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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(1): e24820, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348511

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O carcinoma de células escamosas de cavidade oral e orofaringe é uma neoplasia epitelial maligna comum, respondendo pela maioria dos casos de tumores de cabeça e pescoço. Ele está relacionado a hábitos comportamentais, como tabagismo e etilismo de longa duração, e à infecção pelo Papilomavírus humano. Objetivos:Esse estudo objetivou descrever o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes diagnosticados com essa neoplasia na Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer. Metodologia: Foi realizado um estudo observacional com delineamento transversal a partir de dados presentes nos prontuários clínicos e laudos anatomopatológicos e no Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade no período entre 2006 a 2018. Os dados foram analisados a partir do Software R, utilizandoo teste de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney para as análises inferenciais e o método de Kaplan-Meier para análise da sobrevida. Resultados:225 prontuários foram analisados, sendo 70,22% de homens, 65,33% na faixa etária entre 46-70 anos e cor branca (51,57%). Destes, 25,78% eram tabagistas e 39,11% tabagistas e etilistas. O principal tratamento identificado foi a associação de cirurgia, quimioterapia e radioterapia. Observou-se que 49,10% dos óbitos foram em decorrência dessa neoplasia. O principal estádio patológico encontrado foi o quatro A (34,22%). Foi identificada maior sobrevida nos pacientes acima de 70 anos, cujo tratamento foi exclusivamente cirúrgico. Menor sobrevida foi identificada em indivíduos que tinham associação de hábitos (etilismo e tabagismo). Conclusões:Nossos resultados sugerem que a evolução à óbito foi o principal desfecho clínico e, isso pode estar relacionado aos hábitos comportamentais que influenciam diretamente o curso e prognóstico da doença. Ademais, destaca-se a importância do diagnóstico precoce a fim de reduzir óbitos e melhorar a qualidade de vida dos indivíduos, assim como a necessidade de implementar políticas educativas sobre os principais fatores de risco associados ao desenvolvimento dessa neoplasia (AU).


Introduction: Squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx is a common malignant epithelial neoplasm, accounting for most cases of head and neck tumors. It is related to behavioral habits, such as long-standing smoking and alcoholism, as well as to the human Papillomavirus infection. Objectives: This study aimed at describing the epidemiological profile of the patients diagnosed with this neoplasm in the Mossoró League for Studying and Combating Cancer. Methodology:An observational study with a cross-sectional design was carried out based on data present in the medical records and anatomopathological reports and in the Mortality Information System during the 2006-2018 period. The data were analyzed using the R Software, resorting to the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitneytest for the inferential analyses and to the Kaplan-Meier method for survival analysis. Results: 225 medical records were analyzed: 70.22% belonging to men, 65.33% aged between 46 and 70 years old and white-skinned (51.57%). Of these, 25.78% were smokers and 39.11% were smokers and alcoholics. The main treatment identified was the association of surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It was observed that 49.10% of the deaths were due to this neoplasm. The main pathological stage found wasfour A(34.22%).Longer survival was identified in patients over 70 years of age, whose treatment was exclusively surgical. Shorter survival was identified in individuals who had associated habits (alcoholism and smoking). Conclusions:Our results suggest that evolution to death was the main clinical outcome; this can be related to the behavioral habits that exert a direct influence on the course and prognosis of the disease. Furthermore, the importance of early diagnosis is highlighted in order to reduce the number of deaths and improve the individuals' quality of life, as well as the need to implement educational policies on the main risk factors associated with the development of this neoplasm (AU).


Introducción: El carcinoma de células escamosas de la cavidad oral y la orofaringe es una neoplasia epitelial maligna común, que representa la mayoría de los casos de tumores de cabeza y cuello. Se relaciona con hábitos de comportamiento, como el tabaquismo y el alcoholismo, y la infección por el virus papiloma humano. Objetivos:Este estudio tuvo como objetivo describir el perfil epidemiológico de los pacientes diagnosticados con esta neoplasiaen la Liga Mossoroense de Estudios y Combate al Cáncer. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal a partir de los datos presentes en las historias clínicas e informes patológicos y en el Sistema de Información de Mortalidad en el período 2006-2018. Los datos se analizaron mediante el Software R, con utilización de la Prueba de Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney para análisis inferencial y el método de Kaplan-Meier para análisis de supervivencia. Resultados:Se analizaron 225 historias clínicas, 70,22% en hombres, 65,33% con edades entre 46-70 años y blancos (51,57%). De estos, 25,78% eran fumadores y 39,11% eran fumadores y alcohólicos. El principal tratamiento identificado fue la asociación de cirugía, quimioterapia y radioterapia. 49,10% de las muertes se debieron a esta neoplasia. El principal estadio patológico encontrado fue cuatro A (34,22%). Se identificó mayor sobrevida en pacientes mayores de 70 años, cuyo tratamiento fue exclusivamente quirúrgico. Se identificó una menor sobrevida en personas que tenían hábitos asociados. Conclusiones:Nuestros resultados sugieren que la evolución hacia la muerte fue el principal resultado clínico y esto puede estar relacionado con hábitos de comportamiento que influyen directamente en el curso y pronóstico de la enfermedad. Además, se destaca la importancia del diagnóstico precoz para reducir las muertes y mejorar la calidad de vida, así como la necesidad de implementar políticas educativas sobre los principales factores de riesgo asociados al desarrollo de esta neoplasia (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Tobacco Use Disorder , Survival Analysis , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Papillomavirus Infections , Research Report , Smokers
2.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(1): e24554, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1348513

ABSTRACT

Introdução:O câncer de cabeça e pescoço é um conjunto de neoplasias que atingem o trato aero digestivo superior. Essas neoplasias apresentam sintomatologia variada, que depende da localização do tumor, gravidade e tempo de ocorrência. Objetivo:Avaliar o nível de conhecimento da população, usuária da atenção básica, acerca da prevenção e tratamento dos Cânceres de Cabeça e Pescoço.Metodologia:Trata-se de um estudo de campo transversal descritivo, em que se coletou informações acerca do conhecimento sobre cânceres de cabeça e pescoço, informações sociodemográficas, histórico familiar, características clínicas e de tratamentos. A coleta foi realizada em julho de 2019, em três Estratégias de Saúde da Família da cidade de Piripiri,Piauí. A pesquisa foi submetida e aprovadapelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa com o Parecer nº 3.221.522.Resultadose discussão:A maioria dos entrevistados foram mulheres solteiras com idade média de 44,4 anos e de baixa renda. Dentre os questionamentos realizados, grande parte não soube responderquestões sobre conhecimentos gerais a respeito dessas enfermidades. Outro fator importante é a baixa procura por serviços de saúde. Conclusões:Observou-se que os entrevistados apresentam desinformação a respeito da prevenção e tratamento desse grupo de cânceres, sendo necessário o fortalecimento de ações de educação popular em saúde (AU).


Introduction:Head and neck cancer is a group of neoplasms that affect the upper aerodigestive tract. These neoplasms have varied symptoms, depending on the location of the tumor, severity and time of occurrence.Objective:To assess the level of knowledge of the population, users of primary care, about the prevention and treatment of Head and Neck Cancer. Methodology:This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, in which information about knowledge about head and neck cancers, sociodemographic information, family history, clinical and treatment characteristics was collected. The collection was carried out in July 2019, in three Family Health Strategies in the city of Piripiri, Piauí. The research was submitted and approved by theResearch Ethics Committee with Opinion No. 3,221,522. Resultsand discussion:Most of the interviewees were single women with an average age of 44.4 years and low income. Among the questions asked, most of them did not know how to answer questions about general knowledge about these diseases. Another important factor is the low demand for health services. Conclusions:It was observed that the interviewees have misinformation regarding the prevention and treatment of this group of cancers, and it is necessary to strengthen popular health education actions (AU).


Introducción:El cáncer de cabeza y cuello es un grupo de neoplasias que afectan el tracto aerodigestivo superior. Estas neoplasias tienen síntomas variados, que dependen de la ubicación del tumor, la gravedad y el momento de aparición. Objetivo:Evaluar el nivel de conocimiento de la población, usuarios de la atención primaria de salud, sobre la prevención y el tratamiento del Cáncer de Cabeza y Cuello. Metodología:Se trata de un estudio descriptivo transversal, en el que se recopiló información sobre conocimientos sobre cánceres de cabeza y cuello, información sociodemográfica, antecedentes familiares, características clínicas y de tratamiento. La recolección se realizó en julio de 2019, en tres Estrategias de Salud de la Familia en la ciudad de Piripiri, Piauí. La investigación fue sometida y aprobada por el Comité de Ética en Investigación con Opinión No. 3.221.522. Resultados y discusión:La mayoría de los encuestados eran mujeres solteras con una edad promedio de 44,4 años y bajos ingresos. Entre las preguntas formuladas, la mayoría de ellos no sabía cómo responder preguntas sobre conocimientos generales sobre estas enfermedades. Otro factor importante es la baja demanda de servicios de salud. Conclusiones:Se observó que los entrevistados tienen desinformación sobre la prevención y tratamiento de este grupo de cánceres, y es necesario fortalecer las acciones de educación popular en salud (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Primary Health Care , Primary Prevention , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Health Education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disease Prevention
3.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(2): 107-118, maio 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282976

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Os tumores de cabeça e pescoço têm expressiva incidência e mortalidade, assim comoalta letalidade, e constituem um relevante problema de saúde pública, particularmente nos países em desenvolvimento. Dentre as neoplasias malignas diagnosticadas no mundo, aproximadamente 10% estão localizadas na boca, sendo esse o sexto tipo de câncer mais incidente. Objetivo:Avaliar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes diagnosticados com câncer de boca e faringe da Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer do município de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte,Brasil,entre janeiro 2013 e junho de 2018.Metodologia:Estudo transversal, fundamentado na análise retrospectiva e descritiva de prontuários médicos.Resultados:Dos221 prontuáriosanalisados, a cor branca (56,6%) e o gênero masculino (70,6%) foram os mais prevalentes, com média de idade entre 55 e65 anos. A maioria (61,9%) apresentava ensino fundamental incompleto, sendo residentes de área urbana (59,6%) com histórico de uso de tabaco (64,6%) e/ou bebidas alcoólicas (53,9%). Osítio mais prevalente de câncer em boca foi a base da língua (12,7%).Conclusões:Conhecer o perfil dos pacientes com câncer de boca e orofaringe é um importante passo para melhor traçar e direcionar ações de saúde pública visando tanto àprevenção quanto o diagnóstico precoce (AU).


Introduction:Head and neck tumors have a significant incidence and mortality, as well as high lethality, and are a relevant public health problem, particularly in developing countries. Among the malignant neoplasms diagnosed in the world, approximately 10% are located in the mouth, this being the sixth most frequent type of cancer. Objective:To evaluate the epidemiological profile of patients diagnosed with oral and pharyngeal cancer of the Mossoroense League of Studies and Cancer Fighting in the municipality of Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil,between January 2013 and June 2018.Methodology:Cross-sectional study, based on retrospective and descriptive analysis of medical records.Results:Of the 221 records analyzed, white (56.6%) and male (70.6%) were the most prevalent, with a mean age between 55 and 65 years. Most (61.9%) had incomplete primary education, being residents of an urban area (59.6%) with a history of tobacco use (64.6%) and / or alcoholic beverages (53.9%).The most prevalent site of cancer in the mouth was the base of the tongue (12.7%). Conclusions:Knowing the profile of patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer is an important step to better outline and direct public health actions aimed at both prevention and early diagnosis (AU).


Introducción: Los tumores de cabeza y cuello tienen una expresiva incidencia y mortalidad, así como alta letalidad, y constituyen un relevante problema de salud pública, especialmente en los países en desarrollo. Entre las neoplasias malignas diagnosticadas en el mundo,aproximadamente el 10% están localizadas en la boca, siendo este el sexto tipo de cáncer más común.Objetivo: Evaluar el perfil epidemiológico de pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer de boca y faringe de la Liga Mossoroense de Estudos e Combate ao Câncer del municipio de Mossoró, Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil,entre enero de 2013 y junio de 2018.Metodologia: Estudio transversal, basado en el análisis retrospectivo y descriptivo de los registros médicos.Resultados: De los 221 registros analizados, blancos (56,6%) y varones (70,6%) han sido los más prevalentes, con una media de edad entre 55 y 65 años. La mayoría (61,9%) presentaba educación primaria incompleta, siendo residentes de área urbana (59,6%) con antecedentes de uso de tabaco (64,6%) y/o bebidas alcohólicas (53,9%). El sitio más prevalente de cáncer en boca fuelabase de la lengua (12,7%). Conclusiones: Conocer el perfil de los pacientes con cáncer de boca y orofaringe es un importante paso para mejor delinear y dirigir acciones de salud pública objetivando tanto la prevención como el diagnóstico precoz (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Early Diagnosis , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Qualitative Research
4.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021299, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285404

ABSTRACT

Primary malignant melanoma of the oral cavity is a rare tumor in clinical practice. Extensive malignant melanomas are still very rare in the literature. Patients with malignant melanoma of oral cavity are often diagnosed at the advanced stage of the disease due to their painless and nonspecific radiological findings. Histopathology is the gold standard for the final diagnosis and staging of the tumor. Surgery followed by radiotherapy is the standard treatment offered to patients with malignant melanoma. Here we present a rare case of extensive malignant melanoma of oral cavity which was successfully managed by surgical excision followed by adjuvant radiotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Melanoma/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
5.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250462

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the frequency of oral potentially malignant disorders and Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC) and evaluate the consistency between their clinical and pathological features. Material and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on records with a diagnosis of oral leukoplakia, oral erythroplakia, erythroleukoplakia, actinic cheilitis, lichen planus, and OSCC in the Pathology Department of Kerman dental school from September 1997 to September 2017. Data were analyzed in SPSS 21 at the significance level of ≤5%. Results: There were 378 cases of oral potentially malignant disorders and 70 cases of OSCC with a mean age of 46.82 ± 15.24 years. Buccal mucosa was the most frequent site, and lichen planus the most common lesion. Females were significantly older than males in leukoplakia and carcinoma in situ lesions. Clinical diagnosis and histopathology were consistent in 69.03% of cases. Conclusion: Clinical and histopathological diagnoses were consistent in 69.03% of records. The highest degree of clinical compliance with histopathology was observed in OSCC. Dentists should pay attention to oral potentially malignant disorders for early diagnosis to prevent their transformation to malignancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Leukoplakia, Oral , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Clinical Diagnosis/diagnosis , Medical Records , Lichen Planus, Oral , Pathology, Oral , Cheilitis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Early Diagnosis , Erythroplasia , Iran
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143397

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the association of socio-demographic and clinic-pathological risk factors with oral cancer in Kelantan, Malaysia. Material and Methods: A 19-year cross-sectional survey was performed in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM), Malaysia. Medical record of 301 oral cancer patients was retrieved from the Medical Records office. Results: The majority of the oral cancer cases were male (62.8%), non-smokers (57.5%), non-alcohol consumers (83.4%), non-betel quid chewers (96.7%), and belonged to Malay ethnicity (68.8%). At the time of diagnosis, most of the patients were at stage II (38.9%). Approximately one-third (30.6%) of the total OC patients experienced loco-regional/distant metastasis, whereas no metastasis was detected in around two-thirds of cases (69.4%). A combination of surgery and radiotherapy was the most commonly employed treatment modality (27.2%). At the time of this study, the survival status of most of the patients was alive (69.1%). The most frequently encountered oral cancer in the Kelantanese population was oral squamous cell carcinoma (70.1%), with the tongue being the most frequently involved oral cavity site (35.5%). Conclusion: More than three-fourths of the cases were alive at follow-up, which included the cases that did not undergo any form of treatment.


Subject(s)
Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Risk Factors , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/pathology , Malaysia/epidemiology
7.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021293, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285399

ABSTRACT

Epignathus, is a rare oropharyngeal teratoma arising from the head and neck region. Sporadic cases have been described with associated intracerebral teratoma. Even more infrequent and extraordinary is the circumstance of a teratoma with oropharynx destruction. We describe the case of a fetus with pharyngeal mass that completely destroyed the oral cavity. The histological examination revealed an immature teratoma (G3); only one other G3 case has been described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Teratoma , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Oropharynx/abnormalities , Autopsy , Fetal Diseases
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 596-601, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134545

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Many areas of South America are directly affected by Arsenic (As) contaminated groundwater. A high percentage of the water samples taken in multiple areas of Argentina had As concentrations above the WHO level recommended guidelines. This condition was previously associated with an increased risk of chronic diseases, including different cancers. Long-term As exposure was proposed as a risk factor for Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC). The aim of this study is to present a series cases of Argentine patients diagnosed with OSCC who have consumed water contaminated with As for more than 10 years. Clinical data were obtained from the archive of Clinical Records Histories of the Oral Medicine Department of the Dentistry School, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba and Universidad Católica de Córdoba, Argentina. 15 cases of OSCC were included. The male: female sex ratio was 2:1. The average age was 66 years (31-89 years). Regarding location, the gum or edentulous alveolar ridge was the most prevalent site (6/15; 40 %), followed by the tongue margin. The average years of exposure to arsenical waters were 24 years (13 - 40 years of exposure). The majority of the presented cases were non drinkers non smokers. 60 % of the tumors were diagnosed at advanced stages. the epidemiological studies carried out in As-contaminated areas that address oral cancer should always incorporate the record of variables related to As exposure. Patients who live or lived at As-contaminated areas must be regularly followed up for early diagnosis of potentially malignant or malignant lesions. The high frequency of gum cancer among these cases, should raise awareness of periodontic specialists to perform a careful and thorough periodontal examination.


RESUMEN: Muchas regiones de América del Sur están directamente afectadas por aguas subterráneas contaminadas con arsénico (As). Un alto porcentaje de las muestras de agua tomadas en múltiples áreas de Argentina tenían concentraciones de As superiores al nivel aprobado por la OMS. Esta condición se asociaba previamente con un mayor riesgo de enfermedades crónicas, incluidos diferentes tipos de cáncer. La exposición a largo plazo se propuso como un factor de riesgo para el carcinoma oral de células escamosas (OSCC). El objetivo de este estudio es presentar una serie de casos de pacientes diagnosticados con OSCC que han consumido agua contaminada con As durante más de 10 años. Se obtuvieron datos clínicos del archivo de Historias de registros clínicos del Departamento de Medicina Oral de la Facultad de Odontología, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba y Universidad Católica de Córdoba, Argentina. Se incluyeron 15 casos de OSCC. La relación de género masculino: femenino fue de 2: 1. La edad promedio fue de 66 años (31-89 años). En cuanto a la ubicación, la encía o la cresta alveolar edéntula fue el sitio más frecuente (6/15; 40 %), seguido del borde de la lengua. El promedio de años de exposición a las aguas arsenicales fue de 24 años (13 - 40 años de exposición). La mayoría de los casos presentados fueron de pacientes no bebedores y no fumadores. El 60 % de los tumores fueron diagnosticados en etapas avanzadas. Los estudios epidemiológicos realizados en áreas contaminadas con As que abordan el cáncer oral siempre deben incorporar el registro de variables relacionadas con la exposición a As. Se debe hacer un seguimiento continuo de los pacientes que viven o que vivieron en áreas contaminadas con As para el diagnóstico temprano de lesiones potencialmente malignas. La alta frecuencia de cáncer de encías en estos casos, debe concienciar a los especialistas en periodoncia para que realicen un examen periodontal cuidadoso y completo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/pathology , Argentina , Arsenic/adverse effects , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Medical Records , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/therapy
9.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 166-171, jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115831

ABSTRACT

El tumor glómico es una neoplasia vascular originada de las células del músculo liso del componente neuromioarterial, responsable del control del flujo sanguíneo microvascular. Representa el 1,6% de todos los tumores de tejidos blandos, localizándose principalmente en la zona subungüeal y clínicamente muy doloroso. Su diagnóstico puede ser tardío debido a su pequeño tamaño, manifestaciones clínicas inespecíficas y localizaciones anatómicas inusuales. El tratamiento principalmente es quirúrgico, el cual es curativo, permitiendo además la confirmación histopatológica. Se presenta el reporte de caso de una paciente de 13 años de edad con un tumor glómico de localización inusual en mucosa bucal.


The glomus tumor is a vascular neoplasm originating from smooth muscle cells of neuromyoarterial component, responsible for the control of microvascular blood flow. It represents 1.6% of all soft tissue tumors, being located mainly in the subungual area and clinically very painful. Diagnosis may be delayed because of their small size, nonspecific clinical manifestations and unusual anatomical locations. Treatment is primarily surgical, which is healing, also allowing the histopathologic confirmation. The case report of a 13-year-old patient with an unusual-located glomus tumor in the oral mucosa is presented.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Glomus Tumor/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Glomus Tumor/diagnosis , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
10.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(2): 111-115, abr. 30, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151906

ABSTRACT

Objetive: To characterize patients diagnosed with oral epithelial dysplasia and carcinoma in situ, according to their severity, location, age, sex and smoking habits. Materials and Methods: A descriptive study, based on 126 histopathological reports of biopsies diagnosed with mild, moderate, severe epithelial dysplasia and carcinoma in situ, with information regarding anatomical location, age and gender of the patient, recorded in the biopsy reports of the histopathology services of the Faculty of Dentistry of Andrés Bello University and Major University, between the years 2000 and 2014. The dichotomous qualitative variables were described based on percentage and age using the Shapiro-Wilk test, presenting as average and standard deviation, in the STATA 12® program (StataCorpLP, Texas, USA). Result: A similar frequency was found for men and women diagnosed with OED, 53.17% and 46.83% respectively. A mild degree of OED was the most diagnosed in both sexes. The group most affected by OED was between 50 and 69 years old (57.94%) and the most frequent anatomic location was the lateral border of the tongue (34.13%). Conclusion: Most of the analyzed cases corresponded to mild degrees of dysplasia; however, it is important to always carry out a histopathological diagnosis of the lesion, patient follow-up and education regarding risk habits.


Objetivo: Caracterizar a pacientes con diagnóstico de displasia epitelial oral (DEO) y carcinoma in situ (CIS) según su severidad, localización, edad, género y hábito tabáquico. Materiales and Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, en base a 126 informes histopatológicos de biopsias diagnosticadas con displasia epitelial leve, moderada, severa y carcinoma in situ, que contaban con información relativa a localización del diagnóstico, edad y género del paciente, registrados en los informes de biopsias de los servicios de histopatología de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Andrés Bello y Universidad Mayor, entre los años 2000 y 2014. Las variables cualitativas dicotómicas se describieron en base a porcentaje y la edad mediante el test de Shapiro-Wilk, presentándose como media y desviación estándar, en el programa STATA 12 ® (StataCorpLP, Texas, USA). Resultados: Se encontró una frecuencia levemente aumentada de mujeres y hombres con diagnóstico de DEO, 67 (53,17%) y 59 (46,83%), respectivamente. El grado leve de DEO fue el más diagnosticado en ambos sexos. El grupo más afectado por DEO fue entre los 50 a 69 años (57,94%) y la localización anatómica más frecuente fue el borde lateral de la lengua (34,13%). Conclusión: La mayoría de los casos analizados correspondieron a grados leve de displasia; no obstante, es importante realizar siempre un diagnóstico histopatológico de la lesión, seguimiento al paciente y educación en cuanto a hábitos de riesgo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Tobacco Use Disorder , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma in Situ , Smoking , Epidemiology, Descriptive
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e002, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055528

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMD) possess significant chances of malignancy conversion. In order to develop an early diagnostic tool, the present study evaluated the expression of miRNA-21 and 31 as salivary markers. The case-control study was carried out in 36 healthy participants as controls and in 36 patients who were newly diagnosed as OPMD having four different lesions including leucoplakia, oral sub mucous fibrosis (OSMF)궱, oral lichen planus, and (OSMF)궱 with leucoplakia. The samples were also classified as non-dysplastic, or with mild, moderate, and severe dysplasia according to their histopathological reports. The salivary miRNA-21 and 31 expressions were studied using real-time PCR. The statistical analysis was carried out using SPSS version 22. Salivary miRNA-21 (p-value = 0.02) and 31 (p-value = 0.01) were significantly upregulated in severe dysplasia compared with control. Among the different lesions, leucoplakia had significant upregulation of miRNA-21 and 31. miRNA-21 can be used as a diagnostic marker with specificity of 66% and sensitivity of 69%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.820 for miRNA-21 and 0.5 for miRNA-31, which proved that miRNA-21 is a better diagnostic marker than miRNA-31 for OPMD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Saliva/chemistry , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , MicroRNAs/analysis , Oral Submucous Fibrosis/pathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/chemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Linear Models , ROC Curve , Analysis of Variance , Lichen Planus, Oral/pathology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e052, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132707

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the differential expression of DEC1 in oral normal mucosa (NM), oral leukoplakia (OLK) and oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Surgically excised specimens from patients with OLK (n = 47), OSCC (n = 30) and oral normal mucosa (n=11) were immunostained for DEC1. The expression of DEC1 protein was evaluated, and its association with the clinicopathological features was analyzed. The expression of DEC1 in NM, OLK and OSCC tissues increased in turn, and significant differences were observed among the groups (P < 0.0001). In terms of the association between DEC1 expression and epithelial dysplasia, DEC1 expression was lower in hyperkeratosis without dysplasia (H-OLK) than in OLK with moderate to severe dysplasia (S-OLK), and these differences were significant (p < 0.05). The expression of DEC1 in OSCC with OLK was significantly higher than that in OSCC without OLK (p < 0.01). Therefore, DEC1 could be a potential biomarker of malignant transformation in the carcinogenesis of OSCC, which may provide a new research direction for the transformation of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) into OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/analysis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Middle Aged
13.
Clinics ; 75: e1507, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101092

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to estimate the overall survival (OS) and conditional survival (CS) in patients diagnosed with oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and to determine their survival trends. METHODS: The study included all consecutive patients treated at the A.C. Camargo Cancer Center for oral or oropharyngeal SCC between 2001 and 2012. Data were obtained from the Hospital Cancer Registry. OS and CS were analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method to evaluate the probability of survival with Cox predictor models. RESULTS: Data of 505 oral and 380 oropharyngeal SCC patients obtained in 2001-2006 and 2007-2012 were analyzed. Most of the oral SCC (59%) and oropharyngeal SCC (90%) patients had stages III-IV SCC. The 5-year OS for patients with oral SCC was 51.7%, with no significant difference between the first and second periods. The CS rates in 2007-2012 were 65% after the first year and 86% up to the fifth year. For oropharyngeal SCC, the 5-year OS rate was 45.0% in the first period. The survival rate increased to 49.1% from 2007 to 2012, with a reduction in the risk of death (HR=0.69;0.52-09.2). The CS estimates from 2007 to 2012 were 59% after the first year and 75% up to the fifth year. CONCLUSION: Survival across the two time periods remained stable for oral SCC but showed a significant increase for oropharyngeal SCC, possibly because of improvements in the patients' response to radiotherapy, such as intensity-modulated radiation therapy, and the use of more accurate diagnostic imaging approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/mortality , Prognosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Proportional Hazards Models , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Staging
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135533

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the relationship between tobacco and alcohol consumption and staging of head and neck cancer in patients treated at a referral hospital for cancer treatment. Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study based on medical records of patients with head and neck cancer treated between 2008 and 2015. The following variables were considered: gender, age, marital status, educational level, place of residence, profession, affected site, clinical staging of neoplasms, histopathological diagnosis, tobacco and alcohol consumption. Results: Of the 154 medical records analyzed, there was a predominance of male patients (72.7%), single (50%), with low education (88.1%), rural workers (38.3%), residents in the state countryside (70.2%) and aged 20-94 years. T3 and T4 size tumors prevailed. A significant correlation was found between alcohol use and tumor size (p=0.03) and presence of nodules (p<0.001), as well as between alcohol use and smoking with tumor size (p=0.04) and presence of nodules (p=0.019). No correlations were observed between tobacco use and injury staging. Conclusion: There was strong significance between tumor size and presence of nodules, both with the use of alcohol alone and with tobacco, thus suggesting the existence of important carcinogenic action of this substance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Risk Factors , Tobacco Use/adverse effects , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Rural Workers , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Retrospective Studies
15.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(2): 125-139, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1100318

ABSTRACT

Introdução:As neoplasias malignas ocupam o segundo lugar em causa de mortalidade no Brasil. Embora o país detenha grande número de dentistas em relação aos outros países, estudos apontam que o diagnóstico é feito tardiamente, levando assim, o câncer de boca como o oitavo câncer mais letal. Objetivo:Descrever a epidemiologia do câncer bucal no estado do Rio Grande do Norte. Método:Estudo epidemiológico descritivo do tipo ecológico realizado a partir dos casos diagnosticados de câncer bucal nos anos de 2000 a 2014. Resultados:Foram notificados 1.198 casos, sendo 714 óbitos; a região da língua e base de língua foi a mais acometida (33,63%), com predominância de 63,18% do sexo masculino. Conclusões:O câncer bucal está ganhando destaque e estudos como este poderão subsidiar a proposição de políticas públicas e o planejamento de ações mais efetivas, para o diagnóstico precoce e o tratamento nos estágios iniciais da doença (AU).


Introduction:Malignant neoplasms are the second leading cause of death in Brazil. Although the country has a large number of dentists compared to other countries, studies indicate that the diagnosis is made late, thus leading to oral cancer as the eighth most lethal cancer.Objective:To describe the epidemiology of oral cancer in the state of Rio Grande do Norte.Methods:A descriptive epidemiological study of the ecological type carried out from the diagnosed cases of oral cancer in the years 2000 to 2014. Results:A total of 1198 cases were reported, of which 714 were deaths; The region of the tongue and tongue base was the most affected (33.63%), with a predominance of 63.18% of males.Conclusions:Oral cancer is gaining prominence and studies such as this may support the proposal of public policies and the planning of more effective actions for the early diagnosis and treatment in the early stages of the disease (AU).


Introducción:las neoplasias malignas son la segunda causa de mortalidad en Brasil. Aunque el país tiene una gran cantidad de dentistas en relación con otros países, los estudios muestran que el diagnóstico se hace tarde, por lo qu el cáncer de boca es el octavo cáncer más letal.Objetivo:Describir la epidemiología del cáncer oral en el estado de Rio Grande do Norte. Método:Estudio epidemiológico descriptivo del tipo ecológico realizado en base a los casos diagnosticados de cáncer oral en los años 2000 a 2014. Resultados:se reportaron 1.198 casos, de los cuales 714 fueron muertes; la región de la lengua y la base de la lengua fue la más afectada (33,63%), con un predominio del 63,18% de varones. Conclusiones: el cáncer oral está ganando protagonismo y estudios como este pueden respaldar la propuesta de políticas públicas y la planificación de acciones más efectivas para el diagnóstico y tratamiento tempranos en las primeras etapas de la enfermedad (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Public Policy , Brazil/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Ecological Studies , Public Health Surveillance , Epidemiologic Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 6(3): 137-153, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1128105

ABSTRACT

IntroduçãoO câncer de boca é uma neoplasia maligna que representa um sério problema de saúde pública devido alta incidência, prevalência,mortalidade e o cirurgião-dentista deve estar apto a diagnosticar essa doença.Objetivo:Esseestudo buscou avaliar o conhecimento dos cirurgiões-dentistas da Estratégia de Saúde da Família de Mossoró, estado do Rio Grande do Nortesobre o câncer bucal. Metodologia: Para a coleta de dados, o pesquisador se deslocou à Unidade Básica de Saúde para convidar o profissional a participar da pesquisa e aplicou um questionário estruturado. Após análise dos questionários, foi atribuído um conceito a cada entrevistado para avaliação do seu conhecimento sobre o câncer de boca.Para tabulação e análise dos dados, foi utilizado o programa estatístico Statiscal Package Social Sciences, versão 23.0. A associação entre as variáveis foi verificada por meio do teste qui-quadrado.Resultados: Em relação à autoavaliação, apenas 7% da amostra considerou-se com nível ótimo de conhecimento.Uma minoria (4,7%) participou de cursos com essa temática no ano passado. Observou-se, ainda, que 81,4% dos cirurgiões-dentistas apresentaram baixo nível de confiança para realizar procedimentos de diagnóstico do câncer bucal. Ao atribuir conceitos de acordo com as respostas dosprofissionais sobre o conhecimento do câncer bucal, constatou-se quemaior parte dos cirurgiões-dentistas entrevistados obtiveram conceito regular (C) e bom (B) sobre o câncer de boca. Após análise estatística, observou-seque quanto maior a faixa etária, maior o percentual de profissionais com conhecimento regular e insatisfatório sobre o câncer de boca, sendo este resultado estatisticamente significativo. Conclusões:A maior parte dos cirurgiões-dentistas de Mossoró apresentaram conhecimento entre regular e bom sobre o câncer de boca, euma parcela expressiva se autodeclara insegura para realizar o diagnóstico, sendo necessáriostreinamentos sobre o câncer de boca e atualizações que também contribuam com a elevação da autoconfiança desses profissionais (AU).


Introduction:Oral cancer is a malignant neoplasm that represents a serious public health problem due to the high incidence, prevalence and mortality and the dentist must be able to diagnose this disease. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of dentists of the Family Health Strategy of Mossoró (Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil) about oral cancer. Methodology:The researcher went to the Basic Health Unit to invite dentists to participate in the research andapplied a structured questionnaire. After analyzing the questionnaires, each interviewee was given a concept to assess their knowledge of oral cancer. The tabulation and data analysis was used with a statistical program called Statiscal Package Social Sciences, version 23.0. The association between variables was analysed using qui-square test.Results:Regarding self-assessment, only 7% of the sample considered themselves to have an excellent level of knowledge about the disease. A minority (4.7%) participated in courses with this theme last year. It was also observed that 81.4% of dentists had a low level of confidence in performing oral cancer diagnostic procedures. When assigning concepts according to the answers given by professionals about the knowledge of oral cancer, it was found that most of the interviewed dental surgeons obtained a regular (C) and good (B) concept of oral cancer. After statistical analysis, it was possible to observe that the older the age group, the higher the percentage of professionals with regular and unsatisfactory knowdge about oral cancer, this result being statistically significant.Conclusions:Most of the dentists in Mossoró had knowledge between regular and good about oral cancer, andthey feel insecure to make the diagnosis, requiring training on oral cancer and refresher courses that also contribute to the increase of self-confidence of these professionals (AU).


Introducción: El cáncer de boca es un grave problema de salud pública debido a la alta incidencia, prevalencia y mortalidad, y eldentista debe diagnosticar esta enfermedad. Objetivo: El objetivo del estudio fueevaluar el conocimiento de los dentistas de la Estrategia de Salud Familiar de Mossoró(Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil) sobre el cáncer bucal. Metodología: Para la recolección de datos, el investigador se trasladó a la Unidad Básica de Salud para invitar a los profesionales y se aplicó un cuestionario estructurado. Después de analizar los cuestionarios, a cada entrevistado se le dio una puntuación para evaluar su conocimiento sobre el cáncer bucal. Para análisis de datos, se utilizó el programa Statiscal Package Social Sciencesversión 23.0. La asociación entre variables se verificó mediante la prueba de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: Con respecto a la autoevaluación, 7% de la muestra se consideraba que tenía un excelente nivel de conocimiento sobre la enfermedad. Una minoría (4.7%) participó en cursos respecto a este tema el año pasado. 81,4% de los dentistas tenían un bajo nivel de confianza para realizar procedimientos de diagnóstico de cáncer bucal. Al asignar puntuaciones según las respuestas dadas por los profesionales, se descubrió que la mayoría de los dentistas entrevistados obtuvieron una puntuación regular (C) y buena (B) sobre el cáncer bucal. Después del análisis estadístico, fue posible observar que cuanto mayor es el grupo de edad, mayor es el porcentaje de profesionales con conocimiento regular e insatisfactorio sobre el cáncer bucal, y este resultado es estadísticamente significativo.Conclusiones: La mayoría de los dentistas en Mossoró presentaron un conocimiento entre regular y bueno sobre el cáncer bucalyuna parte significativa se autodeclaróinsegura para hacer el diagnóstico, siendo necesarias capacitaciones sobre cáncer bucal y cursos de actualización paraaumentarla autoconfianza de estos profesionales.Palabras clave:Cáncer bucal. Atención Primaria en Salud. Cirujano dentista (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Brazil , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Family Health Strategy , Dentists , Primary Health Care , Chi-Square Distribution , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190198, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056596

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pathological parameters have been indicated as tumor prognostic factors in oral carcinoma. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of pathological parameters on prognosis of patients affected only by tongue and/or floor of the mouth squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Methodology: In total, 380 patients treated in the Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA) from 1999 to 2006 were included. These patients underwent radical resection followed by neck dissection. The clinical and pathological characteristics were recorded. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox proportional hazards model were used in survival analysis. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free interval (DFI) were estimated. Cox residuals were evaluated using the R software version 3.5.2. Worst OS, CSS and DFI were observed in patients with tumors in advanced pathological stages (p<0.001), with the presence of perineural invasion (p<0.001) and vascular invasion (p=0.005). Results: Advanced pathological stage and the presence of a poorly differentiated tumor were independent prognostic factors for OS and CSS. However, advanced pathological stage and perineural invasion were independent predictors of a shorter OS, DFI and CSS. Conclusion: Pathological stage and perineural invasion were the most significant pathological variables in survival analysis in tongue and/or floor of the mouth SCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Mouth Floor/pathology , Neck Dissection/methods , Time Factors , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Mouth Neoplasms/mortality , Tongue Neoplasms/surgery , Tongue Neoplasms/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Regression Analysis , Disease-Free Survival , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Grading/methods , Neoplasm Staging
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190532, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101257

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oral leukoplakia (OL) is a white lesion of an indeterminate risk not related to any excluded (other) known diseases or disorders that carry no increased risk for cancer. Many biological markers have been used in an attempt to predict malignant transformation; however, no reliable markers have been established so far. Objective To evaluate cell proliferation and immortalization in OL, comparing non-dysplastic (Non-dys OL) and dysplastic OL (Dys OL). Methodology This is a cross-sectional observational study. Paraffin-embedded tissue blocks of 28 specimens of Non-dys OL, 33 of Dys OL, 9 of normal oral mucosa (NOM), 17 of inflammatory hyperplasia (IH), and 19 of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) were stained for Ki-67 and BMI-1 using immunohistochemistry. Results A gradual increase in BMI-1 and K-i67 expression was found in oral carcinogenesis. The immunolabeling for those markers was higher in OSCC when compared with the other groups (Kruskal-Wallis, p<0.05). Ki-67 expression percentage was higher in OL and in IH when compared with NOM (Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn, p<0.05). Increased expression of BMI-1 was also observed in OL when compared with NOM (Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn, p<0.05). No differences were observed in expression of both markers when non-dysplastic and dysplastic leukoplakias were compared. A significant positive correlation between Ki-67 and BMI-1 was found (Spearman correlation coefficient, R=0.26, p=0.01). High-grade epithelial dysplasia was associated with malignant transformation (Chi-squared, p=0.03). Conclusions These findings indicate that BMI-1 expression increases in early oral carcinogenesis and is possibly associated with the occurrence of dysplastic changes. Furthermore, our findings indicate that both Ki-67 and BMI-1 are directly correlated and play a role in initiation and progression of OSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukoplakia, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Polycomb Repressive Complex 1/analysis , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease Progression , Cell Proliferation , Carcinogenesis/pathology
19.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(4): e2019112, Oct.-Dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024207

ABSTRACT

Renal transplant patients are treated with immunosuppressive drugs that decrease the effectiveness of the immune system, making them more prone to developing cancer. Skin and lip carcinomas are common malignancies encountered after transplantation, whereas oral carcinomas are rare. We report the case of a 51-year-old female Caucasian patient, with no history of smoking, who presented white lesions on the tongue and an ulcerated lesion on the lower lip beginning 4 months prior. Diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma for both lesions was made following incisional biopsies. Interestingly, the patient reported a renal transplantation 23 years prior, and was maintained on a combination of cyclosporine, mycophenolate sodium and prednisone. The patient also presented a history of several basal and squamous cell carcinomas on sun-exposed areas of the skin. Both lesions were surgically excised. No sign of recurrence or new lesions in the oral cavity have been observed; however, new skin lesions are frequently diagnosed. This case report highlights that oral cancers may occur in transplant patients in the absence of classical risk factors. Thus, clinicians must be aware of the importance of thorough oral examination in transplant patients in routine follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/etiology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/prevention & control , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects
20.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(4): e2019117, Oct.-Dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024240

ABSTRACT

Sporadic Burkitt lymphoma (SBL) is a variant of Burkitt lymphoma that occurs worldwide, affecting mainly children and young adults. Association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can be identified in approximately 20-30% of cases. Herein we described a case of a 63-year-old male presenting intraoral bilateral mandibular swelling, subjacent to fixed dental prosthesis, with one month of duration. Incisional biopsies were performed, and after two days, the patient was hospitalized due to malaise and breathing difficulty, and died after a week when an abdominal tumor was detected. The mandibular biopsies revealed a diffuse proliferation of medium-sized monomorphic atypical lymphoid cells exhibiting numerous mitoses and areas of "starry-sky" pattern. The tumor showed immunohistochemical positivity for CD20, CD10, Bcl-6, and Ki-67 (≈ 100%); it was negative for CD3, Bcl-2, Vs38c, and MUM-1. Positivity for EBV was found by in situ hybridization. The final diagnosis was intraoral SBL positive for EBV. Clinical, morphological and molecular criteria are necessary for the correct diagnosis of aggressive B-cell neoplasms positive for EBV in elderly patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Burkitt Lymphoma/pathology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/pathology
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