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1.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 6(3): 57-62, set.-dez. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1378275

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: realizar um levantamento epidemiológico acerca das alterações na mucosa oral dos pacientes acima de 60 anos, atendidos no serviço de Estomatologia do Instituto de Saúde de Nova Friburgo - UFF/RJ, no período de 2013 a 2018, e estabelecer as principais causas e formas de tratamento. Materiais e Métodos: estudo retrospectivo e observacional, com análise descritiva, através da coleta de dados nos prontuários: idade, sexo, cor da pele, ocupação, lesão e sua localização. Resultados: foram analisados 640 prontuários, destes, 395 (61,7%) apresentaram lesão, sendo 132 (20,6%) deles com mais de uma lesão. Dos 395 com lesão, 57,0% (225) eram do sexo feminino. A cor de pele branca representou 56,7% (224), porém 107 prontuários não apresentaram essa informação. A amostra contou com pacientes de 60 a 91 anos, com média de 65 anos. No total foram encontradas 613 lesões. Queilite actínica foi a mais prevalente 15,5% (95), seguida da estomatite protética 14,0% (86) e hiperplasia fibrosa 13,4% (82). Conclusão: os indivíduos idosos do presente estudo apresentaram alta frequência de lesões orais, sendo a queilite actínica, estomatite protética e hiperplasia fibrosa as mais comuns.


Objective: to carry out an epidemiological survey of oral mucosa lesions of patients aged over 60 years, attended at the Stomatology Service of the Nova Friburgo Health Institute - UFF/RJ, from 2013 to 2018, and to establish the main etiologies and forms of treatment. Materials and Methods: retrospective and observational study through data collection from medical records as: age, gender, skin color, occupation, lesion and its location. Results: 640 medical records were analyzed, of which 395 (61.7%) had lesions, 132 (20.6%) had more than one lesion. Of the 395 with injuries, 57.0% (225) were female. White skin color represented 56.7% (224), but 107 medical records did not present this information. The sample included patients aged 60 to 91 years, with a mean of 65 years. In total, 613 injuries were found. Actinic cheilitis was the most prevalent 15.5% (95), followed by prosthetic stomatitis 14.0% (86) and fibrous hyperplasia 13.4% (82). Conclusion: the elderly individuals in the present study had a high frequency of oral lesions, with actinic cheilitis, denture stomatitis and fibrous hyperplasia being the most common.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Health , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies
2.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(4): e715,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156530

ABSTRACT

Al leer detenidamente el artículo Nivel de conocimiento sobre el tabaquismo y su relación con la cavidad bucal,1 pareció de gran importancia resaltar este tema, debido a la elevada tasa de fumadores en Cuba, y cada vez son más los jóvenes que se suman a esta práctica, ya sea por motivos recreativos o de otra índole. Al revisar exhaustivamente las cifras ofrecidas en el trabajo1 se hace relevante que el 83,63 % de la muestra no conociera la influencia negativa del hábito de fumar en los tejidos periodontales. Las enfermedades periodontales, no solo se encuentran entre las más frecuentes, sino que existen evidencias cada vez mayores, sobre su impacto sistémico, con importantes repercusiones orgánicas. Se estima que las enfermedades periodontales tienen algún grado de asociación con otras 54 enfermedades, algunas tan importantes como la diabetes, complicaciones del embarazo o algunas enfermedades cardiovasculares. La propia Sociedad Europea de Cardiología sitúa a la periodontitis como sexto factor de riesgo cardiovascular.2,3,4 Otra de las cifras a resaltar en la investigación,1 es el conocimiento sobre la relación con el cáncer bucal. Aunque se muestra una cifra relativamente alta, un porciento nada despreciable de personas aún no conocen esta relación. Los tumores de cavidad bucal, son la principal causa de mortalidad por cáncer de cabeza y cuello (localizaciones C00-C14) con un total de 826 fallecidos en 2018 (Cuba) con una razón de 4,7 hombres por cada mujer.5) Como antes se mencionaba, el hábito de fumar se ha extendido a una gran parte de la población y con ello ha disminuido la edad media de fumadores, se instaura un balance entre sexos, debido al aumento de mujeres fumadoras. Esta situación ha llevado a que cada vez sea más frecuente la presencia de estos tumores en menores de 60 años y con ello la edad media de fallecimiento disminuya. Solo queda expresar la satisfacción de leer el artículo1 e incentivar a más investigadores a abordar este tema como un problema de salud en la sociedad cubana. Además, se recomienda realizar estudios similares, pero con poblaciones mayores para lograr datos más consistentes, e impulsar estudios en adolescentes y jóvenes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Tobacco Use Disorder/epidemiology , Cardiology , Mouth/injuries , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Cuba
3.
Rev. ADM ; 77(1): 11-16, ene.-feb. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087826

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La epidemiología sobre alteraciones en tejidos blandos bucales es limitada cuando se compara con caries, enfermedades periodontales y maloclusiones, por lo que su estudio representa un paso adelante en la odontología más allá de los dientes. Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia de las lesiones bucales en tejido blando encontradas en la Clínica de Estomatología de la Facultad de Odontología de la ULA, del 2015 al 2018, con la finalidad de proporcionar una fuente de datos actualizada, que oriente a una mejor prevención y oportuno diagnóstico. Material y métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva, documental, retrospectiva y multivariable. Resultados: De 1,000 fichas clínicas estudiadas, las patologías más frecuentes fueron: lengua saburral (50.6%), queilitis (33.4%), traumatismo de la mucosa de los carrillos (27.6%), várices linguales (18.3%), anquiloglosia (13.7%) y agrandamiento de rugas palatinas (11.7%). La zona con mayor alteración fue la lengua (92.1%), mientras que el paladar fue la menos afectada (29%). De los hábitos predisponentes a la formación de lesiones, el mordisqueo de mucosa fue el más común (16.5%). En cuanto a los factores locales asociados, una higiene oral regular/ deficiente resultó el principal (53.8%). Conclusión: La educación del paciente sigue siendo considerada la clave para disminuir la aparición de patologías y su evolución a entidades más graves (AU)


Introduction: Epidemiological studies on soft tissue alterations in the mouth are limited when compared with caries, periodontal diseases and malocclusions, so their study represents a step forward in dentistry beyond the teeth. Objective: To describe the prevalence of soft tissue oral lesions found in the Stomatology Clinic of the ULA School of Dentistry, from 2015 to 2018, in order to provide an up-to-date data source, to guide better prevention and timely diagnosis. Material and methods: A descriptive and documentary, retrospective and multivariable research was carried out. The statistical package IBM SPSS Statistics v 23 was applied for the analysis. Results: 1,000 clinical records studied, the most frequent pathologies were: saburral tongue (50.6%), cheilitis (33.4%), traumatism of the cheek mucosa (27.6%), lingual varices (18.3%), ankyloglossia (13.7%) and enlargement of palatal rugas (11.7%). The tongue was the most affected (92.1%), while the palate was the least affected (29%). Of the predisposing habits to the formation of lesions, mucosal nipping was the most common (16.5%). Regarding the associated local factors, a regular / deficient oral hygiene was the main one (53.8%). Conclusion: Patient education is still considered the key to diminish not only the appearance of pathologies but their evolution to more serious entities (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Mouth Diseases/classification , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Schools, Dental , Stomatitis, Aphthous/epidemiology , Tongue, Fissured/epidemiology , Tongue Habits , Tongue, Hairy/epidemiology , Leukoplakia, Oral/epidemiology , Cheilitis/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Retrospective Studies , Colombia , Oral Ulcer/epidemiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Glossitis, Benign Migratory/epidemiology , Macroglossia/epidemiology
4.
Poblac. salud mesoam ; 16(2): 134-154, Jan.-Jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091667

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de las diferentes lesiones de la mucosa oral en el internado clínico de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR). Metodología: estudio retrospectivo de 263 informes de lesiones orales recuperados del archivo de biopsias de la Facultad de Odontología de la UCR del 2008 a 2015. Se evaluaron y analizaron de forma descriptiva y cualitativa información sobre el sexo, edad, localización de la lesión y diagnóstico histopatológico. Resultados: los casos de lesiones de la mucosa oral afectaron preferentemente a las mujeres (n= 144; 54.8 %), el promedio de edad fue 48.8 años (16.4 DS) y con lesiones predominantemente localizadas en lengua (n= 68; 25.9 %), encía (n=62; 23.6 %) y labio (n=61; 23.2 %). Las lesiones proliferativas no neoplásicas (n=101; 38.7 %), lesiones potencialmente malignas (n=29; 11.1 %) y lesiones epiteliales benignas y malignas (n=24; 9.1 %) fueron los grupos más prevalentes. Las cuatro lesiones más predominantes fueron la hiperplasia fibrosa, hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatoria, liquen plano e hiperqueratosis sin atipia. Conclusiones: las lesiones proliferativas no neoplásicas fueron las predominantes, siendo en forma individual la hiperplasia fibrosa la lesión más prevalente. Estos resultados pueden ser útiles para comprender la distribución de las enfermedades bucales en una muestra nacional.


ABSTRACT Objective: to determine the frequency of the different lesions of the oral mucosa in the clinical internship of the Faculty of Dentistry of the University of Costa Rica (UCR). Methodology: retrospective study of 263 reports of oral lesions recovered from the biopsies file of the Faculty of Dentistry of the UCR from 2008 to 2015. Information on sex, age, location of the lesion and histopathological diagnosis was collected and evaluated in a descriptive and qualitative manner. Results: cases of oral mucosal lesions affected women preferentially (n = 144, 54.8 %), the average age was 48.8 years (16.4 SD) and with lesions predominantly located in tongue (n = 68, 25.9%), gum (n = 62, 23.6 %) and lip (n = 61, 23.2 %). Non-neoplastic proliferative lesions (n ​​= 101, 38.7 %), potentially malignant lesions (n ​​= 29, 11.1%) and benign and malignant epithelial lesions (n ​​= 24, 9.1 %) were the most prevalent groups. The four most predominant lesions were fibrous hyperplasia, inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, lichen planus and hyperkeratosis without atypia. Conclusions: non-neoplastic proliferative lesions were predominant, with the fibrous hyperplasia being the most prevalent lesion. These results may be useful to understand the distribution of oral diseases in a national sample.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pathology, Oral , Costa Rica , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa
5.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(1): 82-92, abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1008052

ABSTRACT

Las estrategias tradicionales para abordar la salud bucal en México han carecido de un enfoque integrado a la promoción de la salud y a los factores de riesgo en común con otras patologías, principalmente crónicas. De unir esfuerzos se aprovecharían mejor los limitados recursos sanitarios. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo implementar un modelo operativo de promoción de la salud y prevención de las enfermedades bucales, usando un ciclo de mejora continua en el preescolar de la comunidad Peña-Flores, Cuautla, Morelos. Se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental con 120 niños de ambos sexos. La implementación contempló: diagnóstico epidemiológico bucal y social, capacitación de actores clave, ejecución del programa de salud bucal, monitoreo, análisis y evaluación de resultados. Se levantaron datos mediante una guía de observación participante, de reuniones con madres de familia y maestras bajo la perspectiva participativa del triple diagnóstico de educación popular. Se determinó el índice de dientes cariados, a extraer y obturados. Se realizó la medición de la placa dento-bacteriana utilizando el índice de sedimento dental (DIS). Como resultado del control y sistematización del proceso de cepillado dental y del monitoreo de la placa dento-bacteriana, se identificó una disminución del DIS de 1,04 a 0,47. Con la implementación de un menú escolar, se mejoró la alimentación infantil. El modelo implementado constituye una posible solución a la problemática de salud bucal del preescolar de la comunidad Peña-Flores, situado en un contexto de desventaja social por factores como pobreza, migración y déficit de servicios públicos(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Oral Health , Health Promotion , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control , Toothbrushing , Eating , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Dental Plaque/prevention & control , Dental Plaque/epidemiology , Mexico/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology
6.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 55(4): 1-9, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-991076

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Despite the vast literature reporting the prevalence of oral and maxillofacial diseases in the last decades, few studies have focused on lesions biopsied in the pediatric population. Objective: To determine the prevalence of oral and maxillofacial lesions that were biopsied in children and adolescents aged 0-19 years. Methods: Observational and descriptive study. We carried out a retrospective review of 862 reports of pathological examinations performed in an oral pathology laboratory of the northeast of Brazil, during the period from March 2001 to December 2009. The categories were neoplasms, hyperplastic/reactionary lesions, salivary gland lesions, bone lesions, healthy tissues and teeth, oral mucosal lesions, cystic lesions, odontogenic tumors, periapical inflammation, dental alteration and conclusive diagnosis. Results: The epidemiological profile of patients was characterized by females (53.24 percent), Caucasian (45.12 percent), with a mean age of 13.06 years. Salivary gland lesions were the category with the largest number of cases (182), and mucocele was the most prevalent histopathological diagnosis (18.44 percent), with an average size of 1.97 cm. Most cases were asymptomatic (70.88 percent). Conclusions: This study showed a predominance of lesions diagnosed as benign, the most prevalent lesions were associated with the salivary gland. Females were the most affected(AU)


Introducción: A pesar de la gran cantidad de literatura que informa sobre la prevalencia de enfermedades bucales y maxilofaciales en las últimas décadas, pocos estudios se concentraron en las lesiones biopsiadas en la población pediátrica. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de las lesiones bucales y maxilofaciales que fueron biopsiadas en los niños y adolescentes de 0 a 19 años. Métodos: Estudio observacional y descriptivo. Se realizó una revisión retrospectiva de 862 informes de los exámenes patológicos realizados en un laboratorio de Patología Oral del nordeste de Brasil, durante el período comprendido entre marzo de 2001 y diciembre de 2009. Las categorías fueron: neoplasias, hiperplásicas / lesiones reactivas, lesiones de las glándulas salivales, lesiones óseas, tejidos y dientes sanos, lesiones de la mucosa bucal, lesiones quísticas, tumores odontogénicos, inflamación periapical, alteración dental y diagnóstico concluyente. Resultados: El perfil epidemiológico de los pacientes se caracterizó por las mujeres (53,24 por ciento), de raza caucásica (45,12 por ciento) con una edad media de 13,06 años. Lesiones de las glándulas salivales fueron la categoría con el mayor número de casos (182), y el mucocele fue el diagnóstico histopatológico más frecuente (18,44 por ciento), con un tamaño medio de 1,97 cm. La mayoría de los casos fueron asintomáticos (70,88 por ciento). Conclusiones: Este estudio mostró un predominio de las lesiones diagnosticadas como benignas. Las lesiones más frecuentes se relacionaron con la glándula salival. Las mujeres fueron las más afectadas(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Salivary Glands/injuries , Odontogenic Tumors/diagnostic imaging , Maxillofacial Injuries/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study
7.
Salud pública Méx ; 60(6): 653-657, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020929

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Objective: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for oral high-risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) infection in human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)-infected men. Materials and methods: Consecutive male outpatients with HIV-infection were enrolled. Demographic and behavioral risk data were obtained. Anal swabs and oral rinses were tested for HR-HPV DNA. Oral, pharyngeal and video laryngoscopy examinations were performed for detection of lesions. Results: The prevalence of HR-HPV oral infection was 9.3% (subtypes other than HR HPV 16/18 predominated). The prevalence of anal HR-HPV infection was 75.7%. The risk factors for oral infection with HR-HPV were tonsillectomy (OR=13.12) and years from HIV diagnosis (OR=1.17). Conclusions: Tonsillectomy and years from HIV diagnosis were associated with oral HPV infection. No association was found between oral and anal HR-HPV infections. This is the first study reporting the prevalence and risk factors for oral HR-HPV infection in Mexican HIV-infected population.


Resumen: Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia y los factores de riesgo para infección oral por virus de papiloma humano de alto riesgo (VPH-AR) en individuos con VIH. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes ambulatorios consecutivos con VIH. Se recabó información demográfica y sobre factores de riesgo conductuales. Se detectó DNA de VPH-AR en hisopado rectal y enjuague bucal. Se efectuó exploración de boca, faringe y videolaringoscopía para detectar lesiones. Resultados: La prevalencia de VPH-AR oral fue 9.3% (predominaron subtipos diferentes de VPH-AR 16/18). La prevalencia de VPH-AR anal fue 75.7%. Los factores de riesgo para VPH-AR oral fueron la tonsilectomía (OR=13.12) y los años de diagnóstico del VIH (OR=1.17). Conclusiones: La tonsilectomía y los años de diagnóstico del VIH se asociaron con VPH-AR oral. No hubo asociación entre VPH-AR oral y anal. Este es el primer reporte sobre prevalencia y factores de riesgo para VPH-AR oral en población mexicana con VIH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Pharyngeal Diseases/epidemiology , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Papillomavirus Infections/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Anus Diseases/epidemiology , Papilloma/virology , Sexual Behavior , Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Smoking/epidemiology , Comorbidity , HIV Infections/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , Mexico/epidemiology
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(12): 4351-4360, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974785

ABSTRACT

Resumo O "Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP)" é um indicador de qualidade de vida relacionada com a saúde oral. Foi desenvolvido com o intuito de avaliar o impacto das condições orais na capacidade de o indivíduo desempenhar atividades diárias. O principal objetivo deste trabalho foi validar o OIDP para a população Portuguesa, com idade igual ou superior a 18 anos. Começou-se por obter uma versão portuguesa provisória: traduziu-se o original inglês e retro traduziu-se. Fizeram-se adaptações linguísticas e obteve-se a versão portuguesa do OIDP (OIDP-PT), aprovada por uma comissão de revisão composta por investigadores e tradutores. Fez-se o estudo piloto, com 36 participantes (26 em papel e 10 "online"). Por fim, realizou-se o estudo final com 513 participantes, tendo a recolha de dados sido feita "online". Ao nível da confiabilidade, determinou-se o alfa de Cronbach (0,67) e o alfa com base em itens padronizados (0,69). A validade foi estudada nas suas várias vertentes: validade de face, de conteúdo, de construto e concorrente. O OIDP-PT mostrou ter boas propriedades psicométricas e ser um instrumento confiável e válido para ser aplicado à população portuguesa.


Abstract The Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) questionnaire is an oral health-related quality of life indicator. It was developed in order to assess the influence of oral conditions on the self-ability to execute daily activities. The main goal of this research was to validate the OIDP for the Portuguese population aged 18 years and above. The first step was to obtain a provisional Portuguese version of the OIDP: the original was translated from English and then back-translated. Some linguistic changes were made, and the final Portuguese version was obtained, which was duly approved by a review committee, whose members included researchers and translators. Subsequently, a pilot study was conducted with 36 subjects (26 on paper and 10 online). Lastly, the final study was performed collecting data online from 513 subjects. Chronbach's alpha (0.67) and the alpha for standardized items (0.69) were established for reliability. Validity was studied in its various aspects: face, content, construct and concurrent validity. The OIDP-PT revealed good psychometric properties and is a reliable and valid instrument that can be applied to the Portuguese population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Activities of Daily Living , Oral Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Portugal , Psychometrics , Pilot Projects , Reproducibility of Results , Middle Aged , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology
9.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 29(3): 1-11, set.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978394

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 favorece la aparición de enfermedades bucales en el adulto mayor. Objetivos: Identificar las alteraciones bucales y factores de riesgo más frecuentes en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal. El universo lo conformaron 52 pacientes pertenecientes al consultorio # 13 del Policlínico Héroes del Corynthia, atendidos desde 2016 a 2017 en la Clínica Estomatológica Docente H y 21, municipio Plaza de la Revolución. Las variables analizadas fueron: edad, sexo, estado de salud bucal, factores de riesgo y manifestaciones bucales. Resultados: 55,7 por ciento de los adultos mayores pertenecieron al grupo de 60-69 años y el 59,4 por ciento del total de los pacientes involucrados en el estudio fueron mujeres. El 44,2 por ciento presentó un estado de salud bucal medianamente favorable. Por caries dental fueron afectados 34 pacientes, 31 por periodontitis y 25 por gingivitis. La obesidad se evidenció en el 59,6 por ciento de los pacientes. Conclusiones: El factor de riesgo predominante fue la obesidad. Las alteraciones bucales más observadas fueron la caries dental, la periodontitis y la gingivitis(AU)


Introduction: Type 2 diabetes mellitus fosters the appearance of oral diseases in the elderly. Objectives: Identify the most common oral alterations and risk factors among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: A cross-sectional observational descriptive study was conducted. The study universe was 52 patients from Consultation Office No. 13 of Héroes del Corynthia polyclinic cared for from 2016 to 2017 at H and 21st University Dental Clinic in the municipality of Plaza de la Revolución. The variables analyzed were age, sex, oral health status, risk factors and oral manifestations. Results: 55.7 percent of the elderly patients were in the 60-69 age group, and 59.4 percent of the total patients involved in the study were women. 44.2 percent had a fairly favorable oral health status. 34 had dental caries, 31 periodontitis and 25 gingivitis. 59.6 percent were obese. Conclusions: Obesity was the prevailing risk factor. The oral alterations most commonly found were dental caries, periodontitis and gingivitis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Risk Factors , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Obesity/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study , Gingivitis/epidemiology
10.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 55(2): 1-10, abr.-jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960410

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la alta prevalencia de enfermedades bucales en los escolares, tiene un impacto importante en su salud, lo que ha generado la necesidad de desarrollar programas y estrategias a nivel de políticas públicas para su control. Objetivo: evaluar el Programa de Salud Bucal en alumnos de escuelas primarias mexicanas. Métodos: estudio de intervención comunitaria en dos escuelas primarias públicas de la Secretaria de Salud, en la Delegación de Tlalpan, Ciudad de México. Se incluyeron 111 alumnos de quinto grado de primaria, 53 pertenecientes a la escuela primaria pública del turno matutino Río Pánuco como grupo de intervención con aplicación del Programa de Salud Bucal (grupo de trabajo), y 58 correspondientes a la escuela Ignacio Rodríguez Galván, sin intervensión (grupo control). A todos los alumnos se les realizó determinación de los índices de dientes cariados, perdidos y obturados temporales, y permanentes, y el índice periodontal comunitario. Para el análisis estadístico inferencial se utilizó U de Mann-Whitney y chi cuadrado de Pearson, con nivel de significancia 0,05. Se empleó el programa estadístico SPSS versión 22. Resultados: el promedio de edad de los niños de la escuela con intervención fue de 10,9 y de la escuela control de 10,8. En el índice para dentición temporal, el promedio de dientes cariados fue de 0,49 (IC 95 por ciento 0,07-0,91) para la escuela que intervino en el programa, y de 1,10 (IC 95 por ciento 0,70-1,51) para escuela sin intervención, con diferencias estadísticas significativas (p= 0,003). En el índice periodontal comunitario, se obtuvo 92,4 por ciento de escolares sanos para la escuela que intervino en el programa, y de 70,68 por ciento para la escuela sin intervención, con diferencia estadística significativa (p= 0,003). Conclusiones: los resultados muestran que el programa es efectivo ya que la población intervenida presenta mejores condiciones de salud bucal que los escolares del grupo control, diferencia esta clínicamente relevante(AU)


Introduction: the high prevalence of oral disease among school children has a great impact on their health, hence the need to develop control programs and strategies at public policy level. Objective: evaluate the Oral Health Program for Mexican elementary school children. Methods: a community intervention study was conducted in two public elementary schools from the Ministry of Health in the borough of Tlalpan, Mexico City. The study sample was composed of 111 fifth grade students, 53 from Río Pánuco morning session public school as intervention group with application of the oral health program (work group), and 58 from Ignacio Rodríguez Galván school, without intervention (control group). All students were examined to determine the rate of decay, loss, temporary fillings and permanent teeth, and the community periodontal index. Inferential statistical analysis was based on Mann-Whitney U and Pearson's chi-square, with a significance level of 0.05. Data were processed with the statistical software SPSS version 22. Results: mean age was 10.9 at the intervention school and 10.8 at the control school. With respect to the primary dentition index, the average of decayed teeth was 0.49 (CI 95 percent 0.07-0.91) for the school with the intervention program, and 1.10 (CI 95 percent 0.70-1.51) for the school without intervention, with significant statistical differences (p= 0.003). As to the community periodontal index, 92.4 percent of the children were healthy at the school with the intervention program, and 70.68 percent were healthy at the school without intervention, with a significant statistical difference (p= 0.003). Conclusions: results show that the program is effective, since the school children intervened are in better oral health conditions than those in the control group, and the difference is clinically relevant(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Preventive Health Services/methods , School Health Services/trends , Health Promotion/standards , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Data Interpretation, Statistical
11.
Medisan ; 22(5)mayo 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-955031

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal, desde noviembre de 2016 hasta abril de 2017, de los 166 adultos mayores pertenecientes al consultorio médico No 20 del Policlínico Carlos Juan Finlay del municipio de Santiago de Cuba, para evaluar la presencia de enfermedades bucodentales y los factores de riesgo. Para la recolección de la información se utilizó la encuesta de salud bucal de la Organización Mundial de la Salud y la historia de salud bucal familiar. Los hábitos nocivos como la deficiente higiene bucal y la dieta cariogénica, además de las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, fueron los factores de riesgo más comunes en esta población, en quienes la disfunción masticatoria y la caries dental constituyeron los problemas principales


A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 166 elderly belonging to the family doctor office No 20 of Carlos J Finlay Polyclinic in the municipality of Santiago de Cuba, was carried out from November, 2016 to April, 2017, to evaluate the presence of oral-dental diseases and risk factors. The survey of oral health from the World Health Organization and the medical record of family oral health were used for gathering the information. Harmful habits as poor oral hygiene and a cariogenic diet, besides non communicable chronic diseases, were the most common risk factors in this population, for whom masticatory dysfuntion and dental decay constituted the main problems


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Risk Factors , Geriatric Dentistry , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Oral Hygiene , Primary Health Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet, Cariogenic/adverse effects
12.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(3): 108-113, mar. 28, 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120595

ABSTRACT

Chile is experiencing a process of demographic aging with an increase in the number of elderly people, a percentage of which resides in long-term establishments for the elderly (LEE). however, there is little information on the reality of the elderly in these long-term care facilities, so this study was conducted to compare the epidemiological profile of the prevalent oral pathologies as well as chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), of institutionalized versus non-institutionalized elderly subjects. seventy-six institutionalized and forty-three non-institutionalized subjects were examined intraorally, and their clinical health record, gender and age were obtained, according to inclusion/exclusion criteria. the results indicate that female gender is the most common, with an average age of 78.5 year, with those 80 years old and above comprising the predominant group. the most prevalent oral lesions within the institutionalized group were denture stomatitis and irritative hyperplasia, while in the non-institutionalized these two lesions were found less frequently. as for the presence of xerostomia, there was no difference between the groups. the most common condition in both groups was total maxillary and mandibular edentulous, with the latter variable present more frequently in the institutionalized group (p<0.05). the predominant NCD for both groups were arterial hypertension, arthritis-osteoarthritis and diabetes mellitus (p>0.05), and depression was the most prevalent NCD in the non-institutionalized group (p<0.05). this study provides valuable information on the epidemiology of elderly´s oral lesions and NCDs to inform the decision-making process of public health policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tooth Diseases/epidemiology , Institutionalization/statistics & numerical data , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Xerostomia/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Chronic Disease , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prevalence , Mouth, Edentulous/epidemiology , Dental Caries/epidemiology
13.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(11): 3881-3890, Oct. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974755

ABSTRACT

Resumo Avaliou-se a prevalência da insatisfação com os serviços odontológicos e sua associação com condições normativas e subjetivas de saúde bucal entre adultos brasileiros. Trata-se de um estudo transversal que utilizou dados do inquérito nacional de saúde bucal (SB Brasil) realizado em 2010. Considerou-se uma amostra representativa da população adulta brasileira. Foram conduzidas análises descritivas, bivariadas e múltiplas (OR/IC 95%) com correção pelo efeito desenho. Dentre os 4.539 adultos incluídos, 614 (13,4%) relataram a insatisfação com os serviços odontológicos utilizados. A insatisfação foi maior entre aqueles que apresentavam algum dente cariado (1,61/1,06 ; 2,44), que estavam insatisfeitos com seus dentes e boca (2,36/1,39 ; 4,02) e que haviam relatado dor de dente nos últimos 6 meses (1,99/1,29 ; 3,07). Conclui-se que a prevalência da insatisfação com os serviços odontológicos entre adultos brasileiros foi baixa e esteve associada a condições normativas e subjetivas de saúde bucal.


Abstract The prevalence of dissatisfaction with dental services and its association with normative and subjective oral health conditions among adult Brazilians was evaluated. This cross-sectional study used data from the last Brazilian National Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil), conducted in 2010. It was considered a representative sample of the adult Brazilian population. Data were analyzed by descriptive, univariate and multiple statistics (OR / 95% CI), with correction by the design effect. Among the 4539 adults included in the study, 614 (13.4%) reported dissatisfaction with dental services. Dissatisfaction was higher among adults who had any decayed teeth (1.61 / 1.06; 2.44), adults who were dissatisfied with their teeth and mouth (2.36 / 1.39; 4.02) and adults who had reported toothache in the previous six months (1.99 / 1.29, 3.07). The conclusion drawn was that the prevalence of dissatisfaction with dental services among Brazilian adults was low and associated to normative and subjective oral health conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Dental Care/standards , Patient Satisfaction , Mouth Diseases/therapy , Toothache/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Dental Health Surveys , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Diagnostic Self Evaluation , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e20, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889492

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of oral and maxillofacial lesions among children from representative regions of Brazil. A retrospective descriptive study was conducted. Biopsy records comprising the period from 2000 to 2015 were obtained from the archives of three Brazilian oral pathology referral centers. A total of 32,506 biopsy specimens were analyzed, and specimens from 1,706 children aged 0-12 years were selected. Gender, age, anatomical location and histopathological diagnosis were evaluated. Descriptive statistics was carried out. Likelihood ratio tests were used to evaluate the association between the categorical variables. The level of significance was set at 0.05. The post-hoc test was used to identify the subgroups that significantly differed from one another, and the Bonferroni correction was applied. A total of 1,706 oral and maxillofacial lesions were diagnosed in pediatric patients, including 51.9% girls. Oral mucocele was the most prevalent reactive/inflammatory lesion (64%). The most commonly affected sites were the lips (34.5%) and mandible (19.9%). A significant association was observed between age and the group of lesions of the oral cavity (p < 0.001), and between age and anatomical location (p < 0.001). Pediatric oral and maxillofacial lesions were frequent and showed wide diversity, with the prevalence of mucocele. Knowledge of oral lesions is important for pediatric dentists worldwide, since it provides accurate data for the diagnosis and oral health of children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child , Mandibular Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Age Distribution , Biopsy , Brazil/epidemiology , Mandibular Diseases/pathology , Mouth Diseases/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Mucocele/epidemiology , Mucocele/pathology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution
15.
Rev. ADM ; 74(6): 298-303, nov.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973052

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La exploración intraoral detallada es la clave en el diagnóstico temprano de lesiones potencialmente agresivas; de estamanera, se le ofrece al paciente un tratamiento adecuado y oportuno,reduciendo al máximo posibles complicaciones que pongan en peligrosu integridad y deterioren su calidad de vida. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de lesiones y condiciones de la mucosa bucal en pacientes mayores de 18 años de la clínica de diagnóstico del Departamento de Estomatología de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua...


Introduction: A detailed intraoral examination is key in the early diagnosis of potentially aggressive lesions; in this way, the patient isoff ered an adequate and timely treatment, reducing to the maximumpossible complications that could endanger his integrity and deterioratehis quality of life. Aim: To determine the frequency of lesions and conditions of the buccal mucosa in patients older than 18 years of the diagnostic clinic of the Department of Stomatology at the Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua...


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Schools, Dental , Mexico , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Age and Sex Distribution , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Melanosis , Oral Ulcer , Tongue, Fissured
16.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(5): 1073-1083, set.-oct. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902226

ABSTRACT

Introducción: los adultos mayores dependientes presentan una mayor prevalencia y severidad de patologías bucales que el resto de la población, estas pueden influir negativamente en su calidad de vida. Objetivo: caracterizar el estado de salud oral y la calidad de vida relacionada en pacientes adultos mayores dependientes moderados y severos inscritos en el CESFAM Boca Sur, Chile. Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio de corte transversal, la población en estudio fueron adultos mayores dependientes moderados y severos usuarios del CESFAM Boca Sur, Chile. Previo consentimiento informado de los pacientes y sus cuidadores, se les aplicó un cuestionario con variable sociodemográficas a pacientes y cuidadores. Se registraron enfermedad principal, índice COPD, estado periodontal, índice de higiene oral, portador o necesidad de prótesis removible y calidad de vida asociada a salud oral a través del cuestionario OHIP-14Sp validado en población adulta mayor chilena. La tabulación se realizó en Microsoft Excel y el análisis estadístico se hizo en STATA/MP 13.0. Resultados: se incluyeron 47 pacientes, 91,5% de los pacientes requerían algún tipo de tratamiento odontológico. 24 pacientes presentaron estado cognitivo normal. El OHIP-14Sp fue de 11,3±11,7 en pacientes con dependencia moderada, 12,1±9,9 en severa y 11,8±10,4 para la muestra total, las correlaciones del OHIP-14Sp con dientes cariados, perdidos e higiene oral fueron todas menores a 0,2. Conclusiones: la mayoría de los pacientes dependientes moderados y severos inscritos en el CASFAM Boca Sur presentan un mal estado de salud oral y mala calidad de vida relacionada a esta (AU).


Introduction: dependent older adults have a higher prevalence and severity of oral diseases that other populations, they can adversely affect their quality of life Objective: to characterize the state of oral health and related quality of life in moderate and severe dependents elderly patients enrolled in the CESFAM Boca Sur, Chile. Materials and Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted, the study population were moderate and severe dependents elderly patients enrolled in the CESFAM Boca Sur, Chile. After the informed consent of patients and their caregivers was obtained, were applied a sociodemographic questionnaire. Chief disease, COPD index, periodontal status, oral hygiene index, carrier or need removable prosthesis and quality of life associated with oral health through OHIP-14Sp questionnaire validated in Chilean adult population were registered. Tabulation was done in Microsoft Excel and statistical analysis was done in STATA / MP 13.0. Results: forty-seven patients were included, 91.5% of patients required some type of dental treatment. Twenty-four patients had normal cognitive status. The OHIP-14Sp was 11.3 ± 11.7 in patients with moderate dependence, 12.1 ± 9.9 in severe dependence and 11.8 ± 10.4 for the total sample, the correlations of OHIP-14Sp with decayed teeth , lost and oral hygiene were all less than 0.2. Conclusions: most of the moderate and severe dependent patients enrolled in the CASFAM Boca Sur have a poor oral health and poor quality of life related to it (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Oral Health/trends , Frail Elderly , Oral Hygiene/methods , Patients , Chile , Caregivers , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/pathology , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology
17.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3): 1691-1697, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886761

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The present study aimed to perform an epidemiological survey on the prevalence rate of oral lesions diagnosed in a referral center in Brazil and to establish association between the lesions and the age and gender of the affected patients. This analytical observational study analyzed 3521 medical records of anatomopathological exams of the Pathological Anatomy and Cytopathology Laboratory of the Cancer Hospital of the state of Mato Grosso (Brazil), from December 2011 to September 2015. A total of 1550 relevant medical records was detected. Patients aging between 41 and 60 consisted of 42.84% of the sample. Males were more affected than females (60.13%). Inflammatory processess consisted of the most prevalent diagnosis (43.29%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (6.06%), and periapical granuloma (5.23%). Oral health public policies must give major attention to Brazilian males aged between the fourth and sixth decades of life in order to improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Referral and Consultation , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Health Surveys , Sex Distribution
18.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(3): 451-459, may.-jun. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902185

ABSTRACT

Introducción: frecuentemente las infecciones de la cavidad bucal son el resultado del deterioro que provoca la caries con exposición de la pulpa dental. Una higiene dental descuidada o inadecuada, y complicaciones asociadas a enfermedades periodontales, son otras de las causas, que pueden incidir en la aparición de procesos infecciosos. Objetivo: caracterizar el comportamiento del absceso alveolar agudo en los pacientes mayores de 19 años en la consulta de urgencia estomatológica del poblado de Alacranes, Municipio Unión de Reyes. Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en pacientes mayores de 19 años, del área de Alacranes municipio Unión de Reyes. El universo de estudio estuvo constituido por los pacientes que acudieron a la consulta de urgencia estomatológica, de enero de 2011 a enero 2012. Con previo consentimiento informado la muestra la constituyó 135 pacientes, con patológica de absceso alveolar agudo, teniendo en cuenta las variables: edad, sexo, etiología y complicaciones. Los datos obtenidos fueron registrados en una base de datos y se procesaron estadísticamente. Resultados: los grupos de 20-29 años y el sexo masculino fueron los más afectados, con 38 % y 54.8 %, respectivamente. La causa fundamental fue la caries dental con un 91.8 %. La celulitis facial resultó la complicación más frecuente. Conclusiones: la etiología más usual del absceso alveolar agudo fue la caries dental. Los pacientes afectados que no recibieron una puntual asistencia sufrieron complicaciones (AU).


Introduction: frequently, oral cavity infections are due to the deterioration caused by caries with dental pulp exposition. An inadequate and careless dental hygiene and complications associated to periodontal diseases are other reasons the may lead to the occurrence of infectious processes. Objective: Characterise the behaviour of the absceso alveolar acute in the greater patients of 19 years in the query of urgency estomatológica of the populated of Alacranes, municipality Union de Reyes. Materials and Methods: a descriptive, observational study was carried out in patients elder 19 years old, in the health area Alacranes, municipality Union de Reyes. The studied universe was formed by the patients assisting to the dentist emergency consultation from January 2011 to January 2012. With previous informed consent, the sample was formed by 135 patients with acute alveolar abscess, taking into account the following variables: age, sex, etiology and complications. The obtained data were recorded in the database and statistically processed. Results: the most affected groups were the 20-29 years-old group and the male sex, with 38 % and 54.8 % respectively. Dental caries was the main cause with 91.8 %. Facial cellulitis was the most frequent complication. Conclusions: dental caries was the most usual etiology of the acute alveolar abscess. The affected patients who did not receive opportune health care suffered complications (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Periapical Abscess/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Periapical Abscess/classification , Periapical Abscess/complications , Periapical Abscess/diagnosis , Periodontal Diseases/complications , Periodontal Diseases/epidemiology , Maxillofacial Abnormalities/complications , Maxillofacial Abnormalities/epidemiology , Dental Caries/complications , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/complications
20.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 32(72): 5-10, ene.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908087

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: estimar la frecuencia de lesiones que afectan la mucosa oral, en una muestra de pacientes que concurrieron por demanda espontánea al Servicio de Urgencias y Orientación de Pacientes (SUYOP) de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, a fin de valorar las características de esta población y poder adoptar conductas preventivas adecuadas. Materiales y métodos: Un operador único perteneciente al SUYOP evaluó a todos los pacientes que ingresaron al estudio (n=503) yposteriormente un especialista único, perteneciente a la Cátedra de Estomatología, examinó a aquellos pacientes que presentaron lesiones(n=208) a fin de determinar el diagnóstico de certeza de las mismas. Todos los diagnósticos fueron confirmados mediante biopsia, estudiode cultivo, o seguimiento clínico de la enfermedad. Resultados: 41,35 por ciento (n=208) de los pacientes examinados presentaron al menos una lesión estomatológica en la mucosa oral. 89 por ciento (n=185) de los pacientes con lesiones desconocía la existencia de las mismas y solamente el 11 por ciento (n=23) se presentó a la consulta con una derivación u orientación estomatológica. 23 por ciento (n=48) de los pacientes que presentaron lesiones fueron considerados de gravedad diagnostica. Conclusión: Los datos obtenidos en el presente estudio revelan la importancia de las campañas para concientizar a la sociedad acerca de la necesidad de realizar consultas de rutina, pero también, y muy especialmente, concientizar a estudiantes y profesionales de la salud en el examen exhaustivo de la mucosa oral de todos los pacientes.


Objective: to estimate the frequency of lesions affecting the oral mucosa in a sample of patients seeking unscheduled care at theEmergency and Patient Referral Service (EPRS), School of Dentistry, University of Buenos Aires, with the aims to evaluate thecharacteristics of the studied population and thus adopt appropriate preventive measures. Materials and Methods: A single operatorfrom the EPRS assessed all the patients included in the study (n=503), after which a single specialist from the Oral MedicineDepartment examined patients presenting oral mucosal lesions (n=208) to establish definitive diagnosis. All diagnoses were confirmedby biopsy, culture studies, or clinical follow-up. Results: 41.35% of studied patients (n=208) had at least one oral mucosal lesion; 89%(n=185) of patients who had a lesion were unaware that they had a lesion, and only 11% (n=23) of patients knew they had a lesion.23% who had a lesion were considered as gravity diagnosis patients. Conclusion: All the obtained data show the importance of conducting campaigns in the community to increase the awareness of the need for regular routine dental visits, and particularly, to create an awarenessamong dental students and health care professionals of the importance of thoroughly examining the oral mucosa of all patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Precancerous Conditions/epidemiology , Schools, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Biopsy/methods , Clinical Diagnosis , Culture Media , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Histological Techniques , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control , Data Interpretation, Statistical
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