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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e211236, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253730

ABSTRACT

Aim: Dental imaging has been widely used for diagnosis in dentistry. However, dental X-ray may induce cytotoxicity leading to apoptosis in oral mucosa cells. The present study aimed to observe the maturation pattern of buccal and gingival cells after exposure to X-ray radiation from analog/digital panoramic scanning and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Methods: The research samples were 40 subjects who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The subjects were divided into the exposed (patients who received analog/digital panoramic radiography or CBCT) and controlled (patients who had no radiography examinations) groups, with 10 subjects in each group. Exfoliative cytology smears were obtained from buccal mucosa and gingiva before exposure (or on day 0 for the control group) and 10 days later. The cells were stained with the Papanicolaou method. Then, the superficial, intermediate, and parabasal cells were counted in each glass slide. Results: No significant differences (p > 0.05) were observed among all cell types between day 0 and 10 in the control group. Meanwhile, after exposure to three kinds of radiography examinations, the frequency of intermediate cells in buccal mucosa and gingiva increased (p < 0.05), but that of superficial cells decreased (p < 0.05) significantly. No significant difference was found in the parabasal cells (p > 0.05). The frequency differences between intermediate and superficial cells showed no significant difference between the buccal mucosa and gingiva. Conclusion: Analog/digital panoramic radiography and CBCT exposure can induce cytotoxicity by altering the maturation pattern of buccal mucosa cells and gingiva, so it is strongly recommended to only perform these procedures if necessary and avoid repeated exposure to the same patient


Subject(s)
Humans , Radiography, Panoramic , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Papanicolaou Test , Gingiva , Mouth Mucosa
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 251-257, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344244

ABSTRACT

asistencia ventilatoria cuando la vía aérea y la consciencia están comprometidas. Los elementos utilizados en este procedimiento se encuentran en contacto directo con estructuras dentofaciales, causando diversos tipos de lesiones, principalmente bucales. Aunque existen cuidados clínicos durante procesos de intubación, hay poca información, particularmente de la zona norte del país donde se hayan evaluado las posibles asociaciones entre los motivos de consulta más frecuentes y las diversas características, tanto clínicas como no clínicas de pacientes que han sido intubados. Objetivo: Identificar las alteraciones bucodentales más frecuentes en pacientes intubados, así como explorar las posibles asociaciones de acuerdo con los motivos de intubación más frecuentes. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal y comparativo en el cual se evaluaron alteraciones bucodentales y sistémicas de pacientes intubados. Los grupos de estudio se desarrollaron de acuerdo con el motivo de intubación y la determinación de las asociaciones fue con cada una de las alteraciones bucodentales y sistémicas. Resultados: El motivo de intubación más frecuente fue el evento cerebral vascular (EVC) y las alteraciones dentofaciales más prevalentes fueron caries, lengua saburral y cálculo dental, entre otras. Además, se encontraron diferencias significativas entre pacientes con EVC, mostrando una mayor frecuencia en tabaquismo, hipertensión arterial y diabetes mellitus, así como en la presencia de gingivitis y úlceras. Pacientes con traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE) tuvieron mayor frecuencia en la presencia de periodontitis. Conclusión: El motivo de hospitalización y las condiciones sistémicas preexistentes pueden ser un factor de riesgo para desarrollar lesiones bucales específicas antes y durante el periodo de intubación (AU)


Introduction: Intubation is a procedure that allows ventilatory assistance when the airway and consciousness are compromised. The elements used in this procedure are in direct contact with dentofacial structures causing various types of injuries, mainly oral. Although there is clinical care during intubation processes, there is little information, particularly from the northern part of the country where the possible associations between the most frequent reasons for consultation and the various clinical and non-clinical characteristics of patients who have been intubated have been evaluated. Objective: The objectives of the present study were to identify the most frequent oral alterations in intubated patients, as well as to explore possible associations according to the most frequent reasons for intubation. Material and methods: An observational, cross-sectional and comparative study was carried out in which oral and systemic alterations of intubated patients were evaluated. The study groups were formed according to the reason for intubation and the association was determined with each of the oral and systemic disorders. Results: The most frequent reason for intubation was the vascular cerebral event (CVA) and the most prevalent dentofacial alterations were caries, coated tongue, and dental calculus, among others. In addition, significant differences were found between patients with CVA, showing a higher frequency in smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, as well as in the presence of gingivitis and ulcers. Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) had a higher frequency in the presence of periodontitis. Conclusion: The reason for hospitalization and pre-existing systemic conditions can be a risk factor for developing specific oral lesions before and during the intubation period (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Hospitalization , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Tooth Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Stroke , Diabetes Mellitus , Observational Study , Brain Contusion , Hypertension , Mexico
3.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(4): e3462, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289649

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los pacientes geriátricos portadores de prótesis removible con frecuencia presentan lesiones paraprotésicas que repercuten en su calidad de vida. Objetivo: Identificar los tipos de lesiones paraprotésicas en pacientes geriátricos portadores de prótesis removibles. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo en 97 pacientes de cualquier sexo, mayores de 60 años, portadores de prótesis removible, que acudieron a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente Provincial "Dr. Justo Ortelio Pestana Lorenzo" de Sancti Spíritus, por presentar algún tipo de lesión en la mucosa bucal, desde enero de 2019 hasta febrero de 2020. Se utilizaron métodos del nivel teórico, empírico y estadístico-matemático para el estudio de las variables: edad, sexo, tipo de lesión. Resultados: El 49,5 % del universo correspondió a pacientes de 60 a 69 años y el 66 % del sexo femenino. Las lesiones paraprotésicas más frecuentes fueron la estomatitis subprótesis (55,6 %) y las úlceras traumáticas (31,9 %). Conclusiones: Las lesiones de la mucosa bucal asociadas al uso de prótesis removible fueron más frecuentes en las mujeres. La estomatitis subprótesis fue la lesión paraprotésica que predominó, seguida de la úlcera traumática y épulis fisurado.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Geriatric patients with removable prostheses often present paraprosthetic lesions that have an unfavorable impact on their quality of life. Objective: To identify the type of paraprosthetic lesions in geriatric patients with removable prostheses. Method: An observational and descriptive study in a total of 97 patients with removable prostheses, no specific sex, and over 60 years of age, was carried out. All patients studied were presented to the Clínica Estomatológica Docente Provincial "Dr. Justo Ortelio Pestana Lorenzo" in Sancti Spíritus, from January 2019 throughout February 2020, with any type of oral lesions. Theoretical, empirical and statistical-mathematical methods were used to study the following variables: age, sex, type of lesions. Results: The 49.5% of the total of patients studied were 60 to 69 years old and 66% were female. Most common paraprosthetic lesions found were the subprosthetic stomatitis (55.6%) and traumatic ulcers (31.9%). Conclusions: The oral lesions related to removable prostheses were most common in females. The subprosthetic stomatitis was the most predominant followed by the traumatic ulcer and fissured epulis.


RESUMO Introdução: Pacientes geriátricos com próteses removíveis freqüentemente apresentam lesões paraprotéticas que afetam sua qualidade de vida. Objetivo: Identificar os tipos de lesões paraprotéticas em pacientes geriátricos com próteses removíveis. Método: Foi realizado um estudo observacional e descritivo em 97 pacientes de ambos os sexos, maiores de 60 anos, com próteses removíveis, atendidos na Clínica Provincial de Ensino de Estomatologia "Dr. Justo Ortelio Pestana Lorenzo "de Sancti Spíritus, por apresentar algum tipo de lesão na mucosa oral, de janeiro de 2019 a fevereiro de 2020. Foram utilizados métodos de nível teórico, empírico e estatístico-matemático para estudar as variáveis: idade, sexo, tipo de lesão. Resultados: 49,5% do universo corresponderam a pacientes de 60 a 69 anos e 66% ao sexo feminino. As lesões paraprotéticas mais frequentes foram estomatite subprotética (55,6%) e úlceras traumáticas (31,9%). Conclusões: As lesões da mucosa oral associadas ao uso de próteses removíveis foram mais frequentes nas mulheres. A estomatite subprotética foi a lesão paraprotética predominante, seguida por úlcera traumática e epúlide fissurada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomatitis, Denture/etiology , Denture, Partial, Removable , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1337802

ABSTRACT

El virus del papiloma humano (HPV) es el agente etiológico de infecciones de transmisión sexual relacionadas con procesos oncogénicos genitales y orales. La biología molecular, mediante la identificación de los tipos virales involucrados, proporciona precisión diagnóstica con un enfoque epidemiológico. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la presencia de HPV en la mucosa oral de hombres con verrugas anogenitales y correlacionar los genotipos detectados en ambas muestras. Se estudiaron 26 pacientes varones con verrugas anogenitales que acudieron al Instituto de Dermatología de la ciudad de Resistencia (Argentina). La presencia de HPV en muestras orales y anogenitales se estudió mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) y la genotipificación se realizó mediante PCR-RFLP. La prevalencia de HPV oral en pacientes con HPV anogenital fue del 46,2% (12/26). Se encontraron dieciocho genotipos con alto riesgo oncogénico en muestras orales de pacientes con infecciones únicas o múltiples y el tipo 16 fue el más frecuente (6 pacientes). Catorce genotipos en muestras orales fueron de bajo riesgo oncogénico, el más frecuente fue el tipo 6 (10 pacientes). En muestras anogenitales el genotipo 6 fue el más frecuente (13 pacientes), solo o en coinfección. Se encontró una alta prevalencia de HPV oral de malignidad de alto grado en nuestra población y coinfección con tipos oncogénicos. Las prácticas de sexo oral fueron la principal conducta de riesgo para la infección, lo que quedó demostrado por el hallazgo simultáneo del mismo tipo de HPV en muestras orales y anogenitales


The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the etiologic agent of sexually transmitted infections related to genital and oral oncogenic processes. Molecular biology provides accurate diagnosis with an epidemiological approach, by identifying the viral types involved. The objective of this study was to determine the presence of HPV in oral mucosa from men with anogenital warts and to correlate the genotypes detected in both samples. Twenty-six male patients suffering anogenital warts who attended to the Institute of Dermatology in Resistencia (Argentina) were studied. The presence of HPV in oral and anogenital samples was studied by PCR and genotyping was performed by PCR-RFLP. The prevalence of oral HPV in patients with anogenital HPV was 46.2% (12/26). Eighteen genotypes with high oncogenic risk were found in oral samples of patients with single or multiple infections and type 16 was the most frequent (6 patients). Fourteen genotypes in oral samples were of low oncogenic risk and the most frequent was type 6 (10 patients). In anogenital samples the genotype 6 was the most frequent (13 patients), alone or in co-infection. A high prevalence of high-grade malignancy oral HPV in our population and co-infection with oncogenic types were found. Oral sex practices were the main risk factor for infection, which was demonstrated by the simultaneous finding of the same HPV type in oral and anogenital samples


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Papillomaviridae , Condylomata Acuminata/diagnosis , Papillomavirus Infections , Men's Health , Mouth Mucosa
5.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 167-175, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254949

ABSTRACT

La actual pandemia de COVID-19 provocada por el virus SARS-CoV-2 es un problema de salud que afecta a la población globalmente. Su desarrollo puede ser asintomático o exhibir manifestaciones clínicas moderadas o severas dependiendo en gran medida de la respuesta inmune de quien la padece. Esta enfermedad afecta principalmente a los pulmones a través del desarrollo del síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SRAS), tanto como por la «tormenta de citocinas¼, una respuesta inflamatoria exacerbada que podría provocar una falla multisistémica y, en casos severos, la muerte. Se conoce que la enzima convertidora de angiotensina 2 (ECA-2), presente en diversos tejidos del cuerpo, actúa como receptor funcional del virus SARS-CoV-2 facilitando la entrada de éste a las células. Se ha demostrado la presencia de dicho receptor en varios tejidos orales, por lo que se puede considerar a la cavidad bucal como una vía latente de infección por dicho coronavirus, ya que su mecanismo de transmisión es a través de la inhalación de partículas virales, ya sea por vía nasal u oral. Así mismo, la presencia de carga vírica en la saliva y algunos de los síntomas de la COVID-19, por ejemplo la ageusia, pueden indicar la presencia de contagio viral en etapas tempranas. La presente revisión muestra evidencia que sugiere que diversos tejidos en la cavidad oral podrían ser considerados sitios potenciales de contagio por el SARS-CoV-2, teniendo un papel importante en el mecanismo de transmisión y en el desarrollo de coinfecciones (AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus is currently a global healthcare problem. The onset of this disease can exhibit several clinical manifestations ranging from mild to severe symptoms, depending on the individual's immune response. COVID-19 primarily affects the lungs by developing the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the «cytokine storm¼, an exacerbated inflammatory reaction that can lead to multiorgan failure and consequently death. The angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE-2), present in several tissues in the human body, is known to act as the functional receptor of the SARS-CoV-2 germ facilitating its entrance into the cells. Such receptor is also present in diverse oral cavity tissues, indicating a latent route of infection due to its influence in the transmission mechanism by inhalation, either oral or nasal, of virus particles. Also, viral load in saliva and taste disorder symptoms like ageusia could indicate a viral infection in its early stages. This article presents evidence suggesting that several tissues in the oral cavity can be considered potential sites of SARS-CoV-2 infection, thus playing an essential role in the transmission mechanism and development of co-infections (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Oral Manifestations , Signs and Symptoms , Taste Disorders , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Viral Load , Inflammation
6.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3202-3211, mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251937

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La preparación del personal docente en las universidades exige un alto nivel científico y de maestría pedagógica. Todo esto requiere un esmerado trabajo metodológico que garantice una planificación organización, regulación y control del proceso docente educativo. Para esto se diseñó una clase metodológica instructiva sobre mucosa oral, de la asignatura Sistema Masticatorio, en la disciplina Histología, con el objetivo de instruir al profesor en la utilización de la vinculación básico-clínica. Se indicó a los profesores cómo relacionar el contenido de la clase con la clínica, desde el punto de vista de las lesiones precancerosas y sus factores de riesgo. Se logró la instrucción de los docentes en la utilización del contenido de las asignaturas y disciplinas de las Ciencias Básicas con la relación básico-clínica, y así se contribuyó a ampliar el espectro científico metodológico de los docentes en la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Matanzas (AU).


ABSTRACT Training the teaching staff in the universities demands a high scientific level and pedagogical expertise. All of these requires a careful methodological work guaranteeing the teaching-learning process planning, organization, regulation and control. For that the authors designed an instructive methodological lesson aimed to train the teaching staff in the use of the basic-clinical link during a lesson of the subject Masticatory System about Oral Mucosa, in the subject Histology. They indicate to professors how to relate the lesson content to clinic from the point of view of pre-cancer lesions and its risk factors. Training the teaching staff in the use of subjects and disciplines of the Basic Sciences with the basic-clinical relation, the authors contribute to widening the scientific methodological spectrum of the teaching staff of the Matanzas University of Medical Sciences (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomatognathic System/anatomy & histology , Lecture , Universities , Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards , Scientific Domains , Faculty, Dental/education , Faculty, Dental/standards , Mouth Mucosa/anatomy & histology
7.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 73(1): e528, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280335

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La histoplasmosis es una micosis causada por Histoplasma capsulatum. Este hongo se encuentra en las excretas de algunos animales (murciélagos y aves) y su reservorio es el suelo. Es una enfermedad endémica en el continente americano. La inhalación de esporas causa infección pulmonar primaria que puede diseminarse. Objetivo: Describir un caso de histoplasmosis bucal en un paciente seronegativo al virus de inmunodeficiencia humana. Caso clínico: Paciente diabético, fumador y alcohólico con cuadro febril de varios meses acompañado de manifestaciones respiratorias. Además, se constataron úlceras en encías y lengua, lesiones nodulares en mucosas del carrillo, fondo del surco vestibular y reborde alveolar. Se informó anemia, leucopenia y aumento de la velocidad de sedimentación globular. El diagnóstico se confirmó mediante citología e histopatología. La terapéutica empleada fue itraconazol 200 mg tres veces al día, luego 200 mg dos veces al día por dos meses y una tableta diaria hasta seis meses después del segundo mes. El paciente se encuentra asintomático y las lesiones bucales desaparecieron. Conclusiones: La histoplasmosis se diagnostica fundamentalmente por la epidemiología, la clínica y el cultivo. Los estudios citopatológicos e histopatológicos de la úlcera confirman el diagnóstico. Este caso representa una forma no habitual de presentación de la enfermedad, que aunque no se sospecha usualmente, puede ocurrir. Este trabajo es una alerta a los estomatólogos, maxilofaciales y a todo aquel personal de la salud que asiste a pacientes con manifestaciones sistémicas(AU)


Introduction: Histoplasmosis is a mycosis caused by Histoplasma capsulatum. This fungus is found in the feces of some animals (bats and birds) and its reservoir is the soil. Histoplasmosis is an endemic disease in the American continent. Inhalation of spores causes primary pulmonary infection, which may in turn be disseminated. Objective: Describe a case of oral histoplasmosis in a patient seronegative to the human immunodeficiency virus. Clinical case: A case is presented of a diabetic, smoker and alcoholic patient with fever of several months' evolution and respiratory manifestations. Examination revealed ulcers in the patient's gums and tongue, as well as nodular lesions in the mouth mucosa, the bottom of the vestibular sulcus and the alveolar ridge. Laboratory testing found anemia, leucopenia and an increased globular sedimentation rate. The diagnosis was confirmed by cytology and histopathology. The treatment indicated was 200 mg itraconazole three times a day and then 200 mg twice a day for two months, and a daily tablet for six months after the second month. The patient is now asymptomatic and the oral lesions have disappeared. Conclusions: Histoplasmosis is mainly diagnosed by epidemiological testing, clinical examination and culture. Cytopathologic and histopathological analysis of the ulcer confirm the diagnosis. The case illustrates an infrequent form of presentation of the disease, not usually suspected but possible. The study is a warning to dentists, maxillofacial specialists and all the health personnel caring for patients with systemic manifestations(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Ulcer , Itraconazole , Alcoholics , Smokers , Histoplasmosis , Leukopenia , Mouth Mucosa
8.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 49-58, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281314

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Los desórdenes de mucosa bucal potencialmente malignos pueden presentar áreas displásicas. En estos casos, la biopsia es un procedimiento imprescindible para un correcto diagnóstico. La inspección visual y la palpación, como método de selección del área de biopsia, ofrecen sensibilidad y especificidad adecuadas pero mejorables. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una serie de casos clínicos en los que se describen el empleo y la interpretación de la tinción vital con azul de toluidina como método complementario para contribuir a una mejor elección del área de biopsia. Casos clínicos: Se trata de siete casos de lesiones con sospecha de displasia epitelial en mucosa bucal. En cada uno se detalla la correlación de las áreas teñidas con las manifestaciones clínicas y con el diagnóstico de displasia. Además, se muestran patrones de tinción considerados falsos positivos. En la interpretación de la tinción positiva, se tuvieron en cuenta el aspecto superficial y el color de la lesión teñida. El empleo combinado de inspección, palpación y tinción vital podría constituir un procedimiento integral de utilidad para obtener mayor precisión en la determinación del sitio de biopsia en comparación con los mismos procedimientos aplicados de manera individual. En la interpretación de la tinción positiva con azul de toluidina deberían considerarse el aspecto superficial y el color de la lesión teñida (AU)


Aim: Potentially Malignant Disorders in the oral cavity can present dysplastic areas. In these cases, the biopsy is an essential procedure for a correct diagnosis. Visual inspection and palpation, are adequate methods to select the area for the biopsy, however there is margin for improvement. The objective of this article is to present a series of clinical cases in which the use and interpretation of vital staining with Toluidine Blue is described as a complementary method to contribute to a better choice of the biopsy area. Clinical cases: Seven clinical cases that presented lesions with suspected epithelial dysplasia in the oral mucosa were presented. The correlation of the stained areas with the clinical manifestations and with the diagnosis of dysplasia is detailed in each case. Staining patterns considered false positives are also shown. In the interpretation of the positive staining, the superficial appearance and color of the stained lesion were considered. The combined use of inspection, palpation and vital staining could constitute a useful comprehensive procedure to obtain greater precision in determining the biopsy site in relation to the same procedures applied individually. In the interpretation of the positive staining with Toluidine Blue, the superficial appearance and color of the stained lesion should be considered (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions/classification , Tolonium Chloride , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Palpation , Biopsy/methods , Lip Neoplasms/diagnosis , Clinical Diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/diagnosis
9.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 59-63, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281778

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir el diagnóstico y el tratamiento interdisciplinario de un caso clínico de histoplasmosis. Caso clínico: Un paciente masculino de 39 años, con antecedentes de consumo de drogas, alcohol, tabaquismo crónico y VIH+ sin adherencia al tratamiento, acudió al Servicio de Odontología por una interconsulta del Servicio de Clínica Médica para la evaluación de lesiones erosivas en paladar duro y blando, reborde alveolar anterior, dorso lingual y lesión tumoral en encía anterosuperior. El diagnóstico definitivo se obtuvo por medio del análisis de muestras de biopsia transbronquial, lavado broncoalveolar y biopsia de lesión en piel. El paciente recibió tratamiento sistémico con antimicóticos (anfotericina B e itraconazol según esquema) y tratamiento local con colutorio de clorhexidina al 0,12% y 100.000 UI de nistatina en suspensión. Al momento del alta, presentaba una considerable mejoría de su estado general y de las lesiones orales, con disminución de sintomatología dolorosa. Se indicó turno para control a los 7 días de forma ambulatoria, al cual el paciente no asistió. El abordaje interdisciplinario y el análisis de los diferentes aspectos socioeconómicos, culturales, ambientales y sistémicos del paciente facilitaron el diagnóstico temprano de la enfermedad (AU)


Aim: To describe the diagnosis and interdisciplinary treatment of a clinical case of histoplasmosis. Clinical case: 39-year-old male patient with a history of drug abuse, alcohol, and chronic smoking, HIV+ without treatment compliance, attends the dental department referred by the medical department for the diagnosis of erosive lesions in the hard and soft palate, anterior alveolar ridge, lingual dorsum and tumor lesion in the anterosuperior gingiva. The definitive diagnosis was obtained by the analysis of transbronchial biopsy, bronchoalveolar lavage and skin lesion biopsy. The patient received systemic treatment with antifungals (amphotericin b, itraconazole according to protocol), and local treatment with 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash and 100,000 IU nystatin suspension. At the time of medical discharge, the patient presented a considerable improvement in his general condition and of the oral lesions with a reduced pain. A 7 days recall was prescribed, however the patient failed to attend. The interdisciplinary approach to the patient and the analysis of the different socio-economic, cultural, environmental and systemic aspects of the patient facilitates the early diagnosis of the disease (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Oral Manifestations , HIV , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Histoplasmosis , Argentina , Biopsy , Amphotericin B , Nystatin , Immunosuppression/adverse effects , Itraconazole , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Dental Service, Hospital , Early Diagnosis , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Antifungal Agents
10.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 21(1): 36-39, jan.-mar. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1254737

ABSTRACT

The Polymorphous Low Grade Adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a common minor salivary gland carcinoma. It mostly affects the buccal mucosa and retromolar region, but the palate is an unusual site. As the carcinoma is low grade the recurrence is also uncommon. Our patient had a PLGA initially in the palate which was treated initially through surgical management but had a recurrence after four years. Hence we planned a partial maxillectomy along with level I nodes. Post-operatively follow-up is successful till date. So the management of a recurrent PLGA through careful surgery and post-operative follow ­up with prosthetic rehabilitation is discussed in this article... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Salivary Glands, Minor , Mouth Neoplasms , Adenocarcinoma , Mouth Mucosa , Palate , Recurrence
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(2): 237-250, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154443

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective is to summarize and characterize the long-term success of anterior augmentation urethroplasty in published series. The current literature on AU consists largely of retrospective series reporting intermediate follow-up and incompletely characterize the long term outcomes of AU. Materials and Methods: A systematic literature review was performed consistent with PRISMA guidelines to characterize long-term outcomes of AU with a minimum upper limit follow-up of 100 months. Penile/preputial skin flaps and graft and oral mucosal graft urethroplasties were included. The primary outcome was stricture-free survival for one-stage AU. Secondary analysis evaluated differences in outcomes based on two failure definitions: the need for intervention versus presence of recurrent stricture on cystoscopy or urethrography. Hazard rates were induced from the reported failure rates of one-stage AU and fixed and random effect models were fitted to the data. Additional subset analysis, removing potential confounders (lichen sclerosus, hypospadias and penile skin graft), was performed. Results: Ten studies met inclusion criteria, and two studies reported separate outcomes for grafts and flaps, and thus were included separately in the analysis. The mean hazard rate across all studies was 0.0044, the corresponding survival rates at 1 year 0.948, 5 years 0.766, 10 years 0.587, and 15 years 0.45. Subset analysis of the 4 select and homogeneous studies noted 1, 5, 10, and 15 years survival rates of 0.97, 0.96, 0.74, and 0.63, respectively. Conclusions: The long-term success rates of augmentation urethroplasty are appear to be worse than previously appreciated and patients should be counseled accordingly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Mouth Mucosa
12.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154846

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las lesiones paraprotésicas son alteraciones de la mucosa bucal asociadas al uso de prótesis dental, las cuales pueden provocar complicaciones graves. Objetivo: Identificar los factores de riesgo relacionados con las lesiones paraprotésicas en pacientes portadores de prótesis removibles. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo de 180 pacientes con lesiones paraprotésicas, atendidos en la Clínica Estomatológica Provincial Docente Mártires del Moncada de Santiago de Cuba, desde febrero del 2019 hasta mayo del 2020. Se seleccionaron las siguientes variables: edad, sexo, factor de riesgo y tipo de lesión paraprotésica. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes de 60 años y más, la estomatitis subprótesis (52,7 %) y factores de riesgo, tales como prótesis mucosoportada, mayor tiempo de uso, así como hábito de dormir con la prótesis. Conclusiones: La lesión paraprotésica más frecuente fue la estomatitis subprótesis debido a la persistencia de los mismos factores de riesgo, que incidieron en la población a través del tiempo.


Introduction: Paraprosthetic lesions are alterations of the oral mucosa associated with the use of dental prosthesis, which can cause serious complications. Objective: To identify the risk factors related to the paraprosthetic lesions in patients with removable prosthesis. Method: An observational and descriptive study of 180 patients with paraprosthetic lesions was carried out; they were assisted in Mártires del Moncada Teaching Provincial Stomatological Clinic in Santiago de Cuba, from February, 2019 to May, 2020. The following variables were selected: age, sex, risk factor and type of paraprosthetic lesion. Results: There was a prevalence of the 60 years and over patients, sub prosthesis stomatitis (52.7 %) and risk factors, such as mucosoported prosthesis, longer time using it, as well the habit of sleeping with the prosthesis. Conclusions: The most frequent paraprosthetic lesion was the sub prosthesis stomatitis due to the persistence of the same risk factors that impacted in the population through the time.


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis/adverse effects , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Risk Factors
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879957

ABSTRACT

Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory oral mucosal disease with unclear etiology. Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) is a type of autoimmune disease characterized by increased thyroid-specific antibodies. In recent years, more and more studies have found that the incidence of AITD is increased in OLP patients. The occurrence and development of OLP and AITD may be related to the expression of thyroid autoantigen in oral keratinocytes, the imbalance of thyroid hormone (Th)1/Th2 and Th17/Treg cell subsets, the abnormal quantity and function of follicular helper T cells and chemokines and the specific killing ability of CD8 T cells to target cells. In this article, the possible immune mechanisms involved in the coexistence of OLP and AITD are reviewed to provide insights for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of these two diseases from the perspective of immunology.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Hashimoto Disease , Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral/complications , Mouth Mucosa , Th17 Cells
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(6): 1029-1041, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134266

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction To assess the feasibility of vacuum physiotherapy meant to decrease graft contraction and recurrent penile curvature (PC), hence successful tubularization and a straight penis in patients underwent two-stage buccal mucosa graft (BMG) urethroplasty, in proximal hypospadias repair. Material and methods Between January 2014 and July 2018, 59 two-stage BMG urethroplasties performed at our referral center, were included in the study. The parents were counseled to use the vacuum device between the two stages. An internal, self-administered, semiquantitative, non-validated questionnaire was designed to record parent and patient adherence to the vacuum physiotherapy and parent satisfaction. Success rate of graft tubularization, curvature correction rates, and status of early (4 months) postoperative urinary stream were evaluated. Results Of 45/59 (76.3%) who returned the questionnaire, 77.8% followed the recommended physiotherapy protocol using the vacuum device. 93.3% of parents replied that the use of the vacuum was easy or moderately easy. None of the parents interrupted the physiotherapy because of perceived difficulty or intolerability. 100% of parents would have repeated the physiotherapy, if they had to. Overall, success rate of tubularization was 98.3% (58/59), complete curvature correction was achieved in 88.2% (52/59) of patients, and 79.7% (47/59) of patients showed a straight and powerful early post-operative urinary stream. Conclusions Physiotherapy with the vacuum device is safe, easy and practically feasible. Our vacuum physiotherapy protocol had high compliance rate. Vacuum physiotherapy should be considered for further assessment in patients undergoing two stage hypospadias repair using buccal mucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Hypospadias/surgery , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Urethra/surgery , Vacuum , Physical Therapy Modalities , Mouth Mucosa
15.
Acta toxicol. argent ; 28(2): 36-44, Sept. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278221

ABSTRACT

Abstract This research aimed to conduct a systematic review and metanalysis to compare the frequency of cell damage in crack users and nonusers, through Micronucleous (MN) test in buccal mucosa cells. A comprehensive search was carried out on MEDLINE via PubMeb, Web of Science, LILACS and the grey literature without restrictions. It was included case-control studies that report the frequency of micronuclei in the oral mucosa of adult crack users and nonusers. A review protocol was registered with PROSPERO (CRD42018115672), and conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines for the report of this systematic review. Furthermore, study quality was evaluated using an adapted Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for cross-sectional studies.The original search yielded 27 references, after eligibility criteriaonly five articles were included. The number of micronuclei was higher in crack users compared to nonusers. Also, secondary outcomes: binucleated cells, nuclear buds, pyknosis, karyorrhexis and karyolysis had higher prevalence in crack users.Crack use is associated with genotoxic and mutagenic effects because there is a higher frequency of micronuclei in exfoliated cells of crack users. In addition, MN test proved to be a goodbiomarker to assess the mutagenic impact of crack use in oral epithelium.


Resumen Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática y un meta-análisis para comparar la frecuencia de daño celular en usuarios de crack y sin crack, a través de la prueba de micronúcleos (MN) en células de la mucosa bucal. Se realizó una búsqueda exhaustiva en MEDLINE a través de PubMeb, Web of Science, LILACS y la literatura gris sin restricciones. Se incluyeron estudios de casos y controles que informaron la frecuencia de micronúcleos en la mucosa oral de usuarios adultos de crack y sin crack. Se registró un protocolo de revisión con PROSPERO (CRD42018115672), y se realizó de acuerdo con las pautas de PRISMA para el informe de esta revisión sistemática. Además, la calidad del estudio se evaluó mediante una escala Newcastle-Ottawa adaptada para estudios transversales. La búsqueda original arrojó 27 referencias, después de los criterios de elegibilidad se incluyeron un total de cinco artículos. El número de micronúcleos fue mayor en los usuarios de crack en compa ración con los usuarios sin crack. Además, los resultados secundarios de células binucleadas, yemas nucleares, picnosis, cario- rrexis y cariólisis tuvieron una mayor prevalencia en los usuarios de crack. El uso de crack se asocia con efectos genotóxicos y mutagénicos porque hay una mayor frecuencia de micronúcleos en las células exfoliadas de los usuarios de crack. Además, la prueba de MN demostró ser un buen biomarcador para evaluar el impacto mutagénico del uso de crack en el epitelio oral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Crack Cocaine , Cocaine-Related Disorders/diagnosis , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Micronucleus Tests/methods
16.
Rev. ADM ; 77(4)jul.-ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140041

ABSTRACT

Las pigmentaciones de la cavidad oral son comunes, éstas pueden representar diversas entidades clínicas, desde cambios fisiológicos hasta cambios malignos. Las pigmentaciones en la encía se conocen como pigmentaciones melánicas o melanosis gingival; en la encía se observan como tinciones oscuras ocasionadas por la acumulación de melanina en la zona. Éstas se consideran comunes, pueden representar variación normal en la pigmentación de melanina de la mucosa oral, hasta representar procesos malignos. En general, las personas de piel más oscura presentan frecuentemente mayor pigmentación de melanina oral que las personas de piel clara. Las variaciones en la pigmentación fisiológica oral están determinadas genéticamente a menos que estén asociadas con alguna enfermedad subyacente (AU)


Pigmentation of the oral cavity is common, it can represent diverse clinical entities, from physiological changes to malignant changes. Gum pigmentations are known as melanic pigmentations or gingival melanosis, and are observed as dark stains caused by the accumulation of melanin in the localized area. These are considered common, they can represent normal variation in melanin pigmentation of the oral mucosa, or malignant processes. In general, people with darker skin often exhibit greater pigmentation of oral melanin than people with fair skin. Variations in oral physiological pigmentation are genetically determined unless they are associated with some underlying disease (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pigmentation Disorders/physiopathology , Melanosis , Mouth Mucosa , Pigmentation Disorders/surgery , Pigmentation Disorders/genetics , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Melanins/physiology
17.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 310-318, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132308

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral mucositis is a common inflammatory complication among patients with cancer. This study evaluated the histopathological, stereological, and antioxidant markers of 2% eucalyptus extract in induced oral mucositis in male golden hamsters. In this animal study, oral mucositis was induced in 30 male golden hamsters by 5-FU (60 mg/kg) on days 0, 5, and 10 of the study. The cheek pouch was scratched with a sterile needle once daily on days 3 and 4. On days 14-17, 2% eucalyptus hydroalcoholic extract gel and Calendula officinalis extract gel groups were treated and then compared with a non-treated control group. The histopathological and stereological scores and the pouch content of malondialdehyde, as well as the activities of glutathione and myeloperoxidase in the pouch tissue, were evaluated. Histopathologic scores of oral mucositis were lower in the eucalyptus gel group than those of the calendula and control groups (p<0.05). Also, a lower malondialdehyde level and higher myeloperoxidase and glutathione activities were detected in the eucalyptus group in comparison to the calendula and control groups (p<0.001). The thickness of the mucosa and submucosa increased in the eucalyptus group. The numerical density of the fibroblast and the volume density of the collagen significantly increased in the eucalyptus group. In conclusion, the use of eucalyptus hydroalcoholic extract may be associated with reduced intensity of oral mucositis, diminished concentration of malondialdehyde, increased activity of myeloperoxidase and glutathione, increased volume of mucosa and submucosa, increased fibroblast and collagen in the induced oral mucositis in golden hamsters undergoing 5-FU consumption.


Resumo A mucosite oral é uma complicação inflamatória comum em pacientes com câncer. Este estudo avaliou os marcadores histopatológicos, estereológicos e antioxidantes de Eucalyptus 2% na mucosite oral induzida em hamsters dourados machos. Neste estudo em animais, a mucosite oral foi induzida em 30 hamsters golden masculinos por 5-FU (60 mg / kg) nos dias 0, 5 e 10 do estudo. A bolsa da bochecha foi arranhada com uma agulha estéril uma vez ao dia nos dias 3 e 4. Nos dias 14 a 17, os grupos de gel de eucalipto a 2% e curativos à base de gel foram tratados e comparados com um grupo controle. Foram avaliados os escores histopatológicos e estereológicos e o conteúdo de malondialdeído na bolsa, bem como as atividades de glutationa e mieloperoxidase no tecido da bolsa. Os escores histopatológicos de mucosite foram menores no grupo de gel de eucalipto a 2% do que os do gel e do grupo controle (p <0,05). Além disso, um nível mais baixo de malondialdeído e maiores atividades de mieloperoxidase e glutationa foram detectadas no grupo tratado com eucalipto em comparação aos grupos à base de gel e controle (p <0,001). A espessura da mucosa e submucosa aumentou no grupo Eucalyptus. A densidade numérica do fibroblasto e a densidade do volume do colágeno aumentaram significativamente nos grupos tratados com eucalipto. Em conclusão, o uso do extrato hidroalcoólico de Eucalyptus pode estar associado a menor intensidade de mucosite oral, diminuição da concentração de malondialdeído, aumento da atividade de mieloperoxidase e glutationa, aumento do volume de mucosa e submucosa, aumento de fibroblastos e colágeno na mucosite oral induzida em hamsters dourados em consumo de 5 UF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Stomatitis , Mucositis , Eucalyptus , Plant Extracts , Cricetinae , Mesocricetus , Fluorouracil , Mouth Mucosa
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(3): 344-348, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132304

ABSTRACT

Abstract Caliber persistent labial artery (CPLA) consists in a dilated portion of the main branch of the labial artery without loss of size. The aim of this study is to report a case of a patient diagnosed with CPLA in the upper lip, emphasizing unusual histopathological and immunohistochemical findings. A 67-year-old female patient with complaint of a pulsating upper lip lesion without painful symptomatology. Under a clinical diagnosis of CPLA, and considering that the patient was edentulous and used a total prosthesis, an excisional biopsy of the lesion was performed to avoid future traumas in the region and consequently possible exuberant local bleeding. At anatomopathological examination structures suggestive of lymphoid follicles and germinal centers were visualized. Immunohistochemistry showed positivity for CD20, CD68, desmin and CD34 and negativity for CD4. The patient did not have a history of allergies, cardiovascular, rheumatic or systemic diseases that could justified the findings. The case presents unusual histopathological structures, evidencing the necessity of more studies about this pathology so scarce in the literature.


Resumo Artéria labial de calibre persistente (ALCP) consiste em uma parte dilatada do ramo principal da artéria labial que penetra no tecido submucoso sem perda de calibre. O objetivo desse estudo é relatar um caso de uma paciente diagnosticada com ALCP em lábio superior, enfatizando os achados histopatológicos e imuno-histoquímicos incomuns. Paciente de 67 anos, sexo feminino, com queixa de lesão em lábio superior, pulsante, sem sintomatologia dolorosa. Diante do diagnóstico clínico de ALCP, e considerando que a paciente era edêntula e usuária de prótese total, foi realizada biópsia excisional para evitar futuros traumas na região e, consequentemente, sangramento local exuberante. Ao exame anatomopatológico foram visualizadas estruturas sugestivas de folículos linfoides e com formações sugestivas de centros germinativos. No exame imuno-histoquímico observou-se imunopositividade para CD20, CD68, desmina e CD34 e sem imunomarcação para CD4. A paciente relatou não possuir histórico de alergias, doenças cardiovasculares, reumáticas ou sistêmicas que justificassem os achados. O caso apresenta estruturas histopatológicas incomuns, corroborando a necessidade de mais estudos acerca dessa lesão tão pouco discutida na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vascular Malformations , Lip Diseases , Arteries , Biopsy , Lip , Mouth Mucosa
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 166-171, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115831

ABSTRACT

El tumor glómico es una neoplasia vascular originada de las células del músculo liso del componente neuromioarterial, responsable del control del flujo sanguíneo microvascular. Representa el 1,6% de todos los tumores de tejidos blandos, localizándose principalmente en la zona subungüeal y clínicamente muy doloroso. Su diagnóstico puede ser tardío debido a su pequeño tamaño, manifestaciones clínicas inespecíficas y localizaciones anatómicas inusuales. El tratamiento principalmente es quirúrgico, el cual es curativo, permitiendo además la confirmación histopatológica. Se presenta el reporte de caso de una paciente de 13 años de edad con un tumor glómico de localización inusual en mucosa bucal.


The glomus tumor is a vascular neoplasm originating from smooth muscle cells of neuromyoarterial component, responsible for the control of microvascular blood flow. It represents 1.6% of all soft tissue tumors, being located mainly in the subungual area and clinically very painful. Diagnosis may be delayed because of their small size, nonspecific clinical manifestations and unusual anatomical locations. Treatment is primarily surgical, which is healing, also allowing the histopathologic confirmation. The case report of a 13-year-old patient with an unusual-located glomus tumor in the oral mucosa is presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Glomus Tumor/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Glomus Tumor/diagnosis , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
20.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(2): e498, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138993

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La gingivoestomatitis estreptocócica es una inflamación aguda de las encías y mucosa bucal. Es una infección específica por estreptococo, poco frecuente. Objetivo: Valorar la correspondencia entre el diagnóstico presuntivo de la gingivoestomatitis estreptocócica, el diagnóstico etiológico y la evolución clínica de los pacientes tratados. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en el período comprendido de septiembre del año 2018 a abril del 2019, en el Hospital Militar "Manuel Fajardo". La población de estudio estuvo constituida por 13 pacientes de 15 a 24 años que acudieron a los servicios de urgencias estomatológicas, quienes fueron diagnosticados con gingivoestomatitis estreptocócica. Las variables estudiadas fueron, edad, sexo, características clínicas, síntomas, correspondencia entre el diagnóstico presuntivo, el etiológico y evolución de la enfermedad. Resultados: El 61,5 por ciento de los pacientes fueron del sexo masculino y la media de edad fue de 18,5 años, el sangramiento estuvo presente en la totalidad de los pacientes, el 92,3 por ciento presento úlceras, en el 76,9 por ciento la enfermedad estaba generalizada, entre los síntomas predominaron el dolor y la fiebre. El diagnóstico etiológico del estreptococo beta hemolítico fue del 84,6 por ciento. La evolución de la enfermedad con el tratamiento recibido fue satisfactoria en el 76,9 por ciento de los pacientes. Conclusiones: Se observó alta correspondencia entre el diagnóstico presuntivo realizado en la consulta de urgencias y el diagnóstico etiológico de la gingivoestomatitis estreptocócica. La mayoría de los pacientes tuvo una evolución satisfactoria con el tratamiento(AU)


Introduction: Streptococcal gingivostomatitis is an acute inflammation of the gums and oral mucosa. It is a specific streptococcus infection with low frequency. Objective: To assess the correspondence between the presumptive diagnosis of streptococcal gingivostomatitis, the etiological diagnosis and the clinical evolution of the treated patients. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in the period from September 2018 to April 2019, at the Hospital Militar "Manuel Fajardo Rivero". The study population consisted of 13 patients aged 15 to 24 who attended the stomatological emergency services who were diagnosed with streptococcal gingivostomatitis. The variables studied were, age, sex, clinical characteristics, symptoms, correspondence between presumptive diagnosis, etiological and disease evolution. Results: 61.5 percent of the patients were male and the average age was 18.5 years, bleeding was present in all patients, 92.3 percent had ulcers, in 76.9 percent the disease was widespread, pain and fever predominated among the symptoms. The etiological diagnosis of beta hemolytic streptococcus was 84.6 percent. The evolution of the disease with the treatment received was satisfactory in 76.9 percent of the patients. Conclusions: High correspondence was observed between the presumptive diagnosis made in the emergency department and the etiological diagnosis of streptococcal gingivostomatitis. The majority of the patients had a satisfactory evolution with the treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Gingiva , Hemorrhage , Infections , Methods , Mouth Mucosa , Epidemiology, Descriptive
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