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1.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 79(230): 21-23, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358320

ABSTRACT

La PTI es una alteración hemorrágica de instalación súbdita, adquirida, que se manifiesta inicialmente con petequias, equimosis o hematomas en piel y mucosas, sangrado nasal y gingival, sin causa aparente. La mucosa bucal puede ser el sitio donde las lesiones se observen con frecuencia y por primera vez. Se reporta el caso de un paciente masculino de 28 años de edad, con manifestaciones clínicas de un cuadro purpúrico, se describen signos, síntomas, terapéutica y manejo estomatológico (AU)


PTI is a hemorrhagic alteration of sudden installation, acquired, which manifests initially with petechiae, esquimosis or bruises on skin and mucosae, nasal and gingival bleeding without apparent cause. Bucal mucosae can be the site where lesions are observed with frequency, and for the first time. The case of a male patient with 28 years of age with clinical manifestationsofpurpuric syndrome is reported, signs, symptoms, therapeutic and stomatological handling are described (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Gingival Hemorrhage , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Signs and Symptoms , Immunoglobulins , Ecchymosis , Rituximab , Glucocorticoids
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(5): 251-257, sept.-oct. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344244

ABSTRACT

asistencia ventilatoria cuando la vía aérea y la consciencia están comprometidas. Los elementos utilizados en este procedimiento se encuentran en contacto directo con estructuras dentofaciales, causando diversos tipos de lesiones, principalmente bucales. Aunque existen cuidados clínicos durante procesos de intubación, hay poca información, particularmente de la zona norte del país donde se hayan evaluado las posibles asociaciones entre los motivos de consulta más frecuentes y las diversas características, tanto clínicas como no clínicas de pacientes que han sido intubados. Objetivo: Identificar las alteraciones bucodentales más frecuentes en pacientes intubados, así como explorar las posibles asociaciones de acuerdo con los motivos de intubación más frecuentes. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal y comparativo en el cual se evaluaron alteraciones bucodentales y sistémicas de pacientes intubados. Los grupos de estudio se desarrollaron de acuerdo con el motivo de intubación y la determinación de las asociaciones fue con cada una de las alteraciones bucodentales y sistémicas. Resultados: El motivo de intubación más frecuente fue el evento cerebral vascular (EVC) y las alteraciones dentofaciales más prevalentes fueron caries, lengua saburral y cálculo dental, entre otras. Además, se encontraron diferencias significativas entre pacientes con EVC, mostrando una mayor frecuencia en tabaquismo, hipertensión arterial y diabetes mellitus, así como en la presencia de gingivitis y úlceras. Pacientes con traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE) tuvieron mayor frecuencia en la presencia de periodontitis. Conclusión: El motivo de hospitalización y las condiciones sistémicas preexistentes pueden ser un factor de riesgo para desarrollar lesiones bucales específicas antes y durante el periodo de intubación (AU)


Introduction: Intubation is a procedure that allows ventilatory assistance when the airway and consciousness are compromised. The elements used in this procedure are in direct contact with dentofacial structures causing various types of injuries, mainly oral. Although there is clinical care during intubation processes, there is little information, particularly from the northern part of the country where the possible associations between the most frequent reasons for consultation and the various clinical and non-clinical characteristics of patients who have been intubated have been evaluated. Objective: The objectives of the present study were to identify the most frequent oral alterations in intubated patients, as well as to explore possible associations according to the most frequent reasons for intubation. Material and methods: An observational, cross-sectional and comparative study was carried out in which oral and systemic alterations of intubated patients were evaluated. The study groups were formed according to the reason for intubation and the association was determined with each of the oral and systemic disorders. Results: The most frequent reason for intubation was the vascular cerebral event (CVA) and the most prevalent dentofacial alterations were caries, coated tongue, and dental calculus, among others. In addition, significant differences were found between patients with CVA, showing a higher frequency in smoking, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, as well as in the presence of gingivitis and ulcers. Patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) had a higher frequency in the presence of periodontitis. Conclusion: The reason for hospitalization and pre-existing systemic conditions can be a risk factor for developing specific oral lesions before and during the intubation period (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Hospitalization , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Tooth Diseases , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Risk Factors , Stroke , Diabetes Mellitus , Observational Study , Brain Contusion , Hypertension , Mexico
3.
Rev. inf. cient ; 100(4): e3462, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289649

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: Los pacientes geriátricos portadores de prótesis removible con frecuencia presentan lesiones paraprotésicas que repercuten en su calidad de vida. Objetivo: Identificar los tipos de lesiones paraprotésicas en pacientes geriátricos portadores de prótesis removibles. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo en 97 pacientes de cualquier sexo, mayores de 60 años, portadores de prótesis removible, que acudieron a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente Provincial "Dr. Justo Ortelio Pestana Lorenzo" de Sancti Spíritus, por presentar algún tipo de lesión en la mucosa bucal, desde enero de 2019 hasta febrero de 2020. Se utilizaron métodos del nivel teórico, empírico y estadístico-matemático para el estudio de las variables: edad, sexo, tipo de lesión. Resultados: El 49,5 % del universo correspondió a pacientes de 60 a 69 años y el 66 % del sexo femenino. Las lesiones paraprotésicas más frecuentes fueron la estomatitis subprótesis (55,6 %) y las úlceras traumáticas (31,9 %). Conclusiones: Las lesiones de la mucosa bucal asociadas al uso de prótesis removible fueron más frecuentes en las mujeres. La estomatitis subprótesis fue la lesión paraprotésica que predominó, seguida de la úlcera traumática y épulis fisurado.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Geriatric patients with removable prostheses often present paraprosthetic lesions that have an unfavorable impact on their quality of life. Objective: To identify the type of paraprosthetic lesions in geriatric patients with removable prostheses. Method: An observational and descriptive study in a total of 97 patients with removable prostheses, no specific sex, and over 60 years of age, was carried out. All patients studied were presented to the Clínica Estomatológica Docente Provincial "Dr. Justo Ortelio Pestana Lorenzo" in Sancti Spíritus, from January 2019 throughout February 2020, with any type of oral lesions. Theoretical, empirical and statistical-mathematical methods were used to study the following variables: age, sex, type of lesions. Results: The 49.5% of the total of patients studied were 60 to 69 years old and 66% were female. Most common paraprosthetic lesions found were the subprosthetic stomatitis (55.6%) and traumatic ulcers (31.9%). Conclusions: The oral lesions related to removable prostheses were most common in females. The subprosthetic stomatitis was the most predominant followed by the traumatic ulcer and fissured epulis.


RESUMO Introdução: Pacientes geriátricos com próteses removíveis freqüentemente apresentam lesões paraprotéticas que afetam sua qualidade de vida. Objetivo: Identificar os tipos de lesões paraprotéticas em pacientes geriátricos com próteses removíveis. Método: Foi realizado um estudo observacional e descritivo em 97 pacientes de ambos os sexos, maiores de 60 anos, com próteses removíveis, atendidos na Clínica Provincial de Ensino de Estomatologia "Dr. Justo Ortelio Pestana Lorenzo "de Sancti Spíritus, por apresentar algum tipo de lesão na mucosa oral, de janeiro de 2019 a fevereiro de 2020. Foram utilizados métodos de nível teórico, empírico e estatístico-matemático para estudar as variáveis: idade, sexo, tipo de lesão. Resultados: 49,5% do universo corresponderam a pacientes de 60 a 69 anos e 66% ao sexo feminino. As lesões paraprotéticas mais frequentes foram estomatite subprotética (55,6%) e úlceras traumáticas (31,9%). Conclusões: As lesões da mucosa oral associadas ao uso de próteses removíveis foram mais frequentes nas mulheres. A estomatite subprotética foi a lesão paraprotética predominante, seguida por úlcera traumática e epúlide fissurada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Stomatitis, Denture/etiology , Denture, Partial, Removable , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
4.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 49-58, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281314

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Los desórdenes de mucosa bucal potencialmente malignos pueden presentar áreas displásicas. En estos casos, la biopsia es un procedimiento imprescindible para un correcto diagnóstico. La inspección visual y la palpación, como método de selección del área de biopsia, ofrecen sensibilidad y especificidad adecuadas pero mejorables. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una serie de casos clínicos en los que se describen el empleo y la interpretación de la tinción vital con azul de toluidina como método complementario para contribuir a una mejor elección del área de biopsia. Casos clínicos: Se trata de siete casos de lesiones con sospecha de displasia epitelial en mucosa bucal. En cada uno se detalla la correlación de las áreas teñidas con las manifestaciones clínicas y con el diagnóstico de displasia. Además, se muestran patrones de tinción considerados falsos positivos. En la interpretación de la tinción positiva, se tuvieron en cuenta el aspecto superficial y el color de la lesión teñida. El empleo combinado de inspección, palpación y tinción vital podría constituir un procedimiento integral de utilidad para obtener mayor precisión en la determinación del sitio de biopsia en comparación con los mismos procedimientos aplicados de manera individual. En la interpretación de la tinción positiva con azul de toluidina deberían considerarse el aspecto superficial y el color de la lesión teñida (AU)


Aim: Potentially Malignant Disorders in the oral cavity can present dysplastic areas. In these cases, the biopsy is an essential procedure for a correct diagnosis. Visual inspection and palpation, are adequate methods to select the area for the biopsy, however there is margin for improvement. The objective of this article is to present a series of clinical cases in which the use and interpretation of vital staining with Toluidine Blue is described as a complementary method to contribute to a better choice of the biopsy area. Clinical cases: Seven clinical cases that presented lesions with suspected epithelial dysplasia in the oral mucosa were presented. The correlation of the stained areas with the clinical manifestations and with the diagnosis of dysplasia is detailed in each case. Staining patterns considered false positives are also shown. In the interpretation of the positive staining, the superficial appearance and color of the stained lesion were considered. The combined use of inspection, palpation and vital staining could constitute a useful comprehensive procedure to obtain greater precision in determining the biopsy site in relation to the same procedures applied individually. In the interpretation of the positive staining with Toluidine Blue, the superficial appearance and color of the stained lesion should be considered (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Precancerous Conditions/classification , Tolonium Chloride , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Palpation , Biopsy/methods , Lip Neoplasms/diagnosis , Clinical Diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/diagnosis
5.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 59-63, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281778

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir el diagnóstico y el tratamiento interdisciplinario de un caso clínico de histoplasmosis. Caso clínico: Un paciente masculino de 39 años, con antecedentes de consumo de drogas, alcohol, tabaquismo crónico y VIH+ sin adherencia al tratamiento, acudió al Servicio de Odontología por una interconsulta del Servicio de Clínica Médica para la evaluación de lesiones erosivas en paladar duro y blando, reborde alveolar anterior, dorso lingual y lesión tumoral en encía anterosuperior. El diagnóstico definitivo se obtuvo por medio del análisis de muestras de biopsia transbronquial, lavado broncoalveolar y biopsia de lesión en piel. El paciente recibió tratamiento sistémico con antimicóticos (anfotericina B e itraconazol según esquema) y tratamiento local con colutorio de clorhexidina al 0,12% y 100.000 UI de nistatina en suspensión. Al momento del alta, presentaba una considerable mejoría de su estado general y de las lesiones orales, con disminución de sintomatología dolorosa. Se indicó turno para control a los 7 días de forma ambulatoria, al cual el paciente no asistió. El abordaje interdisciplinario y el análisis de los diferentes aspectos socioeconómicos, culturales, ambientales y sistémicos del paciente facilitaron el diagnóstico temprano de la enfermedad (AU)


Aim: To describe the diagnosis and interdisciplinary treatment of a clinical case of histoplasmosis. Clinical case: 39-year-old male patient with a history of drug abuse, alcohol, and chronic smoking, HIV+ without treatment compliance, attends the dental department referred by the medical department for the diagnosis of erosive lesions in the hard and soft palate, anterior alveolar ridge, lingual dorsum and tumor lesion in the anterosuperior gingiva. The definitive diagnosis was obtained by the analysis of transbronchial biopsy, bronchoalveolar lavage and skin lesion biopsy. The patient received systemic treatment with antifungals (amphotericin b, itraconazole according to protocol), and local treatment with 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthwash and 100,000 IU nystatin suspension. At the time of medical discharge, the patient presented a considerable improvement in his general condition and of the oral lesions with a reduced pain. A 7 days recall was prescribed, however the patient failed to attend. The interdisciplinary approach to the patient and the analysis of the different socio-economic, cultural, environmental and systemic aspects of the patient facilitates the early diagnosis of the disease (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Oral Manifestations , HIV , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Histoplasmosis , Argentina , Biopsy , Amphotericin B , Nystatin , Immunosuppression/adverse effects , Itraconazole , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Dental Service, Hospital , Early Diagnosis , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Antifungal Agents
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154998

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of commonly used smokeless tobacco forms on oral health at habitual placement sites of smokeless tobacco compared to non-placement sites among the North Indian population. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 542 individuals using smokeless tobacco recruited from the outpatient wing of the Dental College. Subjects completed a questionnaire and received an oral examination. Periodontal pocket depth, gingival index, plaque index, gingival recession, and oral mucosal changes were assessed. Kendal's Tau test, paired t-test, and chi-square test were carried out to compare different variables among placement and non-placement sites. Results: Most of the subjects were male, reporting an average of 11.26 years of SLT use. Clinical inflammation of gingiva was significantly greater (p=0.01) at placement-sites (1.64 ± 0.53) of SLT in comparison to non-placement-sites (1.40 ± 0.41). The difference in the GR and PPD at placement and non-placement-sites was also statistically significant with p=0.002 and p=0.001, respectively. Clinically, the majority of subjects had mucosal changes at the placement sites, and a statistically significant association (p=0.034) was observed between the duration of the use of smokeless tobacco and the mucosal changes. Conclusion: Smokeless tobacco use predisposes to increased risk of periodontal diseases and oral mucosal changes at the placement sites in an individual due to the local irritant effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Periodontitis/pathology , Oral Health/education , Tobacco, Smokeless/toxicity , India/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
7.
Rev. ADM ; 77(1): 11-16, ene.-feb. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087826

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La epidemiología sobre alteraciones en tejidos blandos bucales es limitada cuando se compara con caries, enfermedades periodontales y maloclusiones, por lo que su estudio representa un paso adelante en la odontología más allá de los dientes. Objetivo: Describir la prevalencia de las lesiones bucales en tejido blando encontradas en la Clínica de Estomatología de la Facultad de Odontología de la ULA, del 2015 al 2018, con la finalidad de proporcionar una fuente de datos actualizada, que oriente a una mejor prevención y oportuno diagnóstico. Material y métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva, documental, retrospectiva y multivariable. Resultados: De 1,000 fichas clínicas estudiadas, las patologías más frecuentes fueron: lengua saburral (50.6%), queilitis (33.4%), traumatismo de la mucosa de los carrillos (27.6%), várices linguales (18.3%), anquiloglosia (13.7%) y agrandamiento de rugas palatinas (11.7%). La zona con mayor alteración fue la lengua (92.1%), mientras que el paladar fue la menos afectada (29%). De los hábitos predisponentes a la formación de lesiones, el mordisqueo de mucosa fue el más común (16.5%). En cuanto a los factores locales asociados, una higiene oral regular/ deficiente resultó el principal (53.8%). Conclusión: La educación del paciente sigue siendo considerada la clave para disminuir la aparición de patologías y su evolución a entidades más graves (AU)


Introduction: Epidemiological studies on soft tissue alterations in the mouth are limited when compared with caries, periodontal diseases and malocclusions, so their study represents a step forward in dentistry beyond the teeth. Objective: To describe the prevalence of soft tissue oral lesions found in the Stomatology Clinic of the ULA School of Dentistry, from 2015 to 2018, in order to provide an up-to-date data source, to guide better prevention and timely diagnosis. Material and methods: A descriptive and documentary, retrospective and multivariable research was carried out. The statistical package IBM SPSS Statistics v 23 was applied for the analysis. Results: 1,000 clinical records studied, the most frequent pathologies were: saburral tongue (50.6%), cheilitis (33.4%), traumatism of the cheek mucosa (27.6%), lingual varices (18.3%), ankyloglossia (13.7%) and enlargement of palatal rugas (11.7%). The tongue was the most affected (92.1%), while the palate was the least affected (29%). Of the predisposing habits to the formation of lesions, mucosal nipping was the most common (16.5%). Regarding the associated local factors, a regular / deficient oral hygiene was the main one (53.8%). Conclusion: Patient education is still considered the key to diminish not only the appearance of pathologies but their evolution to more serious entities (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Mouth Diseases/classification , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Schools, Dental , Stomatitis, Aphthous/epidemiology , Tongue, Fissured/epidemiology , Tongue Habits , Tongue, Hairy/epidemiology , Leukoplakia, Oral/epidemiology , Cheilitis/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Statistical Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Colombia , Oral Ulcer/epidemiology , Age and Sex Distribution , Glossitis, Benign Migratory/epidemiology , Macroglossia/epidemiology
8.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135561

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the occurrence and severity of oral mucositis (OM) and the factors associated with the onset of severe oral mucositis (SOM) in pediatric cancer patients. Material and Methods: This was a longitudinal and prospective study with 85 children and adolescents (aged 0 to 19 years) admitted to the Pediatric Oncology Sector of Napoleão Laureano Hospital between November 2016 and July 2019. The patients' sociodemographic and epidemiological information, as well as hematological and biochemical parameters, were obtained from their medical charts. The oral mucosa of study participants was assessed through the modified Oral Assessment Guide (OAG) at baseline and after the 2nd, 5th and 10th week of antineoplastic treatment. Data were analyzed by Chi-square test to determine the factors associated with the occurrence of SOM (p<0.05). Results: The occurrence of OM was more frequent in the 2nd (60%), 5th (40.9%) and 10th week (43.2%) of antineoplastic treatment. During the follow-up period, SOM was more frequent in the 5th week (34.7%), followed by the 2nd (32.3%) and 10th weeks (29.7%). There was no association between the occurrence of SOM and the patient's age, type of tumor, chemotherapy regimen, and hematological and biochemical parameters. Conclusion: The occurrence of oral mucositis in pediatric cancer patients was significant, especially in the 2nd week of antineoplastic treatment. Severe oral mucositis was more prevalent in the 5th week of treatment and was not associated with any of the study variables.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Stomatitis/drug therapy , Brazil/epidemiology , Oncology Service, Hospital , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Chi-Square Distribution , Oral Health , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
9.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2020. 46 p. il., graf., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1150852

ABSTRACT

A estimulação elétrica (EE) tem sido usada no tratamento de lesões crônicas apresentando resultados favoráveis no fechamento da lesão cutânea entre outras aplicações clínicas. No entanto, a literatura carece de estudos avaliando se os efeitos da EE no fechamento da lesão oral. Diante disso, torna-se relevante investigar os efeitos da EE durante o processo de reparo da lesão oral em camundongos (Swiss). Métodos: Noventa animais foram divididos em grupos: Controle (C; n=45) que receberam a aplicação da EE com o aparelho desligado e Teste (EE; n=45) que receberam a EE (100 µA; 9 kHz; 660 mVpp; 1x/dia por 3 dias). Uma lesão de espessura total foi realizada com punch de biópsia de 1,5 mm de diâmetro. Os animais foram eutanasiados no 1o, 3o e 5o dia após a confecção da lesão. As amostras foram fixadas em paraformaldeído 4%, descalcificadas em ácido fórmico 20% e emblocadas em parafina. Os parâmetros avaliados foram: fechamento clínico da lesão; distância de reparação epitelial (DRE) e conjuntiva (DRC), concentração de citocinas IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, TNF-α e VEGF; porcentagem de fibras colágenas e quantificação das proteínas de sinalização Smad2. Resultados: A área de fechamento clínico foi reduzida no grupo EE no 5º dia de avaliação (p=0,01). As DRE e DRC do grupo EE apresentaram menor distância em todos os tempos avaliados (p<0,05) com reduzida concentração de IL-6, TNF-α, IL-10 e VEGF (p<0,05). Não houve diferença na porcentagem de fibras colágenas e na phospho-Smad2. Conclusão: A EE teve efeito positivo nos parâmetros clínicos e histológicos com modulação da resposta inflamatória no início do processo de reparo da lesão(AU)


Background: Since Electrical Stimulation (ES) has used for chronic wounds treatment and other clinical applications showing favorable results in wound closure, it was hypothesized whether it could bring good results in oral wound closure. The aim was to investigate the ES effects during the oral wound healing process in mice (Swiss). Methods: Ninety animals were divided in groups: Control (C; n=45) which received a fictitious ES application, i.e. the ES applicance was shutted off and ES (ES; n=45) which received ES (100 µA; 9 kHz; 660 mVpp) once time a day for 3 days consecutively. A full thickness wound was done using a 1.5 mm diameter biopsy punch in the hard palate. The animals were euthanized on 1st, 3rd and 5th day post-wounding. The samples were fixed, decalcified and embedded in paraffin. The parameters evaluated were: clinical wound closure; distance of epithelial and connective wound edges (EWD and CWD); cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10), TNF-α and VEGF by multiplex, percentage of collagen fibers and Smad proteins. Results: Clinical wound closure area was reduced on day 5 in ES group (p = 0.01). Both EWD and CWD distance were shorter in all times (p < 0.05) with a reduction of inflammatory cytokines production (p < 0.05). There were no difference in collagen percentage and phospho-Smad2. Conclusion: ES had a positive effect on clinical and histomorphometric wound closure outcomes showing a modulation of inflammatory response in the beginning of wound healing(AU)


Subject(s)
Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Wound Healing/drug effects , Electric Stimulation/methods , Re-Epithelialization/drug effects , Surgical Wound/complications
10.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 78(228): 18-20, ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1123348

ABSTRACT

El adenocarcinoma de células basales, también conocido como carcinoma salival basaloide, adenoma maligno de células basales, es una neoplasia epitelial de bajo grado, infiltrante, localmente destructivo y con tendencia a ser recidivante. Su aparición es entre la 5ª y 6ª década de vida, sin predilección por sexo. Clínicamente se manifiesta con un edema o un aumento repentino de tamaño en la zona, de consistencia firme, crecimiento lento e indoloro. El diagnóstico de certeza es a través de la histopatología; su tratamiento quirúrgico, y tiene buen pronóstico en sus estadios iniciales (AU)


Basal cells adenocarcinoma also known as salivary basaloide carcinoma basal cells malignant adenoma is a low degree, infiltrating, locally destructive and prone to be relapsing, epithelial neoplasia. It occurs between the 5th and 6th decade of life, with no predilection for sex. Clinically it manifests with an edema or sudden increased size in the area, of firm consistency, slow growth and pain-less. Its treatment is surgical and the diagnosis of certainty is histopathological with a good prognosis. The purpose of this presentation is to show the case of a 57- years-old male patient with clinical and anatomopathological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of basal cells located in the yugal mucosa (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/classification , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Basal Cell , Prognosis , Biopsy/methods , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Diagnosis, Differential , Age and Sex Distribution , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/prevention & control
11.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(1): 52-55, jan.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-995188

ABSTRACT

A grande quantidade de patologias com características clínicas semelhantes possibilita a coexistência de vários diagnósticos diferenciais frente a uma única lesão na mucosa bucal. Muitas vezes a realização de exames complementares, como a biópsia, torna-se mandatória para confirmação do diagnóstico sugestivo. Realizar levantamento dos laudos histopatológicos provenientes de biópsias executadas em uma clínica-escola odontológica no período entre 2011 e 2018. A partir dos prontuários odontológicos, as informações foram coletadas e tabuladas. Foram determinadas a frequência de cada lesão em relação ao total e ao seu próprio grupo de doenças e as características dos indivíduos. Um total de 106 diagnósticos de 105 pacientes (idade média 47,5 anos), sendo a maioria do sexo feminino (68 indivíduos - 64,8%) e leucoderma (67 indivíduos - 63,8%), foram avaliados. Em relação aos grupos de doenças, o mais representativo foi o das neoplasias benignas epiteliais ou mesenquimais (35 casos - 33%), seguido pelo dos processos proliferativos não neoplásicos (30 casos - 28,3%). Quanto aos diagnósticos, foram observados 25 diferentes, nos quais se destacaram o fibroma (30 casos - 28,3%) e a hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (22 casos - 20,8%). Não foi constatada nenhuma patologia maligna. Traçar o perfil epidemiológico de certo grupo de indivíduos pode muitas vezes facilitar os diagnósticos, além de auxiliar na implementação de medidas de prevenção e na orientação dos assuntos a serem abordados nos cursos das instituições de ensino superior(AU)


A large number of pathologies with similar clinical features may allow coexistence of several differential diagnoses in a single lesion on the buccal mucosa. According to the clinical picture, complementary exams such as biopsy are often mandatory to confirm the suggestive diagnosis. To carry out a survey of histopathological diagnoses from biopsies performed in a dental school clinic in the period from 2011 to 2018. Information from dental records was gathered and tabulated. The frequency of each lesion was determined in relation to the total and its own group of diseases as well as the epidemiological characteristics of the individuals. A total of 106 diagnoses from 105 patients (mean age 47.5 years) were evaluated, being the majority of them female (68 individuals - 64.8%) and white (67 individuals - 63.8%). In relation to the groups of diseases, epithelial or mesenchymal benign neoplasms (35 cases - 33%) were the most representative, followed by nonneoplastic proliferative processes (30 cases - 28.3%). Regarding the diagnoses, 25 different ones were observed, in which fibroma (30 cases - 28.3%) and inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (22 cases - 20.8%) were more prevalent. No malignant pathology was found. To describe the epidemiological profile of a population can often facilitate diagnoses, besides assisting in the implementation of preventive measures and in the definition of graduate and post-graduate courses' scope(AU)


Subject(s)
Stomatognathic Diseases/pathology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy , Stomatognathic Diseases/epidemiology
12.
Medisan ; 22(8)set.-oct. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-976160

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente de 38 años de edad, quien fue atendida en la consulta estomatológica del Policlínico Cuatro Caminos, por presentar múltiples lesiones indoloras en casi toda la mucosa bucal. Teniendo en cuenta estos síntomas se le diagnosticó una estomatitis aftosa recurrente, pero el tratamiento indicado no resultó satisfactorio. Luego se interconsultó con el especialista en Medicina Interna, quien le indicó exámenes complementarios y, según los criterios clínicos y de laboratorio, se confirmó la presencia de sífilis secundaria. Se efectuó el control de foco y se logró la remisión de la enfermedad.


The case report of a 38 year-old patient who was assisted in the stomatological department of Cuatro caminos polyclinic is described due to multiple painless lesions in almost all the oral mucous. Keeping in mind these symptoms a recurrent aphthous stomatitis was diagnosed, but the prescribed treatment was not satisfactory. Then a consultation with the specialist in Internal Medicine was carried out, who indicated her complementary exams and, according to the clinical and laboratory criteria, the presence of secondary syphilis was confirmed. The focus control was carried out and the remission of the disease was achieved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Oral Manifestations , Syphilis/complications , Primary Health Care , Mouth Mucosa/injuries
13.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(1): 129-133, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893312

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: La patología oral es el área de la odontología que se especializa en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de enfermedades orales. Se realizó un estudio transversal, en el cual fueron incluidos pacientes mayores de 18 años que acudieron a una clínica de atención primaria del departamento de estomatología de la universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, en México y a los cuales independientemente del motivo de consulta se les realizo historia clínica y exploración intraoral detallada. Fueron examinados 650 pacientes (424 mujeres y 226 hombres) con un rango de edad de 18 a 89 años (media=42.27). Las lesiones más frecuentes fueron la queratosis friccional (30,46 %) e hiperplasia fibrosa (6,92 %), la melanosis fisiológica (42,92 %) y los gránulos de Fordyce (36,46 %) fueron las condiciones más identificadas. En las lesiones de la mucosa oral que identificamos estuvo presente el factor traumático de manera crónica, es importante que el odontólogo este familiarizado con las lesiones más frecuentes, con su etiología, características clínicas y tratamiento de cada una de ellas.


ABSTRACT: Oral pathology it's the branch of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of oral diseases. A cross-sectional study was carried out in which patients older than 18 years was included, that were attended in the primary care clinic at the stomatology department of the Autonomous University of Ciudad Juárez, in Mexico, and regardless of the reason for consultation the clinical history and intraoral examination was done We examined 650 patients (424 women and 226 men) with an age range of 18 to 89 years (mean=42.27). The most frequent oral lesion was the frictional keratosis (30.46 %), fibrous hyperplasia (6.92 %), physiological melanosis (42.92 %), and fordyce granules (36.46 %). In the oral mucosal lesions identified was present a chronic traumatic factor, it is important that the dental staff knows about the most frequent injuries, their etiology, clinical characteristics and treatment of each one.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pathology, Oral/methods , Tooth Diseases/diagnosis , Dental Caries/therapy , Tooth Diseases/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis, Oral/methods , Mexico , Mouth Mucosa/injuries
14.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 18(1): 4132, 15/01/2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-967098

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions among smokeless tobacco users of Pakistani Population. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted for a period of six months (from July 2017 to January 2018) at Dental Outpatient department of Sindh, via aid of a validated custom-made questionnaire. Random sampling technique was adopted among patients attending dental Outpatient Departments, making use of OPEN API online software determining sample size as 289, with limitation included exclusion of pregnant women, edentulous individuals, children under age of 18 years and those having oral manifestations associated with any systemic disease. Statistical analysis included Logistic Regression and Chi-square for determining odds' ratio and possible associations. Results: Logistic regression model 71% predicted discoloration of buccal mucosa 206 times in absence of any predictor variable. Discoloration of oral tissues was prevalent among individuals who chewed tobacco at least 6 times or more in a day. Periodontal associated damage was also prevalent among 6 times/day and more tobacco chewers. Statistically significant values were for normal buccal mucosa 06-10 times (p=0.007), white patch on buccal mucosa 11-15 times (p=0.0043) and swelled buccal mucosa 11-15 times (p=0.002). Conclusion: This study has demonstrated specific smokeless tobacco associated oral lesions. Further studies nationwide, addressing attributes of socioeconomic status and ethnicity with respect to composition of smokeless tobacco will reveal more conclusive findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Prevalence , Tobacco, Smokeless , Tobacco Use , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Pakistan , Chi-Square Distribution , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(9): 432-436, ene. 2, 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121164

ABSTRACT

Pemphigus is a chronic potentially fatal autoimmune disorder that causes blisters and erosions of the skin and oral mucous membrane. most of the cases present oral manifestations as the first clinical sign along with dermal lesions. only 0.5 to 3.2 of cases are reported each year per 1,000,000 population with oral manifestations without dermal participation, and is at times difficult to diagnose. we report a case of oral pemphigus vulgaris in a 20 year old female patient without dermal manifestations treated with oral mini pulse therapy. pénfigo oral tratado con terapia minipulse. resumen: el pénfigo es un trastorno autoinmune crónico potencialmente fatal que causa ampollas y erosiones de la piel y la membrana mucosa oral. la mayoría de los casos presentan manifestaciones orales como el primer signo clínico junto con lesiones dérmicas. solo se reportan de 0.5 a 3.2 casos cada año por cada 1,000,000 de personas con manifestaciones orales sin afectación de la piel, y algunas veces es difícil de diagnosticar. presentamos un caso de pénfigo vulgar oral en un paciente de 20 años, sin manifestaciones cutáneas tratadas con mini terapia del pulso oral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Skin/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/drug therapy , Pemphigus/diagnosis , Pemphigus/drug therapy , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Pemphigus/mortality , Pulse Therapy, Drug
16.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(4): 411-417, dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893282

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto de un enjuague oral de extracto acuoso de Rosmarinus Officinalis (romero) sobre la cicatrización de heridas de mucosa oral en sujetos sanos. Veintiocho estudiantes, de sexo masculino, edad promedio de 22 años, fueron reclutados para un estudio de doble ciego en la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Concepción, Chile. Se creó una herida estándar de 3 mm de diámetro en la mucosa palatina, que fue fotografiada durante un período de 21 días para determinar su tamaño por fotoplanimetría. Los voluntarios recibieron enjuagues orales para ser utilizados a diario desde el día de creación de la herida, 3 veces al día, y fueron divididos en grupo control (enjuague placebo) y grupo experimental (enjuague de extracto de romero). El extracto acuoso de Romero fue analizado por HPLC, mostrando un alto contenido de carnosol (83 %) y ácido rosmarínico (65 %). Se observó una disminución significativa en el tamaño de la herida del grupo tratado con enjuague de romero comparado con el tratado con enjuague placebo al día 3 de cicatrización (20 %, p=0,046, Mann-Whitney). Posteriormente no se encontraron diferencias, completándose la cicatrización antes del día 21 para ambos grupos. Los resultados sugieren que el enjuagatorio de extracto acuoso de romero favorece la cicatrización temprana de las heridas, lo que puede deberse a su alto contenido de carnosol y ácido rosmarínico que han demostrado estimular la cicatrización y poseer actividad antimicrobiana.


ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of a mouthrinse containing an aqueous extract of Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) on healing wounds of the oral mucosa in healthy subjects. Twenty Eight healthy, non-smoking male students, mean age 22 years, were recruited for a double-blind study at the School of Dentistry of the University of Concepción, Chile. A standard 3mm wound was created on the palate with a punch biopsy. The wounds were photographed to assess healing for 21 days. The subjects were instructed to use a mouthrinse 3 times daily for 21 days, starting the day of wounding, and were divided into a control group (placebo) and an experimental group (rosemary extract). The aqueous rosemary extract used for the mouthrinse had a high content of carnosol (83 %) and rosmarinic acid (65 %) as determined by HPLC. We observed a 20 % reduction in wound size by day 3 in the rosemary mouthrinse group as compared to the placebo mouthrinse group (p=0.04, Mann Whitney). Thereafter, no significant differences in wound closure were observed. Healing was completed by day 21 in both groups. The results suggest that the mouthrinse containing the aqueous rosemary extract stimulates early healing of mucosal wounds. This could be due to the high content of carnosol and rosmarinic acid, which are known for their healing and antimicrobial properties.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Rosmarinus/chemistry , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Wound Healing , Chile , Statistics, Nonparametric , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. ADM ; 74(6): 298-303, nov.-dic. 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973052

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La exploración intraoral detallada es la clave en el diagnóstico temprano de lesiones potencialmente agresivas; de estamanera, se le ofrece al paciente un tratamiento adecuado y oportuno,reduciendo al máximo posibles complicaciones que pongan en peligrosu integridad y deterioren su calidad de vida. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de lesiones y condiciones de la mucosa bucal en pacientes mayores de 18 años de la clínica de diagnóstico del Departamento de Estomatología de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua...


Introduction: A detailed intraoral examination is key in the early diagnosis of potentially aggressive lesions; in this way, the patient isoff ered an adequate and timely treatment, reducing to the maximumpossible complications that could endanger his integrity and deterioratehis quality of life. Aim: To determine the frequency of lesions and conditions of the buccal mucosa in patients older than 18 years of the diagnostic clinic of the Department of Stomatology at the Autonomous University of Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua...


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Schools, Dental , Mexico , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Age and Sex Distribution , Statistical Analysis , Melanosis , Oral Ulcer , Tongue, Fissured
19.
Medisan ; 21(7)jul. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-894627

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 96 adultos mayores con prótesis dentales totales, atendidos en Servicio de Prótesis de la Clínica Dental Lidia Doce Sánchez de Guantánamo, desde enero de 2014 hasta abril del 2015, para determinar las lesiones bucales que presentaban. Entre las variables analizadas figuraron: edad, sexo, tipo de lesión, localización, estado higiénico de la prótesis y uso continuo. En la serie predominaron el grupo etario de 80 años y más (38, 5 por ciento) y la estomatitis subprótesis (54,7 por ciento) como lesión más frecuente, fundamentalmente en el paladar (57,3 por ciento). Se recomienda profundizar en el estudio de las lesiones de la mucosa bucal, relacionadas con el uso de prótesis dentales en este grupo poblacional


A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 96 elderly with total dental prosthesis was carried out. They were assisted in the Prosthesis Service of Lidia Doce Sánchez Dental Clinic in Guantánamo, from January, 2014 to April, 2015, to determine the oral lesions that they presented. Among the analyzed variables there were: age, sex, type of lesion, localization, hygienic state of the prosthesis and continuous use. In the series there was a prevalence of the 80 years and over age group (38.5 percent) and the subprosthesis stomatitis (54.7 percent) as the most frequent lesion, fundamentally in the palate (57.3 percent). It is recommended to deepen in the study of lesions of the oral mucous, related to the use of dental prosthesis in this population


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Dental Care for Aged , Dental Prosthesis , Denture, Complete , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Stomatitis, Denture , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 32(72): 5-10, ene.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-908087

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: estimar la frecuencia de lesiones que afectan la mucosa oral, en una muestra de pacientes que concurrieron por demanda espontánea al Servicio de Urgencias y Orientación de Pacientes (SUYOP) de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires, a fin de valorar las características de esta población y poder adoptar conductas preventivas adecuadas. Materiales y métodos: Un operador único perteneciente al SUYOP evaluó a todos los pacientes que ingresaron al estudio (n=503) yposteriormente un especialista único, perteneciente a la Cátedra de Estomatología, examinó a aquellos pacientes que presentaron lesiones(n=208) a fin de determinar el diagnóstico de certeza de las mismas. Todos los diagnósticos fueron confirmados mediante biopsia, estudiode cultivo, o seguimiento clínico de la enfermedad. Resultados: 41,35 por ciento (n=208) de los pacientes examinados presentaron al menos una lesión estomatológica en la mucosa oral. 89 por ciento (n=185) de los pacientes con lesiones desconocía la existencia de las mismas y solamente el 11 por ciento (n=23) se presentó a la consulta con una derivación u orientación estomatológica. 23 por ciento (n=48) de los pacientes que presentaron lesiones fueron considerados de gravedad diagnostica. Conclusión: Los datos obtenidos en el presente estudio revelan la importancia de las campañas para concientizar a la sociedad acerca de la necesidad de realizar consultas de rutina, pero también, y muy especialmente, concientizar a estudiantes y profesionales de la salud en el examen exhaustivo de la mucosa oral de todos los pacientes.


Objective: to estimate the frequency of lesions affecting the oral mucosa in a sample of patients seeking unscheduled care at theEmergency and Patient Referral Service (EPRS), School of Dentistry, University of Buenos Aires, with the aims to evaluate thecharacteristics of the studied population and thus adopt appropriate preventive measures. Materials and Methods: A single operatorfrom the EPRS assessed all the patients included in the study (n=503), after which a single specialist from the Oral MedicineDepartment examined patients presenting oral mucosal lesions (n=208) to establish definitive diagnosis. All diagnoses were confirmedby biopsy, culture studies, or clinical follow-up. Results: 41.35% of studied patients (n=208) had at least one oral mucosal lesion; 89%(n=185) of patients who had a lesion were unaware that they had a lesion, and only 11% (n=23) of patients knew they had a lesion.23% who had a lesion were considered as gravity diagnosis patients. Conclusion: All the obtained data show the importance of conducting campaigns in the community to increase the awareness of the need for regular routine dental visits, and particularly, to create an awarenessamong dental students and health care professionals of the importance of thoroughly examining the oral mucosa of all patients.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Mouth Diseases/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/injuries , Precancerous Conditions/epidemiology , Schools, Dental/statistics & numerical data , Argentina , Biopsy/methods , Clinical Diagnosis , Culture Media , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Histological Techniques , Mouth Diseases/prevention & control , Statistical Analysis
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