leticia (Amazonas). No se encontraron diferencias significativas en el APO de los seis grupos étnicos, excepto entre indígenas del Amazonas y de afrodescendientes de Cali, e indígenas embera e indígenas nasa. No se evidenció dimorfismo exual en ninguno de los seis grupos. Hubo simetría bilateral, excepto entre los dientes 16 y 26. La matriz de distancias demostró que los mestizos caucasoides de Cali se agrupan con poblaciones microdontes, indígenas del amazonas, indígenas embera, indígenas misak e indígenas nasa; mientras que los afrodescendientes de Cali se agrupan con poblaciones mesodentes. Los indígenas embera y del Amazonas presentaron altos valores del APO, asociado a su aislamiento relativo y bajo mestizaje. En términos generales, no hubo dimorfismo sexual ni asimetría bilateral. Los resultados de este estudio concuerdan con diferentes teorías sobre la reducción del tamaño dental como una característica evolutiva de los himínidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Occlusion , Racial Groups , Molar/anatomy & histology , Ethnicity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Characteristics , Colombia , Forensic Dentistry
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(2): 455-462, abr. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385363

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to evaluate the bilaterality and symmetry in C-shaped mandibular second molars in Mexican Maya and non-Maya populations using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Five-hundred-twenty-five CBCT scans of patients with left and right mandibular second molars were analyzed to determine the prevalence and bilaterality. The teeth were assessed for the presence of C-shaped root canals, according to Fan et al. (2004) criteria. The sample was subdivided by ethnicity, sex, unilateral/bilateral presence, side of the longitudinal groove, and the C-shaped root canal configuration and symmetry, at the cervical, middle, and apical cross- sections of the root. C-shaped mandibular second molars were present in 24.95% of the individuals. Most (60.30%) of those showing this trait had it bilaterally. When comparing by ethnicity, sex, and side, we detected no significant differences. The vast majority (97.33%) presented the groove along the lingual side. The C3 was the most prevalent configuration in the overall sample, while in the Maya group, the C1 was the most common configuration. When analyzed by sex and ethnic group, the non-Maya females tended to deviate from the other groups in terms of bilaterality. Overall, 55.70% of bilateral C-shaped mandibular second molars were also symmetric in the three radicular thirds. The prevalence of C-shaped mandibular second molars was similar to that reported for northernAsian populations, which is consistent with the evolutionary origins of Native American populations. Most of the sample showed bilaterality and half were symmetric. Clinicians must be aware of the ethnic background of their patients and consider the possible variations to do more predictable root canal treatments.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la bilateralidad y simetría de los segundos molares mandibulares en forma de C en una población Mexicana Maya y no-Maya mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT). Material and Métodos: Se analizaron quinientos veinticinco tomografías de pacientes con segundos molares mandibularesderecho e izquierdo para determinar la prevalencia y bilateralidad. Los dientes fueron evaluados según la presencia de conductos en forma de C de acuerdo a los criterios de Fan et al. La muestra fue subdividida por etnicidad, sexo, presencia bilateral/unilateral, lado del surco y configuración y simetría de los conductos en los cortes transversales cervical, medio y apical. Los segundos molares mandibulares en forma de C estuvieron presentes en el 24.95 % de los individuos. La mayoría (60.30%) de los que mostraron este rasgo lo hicieron de forma bilateral. El comparar por etnicidad, sexo y lado, no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas. La gran mayoría (97.33%) presentó el surco por lingual. C3 fue la configuración más prevalente en la muestra general, mientras que en el grupo Maya el C1 fue la más común. El análisis por sexo y grupo étnico arrojó que las mujeres no Mayas tendieron a desviarse de los otros grupos en términos de bilateralidad. El 55.70% de los segundos molares mandibulares bilaterales fueron simétricos en sus tres tercios radiculares. La prevalencia de los segundos molars mandibulares en forma de C fue similar a la reportada para las poblaciones del norte de Asia, lo cual es consistente con los orígenes evolutivos de las poblaciones nativas americanas. La mayor parte de la muestra presentó el rasgo de forma bilateral y la mitad de éstos fueron simétricos. Los odontólogos deben tomar en cuenta el origen étnico de sus pacientes y considerar las posibles variaciones para realizar tratamientos endodónticos más predecibles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Ethnicity , Age Factors , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Mexico , Molar/anatomy & histology
13.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346684

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images to evaluate the dentin thickness of the pulp chamber floor in primary molars. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study, conducted with CBCT images of teeth of children. Primary molars with preserved pulp chamber floor were included. The dentin thickness of the pulp chamber floor in the primary molars was measured linearly in CBCT cross-sections. Data were descriptively analyzed and the Mann-Whitney test was applied (p<0.05). Results: 27 CBCT exams and 123 primary molars of children aged 4 to 13 years were analyzed; the majority was female (52.0%). In maxillary molars, the median dentin thickness was 1.50 (0.6-2.2) mm in the first and 1.65 (0.6-2.3) mm in the second (p=0.049) molars. In mandibular molars, the median was 1.20 (0.3-1.7) mm in the first and 1.60 (1.0-2.2) mm in the second (p<0.001) molars. Children aged 4 to 8 years showed less dentin thickness (p<0.001). Conclusion: The median dentin thickness of the pulp chamber floor in primary molars was 1.50 mm, ranging from 0.3 to 2.3 mm. Less dentin thickness was associated with younger children, teeth in the mandibular arch, and first molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Colonography, Computed Tomographic/instrumentation , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation , Molar/anatomy & histology , Brazil/epidemiology , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Caries/prevention & control
14.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 21(supl.1): e0023, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1340341

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the existence of a correlation between the mesio-distal size of teeth and the arch width by analyzing the data separately for maxillary and mandibular arch in patients with ideal occlusion Material and Methods: 58 patients with ideal occlusion were studied, for a total of 276 files analyzed. Dental casts were then scanned using a professional scanner (Epson Perfection v 330) and images were obtained in TIFF format at 600 dpi. All single teeth measurements were carried out for all teeth of both arches using the VAM software (Vectra, Canfield Scientific, Fairfield, NJ, USA). The repeatability and reproducibility of the measurement method were evaluated using the Gauge R&R method. In case a correlation between tooth size and arch size is found to be significant, a linear regression analysis can be applied through the following statistical relationship: y=a+b*x, where y is the result (inter-molar distance "AvgB66" or inter-canine distance "Cusp 33"), and x the specific tooth. The a and b respectively represent the intercept (point of intersection between the line and the y axis) and the slope of the line that describes the regression ratio. Results: The statistical analysis highlights a significant correlation (p<1%) between the results of the mesio-distal measurements of each tooth and the two variables considered to define the size of each arch ("AvgB66" and "Cusp 33"). Based on these results, a numerical relationship "y=a+b*x" has been extrapolated. Thus, it is possible to calculate the estimated inter-molar or inter canine distance necessary to have the teeth aligned. Conclusion: The inter-canine and inter-molar distances can be estimated starting from measuring the mesio-distal diameter of a single tooth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontics , Dental Arch , Malocclusion/etiology , Molar/anatomy & histology , Linear Models , Italy
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250443

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the survival of occlusal and occlusal-proximal restorations performed with resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (RMGIC) in deciduous molars using rubber dam and cotton rolls isolation. Material and Methods: Ninety-two patients were included and 200 deciduous molars with cavitated occlusal or occlusoproximal dentin caries lesions were randomized into two groups: cotton rolls (n = 100) and rubber dam (n = 100) and RMGIC restorations were placed. At baseline and in the follow-up visit, presence, severity and activity of caries lesions were registered. Two independent, blinded examiners evaluated the treated teeth clinically using the USPHS criteria and radiographically after 9 months. Descriptive analysis, survival curve (log-rank test) and Cox regression were performed to assess risk factors related to failure. Results: Out of the 179 teeth (92 cotton rolls group and 87 rubber dam group) evaluated at 9-month follow-up period. No lesion progression was observed radiographically. The overall treatment success rate was 85.47% (83.47% for cotton rolls and 87.35 rubber dam group). No significant difference between isolation methods was observed in the log-rank test (p = 0.16). Cox regression showed no risk factors related to failure. Conclusion: No difference was found in the survival of occlusal and occlusal-proximal restorations performed with RMGIC in deciduous molars using a rubber dam and cotton rolls isolation after a 9-month follow-up period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Survival Analysis , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Glass Ionomer Cements , Molar/anatomy & histology , Survival , Brazil/epidemiology , Radiography, Dental/instrumentation , Single-Blind Method , Regression Analysis
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180859

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the improvement in masticatory performances two weeks after posterior implant restoration. Material and Methods: Nine patients with missing first and second molars were included in the study. Masticatory performances were evaluated using subjective and objective methods utilizing color-changeable chewing gum and the visual analog scale (VAS) assessment. The subjects were asked to chew the color-changeable chewing gums before and two weeks after the posterior implant restoration. Their expectations regarding aesthetics and function were verified on the VAS before implant placement. Additionally, the VAS was used for the posttreatment completion rating two weeks after the implant restoration. Results: Significant differences in masticatory performance were noted at baseline (before implant posterior restoration) and two weeks after implant restoration (p<0.05). The posttreatment aesthetic and functional expectations ratings significantly exceeded the expectations (p<0.05). Conclusion: Masticatory performances were improved two weeks after implant restoration. In addition, the significant posttreatment ratings of the patients exceeded their initial expectations. In particular, patients with poor masticatory functions demonstrated significant improvements and satisfaction following implant restoration compared to those with good mastication. These findings indicate that a posterior implant restoration can increase the masticatory performance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Chewing Gum/microbiology , Patient Satisfaction , Dental Implantation/instrumentation , Molar/anatomy & histology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Visual Analog Scale , Indonesia/epidemiology , Mastication
17.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180853

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate dental age assessment reliability through Tooth Coronal Index (TCI) method. Material and Methods: The cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of 160 individuals aged between 20-70 years were analyzed in the present study. The height of the crown, i.e., coronal height, and the height of the coronal pulp cavity, i.e., coronal pulp cavity height, of mandibular second premolars and first molars were calculated and then TCI was measured. The actual age of a subject was compared with TCI of tooth and the acquired data were subjected to Pearson's correlation and unpaired t-tests. Results: Negative correlation was observed between the real age and TCI of mandibular first molar (r = -0.094, p=0.382) and second premolar (r = -0.176, p=0.0961. Statistically significant difference was observed between actual age and TCI for mandibular second premolar and first molar (p<0.001). Conclusion: Tooth coronal index has the potential to estimate age of an individual on CBCT scans. It is simple, cost-effective than histological methods and can be applied to both living and unknown dead.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Diagnostic Imaging/instrumentation , Age Determination by Skeleton , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/instrumentation , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Molar/anatomy & histology
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1571-1576, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134480

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The aim of the present study was to determine the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of the clinical and radiographic examination (CRE) method compared to the examination with the dental operating microscope (DOM) on the detection of anatomical features of mesiobuccal canals in maxillary first molars. One hundred maxillary first molars were selected to assess the number of canals orifice entrances, accessibility, and ending of their mesiobuccal canals using the CRE method and the examination with the DOM. The diagnostic tests of the CRE exhibited, in general, high levels of accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. However, low levels of these outcomes occurred, mainly, on the detection of the number of canals entrance orifices of the mesiobuccal root. The statistically significant differences (p<0.05) occurred for accessibility and ending of canals in 61 of the 62 cases (out of 100) when two of them were present: 2 accessible root canals (48 cases; 77.42 %), and 1 accessible and 1 inaccessible canals (13 cases; 20.97 %); 1 foramen after fusion (18 cases; 29.03 %), 2 foramens (30 cases; 48.39 %), and 1 foramen and 1 blind foramen (13 cases; 20.97 %). This study proves that the clinical and radiographic method (still the most commonly used worldwide) can't be trusted absolutely in situations of complex internal anatomy regarding the mesiobuccal root canals of maxillary first molars.


RESUMEN: El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar la precisión, sensibilidad y especificidad del método de examen clínico y radiográfico (ECR) en comparación al examen con el microscopio quirúrgico dental (MQD) en la detección de características anatómicas de los canales mesiovestibulares en primeros molares maxilares.Se seleccionaron 100 primeros molares maxilares para evaluar el número de entradas de los canales, la accesibilidad y la terminación de sus canales mesiovestibulares utilizando el método ECR y el examen con el MQD.Las pruebas de diagnóstico del ECR exhibieron, en general, altos niveles de precisión, sensibilidad y especificidad. Sin embargo, también hubo niveles bajos de estos resultados, principalmente, en la detección del número de orificios de entrada a los canales de las raíces mesiovestibulares. Hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p<0,05) para la accesibilidad y terminación de los canales en 61 de los 62 casos (del total de 100), cuando dos de ellos estaban presentes: 2 canales radiculares accesibles (48 casos, 77,42 %), y 1 accesible y 1 inaccesible (13 casos, 20,97 %). Después de la fusión, un orificio (18 casos, 29,03 %), 2 orificios (30 casos, 48,39 %) y 1 orificio más otro, ciego (13 casos, 20,97 %). Este estudio demuestra que no se puede confiar plenamente en el método clínico y radiográfico (todavía el más utilizado en todo el mundo), cuando existe una anatomía interna compleja de los canales de la raíz mesiovestibular de los primeros molares superiores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Molar/anatomy & histology , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Dental , Sensitivity and Specificity , Maxilla , Microscopy/methods , Microsurgery
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 126-128, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056409

ABSTRACT

The current International Terminologia Anatomica is written in latin and from it, the translation into the corresponding language is carried out. There are terms of greek origin that sometimes do not fully describe the anatomical structure. In this context, the mylos root, present in mylohyoid word, is defined in greek " like a mill" or "resembling a tooth". However, this definition does not accurately represent the mylohyoid structures that it describes. Therefore the question arises: is the mylos root the most appropriate one for naming these structures?.


La actual Terminologia Anatomica (TA), se encuentra redactada en latín y a partir de ella se realiza la traducción al idioma correspondiente. Existen en ella términos de origen griego que en ocasiones no describen a cabalidad la estructura anatómica. En este contexto la raíz mylos, presente en milohioideo(a), se define en griego "como de un molino" o "semejante a una muela", sin embargo, esta definición no precisa las estructuras milohioideas que se desean describir. Entonces surge la interrogante, ¿es la raíz mylos la más adecuada para denominar esas estructuras?.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Molar/anatomy & histology , Terminology as Topic
20.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 35(81): 7-12, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178831

ABSTRACT

El objetivo fue evaluar el volumen óseo BV/TV (%) del hueso interradicular en ratas Wistar: A) en relación a la edad; B) en relación a la zona de estudio en animales de la misma edad. Se utilizó Grupo A) 15 ratas Wistar hembras de 6 (I), 10 (II) y 14 (III) semanas, Grupo B) 9 ratas Wistar macho de 8 semanas. Tras la eutanasia, se extrajeron los maxilares inferiores y se procesaron histológicamente para obtener cortes mesio-distales del primer molar inferior coloreados con H.E. Sobre microfotografías digitales se evaluó el BV/TV (%). El análisis estadístico se realizó en A) mediante ANOVA y Bonferroni test y en B) se calculó el rango (R). Los resultados en A) el BV/TV (%) aumenta significativamente con la edad de los animales; en B) se encontró que el BV/TV (%) varía hasta un 20% si se considera el volumen total y este rango disminuye a 8.3% al estudiar su mitad coronal. En conclusión, el BV/TV (%) del hueso interradicular del primer molar inferior de ratas Wistar varía considerablemente con la edad de los animales y en animales de una misma edad -según se considere evaluar todo el hueso interradicular del espacio alveolar o la mitad superior del mismo-. Los resultados de este trabajo recomiendan emplear animales de la misma edad y realizar mediciones histomorfométricas empleando la mitad coronal de dicho hueso, especialmente en los diseños de periodontitis experimental (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Histological Techniques , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Molar/anatomy & histology , Photomicrography , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Analysis of Variance , Rats, Wistar , Jaw
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