Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 177
Filter
2.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 555-560, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134537

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El 8 de enero de 2020, el Centro Chino para el Control y Prevención de Enfermedades anunció oficialmente la identificación de una nueva cepa de coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) como el patógeno causante de la pandemia mundial de COVID-19. Las principales manifestaciones clínicas producidas por SARS-CoV-2 se encuentran ampliamente descritas en la literatura, sin embargo, la información acerca de las alteraciones que podrían producirse a nivel oral, es escasa. Se ha sugerido que la cavidad oral es un perfecto hábitat para la invasión por SARS-CoV-2 debido a la especial afinidad que tiene el virus por células con los receptores para la enzima convertidora de angiotensina (ECA2) como son las del tracto respiratorio, mucosa oral, lengua y glándulas salivales, pudiendo afectar, de este modo, el funcionamiento de las glándulas salivales, las sensaciones del gusto, olfato y la integridad de la mucosa oral. El nuevo coronavirus tendría la capacidad de alterar el equilibrio de la microbiota oral, lo que sumado a un sistema inmune deprimido permitiría la colonización por infecciones oportunista. Se ha establecido que un correcto higiene oral podría disminuir la incidencia y gravedad de las principales complicaciones del COVID-19. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar una revisión y análisis de la evidencia disponible en relación a las manifestaciones orales a nivel de las mucosas, trastornos de las glándulas salivales y alteraciones en el sistema olfatorio y gustativo en el contexto de la infección por SARS-CoV-2.


ABSTRACT: On January 8, 2020, the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention officially reported the identification of a new strain of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) as the pathogen causing the global COVID-19 pandemic. The main clinical manifestations produced by SARS-CoV-2 are well described in the literature. However, the information about oral manifestations is limited. It has been suggested that the oral cavity is a perfect habitat for SARS-CoV-2 invasion due to the special affinity that the virus has for cells with the receptors for the converted angiotensin enzyme (ACE2), present in the respiratory tract, oral mucosal, tongue and salivary glands, thus being able to affect the functioning of the salivary glands, sensations of taste, smell and integrity of the oral mucosa. The new coronavirus could have the ability to alter the balance of the oral microbiota, which added to a depressed immune system would allow opportunistic infections colonization. It has been established that correct oral hygiene could decrease the incidence and severity of the main complications of COVID-19. The objective of this study is to review and analyze the available evidence in relation to oral manifestations at the mucosa, salivary glands disorders and olfactory and gustatory alterations in the context of SARS-CoV-2 infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Oral Health/standards , Betacoronavirus
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e120, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132685

ABSTRACT

Abstract With the onset of the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, the dental treatment of patients at risk of infection has become quite challenging. In view of this, patients with head and neck cancer may present with oral complications due to anticancer therapy, making dental assistance necessary. Thus, the objective of the study was to review the literature and critically discuss important concerns about the treatment of patients with head and neck cancer during the COVID-19 pandemic. Because dental professionals are in close contact with the main viral transmission routes, this study presents recommendations for management and protection during clinical dental care. The main characteristics and transmission routes of COVID-19 are also discussed. Dental professionals should control pain and the side effects of antineoplastic treatment and use preventive measures for infection control. During this pandemic, patients with head and neck cancer should not undergo elective procedures, even if they do not have symptoms or a history of COVID-19; therefore, in asymptomatic or painless cases, only preventive actions are recommended. In symptomatic or painful cases, precautions for safe interventional treatments must be implemented by following the hygiene measures recommended by health agencies and using personal protective equipment. During health crises, new protocols emerge for cancer treatment, and professionals must act with greater attention toward biosafety and updated knowledge. It is important to offer adequate individualized treatment based on the recommendations of preventative and interventional treatments so that patients can face this difficult period with optimized quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral , Coronavirus Infections , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Head and Neck Neoplasms/therapy , Mouth Diseases/therapy , Quality of Life , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Mouth Diseases/etiology
4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(4): 399-407, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Reactive hyperplastic lesions develop in response to a chronic injury simulating an exuberant tissue repair response. They represent some of the most common oral lesions including inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, oral pyogenic granuloma, giant cell fibroma, peripheral ossifying fibroma, and peripheral giant cell lesions. Objective The incidence of those lesions was investigated in an oral pathology service, and the clinical characteristics, associated etiological factors, concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnostic was determined. Methods A total of 2400 patient records were screened from 2006 to 2016. Clinical features were recorded from biopsy reports and patients' files. Results A total of 534 cases of reactive hyperplastic lesions were retrieved and retrospectively studied, representing 22.25% of all diagnoses. The most frequent lesion was inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (72.09%), followed by oral pyogenic granuloma (11.79%), giant cell fibroma (7.30%), peripheral ossifying fibroma (5.24%), and peripheral giant cell lesions (3.55%). Females were predominantly affected (74.19%), the gingiva and alveolar ridge were the predominant anatomical site (32.89%), and chronic traumatism was presented as the main etiological factor. The age widely ranges from the 1st decade of life to the 7th. Clinically, the reactive hyperplastic lesions consisted of small lesions (0.5-2 cm) and shared a strong likeness in color to the oral mucosa. The concordance between the clinical and histopathological diagnostic was high (82.5%). Conclusion Reactive hyperplastic lesions had a high incidence among oral pathologies. The understanding of their clinical features helps to achieve a clearer clinical and etiological diagnosis, and the knowledge of factors related to their development. This may contribute to adequate treatment and positive prognosis.


Resumo Introdução As lesões hiperplásicas reativas se desenvolvem em resposta a uma lesão crônica que estimula uma resposta acentuada de reparo tecidual. Elas representam uma das lesões orais mais comuns, inclusive hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória, granuloma piogênico oral, fibroma de células gigantes, fibroma periférico ossificante e lesão periférica de células gigantes. Objetivo A incidência dessas lesões foi investigada em um serviço de patologia bucal e as características clínicas, os fatores etiológicos associados e a concordância entre os diagnósticos clínico e histopatológico foram determinados. Método Foram selecionados 2.400 registros de pacientes entre 2006 e 2016. As características clínicas foram registradas a partir de laudos de biópsia e dos prontuários dos pacientes. Resultados Um total de 534 casos de lesões hiperplásicas reativas foram recuperados e retrospectivamente estudados, representando 22,25% de todos os diagnósticos. A lesão mais frequente foi hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (72,09%), seguida por granuloma piogênico oral (11,79%), fibroma de células gigantes, (7,30%), fibroma periférico ossificante (5,24%) e lesão periférica de células gigantes (3,55%). O sexo feminino foi predominante (74,19%), a gengiva e a crista alveolar foram o local anatômico predominante (32,89%) e o traumatismo crônico foi demonstrado como o principal fator etiológico. A idade variou desde a 1ª década de vida até a 7ª. Clinicamente, as LHR consistiram em pequenas lesões (0,5 a 2 cm) que apresentaram uma forte semelhança de cor com a mucosa oral. A concordância entre o diagnóstico clínico e histopatológico foi alta (82,5%). Conclusão As lesões hiperplásicas reativas apresentaram alta incidência entre as patologias bucais. A compreensão das características clínicas ajuda na realização de um diagnóstico clínico e etiológico mais claro, bem como determinar os fatores relacionados ao seu desenvolvimento. Dessa forma contribui para um tratamento adequado e um prognóstico positivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Hyperplasia/pathology , Mouth/pathology , Mouth Diseases/pathology , Giant Cells/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Granuloma, Pyogenic/congenital , Granuloma, Pyogenic/pathology , Fibroma, Ossifying/etiology , Fibroma, Ossifying/pathology , Fibroma/etiology , Fibroma/pathology , Hyperplasia/classification , Hyperplasia/etiology , Mouth Diseases/classification , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
5.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 34(77): 43-47, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1104212

ABSTRACT

En un estudio (Grasan, Sebelli, Anchava, Ferrari, y Biondi, 2016) se observó que niños con Fibrosis Quística (FQ) atendidos en un hospital revelaron menor patología dental comparados con pacientes sanos que concurrían a la Cátedra (FOUBA), siendo necesarios estudios comparativos con niños sin demanda de atención. Objetivo: determinar el estado bucal de pacientes pediátricos que concurren al Hospital Garrahan con diagnóstico de FQ y compararlos con niños sanos sin demanda de atención de la misma edad y sexo que concurren a una escuela pública del partido de Merlo, Buenos Aires. Método: Se empleó un diseño observacional, casos-control, en niños entre 3 y 16 años concurrentes Hospital (GFQ) y un grupo control de niños de la escuela (GS). A través de planillas se registraron datos personales, CPOD, CPOS, ceod, ceos, Indice de placa Silness y Loe, Hemorragia simplificado, Gingival Loe y Silness e Hipomineralización molar incisiva (HMI). Para la estimación de la prevalencia y otras variables cualitativas se calcularon las medias y desvíos estándar y Chi-cuadrado para las comparaciones. Resultados: cada grupo quedó conformado por 19 niños de 9+-6 años, 47% sexo femenino. Al comparar ambos grupos no se hallaron diferencias significativas en CPOD (p=0,236), CPOS (p=0,537), ceos (p=1,000), Indice de placa Silness y Loe (0,172) y Hemorragia simplificado (p=1,000) y HMI (p=0,001). Conclusiones: se concluye que los niños con FQ de la zona objeto del estudio, desde la muestra de 19 niños, no presentan diferencias en la salud bucal (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Oral Health , Dental Care for Children , Cystic Fibrosis , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Argentina , School Dentistry , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Periodontal Index , DMF Index , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Prospective Studies , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Dental Caries/etiology , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/etiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Observational Study , Hospitals, Pediatric
7.
J. bras. nefrol ; 40(1): 82-85, Jan.-Mar. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893812

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Chronic renal patients are more susceptible to hospital complications and infections such as urinary tract infections, peritonitis, surgery infections, and bacteremia, which are often caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A case of a HIV-positive girl with chronic kidney disease and with serious oral lesions due to P. aeruginosa septic shock is presented. The patient showed necrotic lesions in the oral mucosa, pathological tooth mobility, bone loss, and hematogenous osteomyelitis in the maxilla. The patient was submitted to systemic antibiotic therapy based on screening culture and treatment of bone lesions by eliminating the causal agent and restoring health conditions. This case report is extremely important for health professionals, since the oral cavity can be affected by this pathogen or serve as a colonization site.


RESUMO Pacientes renais crônicos são mais suscetíveis a complicações e infecções hospitalares, tais como infecções do trato urinário, peritonite, infecções cirúrgicas e bacteremia, muitas vezes causadas por Pseudomonas aeruginosa. O presente relato apresenta o caso de uma menina HIV-positiva com doença renal crônica e lesões orais graves devido a choque séptico por P. aeruginosa. A paciente apresentava lesões necróticas na mucosa oral, mobilidade dentária patológica, perda óssea e osteomielite hematogênica maxilar. A paciente foi submetida a antibioticoterapia sistêmica com base na cultura de triagem e tratamento das lesões ósseas por meio da eliminação do agente causal e restauração das condições de saúde. Este relato de caso é extremamente importante para os profissionais da saúde, uma vez que a cavidade oral pode ser afetada por este patógeno ou servir como local de colonização.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Pseudomonas Infections/etiology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Mouth Diseases/microbiology
8.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 23(1): 115-122, Jan. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-890487

ABSTRACT

Resumo Esta revisão integrativa da literatura tem por objetivo identificar as principais lesões bucais que afetam pacientes pediátricos com HIV, bem como descrever o efeito da terapia antirretroviral altamente ativa (HAART) sobre essas lesões, comparando-a com a terapia antirretroviral (ART). Foi feita uma busca nas bases de dados PubMed e Scielo, seguindo critérios de inclusão e exclusão pré-determinados. Foram selecionados dezenove artigos científicos e extraídas as informações principais sobre prevalência e a frequência das manifestações bucais em pacientes pediátricos HIV positivos e o efeito da terapêutica aplicada. As lesões mais frequentes foram candidíase oral, gengivite, aumento das parótidas e eritema gengival linear. O uso da HAART mostrou diminuir a prevalência das manifestações bucais nos pacientes pediátricos com HIV e ser mais eficaz que a ART. Os achados deste estudo sugerem que a manifestação bucal mais frequente em pacientes pediátricos com HIV é a candidíase oral, seguida de alterações como gengivite e aumento das glândulas parótidas. O uso de HAART parece reduzir a prevalência dessas lesões orais, apresentando resultados mais eficazes que os da ART.


Abstract This integrative literature review aims to identify the main oral lesions affecting pediatric patients with HIV, and describe the effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on these injuries, comparing it to antiretroviral therapy (ART). A search was conducted in PubMed and Scielo databases, following predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. 19 papers were selected and the main information on the prevalence and frequency of oral manifestations in HIV-positive pediatric patients and effect of therapy applied were extracted. The most frequent injuries were oral candidiasis, gingivitis, parotid gland enlargement and linear gingival erythema. The use of HAART shown to reduce the prevalence of oral manifestations in pediatric patients with HIV and be more effective than ART. The findings of this study suggest that the most frequent oral manifestation in HIV-infected children is oral candidiasis, followed by changes such as gingivitis and enlargement parotid glands. The use of HAART appears to reduce the prevalence of these oral lesions, showing more effective results than ART.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , HIV Infections/complications , Anti-HIV Agents/administration & dosage , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Parotid Gland/pathology , Candidiasis, Oral/etiology , Candidiasis, Oral/prevention & control , Candidiasis, Oral/epidemiology , HIV Infections/drug therapy , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Prevalence , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/prevention & control , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/epidemiology , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active/methods , Gingivitis/etiology , Gingivitis/prevention & control , Gingivitis/epidemiology , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control
9.
Bol. Hosp. Viña del Mar ; 73(3): 99-102, sept. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-948379

ABSTRACT

El Lupus Eritematoso Sistémico (LES) es una enfermedad crónica autoinmune con múltiples manifestaciones clínicas, que pueden ir desde el decaimiento general con presencia de lesiones cutáneas, hasta un compromiso sistémico severo afectando diversos órganos. Como en otras enfermedades de este tipo, puede verse comprometida la mucosa oral presentando zonas eritematosas, erosiones y úlceras, como también lesiones blancas discoideas, manifestaciones que se observan más intensas cuanto más descompensado se halla el cuadro general. Se presenta el caso de una paciente joven con diagnóstico de LES desde hace tres años, portadora de lesiones faciales, labiales y gingivitis asociada a Biofilm bacteriano y otros factores locales contribuyentes. Es importante que los cirujano-dentistas estén atentos a las manifestaciones que el LES puede presentar en la boca, como una de sus primeras evidencias clínicas, y así contribuir a su diagnóstico oportuno, derivando al enfermo al médico especialista. De igual forma, es importante que el médico considere el tratamiento de las lesiones orales, que suelen afectar de forma importante la calidad de vida de estos enfermos.


Systemic lupus erythematosus is a chronic auto-immune disease with multiple clinical expressions varying from feeling generally run down with cutaneous lesions to severe systemic compromise affecting several organs. As with similar diseases there may be involvement of the oral mucosa, with areas of erythema, erosions and ulcers as well as white discoid lesions, all more pronounced with increasing disease severity. We present the case of a young girl diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus three years before who presented facial, lip and gingival lesions associated with bacterial biofilm and other contributing local factors. It is important that dental surgeons be aware of the possibility of finding systemic lupus erythematosus lesions in a patient´s mouth, it being one of the first signs of the disease, thereby helping to reach a timely diagnosis by referring the patient to a specialist. Similarly, the physician should consider treating oral lesions as these have an important effect on the patient´s quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Oral Ulcer/etiology
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794500

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de CREST se caracteriza por calcinosis, síndrome de Raynaud, dismotilidad esofágica, esclerodactilia y telangiectasia. Presenta signos y síntomas en el sistema estomatognático que merecen consideración en un tratamiento. El objetivo del presente artículo fue reportar las manifestaciones orales de un caso de síndrome de CREST y describir su tratamiento protésico realizado en el Departamento de Rehabilitación Oral de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Se reporta una paciente mujer de 42 años, con diagnóstico de síndrome de CREST por su médico tratante, que acude a la facultad de odontología para un tratamiento restaurador. El manejo prostodóntico incluyó coronas, prótesis parcial fija metal-cerámicas y prótesis parcial removible. Los resultados obtenidos nos permiten recomendar las alternativas restaurativas convencionales similares a las usadas en un paciente sin esta condición sistémica, pero manteniendo un control estricto.


The CREST syndrome is characterized by calcinosis, Raynaud's syndrome, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia. It has signs and symptoms in the stomatognathic system that deserve consideration in its treatment. The objective of this paper is to report the oral manifestations of a case of CREST syndrome and describe the prosthetic treatment performed in the Department of Oral Rehabilitation in the National University of Colombia. The case is presented of a patient female aged 42 years, diagnosed with CREST syndrome by the treating doctor. She came to the Faculty of Dentistry for restorative treatment. The prosthodontic management included metal-ceramic crowns, fixed partial denture, and removable partial denture. The results demonstrate that conventional restorative alternatives, similar to that used in a patient without this systemic condition, while maintaining strict control of it, can be recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Dental Prosthesis , CREST Syndrome/complications , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Mouth Diseases/rehabilitation , Prosthodontics
12.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 20(4): 393-398, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828123

ABSTRACT

Abstract Syphilis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Syphilis has three clinical stages and may present various oral manifestations, mainly at the secondary stage. The disease mimics other more common oral mucosa lesions, going undiagnosed and with no proper treatment. Despite the advancements in medicine toward prevention, diagnosis, and treatment syphilis remains a public health problem worldwide. In this sense, dental surgeons should be able to identify the most common manifestations of the disease in the oral cavity, pointing to the role of this professional in prevention and diagnosis. This study describes a case series of seven patients with secondary syphilis presenting different oral manifestations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Syphilis/complications , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Penicillins/therapeutic use , Physician's Role , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/prevention & control , Diagnosis, Differential , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Mouth Diseases/diagnosis , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control
13.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 73(222): 7-11, jun. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-794298

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Down es un factor de riesgo no modificable para la enfermedad periodontal; los individuos con síndrome de Down tienen una mayor prevalencia y severidad de enfermedad periodontal que no puede ser explicada únicamente por una higiene bucal deficiente, y diversos estudios sugieren que esto se debe a cambios en su respuesta inmune y en la composición microbiológica de su biofilm. En este trabajo se hará una revisión de las siguiente anormalidades del sistema inmune que fueron encontradas: - defectos en la quimiotaxis de los neutrófilos - fagocitosis parcial de los leucocitos contra los estafilococos - distribución alterada de subclases de IgG en saliva - aumentados niveles de prostaglandinas E2 - aumentada cantidad de metaloproteinasas de la matriz en el fluido gingival crevicular - reducida expresión de IL-10. Por estos motivos, la atención periodontal de los pacientes son síndrome de Down es ligeramente diferente...


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Dental Plaque/microbiology , Down Syndrome/complications , Autoimmunity/physiology , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Periodontal Diseases/immunology , Tooth Diseases/etiology , Dental Plaque/therapy , Dental Scaling/methods
14.
Rev. ADM ; 73(1): 6-10, ene.-feb.2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-781835

ABSTRACT

La atención dental debe acompañar a los pacientes que reciben terapia contra el cáncer de cabeza y cuello debido a que existen efectos secundarios relacionados con la radioterapia y un mal estado bucal, así como secuelas por la cirugía ablativa. Los principales efectos desarrollados por la radioterapia incluyen xerostomía y mucositis, seguidos por trismus, caries por radiación y osteorradionecrosis. Para disminuir el riesgo de desarrollar estos padecimientos es necesaria la visita alcirujano dentista previa al tratamiento para realizar los procedimientos bajo los requerimentos de un paciente con cáncer y hacer la toma de decisiones ante dientes cariados, restauraciones extensas, enfermedad periodontal o dientes posteriores inaccesibles para una higiene diaria. Sin embargo, puede ser desafi ante llevar a cabo estas tareas en el corto periodo entre el diagnóstico del paciente y el inicio de su tratamiento. De igual manera los pacientes que han terminado el tratamiento deberán ser atendidos con consideraciones especiales por la posibilidad de desarrollar osteorradionecrosis...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Neoplasms/complications , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Dental Caries/etiology , Mucositis/etiology , Oral Manifestations , Osteoradionecrosis/etiology , Xerostomia/etiology , Trismus/etiology
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e21, 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952009

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the impact of oral conditions of children with sickle cell disease (SCD) on their parents' quality of life (QoL). A cross-sectional study was performed with parents of outpatients suffering from SCD at a hematology referral center in Belo Horizonte, MG. A qualified dentist performed an intraoral exam. The Family Impact Scale (FIS) was used to assess the parents' perception of QoL. The parents answered some questions regarding sociodemographic and medical information about their children. The dmft/DMFT score, DAI, gum bleeding and SCD severity were evaluated in terms of their impacts on the overall mean FIS scores and subscale scores. The chance of more frequent impacts was greater in parents of adolescents (OR = 2.04; 95%CI = 1.2, 3.4) than of younger children. Dental caries (dmft/DMFT ≥ 1) had a negative impact on the QoL of parents of younger children and adolescents (p < 0.05 and p < 0.01, respectively). Among the parents of younger children, dental caries and SCD severity significantly affected the subscales for parental activities (PA) and parental emotions (PE) (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). Among parents of adolescents, dental caries (DMFT) and severe malocclusion adversely affected the PE and PA subscales (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). SCD severity affected the overall FIS score among young children's parents (p < 0.05). In conclusion, dental caries, age and SCD severity were associated with a negative impact on the QoL of parents of children with SCD


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Parents/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Sickness Impact Profile , Anemia, Sickle Cell/psychology , Mouth Diseases/psychology , Psychometrics , Brazil , Epidemiologic Methods , Age Factors , Caregivers/psychology , Dental Caries/etiology , Dental Caries/psychology , Anemia, Sickle Cell/complications , Malocclusion/etiology , Malocclusion/psychology , Mouth Diseases/etiology
16.
Rev. ADM ; 72(6): 299-305, nov.-dic. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-786687

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida (SIDA) se caracteriza por una infección adquirida ocasionada por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH), que afecta a la población linfocitaria CD4+ y que predispone al paciente a un estado de inmunodefi ciencia que lo hace susceptible a infecciones oportunistas severas y/o neoplasias inusuales. La infección por el VIH es un problema grave de salud pública, ya que hay alrededor de 34 millones de personas infectadas según el Centro Nacional de Prevención de Enfermedades de Atlanta; de esta población seropositiva para VIH 68 por ciento vive en África Subsahariana. El VIH se transmite a través de la contaminación con sangre, semen, fluidos vaginales y leche materna. Muchos de los portadores de este virus son asintomáticos lo que complica la situación en virtud de que si no se toman las precauciones de bioseguridad adecuadas, esta situación representa un riesgo para el profesional de la salud oral. Los odontólogos deben brindar un tratamiento adecuado a este tipo de pacientes e identifi car oportunamente cualquier riesgo de infección y complicaciones asociadas


cquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is characterized by a seemingly irreversible impairment acquired in CD4 + lymphocyte population that predisposes the host to severe opportunistic infections and/or neoplastic unusual. Infection produced by human immunode-fi ciency virus (HIV) is a serious public health problem, as there are about 34 million people infected reported by the National Center for Disease Prevention Atlanta, this 68% HIV-positive population lives in Sub-Saharan Africa. HIV is transmitted through blood contamination, semen, vaginal fl uids and breast milk. Many patients infected with this virus are asymptomatic complicating the situation under if appropriate biosecurity measures are not taken; this situation represents a risk for oral health professional. Dentists should provide adequate treatment to these patients and promptly identify any risk of infection and as-sociated complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Dental Care for Children/methods , Mouth Diseases/etiology , HIV Infections/complications , Oral Manifestations , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Comprehensive Dental Care , Infection Control, Dental/standards , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/epidemiology , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/therapy , Tooth Diseases/etiology
17.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 9(3): 413-418, dic. 2015.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-775465

ABSTRACT

La cavidad oral a través de sus estructuras, dientes y mucosas, desempeñan diversas funciones orgánicas. Actúan en el proceso masticatorio, en la percepción de los sabores, además de servir de vía respiratoria. La relación entre alteraciones sistémicas y manifestaciones orales está bien relatada en la literatura. Observándose en numerosos estudios, palabras claves de morbilidades primariamente bucales, seguidas del diagnóstico de trastornos sistémicos. Las enfermedades reumáticas pueden manifestarse con alteraciones de la condición bucal, además de las presentaciones clínicas peculiares a cada morbilidad. Para la realización de este trabajo fueron investigados en la literatura estudios que evidencien la presencia de manifestaciones orales en enfermedades reumáticas a través de la búsqueda en las bases de datos Lilacs, PubMed y Bireme, incluidos en el año 2009-2015. Las evidencias existentes en la literatura nos revelan la importancia de la inclusión de la evaluación clínica de la boca y sus estructuras anexas, como elemento importante en el diagnóstico auxiliar y orientación para el manejo adecuado de las quejas de estos pacientes.


The oral cavity has several physiological functions through their structures. Such structures act in the chewing process, the perception of flavors, besides serving airway. The relationship between systemic diseases and oral manifestations is well reported in the literature. It is observed in numerous studies, morbidity descriptions primarily mouth followed by a diagnosis of systemic disorders. Rheumatic diseases exemplify that these can manifest with changes in oral health in addition to the peculiar clinical presentations to each morbidity. For this work we investigated in the literature studies that provided evidence of the presence of oral manifestations in rheumatic diseases by searching Lilacs, PubMed and Bireme databases, included in the year 2009­2015. The available evidence in the literature, reveal the importance of including clinical evaluation of the mouth and its associated structures as an important element for the diagnosis and guidance for the proper handling of complaints of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rheumatic Diseases/complications , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications
18.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 72(221): 20-22, nov.2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-781832

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad celíaca es una alteración de base inmunológica que puede presentarse en cualquier etapa de la vida. La causa es la intolerancia al gluten en aquellas personas predispuestas genéticamente. El diagnóstico precoz en niños permite adherir auna dieta libre de gluten y evitar consecuencias vinculadas con la enfermedad. El objetivo de este trabajo es orientar sobre las lesiones en tejidos blandos y duros de la cavidad bucal o retardo en la cronología de la erupción, que podrían asociarse a enfermedad celíaca (EC) y realizar la derivación oportuna al médico pediatra...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Dental Care for Chronically Ill/methods , Celiac Disease/complications , Celiac Disease/diagnosis , Celiac Disease/therapy , Oral Manifestations , Dental Caries/etiology , Tooth Demineralization/etiology , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Tooth Eruption/physiology , Dental Enamel/injuries , Stomatitis, Aphthous/etiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Tooth Diseases/etiology
19.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 4(5): 329-334, oct.2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783356

ABSTRACT

Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder. It may be congenital if the thyroid gland does not develop properly. A female predominance is characteristic. Hypothyroidism is the most common congenital pediatric disease and its first signs and early symptoms can be detected with neonatal screening. Some of the oral manifestations of hypothyroidism are known to be: glossitis, micrognathia, macroglossia, macroquelia, anterior open bite, enamel hypoplasia, delayed tooth eruption, and crowding. This paper briefly describes the systemic and oral characteristics of congenital hypothyroidism in a patient being treated at a dental practice. The patient had early childhood caries and delayed tooth eruption. There are no cases of craniosynostosis related to the primary pathology, which if left untreated, increases the cranial defect. Early diagnosis reduces the clinical manifestations of the disease. Delayed tooth eruption will become a growing problem if the patient does not receive timely treatment and monitoring...


El hipotiroidismo es el más común de los trastornos de la tiroides, puede ser congénito si la glándula tiroides no se desarrolla correctamente. La predominancia femenina es una característica. Los primeros signos y síntomas prematuros son detectados a la introducción del tamiz neonatal para hipotiroidismo, por ser la enfermedad congénita más frecuente en pediatría. Entre las manifestaciones orales del hipotiroidismo se observan: glositis, micrognatia, macroglosia, macroquelia, mordida abierta anterior, hipoplasia del esmalte, retardo en la erupción dental, y apiñamiento. Mediante revisión sucinta, se describen las características sistémicas y orales del hipotiroidismo congénito en una paciente que acude a la clínica dental, que dio lugar a caries de la infancia temprana y un retraso en la erupción dental. No existen casos de craneosinostosis relacionados con la patología base, la cual si no es tratada, incrementa el defecto craneal. Los pacientes prematuramente diagnosticados ven disminuidos las características clínicas. El retraso en la erupción se volverá un problema creciente si no se da seguimiento puntual...


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Dental Caries/etiology , Congenital Hypothyroidism/complications , Mouth Diseases/etiology
20.
Claves odontol ; 22(74): 41-46, sept. 2015. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-775315

ABSTRACT

El consumo excesivo de bebidas alcohólicas constituye un serio problema sanitario y social. En los últimos años se han destacado sus propiedades anticancerosas, antioxidantes y protectoras contra la enfermedad cardíaca coronaria, lo que ha generado controversias entre beneficios y perjuicios de su consumo. Los efectos tóxicos sobre el sistema nervioso central lideran el cuadro de la intoxicación aguda, mientras que los efectos del consumo crónico afectan prácticamente todo el organismo, alterando numerosas funciones aún en etapas tempranas de la vida. Los profesionales de las ciencias de la salud tienen un rol clave en la prevención de los daños producidos por este hábito tan difundido.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alcoholism/complications , Alcoholic Beverages/toxicity , Oral Health , Alcoholic Beverages/adverse effects , Liver Cirrhosis, Alcoholic/prevention & control , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Ethanol/metabolism , World Health Organization
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL