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1.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(4): 44-50, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133679

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To perform a numerical simulation using FEM to study the von Mises stresses on Mushroom archwires. Methods: Mushroom archwires made of titanium-molybdenum alloy with 0.017 x 0.025-in cross-section were used in this study. A YS of 1240 MPa and a Young's modulus of 69 GPa were adopted. The archwire was modeled in Autodesk Inventor software and its behavior was simulated using the finite element code Ansys Workbench (Swanson Analysis Systems, Houston, Pennsylvania, USA). A large displacement simulation was used for non-linear analysis. The archwires were deformed in their extremities with 0° and 45°, and activated by their vertical extremities separated at 4.0 or 5.0 mm. Results: Tensions revealed a maximum of 1158 MPa at the whole part of the loop at 5.0mm of activation, except in a very small area situated at the top of the loop, in which a maximum of 1324 Mpa was found. Conclusions: Mushroom loops are capable to produce tension levels in an elastic range and could be safely activated up to 5.0mm.


RESUMO Objetivo: Realizar uma simulação numérica, por meio do Método dos Elementos Finitos (MEF), para obter as tensões de von Mises em arcos Mushroom. Métodos: Foram usados arcos com geometria Mushroom de titânio-molibdênio, com secção transversal 0,017" x 0,025". Adotou-se valores de tensão de escoamento (σesc) de 1.240 MPa e módulo de elasticidade (E) de 69 GPa. O arco foi modelado por meio do software Autodesk Inventor, e seu desempenho foi simulado utilizando-se o software de elementos finitos Ansys Workbench (Swanson Analysis System, Houston, Pennsylvania, EUA). Para a simulação, foi considerada a análise para grandes deslocamentos. O arco foi conformado em suas extremidades considerando-se planos de 0° e 45°, pré-ativado em 2,5mm e ativado por meio de suas extremidades verticais, separadas 4,0 mm ou 5,0 mm. Resultados: As tensões revelaram um valor máximo de 1.158 MPa na maior parte da alça, aos 5,0 mm de ativação, com exceção de uma área muito pequena, com valor de 1.324 MPa, situada no topo da alça. Conclusões: Os arcos Mushroom são capazes de produzir níveis de tensão situados dentro da região elástica e poderiam ser ativados com segurança até os 5,0 mm de ativação.


Subject(s)
Titanium , Finite Element Analysis , Molybdenum , Nonlinear Dynamics
2.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(1): 102-112, jan./feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049200

ABSTRACT

In some leguminous plants, associations with nitrogen-fixing microorganisms allow their nutrition with nitrogen (N) from the atmosphere. This process is known as Biological Nitrogen Fixation (BNF), where through nitrogenase enzymes, N2 is converted to an available form. This process can replace in part, or in total, nitrogen fertilizers. Cowpea bean is a legume species that is recognized for its high capacity to carry out BNF. In the last decades, studies have encouraged small farmers from north and northeast Brazil to use inoculants with rhizobia species since the results of researches have demonstrated that inoculation is an interesting strategy to improve cowpea production. Considering the specific function of molybdenum (Mo) in the N assimilation, different doses of Mo were tested in this study in order to find doses that could improve and enhance BNF. Therefore, this study aimed to compare nitrogen fertilization and BNF in the N assimilation by plants with different Mo doses. Inoculation was performed with the strains UFLA 03-84 and INPA 03-11B. Doses of Mo were applied in seeds and each pot contained five seeds. Thirty-five days after germination, the plants were analyzed for shoot dry matter and fresh matter, N contents and accumulation, as well as the Soil-Plant Analysis Development (SPAD) Index and nodulation in inoculated plants. The different doses of Mo and also the nodulation treatments did not show significant differences in the contents of N. Plants with N fertilization had significant higher shoot dry matter and root dry matter production, in addition to higher N foliar contents and N accumulation. Therefore, BNF was not as efficient as nitrogen fertilization in the evaluated experimental conditions using cowpea beans.


Em algumas plantas de leguminosas, as associações com microorganismos de fixação permitem a sua nutrição com N (nitrogênio) da atmosfera. Este processo é conhecido como Fixação Biológica de Nitrogênio (FBN), onde através de enzimas nitrogenase N2 é convertido na forma disponível. Este processo pode substituir em parte, ou no total, fertilizantes nitrogenados. O feijão-caupi é uma espécie de leguminosa que é reconhecida pela sua alta capacidade de FBN. Nas últimas décadas, estudos encorajaram os pequenos agricultores do norte e nordeste do Brasil a usar inoculantes com espécies de rizobio, uma vez que os resultados das pesquisas têm demonstrado que a inoculação é uma estratégia interessante para melhorar a produção dessa cultura. Considerando a função específica do molibdênio (Mo) na assimilação do N, diferentes doses de Mo foram testadas neste estudo, a fim de encontrar doses que possam melhorar e potencializar a FBN. A inoculação foi feita com as estirpes UFLA 03-84 e INPA 03-11B. As diferentes doses de Mo foram aplicadas na semente, cinco sementes por vaso. Trinta e cinco dias após a germinação, as plantas foram analisadas com relação à matéria seca aérea e radicular, teor de N e acúmulo, índice de análise de desenvolvimento solo-planta (SPAD) e nodulação nas plantas inoculadas. As diferentes doses de Mo não mostraram diferenças significativas no conteúdo de N, nem no processo de nodulação. As plantas com adubação nitrogenada tiveram mattera seca da parte aérea e de raízes superior as inoculadas, além de maiores teores foliares de N. Portanto, para feijão-caupi, a FBN não foi tão eficiente quanto o fertilizante nitrogenado nas condições experimentais avaliadas.


Subject(s)
Micronutrients , Bradyrhizobium , Fabaceae , Molybdenum
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777606

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Melanin is detectable in various sense organs including the skin in animals. It has been reported that melanin adsorbs toxic elements such as mercury, cadmium, and lead. In this study, we investigated the adsorption of molybdenum, which is widely recognized as a toxic element, by melanin.@*METHODS@#Molybdenum level of the mouse skin was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The pigmentation level of murine skin was digitalized as the L* value by using a reflectance spectrophotometer. An in vitro adsorption assay was performed to confirm the interaction between molybdenum and melanin.@*RESULTS@#Our analysis of hairless mice with different levels of skin pigmentation showed that the level of molybdenum increased with an increase in the level of skin pigmentation (L* value). Moreover, our analysis by Spearman's correlation coefficient test showed a strong correlation (r = - 0.9441, p < 0.0001) between L* value and molybdenum level. Our cell-free experiment using the Langmuir isotherm provided evidence for the adsorption of molybdenum by melanin. The maximum adsorption capacity of 1 mg of synthetic melanin for molybdenum was 131 μg in theory.@*CONCLUSION@#Our in vivo and in vitro results showed a new aspect of melanin as an adsorbent of molybdenum.


Subject(s)
Adsorption , Animals , Melanins , Chemistry , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Hairless , Mice, Transgenic , Molybdenum , Chemistry , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Skin , Chemistry , Skin Pigmentation , Water Pollutants, Chemical , Chemistry , Metabolism , Pharmacology
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(7): 1313-1316, July 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-976444

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine Cu, Fe, Mo, and Zn liver and serum concentration in sheep and goats raised in the rangelands of the semiarid region of the state of Paraíba, Brazil, during the dry and rainy seasons, and to establish if Cu deficiency is primary or secondary to high ingestion of Mo or Fe. Cu, Zn, Mo and Fe concentrations were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry coupled to mass (ICP-Plasma) in 253 liver and serum samples randomly selected in a slaughterhouse. The mean serum concentrations of Cu in the goats and sheep were 11.82±3.28μmol/L and 10.97±3.61μmol/L respectively. The liver Cu concentrations were 160.37±11.77mg/kg in goats and 152.12±13.16mg/kg in sheep. The mean serum Fe concentrations were 16.38±4.51μmol/L in goats and 25.41±9.76μmol/L in sheep. The mean Fe concentrations in the liver were 189.37±6.51mg/kg in goats and 313.70±12.89mg/kg in sheep. The mean serum concentrations of Mo were 0.14±0.04μmol/L in goats and 0.29±0.06μmol/L in sheep. The mean Mo concentrations in the liver were 6.09±0.23mg/kg in goats and 6.22±0.15mg/kg in sheep. The mean serum Zn concentrations were 8.30±1.91μmol/L in goats and 8.63±2.22μmol/L in sheep. The mean Zn concentrations in the liver were 132.80±3.39mg/kg in goats and 130.70±2.99mg/kg in sheep. These results show low or marginal serum and liver concentrations of Cu and Zn, indicating that these minerals should be supplemented. The normal or even low concentrations of Mo and the high concentration of Fe suggest that Cu deficiency may be primary, due to low Cu ingestion, or secondary due to high Fe ingestion.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar Cu, Fe, Mo e Zn no fígado e soro em ovinos e caprinos criados nas pastagens da região semiárida do Estado da Paraíba, Brasil, nas estações seca e chuvosa, e estabelecer se a deficiência de Cu e primaria ou secundaria a alta ingestão de Mo ou Fe. Cu, Zn, Mo, e Fe foram determinados por espectrometria de absorção atômica com plasma indutivamente acoplado (ICP-OES) em 253 amostras de fígado e soro selecionados aleatoriamente em um matadouro. As concentrações séricas de Cu nos caprinos e ovinos foram 11,82±3,28mmol/L e 10,97±3,61mmol/L, respectivamente. As concentrações de Cu no fígado foram de 160,37±11,77mg/kg em caprinos e 152,12±13,16mg/kg em ovinos. As concentrações séricas de Fe foram de 16,38±4,51mmol/L em caprinos e 25,41±9,76mmol/L em ovinos. As concentrações de Fe no fígado foram 189,37±6,51mg/kg em caprinos e 313.70±12,89mg/kg em ovinos. As concentrações séricas de Mo foram de 0,14±0,04mmol/L em caprinos e 0,29±0,06mmol/L em ovinos. As concentrações de Mo no fígado foram 6,09±0,23mg/kg em caprinos e 6,22±0,15mg/kg em ovinos. As concentrações séricas de Zn foram 8,30±1,91mmol/L em caprinos e 8,63±2,22mmol/L em ovinos. As concentrações de Zn no fígado foram 132,80±3,39mg/kg em cabras e 130,70±2,99mg/kg em ovelhas. Estes resultados mostram concentrações baixas ou marginais de Cu e Zn no soro e fígado indicando que estes minerais devem ser suplementados. As concentrações normais ou mesmo baixos de Mo e as altas concentrações de Fe sugerem que a deficiência de Cu pode ser primária, devido à baixa ingestão de Cu, ou secundária a alta ingestão de Fe.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sheep/blood , Molybdenum
5.
Rev. ADM ; 75(1): 55-60, ene.-feb. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-906501

ABSTRACT

La anquilosis de la articulación temporomandibular en niños continúa siendo una patología presente a pesar de los avances médicos y sociales. El tratamiento de esta patología en niños tiene como objetivos restablecer la apertura bucal y mejorar la estética facial, cuando se presentan hipoplasias o micrognatias asociadas. El objetivo del uso de materiales aloplásticos para el tratamiento de esta patología en niños es evitar la morbilidad y los gastos que ocasiona la toma y aplicación de injertos, para esto, durante 15 años, en la Unidad Médica de Alta Especialidad del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Torreón, Coahuila, México, Departamento de Cirugía Maxilofacial, se ha establecido el protocolo de tratar esta patología en niños con el uso de prótesis metálicas de cavidad glenoidea, en lugar de injertos costales o de otro tipo, además de tratar las hipoplasias o micrognatias en un mismo tiempo quirúrgico con el uso de aparatos distractores óseos, teniendo excelentes resultados a mediano plazo, sin daño a estructuras anatómicas ni a los procesos de crecimiento y desarrollo de los pacientes. Se utilizan prótesis prediseñadas de cromo, cobalto, molibdeno, que se adaptan adecuadamente a las estructuras óseas, siendo un material utilizado ya en otras áreas de la ortopedia en niños, concluyendo que se trata de una buena opción de tratamiento que disminuye el riesgo, frecuencia y costos de cirugías de mayor complejidad y que puede llevarse a cabo de manera segura y predecible. En este artículo se reportan tres casos de niños con anquilosis temporomandibular tratados con este método con buenos resultados (AU)


Temporomandibular joint ankylosis in children is actually a pathology still present despite the medical and social advances. The treatment of this pathology in children has restored the buccal opening and improve the facial aesthetics when hypoplasia and micrognathia are present. The purpose of using alloplastic material for treatment of this disease in children is to prevent morbidity and expenses related to making and implementing grafts, for this, for 15 years in the Medical Unit of High Specialty the Mexican Institute of Social Security, Torreon, Coahuila, Mexico, Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, has been established protocol to treatment this pathology in children with the use of metal glenoid prosthesis instead of rib grafts or otherwise in addition to treating hypoplasias or micrognatias in the same surgical time with the use of distracting devices bone, having excellent results in the medium term without damage to anatomical structures or processes of growth and development of patients. The prosthesis used predesigned chromium, cobalt, molybdenum, which are suitably adapted to the bone structures, with a material already used in other areas of orthopedics in children, concluding that this is a good treatment option that reduces the risk, and surgeries often cost more complex and can be performed safely and predictably. In this paper, three cases of children with temporomandibular ankylosis treated with this method with good results are reported (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Ankylosis , Biocompatible Materials , Maxillofacial Prosthesis , Micrognathism , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Chromium Alloys , Dental Prosthesis Design , Mexico , Molybdenum , Osteogenesis, Distraction
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(4): 1473-1481, Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893159

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Special features of nanoparticles have resulted in their widespread use. Small molybdenum trioxide (MoO 3) nanoparticles can translocate from the entry portals into the circulatory and lymphatic systems and ultimately to body tissues and organs depending on their composition and size. In this research, sixty Wistar rats weighting 180-250 g were divided into 6 groups (n=10) randomly: Group 1 (Control) did not receive any medicine. Group 2 (Sham) received intraperitoneal normal saline for 35 days on a daily basis. Groups 3, 4, 5 and 6 received 50, 100, 200, and 300 mg/kg MoO3, respectively, the same way in the sham group and at the same interval. At the end of the experiment, the rats were weighted again and anesthetised. Then blood samples were taken from their hearts to determine the serum levels of estrogen, progesterone, and gonadotropins. Their ovaries were removed and ovarian volume, follicular diameter, number of each follicle type, and oocyte volume were determined. Results indicated that MoO3 nanoparticles strongly reduced body and ovarian weights in the rats. Moreover, a significant decrease was observed in ovarian volume, the number of follicle types, oocyte volume and follicular diameter. The nanoparticles increased the number of atretic follicles via ovarian tissue structure. MoO3 nanoparticles decreased serum estrogen level and increased serum level of FSH that was associated with disruption in the regulation of progesterone and LH secretion. The findings showed that MoO3 nanoparticles could bear negative effects on ovarian structure and function.


RESUMEN: Las características específicas de las nanopartículas han dado lugar a su uso generalizado. Las pequeñas nanopartículas de trióxido de molibdeno (MoO3) pueden penetrar los sistemas circulatorios y linfáticos y, en última instancia, dependiendo de su composición y tamaño, también los tejidos y órganos del cuerpo. En esta investigación se dividieron 60 ratas Wistar con un peso de 180-250 g en 6 grupos (n = 10) aleatoriamente: el Grupo 1 (Control) no recibió ningún medicamento. El Grupo 2 (Sham) recibió solución salina normal intraperitoneal durante 35 días diariamente. Los grupos 3, 4, 5 y 6 recibieron 50, 100, 200 y 300 mg / kg de MoO3 respectivamente, de la misma manera en el grupo simulado, y en el mismo intervalo. Concluyendo el experimento, las ratas se pesaron nuevamente y fueron anestesiadas. Luego se tomaron muestras de sangre de los corazones para determinar los niveles séricos de estrógeno, progesterona y gonadotropinas. Se retiraron los ovarios y se determinó el volumen ovárico, el diámetro folicular, el número de cada tipo de folículo y el volumen de ovocitos. Los resultados indicaron que las nanopartículas de MoO3 redujeron significativamente los pesos corporal y ovárico en las ratas. Además, se observó una disminución importante en el volumen ovárico, el número de tipos de folículos, el volumen de ovocitos y el diámetro folicular. Las nanopartículas aumentaron el número de folículos auriculares a través de la estructura del tejido ovárico. Las nanopartículas de MoO 3 disminuyeron el nivel sérico de estrógeno y aumentaron el nivel sérico de FSH que se asoció con la interrupción en la regulación de la progesterona y la secreción de LH. Los hallazgos mostraron que las nanopartículas de MoO 3 podrían tener efectos negativos sobre la estructura y la función ovárica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Molybdenum/administration & dosage , Nanoparticles , Ovarian Follicle/drug effects , Oxygen/administration & dosage , Estrogens/blood , Gonadotropins/blood , Microscopy, Electron , Organ Size/drug effects , Ovary/drug effects , Ovary/ultrastructure , Progesterone/blood , Rats, Wistar
7.
Salud pública Méx ; 59(5): 548-555, Sep.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-903798

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Objective: This study determined the main dietary sources of urinary molybdenum (Mo) concentrations in a sample of 124 pregnant women in Mexico. Materials and methods: Dietary data was collected during pregnancy, through a semi-qualitative food frequency questionnaire, with information of 84 foods. Urine Mo levels were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry, for at least two trimesters of pregnancy. The associations with Mo levels were estimated by generalized mixed effect regression models. Results: Between 5.8 to 12.7% of the samples were above the 95th percentile of urinary Mo distribution reported by National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2010 for women (151 μg/L and 148 μg/g creatinine). After bootstrap resampling was conducted, women with high-consumption of hot peppers (β=1.34μg/g; 95% CI: 1.00-1.80; p= 0.05) had marginally higher urinary Mo concentration levels, creatinine adjusted, compared to women with low-consumption. Conclusion. Hot chili pepper consumption may contribute to body burden Mo levels in this population.


Resumen: Objetivo: Determinar las fuentes dietéticas de molibdeno (Mo) urinario en 124 mujeres embarazadas residentes en el estado de Morelos, México. Material y métodos: Mediante un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de 84 alimentos, se obtuvo información dietética durante el embarazo. Las concentraciones urinarias de Mo se determinaron por espectrometría de absorción atómica, en al menos dos trimestres del embarazo. La asociación se estimó mediante modelos de efectos mixtos generalizados. Resultados: Entre 5.8 y 12.7% de las muestras superaron el P95 (151 µg/L y 148 µg/g creatinina) de la distribución de Mo urinario reportado para mujeres por la Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición y Salud de Estados Unidos (NHANES) 2009-2010. El mayor consumo de chile (β=1.34μg/g; IC95%: 1.00-1.80; p=0.05) se asoció con concentraciones marginalmente mayores de Mo. Conclusión: Probablemente debido a los fertilizantes o el sistema de riego utilizado en su cultivo, el consumo de chile es una posible fuente de exposición a Mo, en esta población.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Diet , Molybdenum/urine , Pregnancy Trimesters/urine , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects , Socioeconomic Factors , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Capsicum/chemistry , Pilot Projects , Feeding Behavior , Mexico , Molybdenum/toxicity , Molybdenum/pharmacokinetics
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(12): e5916, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888970

ABSTRACT

Lider-7-tang, a medicine used for the treatment of respiratory diseases especially pneumonia and fever in Mongolian Traditional Medicine, was selected for this phytochemical and pharmacological study. The objectives of the study were to determine total biological active substances and analyze the effects of Lider-7-tang treatment in rats with acute lung injury (ALI). Quantitative determination of the total active constituents (phenolic, flavonoid, iridoid and alkaloid) of the methanol extract of Lider-7-tang was performed using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent, aluminum chloride reagent, Trim-Hill reagent, and Bromocresol green reagent, respectively. A total of fifty 8-10-week-old male Wistar rats (200-240 g) were randomized into three groups: control group, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group (7.5 mg/kg) and LPS+Lider-7 group (90 mg/kg Lider-7-tang before LPS administration). The total content of alkaloids was 0.2±0.043%, total phenols 7.8±0.67%, flavonoids 3.12±0.206%, and iridoids 0.308±0.0095%. This study also evaluated the effects of Lider-7 on levels of inflammatory mediators by observing histopathological features associated with LPS-induced ALI. The rats pretreated with Lider-7 had significantly lower levels of IL-6 (at 3 and 6 h), and TNF-α (at 3, 6, 9, and 12 h). The current study showed that Lider-7 exerted a preventive effect against LPS-induced ALI, which appeared to be mediated by inhibiting the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Alkaloids/pharmacology , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Iridoids/pharmacology , Phenols/pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal/chemistry , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Alkaloids/analysis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flavonoids/analysis , Indicators and Reagents , Interleukin-6/blood , Iridoids/analysis , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/drug effects , Lung/pathology , Molybdenum , Mongolia , Phenols/analysis , Phytotherapy/methods , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Spectrophotometry , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Tungsten Compounds
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109779

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of molybdenum (Mo) and/or cadmium (Cd) on antioxidant function and the apoptosis-related genes in duck spleens. Sixty healthy 11-day-old ducks were randomly divided into six groups of 10 ducks (control, low Mo group, high Mo, Cd, low Mo + Cd, and high Mo + Cd groups). All were fed a basal diet containing low or high dietary doses of Mo and/or Cd. Relative spleen weight, antioxidant indices, apoptosis-related gene mRNA expression levels, and ultrastructural changes were evaluated after 120 days. The results showed that the relative spleen weight decreased significantly in the high Mo + Cd treatment group which compared with control group. Malondialdehyde levels increased and xanthine oxidase and catalase activities decreased in the Mo and/or Cd groups compared with levels in the control group. Bak-1 and Caspase-3 expressions were upregulated in the high Mo + Cd group, while Bcl-2 was downregulated. In addition, mitochondrial crest fracture, swelling, vacuolation, deformed nuclei, and karyopyknosis in both Mo + Cd treated groups were more severe than in the other groups. The results suggest that Mo and/or Cd can induce oxidative stress and apoptosis of spleen via effects on the mitochondrial intrinsic pathway. Moreover, the results indicate the two elements have a possible synergistic relationship.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cadmium , Caspase 3 , Catalase , Diet , Ducks , Malondialdehyde , Molybdenum , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Messenger , Spleen , Xanthine Oxidase
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179521

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of non-thermal atmospheric pressure plasma (NTAPP) treatment on shear bond strength (SBS) between resin cement and colored zirconia made with metal chlorides. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 60 zirconia specimens were divided into 3 groups using coloring liquid. Each group was divided again into 2 sub-groups using plasma treatment; the experimental group was treated with plasma, and the control group was untreated. The sub-groups were: N (non-colored), C (0.1 wt% aqueous chromium chloride solution), M (0.1 wt% aqueous molybdenum chloride solution), NP (non-colored with plasma), CP (0.1 wt% aqueous chromium chloride solution with plasma), and MP (0.1 wt% aqueous molybdenum chloride solution with plasma). Composite resin cylinders were bonded to zirconia specimens with MDP-based resin cement, and SBS was measured using a universal testing machine. All data was analyzed statistically using a 2-way ANOVA test and a Tukey test. RESULTS: SBS significantly increased when specimens were treated with NTAPP regardless of coloring (P<.001). Colored zirconia containing molybdenum showed the highest value of SBS, regardless of NTAPP. The molybdenum group showed the highest SBS, whereas the chromium group showed the lowest. CONCLUSION: NTAPP may increase the SBS of colored zirconia and resin cement. The NTAPP effect on SBS is not influenced by the presence of zirconia coloring.


Subject(s)
Chlorides , Chromium , Molybdenum , Plasma Gases , Plasma , Resin Cements
11.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 50(4): 635-642, dic. 2016. graf, mapas, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-837636

ABSTRACT

Se describe la validación de un método para la determinación de manganeso, molibdeno y zinc, a niveles traza, en soluciones acuosas, mediante espectroscopia de emisión-plasma inductivo de argón. Se optimizó y validó la cuantificación de manganeso, molibdeno y zinc en solución acuosa ácida usando un espectrómetro de emisión atómica de plasma inductivo. Se determinaron: selectividad/especificidad, linealidad, repetibilidad y precisión intermedia utilizando materiales de referencia, y sesgo contrastando contra material de referencia certificado de matriz. Las longitudes de onda (nm) seleccionadas fueron: Zn 213.857, Mn 257.610 y Mo 202.031, las cuales permitieron discriminar interferencias espectrales. Se probó la linealidad de las funciones respuesta mediante evaluaciones estadísticas ad hoc. La precisión intermedia varió entre 5 y 11% y el sesgo no superó el 12%. Los límites de cuantificación (μg/L) fueron: Mn: 5; Zn: 10 y Mo: 10. Las incertidumbres asociadas a las determinaciones oscilaron entre 10 y 16%. La validación del método propuesto demostró que es selectivo, proporciona incertidumbres adecuadas y es de utilidad para cuantificar de manera rápida y certera los metales traza estudiados en matrices que puedan ser llevadas a solución acuosa, previa digestión en medio ácido.


A method to accurately determine and quantify manganese, molybdenum and zinc using Optical Emission Spectroscopy-Inductively Coupled Plasma by optical emission spectrometer was optimized and validated. Selectivity/ specificity, linearity, repeatability, intermediate precision and bias using reference materials and certified matrix reference material, respectively, were determined. Selected wavelengths (nm) Zn 213.857; Mn 257.610 and Mo 202.031 made it possible to discriminate spectral interferences. Linearity was proved by ad hoc statistical evaluations. Intermediate precision ranged between 5 and 11% and bias was never greater than 12%. Quantification limits (mg/L) were: Mn: 5; Zn: 10 y Mo: 10. Uncertainties associated to analytical determinations ranged between 10% and 16%. The validation of the proposed method demonstrated that it is selective, it provides adequate uncertainties and it is useful to quantify quickly and accurately the studied trace metals in matrices that can be taken intoaqueous solution with prior digestion in acid medium.


Descreve-se a validação de um método para a determinação de manganês, molibdênio e zinco a níveis-traço, em soluções aquosas, por Espectrometria de emissão por plasma acoplado indutivamente de argônio. Foi maximizada e validada a quantificação de manganês, molibdênio e zinco em solução aquosa ácida, utilizando um espectrômetro de emissão atômica por plasma acoplado indutivamente. Foram determinados: seletividade/especificidade, linearidade, repetibilidade e precisão intermediária usando materiais de referência, e viés contrastando contra material de referência certificado de matriz. Os comprimentos de onda (nm) selecionados foram: Zn 213.857; Mn 257.610 e Mo 202.031, os quais permitiram discriminar interferências espectrais. A linearidade das funções resposta foi provada por avaliações estatísticas ad hoc. A precisão intermediária variou entre 5 e 11% e o viés não ultrapassou 12%. Os limites de quantificação (μg/L) foram: Mn: 5; Zn: 10 e Mo: 10. As incertezas associadas com as determinações variaram entre 10 e 16%. A validação do método proposto demonstrou que é seletivo, proporciona incertezas adequadas e é útil para quantificar com rapidez e precisão os metais-traço estudados em matrizes que podem ser levadas a solução aquosa, prévia digestão em meio ácido.


Subject(s)
Zinc/analysis , Manganese/analysis , Molybdenum/analysis , Analytical Methods , Reference Parameters
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(3): 629-635, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-785700

ABSTRACT

Este estudo avaliou a capacidade de um sal mineral rico em molibdênio (Mo) em prevenir a intoxicação cúprica acumulativa (ICA), mediante a análise das variáveis clínicas e dos teores de cobre (Cu) e Mo hepático. Foram utilizados 25 ovinos cruzados da raça Ile-de-France, aleatoriamente distribuídos igualmente em cinco grupos, em que o grupo 1 recebia dieta contendo 80% de volumoso e 20% de concentrado, os grupos 2 e 3 recebiam 50% de volumoso e 50% de concentrado, e os grupos 4 e 5 recebiam a mesma dieta dos grupos 2 e 3, com a adição diária de 150mg de sulfato de Cu. Os grupos 1, 3 e 5 recebiam sal mineral contendo 300ppm de Mo. Foram realizadas três biópsias hepáticas para determinação de Cu, Mo e Zn. Três ovinos do grupo 4 e um do grupo 5 manifestaram ICA. Não houve diferença na frequência de mortalidade entre os grupos (P=0,56). Os teores de Cu hepático nos ovinos com ICA (2450ppm) foram superiores aos que não intoxicaram (1518ppm). Quanto maior a ingestão de Mo na dieta, menor foi o acúmulo de Cu hepático ao término do experimento (r = -0,72).(AU)


The aim of this project is to evaluate the capacity of a molybdenum-rich mineral salt in the prevention of cumulative cooper poisoning (CCP) in sheep, through clinical and hepatic copper and molybdenum concentrations. Twenty five crossbreed Ile-de-France sheep were randomly distributed equally into five groups. Group 1 received a 80% forage and 20% concentrate diet, groups 2 and 3 received a 50% forage and 50% concentrate diet, and groups 4 and 5 received the same diet as groups 2 and 3 with a daily supplementation of 150 mg of copper sulfate. Groups 1, 3 and 5 received a mineral salt with 300 ppm of molybdenum. Three times during the experiment a liver biopsy was carried out to evaluate the degree of copper accumulation. Three sheep from group 4 and one sheep from group 5 showed a clinical picture of CCP. There was no difference in the frequency of mortality between groups 4 and 5 (P=0.56). The liver copper concentration was higher in sheep with CCP (2450 ppm) compared to sheep that did not present CCP (1518 ppm). The higher the ingestion of molybdenum in the diet the lower the liver copper concentration at the end of the experiment (r=-0.72).(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Copper , Molybdenum/administration & dosage , Poisoning/veterinary , Sheep , Liver Diseases/diagnosis , Liver Diseases/veterinary , Zinc
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(1): 155-163, jan.-fev. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-771884

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se conhecer os teores de cobre, zinco, ferro e molibdênio em soro e fígado de pequenos ruminantes criados nos municípios de Casa Nova e Juazeiro, estado da Bahia, e verificar se há carência primária ou secundária de cobre. Foi avaliado um total de 160 amostras de ovinos e caprinos de ambos os sexos, coletados nos períodos seco e chuvoso. O valor de cobre sérico para caprinos foi de 13,8±0,3±mol/L e para ovinos foi de 12,2±0,4±mol/L, enquanto os teores hepáticos médios foram de 220ppm para caprinos e 238ppm para ovinos. O valor de zinco sérico para caprinos foi de 28,3±1,0±mol/L e para ovinos foi de 28,7±0,8±mol/L, enquanto os teores hepáticos médios foram de 99ppm para caprinos e 92ppm para ovinos. O valor de ferro sérico para caprinos foi de 61±3±mol/L e para ovinos foi de 64±2±mol/L, enquanto os teores hepáticos foram de 172ppm para caprinos e 221ppm para ovinos. Os valores médios de cobre não indicam ocorrência de carência deste elemento nos pequenos ruminantes criados nos municípios estudados. Os teores de zinco encontravam-se dentro dos intervalos de normalidade, não sendo verificada a necessidade de suplementação extra deste mineral. Os teores de ferro sérico apresentavam-se bem elevados, contudo sem que houvesse interferência suficiente no metabolismo do cobre de forma a resultar em uma deficiência cúprica.


The aim of this research was to know the copper, zinc, iron and molybdenum content in serum and liver of small ruminants raised in the cities of Casa Nova and Juazeiro, state of Bahia, and verify the occurrence of primary or secondary copper deficiency. A total of 160 samples of sheep and goats of both sexes collected in the dry and rainy season were evaluated. The values for serum copper in goats was 13.8±0.3±mol/L and in sheep it was 12.2±0.4 ±mol/L, while the mean liver concentration was 220 ppm for goats and 238 ppm for sheep. The serum zinc value for goats was 28.3±1.0±mol/L and for sheep it was 28.7±0.8±mol/L, while the mean liver concentration was 99 ppm for goats and 92 ppm for sheep. Serum iron value for goats was 61±3±mol/L and for sheep it was 64±2±mol/L, while liver levels were 172 ppm for goats and 221 ppm for sheep. Copper mean values do not indicate the occurrence of copper deficiency in small ruminants raised in the cities studied. Zinc levels were within the normal values and do not require extra supplementation of this mineral. The serum iron levels were elevated, however it did not interfere in copper metabolism in order to result in a cupric deficiency.


Subject(s)
Animals , Liver , Minerals , Ruminants , Serum , Soil Analysis , Abattoirs , Copper , Iron , Molybdenum
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812615

ABSTRACT

Myosin II plays multiple roles in physiological and pathological functions through its ATPase activity. The present study was designed to optimize a micro-assay of myosin II ATPase activity based on molybdenum blue method, using a known myosin II ATPase inhibitor, blebbistatin. Several parameters were observed in the enzymatic reaction procedure, including the concentrations of the substrate (ATP) and calcium chloride, pH, and the reaction and incubation times. The proportion of coloration agent was also investigated. The sensitivity of this assay was compared with the malachite green method and bioluminescence method. Additionally, 20 natural compounds were studied for myosin II ATPase inhibitory activity using the optimized method. Our results showed that ATP at the concentration of 5 mmol·L(-1) and ammonium molybdate : stannous chloride at the ratio of 15 : 1 could greatly improve the sensitivity of this method. The IC50 of blebbistatin obtained by this method was consistent with literature. Compound 8 was screened with inhibitory activity on myosin II ATPase. The optimized method showed similar accuracy, lower detecting limit, and wider linear range, which could be a promising approach to screening myosin II ATPase inhibitors in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biological Products , Chemistry , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Methods , Enzyme Inhibitors , Chemistry , Kinetics , Molybdenum , Chemistry , Myosins , Chemistry , Metabolism , Rabbits
15.
Bauru; s.n; 2016. 94 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-881415

ABSTRACT

A atresia maxilar é um quadro de desarranjo de desenvolvimento do arco dentário presente em diversos tipos de má oclusão, desde as alterações transversais mais simples e puras até as formas mais graves, contemplando as divergências verticais e sagitais. O diagnóstico desta atresia, muitas vezes, é simplificado na presença ou não de mordida cruzada posterior, sendo ela unilateral ou bilateral. No entanto, faz-se necessário uma avaliação mais criteriosa que compreenda não só a própria alteração de forma do arco dentário, mas também as modificações oclusais subsequentes, como relação sagital de classe II ou III de Angle ou as discrepâncias verticais. Uma das possíveis formas de tratamento ortodôntico está ligada as expansões rápidas da maxila, método de incrementos ósseos por meio de forças ortopédicas, quando o indivíduo ainda apresenta potencial de crescimento craniofacial, ou seja, crianças e adolescentes. Já na vida adulta, esta possibilidade de ganhos ortopédicos não mais está presente e a opção não cirúrgica é o tratamento ortodôntico compensatório, por meio de expansão dentoalveolar do arco maxilar. O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever os resultados de expansão dentoalveolar, obtidos utilizando-se o arco auxiliar de expansão em TMA (tungstênio, molibdênio e alloy), a partir de medidas lineares e angulares obtidas, bem como a integridade da cortical óssea vestibular desta área. Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo de análise de tomografias computadorizadas, contidas na documentação ortodôntica de 13 pacientes tratados em uma clínica particular, realizadas antes e após a realização desta mecânica de expansão dentoalveolar. Para esta expansão, estes pacientes foram submetidos à instalação de um sobre-arco utilizado por vestibular como um arco auxiliar, sendo justaposto e unido ao fio de nivelamento principal (0,017x0,025 Termoativado) em cinco pontos, sendo 2 pontos nas entradas do tubo dos primeiros molares, 2 pontos entre os pré-molares e 1 ponto entre os incisivos centrais, por meio de fio de amarrilho 0,010 aço. Os resultados apresentaram ganhos estatisticamente significantes para aumento da distância das cúspides ao plano vertical mediano de todos os dentes medidos, bem como aumento da inclinação vestibular destes. A cortical óssea demonstrou adaptação, tendo deslocamento na mesma direção do movimento dentário, porém em menor quantidade. O aumento transversal das distâncias inter-dentárias também apresentou aumentos significativos e condizentes com a literatura. Desta forma, o arco auxiliar de expansão demonstrou-se eficiente para expansão dentoalveolar no paciente adulto, por meio de aumento da inclinação vestibular, com deslocamento dentário maior que o movimento de crista óssea, apresentado ganhos transversais significantes.(AU)


The Maxillary constriction is a developmental disorder present in various types of malocclusion, from the most simple and pure transverse changes to the most severe forms, causing vertical and sagittal problems. This malocclusion diagnosis is often simplified in the presence or not of posterior crossbite, which can be uni or bilateral. However, a complete evaluation must include not only the dental arch form changes, but also the subsequent occlusal modifications, such as sagittal relationships of Class II or III malocclusions and vertical discrepancies. Maxillary constriction treatment can be performed by rapid maxillary expansion, using orthopedic forces when there is still craniofacial growth. In adults, the possibility of orthopedic changes is no longer present and the non-surgical option is compensatory orthodontic treatment with dentoalveolar expansion, when the disorder magnitude allows. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of dentoalveolar expansion, obtained with a TMA (tungsten and molybdenum alloy) auxiliary expansion archwire, by means of linear and angular measurements, and the integrity of the buccal cortical bone in the posterior area. A retrospective analysis of CT scans, of orthodontic records of 13 patients treated at a private clinic, performed immediately before and after the auxiliary expansion archwire, was used. For the expansion, the patients underwent installation of a secondary arch combined with the primary archwire (0.017x0.025-inch heatactivated Ni-Ti), ligated in five points. Two points in the first molar tube entries, 2 points between the premolars and 1 point between the central incisors, with a 0.010- inch steel ligature wire. The results showed statistically significant transverse increase and buccal inclination for all teeth. The cortical bone showed adaptability and displacement in the same direction of tooth movement, but in smaller amounts. Thus, the auxiliary expansion arch wire proved to be effective to correct dentoalveolar constriction in adult patients, by increasing the buccal dental inclination with larger displacements than the bone crest adaptation and with significant transverse gains.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Alveolar Process/anatomy & histology , Malocclusion/therapy , Orthodontic Appliances , Palatal Expansion Technique/instrumentation , Alloys/therapeutic use , Molybdenum/therapeutic use , Odontometry , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Tungsten/therapeutic use
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(11): 875-881, nov. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-767755

ABSTRACT

Minerais são componentes essenciais na dieta, exercendo diversas funções no organismo animal onde o uso de sais orgânicos visa aumentar a disponibilidade dos inerais no trato digestório. O perfil metabólico auxilia na avaliação de índices produtivos, para tanto, se faz análises de componentes bioquímicos do sangue. O objetivo foi estudar os efeitos que fontes orgânicas e inorgânicas de cobre e enxofre possuem nos parâmetros bioquímicos. O experimento foi realizado na FZEA/USP, para tanto 40 ovinos foram distribuídos em 10tratamentos: 1) dieta basal; 2) dieta contendo Mo; 3) dieta basal+ Cu inorg + S inorg; 4) dieta basal + Cu inorg + S org; 5) dieta basal + Cu org + S inorg; 6) dieta basal + Cu org + S org; 7) dieta com Mo + Cu inorg + S inorg; 8) dieta com Mo + Cu inorg + S org; 9) dieta com Mo + Cu org + S inorg; 10) dieta com Mo + Cu org + S org. De acordo com cada tratamento houve a inclusão de 10mgkg-1 de MS de Cu inorgânico ou orgânico ou 10 mg kg-1 de MS de Mo ou 0,2% de S inorgânico ou orgânico. Os animais receberam dieta única duas vezes ao dia com inclusão de volumoso num total de 3% do peso vivo. O experimento teve duração de 84 dias, com coletas a cada 28 dias para estudo de glicose, ureia, albumina, colesterol, triglicerídeos. Os parâmetros foram analisados com estrutura fatorial 2 x 2 x 2 (com e sem Mo, Cu orgânico e inorgânico e S orgânico e inorgânico) e uma dieta basal e uma basal mais molibdênio, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, com um nível de significância de 5%. Os teores séricos de glicose, ureia, albumina e colesterol não apresentaram diferença significativa entre tratamentos e tempo, tão pouco foram influenciados (p>0.05) pelos tratamentos, sendo as médias 64,8mg dl-1; 30,0mg dl-1; 2,78mg L-1; 72,2mg dl-1respectivamente, apresentando-se dentro da normalidade. Os teores de triglicerídeos nos tratamentos (28.8; 34.8; 30.8; 36.9; 34.3; 27.0; 31.6; 32.1; 34.6; 31.1mg dl-1) foram influenciados pela interação Cu x S...


Minerals are essential components in the diet, exercising various functions in the animal. There are many studies to find better results for the organic sources of minerals, and one of the reasons for that is to avoid the negative interactions. The metabolic profile helps in assessment of production indices, therefore analyzes blood biochemical components. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of organic and inorganic copper and sulphur supplementation on blood biochemical parameters in sheep. The experiment was conducted at the FZEA/USP. Total 40 weaned sheep were divided in a completely randomized design with 10 treatments: 1) basal diet; 2) basal diet plus Mo; 3) basal diet + inorganic Cu + inorganic S; 4) basal diet + inorganic Cu + organic S; 5) basal diet + organic Cu + inorganic S; 6) basal diet + organic Cu + organic S; 7) diet plus Mo + inorganic Cu + inorganic S; 8) diet plus Mo + inorganic Cu + organic S; 9) diet plus Mo + organic Cu + inorganic S; 10) diet plus organic Cu + organic S. According each treatment was added 10mg kg-1 MS inorganic or organic Cu or 10mg kg-1 MS Mo or 0.2% S inorganic or organic. The animals were fed twice a day, a total of 3% of body weight. The experiment lasted 84 days, blood was sampled every 28 days to study glucose, urea, albumin, cholesterol and triglycerides. The parameters were analyzed with factorial structure 2 x 2 x 2 (with and without Mo, organic and inorganic Cu and organic and inorganic S) and a basal diet and a basal diet plus Mo, with 5% significance. Serum levels of glucose, urea, albumin and cholesterol showed no significant difference between treatment and time (p> 0.05). It observed means of 64.8mg dl- 1; 30.0mg dl -1; 2.78mg L -1; 72.2mg dl- 1 respectively for glucose, urea, albumin and cholesterol. Serum levels of triglycerides in the treatments (28.8; 34.8; 30.8; 36.9; 34.3; 27.0; 31.6; 32.1; 34.6; 31.1mg dl- 1) were influenced by interaction Cu x S, triglycerides decreased...


Subject(s)
Animals , Copper/metabolism , Sulfur/metabolism , Dietary Minerals/metabolism , Sheep/blood , Albumins/analysis , Cholesterol/analysis , Glucose/analysis , Hematocrit/veterinary , Molybdenum/analysis , Triglycerides/analysis , Urea/analysis
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 35(9): 767-774, Sept. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-767743

ABSTRACT

Para a determinação dos teores de cobre e de seus antagonistas, foram utilizadas 160 amostras de soro e de fígados, de caprinos e ovinos enviados ao matadouro municipal de Petrolina. As amostras de fígado e soro foram correlacionadas para o mesmo animal, a fim de evitar erros na obtenção dos dados. No soro a atividade da ceruloplasmina foi determinada por método colorimétrico. Para a determinação dos minerais, as amostras foram diluídas de seis a vinte vezes com água Milli-Q. Para determinação das concentrações dos elementos minerais no fígado, as amostras foram digeridas até que se obtivesse uma solução que mantivesse os minerais da amostra inicial e que fosse totalmente liquida, sem a presença de partículas sólidas que pudessem obstruir os capilares de sucção do espectrômetro e assim impedir as leituras das amostras. As concentrações de cobre, molibdênio, ferro e zinco foram determinadas através de espectrometria óptica por emissão de plasma (ICP). Desta forma, foi conduzido o experimento objetivando determinar a ocorrência e distribuição da carência de cobre no território do sertão do vale do rio São Francisco em Pernambuco. Foi observado que não houve carência de cobre nesta região do estado de Pernambuco, quando se avaliou os níveis médios de cobre hepático,. Os níveis de zinco estavam dentro de um padrão de normalidade, enquanto que os níveis de ferro foram mais elevados em ovinos, e os níveis de molibdênio mais reduzidos em caprinos. Verificou-se também que a atividade de ceruloplasmina foi um indicador dos níveis séricos de cobre...


For the determination of copper concentration and its antagonists, 160 serum and liver samples were used, from goat and sheep sent to the municipal slaughterhouse of Petrolina. The samples were correlated with the same animal, in order to prevent errors in data collection. Serum ceruloplasmin activity was determined by colorimetric method. For determination of minerals, the samples were diluted six to twenty times with Milli-Q water. For determining concentrations of mineral elements in the liver, the samples were digested until achieving a solution that maintained the initial sample and minerals totally liquid, without the presence of solid particles which could clog the capillary suction of the spectrometer and prevent reading of samples. The concentrations of copper, molybdenum, iron and zinc were determined by optical emission spectrometry (ICP). Thus, the experiment was conducted to determine the occurrence and distribution of copper deficiency in the San Francisco valley of Pernambuco. No copper deficiency was revealed in this region of the state of Pernambuco, when the mean levels of hepatic copper were evaluated. Zinc levels were within a normal range, whereas iron levels were higher in sheep, and lower levels of molybdenum in goats. It was also found that the activity of ceruloplasmin was an indicator of serum copper...


Subject(s)
Animals , Ceruloplasmin/administration & dosage , Mineral Deficiency , Sheep/growth & development , Copper/isolation & purification , Iron Deficiency/diagnosis , Molybdenum/isolation & purification , Ruminants , Zinc Deficiency
18.
Braz. j. phys. ther. (Impr.) ; 18(6): 513-520, 09/01/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732354

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Knowing the potential for and limitations of information generated using different evaluation instruments favors the development of more accurate functional diagnoses and therapeutic decision-making. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the number of compensatory movements when climbing up and going down stairs, age, functional classification and time taken to perform a tested activity (TA) of going up and down stairs in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). METHOD: A bank of movies featuring 30 boys with DMD performing functional activities was evaluated. Compensatory movements were assessed using the climbing up and going down stairs domain of the Functional Evaluation Scale for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (FES-DMD); age in years; functional classification using the Vignos Scale (VS), and TA using a timer. Statistical analyses were performed using the Spearman correlation test. RESULTS: There is a moderate relationship between the climbing up stairs domain of the FES-DMD and age (r=0.53, p=0.004) and strong relationships with VS (r=0.72, p=0.001) and TA for this task (r=0.83, p<0.001). There were weak relationships between the going down stairs domain of the FES-DMD-going down stairs with age (r=0.40, p=0.032), VS (r=0.65, p=0.002) and TA for this task (r=0.40, p=0.034). CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that the evaluation of compensatory movements used when climbing up stairs can provide more relevant information about the evolution of the disease, although the activity of going down stairs should be investigated, with the aim of enriching guidance and strengthening accident prevention. Data from the FES-DMD, age, VS and TA can be used in a complementary way to formulate functional diagnoses. Longitudinal studies and with broader age groups may supplement this information. .


CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: Conhecer as potencialidades e limitações das informações geradas por diferentes instrumentos de avaliação favorece o desenvolvimento mais preciso do diagnóstico funcional e da tomada de decisão terapêutica. OBJETIVO : Investigar a relação entre o número de movimentos compensatórios ao subir e descer escadas, idade, classificação funcional e tempo de realização de atividade (TA) em meninos com Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne (DMD). MÉTODO : Foi utilizado banco de filmes de 30 meninos com DMD realizando atividades funcionais. Os movimentos compensatórios foram avaliados pela Escala de Avaliação Funcional para Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne (FES-DMD), domínio subir e descer escada; a idade, mensurada em anos; a classificação funcional foi pesquisada pela Escala de Vignos (EV), e o TA foi cronometrado. Foi utilizado o teste de correlação de Spearman. RESULTADOS : Existe moderada relação entre a FES-DMD-subir escada e a idade (r=0,53, p=0,004) e forte relação com a EV (r=0,72, p=0,001) e TA dessa tarefa (r=0,83, p<0,001). Houve fraca relação entre a FES-DMD-descer escada e a idade (r=0,40, p=0,032), EV (r=0,65, p=0,002) e o TA dessa tarefa (r=0,40, p=0,034). CONCLUSÃO : Esses achados indicam que a avaliação da tarefa de subir escada pode trazer informações mais relevantes sobre a evolução da doença, embora a atividade de descer escada deva ser pesquisada visando à orientação e prevenção de acidentes. A utilização conjunta de dados provenientes da FES-DMD, da idade e do TA pode se complementar para formulação do diagnóstico funcional. Estudos longitudinais e com outras faixas etárias mais amplas podem complementar tal informação. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/metabolism , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Binding, Competitive , Buffers , Charcoal , Cytosol/metabolism , Dextrans , Dihydrotestosterone/metabolism , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Estrenes/metabolism , Metribolone , Molybdenum/pharmacology , Progesterone/metabolism , Protease Inhibitors/pharmacology , Temperature , Tartrates/pharmacology , Testosterone Congeners/metabolism
19.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 67(6): 913-919, Nov-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-732813

ABSTRACT

A qualidade de vida (QV) nos idosos é determinada em grande parte pelo seu estado funcional e condições de saúde. Com o objectivo de avaliar o nível de QV, os factores que a influenciam e identificar o grau de dependência dos idosos foi realizado um estudo observacional transversal do tipo exploratório-descritivo, englobando 93 idosos. Na recolha de dados utilizouse o índice de Barthel e MOS-SF 36. Na identificação dos níveis de dependência os resultados indicam-nos que 40,0% são independentes e 18,0% são dependentes mínimos, sendo 12,0% dependentes totais. No que diz respeito à QV 88,0% dos sujeitos refere uma pontuação inferior a 50,0%, em média reportam uma QV de 39±10,0%. Verificou-se que existe uma correlação positiva entre o grau de dependência e o índice de QV, sobretudo na componente física. Assim, importa promover um envelhecimento saudável procurando-se privilegiar a preservação da autonomia e capacidade funcional dos idosos.


The quality of life (QoL) in older adults is largely determined by their functional status and health conditions. With the purpose of investigate the QoL and the factors affecting it, and identify the degree of dependency of the elderly was carried out an observational cross-sectional exploratory and descriptive, involving 93 elderly. In collecting data we used the Barthel Index and MOS SF-36. In the identification of levels of dependency results indicate us that 40.0% are independent and 18.0% are dependents, minimum being 12.0% total-dependent. The results show us that, 88.0% of the subjects reported a score below 50.0% on average reported a QoL of 39±10.0%. Checking that are a positive correlation between the degree of dependence and the index of QoL, especially in the physical component. It is therefore important to promote healthy aging in an attempt to favor the preservation of autonomy and functional capacity of the elderly.


La calidad de vida (CV) en los adultos mayores es en gran parte determinado por su estado funcional y las condiciones de salud. Con el fin de evaluar el nivel de CV y los factores que influyen en ella y determinar el grado de dependencia de los ancianos se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional transversal, exploratorio y descriptivo, que involucró a 93 personas mayores. En la recopilación de datos se utilizó el Índice de Barthel y el MOS SF-36. En la identificación de los nivele de dependiencia los resultados nos indican que 40,0% son independientes, 18,0% são dependentes mínimos y 12,0% dependientes totales. En lo que respeicta a la CV, 88,0% de los sujetos reportaron una puntuación inferior a 50,0% en promedio reportó una CV de 39±10,0%. Tomando nota de que existe una correlación positiva entre el grado de dependencia y el índice de calidad de vida, especialmente en el componente físico. Por tanto, es importante promover un envejecimiento saludable, en un intento de favorecer la preservación de la autonomía y la capacidad funcional de los ancianos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Cadmium/toxicity , Molybdenum/pharmacology , Body Weight/drug effects , Cadmium Chloride , Electrolytes/metabolism , Liver/analysis , Liver/drug effects , Metallothionein/metabolism , Rats, Inbred Strains
20.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 22(6): 926-933, 16/12/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-732950

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: to assess how nurses perceive autonomy, control over the environment, the professional relationship between nurses and physicians and the organizational support and correlate them with burnout, satisfaction at work, quality of work and the intention to quit work in primary healthcare. METHOD: cross-sectional and correlation study, using a sample of 198 nurses. The tools used were the Nursing Work Index Revised, Maslach Burnout Inventory and a form to characterize the nurses. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics were applied and Spearman's correlation coefficient was used. RESULTS: the nurses assessed that the environment is partially favorable for: autonomy, professional relationship and organizational support and that the control over this environment is limited. Significant correlations were evidenced between the Nursing Work Index Revised, Maslach Burnout Inventory and the variables: satisfaction at work, quality of care and the intent to quit the job. CONCLUSION: the nurses' perceptions regarding the environment of practice are correlated with burnout, satisfaction at work, quality of care and the intent to quit the job. This study provides support for the restructuring of work processes in the primary health care environment and for communication among the health service management, human resources and occupational health areas. .


OBJETIVOS: avaliar percepções dos enfermeiros sobre autonomia, controle sobre o ambiente, relação profissional entre enfermeiro e médico e suporte organizacional e correlacioná-las com Burnout, satisfação no trabalho, qualidade do cuidado e intenção de deixar o trabalho, na atenção básica. MÉTODO: estudo transversal e correlacional, com amostra de 198 enfermeiros. Foram utilizados o Nursing Work Index Revised, o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach e uma ficha de caracterização do enfermeiro. Para análise dos dados, foi realizada estatística descritiva e utilizado o coeficiente de correlação de Spearman. RESULTADOS: os enfermeiros avaliaram que o ambiente é parcialmente favorável para: autonomia, relação profissional e suporte organizacional e que há pouco controle sobre o mesmo. Evidenciaram-se correlações significativas entre o Nursing Work Index Revised, o Inventário de Burnout de Maslach e as variáveis: satisfação no trabalho, qualidade de cuidado e intenção de deixar o trabalho. CONCLUSÃO: percepções dos enfermeiros acerca do ambiente da prática correlacionam-se com Burnout, satisfação no trabalho, qualidade do cuidado e intenção de deixar o trabalho. Este estudo fornece subsídios para reestruturação de processos de trabalho no ambiente da atenção básica e para comunicação entre as áreas de gestão de serviços de saúde, recursos humanos e saúde do trabalhador. .


OBJETIVOS: evaluar percepciones de los enfermeros sobre autonomía, control sobre el ambiente, relación profesional entre enfermero y médico y soporte organizacional y correlacionarlas con el síndrome de burnout, la satisfacción en el trabajo, la calidad del cuidado y la intención de dejar el trabajo, en la atención básica. MÉTODO: estudio transversal y de correlación, con muestra de 198 enfermeros. Fueron utilizados el Nursing Work Index Revised, el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach y una ficha de caracterización del enfermero. El análisis de los datos fue realizado con estadística descriptiva y se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman. RESULTADOS: los enfermeros evaluaron que el ambiente es parcialmente favorable para: autonomía, relación profesional y soporte organizacional y que existe poco control sobre el mismo. Se evidenciaron correlaciones significativas entre el Nursing Work Index Revised, el Inventario de Burnout de Maslach y las variables: satisfacción en el trabajo, calidad del cuidado e intención de dejar el trabajo. CONCLUSIÓN: las percepciones de los enfermeros acerca del ambiente de la práctica se correlacionan con burnout, satisfacción en el trabajo, calidad del cuidado e intención de dejar el trabajo. Este estudio ofrece subsidios para la reestructuración de procesos de trabajo en el ambiente de la atención básica y para comunicación entre las áreas de administración de servicios de salud, recursos humanos y salud del trabajador. .


Subject(s)
Oxytetracycline/analysis , Capsules , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Indicators and Reagents , Molybdenum/chemistry , Oxytetracycline/chemistry , Solutions , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet
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