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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(6): 672-675, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376762

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction Physical training is a well-known training method in competitive sports. However, in the majority of the physical training classes, the focus is still on the traditional exercises of physical conditioning as strength, speed, resistance, etc., directed for young athletes that are in the growth and development phase, without a literary base to assure actual effectiveness in the load increases for the athletic performance facing the risks in the athletes' physical proprioception. Objective Explores the effect of functional training on the physical sensibility of sports athletes. Methods The data collection method is used in the daily training of six notable athletes in a district sports school: judo, martial arts, wrestling, tennis team, swimming team, and table tennis team, adding the functional training protocol in body movement. Results The average performance of the groups before and after the experiment was collected and confronted, the difference test was performed, and the test result found P>0.05. The athletes in the experimental group not only improved the footwork speed and physical coordination, the movement speed of the footwork and the speed of the connection between movements increased significantly in the sixth week, reflecting more excellent stability and motor coordination in the movements. Proprioception is one of the essential sports qualities of the human body; it is directly related to physical qualities such as speed and strength and is also closely related to the different neural pathways. Conclusion Functional training can improve athletes' physical flexibility and motor coordination; it can also stimulate body proprioceptors, increase athletes' confidence, and make training more efficient and effective. Evidence level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the results.


RESUMO Introdução O treinamento físico é um método de treinamento bastante conhecido em esportes competitivos. Porém, na maioria das aulas de treinamento físico, o foco ainda está nos exercícios tradicionais de condicionamento físico como força, velocidade, resistência, etc., voltados para jovens atletas que estão em fase de crescimento e desenvolvimento, sem embasamento literário para assegurar uma real eficácia nos aumentos de carga para o desempenho atlético frente aos riscos na propriocepção física dos atletas. Objetivo Explorar o efeito do treinamento funcional na sensibilidade física de atletas esportivos. Métodos O método de coleta de dados é utilizado no treinamento diário de seis diferentes atletas especiais em uma escola de esportes distrital: judô, artes marciais, luta livre, equipe de tênis, equipe de natação e equipe de tênis de mesa, agregando o protocolo de treino funcional em movimento corporal. Resultados O desempenho médio dos grupos antes e depois do experimento foram coletados e confrontados, o teste de diferença foi realizado, sendo o resultado do teste encontrado P>0,05. Os atletas do grupo experimental não apenas melhoraram a velocidade de trabalho com os pés e a coordenação física, a velocidade do movimento do trabalho com os pés e a velocidade da conexão entre os movimentos aumentaram significativamente na sexta semana, refletindo maior estabilidade e coordenação motora nos movimentos. A propriocepção é uma das qualidades esportivas essenciais do corpo humano, não está apenas diretamente relacionada às qualidades físicas, como velocidade e força, mas também está intimamente relacionada as diferentes vias neurais. Conclusão O treinamento funcional pode melhorar a flexibilidade física e a coordenação motora dos atletas; também pode estimular os proprioceptores corporais, aumentar a confiança dos atletas e tornar o treinamento mais eficiente e eficaz. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - Investigação de resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción El entrenamiento físico es un método de entrenamiento muy conocido en los deportes de competición. Sin embargo, en la mayoría de las clases de entrenamiento físico, el enfoque sigue siendo los ejercicios tradicionales de acondicionamiento físico como fuerza, velocidad, resistencia, etc., dirigidos para jóvenes atletas que están en fase de crecimiento y desarrollo, sin base literaria para asegurar una eficacia real en los aumentos de carga para el rendimiento atlético frente a los riesgos en la propiocepción física de los atletas. Objetivo Explorar el efecto del entrenamiento funcional en la sensibilidad física de los deportistas. Métodos El método de recogida de datos se utiliza en el entrenamiento diario de seis atletas especiales diferentes en una escuela deportiva distrital: judo, artes marciales, lucha, equipo de tenis, equipo de natación y equipo de tenis de mesa, añadiendo el protocolo de entrenamiento funcional en el movimiento corporal. Resultados Se recogió el rendimiento medio de los grupos antes y después del experimento y se confrontó, se realizó la prueba de la diferencia y el resultado de la prueba fue P>0,05. Los atletas del grupo experimental no sólo mejoraron la velocidad del trabajo de pies y la coordinación física, sino que la velocidad del movimiento de pies y la velocidad de la conexión entre los movimientos aumentaron significativamente en la sexta semana, lo que refleja una mayor estabilidad y coordinación motora en los movimientos. La propiocepción es una de las cualidades deportivas esenciales del cuerpo humano, no sólo está directamente relacionada con cualidades físicas como la velocidad y la fuerza, sino que también está estrechamente relacionada con las diferentes vías neuronales. Conclusión El entrenamiento funcional puede mejorar la flexibilidad física y la coordinación motora de los atletas; también puede estimular los propioceptores corporales, aumentar la confianza de los atletas y hacer que el entrenamiento sea más eficiente y eficaz. Nivel de evidencia II;Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Proprioception/physiology , Sports/physiology , Exercise/physiology , Athletes , Motor Skills/physiology
2.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e56397, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363820

ABSTRACT

According to different researches, 30% of university graduates have a low level of health, and studying at university is one of the factors of its deterioration, besides the first year is considered critical. The purpose of research is to study the dynamics of physical development, physical fitness and functional state of young men during the first year of university studies. For the survey we used standard measurements and index calculations for 11 indicators of physical development, 9 indicators of physical fitness and 15 indicators of functional status. We calculated the arithmetic mean (M), the standard error of the mean (m), then evaluated differences by the Student criterion (t) for independent samples and considered them as reliable atр < 0.05. It is shown that during the first year of studies, young men have an increase in the Erismann index, the corpulence (Rohrer's) index, the body mass index and a decrease in the Pignet index. There is also an increase in the coefficient of endurance, adaptive capacity and diastolic pressure, while vital capacity of the lungs, the vital index, time of hanging on the bar and the speed of running 1000 m decrease. The dynamics of physical development is expressed in a change in mass-growth indices and indicates an increase in body weight. The dynamics of physical fitness is expressed in a decrease of the time of hanging on the bar and the speed of running 1000 m. The dynamics of the functional state is expressed in a decrease of vital capacity of the lungs, vital index, increase in the coefficient of endurance, adaptive capacity and diastolic blood pressure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Students , Universities/statistics & numerical data , Health Status , Physical Fitness/physiology , Athletic Performance/physiology , Motor Skills/physiology , Physical Endurance/physiology , Running/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Body Weight/physiology , Cardiovascular System , Body Mass Index , Vital Capacity/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Arterial Pressure/physiology , Functional Status , Indicators and Reagents , Men
3.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(3): 829-836, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346992

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to analyze the influence of the quality in the environment on children's motor development between six to 15 months old attending early childhood education centers. Methods: a cross-sectional and analytical study addressing children's motor development between six to 15 months old, both sexes, enrolled in nursery (0-12 months) and preschoolers (12-24 months). The Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development-Infant Scale and Alberta Infant Motor Scale were used in the Brazilian versions Results: the sample was comprised of 104 children and 30 early childhood education centers: presenting a mean age of 9.15 months, 88% attended full-time and 12% part-time schooling (mornings or afternoons). One center was classified with a low Affordances, 26 were considered Sufficient, and three were Adequate. Of the participating children, 40% presented typical motor development. The higher levels of Affordances suggest better motor development, and lower levels of suspected delayed motor development. Conclusion: the environments of early childhood education centers influence children's motor performance, especially daily activities and the use of toys. The lower the Affordances level, more likely children are suspected of delayed motor development.


Resumo Objetivos: analisar a influência da qualidade do ambiente no desenvolvimento motor de crianças na faixa etária entre seis e 15 meses que frequentam centros de educação infantil. Métodos estudo de delineamento transversal e analítico sobre o desenvolvimento motor de crianças entre seis e 15 meses de idade, de ambos os sexos, matriculadas em turmas de berçário (0-12 meses) e maternal I (12-24 meses), com utilização das escalas validadas Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development-Infant Scale e Alberta Infant Motor Scale. Resultados: a amostra de 104 crianças e 30 centros de educação infantil apresentou idade média de 9,15 meses, 88% permanecia em período integral e 12% meio período (manhã ou tarde), um centro foi classificado como Affordance Fraca, 26 Suficiente e três Adequada. Das crianças participantes, 40% apresentaram desenvolvimento motor normal. Os maiores níveis de Affordance indicam melhor desenvolvimento motor e níveis menores de Affordance sinalizam suspeita de atraso motor. Conclusão: o ambiente de centros de educação infantil em que a criança está inserida exerce influência no desempenho motor, principalmente ligado às atividades diárias e uso de brinquedos. Quanto menor o nível de Affordance mais possibilidades de suspeita de atraso motor infantil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child Day Care Centers , Child Development , Child Rearing , Motor Skills/physiology , Nurseries, Infant/statistics & numerical data , Play and Playthings , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Total Quality Management
4.
J. Phys. Educ. (Maringá) ; 32: e3272, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360525

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT For children with motor delays, the intervention effectiveness regarding children's routine, overall self-perceptions, and engagement in the lessons, have been understudied. Furthermore, specific sex differences still lack evidence. This study examines the effectiveness of mastery Climate (MC) motor intervention on girls' and boys' daily routine, motor performance, BMI, self-perceptions, and engagement, and the sex differences across these variables. Children with motor delays were randomly assigned to MC Group or Comparison Group. We assessed children's routine at home; perceived competence, social acceptance, and global self-worth; BMI; motor skills; and qualitative engagement in the lesson. Results show girls and boys increased the playtime, motor scores, perceptions of cognitive and motor competence, social acceptance, global self-worth, and engagement with success in the lessons; and, decreased TV time and free play, changing tasks, distraction, and conflicts in the lesson. In conclusion the MC intervention was effective in fostering girl's and boys' achievement.


RESUMO Para crianças com atrasos motores, a eficácia da intervenção motora em relação à rotina, autoconceito e engajamento tem sido pouco estudada. Diferenças específicas de sexo ainda carecem de evidências. Este estudo examina a eficácia da intervenção motora com o Clima para a Maestria (MC) na rotina diária de meninas e meninos, e no desempenho motor, IMC, autoconceito e engajamento; e, as diferenças entre sexo nessas variáveis. Crianças com atrasos motores foram alocadas aleatoriamente no Grupo MC ou Grupo de Comparação. Avaliamos a rotina em casa, competência percebida, aceitação social e autoestima global, IMC, habilidades motoras, e engajamento na aula. Os resultados mostraram que meninas e meninos aumentaram o tempo de brincar e os escores motores, as percepções de competência cognitiva e motora, a aceitação social, o autovalor global e o engajamento com sucesso; e diminuíram o tempo assistindo TV, e as brincadeiras livres, o mudar a tarefa, e as distrações e os conflitos na aula. Conclui-ise que a intervenção MC foi eficaz em promover o desempenho de meninas e meninos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Efficacy , Early Intervention, Educational , Motor Skills/physiology , Play and Playthings/psychology , Self Concept , Exercise/physiology , Body Mass Index , Child Development/physiology , Health Status , Sex Characteristics , Video Games , Failure to Thrive/diagnosis , Social Skills , Learning/physiology
5.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 27(1): 48-56, jan.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090408

ABSTRACT

RESUMO O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o desenvolvimento motor de crianças de quatro a 17 meses e investigar sua associação com fatores de risco sociodemográficos. Estudo transversal, descritivo, composto por crianças de quatro a 17 meses provenientes da unidade de internação pediátrica de um hospital público de Porto Alegre (RS), clinicamente estáveis e com alta breve prevista. Para a avaliação dos fatores de risco sociodemográficos foi utilizado um questionário elaborado pelas pesquisadoras, que abordou fatores biológicos, sociais e ambientais. Para a avaliação do desenvolvimento motor foi utilizada a Alberta Infant Motor Scale na versão traduzida, adaptada e validada para a população brasileira. Para a análise estatística foi utilizado o teste t de Student e o teste qui-quadrado, com nível de significância de 5% (p≤0,05). De um total de 110 crianças avaliadas, o desempenho motor se mostrou aquém do esperado em mais da metade delas (63,6%, n=70). Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre o desenvolvimento motor e vacinas atrasadas (p=0,005), convivência com tabagistas em casa (p=0,047) e recebimento de benefício socioeconômico (p=0,036). Conclui-se que esses fatores sociais podem estar associados a fatores de risco ao desenvolvimento motor de crianças de quatro a 17 meses.


RESUMEN El presente estudio tuvo el objetivo de evaluar el desarrollo motor de niños de 4 a 17 meses de edad e investigar su asociación con factores de riesgo sociodemográficos. Es un estudio transversal, descriptivo, en el cual participaron niños de 4 a 17 meses de la unidad de hospitalización pediátrica de un hospital público en Porto Alegre (Brasil), clínicamente estables y con la espera de recibir el alta pronto. Para la evaluación de los factores de riesgo sociodemográficos, se utilizó un cuestionario desarrollado por los investigadores, que abordó los factores biológicos, sociales y ambientales. Para la evaluación del desarrollo motor, se utilizó la Alberta Infant Motor Scale en la versión traducida, adaptada y validada para la población brasileña. En el análisis estadístico, se aplicaron la prueba t de Student y la prueba chi-cuadrado, con un nivel de significación del 5% (p≤0,05). De 110 niños evaluados, más de la mitad de ellos (63,6%, n=70) tuvieron rendimiento motor inferior a lo esperado. Hubo una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre el desarrollo motor y las vacunas tardías (p=0,005), la convivencia con fumadores en el hogar (p=0,047) y el recibimiento de beneficios socioeconómicos (p=0,036). Se concluye que estos factores sociales pueden estar asociados con factores de riesgo para el desarrollo motor de niños de 4 a 17 meses.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate the motor development of children aged four to 17 months and investigate its association with sociodemographic risk factors. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted with clinically stable children aged four to 17 months from the pediatric inpatient unit of a public hospital in Porto Alegre, RS, and whose hospital discharge would happen soon. For the evaluation of sociodemographic risk factors, a questionnaire developed by the researchers was used which addressed biological, social and environmental factors. The Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS), in its version translated, adapted and validated to Brazilian Portuguese, was used in the evaluation of motor development. In statistical analysis, Student's t-test and Chi-square test were used with significance level of 5% (p≤0.05) for all tests. From a total of 110 evaluated children, motor performance was lower than expected in more than half of them (63.6%, n=70). Motor development presented statistically significant associations with delayed vaccines (p=0.005), cohabitation with smokers (p=0.047), and receiving socioeconomic benefits (p=0.036). In conclusion, social factors such as delayed vaccines, cohabitation with smokers and receiving socioeconomic benefits may be associated with risk factors related to motor development of children aged four months to 17 months old.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child Development , Social Vulnerability , Motor Skills/physiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Developmental Disabilities/prevention & control , Developmental Disabilities/rehabilitation , Developmental Disabilities/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Motor Disorders/diagnosis , Motor Disorders/prevention & control , Motor Disorders/rehabilitation , Motor Disorders/epidemiology
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190355, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1090783

ABSTRACT

Abstract The tongue participates in the oral phase of swallowing by pushing the food bolus toward the oropharynx. This relationship between tongue function and swallowing is little addressed addressed in individuals with temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). Objective: To analyze the association of functional tongue conditions on swallowing in individuals with TMD. Methodology: After approval by the Institutional Review Board, the study was conducted on 30 individuals of both sexes, aged 18 to 28 years, with TMD, and not treated for the disorder. Tongue function was assessed as to the mobility, pressure, and oral motor control. Swallowing was analyzed by clinical assessment during ingestion of solid (wafer biscuit) and liquid (water). Data regarding mobility and swallowing were collected using the orofacial myofunctional evaluation protocol. Tongue pressure was measured by the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument, during elevation, protrusion, swallowing, and resistance test. The oral motor control was assessed by the oral diadochokinesis (DDK) test by rapid and repeated emissions of syllables "ta" and "ka". Data were statistically analyzed by the Spearman correlation coefficient, at a significance level of 5%. Results: Relationships were found between tongue function and swallowing for the following aspects: mobility (r=0.741), pressure in protrusion (r=-0.366), swallowing of saliva (r=-0.499), mean DDK rate in emissions "ta" (r=-0.424) and "ka" (r=-0.446), and mean DDK period in emissions "ta" (r=0.424) and "ka" (r=0.446). Thus, the greater the change in tongue mobility, the lower the tongue pressure in protrusion and swallowing of saliva, the lower the emissions per second, the longer the mean time between vocalizations, and the worse the swallowing of individuals with TMD. Conclusion: The functional conditions of the tongue regarding mobility, pressure, and oral DDK were associated with swallowing in individuals with TMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Tongue/physiopathology , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/physiopathology , Deglutition/physiology , Reference Values , Saliva/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Motor Skills/physiology
7.
CoDAS ; 32(1): e20190017, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055896

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Comparar o desempenho das habilidades motora grossa, motora fina-adaptativa, linguagem, cognitiva e pessoal-social de meninas entre 36 e 70 meses com hipotireoidismo congênito tratado no período pós-natal com seus pares sem alterações tireoidianas. Método Participaram 15 meninas com diagnóstico de hipotireoidismo congênito, com idade cronológica variando de 36 a 70 meses no Grupo Experimental (GE); e 15 meninas sem alterações tireoidianas no Grupo Comparativo (GC), pareadas por idade cronológica e nível socioeconômico. Os instrumentos de avaliação utilizados foram: Entrevista com os pais; Teste de Vocabulário por Imagem Peabody (TVIP-R); e Teste de Triagem do Desenvolvimento de Denver II (TTDD-II). Foi realizada a avaliação psicológica, quanto ao nível intelectual, com a aplicação da Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (SBIS). A estatística foi realizada por meio de análise descritiva, teste "t" de Student e Teste de Mann-Whitney, nível de significância de p <5%. Resultados Na comparação do TVIP-R e SBIS, houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre o GE e o GC. Na comparação entre as áreas do TTDD-II, houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos para as áreas de Linguagem, Motora Grossa e Motora Fina-Adaptativa. Conclusão O presente estudo confirmou a interferência do Hipotireoidismo Congênito no desenvolvimento infantil, mesmo quando diagnosticado e tratado precocemente, levando a mudanças no desenvolvimento que podem trazer prejuízos nas áreas motora, cognitiva e linguística.


ABSTRACT Objective To compare the performance in gross motor, fine motor-adaptive, language, cognitive and personal-social development skills of girls with a mean age of 36 to 71 months with Congenital Hypothyroidism treated from the neonatal period with that of their peers without thyroid alterations. Methods The participants included in the study were 30 children aged between 36 and 70 months divided into two groups paired for chronological age and socioeconomic status: 15 girls diagnosed with Congenital Hypothyroidism - Experimental Group (EG) and 15 girls without thyroid changes - Control Group (CG). The following assessment instruments were used: Interview with parents, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test - Revised (PPVT-R), and Denver Developmental Screening Test - 2nd edition (DDST-II). Psychological testing of intellectual functioning was conducted with application of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (SBIS). The descriptive statistical analysis was performed using Student's t-test and the Mann-Whitney test at a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). Results Comparison of the PPVT-R and SBIS results showed a statistically significant difference between the EG and CG. Comparison of the DDST-II results showed a statistically significant difference between the groups for the fine motor-adaptive, language and gross motor areas. Conclusion The present study confirms that Congenital Hypothyroidism affects child development, even when children are diagnosed and treated early, leading to alterations that can impair their motor, cognitive and language development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Child Language , Cognition Disorders , Congenital Hypothyroidism/physiopathology , Motor Skills/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Child Development , Cognition , Social Skills , Language Development
8.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(10): 681-688, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038731

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Immersive virtual reality (VR) is a technology that provides a more realistic environmental design and object tracking than ordinary VR. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of immersive VR on upper extremity function in patients with ischemic stroke. Sixty-five patients with ischemic stroke were included in this randomized, controlled, double-blind study. Patients were randomly divided into VR (n = 33) and control (n = 32) groups. The VR group received 60 minutes of the upper extremity immersive VR rehabilitation program and the control group received 45 minutes of conventional therapy and 15 minutes of a sham VR program. Rehabilitation consisted of 18 sessions of therapy, three days per week, for six weeks. The outcome measures were the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Fugl-Meyer Upper Extremity Scale (FMUE) and Performance Assessment of Self-Care Skills (PASS). In both the VR and control groups all parameters except the PASS improved over time. However independent t-test results showed that all of the FMUE, ARAT, FIM and PASS scores were significantly higher in the VR group compared with the control (p < 0.05). The minimal clinically important difference (MCID) scores of the FMUE and ARAT were higher than the cut-off MCID scores described in the literature in the VR group, whereas the FIM scores were below the cut-off MCID scores. All scores in the control group were below the cut-off scores. Immersive VR rehabilitation appeared to be effective in improving upper extremity function and self-care skills, but it did not improve functional independence.


RESUMO A VR imersiva é uma tecnologia que fornece design ambiental e rastreamento de objetos mais realistas do que a VR comum. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a eficácia da VR imersiva na função da extremidade superior em pacientes com AVC isquêmico. Sessenta e cinco pacientes com AVC isquêmico foram incluídos neste estudo randomizado, controlado e duplo-cego (clinictrials.gov. ID: NCT03135418). Os pacientes foram divididos aleatoriamente em VR (n = 33) e controle (n = 32). O grupo VR recebeu 60 minutos do programa de reabilitação imersiva da extremidade superior e o grupo controle recebeu 45 minutos de terapia convencional e 15 minutos de um programa falso de VR. A reabilitação consistiu em 18 sessões de terapia, 3 dias por semana, durante 6 semanas. As medidas de resultado foram Teste de braço de pesquisa-ação (ARAT), Medida de independência funcional (FIM), Escala de extremidades superiores de Fugl-Meyer (FMUE) e Avaliação de desempenho de habilidades de autocuidado (PASS). Nos grupos VR e controle, todos os parâmetros, exceto o PASS, melhoraram com o tempo. No entanto, os resultados dos testes t independentes mostraram que todos os escores FMUE, ARAT, FIM e PASS foram significativamente maiores no grupo VR em comparação ao controle (p <0,05). Os escores de FMUE e ARAT de diferença minimamente clinicamente importante (MCID) foram maiores que os pontos de corte de MCID descritos na literatura no grupo VR, enquanto os escores de FIM estiveram abaixo dos pontos de corte de MCID. Todas as pontuações no grupo controle estiveram abaixo das pontuações de corte. A reabilitação imersiva da VR parece ser eficaz para melhorar a função da extremidade superior e as habilidades de autocuidado, mas não melhora a independência funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Brain Ischemia/rehabilitation , Upper Extremity/physiopathology , Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy/methods , Stroke Rehabilitation/methods , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Activities of Daily Living , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Recovery of Function/physiology , Stroke/physiopathology , Motor Skills/physiology , Movement/physiology
9.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(5): 522-532, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058179

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La adquisición de las destrezas motoras fundamentales influyen en la capacidad que tiene el niño para interactuar con el ambiente. Por lo anterior diversos instrumentos han sido creados para su evaluación. OBJETIVO: Evaluar la consistencia interna, reproducibilidad y el nivel de acuerdo de la Batería para la evaluación del Movimiento en Niños -2- banda 1 (MABC-2) en un grupo de preescolares. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Estudio de evaluación de pruebas diagnósticas con 29 preescolares, seleccionados por conveniencia, matriculados en una institución educativa de la ciudad de Bucaramanga, Colombia. Para la evaluación de la reproducibilidad inter-evaluadores, tres evaluadores observaron cada video de forma independiente. En la evaluación de la reproducibilidad intra-evaluador, cada evaluador observó el mismo video en dos oportunidades diferentes. Fue calculado el a de Cronbach para establecer la consistencia interna, la reproducibilidad intra y entre evaluadores fue calculada con el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (CCI) y el nivel de acuerdo fue determinado em pleando la metodología de Bland y Altman. RESULTADOS: La consistencia interna del total de la prueba para cada uno de los tres evaluadores fue superior a 0,60. Se encontró muy buena reproducibilidad para todos los ítems, atributos y el puntaje total del MABC-2 banda 1 (CCI > 0,85), así como buenos niveles de acuerdo. CONCLUSIÓN: La banda 1 del MABC-2 versión en español es un instrumento con adecuadas propiedades psicométricas de confiabilidad que puede ser utilizado para la evaluación del desarrollo motor en preescolares.


INTRODUCTION: The development of motor skills influences the capacity of the child to interact with the environment. Thus, several instruments have been created for their assessment. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the internal consistency, reproducibility, and agreement level of age band 1 of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children - 2 in a preschool group. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Assessment study of diagnostic tests with 29 preschoolers, selected by convenience, enrollments in an educational ins titution in Bucaramanga city, Colombia. For the inter-evaluators reproducibility assessment, three evaluators watched each video independently. In the intra-evaluator reproducibility assessment, each evaluator watched the same video on two different occasions. The internal consistency, the intra- and inter-evaluator reproducibility, and the agreement level were determined using Cronbach's alpha co efficient, the Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC), and the Bland and Altman limits of agreement method, respectively. RESULTS: Internal consistency of the total test for each of the three evaluators was higher than 0.60. Very good reliability was found for all items, domains, and total score of age band 1 of MABC-2 (ICC > 0.85), as well as good limits of agreement. CONCLUSIONS: age band 1 of MABC-2 Spanish version is an instrument with adequate reliability psychometric properties that can be used for the motor skills development evaluation in preschoolers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis , Motor Skills/physiology , Psychometrics , Observer Variation , Reproducibility of Results , Colombia , Language
10.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(3): 372-381, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041343

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the scientific literature regarding the effects of external variables on KTK motor test scores and to verify which motor tests are associated with KTK. Data sources: Four databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO - and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature - LILACS) were used to search for studies in which the descriptors Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder and KTK were presented in the title, abstract and keywords. Inclusion criteria were: articles published in English or Portuguese from January 2006 to December 2016; free access to the article in full and texts available online; presenting the descriptor terms mentioned above in the title, abstract or keywords; containing sample with children and adolescents aged 4 to 16 years old; being indexed in a journal with a rating of B2 or higher (WebQualis; Qualis 2016) for the area of physical education. The following were excluded: studies in books, chapters of books, theses and dissertations; duplicate scientific articles; conference summaries; articles published in proceedings and abstracts of congresses. Data synthesis: After the three stages of selection (identification, screening and eligibility) and the criteria proposed at the PICOS scale, 29 studies were included in this review. Conclusions: Body composition and the regular practice of physical activities were the variables that presented the greatest influence on KTK. It is important that health professionals working with the pediatric public encourage regular physical activity to improve body composition and, thus, to obtain better KTK scores. Additionally, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC) test had the highest positive correlation with the KTK test.


RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar a literatura científica quanto aos efeitos de variáveis externas nos escores do teste motor KTK e verificar quais testes motores se associam ao KTK. Fonte de dados: Quatro bases de dados (PubMed, Science Direct, Scientific Electronic Library Online - SciELO - e Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde - LILACS) foram utilizadas para busca de estudos em que os descritores Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder e KTK foram apresentados no título, no resumo e nas palavras-chave. Os critérios de inclusão foram: artigos publicados em língua inglesa ou portuguesa de janeiro de 2006 a dezembro de 2016; acesso livre na íntegra e textos disponíveis on-line; apresentação dos termos descritores supracitados no título, no resumo ou nas palavras-chave; conter amostra com crianças e adolescentes de quatro a 16 anos; estar indexado em uma revista com classificação igual ou superior a B2 (WebQualis; Qualis 2016) para a área de educação física. Foram excluídos: estudos em livros, capítulos de livros, teses e dissertações; artigos científicos duplicados; resumos de conferências; artigos publicados em anais; e resumos de congressos. Síntese dos dados: Após três etapas de seleção (identificação, triagem e elegibilidade) e os critérios propostos na escala PICOS, 29 estudos foram incluídos nesta revisão. Conclusões: A composição corporal e a prática regular de atividades físicas foram as variáveis que apresentaram maior influência no KTK. Parece ser importante que os profissionais da saúde que atuam com o público pediátrico incentivem a prática regular de atividades físicas para melhorias da composição corporal e, assim, para a obtenção de melhores escores no KTK. Adicionalmente, o teste Movement Assessment Battery for Children (M-ABC) apresentou a maior correlação positiva com o teste KTK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Child Development/physiology , Motor Skills Disorders/diagnosis , Motor Skills/physiology , Physical Education and Training , Reproducibility of Results
11.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(2): 202-209, abr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012141

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study aimed to make a systematic review of scientific articles on the planning of manual motor actions of typical and atypical children. To do so, a search of articles published between 1996 and 2017 was done on PubMed, LILACS, Science Direct, and SciElo databases. Original articles in English and Portuguese evaluating the planning of motor actions in typical and atypical children performing manual tasks were selected. For the analysis, the population age, number of children, type of task, main results, site of study and impact of the journal were considered. From the eighteen articles found, twelve were about typical children (from nine months old to twenty years old) and six about atypical children (from three to fourteen years old) diagnosed with autism, hemiplegic cerebral palsy, and developmental coordination disorders. In nine- to ten-year-old typical children, the planning ability of manual motor actions develops over the time and is similar to that of an adult. The atypical children showed motor planning ability lower than that of the typical children, and determining the age when this planning ability is acquired was not possible.


RESUMO O objetivo desse estudo foi realizar uma revisão sistemática de artigos científicos sobre o planejamento de ações motoras manuais de crianças típicas e atípicas. Para isso, foi feita uma busca de artigos publicados entre 1996 e 2017 nas bases de dados PubMed, Lilacs, Science Direct e SciELO. Foram incluídos artigos originais em língua inglesa e portuguesa, que avaliaram o planejamento de ações motoras em crianças típicas e atípicas por meio de tarefas manuais. Para a análise dos artigos, considerou-se a população, a faixa etária, o número de crianças, o tipo de tarefa, os principais resultados, o local de realização do estudo e o fator de impacto da revista. Ao todo, foram encontrados 18 artigos, sendo 12 com crianças típicas (9 meses a 20 anos de idade), e 6 com crianças atípicas (3 a 14 anos) diagnosticadas com autismo, paralisia cerebral hemiplégica e transtornos de déficit de coordenação. Nas crianças típicas, observa-se que a capacidade de planejamento de ações motoras manuais se desenvolve ao longo do tempo e se assemelha a de um adulto entre os 9 e 10 anos de idade. As crianças atípicas apresentaram capacidade de planejamento motor inferior à das crianças típicas e não foi possível determinar a idade em que essa habilidade de planejamento é estabelecida.


RESUMEN El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión sistemática de artículos científicos sobre la planificación de acciones motoras manuales de niños típicos y atípicos. Para ello, se realizó una búsqueda de artículos publicados entre 1996 y 2017 en las bases de datos PubMed, Lilacs, Science Direct y SciELO. Se incluyeron artículos originales en inglés y portugués que evaluaron la planificación de acciones motoras en niños típicos y atípicos a través de tareas manuales. Para el análisis de los artículos, se consideró la población, el grupo de edad, el número de niños, el tipo de tarea, los principales resultados, el lugar de realización del estudio y el factor de impacto de la revista. En total, se encontraron 18 artículos, 12 con niños típicos (9 meses a 20 años) y 6 con niños atípicos (3 a 14 años) diagnosticados con autismo, parálisis cerebral hemipléjica y trastornos de déficit de coordinación. En los niños típicos, se observa que la capacidad de planificación de acciones motoras manuales se desarrolla a lo largo del tiempo y entre los 9 y 10 años se asemeja a la de un adulto. Los niños atípicos presentaron una capacidad de planificación de motores inferior a la de los niños típicos y no fue posible determinar la edad en que se estableció esta capacidad de planificación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Sensorimotor Cortex/growth & development , Motor Activity/physiology , Motor Skills/physiology , Autistic Disorder/physiopathology , Cerebral Palsy/physiopathology , Child Development/physiology , Motor Skills Disorders/physiopathology
12.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(1): 51-59, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004835

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the construct validity and model-based reliability of general and specific contributions of the subscales of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) and Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2) when evaluating motor skills across a range of psychiatric disorders. Methods Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and bifactor analysis were conducted on BOT-2 data from 187 elementary school students (grades 1 to 6) (mean age: 113 ± 20 months; boys: n = 117, 62.56%) and on MABC-2 data from 127 elementary school students (grade 1) (mean age: 76 ± 2 months; boys: n = 58, 45.67%). Results The results of the CFA fit the data for multidimensionality for the BOT-2 and presented poor fit indices for the MABC-2. For both tests, the bifactor model showed that the reliability of the subscales was poor. Conclusions The BOT-2 exhibited factorial validity with a multidimensional structure among the current samples, but the MABC-2 showed poor fit indices, insufficient to confirm its multidimensional structure. For both tests, most of the reliable variance came from a general motor factor (M-factor), therefore the scoring and reporting of subscale scores were not justified for both tests.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a validade de construto e a confiabilidade das subescalas do Movement Assessment Battery for Children-2 (MABC-2) e do Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency-2 (BOT-2) com base em modelos das contribuições gerais e específicas ao avaliar habilidades motoras em transtornos psiquiátricos. Métodos Foram realizadas análise fatorial confirmatória (AFC) e análise bifatorial em dados de 187 escolares do primeiro ao sexto ano do ensino fundamental (idade média: 113 ± 20 meses; meninos: n = 117, 62,56%) que foram avaliados com o BOT-2, e em dados de 127 escolares do primeiro ano do ensino fundamental (idade média: 76 ± 2 meses; meninos: n = 58, 45,67%) avaliados com o MABC-2. Resultados Os resultados da AFC apresentaram índices de ajuste satisfatórios de multidimensionalidade para o BOT-2 e apresentaram índices de ajuste insatisfatórios para o MABC-2. Para ambos os testes, o modelo bifatorial mostrou que a confiabilidade das subescalas era ruim. Conclusão O BOT-2 apresentou validade fatorial com uma estrutura multidimensional entre as amostras utilizadas, mas o MABC-2 apresentou índices de ajuste insatisfatórios, insuficientes para confirmar sua estrutura multidimensional. Para ambos os testes, a maior parte da variância confiável veio de um fator motor geral (fator-M), portanto, a pontuação e o relato dos escores das subescalas não se justificaram para ambos os testes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Child Development/physiology , Language Disorders/physiopathology , Learning Disabilities/physiopathology , Motor Skills/physiology , Neuropsychological Tests/standards , Reproducibility of Results , Language Disorders/diagnosis , Learning Disabilities/diagnosis , Neuropsychological Tests/statistics & numerical data
13.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(1): 69-74, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990067

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Clinical motor skills are essential to train dental students. There is evidence that imagery serves to acquire and improve motor skills, since imagining an action, activates the same neural areas as when this is physically performed. The aim of this pilot randomized clinical trial was to examine the feasibility of tridimensional visualization associated with mental imagery on the development of fine motor skills of dental students compared to conventional training. Seventeen dental students without previous preclinical experiences, between 18-25 years old were recruited. After giving a theoretical lecture on the inlay preparation, participants were randomly allocated in two groups. The Experimental Group (N=9) performed daily 30 minutes of "mental practice" after visualizing a video showing the execution of an ideal inlay preparation alternating it with black screen periods to facilitate the imagery. The Control Group (N= 8) performed a 30 minutes "hands on practice" daily of the same preparation. On the fifth day, both groups carried out an inlay preparation physically, which was scanned and overlapped to the virtual preparation to assess accuracy. The execution time and accuracy of the preparation performed with regard to an ideal preparation were compared between groups. The learning style and fine motor skills at baseline were similar in all participants (P>0.001). No statistically significant differences were found between the groups in terms of accuracy. The time of execution in the experimental group was significantly lower than the control group. This pilot study showed that visualization associated to mental imagery could develop fine motor skills in dental students, requiring less execution time than physical practice.


RESUMEN: Las habilidades motoras clínicas son esenciales para entrenar a los estudiantes de odontología. Existe evidencia que la imaginería sirve para adquirir y mejorar las habilidades motoras, ya que al imaginar una acción, se activan las mismas áreas neuronales que cuando la acción se realiza físicamente. El objetivo de este ensayo clínico aleatorizado piloto fue examinar la factibilidad del uso de visualización tridimensional asociada con imaginería para el desarrollo de las habilidades motoras finas en estudiantes de odontología comparado con el entrenamiento convencional. Se reclutaron diecisiete estudiantes de odontología, entre 18-25 años de edad, sin experiencias preclínicas previas. Después de recibir una clase teórica sobre la preparación de una incrustación, los participantes fueron asignados aleatoriamente a dos grupos. El grupo experimental (N = 9) realizó diariamente 30 minutos de "práctica mental" después de visualizar un video que muestra la ejecución de una preparación de incrustación ideal alternando con períodos de pantalla negra para facilitar la imaginación. El grupo de control (N = 8) realizó una práctica diaria de 30 minutos de la misma preparación. El quinto día, ambos grupos llevaron a cabo físicamente una preparación de incrustación, que fue escaneada y esta imagen se superpuso a la preparación virtual ideal para evaluar la precisión. El tiempo de ejecución y la precisión de la preparación realizada con respecto a una preparación ideal se compararon entre ambos grupos. El estilo de aprendizaje y las habilidades motoras finas al inicio del estudio fueron similares en todos los participantes (P > 0,001). No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los grupos en términos de precisión. El tiempo de ejecución en el grupo experimental fue significativamente menor que en el grupo control. Este estudio piloto mostró que la visualización asociada a imaginería podría desarrollar habilidades motoras finas en estudiantes de odontología, requiriendo menos tiempo de ejecución que la práctica física.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students, Dental/psychology , Education, Dental , Motor Skills/physiology , Aptitude Tests , Software Design , Single-Blind Method , Pilot Projects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Simulation Training , Learning
14.
Fisioter. Pesqui. (Online) ; 26(1): 101-109, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002011

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A paralisia cerebral é um grupo de desordens neurológicas causadora de inúmeros déficits, principalmente relacionados à função motora, comprometendo os movimentos e o seu controle seletivo. Dentre as diversas terapias disponíveis para tentar amenizar esse processo, o cicloergômetro aparece como um aparato estacionário que tem por finalidade facilitar a movimentação dos membros inferiores. Portanto, o objetivo deste estudo foi analisar os efeitos do cicloergômetro na função motora grossa de crianças com paralisia cerebral através da escala Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66). Trata-se de uma revisão sistemática, com inclusão de ensaios clínicos randomizados publicados até julho de 2017. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados: MEDLINE (PubMed), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), SciELO e Embase. Para a avaliação da qualidade metodológica das investigações foi utilizada a escala da Cochrane Handbook. Foram selecionados artigos que aplicaram o cicloergômetro em crianças com paralisia cerebral, comparadas a crianças com paralisia cerebral no grupo-controle ou em outra intervenção, e que avaliaram a função motora grossa com a GMFM. A revisão incluiu três artigos e um total de 127 pacientes. Os resultados mostraram um aumento nos valores da GMFM-66, porém não significativo estatisticamente nem relevantes para uma melhora clínica. Por meio desta revisão sistemática, verificou-se uma grande heterogeneidade nos estudos que abordam esta área e que, apesar do incremento de valores no grupo que realizou o cicloergômetro, não houve diferença estatística quando comparado ao grupo-controle, demonstrando não beneficiar a função motora grossa dessa população quando avaliada pela GMFM66.


RESUMEN La parálisis cerebral es un grupo de desórdenes neurológicos causantes de innumerables déficits, principalmente relacionados con la función motora, y que compromete los movimientos y su control selectivo. Entre las diversas terapias disponibles para intentar amenizar ese proceso, el cicloergómetro aparece como un aparato estacionario que tiene por finalidad facilitar el movimiento de los miembros inferiores. Por lo tanto, este estudio buscó analizar los efectos del cicloergómetro en la función motora gruesa de niños con parálisis cerebral por medio de la escala Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66). Se trata de una revisión sistemática, con la inclusión de ensayos clínicos aleatorizados publicados hasta julio de 2017. La búsqueda se realizó en las bases de datos: MEDLINE (PubMed), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), SciELO y Embase. En la evaluación de la calidad metodológica de las investigaciones se utilizó la escala de Cochrane Handbook. Se seleccionaron los artículos que aplicaron el cicloergómetro en niños con parálisis cerebral, comparados a niños con parálisis cerebral en el grupo control o el grupo intervención, y que evaluaron la función motora gruesa con la GMFM. La revisión incluyó tres artículos y un total de 127 pacientes. Los resultados mostraron un aumento en los valores de la GMFM-66, pero no fueron significativos estadísticamente ni relevantes para una mejora clínica. Por medio de esta revisión sistemática, se verificó una gran heterogeneidad en los estudios sobre esta área y que, a pesar del incremento de valores en el grupo que realizó el cicloergómetro, no hubo diferencia estadística cuando comparado al grupo control, demostrando que no benefició la función motora gruesa de esa población cuando evaluada por la GMFM-66.


ABSTRACT Cerebral palsy is a group of neurological disorders that causes innumerable deficits, mainly related to motor function, compromising movements and their selective control. Among the various therapies available to try to soften this process, the cycle ergometer appears as a stationary apparatus that aims to facilitate the movement of the lower limbs. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effects of the cycle ergometer on the gross motor function of children with cerebral palsy by the Gross Motor Function Measure (GMFM-66) scale. This was a systematic review, with inclusion of randomized clinical trials published until July 2017. The search was performed in MEDLINE (PubMed), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), SciELO, and Embase. The Cochrane Handbook Scale was used to evaluate the methodological quality of the investigations. We selected articles that applied the cycle ergometer in children with cerebral palsy, compared to children with cerebral palsy in the control group or other intervention, and that assessed gross motor function with GMFM. The review included three articles and a total of 127 patients. The results have shown a not statistically significant increase in GMFM-66 values, not relevant for clinical improvement. This systematic review has found great heterogeneity in the studies addressing this area and, despite the increase in values in the group that used the cycle ergometer, there was no statistical difference compared to the control group, showing that it does not benefit the gross motor function of this population, when evaluated by GMFM-66.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Cerebral Palsy/therapy , Exercise Therapy/instrumentation , Exercise Therapy/methods , Outcome Assessment, Health Care/methods , Lower Extremity/physiopathology , Monitoring, Physiologic/methods , Motor Skills/physiology
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121937

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Proponer una batería para evaluar el desarrollo motor para estudiantes de primer ciclo básico. METODOLOGÍA: se evaluó una muestra de 190 estudiantes, pertenecientes a tres establecimientos educacionales de la ciudad de Talca, Chile. El rango de edad oscila entre los 5 y 9 años de edad. RESULTADOS: El instrumento evidenció valores aceptables confiabilidad y consistencia interna (Alpha de Cronbach 0,829) Los puntos de corte adoptados son: p<33 Inicial, ≥p33 a p66 Elemental y ≥p66 maduro. Los resultados demuestran que no existen diferencias entre ambos géneros en relación a las habilidades motrices básicas de locomoción, manipulación y equilibrio. CONCLUSIÓN: test de Frugone y Miño es un instrumento fiable para contribuir de forma segura y confiada en la evaluación de los niveles del desarrollo motor en estudiantes escolarizados de primer ciclo básico, lo que sugiere su uso y aplicación en el colegio para monitorizar el progreso del desempeño motor de los alumnos de ambos sexos.


OBJECTIVE: Propose a cognitive assessment (battery) to evaluate the motor development of students during the first basic cycle. METHODOLOGY: A sample of 190 students was evaluated, belonging to three educational establishments in the city of Talca, Chile. The age range varied between 5 and 9 years of age. RESULTS: The instrument showed acceptable values, reliability and internal consistency (Cronbach's Alpha 0.829). The cutting points adopted are: p <33 Initial, ≥p33 to p66 Elemental and ≥p66 mature. CONCLUSION: Frugone & Miño test is a reliable instrument to safely and confidently contribute to the evaluation of the motor development levels in students enrolled in the first basic cycle, which suggests its use and application in school to monitor the progress of the motor performance of students from both sexes. The results show that there are no differences between both genders in relation to the basic motor skills of locomotion, manipulation and balance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Students , Child Development/physiology , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Education, Primary and Secondary , Postural Balance/physiology , Locomotion/physiology , Motor Skills/physiology
16.
Rev. bras. ciênc. saúde ; 23(1): 51-56, 2019. ilus.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008812

ABSTRACT

Analisar a relação entre o risco de quedas e o desempenho das habilidades motoras de idosos, cadastrados no Programa Saúde da Família - PSF, zona urbana, do Município de Vitória de Santo Antão, Região da Zona da Mata do Estado de Pernambuco. Material e Métodos: Estudo do tipo epidemiológico, transversal de campo do tipo descritivo-analítico, observacional e de inquéritos. Participaram desta pesquisa 235 idosos com idade superior ou igual a 60 anos, do gênero masculino e feminino, residentes em Vitória- -PE. O medo de cair foi avaliado por meio da escala de eficácia de quedas FES-I (Falls efficacyscale-International). Para a análise do desempenho motor foram utilizados quatro testes motores: Time Up&Go, Índice de Tinetti, Alcance Funcional e o Apoio Unipodal, avaliados por tempo e equilíbrio. As associações foram verificadas segundo a correlação de Spearman. Resultados: Os dados do presente estudo apontam para uma ocorrência maior de quedas entre o gênero feminino do que no masculino. Os idosos que relataram quedas recorrentes no último ano apresentaram maior comprometimento funcional, independentemente, do sexo. A associação entre a pontuação na FES-I e o número de quedas no ano anterior foi estatisticamente significativa (r=0,602; p=0,005). Conclusão: Os resultados da presente pesquisa apontaram uma associação entre quedas e a capacidade funcional independente do sexo. (AU)


Objective: To analyze the relation between the risk of falls and elderly's motor skills performance (registered in programa de saúde da famíia ­ family health program ­ in the urban area of Vitória de Santo Antão, in Zona da Mata, in Pernambuco state). Material and Methods: Epidemiological, transversal, descriptive and analytical field study, being observational and survey-like. 235 elderly residents, both male and female (60 year old or so), residents in Vitória-PE participated in this research. Fear of falling and falls occurrence were evaluated by FES-I (falls efficacy scale-International). Four motor tests were used to analyze motor performance: Time Up&Go, Tinetti´s Index, Functional Reach and Unipodal Support, evaluated for time and balance. The associations were verified according to Spearman´s correlation. Results: The data of this current study indicate a higher occurrence of falls among women. Elders who reported recurrent falls in the previous year presented a bigger functional difficulty, regardless of their genre, compared to the ones that reported only one fall in the previous year and the ones that reported none. The association between FES-I score and the number of falls in the previous year was statistically significant (r=0,602; p=0,005). Conclusion: The results of the current survey showed an association between falls and functional ability, regardless the genre. (AU)


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Motor Skills/physiology , Aged/physiology
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(8): 2721-2730, Aug. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-952736

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo objetivou analisar o desempenho neuropsicomotor de crianças a partir da realização do Teste de Triagem de Desenvolvimento de Denver II (TTDD-II). Foram avaliadas 318 crianças, com idade entre 36 a 48 meses. Os resultados indicaram que as meninas obtiveram melhor desempenho em três das quatro áreas pesquisadas: Pessoal Social (p < 0,001), Motor Fino (p = 0,020) e Linguagem (p = 0,028). Na área Motor Amplo não foi observada diferença significativa entre os gêneros. Ao se analisar o desempenho das crianças na execução das tarefas previstas no teste, constatou-se diferença significativa nos seguintes itens: na área Pessoal Social, o item mais falho foi "escova os dentes sem ajuda"; na área Motor fino, o item "indica a linha mais longa" apresentou mais falhas; na área da Linguagem, os itens mais falhos foram "conhece 2 adjetivos", "conhece 4 ações" e "compreende 4 preposições"; na área Motor Amplo foi o item mais falho "pula num pé só". A análise dos resultados aponta que padrões socialmente impostos, baseados em diferenças de gênero, podem interferir nos comportamentos neuropsicomotores de crianças. Além disso, conhecer tal perfil de desenvolvimento é de fundamental importância na formulação de políticas públicas e de ações capazes de contribuir para o desenvolvimento infantil.


Abstract This study aimed to analyze the neuropsychomotor performance of children by implementing the Denver Developmental Screening Test-II (DDST-II). We evaluated a sample of 318 children aged 36 to 48 months. Results indicated that girls performed better in three of the four areas analyzed in the test: Personal-Social (p < 0.001), Fine Motor-adaptive (p = 0.020) and Language (p = 0.028). No significant difference was observed between genders in the Gross Motor skills area. Analyzing the performance of children in implementing the tasks expected in the test, we found significant differences in the following items: in the Personal-Social area, the worst-performing item was "Brushes teeth without help"; in the Fine Motor area, the worst-performing item was "shows the longest line"; in the Language area, the worst-performing items were "Knows two adjectives", "Knows four actions" and "Understands four prepositions"; and in the Gross Motor area, the worst-performing item was "Hops on one foot". The results suggest that socially-imposed standards, based on gender differences, may interfere with the neuropsychomotor behavior of children. Furthermore, knowing such development profile is crucial in the formulation of public policies and actions that can contribute to child development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Psychomotor Performance/physiology , Child Development/physiology , Language Development , Motor Skills/physiology , Public Policy , Brazil , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(3): 158-162, Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888368

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate potential associations among executive, physical and food functions in the acute phase after stroke. Methods This is a cross-sectional study that evaluated 63 patients admitted to the stroke unit of a public hospital. The exclusion criteria were other neurological and/or psychiatric diagnoses. The tools for evaluation were: Mini-Mental State Examination and Frontal Assessment Battery for cognitive functions; Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score for quantification of brain injury; National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale for neurological impairment; Modified Rankin Scale for functionality, and the Functional Oral Intake Scale for food function. Results The sample comprised 34 men (54%) and 29 women with a mean age of 63.6 years. The Frontal Assessment Battery was significantly associated with the other scales. In multivariate analysis, executive function was independently associated with the Functional Oral Intake Scale. Conclusion Most patients exhibited executive dysfunction that significantly compromised oral intake.


RESUMO Objetivo Investigar potenciais associações entre funções executiva, física global e de alimentação na fase aguda do acidente vascular cerebral (AVC). Métodos Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 63 pacientes admitidos em unidade de AVC de um hospital público. Os critérios de exclusão foram outros diagnósticos neurológicos e/ou psiquiátricos. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: Mini-Exame do Estado Mental e Bateria de Avaliação Frontal para avaliar funções cognitivas; Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score para quantificação da lesão cerebral; National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale para comprometimento neurológico; Escala Modificada de Rankin para funcionalidade e Functional Oral Intake Scale para função alimentar. Resultados A amostra compreendeu 34 homens e 29 mulheres, sendo a idade média de 63,6 anos. A Bateria de Avaliação Frontal correlacionou significativamente com as demais escalas. Na análise multivariada, a variável independentemente associada com a função executiva foi a Functional Oral Intake Scale. Conclusão A maioria dos pacientes com AVC apresenta alterações das funções executivas que comprometem significativamente a alimentação oral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Stroke/complications , Stroke/physiopathology , Eating/physiology , Executive Function/physiology , Motor Disorders/etiology , Motor Disorders/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Linear Models , Acute Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Cognition/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/physiopathology , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Motor Skills/physiology , Neuropsychological Tests
19.
Cienc. act. fís. (Talca, En línea) ; 19(1): 75-81, ene. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-986669

ABSTRACT

La investigación tuvo como objetivo identificar si los niños del jardín infantil María Esther de Mexicali Baja California México, sin profesor de Educación Física tienen un desarrollo motor acorde a su edad cronológica. Se utilizó un enfoque cuantitativo, con alcance descriptivo con un diseño no experimental de corte transeccional. La muestra fue no probabilística por juicio y la conformaron un total de 36 preescolares. Estos escolares fueron sometidos al test de desarrollo motor grueso TGMD-2. A partir de los datos recogidos, se obtuvo que un 75% (n:27) de los niños(as) evaluados se ubican en categorías de Promedio, Sobre el promedio Superior y Muy superior, siendo un 50% (n:18) niñas y un 25% (n:9) niños. En función a estos resultados, se puede concluir que el nivel de Desarrollo Motor Grueso es el esperado para la edad en la mayoría de los evaluados aun cuando existe la ausencia del profesor de Educación Física.


The research had as objective to identify if the children of kindergarten Maria Esther of Mexicali Baja California Mexico, without professor of Physical Education have a motor development according to their chronological age. We used a quantitative approach, with descriptive scope with a non-experimental design of transectional cut. The sample was non-probabilistic by trial and made up a total of 36 preschoolers. These students were submitted to the TGMD-2 gross motor development test. From the data collected, it was obtained that 75% (n: 27) of the evaluated children are placed in categories of Average, Over average, Higher and Very superior, being 50% (n: 18) Girls and 25% (n: 9) children. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the level of Gross Motor Development is the expected level for the age in the majority of the evaluated ones even if there is absence of the professor of Phy-sical Education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Physical Education and Training , Child Development/physiology , Motor Skills/physiology , Mexico
20.
Motriz (Online) ; 24(4): e101106, 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976267

ABSTRACT

The Swimming has numerous benefits in the physiological, psychological, social and cognitive aspects for the person with spinal cord injury. However, the process of learning the swim must be done in order to take advantage of the potential and the motor functions of the swimmer, through the planning of actions and teaching strategies that seek an effective swim with the fewest adaptations possible and respecting the specific conditions of the lesion. The objective was to verify how the teacher evaluates the motor function of the swimmer with the SCI and to understand how this instructional process acts in the learning of swimming through the perspective of the teacher. Methods: Participated in the research, twelve Physical Education teachers, who work with spinal cord injury swimmers. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and a field diary. Results: The results demonstrated that, depending on the teaching style adopted by the teacher, he does not consider the student's feedback and perception. He acts only on the results and possibilities he sees. Therefore, in the teacher's view, the adaptability of the swimming technique is conditioned to the motor limitation of the individual with SCI, or according to the teacher's perspective on the functionality. Conclusion: We conclude that the use of strategies based on the traditional swimming technique showed that there is little awareness or lack of knowledge about the work of promoting the swimmer's motor function, confirmed to the extent that the contribution of the specific literature is incipient and does not satisfy the teacher's desire for knowledge.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Spinal Cord Injuries/physiopathology , Swimming/education , Teaching , Motor Skills/physiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Exercise Therapy/methods , Faculty/psychology
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