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1.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 100-105, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247906

ABSTRACT

Trastorno neurológico enmarcado dentro de los trastornos de espectro autista (TEA) cuyas manifestaciones se reflejan en los ámbitos de la comunicación, interacción e imaginación social. Se clasifica en el manual diagnóstico y estadístico de trastornos mentales (DSM IV), se caracteriza por un mayor o menor grado de deterioro en las habilidades de lenguaje y comunicación, así como patrones repetitivos o restrictivos de pensamiento y comportamiento. El síntoma más distintivo es el interés obsesivo en un solo objeto o tema y la exclusión de cualquier otro pero siempre conservando habilidades de lenguaje. El pronóstico es bueno, debido a la compensación cognitiva, el enfoque repetitivo y restrictivo a actividades humanas productivas o generadoras de deferencias particulares, aunque no hay tratamiento específico, sino más bien interdisciplinario e individualizado, éste consiste en manejar los síntomas conductuales y la comorbilidad de forma independiente ya sea farmacológica o intervencionista. Paciente masculino de cinco años de edad, con un peso de 26 kg, cuadro de inmunizaciones completas, previamente diagnosticado con trastorno de Asperger (2015); caries dental de diversos grados, manejo estomatológico para su rehabilitación. El objetivo de este reporte es dar a conocer los cuidados para el tratamiento dental en pacientes con este trastorno (AU)


Neurological disorder known as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) whose main manifestations are reflected in the areas of communication, interaction and social imagination. It was first classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM lV), characterized by a greater or lesser degree of deterioration in language and communication skills, as well as repetitive patterns or restrictive of thought and behavior. The most distinctive symptom is obsessive interest in a single object or topic and the exclusion of any other, but always retaining language skills. The prognosis is good in most of the cases, due to the cognitive compensation, the repetitive and restrictive approach to productive or deferential human activities, although there is no specific treatment, but rather interdisciplinary and individualized, this consists of managing behavioral symptoms and comorbidity independently either pharmacologically or interventionally. Male patient with five years old and weight of 26 kg, complete immunization chart, previously diagnosed with Asperger's disorder (2015); with dental caries of various degrees implementing dental management. The objective of this report is to make aware of the care and behavior management for dental treatment in patients with this Disorder (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Dental Care for Disabled , Dental Care for Children , Asperger Syndrome , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Patient Care Team , Prognosis , Signs and Symptoms , Behavioral Symptoms , Rett Syndrome , Dental Caries/therapy , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Diagnosis, Differential , Mouth Diseases/therapy , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
2.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 67-75, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292310

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente informe clínico es describir una manera de lograr resultados predecibles en las restauraciones estéticas, con una rehabilitación integral. Se emplearon distintos materiales, centrados en la nueva generación de materiales cerámicos para la confección de frentes estéticos. Se realizó un diagnóstico seguido de un plan de tratamiento que integró tanto la correcta función como la estética. Se tuvo en cuenta que la responsabilidad estética no se limita sólo a la forma, el tamaño y el color de los dientes, sino que, además, es importante preservar o recuperar la armonía dentogingival (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ceramics , Dental Veneers , Dentistry, Operative , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Patient Care Planning , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Crowns , Diagnosis, Oral , Inlays
3.
Rev. ADM ; 77(6): 321-328, nov.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151475

ABSTRACT

La periimplantitis se define como la patología inflamatoria e irreversible que afecta al hueso periimplantario y le hace perder soporte y función al implante según la definición del European Workshop on Periodontology (EWOP). La prevalencia estimada de la periimplantitis es de 28 a 77%. Los diferentes protocolos de abordaje de la periimplantitis nos ofrecen diversas posibilidades: destoxificación de la superficie y regeneración, limpieza mecánica y resección del tejido inflamado, extracción del implante, entre otros. El principal problema de los tratamientos regenerativos es limpiar y desintoxicar correctamente la superficie del implante expuesto, ya que al tratarse de superficies generalmente muy rugosas, las bacterias del medio bucal las colonizan con mucha facilidad y es prácticamente imposible eliminar por completo el biofilm. El protocolo de tratamiento para la periimplantitis se basa en un algoritmo de tratamiento, en el que se retiran los implantes gravemente afectados por periimplantitis de forma atraumática, lo cual garantiza la conservación del lecho al 100% al no retirarse volumen óseo, y cuándo deben utilizarse las trefinas, pues las que se utilizan en el protocolo únicamente rompen la unión ósea de los primeros milímetros sin retirarlo. En el siguiente caso clínico mostramos el retratamiento de un caso de periimplantitis en el que se ha realizado una nueva rehabilitación implantosoportada (AU)


Periimplantitis is defined as the inflammatory and irreversible pathology that affects the peri-implantary bone and causes it to lose support and function to the implant as defined by the European Workshop on Periodontology (EWOP). The estimated prevalence of periimplantitis figures ranging from 28 to 77%. The different protocols for approaching periimplantitis offer different possibilities: detoxification of the surface and re-generation, mechanical cleaning and resection of inflamed tissue and extraction of the implant mainly. The main problem with regenerative treatments is to correctly clean and detoxify the surface of the exposed implant, since as these are generally highly rough surfaces, bacteria in the oral environment colonise them very easily and it is practically impossible to completely eliminate the biofilm. This treatment algorithm, in which implants severely affected by periimplantitis are removed atraumatically, guarantees the conservation of the bed at 100% since no bone volume is removed and trephines must be used, since those used in the protocol only break the bone union of the first few millimetres, without removing it. In the following clinical case, we show the re-treatment of a case of peri-implantitis where a new implant-supported rehabilitation has been performed (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Osseointegration , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Peri-Implantitis/therapy , Bone Regeneration , Algorithms , Clinical Protocols , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Retreatment , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
4.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(1): e2053, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126490

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El edentulismo es la pérdida total o parcial de dientes, ocasionado principalmente por la caries y la enfermedad periodontal; es un proceso gradual que está comúnmente asociado al aumento de edad. Actualmente es considerado una discapacidad debido a la limitación funcional que ocasiona en quien lo presenta. Objetivo: Exponer el tratamiento rehabilitador multidisciplinario, funcional y estético en un paciente con desarmonías oclusales. Presentación del caso: Paciente masculino de 74 años, diagnosticado con edentulismo parcial bimaxilar, mediante examen clínico y radiológico. Se sometió a terapia periodontal generalizada, cirugía preprotésica, restauración de plano oclusal de forma directa e indirecta y rehabilitación bucal con prótesis removibles total superior y parcial inferior; lo cual le permitió recuperar funcionalidad, estética y autoestima. Conclusiones: El edentulismo desencadena alteración en el estado funcional y emocional del paciente. Un diagnóstico integral y plan de tratamiento multidisciplinario y ordenado desencadenó éxito en el presente caso(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Edentulism is total or partial tooth loss mainly caused by dental caries and periodontal disease. It is a gradual process often associated to aging. At present edentulism is considered to be a disability, due to the functional limitations undergone by sufferers. Objective: Describe the multidisciplinary, functional and esthetic rehabilitation treatment provided to a patient with occlusal disharmony. Case presentation: A 74-year-old male patient was diagnosed with bimaxillary partial edentulism based on clinical and radiographic examination. The patient underwent generalized periodontal therapy, pre-prosthetic surgery, direct and indirect occlusal plane restoration, and oral rehabilitation with total upper and partial lower removable prostheses, as a result of which he recovered his functionality, esthetic appearance and self-esteem. Conclusions: Edentulism triggers changes in the functional and emotional state of patients. Comprehensive diagnosis and orderly multidisciplinary treatment led to success in the case herein presented(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Periodontal Diseases/diagnosis , Dental Caries/therapy , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Vertical Dimension , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Esthetics
5.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 56(2): e1985, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093223

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The cemento-ossifying fibroma is a benign bone neoplasm that affects mainly the female sex during the third or fourth decades of life. This lesion has a slow growth and the treatment is the surgical removal of the tumor, because radiotherapy is not indicated. Objective: to describe and discuss a case of central cemento-ossifying fibroma. Case report: A 41-year-old female patient sought dental treatment due to tooth mobility in the anterior region of the mandible. In this region of the mandible, an increase in volume was noted with a firm consistency on palpation, covered by normal mucosa, and displacement of teeth. Radiographically, the presence of an extensive lesion in this region was observed. An incisional biopsy was performed which led to the final diagnosis of central cemento-ossifying fibroma. Subsequently the tumor was completely removed. An autogenous bone graft was performed and four osseointegrated implants were installed to rehabilitate the patient. Implant-supported prostheses (lower arch) and a complete denture (upper arch) were installed to restore esthetics and function of the patient's oral cavity. Conclusion: Despite being a benign tumor, the central cemento-ossifying fibroma caused functional and aesthetic damage to the patient and required a complex rehabilitation treatment. After approximately 5 years of tumor removal, there was no recurrence of the lesion or signs of peri-implant or periodontal diseases, evidencing the success of the treatments(AU)


RESUMEN Introducción: El fibroma cemento-osificante es una neoplasia ósea benigna que afecta principalmente al sexo femenino durante la tercera o cuarta décadas de la vida. Esta lesión tiene un crecimiento lento y el tratamiento es la extirpación quirúrgica del tumor, porque la radioterapia no está indicada. Objetivo: Describir y analizar un caso de un fibroma cemento-osificante central. Presentación caso: Paciente de 41 años de edad buscó tratamiento dental debido a la movilidad dental en la región anterior de la mandíbula. En esta región de la mandíbula se observó un aumento de volumen con una consistencia firme a la palpación, cubierta por la mucosa normal y desplazamiento de los dientes. Radiográficamente, se observó la presencia de una lesión extensa en esta región. Se realizó una biopsia incisional, que indicó el diagnóstico final del fibroma cemento-osificante central. Después el tumor fue completamente extirpado. Se realizó un injerto óseo autógeno y, posteriormente, se instalaron cuatro implantes osteointegrados para rehabilitar al paciente. Se instalaron prótesis soportadas por implantes (arco inferior) y una dentadura (arco superior) para restablecer la estética y la función de la cavidad bucal de la paciente. Conclusiones: A pesar de ser un tumor benigno, el fibroma cemento-osificante central causó daños funcionales y estéticos al paciente y requirió un complejo tratamiento de rehabilitación. Después de 5 años de la extirpación del tumor, no hubo recurrencia de la lesión. Además, no hubo signos de enfermedades periimplantarias y/o periodontales, lo que demuestra el éxito del tratamiento(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Prostheses and Implants/adverse effects , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Cementoma/diagnostic imaging , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
6.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 34(78): 37-48, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116632

ABSTRACT

En personas con discapacidad se presentan las enfermedades prevalentes de la cavidad bucal con mayor frecuencia. Dentro de éstas, las alteraciones oclusales, como el apiñamiento dentario, son muy frecuentes y se considera responsable de exacerbar la patología gingival, periodontal y la estética, con impacto en la salud bucodental y la calidad de vida de estos pacientes. La técnica basada en el uso de placas alineadoras es sencilla, no invasiva y fundamentalmente preventiva de la enfermedad buco-dental (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective , Quality of Life , Dental Care for Disabled , Malocclusion/therapy , Oral Hygiene , Arthrogryposis/therapy , Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome/therapy , Occlusal Splints , Williams Syndrome/therapy , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
8.
Prosthes. Esthet. Sci ; 7(26): 34-42, 20180100. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-884330

ABSTRACT

Estão disponíveis no mercado diversos sistemas de implantes, que oferecem diferentes conexões entre restaurações protéticas e implantes. A seleção desses componentes e do sistema de conexão devem ser levadas em consideração como parâmetro de sucesso do tratamento com implantes osseointegrados. Os pilares para implante devem satisfazer requisitos biológicos, funcionais e estéticos. Biologicamente, devem promover adesão epitelial e não provocar fixação de biofilme, sendo de material biocompatível. Funcionalmente, devem transmitir de maneira eficiente as forças ao implante e o osso de suporte. E por fim, esteticamente, devem possuir contornos anatômicos adequados e correta inclinação para um posicionamento ideal do dente. Dessa maneira, o presente trabalho tem como objetivo a apresentação de casos clínicos, onde foram selecionados componentes protéticos em reabilitações utilizando implantes cone Morse.


Many implant systems are available in the market which offer different connections between prosthetic abutments and implants. The selection of these components and of the implant connection should be taken into account as a parameter of treatment success with osseointegrated implants. The implant abutments must meet biological, functional and aesthetic requirements. Biologically, they should promote epithelial adherence and not cause biofilm adhesion, also being fabricated with biocompatible material. Functionally, they must efficiently transmit forces to the implant and supporting bone. Finally, aesthetically, they must have adequate anatomical contours and the correct inclination for an ideal tooth positioning. This study aims to present clinical cases, in which prosthetic components were selected for rehabilitations using Cone Morse implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Prostheses and Implants/statistics & numerical data
9.
Prosthes. Esthet. Sci ; 7(26): 44-49, 20180100. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-885047

ABSTRACT

A possibilidade de reabilitação oral com implantes dentários tem mostrado avanços surpreendentes. A evolução das técnicas cirúrgicas e os materiais disponíveis para reabilitação viabilizam a confecção de protocolos de único estágio. O relato clínico demonstra a substituição da prótese parcial superior por prótese fixa tipo protocolo imediato, utilizando-se do componente transferente do tipo PEEK, proporcionando maior conforto, estética e eficiência mastigatória.


The possibility of oral rehabilitation with dental implants has been showing surprising advances. The evolution of surgical techniques and the materials available for rehabilitation enable the elaboration of single-stage protocols. The clinical report presents the upper partial prosthesis replacement with immediate protocol fixed prosthesis type, using the PEEKtype transfer component, providing greater comfort, aesthetics and masticatory efficiency.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Denture, Complete, Immediate , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
10.
Prosthes. Esthet. Sci ; 7(26): 51-57, 20180100. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-885051

ABSTRACT

O sucesso da reabilitação de pacientes edêntulos requer uma adaptação funcional e psicológica. As preocupações dos pacientes estão relacionadas ao conforto, à função e à estética. A prótese total sobre implantes é uma alternativa para pacientes totalmente desdentados com rebordo ósseo, que não proporciona retenção e nem estabilidade para uma prótese total convencional. Próteses sobre implantes esteticamente favoráveis estão diretamente relacionadas com a condição dos tecidos moles e duros que as envolvem. A preservação dos tecidos mucogengivais ao redor de implantes dentários instalados na maxila anterior propicia um sorriso harmonioso, com uma estética bastante agradável. O tratamento de reparação dentária deve ter início com a construção de próteses diagnósticas, onde o profissional pode prever o resultado final. Este artigo tem como objetivo mostrar a importância da gengiva artificial de porcelana em pacientes que tiveram reabsorção óssea, perda da DVO e perda de tecido gengival, utilizando o ODEF (Oral Design para Estética e Função Oclusal) no diagnóstico estético e oclusal como planejamento reverso.


The successful rehabilitation of edentulous patients requires a functional and psychological adaptation. Patient concerns are related to comfort, function and aesthetics. Total prosthesis on implants is an alternative for fully edentulous patients with a bone ridge that provides no retention and no stability for a conventional total prosthesis. Prostheses on aesthetically favorable implants are directly related to the condition of soft and hard tissues that surround them. The preservation of the mucogingival tissues around dental implants installed in the anterior maxilla provides a harmonious smile, with a pleasant aesthetic. The dental repair treatment should begin with diagnostic prostheses manufacturing, with which the professional can predict the final result. This article aims to show the importance of porcelain artificial gingiva in patients who have had bone resorption, loss of VDO and loss of gingival tissue, using ODEF (Oral Design for Aesthetics and Occlusal Function) in aesthetic and occlusal diagnosis as a reverse planning.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Vertical Dimension
11.
Prosthes. Esthet. Sci ; 7(26): 72-78, 20180100.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-885184

ABSTRACT

Atualmente, com o domínio tecnológico das técnicas reabilitadoras, a prevenção ao máximo das estruturas dentárias e um adequado diagnóstico são de extrema importância para as tomadas de decisões. As reabilitações protéticas são uma excelente alternativa para os tratamentos de reposição e estética do sorriso. O desenvolvimento de um plano de tratamento apropriado e uma excelência na estética farão com que o paciente adquira trabalhos cerâmicos altamente precisos e estéticos. Assim, estes tratamentos reabilitadores associados ao condicionamento das estruturas envolvidas e as excelentes propriedades química e física dos compostos fazem com que os resultados sejam fantásticos. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo realizar um estudo com base na literatura sobre os sistemas cerâmicos e suas propriedades, confrontando-as e discutindo qual tratamento atende melhor as necessidades estéticas do paciente. Podemos concluir que o cirurgião-dentista juntamente com paciente irão estabelecer a melhor opção de tratamento reabilitador estético, sabendo que existem atualmente no mercado materiais odontológicos e tratamentos minimamente invasivos que viabilizam um tratamento altamente estético, funcional e biológico.


Currently, with the technological know-how of rehabilitation techniques, the prevention of dental structures and an adequate diagnosis are extremely important for decision making. Prosthetic rehabilitations are an excellent treatment alternative for repositioning and smile aesthetic. A correct treatment plan development and smile aesthetic excellence will enable the patient to obtain accurate and precise ceramic work. Thus, these rehabilitative treatments associated to the conditioning of the structures involved and the excellent chemical and physical properties of the compounds will bring fantastic results. The aim of this study is to conduct a study based on the literature about ceramic systems and their properties, comparing them and discussing which treatment best meets the patient aesthetic need. We can conclude that the dental surgeon, together with the patient, will establish the best aesthetic rehabilitative treatment option, knowing that there are currently in the market dental materials and minimally invasive treatments which enable a highly aesthetic, functional and biological treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ceramics , Dental Materials , Dental Porcelain , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
12.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 28(1)jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-906856

ABSTRACT

A diabetes mellitus é uma condição que pode estar ou não associada ao caráter hereditário, em que há pouca ou nenhuma liberação de insulina ou o organismo não é capaz de utilizar adequadamente a insulina produzida. Para o tratamento odontológico desses pacientes, é necessário ter conhecimento do controle glicêmico por meio do valor de hemoglobina glicada; avaliar histórico de crises de hipoglicemia; realizar consultas curtas e no período da manhã. Dentre as comorbidades dessa patologia, podemos citar a doença cardiovascular, que pode ser encontrada de várias maneiras, dentre elas na forma de síndrome coronariana aguda. O tratamento desses indivíduos deve ser sempre realizado de forma multidisciplinar. Assim, o objetivo do presente trabalho é, por meio de um relato de caso clínico, discutir a abordagem cirúrgica odontológica de um paciente com ambas as patologias citadas acima, em uso terapêutico de anticoagulante, antiagregante e hipoglicemiante oral


Diabetes mellitus is a condition that may or may not be hereditary, in which either there is little or no insulin release, or the body is not capable of properly utilizing the insulin produced. For dental treatment of these patients, it is necessary to be aware of glycemic control through the glycated hemoglobin level; to assess the history of hypoglycemia crises; and to provide short appointments during the mornings. One of the comorbidities of this pathology is cardiovascular disease, which can be found in several forms, including acute coronary syndrome. These individuals should always be treated in a multidisciplinary way. Thus, the aim of the present work is to discuss, through a clinical case report, the dental surgical approach to a patient with both of the above pathologies, under use of anticoagulant, antiplatelet drug, and oral hypoglycemic agent


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Surgery, Oral/methods , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Hypoglycemic Agents/therapeutic use , Metformin/therapeutic use , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Warfarin/therapeutic use
13.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(4): 451-459, dic. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893288

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic survival of two non-splinted implants immediately loaded with ball abutments for supporting mandibular overdentures. Thirty edentulous patients using full dentures (22 women and 8 men) with a mean age of 64 years were included in this study. Each patient received two inter-foraminal implants in the mandible, near the canine, with an insertion torque greater than 45 Ncm. Nonsplinted ball abutments were connected to the implants, and the overdenture was immediately loaded. The success of the implants was clinically and radiographically evaluated; along with the satisfaction level of the patients, after the first year of having placed the implants. One patient withdrew from the study. After 12 months the implants were loaded, the survival rate was of 98.27 %, one implant failed. The average bone loss was of 0.34 mm. No surgical complications were observed, minor prosthetic maintenance appointments were required. The satisfaction of the patients was of 89.3 %. The immediate loading of two non-splinted implants in the inter-foraminal area of the mandible retaining an overdenture by means of ball abutments is a predictable treatment, with a high success rate of survival and a favorable response of the peri-implant tissues. The patients showed good satisfaction with this treatment modality.


RESUMEN: El propósito de este estudio clínico prospectivo fue evaluar la supervivencia de manera clínica y radiográfica de dos implantes no ferulizados cargados inmediatamente con pilares tipo bola para soportar sobredentaduras mandibulares.Treinta pacientes desdentados totales usuarios de prótesis total (22 mujeres y 8 hombres) con una edad promedio de 64 años se incluyeron en este estudio. Cada paciente recibió dos implantes interforaminales en la mandíbula aproximadamente en posición de canino con un torque mayor a los 45 Ncm. Pilares no ferulizados tipo bola se conectaron a los implantes y se cargó inmediatamente la sobredentadura. El éxito de los implantes se evaluó clínica y radiográficamente; así como el nivel de satisfacción de los pacientes al año de haber sido colocados los implantes. Una paciente se retiró del estudio. Después de 12 meses de cargados los implantes la tasa de supervivencia fue del 98,27 %, un implante fracasó. El promedio de pérdida ósea fue de 0.34 mm. No se observaron complicaciones quirúrgicas, se requirieron citas de mantenimiento protésicas menores. La satisfacción de los pacientes fue del 89,3 %. La carga inmediata de dos implantes no ferulizados en el área interforaminal de la mandíbula reteniendo una sobredentadura a través de pilares en bola es un tratamiento predecible, con un alta tasa de éxito de supervivencia, y respuesta favorable de los tejidos periimplantares. Los pacientes muestran una buena satisfacción ante ésta modalidad de tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Dental Implants , Immediate Dental Implant Loading/methods , Blood Chemical Analysis , Radiography , Ethics Committees , Dental Plaque , Denture, Complete , Denture, Overlay , Periprosthetic Fractures/diagnosis , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
14.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 105(4): 171-176, dic. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-973116

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir el tratamiento endodóntico integral de un incisivo central superior con una anomalía inusual de talón cuspídeo y su posterior rehabilitación. Caso clínico: se presenta un incisivo central superior con talón cuspídeo, fracturado por un odontólogo en un intento de extracción, al ser confundido con un diente supernumerario en la cara palatina, con sintomatología dolorosa. Al análisis con cone beam, se observan dos conductos radiculares, uno de ellos perteneciente a la cúspide anómala y con tejido necrótico en su interior y la pulpa del conducto principal inflamada. Se realiza tratamiento endodóntico con sistema WaveOne Gold de cada conducto radicular y obturación con técnica híbrida. Posteriormente, se hacen los desgastes selectivos de acuerdo a la oclusión del paciente y la reconstrucción con resinas, con inicio de terapia ortodóntica, para su rehabilitación. Conclusiones: en un tratamiento endodóntico, siempre deben considerarse las diversas anomalías anatómicas de los dientes.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Child , Tooth Abnormalities/classification , Tooth Abnormalities/therapy , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Incisor/abnormalities , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Orthodontics, Corrective , Patient Care Planning
15.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-844726

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Ameloblastoma is a rare tumor that affects the maxillomandibular region. Surgical resection is often indicated, and oral rehabilitation becomes a challenge. This study aims to report on the mandibular rehabilitation with implant supported prosthesis using immediate loading with subsequent resection. A patient with a confirmed diagnosis of multicystic ameloblastoma in the left jaw underwent a partial resection of the mandible and a reconstruction with a titanium plate. After 2 years of follow-up with clinical examinations and imaging testing and with no signs of recurrence, the patient underwent the technique of immediate load implants, rehabilitating the mandible with an implant supported fixed prosthesis and the maxilla with a conventional complete denture. During the seven years of follow-up with the patient, there was no sign of recurrence of ameloblastoma. The rehabilitation with oral implants under immediate loading demonstrated to be successful, and the cemented cylinder technique used in this study coupled with passivity showed a favorable prognosis for the longevity of implants.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Ameloblastoma/surgery , Immediate Dental Implant Loading , Jaw Neoplasms/rehabilitation , Jaw Neoplasms/surgery , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
16.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 105(1): 12-18, mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869388

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: presentar un caso clínico de mordida cruzada anterior funcional tratado mediante la técnica de Pistas Directas Planas. Caso clínico: Niña de cuatro años de edad, con diagnósticode mordida cruzada anterior funcional en dentición decidua. Su tratamiento se realizó en el Servicio Integral I del Hospital de Odontología Infantil “Don Benito Quinquela Martín”. La corrección de la maloclusión se logró tras 2 meses de uso de las Pistas Directas Planas. Estas fueron removidas a los 6 meses, cuando se observó una correcta posiciónmandibular, intercuspidación posterior y una función oclusal estable, que devolvieron el equilibrio al sistema estomatognático. Conclusión: Las Pistas Directas Planas constituyen unaalternativa de tratamiento temprano para las maloclusiones. Su sencillez en la realización, su eficacia en los resultados y el bajo costo económico hace que sea un método de elección.


Aim: to illustrate a clinical case of functional anteriorcrossbite treated using Planas Direct Tracks.Case report: A four-year-old female patient withfunctional anterior crossbite in deciduous dentition wastreated at the “Don Benito Quinquela Martín” Children’sDental Hospital. The correction of the malocclusion wasachieved 2 months after using planas direct tracks. Thedevice was removed 6 months later getting a mandibularcorrect position and intercuspidation, returning the balanceto the stomatognathic system through a balancedocclusal function.Conclusion: The use of Planas Direct Tracks is an earlytreatment alternative for malocclusions. Its simplicity ofimplementation, efficiency in results and low cost makes it asuitable method.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Dental Care for Children/methods , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/classification , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Argentina , Dental Occlusion , Dental Service, Hospital , Diagnosis, Differential , Follow-Up Studies , Orthodontics, Corrective/methods , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Composite Resins/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 105(1): 28-32, mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869391

ABSTRACT

Digital Smile Design (DSD - Diseño Digital de la Sonrisa) es un software ideado por el Dr. Christian Coachman que permite diagnosticar, diseñar y comunicar al técnico dental y al paciente el resultado final pretendido mediante la rehabilitación oral. El objetivo de esta comunicación es divulgar cómo diseñar digitalmente la sonrisa utilizando PowerPoint, con los mismos fines y resultados del programa original. PowerPoint es un programa del paquete Office del sistema operativo Windows (Microsoft, Inc., Estados Unidos), por lo que esta herramienta permite acercar el diseño digital de la sonrisa a la gran mayoría de los odontólogos, quienes de esta manera pueden elaborar sus propios diseños de la sonrisa de sus pacientes de forma gratuita.


The Digital Smile Design is a software developed by Dr. Christian Coachman, which allows to diagnose, design and communicate to the dental technician and the patient the intended final result in oral rehabilitation. The objective of this technical note is to show how to digitally design the smileusing PowerPoint, with the same goals and results that theoriginal program executes. PowerPoint is a software that isin the operating system of Microsoft Windows. Therefore, the development that we have achieved in the use of this tool for digital smile design allows the vast majority of dentists toelaborate their own patients’ smile designs for free.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computer-Aided Design/methods , Esthetics, Dental , Software/trends , Smiling , Photography, Dental/methods , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Technology, Dental/trends
18.
Rev. medica electron ; 39(1): 24-32, ene.-feb. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-845386

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el traumatismo de los dientes es uno de los accidentes más dramáticos que le suceden a una persona y su frecuencia en la clínica odontológica es cada día mayor, por lo que se requieren conocimientos en la población para su manejo inmediato y adecuado. Objetivo: determinar el nivel de conocimientos de pacientes con traumatismos dentales. Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en la población del Área de Salud Pueblo Nuevo, Policlínico Docente “Carlos Verdugo” en el período comprendido del 2009 al 2014. La población estudiada fueron los pacientes que acudieron a consulta de urgencia, con traumatismos en dientes anteriores (215 pacientes), previo consentimiento informado. Resultados: mayor afectación del sexo masculino (65,1 %), así como mayor frecuencia de traumatismos en dientes permanentes que en dientes temporales. La escuela y el estomatólogo fueron las principales fuentes de información acerca del tema (7 % en ambos casos). El nivel de conocimientos que predominó fue el bajo (83,7 %), la población considera que se puede esperar días, como el criterio de actuación ante un trauma dentario. Conclusiones: predominó el sexo masculino, el traumatismo dental fue más frecuente en edades de 4 hasta 11 años y en dientes permanentes. Las fuentes de información reconocidas fueron el estomatólogo y la escuela. Se apreció un desconocimiento general, sobre todo en el manejo inmediato de esta afección (AU).


Introduction: dental trauma is one of the most dramatic accidents a person can suffer and its frequency in dental clinic is higher and higher; therefore it is required the population knowledge on its immediately and adequate handling. Aim: to determine the knowledge level of patients with dental trauma. Materials and methods: a descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in the population of Pueblo Nuevo Health Area, Teaching Policlinic "Carlos Verdugo", in the period from 2009 to 2014. Results: male sex was the most affected one (65.1 %), and the frequency of trauma in permanent teeth was higher than in deciduous ones. School and dentist were the main information sources on the theme (7 % in both cases). The predominant knowledge level was low (83.7 %). Population considers that waiting several days could be the behavioural criteria in the case of dental trauma. Conclusions: male sex was the predominant one; dental trauma was more frequent in 4-11 years age. The recognized information sources were the dentist and school. A general lack of knowledge was appreciated, above all in the immediate handling of the affection (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health/education , Oral Health/trends , Tooth Injuries/prevention & control , Primary Health Care/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis, Oral , Disease Prevention , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
19.
Prosthes. Lab. Sci ; 6(22): 13-17, jan.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-859091

ABSTRACT

Este artigo descreve a técnica de correção de um plano oclusal dentado, antagonista a uma prótese total, utilizando como base o plano de cera convencional. Esse procedimento é indispensável para favorecer a estabilidade das próteses durante os movimentos de desoclusão.


This article describes the alignment technique of a dentate occlusal plane, antagonistic to a complete denture, using wax rim as a reference. This procedure is essential in order to favor the stability of the prosthesis during excursive movements.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Prosthesis Design , Denture, Complete , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods , Prosthesis Fitting
20.
Claves odontol ; 23(75): 57-64, 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-972618

ABSTRACT

El osteosarcoma es una neoplasia maligna, poco frecuente, que se presenta de forma agresiva y sepuede originar en el hueso de la cavidad oral. Se caracteriza por la producción de osteoide tumoral(trabéculas óseas inmaduras) por parte de las células neoplásicas. Estos tumores suelen formarse en la región metafisiaria de los huesos largos de los miembros, en especial en el fémur y en la tibia. Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente que concurre al servicio de Estomatología de la Escuela deOdontología, de la facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Católica de Córdoba; masculino de 26 años de edad de nacionalidad peruana con diagnóstico clínico de osteosarcoma mandibular, el cual fue tratado con hemisección, quimioterapia y radioterapia en la zona mandibular sector posterior de lado izquierdo con colocación de una placa de titanio en la región.


Osteosarcoma is a malignant, rare and aggressive neoplasm that originates in the bone of the oralcavity. It is characterized by the production of tumor osteoid (immature bone trabeculae) by neoplasticcells. These tumors usually originate in metaphyseal region of long limb bones, especially in femurand tibia.Case report: 26-year-old peruvian male patient attending the Stomatology service at the School ofDentistry, Faculty of Health Sciences, Catholic University of Cordoba. The patient was clinically diagnosedwith mandibular osteosarcoma, treated with hemisection, chemotherapy, radiotherapy onmandibular zone posterior sector of left side and fixation of a titanium bone plate.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Osteosarcoma/drug therapy , Osteosarcoma/radiotherapy , Osteosarcoma/surgery , Mandibular Neoplasms , Oral Surgical Procedures/methods , Osteosarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Extraction/methods , Jaw Fixation Techniques , Biopsy/methods , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
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